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Withl$i'Wwt& THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 24, 1870. KEKGAHIZATIjrr raJtTIEB, We hare no idea that the great Republican party is in process of dissolution say store than we know that the fragment of the once powerful and controlling organisation called Democratic is on the line of rehabilitation. We do know, howeTer, that the nation in its rapid changes toward a complete realization of the principles of free government, neces sari It brings the minds which gire it its upward impulse,' into contact with, and con troversy over new questions, and with old ones also, which present sew phases and interests. Strong combinations may effect temporary and local disorganization in the otherwise compact party of advance. These combinations "Jike this one which recently triumphed in Missouri, are usually organised by the active and in fluential parties to it, for solely selfish ends for the gratification of personal enmities and personal ambition, without any earnest convictions upon the vital, questions raised, and without any deliberate and well consid ered purpose of Uking ithsnclves and their Republican followers JalO-.the auks, as a tiermanent lorce, oi taa patty, ---waica now and is henceforth to be eecouraged to action and perfectly controlled by the manufac turing, monied and aristocratic magnates of foreign countries. It was very, clear to the miad which -was capable of making practical inferences from open, speaking facts, two years ago, that the iild Democratic party'scattered, demoralized and hopeless as it was, would in the near fu ture become the potent instrumentality of the monied aristocracy of -England and Europe tliroiipi which to gain control of the legisla tion of this country and then over thelabor interest, reducing the latter, .by the force of -laws, which -will give them absolute posses sion of our markets, the absolute determina tion of the question as to what industries shall be pursued by oar work people, to an exact level with the starvation limit of that in theirs. We bar -the utmost fiutk in the.intelli gence, right mindedness and high minded now of such Republicans as have been in duced by personal regard or admiration tor candidates, straying into the ranks of the al lies of the Jortigntn to secure the gratifica tion of their lustful ambition. They have not acted so long with this great party of liberty and progress without being impel led by the higher motives which come from intelligent convictions, to desire its domin ance and the most perfect success of its mis sion. It is unnatural that they should not return to it and close up its apparently broken rank, when they recur to the vital issues that are imminent, as they will; that personal frendship or admiration for character and talents, can weigh nothing against the full discharge of their duty as citiaena of a " gov ernment of the people, ruled fry the people only or the people." The moa who may be a candidate is not to be considered, unless he represents your political principles, when you come to vote, however warm your friend ship may be for him. Neither is he to be considered if he have brilliant abilities and you admire him for the endowment, if he is over against; you. We base our lerfect confidence In the continued integrity of the Republican party, upon the superior education and enlightenment of its members. The best evidence of the sound ness of this latter assumption is seen in the history of its conduct during the war, tad during the confusion of the two years fol lowing its close. The Government was in a chronic state of uncertainty, and, 'perhaps, there were all the conditions favorable to dissolution. But the sharp, well-defined and promptly expressed thought of this great party kept the vista open, and directed the servants of the people the way to go. The mer who compose it know well that its great mission will not be fulfilled until this govern ment shall be as perfect a Free One as the hands and heads of men can build. SWEETS TO TE SWEET. It is really painful to road the SU Louis ftrpublimn since the Democrats have taken IMsscssion of the county officers, the Legisla ture and the Governor of Missouri. The Rrpvblifan blames the Democrat for it all, and shows that sheet bo mercy, while the Democrat whines, sneaks, cries pceeari, and says "I didn't go to do it." But the Repub lican docs not spare the lash; the blows fall thick and fast on the back of the guilty J)em rral, drawing blood every time. It was not always thus. Once the Demo ml was sustained by the people and the great Republican party. It thought itself omnipotent. It put on more airs than a country stallion with a red blanket en. Even- Republican who believed in protect ing American industry was insulted and spit upon was told that he was either a fool or a knave. The Republicans of Missouri must follow the lead of the St. Louis Democrat, blindly submit to its dictation and declare that Mack was white because one roaring and ranting editor said so. The Democrat issued its arbitrary decree, and every Repub lican mut humbly obey. But they did not obey. The Republicans elected a majority f the State Convention. And the Democrat and its party bolted. Now the election has been held and the result is that Missouri has been placed hopelessly in the hands of the Democratic party. So much for the Win don, policy and statesmanship of the St. I.outs Democrat. It is now the turn for the Rtpubtican to talk, and it does it in the most admirable and aggravating manner. Hear it: Brown has been elected by such a majority as no candidate for governor in Missouri 'ever received before; and yet, with this mag iiificienfact before its eyes, the Dtmoaat is strongly incliaed to suspect that its main ob ject has been defeated after alL With St. Louis county wrenched from the hands of its party and given to the Democracy, with on of its leaders of its new party defeated for congress in the Ninth District 'by a Democrat by over six thousand majority; with a Demo cratic majority elected to the lower house of the legislature; and with three-fourths o the counties of the State transferedirom itspartv to the Democracy it is beginniag" tofref e!ve that the new party movementais a fail ure It even ahows signs of wanting to get hack into the Bsgular Radical partr. It takes pains to let people know, .ostitis not in tavor oi ires traee, by admitting that there a a limit riiffti.iiiM li .Im i a1 & 3?.J jt-'irv - . ."BaJ"nmlrrln Dlain words the rebel spirit is triumnhant J At a L.1? 1 . r. I - ----- --w-v-Mv v ifcajDc arrinrin auin hi H-iiiHiiv r a iia m . a. l uue noi Deueveinai more than eae mani fertation of the real power of the public de mand for revenue reform will be needed to bring the Republican partv to an under standing of the situation, aad an abandon ment ef theextresM protactionst.n The truth is, the new party ka faStd all tke trry tpot efitanigm. It was to have over Uirown both the leocratic sad the Radi cal parties; and to have been built on their ruins. It did overthrow BsdksJissB. sir- nally and effectually: but the other n nf ine programme, was not earned out, for the very good reason that the Democracy would Bsipemayk -; " THE KEXT MATISsHAI. CAKPAI6V. Richard Cohden once said that the Ameri- eCns had no sooner elected x President than they went into a turmoil over his successor. Grant has been President nearly two years, and the disewssion as to the next President his already become very animated. The ritation has been quickened tad -sharpened b Democratic gains, imaginary or genuine, i i some of the Southern aad Western States, aid by the spSMBodic esbrie of the Revenue Reformers. It has been reported that Ly sin Tmmbull was to be the PrcsideBtislI e ndidateof the sew aad soicy B. Fs., bat the U ; tor k bow in Washington, aad i Tprssssi ibissbT aisBsMwsttaBv Wm mmiMMi laaauai York'Herald publishes an interview with' him from which we copy the following: Coekespojtdest What is.the feeling in regard to the administration out West?; t Sesatok "Much the same as it is every where else. The administration excites no enthusiasm. The feeling is negative, if.is anything; butTresident Grant- collects he revenue and reduces the debt, and that is what the people want. We are going along very well in that regard. We -et4 every month the tangible figures, showing how our debt is being diminished, and that makes the best exhibit an administration can show. The next Utile will not be with Revenue Reformer, or with Labor or Temperance, or any other future Lsue, but it will be a square fight between Republicans and Dem- ocrats. The present electoral vote is three hundred and eighteen, but this will be in creased by an apportionment based on the new census. Among the newspapers already guessing over the result we find the New York Sun a paper which has no principles and is, therefore, Democratic. Here are the SW prognostications, and they can be taken for what thev are worth: Assuming that the losses and gains in elec- lect toral votes will affect both Dolitical parties .. RT " alifillt nllL-o tlio i-rwv.tit .lnirtna tL-mi txrffla i . iJ? -i f .i ' .? uriinr irnfiwn nTiTitfiA jit ii iija n iwmnd would seem to clarify the States in respect to the great contest of ib as follows, the figures indicating the number of Presidential electors to which they are now entitled. m. v a ith a satisfactory candidate for the 1 res idency, these seventeen States arc certain, or reasonably certain, to go Republican, viz: Illinois.-.-............ If, Xew IlainiUire ...... .' Iowa- 8,e- Jer-ej Kansas..... . . Louiiana.... Maine Massachusetts... Michigan . ... Miuncvjta ... XebrasVa Total , :i;)hio . 7 IVunsylrauia. . , 7 Kiioilt; Inland-.... . ljjutli Carolina 8! Vermont . l 150 A Democratic candidate who-e record, or the platform whereon he is, placed, do not offensively thrust into the canvjs the iues settled by the war and by reconstruction, would be certain, or reaonabIy certain, of getting the votes of thoe fourteen States, viz: Alabama S North Carolim D California..... . ." Orison.... ........ ..... a IMaware . :t Tennessee. .. 10 Indiana 13 Texar . ... . C Kentucky .. 11 Virginia 11 Maryland . 7 Vt Virginia . 5 JUjuouri. 14 Kew York :cj Total 135 jjl The six States which we will now name may be regarded as doubtful, with the chan ces rather in favor of their voting for an un exceptionable Democratic candidate, viz: Arkansas.......... .1 M!i iijii. ............ 7 Giunertuut vistla :t Florida... . :s (Jeonria yj Total 33 Here, then, arc 318 electoral votes, a'ma jority of which is 100. The Republicans wmiljl efom ti twi ctlrn ttf ltfl nf tlim nvift will need but ten from the doubtful column to insure their triumph. The Democrats are pretty certain of 13-5, and will require 2o from" the doubtful column to give them a v,ctory- "" .-fc-". " '. . M'lV 111..., Wl THE KL'SMAX 1VAIC. The Treaty of 185C in effect closed Black Sea to Russia. That Treaty the was Iprccd uion the Muscovite power by France and England. The United States never as sented to it. Russia now proposes to regain her naval prcpondance in that quarter; she has the aid of Prussia, and she will have the sympathy of the United States, as she did in the Crimean war of 18-34-o. The three great powers of Christendom are the it..: 1 c-. T..ot.:n 1 !... t. 1 i JiHHjU tTU!l.?, JIU90.l .IIJI4 J. lUZlilf OIIU U1VJ can do wliat they like while they are united. I Sharp, 17,608; Lowe, 35,387: Foster, 17, England and Austria are whining, but it isJsoU Harvey's .majority, 17,992; Lowe's, difficult to sec what they can do if Ruia is . 17,.j2.. Total .vote ou ..Governor, 53,208. seally in earnc-t, as she -eeins to be. Eng- The whole vote will be about 00,000, with land, of course, can exject no tympathy 1 20,000 Republican majority. The counties from us. She has bullied and swindled, and vet to hear from are Washington, Morris, played the pirate on us so long that there can be no friendship again between the two countries while the present genera tion is on tne stage ot action. Austria is not in a. osition to make any warlike de- monstration. Her opportunity for a fight was in last July when she might have made County have voted to transfer to the Wath an aUianse with France, but had not the cnaand Doniphan road the $200,000 of nerve to obey her inclinations. It seems j stock owned by the county in the Denver pretty certain, then, that Ruvia will come nd. The people of Troy have brought an by her own in the Black Sea, as Proia has I injunction against this act of the Commission in Alsace and Lurainc, ami she may then ers. Troy fears, perhaps, that this would pais on to India and try coiuIumoiis with the take the county scat from Troy to Wathena. British lion from the icy mountains and palmy lai ns down to Ceylon's Isle. England may well think twice lwfore goes to war with Russia. That country a population of seventy-seven millions, an army of one million. Russia did she has and not make much military reputation in the Cri- mean war neither did England. Such glory as there was in that sttifled-up encounter was gained by France and by men like Trochu. That was fifteen years ago, and Russia, like the United States, has made great strides for ward in that period, the noblest being her decree of emancipation of the serfs. England Ls a stationary or a .declin ing jKwcr. Russia bounds forward, follow- i ing her manifest destiny. The area of Russia Ls three thousand by seven thousand miles in extent double all of Euro. It dates ito greatness and continued progress from Peter the Great, as Prussia does from Fred erick the Great. Russia protects her man ufactures, fosters education and promotes the interests of her people. In England poverty and suffering are so general that some of the leading English statesmen say that there Ls only one way to keep the jeo pie from xtarving, and that is by buying them tickets to take them to some other country. The test of good government is found in the comfort and linppinesN of the peqple, and, judged by this standard, Eng land is sinking lower and lower every day . In her day of humiliation kIio may remem ber not only that the starving poor of Eng hmd and Ireland have rights, but that other nulioas are entitled to justice and fair play. We shall get a great many warlike telegrams from London, but there will lie no war. THE MISSMtL'Kl TKAlTOItS. Certain uncertain journals, nominally Re publican, but in fact wholly devoted to the interests of the so-called Fsee Trade party, have been lavish in their censure on Presi dent Grant for his'Mipport of the regular Republican ticket in Missouri. We are not prepared to say that it might not have been as well to have refrained from interference where defeat had been made sure by the reck less treacny of Sthura, Brown & Co. But theprineipfe of the President's action receives a vindication as complete as it is unwelcome in the returns, from the State published yesterday. Whea McClurg was elec ted two years ago the. Legislature of the State wan Republican by a majority of two-thirds. Today it stands 78 Democrat against 17 regular Republicans and 35 non-descripts. Throughout die State T!mrwf-tk KM twf ml ir tlA mnntf nffiw. a. a. bmiI ! smmiTaw rtf ihn T jt .., n T. and the readers of the Lcxlnolon Cauearian are glaefuL True, the Governor is elected by quasi Republicans, but every position of real power is the prize of the Democracy and the election of Senator is in its control. This result proves how true the President has been to the party that raised him to office. It fur ther gives a weighty warning to all States wherein the ascendency of the Republican party is menaced by the like intrigues. We know that some of our readers will yet be unwilling to accept eur view of the situation. We predict they will open their eyes to it when they see, as theyyet.will, Sebum a recognised agent of Tammany and Illinois threatened with the fate of Missouri. Nothing save a truer; adherence to party principle than Leavenworth County has just manifested, and a determination to keep sale able men out of office can "prevent the success of the Tammany Free Trade dodge and of the traitors who are its agents or dupes. Speaking of the excessive municipal tax ation in New York City, and the thousands who arc leaving the city on account of it, the Newark Advertiter mja: "Tammany is New Jersey's great gain. Its exiles driven out by i, are crowning every hillside withvillas ana uitUgcs. All i firms are :beccuig 'villages, and streets are driven through the woods to make placeJor the. new coins And they area popoktioB, too, worth having, the quid people, fond of saeaooHesiesref life and society, given to church-going and pleasant intercourse, Hold ing incomes large enough to build up local trade, and in every way adding to the per Buaeat wseUil of good an deoBad old Essex, Hudson and Bergen." i Tlaa'Tawa1 ataawJa Waats I 8intheeoasrocmtofthewarbswiB i Franceand Germany, Russia has repeatedly evinced her intention to annul the principal stipulations of the treaty of Paris, entered into at the close of the Crimean war. The contracting powers of this treaty were Fran I KncrlAtirl Rnasia- Sardinia, sad TnrlrMr anil "O i i 1 -f :i; the following is a syaopsis of the points of most present interest It is, of course, the clauses which neutralize the Black Sea which . Russia is most eager to have repealed: .Article!). 'Mentions .thai the Sultan S5""8 reToaa' n,Kgard to bis Caraauan sub- The Black Sea is neutralized. i Willie ODCO to the mercantile raarines of all ' tint inns lis lmtpr and imrta 91 formally ......, .... . - . rv. - - ' and in perpetuity interdicted to Teasels of V who liAtlkAi a-uatr a wnhAV war, whether belonging to nations having I territory bordering on it, or otherwise. Art." JiL This article prescribes that all regulations respecting trade in the Black Sea shall be conceived in a spirit favorable to the develoncmcnt of commercial transac . ' tions. '7 Art. 13. The Black -Sea neutralized by a 2t j foregoing 'provision, Russia and Turkey en--'' I gage neitlier-to construct nor maintain any c ; naval or military arsenal upon its coast. !' arts, zu ana 21 concede a portion ot Russian territory to be annexed to the Prin cipality of Moldavia. Art. 22. The Principlities of Wallachia and Moldavia, arc to enjoy, uadtr the suzer ainty of the Porte, and under guarantee of the contracting powers, the privileges ss)d immunities of which they are in possession. No exclusive protection shall be exercised over them by any of the guaranteeing powers. There shall lie no private right of interfer ence in their a flairs. Art. 23. The Sublime Porte guarantees to the aforesaid principalities an independ ent and national administration, as well as full liberty of worship, legislation, com merce, and navigation. Art. 28. The Principality of Servia will continue to be dependent upon the Sublime Porte, and subject to stipulations nearly sim- ! ilar to those named for the other principal ities. Art. 30. Russia and Turkey are to retain in their full integrity their posse ions in Asia to the same extent as before the war. Commissioners are to be appointed to settle ... . I ,ne bounoaries. ' " ' A great deal has of late been said in the le telegrams about the French General I Bourbaki. First we hear that he has been 1 dismissed from the French army; then that he has resigned; then that he is arrested; and the last report is that he has organized a large force at Lille. The truth is that this Bourbaki, who is a Greek and not a French man by birth, is one of the worst subjects among all the list of the imperial generals. He has plenty of courage, little talent, and no principle, and much of the time he is J drunk. We give to-iay the official vote of forty- 1 QUQ counties. They eive Harvey 3o,600; Wilson, Cloud, Ellsworth, Wallace, Repub- lie, Montgomery, Cowley, Jewell, Mitchell, I MePherson and Howard. The gain over , tlie vot0 of two years ago is nearly 20,000. j The County Commissioners of Doniphan But any outsider would say that the county of Doniphan would be greatly benefited by having a railroad built along the Missouri . River, and on its eastern border. The following statement of the amount of bonds issued by the United States to railroad companies, together with the interest due and unpaid thereon, is published by the Chicago SVtoune. Jn'tnf Interat Railroad Co's. tfmiU. due. Union Pacific $27,230,512 82,543,98 Central Pacific. 25,881,000 2,326,834 Western Pacific 1,970,000 137,798 Sioux Citv A Pacific 1,628,320 203,470 Kinui Pacific 6,593,000 569,261 Cent' I Branch Union Pacific 2,600,000 320,210 Totals - 864,818,832 $7,101,565 The New York Journal of Commerce says: "How Clarke, Temperance candidate, ran for Governor through the State, we have no idea; but, if he did no better than in New York City, where 143 votes are all that the present election returns credit him with, he must be pretty well satisfied that the Maine liquor law is not a particularly lively issue in j this Commonwealth." The following are corrected reports of the various States mentioned as verified at the Census office: Massachusetts, 1,457,385 in habitants; New Hampshire, 318,300; Rhode Island, 217,356; Connecticut, 537,488; Del aware, 123,252; Michigan, 183,511. The St. Louis social evil ordinance is op posed at every point, and the city has been defeated in every case, with the exception of one where a fine of $20 was imposed, and on that an appeal was taken to the Criminal Court.. Ottawa County does very well on poli- tics. Out of nearly four hundred votes she gives just twp Democratic votes. That is a fine nucleus for a iarty. Were the two really Democrats or only Laborand Revenue Reformers? The candidates for Speaker thus far. an nounced are, Elijah Sells, of Douglas; Col. Veale, of "Shawnee; B. F. Simpson, of Miami, and A. J. Mown-, of Doniphan. More will lie out soon. It in five years; since nitro-glycerine into use. The 1;700 persons whom it has killed or maimed for life, and the millions of property which it has destroyed, may be styled rcccommendations of its efficiency. Another. The Mound City Sextiud nominates for Speaker Dr. S. M. Brice. of the Forty-ninth District, Linn County. . FROM DETROIT. Currepond,nce or the Leavenworth Times. H Detroit, Nov. 5, 1870. One of the most notable men of this city is Mr. Z. R. Brockway, the head of the Detroit House of Correction. He probably stands first among the prison reformers of our coun try, few men if any having been so success ful in reforming prisoners and in the man agement of iastitutioos where large numbers of criminals are confined. I had met Mr. Brockway many years ago at Rochester; on this visit I have not seen him at the head of the great institution where his week-day work is done, but in a Sunday School a Mission School recently established, chiefy through his influence. In personal appearance Mr. Brockway resembles Vice President Colfax. He has light hair, blue eyes, a cheerful countenance and a very attractive ( manner. H" personal magnetism and genuine goodness make them selves felt on all who come near him, whether they be poor wretches stained ia crime or the .most refined men and women. This Sunday school is nftMutxl t 1 hnndrcd cmldren-chndr .1..W ,. before its establishment, been - - o I receive any. instruction waatevsr oa Salary. w Mr. Brockwmy began the Baovement here, bBthebabeea warauy seconded by -the food people of Detroit of all religious fsisasaBdafswialifious iaka. Abaildiag has bear created for this special prpese,aad it is Boost admirably arranged to meet that design. There are low aad broad oa three sides EeT taeCboase. the foarth occupied by a platform for speaking, sing- ujk, auu incBccommoaauon oi visitors, une gallery and the space beneath it is closed by folding doors of glass. These rooms are each used for an infant class, who are taught orally. Yoa csa see what u going i the en ckaares, but the tamost of the happy eful dieadoss not reach the ear of the hundreds of older young folks who are reciting their lessons or listening to reading aad speaking in the other parts of the house .At the opening and at the closing of the exer cises the glass doors below are slid aside and the great glass screen above k raised through the ceiling, like a curtain at a theatre, and then the youngest voices join the others in singing inspiring songs. The music used here seems to be a cross bet weea old-fashioned hymns and psalms, and the jolly tunes suag by the ministrel troops. One of the pieces suae; was to the tune of "Tramp, tramp, tramp," sad another was the "Star Spangled Banner," arranged on some evangelical plan, and the singing was delightful. In Boston I heard aa Episcopalian minister preach in Music Hall, (Phillips Brooks, who is one of the most able and moat earnest men in that city of churches,) where the singing was dose by a trained choir, under the leadenhip of M. Tourjee. This man came out with a baton,7-as Carl Zerrahn and Theodore Thomas do with their trained orchestras and swung his arms and doubled up his body in an excited way which reminded me of the theatre and the Concert Hall, but very little of religious services in the chief city of the Puritans. One could not but think while listening to the innocent voices of these poor children, in the Mission School, that the cause of piety and devotion would be pro moted if they were sent off, in squads of twenty, to take the places of the trained cheirs and paid orchestras in the fashionable churches of the great cities. The arrangement of the seats in this school seemed to me to be admirable not new, per haps, but new to me. Each class sits in a semi-circle around the teacher. There may be seven or eight in the class, the head at one hand of the teacher, the foot at the other. and the centre of the class directly in front of him. All are within arm s reach, and also within reach of the teacher's personal in fluence. The instruction here is given by young ladies and gentlemen who gladly volaatecr in the good work. One part of the saercises was novel, and as good as it was new. It consisted in a brief lecture on natural history by a gentleman who was fully informed on that subject and had the tact to make himself entertaining to the young. Some of the straight-laced, I am told, object to this secular entertainment. The children certainly do not They lLstcned with the most eager interest, and fired in their answers like pistol shots. This School, of course, is not dissimilar to those of other cities, including our own. Its principal charm arises from the fact that the children would be otherwise unprotected and exposed; and the enjoyment of the visitor is heightened by the fact that the house is full, numbers giving spirit, interest and enthu siasm. Mr. Brockway has recently delivered an address before the " National Congress on Penitentiary and Reformatory Discipline," at Cincinnati. He took for bus subject -'Tlie Ideal of a True Prison System for a State." I hope the address will reach our Governor and all of the County and State officers who have charse of prisons and 'prisoners. He be lieves that the central aim of a true prison system is the protection of society against crime, not the punish men of criminals; pun ishment is the incident, protection of the ob ject. Vengeance for recompense belongs not to human hands, but to God; it has no place in a true prison system. But I mu.-t content myself with having called attention to this address, and with the following quotations from itsjrise and suggestive pages: "Nor should punishment be inflicted upon perpetrators of crime that others may be de terred from a similar course, for this is un just, jeopards reformation aud breeds antago nism to the law and its executors. It may. be affirmed also that in the hLstory of juris prudence it is found practically a failure for the purpose in view. Nevetheless they de mand the most thorough treatment of crimi nals. They espouse no sickly sentimental ism. They are not popular phi!anthopits, but urge upon society the obligation to treat the great company constantly coming to the surface, whose mania of monomania, though formed and manifested never so natu rally, still renders them dangerous or damag ing to the public welfare, eo that they shall be cured or kept under such continued custo dial restraint as gives guarantee of safety from further depredations. Therefore, as for the other reasons suggested, sentences should not be 'determinate but indetermira'e. By this is meant (to state briefly) that all persons in a State, who are convicted of crimes or offen ces before a competent court, shall be deemed wards of the State, and shall lie committed to the custody of the Guardians, until in their judgment they may be returned to society with ordinary safety and in accord with their own highest welfare. Of course this Board will have control of all the pre ventive and reformatory means of the State as before indicated, and will be charged with the right restoration of all prisoners at the earliest possible date when this result is or can be reached. For a more detailed des cription of this principle see the synojis of a bill drawn for presentation to the Michigan Legislature next winter, appended to this paper." No one on ever tell, in this world, what will happen next, or where he will go next. Editors and reporters go almost everywhere, and that is the reason why they and their readers are so thoroughly informed on what ever is seen, thought of, known, or guessed at on this habitable globe of ours. The iron has not entered my soul, but while here I entered an iron establishment the works of the Michigan Bolt and Nut Company. I found that it was nothing nice an iuutonai room, or a Sunday-school, or a prairie, or a picture gallery. But it Ls, nevertheless, a very useful and interesting work-house not using that word in its English and parochial sense and I found that they had been doing work here for the Leavenworth bridge, and . that thousands of dollars worth of bolts and other iron things had been sent to the Atchi son and White Cloud Railroad. Kansas seems to be known everywhere, and to have a hand in everything. Within a comparatively small space, hard ly larger lhan that occupied by the Great Western Foundry, at Leavenworth, thirty thousand tons of iron are used each year. This establishment is on the beautiful De troit River, about two miles from the Post office. The company own two acres of land, and send out their manufactured products to Michigan, Illinois, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Iowa, Missouri, Kansas, Ohio, New Jersey, Pennsylvania and almost everywhere else. Their principal sales are made to rail roads, bridge builders, makers of agri cultural implements and hardware deal- Lers. xiverv variety oi iwniww now divided into departments and special- I ties, but it is within a recent date that great iron estabUsnments were staneu oniy 10 niake such articles as bolts, washers, and Fish plates. He arc six iron presses for making cold pressed nuts, and six for making washers, A press for making these nuts weighs from ten tons down to half a ton, and the largest presses are capable of exerting a power of two hundred and eighty tons. Think of that! Who was Hercules, and what did he amount to? In this iron age the power of a Hercules is only the power of a humming bird. Then bolts have threads, you know, and the threading capacity of the machinery here is sufficient to put threads on twelve thousand bolts b day, of sixes rangiag from one quar ter to two and half inches. That is consid erably faster than needles can be threaded. For tapping nuts, the company use their own oatenL Thev cut iron for washers as we cut t paper for printing, but with machinery con siderably more powermi. mere are ma chine also for beading bolts; they are of recent date, and make the head square or hexagonal. There are automatic nut-makers for forging hot nuts and of these they can turn out two tons a day. Rods used for bridges like ours are made in these establishments. Heretofore the thread on such rods has been cut into the rod, like notches on a stick, and, as a rod or a chain k no stronger than its weakest link, the weakest part of the rod was at its threaded end weaker, perhaps, by half an inch in dim"f than the rest of the rod. Thus, if you wanted a rod of the strength of two inches in diameter, you must have it made two inches and a half in diameter, in order to meet what was lost by cutting out the thread. The extra half inch of iron was lost, thrown away, and this, on large works. xaight amount to tons. In order to obviate this difficulty, upsetting was resorted to that is. drivinr the end of the rod in upon itself. and making what aieasured before eight or ten inches ib length now neasure only four or five. Thus the diameter at the end of the !rf."y.i,lcJ0,11''' loaauae byta tareao. tb smvBswtaatanateBtfor taas ismjo4s:aaTadfJtkt .Ss;ztiEVij 'joJk.j taerodwiu pun a: apart. uT atan on the thread.' isi in iron, and the machine will sooa be adopt- 7-ttese JlmmJuSAlhR t)a ateaji,' toa; novice, worth looking at The work shops of our nation are as graad at say sights we have to show, ubA Yaakee machines sad machinery aas bow kaowa aad used is every part of the globe. We can soak Lroa iatp pianos, axes and ploughs as so nation ever could before. WYANDOTTE. ie Early History sxeeaurreetesl Aasa Matters la Clsaaeral. FrumOur Travelling Corrartposdant. here, which is frightful, but I cannot figure out just how the thing is to be avoided. Let me have your attention, now Mr. Reader! and don't turn your head away in disgust be fore I have a chance to explain why this is thus. I can claim your sympathy as well as you can demand an apology from me; and for two reasons; 1st. I am in a worse predicament, just now, than you possibly oan be; and why? On the table before me is a half-bushel measure full of sheets of paper covered with abbreviated notes in close writing, concern ing affairs that have transpired in this par ticular neighborhood, concerning afiaira now transpiring and affairs to come. In addition to these I Iiave a memorandum book full, finger and all covered,' besides an armful of shingles and several panels of board fence in the vicinity. To straighten these out and get them to gether, is a wonderful job, but it must be done. These notes prove one thing, however, which, it is thought, all will con cede, to-wit: 2d. That I have something to say, in three divisions: 1st. Wyandotte City and county ia general. 2d. The Machine Shops of the Kansas Pacific Railwav; and 3d. The Blind Asylum. Probably the next will be something con cemingj the Insane Asylum at Osawatomie. Well, to make a long matter short, 1 ar rived here the other day, and the first thine I did was to interview Brother Taylor, of ttie o azote, upon the prosperity of bis paper, aud the subject of his new and wonderful in vention in the spelling department of the English language. The former was found to be all right, but of the latter, we all have our opinion. I could very well illustrate his principles of orthography by using them in writing this letter, but I don't dare do that, for the reason that I know he would consider such a proceediag aa UBrswdesabletiniiianimbus iuthe opinion that all that could burlesque. Suffice it to say, that' he 'spells ' t.fe- t.A ViMfil the following words, for instance, as follows: "hwich," "hwat," "hwy,""hwen,""hwere fore," "nabor," "enuf;" and he spells them that way in his paper at that! Of course, if Charley Glick is not tlia-first thintr a niaa t .frtt-iu tftam .tiA AaLttorvrVlk tlT f -" ""'. .TJ? ;""r "'ir - second, and he is the Best tiatured 'Democrat extant. He is about what might be called a Liberal Republican. As there is no suci word as "begging off" in his vocabulary, we "domi ciled"' with him the first "night A "long" half-mile from the heart of the city brings us to his fine tract of land and neat white residence, which S10.000, would not buy, and here in the excellent society of himself aud famih we arc at home. After a look at some fine old paintings in the parlor, with others equally fine from the pencil of Mrs. Glick, we all seat ourselves around the stove for a talk about old times and old incidents in Kansas hLstory, particularly Wyandotte lii-tory. An inimitable rtyarn" gave our host a fair start, and amused us very much As the said "yarn" concerns one of our citi zens, somewhat, as well as a resident of Wy andotte, and is as good as it is true, belore proceeding into more serious matters, I will relate it. While Judge Brewer, was Judge of this District, upon a certain occasion after the business of the Court at this place had been transacted, a cood natiired German citizen who was engaged in the performance of the bherins duties, was instructed to adjourn court. It Ls well known that a great many Of this class of our citizens although they may have a fine understanding of the mean ing'of our language when spoken to them, make some of the most amusing blunders when they try to impart it to others. Se it was in this case. Instead of proclaiming the court adjourned in the usual form, to the in tense amusement of, Judge, jury and attor neys, our acting sheriff, in the most blundering English, imaginable, capped the cUmax as follows: "Jiwr ye! hearyel duh honorable eourfJuA note discharged!" Now about serious matters. How many of the inhabitants of Leavenworth county remem ber the fact, that Wyandotte, up to 1858, was part and parcel of their own county? I am free to admit that, for one, I had for gotten it. The city was laid ont in March, 1857, and the article of incorporation was i.ucd by Judge G. W. Gardiner, of Leaven worth county, Probate Judge. The county was organized in the winter of 1858. George Ru?scll, now a merchant in Leavenworth Cit. was the first Mayor, while the first Council consisted of C. S. Glick, W. F. Simpson, J. W. Dyer, Dan. Killen and G. P. Nelson. Mr. Thos. Leonard was Citv Marshal, and W. L. McMath. Clerk. Mr. Leonard is the present Sheriff of Leaven worth connty and Mr. Simpson a citizen. The first county officers were J. A. Cruise, District Clerk and Register ol deeds. These iositions, besides that of City Clerk, except the first term, this gentleman has always filled, even up to the present time, which is a wonderful tribute of the people to his worth as an officer. He is regarded as an indes pensable. The first County Attorney was M.Emerson; Sheriff, S. E. Forsyth; Pro bate Judge, B. Gray, now Judge of the Criminal court, Leaven-worth. When the city was laid out, in 1857, the site was generally covered with timber and dense brush. Mr. Glick, being one of those interested, helped clear it off. The only houses then on the site were the old Wyan dotte Council House, now the, property of R. B. Taylor, of the Gazette; the old rov- ernment blacksmith shop, and the residence of Armstrong, afterwards- the Eldridge House, since burned down. But. to co back a little further, here the capital 'of theProvaioBal?iwverBject "of tlie .aonnwcKieni ierriiory waaiwaicu, auu, hence, it became the residence of the first Governor of Kansas. That gentleman was Governor William Walker, and he stills resides herev. ExUeTalef is rapidly creep ing over the old gentleman, and it will not be long before another living link that con nects us with the past will be broken and nass awav. John W. Grey Eyes, now Head Chief of the IribeWssTsaothelCGan'J eral under that Government, and Kev. lhos. Johnson, of the Shawnee Mission, Delegate to Congress. Before I leave here, I shall call upon Governor Walker, and obtain notes of the reminiscenses of those old times for a future article. "Wyandotte" means, literally, the calf of the leg. And' this reaaiads naa that Qaifidara-Ja-this county, means a Mntsle ostfeks, anil was named after QuindaroBrown, afterwarus the wife of Abilene Guthrie, opponent of Thos, Johnson for delegate. I must not forget-to mention here, that atQuindaro, John Francis, afterwards the founder of the Olathc JTrror, used to publish the Cafaifo1 teas, Which eupnonious cognomen asea.io create immense merriment among the abo rnrinal inhabitants who understood the meanihg,of.wordr.1IlJwm BolfJleral translation into English here, buf It was cer . i i : m. fiw-majJi. lainiv a nue auui. riniwi-iuug time'ignorant of the definition of the word, and, it was generally supposed, the suspen sion of the publication of the paper was oc casioned by a.desire to get rid pfjt Jhatwas powerful. An" elaborated and tverr delicate translation of the word Would resa 'about as follows: CRtWo-tran, (Indian,) 1. Great and vast misfortunes, under the chaotic in fluences of the anostasvin the.saraen of Eden, jnut needs befall many of our un happy race, of both sexes, in tjieir progress through life. When bmb is broken upon the rock ef his wicked faculties and ungov ernable passions, he first becomes a burden to himself, and an object for the sympathy of his neichbors and the cossSBuaiUr. Soon he becomes a "dead beat," and a burden to the community; then a nuisance and a hor ror, a subject'for the public charity in the poor house or the penitentiary. 2. Woman anselk woman wrecked upon the billows if SlitmhSnSiSilATor "w? herself aad a borror'in the eyerof -Hte cam munity. She abandons herself to the demo niacal though, in some respects, opposite fires of passion and debauchery, and, from thegase andiBterfereaceof itaeworU,! hides herself within the walls of an asylum of in famy where honor can never come, and then becomes a nuisance upon the community, a burden to herself, and finally, a -loathsome object for the sympathy- and 'caarky of the world which permits her to die undisturbed. Had Joss) BssBsfttood the meaning of the warda. asaaaaaaa ith No. "2" of this deaaaVea wae. Be aaWsasr BTasUie-mme of hk paper, waaaoald Wvakeea jsM prlled to award WsBtbecwdH of aa. desire to exajbit to the coauagnioBMim, who were toskr'laetbiBaatfaBB and drrdot, iafcjgrW8Bwe,a potest waraana baaTo? against these dens this wont phase human! depravity. Csptl C. G. Keeier. bow of Shawm e. was the first Seaatcr.lrom Wyandotte aad John son Counties; Get'. Jai. McGrew, the second. The fir Representative from the eoaatr. H. vr ?-i (W.ekeasoa. I IsXaaattC 1 were fifty-eizht Attorneys in 1S58: BattW tnsfO sa Bins T 'T .. The 'building in which the Convention formed, our present Constitution, in 1859, is a large btfck; Dear the levee.- It is now, oc cupied by the Kaisas Pacific Railway Com pany. The present -Mayor of the city is J. 8.' Stockton; Marshal, H. Johnson. The officials of the county at present, are, Mamissioners, u. a. nooa, (Chairman) .yEndish. sad Hi Read: Clerk. P. J. Kd- ley: Sheriff. H. Hortsman: Attorner. J. B. Scroggs: Treasurer, J'C. Welsh; Probate Judge, J. B. Sharp, who has always held the position. Coroner, J. W.Nolan; TJ. S. Commissioner, C. S. Glide The officers of the county elected at the late eleetioa are as follows: Senator, 12 dis trict, Capt.. Geo. O.Nelson; Representatives, 31st district, R. E. Cable; 80th district. J. K. Hudson; Sheriff, A. Hortsman; Probate Judge, Isaac B. Sharp; Attorney, H.W. Cook; District Clerk, J. A. Cruise; Super intedent Public Iastruction, E. F. Heisler. The population of the city is now 3,000, and of the county 10,066. Total vote 1,681. j Aa incident in the history of the war re minds me of what I used to think Wyandotte would' finally amount to. When Price came up to .Lexington aad captured MiILgan, the authorities, as well as the people, in this ds partmeBt naturally supposed that the next thing that gentleman would attempt to accomplish, would be the invasion and des truction of Kansas. A great hoolabaloo was accordingly raised, and some companies of thirty-day militia were assembled sad mus tered into service. Your humble correspon dent was -a "thirty-dayser." That was in October 1861. Our company, which was mostly from Jefferson County, was officered by Capt. Simeon Hull, of" Hull's Grove, First Lieut. Wm. Dubois, of Kickapoo, and Second Lieut. Thos. Pitcher, of Jefferson. Wyandotte was assigned us as our post, and Captain John Owens' company, from 'Easton, kept us company." Well, it rained all the time, and Wyandotte be came the muddiest place in Christendom. We expected every night to go down with the houses, to that muddy "bourne from whence; no traveller ever returned." But we worried along until our team was nearly out, and, one night, the steamer Majors her crew having managed to make such a disposition of the bed-bugs aboard as to al low the, machinery to work paddled up and landed. At daylight, next morning, we all waded aboard, each man, aa he struck the hard deck, turned his face toward the city and in -pensive mood, expressed his relief in the most melancholy groans. We were "t .. i 1 ir -.. r .. l... ever be attached to Wyandotte, of any value. was the' lesson we had learned in that dismal experience. But how things will change! Look ait Wyandotte now! Without any "blowing," she has cone ou, until now she IisB-Bicecity of 3,000 inhabitants, and has ,tfie rprospect of becoming one of the most important in the Mate. Schools, and churches she has bountifully provided for herself; while, to add immensely to her commercial importance, she has had the benefit of the most extensive railroad shops in the State. Duriiigjthe present year nearly one hundred and forty new houses have been erected, with an equal number now under contract Among the more prominent, we shall men tion the following: Mr. William Cook is just completing the finest business block in the city, at a cost of $25,000. It is of brick and situated in the heart of the city. The dimensions are G0x75 feet, three stories. The basement is for stores, and the tipper portion is arranged for offices in the most perfect manner. Mr. Cook now deals in groceries and liquors, but intends to go into the busi ness of pork packing. For his liberal enter prise, the citizens of the city owe a debt of thanks to Mr. Cook. Mr. James Bigger, the great pork packer of Kansas City, has moved his establishment, with liis family, to Wyandotte, and will. henceforth prosecute that business here. He will employ about 200 hands. Bonds have been voted for the erection of a fine school house in the Second Ward, to cost 16,000. Work will begin at once. Mr. B. H.Turtley has rebuilt his brewery of brick, at a cost of $15,000. Mr. Peter Conlcv, banker, has just completed a fine resilience, costing S12.000. Frank Bell, a colored Councilman, is just completing a brick residence at a cost of $8,000. The Garno House is soon to be enlarged. Pat Tracy has just completed a three story brick residence. A market house and city hall is to go up in the spring. Bonds to the amount ,of $6,000 have been voted to aid it. The Odd Fellows are ready to go to work upon a brick building three stories, fifty by ninety feet, as also the Masons, one ninety by one hundred feet. Dr. Wood has built a fine lit cry stable. Mr. Frost is about to com mence a fine three story brick. There are no empty houses to be found in town. The cry is for more. I have never noticed a finer school than is now going on here. Three hundred child ren are in attendance. We mention the following among the prominent business men and houses in the city; .Attorneys U. S. Uliclc, H. W. Cook, . A. Coble, J. B. Scroggs, D. B. Hadley, W. B. Bowman, M. D. Newman, E. L. Bartlett. Physicians Drs. B. Grafton. G. B. Rey nolds, D. W. McCabe, Bcnj. Woodward. Hotels Garno House, Agusta House. Boarding, Dunning's Hall. (JTailors P. G. Teis, Chris Schneider. Millinerv Miss F. J. Norris, Mrs. Fos ter, Mrs. Taffc, Miss Cleveland. Bankers A. R. Judd &Co., Peter Conlcy, now Gov. Conley, New Mexico; and Kansas State Savings Bank. Bakers F. Ktamer, Allied Welsh. Real Estate E. T. Heisler, Boots and Shoes J. W. Taffe, J. Stucsse and C. Harries. Dry Goods Justin Walker, E. T. Hovey and II. Grantman. Clothing. Groceries Wm. Cook, D. Pearson, E. L. Buesche, Gov. Jas. McGrew and G. D. Bowling. Drugs S. F. Mather, Reynolds Bros., Alden & Heath, A. C. Price and G. J. Neu bert. Painters Dunning Bros. Watchmaker and Jeweler O. D. Burt. , Hardware, Stoves &c Gerharht & Noble and E. L. Buesche. A gentleman from Pennsylvania has just purchased a lot, for which he gave $800, upon which he proposes to erect at once, a boot and shoe shop. ) !Buiness is brisk, and the future of Wyan dotte looks good. Tomorrowl will send you a letter con ccrninglthe Machine shops of the Kansas jracinc juuivay, ami, on jionuay, one con eermagthe Blind Asylum. W. F. G. Startler la Toatekaw t Wc learn from the Commonvealth that a horrible murder was committed on the north side of tlie Kaw river, about a mile west of Topekay on Wednesday sight last, the vic tiw4king a colored man named Burnett Scales, sboutroOj years old. He had been living there some four or five weeks, his fam ily consisting of his wife, a little daughter, and a young man about 21 years of age, named Lewis Ford, a brother of Scales's wife's first "husband. The Commonvealth says: r.Tlie, first information in regard to the mur der was brought by Ford about 8 o'clock yes terday morning to SherifTThomas He sta ted that, he was sleeping in the house the night before, and that about daylight yester day morning he was awakened by the report lof a gun down stairs. He immediately got up, ran uowai aim sawi aouaa jars, ocaies up but not 'dressed, and the floor covered with blood. Upon inquiring what was the mat ter, she informed him that four Indians had cane to the door a short time before, aad that the old man had let them in; that they demanded money, which was refused them; that they finally got into a scuffle, and the gun, which was standing at the foot of the bed, went off, and she supposed they had killed him. Ford stepped out and discover ed the dead body of Scales, lying on his face in front of the bouse, and two mea making off up the railroad track; but in the uncertain light of the early morning, he'couldnot tell whether they were Indians or not. Upon this information tie saeriff; county attorney Kyan, aad coro- ner' Sheldon proceeded to tne bouse, and found the body as described by Ford. An examination snowed fearful cut on the back of the head, one ear partly severed, a cut across the -nose, evidently with a knife, and several severe bruises about the chest and shoulders. The floor showed blood stains, and was still wet from a recent scrubbing. Blood was also discovered oa the doors and oa the ground in the immediate vicinity of the body. Ine bouse is a little frame, con taining two rooms, one up stairs the room occupied by Ford and one down, with a kitchen addition, aad is oa the south side of the railroad, about ffty yards from the river , which rues aimon perpeadjaiiarly toi. t JBV ' ij.ii u. jijj Wftfr f BBSwlS..aaaBtTJ ered from the howto &"&, whfch eor lawjoas'ul exactly with oae of Ford's boots. Hood was also fbaad oa his clothes. The Bpoa betaa ooaaiesaaL aanasrM confused aad sold several very iacobe- rsat stories ia regard,to the afaur. The two beds vpoa the beastead" were satsirssed with blood, aad a consinVrable quantity of bloody linen was discovered stowed awar bttwtca the Ucke, while uadersth the bed was foaad a fiat-iroa covered wita blood, and gray hair sticking to it. Pieces of agaa stock were Bbo found with blood stains oa'tbeai, bat the barrel coald aot be fbaad after a dikcest search. These areassstaaces aroased stroag suspicioBSsgaiBst Ford sad the woman, aad they were accordiBelr arrested and lodcedia r ' KAlflA. Capt. A. J. Angell, TJ. 8. Engineer, with apartyofthirty-twomensnd a full out-fit for his winter's work oa the "thirty mile strip," left hereto-day to begin the work of urveyiBg; u portion oi ine vcbkc xicscrvc commencing at the sixth principal meridian, ruaaiag through Bear Wichita, and extend ing west seventy-nine miles. Capt. Angell has also the genetal supervision of the work of the di vision on the east of the one above Bsmed, under the immediate chance of Mr. Diefieadorf, aad the one oa the west, extend ing to the western line of the State, under Robert M. Armstrong. The entire strip of lead will probably be surveyed and open to settlement by the first of July next. JShtpo- naieam. We have a winter radish, raised by John H. Wilder, that measures a little over a foot ia, length, and weighs ! pounds. We thought this something of a radish, until we saw one at Ford, A hitman & Co.'s, that weighs 161 pounds. These specimen are only b small quantity of the same sort seen every day in Kansas Lam-atce Standard. SEDGWICK COUNTY. J. M. Steele is elected Representative by 65 majority; Chas. H. Stone, V. M. Stewart and Alexander Mc Williams, County Com missioners; H. L. Brown, Clerk; S. C. John son, Treasurer; Wm. Baldwin, Probate Judge; Fred. A. Sowers, Register of Deeds; J. E. Ledford, Sheriff; E. B. Allen, Coro ner; H. C. Sluss, Attorney; D. A Bright, Clerk of District Court; John A. Stroufe, Surveyor: W. K. Boecs. School Superin tendent. We shall publish the full vote next meek. Wichita Vedette. The track of the St. Joseph and Denver City Railroad has now reached some two or three miles into Marshall County, and we learn that Mr. Steele, the President of the road, has expressed his determination to have the track laid to Marvsville in thirty davs from this time. An additional force of fifty men has been sdded to the corps of track layers, and with their present force, they can easily reach here in the time promised by the President. We can safely rely on regu lar trains running to Marvsville by Christ mas or New Years, unless very bad weather should interfere. Marytrillc Locomoiite. Cherokee Couxty Official Editor Monitor: The following is taken from the official canvass of votes cast at the late elec tion in Cherokee County: R. C. Foster, Congress, majority, S32; Isaac Sharp, Governor, majority, 887; II. D. Moore, Senator, majority, 6'JS; G. W. Wood, Representative, majority, 6'JO, J. F. McDowell, Probate Judge, 51(; Bruce Mil ler, District Clerk, majority, 632; J. N. Ritter, County Attorney, majority, 560; T. W. Stockslager, County Superintendent, ma jority, o'J'l; W. II. Clark, County Commis sioner, majority, 492; II. D. McCarty, State Superintendent, majority, 1,0. For District Judges, ilenry G. Webb re ceived 1;213 votes, and W. M. Matheny, 427. Webb's majority in this county. 786; in the District it is fully 2.000. W. C. MY WATCH. Aa Iastractlve Utile Tale. Mark Twain, in the Calazy. My beautiful new watch bad run eighteen months without losing or gaining, and with out breaking any part ot lis machinery or stopping- 1 had come to believe it infallible in its judgment about the time of day, and to consider its constitution and its anatomy im perishable. Rut at last, one night, I let it run down. 1 grieved about it as if it were a recognized mew-cnger and forerunner of ca lamity, lint by and by I cheered tin, fct the watch by guess, and commanded my boding and superstitions to depart. .Next dav, 1 stepped into the chief jeweler's to t it by the exact time, and the head of the etabIL-hment took it out ot my liand and proceeded to set it for me. Then he said, "she is four min utes slow regulator wants pushing up." I tried to stop him tried to make him under stand that the watch kept perfect time. Rut no; all this human cabbage could see was that the watch was four minutes slow, and the regulator must be pushed up a little; and so, while I danced around him in an cuish, and beseeched him to let the watch alone, he calmly and cruelly did the shame ful deed. My watch began to gain. It gained faster and faster day by day. With in the week it sickened to a raging fever, and its pulse went up to a 150 in the shade. At the end of the month it had left all the time pieces of town far in the rear, and was a fraction over thirteen days ahead of the almanac. It was away in November enjoying the snow, while the Oeto!er leave were still turning. It hurried up house- rent, bills payable, and such things, in such a ruinous way that I could not abide it. I took it to the watchmaker to be regulated. He asked me if I had ever had it repaired. I said no, it had never needed any repair ing. He looked a look of vicious happi ness, and eagerly pried the watch open, then put a small dice-box into his eye and peered into its machinery. He said it wanted cleaning and oiling, besides regula ting come in a week. After being cleaned and oiled and regulated, my watch slowed down to that degree that it ticked like a toll ing bell. I began to be left by trains, and I failed all appointments; I got to missing my dinner; my watch strung out three days' grace to four, and let me go to protest; I gradually drifted back into yesterday, then day before, then last week, and by and by the comprehension came upon me that all solitary and alone I was lingering along in a week before last, and the world was out of sight. I seemed to detect in myself a sort of sneaking fellow-feeling for the mummy in the museum, and a desire to swap news with him. I went to a watchmaker again. He took the watch all to pieces while I waited, and then said the barrel was "swelled." He said he could reduce it in three days, After this, the watch averaged well, but nothinamore. For half a day it would go like tbarvery mischief, and keep up such a barking and wheezing, and whooping and sneezing and snorting, that I could not hear myself think for the disturbance; and as long as it held out, there was not a watch in the land that stood any chance against it. Rut the rest of the day it would "keep on slowing down and fooling along until all the clocks it had left behind caught up again. So at last at the end of the twenty-four hour, it would trot up to the judges' stand all right and just on time. It would show a fair and square average, and no man could say it had done more or less than its duty. Rut a cor rect average is only a mild virtue in a watch. and I took this instrument to another watch- maker, He said the kingbolt was broken. I said I was glad it was nothing more seirous. To tell the plain truth, I had no idea what the kingbolt was, but I did not choose to ap pear ignorant to a stranger. He repaired the kingbolt, bat what the watch -gained in one way it lost in another. It would run awhile and then stop awhile, and then run awhile again, and so on, using its own dis cretion about the intervals. And every time it went off it kicked back like a musket. I padded my breast for a few davs, but finally took mv watch to another watchmaker. He picked it all to pieces and turned the ruin over and over under his glass; and then he said there appeared to be something the mat ter with the hair trigger. He fixed it and gave it a fresh .start. It did well now, except that always at ten minutes to ten the hands would shirt together like a pair of scissors, and from that time forth they would travel together. The oldest man in the world could not make head or tail of the time of day by such a watch, and to I went again to have the thine reDaired. This Derson said that the crystal had got bent, and that the mainspring was not straight. He also remarked that part of the works needed half- soling. lie made these things all right, and then my timepeace performed unexceptiona bly, save that bow and then, after working along quietly for nearly eight hours, every thing inside would let go all of a sudden and berin to buzz like a bee, and the hands would straightway begin to spin round and round so fait that their individuality was lost com pletely, aad they simply seemed a delicate spider's web over the face of the watch. She would reel oil in the next twenty-lour hours in six or seven minutes, and then stop with a bang. I went with a heavy heart ta one more watchmaker, and looked on while he took her to pieces. Then I prepared to cross-question him rigidly, for this thing was getting serious. The watch had cost two hundred dollars originally, and I seemed to have paid out two or three thousand for re pairs. While I waited and looked on, I presently recognised ia this watchmaker an old asqaaiatance a steamboat engineer of othsraVyasadaataaBod lariat ti aaaVar. HeeraajiBrialtheiarts earesslly, jaat as-- theotharwsjjsaaMowaarasiV!) U delivered hfc -rerdtct with ttaTsaaw'eaaaV dence of manner. He said: "ShexsakestooBMfhstsBBi yoaaaatai haag the moakey wreach oa the-safety Yarvel" 1 brained Bis oa the spot, aad assl aisa at my owa expense. VaVajXLABTacAer M. (vAssaaooBTAnr, int.) rTtofcBowtet-Bo. pshllassioalai sawaaaa aaoM wseka afo, bat to wotta F1SBUS Bret Harte wrote 1L Walea I with t naaark And tKj laBftuf to plain Thai fcr ways taatara iaik And for Iricsa that are rila, TBS hwthi Cain to peculiar, Wfcieh lha saaas I would itos to safclo. ABBUwasaisBsaat: Aad i ahmll st deny iBTCfaidtotassass What that aaae mifht laafly. Bot hte smile It was praaWa aad ehlM-Uke, '-Ifrainsailf n iiasilssUn sail Tfy It was Angust tka third, Aad aoite soft waa tha akiaa; Which It might be Inferred That AhSia was llkewiaa; Yet ha pUrsd it that day upoa William And ma la a way I dacpiaa. Which we had a small game, Aad Ah Sia took hand ; It waa Euchre. The same Ha did not aadentand ; Bat he smiled aa he sat by the table. With the amlte that was child-like aad blaas.' Tet the tarda they were stocked Id a way that I grieve. And my feelings were shocked si at ine state or Aye a aieere, Which was stnAd full of aces aad bowers, And the aame with intent to deceive. Bat the haflda that were playad By that heathen Chinee, And the paints that he nude Were quite frightful to ace Till at bat he put down a right bower. Which the same Nye had dealt uate me. Tbea I looked up at Nye, v x aou ne gaara upon me. And be mat with a sigh And said : ' 'Can this be? We are ruined by Chinese cheap labor And he went lor that heathen Chinee. In the scene that ensued - , I did not take a ham!. But the Boor it was strewed Like the lea res on the strand With the cards that Ah Sin had been hMiof , In the game ' 'he did not understand. ' ' In his sleeres, which were long, He had twenty-tour packa Which waa romine it strong. Yet I state but the tacts; And we found on his nails, which were taper. Which to frequent in taper that's waa. Which iawhy I remark. And my language is plain, That forwaya tbat are dark. Ana lor men mat are Tain, The heathen Chinee to peculiar Which the same 1 ant free to maintain. Ortrlamt StoHlMf. Wagsa Tlsae TB)e rawtewt SMHI stealers. From Wilkes' Spirit of the Time. The fine little hore George Palmer and the marc American Girl distinguished them selves on Wednesday by their fast time to wagons. The day was one of the moat soft and beautiful that ever shone upon Long Island a June day, tempered into the de licious quiet of the sleepy fall. The track was in splendid order. There were two heats trotted in very fast time, and both won by Palmer. The first was 2 min. 25J sec., and he won this easily. The second was 2 min. 24J sea, and in this the mare only lost by a length. This Ls not, as some have ignorantly stated, the fastest time to wagons on record, but it beats the 2 min. 25 sec. of Flora Tem ple and of George Wilkes. The latter, how ever, trotted on a thick, cold day, and dead track. The best time on record to wagon that is, in a public race is 2 min. 24 sec. That time has been made on two occasions. First, by Dexter against Lady Thome, oa the Fashion Course, when he won with great ease in a strong retarding wind. The second it was made by Lady Thorne herself, on the same course. That wise man, Carl Benson, and a foolish editor whoadmires bis writing, could not toi a long time be made to under stand how the best time on record could be made by two horses. By thin time it may have got into their heads without a surgical operation. Certain it is that Dexter and lidy Thorne, have both made the best time to wagons in a public race. But in a public trial on the Prospect Park Course, the same that Palmer's 2 min. 24 j sec. heat was made on, Dexter trotted a mile to a road wagon, driven by his owner, Mr. Bonner, in 2 min. 21 j sec He drew on this occasion 319 pounds. This wan the greatest mile feat ever Cerfornietl by a trotting horse, in our opinion, ut it was not done in a public race; though done in public on a race day, it U not n part of any official record. KPIXXI.6. A n'der was swinging herself in glee mm a iuoM-covere'1 awjTin;; tiuh; A breeie came rollicking up from the ssa. Ami fiunc-l her beautifnl brow. Shf hung, it is true, with her pretty head down, ltut her brain wacool as you plea-; The fashion cpufe -uitni the cut of her gown, An'l plie could iuiik up in the tree. She saw where a humming bird lighted down ; At Iii throat a bright ruby ttlcamed; . Ou hi head was a sold and emerald crown. And ho ?at on a bouch and dreamed The f niiler ran up on her silver thread. And Irpoked in the little king's fare.; If I may but lt at your feet. ' she raid, "I'll spin you some beautiful lare." The humming-bird looked'in her shining eye. And tht-n at her niniMe feet. And M to himself I ban- found a prise. the is useful t well as ueat. "You mayslt by my side if it please you well," Paid he, "'lbs summer-time ih rough: Ami since you spin ou a noiseless wheal, I'll do the buoiiiiin; for you." Tfce- Bfaahed narlerer) In Temne operatiaas or ise uasg. From the Lebanon Herald, Not. IS. Another of those brutal and dastardly out rages, tne perpetration ot wincn, oy aat guised and lawless scoundrels, is giving our State a most unenviable reputation, was com mitted on Friday night last. The victim was a negro man, named Nathan Shorter, who lived on what is known as "the Fred. Golladay place," about two miles and a half north-east of Lebanon, between the Harts ville and the Hunter's Point pikes. About 12 o'clock on the night above mentioned, a party of men on foot, variously estimated at from five to ten, completely disguised and armed, entered the yard in front of Shorter residence, and called to him to come out. As soon as he appeared on the porch, he was asked if he had a gun. Before he bad time to reply, one of the party cried, "Kill the d d scoundrel!" and another, who carried a shot-gun, immediately fired at Shorter. The charge, which consisted of seven buckshot, took effect in his breast, and he fell and died almost instantly. The men then went off together. Such are the partic ulars of the murder, aa we have been able to gather from reliable sources. Various out rages, such as whipping and robbing other negroes on the same night, bv the same par ty of disguised rryn, are spoken of. A gun was taken from aTi old negro in the neigh borhood a few hours before, on the same night by a band of disguised men, and it is supposed that this was the same party who committed the murder, and that the gun was taken for that purpose. Nathan Shorter was well known by many of onr citizens. He was an old man and Irad the reputation, among the white people and his own race, of an honest, reliable, industrious and inof fensive negro, who took no part in politics, and attended strictly to his own business. The manner in which he lost his life is uni versally denounced by all classes of citizens, as a wanton, brutal snd cowardly murder. His murderers were disguised with higji con ical hats of paste-board, and otherwise ar rayed in the paraphernalia supposed to be peculiar to the ghostly brotherhood. ar fa Make ilaxaal aarathaas 9 Acboka, Ind., Oct. 31, 1870. A correspondent from Adams County, In diana, wishes to know ho to manufacture sorghum molasses to make it clear and pre vent tbat green taste, dc. I have been in the business nine years;, have made about 20,000 gallons. I boil or evaporate on a pan fifteen feet long, thirty inches wide, made of Ko. 16 sheet-iron for the bottom, and wooden sides. Bun the cold juice on the front end and the syrup runs off at the back end. I have no cross bars, as in the cook pans. I take all the green scum off, snd leave it as ciear aa honer. without the use of lime or soda. I then have a box, two by six feet, with sheet iron bottom, oa another furnace. I cook in batches, and run it down as thick as I please, and still be clear. I do some skimming oa the small surface. Lime will neutralize the acid, but it makes it dark. I used to use sods, in case I had a batch which was aot cleared right, on the long nan, bat I find . cold water is much better, and this does'not ' color the molasses. Let it come to a boil ; put in some cold water after coming to a boil ; again skim, and repeat the skimmingas long as mere i any green scum leu. .mere m some cane that we cannot make dear mo lasses out of such as has been grown oa ground highly manured, or on mucky ground, or even if the cane has bees frosted. I have molasses as clear as honey, made without lime or soda. Annie Cary is to receive $400 for a cob- . cert before the Anay and 2favy Union, 'm . Portlaad. , , ia . n yTawBfc.