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The Leavenworth weekly times. [volume] (Leavenworth, Kan.) 1870-1880, October 31, 1878, Image 1

Image and text provided by Kansas State Historical Society; Topeka, KS

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84027691/1878-10-31/ed-1/seq-1/

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f Cant enathe 'st-itfl
ID. H. Anthony, .saua
i 1
. L
Wu. 8Hwhj
It Is the plain doty of ThkTijii s to give the
public and particularly our advertising ja
tron the fact- concerning lu circulation In
order that they may fully appreciate the
Talue and irai-orta-nce of The Tunaiu an ad-vertl-aug
The surest way to obtain the exact circula
tion ot the paper, of the hlii e """,e ot tne
counties. 111 We-tch they are pub l.i, 1 from
tbeamounrXi-'f Utage paid bt them to the
l'otollk-e Department.
Helowwegite the amount paid by Til
Times, taken fiom the I'usuiE.ce rec.lita for
the rnouihof .September lfe73.
The ainquiit p dd by other State papers Is
tokan from the Atchison Champion which
claims to have the amount ln.nu o31cial
sources, an J being published In U columns
Is evidrnc that It accepts" a corre I so
far a It i concerned.
TJIE riMES, L-tveniv rth Kansas ... S" f
cuamploii, AtchlMu Kaii-as .. 3a-
Omiluonaeallb, Top -l..-Kansas .. . ,'-j:
I'm tl lot, AtCliisou h.uiiB.L . 'f.
Klwle, '1om:L Kins. . ... I".-
I'ubtic lr.-, lvt.iiwortli Kansas - - '".t-"'
Muullor, l-oltncti.t Kansas - '''I0
From Ihe ..bote It will be i-wi tbaillir.
Timsi- pijN m .le ixiotHe limb auj otiurtao
dauy papers in - ie rtie.
'lit' l;iib pjj-.ni r iiiHndiub.eili p"-t-a-ol.io
o.n.rdsnv p-- in th-fctaie.
VIIE II MLS ltj Inure leistaae. than U.IJ
OUie iiir eil-oy isis-r lo ,he l te,
i lit Tit.-, alter il-ducttl K the -O. lit
p. nl .or i date by all tneoth roidly ;-!"
lu u.f --tat ujm ill ir . xcriHiice i'-t I-
nunci-ul y. u . Oi tsm i Jul cL-v-'U I tli a '.
.iCfl'.e tl tly ) reinn Jimu-t.
Tilt iMf.i.:-i ir u.aii .n III the count
oil- cuoiiiio-i w ldi no i.--Is-P"1d
twcuiy tniicre tcrlhin any o.iirr p pel
lu Ksii-M-.
TliETlMr-i Is pre-euiln-iiUya uesspaer,
and Willi il new Mini lueret ed facilities and
add tl'inal .-ditonat f.i ce. will comm.uiil a
plic-lnetery ll .u-etlolJ 111 Kausis.
IIAll.r riMKs. iw.-auimm .. i-i C
Vei-.i.LYTiMKs.periiuuiii. 1
Adtertlsiincrati-i reisonab'e.
Addr.Ks I. It. ANTHONY,
Edilorcuid Proprietor, Iyaveuwurth, Kan.
xii i: pi:m ': "V ;tini n-
I,mm;, I.tVE WORTH. Cor NTT,
OCloler .1 ll, 1T'.
KiiITok Times: I)r.uhlK In the lsue of
The Times .of the Ml and In substance
relterateillnlibUeofthB Stth lust, you Mt
that!i.T. AuthonyiaiCiovernor, demands
Implicit obMllence from tne Wanleuand all
other employes at the Penitentiary." "The
order has heu lsiid, and theix rvanta ofthe
hUleattue Prison, will !" solid for frank
Uable.tlielVmorratle sitiildate for Itepre
Bentalive." In otlir minis u ma e the
eharse direct, and state ltas afict.tlmt tlie
(Jovrnu.r, as such oniclul, lia-s is ueil onlers
to the Warden of the IVnlteatia y that he.
together with all other t-inpluyei at the
prison, must vote or Hie I K-mocratlc nomi
nee for nepirsentatle In this district
If this lie true ssyou slate It 1-, that th
Governor of the Mate of Kansas has Ksuil
i.uchonler to the Warden, (and hie rin,
ctaimln: lu all m .tiers to be truthful, cer
tainly would not say so unless it were true,
will you be kind enough to publish a copy of
the order jou say has b-en Issued, for I hae
not recclveil any such docuui" nt, neither has
theGoteruor, to my kiioledi;e,at any time,
attempted iiiany.i lo dictate to. or to con
trol the action of ui: official connected ith
thl Institution.
I deem It my duty, and but simple Justice
to the Kxecutlveof tills Mate, to make this
lloplngjou will bejustand fiir, whrn jus
tice and fairness demand It, I ask that jou
gle this a place In jour columns.
Uesp-cllull, lifcMtr IIoi'Kivs,
We taVtf picture in laying litfore our
readers the foregoing card from Wardrn
HopLic, l:ause we are alwajs gUd to
give "the other side" a bearing, and le
ciiise in the alsive trite from Mr. Hopkiu
we have about as good circunwtai.lial evi
deuce as could Ie presented that what we
have said is true. The thiiikitig jortion of
the public will netd no other witness upon
this joint than Mr. Hoi kins bi.n-clf f.r
wtre it not true he would not anwer it iu
any fiuh sjui-ocal way a this.
Mr. Hopkins is a Kepblican, aud the
appointee of a R-p bliiaii ailuini-trjion;
bin sulsirdinatis ?re l. publicans ; the
whole J' in force, from warden to guards,
hold p. i "i:s hiih ate properly regaidrd
as belonging to :be pany jiatronsge of tht
State, :Bid und.r ordinary cirninitaiicts
would be exjscted to stipjsirt tht party
nominees. i;ut m tnr io it: .ur. nop
kins i careful lo gixe in no nfunuatiou uii
this siin.
Mr. Lirimeris he nominre of the llr
lican parly ; it is not charged thatthere s
any frau 1 or irregularity coutittJieJ
with his nouiioitioii; hi soundness upon
the principles of the 11 -publican party tins
never l.u qut-lioie.l, bis po'i.ieal ncinl
is right. :d br ili.ruur i sb-ve re
pr.ncL bill he i opposed lo or- 1.
Mr tijb'.e is ihe Ivemocrstic n!mim-j
He dies n i clum lo U- an "Ind, n ' n.,'
b"G es-nb iker,"or -ny ili-r kind of Kr
pulilictu i fl-sliol or l.a f ay man; he is a
Ktraighl out euncr.t, and doesn't pretend
to be anj th'irg tlsi , but- he is in favor of
George T Anthony.
It is charged that the Republican officers
of the IVni enliary holding office under
Cov. Anthony intend to vote for the Dem
ocratic nominee, and against the Republi
can nominee, and this charge the warden
does not deny. IeAs than one-fourth of the
words which he has made use of above in
dodging the question would have sufficed
to answer it direct, and to put himself and
his subordinates right tiefore the public
Bui our columns are etill open, and if tiie
Warden, his deputy, hii clerk or employees
one or all of them dtp ire to inform the
people that they do not intend to support
the Democratic nominee in their district,
we shall take pleasure in laying theirst"tc
tnents before the public
Several of the employes at the Peniten
tiary have told us that they intended to vote
for Mr. Gable, and Warden Hopkins I-iotr
that nearly all of his subordinates intend to
do so. His talk about "publishing a copy
of the order," and his pretense of believing
that such an order from the Governor a
that we have referred to, would have been
made in writing, is too weak to deserve at
tention, and is not very creditaDle to a man
of Mr. Hopkins' ability.
Han. L. F. Enters, formerly Register of
thsU.S. Land Office at Hays City, and
now one 'of the leading attorneys of that
place, has been nominated by the Republi
cans of Ellis county as their candidate for
the Legislature. Mr. Eggers is a man of
ability, he is well informid in rtgird to the
affairs and interests of the State, and de
rerves to be eleru?d.
Hon. John A. Anderson, our candidate
for Congress, is advertised to address f e
people of Leavenworth on Saturday even
S of this oeek, OTember This will be
the largest meeting of the campaign. Mr
Anderson is a brilliant man, he his a fine
reputation, and many who have not attend
ed any political meetings during the season,
will come out to hear him. Mr. Thillips
will speak at the same meeting.
Ho-. K Gale, the Greenback candidate
Uuaaiariet.,, advertted
pwffe otLwiTeBwotOi Wed -
r -a- .mmw wiMBm
Report from Northern Kansas generally
endorse Hon. John A. Anderson, and say
his speeches are high toned and straight
forward, fully sustaining the liberal cur
rency policy as laid down in the party
platform of the Congressional Convention
of this District.
News from all parts of the State indicate
that Senator Ingalh' will be re-elected by a
majority of two to one. Indeed there i an
almost unanimous fentiment in his favor.
This newa will be mwt gratifying to tho-e
who favor the upholding of honest, capable
men in office.
a i.r.ivi:vntin i:vi:vrn.N".
Hon. W. I. ISorland brought to The
Time office ytfterday an genious little
machine invented and patented by him-elf
and Mr. ll. Hoffmann. at.d which we are
inclined lo regard as one of the met suc-
ct-sful inventions ot late years It is n
add!.,; in bine, aud the irinciple ujiou
which it is cons rutttd. while simple teems
to be pnf.cl. and as h-:re appiinl enables
any one to add, iih infallible comciness
a column .f Sure., ..o matter bow Iungf
just as rapidly a- he can touch the k?, U
the mrcbKie.
1. is in a -mall ce, not larger than a
ladj's oik b-i, .tnd ihc results are reti
ttrui tipvn to di.ls, o:ie alhin the oih'-r,
luoklug much Id e the face of a c!otk,
itJi a minute haiid-or, probably, m..rt
like ibe l.ce of a gas-intttr, hi li one hand
marking the uuits and ttUi1, and ibe other
the hiindrtds. Antb-sly can undtrtland
I., and auy tin-jtar oid thild could work
it It would be impracticable to iicscnbe it
salirfzeloril , but siillke it to sat, that it
will certaiuly do what is claimed fur it,
and will do it correctly. This sample
mailuue, made by hand, is of course, not
what it would be if made by machinery
prepared for the purjiose. but it illustrates
the principle, and shows that the invtnliou
is succes-ful. Mr. liorland informs us that
he lias already had applications from several
manufacturing establishments in the east,
that desire to make the machine, but he
has made no arrangements. As it is a
Leavenworth invention, we think a compa
ny shtul J lie organized here to manufac
ture them at home. It affords a chance
for building up one of the largest estab
lishments in the e-t, Mr. liorland thinks
they can be made for twenty five dollars a
piece, and at this price they are destined to
meet with a large sale.
We are confident that our friend lior
land has in this, a good thing and there
is no man in Itavenworth who better de
serves it no mau whose success will be
more gratifying to all our peoj le.
I ICII-'I .:! JIIL'HMS.lsn.
Several newspapers in Kansas especial
ly those in Atchison have their sense of
proprie-y terribly shocked whenever The
Ti.mks takes occasion to characterize a
scoundrel in proper terms, and ntver let
pass an opportunity to read us a lecture
on the evils of "jiersonal journali-m." As
an illu-tration of what constitutes high
toned journalism in Atchison, we clip the
following items from two of the pajiers el
that city. These are from the CAiiin;.i'-n
and have reference to the GVo'e -
How much money hasthe 6oxIicicr"up
st's l LOloUloI llleliewly LKIlllIlalcU cau-dldsle-,?
'Ibe ".Vrrrl ;tiiMs admits one c.ie ol
til-HkuiHilin;. ll know of twiil)-flvotu
er-, wllchlsa nt lair n cord lor a six
tiiiiuihs xisteuce.
111 the "Strett Unzeltr" detail its sums
in gtttius bhasi iin.iie out of Mfjor lswi.s
unit iiieteiitral Ilraucn road abunt the 1st ol
last .-,ui;usL.
Tne MfhlMin "Hun Atomd" which makes
eerjtsal's Uls.nevs Us UuMn-, 11. i less
iu-.rlie.l 0 lis tleiliii ninj l-u jesrs
-ulsiilpt on In B1:ne,"claiiuspipulMrlli.
Vutoria WuaalliuliV Hoklyntlti foradoiur
n , un!e Hssiitr s- led a term 111 Ihe
Toumos Ii In icainailiuu.
I he iota' Iliad Is at of tllO ".frr.Y Oazritr"
Win - luil t lat is oil line 'it iilltiiins.s.
y,al li' -t cr, ."i s,iaarai hsot dtati i iimiirisi-,
wl.ieli, wile such ltnnt.s 1, h ty, w.a d ilamt.
limit, a s-tl.ll'll lei Illlliioll times holT-r
iti-u Hit lied or !'- r Hitwrtuiit. ls.-is ti.st
I.' Ti;i to-lJ untold a tale Hint tt 11 wipe till-pss-rou1
ill tirimiv. 'this Is mil tlie nrst
i tiniai oil ti, l.at had thai thai gentle
man's isil w ill s- tile the at win theory .
And the f.lli.t.ii g. refcring to the tAaii
ilia are from th-- (fotc.
lli-.viu ti-headel td'ot. who delij poms
lotto tils tiiaudilii plblnllsli Ihroualt the col
u in lis oi Imwlis' otuan. will lm.Miss ls-niori-
incoheieiit thau u-iiul :o moirow tnuru-in--.
Itef'ire en-riialns in li job of chawlup uj
audsilfi .nil Hie U y6c, Ihelia- 1 v-aiiol
t eo i in leiiatil. win: o. Merlin, aud ke
Ills lrTllll-- lou. tt ntdl was ciatllist it l.
iieinur" ii lib. r sit::tsi norwilbs li
ti-... .ll i- . iso Mr i r, the bu iiiess
m utat r i ubiici siuieJ lasi eteiiiu;.
lit all Hi- nwspi,-r i-iiuirott rslt- kii ct
-td .in, lr 1-1 !- o rtis'..Ri rj lur tin biu'-si
1 llol In s ll. si il.e olh I hll liou..d na-l-eii
rt-dini Ins w.tnritnu -an-isti. to peopl
Hi tll- siliel rll . li s'n l; i iio lie w 1 l
w iiw l.iiii w i h th-n w 1-.ti- John -.
llul 1.. U iiil so ll'litla 111. sllinr In 111 111
--t. .o I o ii-fills mi rid , with ttiiilii
f nt 5mj ll a.am.
If t - Lie" mind d Martin wilt make It an
I.J rl. a- d l.-l. clfllllv ask ll tllloUi:ll Ills
i. inns, ue will undertake t'l IroV IO tll-
-ettisfs t.oii of Iliiseoimtiuiilty lnat ha was
oid'iidli tt K lou lis lorry "Ihlel ! and
soil y-ll "iilai klnall : ' inroui.ii ins t-inuiiiiis
sml that ll paid III ( elitral l'mljetl dollais
f.ir the work he Is now ilolnsr. "- will also
di iniinstrate thai ti-li.Ui been In the pay ol
tne company for siteii yexr-, and thai he
dare not n Iu-eio carry out tha commands ol
W. I- liowus. sj,nr,. wearehaviugastlrrint;
up. let's hate a good oue.
The mo-1 striking si-ecimcns that might
have been included in the above list, are
necessarily omitted, because they are too
"broad'' to l-e copied by respectable news
papers. We are sorry to see our brethren up the
river "taking on" in tnch a naughty way
and would advise them to turn to the files
of the Charrjtitm and read one of the ma
ny sorrowful lectures which that journal
has published for our benefit, at times when
we have felt it our duty to Fjeak in plain,
but decent term", of thieves and gam
blers. Last summer, when we had been abused
and vilified and lied about day after day,
for at least twelve months, without saying
one word through The Times in rcnly to
the dirty assaults upon us, the Champion
was greatly pained becau--e "the Leaven
worth papers were cjuarreling again," and
expressed "profound regret" that newspapers-should
descend to snch a course.
ii.hes or koois iM.oi-i.r. kii.i.-
Kiewis, October 23, 1S75.
Editor TfMis Dear Sir: I have ju-t
returned home this evening from my long
and toilsome journey cf three hundred
miles, through Western Kan'as and Ne
braska, the particulars of which I will for
ward you in due time. I am too much
worn out with the fatigues of my extreme
ly painful journey to only write you this
evening the death list of those citizens of
Kansas killed by the Cheyenne Indians on
Heaver Creek, Rawlins Conntv, Kansas, Oc
tober 1st, 157S, at the Bohemian and Ger
man settlement on the above named
I particularize f jr mare definite consid
eration. THE DEATH LIST.
Harry Abbott, Alexander Foster, Harry
Shidles, Frederick Homper, and W.J.
Marshall, English; Rudolph Springles,
IVer Jeanseck, Henrich Jeanseck, Frank
Soches, Bohemians. Arnold Kenbilz, Anton
Stenner, Germans and Rev. George Feubers,
German, Minister of the United Brethren
C&urclu ....
A" of ao? "P ."J obtained by roe
S L? C3lJT?
1 Yobm truly,
1 . . Tovrxx.
Yesterday was set apart by the Wom
an's National Christian Ten.itrance I .ii-t.
a? a day of prayer for success in the work
to which the association has addrcstd it
Felf. On Wcdae-day, X.ivemKr C, the
fr.u, it, -nnnsl inM-tin" of the Union will
li liehl in I'.sltimore. to continue four diys.
ti i - hr, ,re at the bead of
U1Z ktUU "Uiui-u ww -
this movement seem
lo be thoroughly in
tiii: no i-i Kit.
Our advices from every psrt of ibe
county. corrobora'.e our information tint
the friend of George T. intend to bolt the
Republican ticket in every di-tnet
in which the RepuMiean nominee is
not in f.vor of George for K-nator. TI.e-e
men have had a great deal to say about
'bjlters," tnd ve vant the j-eople to tinder
stand who the bol'ers really are. In vrvrr
district in which tne R-piib'.io-m no-nine
is not in favor of f -eorge I" , hi friet ds
will boll the ticket, am1 vole ior the Kmo
cratic candidate.
iir. irnni.it: I inc.
The great Ca.h-ilic Fair, in Ne- Y rk(
of which the tibgraphhas alresdt made
nnntitu, was iomaily ond la-t Tuiilny
evening ith addres-ts by Catdn.nl .dc
C ln-key, Mayor Rly and Yiejr-Gtr.cral
(.uinn. Rvert inch of standi, g room in
the Csth-dral was iftuj.ied, and it was tP-
timated thalU'C'-O jrscus wtie 1-res.nt.
Among thite were the clergy of all the
Catholic thurches in the ciiy, aud many
leistns well-knov n in political and social
UO-IK-i I'M l'iil.HH
The lie aid ststes that the female suffrag
ists of Xew York are taking steps for exert
ing a practical iniluei.ee uiwn the rtsiilt of
the approaching election, and sys that
committees of ladies hate been appointed
to wait upon all the candidates for office as
soon as the nominations shall have bten
completed aud to solicit their views on the
great question of women's p litical rights
They are to hold a mass meeting in Stein
way Hall on the .'.0th in-t. to indur-e and
ratify the nominations of such caudidatts
as shall make declarations in favor A fe
male suffrage.
j. a. ii. mo.-iiati:d.
The Republican Delegates at their second
meetingat the Stranger water mill on Wed
nesday, of this week nominated J. A. lllack
man, of Lenape precinct, Sherman town
ship, for Representative of the Sixteeii-h
Di-trict, in the State Lesi'l-Uure.
Crawford Moore, of Tonganoxie, is the
Democratic nominee for the same position.
We know Mr. P.lackman well, and from
such knowledge we can confidently assure
people of the Sixteenth District that should
he be elected, they would find in him one
of the ablest, most conscientioui and de
voted Representatives they have ever had
iu the State Legislature. All measures
calculated to lighten the burdens of taxa
tion, and check extravagance in the public
expenditures, all legislation having for its
object the suppression of ignorance, intem
perance and crime will receive his earnest
support. .
Tlie following paragraph is from the edi
torial column of ire Chicago 7't a jour
nal which, we beliete has never been charg
ed with being a Republican paper. r
make this statement for the reason that
our Democratic readers might otherwise
think it was clipped from the New York
The attorney K-niral of Miutli Carolina
cal ed on ihe pu,ideiit, ttteruay, lor the
piiris.se of presiutmi; the sitna lou In thai
tale lr in tlie --rut shut" siaiidisiint, lo
tlie conslderanou ol Hie ,xecullte. lie a
ens thai tlien Is no dlslui IiaUlt, nocoiilltll
beiweei Hie rae. -, uollliu; bill a "tliololls
ealltusn." lllO Trd-shlrts," lies.it s.are -try-in
, u in ii-r :li. in eioes b aikUlutllt and
i-Tr ii.ii" Ibe on, etion of the blst-ks
srs-ms lo'oe that Ihe aruiu.nu" are a liil.e
o tiorou lor - nilort. A-, for mst-iii t,
ulltil a battalion of mounted red shirts list,
iuioa lepubilcau iiieeimc, the other day .eud
(os.n-el.vd tne as inoitsl tolored lolbs lo lis
.eu loa lolof ijourhou harauKU -s, wnile in
esu urly lutiled sjarakeis wire afraid -o
slant tneuiseltes. li would bu belter, pei-ln-p-.
it the a torm i;-i.ei-al InJr inalutUxl
l.iaii.-. leiioluu ins personal ann oI!U-ll ii-tia-Hi.-.
lo l'ie sUipir-loll and puiil-h.lienl ol
such laili-ssue-s. Au li.M est.ellenteile Iii
sreiillon or a tew -ir the ioml ud-slnris
uotllilhate liiort i !- t lu e-hiumoll .ilid
ol iiieimrtll ihiu II Hie pioiestatioiii llit
attoruey i,eiii r .1 can isiur luiollie ears o' ll t
ailmiui'-tratiou lu a inoulu
m.it: cnri:u, oi?nrri:i: iiiik
v ;iti:.r .'list tkL'.
If anytime had la-eu nect-ss.iry to estab-
lisll lur fact 111 Hie lillm Mil tile eople that
ti.o. T. Authou) w salielieln to tlie lalsii-
t 1 1. s- i i-furiilsi.t-d iu hisseecli st Ieav
riiaonn He is ap rnu to a stat lu Hie
Cult" .sin -s Isci.Mc aud If elected will tie
n iiutkiiin; s4.-rv.nt o tne sold riusr. Ii
wasableil tins ake when Ihe r-tate Central
ouiiuiltee placd hi in In Ihe canvassing
tl m, f.r sucn ulii-ranies jltetne lie loie
planitoiin. Zaun Cutmty CI nun, J5.;
The '1 l.MEs has Uready called the atten
tion of the State Central Committee to the
great mistake of binding out S-iieakers
who"e sentiments are not in accord with
those ol the eople, aud who are, in no
sense, exponents of the party faith. We
are glad to fee, from such articles as the
one quoted above, that other Republican
papers are calling attention to the same
fact, and though it is too late to right the
wrong done, in this campaign, we hope that
such blunders will be guarded rgainet in
the future.
The Republican platform of Kansas is a
fair and square, out and out, Greenback
document. George T. Anthony, who has
been sent out by the State Central Commit
tee, is a straighont bullionist; he unhesita
tingly proclaims himself the "hardest kind
of a hard money man ;" he U as devoted
and subservient to the interests of the
money power as though he had
been hired and seat out as the agent and
servant of the gold ring ; he does not rep
resent the Republican sentiment ot Kansas
to-day, any more than Yallandigham rep
resented the Republican sentiment of Ohio
inlSC2; he injures the party, and takes
votes from the ticket, wherever he goes,
aud the State Central Committee, which
ought to be the guardian of the interests
of the party, is doing the party more harm
by such a course, than all the Democratic
speakers in the State are able to do.
Men who repudiate the principles of the
pirty as laid down in its platform, are not
Republicans, and should not be sent out in
the guie of Republicans, tinder the sanc
tion of the Republican Central Committee,
to address Republican audiences. Such
men have a perfect right to make all the
speeches they please, and to get as many
people to hear them as they can, but they
should be compelled to appear in their true
character, and should not be permitted to
sprak for the Republican party.
George T. Anthony, at every treeting he
holds, openly spits upon tLe Republican
platform and publicly repudiates its prin
ciples; by what authority therefore dots
the Republican Slate Central Committee
send him out to address Republican audi
Mr. Phillips will address the people of
Leavenworth county in this city, on Satur
day evening of this week, the 2nd of No
vember. He has hosts of friends here,
who regard him as one of the ablest and
best representatives that Kansas crer had
alWaahisgton and they will (ire bias,
Ilv t;rat lstll at Cooper lusiiiute,
l.nst Thursday KtcnlntT.
Mr- L'haibjias and Gextlejien: - I
cannot sufficiently express to you ray ac
knowledgment of this magnificent attend
ance of mv fellow citizens of Xew York.
i and of this cordial and generous greeting.
I As no man can b2 worthy for his own sake
of such an attendance and such a greeting,
so no man ctn repay by his on n speech
such a gratification and such an attention.
l!ut it is always on these occasions when
.rest interests are at stake, and the minds
and the hearts of the jieople are awake to
tho-e intere-ts, that it is the assemblage it
self, the great mas-e-s of the citizen, that
in the moving mind and spirit of the occa
sion make the seecli, and set at work the
itilluencts that are to be ditributed
throughout this wide land. It is now
twi-cty-iwo years rime I had the honor to
make a iee-cli at the first Ropublicin
meeting lint wis held in the city of New
Yorl. (Applause) Even the place where
it wis held hits been obliterated, and his
pa-sr.l from the minds of man; of ourtiti-z-i.s.
It as the old Tabernacle not mi
spacious a hall a- tin- and yi.u mav be
siir- it a n - as well filled LiugMer
me Venerable presiding ouKer oi mai
m-eting, giown more ve lera'ile since, his
but lai. ly pa-td I o'li i r aii-'st Mr. I!ry
ant. Yet no moment from that tune to
ihi- has it M-cmed t j me that the unity, the
rireruth and the sueds- of the Republican
par't were not of ptramoi.nl interest in the
v.-. !l re of the Stale
Tliat then infant, but herculean infant,
ihit sprang to re-cue the honor ami the
-afityof the c iintry, has grown to be a
p r y tint h is held sway "in the country
now'for nearly twentv years. And who is
ihere that dares point at one in-tance, or
one moment of its pos.ses-inn of jiower,
where the safety of the coiintrv did lot re-po-e
upon that possession, and where the
safety of the country was not at jieril if the
Guvetnuitnt should lie taken from its
hinds? Vpplau-si I will not belittle
the great cn-i-of the country's history dur
ing ibis jierioii by assuming heroic propor
tions for the juncture of our affairs which
now presses it.-elf iijon the interest and
tion the duty of the citizens; but I will
siy to you tliat this s'age that we hive
resell d 'thutuh it may Ik near the end of
our nece-sary duty, though we tniy be ap
proaching that time when the politics of
the country sin 11 not make mn solicitous
as to the very being of the nation, yet the
juncture at which we now meet js oue of
the riei of dutis of the Republican nar
ly, which, unperf iriued, will leave the cul
tiiiiiilion and the sifety of the arch whith
ae have reared still in danger. From the
lime tint there was first meditated a revolt
ania-t the authority of th Constitution
and a partition of our country until now,
the existtneo, the cohesion, the uneltih
ni ss, the public spirit, the absolute lovenf
country and the alwdute devotion to its
i.if-ty,"wtree ential to keep on fool the
gteit lab-iM and the great sacrifices tint
wtre demanded from the ieop!e who-hould
s-ive ttieir country agiiu-t so great a dan
ger a danger greater than any country
etcr tet v.-.i saved from before, a danger
gr atir than any couutry hereafter ever
can be saved from, unle-s the record of our
honor and our duty is made complete by
saving the ret-on! of re-tnred tirosperity and
public faith hy the maintenance of the ob
ligations ubiili we atimed to accompli-h
this object, f plati-e
a c.lvsce attiie r.tsTfitnsiiinxTi vl i:i.tc-
The result of the last election placed the
executive pom-rnf the (iverninent sgain
in the h md of the Republican party, aul
made -ome considerable gaius in the jiopn
lar hou-eof C .ngre-s over its prrdce-or.
lint it left us in a minority in thatjiou-e,
and, as we all know, in the aclii-ilciicum-stances
of the elecli'in, imported into the
jKililical scene topi,s of dilficuhy and of
doubt which are foreign to our in-iitutions
and never should have 1-een imrorted into
them. Uy a suppression of the right of
suffrage in mny States cf the I'nion the
Republican party was deprived of twenty
electoral votes that lielunged to it, and
twentv more wtre brought into que-stioii
I'aticnt, serene, law-abiding, making no
threats it-elf and fearin.' no threats that
wire made against it, the Republican par
tv was ready to receive the count of tint
vole bv whatever Con-titulional methods
the deliberation of the Congress of the na
tion should asign. It did net imoki the
attendance of biindrtd th.iUs-iml armed
nr unarmed citizen--, becau-e it knew that
there were in attendant r, watching that
count all over this couutry, some millions
of iinarnml citizens that were capable of
liearing irnis if ncct-sjry. How did we
knowthat? We had tried it. I.mghter
We had had lhreits against our I iovern-
L.1 -nt. We had heiril it caueii a roi-oi
sand We had heard thai a unity of thrift
and -'lin and commerce aud industry was
not a unity that could be relied upon to in-
ilurenitn to taH'up arms tor intir netrues
aid tr.iircoiii.iry.
It didn't rufilie a hair of our heads to be
told so, and we didn't take up arms until
it was necessary. Applau-e. And we
didn't lay they down until it was fmi-hnl.
Applau-e "And if anybody wanted to
break down the Constitution of the 1'iiited
Stats by force becau-e there was a disputed
election, we were quite ready that the Con
stitution of the L'uited States should be de
fended at any di-puted election, as ineverv
tiling else. "But by an exhibition of wi-doui
aud courage, by a comprehensive and cir
cuuisjiect estimate ol" the gravity of the
-ituation, tie eople of the country exhibi
tid a control over them-tlves in an emerg
ency of this kind certainly untorseen and
wholly unprovided lor that bespoke the
greatiit-s of the Ration in a civil capacity,
as the record of the civil war hadproclaim
ed its greatness as a military nation in the
nations ot the world cmntcieu wnu us m
our system of stress of that conflict. Ap-plaii-e
I do not exaggerate it wlwn 1 say
that civilizition had watched with won
der the great devotion and the great powir
exhibited in the war of the Nation, were
fi.led with even greater astonishment when
to those that wished well to us and those
that wished ill to us alike, it seemed as if
we had met that final test and trouble in
the management of a vast suffrage when a
disputed election could find no solution but
in the passions and the jiower of the oppos
sing parties ; and when both sections, both
parties, rtorted to a method of final settle
ment that should be cf debate and of rea-on,
of judgment and of decision, the unanimous
applause alike of the nations that had ad
mired our scheme of freegovernment,3nd na
tions that dissented from it, when up tojthat
the final trial of the American people had
carried them safely through ; and therefore,
in peace of war, there was no problem too
great for them to solve. Applau-e. And
now this great and peaceful Nation, repos
ing in that judgment and wisdom, accepted
fromoneendtothe other of it the deter
mination of the Kxecutive power thus
lodged and thus protected, has looked with
indifference, if not with contempt, upon all
the idle schemes by which, in streams of
contumely and slander, that title was
sought to" be impugned. Applau-e An
ab-olute stream ofthe content ol the people
has extinguished every fire that was sought
to ba lighted by this dark-lantern conspir
acy. Applau-e.
Now it M happened that, although the
Republican party was disappointed in the
restoration of its" authority over the Hou-e
of Representatives, the interval of time that
has passed since the election has not mole
it of everv great importance to the public
interest. "The three great questions that
were in the minds and the hearts of the
people, that found expression in the plat
forms of the different parties, that formed
the stuple of discussions through the press
and at the hu-tings during that election,
were the pacification of the country in it
final moral submission to obedience to the
Constitution ; the relation of the public ser
vice and the emancipation of the suffrage
from the entangling and strangling connec
tions of personal and priva-e interests, sup
planting and anticipating the public wants;
and the restoration of the country in its
finances and its commerce to the true posi
tion which its nnmbefs, its wealth, its in
dustry, its enterprise were entitled to. And
all these, you will notice in the actual con
dition of legislation, really needed only
Executive action. Congress has alrealy
provided, while the Republican party was
in possession of all the Government, such
provisions of the law as were necessary, in
their judgment, to make effective the
amendments to the Constitution which had
provided lor the equality and the privilege
of the freedmen of the South.
Lawi had been passed wh:Ca hid pro
Tided tor the resumption of specie pay-
ra?n s applau-ej and putting in the hands
of the Executive Government all the nee
e3ary means, by handlicg the finances and
securities tf the country, to secure the prac
tical accompli-hment of that result. And
the improvement of the Civil Service of the
conntry always a matter ot detail, always
, a matter more of the morals and habits of
government than of any scientific or roman
tic adjustment was projerly intrusted to
I the Executic power. It is no part of my
1 duty nor is there any occasion to defend or
to explain to Republican inquiry any part
of the action ol the Executive Uovernment
since the inauguration of our 1're-ident.
I lure is no renewal ol his term ot omce in
question, there is no promotion of any of
the members of his Cabinet who have ad-vi-ed
and couftried with him before the
people, and there is no issue now raised
among Republicans as to the wisdom or
the nn-es-ity of thi or that pxrty in the
We are drawn tip now in an arrayaeainst
the opxsile party. We are dran up
unn the que-tiou whether in the pre-ent
po-tureof things it is safe and wi-e that
the lower hou-e of C.r.gress should Ie left in
the control of the Democratic party, or
whether a Republican Admiuis'ration shall
have its hand- strengthened hy Kepublican
Repri-en'atives aud R-publicin Senators.
I s.iv its hands s'tei ,.- Iiei-d; I mean
strengthened iu the -.nice ..1 me liepubh-
can pirlv in the luanijsr itnl 1 ihe liov
ernmentof this country ppl,u-e. If
there be any I.epublicin anywhere who
does not feel tii it i-ooiuion sentiuieut and
that common duty, V'io does not under
stand and apprecnte "he f e-t that dissen
sions in a party si?."g-od end at any
tinu they may Is- v --rt, they may lie
inevitable, but iht ir, o lie spared rather
than tncoiiragul -'t-jAnt the unity and
strength aud couiiuT!a urKse and common
courage aud common devoth n to the party
are alwajs demanded qmlly aril every
where fro.u every memlier of the party,
when the junctures of our political affairs
bring us face to face with the opiosing par
ty in a trial of strength that Republican
is not alive to his duty. Now, gentlemen,
it the duty of every Republican in this
room, it is the duty" of every Republican
abent from ibis room and that comprises
together all the Republicans in the coun
try laughtir -it is their duty to see to it
that the powers of the Republicanparty in
the councils of this Nation are iucrea-ed
and by no jios-ibility diminished. Ai-plati-e.
It is your duty in reference pri
marily to the choice of Cotigre-smen, and it
is your duly to see to it that the Republi
can party loses no Congressmen liccan-e
some of you, be-ides being Republicans, are
addicted to the fortunes ot" one man or an
other. You never cau serve the Republi
can party if, when its cohesion and its
strength to the last man are required,
when tiie last energies are to lie put forth,
when a final etlort is lo lie made, if there is
in your bosom any drawback or any doubt ;
and I imagine that the people ol the State
of -New York th-.t have heretofore at any
tiaie during the last ttenty years confided
in the RepuMiean parly, are ready to con
li !e iu that pnrty to-day. I do not believe
that the tcuqiorary and casual and personal
disafliCtions that at one lime and another
have prevailed -ire no prevailing. And
in regard to the maintenance of your au
thority in the popular branch of our own
Igi-lature, I think there is an equal con
sent and an equal spirit. We cannot afford
to lose Senators, although we may not feel
sure that we shall retain a majority in the
Now what rea-ous ure tl ere why there
should i.ot be an accefsion, an ircrea-e, to
the Kepublican strength from that inter
mediate relation of joliticsso numerously
represented hv what are cilled Independ
ents, or unattached voters, who desire to
throw their iulluence in support of the in
terests ot the country ? In the very strange
condition cf di-cord and controversy and
hitler halniis that mar- tlieopposing coun
cils in tl..! bosom of ihe Iemo-ratic party,
what na-on is there why good citizens, lov
ing their country an' concurring in the
laei-un-. sot prcs-jnt'-. txd in the near fu
ture to be espoil-ed and carried throiighin
the councils of this Nation, should not give
the weight of their votes, of their audi
ences, as iu the critical situations of the
war, they as "War Democrats" were willing
to the patrioticarmitsof thecouutry though
under the lead of the Republican party I
dn not know of a situation in the politics
of this country in a long while, in which
the am imt aiiimc -ities that hy inheritance
or by bitterness of experience, have divided
the "great parties of the country on some
oilier question, do not now, by their being
in abttai.ee, furnish an opnorlunity for all
men Who Iielievc in the public faith andin
the 1 om-t money of the country joining
hands to put Coi'gre-s on the right side of
that tricstion. Applau-e It was abso
lutely necessary, before the attention of the
eople could le safely and calmly surren
dered to theii hii-mess intcri-sts, that dis
turbances ari-ing from an irregular condi
tion of action and feeling towaru the South
ern State: the remnant of the war should
he nut at rtt. I have never known any
(totttuial enough with this people to adjure
them to give attention to subjects on wftich
they agreed, and to give ip controversy
about subjects on which they disagreed,
when tho-e -uljects in ttieir minds are es-senti-il,
living issues. And, therefore, I al
lude to what I re'ard as a tirotier introduc
tory step to the di ttrmination of the inter
ests of the countrv in commerce and in
finance, according to these every da inter-e-ls,
that by the action of the Republican
pirty it shonid lie hn-iily understood thai
au armed intervention of the Federal Gov
ernment in the Slatts was no longer neces
sary, and needed not to lie related except
utsin some new opnlar occasion.
This has sometimes been sjiokcn of as if
it w is thejiolicy cf the Administration. It
was nothing but a treatment by the Admin
istration under a Con-titulional duty ot a
particular situation which was presented
for their action. Tlu policy of the Admin
istration, as the policy ol the Republican
party, and, as 1 hope, the policy of all hon
est citiz ns of eiiher pirty, is that thtre
shall be no hesitation and no doubt, but
that the whole legal authority of this coun
try in the hands of the Executive of the
Nation shall le directed everywhere to the
enforcement of the laws and the security of
the privileges of the weakest ol ourcitizens.
It is the jolicy of this parly of ours, it
is the policy of this Government of ours,
in Massachusetts and South Carolina
applau-e, the same duty and the same
courage for that duty in the t-reat State of
New York and in ihe feeble State of Loui
siana. Applau-e.J His not affected by
climate or circumstances, except as the oc
casions ari-e under disturbing influences of
one kind and another. Sometimes it may
be needed to protect pro-erly against the
rash counsels and the momentary excite
ments of citizens in multitudes, sometimes
to protect a jioor acd ignorant freedman
again-t the wrath and malice of the whole
surrounding community applau-e, some-liaie-
o uphold the rights of commerce in
t s ships -n.l t irgots, and sometimes of a
sincle ab-cure citizen in bis personal pro
tectiju in the remotest corners of the
world. Applau-e. I challenge the least
accusation against the Republican party or
against any Administration of that party
to the present, of any desertion of that
duty, of any indifference to these appeals.
Applaue Now jou will ob-erve that
the one intolerate thing in this country,
either in the country or in Nation or in
any of its States, is anarchy ; any double
government di-putin.; each other's authori
tv is anarchy. Coumuuities always find
souie way to work themselves out of an
archy that i- intolerable. Sometimes they
re-art to the overthrow of liberty, prefer
ring even subaiis-tjn to anarchy. Some
times they re-tore both government and
liberty together, and miintain the rights of
both." Hy our Con-titution, the Federal
Government is jialou-ly excluded from all
intervention by military power in the af
fairs of a Slate, and that intervention is
strictly limited to the one condition of ex
isting "domestic violence, too great for the
suppression by authority of the State.
Whatever the will.whatever the bias, what
ever the sympithy which is felt by the
party or felt by any of its constituted
aents to exercise the public will, the Con
stitution is the limit and the authority.
The Constitution, too, in an Executive
hand, is capable of execution no further
than the legislation of Congress has given
tee authority ; and under that action there
was given an opportunity in every State of
this Union, that by such methods, judicial,
social, civil, aa belonged to it, there shonid
be a security of the rights of all iu citi
rens and peace throoghout its herder. I
need not say to you that this legal consti
tution of rights necessarily makes them
actual, Jon the contrary, I submit to you
that though the privilege cf the suffrage is
by your Con-titution and your laws ac
corded to all residents of all States, yet in
some States a large portion of the psftple
do not practically possess or exercise their
rights. And that is an intolerable condi
tion of things to every free commnnity.
It is. however, a condition of things that
has to he met, adjusted, and overcome by
the peaceful inlluences that belong to Lthe
amelioration and the correction of abu-es,
or to the regular and orderly punishment
by process of law of infractions of tho-e
rights Rut, nevertheless, the people of
this country, I hope without distinction of
party I would fain h' pe without distinc
tion of residtnee or of State cilizenhij
will always coi-ider it an intolerable con
dition of things that a great community,
restored to all the privileges of the Consti
tution and with an enlargement of their
sunrage in the councils of the Nation,
should insist upon maintaining the voting
power to them-elves and suppress the vot
ing privilege which was the only occasion
aud con-ideration for its being accorded.
Again-t that all the forces of free society
struggle and will continue to struggle, and
a I the moral, all the social, all the legal'
all the Constitutional authority of the Ke
publican party in the Government of this
country shall always be thrown in favor of
making that practical and real which in
the Constitution and in the rights of the
population of these States is accorded to the
humblest citizen. Appiau-e.j t-oiongas
there remains this di-cord in the harmony
of our restored allegiarr. so !-r- ihe Re
publican partv will have its duties, which
it will not hesitate to perform.
Now gentlemen, another great and itn
iortant interest which the people in their
original and primary capacity of citizens
have for many years shown a considerable
interest in, is" iii seeing lhat their public
service was really brought within the lim
its and the needs of the Government, with
in the proper economies for its administra
tion, aud that the change ol that service,
either by the change of parlies or the
change of Administration, should be as lit
tle iu extent and as few in instances as the
public service would admit. Applau-e.
They have, I think, also been quite unani
mous in seeing that it was right that the
Executive authority of which the-e numer
ous officers form a branch, and which is
held resjionsible for the conduct of the-e
officers, fhould really have the Jiotenlial
control, as it has the undivided resjion-i-bilitv.
I "agree with that very lively writer,
Mi-tress Gail Hamilton, who in a series of
charming e-says on the non-perfectibility
of human nature, who in a series of
s'purkling observations upon characters oi
the present time and in our past hi-tory,
though she has been unable to rahe a sin
gle political mortal to the skies, has not
hesitated to drag a great many political
angels down. Applau-e. I agree that
the Civil Service is not a measure or policy
of Government. All parties will profe-s it,
all citizens will desire, and in the jierfec
tion of abstract contrivances each will vie
with the other; but, alas! the rub comes
when you seek to apply it to any lively ac
tual mined occupant of office. Applause.
Tim is not to lie complaintd of ; but there
is a large province of attention to this duty
which does not thus interfere with indivi
duals. I mean the reduction of the public
service to the numliers that are neces-ary
to tieiforiii the duties of the Government.
I mean further the habit acd purjio-e
ot every Adiuini-tration to narrow the pro
vince of patronage, l'or if there be any
dani-tr to the statesmen and lo the states
manship to the smi-itl working of
Administration over and in the authori t
committed to it it is the cocstant injection
of this disturldng inittcr of p-itrunage
Applau-e I do not believe there are any
men in the country that are so much inter
esttsl in the reduction of this matter, within
manageble limits as the public mm ofthe
couutry, who are itiiieded and clogged and
harrassed I do not mean members of tt.e
Executive Government alone or men.bers
of the Senate and members of the IIoiisi cf
Representatives hy the contant and ine
vitable pre-ence of the-e harras-ing intlii
ences. Applause I would say to evtry
public man that if indicd we should evtr
succeed in staying the dominion and ciu
trol of what is called caucus and caucus
machinery, the public men who have
thought their interest most connected with
it, have thought that they could least spare
its siipiort, will be within the jihra-e ot
ISnttiis when the tyrant C.e-ar was slain:
"Here comes his liody, mourned by Marc
Antonv, who, though he had no hand in
hisdea'th.will receive thclieticfil of hisdying,
n place in the Commonwealth. As which
of you will not."
And sin h a place! A place where au
thority supports continuance in place or
trust, ar.d honor depends ujion the citizen's
judgment and concurring voice of the inde
pendent, watchful, intelligent, the patriotic
citizens of the country, pplau-e. I
lielieve nobody has anything to fear from
this improvement, but thosecccupying posi
tions to which the private judgment and
spontaneous action of their fellow-citizens
would not a-sign them those who fear
the crutches of the ladder on which they
re-teil would be stricken from under them,
and would leave them to tumble back into
.1 ........ .. .. rjllirtf70n I ,w I
tlie mass oi ls ts . -s L 1
And now. centlemen. vou all can - as
Repiiblicius I think the citizens of the
tity of New York, without distinction oi
pirty, can see how tyranncal such a
scheme may I don't fay it ever has lie
come in a party like the Democratic party.
You all know hnw the voice of Tweed was
more potential than the wi-hes of all the
worthy men of this city, and, if I cin judge
from what seems to lie a very con-iderable
revolt against the renewal ot this one-man
tyranny preparing for the next election,
there is the same distaste for it now that
there was then. Applau-e There is no
doubt that the people of this city, the Jieo
ple of this State, the people of this country,
hive the power, when ever the pressure of
this incubus snail liecome in-upportible, to
throw it ofi by the effort of a giant; but it
is in the minds of all good citizens of every
party that we must see to it that the r gu
lar and every-day working of our lolitical
machinery forhidsthe accumulation of such
tyrannica'l authority. Applau-e
Now, gentlemen, the third pubjtct, so far
as the executive authority of the R?publi
can party in possession of the Government
has had to deal with it, is interesting to
them and interesting to vou, and s j far a
your present impending elections are to
touch upon it, it constitutes the main ex
citement of that election I mean the finan
ces of this country. Applau-e.
Now, there is great danger, as it seems to
me, that becau-e we have been in an irreg
ular condition of our finances, made nec
essary during the war, and have gradually
advanced upon the evils, and one by one
have overcome them there is danger, it
seems to me, that we should be too ha-tily
misled into di-sati-faction with a condition
of things, which really, when we remember
what in former times of leact we were ac
customed to, mu-t le considered a pretty
satisfactory condition ot the circulating
medium o this country. I never knew a
time before the war when every man
was entirely inditlerent to the actual secur
ity of the b'tlls that he carntd in his pocket
as he is now. Applau-e
I never knew a time when bu-ir.es had
such occasion to feel unconcern in regard
to the pafer money ol the country, provi
ded only it was measured by that measure
of strength and L iretr, convertibility into
gold and silver, applau-e, that they
would feel and th u tney do feel now. Nor
do I belive that in the Republican party
there is any di-po-inon either to deride or
to decry that paper money, which is asso
ciated in our minds with the struggles and
theories of the great Nation, contributing
the strength of its youth to the battle-field
aial the rc-ources of its wealth to the treas
ury of the country. Applause.
What was the legal tender as provided
by this Government under the stre-s of
war? Some people talk about it as if some
other financial scheme might have been re
sorted to; as if, having a power of taxation
able to lay taxes of 100 per cent, ioecen
sary, the Government have maintained the
adhesion to the specie standard, and filled
the treasury by taxation, to bankrdpt a
people. What could the Government do
with all the property of the country turned
into the hands of tax-gatherers, and all the
people of the country turned out of their
property? Applause.J
Did anybody ever bear of a financial sys
tem of that kind, that a Government be
coming the owner of all the property, aad
the people boundless and penniless, was in
a condition to carry on war with the accej
tance of the comnunity ? No ; ju-t as ,by
the conscription, when it became necessary,
all the youth of the country was summon
ed to arms, so hy the proclamation of a legal-tender,
all the wealth of the country
was marshalled to the aid of the Govern
ment and told to settle its accounts in specie
payments after the war was over. Great
When the battles Continued ap-
plausej when the battles were tinished,
the soldiers went home to till the soil and
work at the bench and fill the professions,
and increa-e the wealth of the country.
When the was over, the good faith of this
people with their affairs in the hands of
the Republican party to manage and adjust
and to foster the progress ot its wealth
was pledged that as speedly as possible the
promises, on the faith of which this agency
of finance, a legal tender, worked out the
safety of the country, should be made good,
and that tney should be redeemed by a full
and faithful "performance Applause.
Now, when the legal tendtr was working
out this salvation of the country, did we
hear its prai-es sung by the Democratic
party? Cries of "No " Was it helped
out by their confidence and supported by
theirvoices when both would have been
u-eful to this country and to the soldiers
in the field? (Applau-e.) No; we were
then told how much it cost in this bad
money to buy rations for the soldiers and
jiowder and "ball for the cannon. We were
told tliat no conntry could expect to main
tain liberties at to great a cost. Oh ! gen
tlemen, I have not measured how much
powder and ball, or how many rations this
p.ier monev bought les than its face in
gold would have bought, but, I think, for
many of the men that now prai-e the legal
tccder, the trouble was not that it bought
too much. ( Iong continued applau-e ) lint
if you take the whole system, where was
there any money since the world began that
(ought 'so much as a legal-tender.? (Applau-e.)
It bought us a name and power among
the nation of the world, which forfends
war and makes really all its internal de
fences for a long while to come uneces-ary.
."since Midas turned by his touch every
thing into gold, since Cro-sus ainas-ed the
treasures ol the mines, no man as ever p t
as good a bargain for his tuonev as the
American people got lor their legal-tender.
(Cries of "Good," and applau-e.)
And now, step by step, patiently, faith
fully, hy heavy taxation, by liberal pay
ment of taxes, income and other taxes, we
have made up the finance of the country
so that that legal-tender is worth to-day all
over this country what it on its face pur
ports to be worth. And now that legal
tender no Republican will s'lffer to lie tar
nished, either by disparaging its previous
service or by allowing it to be so confoun
ded with a volume of peace currency to
drown out the finances and the honor of the
eople, as that its fame shall be coofii-ed in
any man's mind. We made the Iegal-ten-iltr
to fight us out of war into peace, and
we will take no fiat money to fight us out
of e.ice into war. Is there anything in
the financial history of this country, as con
ducted by the Republican party. Did we
not understand from the lieginning that
what was netdtd was money in its shape in
sufficient volume to keep up the armies of
the country in full vigor, and to maintain
the credit of the Government with its citi
zens? And what has become of all those
qp.r-tions almut impairing the validity of
co'itiacts and violating previous rights-'
V.'-iv, war is entitled to the service of the
whole ower and wealth of the country.and
it is for the wi-dom of the Government to
determine how it shall le-t be marshalled,
when and where it is needed and with suffi
cient strength. War interferes with other
contracts than the contracts of money. U ar
separates the bridegroom from the bride at
the foot of the altar, thus interrupting the
sincere-t contract of scciety. War lieckons
the son from the dying bed of his mother,
breaking thus the commandment with
prnmi-e. And shall we much agitate our
selves, under these past troubles, as to
whether this country should have been sac
rificed to the necessity of ecie payments,
when specie payments were incompatible
with its safety?
This matter of our greenback", therefore,
is one that is now presently limited to the
duty of the Government to make them
equal to gold and silver, and all sub-cquent
ili-cu-sions are to find their place as, after
that problem is solved, the interests of com
merce, the interet of society, and the oli
ligations of the public faith shall dictate.
That is our pre-ent i-siie. To that we
will adhere. We know very well that if
there is anylhinc that the ieople insist up
on, it is th-'t they shall have paper money.
They w ant that money good, and they know
there is no standard for its excellence that
can I-e tru-ted except its convertibility into
gold and silver, 'lhey wish to feel that
they are not obliged to carry about with
tlieui the gold and silver, but that they
have the faith of the Government in secur
ing hanking institutions, or in this direct
form of its obligation.that the par er money
is always and everywhere good. That they
are entitled to ; that they will demand from
their Government ; and they will demand
a government that has intelligence and re
sources sufficient to give them good paper
monev. and not drive them back to the ac
tual carriage of gold ami silver on their
j-ersons and iu their chests.
Well, it is very !;ffi-ult to treat wi-ely
ihis question of hat money. I do not know
who l-elieves in fiat m .ucY. What is fiat
money. 1 can uuder-tand the miraculous
fiat that can turn what is valueless into
value, but it mu-t change its substance.
When you say a Government is to make
what is value'c-, valuable for its people,
you -ay what a people have never.never Ieen
willing to tru-t their Government with.
You might as well expect the people to
tru-t their Government with the question
of when and on what means of sub-istance,
and in wh it numbers, annually or month
ly, the people of the country should get
married. Laughter And making a gov
ernmental institution out of marriage i for
them to say whatthepeopleshould consider
valuable when it was not valuable. Fiat
money of cour-e involves the necessity, as
siiecie money does, that in the one cafe
sjiecie being the money, everything is on a
Secie ba-is, so when fiat is the money,
everything is to be done on the fiat bxsis.
You mu-t make a thorough revolution in
the country. You may remember that in
the Arabian Nights a story is told by a bar
ber cf one of his brothers, who being an
hone-t bltcher and selling meat, was waited
iion every morning by an old man with a
long leard nho purchased ju-t six pounds
of beef or mutton, and gave him beautiful,
bright, well-coined money, o much more
llattenng in its a-j-ect than ordinary money
which he took, that he kept it hy itself; and
after five months of this pro-perous custom
er's dealing, he thought he would go to his
box, as he needed to buy some sheep for
the shamble, to pay for them with this mon
ey; he opened his box and found it was all
green leaves clipitd into a round shape.
Well, money, to sell mutton chops by
needs to be money to buy sheep vith,
Laughter and applau-e. Now it is said
hy the story teller that that old man was a
magician, and that h deceived the eyes of
the whole jieople. Who is that old man
now in this country? Laughter and aje-plau-e.
Ilehasalon beard continued
laughter, but that is the only circum-tance
of identilication.
Well, sjtne simple people in a remote
Italian province once went to the I'ofie to
convey their homage; and the Holy Father
plea-ed with this, raid ; "My children be
fore you go to your home-",is there anything
that I can do for yoa that would improve
your condition'" They replied for they
lived by tilling as husbandmen that there
was nothing that they would like much or
that would be of great advantage to them,
except this. That the Holy Father would
direct that they should haye two crops in
the year. Laughter. It was willingly
granted by the supreme I'oc'iff, and as they
were taking their leave he said: "My
good children, I will do even more for you
than you have asked. Not only shall yoa
have two crops in the year, but your year
shall be twice as long as it is now." Great
laughter. Doubtless they thought that
"length of days was in their right hand and
in their left hand riches and honor." Laugh
ter. And so it mn:t be whenever a magician
or a I'ope gives us fiat money, he must give
as fiat trade, fiat food, and fiat arrange
ments all through Laughter and applause-
Bat we come much nearer to thes
business of fist money, it seems to me, in
the proceeding, which I dare My we all
remember in oar childhood of the children
in the nursery petitioning their mother to
be allowed to play grocery store, Ianghter,
. and there they had nothing but fiat
I money. Laughter. They drew upon
their mother for the sugar laughter, and
the nlums and the raisins and the almonds
and the oranges, and made a great array of
And then each cmtomer among the infant
band made their money in shape and in de
nomination and value to suit themselves.
Laughter. And that is exactly what the
fiat monev is to lie. We are all to be chil
dren and have our pockets full of fiat mon
ey, which is based upon all the property of
the United States, just as these children's
stock of groceries was based upon the illim
itable wealth of mamma. Rut even this
playing at fiat money, although it never
produced financial distress or rever-es to
the infant band, had some ill con-tquences.
When you buy groceries with fiat money,
and they are all of the edible kind, you are
apt to eat too much of them. And so the
nursery was soon distres-ed with the vomit
ing up of the fiat accounts hy extensions of
the stomach and contractions of the bowels,
great laughter, and finally mamma inter
vened, as the good I'rovidence will have to
do for us, and took in hand the grocery and
the sa!e-men and all the customers and put
them to led with a good do-e of rhubarb
and magnesia greatj laughter to work oat
the fiat system, and not to try it again un
til they had forgotten its pangs. Laughter
and applau-e.
If -ve can have a good providence to take
care of our finances, and see that all the
projitrty of the I'nited States comes for
ward just as itjis needed by everybody that
wants the money, we will get along a little
while, until the whole Nation, sick at head
and faint at heart, comes back to good pa
per money, convertible into gold and silver,
and gold and silver, as the money of its
trade. Applause. ISut the astonishing
thing to me is that there should be public
men profe-sing confidence in the people
who should go up and down the line ex
acting to use reasons that tn-ult the i-eo-ples
intelligence or inlluences that corrupt
their morality. I do not believe that 'the
common basis of our institutions, which is
common honesty, common sense, common
courage, common sympathy with one an
other's burdens, is ever to be turned adrift
under any such preaching as this. If, in
dent, in a matter ot finance, we could up-io.-e
that this abjectness of joverty of ideas,
of strength of will, of self preservation
should depart from our financial wisdom,
w''y, 'it would depart from the
the other forms of the institutions in our
day. We need not fear that the jieople,
when they know what it is that this physi
cian or that financial I'ope is saying to
them, would put much faith in their wis
dom ur instructions.
lint, gentlemen, there is another form of
financial doctrine which is not so ea-ily
dealt with, and which deceives cr beguiles
a good manv eople. I mean the notion
that an unlimited amount of the financial
paper of the Government, requiring in
some form or another an adhesion to value,
may be put out as a saving to the people in
rtgird to interest and other burdets. The
principal issue on this matter seems to l-e
between what is called a volume of the
notes of the United States sufficient to fur
nish all the piper money of the country
and the subtraction of the bank note, which
now furnishes about one-half of it. Rut
all the-e rcasoners do not proceed far
enough in their inquiry. There is no mode
by which any money can lie paid out of the
Treasury of "the United States except upon
an appropriation of Congress. There is co
mode in which it can be paid out except
ujioii the reception into the ownership of
the country, or into the Treasury, of some
thing which takes its place. Now, the
whole am mnt o much is our taxation re
duced by Republican Administrations, one
after another cf that S'-'-'s MMW.iJi'O or
S210,lbO,00!lwill make the circuit of pay
ments and receipts, and we have already
more of the money of the Government in
this form of Tnited States notes than Is ne
cessary to complete that .circuit.
i on must, then, either have a contri
vance by L-h large extienditures of the
Government are to be made for the purpose
of giving vent to a greater volume of thse
United Mates Iwnds than is now on foot, or
you must provide that they shall be u-ed
in the redemption of bonds. Well, cxrund
itures are not the tiolicy of the Democratic
party. They are not the policy of the Re
publican party. Kconomy and a reduction
of the expen-es'jf the Government to the
lowest proji-r level commensurate with the
maintainance of authority and strength and
the ierfoiui.ince of the diitiri of the Gov
ernment, are the common laith ol these par
tic. Are you then ready to issue this
money in di-clnrge cf the bonds of the
country' Certainly not utoii any other ba
sis than such as the holders of the bonds
submit to; and such is equivalent to a
proun-e ot paper money that is understood
to lie and is felt to be commensurable with
true intrinsic monev of the world. If you
say you will pay your bonds that are now
on their promise payable either pre-cntly
or in the future by something which is no:
payable at all that I can understand. If
you say to the holders of those lionds
"Ilring them in and takejfor them b inds
that sav on their face they never -hould le
paid" that I can understand ; but I under
standing them as one, necessarily must see
that it means nothing but a repudiation of
tlie public debt, and these ieop!e are too
intelligent if they mean to repudiate the
obligations of the public faith not to re
pudiate them directly . they are too intel
ligent to play this false game of bide and
seek that deceives nobody. That brings it
immediately into the range of fiat money,
or of money not intrinsically valuable, and
not representing anything that Ls intrin-i
cally valnable. The true currency of the
countrv, lie it United States notes or hank
notes, in s-icli volume as the financial wis
dom of the country can direct, compatible
with every dollar of them being redeemable
in gold aid silver, keeps up the activity of
exchanges, but does not undertake to do
what any Government will not be rmit
ted by the jieople to tlo for one instant.
What do the eopIe tru-t the Govern
ment with whether it be a monarchy, a
de-potism or a free country like ours what
do the people tru-t the Government with,
in respect to gold and silver? Nothing but
tlie weighing, refining and stamping of it
Any Government that undertakes to deba-e
will soon beat issue with the people, and
commit a crime against the State. Let us
understand. The reason that gold and sil
ver measure value is that they have value.
The reason paj-er money can be u-ed to
measure value, Ls that it measures gold nnd
silver. and is interchangeable with it, and
thus can measure value. Rut how can you
measure extension without your full meas
ure, or your yard-stick po essicg exb n
sion? How can you measure your capa i
ty without your bushel and your quart be
ing able to hold capacity ? Can you meas
ure capacity with a quart measure with the
bottom out? And so yoa can measure val
ue only by value. A member of a great
iiolitical party in one of the States of this
Union hos said that he never heard of a
yard-stick or a quart measure being rer
eleemed, and there i not any more need of
redeeming paper than there is of redeeming
paper than there is of redeeming a quart
measure or yard-stick. Well, I believe ev
ery civilized Government has a scaler of
weights and measure", and frequently -hort
measures and short weights are eiezed
by the Government, and thoe who dealt
with them are made to feel that there is
a control. Rut when you come to value,
yoa may not call it redeeming, it is the in
terchangeibility of value for value, and no
jieople, especially no people po--es'ing di
rect jiower over their Government, as our
people po ess it, no people, made up as our
jieojile are, by laboring men, from one end
of the social scale to the other, without
ranks, without pri-ilage, without exemp
tion, with entire equality except ro far as
the vicissitudes of things produce or permit
inequalities no such jieople will ever ex
pose their labor to be measured by on arbi
trary system that is not measured itself by
Thelaborer takes the gold coin, or the
paper that is Interchangeable with It, sim
ply knowing that there i' so much gold, so
much paper that is equivalent to gold, and
that is Valuable. hy, I have seen it
stated by a competent authority that in this
whole conntry there ere at all times doe
S120.000.000 iu wages. Do yoa suppose
that that creditor claw, the earners of wa
ges, are going to trust the debtor class to
them of society, to make money at their
will to pay them off? Labor is at the bot
tom of all exchanges of society, whether by
barter or by intermediation of money,
whether specie or "paper. Now I am very
willing to trust these people. I have never
seen anybody that I should expect to listen
to me ii I taught the doctriaea that are at
tributed to the fiat apostles, and the irre
deemable unlimited paper promises never
to be performed. I have never seen any
such distinction between the intelligence,
! the sigacity, the self-preserving powers of
J the common people, as they are called-in
i distinction from the rich 'people. I think
the rich people get into quite as many
scrarts as the poor people do, and I do not
understand that there is any danger of any
ortion of our jeople worshipping any of
these ilreamy theorists. Well, supposing
somebody should preach that the moon is
leallv made of grten chee-e, and that moon
beams would feed acd fatten ju-t as well as
any other form of chf c-e, how many of ycur
countrymen tlo you think you would see on
a moonlight night filling their stomachs
vith this unsubstantial i-jod Could you
count them by millions, by hundreds of
thousands, by'thousand or tens ? No, there
is a purpose to beguile or ileceive, or mis
lead, an.l to gain jKs-ession of power under
some llattcricg or ome careless acceptance
Iiv the lieople cf this or that nostrum. We
are ready and williog to maintain the paper
money that we have always been accus
tomed to and desire, but wcr do not intend
that it shall be on the flat of any man or of
any authority of government, Executive or
Congressional. We trust the banks, becau-e
their money is good, and by good we
mean convertible"; and we withdraw oar
trust whenever that confidence is removed.
And now, gentlemen, allow me to say
that the Concess of the United States is
entitltd ta the best, ihe worthiest, the most
patriotic men, who are ready to carry out
to the last point of obligation every com
mitment that the Republican partv, finan
cially, in its bonds, or in its issue of United
States notes, or in the bank notes that it has
authorized and protected by United (.States
bonds, is committed to, and that, with your
action now, as I understand it, we may
well expect in this State to gain at least five
members of Congress, and we may hope to
secure the lower branch of the Legislature
to give us a Senator. Applause. We
may thus Le able to rani-e the great State of
New ork ence more in the column of Re
publican States. If you do this, if you
give the Judge of the Court of Appeals,
who counU for the Stale ticket, an able, an
eminent lawvtr. vour votes and show a ma
jority of thirty or forty thousand for him,
it you add to the numbers ot your l.on
pressmen, if you fill the lower hou-e of the
legislature and add its choice to your Re
publican Senators, no man can say tLat,
however the State was lost to us, it has not
Ken regaineil honestly and gallantly. And
if you do that, let me assure, for your judg
ment will coii-tir with me, you need have
no fear that the next I're-ident of the Uni
ted Stales, whoever he may bs A yoiie,
' You !" J will lie an honest man, a lover of
his country, and a Republican. Loud ap
plause J
I'IMM'l. Al III.rimi.IOAMS.U.
Is the platform of the Republican party
in Kansas spjre.'nback platform ? If words
have any meaning, it unmistakably is.
The Times does right, herefore, in calling
a halt, when men claimiug to be Republi
cans and speaking for the Kepublican par
ty, go about the State by appointment of
the central committee, denouncing green
back men as "addle-brained idiots," and'the
Greenback mlicy, the vtry policy enuncia
ted in the platform, as the height of im-polie-y
and madness.
There never was a time w!un the public
thought was as
in questions of tint nee as it is to-elay.
There is elepres-itn in business, iltpre-sion
in values, i&llatii.a of taxes, paralysis of
industries, and destitution and hard times
on every hand. Is it strange that the peo
ple i.nder such circumstances! should begin
to look around thc-ni aud insist upon know
ing the cau-e of all his adversity .' Rut the
Ieople have no business to meddle with
money questions it is not a thing to lie
b.-ought into politics. No party tan stand
long that is built up on financial Issues.
That is the clatter thai proceeds from a
certain class ol oraclts ; but I bci; leave to
If this is a govercment "of the people
and for the people" then are all govern
mental f Mixtions "of the people?'' and ore
of the great
under the constitution, is iue coining aim
emi-sion of money and regulating the value
thereot. It is a iiincuon belonging exclu
sively to the Government, to be di-charged
bv Corgrcss, ami prohibited to corporations,
to individuals and Spites. In the elictiuns,
particularly of members of Congrtss. dis
tu"siou of "finance jiolicy is just as jxt
tir.ent and just as ntcessary a.s (lifcus-ion
of any other matters that are properly i ob
jects i Congressional a tion. Tariff ques
tions. Reconstruction, Civil Service, Inter
iial Improvements and the like. Iu fail
there is no concern in which the massts are
or ought to Le, more deeply interested than
the monetary concern. There is nothirg
which their own best interests considered
they cm Uh afford to neglect or trust t .
or association?. It is competent far a mal-
atliaini-lrauon oi rmanciat au-in co cru-n
a country abounding in all ihe elements .
prosperity, elown to a most abject state oi
unthrift,' as m the cac oionr country now
and for some time past. It b competent
for a wire, humane monetary policy to
pross?r and enrich a people, ov-n under
the ui'Mt adverse circumstances, as in
the ca-e of trance, since litr disastrous war
with the l lerman Kmpirc.
Tl ere is no conntry on earth, better
adapted to the development of t.ealtli in
aliuoi-t every form, tban this. There is no
people with greater e-apacity and willing
ness to produce c.!tb llian the American
people. Why thtn Ls there such general
complaint of'hard limes in our rnid-t '
Why such miiliitudes of indnstrioosly dis
I)sed -op'e out of t-mploynient? Why
bo iiiurli idle
l J. I-RObUeTI. E A PITA L ?
Why 10 '"-() recorded failures within the
la-t ten years? Wbe men, gor.il men, pat
riotic me'n, contend that the fault is in the
financial managiment which ban prevail-d
since acd durirg the war. They may be
mistaken. Rut multitudes of the most
thoughtful of our jKipulation areezerci-icg
their mitds about it. This is right ; it is a
most hopeful omen. It is not to I sneered
or ridiculed down by blatant demagogues,
or the bloated sycophants of a grasping,
bearl.ess plutocracy. Out of alL this many
sidtd and many minded controversy about
finance wild, extravagant vagaries have
come, and many more will doubtless be
evolved. Rut the end I do not doubt, will
lie ICelitf-IIeform. J. A. IX
I-OKINO, October 2.
Th'- East and West railroads have gener
ally made about the ame time from the
Mi'si-sippi to the Atlantic coast. On cur
recent trip to Ntw York we tried the Han
nibal, Watia-h and Canada Southern rail
road. Leaving the Missouri River at 0:15
r. m., arriving at (Jaincy at i a. sju, Toledo
at 11 r. :i , Itochter, N. Y, at 10:1 ' a. m ,
am! New York at 11 r. a , making tlie trip
to Rochester, X. Y., -even hoars in advanc-i
of the time via Chirago, and nine hours
saved in time to New York.
We found the Hannibal road gicatly im
proved. Thf Wabash Rail-ay a road of nearly a
straight line, with low grades. A'e ran on
this line in order to cake up Io-t time IS
mile in 1 ' minutes.
The Canada Southern Railroad makes
direct and close connection with the Wa-ba-b
at Toledo. This road is comparative
ly a new one for public favor. It is an air
line to Buffalo with easy grade, good road
bed acd makes fast time.
By looking at the map it will be :ccn
that these roads run in a direct line to tie
Ea?t, thu saving nine hours time to New
We would suggest to Col. Fiank E. Snow
of the Canada Southern Railroad, Geo. ".
Clayton of the Wabash, and Bro. Penfield
of the Hannibal, that a little more adver
:,:, ; ), Wt bv them would soondou
lUU U -
bl their already large passenger traffic
l " iMJMWiliijiii.iT if'1W;wi
I it' e- j I r file:
s-i-1 "-''-'---

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