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The Leavenworth weekly times. [volume] (Leavenworth, Kan.) 1870-1880, October 31, 1878, Image 2

Image and text provided by Kansas State Historical Society; Topeka, KS

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84027691/1878-10-31/ed-1/seq-2/

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For Governor-JOHX J ST.
r'o L!cnunaJt - tiove or -
Fo. Secretsry of Mat -. - J -J ' ;-.
For AudlUir of State-I". r IWNEBKAkE.
For Suite Treai-urer-JOHN ! KAN CIS.
For Altonn'y-Oeneral ILLAKb IA lo.
For Chirr Justice of the Supreme Court
ForState Superintendent of l'ab. Instruc
For Congress, Flr.t Distr.ct-J03X A. AN-
Fr Congress, fsecond District DUDLEY
For Congress, Tlilrd District THOMAS
For congress, at Irge JAMES It. IIAL
OWELL. For Cou'tv Attorney WM DILL
For l'robde ju.lge NKiVTON" 1,N
For District eVrk- !c OWN III Nr-,. ,--ForSuperiuUndi
ill Instruction A J A-
For" Conntj Commissioner, 1st District
" For Itf-presecUUvi , 10th bUlrict I. H,
I.W.SCI.. . , , . , , .
Vt.r ItemTsntntive. lltll District II. -'
For Representative, ltth
For -Representative, 13th Dlstrlct-CHAS
II. MILLER. , , .
For Representative, Uth District - "
For Representative, 15th blstrlct-JOIIN
M. St. I.AR1MEK.
For Itepnsentatlve, JOUi District
According to our rnle of giving all fito
a fair hearing, we give place thia morning
to a communication from a hard money
. Ilepublican. We fullj endorse his argu
ments so far as they refer to the "fiat"
theories, and so, we presume, will Republi
cans everywhere.
An article by Ernest Renau on the "the
Emperor Hadrian and Christianity," is to
appear in the November December
number of the Xorth American Eniat; also
a paper entitled "Pessimism in the Nine
teenth Century." bv Kev. Dr. Samuel Os
Tlie destruction by fire of the State nor
mal Fchool building, at ICmporia, of which
the telegraph gave us an account yesterday
mornin''. is a FeriQUi low. It was one of
the finest public buildings in the State, and
cost SSS.OOO. Emporia was justly proud of
it, and its loss will work no Finall injury to
the town.
The positions of the b-.cral R publican
nominees for the Legislature, in this city,
on the Senatorial cjuevtion, are nor we1!
understood, and the people cn therefore
vote intelligently : la the 10th district,
composcu cl tue i-'rst Ward, .Mr. l. a.
Coney, the nominee, is a hard-noney
greenbacker, in favor of Gee. T. Anthony
for Sc-nat'ir, except tshen he is with men
who are opposed to George ; and then he
is in favor of Ingalls or Phillip, or any
other man that the crowd eeems to be in
favor of. In the II th District, the Second
Ward of the city, Mr. IL M. Aller etands
upon Mr. Coney'a platform stands very
firmly npon it, and is an enthusiastic pup
porler of all the Senatorial candidates in
the field, especially George. In the 12th
District, composed of the Third Ward,
Mr. James F. Legate is the nominee; his
position is the Fame as that of the other
nominees, described above. George's
friends think he is fooling the
Ingalls men, and the Ingalls think
he is fooling George's friends, but his
real position is to close that it will take
the "official returns1 to decide it, and then
it will be found that he was for the strong
est man. The candidate in the 13th Dis
trict the Fourth Ward, Mr. Charles If,
Miller, eays he wants to go the Legislature
to "get even" with Ingalls. He says he will
vote for George T. if there is a chance for
him, and will vote for Phillips next, but
his main point is to beat Ingalls. It thus
stating his position, we think Mr. Miller is
honest and is the only one of the four who
rives an honest etatement of where he
The ln.tar-0can says the news that Elli
son had solved the difficulty of electric light
caused an immediate decline in London
gas stocks of Fc-n per cent. The paid up
capital of the Ixindon companies is about
SSG,000,000, and the yearly income about
S11,000,000, The companies hold excep
tional powers from the government, and all
shares have been at a heavy premium.
lii:i:it xiii.-vk.
Speaker Randall explains that he never
sent a cipher dispatch. He wrote what he
had to say in English, and another fellow
put it in cipher and sent it. He does not
deny that the difpatch' as published, is cor
rect, put says the meaning has lieen perverted-
The iAtcr-Offan thinks that a queer
thing alout all thee Democratic explana
tions is that they do not explain. Another
queer thing thing is that' all the explainers
virtually admit that the dispatches are
genuine, and haue been correctly transla
ted. a I'lcniinrrioN iei:i.izi:i.
The New York OrajiJiic reproduces its
double cartoon, illustrating the fable of
the inqui'itive donkey, whicli appeared in
its columns at the beginning of the Potter
investigation. The first view represents the
long-eared animal biting into a box mark
ed on the end "electoral frauds," on the
side "nitro-glycerine." The second view
shows the result with the air filled with
shattered fragment, of the inquisitive don
key, cars, hoots, tail, vanishing in the up
ward flight. The legend, "we told you so,"
makes the cartoon in the light of present
events, a prediction realized.
I'lrrrirs wn.i..
Tiie following is said to be an extract
from the will of Peter the Great, of Rjs
sia, giving directions to his succcExors as to
the manner in which they should govern
and strengthen their empire. Whether it
is authentic or not, it evidently portrays
the line of conduct that Russia is persuing:
Approach a near as possible to Cons'nntl-
nopiu and India. To rule these Is to rule the
world. To this end, cxclto continual wars,
at one time In Turkey, at another In Persia ;
establish timber ynrds In the Mack Sea ;
take possession by decrees, of thlsvea, as welf
nsof tile llallle. both belns liecexsary lor our
ultimate success ; ha-vteu Hie lit cay of Persia,
and iH-nttrateas fur us the Persian Gulf ; re
establish, ir possible, by way of Syria, the
old trade of the Levant, and advance as far
its India, which is the emporium ot the
world. Once in India, no more need of the
gold of England.
The campaign is now drawing to a close
we have entered upon the last week of
the canvass, and the work is well nigh done.
Now that the several tickets have been be
fore the public long enough to give the
people a fair opportunity to measure the
respective candidates, we think wc fairly
reflect the deliberate judgment of the Re
publicans of Kansas when we say that the
ticket, taken as a whole, is as good a one
as the Republican party of Kansas ever
presented lor the suffrages of the people.
The candidates, State and Congressional,
are all men of ability, they are men with
acknowledged reputations for honesty and
integrity, and we have come thus far
through the activities of an anima
ted campaign without being called
upon to record the unpleasant fact
of a single blimish being pointed out
in the reputation of any one of them, by the
keen and vigilant campaigners of the opposi
tion. This is not because the Democrats of
the State have neglected their opportunities,
for their campaign has been conduct
ed by men who are shrewd enough to de
tect all the weak pots that exist on the
other ticket, but it is because the Republi
can State and congressional conventions
have presented for the various offices
which the people arc called upon to fill
next Tuesday, men whose character will
stand the test of the closest scrutiny men
who have come through the severe ordeal
untarnished, and whose nominations will
be ratified by the people at the polls next
Tuesday, by emphatic majorities.
Editoh Times: The main argument
used by those who are clamoring for the
repeal of the resumption act is, the want of
ability of the Government to meet the re
quirements cl the act. On the contrary,
thoe who have the management of the Gov
ernment funds, say the Government will be
able at the time specified in the resump
tion act, not only to commence specie pay
ments, but to continue to pay specie for
greenbacks, if not interfered with by inju
dicious legislation. That the Government
officials are right in this matter, would seem
to be self-evident, from the tact that gold
and greenbacks are now fractionally at par.
If resumption has thus forced itself upon
the country, notwithstanding all the diffi
culties thrown in the way by the so called
Greenback party, it certainly can maintain
its position if let alone. The
wisest thing, therefore, that can "he done, is
to let the financial question rest, at least
for one year, and see how resumption will
work. "To do otherwise would argue that
the opposition are unwilling to let the
Government try to pay its honest debts,
when it can. There is, in my judgment, no
impropriety in having as many greenbacks
as can be kept at par witu goiu anu silver.
More than this is won-e than not enough
An irredeemable paper currency is certain
ly the wildet-t financial lreak that ever en
tered the brain of anv man, considered to
be sane. A promissory note which prom
ises to pay nothing, at no particular place,
nor at any particular lime, U certainly
worth no more than so mi'ch blank paper.
The ftith of the Govern-nent in money
matters is just like that of a banking coui-
Fsny comparing great things with sniaji.
t is good so long as it is able to redeem its
promises. When it fails to do this, the
notes whicli it promises to pay are
worth nothing, just as those of a broken
bank are. I hold that promis.-ory notes
whether from the nation or a corporate
ooiupany, hold about the same relation to
money, that the milk man's ticket holds to
milk. It will do to luy milk with, but
will not do in the place of milk.
Should this Butter scheme of an irre
deemable greenback currency, ii-Mie, with
out limit, (for be it renieml-ered that the
amount is to be sufficient for the business
wants of the country, and when this ioint
is reached, no two will agree,) the Govern
ment will be in a worse rondition, finan
cially, than when it came out of the rebel
lion. Suppose you issue greenbacks never to lie
redeemed, what I am curious to know
will lie the wording of their face? It will
certainlv not lie that the Government prom
ises to pay the holdtr, but that it does ac
tually pay the holder, -fbis might do if
we had everything e wanted within our
selves, hut it certainly would be worthies.?
in any other country. It would not
do if all the trade was'in our favor, for
other governments buying our produce
would buy with our own money, which they
could get for a mere nominal price in gold.
So that outside of our own country this ir
redeemable paper would be worth next to
But jierhaps this wild scheme, if carried
out, will be the best thing to bringlhe peo
ple to a"sobersecond.thought,for nations, like
individuals, sometime learn wisdom only
by sad experience.
Leavenworth, October 22, lfcTS.
The following is a condensed summary
Since the announcement of the de tiuc
of the reports received from all the yedlow tioa of the State Normal e:hool at EtntK-
fever points in the Uui'tJ States during ria, by re, there has been much inquiry as
last we"k, and ot repcrts concerning the to the cost of the building. &c We have
progress of epidemics at all infes-ted points taken tome paics to ascertnin the cost and
throughout the worlf for the same pei- the figures e give re'ow may be coi.s:drred
Office SuncEOS Gex'l, U. S. M. II- S
Wellington, October 2Cth. lo.S. i
Abstract of sanitary reports received during
the past week under the -National quar
antine act :
Xnrv Orleans During the wetk ended
yesterday evening there were COO cases of
vellow lever ana zj ueains. total cafen
12.SS1, deatlis 3,SC4.
Plaguemise, La. Total cafes of yt How
fever to October 20th, 1,159, total deaths
Bato:t Rouge, La. For the pint wetk
there were 170 cases of vellow feter snd 13
deaths Total cases 2,340, deaths 144.
MounAN City, La. There were 7 deaths
from yellow fever during the pa?t week.
Total casts to date 510, deaths if I.
Fort Uuxson, La. Rejort to October
20th gives total cases of yellow fever 73, to
tal deaths 10, including four rer dent phy
sicians. The first case of the f eve r occurred
September 9tb, the first death September
Mobile, Ala. There were 71 new cases
of yellow fever and 17 deaths during the
week ended yesterdav evening. Total cases
161, deaths 49.
Ocevx Springs, Mi$ Xo deaths from
vellow fever during the week ended at noon
yesterday. There were 8 new cases at
Ocean Springs, and D cases in the country
not previously reported. Total cases 145,
deaths 29.
Pass Christian. Miss. r-or the past
week there were 44 cases of vellow fever
and 3 deaths. Total cases, 170, deaths,
Water Valley. Miss. Total cases of
yellow fever to yesterday evening 140, total
deaths MJ. cix new caes yesterday.
Pout Gibson, Miss. The yellow fever
has spread into the country. As near as
could lie ascertained about 30 deaths oc
curred in the past week. The colored peo
ple in the countrv repel the lnendly aid
offered them for fear of having the yellow
fever brought to them by nurses, while they
are dving from it without knowing that it
Is vellow fever.
Hl'Io I-. To OctoUr 13th there
had lieen 75 caes of yellow fever and IS
German-town. Tenn. The fin-t case of
vellow fever occurred August 20th. First
ca-e anion inhabitants Atiirust 23th. To
tal cases to noon, October ICth, C3, deaths
Memphis, October 29. For the week
ended on the evening of the 21th in-t.
there were 50 deaths from yellow fever.
Total deaths 2.942.
Brownsville, October 29. During the
week ending yesterday evening there were
10 deaths, Total cases obO. deaths lu.
OiATTANoexjA, October 29. For the pa-t
week there were fcO cases ot yellow lever
and 23 deaths. Of these 51 cases and 9
deaths were among colored people.
St. I)UIS. Octo!xr29. At quarantine
durinz the past wetk 3 residents were ad
mitted and died of jellow fever. One pa
tient previously reported also died of ytl
low fever.
Cairo For the two weeks ending yester
day eveninc there weie 41 cases of yellow
fever, and six doubtful ca-es. Deaths for
the same itriod lit Total caes 75,
deaths 11.
Ix)UIv:li.e There were four new ca-cs
of yellow fever for the week ending veM r
day evening, and t deaths, lotal cases
131. deaths til, including refugees.
Cincinnati Xo new cases of yellow fe
ver during the pat thrie weeks, one dt-ath
reported for the pa-t week.
Decatur During the week ending yes
terday evening there were 23 cases of yel
low fever and 13 death. Total cases 17,
deaths 40.
Biloxi Up to Octoler the 17lh tLere
were 293 ca-es of yellow fever and 49
GiiEEN-viLLE To noon of October 1 1th
there were 3U1 deaths from yellow fever,
21 of which were in the countiy outside of
Greensville. Xo cases of yellow fever or
deaths during the past ck at Poit Kails,
L, South H-t I'as't I-s and Key West,
Havana Twcnty-thre-e deaths from yel
low fever and one from sniall-pox on the
week ending Oct. 19.
Hernando During the week endin5
yesterday evening there were V1 case of
yellow fever and 7 death. Total cases 103,
leatus 03.
I lSflC, building
ItST, bubdlu; So i 0 CO
i ci-wu and outbalid-
!I0 CfO to
I tou u)
is; CO
Total .
1'C5, Insurance . Vt 00
- Chandelleis to CO
ISO, Palntlns; acd graining 10O to
-- insurance . i'ii
Improvement grounds Zti C7
M lJ
Itepalrs J5J do
" Casts . 1M 0U
Total t(f, pt
U7 . Window blinds SIT SI
Kep.-llrlUK bulldlug.... :: il
" Insurauce lis UJ
" Fencing 7S: JO
1S71 Insurance lii 00
' htjialrs not")
" Improvement si to
Total iTotW
1672, building .i0,OiCl0O
" Insurance 1) ((
" urUHce 2.VJ U)
' Hepjlis 20i lJ
1S73, Insurance
" Repairs
' Kxtra cost of bulMln"
at -is
IfM U)
571 01
&l!l) 00
l'HVlrc and draining ...
CHlce aud reception
room Ss5 01
Well 1.7) (
Ssettiuz trees IK! to
1675, Repairing bulldlne TtO )
" Furniture Mum
" Draining foundation... siu 00
, Hepulrlngbullillug.
Resetting tiolle s
IIlHCfc lii.iriU
1'alntlnie roof
3 0 ill
2si) l
IU) (M
1,7-M S3
1.1UU 10
J- 01
Total .
J7S.4 04
In addition to the amount appro
priated by the J-iate. the cliy of
.bmporia gave In illy bonds-.. I0.W to
Total Cost .. J ss.UO IS
The above amount does not include any
of the money appropriated for the current
expenses of the Xornial School.
The fire whicli caused the de-truction,
originated in the coal cellar. The State
House, and as we understand the State
University authorities, keep thtir supply of
fuel in the basement, and we shall not be
surpristil to have to record further destruc
tion troni tins cause. 1 he supply ot Itiel
for our public buildings and institutions
should be kept in a place disconnected from
the building. Will the nroiier authorities
look to this matter at once?
cu.tv Kin'EinxTiancxT of
pimi.ic isiKTRi;cTin:v.
Editor Times: From all the informa
tion I can gather, it is quite certain that
Mr. YanEman will be most surely beaten.
Should Mrs. Cushing decline, VanEman's
election is very far from leing assured, nay
the impression i, he will, even then, be
beaten. But if, on the contrary, Van
Eman should decline, it is quite certain
that Mrs. Cushing's election is assured.
Xow, will Mr. VanEman decline and save
himself from certain defeat and thereby
give us a lady Superintendent, in every
way competent?
Wji. M. Howsi.ey.
xii r. I'ltoi'iiExic cornnocc
The above is the title given to a reli
gious conference to lie held in Xew York
to-day, to discuss certain quotions con.
nectcd with the prophesied eventlknown in
religious parlance as the "Second coming
of Christ." In an editorial referring to the
conference and its objects, the Xew York
Herald save:
Aa Item tbst Mr. Vincent 3ltglu L'ae
la IIi Lecture.
Youngstown (Pa.) Register J
The Pittsburg exposition is over for this
Tear, but there is one thing connected with
it that will be read with interest here.
Rather a good looking couple from the
country boarded m train here the day before
the exposition closed, and with a number
of others went to Pittsburg. Arriving the
girl met an old acquaintance, with whom
he soon became uncomfortably (for the
other chap) friendly. She and her Pitts
burg friend stuck together like wax all
day, riewing the sights, apparently oblivi
ous of the fact that her escort was around.
'When the hour came for starting home she
vent with her Pittsburg friend to the de
pot, and hung upon his arm until just be-
iore the train started, tier escort, the while,
lookiwg very much displeased. They
boarded the train, she taking a seat right
behind him. The conductor tapped her
oa the shoulder for "tickets." She leased
JiaiWHy forward and said :
"Ticketo, John."
'ndRW.be ."eaidJohn. "Get your
(What from the fellow yon trolloned around
a ill day."
Tjaawaa followed by load laagfctag
uaai a wBmc atiuax Mar. aw ot wheal
It is In fact, tnoush not in name a con
ventlon ol second Adventlsts. The believers
in this doctrine as a fact of proptiey are no
merousln all the churches; they differ, how
ever, in details. There Is a r cttered church
orsaniaailon In this land based Upon this
doctrine, but they atti-ct to fix times and date
for an eveui i which Christ Jltmseir said
that no man comd know- the day nor the
hour of Ills coming: that it 1- an event
known only to CJod. Th'rels uu other, but a
very smalt class of Ad euti-ts who firmly
believe that Christ came, according to the
Scriptures A. l. 70. when Jerusalem was
destroyed by trie Roman army undr Titus.
They insist that Ills comlne la spiritual, nml
not visible, and that "the sign of the Son of
jinn in neaven was seen hi mat time. An
other class of belleters, alo spiritualizing
the Saviour's aniteatimr. assert that Hemnn-v
personally toeery believer in the hour of
iieatu, anu mat mis is me second coming af
firmed aud prophesied of in the SerlntiiresL
These are called non-tvungellcal by the
Rut besides the foreroiu" there nro li-n
other divisions of this grand army of Adven
tlsts ho divide themselves Into pre-nillleu-nlallsts
and po-t mllleunlalivts. The dlnVr.
ence between them is simply one of time a
thousand years only. Those who shall con
vene in this city on Wednesday bold the for-
inerjview. iney are me pessimists, and
iuuae Huuuom meoiuerview are me optim
ists of the doctrine. The pre-mlllennlalit
believes that Christ will be visible to Ills
saints whom lie will gather Into the air as
Enoch, Elijah and Jesus Himself were caught
up The pre millennlalist bases bis bellei on
more th;n three hundred texts of Scripture
which rerer to Christ's second coming. The
chief trouble with the Interpretations of this
class, nowever, is their contusion of two ad
vents spoken of in the Bible.
During the period of one thousand years,
when ibrl't is to reign on the earth, true
religion will spread nntll the world will in
the main be converted. This theory of the
advent is not new. Paplus Justin Martyr,
IrenwusTertnlllan, and other fathers or rthe
Church taught It. Luther and Bengel; Ed
ward Irving, the founder of the Catholic
Apostolic Church, and William Miller, the
leader of the MUlerites. taught It. the latter.
however, in an exaggerated form. Pr. dim
ming, cl London, has aided to bring the doc
trine into ridicule by flxlnr so many dates
for the coming or Christ, not t.ue of wnlrh
for the last thirty yean of his prophesying
lias juutcu wviievb.
Deaths from four'prcventahle di-eases re
ported for the week ended Saturday, Octo
ber 10th:
Enteric fever In Baltimore 5 deaths;
Boston '2, Brooklyn '2, Charleston 2, Cleve
land 1, Philadelphia 9, Bichmond 1.
Typhus fever There was one death in
Scarlet fever In Baltimore (! deaths;
Brooklyn 5, Cincinnati 14, Cleveland 1!,
Philadelphia K, Bichmond 1.
Diptheria In Baltimore C deaths; Bis
ton 14, Brooklvn 15, Charleston '2, Cleve
land 13, Xew 'Haven 0, Philadelphia 13,
Bichmond 2.
Great Buit.ujj During the week end
ed October 3lh, there were 3,409 deaths in
23 large cities of the United Kingdom. The
mortality was at the average rate of 21 an
nually per 1,000 of the population. In
Brighton the rate was 14, the lowest ; in
Liverpool ::, the highest, in the same
cities, not including Edinburgh, there oc
curred 11 deaths from small pox, 101 from
scarlet fever and 33 from diptheria.
Paris, France There were 39 deaths
from enteric fever during the week ended
October 3d. The annual rate of mortali
ty per 1,000 of the population, based on
weekly mortality was 22.5.
Xo deaths from cholera in Calcutta for
the week ended August 21th, and none in
Bombay for the Week ended September 3d.
Xo reports from the following places
where yellow fever exists: Vicksburg,
Holly Springs, Csnton, Grenada, Bay St.
I.ouis, Friar's 1'oint, Mii-sissippi City,
Spring Hilh and Crystal Springs, Misl;
Hickman, Ky., Grand Junction, and Paris,
Tennessee. Jons M. Woodworth,
U. S. Marine Hospital Service.
Ptoitie of Crisp' Sin) lua.
St. l.ouls Journal.
I am the Boaring Borneo of the Jun
I will mike the Missouri river what
God Almighty intended but failed to make
I hunt these howlers out of the brush, I
tear them limb from limb, I drink their
blood. I chew their entrails and then spit
'em out.
Bear in mind, fellow citizens, that what
ever money I steal in Washington, 1 will
bring right hick here anil spend among
I am a Boyal Bengal Tiger. I measure
six feet two from head to toe, and six fett
two back again, making twelve feet four,
in all. I rear on my hind legs and whet
my teeth on the disc of the moon.
I am the White Whale of the Arctic seas.
I swim in two hundred fathoms ef salt wa
ter. I swallow the little fish blotsl raw
and spout 'em up through my snorters six
teen cubits higher than the top end of the
north jiole.
I am a full blooded imported hunting
dog. I shoot straight for my game and I
never stop nor falter in my course unless
some ill-cented buzzard or skunk crosses
the trail.
When I'm elected to congress I shall
spare these fellowsl shall let them live 1
I love to howl and roar and tear things
to pieces, but I can purr oh, yes, by G d,
I. can purr, too!
f I am as pure, fellow-citizens, as the first
tear on a Yestal virgin's nose, and I am as
incorruptible as the 'Bal hole at Hot
Yote for John T. Crisp, who-e sleep is
the unbroken slumber of innocence, whoe
roul is as white as tablecloth, and whose
reputation is as immaculate as a lamb's
Important Cnsaitiin-l-m of the Ac
timnilnr UtpanaieLit of Four
IKarsasCity Tiroes, 2.
As L well known the Kansas City. St.
Jo-eph It Council Bluffs, ;he Mi-souri Biv-
e-r, rort irolt ti Oull. the ijetTewortu.
I.awrrnce acd Galveston and "i Atchison
S: XebrsSa loads are .l owned and con
trolled by what is known as the Jov or
Bo-ton interest. Mr. George II. Xettle
ton is General Manager of all the roads.
and has his headquarters here, where
three of the roads make direct connections.
For tome time a plan has been under con
sideration to consolidate the accounting de
partments cl ail, acd to make the head
quarters here. At the time Mr. Preseott
rerigced his iosition of Auditor, the mat
ter was talked of, but nothing was definite
ly s-ttled. The accounting department
of the Ft Scott acd Leavenworth, Law-mie-e
t Galveston rosds hss always been
lic: that of theCourcil Bluffs at St. Jo
seph, aud the Atchi-ou & Xtbraska at At
c is. n. Mr. J. S. Ford has had charge at
St. Jo-eph. but he has now received the ap
l.ii ttmni of Auditor at d Assistant Treas
uierof the entire combination, and will re-tii-iVe
his iffice to this city and occupy
noios in the Fort Scott building, corner ot
liroadway acd Sixth streets. Thus the fi
nancial headquarters of all these roads is
to le located here, and in all probability it
is the forerunner of the removal of the gen
eral offices of the Council Bluffs road from
Sl Joseph. Mr. Fold, who is to have the
management has been connected with the
C. B. road for a number of years, and is a
gentleman of rare financial ability. Mr.
James II. Aldrich is to be the ca'-hier of
the four road', and will have the handling
of the ?C.OOO,000 which annuully are re
ceived and disbursed. Mr. Cha'tlie Smith,
at preseU acting auditor of the Leaven
worth, Lawrence & Galveston and Fort
Scott roads, is to-be the Assistant Auditor
under Mr. ForuWnd will be known as
chief clerk of the combination. Mr. Ford's
oilier assistants he will bring fiomSt. Jo
seph. The newTauvement cannot fail but
be beneficial to the companies intcit-ted,
while at the same time Kansas City is a
greit geiner, as being the center where four
such large corporations make their general
headquarters. Prepaiations are now being
made in the Fort Scott building for Mr.
Ford's immediate removal. He is to oc
cupy offices on the ground lloor of the
building. Mr. Watkins, the General
Freight Agent, .nd General Clark, t cLand
Commi-siouer, are to be rcmovtd upstairs,
while the entire auditing department will
come down stairs. An arch is to Ie cut
through from the Fort Scott building to the
rear of the room lately used by the Kansas
Boiling Mill Company, Mliere Mr. Aldrich
will have his office. The Boiling Mill Co
will have their office in the front of the
building. Anumderof other changes are
also to be made, and carpenters and mo-ous
are at work completing toe alterations.
Feel Yaaar ArfUa.
"My mother was afflicted a longtime
with Xeuralgia, and a dull, heavy inactive
condition of the whole system ; headache,
nervous prcetratioc, and waa almost help
leas. Xo physicians or medicine did her
ay food. Three months aro she brran to
m Hop Bitten, with each good elect that
aaa fatal Teaac agsla, althoagh orer70
U. sffc Bak. then h m attar
H a Wlr.-aair,
Itradlaugli fleets a TllnlsCcr.
D. Couwny's London Letter to the On.
cinnatl Commercial.)
A great deal of satisfaction has been ex
pressed on all sides at the extended debate
whicli has taken place at Xottingham be
tween the Bev. Mr. Armstrong, an advan
ced Unitarian, and Mr. Bradlaugh on the
question whether it is reasonable to wor
ship God. Mr. Armstrong is a young and
scholarly minister, who has a fashionable
congregation and a beautiful gothic church;
aiiu il lias uctu laiucr nit. rule lor unita
ians as well as other ministers so comfort
ably situated to ignore popular movements
and agitations called "inudel, and at least
not to add to their labors preparation for
coping with practiced extempore debaters
like Bradlaugh. But Mr. Armstrong is not
of that class. The Secularists having
started an organization in this city, acd
Bradlaugh having gone there to lecture,
Mr. Armstrong attended, and when criti
cisms were invited rose and made some.
Bradlaugh was much pleased with the man
ner acd good taste of his critic, and said he
would hope to meet tha revered gentleman
in some wav which would afford a better
opportunity for justice to be to their re
peclive positions This was followed by a
very respectful challenge from Bradlaugh,
wnicn was as courteously accepted. An
eminent citizen of Xottingham, and mem
ber of Armstrong's church, presided; the
most perfect good temper and friendliness
continued through all the evenings of the
debate, and the effect on both sidesjhas been
excellent. Although Armstrong was not able
to make an impression on theauoience equal
to that of Bradlaugh, the speeches on both
sides were taken down ana published rcr
batim, and, read side by side, it is agreed by
all that the gallant Xottingham preacher
has nothing to be ashamed of. Bradlaugh's
heavy blows never fell on any position with
so little damage, simply because his unal
practice has been totally different fortres
ses from that in which armstrong entrench
ed him. That is, Armstrong would not ad
duce the argument from design, he would
pin himself to verbal or logical definitions
of the Deity. He planted himself on the
moral nature of man, and on its growth by
adoration of that which it feels to be high
er than itself. Xow, no man makes more of
an ideal world than ilr. iSradiangh. Xo
man is more discontented with the world
and man as they are, or more earnest in
trying to improTe them. Consequently, the
whole debate assumed the appearance cl a
discussion whether the ideal sought by
both is a God, or ought to be so eouadered
aad wtsnUaaed. Here were. t ataa
tewsAawfc ask werftthe aaese air; hat the
ariaal ataMUB-aamar aanel analf .Z
lionuctt at Tie eaters.
(Inter-Ocean, 111
This is the story of a woman's bonnet
the record of a woman's devotion where
the welfare of a bonnet is concerned, and
of her triumph over men and managers.
It is an admitted fact that a fashionable
bonnet, wonderfully and fearfully made as
it is, and a "r01"60' love" of a thing as it
is always pronounced to be, is a nuisance to
the man or woman who sits behind it at
anv place of amusement. This is unfortu
nate simply for the person sitting behind
the bonnet, and can lie construed in no way
to reflect upon the bonnet itself, or upon
character of the wearer. In this land of
enterprise and progress, the man who sits
behind the bonnet is expected to accept the
situation, creen his neck with enthusiasm,
and turn his head this way and that with
the patience that endureth forever.
In the older and moss-grown civilization
of England theatrical managers are bolder
and average men and women who sit be
hind bonnets less tolerant. In many of
the London theatres a rule has been adopt
ed providing that boncetsshall be removed
tlie rule applying to all who sit outside the
dress-circle. The English ladies are wo
men of spirit, but, taken by surprise, they
submitted, and removed their head-gear.
Hut there came a time when they saw
their mistake, and looked uton the inana
gerial enactment as an infringement of the
.Magna Charta. lo realize all this they
required a leader, and the leader came in
the person of I-ady Churchill. All uncon
scious of the honors awaiting her, Lady
Churchill, wearing a love of a bonnet, went
with her husband to see "Uncle Tom's Cab
in." As she was about to enter the stalls
she was ordered to remove her bonnet. An
English woman is nothing if not loyal and
obedient, and the bonnet went off in a flash.
But the lady carried her bonnet in her
hand and went to her seat. This wag not
in"sccordance with the managerial pro
gramme, and it aroused the managerial ire.
Lady Churchill was informed that her bon
net must be left with the attendant made
and provided 'for the occasion. This
was too much for womanly endurance. La
dv Churchill stood by her bonnet, and de
clared that where she went it should go,
and that no manager should put them as
under. Lord Churchill, seeing the chance
for war, stood by his wife, and putting his
foot down manfully declined to go in the
stalls unless the bonnet went too, and de
manded the return of the fourteen shillings
paid for the tickets, ihe manager refused
to refund the money, and the war began in
Lord Churchill brought suit nominally
to recover the fourteen shillings, but really
to test the constitutionality of the bonnet
rule. Both parties were ably represented
by counsel, and when the case was called
in court there was great excitement. Lord
Churchill's lawyer argued that as gentle
men were allowed to carry their hats in
their hands, the ladies must be allowed
equal privileges as to their bonnets. Then
he launched out boldly against the rule
requiring ladies to remove their bonnets at
all. Gentlemen removed their hats as a
matter of politeness, but if a manager had
the power to say that a lady must remove
her bonnet, lie had the power "to order
her to remove cloak or dress. The possi
bilities opened up by this lice of argument
frightened the ladies into unanimous and
instant rebellion against the rule, and
touched the Judge in one of the tecderest
spots of his judicial heart. The case went
against the manager, and the principle was
established that no manager hasthe right to
molest or put in quarantine a lady's bon
net. The revolutionary movement hag
been inaugurated, it is expected to end in
the re-establisbment of tbe statu quo, in
which every man who sits behind a bonnet
is expected to take the situation as he finds
it, and do the best he can under existing
circumstances. Once informed of their
rights no one doubts that the English wo
men will maintain them at any cost. If
not, they do not care half as much for
their bonnets as do their American cousins.
Deatti la Ihe Lamp.
The use of kerosene oil for illuminating
puroses has unquestionably, been of im
mense service to the people of this country
When its virtues wtre first discovered, the
failure of the whale fisheries was imposing
a restricted use on all artificial ligti'g in
thousands of households and its introduc
tion was, therefore, very opportune. But
during the past two or three years a com
Itition in price has had the effect to lessen
the usefulness of kerosene oil by making it
exceedingly dangerous. Xot only have re
tail dealers diluted the oil purchased of the
manufacturers by adding naptbato it, but
the refiners therm-elves have put iu the
market oils far below the grade which ex
perience has demonstrated lo be a safe one.
Almost all of the Xorthern States have
pasred laws forbidding the gale of kerosene
oil which flashes at a lower temperature
than 1103 Fahrenheit, and though
the ob-ervance ot these statutes insuresonly
a comparative degree Jof safety, for the
flash grade should have been set at 1 10s.
yet, as a matter of fact, the great part ot
the oil sold and burned, would, if tested
flash cousiderably under 110 of heat. As
long as a lamp is lull ot oil this unafi
Itiiuid can be burned with impunity. The
dangerous element in all the products of
iwtruleum is tbe vapor that is evolved.
Thus, a man may plunge a lighted match
into a barrel tilled to the bnmlwitli nap
tha with no other consequence than the ex
tinguishment of the light, but if the barrel
was only a quarter or an eTghlh lull a se
vere explosion would be inevitable. Xow.
most of the oil in this city, would, if te-ted,
be found lo flash between SO3 and 90 Fah
renheit, proving that a s light increase iu
the ordinary temperature was alone needtd
to make it levolve explosive vapor. Where
kerosene lamp explosions take place it
is often found that the lamp was on a mantle-piece
over a etove where the
temperature was higher than elsewhere in
the room, acd hence, when two-thirds of
tbe oil in the lamps wasu-cd up, its place
was tilled by an invisible vapor ot great ex
plosive jiower. Any defect in the top of a
lamp which allowed the vapor to come in
contact with the flame, would, under these
circumstances, produce an explosion ; or it
might come about by driving the flame
down into the lamp, through the common
though hazardous practice of blowing out a
lamp from the top of the glass chimney.
When kerosene oil is sold at from 10 to 15
cents per gallon, those who purchase it
should exercise the utmost caution in its
use, as there is little probability of its le
iue a safe and reliable article. In all this
there is need os reform, acd this should
take the shape of au ecforcement of exist
ing laws.
school house in the interest of I'm Green
back ciue. The Governor said it nould
take one hundred yearj to reconstruct the
coactry, and compares! the present recon
struction with Heaven and Hell all mixed
up together. He ca'ied the Democrats en
emies of the country, and went for that
party with all the force of his Anthooy na
ture. His ideas differed materially'from
Bro. Jaquin's about theunity of theltepub
lican aud Democratic party. He held up
the Bible in oe Lnd, and" the bloody shirt
in the other; as a political speaker, although
a man of rare ability, he is not a success.
on account of his wild flights of oratory
which are lounded more by lancy than rea
son, lie was doubtless told to give tbe
Democracy h 1 and he did his best to fill
tbe hill, but as thzt party is small and con
fined entirely to a few good natured gentle
men living on Grant Creek, we think there
was a large amount ot wasted ammunition.
Ohio Is All Itigbi on Ihe Ureeaback
X. V. Times, 2J-1
The official returns from the Ohio elec
tion are interesting. They show that the
total vote cast thia vear was 5S9.0S2. or
only 1,003 less than in the severely contest
ed campaign between Haves and 'Allen in
jo.o, auu o-i,u more man last year, ice
vote was divided as follows : ilepublican,
274,120 ; Democrat, 270.UCG ; Xational, 3S,
322 ; Prohibitionist, 5,07 1. This gives the
Republican candidate a plurality over the
Democratic candidate of 3,154. The latter
is a minority on the entire vote of 47,150,
but uniting the Democratic and Xational
vote, and adding the Prohibitionist vote to
the Republican, (where it naturally be
longs,) we have the tolt money vote equal
to 3U9,2S8, and the hard money vote, 279.
793, or a majority for the former of 29,494.
These figures trust not be ignores! in reck
oning the political future of Ohio. Acd
yet they cannot be too narrowly interpret
ed, since in the Congressional district car
ried by them, the Republicans had majori
ties amounting to 30,S3S, while those ot the
Democrats in the Democratic districts
amounted to only 19,7Sli, leaving the Dem
eicrats in a minority of 11,038. The mi
nority is three times as great as that shown
on the State ticket. But on any showing,
it would be unsafe to count Ohio as surely
trustworthy for sound money.
lllnraaof a (ircac Inventor.
Mr. Edison,,every one will regret to learn
is down with an attack of what the dis
patches call '"neuralgia," but as great dan
ger of brain disturbance is indicated it
would seem as if the nerve trouble were of
a different and more serious character. The
following extract from a Xtw York inter
view will be of interest here as giving the
inventor's own and latest view of his elec
tric light invention :
"Of course, there is no flame," he said;
the light is wholly Irom incandescence.
The light is just about equal to one gas jet.
1 can increase or diminish it to any extent.
I can regulate it with mathematical accur
acy." "What is that -ire that glows ?"
"That is phtina."
"How long will it lat."
"Forever, almost. It will not burn. It
never oxydizes."
Then be turned it down through all
shades of red, till the light vanished.
"You do not see it now," he said ; "but it is
lighted. It is invisible, and the electricity
required is almoit infinitely small, but it
is there, and a touch will recall it see !"
and he tapped the lever and the illumina
tion returned. "How's that for a sick
room?" he asked, with a broad smile of
He connected the circuit with the two
other lamps, aud showed tbe indifferent
patterns and capacities. Then he explain
ed the peculiarity whicli rendered this elec
tric light practicable and valuable, aud
said "if a statement of that were published
it might invalidate my foreign patents,"
He didn't ask an "affidavy" of secrecy, but
seemed satisfied with the negative affirma
tion of silence.
"This is exactly what you want it to be,
then, is it ?' ask one of the party.
"Xot exactly," said Mr. Eddison ; "there
are three tioints to be tierfected. I am
working on them now. One is an electri
city meter. You see, this thing has to be in
vented from the very beginning."
"How much will vour light cost, Mr.
"They'll cost a good deal less than gas.
How much less is not now certain, nor is it
prudent to estimate it."
erotecuon rrom Cottoa Moth.. TOme Mrt o creea 0O(j j, ft fa
An accidental discovery hag .suggested to they be fed at all, if the owner desires the
to some .southern planters a method -jr eggs shall h'ch welL This mar be set
tireventintr their cotton fields fmm Troths- ! a enn. rsln.. "
., r-t ..,. ... l- . kf
n.e ceima tAia.; Arjtw relates tnatwver- It is not so much consequer-e what this
ai mguia ago a large, accumulation oi g'?n lood saau be.
orusn in a oreas in the river bant was
burnsd. Dunn the half hour or mora
that it was burning or.1 continuous swarm
of moths a the cotton field- on the op
posite side of the river, attracted by the
ligat, poured into the flames. There were
millions of them, and the number tempted
to destruction did not seem to diminish
while the attraction lasted.
A Minple Kemrdy for Wuriun
The War Cloud Looming; up .Igalii.
Xew York Herald, 21. J
When the English Chancelor of the Ex
chequer told his countrymen the other day
that he was not sure there would not be a
reaewal of the war he said a very uncom
plimentary thing to his picturesque mas
ter, the Earl of Beaconsfield. If anything
would insure peace surely it was the
Treaty of Berlin. If anything would make
all Europe happy it was, above all thiugs,
tbe Anglo-lurkisli Convention. And yet a
few short months after Beaconsfield and
Salisbury were gratefully gartered by Her
Most Gracious .Majesty, this man, who has
to make both ends meet in the English
Budget, is not quite sure that all the jug
glery acd Jingoism has not been in vain.
What is worse, he has some reason on his
side. The outlook in Europe is far from
reassuring. In Asia, too, the signs of the
times are ominous of war. It is not the
French nowadays who are responsible in
the eye of England lor everything, from
big blue flies in butchers' stalls to the last
eclipse of the moon, but the Bussians.
Something has gone wrong with the Berlin
arrangement. It seems Russia is under the
impression that England took some
mean advantages therein, and the news
from the Kejber Pass and the Austrian
bulletins from Bosnia have encouraged
Russia to believe that there is a wav of
settling things more to her liking. Austria
is very busy in spite ol her successes, and
England is likely to have her hands quite
full with the Ameer, so we hear that the
Russians are not marching north toward
their homes ir the enow, but moving south
in Eastern Rounelia. That, under these
circumstances, the Xorthern Power will
let go her hold of the territory it marked
out as tbe Xew Bulgaria in the
Treaty of San Stefaco, without something
more etlective than the lierliu parchment,
is not as clear as the Chancellor of tbe Eng
lish Exchequer would desire. Bad 'news,
no matter how it it disguised under phrases
like "irresistible force next spring," is that
which tells Sir Stafford that Englaod dare
not cross the Himalayas to punish an Asi
atic barbarian for months to come. Per
haps Earl Beaconfield has another plan.
Perhaps he hopes to ret the Turks, with
the aid of British gold, to try bloody con
clusions with the Russians again, as an off
set to Russia helping the Afghanistan to
bar the mountain passes again-t English
armies as well as embassies. If he has he
is likely to be accommodated. But poor
Sir Stafford, who has to find the money,
who sees India almost bankrupt and British
trade wofully depressed, may be pardoned
for telling the English that there are dark
clouds coming up, since he is expected to
lurcish the silver lining.
The State aelecatea.
Fleasanton Observer, 19.
A number of Legislative delegations
throughout the State have been instructed
to support J. J. Ingalls for re-election as
Uahed States Eeailor, while msayothers
hare beta Isasraetad to veto forWm.A.
The Law leatestataiiTea oa the
aide Wil awhailTaJlsBfasst
a Hard 31on-
Tbe llaidnt Klaa el
ey .Has.
Cedar Vale Times, :s.l
Gov. Anthony has been called very hard
names by the Republican press of the State,
and althouzh they should know his true
character better than the writer doubtless,
he has been considerably abused. The
Governor is eccentric and an extremist,
but this he cannot well helped ast is a pe
culiar trait of the Anthony family includ
ing D. R and Susan B. His speech touch
ed very lightly on tbe financial question.
In fact be said it was like taking bad medi
cine for him to talk about it- He boldly
proclaimed himself the hardest kind of a
hard money man. And his argument
acaiaat Greta back mower wae of the thia
ek Hal, tad weald aethers stood a criti-eamalthehsBBiasifsstwwasaatstsjawetr
A loafing farmer is a thriftless farmer.
Farming don't pav. says the man who
spends his time at the grog-shop.
Farmers should meditate on what they
read, aud read that they may have food for
The wine-growing interest of California
yields fully ;5'JO,000 annually lo the rev
enue of that State.
It is said "there are faruiers houses
without abook or a uew.spa4tr,' a base
slander, let us believe.
Grass makes fat stock, stock makes fat
land, and thus the good grass farmer is apt
to be a good farmer in other respects.
Denmark has for many years supplied
canned butter to South A uierica. 1 he tame
industry is to be commeucttl in this coun-
Everjthing which is "gilt-edged" in
the way of farm propuce brings the high
est prices butter, cheese, milk, fruit aud
so ou through the whole list of farm pro
ducts. The Curative rower of the I lac.
The down from the "cat tail" fl:-g, which
grows in marshy localities, is found t be
healing to wounds particularly burn-and
scalds The vesicles are punctured and a
layer of the down applied aud left un.il it
drops off. The plant is common, and the
remedy can be readily tested.
SflUOZZletl OrktLl"
Cor. St. U)uK Journal 1'T.J
Drain the oysters in a colander, put them
in a hot fry ing-pan with epier and salt, put
two ounces of butter in a platter over the
steam of a kettle, and when the oysters are
puffed, pour them into the melted butter
and serve. The dish may be varied by ad
ding cream to the oysters in the pan, and
.-ervirjg them on toast.
Feeding; Jleal lo Breeding: Stock.
A farmer of some experience" writes to
the Massachusetts I'oultrymiin: Heilera that
are kept fat with meal will cot breed, while
those kept in cood crowing order on grass.
hay and roots, bread readily.
Feeding meal to a bull, unless in very
small quantities, is very injurious, to say
the least, as it makes him ugly and renders
him an unsure stock getter.
lfcrb Ilouqucta for No tip.
When you gather your herbs dry them
and rub the leaves through a sieve and
bottle them tightly till you need them. Tie
the stalks together and save them till you
want to make what the French call a bou
quet for a soup or stew. A bouquetof
herbs is made by tying together a few sprigs
of parsley, thyme and two bay leaves.
These can all be" bought at any drug store.
Ammonia Is Hurtful Co Ilarnoi.
Harness should never be kept in the sta
ble where manure is constantly generating
large quantities of ammonia; this ammonia
is ramdlv absorbed by the leather, and the
effect upon tbe leather is about the same as
would result from saturating it with strong
lye. In a word, ammonia rots leather, and
hence keepiog haroeis in the stable U sure
to result in their damage, more or less.
French sieve.
trvtr Sit. Ivmls Jnurnal.tT7.1
Cut into pieces three oundsof lean fresh
tender beef, veal or pork; peel and idice
to quarts of rit e tomatoes ; put the whole
in a stew pan and season with pepper and
salt; cover, close, opening occa-ionally to
see how it is cookint; N hen the tomato is
dissolved stir in three ounces of fresh but
ter rolled in flour, and stew ten or fifteen
minutes longer, or until the meat is tender.
Serve hot and garnish wiih points of dry
To Prevent Cholera in Poultry.
rreirle Farmer, K.1
To nrevent this disease, a supply of good
clean sand and gravel should alwajs be ac
cessible to tbem. the water tney emnlc
should be in an iron vessel, or a quantity of
rusty nails should be kept constantly in it.
OI course tre water snotuu oe pure ana re
newed every day. Before adopting this
course, so-called cholera took one-half the
flock, but now it never makes an attack,
even under circumstances more unfavorable
than formerly.
Hour to Feed Stock.
Kansas Farmer, 3.
As the pastures begin to fail, stock, to
keep them up to a thriving condition, must
hare a little grain. For milk cows pump
kins make an excellent feed at this season
of the year. Give c tires special attention.
as the change Irom green to dry food u par
ticularly trying to young animals. Give
them a lkk of meal daily and keep them
od to the rrowiac point. A cheek ia
growia is lsjonoas w bu juubb; biock
a their I
Scientific Farmer.
The simplest remedy for worms in hogs,
cattle acd sheep Is turpentine mixed with
a little feed, or given in .Linseed oil or
gruel ; two ounces for a cow or ox, and one-
tourth or less tor smaller animals, accord
ing to size. Clater giver the following to
adult bovines: Linseed oil, one pint ; tur
pentine, two onnces : infu.-ion of quassia.
one-half pint. The symp'toms of the worms
being present are: general weakness and in
action, fallingoff of flesh, capricious appe
tite, and their appearing "hide-bound."
Halting; I'ranuu,
spirit of Kansas
As I was helping mv wife gather some
peanuts this forenoon, I found the yield so
large that I concluded to send vou some as
a sample. My wife planted a patch about
twelve feet square, and from that small
piece of ground we gathered at least two
bushels. When we go to a store to buy
peanuts we have to pay at the rate of four
dollars per bushel. If we could sell at the
rate of two dollars per bushel, or even less,
you can ee that this crop would pay better
than moit anvthingclse that we raise.
W.T. Mc"Sisn.
Douglas county, Octoler 17, lfcTS.
llu Cartful in 1iipecfUsr cedB lor
future flaiitluir
Uoston Traveller, I7.J
Every farmer and gardener should con
sider him;If as t-elf-apjiointed seed in.sec
tor and tester, so far as trying seeds is con
cerned, in order that he may know their
quality, whether flower, garden or field
tsred', before powin or planting them.
Cheating in seeds has become common.
Would ihe licensing of seil sellers be any
better guarantee for good seeds than the
licensing of liquor tellers is for good
liquors? If not, what advantage would
there be in appointing inspectors and grant
ing licenses?
e.'ood Fall Feed.
Dirlgo Journal.
A good dairyman gives his exjerience
that bran is an excellent food for cows at
any time when extra food is required. He
has generally been able to get from it more
milk than from an equal cost of any other
ground feed. It is better suited to warm
weather than meal. As the weather be
comes cool, if cows are at all thin, meal
may be profitably added. At any rate he
advises that feed enough of some kind
should be given to keep up both milk and
strength all the fall. One of the worst er
rors a dairyman ever commits is to let a
cow go into winter quarters drooping.
Field Tleellngn are Hrnellcial.
Uonton Traveller, 15.
One evidence of progress in agriculture is
field meetings, says a contemporary. One
significant advantage of there out-of-door
meetings, he continues to say, is that the
((leakers at the conferences are farmers.
This is a healthy indication, and shows pro
gress over years past, when this work was
invariably delegated to professional public
speakers, very often to political hacks and
demagoguee,who eagerly sought every such
occasion to further their own wlfisb. inter
ests. All honor to the men and means that
have aided in bringing about this encour
aging result that have been remotely or
directly instrumental in ushering in the era
of thought and inve-tigation.
The: Kind of IIojth that Nell.
1'ralrte Farmer, itf.
Hogs in good condition outsell heavy
ones. Ihev really ought to bring more
tier iKJund, from the fact that the frame,
once made, the mere putting on of addi
tional tat is comparatively eay. VWnle
this is true, it is as true that the dif
ference in the price of hogs suitable for
heavy side ork or ihe rendering tank.
For hams for cify use esiiecially, and for
bacon, a light clas of hogs is desirable
those not weighing over "00 ounds. These
alM) are not requires to be exclusively tat ;
nevertheless the pigs must not only be in
good condition, hut meaty. This class of
hogs whatever the market price ot ordinary
hogs, will always command a ready sale
and brings top prices.
The Origiuattir of the Dairy Nl
Irni. I!otou Traveller, ii.J
The question is raised as to whom belongs
the credit of originating the associated
dairy system, it being a-cribed generally
to Jes.-e Williams, ot the State of Xew
York, in 1851. J. G. I'iclet, of Wisconsin,
puts in a claim for his mother for 1SI1, ten
years before the time of Mr. William-.
Ixng liefore 1S41 thea-sociated dairy sys
tem was practiced in Massachusetts, when
several neighbors were wont to put the
milk of several, two or time or more, cow
dairies together for the purpose of making
larger and b. tttr chee-e than each could
make separately n itl his small parcel of
milk. If Mr. l'iciet puts in his claim on
this ground, as he ems to, then the asso
ciated dairy system was practiced, to our
knowledge, long before IS 11. Xeverthe
le?s, we think Mr. William's claim as the
originator of the present cbc.-e factory sys
tem is undoubted.
'I be Time to Mirlter Modi.
Kuuvus Spirit, Si
Xow is the time for our farmers to pre
pare ample shelter for all of their stock.
It will e-ost a mere trifle lie-sides the labor
to make good, warm theds for the stock,
and there certainly is no small outlay that
will return such large profits.
All kinds of stock will go through the
winter on ninch les feed and the spring
will be found in far better condition, if
they have comfortable winter quarters.
than they would with ever so much food
and then have to stand out in all the cold
winter storms.
It is ioor economy; in fact it is no econ
omy at all, for tbe farmer to fail to provide
shelter for his animals. And, besides, how
much moresatisfaction the farmer will take
when the cold storms of winter come down
if he knows all his animals are in a warm,
dry shed. .
Straw and grass are eo abundant in Kan
sas, and comfortable shells are so easily
made from these, it would seem our farmers
could have no excu-e for neglecting to have
comfortable quarters for their domestic an
Keeping; Crafla During; Uiuler.
Xurserymen who cut lirge quantities of
grafts late in autumn, keep them in cel
lars packed in damp moss; but farmers and
others who wish to preserve a few for spring
grafting, may not have these appliances at
hand. For such a simple acd perfect
mode is to bury them in a dry place out of
doors, in an inverted open box. till tbe
box partly full with them, nail two or
three strips across to keep them in place,
and then place the box in a hole dug for
the purpo-e, with the open side down, and
bury them halt a foot or so in depth. They
do not come in contact with the earth and
remain perfect! clean ; acd the moisture of
the earth keeps them plumpacd fresh with
out acy danger of their becoming water-
soaked. Grafts which have become shriv
eled by exposure, are thu3 restored and
will grow, it is often advantageous to cut
grafts in autumn, as there is then no dan
ger of their vitality being lessened by ex
posure to intense cold, and it is otten more
convenient to cut tbem or procure them at
a distance at this time. In making the
labels with a lead pencil, remember that
if the wood is wet before writing, the names
will last ten times as long as if written dry
Tree Culture,
Kansas Farmer, 23.
Evergreens and shade trees are best
planted in early spring. Mulch them also ;
a few potatoes thrown in when planting ev
ergreens, u a help to the young tree; the
potatoes supplying moisture and the tops
shade to the body and roots.
For windbreaks osage orange is as good
as anything. Corn and potatoes aie good
croos to grow in an orchard for fite years;
then sow in clover. Plant apple twenty
five to thirty-three feet apart and peach
trees between the rows north and south, if
Babbits are terribly destructive to young
trees, if the tiees are cot protected from
their depredations. One small, brown rab
bit will destroy a hundred trees in a night ;
aud a jack-rabbit will bark a tree as high
up as a sheep. I'ine tar is used bre with
universal good results in protecting the
trees from tbe depredations of rabbits, and
with no injury to the young trees. Smear
the stock of the tree with tar, using a brush
or old broom for the purpose. The tarring
should be done in the fall. One tarring
will last two years. Coal oil his also been
used with success both again-t rabbits abd
grasshoppers, and with no injurious tnecis
to the trees.
fireea rea (er Faerie la Wlacer.
Poultry JoBraaLI
It ia as fatly isuatial that
Yet if vour fowls n
totally deprived of this article during the
three or "r months they are shut u
away from their range, by the coMeA
weather, they will neither thrive nor lay
eggs next spring that will ha'ch satisfac
torily. And 'lease don't forget this !
Xow is the time when we should begin to
prepare for this. During the month of
October the late harvesting of vegetables
occurs. The "small" potatoes, the little
Swedi-h turnips that are not merchant
able the winter cabbages, the carrots and
the last growth of grass (rowen,) can either
or all be stowed away in the loft, barn or
house cellar, for use this winter.
Any of lbee vegetables cooked or
chopped up raw tor variety occasionally
are eaten with avidity by the fowls in close
confinement ; and all of the-e will do them
good. Lay in your winter green feed,
therefore, if you keep any quantity ol
stock, at the earliest convenient opportun
ity. Care for the Animal that Does Ihe
The Rural Sere Yorker has the following
paragraph, as full of humanity as practi
cal wi-sloni :
"Farm horses in the fall are often un
grattfully neglected. Their hard toil iu
helping with the heavy work of the season
once over, when only odd joIh await them,
it is too frequent a custom lo dock them
of their gram, acd allow them to shift for
themselves on the pastures, otten without
needed shelter from the bleak wind and
early frosts of autumn nights. After feed
ing awhile the oor animals get chilled,
and run about in the dark in search of
warmth which they oft.n find only at the
co.-tof a stumble or fall, resulting often in
a sprain or a cut that injures or disfigures
them for life. Then when warm and tired
they lie down to rest ; what wonder if they
rise up stiff, spiritless, and not rarely suf
fering from a severe cold after their healed
blood and rtlaxed sinews have been expos
ed to the blasts and frosts of a chilly night.
When the days are cot stormy it is well
enough to let the hot;? run in the pasture
hut every autumn night should tied them
comfortably bedded and fed in the stable.
Ingratitude to our fellow men is justly con
sidered an odious vie?, but is there not of
ten a strong taint of it also in the treat
ment of these noble animals, to whose
faithful help in all kinds of drudgery f.ir
meis are deeply indebted for full barns anJ
comfortable homo. ."
A Word lo Farmer About Fruil-
Boton Traveller, 25.J
The old story is told of a farmer n ho re
fused to plant apple trees, lcaue he said
he should not live to eat of the fruit if he
did ; and the son being like his father, al-o
refu-ed to plant an orchard; the grand-son,
however, resolved that he would plant an
orchard whether he should live to eat of
tbe fruit or not, saying that "somebody
else will if I don't." As if to remind the
old grandfather of his selfish lack of enter
prise, he lived to eat of the fruit grown tij
on the trees planted by the graml.-on, thus
showing him how much of enjoyment he
had deprived lnm-elt ol by neglecting to
plant an orchard. Thus it is with selfish
ness, as the old troverb runs "It bites off
its own nose." How many farmers and
mechanics are there to-day over the East
ern States, if they would spend but a tithe
cf the money and time that they now do
annually for tobacco, cider, beer, whisky,
etc., and the loafing-idleness incident ' here
to, in preparing tbe ground, purchaing
trees and taking care of them, would then
be destitute of an abundance of delicious
fruits? X'ot one, is our reply. How much
happier this would make them aud their
families, than the money they now waste in
smoking, drinking and loafing, would it
not, wives and children? Their verdict
Ls in the affirmative; we do dot for a mo
ment doubt this.
Then, farmers, you who are destitute of
fruits for any of the aforesaid reasons
whether it be for the lack of enterprh-e or
any other one or more reasons which have
been named, we would say to any and all,
resolve foithwith that you will provide for
growing fruit, even though it should de
prive some of one-half the money nowsjent
tor leer, whisky aod tobacco, and occupy
half the time that you now spend loafing
aud idling n the corner grocery, store, shop
or tavern, all of which tend to lower the
standard or morality acd decency, both in
the neighbi ii.ood and the family.
ft la Tlnit- lo Look Alter frape Vines.
I Kansas Farmer, S3, j
As soon as the cold weather of autumn
has permanently checked vegetation, trim
the grspe vines as they are de-ired for next
year ; release the vines from trellis or
stakes acd lay them flat on the ground.
Cover the vines with a few inches of iland
let them remain until spring When the
ground has thawed out .in the fpririg, re
move the arth covering from Hie vines,
but do not tie them to the stakes or trellis
es until the air has warmed up and buds
show symptoms of beginning to pu-h,
then secure the stalks where they are to
stand through through the hummer, tiraje
vities are liable to be injured by a severe
winter, requiring much of the following
sea-on to regain the vitality they have lost,
and thus muvu of the rea-on for frtiit-niak-iug
is snt in restoring wh it should never
have been allowed lo wasted. This is the
lesson of economy in housing farmer stock
comfortably, spplieJ to vines.
Stock protected from cold wiuds and
storms, come out in much better condition
iu the spring on less food than cattle that
have been cxjiosed to the inclement weath
er without shelter, and are much more
tnrifty and profitable to their owner than
the wioter-pinched animals, and so it i
with grape vines, esjiecially ihe more ten
der varieties, but all Iinds are benefitted
by being protected from hard frosts and
drying winds through the winter and early
How to Acertalu ili . of Fowl.
lltuial World
If a hen's spur is hard and the scales of
the legs are rough, she is old, whether you
see her head or not; but her head will cor
roborate your observation. If the under
bill is so still that you cannot bend it down
and the comb thick and rough, leave her,
no matter how fat aud plump, for some one
le-w particular. A young hen has only the
rudiments of spurs ; the scales on the legs
are smooth, glossy and flesh-colored, what
ever the color may be, the claws tender
and short, the nails sharp, the under bill
soft, and the comb tliin'and smooth.
An old turkey has rough scales on the
Iegsf callosites on the souls of the feet, and
long, strong claws ; a young oue the reverse
of all these marks. When the feathers are
on, the old turkey cock has a long tuft or
beard ; a young one but a sprouting one,
and when they are off, the smooth scale
on the legs decide tbe joint, besides
the difference in the size of the wattles of
the neck and in the elastic shoot upon the
An old goose when alive is known by the
rough legs, the strength ot the wings, par
ticularly at the picions, the thickness and
strength of the bill and fineness of the feath
ers, and when plucked by the legs, the ten
derness of the skin under the wing, by the
pinions acd thebiiljandlhecoar.senessof the
Ducks are distinguished by the same
means, but there is the difference that a
duckling's bill is muebjocger in proportion
to the breadth of the head than the old
HAY-ft 73.
KYK--SV?1-3 Per btU
-Irl'UlTSuI Per barrel.
&Ctu tl pei uul Uw
Ixnn To perpoui.d.
e.;iii;i:-Kuus-is, ioc.
h-L?L. "J7-,Wao,!",le' choke Family XXXX,
?.'S:.J.,0.iu "i'.W: Western Hose!
Waldron " -. Vr-i'
P.w- . T ' " -.
BUlTKIt Wholesale, prime, 15c; roll w."
0T Wholesale, l7Le, aud a entler.
: S.1 tvr
aniV STUFF-sio uerton.
" HK.VT-.no. 2, fcatra. TiflTSc ; Jfo.3. Extra
,tc;o, 4. 6oe: rejected. 60c
L-OllN New.2c: old, 2Sc. steady.
"jrATOES-SOa-Wc weetJPolatot,,!l 33al.SO
OXIOXSPerbaheI, 40c.
CAIIB.tiK-IVri3zcn. ICc.
FOULTKY Young chickens, tl 5ftl 75.
old. 00; Prairie Chickens frUh ; 11, 739
m"oOMCORX-40O7(l per ton, for choice
BACOX Retail 10c, for sides; hams, 17c:
country banus I5J
HOXKY fc per ponnd.
ohaNcjkjs eotiv ao.aw box.
LKMUXts-i'J 40 a i II, aV'
Stock Market
Brr.r Cows zyCitHZc
BE.r st.k. 't-Z)ic.
ctois ztac.
HueisJ'i&Sc. Mxrket easy.
Markets by Telegraph j
:;ew tohk money market.
New York. October .
Movev 336 per cent. cloln.t at 3 percent.
I'kimk JUKewvriLK rArut 5i7 pvr cent.
Cl'sroMS iteeelpt-s f'JKMW, The Assistant
Tteiiurerilisbured J2H),0W).
MlwuitKi 6' 03.
siiiUM-Mxiy duvvM $2; slcht.St &1.
e-eiLTuN ISjl, I eS; 1m, new, 1103;
IS67, 1 Ur,: lsfi,l to1.,; new5V, Jl CW;;
new 4t's, rtyKtered. 51 o.fal CUJrt; coupons.
Si 3rtt 03' ; new rexlMered. l COcal !v;
coupons, it lB,lii'! lo ; lo-fat' registered,
51 t',, e-ouisius.il is, curimcy 6V, 1 19?;.
ifOMt-M.ady;! U''
Cakkvi.no It vtks ,uls per cent.
to fcKs.Mfc2.Ts -Firm aud higher.
Kailk Ai Kiimb-Irregular
mwk t.cuKirifc.s (Jut.t.
STiH'Ka IbestiKK mrtet in its early deal
ings exnlclted much buoy nncy, aud prices
udvanctd ' u 2 per e-enr. lhmni; llienlut
noon du ru was a tree m ItlnR movement, and
prices declined !. to'.!1 percent. Ftnalsalee
showrdu frattlonal neoverlnir. in some In
stances, Irom the lowest point ol the day.
New Yokk, October 2).
Flock Uncbnnited, more doiCK;supernna
western M1.1I Male, tl ftl3 43; coimnou to
g.MHi, ;.t ,Vka3 so; itood to choice, 91 UVil CO;
uliiln uutut ixlr.i, it i"yj 25; bt. Louts,
SJ I'VsO 7.
V HEAT L'nsettlisl and lower: rejected
spring, ".V; unradtd sprtnu, SKas6e; ',3,
spring. sc, uugiuded rtd.NM.-tgl ul;Xo.2,do,
SI Cibil 0 ; uucraoed amlier, Wail 0.1; uu
Kradrd white, II IKxit 05; No :do,$l CO.
it E steady ; totem, j;eiiiN:.
Baklev Dull.
C'oK-ruir demand nnd firm; ungraded,
CVJ'.aihJje.; Xo.3. 4le, Xo-S. 4.;;4u4o;tc
Oats Demaud active: mlxeu western, ITJ4
aU)c; while western, "3,131c.
Cot t ee Unlet and unchanged.
tl'tAK bull.
JIoLAssfcs (Juitt.
I.1CE Meady.
Ki.4;s Firm ; western. 35i.le.
1'okk Heavy: mess,;7 'Uts 35.
lilts' tjulet aud steady.
Cut AIkats bull.
alibbLEs Western long clear, 3JJ35ic;
abort clear, S3 II V
LAitn Ctulet ; pilmesteam. 6 J5yG 40.
IltnTKK Meady ; westeru. tlaSic.
CiifcfcsB lleavj ; w esteru, tiu'jc.
W1IISK1 U iu;Sl IU.
St. Locis, October 29.
Flock t'nehaoRrd.
V iifcAT Uer; No. 2red,H;as2?;c,cash;
Kl'tusJjflC, Xoember; S."i'1a5,,e, becember;
Xo. 3, do, 7SV, a'jC.
Cokn ejui. t; 3.C, cash; 31Jc, Xovember;
3! V.t344e-, .May.
OATS Easier; W'.yjOc, cash ;I0!!Jc, bid. De
cern lier.
IU E- Better ; 403 ;c
BKLK UlJCbuuKett.
WllLsKV Meady ;sl C3.
1VKK bull; Si .'"u7 I4.
1iiy Salt .Meats Nominal.
Bacon- bull ; i;,c, S'.c. Ji so.
Laul bull; :l 73. bid.
S r. Louis, October 29.
Hot. Firmer; light shipping and York
ers, a so 43 U; aeklng ai d Bostons, IX UUu
3 .-0; butchers aud I'hlladelpllaus,!3 10u3 3d.
lU.celpls, J,sCJ. Mllpiueuls, 30
Chicago, October t.
Flour bull and unchanged.
WIkAT tuac le and louer; No. 2. red
wlnl. r, M',,c os!i;No ?, sjkiihc, :v;;c, cash;
'J7T,,'.isc, November; SPotsIJJe, IKcember;
No X spring, tl7;ttc.74c; r.Jrtted, .Mc.
Cull:. Dun, k and lower; 3.c, cash
ami Noveu.ber; 3r7e. lHteints-r
Oats troiiger;v,.-,cajii and Xovember;
ltr'4c, leeeiubr.
uu- Firmer; 41c.
bAHLfcV Dun ixl lHer;'ttaJ!.rash,
l'uKK bub, weak and muer ; S7 ui. v&sll,
;; li.r. ", o, i.,l.-i ; ,, !Ct ", Nue:uber;
51 122-11 3. Peerlulier.
La ui bull ami usbncV lower; V tf?5i,
cu-b anil Novemin r; S vVa' Wi. eciaer.
IllLK ilsATs-IniJt and shall lower;
shoulders, 1 in; snort ribs, 4, ,c; short clear,
Whiskey Steady ; Jt M.
CmcAi.o. October 21.
Hos r.e-elpN, .-iko. Shipments, l.(0;
lnariet a -nail liwer; choice heavy, t-S .Hfc
. 4.; light, ;.c o3 !0, packing grades, SJ uy
3 2U.
Cattle i:-elpts, 2,010. SblpmeLts, 710;
market, steady and in lairderaand ;good na
tives. Si Wwil n; stockersaud fetdeis. slow,
!;.lu,n, butchers, tlrm , c-.. rl ("2 .
steer-, S- Vi'- 4o; bulls. SI jikaJ 4i;n esteru,
scarce. H mo.; P; 'lexai s, s ji 7,
siiEEr-i:iceipu... JI.irs.cl dull ; J! 0C9
3 M).
Kan-ias crrr, ji., October 23.
The "Price Current" reports :
Wheat I!xelpts.s7, 67; shipment", 40 W);
ma ket lower and weak; Xo. 7Cc; No. 3,
C-iyte ; Xo. 1, 6'iC.
C0K.N K-ieiut", 6.02 ; shipments, GJ0);
maikel dull and loner , So. A .3jC; tejt.ted,
21 "
OATH-CJuIet ; Xo. 2. Uc.
Kyk Lm.h-iuged;piut; Xo. 2,21c.
Baki.eY Nothing doing.
Flock Weak ; country brand", XX to
fancy, II so lo 12 10 per sack,
Provisions) Weak and slow.
BAto.s-Clear sides, k'e ; Ions: clear do,
Cr ; clear ham, Ih'j ; b. S. shoulders, 5c
Lauu Tierces, e. ',.
Kansas- City, Mo., October W.
The "Pilce Current" report:
C'ATTLK-Becelpts, t36. Shipments. I S- ;
market steady; iiailvu htppr", S3 I0aJ M ;
uallestockers and feedem, 12 2ia3 15; ba
tlve cow", SI Ji2C; Colorado", l2 3b&J3 25;
Wintered Texas steers, tl 25a2 73.
IbsTv-itecelpis, 1,37. Shipments non;
m-irket louer; fair to cholcw packing, 52 tOa
2 70; ilgbt shipping, tl VVa,z:l.
Sut.M bun; poor to choice, tt 50a2 90.
ItcCeipls, 7.3I; shipment-, t'sL
He thought he heard "the angels sing"
hnt it proved to he a chorous of jells from
the next door children. He crew de-perate,
procured a bottle of Ir. Bull Iljhy J-vrap
and sent itjlo Mr. S. with his compliments.
He was a batchelor.
Irom Neinabs Conuty.
Special to Tit E Tl M 1 s. 1
Penlca, Kan'a, October '20. The Ke
publican Convention made the foilowirg
nominations to-day :
Coroner, to fil. vacancy, S. S. Kaysbier.
Probate Judge, Geo. Graham.
District Clerk, Geo. K. Benedict.
County Superintendent, A. Wells.
County Attorney, K M. Emery.
Representative, il District, E. G. Stitt.
Itepre-entative, "3d District, M. L. Wil-
IloTnke, it tiling with il
t bwl;o 1ty Times, l
The Leavenworlh Times) claims to be the
oldest, largest, best and cheapest daily news
paper in Kansas. Oar breakfast does not
digest well withont first scanning the well
Tonsanoxie Krpubllcaat.
The republicans of Tonganoxie held a
lively tneetiDg at the Christian church in
that "town on Monday evening. The houne
was well filled. Hon. Thos, Dillard, one of
the solid men of the county, was chosen
chairman. His opening speech command
ed the approval cf the audience. McCown
Hunt, Wm. Dill, D. I:. Anthony, J. A.
Iilackman, Messrs. Waller and "ilythe
made short seches. Mr. Black man's
sjech made a good impression, and any
one hearing him mini be impressed with
the fact that he is one of the ablest men in
the county. His views npon the needed
legislation for our county are in accord
with the masses of the hard working men of
the county. All who have read his ad
mirable letter in The Times will appreciate
his fitness to represent the ICth District in
the legislature of the State of Kansas.
Elect him.
Kcpnblicana at Keao.
J. A. Iilackman, our candidate for re
pre-entative from the ICth district, and Mr.
Waller, speke U the Bepublicana of Eeno
last evening in the school home. Mr.
Blackman's speech was well received and
he will secure the solid Ifepublican vote of
the town. Mr. Waller made a good speech
which was well received.
K '' "" I - kn Mtnnlv lavada tTtjK-
filled columns of The Time-. It i, an ap- Lincoln. '"- V '' " f t H.
...-I. n and If. fp.K n.l rs.ft.K A mU I &lSS . ieS , Jt
i'"'"' ?"" "" . ." ',".-'. I u:i, I'raine. Leavenworth
Poal-OIBce inaagea in 'Kansas
During the week ending Oc'ober USth
1878. Furni.hd for The Times by
Wm. VanVleck, of the post-office de
partment: Established-Egle Creek, Books coun
ty, Samue I N. I'ritchard ; herlock. -Sequoyah
county, Eli Overton ; W slvil!e, IM
sell county, Alvin WiIon
DisCosiiscED-'-'snii co-hu tennty;
Springfield, Mitcbe.. "'
Name ciiasgep - JJowdtnyille, Smith,
county, to Bada.
Postmasters ArrorxTEb-DeWitt, Wash
ington county, Hernando DeWitt; Fort
- . .. 1 juinnt. (S , tr,,l.
make" pleasure for tbe day.
Weekly, Sl-25 per ye-ar.
Ukilr, 58.00
Ik CtB-isBae.
IToled Blade.
Perhapa Edaoa invented for Tilden some
urtol adpleropBoae,br which s ataa'a
rat age twmjm oj
Li.s :
ner High I'raine. Leavenworth county.
William sloan ; Uakwood, Linn county.
W. B, 'cott; Otter Lake, Pottawatomie
county, Mrs. Hattie Shehi ; Ph-rceviHe, 8e
qnojab county, John B- Prrtcott; Kiver
dale. Clay coMty. Geone Atwood: St.
George, PetUwMami aaaty, C T. BaiMa ;
LiiranMa. laaiMia winy, oiuh ju
Diat;aB.alMiaa waaty, Batart ;l
1 ,
-: ;
-2ji' .'jiw -t-i rkr"M y
-. 1-1 trA

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