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The Leavenworth weekly times. [volume] (Leavenworth, Kan.) 1870-1880, February 06, 1879, Image 1

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Ceruenathe. EdabSshttf. b I
DR. Anthonj .anuarj 1C61 j
6, 1879.
NUMBER 1253.
1 -
t ?.
Mm tin Shims
or CUDKiE,
Of course, the Senatorial contest in the
Kansas Legislature has resulted in the re
election of Senator Icgalls, and, of course,
Leavenworth again threw away her influ
ence and her opportunity, as usual, and al
lied herself with the fortunes of an indi
vidual who neTer had the ghost of a chance
of success. It does no good to talk about
what might have been, but we can't refrain
from asking the people of Leavenworth to
consider how much better it would
have 'en for our town to
day if our representative! at Topeka
Lad. from he first riven a cordial and
saaniinous support to Mr Instils. There
was every reason for his re-election, and
no good reason why he should not have
been re-elected. The interests of the State,
the interests of the Republican party, and
the interests of the country, all demanded
bis return; all demanded that he ehould be
continued in a position which he had filled
for six years withdistioguiihed ability, and
with credit to himself and the Stite ; and a
proper regard for the public good to say
nothing of the policy of such a course
demanded that our representatives
fhould have supported him. But the fool
ish jolicy of running after any ra m who
happens to live in Leavenworth, without
regard to his fitnt- or availability, has
again placed ns in hostility to the victori
ous candidate, and lift ns without any
claim ujon him.
The news of the re-election of Mr. In
galls will be hailed with pleasure in all
parts of the country, and will afijrd csu-e
of rejoicing to all ihoe who believe that
ability, integrity, and faithful devotion to
the public interest, should outweijh all
considerations of jiersonal ambition and
persunal malice; it will be bailed with
pleasure by all those who believe
that faithful devotion to duty
should be rewarded, and it will
afford cause of rejoicu to all those who
believe that a campaign conducted solely
upon filth, falsehood and vituperation,
should not succeed.
Having proved bimelf, during bis pres
ent term, to be the iblt-t representative
that hTnsas ever hid ill the United Stales
Senile, Mr. Ingsll- ill u-iw go luck with
a rrputttion and a prei-ligc which will
enable him to ac-tuipli:h m r: fir in
state than any half dozen new men w
could send. Instead of hein.! cli-t!
amoti 'Yew meiuir' he will now taV
rank am-iii the "ild Sna-or." Yei
few of tho-e whoe term tx ire this
year have been je elected, and the
class that cow ranks him :n term of
service, is not very numerous. In point of
reputitlion, experience and ability, he will
now be clased with Conklin-, Eimund-,
and Blaiue, whereas any one of his competi
tors, except Phillip, would hive gone to
Waslmgton absolutely unknown to the
country, and a total stranger to the work
ri quired of him.
His re election is a victory for the State
over the politicians ; for the good of the
public, over the apiration of rival candi
dates; for faithful public service aud devo
'tion to duty, over personal malice and tr
sonal revengo; and, we my be pardoned
ifor remarking in conclusion, a victory for
TriE Times.
True ciiixk-k QEni.
Tire views of Chin Lan Pin, Chinese
Minister to the United State", nlative to
tbe Anti-Mongolian bill just passed have
been obtained through members of the cm
bassy, who are presumed to speak for their
chief. The passage of the bill is regard.d
as an expression of jolitical prtjudice, bnt
not as in any manner aflectin;; the matter
of Chinese immigration, since that is p o
vided for in the Burlingsme treaty, which
cannot be abrogated by the pa-wage of a law
conflicting with it provision. On the
I'ci6c coast the pissage of the bill ishaiKd
with satisfaction as a rule, though here and
there the real worthIesness of the measure
in its present form is correctly perceived
KEHGI. !l.41?l".
Referring to the fact that a considerable
- number of .he Demisiratic member of toe
Senate voted against the W-irren Mitchell
, rebel war claim, the Chicago Ttibanc says:
Enough ivmo rats. Including urns from
the Southern Slates, vote.! against the bill to
ahow that the ex-Confederate grabbers will
have no easy Job In their effort to capture-
ttie Demorrxtle party and make a tool of it
to reimburse the South for their urar-loss-s.
The Northern Democrat who relused to
sanction the fraud were Barnum and Katon
ofYnuectlcut,Kernan of New York; nnd
llerbenon of Xew Jerty. Ben IIlll.
of Georgia, followe' the convic
'tlons of the poller which he
staled ao plainly in his speech against ail war
elai ma delivered the Cay before, and Ooekiell
of Missouri, Cote ofTexas, Morgan of Alaba
ma, and Hansom of "Sorth Carolina, voted
with him, probably on the same ground. It
'la suggested that Messrs. BsyarJ and tjaalt
i bury or Delaware voted against the claim in
ithe Interest of Bayard's candidature oftbe
Presidency, and as a means for propitiating
3ew York. Connecticut, and New Jersej ; but
at 1 only fair to assume that neither of these
, arentlemen would sanction the allowance of
3lebel-clalmai!naycase, the HttleState they
represent la too closely identified with the
Sorti to tolerate any such conduct.
The city of Memphis, Tennessee, has set
an example which Leavenworth might fol
low, in her struggle to get away from her
"bonded debt. The Cincinnati Gate te states
;tfce ritutation as follows :
, The city of Memphis has levanted. She
"has run away from her creditors. This Is
the first instance of a lty's taking to her
heels to avoid the Constable. A decree of
'the United Btatea Court was about to Issue,
commanding the city to levy a tax to pay
'lta debts, when the city absconded, strictly
--speaking, she did not run away bodily, but
disappeared, dlssolted, -vanished. She sup
Ijiii nl her charter, and declared that abe
ceased to exist as a municipal corporation.
Bbe committed felo de ae. The Inhabitants
and the bouses remain, and also the ground,
bnt it la no longer Memphis, but simply the
-territory of Tennessee. Memphis has ceased
to exist.
The debtor was the city of Memphis. As
'she Is no more, Is not the debt paid? The
Constable will find It ao. There being now
'no City Council nor city officer, there is no
ob txpon whom the Judicial mandamus can
lis. Cities ere now have been swallowed by
earthquakes, have been burled by belching
volcanoes, have been destroyed by a shower
'of lire, drowned by a deluge, and bave gone
gradually to decay, but this Is the first In-
. stance on record of a city's suddenly vanish
tag from fas-ground whereon It stood.
At the conclusion of the formal ballot in
joint convention, when the president had
dtclared the result, a committee was ap
pointed coceisting of Senator Hallowell,
Morrill, and Brown, and Representatives
crnitb, of Marshal, and Humes, to inform
Mr. Ingalls of his election. In the course
of a few minutes the Senators appeared in
the hall, amid a perfect hurricane of ap
plause, and as soon as order was restored he
addressed the convention as follows :
"Lisutenint Governor Humphrey, Sena-
tori, Representatives and ftllcw citizns:
I should assume an indifference which I do
not feel, and of which I believe xnvrelf in
capable, were I to pretend to be inensible
to this mot cordial and gratifying demon
stration of good will and es'eem on the part
of my fellow citizens of the State of Kan
sas. After the unprecedented campaign
that has resulted in your action to-day, I
may, perhaps, 1k allowed to say that n,y
feelings of gratification are deeper than I
can ficd words to express, for the kicd-
ne, the consideration and the cour
tesy which has been extended to me a
thankfulness for which I am incapable of
finding a fitting expression. It has been my
honor to serve the people of the State of
Kansas in a public cspacity for the past
six years. During that period I have en
deavored to fo uemean myself that no citi
zen might hve occasion to be ashamed of
my conduct; and the mot I can do, in
this most solemn, most significant, and at
the same time mo-t impressive hour, is to
renew the pledge that I made six years ago,
that "to the welfare, glory and future de
velopment of the State, I pledge my best
efforts to the extent of my life, my fortune
and my sacred honor." I beg to ssy that
the conclusion of this campaign leaves no
trace of bitterness or resentment toward
any of my adversaries They were all
honorable gentlemen, who hd a right ts
aspire to the plkce -fibich they desired to
fill, and I can only repeat that in the cam
paign which has just closed, I feel no trace
of n-vutment, no feeling of vindictiveneps
towards any one who has been my rival I
therefore particularly desire that at this
lime, laying aside all Ihe feuds and dis
agreements that have distracted us here'o
fore, we may henceforth devote ourselves
to the glorification of the State of which we
all are so jully proud. I know tint von
are anxious to adjourn that you may depart
for your homes, and I will not detain you
further than to close by thanking you from
the bottom of my heart for litis most dis
tinguished honor you have again conferred
oxk unon tii .mi Aitoirr ir.
A gentleman of this city who went to
Topeka and worked hard for " a Leaven
worth man," says there is at least one source
of conflation to him, in the result " and
that i," said f-e, " it relieves us forever of
George T. Anthony."
xatK P'ir-'ni.irrn:B.
We civ plwhere in thi i-ue the full
texl of I..pe l-o's encyclical letter in re
gard to sccialistn, communism and ration
alUia This N one of the most important
church papers given to the public for many
years, and i- now being talked about and
di-tu-ed all over the world.
.lllliKKr Itr.PitlU',
liCivenworth Public Prns says the
htKhtSt risurvs IupilNotrered for Democratic
vol-s wai Ihri-o thousand dollars. Kantcs
CUir "rim.
Tip highest figure the editor of tLe Pres
ever brought wjs one thousand dollars,
diowiug that some Democrats are worth
three times as much as some Republicans.
aiii.ka it l.Mi.tir.xini.
The Wyandotte Gaz'tte, which supported
Mr. Anderson for Senator, thus announces
the election of Mr. Ingalls:
A !lpatcU (mm Topeka, Jnst received
Males that Senator Itiealls rec-l el M vote,
snu IIorton73, with a tew sCMlterlnz, on the
Joint bllot this afternoon, th formertbus
b-lns elected by a mijorlty of two votes.
Senator IntsalN nlrea-ly ranks among the
a')Io-t and mm-t Influential tnemiersof ton
the sm and r.m be of ranch more service
to the SlHtemid nation during the second
term thsu before. Our man, Aileron, will
represent the First it'rlct In Congress.
a rsTi t i.i:i to 'iii.nir.
The Kansas City J nrnal refers a follows
to its reports from Topeka during the Sen
atorial coutc-t :
The Journal miy be pirdoned for comment
In? npon the temperate butlull and reliable
reports snt by Its Topeka correspondent
during iho Ion; nd healed contest (u-jtend-eJ
there. he aim of the Journal is to give
the news fresh and unbiased, and our ror
iwpondents understand that their p-rsonil-Ity
must be sunk In the newspaper. We en
courage no per. sonal ambitions, nor permit
the use of our columns for pen-oial ends. In
fact, as we have repeate Ily said, we nre en
gaged In mklnz a newspaper, to which pur
pose all other interests are secondry. Our
Topek reports will bear anxlyfls by the
light of these tactsand there&ult.
The Journal deserves credit for the full,
fair, and truthful manner in which it re
ported the contest from day to day, and a
comparison of its reports with those of the
Kansas City Ttm, will thow the difference
between a paper that aims to tell the truth
and give the news and one than aims only
at vilification and ""slu'h."
Kditor Times: "History repeats Ita
elf." Fats show that we, a a cation, are
fast tending to that unhappy condition in
which France, Spain and Mexico found
themselves when they were forced to confis
cate all the church property in their do
mains The chnrch, br reason of its being
exempted by law, from taxation, had ab
sorbed nearly all the wealth of those un
fortunate countries, and therefore, there
was no way, or means, by which a suffi
cient revenue could be derived to sustin
the machinery cf their State governments.
Carlyle says, that in those days when
France exempted sdl church property from
taxation, that out of every sixteen dollars
earned, fifteen dollars ent to support ths
church and State, thereby leaving the la
borer but one dollar as a remuneration for
his labors.
At that time the church owned more
than half of France; not only the land, but
men as well. It had its soldiers by thou
and, who wore symbols and decorations of
the church, stalking up and down through
the land collecting tithes for the church.
But France was compelled to confiscate all
church property in the empire in order to
obtain money to support the State. Why?
Because church property being exempt
from taxation yielded no revenues to the
State, while other classes of property, being
subjected to taxation, could not compete
with non taxable property, and at the same
time be made to yield a profit to its owners,
and pay the taxes on both its own and
church property. Therefore, private prop
erty becoming delinquent, fell into the
hands of the government, and consequently
yielded no revenues.
To-day, some of the finest property in
the world, and richest in revenues, belongs
to the church and goes untaxed, while its
trustees are speculating in houses and
lands with the funds of the church, and in
the name of the church. And why ? Be
cause all this vast property bears no por
tion of the public burdens of taxation.
Statistic show that church property in the
United states doubles in value every six or
seven years, lib other class of property
yields such rich rewards. Ere long busi
ness men will find it impossible to compete
with the church, because they bare to pay
the taxes on both classes ot nroperty.
one will be found steadily and rapidly in-
I creasing in value ; while the other will as
rapidly' diminish in value, while these dif-1
ferent results will be readily traced to taxa
tion and non-taxation.
The time is rapidly approaching when ws
must either tax all kinds of church pro
perty, or we shall be compelled to confiscate
the same to the State. Better, therefore,
that there be an equitable taxation of all
property, possibly our public schools, aad
other purely charitable buildings excepted,
buf Ttainly let us tax that class of pro
pert. which pays the largest revenues to
its owners.
Statistics show us that all classes of
church property in the United States are
rapidly doubling in value. The report of
Daniel A. Gleason, Tax Commissioner of
Massachusetts, gives the value of church
property in the United States, as follows :
189) . S 87,S2S,01
ISa . 171.337.932
1570 S5MSJ.4S1
The same ratio of increase would give us
in 1S79 nearly S323 COO 000, while at the
same rate it would in 1900 exceed $2 000,
000,000 in value. Thefigures.are indeed start
ling Xo other class of securities can show
such a rapid increase in value for the same
This vast amount of property belongs not
to the States that exempt it from taxation,
but to only a small proportion
of the people. Referring again to statistics
we find that of nearly fifty millions
of people in the United States, less than
eight millions are members of churches ;
and of those last enumerated, very many
of them belong to sects which do not own
one dullar's worth of property. How are
those figures, tax-payers?
The official report of the value of un
taxed church buildines in the city of New
York, alone, for 137S. as $38,140,500,
while for all claea of church property it
amounted to the enormous sum of SI94,
OOO.CHX); allot which is exempted from
taxation by the statutes of the Empire
State. It is no wonder that an earnest, or
ganised effort is being made in that State
to induce the present legislature to repeal
the statute exempting all ol this property
from taxation. Petitions are pouring in
from all sections of the State, and the pros
ect for repeal is indeed flattering.
The system of exempting church proper
ty from taxation is radically unjust, it is
an indirect appropriation for the support
of the church, antl is therefore unconstitu
tional. It comiiels every property owner
to divide his property with the church.
We ciisht, with as much propriety, adopt
the tithing t-v.sttm of ancient times, as to
continue this modern innovation. All
cl-i-ae of propcrty;ihouldbear their propor
tion of the burdens of protecting it from
foes within, and without. The strong arm
o? the law is invoked for its protection, and
who de frays the expenses? Why not with
equal propriety exempt business houses,
printing offices, mills, and manufactories as
vtell as churches? It needs no prophetic
vi-ion to dit-cern the result of this perni
cious system of exempting one class of
property, to the detriment of all other
Already does the church discern the evil
effects of this system, and at least one of its
lights has sounded a warning note. A few
days ago, in Christ's Church, New York,
the Rev. T. S Shipman bad this to say in
relation to the taxation of church prop
erty. "The value of 'church property In the
United States has been placed at fo00,000,
000 and if it increases in the same ratio as
it has during the past twenty years, the
value will amount to $3 000,000,000 by the
beginning of the next century. Is this ex
emption right, and ought the churches to
claim it? It is an established principle
that what is protected by the government
should aid in maintaining the government.
It is right, therefore, that corporations as
well as individual i-hoitld be taxed. Why
not religious corporations? The State has
nothing to do with the promcion of relig
ion, but merely with its protection. Yet it
might as well make direct appropriations
to religious bodies as exempt them Horn
taxation. The effect is to increase the rate
of taxntion on everything eNe, and the i-eo-ple
have to pay it in the end. The consti
tution says that no one shall be comiielled
to support religious institutions, andconse
q neatly this exemption is a direct violation
of the constitution. I would like to see all
the church property in the land taxed to
the uttermost. The effect of the exemption
is demoralizing to the moral status of
the church. It will re-act agaicst the
church, and sooner or later cause injury to
the church."
The exemption of church property was
made on the ground that no extraordinary
protection was extended churches by gov
ernment, as well as that tbey were separate
and self-dependent organizations promotive
of morality. They were then few, poor and
Only recently have they become power
ful enough to exercise an indirect influence
in politics. Fifty years ago there was not
a clergyman in the country whose salary
exceeded 1 3,000 per annum, whereas, now
$10,000 and $15,000 are common enough.
Trinity church, in New York, controls up
wards of $30,000,000 worth of property, and
there are ninny otheis who possess from one
to five millions each.
They are monopolizing mocey influence
sjtial influence, and everything that will
in any wav aggrandizj them. Their prin
cipal desire is to make a show; to build
themselves up in ostentation and purse,
proud bigotry, and at the expense of the
tax-payers. If thy wish to erect magnifi
cent temples, and towering cathedrals
let them not do it at the indirect expense of
the whole people; of those who are already
crushed by taxation. The chnrch is ac
cumnlatine vast wealth by the assiduous,
untiring efforts of their devotees, in draw
ing from the rich and poor. It matters not
how plethoric the purse of the donor, tbey
never cry "enough;" no matter how poor
the one of whom solicitations are made,
thev eagerly graep at the " widow's mite "
tthich has been laid eside againU a " rainy
The churches are becoming so wealthy
that they are coming to be dangerous to the
welfare of the people, and for this reason,
the people should at once insist that church
property be equally taxed with all other
classes of wopertv.
The Zsew lork Jndependent truihinny
savf: ''church structures torall taxable pur
poses, are absolutely dead capital to the
-Hate. The corporations owning tbem en
j)y the protection of the law, and the cost
n levied on other property or an increased
rate of taxation beyond what would be nsc-
carv if these structures, in common witb
other property, were taxed
Exemption in its practical euect is indirect
appropriation. It compels tax-payers to
contribute toward the support of religious
organization, and this is contrary to the
ceneral principles on whicn onr political
lii'tttutions are hssed.
In Kansas there was in 1S74 no less than
SI ,736,055 worth of church property, and
divided amorg seven denominatiosw, only,
as follows: Presbyterian, S294.856; Con
gregational, S23S500; Baptist. $226,000;
Methodist, $339,400; Episcopal, $172,000 ;
Catholic. $415,200, and United Presbyter
ian, $49,200. Unfortunately, I have mis
laid my data in relation to chnrch property
in Kansas for the years since 1874.
The present legislature will be called to
act on this subject at the present sssioo,
snd we hope tnat they, in their wisdom,
will see fit to to act that the State will
hereafter derive a revenue from church
property, instead of allowing it to accum
ulate, and finally come into competition
with legitimate capital which assists in
defraying the heavy expenses of our State
government, E. ClXPFlELD.
Vermillion, Kansas, Jan'y 27, 1879.
"Iloslfiwn null AbeaiaV'
Atchison Champion, Yesterday.
Six years ago the opposition to Senator
Pomeroy could unite only on an Atchison
man. This year a union of tbe opposition
to Senator Ingalls could only be effected
on an Atchison man. We call attention to
the fact that "Hogtown" is still ahead.
A Mewtlitfsr Silver.
Cleveland Leader.
President Hayer idea of recommending
to Congress to pay the arrears of pensions
under tbe new law in silver dollars, is not
bad. There is no use for the $30000,000
of silver now piled np in the Treasury
yaults, and by paying it to the veterans the
experiment could be tried whether the peo
ple will take it and keep it in circulation.
Receive Wlist Ceaatml
Kansas City Journal, yesterday.
The announcement of Senator Ingalls
re-election yesterday was received in Kan
sas City with expressions of general satis
faction. There can be no doubt that tbe
unscrupulous onslaught made upon him
was the occasion of much of the sympathy
A cvletr.ot WnaEiameue Col man's
Bean as.
Editob Tqces : If you will indulge me
with the necessary space, I wish to review
an article in your issue of January 2Gth,
on "Sabbath Observance," from the pen of
William Emmette Coleman.
I am well pleased with the first part of
the article. It helps to disipate the erro
neous idea "that the observance of the
seventh day as a Sabbath was first institu
ted by Motes while in the wilderness of
Sinai, through the medium of the ten com.
tnandments," One of the strongest sup
ports to the universal law of the Sabbath is
the fact that it existed as an institution
before the time of Moses. If this were not
the case the inference might readily follow
that as it begin with the Mosaic economy,
it should also end with that dispensation.
Bat if it is shown that it existed prior to
the time of Moses, aud it existed by divine
institution, then we are prepared for the
conclusion that "the Sabbath was made for
man," and not for any one dispensation.
Thank you. Mr. Coleman,
Bat the query is raised, who were the
Akkadians? And where did they get their
Sabbath ideas? If Mr. C were a Darwinian
and accepted the "evolution theory" he
would be involved in a dilemma here, for
it is hardly to be supposed that a " pre
historic" people, presumably just emerging
from monkey-hood, would have such ma
ture conceptions of the need of one day in
seven as a. day of rest and devotion that
they could furnish to the profound law
giver Moses, a code of tubbath laws,
worthy of a placa in the Ten Command
ments. Taking up my English Bible and turning
to the tenth chapter of Genesis, I find that
Nimrod. the grandson of Ham, was a peat
man in his day " and the beginning of his
kingdom was Bable and Erech, and " Accad
or Akkad" (the latter lorm conforms mora
nearly to the Hebrew letter " Kaph " ) and
Calneh in the land of Shinar." Here there
is the city of the " Akkadites " founded by
Nimrod. But where did tbey get their
Sabbath ideas? Noah lived after the flood
350 years. If the family of Ham were as
prolific as were the sons of fchem (see (Jen.
11: 10-26,) then Nosh lived about 2o0 years
after Nimrod was born, snd could impart
to him any knowledge which he possessed,
but Noah at least observed a seventh day
division of time, (.ee Gen. 8 ; 10-12.)
This was presumably the Sabbath, Now
thatwe have gone back beyond the Akka
dians we may go back still further to the
institution of the Sabbath by God himself.
(Gen. 2; 2-3.) "And on the seventh dsy
God ended his work which he had made
and be rested the word translated rested
is "vsyishbsth" from the triliteral Hebrew
root "Sh-b-tb, which, with the Masoretic
points compose the word "Shabath" or
'Sabbath," so that literally the verse would
read and he Sabbatized on the seventh
day," Ac The same word also occurs in
the third verse. If we should even (rant
that Moses borrowed from the Akkadians,
the question would remain. Where did
God get his Sabbath ideas ? It will hardly
do to say ''from the Akkadians."
The general truth on this point is not
only that the Akkadians, but all the early
nations retained some knowledge of the
Sabbath. "The Phoenicians according to
Porphyry consecrated the seventh day as
hcly (see. Eusebius, Pnepar Eyang. lib. 1.
c 9.) in a work ascribed to Fuh-fae a
Chinaman who is supposed to have lived
about the time of the Akkadians the follow
ing remarkable sence is formed, "Every
seven days cornea the revolution." It is
not strange that they should have this
knowledge for Adam could instruct Me
thuselah; Methuselah could instruct
Noah, and Noah could instruct the Akka
dians, aud each of these men have at least
200 years to do their work. The truth
ought to come pretty straight under these
It is not denied that the Israelites some
times worshipped idols, but this was in
every case a violation of the commmand of
A word concerning "Yahweh," or rather
Yahveh. There is no truth involved in the
mistranslation of this word. The render
ing of it as Jehovah dates back more than
two thousand years and then came from
the delicacy of the Jews as to
pronouncing the root letters with
the proper vowels. Anyone wish
ing further information is referred to
William Henry Green's Hebrew Chrestoma
tby, pages, 87, SS.
1 am very much surprised that Mr Cole
man should refer to the prophets Isaiah,
Jeremiah, Amos, Hosea and Micah as hav
ing in any sense opposed the observance of
the Sabbath. It is true that they con
demned an outward, lifeless, inconsistant
observance of certain rites, as the Jewish
nation in those dajs seems to have lost the
substance and to have retained only the
shadow of religion. But that they discourag
ed the observance of the Sabbath is Dot true.
Let us take the first of these prophets. He
says, Isa, 60, 2, ''Blessed is the man that
keepeththe Sabbath from polluting it."
v. 4 7. "For thus saith the Lord unto the
ennuchs that keep my Sabbaths aud choose
the things that please me and take hold of
my covenant, even unto them will I give in
mice house snd within my walls, a place
and a name better than those of sons and
of daughters ; I will give them an everlast
ing name that shall not be cut ofl." Similar
language is also used respecting "strangers."
Read also Isa. 53, 13,14,-where the lanuage
is if possible stronger. "If thou turn
away thy foot from the Sabbath
from doing tby pleasure on my holy
dy; and call the Sabbath a delight, the
holy of the .Lord, honorable; and shall hon
or him, not doing thine own ways, nor find
ing thine own pleasure, nor speaking thine
own words: Then shalt thou delight thy-
elf in the Lord; and I will cease thee to
ride upon the high places of the earth, and
feed thee with the heritage of Jacob tby
lather. lor the mouth ot the .Lord has
rnoken it. Have we here a case of ignor
ance or of wilfullnesr? It must require un
usual skill to make a prophet of the Lord
condemn one ol God's own positive institu
tions. As to Jesus Christ, one of two things
is true. Either he was what he professed
to be the son of God and hence divine and
equal to the Father, or he was the greatest
impostor the world has ever seen. To ac
cept the latter theory is to rule him out of
all questions affecting doctrines and mor
'als. If an impostor neither his word nor
example is worth anything I, with the
Christian Church, believe that Jesus Christ
is the Sob of God. Now for the relevancy
of this; Jesus Christ as the son of God is
the same person who gave the ten com
mandments at ML Sinai. Not on of those
commandments has been abrogated and by
all the laws of Jorisprudesoetbey remain
in force till the lawgiver annals them
When Jesus comes as a man he does not
come to make new laws but to fulfill the
old, Ha, condsnaa. a foolish observance of
traditions on the part of thsPaorisrss, but
nowhere discourages the proper abservance
of the Sabbath.
He allows certain work of necessity and
mercy, such as the eating of a little corn
as the deeiples walked along the path be
twen the fields (There were ao fences) tak
ing a beast out of a sat, aad preaching the
Gospel and then expressly; declares
"That the Sabbath was made for man." He
who gave the Sabbath to man now reit
erates the truth that the "Sabbath was
made for man." Ha who does this is Lord
of the Sabbath (Mark2,2S.)
Mr. C says "Remember the Sabbath in
every place mentioned ia the new Testa
ment refers to Saturday.- KoSanday Sab
bath was known for several hundred years
afterwards. No such things as a transfer
of the Sabbath lrom Saturday to Sunday
was ever thought of by tbe Apostles and
primitive Christians; and further use; -We
thus find ao trace of a Christian Sabbath
for aearly three hundred years after
Christ's death. These are bold assertions.
We will see if facta will sustain these. He
says above "No Sunday Sabbath was ever
known for several hundred years after
wards." If ws can find a single trace, his
assertions falls to the ground. Let me
however first remark that during these first
centuries there was muck warm discussion
the early Christians concerning the
fasts and festivals and days set
apart for divine service. The unconverted
Jews retained their former customs. The
converted Jews could not easily give them
up. ihejpaasages quoted by Hi. U lrom
Romans, Collossiaas Ac bear exclusively
oo this controversy. In this controversy
the seventh day was asnslly called toe oao
bathby woyof distiactioa, aad it is' very
easy for one .to ditposed, to quote sentences
from the writings of the apostles and others
so as to deceive the uninformed. These re
marks seem to be neceuarr to tie full
clearing up of this subject.
Returning to the point in hand, Christ
rote from the dead on the first day of the
week, and appeared to the disciples the
tame evening. The language of the Greek
text is significant, "la mta ton Sibbalm" lit
erally the first of the Sabbaths. John 20; 19.
He appeared to the disciples eight days af
terward (the Jews counted the first and last
inclusive) which would be the next firs, day
of the week. The Spirit of "God was poured
out en the first day of the week (Pen e:o-t)
when the dL-ciples were assembled for wor
ship. In Acts 20; 7; we read, "and
upon the first day of the week,
when the disciples , came together
to cut bread, ic," from which it appears
that the early Christians were accuetomed
to observe the highest ordinance of the
Christian church en the first day of the
week On this day they also lifted their
benevolent- contributions. 1 Cor., 16 ; 2.
John was in the spirit on the Lord's Day,
l e. the first day of the week. Rev- 1 : 10.
It this does not make a trace, let ui turn to
the early writers.
AsNeander has already been brought to
thewitnessstand,wewillinterrogatehim. He
says : "The opposition to Judaism early led
to the observance of Sunday instead of the
Sabbath." "Thus in the Catholic epistle as.
cribed to Barnabas, at the close cf the 15th
chapter, Sunday is designated as the day of
jubilee in remembrance of Christ's: resur
rection and ascention to heaven, and in tbe
epistle of Ignatius to the niagnesiacs, it is
pre-eapposed that even the Jews who had
come over to Christianity subttituted Sun
day instead of the Sabbath." (Neander's
History of tbo Citri'tian Religion and
Church, vol. L, page 293.1 Tnus Neander
admits traces of ths Chri-tian Sabbath.
Pliny about A. D. 110, in his letter
to Trajan, the cruel pentculor, says
that the Christians "were accustomed
on a stated day " here Neander
inserts the word Sunday in brackets "to
meet before daylight and to repeat among
themselves a hymn to Christ as God, etc
Oo this point Wayland, in his moral
science, ssys, (page 185) ''So well known
was tbe custom of the early Christians on
this subject that the ordinary question put
by their persecutors was, "Hast thou kep'
the Lord's day?" "Dominicum Ktradif
To which the usual answer was, "I am a
Christian ; I cannot omit it." "Ch tetanus
turn ; iniernitae non Lomim."
Justin Martyr informs us that the Chris
tians of tho second century a-scmbled "on
the day of the sun" and that they did so
"because on this first day God made the
world and Jesus Christ, our Savior, rofe
from the dead."
Irenous writing about A. D., 17S, is
among the first to transfer the name Sab
bath to tbe first day of the week. He is
followed by Clemens Alexandrinus, who
holds the eighth day "to be properly the
Sabbath, but the seventh a working day,"
ana by Urigen who says, "Leaving the Jew-
i u ii i, ' iT .u o vi ,l ngui government oenveo. irom uou are
3ttmS!!Z,e f,hob,edence, and there is proclaimed
ought to be kept by a Christian, conclud
ing his description with tbe words, "This
is the obM-.rvauce of the Christian Sabbath."
(See Gilfillan on the Sabbath.) Clemens
Alexandrinus wrote dnring the second cen
tury and Origen was born about 185, A.
This is scarcely a tithe of the testimony
which might be adduced, and yet Mr. C.
says, "No Sunday Sabbath was known for
several hundred years afterward," and "We
thus find no Usee of a Christian Sabbath
for nearly three hundred years after Christ's
death." We submit the case to the judg
ment of the readers of The Times
As to the "Early Protestant Reformers"
lean scarcely evade the conviction tint
Mr. C. knowingly, designedly .and wilfully
misrepresents them. But though they are
dead their words live. Hesiys"Luther,Cal
vin, Beza, Zoreuinglies,Melancthon,Knox,
Crantner, Tyndale, eta, all taught that the
Sabbath was abrogated, etc To under
stand the reformers we must remember that
they were just emerging from the delusions
of Romanim. Some of them we will ad
mit we wish to take no advantage in
their earlier utterances gave
expression to enormous 'views. The
light dawned upom them gradually
and they did not always reach tbe truths
since adopted by the great body of tbe
Christian Church. They did a noble work
but still thev were only human. Take Lu
ther as an example. When he first broke
away from the Romish Church, he was
lika a boy just out of school. He was
sound on""! aitb," but his first Fensation
was that of liberty, and he may have used
the words quoted, but is it just to quote
them as the real sentiments of Luther on
the Sabbath question ? Should we not
look to his af more sober utterances ? And
what are these? We will quote froui his
hymns on the decalogue composed in lo-j :
"Honor my name in word and ilceJ,
snd call on metu llmeof need;
Keep holy too the 8ah!alh djy.
Thai work lu Thee 1 also m,j-."
Another of the previous year reads :
Hallow Ihs day th-ilOcd hathblcs.
Thai thou and all I y house may re-t ;
Keep h ind HCd heart fiom I:. tor lm-.
That God may hare his work lu tine."
Bat we ate especially suprised that John
Knox should be clashed among those
who "taught that the Sabbath was abroga
ted." I have just finished reading his life,
but I have found nothing of ihis kind. He
was very positive in condemning the "holi
days" of the Romish ctmrch, but among
these he does not class the Sabbath. Ilia
views as well ss the views of the Scottii-h
clergy may be learned from the "Confession
of Faith" and the "First Book of Discip
line" which he and five others drew up.
In tbe latter we find these words, "The
Sabbath must be strictly kept in all towns,
both forenoon and afternoon for hearing of
the word ; at afternoon upon the Sibbalh,
the Catechism shall be taught, the children
examined, and the baptism ministered.
Public prayers shall be used upon the Sab
bath, as well afternoon as before, when ser
mons cannot be had." The r impet cer
tainly gives no uncertain sound, and yet
Mr. C. says "Knox" "taught the Sabbath
was abrogated."
It is very unfortunate for Mr C.'s argu
ment that he distinguishes America and the
British Empire ss the lands where the
Sabbath is best observed. We may ask
what is the character of these nations?
And how do they compare with other na
tions where the Sabbath is abrogated or at
leaat treated with neglect and contempt?
But we will leave Mr. C. to answer these
Now, in conclusion, it seems to me that
one of three theories respecting Mr. C. and
his " Resume " must be adop'ed.
1. He is culpably and pitiably ignorant
concerning many of the fact which he pre
tends to dircuss exhaustively, as wheu he
tries to make Isaiah condemn the obser
vance of the Sabbath, and when he says
Knox taught that the Sabbath was abro
gated," or
2. He has tried to impose on the readers
of Ths Tim ae by bold assertions lamely
supported by disjointed quotations and
shallow sophistry, or
3. He has given in the main a re-hash of
Srbled extracts from the pen of some un
ir and dishonest opponent of Sabbath
observance and of Christianity. I am in
clined to adopt the latter theory but I leave
the readers of Tux Tikes to adopt which
ever one thev choose.
if Mr. Coiemsn's "Resume" is a fair
specimen of the results of- spending Gods
holy Sabbath in "Athletic exercises"
"dancinz, eta," then I prefer the old-fashioned
Sabbath of our forefathers.
F. M. Spencer.
Leaveswokth, Kan., Jan. 29, 1879.
CetBcaselea at tan Brsvln.
K C. Journal, yesterday.
It is said that "Pang" went out behind
the State House at Topeka yesterday, after
the election of Ingalls, and shed two gallons
of tears in rapid succession, and then recol
lecting how he had with each revolution of
the earth written himself down a donkey in
the Kansas City Timet, 'he braced up and
kicked himself so long and hard that it is
thought he will die of concussion of the
Te Iacreas at Paaalailsns 1b Kansas
fBi. Louis BepnbUcan.SL
Tbe Nebraska papers are awake to the
importance of that State doing something
to get a share of the gain of the great tidal
wave cf emirratioo now flowinr westward.
Tbey find that Kansas gained 115.171 in pop
ulation Irom March, 18, to March, IS 3,
and in the nine months since has gained
150.0CO to 200,000 more, so it is natural for
tbem to think it would pay to set up some
ort of official machifnery to gather a por
on of siia increase srjor Nebraska hereafter.
Letter of Pope Leo XIII
Reman Catholic
Text of a Document
All Europe is Discus
sing. That
Anathematization of Socialists, Com-
munistsNihilitts, and
To the Patriarchs, Primates, Archbishops,
ana all Uisliops on the lace ol the earth
having favor aud communion with the
Apostolic See.
Venerable Brethren Salctatiox
and Apostolic Benediction: Promptly
after our elevation, iu an encyclical letter
addressed to you, venerable brethren, as de.
manded of us because of our apostolic
office, we did not fail to point out the
death-dealing plague that is creeping into
all the fibres of all human society and is
leading it into the greatest danger.
At the same time, we showed the reme
dies, most efficacious, by which a whole
some state of society could be discovered,
and the danges, most grievious, that
threaten might be avoided.
But those evils we then deplored even in
so short a time have increased so that
again we are compelled to use to you the
words of the prophet that tingle in our
ears: "Clama! ne cesses.' Exalta quasi taba
vneem tuam. (Cry out. Cease not. Raise
thy voice like a trumpet. Isaias, viii., 1.)
You readily understand, venerable breth
ren, that we speak of that sect of men,
called by sundry and almost barbarous
They are spread all over the world; bound
together, most clcs-ly, by a wicked pact
between them all. But no longer do they
seek cover in their hidden haunts. Openly,
boldly, they vaunt in public what they had
hatched in secret, and aim to destroy the
very foundations of civil eociety, of what
ever kind. These are they foretold in the
words of Divine inspiration. (St. Jude, v.,
8 ) "Defile the flesh, and de-pise govern
ment, and blaspheme maiestv." Carcem,
guideni, maculant, dominationem spernunt,
maj-statem autem blapuemant. Ihey
leave nothing unhurt, or unsmirched, that
has been wiely ordered by Divine and
human laws, for the welfare and honor of
men in this life. Those "higher powers"
to whom, as the Apostle admonishes, every
soul ought to be subject, and powers of
a perfect equality of all men in rights and
the natobal union or man and woman,
sacred even among barbarians is befouled ;
and the marriage bond, that is the keystone
of society, is relaxed, or even broken loose.
Decoyed by lust for the good things of this
world, which "is th root of all evil, and
which, seeking, some have lost the faith"
(radix est omnium malorum, et quam
quidam, appetenls erraverunt a fide): (I.
Timothy, vi., 10.) They attack the right
of property, sanctioned by the natural law
And, pretending to care for the wants of
men, and to sati-fy their vtii-hes by a hug
crime, they aim at robbing an I malting .-i
common spoil of whatever has been lavrtul
ly inherited or gained by skill and labor,
or acquired by savings.
And these outrage they proclaim in
their meetings, put forth in circular- and
spread amocg the ignorant iua&Kormcf
The result is, that within a short time
past, the majesty and rule of kings, that
should be respected, have met such an ill
will on tbe part of a seditious multitude,
that criminal traitors, going Iooe from all
restraint, have sought by impious attacks
to assassinate the rulers of many States.
But this outbreak of faithless men that, day
by day, threatens more awful
in common, and shocks all who think with
a solicitous foreboding, has its cause and
origin from former limes In the poisoned
doctrines that, as bad seeds, gave forth, in
their time, corrupt fruit, to be scattered
among many people. For you well have
known, venerable brethren, the unbridled
war against the Catholic faith, from the
sixteenth century, excited by the innova
tors, that continually, even now, are work
ing, tint the way shall be left open to the
inventions (say rather the raviogs) of rea
son left to itself, stripped of all revelation,
and of th supernatural order.
usurping, fatrelv, the nvme of Rational
while coaxing and spi rring the deire be
longing to man, anJ giving loose reign to
all sorts of luts, that has not only caught
many men, but has affected very widely
human eociety.
IIcr.ce, by a new godlesness, unknown
even smong pagans, Republics form them
selves, taking no account of God or of the
order, be has set. Nether public authority,
nor mastery, nor majesty, nor tbe power
that God gives rulers is to be maintained.
but rather gained from the throng of peo
ple, that, thinking tbeniselve tree lrom all
divine sanction, accept only such laws as,
ad libitum, are voted for by them. Solum
mude legibus subesse passa esl, qusa iisa
ad libitum tuliVet.
are treated as hostile to reason. But the
Creator of tbe eace of man, and its redeem
er, are quietly sought to be expelled
from the universities, where studies are
pursued, from lyceums snd gymnasiums,
and from the whole routine of human
The rewards aud the punishments of a
future and eternal life are forgotten in the
heat of a lust for present pleasure. These
doctrines, far ind widespread, this freedom
everywhere extended, of a thinking and
acting witb a looseness reaching far and
wide, no marvel that men of the lowest sort,
beggars at the door or idlers of the shop,
are eager to get into the houses and wealth
of the rich ; no wonder there remair.s no
quietness in public nor in private life, or
that the human race has come almcst to
the point of perdition.
But the chief pastors of the church, on
whom it is a duty imposed of guarding the
flock of the Lord from the snares of the
enemy, have taken care, in time, to point
out the danger and to guard the safety of
the faithful. For, so soon as the
began to spring up, from whose breast the
seeds have sprung that we have spoken of,
the Popes Clement XII. and Benedict
XIV. failed not to warn the whole world
of the impious and perdiciuus character
that lay hidden in all these secret socie
ties. But, after an unbridled kind of liberty
was counted as belonging to man, by tho-e
who gloried in being called as philoso
phers, and what they styled a new law,
against natural and Divine law, had been
sought to be framed and sanctioned, Pope
Pius YI. of blessed memory forthwith ex
posed the meaning and the falsehood cf
thtir notions in public documents.
And, ax the same time, by an Apostolical
foreseeing, told the ruins to which the
wretchedly deceived people would be
brought by these intrigues.
And when, notwithstanding, no care was
taken against the spreading of these bad
doctrines among the people, nor did Gov
ernments outlaw them, the Popes Pius VII.
and Leo XII., condemned with anathema
all secret societies, and, anew, declared
what danger they would prove :o human
No one need" to be told with what earn
est words, or with what firmness and con
stancy of soul, our glorious predecessor,
Pius IX., of blessed memory, in all allocu
tions, and his encyclical letters to the
Bishops of the whole world, fought against
both the wicked efforts of the secret sects,
and by name against the plague of Social
ism that has come out of tbem.
Itis.indeed, a deplorable thing that those
whose duty it was to watch over the com
mon welfare, being duped by thc tricks of
impious men and terrified by their threats,
should haveahown themselves of a con
stantly suspicious and even unjust mind
toward the Church ; not perceiving that
the efforts of the sectaries would have,
come to naught if the doctrine of the Cath
olic Cherch, and the authority of the Ro-
man Pontiff, both with Princes ard -trith
reoples.had always remained in due honor,
for "the Church of the living God," which
is "the pillar and jrround ol the truth."
ns J teaches thosa very doctrines and precepts
it waica me saieiy scu quiet ui rocieiy are
Jo be preserved, and the horrible plant cf
. socialism plucked out by the roots. For
rERTERTisa the Gosrix it-elf
that they may the more easily deceive the
unwary, have been wont to wrest it to the
support of their own opinion, yet so great
is the conflict between their depraved dog
mas and the pure doctrine of Christ that
no greater could exist. "For what partici
pation hath justice with injustice, or what
felIoship hath light with darkness V They
indeed do not cease to repeat, aswe admit,
that all men are equal by nature, one with
snother, and on this account they contend
that neither are honor anil reverence due
to maje-ty nor obedience to laws, unless
perchance they themselves may have been
pleased to sanction them. Contrariwise,
according to the Evangelic teachings,
the equality of men in this, that, having
all of them received the same nature, they
are all called to tbe same most exalted
dignity of the eons of God, as also that one
and tbe same end having been appointed to
all, each is to be judged by the same law,
receiving punishments or reward according
to his desert. But inequality in authority
and power flows from the very Author of
nature, "of whom all paternity in heaven
and earth is named," Moreover, following
tbe Catholic doctrine and precepts, the soul
of Princes and subjects are so linked to
gether by mutual duties and obligations
that both the lust of arbitrary power is tem
pered and tbe habit of obedience is madi
easy, stable and most ennobling. Indeed,
the church sedulously inculcates upon the
subjected multitude
the ArosTOZJCAL rnxcErr:
"There is no power but from God ; and
those that are ordained of God. Therefore,
he that resisteth tbe power resisteth the
ordinance of God ; and they that resist
purchase to themselves damnation." And
again, it bids them to be subjected of ne
cessity, not only for wrath, but also for con
science sake ;" and to render "to all men
their dues; tribute to whom tribute is due;
custom to whom custom ; fear to whom
fear ; honor to whom honor." For so He
who created and governs all things ordered
in His foreseeing wisdom, that the lowest
through the midmost, the midmost through
the highest, should attain the ends appoint
ed them. Therefore, as in the Heavenly
Kingdom itse'f. He decreed that there
should be distinct choirs of angel", the one
subject to the other; o aIo iu the church
He instituted divers grades of orders and a
diversity of offices, so thst not all should be
apostles, not all doctor", not all pastors; so
also he ordained that there should be in
civil society many orders diverse in dignity,
jurisdiction and power; that the State,
even as the church, might be one body hav
ing many member, roine more noble
than others, but all mutually necesiary
solicitious for the common well be-
Bat in order that the rulers of the peo
ples may use the lower granted to them for
edification and not for destruction, the
Church of Christ most fitly warns them
that even Princes have to dread the severi
ty of the Supreme Judge ; and, borrowing
the words of Divine Wisdom, she exclaims :
"Give ear, you that rule the people, and
that please yourselves in multitudes of na
tions, for power is given you by the Lord,
and strength by the Most High, who will
examine your works and search out yonr
noughts. For a most severe judgment
i-hall be for them that Lear rule. For God
will not except any man's person, neither
will he stand in awe of any man's greatness ;
for He made the little and the great, and
He hath equally care of all. Bat a greater
punihmeal is ready for more mighty." If,
nevertheles, it should happen at any time
that public power should be wielded rash
ly and immoderately by Princes, the teach
ing of the Catholic Church does not suffer
subjects to rise up againt them, lest the
tranquility of civil order be more and more
perturbed, or lest eociety suffers therefrom
a greater mischief. Should mattera come
to thst paes that no other hope of safety is
visible, it teaches that the remedy is to be
hastened by the merits of Christian patience
and by imortiinate prayer to God. But
if the decrees of legislators and Princes
shall sanction anything, or ?hall command
anything which is repugnant to the Divine
or the natural law, the dignity cf the
Chri-tian name and duty and the Apostolic
precept teach us that wc ought to obey God
rather than men."
Moreover, this salutary virtue of the
Church which redounds to the most well
ordered rule and preservation of civil so
ciety, domestic ecciety also, which is the
germ of every State and kingdom, of neces
ity feels and experiences. For you know,
venerable brtthern, that the true founda
tion of this society, according to tbe neces
sity of natural law, iu the first place, is
grounded in the indii-soluble union of a
man and a woman, and is built up in the
natural duties and obligations existing be
tween parents and children, masters and
servants. You know alto that this is al
most swept away by the maxims of Social
ism; just as also tho firmness being lost
which it acquires from a religious marriage.
necessarilv the very authority of the father
over tbe child, and the duties of the child
toward its parents, are greatly relaxed. On
the other hand, the Church teaches that
"marriage honorable in all," wlych, in the
very beginning of the world, God Himself
instituted and irrevocably decreed for the
propagation and preservation of the human
race, has been given an even greater
strength and sanctity by Christ, who con
ferred upon ft
and willed that it should typify His own
nnion with the Church; the Apostle tea-h-ing
us that as Christ is the head ot the
Church so is the man the head of the
woman, and, as the Church is subjected to
Christ, who embraces her with the most
chaste and perpetual love, so also it is fit
ting that women should be subject to their
own husband-i, and by tbem, in turn, should
be cbt rished with a faithful and constant
aflectton. Likewise, the Church so moder
ates the exercise of the authority of the
father ami the master that it is sufficiently
strong to keep sons and servants in their
duty, yet does not pass just bounds. For
according to Catholic teachings, the au
thority of the Heavenly Father and Lord
flows down to
which on that account not only takes from
Him its origin and strength, but also neces
sarily borrow its nature in kind. Hence
the Apostle exhorts children to "obey their
parents in the Lord and to honor their fa
ther and mother, which is the first com
mandment, with a promi-e." But to par
ents he gives the command: "And you,
fathers, provoke not your children to anger,
but bring them up in the discipline and
correction of the Lord " Again, to servants
and masters, by the Apostle the divine pre
cept Is given that the former be obedient
"to them that are their lords according to
the flerh, is to Christ . . . with a good
will serving as to the Lord;" but that the
masters "forbear threatening?, knowing
that the Lord of all is in Heaven, and there
is no respect of persons with God." If all
these precepts were diligently observed by
all whom they concerned, according to the
ordinance of the Divine will, assuredly
every family would present a certain
image of the Celestial home, and the re
markable benefits havii g their source there
would not be confined within home walls
alone, but would flow out most richly into
the Governments themselves.
Moreover, Catholic wisdom, resting upon
the precepts of natural and divine law, pro
vides also most skillfully for public and
domestic tranquility by those principles
which hold and teach concerning the
rights of ownership, and the partition of
goods which are required for tbe necessities
and uses of life. For while the Socialists
traduce the law of property, as a human
invention repugnant to the natural equality
of men, and
hold that poverty should not be borne with
a contented mind, and that the possessions
and runts of the rich may be violated with
impunity, the church, much better and
more usefully, recognizes the inequality
among men, naturally diverse in strength
of body and mind, in the possenoa of
goods also, and commands that the right of
property and masterrhip derived lrom na
ture itself shall be held intact and inviolate
by all : for she knows that theft and rapine
ere so lorbidden by ood, the author ana
cxecutcr of all laws, that tt is not permit-
ted even to desire the po-sessiocj of an
other, and,
not less than adulterers and idolaters, will
be shut out front the heavenly kingdom.
Yet docs not their loving mother neglect
the care cf the poor, or cease to take
thought for their necessities ; nay, even em
bracing them with, the deepest internal af
fection, and well knowing them to bear the
likeness of Christ himself, who considers
anything given by any one, even to the
least poor men, as a kindness done to him
self. She holds them in great honcr, ass's s
them in all wavs the can. takes care that
homes and hospitals shall be erected in all
parts of the earth for their reception, nour
ishment and cure, and takes them under
her own watchful care. Sh? urge? the rich
wiih weighty precept, to givo their super
fluity to the poor, and she threatens them
by which, unless they snecor the wants of
the needy, they shall be punished with
eternal tortures. Moreover, she greatly
rejoices and solaces the minds of the poor,
either by holding before them tbe example
of Christ, who, although he was rich, for
our sake became poor : or reminding them
of His word, how He called the poor
blessed, and bade them hops for the re
wards of eternal happiness. Who now
does not see that this is tbe best way of
composing that ancient struggle between
the poor aad the rich? For so the evidence
of things and facts demonstrates that, this
way being rejected or slighted, one of two
thngs necessarily happens, so that either
the greatest part of the human race falls
back into tbe basest condition of slavery,
which prevailed for too long a time among
races, or that human society is disturbed
by continual agitations, defiled bv thefts
and robberies such as we grieve to have
seen happen even in ancient times. Since
these things are so, venerable, brethren, we.
on whom in a manner rests the govern
ment of the whole chnrch, as from the be
ginning ol the 1'ontihcate, to peoples and
we have pointed out the harbor where they
can safely betake themselvevo now, in this
latter day of d-tngerous confusion, we again
lift our Apostolic voice to them ; and again
and again we pray them, as they value
their own safety and that of the State, that
they receive and lnten to the Church who
has deserved so well f jr her contribution to
tbe prosperitv of kingdoms, as a teacher ;
let them fully perceive that the principles
of government and religion are so joitlul
together that by how much the Church is
diminished by so much are weakened the
loyalty of the subjects and the majesty of
sovereignty. And when they shall find out
that there is in the Church cf Christ a greater
strength for averting the beat'of Socialism
than is in human laws or in the alliances
of magistrates, cr in the arms of soldiers,
they will then, at Icng'h, restore
the chnrch to that condition of liberty
wherein she can happily comunicate her
own health giving force to all human oci
You, venerable brethren, who have seen
the origin and growth of these invadiDg
evils, strive with all the energy and ardor
of your souls that the Catholic doctrine
may make its way and descend deep into
to the minds of all. Strive that even from
tender years all shall learn to embrace Gcd
with filial love and to hallow His name ;
to give honor to the majesty of Princes and
laws ; to refrain from cupidity, and to dili
gently guard the order which God has es
tablished both in civil and in domestic so
ciety. Moreover you ought to labor that
sons of the Catholic Church shall cot dare
eitherto join or any way favor the abhorred
sect; nay more, then by virtuous actions,
and by noce-dy in all things, they shall
show how well and happily human society
would get along if the single members
At a time when the follower) of Social
ism are most zealously seeking, out of the
human race, those who practice tradts, anil
who being weary of toil, are easily allured
by the hope of riches and the promise of
good things, it seems opportune to encour
age societies of artificers anil workingnien
which, being founded under the watchful
care of religion, shall make all the associa
ted members contented with their lot and
patient in labor, and shall incline them to
the leading of
On our and your undertakings, v ccra
ble brethren, may He breathe, to whom we
are forced to refer, the beginning and ac
cepttd end of every good work. For tbe
rest, the very nature of these days in which
the anniversary of the Lord's nativity is
celebrated, inspires us with the hope of His
speedy help. For it bids us also hope that
new salvation, which the infant Christ
brought to a world already growing old,
and almost fallen into the extreme of mis
ery, and it promi-es that to us also He will
give the peace which then he announced to
man by the angels: "For neither is the
hand of the Lord shortened that it cannot
raise, nor His car heavy that He cannot
hear." Therefore in thre
praying for you, venerable brethren, and
for the faithful of your churches all things
happy and joyful, we earnestly pray the
Giver of all good things that again the
goodness and business of God our Savior
may appear to men, who has translated us
from the power of the direful enemy isto
the most noble dignity of His own children.
And that we may the more quickly and
fully obtain our desire, do yon youn-elves,
venerable brethren, with us address fervid
prayers to the Lord, and seek the patron
age of the
immaculate from birth, and ot her spouse,
Jot-cph, and of the blessed Apostles, t'aul
and Peter, in whose intercessions we great
ly trust. In the meanwhile, as an auspice
of the divine bounties to you, venerable
brethren, and to your clerxy, and to all
faithful peoples in the Lord, we impart
with tbe sincerest affection of our heart,
the Apostolic benediction.
Given at Rome, 23th of December, 1878,
in the first year of our pontificate.
1-eoP.P., XII.
The following is the record of the vote
on the ballot that elected Senator . Ingalls
Friday noon :
Senator Benedict, Buchan, Carpenter,
Finch, Grass, Greene, Griffin, Hallowell,
Hamlin, Harris, Johcston, Kirk, Matthew
son, Mtsker, Murdock, Ping, I'yburn,
Robinson, Savage. Sluss, Taylor and Wood
worth. Repre'entatives Albin, Alexander, Ander
son of Cherokee, Anderson of Ellsworth,
Anderson of Shawnee, Ballard, Berry, Bid
die, Bishop, Blackman. Blanchard, Boggs,
Bower, Brevfogle, Briggs, Brinkman,
Bronson, Brown, Bruner, Calvin,
Clark, Cool, Corbin, Cunning-
Earn, Danhaur, Donohue, Ecle", Gilles
pie, Gilmore, Godfrey, Grever, Hamilton
of Marshal, Hartshorn, Hawkins, Hewina,
Hossack, Humes. James of Shawnee, James
of Wyandott, Keller, Kollock, Lawson,
Leonard, M&ccinr, McCrumb, Myers, Price,
Richards, Robb, Rood, Seaton.Shaw, Smith
of Boarbou, Smith of Marshall, Stewart,
Stitt, Towle, Tucker, Waite, Walker, Willey,
Wilson of Jackson, Wilson of Nemaha, and
Senators Bradbury,- Bradley, Brown,
Evans. Finney, Gilletf, Gillpatnck, Guth
rie, Iladley, Henry, Kellogg, Morrill,
Myers, Nichol, Rtchey, Spurgeon, Wells,
Representatives Armstrong, Baker. Bar
ber, Birrackman, Beaty, Bevies, Biscell,
Bull, Butts, Callen, Clapp, Clognon, Cong
don, Eastland, Eggers, Ellison, Ewing Far
rls, Faulkner, Fistler, Frank M. Gable,
Thomas P. Gable, Games, Grifienstein,
Hall, Hamilton of Norton, Helmick,
Hodge, Huffaker, Hutchinson, Kelley, Ken
nedy, L-gate, Lay, Majors, Martin of
Kingman. Martin of Labette, McClintcck,
McKay, Miller, Moore, Morgan, Parsons,
Prunty, Randolph, Rath, Raybell, Rice,
Rigg", Sallee, Scott, Selover, ,StHman,
Stumbangh, Tallman, Taylor,. Wait of
Linn, Wait cf Lincoln, W'ataoa,.- j'While,
Woodward, Speaker Clarke, f
Messrs, Henderscn and Martin of Miami,
voted for Goodin.
Mr. McMillan voted for Mitchell.
A Terr Vatkima Mut.
Kansas City J;
The Topeaa
cuts both ways,
not la saprort
more than one
the hm office
in a eingle issue.
Made WAjkai
candidate lor
I There Is a gentleman in Olaths whose
' name Is F. II On.
Gov. 3L John left Toyeia for his aoram, m
Olathe, yesterday.
A. new brewery has hcen started at KllO"
wood In Barton county.
The next term ot court for Johnson couo-
ty, commences March 3J, 1S79.
ITopcta Commonwealth, I.
J. S. Collins was sworn la yesterday aa
Clerk: of tho Senat Committee on Engrossed
B1IL, Enrolled Bills, Military Affairs, and
Cltlrsor Second Class.
Independence rourier,30.)
Tbo Leavenworth Ti jies Is evidently mak
ing money. It cam to us last night enlarged,
and otherwise much Improved. It has a
larger circulation than any two papors pub
lished In Kansas, aad d.serves IU high ap
Blue Valley TeIecraph,3I.J
The late change of time on tbe Central
Branch deprives Ui ot all except Atchison
and St. Jsoeph dally papers on the same day
of publication. Leavenworth papers reach
here about twice a week and three or four at
catholic caenca dkdicatsd.
Augusta Uazette, W.l
Tho Catholic church. In this city, was ded
icated last Sunday The attendance was
very large; tho oxerclfces all passed off
smoothly, and allbeial col'ccllon was taken
P, which, with previous contribution, will
pay a I debts previously contracted.
TY. Concordia Emplre,"8I.l
A large body of immigrants passed through
town westward on Wednesday. Ten wagons
In one train went through in the forenoon
Assoouantbe weather settles to something
reliable, we expect toselt,not only rain,
" but jjottr. Immigrants.
Tok-1c Democrat, 31.1
Sunday morning three men, Faulkner,
Llnch and WHion, contlned In the Sbawnea
County Jail, were discovered to have nearly
finished a hole for egre- through the celling
Into the County Treasurer's office above. The
cavity was concealed from time to time by
means of a piece of white paper.
Hntchlnson Interior, Z0.
One of M. . RId's children, a little girl
aged three years, fell backward from a chair
lsst week Injuring her so severely that sha
died the next night. The funeral occurred on
Monday, January Mth, Kev. Hanna, of Ar
llng'ou, delivering the funeral address.
lEareka Herald.
A child of Mrs. W A. Iteed, hid been suf
fering with the diphtheria, and in coughing
a small portion or tho discharge from th
child's throst was thrown on Mrs. Iteed
haul, where there happened to be an abra
slon of tbe skin. From this her arms be
cametcrribly swollen and very painful.
Augusta Uazette, 30.
At the election last Saturday for tho voting
ol 910 In towushlp bonds to build a brldg
across tho Whitewater, at, or near the Wll
day Ford, but a small vote, not more than
one-half In the township, was cast ; the vote
stooJ IS) for the bridge and bonds to 2S
against, being a majo'lty of 110 In favor of
the bonds.
Concordia Empire, 31
The Concordia Board of Trad hasobtalnis.1
a charter, having tiled articles of incorpora
tion with tho Secretary of State, directors
hae been chosen, and last night officers were
to be elected. Most of our buslutrsa men havt?
Joined tho organization, and the interests of
tile towu will now bo see u to. To "business,"
lEIIlnwood tCrtouCo.) Express, Jan. 30
Howls tcls lor Sunny Kansssr Mr. M.
Towers rowed seven aires of wheat on Iho
2.M day of January, 1S7J The ground was In
splendid condition, and lie had not tbe least
trouble. This Is tho only wheat sowing
matlneo wo have heard of so early In the sea
I.tnn County Clarion, .t).
Tho enow has about all disappeared. Melt
ing oil by the beat of the sun, the water pro
duct il has been principally absorbed by tut,
earth, which wai not f rczeu under the snow;
enough, however, run Into tho streams to
start tbem to running briskly, which Insures
plenty of slock water through tbe remainder
oljtho winter
lEmp re City Echo, 30.
Johnny Sulcrgood, aged between five and
sis years, fell from a pair of stilts Monday
evening, breaking both bones or tbe right
arm, three Inches aboe tbe wrist. As one
of the boBos bad been fractured only a few
weeks since, 11 is likely tbe little fellow will
sutler q Jltc u long time from the lust acci
Emporia Ledger, 30.)
Two colored persons were married In tho
Friend's meeting-house. In this city, a fdw
evening since, where the Intelligent colored
divine graiely remarstd : llroder and Sis
ter, I hold In my hand de laws of da United
Mates, and by dls authority I pronounce you
man and wile " A slight variation from the
formula generally and on such occasions.
Olalhe 1'rogresx, 30.1
Mr. David Ueffiliiger, ol Miami county, re
cently killed n 1'olantl China hog, the gross
weight ol which was to) pounds, and net
weight when dressed SJ5 iiound. So mo
time ago before cold weather it weigh
ed 1jOi pounds. It was six feet ten Inches
long and girded six feet ten und one-half In
ches. It was two yearn old last April and was
bred by Mr. W.O. Anderson, nearOcheltree,
In this county.
La Cygne Journal, I.
On Monday, at his saw mill in this city
Mr. M. W. Weaver was knocked Into a state
unconsciousness by some K feet of green
lumber falling on him. lie remained insen
sible to his condition for tnlte awhile, but
Anally came to. llewasaole to be around
on Tuesday. It was a narrow escape from
death. Mr. Weaver Is to be heartily con
gratulated that the accident did not prove to
be xnoro serious.
Linn County Clarion, 33.J
Onr shep men report their flocks In One
condition. The winter has been favorably
tor feeding and the prospect for the wool clip
Is good. More attention should be given to
this branch of Industry. There is no place In
the United States where sheep do better than
they do in Kansas with the same attention
and there is no Investment that pays so
well In this country aa a good Sock of sheep
properly selected and well managed.
Junction City Union.
Junction City U a-, timing more metropol
itan airs. Her principal street Is. now lighted
at night by lamps, fourteen having been
placed In position at alternate street corners,
on both sides of Wtuhlugtoa street, from
Fourth to Tenth, or roa the Allen to the
1'aelflc house. When Illuminated at night
tbey present a beautiful appearance, and
they areas useful as ornamental. Everybody
Is pleased with them and complimenting the
city lathers for the splendid investment.
Ellsworth Reporter, 30.
Cattle are generally doing well. A.N. Mc
Lennan, ' P. Thompson and Freemen
Brothers, of Mulberry Creek, report their
herds as looking well. Ed. Paulson has lost
but flfty head out of 2.000 which, consider
ing his cattle were driven la late, and were
In poor condition, L-t doing well. Mr. Plai
ner, Messrs. liowards, I. B. Long, Itevz. A.
Esslck and Sternberg all report that their
herds are thriving. The cold weather ol last
month took off the feed, but the pleasant
weather of the last week gave the cattle a
chance to get most of their living on the
rwn c&ors rvjox the same field in one sia-
vn Unn County Clarion. 30.1
SLrvArthnr UmooS, ot snenaan township,
left at our office on Wednesday, samples of
wheat and corn raised on the same ground on
hlafarmlnloTJ, He harvested his wheat af
ter It was folly matured and broke the ground
and planted It to corn and raised more than
twenty bushels to tho acre ofgood, whlto
eorn. ot rare ripe, but of ordinary sized
ear. We have tbe samples at our office for
inspection by any who donbtthe practica
bility of raiting .corn ou wheat stubble In
jS. w

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