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The Leavenworth weekly times. [volume] (Leavenworth, Kan.) 1870-1880, April 17, 1879, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84027691/1879-04-17/ed-1/seq-1/

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Co-iicnratire. ErtabrsheJ.br I
D-A. Anthcn Jacmrr 1861 f
NUMBER 1,203.
W v
".- ,
tEffMltia 3iliiK8
a pi.wrmiji.
As there is to be no national Democratic
convention thi" year Mr Stephens, of Geor
gia, proposes that the. Democratic Congres
eional caucus phll icrfunn its functions
to the extent of building a platform upon
which the parly may stand.
ci iiii en ATI".
Head tLe interesting lettir on car first
page this morning, by our traveling cor
rcsjiondent, eiescriptive of Cloud county.
Cloud is in thp eccccd tier from the nor'h,
about' the middle ot the S'ate, and is as fine
a body of land as everlhe pun phone upon.
Concordia, the county town, is one of the
liveliest ad most pro? percus towrs in the
State. It is growingrapidiy, azd offersnew
Peltiers euperior jdvantptr".
ICKl'I'ltl.li; tllJ'NTV.
An excellent letter from Scat-dia, by our
traveling corres.ondent, descriptive ot Re
public county, will be found on our first
page this niornirg. Itepublic county is in
the northern ier, fcbout midway from east
to wei-t, and is oi e of the finest and richet
counties in the State. Its resources have
only began to be developed, and it offers at
tractive inducements to thrifty and enter-
prising t ctt'ers.
The St. Louis 11 mU,ean of the IPb, in
an article uion the ' negro liegira," saTi-:
Alreidy Republican Kansas i- clamor
ous with indigDyiiin at the outrage in
flicted ujion il, at d the joor negroes fird
theuitlvm surrounded by enemies inctead
of frietd.
Nothing could be more untrue or more
unjust than that pla'ement. We do not
invite the indigent iHr of all the world to
come and ftwten lhemtlves as a burden
upon u, but 'K publican Kanat," keejt
her doors wide opeu to the unfortuca'e of
every land, nd has r-om and welcome for
every man, whatever his naticna'ity or his
color, who conns to l.er thorea peeking
refuge from oppression.
WM.l.IA'l I.I, .VI) t. itIHSO.V.
To a New York Her Id interviewer Wil
liam Lloyd Garn-on cajs that he icjards
the sudden ixodus of the black men, not ns
a geieral or conctr.ad scheaie through the
Southern Mai s, but purely local. It is
cauKd, too, in hn belief, by the poverty of
the colored iu.ie and by ih. fact that lh(v
are oircitl ai.d in pouie earth' Lulldi zed'
by the white inet, who e pelfs they former
ly were. But he cannot eee any way to set
tle the relations belwii-n tie races or re
move the cau-es of discord and dinirust tht
now exi-t, unites a sj.irit of mutual concts
pion ami toleration he fur-il. The lot of
the colored luan is tat in the S jutfcern
Slates. There he liiust htav, pays Mr. Gar
rison, and it v. ill dend as much on his
white neighbor or n.ploM'r a on him-eif
whether his condition be prosperous or not.
And, 1 c add, the future of the buuth uui-t
in a great measure deer.d on the condition
of ha color. 1 :ator.
A ;i:n riti. ski r.
Tae Iiuisville Co r'tr-Journal rises to
cfKr the fullowii.g remark:
The uiigraticg blaeks, who are reported
to be chert f ca-ti in .St oil!-', should
make a loud dnncl ,n lli.ir Kfiub!icai,
"frimK" fur the imn.ei.tf Mim etulen from
tiiem bv the nfuie aid "ftitrds," ihrougli
the cunning egeicy of the FrecduietiV
JSauk. If the R-iiitilicr'S rilly waul tn
help the io.t black mau" jH.cuataily, they
might have tLe dctucy to resioie that pto
len momy.
And th Ixuisville GvrurJovrnnl is
perriimltd to sit down again by the follow
lrg broad slap frcin the Chicago Inter
Ocetnz Yes, it i a gixnl iint; the Freedmsn's
Batik Kep:iblicn clioulii contribute IiIkt
ally. A' il r ili ii'il kmiw t at il would
be ami-s f r th O-.I i.d lis conMituentp.
who fjr genratiubs Ikvp livd S if lite
Iabr of hee people ho have sp-rulst-!!
in their lle-h h ,1 bluoil, sn't g own rich bj
it, to iiow cou'rim-- t-uuilhin to seltb
them wiier th-j can live in peace. It i
mvan to rob a mt of h ft-w dollars of ln
bard-eirneil ge', but the man who has
all his life b-n t:g"gei) in the bti'ines'
phould li-i-itite about calling attention U
the Mil'j ct
Ariiii, ttiiiHii tr niMi.xir.
The National Iitrd, or "Bureau," of
Health, provided for in a la prstd at the
last sts'ion of Congress, held its first meet
ing in Wpshipgton la-t we k. The Board
is compoi-ed of one representative from the
mi (Ileal staff of the "ruiy, one from tnedical
Ptffof the navy, cm- from the Marine hospi
tal service, one from the Attorney General's
department, and seven gentlemen design
ated by the Pie-sM.nt, -ubjsct to the ai
proval of the Senatp, the only provision le
ing that only one sha 1 be appointed from
a single Stale. 1 lie firt four memlers of
the lmard receive no c miensation outside
of their regular salaries except for travel
ing expenses; the seven others receive ten
dollars a ley while upon duty and their
traveling exrcn-cs alo. As at j resent con
stituted, the 1kti1 consols of Dr. J. L.
Cabell, of the Univerrily of Virginia,
President; Dr. J. S. Bi'Iings, of the L. a
Army, Vice Pro-iJent; Dr. T. 1. Turner, of
Vie Kavy, Secretary; Dr. Henry I. Bow
ditch, of Massschi.selts; Dr. S. M. Bemiss;
of New Or!ean; Dr. Johnson, of Chicago;
Dr. Mitchell, of Memphis Dr. Sle-plun
Smith, of New York; Dr. Verdi, of Wash
ington; Dr. Baiihace.of the Marine Hospital
Service, and a representative of the
Attorney General's office. The as
sociation is as yet in embryo, ac
ing as an advi-ory baard, but it is pro
posed to make it more active in the future.
The work which the board has accompliskVJ
is briefly as follows: It has rgreed upon
the provisions of a bill to promote the pub
lie health and to prevent the introduction
of contagious and infections diseases, and
has transmited that measure to the
Senate Committee on Lpidemics, at whose
request it was prepared. It has also se
lected a number of scbjcU which require
immediate attention and has referred
them for investigation and consideration to
the various standing committees upon food
adulterations, epidemic diseases, statistics,
etti, and to the executive committee, which
when the board is not in session, has full
power to act in all matters net involving
the expenditure cf money. With a view
to a more crreful study of contagious and
epidemic dheasrs in foreign countries, the
board has appointed a specUl commission,
which will shortly pail for Havana, to in
vestigate the yellow fever question in the
island of Cuba. The boasd is now pre
paring and will soon publish a general
circular, which will embody its views as to
Its own dutiej and the beet methods to be
pursued in execution of them. Another
meeting will be. held in cocjjcction with
the American Medical Association at At
lanta, Ga., May lit
"Tonr Candidate I Casaoi Be."
IUtlca,(X T-),Observcr, Dem.1
The OJserwr is authoriii.1 and requested
to say that under no eircumataare whatso-
t will Governor Seymour consent to be
nruinaw tar pBBUcoaiee.
Gen. Joe Hawley told an interesting story
in his rpecch on the army bill. It is re
ported in the Gmgrtnicnat lUcord thus:
I had at one time the extraordinary sat
isfaction of goini: into a Southern State and
purchasing the title to a learned clergy
man, i actually carried home in my
locket the title deed to a Doctor of Di
vinity. Laughter. A man ran away in
ins youth, educated him'elt, became an
honorable preacher of the Gospel, and got
his diploma as D. D. When your slave law
came out he wanted to be free, and I went
South to purchase his freedom from the ODe
who claimed to own him. I was willing
under the circumstances to purchase him,
but ps he had malehimelf a Doctor of Di
vinity, I did not think the estatehad a right
to claim pay for the improvements laugh
ter, so I bought him as "Jim," one negro
man Jim. He received his title deed of
freedom. It ii upon the records in Hart
ford, Conn., that in consideration of SI,
and. above all. of the indefeasible "right of
all men to be free, he was entitled there-
alter to own hiineell.
The Chicago Tribxme xt marks, in refer
ring to the above, that few ierson have
owned Doctors of Divinity ; but those
churches that have had thm have fcucd
them to lie, we are informed, very good ser
vant". They are easily impofid upon and
cheated, as many congregations can testify.
a;am; i-'AtrioKT.
Messrs. Kirby Brothers' of Burlington,
New Jersey, manufacturers of cann.d
goods, have for some time past been mak
ing arrangements for establishing a can.
ning factory in this city, and expect to
commence operations at an early day.
'I he Atchison Cliajppiun, of yesterday morn
ing, referrfng to this ma'ter sajg:
A member of the funi of Kirby Bro.'s,
spoken of in the Ommpicn several days
ago, will be in Attli'nou to-morrow, to take
a look at the prc-s;ct of establishing a
canning factory I ere. This is the firm thai
Ia;iveiiworth hss leen endeafr.ring to in
duce to locate in that city. In a letter to
Mayor Ilohr they state that they pnfer Jo
eating in Atdrson, if they are acrorrfdl
the Urc ssary encoura;ein'Df. Let our citt
zem to it that Mr. Kirby is properly
iecived and the pdv?ntgea of our city
prorerly explainid to him.
The CImkijmii is just a litt'e too fist. It
is poesiMe that the geutleioeu referred to
intended to start a factory at Atchi-on,alsc,
but te are inclined to think the report
mostly "blow;" at any rate it lus nothing
to do with the e.-tabi.ehicent to be started
here, f. r Me-s'ra. Aberuathy Brothers yes
terday received a letter from Mr. C II.
Kirby to the ctlect that he was already on
the way to Ieavenworth, and might be ex
pected here to mcrrow.
T'li: .c t. i .M H'lE'iT.
The New York Time pu"li-hea reports
from correspondents in eery S.ate in the
Union as to the IVifiiitntial prtfen t.ces of
the people Thee reiwrts purport to give
the popular sentiment in nearly 1 OuO dif
ferent Iocalilis, representing 157 Con
grtFsional districts. In ISO districts heard
from the Republican ecntiment is unmis
takably in favor i General Grant as a
Presidential candidate, and in 1 1 in favor of
Blaine. In the others the names of Conk
ling, Garfield andi-herman were mentioned
The Democrat c sentiment is in favor of
Tilden in 1)9 districts, of Thurman in 2:5
scd of lt.-.yard i:i 11. The reports lead the
riwa to conclude that were the Republi
can convention to be held at once that
Gecerul Grant vouid receive the vole of
every State but Maine, Nevada, and Ore
gon, and j-ox-ibly California. The move
ment in favor of l-Jranl, it is c.ncvdwl,
originate! wiih tie people, and cot with
the politician-, while, on the other hand,
Mr Tildi-o is being foro-d on the Demo
crats by their leaders. Commenting ujsm
the cauditii n nf affairs outlined abave, the
Chicago 7ftr 0:enn says:
Coming from a par like the Timet,
which has di-couraged the Grant move
iiieut, the repoits summarized above, taken
in connection with the li orial cnuiment,
are piguifitmit. The I tr-Uctan was the
fir-t paer to s tigiint thl lh Riurb m re
action would call out a popular demand for
the re el-ction of General Grant The tub--xxutial
iiuioimity ol the Republicans on
thi- qile-liou di mun-traU how correctly
we gai.;ed jiopular spirit ard sentiment
M inihs pgr w.- said: 'What has been,
nJ wlut may be siid to d y or to-morro,
cinnol d--ieii the tru-t of the jieople in
tirneral Grant To such a man the people
urn instinctively in critical or dsn;erous
nines. Tliey know him better than our po
litical leaders imagine; nd they trust him
tocau'e thiv have trhd him, and found
!iim strong and true. Such a man inpire
the l-ting devotion of frind (the first
element of s.rength), and, at thesmie time
cau-es his enemies to ie-pct or far him
(another important lepit-nt of itrength) '
nrlli,i I i ilie- ('iiinrj-.
(K lisas Aurteullarit, 5
Tli- Invenwortli Tmi.t now lias two
1ra(UuK correspondents Intervlewlm; Kan
Ms n.d willing up tt e cou-itrj- The I uirs
Ish psxl pirer, snd own'tl by one of the
Ulg2st liearlnl men lu Kansi-s. Ilstrnvil
lng Jntllngers will find the iHtcli-strlns oat
nt the Kansas AgncJturut office, Wainego,
A Cein I'rnm tin- T.i In i n p Trial.
.1 Iiroilitr Ilatliwa; Te-stlmony.l
I ii lieve that Dr. Talmags got so med
tj dealing in hyherimle that he did n t
know he lied; if a man tells a lie ro big
that nobody bslieves it, there is no harm
in it Dr. Talmage has always treated me
Dcuiand lor . Ilaiikrnitt Lsu.
IMIssoiirt Ki-publlCMU, 11.)
The Bo-ton board of trade has appointed
a committee to draw up a new national
bankrupt law, and aked the New York
chamber of commerce and the chambers of
commerce and boards of trade of other citii-
to co-operate with it in an effort to secure
the pxsago of such a law. The New York
chamber ha taken favorable action. The
need of a fair national system of bank
ruptcy has heen recognized more than ever
-icce the old law was repelled though the
rtj-eal of that cumbrous and costly act pro
duced almost universal satisfaction ; and it
is certain that, under that restoration of
credit and revival of buinefs now begin
nirg to take place, the need will be felt
still more.
A Ilaekeifird f-priiig- m Ohio.
Claclnuatl Oszctte, II.
The late scows and almost steady cool
weaihcr cf the spring have kept back vege
tation in Ohio, from lake to rmr, so that
at this time it has made but a faint pign of
verdure. The trees, save the willows along
the streams, give hardlv a sign of life. The
grass is not more than is often seen in Feb
ruary. The wheat looks finely, but all
nature awaits the fructifving influence of
heat and moisture. The whole country
nereis rs.in. which at this writipg has
come. With all this, w shall probably
have an early spring. All nature is read"?
to start forward, ami may now do it with
out liability to nipping frosts. A verv
few dsv ot growing weather will make a
great change in the apect of the countrr.
the conditions promie a fruitful year.
Tlicy Acted In Itie Proper spirit.
Chicago Tribune, ll.J
There is a disposition to accuse Senator
Carpenter, of Wisconsin, of party infidelity
because, upon the question of admitting
Senator Bell, of New riampshire,hc has not
thought it his duty to vote in the affirma
tive. The admission of members should
never be a party question. Questions of
the lejalityof election and qualification of
members ought to be decided always as
questions of law and not as party matters.
No man should be admitted or rejected be
cause of his politics. If Mr. Carpenter as
a lawyer, and he u an able one, thinks the
appointment of Mr. Bell illegal, he should
vote to that effect without rtfeeence to 3Ir.
Bill's politics. Some eight or ten Demo
cratic senators voted to admit Bell against
the judgment of a majority of their party,
la thia they acted creditably, mad ia the
spirit which shonld always govern the de-
niiwot mcaim lima
The Springfield corrf spendent of the Chi
cago TVitune, in writing to his paper of the
doings of the Legislature cow in session,
made use of language in referring to cer
tain members of that body, which, to say
the least,waa not complimentary, though its
truth has not been called in question by the
public A r-rmmitite of investigation was
appointed, and the corresporCent, Mr
Xevins was summoned to give the name of
his informant to the committee.
This he refused to do ard was reported to
the House for contempt When brought
to the bar he etill declined, and was there
upon committed to jiil for contempt His
counsel, ex-Governor Palmer, sued out a
writ of habeas corr-us returnable before
Judge Zane, of the Fifth Judicial Circuit
of Illinois. After elaborate arguments on
both sides Judge Zane, declined to grant
the piisoner'a discharge and remanded him
to jsil until such time ae he signifies hu
willincners to answer, the questions
propounded to him by the speaker of the
Home. Unless thi cae i' reviewed en
appeal, it settles the con-traction and prac
tice under the Illinois common law, cf the
constitution and statutes in regard to con
tempts of the Legislature, and p-ttlts it in
the jiower of a majority of either I Ioure.in its
discretion, to commit any ore to jsil tor
contempt who refufes to answer nuestion
which the body decides to be proper. As
legi-latiires go, perhaps thi- will b found
to be a very dangerou iKjwcr with which to
arm a majority- Bat i' is well to have it
stated clearly, so that one can know when
he.ii liable to punishment
kouim.m: a sv.viuoGiJf.
DuriiiK 111" Panour Tiller rarrlr
Olf n. Tornli Coierin;r wiJ .Silver-
Philadelphia Time, ..J
While the Passover eervice -rat in prcg
re's in the Redd Slia'on Synagogue, at
Broad and Mount Vernon streets, on Tues
day, a thief entered by the luck dor and
hi. in the cellar. Some time ltlwrtn (he
end of the morning ceremonies at noon and
the Ik-ginning of the evening service at 0
the thief a-oecdetl to the symgogue asd
commenced nitrations on the ark, w ich is
a port e.f rlot containing the lts, or
Torah. Kach Torah consist- of the five
bAs if Mo-es, written in Hebrew. The
are for th" u-erof the minister, who reads
a chspKr from one Torah at every eeivice
Usually the Torah is enca-eii in une fhk
and a numlwr of Silver creaments, euch as
Ml" and shields, are arrnged on eini.
An adjun.t of the Torah is a oli-hrd stii k
cf silver, a foot and a half long. On its
end is a small silver hai.d, having
the fnrefingr extended. Tim is u-ed by
'he minUter for tracing the words along the
Torah iJurin' the rudirg ef the.
jirayers. The silk and silverware are
worth considerable, and frequently have
lieen stolen. In the Rodef S-halom syna
gogue the thief broke op-n the ark and
carried away the-e arti- les. There vn
eight Torah in the ark, but th- thief tijok
only one set of cilverware, a silk covering
and one winter. Thee were all that I.e.
could readily carry.
TriRl nf a lelexreipli per-or.
New telegriph operators hive to undergo
a recep'iyu which Iwrders on the treatment
known to college freshmen as hazing. Tl.e
cTjfr,Tfi thus describes it: The new man
walks into an office fnll of pjrarg- fares,
not a friendly hand 1 1 shako, i'h nothing
to rccunmend him but his ability as an
operator, and his implicit ouifi.lence in
that ability for his only encouragement
He approaches the manager's desk, ard
after five or ten minutes the man iger con
descends to glance upward, and in a tcce
full of thunder, bltintlv inipiires. "Well,
sir, what is ii?" The "freshman" p!a'e his
bifines, and the minsger jirooes to give
him a trial. Accordingly he is asigcel to
an instrument and told that he is i "re
ceive a sjiecial." Hi feelings at this junc
ture are about the sam as thoe piipio-cJ
to lie experienced by a man who is about
to lie hsrged Nervously grasjiing the
en heltgins to copy, 'lhe rsiiratiou
trickles down his hsnd. which makes that
member pdhereto the blank, his en stick"
fast, the ink is the thicke-t crTncoun
tereil, and there is nothing left for him but
to break. Casting a guiltv glance about
him to se if any one is Iookirg, he
ranches for the key anl explain to the
sender that he is a new man "pie ie take
it steady;" but this only makes matters
wor-e. "The pender berins to "whoo 'em
up," and as the cold chills ran down bis
spinal column the 'fnhnianV n in
dites characters uion the blank roeniblirg
the Chinere hieroglyphics on a tea Ikjx.
This torture usually occupies about hall an
hour, wh-n the welcome n m" (no more)
falls roothingly upon his ear. He breathes a
igh of relief, and locks nbout him. Behind
him stand half a dozen operator, with
grinning countenances. In a moment light
bgmgtodawn upon the "lit-hman' he
i the victim of a joke. A glance iri anoth
er direction tlipcloes the fact that ths mit
rapid sender in the office had ben trars
mining to him from the column" of a dsi'y
liaper for tie aniii-viiient of the "Iiovs." If
he accepts the ituatirn a- a joke he U in
itiated, but if becomes argered, he is trill
a 'freshman."
Exlrnslie Fepileri t- I'io Atrlilvon,
Tcpckn and Ram l'" Horn).
Chlca-o Tribune, 10
The Atchison, Tureka and Santa Fe
Railroad compsny auurunte" the incors
ration of the Kansas City, Emporia and
Southern Railroad company to build a
road from Emporia via Eureka to the
HWth lice of the State of Kansas, of which
sixty-five miles will be construct! this
ye'r, at an estimated cotof $10,."00 per
mile. The incorporation of th- Cowley,
Sumner and Fort Smith Railroad company
is also announced by the Atchison, Topeka
and -janta Fe, to build a mad from Wich
ita via Winfield to the southern line of the
State at or near Arkansas City, in Cowley
ccunty. and also from a point on that road
via Wellington to the south line of the
State of Kansas, at or near Caldwell, of
which it will construct this year twenty
eeven mile". The same company has also
"ectired the incorporation of the Marion
ami McPhtrsnn Railroad company
to build a road from Florence via
Marion Centre and Mcheron City to a
point oo its main line in Rice cotintr. cf
which fortv-six and one-half miles will 1h?
coc'trrcted this year, at an estimated cost
of S9..KK) per mill" The Atchison. Topeka
and Santa Fe railroad company will lease
the several roads en their completion, fur
nishing rolling-"tPck and paying a rental
of not less than S3 per rent nor more than
thirty-eight per cent ot their respective
gross earning", as may be (Itemed equitable
when the lease are nude. Thee several
companies will isiie a first-mortgage bond
running thirty years, with interest at
seven per cent per annum, payable semi
annually, principal and interest guaran
teed by the Atchion, Trpeka and Santa
railroad cnmpasiy, and limited to SS.OOO
per mile. In consideration of this guaran
tee the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe
railroad company will receive all the cap
ital stock of these several companies, less
what is delivered to the several counties
and town-hips for aid voted.
To secure the money nce-sary to con
struct the several road", the Atchison, To
pek A Santa Fe road offer the following
proposal: ror one thousand dollars in
ca.-h the company will give one one thou
sand dollar bond of one of these companies
and one share of the capital stock of the
Atchison.Topeka & Santa Fe railroad com
pany, each holder of seventy shares of said
stock bting entitled to subscribe for nee
thousand dollars or multiples thereof. This
pub-cription is now offered to the stock
holders of the Atchison.Topeka & Santa Fe
railroad, of record April 15. until April IS.
7be Indication ravarable.
Detroit Post.,
The indications of the Ohio elections are
in every way favorable politically. That
State will be carried by the Republicans
this fall and cext.
A Tonne Itiaaop.
A nephew of Cardinal Manning is to be
Biabop ol the new Roman Catholic Ses of
Middleboro, Yorkshire. He ia not forty
yanra el n but ia Ttry popular.
Interest Injr lell'r From a JJeuiIeuian
YVbn Kan Traveled Tlironsti the
St. Loui3. April 0, 1S73.
Erlltor times:
I have read N. A. Phillips' ltte r in your
paper of the Sth to the Ne York Tribure,
in regard to the exodus of the tegroes
from the Southern States to your State
with considerable interest Having lived
in the Scuth since the termination of the
war (and was in the army th At was suc
cessful), and having traveled in the States
of Arkansas, Mi"L-sippi and Iwiiana
pretty extensively for the pvt eight years
as a commercial man, connected with a
large cotton hcttse in New 0.-lcan, my vo
cation threw me a great deal smeng the
whites and ncgrce of that section, and I
hive had chances t make obsxvation",and
knowing the relations existing between the
whites acd blacks as regirds bu-iness and
politics, I thought it might be interestirg
to your readers to give you my observa
tions. We will take up first the culture of
cotton. One good, stout man. with a mule
and the nrcfs-a'T implements, which cr.n
pit cf a plow, sweep and h'-e, can cultivate
ten acres of cotton, by 1 ein up early and
late, but Rilhout Sffistance Le cnrot pick
it (T as you would say harvest it), with
out extra ex ens?. He pays rent ;r at rr
S10. An acre cf good land
will prodiiev a bale of lint cotton of 430
pound", (which is a large yield in a f ivora
ble feasfm for the b-st of land) or 1.CO0
pounds of feed cotton. Lint, i the cotton
after it is separated from the seed and after
beit g baled is ready for market therefore
"ted cotton is as. il is picked iroai ikeiitalk
without leing ginned.
The oo-t of culture of t-n acres will U
about as follows, which ds rot iiielud
provisions for himself or mule acd outlay
of implements:
Tknf n'fin arrf.10 iwrarre .....
: Iffl
(ii'ifiiiiir lin In e. 4 .'One- b !.
It.y.nSauj n;! leu bal s, . 2'
Which makes for outlay -. - . i Iw
Oa thi" ten arres he raises 4,300 Miund
of Jint cotton wor.h the past year at an
average not tiimeih-n jn-onnie puma'
tier w.-tild makeS;!:iT30, ln-arinz abalatire
of $172 3.' out of which he ha to feed his
ruii.e, cloth ard fed himself, rhould be
have the lst'er. For rcrn he has to p-y at
iei.n 1 r bushel, 4 to 5-3 per haml f..
f ir meal. 0 cents a p nr.d for hacrn, HI
U ,uii!sof his. no coflee tl aril she'pphcehij
apparel at the-.ame prnior!iiin, sothat any
one can easily jodte hnw lorg it would
take a man to get rich at thtfe figures
acd how Ions thev would work a
these figures wl en they could get
13 to 20 rents j-er iriird frr lluir roiti r
Theyouid mfke bo'h en's t"t-t by cl e
economy ard pay the rrnt v cx rbit -i
iriie.s.r irovisiors, ec. 1 h- ocners oi
tihntations charged th r-'urul eopb
jili-l as murh rent fur their laV- vIit tot
ton i.is wcrth only an avr-ce f S to 10
cents jer pcund. a wbr it w" worth
psy tenyearsag-,20and"3cinlB jtriound
The colored man's necvsiii-s re v-ry few
("irn hmd, hacin, cnff"', tuincco ami
jsri" clothing for himself is alt he rnpiire
:o ! happy, aud soni-1 -pnhrs f r the
fetuile lortion. With plenty of ih ab ve
f jr tl oaiselves pnd fstnilies, yu'i wi'l find
thm happy aud ontentei!, far as the
l3lv is rorcerred. In the best cotton
lands on the Mississippi river are a gre a'
many meic'iants. who hae no scruples in
taking advantaje of the ivnorn-ce of the
negr and swindle them ontrtgeonslv
with their cheap ehoddr goods f all kind.
The negro like" to exerci-e the privileg
of voting eccordiug to his own
ideas, 'which is to vote th
the Heiiibli-an trrket without icratchipg
What is not in accordance with the views
of the Southern men, as what thfT "tight to
d", hence, the diOVrencelietween the lulior
er anil landlord. The npgro thinls in vot
ing the IVmocrn'ic ticket that !. is doinf
some'hipg to put his rzee iMck into Incil
sge agsin, und would rather die than do so.
The young I.-mocra-y will not let theui
vote at all. unless ilev vi-te as Dtmo
ends may direct, anl fr. pii-rt!y if thevs
hiti't want lo vnte or c-ti 't vi'i- tlitir owijj
choice, lliey pre hull di z .1 in'o voting (
against their choie-. htskir2 a.l in all
the negro csn hardly b b'aiued for wactirg
to migrate to a land or S'ste where thA
can vote as they please. Thsy have more
of a liking for Kansas on .icruint of it"
being the home cf old John I!ron, and
other remtntic circnnistanos connected
with the organization of the State as a free
State, which th-y have iit Iigiti to appre
cia'e. he i eottle of the Sou h will ims
them n very treat deal, and I think they
will ifter a litile while, see that it will b
to their interest to allow them tn exercise
their right of suffirage untnolctid, aud re
duce their reu s on land, ai.d i-tl) them the
nece""iries of life at a living profit, root
out the had. or at least ce that the they
do not swindle the onr ignorant negro out
of all he is able to make.
1 anticipate rather hard time for th
colored people for the first four years, in
vc.ur woodless State. Where thev ratne
from they had plenty of wood, ard liked
big fire" with oirn ilrjors in weather yon
would call p!eaantly warm.
aiadmiir It nnpHrts'i, l.nl Vird.
Madame Ronaparte is reported to hive
diid in the Pre-tiyterian faith, in fchich
bhe was born. Oa Tue-day she ai-kl that
someone would pray for her, and a clergy
who was summoned mad" a prsver which
teemed tn impref" her grettly. Sitnehours
sfter she related hi" word" rela'ive to the
AtonTiert, -nil added pof ly, "That's in
the Bible" These were her lact coherent
word". She i" said to have hrorght up her
child in th Catholic faith from gratitude
to the Pope, who refused to annul her
marr'age. She s far from an irreligious
woman, and i" known to havi prated de
voutly every night and morning.
ire it a I.tt'lo ii.ik rianieit Tli.iii Hie
ICftt sf Iiem
Xew York Tribune, 9 J
The Mississippi newspaper which thanked
God that "we" had captursd the capilalj
and which was repudiated by Mr. Muldrow
because it was not a representative Demo
cratic organ, now ri'cs to explain that it
supported Mr. Muldrow for Congres", and
he seemil to be under the impression at
that time that its Democracy was pretty
good. The Mis-i'rippi editor is entitled to
the repr:t of people who like tn have a
ra-.n say what he think"; he differs from
Mr. Muldrow and his like, not in opinions,
probably, but in candor.
yecre'nrr .Sctiur anil lairlmwiiy.
It seems to me a great libertv to take
wjth any lady's name to couple it in print
with that of any gentleman in announcirg
their matrimonial engagement, unless such
pnnouncement has first bei-n made by the
families mo"t nearly cn-orrcc'. The re
jiort that has been so widely circulated by
newsjiapers that Secretary Schtirz is be
trothed fo Mi-s Evirts must lie most em
biViassing to the latter, for I have excellent
reasons for believing it untrue. S.cretary
Schurz is hichly amused about it. and jests
over the authoritative manner in which the
papers have made the announcement. I
have never thought he was a man to choo
for a wife a lady who, however well suited
to him otherwise, is no older than his
daughter. I do not believe he is thinking
of marriage at all. His two daughters,
both of whom are old enough now to eive
him companionship, and his two little boy
make his home a very happy one. He "is
both fond and proud of his children, as he
hs every reason to be. I believe him rttll
to mourn the !o of their mother, who was
in every way a helpmeet to him. She was
a most devoted wife, yet once told me her
husband said she was the severest critic of
his speeches. -bat that is," she added, "be
cause I try to think how others view them '
I shall never forget her great happiness and
content after he had made his fir-t great
speech in theSenate. Ooeof hia colleagues
in the Cabinet told me that "it had been de
cided," whether in the Cabinet meeting or
not he left me to infer, "that tbee things
had gone too long by favor, and if Secre
tary Schurz desired to marry, the lists mut
be open for competition." A compititive
examination according to the reveres: Civil
Service Reform rules would, I suppose, be
insisted npon. I do not ece, however, why
thia should be confine! to ore only of the
nnmarried members cf the administration.
Secretary Schurz should not be the only
prixs when the Vice President and the At-tersey-Geaeral
are also ligib.e.
Ono ot the Moit Beautiful and
ProspBrous of the Northern
Tier cf Counties.
Her Great Salt Marshes A B'g Bo
nanza fcr Somebody
Coal Soil Et
Belleville, the County Seat Scan
pia, the Metropcl'e A Won
derful Little City of
An Increass in Population of Five
Hundred P r Cent in Four
Historic Ground Pike and the
Span'sh Flag Tho Massacre of
the Mormons.
Scandia, UErcnLie Co , April Oth.
Enrron Timls: The glorious and much
nee Jed rain which has fallen within the
pist two days has leenr f incalculable ben
efit to this part of the State, and has ut,
virtually, thousands nr.d thouacds cf dol
lars into the pcckttsof the farmers, who,
to tell the ttuth, were he; inning to look
and fel rather downhearted at tLe ros
Iects in regard to the crops ; winter wheat
more epeci"illy. Rut now everything is
charged ; the hu-bandman is bright, cheer
ful, hopeful and happy: tLe dread is past
aid fear has departed; nature is aa sweet
and smiling as a bride; and
look" a" bpautifnl as can 1st imagined.
Kverv doubt has been completely di.-stpst-
ed and the cloom has disapieared ; wheat
t-ps blithely up to the scratch and the
farmer takes ofThis coat, ready for the bat
tle, encourareil bv such a backer, and is
ure and certain that he will win; the
'radwman i" content and knows that he
ran order as many goods as he likes, f jr he
i" confident of customers muicient to taVe
hem off his hands; the editor whistleth
meirilj, fcr he fcenteth back ny from de
"pondent delinquents in the air; nobody
jrumbles, every hedy i" happv. for the agri
cultural goo-e hansreth altitudilum.
As I have perhap" renurked before, the
way in which the towns in northern and
r.orthwts'ern Kansas are building up is ab
"olu'ely wonderful, and is indicative of a
growth that is as corresrondimily startlirg
et at the same time rmanent pnd solid
It would be an utter mathemitical impos
"ibility to e-titn 'te or even approximate
the numb r of million" of feet of lumber
that are put iato hnildicjs durirg the
course of a month, (for the great majority
of the structures erected arc vood ) There
is not a town that i" not makirg some im
provement, while the mo't of them are
making tremendous strides forward and are
h-ing completely tnetimorphnM.d, fo to
speak, and the man who mw them a year
ago, will hardly recognize them as the same
upon jiaying them a visit cow. The amount
of lumber going over the railroad" to sup
ply the building demand is aMoni-hin;
mil in many cafes tho-e who would lik to
build now are forced to wait until 'their
turn comes and they can ! supplied.
both in the towns and in the country, in
prrcesa of erection ct th present time, can
only ba e-tituated by thousands. It is a
fuinre; worse than a priirie fire; a regulsr
lidemic; iep'e build becau-e they ar
forced to and not because their neighbors
!.; yet. with all thi", the demand for
houses of all kinds is ahead of the supply,
-mil there i" hardly a town but showsi-corcs
of habitations of every conceivable style of
architecture, the prevailing style b-irgcan
vas covered, and hoard nailed on in anj
way, so they will afford shelter. A house
of any kind U in demand, for residence and
business, and many merchants who mme
nut to th.ie towns are forced to build, it
being an impossibility to rent.
Republic is one of the northern tier of
counties, and has been receiving, during
the past two month", a large share of the
immigration now louring in. The firsl
ettleuient.ws made in ISfiO, and although
the early growth cf the county, in the mat
ter of the development of th soil and in
crease of population, was slow, the past five
or six years has witnessed a great charge,
and Republic now rank atnorg the first ot
her sisters. The character of the lar.d in
the rcuntv is high, rolling prairie, with no
"wamps.a good mpplyof limber, numerous
water course", spiendid building stone, verv
little wa-te land, a soil rich and deep and
adapted to every variety of grain and fruit,
gnod water, the average depth of the well",
with the exception of one or two locations,
being from twenty-five to fifty fet, and
which furnish the very purest, freshest ard
beet of Adam's ale. The limber found in
the county include walnut, hsckberry, oak,
Cottonwood, and ced.ir. The population a
the ptesent time is something over 12.C00,
which, at the present rate of increse, w II
lie almo-t, it not quite, doubled. hen th"
census of 1SS0 i" laken. In WO th num
ber f inhabitants wa 1 2M ; in 1S7.3, the
census sheets showed S,01S. the iccteefe ir
five years being fi,"(7; the census of 1S7S
bore'the n'ms rf 10,132, while that of thi
year was over 12,000, the increase in th
past eight years having been about 10,000
The Republican ri7er, entering at the
northwest corner, traverf es the entire length
of the county in a slightly southeasterly di
rection, and atlonts a tins water power
There are several flour. aw and grist mill
alon its banks, and as the other rcource
of the county are developed this stream will
play an important part. Ther are hut one
or two streams in lhe Stale which offer sti
jierior inducement to the Rpnblicn in
this respect. Mill and Roe creefca, which
flow east into the Little Blue, White Reck
creek, which flow3 northeist, ard Beaver
creek, southeast, into the Republican, and
West and Elk creek, which take a south
erly direction, are all fine ftream, bide"
which there are numsrons "mailer water
course, which afford the soil an abundant
supplv of moisture and are n great rein
forcement in a dry seaon. The bottom cf
White Rock creek is wide and very rich,
being heavily iimDjrett.
Tn the nnthf astern part of the countr.
in ttrant t)u-riip, i located what i known
as the "Great Sill Marsh," which embrace
or cover about four thousand acres. Weils
of brine have been obtained at a depth rf
six feet, sixty-five gallon of which are sai2
ti produce a bubel of very fine salt, con
taining le-s than lour per cent, of impuri
ties, fhere i also another salt marsh in
Beaver towphip,in the extreme pouthwet
trn part of the country, which crabrare"
about five thousand acre, bat to which
vtry little attention has been paid as yet,
and which ha been but little developed
The "Great Salt Msr-h" is something like
a huge bisin filled ith palt water, and, if
properly developed acd worked, would
prove a big bonanza, to somebody. The
town of Seap in Grant township", south
western part of the county, would be a grod
point for the establishment of a salt facto
ry, and from present exprcvioc it may not
b very long until one Is built there. The
article made from the brine is said to be of
a superior quality, is in paying quantity,
and therefore worth something. Ee"ides
the utility of these marshes their peculiar
ity will in time attract attention, for salt
water isn't had every dy nor every place
for the simple digging.
The amount of capital invited in manu
factures in the county is estimated at about
$23,000, although no doubt the sclual fig
ures would show tides that Th cheese
factor, tagkt nulea aout&weat of Scacdia,
I srrrn"'T2' -ayy
is doing a. good business, snd turns out
prime article, acd in addition to thw there
13 a larr, figuring mill at Scandia, run by
water power; another, at White Rock, and
another, run by steam, eighteen miles
eouthwest of Belleville.
has been found in the southern part of the
county at a depth ranging from forty to
seventv feet, and is extensivelv ned through
out the county. The coal i of good quali
ty, selling at the mines at from $250lo 3
per ton, acd supplies a want which i leu
all the more on account of the comparative
scarcity of timber, the forest land of the
caunty being barely more than three per
cent, lhe farmers ol the county, however,
are planting trees pretty extensively. so
lhat there is no danger of a fnel famine.
It is found in greater or les au'i dance in
Lincoln. Jellerion. Norway and Grant
The indebledcsiof the county i about
?5G,000. which wa created by the issuing
of boeds to fund outstanding warrant.
Thre is a pinkitg fund of SC.000, ior which
i regular tax is levied. The county has
taken up, during the past year, S3.000 of
'he indebtedness, which leave at the pres
ent time about 531.0C0, which will be lift
ed with little or no effcrt.
A great abuuWce of superior lirae'tone
is found in all the townhij s of the coun'y,
and red saai!-:oi.e in pome localities. Tee
former is usl very largelv for building
nurjio-e. and lime ia manufactured in snl-
llcient quactitieis to supply the local de- j
maniL t-'irH rlsv hEs t.n been di-covered I
in Lincoln and Jetieron towrship. and
intterr clay iu Lincoln acd IJcsc Creek
! number cf seres in the cottniy i
4G0.SO0; tixahle, 201 Oil ; under cultiva
tion, 100C00; increiseof cultivsteJ acres
during the year 1S7S, about 10000.
The value of the garden prodiire. poultry
ind eggs sold last vear ifstimated at S10,-
000 'P- wool c.ip of 1S7S is estimated at
about S 000 pounds,
ilurticulturally i-peakirg, there wt re f-r-ty
acres of nurseries lal year, and the
nuiuberof trees in bearipg about afi!Inws;
Uierrv, 3200; plusi, l'.TOO; apple, 1 CtO;
pesr, 1.3W, and leach. 4:0J0.
The total cost f all the fences in the
county, as reported la-t year, wis $123,000
The ae--ed vjluation ot the ier5onal
prcj erty of the c.un'y is $200,000 ; total
s'-es-ed valuation of all property, SI 100,-
true aluatioa of all r roerty,?l,fc00,-
there are one hundred and four organ
z-d i-cbool distrii Is in the county, ninety
seven of fchich hate school house, the val
uation of scheol property bing 533,000.
Of the school houses seventy are frame,
nine log, three brick and fifteen stone. The
vrage salary paid to male teachers is
t2S 31. and female, .;22 11.
The total valu-t:nn of church property
in the county is S10 000.
'l.e county seat of Republic, is situatd al
ut in the giographical c-nter of the
county, and while at preen! it has no rail
ruid connection there are two 'chews on
f.jot, one to exteid the St. Jo;ph and Den
ver City line from Hanover, in Wa-hington
c 'Unty, throush V a'h:n?on ' Belleville,
cd from that point to Scandin, therce to
Jewell Center; t' p o'her, to exterd tLe
Karsis Pacific from Clyde to Belleville and
f o:u i! ere to Hn.tin.s. nn th line of the
Burlirgton & Mis-uri River roa 1, but no
vote hi yet been ttken on a bond J ropo:
tion from eithir r'.nd The r.c-pitv efs
nilroadi" s'.rongly felt at Belleville, as
thi will play an important part as to where
lie criinty Feat shall 1k ptrmanenl'y
hcste '. I!-l!evil'e is beautifully si'nated,
the only difficulty exs'rier.rtd beirgthat
if obtaining water, wtiich i obtained nnly
by pinking wells to a coni-iderab'e depth.
TI e population of the town i about three
t undid, and the school population one
hundred. There i a fine stone public
-chord Inihling. etcctil at a c-st ot i3,000;
he M E. ard Presbyterian churches Imth
have erected gord hcu-es f worship. The
7r-oie i luhlished at IWHeville. ard i
ioing good work fur the county ar.d town,
n advarcing the bast interest ol b'lh.
White Rock Citv, ten mile porthwe-t of
Scandia. i a gocsl tradirg point, located on
White Rxk creek; Seapt. ten miles south
west of Beville, i alo a ll jurishing villtge,
li-ipg on the border of lhe "Great Sal!
Marrh;" Fairvicw i three miles north ot
S-ipa and enjjys a very good trade All
f theee towns are surrounded by a fine
farming country.
or Scandi", a it i now known, i the me
tropolis ot the county, and l a lively and
bu-t!ing a any town along the lire of the
Central Branch It is a remsrkableli'tlecity
in tact, as it date. its growth from aliout four
months back, since which limp it ha madp
"line very remarkaMe strides fir an intint
Four month ago it might vrith truth be
s.iid that it was nothing; now it i a rity cf
the third rla-; its population now i"five
hundred; it is no irco pirated, and s
"oon a the e'ection i he'd will have a lord
mayor ard five coucilmen; during the l."t
f-iur month ore hurnlred and fifty build
ing of all kiri?. have been e-ected, and
building is etill
The water power at Scandia is the best en
the Repub'ican river, lhe dam having a
olid reck foundation. The flouring mil!
at ibis joint is run by water poser. S-an-dia
has fomething over fifty h:isine"
house, to which addition are bring md
every week, while there are business m n
now awaiting for houses to bi ercted for
their a'-cominoilaiion, for renting a business
place is entirely out of the question. Rei
lences are going up on every h ind. and so
great i the ru-h that many families are
living iu houses upon which cirp-nter are
etijl working As an instance of how they
do thing in Scandia it might be well to
note th fact that the other day a fsmilv
came into town, bjiight a lot at one o'clock
in the afternoon, set a equad of caq ntrr
at ome to work ard by Mindown were oc
rnpying and living in their own I oue at
sundown Chicago ftyle. And again, a
gentleman contracted fcr
a iioi'sn TO LIVE IX,
agreeirg top S130 per vear therefor; he
;iiil the S130, ar.d then the JanllnrJ cot
havirg furd sufficient to complete the
hou-e he advancnl ?100 ni'ire which W2
a goji ining ior tne landtoru. Una' i
no Scandia was originally ire erupted by
a iarty of Swede", who afterward sold it to
the Scandinavian Agricultural Soci-tv the
oriely laying the town out and givirg it
the name ot w Scandinavia. The rail
road a branch of the Central Branch, ex
tending up from Concordia, was cnmp'eted
in January lat, ard from th date of the
advent of the iron horse, or rather a cot-pie
of weeks previous,
A good deal of pbipping will be done from
here a soon as the season open, and if the
town ketH on in the path she is now
treading, and there is no reaon why she
shouldn't, for she has thp nTt sary grit,
push, energy and enterpri-e, she will be a
city of the econd clas in a comparatively
ihort time. This little burg is a fair speci
men of the push and goaheadativeness of
the northwest, which is true American get
up and nothing more nor les. She is all
life, a comely infant, strong, and ith
supreme confidence in herself, which pre
the cecr"ary attribute which cannot fail
to prove tie realization of her fondest
hope. Scandia ha a bak, which has
hit recently started, the Farmers acd Mer
chant'; which ha a paid np capital of S0,
000, and which in already doing a good
paying business. Sh aln has a vinegar
factory, which i doing well, and, in fact,
every clas of btisicess is is r&"perous as
it possibly can b.
nrTocic groc?:c.
Scandia i looted upon historic ground,
for upon the very spot, years ago, Pike,
after whom Amri-a' great peak of the
mighty Rockies is nu.ned, haule.1 down the
Spani-h color and fijited from the fliz-
staff, which formerly bore the insignia cf
royal tyranny and plavery, the itars and
stripes, symbols of freedom to evervbody.
And again, abnt a qu&r'er cf a mile east
of the town is the scene of the massacre of
a party of Mormons, somenmetetn in num
ber, who fell beneath the tomahawk acd
murderous scalping knives of the blood
thirty Pawnees, who killed every mother's
son cf the unfortunate polygamL-ts.with the
exception of one, who escaped to tell the sor
rowful tale- And even now the sharp
ploughshare cf the huv husbandman, as
he breaks the ground for his crops, ttrikis
and turns up to the surface the bones of
some one of the victim, while in Scandia
there is quite a collection of iemain, a lit
ue me worse ior txpoeure, End ot course
Terrdevoidcfflah. whi,ALavelrVvi
a wm formerly the old stamping ground of
the treacherous and warlike Pawnees.
who, as late as 1SCS, murdered a
fifteen year old lad close by the
town a lie was guiding the plow, with
probably no thought of the approaching
(larger. A short time ago. in a cave, not
far from this city,was found the skeleton of
a man with his arms crowed over his head,
leading to the supposition that this was a
burial place for the red men who formerly
claimed this territory for their own. But
the savage's time i past, and where he
formerly held high carnival, and had more
fun than anybody carving up his enemies,
and making love and calping people he
didn't like or had pome grudge against, are"
the streets of a busy city, crowded with bus
inj. Time work changes in no place so
quickly as in Kaxsa.
under a bluff or pin rt range of hill, whtch
erve as a ehelter f rem the driving storms
which come from the north and east, aud a
mure favored lecation could not be found.
The school population of the town is
about one hundred and fifty, but the pres
ent school building beicg insdequate to ac
commod s'e the contantlT increasing num
ber of children a new one i to be erected.
The Kepnblic County Journal, published
here by Mr. A. B Wilder, will put on a
new dre's nxt week, which i indicative
;hat this epitghtly sheet i prrspering. It
i a live Hr published iu a live tnnn,
and is dtstrvediy successful. JoiIX.
How Sle rfstr)i TIiiiuntid-ul Rcl
Ian IVortU oi l'riijuttjr.
IJfew Yort an
Mr. Psgeexhihittd nnrcercu blocks of
wood full cftho'es. Ife also showed
Fpecinirn of the teredo, and gave a dif-
cription of the trnls with which he er'or-
ffli d his labor. Hi boricg appiratu, Mr.
I'.mestid is of a triple character. First
and fort mo-t, ce-eingthat it i a prpj.ction
iruui uie irunt oi ill" fuel iiKe IiU, is hi I
auger, with which he make an entrance I
illt 1 lhp liirfp nf vnnil tn irfiifli 1, ... I
pent to dwell. Sule by side with this i
a gouge, and on the outer siirLice a fi'e
Th teredo can cut in any direction Ife
is supplied with a double siphon, with oli
arm i.f which he helps himself to aniiu i
cu'ii-when he i" at work, and with lhe
oiherejvts his samlu-t through his bodv
into the water behind him. When he
enters the wood he 1 almost intinitenitl
in length breadth, and thickne-s, but afur
he h.i.s liveil for a short time among he
fibrous shades that g'.ve him home .Ind
fo-i'I. he ha grown lo the length of fuur
inche, and i stout enough to warrant the
supposition tint he h.i feasted upon farin
Ateoti fixjd from birth. The tereilo is
pmictilariy trjiibitsjine at the Bittcrv,
but muc-h more so at Ifolsiken, where he
ha de-troyed in six months the piling ef a
pier that co-t thou" uids of dollars Annrg
the i-icitucns of his lieadworfe exhibitxl
by Mr Pagp was it block cut from a mahog
an7 log in the haibjrof Aspiuwall. Th
entrarce hnles mi le by the little pt and
hi fi-Ilow-borers were hanlly viible to the
npl.-'d eye, the s-rforation on lhe opposite
s.degaveth" blick the spjearante of a
target that had lieen honey corned by bul
le's The teredo a si de-trurtive to the
piling ct the Mobile tXew O-lean" Rail
ro id that the roinjiany'is profits were fur a
lorg time eaten up in reparing the danig
loa- by the worm ; and it vn not until
cno-ote oil was ined in impregnating
the wood that they were able to pay
di?id:nd. Thi crtcsote oil, one of the
many pr ducts of coil tar, is the only thing
krown -n -t viil check the teredo. " Frtrh
Wi", hnhever, will kill him an! every
vear reaguing ves-eelsthit have heeu'raidtd
tiioii by tie rm re taken up ths llui
on to R-nikut and other Hiint, where, in
'. v week", no tnc of the borers remain"
excei t the ho'ei he Ins made and the cI
cireou material with which he Las lined
hi tabular dwelling. Two years ago.
Mr IVge rontinurd, a ve"-el, laden with
marble was wrerked off Eire Island. S me
marine ar.imal,skic, perhap to the teredo
but supplied wiih more adamantine im
plements, atiacled the marble nd workrd
hi Kty throngh it a though it was noth
fag harder thin prf' jiipp. A litre of the
m-rblewa ehown. It was completely
A U1IH1Y1 Eij IIAttiJI.
Tbr itellc's nf n. Hindoo Stttte.iumi
mi n I'llgrimacp.
1- rotn the London Queen
Tie llcntuuaril 3Iad rather amuse t:
with its slury ilcut Sir Jurg Bihadoors
widow. A minute and harrowing ac
count wss given of the suttee of the in
eoiioIablp widows of Sir Jung Bthado-ir
immediately after the Innienteil death of
ihut remarkable roan. It was alterwan!
mentioned that only a few of the grpat
minister'" relicts expired in the fl ime, and
ultimately it came to lie siirmis.il that j
sibly only one, the youngest and prettiest,
died by fire. Still it h.is hitherto lieeri
Mieved ttt gonerallv that Sir Jung'
de-ith proved th krell of a considerable
percentage of hi widows, if not the whole
bitch. Thi pleasing rr.manre ha, how
ever been completely discredited by the
arrival in Biniluy on J tn. IS of the whole
lour of lhe widow in que-ti,jn, rcorled by
a dea"hment of tie Nspaule army,
unrter the p.rsonl command of Gen Jrjiot
-ingh "the Lion of th- World" the
eouimarih'r-ir-chiefof thefo-ccof Nepaul
The ladies are en rotre to I)arka, om- of
the five places of pilgnn.sge memiored in
the Shasta as po"se-ing extraordinary
"inc'ily. Jui-gTnattt i n'ither of tt,p
five placoi in question, and Benares i a
third. The holiness of Darka may Iw
inferred from that of it compeers. " The
widow are shroud d from heail to fn,t
with such rarethat even if the ma-ulio
eye wire iermittd to appr-sth th-m it
c-.uld Iesro nothing of their form of f c
lure". But every rate i taken that no"
evn their outer garments mav be s-en by
thpo'Ii-r-ex Acovti-l way w. forn.eil
t tc Bvculia station, pan-fag from thp
railway carriage through the lstlie-s wait
ing room to the carriage in attendance,
and along the passage lhe ladies were
carried or moved lieneath a sort of canopy
of eilver, right rryal in st7le and value.
One? safely got into the carriages, hey
were whiked r.ff to Sunkersett Hou'e,
which was engaged for the occasion,
There tbey were to remain for a short
time, to recover trom the fitigue of the
railway journey bsfi re proceeding to the
The fo lowicg week our contemporary
return"! to the snlj ct, giving some ad
ditionil particulars from a Calcutta pa-r.
"A curious pilgrim parly i row preced
ing through the rouctry, visiting the mot
sscred "hrine It consist of the relicts of
the latp Jung Bhad-)or, with other Jadies
of the Nepaul court, attehdeil by a numer
ou" rttintjp, and escorted, we I-lieve, by a
h-ctber of the late Prime Minister of cur
Goorkha neiehlior. This stracgp party
cros-ed the holy rive-, en their return from
Mrzuffrrrore, at the (Jange bank, opic"ite
Barrh, from the river He terminus ef the
Tirhoot i-tate railway, by which they had
comedrvwnin a special train and the
sight of thsir crcs.-ing jireenled a strarge
scene with its motley crowd and their
strange observance A special steamer
wa waiting to recive the party, who left
thercarriage and walked over the sand
under a generous canopy, completely hid
fag them frr m view, and upheld bv sit
mighty bearer. The ghat wa entirely
curd for their pAage, but when the
ladies reached thejetty they emerged from
their moving tnt and walked exposed to
the steamer waiting to receive them. Tnev
were all dressed in the mot bsaiit" 1 an'd
vari colcrrd Chinese ar.d Japan? - piik
W?T1M fl f.B ll.m,il f.t1 . ....
...... ..v. .- t u.14 Aitijr jjrupo ssmg.
A they left the shore the esxirt lirtd a
salu, and aa a propitiation to the grd
handful of rupee were thrown into the
river from both sides ot the jtty as the
party wa walkirg aero it. This mag
n'ficent largese seemed to have the desired
effect, for no casualty attended the stoppage
cf the steamer in mid stream, for the bath
ing of lhe pilgrim, who ere all palely
diptched from the other iJe in a Pcil
train by the East India Railway Companv
nn their way to BDmbav. A couple f
hundred ccolies, who had been interested
spectator of the ne from various, vantage-point
on the bivk, made a unanim
ous rosh into the water en the disappear
ance of the last red coat, and began builv
seeking for the food (gifte?) thrown their
co-v, r.otning UDdeterttd by the sicrileg.
" ". wV" ",1-.'??- JIan-'
iijics u'lure ci meir perionnstce,
lumKeJlaaw UM" recar'
Topeka is to have a new daily paper.
Trinity church in Atchison
orated for Easter.
At last the Iaz;est man has heen found.
lie spells photograph "42graf."
Wlnfleld Telegrsm, r.
Hotel de Hoss, with a big "res." in the
centre, is the latest name for one of our
livery and sale stables.
fKort Scott Monltor.il.
The Old Fellows cf Fort Scott are mail
ing preparations to celebrate the anniversa
ry of their order on the 2flth of this
(Emporia City Echo. NX
A Joplinite tells the JTeratJ man that all
the peach bud in that locality are killed.
Xot so beve Mr. McLaughlin has several
trees ia ' 11 bloom.
Kort Scott Monitor, 11.
2ewp3per report s ay that A. B. E1IL,
late Greenhack candidate for Congress in
the First District cf this State, has leen
adjudged insane
I Valley Fa Is New tra, li
A band ol gyies have been camped on
ice suourns oi lue city during the past
week, and lhe little boys all around town
are telling fortunes on their hands,
lEmporla ews,10
r r. ... . , .m -
ccj.ii i" geiung 10 oe corn, itere is
any amount to be had in this pection, but
the owner gecerallv refu"e to sell because
they look for a possible advance in price.
I Empire City Echo, W
It i reported lhat Mr. Bugbee. one of thp
irr,irietots of the Cyclone shaft, had hi
locket pickp-l uf S173. on the straet nf
Galeu.i lxst Monday evening.
AT ft .-corr.
l'orti?c-ott Slonltor, Irt
.T1ip negroe who came in from Kansas
City Tues-lay afternoon are all scattered
jrounil th city looking for work, home, or
something to turn up, thing which are all
very uncertain.
Emiorla News, lu.
The Xeic ll'(r, is the name of late
publics ion in Cimarron, in Foote Connty.
The pser though small lar evidence of
vim acd will, do doubt, ere kng, le en
Atrbt'ion Champion til
The bind of the Twenty-fourth R-giment
on marchiug out of Natal for Zululand,
play til "John Brown's Body." the soldiers
singirg iu chorus, as ours did when they
Itlt fjr the civil war.
Uaaso Journal, IX
A son of Andrew McCJellan, aliout thir
teen yeiis of age. was accidentally ''.t in
it'e thigh bv a pistol in thp hands of Wm.
Miller, on Wednesday. The buy is getting
along very well. lie had just arrived from
Wlnfleld Semi-Weekly, 9.
Th north and east patt of the county is
filbd wiih priMtiectors loosing fo- metal
and an fll.rt i.i being made to have the
governmant set apirt all the land that has
not Leen provid up. as mineral land.
ICor. WiLdi-ld Te'etrani, S
Mr. Jas. Yager, sen., forgot acd called
himielf gnndpa to hi own dnuwhter. Tl.e
reason wa she was youcger than any of
hi grund children, and twenty year ard
two days younger than anv of her brothers
or sister. Mr Yager look fitherly again.
Mrs. Yager and babe are doing well.
WlntteM heinl-Weekly. 9.
Oa last MoLiIay B. M. Legg, asi-irted by
hi jmrrejiiien, W. T. Kets and John
Irury, did thp largest diys srork of Llack-
"inill.ing that was probably ever done in
hi c unty. Th-y rut and eet forty one
wagon tire, phod futii horses and kejit ti
the usual work of the shop. If any other
blacksmith can beat thi let in have it.
Kiaylonl ' or. Ab hl-on champion, li
Gajlord I!ge U I. A. V & A. M,
tpc ncenllv organized, ard the followipg
are the ffictis:J. Oilman, M-ster; S
Kellev, Senior Warden; 'on. C. Ayer", Ju
nior Warden; Ilr t . J Iloluie', Ss-cre'ary
J Murgin, Trearurr The reuiaiider of
the officers have not been design-ted. Tl e
rder hssa lode room and hold regular
IWnflfM Dally Telegram, 101
The Sserg-rfet will ruet in L-aven-wonh
in June. Thi grand musical con-v-n
ion of thGeruiin will in West every
German in Kansas, and will be largely ut
ter ili-il. The city of Leavenworth that
never do- anything by halve, will
spread heri-elf to give the delegation a cor
linl welcome We supposp, of -ource that
WiitleM and Cosrley county will be repre
rtnt! in the convention.
(Henrot Courier, It
Now that thp peop'e of Seneca have
voted down licn-ni saloon", a furd ha
Wen rai-ed by leading eitiz'n ol the town
to erfrrrp the law, and prevent the illesal
sale of liquor the couiirg year OverSSOO
ha already been s cured to employ counsel
in cae rl necsity, ard the City Council
ele t havp lieen msde a ppc!3l committee
to have charge if the matter. It I evident
whisky won't be "sold on the sly" in
Seoeca this year.
Atchison Champion, 1I.J
We are informed that Kinesis Lodge of
Perfection, Uo. 1, Ancient acd Accepted
Scottinh Rite of Freemasonry, Iavenworth,
Kana. i now in working order, and that
regular mcting will be hpld on the fourth
Fndiy of each menth. For the accratno
dation of such brethren as may de-ire to
petition for admis ion, and who are not
living in or near the city, ppe-cial roeetinzs
will be held it necessary, those desiring
further information in reference to this
matter should address A. A. Fenn, T. P
G M . or Fred A. Citncran, Grand Secre
tary, at' Leavenworth.
lErnpIru City Il:h-',10.1
Oa Friday las t, Joe Mills ar.d Frank
Ts tten came into town from the Pitzar
digging and reiorted that ihey had been
stopped the night before by three masked
men, near Spring river, while on their way
to the above mentioned mines, and the for
rnr relieved of hi i:cket-book contaioirg
;97. Tbs-y swore out warrant for tin- ar
rest of filly Brown, James Short am! It'll
Chenanlt ; the warrant we-e put in the
hand of the pror-r officer, who m n
brought the accused parties before the
justice of fhe peace, who set their examin
tion for Tuesday of thi week, at which
time the case wa examined and the
hoys bound over ia the sum of S-300 each,
for their appearance st the A pri I term of
the dL-trict court, which convenes on the
21ft inst.
Kmporla News, 10.
Ye3rday evening Judge Beggles acd
his foreman. Frank Blair, drove a pair of
colt to town in a spring wagon, acd the
bridles needing same repairs, they drove up
to Ed. Calkins' harness shop, had the re-
Eairs made, and were a'out to start for
ome the Judge being ia the peat, and
Blair getting in when the colts started on
a run, and as they turned the corner at the
Evangelical church, Judge Rugglea was
thrown out, and we are sorry to say, had
hii leg broken above the ankle ankle bonts
aid to be broken. The team ran on, with
Blair hanginz in the hind end ot the wa
gon, and great feara were entertained f r
his safety, but he finally turned up ail
right, the team having run about a oile.
Juoge.uuggiea wm placed in a sprirg
wagon asd takes home to his farm, accoav
panied by D. T. A. Wright.
Later. At the last moment we learn
that Judge Kncslct' leg will have to ba
amputated below the knee. Th Juda
bears it well, and teems to ba ia good
Lawrence Standard, IL
There is scarcely any abatement of ia
terest in the mysterious cue which baa agi
tated Lawrence for the past week. Though
public opinion is somewhat divided, yat
the very general rpinicn i that the body ia
not that of Ilillmao. Hillman has a linttr
living near Valley Falls, and CoL Walker
went up thereto see her acd get a descrip
tion of her brother. The Colonel had con
siderable difficulty in finding; her, aa do
one seemed to know her as the sister of
Itillman. Her name is Mrs. McCoy and
she is the wife of a very respectable and
well-to-do farmer of Jefferson county.
Mrs. McCoy said she read an account of
her brother's death, and wrote to Mrs.
Hillman asking her to write if the body
was brought up from Barbour county, so
that she might have a last look at her
brother. Thi letter Mrs. McCoy never re
ceived any answer to. She savs her brother
usually gave his height at SJ inches. He
had light brown hair, slightly" curl;r. One
of bis upper front teeth on the left side waa
gone. lie had a scar on one hand caused
by a bullet wound, which he got when care
lessly fooling with a revolver, in Texap,
two year ago.
She thinks the wound did not leave a
very large tear. When the body was ex
hunted, Wednesday evening, lr. Miller
carefully examined the hands with a mi
croscoie and found no scar on them with
the exception of a slight mark on the mid
dle finger near the hand. The doctcr cut
off and preserved some of the hair. Mr.
Iiahskopf saw the remains and paid they
were these of a man who once called at Ilia
place with Levi Baldwin to see some hides.
A gentleman from Valley Falls, who had
known Hillman from his boyhood, also saw
the body, and said it was not that of Hill
man. The photographs which Mr. Lamon
took of the body will be finished to-day.
The report that Mr. Hillman has left
the town i false. The inquiry, "Where is
Mr Brown?'' has not been anwered.
A small circle of persons interested in
the case have been very much agitated all
day, and the appearance of things indicate
that there are coming developments which
will astonish a great many persons.
It'a tliClYork ot ili 1 lrl.nl Itepnbll.
When the long column of Southern
negroes took up their line of march for the
free West, their late masters proclaimed
that the exodu would prove an incalcula
b'e blesfag to the Smith. Now the bull
dczens begin to realize their dependence on
thi labor, which cannot be replaced, and
they charge lhe wirked Republican politi
cians with originating and encouraging the
Hc-re'H llio icislit "rt ot a Doctor
(or you.
A German Physician ha demonstrated
that early risiLg is a very bad habit. He
has taken the trouble to collect informa
tion a to the habits in this respect of sev
eral peron who have lived to an advanced
a;e, and he fiuil- that in the majority ot the
cases the long liver have indulged in latP
hour. At Iea"t eight out of ten persona
who attained the sge ef eighty years and
up ard were in the habit of not retiring
uuiil early hours of the morning, and of
rcnafatn.; in bed until the day was far
advanced. Oa i other hand, he haa
filed to discov r, aftei oareful observation
nf the health of several earlj .?-, that it
was in any degree better than that of
-iciilar number of late risers. He thinks
lhat so far from any derided benefit being
gained by getting up early in the morning,
it rather tend to exhaust physical power
ind to shorten life
A I.ltile JiinIUp. iliiiuniiitr.anil I'im
mnii riip.
New Yorir. Tribune,.
The pi inters along the lower Mississippi
app- r to have adopted a pi tn for stopping
the n-ro exidti that is characteristic if
notelT-ctivp Tbey hang or shoot a few
intei.dtd emigrant as a warning to others,
and patrol the river bank with shot-guns
to i revent thp fleeing black from getting
on Ixiard ning steamboats. These bull
dozing measures only serve to intensify the
negroe-' desire to escape, and they manage
to evade the patrols and board the boasts
at unexpected Kiints "Committees ap- -pointed
by the planters notify the captains
not to take away the colored people, but
thp raptaiLs aie eager to swell the profits of
their trip, ard few of them pav any atten
tion to such order when out of the range
t the Committtex' phot guns Thus far
ill attempts to heck the movement have
nrly increased it. Suppose the planters
eh'HiM now dtr-Iianil their patrols and com
mitters, put away their weajmn, and try a
nw policy. A justice, humanity and com
mon eence would, we venture to say, prove
u rfect remedy f.ir the evil.
IEn.ilIr.iinU.-. ii, n I tall.
I Detroit Kreo I'resn.
Z.bnlon Martin and his son. who live at
Ilecrv' Bend, about six miles from Oil
City, Pe., w il removing stones on their
farm, the oth r d y, disrovered a ball aa
large as a hii-hel bisket, which appeared to
1 e a IihII of bU k rope, knotted and curi
ously interlaced The warm sunshine fell
tl ion the ball, which soon seemed to move
in it many coil", acd then the men saw
tlrtt the In 1 wa a m-us of snakes. The
warmth rev veil the dormant reptiles, and
tnp surtare of the bill was soon covered
with rattle whiih swsyed to and fn with
a soin il rsstinhling the blowing of wind
through the dead lesves of a tree. What
sHiiird at firnt a gordiaa krot, began to un-'
ravel. The tails pro-ruded more and more,
and a the snakes unlrcked their intricate
roil they app-.red tulip packid with their
hesd iu thpcrnterof thL living ball. The
snake soon completely uncoiled them
selves and showed fijht, whereupon the
men set at the worc of slaughtering the
reptile. Filiy s.x snakes were killed, the
largest pos-e"irg u-venteen rattles.
Ulr-.Jen llavii.
Mr. J. ff ron Davis is described by a
c irr.iondent cf the Boston llcretd aa x
n fined, matronly person, pl-inly drtsed
i i black. She talk well, and knowa the
French language and literature. She ap
proves th-- education of the colored people,
and is hopeful concerning their future.
J-he pays that she ha nothing of the math
ematical faculty, and not long ago, desiring
t pay a negro for some wocd in her hua
li.nd's absen-e, she attempted to find the
v, lue with j-n ai.il paper of a fractional
part of it. She covered nearly a sheet of
Paper wt-h figures, but was not satisfied
with the re'ult. At lat the negro team
ster, with great humility, remarked, "Mi
sii, your tic ii re are not correct. Let me
do dat mm for you " "Bat do you know
how lo cipher, Jimmy?" "Yt, Missus, I
does," said Jimmy. She give him the pes
ami paper, acd Jimmy figured it out ia aa
instant, ai.l at cccc received his money.
"But wbere did yi u learn to cipher?" said
Mrs. Davis to him, "O, missu," said Jim
my, "Ie a griduate of th.s high school.''
'Irs. llavis i extremely "ari 'tocratic" ia
i r social opinions, and in religion she ia
r urihodox.
A 7Vw .leouMic spparalaa,
'ie a-ialcgy between sound light ia.
) a j rispects, reirarkable; they are
--.ve mo'ions; lioth maybe reflected, It
i.icud, crniea-ed, or diffu-ed by similar
t n.ed:. Sounds may Le received aad eeap.
veytd by means of metallic parabolic re
lied rs, sothat many times the volume of
sound that naturally ptrikes the ear will be
com ntratert, rendering audible found that
might otherwisp Le too distant cr too fa&t
to Le hesrd. Such reflectors of neccaekw
have a fixed focu, and are available nader
certain conditions only. An apparatua ba
recently been constructed that is, in fact, a
pcrtbie and adjustable whispering gellery,
having many ueful applications. The is
strument is very simple, consistiaa; a
reatially of an airtight drum, oae head ot
which is rigid, the other elastic. Taia.
drum or more properly, reflector, ia
mounted on pivots in a swivelled support,
and is provided with a flexible talks
bavin:- a mouthpiece and ateaeaakvX
at his free end. Two wirea are streca-.
across the face of the refiector at rigat aa:
gles to each other, acd support at their i
tenection a small plane mirror, the oSee
of which is to determine the poaitioa ooaw
reflector in relation to the dirpc&aoa er.
sound. Asmalleartrorr.- dQnW
Tiaod in rftnnprliiinrrrj v -- ....
, crease its ffeco'u "sber? and cattle raMafe
the sonVtoe mfeSm!jSmSit
sw -- -a arui .! nn uns
ear ' jg, ja-iw Ww?r- tV'Jl
, l
WSSsSi'v "
u ?;. 'i

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