Newspaper Page Text
--el ! .--
ijweaRgBCT ij. -J. '-,V'--vJ 'A - .V THE JL.BA.VENWORTJ1 WBKK.L. TIMES: THURSDAY, J1AV 15, 187: SIX JPAGiSS. --?? 'if - m mv 8, t 3 t rl- i fc i- - L BSr ? "u. rj-4. :'1 & a - WccWffi Wmts THURSDAY. MAY 15. 1879. luu R.vvr AnewOrint paper is soon to le started in PhiUilcIriliia, with John Ku?ell Young uedilor. Jliia Anthony and Mrs. Stanton gave a reception to the merchants of St. Louis, at the residence of Mim Couzina, last Satur day evening. IMhOHA!THr.JI. The Boston Cmis, the organ of the Ail venli.U, dcuouccs the Poca-ett tragedy and pays there i no Advent church in that place, nor ever lids been. It claims that none of those implicated in the matter are AdrentiiU in faith. WOtl.VX NLTFItAUI. The woman puffrage convention at St. Lcuia, which adjourned Saturday, was one of the largest and most important meeting of the kind ever held in the country. It was largely attended by delegates from all parts oi the United States, and the proceed ings were full of interest. the KAi:x;i:uri:NT. Extensive preparations are being made for the Saengerfest, to be held in tin city on the 6th, 7:h, Sth and 9 Jt of Jane proxi-j mo, and everything indicates that it will be one of the most interesting occasions ever witnessed in the town. Singing societies from all the neighboring towns will be here, and hundreds of vhitors will be in attend ance from all parts of Kansas, Nebraska Iowa and Northwestern Missouri. KCHIUXFK FOIt .II.ML Mr. Samuel Parsons, Jr., of Flushing, L. I., will have a practical article on "Lawn Planting for City and Country" in the June Scrilmer. This paper will contain seasona ble and valuable suggestions from an ex pert nurseryman and landscape gardener. It will be illustrated by Mr. Vanderhoof. whose dock sketches in the May number of this magazine attracted so much attention. 'hki. iol;i.ass. Frederick Douglass, the ablest colored man in the United States, is opposed to the present exodus of colored people from the South, and in a letter to the Philadelphia JVeu, which We copy elsewhere, he gives his reasons for believing that the colored people are making a great mistake. His position is a strong one, and his arguments are substantially the sune as those advanced by W. D. Matthews, in an interview pub. lished in our columns some two weeks ago. IliO.Y. Some interesting figures about the condi tion of the iron and steel trade have been brought out by the meeting cf the associa tion in Pittsburg last week. No industry felt the effect of the hard times more severely, and only 2G5 of the G92 blast fur naces reported last year were in operation. Those which were in operation, however, did a great business, and the production of pig iron has advanced from 2,093,23G tons in 187C to 2,277,001 in 1S7S. Another striking fact i the increase in the produc tion of Bessemer steel. The amount of pig iron converted by the Besemer process in 1874 was 201,352 tons, while last year it reached 739,705, and the amount of Bes semer steel rails produced grew between the same years from 144.944 to 550,393. Till: IMVIUIIT IXKI'KAXCi: CASH The Dwight Insurance case may fairly be regarded as settled now, we suppose, since the jury of doctors, selected by the interested insurance companies, have been unable to develop anything upon which to basi a the ory ol suicide. After recurrectlng the body, and cutting and carving it to their hearts' content, they have rendered the fol lowing verdict: "We find that the said 'Walton Dwight came to his death at the Spaulding House, in the city of Binghamton, on the 15th of November, 187S, from exhaustion of the vital powers, produced by protracted vom iting, malnutrition, and the enervating ef fects of malarial poison, terminating in a fatal collapse; and, furthermore, we find that the said Walton Dwight did not come to his death from suicide or homicidal causes. ItAI'II) SALE OF 1'OIIt IT.K CEXT ItEFIXIMXC CEKTIFICATES. The Postmaster of Leavenworth received Saturday afternoon, from the Secretary of the Treasury, twenty thousand dollars in ten-dollar four per cent refunding certifi cates, for sale with accrued interest from date of the certificates, April 1, 1S79. On Saturday afternoon the sales amounted to S1.200, principal, and accrued interest $523. Yesterday, Monday the 12:h, the sales amounted to 50 730, principal, and 30 96 accrued interest. Total sales, $7,930. Sales are limited to one hundred dollars to each applicant during the day, although there are no instructions to limit sales the postmaster thinking it better to abide by the regulation", reported by telegraph from other offices. Parties desiring these certificates should call at once if they want them, as from appearances the demand i so great that the present supply will soon be exhausted. Office opens for sale at 9 A. m , to 12 ar., and from 1 to 3 r. M. SIIAItETIICI S. The New York Crapltie refers to the desolate aspect of the streets of many American cities from the want of trees. They are built, it says, to a great extent, on the supposition that the presence of trees and vegetation is not a necessity to human health and convenience. Two thirds of Manhattan Island are dot a desert, with an uneven surface of brick, stone and mortar. Besides the shade they afford, trees, through the action of their leaves, modify the intense summer heat. The tree does not lecome heated in the hottest weather. It is constantly pumping up moisture from the earth, and' breathing it out through the leaf lungs. A tree is an invisible fountain, saturating the air about it with coolness. More than that, in like manner, it distributes other elements bene ficial to human health. Contrast our neg lect in this matter, continues the Graphic, with the vast forest which Paris prows within her walls. The unending leafy -walks are found there not merely in the suburban boulevards, but in the busthrg centres of trade; not merely in single lines on either curb, but for miles in avenues of two, fonr, and even six rows, about every trunk, the iron grati.g affording to the roots light and air, and on every tree its number a token of the systematic care taken of the Parisian forests. THE CALIFORXIA COXSTJTl- TIOX. The result of the vote in California, upon the new constitution, has taken the country by iurprise, and the newspapers are all full 0lcoostaoU upon it, with speculations as to tto cause and probable effect of the frftitm of the instrument. The object of the frisaeri of the constitution was to control the great monopolies which hold so much of the wealth of California. Ex Bwitor Fitch, of Nevada, says its sharpest tkrasts are directed against the Flood & O'Brien party, against Haggaa & Teris, the leading lawyer loaaers, who are worth tl5.000.0O0, and ahare paper at usurious againat Lax A Miller, the beef and half a dosen others. These :.baaf a elaiaa that tkey eaa ride from Los to 8a, Fraaeiaeo withont ertr don't tbej'Jl put a butcher shop up right beside you, and eell beef for three c:nt a pound until you are closed out. The estate of the late O'Rrien shows up 511,000,000; Flood, at the lonest e'.iinate, hue ?1 4,000, 000, and as Matlev has twic: Lis share, he must be worth $2S 0O0.C0O. AXOTIIi:it VETO. Those who supposed that the President would sign the military interference bill, have been disappointed. 1 lie report from Washington, some days ago, to the effect that the measure would be approved, was based upon the fact that before he had seen the txt of the bill the President said to several friends that if it should simply for bid the u e of troops at the polls, he could see no reasin why it should" not become a law. After the bill wis printed, nad the I'eairleut I gin a careful examination of it inconne-tion with its effect cnexis ins lairs r.nd the Constitution of the United State-", it is understood that he vtryroon came to the cocclufion that the character of the measure was cot fairly represented by its title, and that while it was ostensibly a bill to prevent military interference at elections it was in fact a bill which would tend to cripple the Executive in the exercise of his constitutional power in many directions, and lay restraints croa him in the execu tion of tL laws. Hence the ine-sge of the President returning the bill with his objec tion', which is given in full in our tele graphic eolumes thi morning is not a mat of surprise to the coun'ry. The President shows that the arguments urg'd by him rgiinst ths "rider" upon the army bill, b'-sr with ii3al force upon the icesyure ia 113 present shape, ail the same reasons which nreventel him from signing that made it impossible for him to approve this. He states bis obj'dions in clsar and con cise terms, a-sd handles the subject in a strong and statesmanlike manner, showing that every good feature cf the bill is al ready coveted by existing legislation, and that the laws at present upin the statute books are abundantly ample to accjmplish all that is ostensibly aimed al by the pres ent bill. He shows that the power which this bill seeks to take away irom the General Gov ernment was recognized and conferred in ansctpaied by one of the earliest Con greases, and signeJ bv President Washing ton, that it was enlargel by a measure paved during the administratijn of Presi doat Jefferson, that subjlantially the same law was re-enacted in the revise! statute, and that such a law, amended from time to time, as exigencies might arise demand ing it, has been upon the etatutc books since the very earliest period of the govern ment, and bince the claim that the law which this bill seeks to repeal was "a war measure," falls to the ground. He shows that while the power of the United ta'ci Government to use the array for all purposes, at all times and places, his never been abridged or questinaid, that the power has never been used far the purpose of carrying elections and nocitizsnof the United Sutes his ever been intetlered with in the free exercise of his right of t-uffrage by the military, and that no reason exifts for believing at this time that there is danger of such interfer ence. Therefore, the Prisident concludes that the only practical eQect of the meas ure would be to tie the hands of the gov ernment, in ca-ts of emergency, by pre lending to guard against tn evil that d es not exist. Tito or Three ('ooil Itonson-. Why d j railroad menial wsvs speak of a lo comotive as she? I Meruit limes. te- ciu-'e it has a tram r.lmiia uazettu More likely because it suggests tender thoughts and draws men alter it. llcetm Just. Tlic Truth is Nomrtimn. Lnileaaut IChlcago Joutnal, 19. Zich. Chandler's Jeff. Davis speech en raged the Democrat', and it is announced that they are indignant because he told them yetcrdy that a dr zn of their Sena tors were elected by fr.u 1 and violence. The truth is sometimis exceedingly un pleasant to hear. lieariirj'n Virfiir in California. iriilladelihla Times. I The discovery that the new conr-tltutioo has been adopted can hardly fjil to create a panic throughout Lalitorma. the very apprehension of such an i"ue has almost paratyz-d many interes f, and the alirni which the icsult should iaUrv arouse mut for a while, at least, almft upet the bus iness equilibrium. The State is confronted with a grave difficulty at the very start, f it so blunderingly did the convention do its work that it left the commonwealth vir tually wiihout a cvernment, in case h con-titut on tliouul be adopted, Irom the ib of June till Ue 1st ol next January. Almoxt r.iiual to Nome American lie- nion-. According to the Kev. Mr. Scudder, a mis'ionary in India, lour men bought a quantity of cotton in copartnership. That tne rats might not injire it, they bought a cat, anil agreed that each shocll own one of Us legs. Etch leg was then adorned with beads and other ornaments by its owner. Ths; cat accidentally ii jared one ot its Ie-, sal the owner wound a ra; around it sosked in oil. The cat by chance t the rag on fire, and, being in great pain, rushed aniens the cotton biles, v-Iiere the had been accustomed to hunt rats The cotton wis to'ally burned. The three other pinner brougat suit against the owner of the injured les to recover the va'ue of their rotion, and the judge decided that, as the injured leg could not be used, -he cat carried the fire to the cotton wiih her three regaining legs. They only were ulpable, and the o vners were required to corapinsatc ihe owner of the injured leg for bis share c l loss. Tnoi.rcat Fire, nt St I.ouis. IG.oboDcmocrat, 11. fat. Louis bas b?en visited with more thai her rhare of fires this year. Betnecn the two last great conll igrations thatol yesterday elitrnoon. on I-if th street, and that of a month ago, in the same vicinity there is a similarity in the rapidity ol de struction which suggests a radical defect in the architecture of buildings of this class. In each cise the fire seems to have found its uo-t effictiveallv and agent in an"open elevator way reaching from the bottom to the top ol the buildirg. ihe names were thus far.ted into furry by a great draught, while r.t the same time they were enabled to ypread through all the stories of the edi fice almost at the same time. The experi ence of all great cities has shown the dan ger of these open elevators, and the insur ance companies will in the future, for their own protection, hive to make an impor tant chance in this respect an element in their policies. CoraniI-ioncr l.p Hue to lie Inesti cntcd. (Philadelphia Times, 10. Commissioner Le Due, of the Agricul tural Bureau, is to be investigated. Mem bers ot Congress have got tired of his way of refusing to allow them to distribute seeds and plants and the various extraor dinary things that come in the way of Le Due's department. It seems that the Com missioner doesn't fi ad enough ue for his great talents in the simple cultivation of the soil and so he cultivates rows. He fiods the climate of the country very fav orable to raising rows, acd he has half a drz:n early kinds in a very forward state cf growth Some of these are with the Treasury Department, whose officials have the hardihood to claim that Ls Djc does not keep bis accounts in the accurate and upright way which should characterize a simple and horny handed agriculturist. It would be deplorable if a Congressional frost should cut Le Due down in his prime and just as be has had his salary ni-ed An IamtDW Circulation. Minneapolis Sentinel, 9. Mr. V. K. Stevens, the energetic agent of the LieavenworUi Times, gave onr city and office a call this week. He Is making an im mense circulation for that paper. The iatUe Viltace ibwjrge Asaim. IsUehUon Champion; 10.1 i AeawMawnsltowwyeatMJaTcalliei taattn! I.MIIAVA. ThcIsdiansportiJour.wZcHimJUsttl.e ...... . , i - T i- i . umcipal elections held in Indian last muDici T7etk prove that there is a excellent "fizhtins thanes' far the iiipall'csns tols'oa'S carry the State in the Prefident-al election next year if they put fortii proper eff.rt. 1E FACTO. The Kansas City Tiaut, in its four-lice leader upou the President's veto messg, speaks of the "dr futt spinal column " The lima man buildtd better than he knex. The I'jesident has given the I't nocracy pretty conclusive proof that tbrre ii a spinal column, dcficto. 1VOJIAX srFFKAIJH. An extrsct from the proceeding of tl e National Woman Sdffr' Convention st SL Loui, which clod Sa unlay evening, slows that gr-at iolerest was manifested in the cue, by the p?op!e of St. Louis, and that the attendance wis greater tbtn the large ha1! cculd cotrjf irtably accMiisnoJats. TWO OF T1IE3I. TVoof the Florida ballot-bar ftuff r were convicted, at Jacksonville, lat week, and will dot hive an oppor.'nni'y to ferve their country fur a few years in tie peni tentiary. Tfce only uocbV; rbout there conviciioTis of bull-dozfrs and ballot-box stuffers is, that there are tot enough of them. mai.:: or Ti:x Moixiu runt ii:a t'tVT. CEKTIFICATEM The pcetmasier ytsterd.y sold S12,07C leiag the laliace oa hind of the twenty thousand dollars originally oVaiufd. Tf.e twenty thousand ddlarswri sold in le than two days, a-nounting, wit'i aecrutd in taiet. to S2009117. T-rja y tboti .d more hive been o-dcred. SIT DOWX. SOXX V. We have always felt sorry that Sin-in B Anthony, Cady Stauton, and a number ,f others whj make comfortible livinjs by tull-drzirj their sex, ere not mothers of from U.-U to fifuea children eich -IteliVra Glohe. You certainly n.e-Jn't worry about Mrs Stanton, oa that account, tub. If your in formation were as wIl developed as your impudence, you would know that tLe had 1 r q-iola of fi fe acd some to spare, b J re vou were harp, s-nd Mill she mkes speech--'. Sj you see thit won't cure it. a i:i:oii:x cooa. Ti e Eanjas City JYnifs of ye3te.djy 1. d ii't a vord to say about its Icdiau Terril ry " boom " The incipient iuvai-ion seems to have been nipped by an uatimtly froi-t, or Kmethiog. Liks all the other great ester- prises th.t have origin ted in the fertile columnj of that j urnal,tLc " invisiou" Las llitte-oed out. Cir enter is r.oi at, the Jiwirs is silent, and their dup", aho have been waitirg and watching over the border, have a good chance to find ut that tbey made asse of themselves, aud were sold at a very low price. ivuat v.'ii.i.TUEV j taorri?: It required six caucuses to straighten out the deLioial'z'd Bun bun ranks afler tLc first veto, but the re is no telling haw loop it will take to restore order this time. Tc te are evidences oi a wide difference of oj in- ion between Democrats as to the best retiree to pursue. A lengthy dispi'ch from Wash ington, which we publish this mornin? says it is aencuncel by those who prufv to be authorized to speak for lie party, that the programme will naw be to pa?s the Ev ecutiv, legislative and Julicul sppropri. ation bills, wilhrut political rider", and then rdjiurn, leaving the armv unprov:dtd for. THE! AJ.l7nAVlflT. It will be verv comforting to Leaven worth folks to know that the dust is not confined to this place,- lilt that the big towns also have their shire of it. Th Chicasi L hr Ocean of the 12lh gives the following interesting picture of the cnli tion of affairs there : For two weeks past the streetsof Chictgo, outside the immediate business center, aLd excepting two or three prominent thor oughfares, have been in it terrible condi tion, jsot Irom niud, bJllrcm dU3t. ri:gn wiLils have ;revailed, acd the city has en ketit veiled in a cloud of dirt. Ii his en issitiv lv disscreeable to live. A I urney to i- 1 from the bUMnesa center has en enu'isjl to cetroy the teoiper of :Le .uott devout -tin living. VII A Is STATISTICS. Thel iMn uof the public health, i--ued by the.- r-', j General of the U S. Ma rine Ii -,itil srvice, fjrthewetk ending Saturd-., thsSlirst., ar.il received fy us yesterd. fhovs that the death rate wis lower it St. Liui, than in any other city in the United St'p, and higher in Mu'-ile than in any other city. Tt e mortali y in Mobile was at t! e rate of thirty-six and nearly a half, to every thousand j c-soss, acnuallr. while ia St. Louis the .deaths were at the rate of cine in every tbonsai.il per anr.u i. Xext to Mobile comes Sivan,- nad, w..h thirty-four, ard then coaies Nashville wi.h thirty, Kew Otleans with twenty ix, Newark, N. J , wi h twenty-six and New York with t-vcnty-CVe. At the other end of the ecale, New Haven, C'ojn , comes mxt to Hl IjjuIs, spoiling its n.ct- tality at the rate of eleven per thoc-and annually ; then come BtiffJo, Jersey City and Louisville, with thirteen each ; Bal'.i more, Chicago and Portland, Me , acd tMD Frarci-co, v.ith fonrteen eich, and 11 Ls- burg, with fifteen. By fir the larger pirt of the mortality in the Sau.h was among the colored people. At Savannah the death-rale for whites was nine, and colored I sixty one; at Nishviile, whites lourteer, and colored sixty. In the other rculhern towns, wherever the races are reported fep arate'y, about the eune diffrencj is Tu-.d to exist in the respective rates e.It.WT OK S lIF.ItJI AX. According to many cf the shreffdest politicil "weather prophets" the Republi can nomina'ion for the Presidency text year has narroTed down to Grant or Sher max Itsseuii to be concihd at Wash ington thit Sherman has more positive strength than any other Kepublican except Grant, ard were Grant cut ct the way, it is thought Shermau would be nominated without much content. The course l-ersutd by tLe Democratic majority in Congress, by endtavorirg to force the government into the adoption cf States' rights theories which were popularly "thought to have bevn settled and silerctd forever by the war, keeps alive the demand for'a strong government"' and that means Grant. Popular opinion instinctively turns io him as the man far the emergency, and whether he shall be nominated and elected next year or cot. depends upon whether the Democrats keep up their pres ent suicidal policy of attempting to carry their echemea under the threat of starving the Government. The Chicago Inttr-Ozean a Grant paper has a Washington dis patch in its issue of the 12th, which seems to indicate that the tide is turning pretty strongly in favor of Mr. Sherman, and that the prospects are good for his nomination unlets the Democrats force the selection of Grant by keeping up their foolishness. fte dispatch is copied elsewhere, and is in teresting. Yellow' 1'rver In U.anr.int!ne at ew XewVork Herald, ", Ships are alreadv in quarantine at this port from places infected with yellow fever, and on board these ships there have been deaths on the voyage from a malady which, as is usual in these cases, has received some other name than the dreaded one wkiaL perhaps, is be 4a ItMVcrreaa a Jar ytOiim tmmt to be ealM-hr other MSLaKlhsy WMMa..tfka lint the fol that vellow f'" - r is nt ru- door-. U of utfnt t4 m at tie Uc.u,e .t a-,,!,' cc of no iirtmtdi'i"' resent sra- eo mire F.TfSd th n bs-i ;n tr--s P"r ut frcm between the 'v'ftnun tS. Kmusr mwmMt. If hi.-. v.r, , " f 'a for for's tre ii our wa'trs uifv ai nb rr-''ll7 at NewOr ioios a'd J j i-lcar.1 ot'i.-rScntherrj pr.s, where their pre.senc: is cf ci ire moment on account of the pxsibilitles of the climate, and where it aears to be generally con ceded the quarantine rejulauom are not exactly what they should be. Some people are depending for the safety of the South thisyfar upon the fancy that lli? fever is not epidem.c two years in succession ct any place, hicu we take to be a vain fancy It ould be abetter dependence to have a a,g'l quarantine system. I.eai'iinjr Feature", of tli Xw C -.11 foriiia CniiMitiition. New Yoik Herald The leading fea'iires of the new c-natiiu-ti'u lUseive specUl notice nam -ly, the proswtofis rtliiiog to tix:titi atd the C.iin . qu s'ion. Fader the general head of " property" -very i.iterest io the State reprwnUD csjifal n any lonn o'nes nn- dr the s i-.d of the taxgitatrer. Ihe w rikiagm&i who depesits h.s sivi-g in a b 1 k tve .ij -s at OBC3 a capitrlist n the c;ef th Lb atd must pay ihtr-oi his anii to th- g-ieral revenu. 1htll;C ed .-- ... . l?i- 1 1 :n loli ' t me si iiijjry 11 saving- uauhi t. hi b ri. ocu i 1 istuucj as it must cime a witLar&wal jf thi depesi s vi.lch are the boIjI parts of these is'titntions. If the fund' are so wilhdrawu all th- in'erets bau og on thrje banks raujt 1 uff-r, and a thoct. vtil bf given to bnine8 which will r. rrz .u ih" pry rwpr.n-'ible for this radi ml .i.ta ure. Th Chiree t by ti.3 new c usiilution virtually excluded f-cm cm-pioj-Q -oi If thev di mt go they cm stay .i 1 arve Clifi'rni s ys this by from t-.el't 10 ie 1 thon-aiid m j rity MjwiIis worl 1 ill f-e bow I'-.e cjU.liiio'5 ic idea otls i- practice. TliP Cassf!! Iiirh I.i-il to Calir.jrHla'i ICeielution- iNw York Tim-s,ta.l Tni c ns: ieratioos to which Cali'inia di-tt-fe aMention of the country invjtve ufi L-a it to be dispotcd ol wiih a. sneer. I'd nlir opiuion ru-fc counter to L'teit rail road corporations, a. d not wholly v. itbout reaso". Th ir rooaopolizing teadeni ies, Itt-ir cii-ieeinl of rights ard icterefts that col3 cr with their prctensiorn', their evasion ..t uxaiiin, mil their ierversion of jiowcr held satin, to the condition that it i-UMl utt be us-d adversely to the public weal, re e'mrtc-erulica with which States other ttnu a'ifur jia arc familiar. But 111 C'jIi- fo-u. torp 'a!emonopoly has: cij lircd pro pt ruuus, au j s4rtsissltwith .in insoleoce, ui.kniwa el-ewbe'e Among railroids its tjptis ibe 'Vntrsl Pacific; amorg baiiki, It" jin 1: Calif rnii. ibe so cillc.l Bj it 17. 1 c q-ita iit illustrate th- arrosjariceof 1T-M- h ia iber fprms, and the shamebs aies-d acd trickery with which it crrif out 1 s flaws. And the stick sptciljtionof S.in Franci-ii hs frauds ,culiarly iu own. It u nc-"sary 10 remember tLeei thirds vheii Irving to account for the con diti"nf public opinion which has made the Oilif in ia Cunstituticn iossiLle. 'J hey do rr.t cottitii:e the excu-e for its wrongs and i-.l'ies But they di lieln to render in ic-liig'b e tho uaduest which enabled knaves acd demagogues to 3ccimtilb-h so much. - :f::c::kici. ioii;i.ass. Ill Ztca.ons forOiiimiin? the Iliodic. To t'u Elt r , the J'hitaJcViia. V.: S;n: In your parer of yes'e'd.iy you siv. If FuJtrick l)jugla-f really said that it was a m s-ake fjr cobred -etple t.f the s.-mlitD 11. ore norilinard, he should ex plain why he did not return South after the war, .11 11 ny it n mil nuuirei's ri mous amis r.f col rtd men are livicg in the North and V'i 't i 1 con.fort while 'heir brefhers in the ol 1 i-lne Sutes are unhle to (by in th" mcburiiM'f lift?' This is iiot the first time I hive been pre-erd to explain the artr..ut enntradic liotih U:lvca my opposiuun to the present t-eheine of eaiigr.tum Norlh and the faet il at '..hen 1 slave I made my e-cspe from ihe State 01 M-ryland to th- S a-e of Mss tachu-etts, and as you have united with ibis p. es-u rn, you will, 1 am Hire, allow lus to m-ii.e. an-wer. The diff-recce 1 meen tLc condition of the tlsve and the prt-ent i-rndilinn of ihi colored people in ti.ijo'iil-ern States is aswiilenparlasthe loies of the universe. Then the c.dorid man A proper y, now he is a peroo; then he wa acluttel, now lie H a mar; then he had no rights uLiler the law, now he is an American ( uiien with every cnotittitinnil light which belcngs to lu-ricn ctiizej thiji. 1 ciiiife's, 1 hardly kcov how to rea son with mu who cannot sea difference lietwe-n the act cf runni ig away from x'avtry and running away from freedom The : dored man when a slave, had no law lehir.d, no constitu.ion under him, no great par'y f f.eedjm in the country pledged to tl e maintenance- of liberty ia every quarter of the II pnbiic. What though these rights are f,r ihe mouun- s aaptd in the dus', ih-v ro fcot extmgaished and never 01a be. V der ihe wings of a stilwait Be put' lean ki aiinistratioo, such as is fiire to bs v ctorious io a year or two tc come, we sha'lscea'! th'riubtsof trceViretl man of i-e Su h refiv ami tljur. ih. 'Witn this fiith 1 r.ave called upon the colored mar, where he 13 lready a pnwt r, to rtai.d in h s ail 'ted home, etru.'gle en, and await Ibe gxl time couiinr, when he will le able to exercise all his ioluicil rights un der the Constitution. You fur ' er a-k me to explain w'-y I did not g S -utli ifter the war. 1 thought, h limps it was in my vanity, that every bdy who knew or cared anything about mi-im il-tt I iid go S.uth, and tint 1 am now on the tide ef istim le where I uas Ih ra, a'id t' at I have lofcitedly gore fur ther Sm.h ia iny vccaiiun as a public speaVer. In resp-c; to the condition of the colored people f the Noitb, I mizht eatily take I'su- with y u. fhecoloied ropU of the North have ihe gowl fiirtnne ti live smong a mere highly civil:zd people than those of the bifcih further removed, by lasty yenrs, from the bad iutltience of the system of tlaverv ntvirtheless, ia the North the npro i cr fined to a margin far less broad in tl'- riTg- of employment than at the Siiuh. He finds it easier ia the North U get into a I .yr's offire to study law, into .1 minislei'j study to study theology, than to get into b!ackBmi'h shop to hammer iron. He is ib-oitite'y excluded in the Norlh fri.m ill m ch in'cal indos'iies. The jiosi- iiius Midrreil hitu are all menial, and in these he is orfrootd with Iri-h and Ger man r- nip-titor; whereas, nt theSiuthtle re -to lias a mocoio'jr of labir, and is read ily employed in all the needful handicrafts of 'hat sctinn. Bu', M'. E litor, if jou wi'l do me the k'ndotss to turn to my letter, whitJi you did me the honor to publbh in jour papr a conth agn, jon will see my position or. h xilu-j!iestion plainly stated. Itwa ir your oilumns aid at your request that 1 mi'de my first stateraeat to the public on this excitioc i nest ion. I -.m willing t t 1 id ard judged by that let er. e:y trnty yours, Fkedcricu Dduolvs. WAsnisoTts', My 4 Aparasn. ICor. Pralrla Karmer.1 Y jU oucht to have an asparagus bed in your girden, and it is high time you set aboufmakiiig it. Of course you lite as- psrazus; every bjdy does. It is delicious; i: is healthy: rheumatic people are said to derive treat lwn5t from its free use. I am cot coin to tell vou how to cook it, that is not mv businet-P, but I can tell you how to raise iu Haven't we a bl, ten feet long acd six feet wide, that furnii-hes alMhe as paragus we use in a iamiiy 01 six, atu some to g:ve away to the neighbors who think it too mu-h work to make asparagus beds in their own gardens? It takes some work to prepare the ground proerly for aspjragus, but when the bed is once made it will lis; iweniyuve jcais. Muk off a bed of the desired size in the warmest, mellowest part of the garden, throw out all the soil to the depth of two feet ; then take half the soil thrown out and mis it with the same amount of good compsst, and for a bed tea fet long and six feet wide mix in a peck cf refuse salt, shovel the mixture back into the bed, let it lay three or four days and then plant the seed. Sjw in drills eight inches apart, AVhen the plants are well started, thin out to eight leches apart in tne rows, neep free irom wecd3 during the entire season. When the first frost comes in the fall, cut the yoncg plant down to the ground, and cover the bed with six inches of compos. Next spring add a half peck of salt to the compo-t, and work it into the bed; csre be icg taken not to. injure the roou of the young pi ant, re-peat this dressing ofsalt and cempost every year. An ccsasionil drusirg of lime and asheiwiUbc biueficial. Da not gather any the first year, and cut only a mcdsrat quantity the second year; the third year acd afterwards 70a may cut sUU U bectas to syiadle.. Dj not cat th toJtoMWUas was st iU rje5:liL KANSAS NE--VS. Oswego is to have a o . facUf. W'a. KVeney hss a new biickftuuh and v gou shop. --ThePa'-or. ciiicomp: iasufa t-cr-abundanca of tramp'. The E4iisc-pliaLs hold a convention at Manhattan on June 3. The Harvey county jienp't ercerjiy iog mush atid milk festivals. The Lawrence Tiir,b and Slau'vrt art pitching mud at each i-ther. The State Biird cf Charities s ia session in Toptla o 1 sh :':h in't The Kinsley GrrjJ,i i.es aii-as from the asVs acd appears as r.stu -al as cf y re. The Xi'n Ii:-an A.ilnm. nopeCmniO'iT.-iltli, II. The contnet 1 .r erec'in the hdd'tion to ths- Insane Asvluai alO-i-sitjnu.' Ins twn let to J ph Anderson of i 10- j-j Ci v f r 511,445. Put 011 1!: Vrr I.lst. I'.Vas'nj.io 1 vi-. tchiwinUiiH uplon.l Mr. Kyan 1 as c usd T re'm to be ut upon the liit -f pi.ces tntitUd to the f -ee del vpry -y stem tied r the p-vt-.l lawj f the Uuited StsttM. He IlninrJs-ri e.-.iois. (iriusTey Urapn c, l Aaipt'iy of mtlorrd miliiit his U-en crganizvl at Topeki as Sl John's Guilds, arid iHiw some newspaper man, who does not expect ho appointment, ta-s they are Sl John's Black Gdiid. State itelbnn !t.'Inal Gjneril Taylor and C E Fan kner rave '"en appjia'ed seub-omiiittie t-visitit various propped sites fxa8 ate U-frui S -hnol, nad la report t the mi coaizui'tce a', ihi r4blir meeting of the S. te B-ird of Ciiiriiits iu J joe. A SCailroaa Scit Urt-IiW. - iropek4CammouwesRu.ll. The ce cf Wm Smith vs. h A , T. A S. F. 10 wl, for SIOOCO dmges. f-jr 11 jnry t.i his rhilil, regally triol in the DLstris't Court of Ossge c-naly, re ulted io a j i In meat f jrcu-ts in fsvoff the r'lrii.tu. X-vSuir?Iie-. lTojH-kA Common wtultn. 10,. Switches are beinx liid on the K. P (rack, above the depot, anl sf.er they are Liuipit ie'i, me ir.-.ins wi I corns 13 on the truck north of ihe freight ileimt The old rack is tj hi ujed as a ride trat-k. C.msJit One ofThein. lMrjSvlt!e Hews. IU The fi"st wave of tho colored ex d.i ti utfc Marysvi'le bt Satur.l y. A G Shepard was nn! Tiling acir cf lumler at the dpo', an I wh it he at first supposed was . bun lie of rags proveil to bj a uegn girl. T.iec. 1: r.:. I ai vsville St, 10 The Cen'ral Branch of the U. P. K. F. re putting in a tide sitcn at E.izibeth vpable cf hidding fiveors'x ctrs, for the purK of !i milling tt.e Iare stone they proi-e getting cut from their qtirry at ilmt p'.Jte. Flour Tor Fort Sill, llunctlon Ctt. L'aion. 10 1 Colonel J. II. Oilman, of FurtLe'ven- worth, chief commissary of t-ub-i-teiicd of the department of the Missouri, wisio jucctionuitv isn tiitiir.liy. While he-e he shipped r.0000 pounds of 11 .ur from Fo- Kiity o mill toi-ortfcill. O (T fur a Tramp. ! 'Vlch t-l IKrsl.l, ll'.l To pi inters from thi lhrald office ard one tram th.-1 rtc-- of the Stem dm Vt.r'trn left ptiddiiilr lart Sui d -y t- j tin the uuble Mruiy i I "luneiant pri 1 ers. Inere being 1-0 other Uer.ii.in prlu'er i:i torn, the iitrasHri Ils.'rn Was ebli;cd to euqitnd one i tie. Clianzi' l"t:itit)ii. t Alola.'on Chiiinp.un.I '. Th telenpli line is being put npbatweca Beloit Mid (.i-vk-r City. J It. Lnoruis, lormeily master of trjiisn-jrtation, but of late station rent at B loit, will take th stntiou at Cinki-r, and C A Norton will assume commaLil of the depot at l;loit. TJircp Wars nr.il a Half. Kiirt.Soolt Monitor, tu Frark G Eliroie ws arraigned in rotirt yesterday morning fjr grand larceny in stealing several itpms of cish and pergonal proeriy, vslued at 02 7o. lie plad guilt?, and was sentenced to three and a half years at hard lcbr ia the peniten tiary To Organize Srlioiil ItiMririx. Wa-Kteney World, 10 J Ness ar.d Trego counties are about to orgsnire school di-Iricts, under the law pa'sed at the last session of the legislature, permitting such crgtniz itiou in unorgin 1z.1l conniic-. Mot ot the unorginized counties of the Siate will organize school diotritts at an enrly djy. Ylie-at Uoaitoil Out in Harper County. Harper County Times M. K. Kittliman has twen'y acres ef fine wheat He left 2 handful at this office which is coming out in 1 ead and measuies two feet in length; the aversge he-ght is lees than two ftet however, lie has fifteen acres io corn, ten in osts, one in potatoes sod will sow sixteen acres to n.iilet He will break again '.his acon. V '"eii'.HtJp 3Ioic. lKortScottlIo:illor,.u.) Considerable annoyance h3s always been occasioned to yard men of the M., K. and T. ff this city by hoys riding on the cars when switching. Yesterday Mr. S;xtoo, th sg-nt, nrrested on-j boy ar.d had him fken to the cilahocse. as a warring, and in the future all b iys canght lidirg on the cars in the yard will bj promptly arrested. A Vonns Laity ttillej lij Ilpr 'omti. tC i.Siwctalto G!o'j-l)--mocrat Xtri vt receivesl in this citytodyof the d Hh of Miss Vircirii II ck", a 1-iehly esteeced vocog lady of Wyau Intie, down in the Indian Territory. Mis-i Hicks was riding a very spirited horse, and thrown from th saddle; she elrack on hsr leid, and a high tcrtoi'e shell comb which was in her hair was driven e'eer to ths I rain, preduoirg almost instant detk. 3Iri12esI. Topekn Ojmmonwealth, in The Ilniaeopithic medical f ociety cf the State of Kan'xs elected acd nigsnizad their board nf examiners on May T nod S, at Ell wood, Kansas, consirtin of Dr. F. Klemp, of Topeka, President; Dr. J J. Edic. of Leavenworth Sccretsrv; Dr. Davis, of Ot tawa; Dr. G. H T. Johns m, of Atchison; Dr. James Pecock, id Pr-ns; Dr. Miller, of Independecc ; D.-. h. H. Ander'on, of Liwrecce. Knieide. The Vic'cria (.Briti-h Columbia) Stand ard, of April 20, contain a lung account of the suicide, by shooting e f a man by the name of Charles Hunt. He is described as beini: about twenty yean of rge. of prepos sessing mnnuers and well tupplied with money. lie claimtd to have a fuller in Kacsls and an uncle in Petaluma, Cal. He left a note with a friend saying that his death was premeditated, but asigninz no reaioa for wishing to end his life. Those who aw him up to within a few hours of his death s iw no signs of irsanity in Lis ac tions. The Harper Comity aiilltla. JAnthony Journal, 9. The Anthony Militia Company met last Saturday night fjr the election of Captain and Lieutenants, to fill vscm;ie ciued by the appointment on the State Patrol cf Capt. Chambers and Lieut. Potter. The result was as follows: Lieut. Geo. P. Mor srm was elected Ciptain; J. Riley Williams First I ieutenant, acd V. M. Linkston Second Lieutenant. They met again on Tuesday evening and Major II. C. FLder, of the Governor's staff, mastered the company into the Ftate service. There are G3 mem bers enrolled ia the company. Partialis- Settled. Manhattan Industrialist, 10 Some of the members of the Alphi Beta Society have been endeavoring to analyze and define the word prortdimxa; which is a part of the Society motto, and the signa ture of its reporter. Here is the result of the last attempt: JYaj-re-di-mur. P,-og means to hook or steal ; r me ins again. that is, hook sgain ; ot means twic; ; and so far the word means to loit ayii ttciec Jitrr could not be aca'tz'd. Alter on week cf prodigious thought, it was decided that mur might mean watermelons, or pos sibly peaches! He Took Them Iu After All. Oswego Independent, 19. Ojr town was visited last 'Wednesday by a n:cely-dressid young gentleman who claimed to be a champion biilardist. A tame waa arraofed for that evening, he to ay Um thiw s Buyers ia Oswaaxi. The to tna.-wni ha did cotjiing but whit can be done by some of our own players. He succeeded" pretty well in one thing, however, which was in cinvincing the people lhat he is a gracd fraud aod dajil beat cf the first water, having left the town without piytng any of his WIN, leaving an old dirty shirt with the hotel keeper for his board. His name is Fred. E Adams. Lookout for.hin. Another iiausan Appointed. rWd&hlmrton Cor. Atchison Champlon.l Another Eansan to be congritulated on his good fortune is Major Gcirge C. Key. nobis, of Parsons, who has been appointed Superintendent of the Folding Koom of the Senate. This is a very comfortable place, requiring not only a respectable measure of ability, but also that attentive courtesy which belongs to the members of the Senate from an officer with whom they are brought o much in contact. From "both stand points Mr. Reynolds will prove a marked and popular success, and his selection spjiks well for th dsacrimination of the gentleman who recommended and of the Srgrar.t-at-Arms who appointel him. The new appointee will make a trip to hi ICiuas home, returning to tale possession of his place early next month. From Switzerland. (Manhattan Industrialist, 10 Th letter given lelow is a simple of many mm are receiveu at tne college: B , Ap.aAU, SwrrzESLASD, 1 May 20, 1379. i" Moih Respected and Highly Honorable Mr Genera! Governor and President of the Kansas State Agricultural School : The undersigned takes the liberty to ask if cheap land, suitable for cheeie-makirg. could be hed in Eastern Kansas. I want to buv come three hundred acres or more, ind wo lid prefer some buildings on it. -I do not wint swamps. I am a cheese-maker, sin! want the land lor that purpof-e Can large kettles sad other cheese implements lie h id over there, or will I have Id brin? them along? Expecting an early answer, I itu1, yours icspecifally, J. B , E:-Coun:ilman. How a I'm ter lluuibiiirsril a l'reacher IWn-Keeney World, 1(. IW. J. K Wilson relates 'one of the be-t anecdotes we have heard for some time. As the parson was riding r.n the train be tween Hays and Uus-ell a few diys ago, he 1 eisme engaged in conversation with the nero porter, who was about eighteen years of sg. The boy told him that he never s'ole but one thing in his life. Tint was ibout nice years ago, while he was yet liv ing with his old master. He wanted to get some money to spend on Christmas. So he to it a fine turkey and sold it for a dollar Mil t.n ccats. ne watched then, until the purchaser teas out of sight and sold the s-nis turkey to another man for ninety cnts, to another for eichty five cents and to a fourtn. for fifty five cents. And to c mplete the stratagem, the negro early the n-xl morning placed the same turkey upon his master's p-emies as good as it was be fore it had been sold. The parson ssid the relater told his story with great candor. A Cool Forsery- Uaruett Journal. 10. A young man named Avery Hubbard, presented a check for S3o0 at the Anderson County Saving's Bank, last Saturday, pur porting to be signed by a man earned Jos eph McCartney, who resides in Ozark town ship, and has deposits in the bank. Cipt John It Foster is well acquainted with the signature of Mr. McCartney, and was satis fied that the check was a forgery. Mr. McCartney was immediately telegraphed to, and in the meantime the yourg mm was put under arrest and lodged in iiil. Mr. McCartney telegraphed back from Colony lhat he had signed no check for S300 or any amount, and would be up on the next Iriin. He came and intervieed the cul prit who acknowledged the forgery, and had nothing in palliation to plead- He had previously worked lor McCartney, who says he was a good hand and he had no knowledge of his being dishonest. The next District Court will make short work of him. Capital Uoinrs. (Topefea Commonwealth, 10. The work of digging the trenches for the west wing of the capttol proirres-es rapidly, The earth taken from them is being ued to fill depressions in the ground. TREASCRFR'd OFFICE. The interest due June 1st on School Dis trict bonds owned by the State Permanent School Fund is being received by Treasurer brands. Kice cotintv, on Thursday, paid fo. 12207, of which $3,500 was principal. The fact that the bonds are bing taken up shows that Kice county is endeavoring to lessen its indebtedness. Other counties have signified their intention to do like wise. AVDITOKd CFTICC A warrant was issued on Thursdiy to Warden Hcpkins, of the Penitentiary, for Si.KJI. Hon A. T. Sharpe, President of the State Uoard of Charities, drew 5-0,1 U lor the In sane Asylums. SS71 for theDeif and Dumb Asylum, and $1,023 for the Blind Asylum. From tltr Indian Territory. IRixter Springs!, ues. It.l hince onr last issue .here lin b?en a grand ru'h of claimants on the Quipaw strip in the Indian Territory. I.at Friday and Saturday hundreds ot claims were staked off, and the entire strip wasliterally alive with men on horseback, in buggies and wagon", and many who cotild not secure couveyance went afoot. As the land is laid off in forty sere tracts there was but little difficulty in findirg claims and locat ing them properly. Many persons who took claims, tsr!ed the plow to open hedge rows and breaking ground. Oilier. moved hou?e4 or com menced preparations to build, and the work of improvement commenced in earnest is still progressing. Tuesday night a mass convention of claimants was held at the city hall in this plice, and after discU'siDg the situation to some extent, a land club wa3 organized with the following officers: President, W. K. Cowan ; 1st Vice President, A. Willard ; 2J Vice President. S. II. Jessup ; 3 1 Vice Pres ident, Is C Weldv; Secretary, X. I). Injra ham ; Treasurer, John B. Opferman : Mar shal, Levi Clark. Tried to Steal a Harivl or WIiULj-. t Junction City Union, 10. Last Saturday evening two soldiers from Fort lliley, belonging to Company C, stole a half barrel of whisky from the wholesale house of George L. Miller, and were mak ing away with it, when they were brought upstanding by the inevitable Tom Allen. Their name areBobert Kelly (shoemaker) and Fred. II. Shsper (tailor). They rolled the barrel from the front door aliout nine o'clock in the evening, and ihey did this while A. J. Waters, a tramp, was parleying with Uncle Billy Monroe for a bottle of whisky in the sample room in the rear; and he wore a soldiers cap at the time. The bariel was rolled to the railroad track south of Dixon's eleva tor, and as they were about to place it upon a hand car which they had appro priated for the occasion, the city marshal suddenly appeared with a drawn revolver in hand and arrested them. aler was with them and was also arrested. These thieves were discovered by J. K. Harriot, who saw them rolling the barrel down Fifth street. They were placed in jiil that night and on Monday they appeared before 'Squire Gordon, who hound over Kelly and Shaper in the sum of $200 each. Waters was releaied on the evidence of Kelly, who swore that Waters had nothing to do with the theft. Kelly is a bad egg acd has caued the Sixteenth Infantry a good deal of trouble. He is a good soldier when sober bat an awful nuisance when drunk. A 3Iortease. IKxchange.J In the whole range of sacred and profane literature, perhaps there is nothinz recorded which has such staying properties as a eood healthy mortgage. A mortgage can be depended upon to stick closer than a brother. It has a mission to perform which never Jets up. Diy afler day it ia right there, nor does the slightest tendency to slumber impair its vigor in the eight. Night and day, on the Sabbath, and at holi day times, without a moment's time for rest and recreation, the biting offspring of its existence interest goes on. The sea son may change, days run into weeks, weeks into months to be swallowed np into the gray man of advancing years, hut that mortgage stands np in sleepless vigilance, with tht? interest, a perennial stream, ceaselessly running on. Like a huge night mare eating out the sleep of some resllefs lumberer, the enpaid mortgage rears up its gaunt front ia perpetual torment to the miserable wight who is held within its pit leas clutch. It holds the poor victims with the relentless grasp of m giant; not one hour of recreation ; not moment's evasion of if hidcoM MMtnce. A Roiil savage of MlUfriac am whiW tfe latent ia pmc': wnrsmlC liiiliw:4wUeeUw wtta ;-i' j-- &j-'!z- .;.! HUriRAHFOh HAYES. The President Difplayi a More of the Stiffening in Vertebral Column. Litlio H"s In Torse, Dignfhd Language, he Agan Vetoes tha Army Appro- pr aton Bui. Ha Produces Histor'cal Precedents From the H story of the Gov ernment to Bear Him Out. AXOTZI Fit VF.TO. The 3Ie--.as" r the Freident of the Fiiiteil State-. Iteturnliis to thi" llou-e t K'irr.eiilati"s tlic Itill Kntitlcit "An Art to t'lohlliit 3Iili tary Intorfrrcuce- at Election-." To tlic 1Iguc tj llcptcsadaiixti : Afler a careful eocsiJeration of the bill en titled "An Act to Prohibit Military Inter ference at Elections," I return it to the House of Bprerentativts in which it originated, with the following objections to its approval : In a communication sent to the House of RenresentativeH the 29th of IbM month, re turning to the House without my approval the bill entifed "An act making appro priations fur Die support of tl e army for t'ie fiscal ye.r ending .1 une SJ h, 1 - Ml, and f or other purposes," 1 endeavored to show by quotations from the statute ot the L'nittdSules, now ia fotc-, andly a hief statement of facts in regard to recent elec tions in several States, thai n.i jdditioaal legislation is necessary to prevent interfer cnee with elections by tho military or naval forces cf the United Siates. The fact was presented in that communication that at the time of the uasa e of' the act of June 1-ith, ls7S ia relati m to the employment of the army as a "Ks.-e com mitatus" or otherwise, it was main tained by its friends that it would establish the vital and fundimcntal princi ple which would eecure to ihe eople pro tection against a standing army. The fact was also referred to thai sinc the passage of this ac, Congressional, State and mil nicipal elections had b-eo held throughout ihe L'nion, and that in no instance has c uu plaint been mide .f the j resence of United States soldier at the pods. Holdirg, a 1 do, the opinion that any military intcr'er ence whatever at the polUis contrary to the snirit of our institutions, and wO'lId teed to destrov the freedom of eleciioLS, and sincertv desiring to concur with Con gress in all of its measure, it is with very great regret that I am forced to the conclu sion that the bill befere me i not only 'in necessary to prevent such interference, but is a dangerous departure from a long set tled and important constitutional principle. THE TKT'E KULE for the employment of military fprre at elections is not doubtful. Xo intimidation or coercion should be allowed to control or influence citizens in the exercise of their right to vote, whether it appears in the shape 01 comoinaiiocs 01 i-vn-uispurcu ier sons or of armed bodies of the militii of a State, orof the military forresof the United States. The elections should be free from all forcible interference and as far as prac ticable from all apprehension of tuchjnter fererce. Xo soldier, either of the Union cr nf State militia should be present at the polls to take the place or perform the du ties of the ordinary civil tiolice force. There ha3 been acd will be no violation of this rule under orders from me dnrin; this administration. But there should hi no denial of the right of the National Govern ment to employ its military force on any day and at any "place in case such employ ment iJnecessarr to enforce the Constitution and law of the I nited States. The bill be fore me is as follows . THE E'LT "Be it enacted &c, That it shall net be lawful to bring to or to employ at any place where a general or special election is hem" held in anv State, any part of the army or navy of the United States, unless such force be necessary to repel armed ene mies of the United fetatc or to enlorce section four, article four of the Constilti linn of the United States, and laws made in pursuance thereof, on application of the I-ecislature or Kxe;titive of the State where such force U to be u-ed; acd so'mnch of all laws as i inconsistent he:eithi.s hereby repealed." IT WIIX BE OCiEUVED that the b.ll exempts from the general pro hibition1 against employment of military forces at jsolls two specific cases. Thee exceptions recognize and concede the soundness cf the principle that the military force may projeny and coiiotitiitionally be used at the place ot election wnen sucn use i r.eces-ary to enforce the Constitution and laws, but the exrepted cases leave the prohibition so extensive and f sr reaching that its adoption will eeri usly impair the efficiency of the Executive department of the "orernment. The first act expressly author zing the use of the military power to execute the law wa passed almost as early a the organization of the govern ment under the Constitution, and was ap proved bv President Washington, Miy 2d, 1792. THE FIRST AtniioitrrY. It is as follows: Sccnos 2. And be it further enacted, That whenever the laws 0t the United btatee shall be opposed, or the execution thereof obstructed in any fctate, uy comuinanons too powerful to be suppressed by the ordin ary course of judicial proceedings, or by powers vested in marshals by this act, the same being notified to the President of the United State by an asoc.ate justice cr district j'idge, ii shall be lawful for the President of the United Statu to call forth the militia of such State to suppress euch combinations and to caue the law to be duly executed, and if the militia of a State where such combinations may happen i-hall refuse or be in-utficient to suppress the sime, it shall be lawful for the President, if the Legiilature of the United States be not in session, to rill forth acd employ sarh memUrs of militia of any other states most convenient thereto as may be necessary until the expiration of thirty days after the commencement d the enue in2 session." In 170-3 this provision wa mbstantially re-enacted in law which repealed the act of 1792. In 107 the following act became the law by the approval of President Jef ferson: AVCUZit "That in all ci"e of insurrection on ob struction to the laws either of the United States or of any individual State or Terri tory, where it is lawful for the President of the United States to call lorth the militia for the purpose of suppressing such insur rection, or of ciusinz the laws to be duly observed, it shall be lawful for him to em ploy for the samejpuriioees such part of the land or nayal lorce as shall be jodged neceaary, having first observed all the prerequisites of the law in that resjiect. Er THI ACT it will be seen that the scope of the liw of 179-3 wa extended so as to authonz; the National Government to use not only the militia but the irmy and navy of the United States in causing the laws to be duly exe cuted. The important provision of the acts of 1792, 1795 and 1S70, modified ia its terms Irom time to time to adapt it to ex isting exigencies, remained in force, until by an act approved by President Lincoln, July 23,.1SC1, it was re-enacted substan tially in the same language in which it is now found in the Kevised Statutes, viz : " St ction 5293. Whenever, by reason cf un lawful obstructions, combinations, or assem blages of person, or rebellion against the authority of the Government of the United States, it shall become impracticable, in the judgment of the President, to enforce by the ordinary course of judicial proceedings, the laws of the United Statea within any State or Territory, it shall be lawful for the President to call forth the militia of any or all States acd to employ such parts cf the land and naval forces of the United States as he may deem necessary to enforce the faithful execution of the laws of the United States, or to suppress such rebellion, in whatever State or Territory thereof the laws of the United States may be forcibly opposed or the execution thereof forcibly obstructed." TH13 AXCIEST 'AJfD FCXDAMESTAI. LAW has been in force from the foundation of the government. It is row jropesed to abro gate it on certain days and at certain places. In my judgment no fact has been pro duced which tends to show thatjt ought to be repealed or suspended for a single hour, st any place in any of the States or Terri torial of the Union. AlLtha teaching! of fciptieie ia ue conne 01 oar flweri Mining itn .' Ita iHr..-aiid n x : m - supremacy of the Constitution has been re sisted, and the perpetuity of onr institu tions imperiled the principle of ihl statute enacted by the fathers, has enabled trie government of the Union to maintain jy authority aaa to preserve the utegritr of tne nation. At the most "cntiial rcr'o's of oar fcis'ory, my .Jpredecei-rj in the executive effice hive relied on this great principle. It was on this principle that President Washington suppressed the the whi-iky rebellion in Philadelphia ia 1792. In 1S0G, on the sime principle, President JetTersoa broke up the Burr con spiracy, by issuing orders for the employ ment ol such force, either of the regulars or of the milifia, and by such proceeding of the civil authorities as might enable them to suppress effectually the further progress of the enterprite. It was under the sanis authority that President Jackson crushed the nullification in South Carolina, and that President Lincoln issued his cail fer troops to Bave the Union in 1SGL OS SCMEFU3CS OTHER OCCASIONS of less significance, under probably every administration and certainly under the present, this power has been usifullv ex erted to enforce the laws, without objc tion by any party ia the country and al most without attrac'ing pub';c attention. The great elementary conti luteal princi ple which was the foundation of the origi nal statute of 1792, of wb'c1! has been its essence in the various forms it ha assumed since its first adoption, is that the govern ment cf the L'nitt-d Stale os?eres, ticiler the Constitution, in a fuller measure, the power of t-elf-protectioa by its own a;encie altogether independent ot State authority, and, if need be, against the hostility of State governments. It should n main em-bo-tied in our statutes, unimp tired as it has teen from the VET.Y OKtCtS OF TUEGOVOWMENT. Iti-huii'd be rvgirdul as harll.- l.ss valua ble or less sscreil than the provision of the Cons'itiit.jT i'j-e'f. T..ere .re ni&LV o'her i.-rpo-tS" ot Ml containirg pruvisinns that are liab'e to be -uspendeil or annulltd at tmi s and places of htdciog elections, if the bill before me sb n'd liecoiiie a law. I do not undertake to furnish a list of them. Many of them, perbip most ot them, ha e been set fi r.h in the debates upon this raeamre. Tr.ty relate to extraJition. to crimes against elec tion laws, to quarantine regulations, te- neutrality, to Indian reservation, to the civil rights cf citizen, and to othersubj'-c's. in rejiaru 10 mem an it may be sately stiti that the meaning and eff ct of this bill is to take from the General Givrnment an im portant part of its powertoecb rcethe laws ANOTHER OKAVE Oi lEltlOX to the bill Ls its db-crimim irn in favor ot h-j State acd against the Nat.onal auther ily. The presence or employment tf ihe army or navy of the United Sta'es i law ful under the term of this bill, at the pUce where an election is being held in a State to uphold the au'hority of a Stste government then when is need of such military intervention, but unlawful to up hold ihe authori y of the Government of the United S.ates when there in netd of such military intervention. Fader this bill, the proenre and employment of the atmy or navy of the United States Kould belawlul and might lie necessary to miiu tain the conduct of State election &gaint the domestic violence that would over throw it, but would W unlawful to main tsin the conduct nf National elections against the same local violent t lhat would overthrow them. THI3 DI-CRIMINATION hi never b-en attempted in any previous legislation by Congre-s, and i no more compatible with the sound principle of the Constitution or the necessary maxitim on rccasions cf election', than at other times. Inthecarlr legislation of 17oi ard cf 179-0, by which the militii of the State was the only military ower recorted to for the execution of the constitutional power in support of State or X itioual authority, both Junctions of the covernment were put upon the same footing. By the act of 1S07, the employment of the army and navy was auihnrzit fortheierformanceof bothlhefe constitutional diitiej. In the same terms in all later statutes on the same subject matter, the same meature of authority to the government has been acemded for the performance of both these duties. SO rr.ECFDEST HAS BEEN FOCS1 in any previous legislature, and nostiffic'ent reason has been given for the ilircriminatii.n in favor of the State and against the na tional etithority, hich thi bill contains Under the sweeping terms of the bill, the national governu.ent is efieciially shut out from the exerci e of the right tnd from the discharce of its imperative dtitv to we its jKer whecevr and wherever required, for the enforcement ol it law at places and times where and when the eh ction are held. The employment of it orginiz'd anned force for any euch purpns.s would be an offere against the law, unless r tiled for by and, therefore, u n the I ermi-Hii in of the authorities of the S ae in which ihe occasion arises. What n tl is tint the siib stltution of the discretion f ihe Stole gov ernment. for the di-cTetiuii of ihe Ubiied State-s, as to the performance of its own duties ' In my judgment, ih.s is an ACINDOSMENT OF ITS CBUOATIOX3 br the Nitional GovernnK nt, a sopBsi n of National authority, and an in'rusion ol State supervision over N ation tl duties, which amounts in spirit and tendency to State supervision. Although I believe the existing statute are abundantly ad. quite to completely prevent military interference with elections, in the serse in which the phrace i used in thetitl of the bill, aod i' employed by the jieoplc of the country, I shall find no difficulty ia concurring in anv additional legislation limited to that object, which doe not interfere with the indispensable exercise of thepoaersif the ( o7er uinent, acd the Const istitut.on laws. (Signed) RrriiKBi rm B ITvni. L'c ravn Mansion, M 12, lv7'- SAN FORD'S ADICAL CURE For :) CATARRH p? f Instantly relieve unit prnianentty cares -"nezinirorllead Oilil.etlUsl Acu'eCatirrn thick, jel-ow mid foul Muttery Ai-eninuia-tlonslu'the Nana ltiies, called Chr-mic Catarrh : rotting and sliunmi t the U.cts ol ilieNo1-, wilh dNclMrKes of loathsome rnRter tinged with bUns!, unit I'lt-erations mien ezieuiiinriiiiiE.3,iir, innjai ami l.ungs. railed ITIcerailve Catarrh. A.m. IIy lever. Xerou lle-a'tach'-. Durz tifs. Cloud ed Memory, Hud Isr Nerve i'uwer. HiLsCireHl Lsicalaud l.msiltuiioniil Reme dy l prepared tntlrely bv dist.llation, slid omtilns. In tern lurm of vorlzt es.eu--r. inr Bre-iiest veueiarms neaiinauil piiniyin properties known to mislern rhemltrv. By meansof Hr. Hacfonfs Improved Inhal er, which accompanies every lotti l- of charge. It Is Inhaled, thus aetlng direct It" ou the Nu-smI PaKfiigei, which It liistaiitly cletn-m.- of foul mucDous ascumulattons, subdue. Ing Inflammation when externum; to the Kf, Ear and Throat, restoring the sense-to! Smell Hearing aud TaMt when afTected, leaving ttie head deoderlzed, clear acd open, thebresth sweet. tbe breathing eauy, and every sense In a grateful and ootlited condi tion. Internally administered It permeates, every fluid of Itiebody, cleinslng the entire mucaoUAOrruembranonssyiiteui tnrongh the lood, which It purifies of tlieuciil i,lsoa 1 vrs rueseut Iu Catarrh it rmlMs nnthe enfeeb'ed and broken down constlutloa. robs Ibedlseaseof its virus, and permits tli lo rnstlon of Ueaitb-ltestorlcg lilood. L'niess the system Is prostrated by scrofula or con sumption beyond recuperdtlon.lt will etieet a permanent cure In every c-. Hundreds of testimonials, fcvery druggist who ha ever sold it will cheerfully bear witneMlo Its marvellous elllcacy. Irlee. with Improved Inhaler, Treatise and Directions, H. bold by druggists everywhere. .COLLIJVS' VOLTAIC ELECTRIC pMSTEfcS Electricity and Healing Balsams Instant Relief from Pain and Soreness. Instantly and mrsterionslv the electrlea forces generated by thi wonderful plaster act nnon the nervous svstrm. lmnUMni- P,i!n and Weakness, mailing the dormant Mo-cles mio new me, stimulating the Llv-rand Kid neys, curing DvBDerrtla. Initlt-stlon. liilllolM Colic, Cram ps and Kiins. Itheumatlsm, .Neuralgia, Sciatica, Weak Spine, Weak and fore Lungs, Cooghs and Affections, Weak Stomach and Bowels, Ague and Liver Pains, Enlarged Spleen. Female Weakness, Hbootlng Pains throngh the Iilns and Ihck, Lack ot strength and Activity. Nervous, Mnscularand Spinal Attentions re lieves! ana enrea wnea i-yeryuiopr putsier Unlment, lotion and electrical appliance PRICE 25 CENTS. R. rsrefnl to call for COLXJKS VOLTAIC Wr rrrf and Jastet vpon havlsK m itrewuuacw ?ynr. awtuju s4 -tt . a s j - . xaOMK HAEKETS. Wholesale. VHKA.T No. 1. 1 (,7c; So. 3, !.; Xo. 4 OS. fLQUK-iilZ.i-2 :0, JiS5,Jt73 per sack Ite Kiuur viz sack i2 10 ; shlpslull, bt.ui, i.T'ou, Mtifc. ,!...,; Cum Meal, per 1UJ lbs bulk, 73c O.N-N .. 2. mind Kc; No. 2 white mixed, as old; r-- .c.ed mixed, nominal. sV'tS1.5'-Su" i-'ia'l; 3JSe asked ; rejectod, HLT-rEB-Cbnlce. toe; medium. SaS. lUo s'wtiite ISeh bSi.1? baShe1, Klr!y Bo,e-Mo53o: "-"is-Sl '-ai Si per bnnhel. Vi ?v2ll. ?' "l " Pr bushel. VOX.' l.TR Chicken S2 paJS to ner dox. Stock Markot. CATTLE-Shlprors. W St TJ; Bnlchers, 3 SOal Io; Moekers and Keedtr- 15 SWJ 15 IIIH.: 55 lOjt a. live. bHKKl Prime, S3 XQ3 65 per head. Slarkets by Tclegiapa M:vt vottic jii.m:v ji.ntKirr. Jm rtr Yoke, May 13. Vr-irr- 1 1 percent., closing at 3 per cent MancsNTUJt rriK-rrimo, 4 Wt4 St. SrotLUkO ilrm; W dajs, tTK; alsnt, Sl (3. Uvuroi-15S! f i rr,,- new'SV, St CJJ new 'if rBfciMere,l,$iiei.1,i(!6l4; coupon-. Slltrg Hi": uew Vs. registered, jiiC,Sf el it';; cou nns, 31 iri;4l ?; currency ', 1. OoVKUNjitTS ij.nerally tlrm. l.R.-H.VK-:t V. bLiisii iztM toi i ctl j di-count. K. it. HoMm AciUbhuu strung. State &tcuiUTiE bull. Stocks Maiktt active and. In the miiu, sirous and higher Co Jl shares w ere Uriu.y hetdand adancel yc ivj. eiran;er shtren show aniiipnem-ni fur th nay ul ,i'. --u huisitrustuuswerti comewnut irtegu titr. M.tv v-tv i'isiidccc 3iuKnr. Nicv Vibk. il.ty 13. Flour-In fcurdemifd n dnu; superliue we(viu and slate, J.i jsjjI !; cuiniuoii Io jt'sst, i3iijt-it; ihhI to cbolcess -i e.j 1 1; wliiln vttiaat extr:i,;ii5i); be Louis.$f6iI e'. Whrat IA mmlenito demand; No. 3 spring, 9&iSTc; No s spring, il lAijt (s; un graitett rci winter No. 1, !l is.i M. No 2 kinber.Jt 1: unnrtileit wiitle, St Hal 16, No. lilo.i.ilsHlilU'.jt I KlE-Ftrai-r; western, UO&KJJc. I-. .HLliV-DllI. ( flkN Ivtoien HPgrtdeil, I lf j I V; "n 3, t'r: sieuruer, Iljalic No. 2, 1 g I .'c: No I, l' ,c uacs i-tnuiger; mixed western. Sly 15 -o; while western SSaM -. fi Er Miemly Mi I unchaiiKed. s-i .AKAfiiitaud tlrnt MnivsHfs-tnietMiul steady. ice -A-t ve Miid rlrni. Ei.ls itet; Western 12t-. IV i.K otto j old mes, SJ 12'; new mess, Jl '.!. o IlKfF Firm. l. M k tts tjnlet and IImm; long clear m ui 1-h $,ur, -i.ort clear, 5j1:. lAKiM,.lilL.; iinmestei.iii, tVfi III hi"rrB- attaud Urin; w.siru, Jia-Me. Iiif..sb .-..eady: w.sieiu, 27e. V, Jll-k.lt v-teBO ; ft (,i. ST. I.tltllr. I'lKllUieKsuitKi.r. y trr. Louis. Jtay 13. KiorK Cncbangtil. 'A H at- UiiMlil.il and Iliicluatlng, but generally hit-tier; No. 2 n.l. tl llJ-il 10 ri-l; sIOM; :1 issOI W.luce; JllS'Sa 1 0I'4 July: N' 3ilo .li.T. Uvus-biKsr; 3i',i3ic cash; 3;',tt3lio JnnSVJ Ui'-Jji). Oats 'cm. i u higher; 3Ji3i)',c cish; SL'"- il y nmi Jut e Hvx-Ufvntd lower but advanceil to W Js aj.vt.VKX lull and nothing doing. Whihkv Ptraily altl Ui. Lead 310. isktd. KcrrrK Weak and cnchangid; cliolco dairy. ilal.V. Ki.i.s Im I; c. 1"okk ui.t; joblilng,;-! so. UkvsJai.1 Mi.is-.-im; car lots clear ribs. Sl tt). Ir eon b-nird. ItACo.v IJiuet; clearrlbi, 55 12as 15; clear, r.32K53.v L.VI.U Noiuina. sr. i.iiuin i.ivc srut'tc .ii.i:ictrr. tT. Lone. .M.iy 13. Cai-i.e Iu gcndtiem.iinland higher; kimm! to choirr Heavy shipping steers, s I tin5 si; do lialit, si;k,iI!(; ntin. butchers steers, t.'.T54l ! , tuw-ami hellers, J0imI6O: corn letl Irian .,:, 7 etibi, feeillng steers, S3 854ft I S';reip!s. 1 i; sliipmtnts, i llo.s Weak nd .it t.tlr uemanil; ronglt lin), S:vl2ii; orken io Biltlruotes, r: u.I M'; siniMiiii heavy. IZ 35.cl tu; re ceipts 3,IU; slilpmenls, '.a). siiEEi tjiM'il i.llpi4-fl wanted : wooleil only titken by bnlciiers, cnrniiiou Io goisl clipis-d. Si s fct I "s - kihmI to choice woo ed, kl &' w; receiiis, Jo, sblpm uts. none. :iIICAt.! I'ltOIItK'i: JIAIIKI.T. CHICAOO. May Vi. Vijocr In dem-inil at fn'l prices Wheat Iriegiilur; opened weak and Ioneranitcloh.fi firm nt outside prices and stroue: N. 2 sprlne. 'ts'-atls'c .sh; 'J3?hc May: SI OnJi Inn.; 9--cJiil): sates, at M'jS JI iAt June; i'.ck4!tt,'4 Jul, o 3 spring, tS'ir. rejects d, 7J-. Corn nmi ami p simile tower: 3Ti- cash; 3i'a3?c Jnne: 3.Ta37c Jul. 3 .- August. ats In fair ueiuinii ami luguer; 27'jO casliiin.l June: 2se bid tor July. hE lu good uelit-tud aud a shade bijher; Sir. Karley Mradr and unchnnge.1: 70c. Pons Active, ilrm and limber; 62 J eicash; J KtAt-Jhlii Jnne; f 7 July. LAun Mixleratlv nctUouu. higher; K 20 c- ard June; p !', mly. RCLK Meats Muderate y active and hisli r Vt ui kv-.j'eadyaml uncbangtsl; Jl OL Chicago r.ivi: sreiric rtz,ii:Ki:r. CitiCAOo, ay 13. Hoes RixsnlpTe. !; shipments. UttO; mtrket fi-ni and Irregular and llic higher; 111! red, ttff'tr, choice heavy, 13 01; light luiii.fJ4.".v ; packing nr.ides, S3 3033 Ul; closed nrm ; nil roid. e ATTi-R Kfweipt-, l.lfifi; shipments. 2,U0. gene-iaiiy auclianfteil; some grades easier; slilpi-mg and extort, tlln". Jl; one extra, lot, S5 t:'--,; butchers cows and heifers, 85 .'iirf$ I ir, imxetl.ti IMS It); Imll-.S'.Hdl It); feed ers' a d Kloe&ers ht&tvt , il 5t I W. nli'-ep Receipts, 7i: shipments, 210; market, declining, SS'.i, I 75. Si.. C. I'i:ilIUCK 31 IIIKLT. KA3iAa Citt. Mo., May 13. Tio "Indicator" riporu : Hhkat Receipts, 4,ls"; Khlpnients. JJ39; In More, ITe.lj.i; market excited and l2a higher; Nf .",1 07; No. 3, 11 III; No -J, Wc .J' OBS Ks-lpw,2ll08I: shipments, 1(53"; ot store, ..,i.JI; cuMh a fraction higher; fut ure low. r. No. 2 mlxid. 3.'r; No. 2 white utixid. 3V; reji-cte!, uoniinal. 1 lATi Nrt r, 3 c b.d, 3i'ic askeil. 1 ve-J u .al. 1-i.i..s tAekur, Willi sale at 9V'lnc. I.'Uttek Imli, weak and pitiitj , cholco K.iusiwlVc; More I'.cteil.Vjbc. It. C. LIVi: MOCK M.lllKET. Kansas crrr, MuM May 1J. The "Indicator" reorUi: Cattle Itecelptii, Wi: shlpmenw, ; weaker, hut no iaotabm chan.e; niaiket. tairly actie. IIiH.sj iu?ceip's, l,f ; litpmenH, 1S1; flriner anl ' lijlier- extreme range ot sale. iti'tii i; w.t'i Ou.a at fill' Ulli. siiiKFr 1.1 cetppi, w, Mouieuts, none; steady ar! luchunged. A GOOD PLAN.. Anyb'slv atn learn to make money rapldly operatiug III stock by th "Two I'uerrlug Hitlea mr succes., in Messrs. lwrture. . Co.'. new circular ThecornhlnalloQ method,, which this tlrm hai mad so suci-essfulen-ablea xeonle wltu largo or small iiiiisiih to reap all the benefits of largest capital and. lx-l skill. Tboiuands of ordert Iu varion sums, are pooled Into one v.st umouiit and co operated an a muhly whole, thus stcurlug to ecli sharei older 1 theadvauUgenof thu l.rest operator. Immense profit ar di vined nvinthiy. Any amount, from 15 to. I510. or mn. -tn be used siiccesslully. N. Y Jlif.Ust lVey. i-eptemlierS. h, 167 , sa "lly thecoinn.u'io sjst-riijI5 would Inako ?, or .r-eiit J.yisijst-, or 7-percent.-: Slut m- kes l s, or H) per cent, on the mock, iinrrn.-'tl m 1.U1. acconilDg to ihemarke'.'' 'run. fslte Jttutrattti Srvrpttprr, Jnn9 juii '-'ihe combinUon method of opeia tlug sto'ka ls the most sncceasful ever ailojiteil. ACMl 1 urk lntrptmtml, Sept. 12th: "The combination sslent la lounded upon corrrrt baslnesH principles, and no person n-nlbe without an Income while It ls kept worKtng by Messn. Lawrence 4 Co. Brvjk fjn Jourruit, April 20th: 'Our editor m dea net pruutof 5Ii)l. G.romSAlu one of Messrs. I.twitnie t CO.'n omtjln tlouK." New cir cular (mailed free; explains -verylhlne, Mlocki and liocds wanted. Government bondH supplied Lawrrnce Co., iianken, 17 Kxchsne I'lace, N. 1 ARE YQU AfJNOYED BY VEaMJNV T TUB f J DAMAGE AVILL CEASE WITH ONE TRIAL Ot PROF. MITCHELL'S POiSONEQ WHEAT! I (Nature's Own Ileraedy.) It will isMltively rid your premises or RATS, .Vl.CE, &C.r; Pent jiost-pald on receipt of 25 CEBITS pu.tae sumps) to R. T. CREAMER. No. 955 Eighth Avenue New York. D.M STICER &CO. No. IS Earclay Street, Wbolesale AgenU fllO FARMERS-It Lsthe boon Iongaoofht I for. In procuring an entire riddance or erowwhicueanaeao macildarrit" durijr ; tM nMttns imwnm, wn Ift P l ! -1 1 1 r4 j-Vt - : rasxarfcr. H&fr&Si i!- y 4Ll " '