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POE & MATHEWS, Proprietors. [established sm-t&hulk, ismj ®z ou ri.it. annum—in Aavance.
VOLUME a. ~ DE8 ABC. ABKAN8A8> AUGUST lb, 16BT. _NUMBER 33. §)es (Hitmen J PUBLISHED EVERT SATURDAY. OFFICE—BUENA VISTA STREET. Our Job Printing Department. We have supplied ourselves with a good assortment of Printing Material and are ready to execute all kiuds of Xob Printing, j on reasonable terms. We are prepared to print Pamphlets, Cata- j logues, Posters, targe or small, Cards, Ball ! Tickets, Bill Reads, Blanks of every descrip tion, for Clerks. Sheriffs, Justices of the Peace, Constables. Ac. RATES Or ADVERTISING. One square (10 linen of this Kite type) fur one Insertion, $1: each additional insertion, 7ft cents. j 1 m. ( 2 m | 8 m. | 6 m. |1 year. 1 Square, i'a 00 $6 00 $9 00 .12 00 $20 00 2 Square,. 6 00 9 00 11 00 14 00 2600 3 Square,. 9 00 11 00 1* 00 17 00 30 00 ! Column. 11 00 13 0# 16 00, 20 00 <0 00 Column, 16 00 19 00 22 00 86 00 60 00 Column, 20 00 24 00 28 00 46 00 76 00 Column. 26 00 28 00 33 00 65 00 90 00 Advertiser, by the year will be restricted to their legitimate business. Personal communications charged double. Legal advertisements will be charge^, for one square or less, first insertion $1. and 75 cents per square for each additional insertion. Advertisements not ordered for a specified time, will be inserted till forbidden, and charged for accordingly. All advertising due after second insertion. PROFESSIONAL ( ARBS._ KOItT. 8. ANDERSON, < W M. J. THOMPSON, Jacksonport, Ark. Au</tula, Ark. Andonon ft Thompson, ATTORNEYS AT LAW, Jacksonport and Augusta, Ark. Will attend tbe Courts of Jackson, \Vood ruff, and adjoining Counties, and to special cases in any section of tbe Stale. Address "either office. mayl8-ly ». C. PICKRTT. L. M. RANSABR. Pickett a- hamsauk, ATTORNEYS IT LAW, .4 VO VST A, .4 RKA XSAS. Will practice in the counties of Woodruff. Jackson, White and Craighead. Special at tention given to collections of all claim# en trusted to theft care aprG-ly J. C. JONSON. Office—West Point. Arkansas. JNO. M. MOORE, Office—Searcy, Arkansas. JONSON Ik MOORE, Attorneys at haw, SOLICITORS iy CHANCERY, —ASD— Weserhl Land and Collecting Agents, ISEAIICY, ARKANSAS. Witt give prompt attention to any "business in the counties of Independence, Jackson, Wootftnff, Nonroe, Prairie, White, Conway and Van Bnren.- maril ~ J. R. 1». aldriihje, ATTORNEY AT LAW, Cotton Plant, Arkansas. Will practice in the Circuit Courts of Woodruff county, ami the Circuit Court# of the seventh Judicial District, and give prompt attention to all business entrusted to his care. _« t*eo. W . jy±aDerry> ATTORNEY AT LAW, AND SOLICIT O R IN' CHANCERY —and— AiEWERlE lt\l> A (RENT, COTTON rTiANT, WOODRUFF COUNTY, ARKANSAS. Wtl.I, attend the Circuit and Probate Conns fur the counties of Monrno. St. Francis and WoodTttlf. mailM J. B. QATBWOOD, 1 I .1 S. THOMAS, Dcs Arc. Ark. J \ Brownsville, Ark. GATEWOOD & THOMAS, A«t©aanrs® At saw Dcs Arc nml Brownsville, iPRmn corsTV, Arkansas. decl-tf ___ GANTT & BROXAUQH, Brownsville, Ark. II. P. VAUGHAN, Des Arc, Arkansas. \ Gantt* Brwtaugh A Vaughan, ATT®RN £YS AT LAW. Will practice in the counties of Prairie, White, Woodruff. Monroe, Arkansas and Pu laski. Prompt aitlention tfiven to the collec tion of claims Tuxes will be paid and lilies investi(fated for non-residents. aprl4-8m 1. S. HUOOXPEItt. T. BI.AKE REST. HEDGEPETH & KENT* ATTORNEYS AT LAW. DfiS ARC, ARKANSAS. WILL practice in all of the courts of Prairie county, and the circuit courts of the surroundiug counties. n»ar24-t>m WMTJONES Atmivn At raw, BROWN SVTLLE. ARKANSAS. tlJILL practice in the ©©untie# of Pulaski, W Prairie, Monroe, Woodruff, Jackson and White Prompt attention given to the collec tion of claims. aprl4-ly VTM. k. coohy. i>- w iai. 000DY & McRAE, Aimvitl AT RAW 8E.4RCY, WHITE t'OTSTf, ARKANSAS. Will practice in all the courts of Arkansas. iuar24 BOE. F. CLARK. 8AM• W. WILLIAMS JOE W. MARTIN. CLARK. WILLIAMS & MARTIN, Attorneys at Law, LITTLE ROCK, ARKANSAS. . WILL praotiecin all the Courts, prosecute Claim. ofyPI kinds, collect debts, sud act as Real Etluj/Tand Gtneral Agtmit. OrrtcK—Markham Street, near State House. april28-tf _ W. HICKS, Formerly of the firm of Cypert A Hicks. II, R. FIELDING, Formerly of Athens, Ala. HICKS A FIELDING. ATTORN SYS AT LAW, Naarcjr, Whit* Co.. Arkansas. WILL practice in this and the adjacent counties, in the District Court#, aud Su preme Court of the Slate. -We have in connection with our Law OrricK an ACTIVE OUT-DOOR COLLECTING AGENCY. Claims entrusted to us will ho promptly attended to, and if Rot immediately collected will be at once secured if possible. Claim against the Government for property taken by the U. 8 force# (whether rswptcd for or not)—Bountis# Pensions, Arrears of r\Y &c. promptly attended to. I- HICK'* & HELPING PROFESSIONAL CAMS. Drs. Barney, Tre*ev»nt A Allen, HAVINO associated themselves in the rAICTICE OF MEDICINE, will coutinue to Wait npon the eitiiene of DES ARC AND VICINITY. As heretofore, a portion of their time, will ■he devoted to treatment of Obkokio Diseases of every description. . ggrOfflce—One door eaet of J. M. Purtio>’« Drug Store. jolH R. J. A. ROtSE'LAlJXB office, la now at Johnson ft Davis’ Drug Store; can be be consulted at hla room at the Harvey House. He will give hie undivided attention to Chronic Dlseaici of every deecrip tion. . « The best of references can be furnished, by applying to pg_ J. A> ROP8ELAUX, junl-tf Deo Arc, Arkansas. THOMAS M. GIBSON, attorney at law, DEV ALL8 BLUFF, ARKANSAS. 'torill give special attention to collection of claims of every character. jun29-ly THOMAS J. MARSH, attorney and counsellor A.t Law, DES ARC, ARKANSAS. gi^-Parteular attention given to the collection of all kinchi of claims against the Government. Offick—On Buena Vista street next door to J. M. Burney's drug store, may25- • i GEO. K. MORTOK. *««•»«»* A* SAW, —AND— SOLICITOR IN CHANCERY, DES A O. O » ARKANSAS.! Will practice in the State and Federal Courts of Arkansas. may 11* J M c-o «• i AiiE-nou.i, v. Auyutla, Ark. Jackronporl, Ark. SIDNEY 9. «AC9*. Patterson, danse k Bro. ATTORNEYS AT LAW, Jarksoeport ud Aifeste, Arkansas. Wiu. practice in the Counties of Woodruff, Jackson, Independence, Whit*, Lawrence, j Randolph, Green. Craighead and Cross, and "ttcud to special cases in any pert of the ! Stale. Address cither office. myl8-ly [ !. N. HKDUriTII. S. ». JACKSON. HEDGPETH & JACKSON, ROIOSTBAD LAND AGENTS, Dcs A.re, Arlmnsns. Win, enter Lands under the proviaiotfs of the Act of Congress, May 21, 1862, entitled j “An act to secure Homesteads to actual act ; tiers on the public domain.” ap27 k- F. LEPTIEN, Watchmaker and Jeweler, I)ES ARC, ARKANSAS. I AM NOW PREPARED TO DO ALL kinds of work in my Hue. Mend ing, Cleaning. &c. -Thankful for past favors. I solicit a continuance of the patronage heretofore be stowed on me. feb28-tf WATTENSAW Nurs ery. ONE HUNDRED THOUSAND FRUIT TREES, ONE AND TWO YEARS OLD, FOR SALE IN 1867-8, BY JOHN D. MORROW k SON, PRAIRIE COUNTY, ARKANSAS. HA VINO been engaged in Ibis busfhesr for the last seventeen years, in Mississippi and Arkansas: and having studied it closely. <re claim to have acquired a knowledge of the Fscits adapted »« eur climate. We refer the public to specimens in our Orchards, and Or chards sold by us, in this and adjoining counties. Address John D. Morrow it Bon, jun J'd-iim Des Arc, Arkansss. TV. H. BARNETT, I4&VIN 84t»ft» Aid General Repairer. Will repair Old Itarnsas, or make new once, i Also, repair Saddles. Shop—opposite “citi zen orrics." | Dee Arc, Ark., May 2S, 1867—tf & 1, fCWMSWlt, WATCHMAKER —AND— JEWELER, ntTLEBtriLLE, - ARKANSAS. HAS on hand, a nice stock of Watch- JO es. Clocks, Jewalry and Fancy Articles. Also, will repair Watcher, dfcoh Clocks, Jewelry, Musical Instruments, etc. In connection with the above, I have a PHOTOGRAPH GaIlERY, Where any kind of a Picture can he taken. upr-20-am J. B. FISCUKSSER JUNE lat, IhflV. Dry Goods in Abundanoe at Beduoed Prioes (I Ms mean fxactly (bln. itAZl.v ft Afr-rin T^nv BE AWOttAN. Oft I've heard a gentle mother, As the twilight hours began, Pleading With a son on duty, Urging him to be a man. But unto her blue-eyed daughter, Tho’ with love’s words quite as ready, Points she out the other duty— "Strive my dehr to he a lady.” What’s a lady ! Is it eomething Made of hoops, and silks, and nirs ; Used to deeornte the psrlor, Like the fnney rings nnd ehairs ? It it one thet westee on novtla Every feeling that ie human ? If ’tie this to be e ledy, ’Tie not thus to be a woman. Mother, then unto your daughter Speak of something higher far. Than to be mere feehion’e ledy— "Woman” is the brightest eter. If ye, in your strong affection. Urge your SOU to he a true man, Urge your daughter no leee strongly. To arise and be a woman. Tea, a woman ! brightest model Of that high and perfect beauty, Where the mind and soul and body, Blend to work out life’s great duty, Bo a woman ; naught is higher On the gilded list of fams; On the oatalogue of virtue There’s no brighter, holier name. Bo a woman ! on to duty; Raise the world from all that’s loir, Flace him high to the social heaven Virtue’s fair hud radiant brow. Lend thy influence to each effort; That shall raise our nature human ; Be not fashion's gilded lady— Be a brave, whole-souled, true woman. SOUTHERNPOLITICS. SPLENDID SERIES OF PATRI OTIC PAPERS, NOTES ON THE SITUATION—No. 7 BT HOK. B. H. HILL, OF OEORUIA. — The late civil war did not end by any formal treaty Of peace. The United States, though recognizing, by all the departments of their Federal Govern ment, the Confederate States as a bel- j ligerent party, would not recognize the | right of making a treaty by their cne-1 my lest a sort of separation or iude- j pendence should be implied. Wo must, therefore, loolc to the grounds of difference which brought on the conflict; to the declaration by the United States of the purposes of the war as made at the beginning and during the progress of the war, and to the conditions or stip ulations of surrender, for the terms of peace, aud the consequent rights of the victor and the obligations of the van quished. For we must admit that the doctrines of the issue, as insisted upon by the United States, and tire purposes and demands of the United States in making and carrying on tbe war, and the terms of surrender, were agreed to by us in the act of surrender, and, therefore, make the law of the peace for both parties—being thus demanded by one party and conceded by the oilier.* Tile Southern States insisted-: 1. That the Federal Constitution was a compact, to which the States were parties as separate and independent States, and, therefore, were parties with the right, by virtue of their sepa rate sovereignty, of withdrawal from the compact when, in the judgment of the State withdrawing, her interest or safety required withdrawal. 2. That the administration of the common government by a sectional party—sectional wcoause organized on principles of avowed hostility to a right of property held by the citizens of the Southern States, and recognized in the Constitution—would endanger the interest and safety of auch States ; and, therefore, justified the exercise of the right claimed to withdraw. Many iu the South believed this right to withdraw would be conceded by the party then coming into power in the United States, and that, there fore, the secession would be peaceable. They were encouraged to believe this, because this doctrhie, though now and for years advocated at the South, did really originate in New England and first came as a threat from that quarter of the Uniou ; because, also, many of the prominent organs and leaders of the new party did concede the right, and some declared if the Southern States chose to exercise it, they should do so in peace. But this impression proved to be a very fatal mistake; and it is very cer tain that the United States, and every department of their government, in the beginning and throughout the dura tion of the struggle, and until after the final surrender, did deny, in every offi cial form, both the right of withdrawal the validity of the attempt to with draw, as well as the sufficiency of the case made to justify the attempt. Thus the right of a State to with draw from the Uuion became the great leading question of difference between the parties to the conflict, as rtlade by ill the official records, and was the main question to be decided by the conflict. The Sauth insisted the Union was dissolved; the North denied it; they joined in battle to decide the question. Now let us see the official proof that this was the original issue. In Mr Lincoln i first Inaiigtifcd Ad ijrces Vc find the following language; Tt follows from these views that no State, upon its 6wn mWe motion, can lawfully get out of the Union; that resolves and ordinances to that effect are legally void, * * * I therefore consider that, in view of the Con stitution and the laws, the Union is unbroken, and, to the Mttcrt of my ability, I shall take rare, as the Constitution itself expressly en joins upon me, that the laws 6f tho -Union shall be faithfully executed in all the States. Here, two things are plainly assorted by the Executive power of the United States: 1. That the Union is not afid cannot be broken by the separate States; and 2. That this doctrine shall be maintained. Iu July, 1861, the Congress of the United States, with almost entire una nimity, resolved, That this war is not waged, on our part, in any spirit of oppression, nor for any purpose of conquest or subjugation, nor purpose of overthrowing or interfering with the rights or rstablished institutions of the Slates; but to defend and maintain the supremacy of the Constitution, and to preserve Ihe Union with all the dignity, equality and rights of the several States unimpaired; and, as soon as these objects arc accomplished, lbs war ought to cease. Now, let us analyze this resolution and we find that it assert* three very distinct propositions: 1. It declares what is sot the purpose of the war: It is not “in a spirit of op pression,” nor for any purpose of con quest or subjugation. 2. It declares what rs the purpose of the war: "To DEFENt) and maintain the Constitution, and to preserve the Union, with all the dignity, equality and rights of the several States unim paired.” 3. It declares when the war shall cease: “As soon ns these objects are accomplished the war ought to cense that is, as soon as the Constitution is maintained and the Union preserved with the dignity, equality and rights of the States unimpaired, the war ought to cease. Ten days afterward the Congress again declared, on motion of a New England Radical, their “fixed dertcrm ination to maintain the supremacy of the Government, and the integrity of the Union of all these United States.” And, with the single exception of Mr. Breckinridge, this resolution Was unan imous in the Senate. Quotations of like character could bo multiplied until there should be no end of the books that should bo Written, but these which I have made arc so clear, so explicit, so otttciai, and make the slugicjjijrpose of the war on the pari of the United Stales so distinct, that 1 could uot make it more explicit by a thousand additional proofs. That single purpose, at that time, was to de feat the validity of secession and pre serve the Union of all the States. Now, I have conceded, aud here re- i peat, that either party, during the i struggle, tuay increase his demand*,! or enlarge bis purposes in waging the j war; and these additional demands or purposes being proclaimed aud made known to the other party before the j surrender, while “his men and arms j remain,” may be claimed as among the! results decided by the war, and as: making pari of the terms of peace.! Such demands, it is true, must he rea sonable, nnd such purposes must he within the laws of war. tfV*r instances cither party, within the time proscrib ed, tnay demand the removal of the cause of the war so that it may not! produce a renewal of the conflict: or, | in case of an unjust war or of UUUcecr-1 sary or unreasonable prolongation Of the struggle, may demand the expen ses of the war; or, in case of rebellion, may insist on excepting from the am nesty the authors of the disturbance to be brought to legal trial; or, if a cruel and barbarous nation WcBo to give disj unct notice to rebels that they must expect no quarters; tlmt they mast consider in case of surrender, that their 'liVres W property or both are forfeited, the world might be shocked and hu manity be made ashatttedf but the rebels ought not to coinplain, for in that case they are notified they must submit to the declared will of the con queror, and ought to tight to extermi nation. BUI as such demands are usu ally cruel, they ought to be made known before the surrender, with un UsUal distinctness, lest the weaker par ty relying ou the law of nature and hu manity, to save something by not fighting to extermination, should be entrapped into a surrender which ac complishes what they intended by surrendering to escape. I repeat, the only demand made by the United States in the beginning was, that the people of the Confederate Stated should “lay down their arms, retire to their homes aud obey the laws,’ because thereby the United States sought to accomplish the only purpose of the war, to-w it: the defeat of secession and the preservation of the Union. The question is, did the United States, during the war and before the surrender, make other demauds or atow additional purposes and make them knonu to the Confederates? I have been unable to flud any other and believe no other man is able to tlud auy other, legitimate or official demands or declared purposes'. 1 find many individual thralls, and I find atvo acts of confiscation) suspen sion Of habeas corpus and such like acts, but thert they are declared to be, what indeed their very natures make them, war memures—to end with tho war, and to make no part of the terms or law of peace. They were adopted *« mean? to »rcnmpli<dt the one irrcst and original ptirposc, to force us to lay down our arms, and thus preserve the Union, iff. LmeolO did promise a liberal exercise of tbe pardonftig'poW er, from which it may be claimed to imply that he would except some from the amnesty, but he could only except them for a legal trial, and I suppose even Mr. Lincoln did not doubt the ’ result of a fair legal trial, unless ofi some one who made war on the United States before the secession of his State. For though the result of the war did decide that secession was void, yet, as intent is the issue of crime, it did not and could not decide, that one who honestly believed that secession was legal, was bound to know it was void before the decision made it so. And, though the result establishes that se cession is and was and must remain void ; yet, “he who honestly believed, at the time, that secession was either a constitutional or revolutionary right, or that his allegiance Was due to his State when secession Was asserted, or who believed the" coefci'O'n 'Of a S#ito was a crime, could not become a crim inal by acting on his honest belief. But if a man, before the secession of his State, made wat on the United States by seizing her foils or otherwiseor, if while holding an office under an oath to support the Constitution of the Uni ted States, he used the functions of that very office, by Overt acts, to de stroy the Union, such a man was a traitor and might, with some show of reason, have been excepted from the amnesty and reSelrVed for trial. 1 think, however, true wisdom and a peaceful future, required entire amnes ty for all the past, and careful absti nence from all oppressive acts in all the future. During the war, Mr. Lincoln, as president oi tne uuwcu states, issued his proclamation, emancipating slaves in certain States and parts of States. But this, itself, was declared to be a war measure only. Afterward the Congress hod proposed to the States an amendment to the Constitution abolishing slavery everywhere. But the States had not ratified it. It was, therefore, only a proposition undeter mined at the time of surrender. After the surrendeipthe slave States accepted and ratified this proposed amendment, and thus, by the act of the slave States after the surrender this amendment became a portion of the Constitution. Therefore, the abolition of slavery may, 1U fart, though not in legal strict ness, he counted as one of Vhc things decided by the war, and as being part of the law of peace. It is a noticeable fact, also, that although Mr. Lincoln included the acceptance of emancipa tion as part of the terms at the confer ence in Hampton Hoads, yet neither ho nor Gen. Grant, nor any other power, alluded to this as part of the terms during the negotiations for, nor at the time of the acceptance of, the surrender, tlie only conditions of the surrender, were to submit to tlie laws, and not take up arms again against tlie United States. What, then, did the wav decide, and what, by that decision, is the law of peace? Here it is, and here is all. : Secession is void; the Constitution is maintained ; the Union is preserved, with All the dignity, equality and rights of the several States unimpair ed, with the single exception of the uholition of slavery through the con tent of the original sieve States. AUd when our people, After the sur render, took an oath to support tlie Constitution of the United States and the union of the States thereunder, they swore to support the above decis ion, and nothing more. The nivwtiuar tho venHnnn in these State*, to 'Conform their consti tutions and laws to the change brought by the abolition of slavery, was prop er, and a result of the agreement to emancipate. The appointment of pro visional civil officers by the President to enable these conventions to be call ed and to act, was proper machinery to accomplish the end. Further than this no reconstruction was'ever needed or was legal or proper. But for the abolition of slavery the States would have beeu restored to their old Con stitutions and government, as they ex isted at the time of secession^ Every proposition in these military bills has been originated since the War, uot one of them was demanded during the war, or was made a condi tion of the surrender. There is not a respectable publicist or law-writer, an eieut or modern, heathen or Christian, which can be quoted to sustain them. By every such author the attempt to prescribe new terms after the surren der is infamous—is a breach of the peace ; is a now declaration of w ar, and is a most perfidious abandonment of the most sacred of ualioual obligations in the face of mankind. Kay, more; these military bills are disunion bills. Those who propose them are disuniouists; those who ad vocate them are disuniouists; those who consent to or accept them are dis uuionists. And they arc disuuionists, too, not like the secessionists, ou a principle—asserting a simply doUbtftil right; but they are disuniouists in the teeth of the very decision of the wat itself; and disunibuists who do not seek to accomplish their ends in an opcii, manly way, but who destroy the Union tinder pretence of preserving it; who (raniplc on the Constitution un do oath to support it ; who continue the war after resistance Ws e'eafted; who fiffht an unnrincd people, and uot their own impoverished vietims. * Not* —Ttas reader will observe that I do not claim the doctrines and purposes of the Confederate States kk constituting any of the terms of the peace. TheM here all defeated in the fight, and were abandoned by the sur render. The official declarations and purpo ses of the united States, as avowed before the surrender, were the tertns to which the Con federate States agreed to submit by tho sur render, and with which the United States are bound to be satisfied; and, thus, they form the law of peace. Yet a Georgian, one boast ing of the honors conferred on him by the people, in a late speech at Milledgeville, tells us we are out of the Vnion according to eur own position ! “When we surrendered, after a gallant fight, we here, upon our own decla ration, a conquered foreign Slate—subject to (he will of the conqueror!” as though that very surrender did not defeat our declaration, and made good the declaration of the con queror that our secession was void, and that we were not and ehould not be out of the Vnion as a foreign State. One of our own teachers, who tells us his children are to live among us, making, in the same breath, our will and the will of the enemy alike our law, if, by such contradictory positions, he can harm us in both caece.' Such perfidy is sur passed only by the slander that Mr. Davis “made strong efforts to get a perpetual sus pension of habeas corpus,” *trd by the bitter ness which estates the ‘otrtfCTusion of the peti tion foT habeas Corpus—Tho more formal eOtrcHtsioUB of all snen papers—as evidence of humiliation or inconsistency on the part of Mr. DaVis ! And vet he exclaims, as if his motive was BhBpCCttfd -Mid needed Confirma tion: “What interest, theh, cab 1 have in milleading yout” A great writer gives ns an account of n very similar speech which was made long ago by one who bad bee® “often honored ;” and after quoting thb Tfptech. adds this comment; “So spake the fMie dissembler unperceived; For neither Man nor Angel can descern Hypocrisy, thennly evil that walks Invisible, except to God alone.” But that speaker himself afterward, fix a soliloquy, gave the explanation of all his at tempts at deception. He said: “But what Will hot ambition and revenge Descend to? Who aspires must down as low As high he soar’d ; obnoxious, first or last, To basest things.” How To Break CoItB. No horse is naturally vicious, nor tvas there ever a horse that was not. made so by mismanagement. The more noble and high-spirited the horse is, the more cautious he is of danger. Now, if wo attempt to subdue him without first getting his confidence, and eradicating that fear, the process will be slow indeed. He is constantly ex erted, and leaps and plunges, and per haps throws himself, iu his madness. ! The common Way of breaking colts fully illustrates this. Suppose We take altogether a differ ent course, and entice him into the yard, and then alone quietly commence his education ; and when he finds hiin sotfAlOho with his enemy, he will watch very narrowly all our moVeUVents; slowly and cautiously wo Approach him; soon wo see by his restless eve ! that lie is afraid ; we stop awhile, then : again proceed, being careful to go slow, j that his eye will show no fear; when | within his roach Wc carefully put out 1 our hand towards him, he reaches out [ his head and smells, we then commence j to pat aud smooth him on the nose and 1 neck, which he is as fond of as a cat;! step away from him, and to our won- j der he follows us; wc gently caress j him again, and we soon find he will j follow us anywhere. Then we put on a halter, aud wc find that he is already halter-broken ; you may handle him as familiarly as you choose, and he will not kick nor bite; and, if votl take the same careful, gen tle course in his education, you will never know him to resist any demand Which ho understands. Having once established our friendship lu his mind, we should never frighten him by at tempting to make him do anything he does not Understand. Never attempt to harness or mount a colt sudeuly the first time, for it will surely frighten him, and you will lose his confidence. m»isco arc iiintiu vinous py phu usage ; j and the man who can abuse a noble and ! confiding horse, and spoil his disposi- J tion, should be the oniv one to suffer from the teeth and hoofs of the same j animal.—[Prairie Farmer. Dangerous Paper.—There is a great1 difference in the combustibility of com mon paper. Enamelled card paper, ou account of its compact body and the presence of mineral matter, white lead or barytes, is <|tiite disinclined to burn ; in fact, some kinds are practically fire proof. Wlille writing and printing paper can seldom lie lighted by a spark, aud when ignited by a flame, it requires ! dexterity to keep it burning. On the | other hand, there is a common reddish- ; yellow paper. Which, 111 smite instances, is as dangerous as gunpowder. It takes fire by the smallest spark, and burns like tinder; when once lighted, if left alone, it is sure to be consumed com pletely. All the yellow aud buff paper . which I have tested, out of which ett- j velopes are made, partakes mors ttr less of the same character. I have no j doubt that such paper has been the oc casion of some of the fires in this city, which have been otherwise UneX-1 plained, such as the fires in paper ware- j bouses and offices of professional men. A, Spark of fire, or the stump of a light- | ed cigar fulling in a waste basket eon- j taining yellow cnveibpfes, With other | kind of paper, would have a good chance of setting the whole on fire.— [Professor Seeley. -Professor Kerr is now assiduously prosecuting his survey in Western North Carolina. He has strong hopes of having discovered a largo bed of maguetio iron ore within a few miles of Ashville, and an other on the French dread, near the Wtmi i Typographical Errors. In a recent lecfnre ffeliveVeA in! Scranton, Mr. William L. Stone gave the following amusing incidents of what arc known as typographical er rors : In the early stages of the art of printing, errors were far more numer- i nnsVha'n In 'books Of Ui'odern execution, j It was then very common for a volume t>f ordinary size to contain page upon page Of eVri'ta at tiro clorfc. One of the most remarkable instances of this kind was the curious treatise of Ed ward Leigh on “Religion and Learn ing,” published in 1650. At the close of the work were three folio pages of corrections in very minute type. It is x singular fact that the edition of the Latin Vulgate by Pope Sixtus V., al though carefully superintended, sheet by sheet. His Holiness, has ever re mained without a rival in typographi cal inaccuracy. Still more curious wag the fact that the Pope, in the plenitude of his pontificiai infallibility, prefixed to the first VOluYhe it hull Of'excommu nication against any and every printer who, in reprinting the work, should ever make an alteration in the text. Among instances of typogrnpical er rors, the lecturer gave the following: A lad in it printing office, who knew more aboUt type-setting than he did Of the Greek mythology, in looking over a poem they were printing, caih'c Upon the name of Hecate, one of the lady divinities of the lower world, occurring in a line like this: “She shall reign the Hecate of the deepest Hell.” The boy, thinking he ha'd discovered an error, ran to the master printer, anti inquired eagerly whether there was an E in cat. “Why, no, you bro'ckhead,” was the re ply. Away went the boy to the press room and extracted the objectionable letter. But fancy the horror of both poet and publisher when the poem ap peared with the line—“She shall reign the He Cat of the deepest Hell.” This, nowever, was noi so oaa as ine manner in which the printers treated Miss Lan dor. In speaking of it she says, “And when I had written it ‘full blown ro ses' the nasty things made it ‘full blown noses.”’ benjamin Franklin once put ting to press a form of the Common Prayer, the letter “c“ in the following pos8uge dropped out unperceived by him: “We shall all be changed in the twinkling of au eye.” When the book appeared, tt> the horror of the devout worshippers, the passage read: “We shall all be hanged in the twinkling of an eye." Franklin has been suspected of having done this intentionally, but j it appears to me without good reason. I But, after all, when it is considered of I how many separate and miunt'e pieces of metal a book form or the page of a newspaper is composed, the Wonder is that the errors of the Press are not far more numerous than they are. A sin gle page of one of our largest papers cannot contain less than 315,000 separate pieces of metal, each of which must be nicely adjusted in its own proper place, or error and confusion will ensue. -1 m i What Can't a Military Governor Do? A military governor, under the re construction act, can— Suppress newspapers. Silence lectures. Remove Mayors of cities, Governors of States, Boards of Commissioners, &c. Can exclude white alderman and ap point black in their place. ('an take possession of savings banks. Can enact stay laws and postpone the payment of debts. Can prohibit the distillation of com and the sale of liquor. Can run down city stocks and repu UUHv > i ui i um ) • Can spend $50(1,000 for registering black voters and ask for $fi00,000 more. Can abolish local lakes and regulate the circulation of papers. Can settle the rates of wages and the price of commodities. Can disobey the President and insult the Cabinet. They can do all this, and far more. What they can't do, no one has ven tured to say. Ycl an extra session of Congress Is called to give more power to these military chieftains; to maku them so absolute that for even the President to question the limits of their authority will be a ground of impeachment. This is what the dag-day Congress is to do. Is it not madness?—[Albany Argus. M^Tlie manner In which General Sickles regulates street cars in Charles ton, South Carolina, may be gathered from the following: Among the passenger* were a num ber of ladies, but, bent upon enjoying himself, the autocrat of South Carolina lighted his cigar and commenced smok ing it. The conductor, being probably a Northern man, and therefore not accustomed lo see liis rules infringed upon, notified him that smoking was not allowed in the cars. Upon this the following conversation took place: “What did you observe?” said the satrap. ‘•I merely desired to inform you," said the man, in the blandest (banner possible, “that passengers are not al lowed to smoke in the cars. It is con trary to the rules.” “Ah! indeed,” replied the satrap, taking out his watch with the utmost uonc balance. “Indeed! Then you shall consider the rules suspended for th** h»ilf hot»r SALMAGUNDr. *af I * isn't pleasant to be in company with fellows who are only what a sand wich should be, half-bred. I^One of our exchanges says a roan “blew out his brains after bidding his wife good-bvc with a shot-gun.” •9* A Richmond court decide^ that stealing a dog Is UOt theft. \Vottt somebody steal Butler and BfcMeS? 1ST A virtuous or vicious act to-day, by strengthening our good or bad hab its, may determine our good or bad fortune a year hence. ii ... 19*Most persons choose their friends as they do'Other useful animals, prefer ring those front whom they expect the most service. M>“To vex another is to teach him to vex us again; injuries awaken re venge, and even an ant can sting, and a fly trouble our patience. J9"Grief knits two hearts in closer bond" than happiness over can; ahd common sufferings are far etr'O'uger links than common joys. 85y*The man who is careful of his own reputation, will be careful of his neighbor^. The man who thoughtless ly speaks ill of auother is reckless of his own good name. i9*Thcrc arc thirty pounds of blood in the human frame, and two hundred and forty-eight bones. Women have the same number, not including whale bones. 19-The printer who was fined $200 in Iowa for hugging a girl in church, married her and was therefore released from the penalty. That is what you call jumping out of the fryitag pan into the fire. J9*“Illustrated faith cuts!” said a mischievous yottttg Urchin, as he drefa ■hia knife a’cV'U'ss the leaves of hiB gram mar. '‘illustrated with cuts 1' repeated the schoolmaster, as he drew his rattan across the back of the mischievous urchin. l9*Lord Cockburn was sitting ort the hill-side at Bonaly, witli a Shepherd, and, observing the sheep reposing in the coldest situation, remarked to him : “Aohft, if I were a sheep, I would lie on the other side of the hill.” The shep herd answered, “Ah. my Lord, if ye had bech .1 sheep, ye'i\ hac had mair sense.” printer not long since, having been “11111)9” by bis sweetheart, went to the office to commit suicide with tho “shooting stick.” The thing wouldn’t go off. The “devil,” wishing to pacify him, told him t'O go into the sanctum where th'c editor was writing duns to delinquent subscribers. IJe says the pictttfo of despair reconciled him to his fate. le&r-A gentleman and his wife, Who arc some on pun-ish-ing words, were out in the garden the other evening viewing the fruit trees and growing vegetables, when the wife exclaimed, “how thick these peas are.” The hus band replied, while examining a fruit tree, “yes, Wo Will be able to have a pc-cach.’’ FRikm-a ok LfcAttitR.—Leather be ing m'ote Or less a porous substance, consequently absorbs the ink and ne cessitates a coating which hardens the surface, without changing the color or altering the quality of the leather. To secure this, a slight brushing in of gum-arabic or white of egg, which is to be left undisturbed for some hours, to enable the coatiug to dry thorough ly, is recommended. Oil the surface so prepared printing iuk will stand as well as on paper. twir S liiiiyt tafiii in tin' wo fit of Af .t rylatid rushed to the Potomac river, last summer, swearing that he would drown himself. When he hud waded in to the depth of his waist, his wife, who (tad followed him, seized him by the hair, and then, as a spectator de soribes it, she led him back until she had reached a place where the water was about two feet d^cp, where she pulled him over backwards, sousing his head under, and then pulling his head up again: “Drown yourself, (down he went,) leaving me to keep the children! (another plunge.) Get drunk! (another souse) and start for the river! (another clip.) Better use water instead of rum! (another dip and shake of his head.) i'll learn you to leave mo a widow!” After sousing him to her heart’s content, she ted him out, a wetter if not a wiser man, and escorting him io the house, shut the door Writing Machine.—We learn from the Greenville (Ala.) News that Mr. Pratt, of that place, has obtained a pat ent for an Improved Pterotype, or Ma chine for WriUag With Type. The News says, ‘vTAo intention of Mr. Pratt, which it has been our good for tune to see iu operation, is oue of the most wonderful and satisfactory of the age, and destined to effect a per fret revolution ifl the whole art of writing. So litany efforts had been made to effect machinery of this character, that wo | confess We were a loug time incredu lous as to Mr. Pratt’s success. But. #u exhibition of his machine, a"«n*t o0r strongest prepossession^, convinced tie that he had reached the acme of inven tion. It is as simple aa Newton’s law of gravitation, but wonderfully origiual and perfect.” -Yellow fever prevails in several of v, * t i,laud" a:: an epidemic