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" . : : ' . - - 1 - PUBLISHED AT SALISRURY,1 LITCHFIELD CO., CONN.; .ij !" . 'J. f' : ,.. w EVEBI FBIDA.X MOBNING. ' J. ' xl'l'."; J BASE, ' .' ! . Editor and proprietor. S)0nnrticut Astern IJcutf Advertising Rates:- I 1 "w" 3 w I lm I 2m I 8m I 6 m 1 y. oTTit 601 ' 175i 1 001 1 iiSi 2 05 2 601 3 7.r 6 00 14 sq 3 TSI 6 60 1 " 2 " 3 " if col 1 00 1 28 2 90 160 1 75 2 75 3 76 10 00 20 00 2 00 3 00 3 00 8 mi 5 0 7 00 8 00,10 00 10 00 12 00 12 00 II 00 3 75 5 00 4 50 6 2. 6 00 7 00 30 00. 36 00 60 00 4 00 18 00 as oo 9 0011 .00 13. OOllS OUj lit 0022, 00 Special Notices, 50 per cent, in advance of the above rates. One inch space constitutes a Bquara. Cards in Business Directory, occupying fire lines or Iobs, $5.00 per year ; over five lines, 11.00 per line. . ' Regular advertisers to pay quarterly. Tran sient advertisements mvM he paid for in ad vance. Notices of Marriages and Deaths free of charge. All additions to ordinary announce ments 10 cents per line. . . ; . Term,, $2. OO i - Yerir, Strictly in Advance. " . All papers STOiP at the "time to which they are paid. Postage Fi-oo throughout Litchfield Cotmty. '"' NULLA. VESTIGIA RETRORSUM. yol. i:;; SALISBUEY, COKK, FRIDAY MOUSING, AUGUST 18, 1871. NO. 6. 1L a i Olivia. ':' 1 What are the lone waves singing, so mournfully, ,! evermore? . ; i ,: : 'What are they singing so mournfully, as they weep on the sandy shore ? " Olivia, O Oavia 1 what else can it seem to he? Olivia, lost Olivia, will never return to thee 1 Olivia, lost Olivia, what else can the sad song be? - Weep and mourn, she will not return, she can not return to thee 1" And strange it is, when the low wind sighs, and strange, when the loud winds blow, In the rustle of trees,' in the roar of the storm, in the sleepiest streamlet's flow, Forover, from ocean or river, ariseth the same sad moan: - ' ' '- -'She sleeps let her sleep wake her not it were best she should rest and alone." Forever the' same sad requiem comes up from ,. the sorrowful sea. For the .lovely, the lost Olivia, who cannot return to me 1 Alas ! I fear 'tis not in the air, or the sea, or the trees, that strain f - ' I fear 'tis a wrung heart aching, and the throb ; ofM tortured brain, :.. ;,;) And the shivering whisper of startled leaves, and the sob of the waves as they roll, I fear .they are.. only the echo of the "souk of, a suffering soul . " ' , Are only the passionless echo of 'thd voice that is ever with me v " The lovely, the lost Olivia, will never return totheel"- j-: - - I stand, in the dimVgray morning where once .-- I stood, to mark, .- , -.. . ; Gilding away, along the bay, like a bird, her white; wfng'd bark; ." ' li And when through the Golden Gate the sunset And thiTmMtselted to: tbmnest threads radiance rolled, I said ; 'To thine arms I give her, O kind and '0 sbimtig sea 1 '' ;, , Andinpne long moon from this June eve you shalllet her return to me." . ,: I But the wind from the far spice islands came back, and it sang with a sizh " The ocean is rich with treasure it has hidden from yon ana the sky." , , And where amid rocks and the green sea-weed the storm and the tide were at war,A The night-sought waste, was still vacant, when c ' I kxSVed to the cloud and the star : - And soon the sad wind and. dark ocean nnceas- . mgly sang unto me : . "The lovely, the lost Olivia wfll never 'return to thee." .'?).-;.-- .- : - . .. Dim and still the landscape lies, but shadowless as Heaven. For the growing' morn and the low west moon on everytmntt snine even : The ghosts of the lost have departed, that no- " tnmg can ever redeem, And nature, in light, sweet slumber, is dream ing her morning dream. Tis morn, and our Lord has awakened, arid the , souls of tb blessed are free ; t Oh I come from the caves of the ocean t Olivia, return unto me ! ' ' - ' What thrills me ? what" comes near me ? Do I .stand en the sward alone ?-.-. i. , Was that a light wind, or a whisper? a touch, or the pulse of a tone ? Olivia 1 whose spells from thy slumber my ' broken heart sway and control, At' length bring'st thou death to me, dearest, or rest to mv suffering soul ? No sound but the psalm of the ocean 1 bow down to th solemn decree " The lovely, the lost Olivia, will never return to thee 1" And still are the lone waves singing so mourn fully evermore ; Still are they sleeping so mournfully, as they weep on. the Bandy shore " Olivia ! lost Olivia 1" so ever His doomed to be: i ..: . ; : . " Olivia ! lost Olivia ! will never return to thee." " Olivia ! lost Olivia I" what else could the sad sone be ? - " Weep and mourn, she will not return she cannot return to thee I" CARRIED AWAY BY THE -CURRENT. If you will believe it, I am engaged ; no nonsense, but really, truly, and positively engaged to.be married ; -and between our selves, I am not quite, sure I like it. It is not Clara's fault ; 6he is a fine girl, and I am proud to think she has accepted me ; and if we '. would be married at once it would: be all right I suppose. - But there is a profession to be settled upon, and get fixed in; for," though J shall inherit a little property when I come of age, my guardian says that it will not be sufficient without some addition, and by the time I am ready to keep a wife Clara will be so much older.. Besides all -which, now that , the novelty has won) off, and I am able to think ser riously about the matter, I am riot so sure that I want to be married at all ; not till I am quite an elderly nwn-hat iff to gay , thirty or sov it is not that 1 am unro mantic i on the contrary,; I think romance is capital in a book; but in real life ro mance does not look so romantic, after the first ; at least, so it seems to me. I went to stay with - Aunt 'Bon wick, at Carfax, a rising watering-place on the Yorkshire coast, last summer.. Aunt Bon wick is a gay old lady, arid cannot bear to be without plenty of people about her, ,so she lives principally at boarding-houses, and it was at Carleton Mansion that I visited her.. I liked it; the feeding . was .very good, where one "has" to dine so often off cold meat or hash;J and the people were great fun. Each was so anxious to let the rest know that he or she was a swell, or. con nected with a swell; some of them made little speeches about themselves and their belongings, quite tike the heroes in' Homer I am so-and-so, ' the son of so-and-so.1' But still the bow was not. always beat, and we, were social enough at times. We played at Pope Joan for counters, at three pence a dozen, and one old lady would not cut in because she thought intrigue between the queen and krave not only improper, but savoring of democratic scandal. So we changed the game to ; vingt-et-un to please her, and I will take an affidavit that she cbeated. Clara was staying at the boarding-house all by herself. She lived with two elder sisters, generally, but they had a shindy, and she thought, it better to leave tbem for a while. .1- had always been terribly shv and - uncomfortable with ladies, but she carrie and talked to tne, and set me at ease the first evening. ; She told me about her sisters, and asked my advice. It was the first time any one had treated me so decidedly as a man, and no doubt she thought me" older than I was ;' for I was six feet high, and had undoubted whiskers, for- as riiy hair w black they showed. Of course she was a good deal ' my senior; or she would not be allowed to go about the world alone like that ; but shei was the pleasan test , girl I had ever met, arid we got on together capitally. W e spent the morn ings on the beach, sat next each other at dinner, ' Went partners at cards. When you are with roost people, you know, you are at a loss sometimes what to say next. Well, we never felt that; however long we were at itr jour copversation did not flag. I suppose that may have been partly because we talked so much about ourselves; but the result was that I liked her society uncommonly, and when she flirted with an old half-pay officer, who had dyed, not for his country, but for his vanity, I lontred to rjunch his painted head. Aunt Bon wick quizzed me. and told me to mind what I was about : that boarding- houses were terrible places for, man-traps, and I might get snapped up before 1 was aware. . I replied there was np 4angerfor I was sore that Clara would not have tune if I asked her. -. " Very., good replied, ray aunt : but for gracious sake, ray dear George, don't put it to the proof P Auat Bonwick'i head was always ma ning on marriages and the gossip connected with the subject she was a first-rate part ner to divide the Times with, for give her ;the supplement and yon might nave all the rest, bo I laughed at the absurdity ot her seeing a match in such an ordinary bit of acquaintanceship ; and yet, somehow, when I next met Clara I. felt more awkward than I had done hitherto; and iust as I was getting over thi shyness, the bathing woman patronised ' by Clara informed us that we made as handsome a couple as ever she see a compliment' which was wofully confusing.: : ' : . xou will think, that 1 spent my whole time , in dangling, bu'fJj.at , was . not the case. The coast at tjartax is rocky, ana m a little cove about . half a. mile from the Parade I had a boat, in which I was in the habit of rowing or sailing daily; and high up on tno ; oeacn tnere was a nut a sort of detached; high and dry cabin belonging to the boat, and ilet with it, where the oars, etc., were, , kept ;and here I used sometimes to read arid practice smoking a luxury which I bad riot ' as yet learned to enjoy thoroughly. .,.,. ,-rv One very h.o.t. a"ternoon I went down to this "nook, with" the intention of "paddling out a little 'way,' arid then having a bathe ; but-after dragging the boat down to the waterVexlge; I1 foirnd that I bad left the key of -the hut behind me, and without the key I .could, np$ get the; oars. , The sailor who owned the three boats. which formed he Carfax .pleasure fleet ' had gone out key; and 'being too-'hot" and Iazy: to' go back for. my -Own, -1 got into the boat, . c2ui; .,nA "lauv JDV.1 V"'1"1 , " ", tne sail, wnicn cpverea me overaiKe axeni, pulled a book out of mv pocket, and began to read. ' Whether if was the fault of the author ' or not, -1 cannot sayi but . I fell asleep, and very sound I must have been, for- on waking I could not tell at the;mo ment 'where I ,waa.,. When, my faculties returned a little, however, I looked, at ray watch, and found1' that I had been asleep four hours, and it was tiriie to go home and get ready for dinner;' So I struggled out of the- folds, of the sail,' and sawwater, water.all around ! -The shore was a. good mile off, and the boat. was drifting further and further away every minute. I also discovered that I was riot alone ; a female figure reposed iri the sterri, the head con cealed by a large sunshade, but the dress seemed familiar; ,1 approached: it was Clara, fast asleep, just as I had been, and overpowered by. a. similar soporific, for a book had fallen from her hand, and lay on her lap. ".';'. ...... " iiy Jove !" 1 cried aloud, m my con sternation,' and the exclamation startled her. .i : -'-i :. ' .i . '' "What is it? Where ami?" she asked, opening her eyes and sitting up. " Why we are at sea ! Uh, what a shametnl tncK ! What will the people say? Put me on shore at once.'" : ' I protested and explained, she followed suit. She had taken a walk, been over come with heat, and sought rest in the boat, of course not knowing that it was mine, or that any man was in it, as ,1 .was completely hidden by the sail. The rest was easily imagined; the tide had come up and floated the boat, which had been car ried off by a tremendous current, which renders that part' of the coast most danger ous for mcaut'ous bathers. ' I am afraid that we shall hardly get back in time for dinner," said Clara. " I am afraid not." replied I " But please -begin rowing at once,' pleaded she, . " There are no oars," saia l. " Oh dear oh dear ! " Then sail." I stepped the mast and hoisted the sail, $o look like trying, but as there was not a breath of wind, of course it.was all of no use, except that it temporarily and par tially. pcinec- my companion, whose nor tions ot navigation were, vague. . At the end of half an hour, however, she could not help perceiving that Our distance trom VJar fax was quite doubled, and I had to own that unless a breeze sprang up . we were helpless, though at the same time I assured ber that directly the boat-keeper returned he would find out that I was away with out oars; and when" we were missed at the boarding-house, and inquiries made, he would know what had happened, and that we were certain to be rescued. ."Oh," she cried, :'if it were only that! But people wdn't believe people will think people will say oh, dear ! I had almost sooner "be drowned than go back !" She altered her opinion ori this point, however, when night fell,' and ' there were no signs of rescue; ' I did not feel comfor table mvself, m sprte ot my confident taiK. No: doubt boats . were put out in . search ol us, but the sea is big, and somaJl a craft as ours soon gets out of .sight ; and where that plaguy current might carry, us to Neptune nnlr knew iNeptune or Davy JoneSi proprietor of the Locker. The pos sibility of cruising about m this way with Clara, till 1 wanted to eat her, was trying the feeling that I was. alone with her under sud1 very solitary circumstances . was after th e remarks' of my aunt . and the bathing woniart, still more distressing to the nerves, To keep a better'' countenance, I- tried to treat the situation from a locose point ol view, w hat -am people, aa m open boats after shipwreck. I asked, and remember ed that sometimes they caught boobies and noddies. ." Boobies (present company excepted)- were not visible, but I might catch fish. ' I had a little locker in the boat, containing a bachelor's kettle, resined firewood, a few biscuits, a stone jar ottresb water, a sardine-box with two sardines left in it, and'some fishing lines. A sar dine made bait, and I fished. After hook ing three dog:fish arid a conger eel, I caught a nondescript who looked eatable. Then, giving him a humane time to die in, I lit a square of firewood under the kettle, which was hlled with salt water (a dodge I had learned). While it was boiling I performed the happy despatch upon poor nondescript,' 'and then crammed him into the kettle. All this diverted and reassured my companion,, who condescended to taste nondescript with biscuit ; and really he was very good. I know we made a skele ton of him between us. But all this little excitement and forced spirits died away as the night advanced, and the situation' became inexpressible, Clara did awful things ; she burst out laughing in the middle of crying, so that thought she was having a game with me; but then she shed actual . tears, and said bits of her prayers so that could hardly be. I did all I could think of to console her, but it was a long time before I succeded ; what I thought was, "Well Master George, you have gone and nailed yourseit now, and no mistake !. -j. . We were engaged. , At two o'clock in the' morning a light breeze sprang up, arid I knew we were all right. The lights of Upper Carfax were still visible 'and formed a sure beacon to steer by.-;.,? ... ; ,, I beached, Jhe boat at eleven o'clock, while the band was playing as usual on the pier, and all the people listening to it, and we excited much interest. I Was rather anxious to keep our engagement a secret for the present, but Clara explained that under the circumstances that could net be, and all Carleton Mansion knew it by luncheon time. Aunt Bon wick laughed at first, and then got very ungry. She called me an idiotic cub, and was very rude to Clara.. .The next day I had to go home to my guardian, who was very satirical ; and all this scold ing arid sneering made me stick up for Clara the more heartily. But I was glad when the time came for me to go back to my private tutor, and escape from the per petual unpleasantness. I have only seen Clara once since, at the Royal Academy; but she Writes to me every week, and I answer her letters, though not quite regu larly, I am afraid. I thought she looked rather older when I saw her at the Acade my ; not .that that has anything to do with it, but I am only nineteen now, and it seems so absurd, you know. Perils of London Streets. : The London Daily News says : .- The battle, of the streets rages on from year to year . with scarcely varying fortune. In the-; conflict , between unarmed foot passengers arid the doubly armed, driv ers, the weaker combatants are ridden down without mercy. Counting up the losses in killed and wounded last year in the streets which lie outside the city, we arrive at the, terrible aggregate of 2,043. This is an average of -thirty-nine deaths every week, or six persons a day for the six busy days of the .'week and three for each Siiri'day. Of these ' 2,043 victims, 124 were killed, and 1,919 wounded. As to the engines of warfare by which their destruction was accomplished., the return published by the Chief Commissioner of Police gives some statistics which carry out the impression which Londoners de rive from observation. The cabs do a good deal of damage, but they are not the worst offenders. They killed 11 peo ple and wounded 429 during last year. The omnibuses killed 17 and hurt 85 : while carriages and broughams killed 2 and injured 243. Heavy carts, wagons and vans killed 63 and . wounded 462. But the worst offenders of all are the light carts driven by tradesmen's boys and shopmen. These carts ran over 636 people during the year, of -whom 27 were killed. . : Nearly one-third of the so-called accidents in ..the streets are, therefore, due to these carts. These terrible figures do not include the most densely crowded parts of Lon don. The city has its own catalogue of accidents, which do something to. swell the aggregate though the . city is per haps the safest part of London. It is surely time that something was done to stop this fearful havoc. If two thousand people fair every year in riot and insur rection the whole world would be horri fied ; but more "than two thousand fall in the chronic strife of overbearing driv-; ers with weak, or feeble, or careless walkers, and we take it as a thing of course. Suppose the Hussian plan were introduced, and a cart which injured a foot-passenger was forfeited, would the figures of street accidents long tell so terrible a story ? How to Extrude the Eggs of Fish. Tq aid such as desire information on this point we insert the following from an article written by one of our most successful culturists : "Take out the trout in the race with a net, and place them in baskets stand ing in the water in some convenient place to handle them. Take a pan. or a pail with three or four inches ox water in it from the spring, and place it near the baskets containing the : trout. The eggs must be quickly extruded and the trout replaced in the water. This oper ation must not consume more than one minute, if possible. All things being ready, a female trout is taken out of the basket with one hand, with the other gently rub the abdomen from the gills downward, and the spawn will now m a continuous stream into the vessel. Con tinue the rubbing until tne spawn is wholly extruded, then quickly replace the trout in the race, or in a separate basket. One side of the egg has a small, white speck : here is where the impreg nation takes place, ' This side of the egg being the lightest it always falls this side up, ready to receive the milt Now, take a male trout from the basket, and, in like manner, or by the thumb and fingers on each side of the abdomen, which reauires rather more - pressure, exude the milt. The milt falls upon the water and settles upon the essa. It usually takes from . two to four males to impregnate from 2,000 to 8,000 spawn. In like manner l serve all the trout in the baskets, I then place the spawn and milt m shallow vessels, and put these m the spring water ; where I allow them to remain from one to twenty-four hours, Probably one hour is sufficient to insure impregnation. I took from dUU to 1U, 000 spawn daily from November 3 to January 10, making in all about 130,000 spawn, attended with perfect success." Germau Shrewdness. A correspon dent of the London News was told by a German naval officer, with whom he was lunching in a Berlin restaurant not long ago, some mpalatable news. " Upon my word," remarked the Teuton, " I know the ships of your fleet better than your own young ofheers. Alter stating that every German ship was provided with accurate charts of the naval ports of the world, the officer remarked : "L'Orient is a very difficult port to make ; I would not like to try that with out a pilot. Plymouth ! there is not a lieutenant in the German army who could not take a ship into Plymouth in the night time. " The correspondent learned further, much to his astonishment, that " every ship in the German service, even the smallest trunboat, is provided with detailed drawings and sections of every foreign war ship. Its weak points are specifically stated, and details given as to the spots to be aimed at with most likelihood of disabling the machinery." A Sudden Shock. An Illinois man has been in the Jacksonville Insane Asylum for about two years under treat ment, but a few days ago he was pro7 nounced hopelessly incurable, and sent home. On arriving, he spoke to his girls and said, " Well, girls, you are keeping house alone, are you ?" When his wife entered the room, he started as if from a dream, throwing both hands to his head pressing it, exclaiming, "My God, Jane, I thought you were dead; is it indeed you?" and seemed completely overcome by his emotions. The shock did more for him than medical aid could do. He recovered his reason entirely and thus far retains it. ' Do daily and hourly your duty ; do it prffciently and thoroughly. Do it as it presents itself ; do it at the moment, and let it be its own reward. , . Never mind whether it is known and acknowl edged or not, but do mot fail te do it. To: Young Men Live Honestly. Every young man, as he enters upon life, should take an account with him self, and decide in his own mind upon the course which he will pursue. He should ask himself, " Will I enter upon a course in which J can render a fair equivalent for everything that I obtain ? or will I enter upon a course in which, for the things that I receive, ' I shall render an equivalent where I must, and palm off empty appearances where I can?" It is a glorious ambition, a manly pur pose, with which a person begins life, when he goes forth saying, " I mean to make my forturie, to be sure, and to pluck honor from the highest boughs of the tree of life ; but I am determined not to go one step in honor or wealth or power that is not a real . step. What I have, I will pay for. I will not take any thing without giving a fair equivalent for it." And what a contrast there is between this and the ambition and pur pose of those who set out in life with a determination to make their fortune and gain honor at all hazards, by whatever means it may be necessary to employ, and without regard to " whether they render an equivalent for that which they receive no not ? ' A young man, delicately reared, is sent into life, and he goes into a shop where he finds many companions, and where, unfortunately, the strongest-minded men are not the sweetest-hearted. And all around about him the conversation is low ; the allusions are coarse, the expres sions are vulgar. , The things that in home life he,., never dared o shape into words, or hints even, are freely handled for the purpose of exciting laughter. Now, under such circumstances,' a man may lose sensibility to these things. At first he is shocked and sick. I have known persons of: an organization -. so delicate that this violence done to their moral and social feelings amounted to absolute sickness of body: But that cannot continue. In the course of a month a young man will get used to obscenity in one of two ways.- If he sets his heart against it ; if he calls the memory of all that he loves to, his help ; if his whole conscience bears witness ; if he makes a covenant with his lips, and sets his heart to watch over its issues, then little by little he will come to a state in which he will hear obscene talk as though he did pot hear it. And he comes out better than he went in, although he suffers less by the outward contact of corruption than in the begin ning. He has carried himself in such a way with reterence to it, that it has worked out in moral purity. l was called once to a consultation in reference to a young man belonging to a large establishment, who was detected in some criminal act ; and in a confidential interview that I had with him, he told me that it was not because he was in need that he yielded to the temptation, but because he wanted property. . His dis honesty was simply the result of avarice. And if a young man abuses his trust and is dishonest, there is not a word to be said in his justification. There are temptations to dishonesty, then, that spring from extravagance. Our society is very vicious in its whole structure in thia'regard. We make no provision for the respectability of people who are in humble circumstances. We hold out inducements to them to live be yond their means. . .. Young people want to begin further along than they are able to. They want to keep house as twenty years of success ful and fruitful industry1 have enabled other men to do it. - They measure every thing on the pattern of somebody eise. There are many young men who have enough to support them ; but that is not all that they want. They have bad com panions with wb om they associate. These companions are not very temperate. They smoke ; and so, of course, they drink. I do not mean that among all men that smoke, drinking is a handmaid vice ; but I say that smoking leads, or tends to lead, to the other vice." And smoking and drinking are very expen sive. ' Young men are very apt to reason the question of dishonesty with themselves, and to justify themselves by the examples which they see around about them of men who stand eminent, trusted, and of good reputation, and who yet do dis honest things. A young man is apt to say, "It is no worse for me to follow such and such courses, than it is for others ; and many that do follow them stand high, and are prospered and re spected." I will admit that there are many men who stand hign, and tor a time nave a certain kind of respectability and pros perity though they do dishonest things ; but I say this : You cannot afford to be like them. There is nothing else in this world that is of so much consequence to you, as that you should keep peace with your own self. Blessed be the man that can say, as the apostle did, " 1 trust that I have a good conscience." Blessed be the man that has lived till he is thirty years of age, and can say, "I have a good conscience ;" that is, "I. never willingly do anything that violates my conscience. God knows that it is my purpose to live at peace with my conscience. A man cannot afford to throw away the blessing of a good conscience. And it makes no difference that your neigh bor is prospering by dishonesty, and people have not found him out. If you are dishonest you know it yourself, and that is enough. And there ought to be a principle' of honor with every young man that should lead him to say, "Even if God could not see me when I did wrong, I should see myself, and self respect and manhood require that I should do right. "Henry Ward BeecJier. Heaung Pbopebty op Eggs. Under the name of oil of eggs a preparation is prescribed in some parts of England and on the continent of Europe as an emol lient for sore nipples and excoriations, and it is sometimes called for in this country. It may be prepared by gently heating yolks of eggs until they coagu late and the moisture, evaporates ; then breaking into fragments, digesting in boiling alcohol, filtorlng while hot, and evaporating. A dozen eggs yield about an ounce. It is in general use among colo nists of South Russia as a means of cur ing cuts, bruises and scratches. The white of an egg has proved of late most efficacious in curing burns. Seven or eight applications . of this substance soothes pain and effectually excludes the air from the burn. This simple remedy seems preferable to collodion. A Census Item. A Marshal in Ohio makes the following indorsement on one of his returns, the names only being fic titious : ' ." John Thomas, County, Ohio. Age 96. I found this man to-day in his field cutting wheat. He told me he was now living with his third wife, and he thought it would take anether besides this to take him through. True History of Robinson Crusoe. Robinson Crusoe was born -with an are dent longing for the sea. Some might call it a notion of his, but it was an ocean he was a long time in getting over, if he ever did get over it entirely. - This longing for the sea manifested itself at a very tender age, though it is hard to think of Robinson as being very tender at any age, his career was so tough. When they attempted to teach his in fant hps to pronounce the letters of the alphabet they could never get him be yond the letter C. A and B went well enough, but when he got "on the C there he stuck, a strangely prophetic indica tion of what his future hfe was to be. When he cried it was on the C sharp, and when he got a cold his bark was on theC. As he grew older he yearned con stantly to be on the water, to the great disgust of his father, who was on the whiskey. He used to sit for hours at a time on a canal bridge near hig father's door, and as the boats passed under imagine he was plowing the mighty deep. It was so much easier than plow ing out corn. He hadn't any mast to climb, but in the absence of a mast he would " climb " a younger brother, or any neighbor's boy who wasn't quite his size. , But he sighed "for other climbs. He was irresistibly inclined to ramble, so much so that he rambled iri his speech, his ideas being all ahead. When at last he announced his determination to go for a sailor, his father endeavored to dissuade him from it. " Why," said the old man with tears in his eyes and a choking voice "why go for a sailor when there are so many other people to go for who have money ? " Then he pointed out the disadvantages of a life, upon the ocean how he could not be in early nights, or take long walks' over the hills before breakfast, or go buggy-riding with the girls (unless he could borrow the captain's gig), or to go to the beer gardens Sunday nights, or come in when it rains, or go squirrel hunting, or attend ward meetings, or vote, unless he happened to be at one or other of the " Poles," or receive a line from any of his, friends, with the soli tary exception of the Equinoctial line. He tried to show how much better off he would be to pursue some steady em ployment at home, if it wasn't anything more than steadying himself by a lamp post. He pointed out the perils of the sea told of the ' old salts " who had been drowned in it, producing its salty flavor, and of the difficulty a green hand encounters in wading ashore when a storm arises. He cited as a warning the erase of another son, who. against his father's warnings and expostulations, ran away and enlisted as a soldier in the Mexican war,, where he was killed by falling from the mast-head while charging gallantly at a battery. Young Crusoe was so deeply anected by his father's words, that he made up his little bundle that very night, and ran away to sea how it was itself. He met with numerous adventures and disasters before he succeeded in getting himself sufficiently shipwrecked to make out a narrative for general cir culation. He was washed ashore, after being pretty thoroughly washed on the sea, and as soon as the waves subsided he built a raft and brought away from the wreck a few necessaries. Crusoe was greatly alarmed one day by seeing the print of a human foot in the sand. It measured something over fourteen inches to the foot.' He con cealed himself, and quickly saw a boat load of cannibals, and with a prisoner in their midst, a gentleman by the name of Friday, whom they prepared to roast for dinner. Crusoe being conspicu ously opposed to eating meat on k riday, interfered and rescued him from the cannibals. - So from that day he became Robinson Crusoe's man Friday, doing his chores, and blacking his boots, and voting at every election as Crusoe direct ed him. After years spent on this lonely island a ship touched there tor water, tnere oe ing nothing else to touch there for, and took Kobmson Urusoe to England. Robinson, from his boyhood up, had a habit of crowing when surprised or delighted. , Years after his delivery, when speaking of the first glimpse he caucht of that ship, he used to say. never was there a period in his life when Robinson Crusoe. When Robinson died he imagined he was surrounded by enemies, for his last words were" De Foe ! De Foe ! " A Chinese Letter. The Chinese are gradually making progress, and will in time, no doubt, overcome the complicated difficulties of the English language. Choy Awah is a promising pupil in a Sunday school at Washington, and has lately exercised his talents by making a translation of a well known parable, to be found in the twenty-fifth chapter of Matthew. The story is Englished after the following fashion : " The kingdom like ton girls ; never marry ; they bring some lanterns ; come out till some new married man come that way. Have got five wise and five foolish. Five hold lanterns with no oil. Smart five all have oil inside. The new mar ried man come late ; they sleep. By and by they all say, ' New married man come.' All go out to him. Five makey nice lanterns. Five foolish say, ' You give my oil ; my lamp no oil, you give my some.' The smart say, ' I no give you ; I not enough ; you go market buy.' Foolish go market to buy. The new married man come. All come In to din ner. Shut the door. By and by the foolish come and say Boss, Boss, open door.' He say, ' I no likey you ; you no my.' Must be smart, no understand the day." Hints to Ladies. Buyers for the wholesale houses, having returned from Europe, speak with authority of next season's styles. Neutral tints, quiet and distinguished look, and the dark cloth colors that are scarcely removed from black-will prevail. Black will be more worn than ever, as half Paris and Ber lin are in mourning. Three shades of a single color will appear in many cos tumes. The preference for soft flexible fabrics has incited manufacturers to bring out new goods that will drape gracefully, and prominent among these is faille cashmere, a combination of silk and verv fine wooL made as soft as twilled cashmere, but richly repped like velours. This is for over-dresses, man tles and trimmine. Stripes are not so popular abroad as bold checks and blocks, especially of black and wnite togemer. Solid colore . are preferred above every thing. It has been ascertained that the man who held on to the last was a hoemaker. Views of Practical Boiler-Makers. The Steam Boiler-Makers' Benevolent Association held a special meeting in New York to inquire into the cause of explosions. John McBride Chair man, characterized the present sys tem of boiler-making and inspection unwise and unsafe. No man should be a boiler-inspector who is not a practical boiler-maker.; The durability and strength of the material ordered in boil ers are too often sacrificed to cheapness. He himself had often seen it so bad that he thought it was wrong to put such a sheet in, but he could say nothing. The boiler of the Westfield was not fit to run, it was so old. Then the system of test ing by hydrostatic pressure is injurious, for every year- that it is done it strains the iron to its utmost limit, tears the seams apart, and then, if it com mences to leak, they put in a short patch, perhaps an eighth of an inch thick, which stops the leak, and does not in the least strengthen the boiler. Mr. Sullivan, an old boiler-maker from Massachusetts and Maine, had often been told by engineers, when he went to repair a boiler in a ship, that lie need only patch it enough to last them that one" trip, especially if they had a pros perous trip in prospect, after which an other patch would have to be put on. It was reasonable to suppose that the iron on both sides of the fracture must be bad. He had looked at the boiler of the Westfield, and believed that it ex ploded, not from want of water, but on account of its age. The iron appeared to have been, when first manufactured for the sheet, bent over where it was burst out, and did not crack as it would haTe done had the iron been defective. A boiler-maker and repairer present interposed that it is sometimes as much the fault of incapable engineers, as boil er inspectors, as a general thing, were not conversant with all the parte of a boiler, so as to know where to look for the weak points. In regard to the West field, he believed the strongest part of the boiler blew up. When a boiler has been in use eight or nine years, it is the inside lining that first gives way, usually, but he found in this case it was the back head of the boiler which gave way and tore the inside lining. He consid ered the accident, therefore, the fault of the operators. Michael Uonohue also thought a bon er inspector should be a boiler-maker, and not merely an engineer or machinist. The talk about patches was all nonsense. The boiler is made up of patches. You surely would not rip up a ship's deck to put in a new boiler every time it needed strengthening. It must be repaired with patches. Any good boiler-maker can examine a boiler and with his hammer detect its weak points with less difficulty and less detriment to the boiler than by hydrostatic pressure. Peter H. Uonohue of .Brooklyn, dis agreed flatly with the views of all the experts in the Westfield boiler examin ation. They all say it blew out at tne Bide. I believe, said he, that the boiler gave way in the braces at the back end, or tap bolts, because it blew out in a horizontal line at the front of the boat. The consequence of these braces giving way was that there was not enough strength on the front in the tap bolts to sustain that flat surface on the back end of the boiler. In one place in that boiler there is a space of 99 sauare inches without a brace 1 I never saw so much space in my life, said he, between braces on a boiler, as I saw on that boat. I don t blame the engi neer. Mr. Matthews is called a first- class engineer, but he is not a first-class boiler inspector. Neither he nor any other boiler inspector ever goes right into the man-hole to see where the boil er has corroded and is weak, for it is the interior of the boiler that is first affect ed. In this inauest they will find out that it was the fault of the boiler-maker. There are pins run through the braces to hold them which ought always to be split at the end. so that it can be forced apart after being driven in, and hold the brace firmly, and now I have seen a pin in the boiler of the Westfield that never was split. No boiler inspector if he did his duty, would allow this. The boiler again was too old to bear a pres sure of 40 pounds. The meeting adjourned, after. a reso lution that boiler-makers alone could properly test a boiler. How they Telegraph Chinese. The managers of the China Submarine Telegraph Company have solved the somewhat difficult problem of how to transmit telegraphic messages in Chi nese. At first sight the difliculty of tele graphing in a language which is destitute of an alphabet, and is made up of about fifty thousand distinct characters, ap pears almost insurmountable, but the obstacle has been overcome, and A-iat at Hong Kong encounters no more difficul ty in communicating by telegraph with A-chum at Shanghai than does Brown and Jones under similar circumstances. The plan adopted is this : Some few thousand of the more common Chinese characters are cut on wooden blocks after the manner of type, and on the reverse end of each is a number cut in the same way. Now A-fat having handed in his message written in Chinese, the native clerk selects in order the corresponding blocks from the case and prints off the numbers on their reverse. This he hands to his English colleague, who telegraphs the numbers to the destination aesirea. Here the reverse process is gone through, and the numbers, having been taken from the cases the characters are stamp ed on paper, and thus A-chum is put m possession ot the cnensnea wisnes oi A-fat through the medium oi nis native language. Headtht Children. To raise healthy children give them an abundance of out door exercise, fun and frolic ; make them regular in their habits, and feed them on plain, nourishing food. But keep them overtasked in school, confined closely to the house the rest of the time, frowning down every attempt at play ; feed them upon rich or high seasoned food, can dies, nuts, &c, allow them to eat be tween meals and late in the evening, and vou need not expect them to be healthy, Don't cram them with food when they don't want, or have no appetite for it such a course is slow murder. If they have no appetites, encourage, and, if need be, command them to take exercise in the open air. Do not allow them to study too much, and especially keep them from reading the exciting light lit erature which so much abounds in our book stores and circulating libraries. One of the Indian agents informs us that the translations of children's hymns which have been circulated among the Indians, are exceedingly popular. Even the most savage Indians sing them when on the war-path. Marriage With a Deceased Wife's Sister. The following extracts are from a lpttor addressed by the Rev. Mr. Punshon to a member of the Synod of Toronto, who at its late session opposed a resolution deprecating marriage with a deceased wife's sister : . . . When I married in 1868, my deceased wife's sister, I did so advisedly, froin no impulse of passion, but from a de liberate, well-considered prayerful con viction of duty. 1 thought out the whole Scriptural argument on the question as long ago as 1858, when I had no idea that it could ever apply to myself, and became then firmly persuaded that such marriages were as Scripturally lawful as they are in many cases socially expedient. lhis is a prohibition of bigamy, as the margin reads, "one wife to another." I submit this cannot be, because we know for a fact that bigamy was prac ticed to a much later period by those who were bound by the Levitical laws and also in Deuteronomy, chapter twenty-one, fifteenth verse part of the second giving pf the law and therefore later bigamy is recognized as existing, and for a certain contingency growing out of it, and surely that would not be actually legislated for which, had been but a short time before positively for bidden. Then, it is said, that in the eighteenth chapter of Leviticus and sixteenth verse, marriage with a brother's wife is forbid den, and by "parity of reasoning" (a wonderful phrase) the same relationship is included on the other side. They do not see the dilemma in which this places them. In the twentieth chapter of Leviticus and twenty-first verse, the penalty is denounced against the taking of the brother's wife, viz., childlessness. If the prohibition ap plies, the penalty must apply also. Need I do more than remind you of instances within your own knowledge (say and also 1 where such pen alty followed. Either then Scripture is broken and its threatenings a dead-letter, or the prohibition does not apply. Again, take the Apostle s words in Ro mans, sixth, chapter, and second verse, which appears to me significant : " She is freed from the law of her husband not from her husband but from all the obligations of the relationship into which her relationship with him brought her. It appears, and always has ap peared to me, that the doctrine of this passage is that the relationship of affin ity, created by law, ceases when the law ceases. See where the converse of this would land you. If death has no effect to abrogate the "law of the husband" if my wife's sister is still my wife's sister, then logically my wife is still my wife, and so far from restricting my lib erty to marry her own relations, her death, as it does not alter my relations to her does not leave me at liberty to marry at all. Yours very truly, W. MOBLEY PUNSHON. To J. C. Hodgkins, Esq., LL.D., Toronto. A Massacre of Butchers in India. A Lahore paper reports a shocking outbreak of fanaticism at TJmritsur, in the Punjaub. "For some time the Hindoos have been agitating against the butchers of Umntsur to obtain a de cree forbidding the slaughter of cattle and the sale of beef in the city. Their efforts failed chiefly through the firm ness of the Commissioner and the strength of the English and Mussulman party in the Committee. .Early one morning, about' one or two o'clock, a party of armed Hindoos assembled and made a descent upon Umritsur slaugh ter-house and attacked the butchers sleeping outside. The murderers were armed with swords and broad-axes, and the butchers being unarmed and asleep, were unable to save themselves. Four butchers were literally hacked to pieces, and two others were so fearfully cut up that one has since died and the other's life is despaired of. The night was a very dark one, and it will be difficult to recognize the murderers. Accounts vary as to the sect they belonged to. From some indications found on the scene of the massacre, it is suspected that the murderers belong to the Nihung sect. But another account states that the Akalies were suspected. The Aka- lies are a sort of fanatic Sikhs, a semi- sacerdotal class attached to the temples, They are the trucoulent-looking fellows who wear conical caps about a yard high covered with small weapons, and those steel chuckers or sharp rings which they can hurl with such terrible precision and effect. They are respected and consid erably feared. The Nihungs, again, are associated with all that is reckless and Boheiiian. Their name, indeed, is common expression in the Punjaub to represent these qualities. The affair, as may be anticipated, has caused some ex citement, as it is expected that the mat ter will not end here. Bad psssions on both sides have been aroused, and the natives are already whispering that other members of the butcher fraternity have been marked out for destruction. Wateiing-Place Miseries. . Popkins, who has been staying at seaside watering-place, was asked the other day, says a Boston paper, by friend who thought he looked rather crust v. if anything was amiss at the hotel. . " Yes. about everything is a Miss at this confounded trap," said P., mop. ping his face. " Everything amiss I How so?" . " Well, in the first place the accom modations are mis-represented ; the ser vants are mis-governed : a man is mis led in coming here, and mis-taken in thinking to enioy himself ; his time is mis-spent ; his confidence in the land lords, beds, butter and rooms mis-placed a man has his mis-givings the first tlay after his arrival; the servant mis-lays his hair-brush, boot-iack. slippers, and contributes to his mis-Comfort ; the com pany is mis-cellaneous; several old Misses are mis-chief making and mis-Constru ing your polite courtesy into mis-conduct, and, to crown the whole, the waiter mis-pronounces my name, and the bar keeper always makes a mis-count in making change." . " Good gracious ! Any more misses ? "Yes, plenty of 'em mis-quetos." A Strong Law. --According to the De troit Tribune, the liquor law of Michi gan is the most stringent state law on that subject which has yet been enacted The Tribune says : "It should be borne in mind, by those who drink, that under the amended liquor-law of the state, now in force, any person who is found drink ing in any saloon, tavern or publie place, or in the streets, is liable to a fine of $5 and costs, or imprisonment for not more than twenty days. The Editor's Good Angel. " Good morning, Sir, Mr. Editor, how is the folks to-day?. I owe you for next year's paper, I thought I'd come in and pay. And Jones is a goin' to take it, and this is his money, here : I shut down lendin' it to him, and then coaxed him to try it a year. ' ' And here is a few little items that happened last week in our town ; I thought they'd tack good for the paper and so I just jotiSti 'em down. And here is a basket of cherries my wife picked expressly for yon ; And a small bunch of flowers from Jennie she thought she must send somethin', too. You're doin' the politics bully, as all of our family agree ; . Just keep your old goose-quill a flapping and give 'em a good one for me. And now you are chuck full of business, and I won t be takin' your time ; ' I've things of my own I munt tend to good day, sir, I b'liave I will climb." The Editor sat in his sanotum and brought down his fist wilh a thump ; " God bleBS that old farmer," he muttered, " he's a regular jolly old trump." And 'tis thus with our noble profession, and thus it will ever be still ; .. There are some who appreciate its labor, and some who perhaps never will. But in the great time that is coming, when Gabriol's trumpet shall sound, , And they who have labored and rested Shall come from the quivering ground ; When they who have striven and suffered to teach and ennoble the race, Shall march at the front of the column, each one in his God-given place. As they march through the gates of The City , . with proud and victorious tread, The editor, printer, and devil, will travel not far from the head. Facts and Fancies. Minnesota has ten railroads in prooess of construction. - To keep water out use pitch, to keep water in use a pitcher. . rj The chickens in Iowa are dying by hundreds of a mysterious disease. A good sermon is like a kiss. It re quires but two heads and an application. The principal wheels in a gold watch are sold at three hundred per cent, profit. They bathe now in the Chicago river, for the first time in the history of the city. , What gentleman with any sense of propriety can ask a fat woman to lean on his arm. t : In the public schools of Munich Ger many, gymnastics have been introduced as an obligatory instruction. : . i A church in Benton County, Ind., ex pelled five of its ; members recently be cause they were Freemasons. Thus far this year the Chicago stock yards have contained 532,964 cattle, 1, 693,158 hogs and 349,855 sheep. A TnA,n rlimbinff a libertv nole at' Fort Leavenworth got hitched near the top, and it was six hours before they got inni down. ' It just takes 267 curls for the head of a city belles. The barber begini at 10 in the morning, and gets through about 9 at night. If you want to eat such a pudding as your mother made when you were a boy, you must somehow revive a boy's appe tite and palate. One-half the Mormon population of Utah were born there. About one-third of the remainder were born in other parts of the United States, and two thirds in foreign countries. A new member arose to make his first speech, and in his embarrassment com menced to scratch his head. "Well," exclaimed Sheridan, " he has got some thing in his head after all." . Here is the first free love vow as final ly adopted : " We promise to love eaoh other, and to live in the sama orown stone front till we are tired of each other and see some one we like better." After Tolling all night in your berth at sea, till you are miserably sick, it is irritating to have a steward open your door in the morning and ask if you will not have a fresh roll for breakfast. A wail has gone up, and is now tray eling with great rapidity around the board; at the prices charged at the fash ionable watering-places. A general and immediate reduction is the clamorous cry. - A correspondent of an agricultural pa per asks : " Where can wooj oe pronta- bly grown 7 we are of the opinion that there is no place where if can more profitably be grown than on the back of a sheep. .....-.) A little bit of a thing had just got back from a party, and was asked by her mamma how sne nad enioyea nerseu. "O, mamma 11' she said, "I'm so full of happiness I couldn t be happier without I was bigger." The papers of Chicago appear to have muscular men in the chair editorial. One of them says he was never so happy as he was the other day, when he knocked down a rowdy who intruded into his sanctum, and then threw him down stairs. ' , After many years of observation, the Revolution has discovered that, as a rule, woman is expected to be found fault with and adored ; courted, married, quarreled with, deserted, divorced ; played with, plagued, and only really venerated when she becomes a mother and goes to heaven. A correspondent comes to the defense of women against the current notion that they are peculiarly addicted to gos sip, alleging that in a country grocery store, among barrels of molasses and piles of salt fish, more gossip is talked by men in one evening than - in all the houses in the town. A Coenek Chief of Police Savage, of Boston, invited the proprietors of all the noted gambling-houses in the oity to call' at his office, a few days ago. When they assembled he told them that he doubted the expediency of breaking into their establishments and seizing, and destroying property ; that he want ed to treat them fairly, and that he re quested them to close their places and, give up the business. Finally, he as sured them that he would use all means' at his command to aid them in the ac complishment of an object sq much to be desired. It it asserted that on the. following evening there was not a gam-; bling house open in the city. A MoEAii. A Syrian convert to Chris tianity, as the story goes, was urged by his employer to work on Sunday, but he declined. . "But," says the master,' " does not your bible say that if a .man has an ox or an ass that falls into, a pit ori the Sabbath day he may pull him. out ? " " Yes," answered ': Hanyon ) V but if the ass has a habit of falling into the same pit every Sunday, ' then' the man should either fill up that pit or sell that ass." The story has a sort of -"moral" which will fit a great many disputed points in these days.