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Connecticut western news. [volume] (Salisbury, Litchfield Co., Conn.) 1871-1970, January 03, 1873, Image 4

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84027718/1873-01-03/ed-1/seq-4/

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Progress of the Hoosac Tunnel.
"Th great railway tunnel through the
Hoosao Mountain, near North AdamB,
M8., is progreasing very effectively,
nd it is probable that the bore -will be
completed in October, 187. The bor
ing has for the past year or more been
exrried on at four headings, one on each
de f the mountain and two in oppo
site directions from tho bottom of a ver
tical shaft which is sunk near the middle
of the mountain. The 12th of Decem
ber was an eventful day among the
workmen. After some unusually heavy
blastings, a junction of the two head
ings between the east end of the tunnel
and the central shaft was then effected,
freatly relieving the contractors by the
immediate drainage of the water from
iri311 8haft Tke central shaft is
1,030 feet in depth, and, sinoe the junc
tion was made, it is found to operate
le an immense chimney, producing a
strong draft through tho whole length
o the eastern Bection of the tunnel, a
distance of nearly two and a half miles.
It has not yet been ascertained what, if
any, difference exists between the lines
f the twolwrings which have just been
united ; but it is believed that there
can be only a trifling variation. The
working of the pumping machinery,
previously required to keep the shaft
free, was a difficult and expensive opera
tion. The water will now flow down
grade into the Deerfield River, and the
pumps may be removed. A distance of
about four thousand feet remains to be
oit in order to complete the bore. The
total length of the tunnel will be almost
five miles. It is the second longest
tunnel in the world, the Mont Cenis
bore, through the Swiss Alps, being
nearly eight miles in length. But the
St. Gothard tunnel, through the Swiss
Alps, which was' commenced during the
present year, will beat both of the
aK)ve, as it will be thirteen and a half
miles in length.
Facte Concerning Bees.
When the queen bee is forcibly taken
away from the hive, Bays the "Ameri
can See Journal," the bees which are
near her at the time do . not appear sen
sible df her absence, and the labors of
the hive are carried on as usual for a
time. It is seldom before the lapse of
an hour that the working bees begin
to manifest any symptoms of uneasi
ness. They are then observed to quit
the larvae which they have been feed
ing, and to run about in great agitation,
to and fro ; and on meeting with such
of their companions who have not heard
of the disaster which has befallen them,
they communicate the intelligence by
crossing their antennae and striking
lightly with them. The bees whioh re
ceive the news beoome in their turn
agitated, and spread the alarm further.
All the inhabitants now rush forward,
eagerly seeking their lost queen. But,
finding their search useless, they ap
pear to beoome resigned to their mis
fortune, the tumult subsides, and if
there are worker eggs or young larvae in
the cells, preparations are made to sup
ply the loss by raising a new queen, and
the usual labors of the hive are resum
ed. For feeding bees : Take at the rate
of five pounds of refined or white sugar,
$wo gallons of soft Water, one table
BpoouTul of salt, ten grains of cream
tartar ; put all together, bring to a boil,
skim and, when cold, add eight ounces
pulverized slippery elm bark, or fine
oat meaL stir it well, then feed in the
hive. During the summer, use but
four pounds of sugar.
Italian bees gather much larger stores
of honey than black bees. Dzerzon,
the great German apiarian, after many
years experience, Bays that the profits
u apiary nave Deen doubled since
their introduction. They are also much
more peaoeahle than the black bees.
An Old Story Retold.
"When the Foot were in Bermuda,
the adjutant of the regiment had a dog,
which was of a very savage nature. He
had some of the bloodhound in him,
and at night he was in the habit of
prowling round the barracks, to the ter
ror of the sentinels and others who were
compelled by duty ar otherwise to "be
out after tatoo roll-call. One night the
dog was the subject of conversation in
the guard-room, and one of the soldiers,
a native of the Emerald Isle, broke in:
" If lhat dog comes near me on my post,
m stick the bayonet in him." Sure
enough he did; for in the morning
" Nip" was found stark and stiff, with
the ominous three-cornered hole made
by the bayonet in his breast, through
which his canine soul had fled to the
land where bayonets are never known.
There was a tremendous outcry, and
Dennis, the murderer, soon found him
self the inmate of a "prisoner's room."
On his being brought before OoL H ,
the offense was read over, and then the
colonel, after hearing the evidence,
asked the prisoner what he had to say
for himself. " Well, sir, in the middle
of the night, while on sentry, the dog
eame rushing toward me, snarling and
showing his teeth, and I used my bay
onet to defend myself." The aljutant
here broke in with, "If the dog was
rushing at you to bite you, why did you
not strike him with the butt of your
piece ?" " So I would, Bir," said Den
nis, "had he run at me with his taiL"
The answer convulsed the colonel, and
Dennis was ordered to return to duty at
onoe.
How Counterfeit Notes are Made.
A party of men, say from three to a
dozen, get together and hold frequent
meetings, and act according to a plan
laid down. One or two will find out
Some COTTer-nlatA TrrintAr in tha omtilnv
J- a mm v.u .V J
of the bank note company in fact all
buch printers are Known by tue party.
These men will manage to meet one of
the printers. Then thev offer him fmm
$50 to $150 to procure a certain kind of
impression. xms impression is pro
cured in this wise : The printer will
take an impression upon tin fail from
the plate from which he is printing,
which can be done in a moment. Thus
you see every line and size is obtained
correctly. From this tin foil
type is made. They then get some plate
4U I t J . 1 ,1 ,
suuiuu uim rau ue iuuhu uuuui me city,
. have a goad time with him and engage
Him at fcwATlfrtr slsillai-a via. A m-rr A 1.
printing. By this plSa thousands of
copies are strnoK on wnicn cefy detec
tion, except in tne quality of the paper,
wnicn wiu siignuy diner irom the gen
nine. " The place of manufacture is gen
erallv some distanca from New YnrV
like Staten. Island, Flatbush, or some
times Baxter street, or similar localities
Sn that city.
It is a (tmncA toM. in
where a party of this kind exists, that
every member lacks confidence in his
associate. Every move made by one is
narrowiy watcnea Dy otners 01 the par
ty. It would be death to an informant
or spy that did not look well to him
self.
Soak tha f AAt. in worm wntav -wifli
little Cayenne petmer in it. two 'or three
times a week. Try this for a month, or
longer, if necessary, and you will find it
m exceuent remedy lor com leet. X do
not know why rubbing the back with the
UmA wnnU 1 I . T T T !
- uiuig if. u. x. reuei.
Brjrinkle thA inaiila nf wn .vi...
- v JVIU DWUUlljfQ,
llfiThtly. With PaVRTlTlfl TUTIIUl. irm tL
w - - J f f
coldest weather, tvnA vnni faaf will 1aam
warm during the day and every day
King Victor Emmanuel cares by far
more for his illegitimate children than
for his sons by the late queen. All the
important ofiioes at the royal court in
Bom hava been filled with relatives of
Bosina Vercellaria, who the kins: creat
ed Countess Miraflori,and who is now
Jus morganatic wife.
About Walking.
A gentleman who lately made a pedes
trian tour, from Portland, Oregon, to
San Francisco soms elevam huaored
miles gives the following particulars
relative to the experiences of nis party :
Before starting, I was strqngly urged
to wear shoes, ("English walking shoes")
and my own prejudices were in their
favor, but careful deliberation told me
of the fearful dust to be encountered,
following, as we would have to, most of
the way, a thoroughly traveled road that
had not Been rain for months, and also
of the necessity of having to take boots
or shoes off many times each day to
bathe the feet. This decided me in
favor of high top boots, the wisdom of
which I had no occasion afterward to
doubt. The pants were also protected
from the dust by being worn inside of
them. The feet can be saved much irri
tation and many blisters by the use of
insoles (boots or shoes having been
made large enough to admit them). The
greater friction between an ear fitting
.boot and the foot is at the fore part of
the front foot. Every time the heel
raises, the relative position of the foot
and the sole of the boot must change,
causing great friction, as the entire
weight of the body is upon the foot at
the time of change between foot and
boot. An insole, if a trife shorter than
the boot, will take much of this friction
from the foot, as it must then take place,
to a great extent, between the insole and
sole of the boot. A second insole w411
relieve the foot still more. They will
also furnish the additional advantage f
relieving the feet when much swollen,
by taking them out. No matter how
toughened the feet become, they will
blister very readily if rapid walking is
persisted in, say for three or four hours,
while, at a pace that is not unduly ex
hausting the system, they will not feel
the slightest discomfort.
We practiced bathing feet, hands and
heads very often, say from three to six
times a day, when water was found,
and when we were tired and exhausted
it would have a very exhilarating effect.
Bapid walking " spurts," at the rate
rate of four miles an hour, of two or
three hours duration, or long marches,
say twelve miles or more, without a
halt, is very exhausting. If indulge 4
in, in the early part of the day, it will
incapacitate one for the balance of the
day, or if at the close of the day, Its ef
fects will be felt the following day.
The same will apply to ascending high
hills or mountains. Movements in such
instances should be sufficiently moder-.
ate to avoid getting into a " pud or
perspiration, more than when moderate
ly walking on the level.
The Graham crackers, upon which we
principally existed, were baked hard
and dry fike sea biscuit, and we found
it necessary to moisten and soften them
before eating, and we resorted to the
use of boiling hot water, breaking the
crackers into it, and allowing them to
absorb all the water they would. The
hot water seemed so grateful to us that
we soon fell into the way of taking it
freely, and were often astonished at the
quantity we consumed. Its use did away
with much of our thirst while walking,
and was beneficent in all of its effects.
I venture the assertion that there is a
virtue in the use of hot water, where
great exertion is to be endured, that is
not generally understood. By hot water
I mean water that has been made to boil
and then taken as hot as it can be borne;
tepid water is unpalatable.
In our preparations, it was proposed
that we carry sun umbrellas. I did not
second the proposition, believing their
use would not compensate the trouble
of carrying them; I yielded, however j
and subsequent experience convinced
me of (heir great value to us. Our es
timate was that we could perform one
fourth more with than without them.
whenever the temperature was above
ao degrees.
How they Lire in Sweden.
TRfi rinrtfiAR urn atmnc Iwjinrr twiilf. nt
mK.v V.
strong thick walls, generally of brick
vi owire, in mil uigu OUUUO lUlUIUBUUIlB.
They are small, generally of one story,
and meant for but one family. Their
nouses are not so very simple, but they
are very simply furnished, there often
beinc.
where the houses are frequently of .logs,
auu covered wim turr or straw, no more
than one. room in the hrmsA anA in tViof
only the coarsest home-made furniture.
tiers of beds, one ahnvA nnnf.her flio
woman generally sleeping below, and
the men above. You rarely see any car
pet, but the floors are sprinkled with a
clean white sand, which dries up mois
ture, gives on no dust, and may be
easilv removed. Snmpti
as in Germary, are painted, or of wood
,.; 41 "u ii.-r 1 ' ... , .
uiurxaiv, uiuugu 1111B luxury, except in
large mansions, is very rarely indulged
in. Occasionally- the heist, mnma Tirin
have a little carpet, but never more than
A. A . 1 1 .
two strips, wnicn cross each other in
the centre. The land is tronorollir trrmrvA
and four-fifths tf the people subsist by
agriculture, wreat quantities or wheat,
rve and barlev are raised th ntnhHlel
fields being now seen stretching out in
cverjr uirecuon. luncn 01 this grain
is exported to Germany and Great Bri-
A . T J . . . 1 .
vain. jutugo araves 01 cattle, sneep,
geese and ducks, may also be seen in
the fields, though the stock is far infer
ior to that of Denmark, where it was a
real pleasure to see the magnificent
droves in their pastures. The cattle and
ducks and geese being around the ponds
wnue tne sneep and cows are scattered
through the meadows, a shepherd boy
sleeping in some fence corner. In the
evening, these flocks are driven to the
. a T J 1
uwu-jaru, wuere tney present a lively
scene for a few hours after sunset. I
spent a little time at the country resi
dence of a large land-owner in this
neighborhood whem t.Vm nm'so nt JnnVo
and geese, in his barn-yard, was like a
perpetual nree-nddie serenade.
Captain Marryat and Henry Clay.
The following incident is related by
judge ii. A. iJucKner, 01 jexington,Ji.y.,
who was present at the time it occurred.
Captain Marryat, while in this coun
try, was present at Ashland, by invita
tion of Mr. Clay, and a number of gen
tlemen had been invited to meet the not
ed Englishman at a state dinner. After
the wine had begun to circulate, Mr.
Clay, in conversation, made some allu
sion to the English custom which re
quired th guests on such occasions to
present the head servant of their enter
tainer with some erratuitv before leav
ing. This offended Captain Marrvat.
who, in a very emphatic manner, denied
the existence of any such custom.
Mr. Clay responded that such must
be the case, for he, when dining with
Lord Castlereagh, had forgotten it, and
nao Deen reminded 01 it Dy his lord
ship's butler.
Captain M. seemed to be still offend
ed, and was about to make some testy
remark, when his entertainer sent the
decanter to him by a servant, and in his
politest manner extended his own glass,
said : "A glass of wine with you, Cap
tain Marryat."
The Captain, pushing the deoitnter
aside, responded: "No! 1 want no wine;
f have drunk too much already."
Turning to Lewis B , a wit, and a
"good fellow," who would take too much
at times, Mr Clay saiii quietly, "A glass
with you, Lewis, my son; I see you
have not ta&en too much.
The floor of a church at Salf ord. near
Manchester. Enorland. srave way recent
ly whila a missionary meeting was being
held, and precipitated about one hun
dred persons into the snaee below.
Sereial were injured, and some, it is
reared, lataiiy.
Carious Statistics of Marriage.
The people of a statistical rather than
a sentimental turru the mathemathics
of marriage in different countries may
f rove an attractive theme of meditation,
t is found that young men from fifteen
to twenty years of age marry young
women averaging two or three years
older than themselves, but if they delay
marriage until they are twenty to twenty-five
years old, their spouses average
a year younger than themselves; and
thenceforward this difference steadily
increases, till in extreme old age on the
bridegroom's part it is apt to bis enor
mous. The inclination of octogenarians to
wed misses in their teens is an every
day occurrence, but it is amusing to find
in the love-matches of boys that the
statistics bear out the satires of Thack
eray and Balzac. Again, the husbands
oi young women aged twenty and under
average a little above twenty-five years,
and the inequTdity of age diminishes
thenceforward, till for women who have
reached thirty the respective ages are
equal: after thirty-five years, women,
like men, marry those younger than
themselves, the disproportion increas
ing with age, till at fifty five it averages
nine years.
The greatest number of marriages for
men take place between the ages of
twenty and twenty-five in England, be
tween twenty-five and thirty in France,
and between twenty-five and thirty-five
in Italy and Belgium.
Finally, in Hungary the number of
individuals who marry is 72 in a thous
and - each year; in England it is 64; in
Denmark 59; in France 57, the city of
Paris showing 53; in the Netherlands,
52; in Belgium 43; in Norway 36:
Widowers indulge in second marriages
three or four times as often as widows.
For example, in England (land of Mrs.
Bardell) there are 60 marriages of
widowers against 21 of widows;, in Bel
ginm there are 58 to 16; in France 40 to
12. Old Mr. Weller's paternal advice,
to "beware of widows," ought surely
to be supplemented by a maxim to be
ware of the widowers.
A Pleasant IVup.
A grimly humorous account of the
difficulties attending the attainment of
a night's rest in India, makes one thank
ful that he is a citizen of America. In
those wild solitudes, individuals of the
insect raoe perform the part of the noc
turnal disturbers with great vigor and
animation. At nightfall a concert usu
ally commences; in which the treble is
sustained by crickets, gifted with lungs
far exceeding in power those of the
American hearth, while the bass is
croaked forth by innumerable bull
frogs, mingled with the exasperating
hum of mosqnitos, in which hubbub
the accompaniment of the musk-rats is
scarcely to be distinguished. In the
midst of this uproar, should sleep, long
wooecj, descend at last upon the weary
eyelids, it is but too often chased away
by the yells ofj the wandering troop of
jackalls, each animal endeavoring to
outshriek his neighbor. A quiet night
in any part of India is exceedingly
diffioult of attainment; the natives, who
sleep throughout the heat of the day;
protract tteir vigils far beyond the mid
night hour, and however silent at other
periods, are always "noisy at night.
Parties from adjacent villages patrol the
roads, singing, and, during religious
festivals or bridal revelries, every ssrt
of discordant instrument, gongs, and
blaring trumpets six feet long, are
brought in aid of the shouts of the
populance. Such is the usual character
of the night in the jungles ; and it re
quires nerve of no ordinary kind to
support its various inflictions.
Damages for Death of a Brakeman.
The Cumberland, (Md.) Civilian says:
Manv of our readers will rememheT
the trial which excited considerable
public interest at the January term, 1871
of the Circuit Court in this county, of
the ca6e of the State, use of Fazen
baker, against the Cumberland and
Pennsylvania Railroad. The suit was
brought by the widow and children of
William Fazenbaker, a brakeman, iD
the employ of the Cumberland and
Pennsylvania Railroad, who was killed
by the explosion of a lodomnf.r a.i
Frostburc. on March 2fi. 1870. " Tlif
jury in the case decided for the plain-
tins, assesmg the damages at $3,600, tc
be divided as follows: To the widow.
$2,000; to the eldest child, 165; to the
second child, $556, and to the young
est -child, SSSoo. Jacob Brown, Esq.,
and Hon. H. W. Hoffman were oounse'
for the Plaintiffs, and Messrs. WaIrI
and Cox for the Company. The Com
pany carried tne case to the uourt oJ
Appeals at Annapolis, at which Court
they were represented by John P. Poe,
Esq., of Baltimore City. Messrs.
Brown and Hoffman still representing
Mrs. Fazenbaker and her children.
The case was decided on Thnrsdav last,
The judgment of the Circuit Court was
V -1 1 il 1 1 v . .1
amxmed, and tne piaintins get the !$3,6uu
with interest, defendant to pay the costs
of the snit. The rminirvn nf t.Fio rVin-H
of Appeals was delivered by Judge
oiewan.
Buffalo limiting.
The hunters are making sad havoc
among the Isuffaloes in Western Kansas,
not far from the line of the Atchison,
Topeka, and Santa I e Railroad. They
are found in great numbers near a fork
of the Pawnee River, and are shot down
by hundreds every day. Dodge Ctty
is the last city on this road. It is about
three miles from Fort Dodge; it was
settled about the last of September,
and consists of about fifty housesevery
one of which, with possibly two or three
exceptions, is a store, a billiard saloon.
a rum shop or a dance hall. The hunt
ers make this their headquarters.
During two months one firm received
over 20,000 buffalo hides, for which they
paid from $1 25 to $2 50 each. Another
party received in ten days ending the
middle of this month over 6,000 hides.
Buffalo meat is veigr cheap. The hams
sell for one cent to two cents a pound,
and are shipped over the Atchison. To
peka, and Santa Fe Road to Kansas
City and to St. Louis in large tun anti ties.
The forequarters cannwt be given away,
but are thrown out m the streets. One
merchant had 25,000 buffalo tongues
packed away in one room waiting ship
ment to market. Notwithstanding tins
wholesale slaughter, the hunters tell
of seeing herds miles in length, and
almost as countless as the sands upon
tne sea snore.
, A Wife's Power. The power of a wife,
for good or evil, is irresistable. With
out one, home must be forever un
known. A good wife is to a man wisdom,
A 1 m -m m
strengtn and courage ; a Dad one is
confusion, weakness and despair. No
condition is hopeless to a man where
the wife possesses firmness, decision
and economy. There is no outward
propriety which can counteract indo
lence, extravagance and folly at home.
No spirit can ronjr endure bad influence.
Man is strong, but his heart is not ada
mant. He delights in enterprise and
action, but to sustain him he needs
tranquil mind ; and especially it he is
an intelligent man, whole head, he needs
his moral force in the conflict of life.
To recover his composure, home must
be a place of peace and comfort. There
his soul renews its strength, and goes
forth with fresh vigor to encounter the
labor and troubles of life. If at home
he finds no rest, and is there met with
bad temper, sullenness, jealousy and
gloom, or assailed with complaints and
censure, hope vanishes, and he sinks in
to despair. Such is the case with too
many who, it might seem, have no con
flicts or trials of life ; for such is the
wife's power.
The Necrology of the Tear.
The yeat has been as remarkable as
any of its predeeessers for the many
"shining marks" at which Death has
aimed its shaft, both at home and
abroad. It may seem to be a startling
faclbut it is nevertheless a fact that
in the city of New York alone, since the
last happy New Year, not less than
twenty-five thousand of those composing
its population have gone to the abode
of the dead the average being about
five hundred per week. And this, we
may take it for granted, is about the
average of the mortality in all other
populous cities.
Looking over the grim catalogue, one
can hardly fail to be impressed with the
many men of mark, in almost every de
partment of life, whose names are in
scribed upon it. Literature, Art, Science
and Religion have each and all contri
buted their representative men.
At home, among our own profession
we recall those of James Gordon Ben
nett of the Herald; Spalding of tne
World; Pollard of the Richmond Ex
aminer, and last, but not least, Horace
Greeley of the Tribune. The military
profession has lost Major-General
Meade, Major-General Halleck, and
General Anderson, and to the list must
be added General Ewell of the Con
federate Army. France laments Field
Marshal Forey, who defeated the Aus
trians on the historic field of Monte
belle, while England drops a tear as she
recalls tho memory of Field-Marshall
Sir Creorge Pollock,' Constable of the
Tower, a veteran of the Indian wars, and
General Pennefather, another soldier of
renown.
The ranks of statesmanship have been
thinned by the death of Wm. H. Sew
ard, Ex-P. M. Gen. Randall, Senator
Grimes, of Iowa, Davis, of Kentucky,
and Walker, of Wisoonsin ; President
Juarez, of Mexico ; Earl Mayo, Governor-General
of India ; Joseph Mazzini,
the Italian patriot ; The Duke of Per
signy ; Sir Henry Bnlwer ; Lord Lons
dale, and the Duke of "Bedford. Among
the scholars, literary men and artists
whose names are well known on both
sides of the Atlantic, we may enumerate
Charles Lever, Anthony Fonblanque,
Ludwig Fonrbach, Charles Anguste
Xervier, Adolph Guerault, Theophile
Gautier, Buchanan Read, George P.
Putnam, Lowell Masen, Fanny Fern,
Edwin Forrest, John F. Kensett, and
George Catlin.
The pulpit has likewise lost many a
brilliant name, among whom we may
recall those of Rev. Dr. Seabury, Rev.
Norman MacLeod, Rev. Frederick Den
ison Maurite, Bishop Eastburn, of
Mass. ;Bishop Terrett, of Edinbiwgh ;
Ex-Bishop Sharp, of St. ABaph, Wales ;
and Dean Jeremiej of Lincoln.
And so they pass away, and still the
procession moves on to " the house ap
pointed for all living." Who can tell
what names will be written on the roll
when wu write up the necrology for
1873 ? Rather, who would cast a pall
oy.er the present by anticipating a fu
ture which it is best for us to remain
behind the veil ?
Financial Freaks.
We have seldom seen a more striking
instance of audacidus impudence, under
the circumstances, than that of Mr.
Henry N. Smith's ' statement made to
the Banking and Currency Committee
diiring his examination by them rela
tive to the lock-up of money by the
Tenth National Bank of this city. "I
did not think of doing it before the pre
vious afternoon," he said ; " it was what
I called a dash. It was purely a freak
of my own." This playful " freak " dis
arranged business throughout the coun
try, ruined two or three of his compan
ions on " the street " and made great
disturbance generally among banks and
other moneyed institutions. It is not a
light matter that this conspiracy against
business, against commerce, against the
interests, not of a city or a state, but of
the whole country, should have been
entered into between this . man and a
great banking institution. " This thing
was not done in a corner," but, openly,
and in the presence of all men. Mr.
Smith gained credit thereby and the
bank got no harm.
If it be wrong to break mto a man s
house and steal his money, how is it any
more right to loroe it trom him by stop
ping all the avenues of relief avenues,
be it remembered: created especially for
his accomodation and pressing him
into a position where he must either be
ruined or lose his entire buskiess repu
tation. This is what Messrs. Smith &
Palmer did, and yet they go nnwhipped
of justice. The Banking and Currency
Committee have, indeed, reported a bill
making it the duty of the Comptroller,
in any future case of the misuse of a
national bank,, to proceed against the
directors in the United States Courts,
the penalty being forfeiture qf the char
ter, imprisonment for five years, and a
fine of not less than $10,000. This is
well as ar as it goes, and we trust that
such a bill will be passed and rigidly
enforced hereafter. But if, as the com
mittee expressly says, the action of the
Tenth National Bank was a clear viola
tion of the banking act, why is not that
bank made to suffer ? Does the lapse
of a few months condone so great a
crime ? Is the promise of such men
that they will never do so again of suf
ficient validity to win forgiveness ? If
the bank were wound up, if there be law
enough for that purpose, there would
be good' cause for congratulation, and
some hope that the warning would be
sufficient for other banks disposed to
enter into such, operations with the Wall
street thieves. N. Y. Poet.
Another Railroad Line Across Niagara
River.
Measures are on foot, says the Albany
Argus, for the construction of a railroad
bridge across the Niagara River at
Lewiston. The plan is pushed forward
under the auspices of the Lake Ontario
Shore Railroad, now being constructed
from Oswego to Lewiston. The object
is to bring the Ontario Shore Road into
connection with 14ie Canadian system,
and ultimately to form a Northern lihe
from the seaboard to the great West.
From the Buffalo Courier we learn that
this object is to be secured from the
three great points : New York, Boston
and Portland from the first via the
Midland, from the second via the Hoosac
tunnel, and from Portland via the
Northern line through New Hampshire,
Vermont, and across Northern New
York to Oswego. These routes com
bining at the last named place wili pro
ceed thence Westward by the Ontario
Shere road to Lewiston, where they
will connect with tlfe Great Western u
Canada, and possibly with the Canada
Southern. For that purpose it is in
contemplation to construct a first-class
suspension bridge at liewiston, upon
the site of the old carriage bridge, which
was so nearly destroyed a few years ago.
A meeting of parties interested in
this enterprise was held at Clifton last
week, and a committee appointed to
procure plans and estimates for the
new bwdge.
A Correspondent of the Lebanon (Ky.)
Standard tells this : ne of our mer
chants dreams thus : "I dreamt that I
was in heayen, and that every fellow
who got in there must pay 50 cents
admission fee. While watching each
new oomer, I heard a familiar tyead
without, and finally recognized it as
being that of Aunt Polly Toads. So I
drew near . to see if Aunt Polly would
have the money to get in, when I heard
the following : "Mr. Peter, what's the
price to get in?' 'Fifty cents, mam.'
'Won't you take forty cents?' 'No.'
Forty-five cents ?' 'No.,v 'Then I won't
come in to save your neok.' And Aunt
Polly went-off to hunt a cheaper heaven."
Incantations in Algiers.
We were anxious, while in Algeria, to
see all we could of the customs peculiar
to the different nationalities which so
greatly contribute to the picturesque
ne6s of the country; and, accordingly,
one Wednesday morning, started early
for a grotto by the sea-shore, whioh,
from time immemorial, has been devo
ted t6 what is called the " liegresses'
sacrifice." This grotto is situated on
the road to St. Eugene, and, early as it
was, we passed a number of women and
children, on foot or on muleB, all wend
ind their way in the same direction, fol
lowed by servants carrying under their
arms or in baskets a quantity of black
or white fowls. When we arrived at
the 6pot indicated by our driver, and
had got out of the carriage, we discov
ered a flight of steep steps cut in the
rock, leading down to a path by the
sea-shore. This path turned suddenly
to the right boliind the projecting cliff,
and disclosed a semicirci-nr cave, be
hind which was a spring called Seba
Aioun, or the Seven Fountains. Vi the.
centre of this cave sat an old negress,
ugly as a demon, dressed in a white
turban and a great scarlet cloak: while.
before a circular space was traced in the
sand, m the centre of which was a kind
of rude stove on which simmered vari
ous little earthen pots of incense and
benzoin. Presently an Arab laty came
up; crying bitterly, snying "that her
husband had ceased to love her. and
had taken a fancy to some' one else."
She took from her maid two white and
two black hens, whioh she presented to
the negress, who first incensed both her
and the fowls, then swung the birds by
the lggs three times over the lady's
head, and all about her, and then slbw
ly and only partially cut their throats,
letting the blood flow into a little metal
basin, with which she anointed the pa
tient's hands and feet, between the eyes
1 . , - . , . . . 1
ano on tne lorehead, all . the while re
citing prayers or rather incantations.
the lady crossing her hands backward
and forward in token of submission.
The wretched birds were only half killed,
and by the way thev fluttered it was de
cided whether the charm had or had
not been successful. If they- fluttered
toward the sea it was considered all
right, and the negress sej; up a shrill
"Li! Li!" of fliumph. If, on the
other hand, the unhappy fowls strug
gled, in their death-agonies, toward the
rock, the charm had failed, and the
whole thing had to be done over Beam
Then the patient was made to drink of
the spring, and to wash in it three times
while she was again ineensed bv the ne
gress. The same thing was repeated
for each patient as he or she camo up to
the negress's caldron, until the sand
was strewed with dying fowls and blood,
to a degree which was positively sicken
ing Other negresses were in atten
dance on the principal gitczzanates, as
they are called, dressed in the bine
check haik of their race,-and all equally
revolting in manner and appearance.
This sacrifice dates from the early
Roman times, and is, in fact, a remnant
or the old pagan superstitions. The
curious and painful thiner to me was
that, not only Jewesses but even French
Christians came to be cured, and sub
mitted to all these horrible rites and
incantations. I spoke to one woman
whom I had seen in the morning at the
cathedral, and asked her "how she
could reconcile it to her conscience to
seek relief in such a manner ?" She re
plied: "I believe in the cures effected
by the negresses, and, if theirs is a bad
agency, at any rate it is overruled for
good. God is in heaven and we on
earth, and He can bless whatever means
we use. Lady Herbert's " Algeria."
Alaska Antiquities.
At the last meeting of the California
Academy of Sciences, W. H. Dall, of
the United States Coast Survey, read
an interesting paper on his recent dis
covery of prehistoric remains in Alaska,
Among these relic?, mention is made of
seven skeletons, which were found ar
ranged around the edge of a small cave
located under an isolated rock, on
Omaknok Island. Contrary to the
record of similar caves in Europe, no
remains of animals were found. Near
one of the skeletons there were heaped
together a number of stone knives, a
bone awl, and two fragments, one of
pumice, and the other of fine sandstone,
with their edges and surfaces smoothed
and squared, evidently for the purpose
of dressing down the asperities of skins
to be used for clbKiing. The most in
teresting collections are reported to
have been found near the skeleton of a
woman, which was stationed farthest
from the entrance to the cave; these
consisted of two bone tabrets, shaped
like those now in use among the Thlink
ets and Botccudas; a lot of needles,
made of the wing-bones of birds; a
neeedle-oase, made of the humerus of
some large bird, closed at eaoh end by
a wooden stocjper; bone awls, stone
knives, a whetstone of fine-grained sand,
and a little cose of birch-bark contain
ing plumbago. The only anatomical
peculiarity of the bones, which agpeed
in all essential respects with Esquimaux
remains of similar character, was the
great stoutness of the long bones, and a
remarkable thickening of the inner face
of the under jaw, which was so exten
sive in a majority of cases as to nearly
close the space between the halves of
the jaw, the bone being over an inch in
diameter. So far as the memory of the
present inhabitants goes, these are the
remains of a prehistoric race, though,
from the panshable nature of many of
the implements found, it is evident that
the title does not apply in its present
interpretation.
The Gueat Storm.
" The Great Snow Storm of 1872," as
we suppose our Christmas storm will
be hereafter known in the chronicles of
the time, seems to have extended nearly
from the Gulf to the northern part of
Canada. So fat as we ean learn, a line
drawn from the southern boundary of
Tennessee to the seaboard of South
Carolina and curving downwards marks
the base of the storm. Advancing
thence, the snow clouds skirted the
States bordering on the Mississippi and
enveloped the whole Atlantic coast from
Charleston, S. C.,Ito the British Ameri
can Provinces. This is a very broad
area ; and the intense cold which pre
ceded the storm in these parts, was an
accompaniment of it in every portion of
the broad extent which it covered. In
deed the low temperature seems to have
originated in the extreme West, long
before the snow began to fall. San
Francisco reports of the 19th speak of
thin ice being formed on shallow stand
ing water in the city, a thing unheard-of
and which astonished the gamins of the
street, who were puzzled by the pheno
menon. Of course, we have numerous
accounts of snowbound railway trains
and distressed wayfarers. The storm
has been one of great hardship on land
and sea ; it will be long remembered
for its discomforts and desolation.
A Boston paper tells the cheerful
story of a pTiysician who stepped into a
horse-oar, the other day, and after using
his nostrils a moment or two, exclaimed,
in a voice loud enough for all passen
gers to hear, " Somebody in this car
has got the small-pox; I can smell it.
Those who are afraid of it had better go
out." With one exception, the passen
gers moved out speedily. The excep
tion was a middle-aged woman who had
a large bundle in her lap. The physi
cian asked her what the bundle con
tained, and she told him it was none of
his business. He made it his business
to investigate, ltowever, aTid found that
the bundle contained the cenpse of a
young ehild that had died of the smallpox.
A Jewish Wedding in Algiers.
Lady Herbert, in a recent English
work entitled "Algerie in 1871," gives a
description of a J ewieh wedding which
possesses features new, we imagine, to
most of our readers :
" We paused in our sight-seeing to go
with Madame de C- and her beautiful
daughter to see a Jewish wedding, for
which she had kindly obtained us an
invitation. We were received in an
alcoved room, where a breakfast of
sweetmeats, cakes, and sweet wines,
was sent out, the bride and her paxents
being seated on a divan at one end,
dressed in rich Jewish costume. After
a short time, we were told to preced
the young lady to the Moorish vapor
bath, which is the next part of the
ceremony. Such a marvellous scene as
there met our eye I despair of repro
ducing on paper! About fifty young
Jewish girls, from twelve to twenty
years of age, whose only clothing was a
scarf of gold or silver gauze around
their loins, with their beautiful dark
hair all down their backs, and their
lovely white necks and arms, cohered
with lecklaces and bracelets, were seen
dimly standing in the water through
a cloud of steam and incense, waiting
for the bride, and when she appeared
received her with loud-, shrill cries of
' Li ! Li ! Li !' in a continually-ascending
scale. Among these girls were
hideous negresses equally scantily cloth
ed, and one or two of them with their
black, whooly hair dyed bright orange
olor : these were the bathing-women.
They seized us by tho arm and wanted
to force us to undress too, which we
stoutly resisted ; and took refuge on
the raised marble slab which surround
ed the bath, and where the pretty little
1 -I -n , 11 . "
nnae, wun ner motner and aunts, were
standing waiting to be unrobed too.
They took off her heavy velvet clothes,
and she appeared in a beautiful crold-
figured gauze chemise and some lovely
snort red-ana-goid drawers ; they then
led her, with the same cries, into an
iuner room, stifling with wet vapor mid
steam, and here the poor child, who was
only thirteen, remained for three moiv
tajl hours, the women pouring water on
hor head from picturesque-shaped gold
jars, and every kind of comestic and
sweet, scent being rubbed upon her.
Belhg' unable to stand the intense heat
and overpowering smell any longer, we
escaped for a time into the open air ;
but returned after about an hour to find
another bride going through the same
cerinonies. Some of the bridesmaids
were very beautiful ; one especially,
though a Jewess, had regularly goldcii.
hair and blue eyes ! And the whole
scene was like a ballet at the opera, or
rather a set of naids or water-nymphs
in a picturo ; not like anytliing in real
life ! Their glorious hair floating over
their shoulders, with their beautifully
modelled arms, rounded in graceful
curves as they disported themselves
round the bride, would have driven a
sculptor or painter wild with delight !
But I could not get over the kidelicacy
of the whole thing ; it was a scene in the
nude with a vengfeance !
" At half -past three o'clock the follow
ing morning, we got up and went to the
bride's house for the conclusion of the
cermony. A great crowd of men and
musicians were grouped in the lower
court. Above, the bride was sitting in
state, in the deep recess of a handsome
Moresque room, veiled in white gauze,
while a red-and-gold figured scarf hung
in graceful folds behind her head. On
either side of her were two venerable
looking old men with long, white beards,
and in front of her another, holding a
candelabrum with thre'e candles.
They were Rabbis, and chanted psalms
alternately with songs of praise about
I the dove with the beautiful eyes,' etc. ;
in fact, a sort of canticle. All this time
the minstrels in the quadrangle below
wore ' making a noise,' while over the
can ed gallery above, looking down upon
them, leaned a variety oi Jewish women,
all beautifully dressed in brown' velvet
and satin, with stomachers aijd girdles
richly brocaded in gold, and gold-embroidered
lappets hanging from the
black-silk head-dress which is the in
variable costume of their race. This
went on for hours, till the poor little
bride looked quite worn out. From
time to time spoonfuls of soup were put
into her mouth, which she strove to re
sist ; and then she was conducted into
the court below, where the same cere
monies were gone through, except that
a species of buffoon danced before her
and was rewarded by ten-franc bits put
into his mouth, which he kept in his
cheek while drawling out a queer kind
of song, which we supposed was witty,
as the audience were in fits of laughter.
Every thing was done, both up-stairs
and down, to make the bride laugh,
even to chucking and pulling her under
the chin. But she remained impassive,
it being part of her business to look
grave, and to prove by her demureness
that she was old enough to be married.
All of a sudden, the same unearthly cry
or yell of ' Li ! Li ! Li !' was heard in
the outside court, caught up instantly
by every one in said out of the hjiuso,
Ithought of tho words, 'Behold the
bridegroom cometh !' so exactly were
tha old traditions preserved. A very
ordinary-looking youth, in a frock coat
and red fez, accordingly, made liis ap
pearance, and then the women covered
their faces with their gauze handker
chiefs, and the men, who never ceased
eating and drinking at intervals during
the whole night, formed themselves into
a procession ; while the bride's father
(a venerable-looking old Jew, with a
long, white beard, white turban, and
crimson sash) led her to the carriage
which was to take her to the bridegroom's
home, we all- following, and the women's
cry of 'Li! Li! Li! Li !" resounding
through the narrow streets.'
Lapis Lazuli.
This mineral, which is called azure
stone by the vulgar, is of a magnificent
blue color, sometimes spangled with
beautiful gold spots, from flakes of sril
phuret of iron throughout its mass. It
occurs in shapeless blocks or rounded
pebbles, or, at times, in prismatic forms
having four sides, obliquely set. It is
of a compact grain, opaque and hard;
will cut glass and strike fire from the
steel, It is found principally in Persia
and in the neighborhood of Lake Baik
ri, in Siberia, and is highly prized for
jewelry and ornamental work. The
pitrest specimens are reserved to cut for
gems, and to make those rare Florentine
mosaics, bo much admired. A quality
less rich goes for the decoration of the
houses of the wealthy. The halls of the
Orloff Palace at St. Petersburg, are pre
pared throughout with lapis lazuli from
the Grand Bankharrie. The coloring
mutter of this stone gives that beautiful
blue which is called ultramarine, not
because it is beyond a sky blue, hut
that it was brought from beyond the
sea namely, the Levant. It is procur
ed in a sort of soap making process, by
the use of chemical agents. Exposed
to a strong fire, the. mineral mass melts
to a yellowish black paete. Simply cal
cined, it is deprived of its color by
strong chemicals, and leaves a pot of
jelly. There exist some massive frag
ments of lazulite, but the mineral is
usually combined with foreign matters,
so that a specimen quite pure and bulky
attains a high price. The French trea
sury has a magnificent lazulite cup,
shaped like a nutshell, and worth two
hundred thousand f ranos, or forty thou
sand dollars. There is also a bowl or
hand dish, valued at sixteen thousand
doJlars, which were cheap if it gave
French rulers clean hands; and there too
you may see a rabre, with a lazulite hilt
worth twelve thousand dollars, the gift
of Tippoo Saib to Louis XVI., and three
chaplets, of a thousand francs each, on
whose beads of lazuli the royal noDs say
their prayers lazily when the Red Re
publicans were not after then.
Avalauchjp In Utah.
At Little Cottoawood, near Central
City, a terrible snow-elide ocoured.
The avalanche, which is represented to
have been 600 feet wide and 12 feet deep,
came down across the stage road, sweep
ing away eight or ten teams and team
sters, and taking them 1,0UU feet across
Cottonwood Creek.
Three of the teamsters have been
shovelled oit alive, but badly bruised ;
four more known to be buried were not
rescued, and it is thought impossible to
Aid them before spring, although one
hundred to two hundred men are at
work shovelling.
All the teams in the line of the aval
anche were swept away. Eight mules
were dug out, some dead, some with
legs broken, and others severely bruis
ed'. Several were afterwards shot.
Editorial notices nre so common that
it is almost impossfble for an editor to
express his honest opinion of the merits
f any article without being suspected
of interested motives. This fast, how
ever, shiall not deter us from saying
what we think of a new addition to the
Materia Medica to which our attention
has been recently directed. We refer
to Dr. J. Walkers California Vinegar
Bitters, a remedy which is making its
way into more families just now than
all the" other advertised medicines put
together.
Its popularity, as far as we can judge,
is not bused on empty pretention.
There sorms to be no question about
the potency of its tonic and alterative
properties, while it possesses the great
negative rceommendatjou of containing
neithe alcohol nor mineral poison.
That it is a specific for Indigestion,
Billieusnese, Constipation and many
complaints, of nervovs origin, we have
reason to know ; and we are assured
on good authority that as a general
invigorant, regulating and purifying
mecjicine it has no equal.
It is stated that its inqrredients (ob
tained from the wilds of California,) are
new to tho rmdieal world; and its ex
traordiiuiry effects certainly warrant the
conclusion that it is a compound of
agents hitherto unknown. If popular
ity is any criterion, there can be no
doubt of the efficiency of the Vinegar
Bitters, for the sale of the article is im
mense and continually increasing.
Com. ' .
Wo were pleased to koo, not lonp since, in
one of onr excliatJRos, soino nretty pevero re
marks addressed to sevor.il persons who. dnr
inff an interesting leetnre by licv. .Tno. 'S. C.
Ablwtt, kept tip a continuous coughing, which
prevented many from henrinsr. People who
cannot refrain from coueh'nir had hotter nv
n-n-ny from such places, or else tn?s a. bottlo of
..10I111B011 s Anodyne uniment with them. Com
To TnE"WEAK, the worn, and tho 'wjarv, the
editor of the Boston REroanER savs, " We can
most, unhesitatingly recommend the Peruvian
Syrup, a protected solution of the protoxides
of iron, to all tho weak, tho worn and the
wonry, having richly experienced its benefits.
It possesses all the qualities claimed for it bv
its proprietor." Com.
Vegetable Pulmonary Balsam. "Doubtless
the best Cough Sleidcino in tho Wild." Com.:
A Neglected Cough, Cold ' or Sore Throat,
which might lie checked by a simple remedy,
like Brown's Bronchial Troches, if allowed
to progress may terminate seriously. Com.
The importance of giving Sheridan's Cavalry
Condition Towders to horses that have been
out in the cold rain, stood in cold wind, or
drank too much cold water, cannot, be overes
timated ; no man should be without them who
owns a horso. Com.
The Browns and Blacks produced bv that
sterliiig preparation, ChriRtadore's Excelsior
Hair Dye cannot be excelled by Nature ; its
tints challongo comparison with Nature's moot
lavoreu proauctions, ana aoiy detection. Jom.
Flagg's Instant lttliof. Warranted to relieve
all Kheumatic Afflictions. Sprains. Neiu-altria
etc. The best, the purest, and the nuickf st
remedy for all Bowel Complaints. Belief
guaranteed or tho money refunded. Com.
Mormon Secrets sent free. Address AN
DREW HENLEY, Omaha, Nebraska. Com.
THE WEEKLY SUN.
Only $1 iv Year. 8 Pages
The Best Family Paper Tho Weekly N. Y
Sun. 8 pages. $1 a year. Send your dollars
The Best Agricultural Paper. Tho Week
ly N. 1. un. 8 pages, fl a year. Send
your Dollar.
The Best Bojjtioal Taper. The Weeklv N
Y. Sun. Independent and faithful Against
ruuun runnier, o pages, n a year, fciena
your Dollar.
The Best Newspaper The Weekly N. Y.
Sun. 8 pages. $1 a year. Send your Dollar
Has All the News Tho Weeklv New York
Sun. 8 pages. $1 a year. Send your Dollar.
The Best Story Tapes. The Weekly N. Y.
Sun. 8pngos. $1 a year. . Send your Dollar.
The Best Fashion Reports in the Weekly N.
Y. Sun. 8 pages. $1 a year. Send your
uoiiar.
The Best Market Reports in tho Weekly N
Y. Sun. 8 pages. $1 a year. Send your
juuinir.
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Sun. 8 pages. $1 a year. Send your Dollar
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N.Y. Sun. 8 pages, fl a year. Send your Hollar.
K .1 1- - :ril!' onV XT T .v .
jnuiut-oa imj ouii, new xor& VU-y.
A lUanual of Health.
An edition of between nine ami ton milloneof poio
ies of a very useful work is now ready for grataitoul
distribution, and can be hod for the asking nt any
ding store in the United Stittos, the British Colonics,
Spanish Amorica or Brazil. The work referred to is
Hostottor's Almanac for 1873. The medical portion
of it treats of the various ailments to which the hu
man system 1h subject, and sets forth the peculiar
properties of Hostettcr's Stomach lUttura the
purest and best tonic at present known as a preser
vative of health and strength, and as a remedy for
debility and diseote. The Almanao Is printed in al
the principal languages of the civilized world, and
reaches a lirger number of families and individuals
than any olber medical treatise that ever issued from
the press. No man or woman who has a due regard
for that choicest of heaven's blessings, bodily vigor,
should foil to read the plain, simple and convincing
articles which this truly practical publication eon
tains. The miscellaneous matter is varied, iUBtruo-
tive and amusing, and the calendar department
copious and comprehensive. Hostettcr's Almanac is,
in short, a household convenience, adapted to the
use of all clafses and callings. The larmer, the
planter, the miner, the merchant, the mechanic, the
laborer, the professional mai: , ali need it ; and to in
valids of both, sexes it is literally an arAole of prime
necessity. The medical technicalities whieh ren
der so many medical treatises intended for popular
use unintelligible to the general reader, have been
carefully avoided in this phamphlot. AU is clear,
explicit, forcible, and reconcilable with reason anti
common sense.
The proprietors, Messrs. Hostettor'a & Smith
Pittsburgh, Pa., on receipt of a two-cent stamp, will
forward a copy by mail to any person who cannot
procure one in his neighborhood.
iyiEK.CH ANT'S
GARGLING OIL
13 GOOD FOR
llama and Scalds,
Chilblain,
Spratnn and Rrutncd,
Chapped llandn,
FUnh Wound,
Krot B1U,
Kxtcrnnl PoUon,
Hand Crack,
ttalla of All KlndA,
HltTant. Itlncboae,
Jtheu mail urn.
Hemorrhoid or PI Iris
Sore Nipple,
Caked Ilreat
Flfttuta, Mnjro,
Hpavlnn, Sweeney,
Scrntfthe, or Wreae
StrlnhalK Wind call.
Foundered Feet,
.Cracked Heel,
oil Evil,
pot Kot In Sheep,
Animal Ar Inneet Bite. Koup In Poultry,
Tootlrtidits Art-., Ac. lane Hack, dec, 4, c.
Large Size $1.00; Medium 60o,; Small 25oi
Tin GftT-glinjtOrt. hAfbuen In use m a Liniment not V'-Kt.
All Sr '"J." trial,, fcnt b ur mid follow dlrvUoni
At)t your n7arit Prujrut nrtlviVtr In lntnt Mdiolu
fir ono'of rtttf Ahnmmc mud re Ml what the ffh my ahtn
tW Oil.
The GarpHttK (Ml lit fr ralo y All rnwctalile dea!r
throughout the t'nitrd 4Ar OHfJnot.
0ir tftimmiah date tr. K!3 t Ihn rwpnl, ami art
h d.WtVtW. r lh? ;irW..- tt aixt youMJtiglibcn
what g"od tt hu done. W aiu maiiufat'tura
"MERCHANT'S WORM TABLETS."
We deal fair antl liberal wtth all, and defy contradiction.
HViVr for A'luaHai;.
Manufactured at Lockport, N. by
MERCHANT'S GIRGLING OIL I'W'I
JOHN HODOK, Seoretary.
Vinegar Bitter ate not a vile Fancy Drink,
made of Poor Rum, Whiskey, Proof Spirits and Refute
Liquors, doctored, spiced, and sweetened to please the
taste, called "' Tgnics," " Appetisers," " Restorers,"
&c, that lead the tippler on to drtmftenness and ruin,
but are a true Medicine, made from the native roots
and herbs of California, free from alt Alcoholic Stimulants.
They are the Great Hlood Purifier and a Life-giving
Principle, a Perfeft Renovator and Inrigonitnr of the
System, carrying off all poisonous matter and restoring
the blood to a healtltv condition, enriching it, refreshing
and invigorating both mind and body. IHiey are easy
of atimimstrationprnmpl in tlseir action, certain in their
results, sate and reliahle in all forms nf disease.
No Person can tnke three Bitters accord
ing to directions, and remain long unweU, provided
their bones are not destroyed by mineral poison orolliei
means, mid the vital organs wasted beyond the point
of repair.
Dyseiflla or Indlarestlon. Headache, Pain
in the Slionlders. Cojighs, Tightness of the Chest, Diz
ziness, Sour Kruct.ftions of the Stomach, Had Taste
in the Mouth, Dilious Attacks, Palpitation of the
Heart, Inflammation of the Lungs Pain in the regains of
the Kidnevs, and a hundred oilier painful symptoms,
are the offsprings" of Dyspepsia. In these complaints
it has no equal, and one bottle will prove a better guar
antee of its merits than a lencthv advertisement.
For Kemtile Complaint, in young or old,
married or single, at the dawn of womanhood, or the
turn of life, these Tonic Bitters display so decided an
influence that a marked improvement is soon percep
tible. For Inflammatory and Chronic Rhen
matlsm and Gout, Dyspepsia or Indigestion, Bilious,
Remittent And Intermittent Fevers, Diseases ''of the
Blood, Liver, Kidneys and Bladder, these Bitters have
been most successful. Such Diseases are caused by
Vitiated Hlood, wli ch is generally produced by derange
ment of the Digestive Organs. .
They ire' a Gentle Pnrjratl-rei aa well ae
a Tonic, possessing also tlfe pecuhsr merit of acting
as a powerful Jigent in relieving Congestion or Inflam
mation of the Liver and Viscera Organ's, and in Bilious
Diseases. .
For Skin Diseases, Eruptions', Tetter, Salt
Rheum, Blotches, Sots, Pimples, Pustules, Boile, Car
buncles, King-worms, ScaldHead, Sore -Eyea, By
sipelas, Iicli. Scurfs, Discoloration nf the Skin, Humosa
and Diseases of the Skin, of whatever name or nature
are literally dug up and carried out of the system in a
short time by the use of these Bitters. One bottle in
such cases will convince the most incredulous AT their
curative effects.
Cleanse the Vitiated Blood whenever you
find its impurities bursting through the skin in Pimples,
Knipfiofis, or Sores ; cleanse it when you find it Ob
structed and sluggish in the veins ; cleanse it when itiis
t'oul : your feelings will tell you when. Keep the bloed
pure, and the health of the system. will fallow.
Gratcfitl thousands proclaim Vinkgar Bit
Tsms the most wonderful Invigorant that ever sustained
;he sinkinc; system.
Pin, Tape, and other Worms, lurking itt
;he system of bo many thousands, are effectually de
stroyed and removed Says a distinguished physiol
ogist : There is scarcely an individual upon the face of the
.-arth whose body is exempt from the .presence of worms.
It is tint upon tire healthy elements of the body that
worms exist, but iiXn the diseased humors and slimy
leposits that breed these living monsters of disease.
No system of Medicine, no vermifuges, no anthelmin
i tics, will free the system from worms like these Bit
ters. Mechanical Diseases. Persons engaged In
Paints and Miueralst such as Plumbers, Type-setters.
Gold-beaters, and Miners, as they advance m life, will
be subiect to pamlvsis of the Bowels. To guard against
iliw take a dose of Walker's Vinegar Bitters once
or twice a week, as a Preventive.
Billons, Remittent, and Intermittent
Fevers, whieh are so prevalent in the valleys of on
great rivers throughout the United States, especially
those of tlto Mississippi, Ohio, Missouri, Illinois, Ten
nessee. Cumberland, Arkansas. Red, Colorado, Braros,
Rio Grande, Pearl, Alabama, Mobile. Savannah, Roan
oke, James, and many others, with their vast tributa
ries, throughout our entire country during the Summer
and Autumn, and remarkably so during seasons of
unustfal heat and dryness, arc ihvariably accompanied
by extensive derangements of the stomach and liver, and
other abdominal viscera. There are always more or less
obstructions of the liver, a weakness and irritable stata
of the stomach; and great torxir of the bowels, being
clogged up with vitiated accumulations. In their treat
ment, a purgative, exeriiifg a powerful influence upon
these various organs, is essentially necessary. There is
no cathartic for the purpose equal to Dr. J. Walker's
Vinrcak Bitters, as they will speediV remove tho
dark-colored viscid matter with which flie bowels are
loaded, at the same time stimulating the secretions of
the liver, and generally restoring the healthy functions
of the djcrostive organs.
Scrofula, or King's Evil, White Swellings,
Ulcers, Erysipelas, Swelled Neck, Ooiter, ScrofuloVs
Inflammations, Indolent Inflammations, Mercurial Af
fections, Old Sores, Eruptions of the Skin, Sore Eves,
etc., etc lu these, as in all other constitutional Dis
eases, Walker's Virbgar Bitters have shown their
great curative powers in ths most obstinate and intract
able cases.
Sr. Walker's California Vinegar Bitters
act on all these cases in a similar manner. By pusifying
the Blood they remove the cause, and by resolving away
the effects of the inflammation (the tubercular deposits)
the affected parts receive health, sod a permanent cure
is effected.
The properties of Dr. Walker's Vinegar
Bitters are Aperient, Diaphoretic and Carminative,
Nutritious, Laxative, Diuretic, Sedative, Counter-Irn-tant.
Sudorific, Alterative, and Anti-Bilious.
The Aperient and mild Laxative properties of
Dit. Walker's Vinegar Bitters are the best safe
guard in all cases of eruptions and malignant fevers,
their balsarrc. healing, and soothing properties protect
the humors of the fauces. Their Sedative proerties
allay pain in the nervous system, stomach, and bowels,
either from inflammation, wind, colic, cramps, etc.
Their Counter-irritant influence extends throughout
the system. Their Diuretic properties act on the Kid
neys, correcting and regulating the flow of urine. Their
Anti-Bilious properties stimulate the liver, in the secre
tion of bile, and Us discharges through the biliasy ducts,
and are superior to all remedial agents,- for the curs of
Bilious Fever, Fever and Ague, etc.
Fort ify the body against disease bv puri
fc'ing all its fluids wit 11 Vinegar Bitters. No epi
demic can take hold of a system thus forearmed. The
liver, the stomach, the bowels, the kidneys, and the
nerves are rendered disease-proof by this great invig
orant. Directions. Take of the Bitters on going to bed
at night from a half to one and one-half wine-glassfull.
Eat good nourishing food, such m beef steak, mfftion
chop, venison, roast beef, and vegetables, and lalce
out-door exercise. They are composed of purely veget
able ingsedionts, and contain no spirit. '
J WALKEr?, PropV. U. M. McDONAI.D CO.,
Druggists and Gen. Agts. , San Francisco and New York.
SOLD BY ALL DRUGGISTS & DEALERS,
Good for ,11a a. Inflammation of nil
kinds. Diphtheria, Wounds, ISniieos, Burns,
Sprains, lilieumntim, Soro Throat. gwcUfacor
tho Glands, Intlammntihn of tho Eyes, Broken
Dretiet. Frost Bites, Chilhlall'8, Tiles, Bco ftlugs,
and all bores.
Good fur nonKtV-Froph Wounds, Oalls,
Toll Evil, SiiniiiiK, lirinn'S, Owked, lU'cla.liiiig
Bono, bid Gallic pnvinH, riwA-ncj", Founder,
Laini'iicss, Kand Cracks, fc-cintclica, or Ciieaec,
Hatijjo, llljrMj DietoHipor.
This truly tvonderful Liniment was
rHscbvcn.fl by llO.MKlt ANDKhSON, A.M., Into
I'rufesHor of Chemistry and MathcmuticH in the
Clintop Liberal Institute of Oneida County. N.Y.
In experimenting for the purptn-e of 'ninkyip
1'inssic Acid, by uniting tho iiitlepeuthiit piscona
bodies of which it is composed, a rcsidtsuin was
left, which, on being applied to hruipes And In
flamed parts, by thu'sttulentsof the Institute, was
found to possess tho remarkable property of cool
ing down and carrying off thu inflammation arid
soreness at once, ami rcstorltigtho parts to aoniKl
ness and health in a few hours without pain or
irritation.
It Is not a lioatlnff I.Inlment, but
acts by its peculiar epccMc or chemical qualities
in dissolving and scattering the soreness and in
flammation of tho injured part. By a free tfp.
plication, the red surface soon becomes cool,
moist and natural, and is restored to natural
health without suppuration or destruction.
An m Liniment for Horn Flesh, far
the enre of all the ailments named above, we
challenge the world to find its equal.
Price 25 Sc 50 cents per bottle.
D, RAITS0U, SON k 00.,
BUFFALO,
see nonoe m jocai column.
Locke's Nationai, Monthly 1b a massBtna
of 48 pnirea published by Locke A Jones. Toledo.
Ohio. Mr. Locke (Nabby) writes for eyery
number, avoiding jpolitics. Read his " Ambi
tious Young Man, in the January number.
To get it auk your newsdealer, or send 10ents
to publishers. By tho year $1.00. Send for
special circular to agents. Sent free. An
agent wanted at every post-offloe. Com.
Ohappfd Hands, face, rouoh skin, pimples,
ring-worm, salt-rheum and other cutaneous
affections cured, and the skirt made soft and
smooth, bv usintr the JnvTPER Tab 8oap. made
by Caswfxl, Hazard A Co., New York, It
s more convenient and easily applied than t
other remedies, avoiding the trouble of the
w
v
greasy compounds now in use, ,

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