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SALISBURY, LITCHFIELD Co.,Conn , EVERY FRIDAY MORNING. J, Xi. PEASE, Editor and Proprietor. Local News a Specialty. Terms $2.00 par year if paid strictly in ad vance. If not paid at the expiration of three months, t2.25 will be charged. . Mall subscriptions in single wrappers fa. 50 per year. Postage Free throughout Litchfield County Advertising Rates : 1 w. 2 w. 3 w. 1 m. a m. i m. fim. 1 y r. iu. i .bo $ .76 $i.oo tir. juii $uTu fJTe a.u5 I " .76 IAS 1.76 .'Jfi 8.5(1 4.51) 6.50 10.00 a " 1.60 a.as 3.00 3.7.-. 5.ar 7.00 ta.on ao.oo 3 " 3.60 3.U0 4.00 4.00 7.0(1 8.7H 13.60 a5.0) 4 " ' 3.00 4.01) 6.00 5.2S 8.60 10.76 17.00 30.01) V col. 3.60 5.00 6.36 6.75 12.00 15.00 J3.CK) 3S.00 H " 4.60 6.60 8.00 8.(K) 15.00 iO.OO ;W,00 45.0il W " 5.50 8.00 10.25 10..W 18.60 24.00 M.W 60.0( 1 " 10.00 16.00 19.00 10.00 1.00 41-00 (12.00 100.00 Hpocial notices, minimal designs, and advor tiBeihonts not in double column, or to .occupy fixed plucos, 25 per cent, additional to regular rates. Advertisements miint be plainly marked the length of time doaired, or they will be con ti li ned ud charged for until ordo'rod out. Notices of Marriages and Deaths free of oharge. All additions to ordinary announce ments 10 cents per line. XJT.T.A VESTIGIA RETKORSUM. VOL. II. SALISBUEY, C03O"., FMBAY, FEBEUAKY 14, 1873. NO. 31. "ILotcTou Love." Old Jones, the village pedagogue, The grammar lesson called one day. Young Bess, a maid of sweet sixteen, Bogan the well-known wards to say. " First person, I love," first she Baid. Sly Tom, beside her, whispered, " Me f" " Second person, you love," Bess went on. " Ay, that I do !" said Tom" love 'ttiee .'" ' Tliird person, he loves," still said Bess. Tom whispers, Who the deuce is ' he .' " " Oh, Tom !" said Bessie, pleading low, ' Do hold your peace, and let me be !" " No whispering !" callB the master, loud, And frowned upon the forward youth. ' First person, ve love," Bessie said, 'By George!" Tea whispered, "that's the truth!" The lesson o'er at last, poor lass, With cheeks all crimson, took her seat, While Tom, sly fellow, tried in vain The maiden's soft blue eyes to meet. But when the recess hour was come Tom begged a walk with coaxing tone, And 'neath tho trnas Bess Baid again The lesson o'or for him alone. THE BOUND BOY. " I don't caro I" sobbed Julius Kings ley. " You're real mean so yon are !" And lie threw himself down on a pile of disjointed kindling -wood, in a paroxysm of childish rage. "Is that the way to talk to me?" angrily demanded Mrs. Parley, bestow ing a most cordially given box on eith er side of the doomed young victim's head, "and you nothing on earth but a bound boy 1 I ha'n't no patience with you and Job himself wouldn't, have r "Gently, mother, gently. What's the matter now?" demanded Farmer Parley, cautiously thrusting his sun burnt shock of hair into the wood-shed door. " Matter !" echoed Mrs. Parley. " Why, just look here! Thom wheels off the old wheel-barrow hysted up to the ruff, with the second-hand harness you bought o Deacon Silsbury and the strips for the new rag carpet and all the wood tumbled down, higgledy-piggledy, to mako room for it. And the hens an't fed, and the cows an't gone after and there an't nothin done that ought to be! I tell you I ha'n't no pa tience with his experiments and his tricks. Get up, Julius, this minute, and go for the cows; and not a blessed mouthful of supper will you get this night." Julius Kingsley obeyed sulkily, and with down-drooping head. He was a bright looking boy of about thirteen, with dark gray eyes and thiok brown hair, which hung over a square low forehead; and as he walked he clench ed his boyish hands until the nails in dented the flesh in orescent-shaped marks. " I-won't stand it !" muttered Julius to himself. " They've no business to treat me so." And then the wrathful mood subsided in some degree, as he remembered the many deeds of kindness that he had re ceived from both Mr. and Mrs. Parley the care in sickness, the neatly mend ed clothes, the many little tokens of watchfulness so new and grateful to the orphan boy; and little Alice, too, who trotted at his heels when he went to gather apples in the orchard, and thought the wooden toys his ingenious jacknife furnished the most marvellous of creation. " " I suppose I am a trial," sighed Ju lius; "but she needn't have torn all my machinery down; and then to box my ears, tool ' It was rather a derogatory process to tho boyish dignity of thirteen. " You an't in earnest about his sup per, mother ?" said Farmer Parley, as they sat down to the well-spread eve ning board. " Yes, I bo. Have some quince sass. Alice?" Remember he's a growin' boy " pleaded her husband. "I can't help that; he's got to learn to behave himself. There an't no other way of managin. him. It was only yes terday he blowed the- top off my best presarvin' can, to show Alice "how a steam-boat worked; and last week I 'most got poisoned with a bottle o' some stuff he'd got tucked n -y on the shelf, that I took for vinegar. ' " " Sulphuric acid, nuLher," said little Alice. " It was to " " I don't car what it was for," inter rupted the farmer's wife. " J ulius can behave well enough when he's a mind to, and he's got to." And the farmer knew from the way his wife compressed her lips together, that she was in unmitigated earnest. Julins Kingsley went supperless to his room, but before he had begun to undress a Boft knock came to his door, and Alice's voice whispered: "Julius! Julins!" " What is it ?" " Open the door. I've got a piece of peach-pie for you, and two rusks, and a bowl of milk." ' ''But what will your mother say, Alice ?" r - y " She's gone to Mrs. Badger's, and she thinks I'm in bed, but I got up and dressed myself. I couldn't sleep, Ju lius, thinking how hungry you must And she nestled down close at the bound boy's side, as he eagerly de voured the supper which she brought him. " I was hungry, Alice," said Julius, as he took a long draught of milk, "and you're a good little thing. I'll do as much for you some day." Alice laugnecl. "I don't get i Julins." get into scrapes like you, " That no sign you never will." Mrs. Parley, secretly relenting in the depths of her motherly heart, gave Ju lius the brownest cakes and the juciest bit of meat for his breakfast the next morning. " He'll behave himself now, I guess," she thought; but in this she was mis taken. Julius "did up" his chores in the shortest possible period of time that af ternoon, when Mrs. Parley had betaken herself to the Sewing Circle with little Alice, and the farmer was gone to the neighboring village, and applied him self with more zeal than discretion to the f urther prosecution of the experi ment that had ended so disastrously for the preserving can. "The tea-kettle isn'tof glass," thought Julius, "and I know I can make that work. Vain unction to lay to his soul; for iust as that experiment, whatever it lappened to be, reached the culmina ting point, up flew the tea-kettle from the stove, tortured by much caloric, and bang went the iron lid right into the dresser cupboard that held Mrs. Parley' best set of china. Julius stood staring aghast at the ruins. All housekeepers have their do mestic idols, and this new "iron stone" set was Mrs. Parley's. Tho tea-pot lny noiseless and demolished before his eyes, three cups were broken, and the handle was dashed off frem the cream pitcher, while the knob was chipped neatly off the cover of the sugar-bowl. Julius only paused for one glance at the general ruin, then he turned and fled ingloriously from this Waterloo of his scientific efforts. And the next day all Bickerton knew that Farmer Parley's bound boy had run away, after first demolishing all Mrs. Parley's china, out of sheer re venge, because she had boxed his ears the day before. "I always knew that boy wouldn't come to no good," said Deacon Jones. "There was a vicious look in his eyes," croaked Miss Lavinia Denham, " and I only wonder he didn't set fire to the house, or burn you all in your beds.' But little Alice cried bitterly, and treasured more tenderly than ever, a goggle-eyed doll, with arms out of all proportion, and feet several degrees larger than Jier head, which was the last wooden exploit Julias had present ed to her. " I'll neVer have another bound boy," asserted Mrs. Parley. " Well, well,', sighed the farmer, " how time dona nlin ntrav frntn us tn be sure! Alice is nineteen to-day, and it aon t seem right she should be away from us on her birthday. " She's been three months in the city now, wife." "Yes," said Mrs. Parley, nodding her head sagely, " and I don't b'lieve she'll come home alone, neither." "Eh!" tho farmer opened wide his blue eves: " von rlon't n'nnsA nlm'n n. gaged to that Mr. Clinton ?" You men are so slow to put two and two together," said Mrs. Parley, with a conscious smue. "Ave suspicioned it this long while, and Mrs. Carter writes that it'll be a snlendid matnh. and half the young ladies in Boston are envying X 1 xl ... . ui uiiuu uuuuirj gin. vjmj tninKI won't it be nine tn havA nnr AIiaa a. rich lady, livin' in a big house in Bos- 1 Ml. " ton r Mr. Parley stared stead f an tW nt th fire. ' " " Who is he. ftnv wn.v V fiA noli-a1 in a troubled voice. " She's all the child we've cot. wife. We can't trivo Iiai- tn a man without knowin' who and what he iB." "You needn't wawv." ai.l Ma nn'fa with the Rlinerior fmlmnona nt rtna nrlin is posted. "He's as steady-goin as you do yourself at least so Mrs. Car ter writes and he's an inventor, what ever that mAV riA. Anv uroir Via m.fla o great fortune out of a patent he's sold to me government. Alice won t have to work a' i her days as hard as I have done, and that's one comfort." And when Alice's hv W.tor. whinh implied far more than it told, intimated that she was nomine linmo nnrlnr Mr Clinton's escort, the old farm-house i t i was amy swept ana garnished fpr the reception of the honored guest. Mrs. Tn.lA ..- V 1 A. "TI . j. micgr pun UU nor UUHb LUNCH. B11K, ana the farmer donned his butternut suit, which seemed to him as gorgeous as it had been on the . day he bought it, twenty goou years ago. "I wonrler whinh train tnairU sma vm. w.i J VW1UO in," said Mrs. Parley, reflectively. " I should hate 'the worst way to have that turkey spoiled." liut such a catastrophe was happily averted, for the travellers arrived ust as the Stormv twiliffllt mnrla tli a the great wood fire doubly grateful. mi i1 l m . xnere was tne cruncn oi wneeis in the deep Bnow without, the opening of the door, and then Alice was in her mother's arms. In the baokoTOlind n tall fimirn hI-W1 ntlltnlT ftnil r i cm iftnA art A milf.innt.:n' with jet black hair and grave violet- gray eyes, ana tne larmer made his best bow as Alice introduced "Mr fllintAn " with a deep red flush upen her cheek. "You must like him very much, father, for my sake," she said, "be cause because I have promised to be his wife." v When the hospitable meal was over, and Mrs. Parley came in from the kitchen, pulling down the sleeves that had been rolled up above her elbow, and tying on a clean checked apron, a.uce sprang to ner ieet. "Mother." she rniiil. -with lor fo oil smiles and dimnloa. Mr f'H brought you down a present." - a prosenti cried Mrs. Parley, " and forme!" " It's out in the porch, in a box ; and father must get a hammer and screw driver and open it very carefully, for it's china." ' " China ?" ' " Yes, real china, imported from Can ton. BO transparent von run lnnlr thnvimVi it. with bees and hntterfliea nninWl nn it in the colors of lifo. Oh, it is so V t At Deauuiuif She stood bv. clAAfllH-ir lnnin Vioi. hands as the treasures were unpacked, l.,x,f,.l :i xl "t uxxo uwuuiui lingua mings one ny one made their appearance from countless wrappings of silver paper. "How kind it is of you, Mr. Clinton!" said Mrs. Parley, looking up with beamincr eves. " I alwnvn did net Rtnrn bychin:." , "riot kind at all," said the young man quietly, " it is simply the settle ment of a very old debt." " A debt!" repeated the farmer's wife, with puzzled eyes. " I don't think I fairly understand you, Mr. Clinton." He smiled. " It is to replace the set which I broke, trying experiments, twelve years ago." Mrs, Parley stared, beginning to have uncomfortable doubts as to the entire sanity of her daughter's lover. And then, as he smiled again, a sudden light broke in upon her brain. "It an't never "she began, and then stopped short. " Yes, it is mother!" cried - Alice, radiantly. "It's Julius our Julius!" " Wlios'i ears you have boxed deserved ly so many times," laughed the young man. ' ' And he has made his fortune, mother, and he is a great man now ; and I al ways knew it would be so," went on Alice, flushed and excited. " And it all came from the experiments he was always trying." ; Well, I never!" cried Mrs. Parley ; will 1 A ill A fflrmAr mVtVt? Viia mrkMAau and laughed a low chuckling laugh, which expressed his perfect content ment better than all the adjectives in Webster's Dictionary could have done. Ana tne emu xsecemDer moon Burn ing through the far-off window, beyond tVlA A.Kif l).A A.. happier household in all the land than Kuuiereu mat nignt rouna j armer par ley's hearth-stone. Ledger. The Quaker village of New Sharon, Iowa, charges $1,100 for a license to sell hqur. Au Actor's Trick. Stock actors in theatres when allowed a benefit make the most of it. The rea son is obvious. The actor whose regu lar salary may be from $10 to $25 per week has, on this occasion, one-half of the entire receipts of the house. He is supposed, through the influence of his friends, to increase those receipts to double what they usually are. To do this they must, unless they have a num ber, rasort to expedients not ususually recognized as legitimate. An actor in the West being given a boneiit, issued a couple of thousand tickets entitling the bearer to "free admission in the boxes on his benefit night." These tickets were assiduously dropped at every cross-road, tavern, and grocery for som few miles in the vicinity on the night previous to the benefit. The bait took; and fellows and their gals might have been seen advancing on the good old town "ere evening shadows fell." The doors of the theatre were regularly besieged by the pleasure-seeking rustics. When the doors were open, and a stout policeman r two had been prudently picketed at the point of en trance, a rush was made in order to get the best seats in the house, as is always the case with your constitutional dead head. To portray the mingled phases of as tonishment, anger, and honest indigna tion of these liberal patrons of the rus tic drama when they were severally in formed by the urbane and gentlemanly door-keeper that all those red tickets were frauds (and, indeed, as the reader knows, his information was strictly true,) is beyond the power of my feeble quill. As most of the young fellows were accompanied by their sisters and sweethearts (for the supply of gratuitous pasteboard had been diffused on a most liberal scale), it would seem shabby to back out without seeing the show. So, with many a rueful expression while fumbling for evasive quarters, and many whispered solicitations for temporary accommodations, they filed in pair after pair, and filled the little theatre to its utmost capacity. To cap the climax of theatrical au dacity, the beneficiary himself, between the pieces, stepped in front of the cur tain with a pack of the rejected tickets in his hand, and in a most eloquent and indignant speech, denounced the con temptible scoundrel or scoundrels who had attempted to injure him by such an outrageous imposition on the public. In the whole course of his professional experience, whether in England, Aus tralia, California or America, he had never been so grossly insulted, "and," continued he, warming to his work, "if the cowardly blackguard or blackguards are in front of this house to-night, I dare them to meet me at the door of the theatre, and I will give them each and all any satisfaction for the language I have used. Aye," he concluded, shak ing his fist defiantly at a harmless me dallion of Shakspeare that decorated the front of the second tier, "and at any time and in any way they may se lect." This plucky demonstration won all hearts, and prolonged applause greeted the injured stranger as he proudly, de fiantly and slowly bowed himself off. That young man nas been a financial success, and still lives "a prosperous gentleman." Thieves at Their Work. To show the extremes to which the thieves of New York city carry matters, we quote from a local paper as follows: As a gentleman was entering a street car on Monday and in a erowded thor oughfare he was met by two well dressed men, who leaped upon the op- Eosite side of the platform and prevented im from entering the doorway. Two other men stepped up behind him, and at the same moment the car was stopped to allow a lady to get on. The gentle man was then crowded to the edge of the doorway by the thieves, who were diffuse in their politeness to the lady, his arms were seized, raised to the level of his shoulders, and firmly held, and one of the gang grasped a small satchel which the victim held in his hand and on receiving a remonstrance apologized for the act. In the mean time, various fingers were searching the pockets of the mat' bo beset. These movements were of the most rapid character, for the car had gone only lialf a block when the gang jumped off. In the course of their explorations, they had withdrawn half way from the gentleman's pocket an old newspaper which they neglected to take. The romance of the incident lies principally in the fact that in that old newspaper were wrapped 20 $50 bills, or $1,000 in current funds. The newspa per, in this instance, fulfilled the inten tion of its owner, as the thieves were deceived by the package, which was prepared for such a contingency. The conductor was evidently aware of the character of the four passengers who left the platform so rapidly, and, in deed, he witnessed the whole proceed ing, for, in response to an inquiry, he said he had not dared to interfere, as his life would have been endangered if he had attempted it with no one upon whom to rely for aid and protection. Peat. According to a statement in the Coal and Iron Record the supply of peat fuel in Amcrioa is one hundred and fifty times greater than that of Ireland. In Orange and Rockland counties, New York, the peat beds contain, at a low estimate, 225,000,000 tons. Beds are also known to exist in more than one hundred different towns in Massachu setts. The Dismal Swamp of Virginia will yield five hundred million tons. There are thouaands of acres of peat bogs in New Jersey; and there is a bed in Westchester county, New York, which will yield nine hundred thousand tons. Long Island has a million tons. Along both sides of the Kankakee river, Indiana, extending from South Bend to the Illinois line, is a peat bed mere than ixty miles in length, with a width of three miles. In some places it is over forty feet deep; but even though it av erages only half or one-quarter of this depth, the aggregate amount of fuel it contains is beyond computation. This does not include one-fiftieth part of the peat bogs of the coutry. A Futnt Fellow. At Nice there is'a Russian who made many millions b roubles by his speculation. He now re fuses to go into society, and receives at his house none but the persons whom he knew in the happy old days when he had not a sou. To them he makes lit tle presents of a thousand or two thou-' sand roubles, and bo on. -When Cardinal Richelieu told De Mauprat that he must pay his debts, that youth promptly replied: "True, my Lord, but where shall I borrow the money ?" Enoch Arden Ont-Ardened. A few days ago the Hon. John R. Porter, Judge of the Police Court of Omaha, received a dispatch from James Sexton, an old friend, announcing that himself and wife would pass through the city in the afternoon on their way East. The meeting of tho judge and his old friend Sexton was an event full of pleasure to his Honor, for concerning Sexton there is a deeply interesting and truthful history, which rivals Tenny son's romantio " Enoch Arden." In the year 1849 James Sexton was a young married man living in Independ ence, Mo. He loft that place the same year with a train of traders bound for Santa Fe, leaving a young wife behind him. When the train arrived at Albu querque young Soxton was taken down with typhoid feverandwas not expected to live, and so his comrades were in formed of thefactby the physician. The train moved on to its destination, and the traders, on their return home, told Mrs. Sexton that her husband had died of typhoid fever. Sexton, who had been left behind for dead, had the good fortune to fall into the hands of a couple of Spanish nurses, who by their kind attention saved his life. After his recovery from his illness, which had lasted several weeks, he re mained in New Mexico over a year, and then returned to Independence, expect ing to find his wife awaiting his arrival. But alas! what must have been his dis appointment upon his return home to to find his young and beautiful wife wedded to another man! He came back altered in appearance, his hair thin and gray, and his features almost entirely changed, so that even his nearest friends failed to recognize him. He had, by inquiry, learned that his death had been reported at home, and that thus his wife had been led to mar ry again. Like Enoch Arden he stole a glimpse of her, and being almost broken hearted he did not make his presence known, but hired out to another trading train bound for Lower California, where after his arrival, he began dealing in cattle, and became very wealthy. It was in the Cocomongo range, fif teen miles east of the Los Ahgeles, that Judge Porter, who has had an extensive experience in New Mexico and Cali fornia, first met Sexton and learned his romantic and sorrowful story. It was after Sexton had been in that country several years that another very startling and romantio episode occurred in his life, and which reduced him to his former state of melancholy. Accompanied by Judge Porter, he had arrived at a mining camp called " Wil liams' Ranche," witli 8,000 head of shoep, and while dispming of them in formation was brought him that his wife was living not far dL;imt with her sec ond husband. He immediately sought an interview with her, and when she became convinced that he was really her first husband, whom she had supposed dead, she fainted away and was sick for a week. She had borne him a child while he had been absent in New Mexico, and since her arrival in California with her second husband had also given birth to another. After her recovery Sexton again met her, and tried to induce her to live with him and desert her second husband. This she would not do, as the child of her second husband was still an infant, and she thought she owed him the strongest allegiance. Finding that neither money nor entreaties would ac complish the desired result, Sexton compromised the matter by obtaining possession of his own child. Shortly after these events happened, Judge Porter left the country, and nev er saw Sexton since till Wednesday afternoon at the Union Pacific depot. What was his surprise, upon meeting him, to learn that the wife who accom panied him was nene other than the woman whom he had married at Inde pendence, Mo., and whom he had after ward met as the wife of another man, at " Williams Ranche," in California. It was all explained by the fact that the second husband had died, and Sexton had been re-married to his widow as well as to his own wife, and thus were united again. They have probably reached their eastern destination ere this, and will undoubtedly enjoy the remain ing years of their life upon the hand some fortune amassed by Sexton during many years of hard labor. Verily, truth is stranger than fiction. Drawing a Bear. " Ou my return march to Sirdarpore," says Gordon Cumming, "I sent my men ahead to mark game on the Vindyah hills, and on reaching my tent, four miles from Tirla, I found that two bears had been marked. The grass had been burnt and the ground was perfectly bare throughout the jungle. " On the sido of a very steep slepe, thinly studded with tall treas, was a bit of rock scarped to the height of seven feet, and extending some twenty yards along the face of the hill. Under this rock were some holes, into which the bears had gone in the early morning. We went very quietly down till we reached the edge of the scarp, when one of the men, pointing over, showed me the snout and two forepaws of a sleep ing bear protruding from a hole at the base of the rock. At the mouth of this hole grew a peepul-tree, and the noise made by the rustling of its green leaves in tho wind prevented the bear from hearing our footsteps. The body of the beast was inside the hole, and the only effect of a low whistle was to make him move his head to the right and left. At length I oast down a small pebble, whicli he made a grab at with his fore paws, and then throw himself back in the hole with his hind lgs protruding. At length he disappeared altogether, and though we threw down sticks and stones, ho would not show. "The afore-mentioned peepul-tree grew up the face of the rock, and I now directed one of my men to climb out into the tree, and having tied a stone into the end of his turban, to shake it over the mouth of the hole. The ruse succeeded admirably. The bear rushed out, and as he rose on his hind legs and furiously attacked the dangling turban, I shot him through the head, and he fell. We then went down to the mouth of tho hole, and lit a fire of dry grass, wood, and green leaves. A dense smoke was carried into the hole, and soon after the she-bear bolted with the cub cling ing to her back. I shot the old one, and then running- in, captured the cub, which we took home alive. A Cincinnati firm employed a new drummer and Bent him out to solicit orders. They didn't hear from him for about six weeks, when he made his appearance. ' ' Did you get any orders?" asked the boss somewhat angrily. " Yes," said ; the new man, dejectedly, ' one man gave me an order. " What was it?" "He ordered me out of his store." Instinct of the Bearer. A letter from Ottawa, Canada, rela ting to the lumber trad of Canada', in terlines the following sketch: I started with a trap and an axe for a beaver dam about three miles from the depot. It was in early winter, and only about six inches of snow was on the ground. By following a blaze made on the previous day, I soon got in close vi cinity to the dam. When I got within a hundred yards of it, tho snow began to look as if it had been firmly trodden down and was covered with a coating of ice. Stumps of small bushes protruded in every direction, and were cut off close to the ground as neatly as though done with a knife. Previous to the freezing over of the pond tho beavers cut down every small bush near by and drag it to the pond, where they fasten them on the bottom to serve as provision during the winter. All birch trees, too, upon the edge of the pond, are cut down so as to fall into the water. They also serve as provision. The instinct of the beaver in selecting and cutting down these trees is wonder ful; it is rarely a tree is seen which fell away from the pond, instead of into it. As they come out of the water upon the snow, the water dripping from their bodies as they crawl along, and their heavy tails, shaped like trowels, drag ging after them, beats the snow down compactly and covers it with a coating of ice. As I stood upon the banks of the pond near the dam, I could see the Btumps of numerous trees near by which had recently been cut down, and close to me were two trees still standing upon which the beavers had been at work the previous night. One of the trees was about eighteen inches in diameter and was cut about half through, the cat en circling the tree; the other was just commenced. The cut has a gnawed appearance, though the piece taken out is smooth and in size is as large as a pea. A track from the tree to the pond showed where the beaver came out. The place was covered with a thin coat ing of ice, though the ice on the rest of the pond was a foot thick. As late in the winter as they are able to do so, the beavers keep open a hole in the ice by occasionally coming out and returning at the same place, always taking good care not to be gone long enough upon the shore to get fastened out. Even as I was watching the open ing, I saw a trail of bubbles moving along under the ice, and before I di vined the meaning, the thin ice broke upwards, and the head of a large beaver popped out. It was a perfect surprise party for us both, -and for a few seconds wo stared at each other with open mouths, and then, without even stop ping to say " good-by," the beaver dis appeared. Moving along the dam I came to their house, which rose in the form of a mound about two feet above tho level of the dam. The snow was completely gone from tho top of this and for quite a distance around it, being melted away by the breath of the beav ers. Reaching tho weakest part of the dam, I cut a channel througn it about eighteen inches deep. Then driving a heavy Btake into the bottom of the pond, I fastened the chain of the trax to it and set the trap in the passage. On visiting the trap the next day, I found it upon the dam, sprung, and in it a beaver's leg. The beaver that had been caught in it had succeeded in getting out of the water and had then gnawed off his leg. Thjs is always done by a beaver when he can get out of the water, upon the shore. I provided against a similar oc currence by fastening a large stone to the bottom of the trap, and set it again, and the next day I found in it a full grown beaver. I obtained assistance from the men working near by, and car ried it to tho shanty. We put him upon the scales and he weighed eighty-six pounds. At niglrt we had him cooked ill a pie and ate it. The flavor of the meat was not unlike beef, though of a muoh stronger flavor, and it had a pecu liar taste." ' Beet Sugar. The Sacamento Beet Sugarie is lo cated about three miles from the city. The main building, with its adjacent buildings and enclosed ma chinery, has cost more than a quarter of a million of dollars. The total area of ground amounts to 1,450 acres, and the yield of beets was last year about 7,000 tons.. Engines aggregating five hundred horse power, are used for operating the machinery, and one hun dred and sixty men are ordinarily em ployed. Next year about 400 acres more will be put in tillage for the best crops. The sugar is stated to be of the best quality, and the refuse pulp is used for fattening cattle, and the sale of it affords an incidental profit to the establishment. It is claimed that the juice from beet roots grown on the lands of tho Sugarie yields twelve per cent, of sugar, a statement that we are somewhat disposed to doubt, for the average of Continental beet roots is but eight per cent., and ten per cent, is a heavy yield on the best foreign beet root farms. But the success of the Sacramento works, with its large capital and great acreage, is in itself enough to explain why, until different methods of manu facture are adopted, the profitable mak ing of sugar from beets will be imprac ticable in most portions of the United States. Sorghum proved ameasurable success because the outlay of a few hundred dollars would enable any one to enter into tho business, for it is easier for a thousand men with small farms to invest a thousand dollars each on the crop that promises well, than to bring a capital of a 'million into the same field to contend with untried diffi culties, or to attempt the woiking out of unsolved problems. In like manner, when there is a possibility of making sugar from beets with profit on farms of eighty to one hundred and fifty acres, and with no greater outlay than would be involved in putting up a first-class cider mill is demonstrated, the produc tion of. the staple will assume a quite different complexion. A New Flao. The English Republi cans have adopted a flag, a tri-color with horizontal stripes. The first, green, represents the fertile earth, which should be common property ; the sec ond, white, represents purity, to be the universal virtue in the coming republic, and the third, represents heaven, in which all men shall be eual. Effects of a Meat Diet. An experi ment recently made in a factory at Tours, France, showed that when the workmen were fed on an almost exclu sively vegetable diet they lost on an average fifteen days per year, but when an increased portion of meat was sup plied to them, the average of loss be came reduced to three days per annum. Hungarian Desperadoes. Szegedinn is a little town in Hungary. Since 1860, according to the Lloyd, of Pesth. the inhabitants of this town have ! ben kept in such a state of terrorism that they regularly barricaded them selves in their houses at dark, and even during the daylight dared not venture into the street unless armed to the teeth. Bands of desperadoes roamed the town and tho surrounding country ; robbery, arson, and assassination were constant ; and the stage coaches were attacked and robbed in the very market place. How such a state of things could be permitted to last for nearly fifteen years m any country claimed to be civilized, would seem incredible to any. Arrests were made from time to time, but they generally turned out to be the victims and not the perpetrators of the atroci ties ; for the chief of the bandits, named Sandor, who scared on his own side most of the authorities of the luckless town. It was a virtual bandit ring which ruled Szegedin, and only after a dozen years of this kind of thing does it seem to have but thought worth while by the central authorities to attempt to put an end, to it. At last, however, the outrages became too numerous and frightful to be any longer passed over in silence, and a Royal Commissioner was dispatched with powers of investi gation and suppression. His inquiries soon revealed the existence in the dis trict of not one. but several distinct bands, each thoroughly organized, and acting independently in a well-refined field, but lending mutual aid for grand enterprises. Thus two of these com panies joined forces, marched upon a bank, and dragged the safe out of the vaults into the street, where being un able to open or remove it, it was found next morning. The discoveries of the Commissioner did not stop here. He found out that the bandits numbered their accomplices by the score in every department of the municipality, while noblemen ia the vicinity did not scruple to act as re ceivers of the stolen goods. In Szege din alone were arrested two judges, four employes of the Treasury, a commissary of police, and forty-six detectives. After that, it got to be pretty plain sailing, and a number of brigands, in cluding the great Sandor, himself, and a hardly less distinguished coadjutor. Bajdor, were soon in cuBtedy. By an ingenious system of torture, even the heroes were brought to confess. Sandor for example, like all great rascals, well known to be exceedingly vain of the magnitude of his rascality, and accus tomed to look down upon lesser ruf fians as "chicken thieves." A number of them were thereupon induced to salute him as a " fellow-chicken thief," which so outraged the great Sandor's pride that no immediately made a full confession. If the means seem comical, even to the ludicrous, the resulting re velations were rather appalling. Crimes, whose existence was not even suspected by the authorities, were freely acknowl enged by these panic-stricken ruffians, some of them committed thirty years ago. In all, they have been brought to light the startling number of eight thousand offenses, of all sorts.including murder, robbery, pillage, and arson, the robberies alone bding four thousand. Regarded in any light, whether as to the extent of the immunity accorded to this banditti, the number and enor mity of their crimes, or the suddenness with which their hardihood collapsed when confronted with justice, this is certainly one of the most extraordinary cases on record. With all the enterprise our native soonndrels boast of it is doubtful if they can ever rival such an exhibit as that, and Hungary must here after rank among the formost bandit bearing countries of Europe, "As the Twig Is Bent." A party was given by the parents of a young miss of eleven years, at their sumptuous residence in Brooklyn, the guests being exclusively the compan ions, male and female, of the daughter referred to. The party was a full-dress affair, the hours appointed being from 8 P. M. to 2 A. M. From 100 to 175 guests were present, who were received by their young hostess with as much ease and self-possession as a matron could assume. The dresses consisted of white, pink, yellow, lavender, and ceil blue silk, elaborately trimmed and decked with spangles. The hair was dressed in the latest style frizzed, puffed, powdered, and adorned with flowers. Four-buttoned white kid gloves were generally worn, while French kid boots, matching the dresses in color, encased the feet. Only one thing was lacking in the miniature representation of an adult party, a New York paper observes, viz: enamelled faces. Powder, however; was freely used, but so artistically as to almost defy detection. One little girl (if she could be recog nized as. such) particularly engaged at tention. She could not have been more than nine years of age, and in addition to the powdered hair and dazzling cos? tumes she sported with true apprecia tion a pair of diamond earrings, a gold chain, and a watch studded with dia monds. Upon each arm was a braoelet of elaborate workmanship, which she held up for display, exclaiming as she did so, " There s no sham about these; they're the real stuff, for mother said so.,s Another child of seven summers was arrayed in a rose-colored silk, $7 per yard, trimmed with three-point applique flounces; a galaxy of diamonds and other expensive jewelry; a gold belt, the buckle of which was literally covered with diamonds; a band of gold encircled the head, and from a pendent there from sparkled a solitaire of great value. Her mother was heard to exclaim exult ingly that the price of her child's outfit for that evening was $7,000. A jealous mother overhearing the remark, de clared, " Upon the next occasion my daughter shall be dressed in tea-rose silk, which is by al means less common than pink. As for jewelry, she shall surpass Miss Nellie or I'm greatly mis taken." A New Cure. A new cure for ague originate'd " out West." It is simply to crawl down stairs head-foremost. "You may laugh at the idea if you please," remarks the inventor of this novel remedy, " but do your crawling first ; you can then afford to laugh. Just as the chill is coming on start at the top of a long flight of stairs, and crawl down on your hands and feet, head foremost. You never did harder work in your life ; and when you arrive at the bottom, instead of shaking, you will find yourself puffing, red in the face, and prespiring freely from the strong exertions made in the effort to ' support yourself. Try it. It won't cost you near as much as quinine or patent med icines, and if it fails it will only do what they d every 4ay." Diseased Meat In New York. Bergh, the man who looks after the animals of Now York city, says of the infectious mutton business: According to the report of my own agent there are 20,000 sheep slaughtered in the city of New York weekly; from 500 to 2,000 of which are killed by each butcher. This number, although formidable, is considerably increased by the very ac curate statistics of Miss Morgan, the talented and reliable general reporter for the stock yards of this country, who gives the number at 23,000. Now, of this vast number of animals, of one race only, killed for human food, 60 per cent, are ewes, 90 per cent, of which are pregnnnt with from one to four lambs, and cases often occur where the lamb is born while the mother is being slaught ered, or more frequently "the lamb bag," as it is termed, is ripped open by the butcher and the infants taken out, which have been known to survive some four months thereafter and ultimately to be served as food. In order to give an idea of this criminal and revolting practice of sending ewes to market by farmers, in the condition alluded to,' it is positively asserted that there are more lamb fostus received at the rendering dock of New York city than there are sheep killed! Bear in mind that this is the food furnished by one race of animals only, and from my own personal observation the beef, the veal, the pork, and even the poultry, though in a less degree, arojfataliy tainted by the inhuman bar barities inflicted on them in the abat toirs and during their transportation to market over railroads and otherwise. That all these and other still more hidoons and disgusting features of our animal food exist is well known, yet, strange to Bay, the public, who are tho consumers of this foul stuff, are reluc tant even to hear of them, and the State Legislature refuses to provide remedies. I have applied yearly to the last three Legislatures, and now again to this, for the passage of aa act, which I have prepared, tending to a thorough reform in this particular ; but that gigantic and continually augmenting power i,n this country, the railroad despotism, has smothered all legislation on the sub ject. I have repeatedly appeared be fore the judiciary committees of this State to urge this bill, containing also a provision which, if adopted and carried into effect, would insure healthful food to our whole population ; but this, too, has been denied on the erroneous as sumption that it is unconstitutional I mean the appointment of inspectors of living animals destined for human food. It is all in vain that I have shown by the constitution itself that the appoint ment of such officials is authorized by that instrument the offending clause' has been stsicken out, and the pesti lential flesh-food Btill corrupts our bodies. There are inspectors of rum, tobacco, and various other substances which the world would be better with out, while we are refused similar pro tection from poisonous flesh. This apathy on the part of the people I leave you to account for if you can ; to me it is a profound mystery. Moreover, the dreadful cruelties inflicted on food animals previous to and during their slaughter, which all physiologists de clare tend to the deterioration of the flesh, and which I have striven long to prevent, are frustrated by the injunc tions of magistrates issued on applica tion of the merciless butchers them selves. I am your obedient servant. Henby Beboh. Prices of Stock. The annual stock report of the Sta tistician of the Department of Agricul ture of the United States shows that the prices of farm animals are better sustained than those of other farm pro ducts. Horses command improved prices in nearly all sections of the country. Sheep are somewhat higher than last year, the appreciation being quite general, though not equal, in the several States. The prices of cattle have advanced in some States from lo cal causes and receded in others. Miloh cows in the South were appreciating in value and declining in many of the Northern States. Swine bear lower rates generally, though quite as high as last year in the Eastern States. An analysis of local differences shows that the prices of horses have advanced in New England, New York, Pennsylvania and in the Gulf States. In New Jersey, where prices rule higher than in any other State, a small decline is apparent, though rates are still relatively high. Though lower prices prevail in Dela ware, Maryland, Tennessee and Ken tucky, a slight advance is seen in Vir ginia, and in horses of full age in North Carolina. In some States which pro duce horses for the market prices were temporarily reduced and sales limited by the prevailing horse disease. Lit tle change is noted in Ohio, Indiana and Illinois. In Minnesota, Iowa and Nebraska, where the supply is unequal to the requirements of widening opera tions iu agriculture, horses of full age bear higher prices. There is also an advance in California and Oregon. Working mules command advaucing prices in tho South. A slight advance is seen in Indiana, Illinois and Minne sota. Young stock is higher in Ken tucky, but the average for full grown is about the same as last year. Small de cline appears in several of the Western States, with some exceptions, and the rates for milch cows are not sustained. In Maine, New Hampshire and Ver mont cattle were sacrificed last season on account of the partial failure of the grain and hay crops; prices have rallied with an increase of forage. There is an upward tendency in the cotton States which keeps pace with the movement toward improvement in the quality and the enlargement of tho dairy interest. The decline in tho average in compari son with last year is from $39.50 to 84 in New York, $37.36 to $32.18 in Ohio, $36.86 to $33.32 in Michigan, $33.77 to $30.73 in Illinois, $28.49 to $28.18 in Iowa and $30. 77 to $28. 9 1 in Kansas. Other cattle have appreciated in prices in northern New England, and to a email extent in most of the South ern States. Little change appears in Virginia, Louisiana and Arkansas. The prices of cattle four yoars old has declined in Kentucky from $39.41 to $37.54, in Ohio from $45.16 to $42.43, in Michigan from $46.18 to $46? in Wis consin from $42.38 to $37.08, in Minne sota from $38. 46 to $36. 77. An advance appears in Indiana from $36.53 to $39.06, in Illinois from $36.40 to $38.83, in Iowa from $36.16 to $38.83, in Missouri from $29.72 to $30.15. The younger cittlo commanded a proportionate in crease in these States. 'Jiho decline in hogs is quite small in corn-producing States not at all proportionate to the decline in products. In many locali ties thriving store hogs command as high rates for live weight as is obtained tor tat slaughtered nogs. Facto and Fancies. Louisville is to be the capital of Ken tucky. The Empress Eugenie will remain in England. A Newport man married his stop mether the other day. A large proportion of the sheep in the Northwest are going, to the dogs. Iowa is the fifth state in the Union in the number of newspapers published. Louisville, Ky., is trying to get rid of her gamblers, but Btill encourages lotteries. Massachusetts has one mile of rail, road to every four and three-quarter square miles of territory. TheU. S. Senate killed the Webb Australian Subsidy bill by laying it on the table by a vote of 33 to 31. A Vermont hotel keeper has invented lady clerks. When a guest wants infor mation now ho always gets it and plenty of it. Lucca is accredited with this re mark: "I never see so pad a plaiz as se Philamadelfy to gif one so soro troat." It is now fashionable for ladies and gentlemen, when walking in the streets to lock arms, whether they are engaged or not. The editor of the Atlanta (G.a) Week ly does not like the editorial " we." He says, " It makes us feel as if we were twins." A gentleman from Ireland being asked by a New York belle if he ad mired small waists, responded, " not in the laced." When a man presents himself before a publio audience, it often happens that his body ;s inclined to sink, while his head swims. New York city still ponders and per plexes its brain how it shall get from one end of the island to the other inside of ten hours. To such a height was the snow piled in Minnesota that a man could walk from the second story of the hotel there upon the drifts. Several Paris journals announce that the trial of Marshal Bazaine before the special court-martial will begin in the latter part of April. It is a general remark that all classes, of persons are ever ready to give their opinions. .The lawyers must be except ed they sell theirs. Dean Swift believed that no person in conversation should talk over half a minute without pausing and giving others a chance to srike in. Santa Barbara, Cal., has an apple tree which bears three crops a year, having always on its branches ripe ap ples, half grown apples and blossoms. Americans read more newspapers than any other people, but do not read more books. Probably beoauBe the average newspaper iB better than, the average book. ' Austrian prisons are not so bad after all. Every inmate is obliged to attend school regularly .and popular lectures are delivered to the prisoners on Sun days and holidays. The proceeds of the $300,000,000 United States 5 cents which has been negotiated, will go to tho redemption of the United States 5-20s of 1862 and 1864, in the order of their issue. The clerk of a Sa Francisoo lawyer guarded against the possibility of for getting the secret of the combination by writing it upon a piece of paper and pasting i't upon the knob of the safe. Miss Theresa Bailey, one of the pas sengers lost by the recent wrecking of the British steamer Germany off the mouth of the River Gironde, France, , was then on her way to America to be married. A new dish is grape leaves fried in egg batter ; it is called a French dish. A contemporary remarks : "We can't think of anything that would be more delicious than fried grape leaves, unless . it is a theatrical poster on toast. For the third time sentence of death has been pronounced on William Foster, condemned for the willful murder of Avery D. Putnam, with a car hook in New York. FoBter was sentenced to be executed on the 7th day of March next, A singular case has just come to light in New Orleans. A man was discovered XI. - A 4mma mA aa4-Uama1 nn) 111 LUC DVICOVO IIUIOU BUU IOHVUOU WMV., when taken to the police station, Baid he had been thus used by p party of men, and then robbed ol seventy-tnrce dollars. . - The German emigration to America flowed in a voluminoua current during 1872. One hundred and thirty-nine thousand of the children of Fatherland embarked at the ports of Bremen and Hamburg for the United States in the twelve months. Some of the stories told of the terrib ly fatal effects of the late storm in Min nesota are almost incredible. One paper reports that a sleighing party of six young couples, with their driver, were all found frozen to death, buried almost out of sight in the snow. A vouner man in Southampton, Eng land, avers that he has been three times locked up for offenoes committed either by his own wraith or a person in sub stance extremely like uimseii. i e young man's life has become a bane he would gladly end were he not aiming to thrash the fellow that looks so jolly like 'im. Ohio papers tell a pathetio story of a little boy, twelve years of age, who was adopted from a Homo for the Friend less, and was made a cripple for life through the effects of a fever. Ho be- came languid, fearing that he was too great a burden to' his benefactors, and obtaining possession of some rat-poison, swallowed it. Charles Lamb tolls a story of a gn- ' tleman who had purchased No. 1,069: passing a lottery office, he saw a placard announcing that that number had come up a 20,000 prize ; he walked around five blocks to cool his agitation before entering the office; on going back again, he found that he had mistaken 10,069 for 1,069. The Great Eastern Cirous was sold at auction in Selma, Ala., a few'daya ago. The elephant was bought for $10,000. Six bay horses brought $3, 400. The den containing the lioness and cubs, $5,085. The Bengal tiger , and leopards, $6,000. The buffaloes, ' $400 each. The ring horses sold at . from $500 to $1,000 each. ' John Agie, a Chinaman, who does not understand English, was Questioned through on interpreter in a New York , Court as to his knowledce of the nature ; of an oath. " What will be your pun iBhment," asked the interpreter, " if you swear to a lie?" "I shall never -return to China, bmt always remain in Hew York," was the reply.