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o 4 o 1 10 Jv ITll PUBLISHED AT SALISBURY, LITCHFIELD Co.,Conn' EYERY FRIDAY MORNING. J. Hi. PEASE, Editor and Proprietor. Local News a Specialty. Terms $2 00 per year if paid strictly in ad vance. If not paid at the expiration of three months, f2.25 will be charged. Hail subscriptions in single wrappers 3H.50 per year. Postage Free throughout Litchfield County Advertising Kates : 1 w. a w. 3 if. 1 in. 3 ru. 3 in. B ii). 1 yr. $ .50 $ .75 fl.Oti $1.2.r 2.(K) $i50 fXTS 8.1)0 .75 1.25 1.75 2.25 8.50 4.50 6.50 10.00 1.50 2.25 3.00 3.75 8.25 7.00 12.00 20.00 2.C0 3.00 4.00 4.00 7.00 8.75 13.50 25.00 3.00 4.00 5.00 5.25 8.60 10.75 17.00 80.W 3.50 5.00 0.25 6.75 12.00 15.00 23.00 85.00 4.50 0.50 8.00 8.00 15.00 '20.00 30.00 45.00 6.60 8.00 10.25 10.50 18.50 24.00 37.00 60.00 10.00 15.00 19.00 19.00 32.00 41-00 62.00 100.00 a ' 3 " 4 K col. 1 Special notices, unusual designs, and adver tisements set in double column, or to occupy fixed places, 25 per cent, additional to regular rates. Advertisements must be plainly marked the length of time desired, or they will be contin ued and charged for until ordered out. Notices of Marriages and Deaths free of charge. All additions to ordinary announce ments 10 cents per Une. NULLA VESTIGIA EETEORSUM. YOL. II. SALISBUKY, .CONN., FBIDAY, APEIL 4, 1873. NO. 38. V Wait and See. When my boy with eager questions, Asking how, and where, and when, Taxes all my store of wisdom, - Asking o'er and o'er again Questions oft to which the answers, Give to others still the key, I have said, to teach him patience, " Wait, my little boy, and see." And the words I taught my darling, Taught to me a lesson sweet ; Once when all the world seemed darkened And the storms about me beat, In the "children's room" I heard him, With a child's sweet mimicry, To the baby brother's questions Saying wisely " Wait and see." Like an angel's tender chiding, Came the darling's words to me, . Though my Father's ways are hidden, Bidding me to wait and see, What are we but restless children, Ever asking what shall be ? And the Father, in his wisdom, Gently bids us, " Wait and see." THE JACK OF HEARTS. The Jack of Hearts! "Whenever I hear these words my thoughts wander back to one sunny May-day, when Clara Bell same on board the bark of that name, of which craft I was the proud com mander. It was my first voyage as captain, and we were bound for Santa Cruz via Porto Rico. The Clara Bell was not a pas senger ship, Dut a regular West Indian sugar drogher, and I was much surpris ed when the owners informed me that I would have to-take charge of two ladies, who were to be landed at Porto Eico, As may- be imagined, I did my best to make the cabin as pleasant-looking as possible bought a canary, a melodeon, and a dozen er two of flowering plants, and prepared my officers for the occa sion. Mr. Winke, my chief mate, had a weakness for extreme undress, and preferred dining without the incum brances of coat and vest, while Bill Hoffman, the second mate, had a pen chant for eating his meals standing in the steward's pantry, or on the break of the poop, exposed al fresco to the hun gry gaze of the crew. With ladies on board, these eccentricities had to be abandoned ; and when the time arrived for our passengers to embark, Mr. Winke and Mr. William Hoffman, ar rayed in the tightest and most .uncom fortable suits of navy blue, were at the gangway to receive them. Unfortunate ly but one lady made her appearance. I say this because had our charming passenger been accompanied by her aunt, as was" first intended, I should not have been so long a deluded, blind, con ceited son of the sea. The lady was introduced by one of the owners, Mr. John Shooks, of the firm of Bell, Shooks, k Alewife. He was a thin, nervous New Englander, and after landing her upon the deck, said, " Captain, 'low me to introduce you to Miss Clara Bell!" and then left the ship as though it were infected. Now my father, who is an old sea captain, had come all the way from New Bedford to see me off, and was sitting in the cabin when Miss Bell tripped aft. I noticed that he seemed somewhat dis concerted, and when I had introduced my passenger to him, and sent for the colored stewardess whom I had shipped for the voyage, he motioned me to go on deck. The lady begged that I would not trouble about -her, but attend to my father, adding, " You and I will have plenty of time to talk during the voy age." Upon reaching the poop my father seated himself by the binnacle, and thus addressed me: " Ned, you are about to make your first voyage as mas ter, and to take charge of a lady passen ger. Now mark my words: she will set her cap at you. I don't mean to say that she isn't about as pretty as they make 'em, but, my son, keep your weath er eye open, or she'll fool you ! God bless you, lad good-by 1" Then, with a last warning shake of the head and tender grasp, my worthy . iamer quitted tne snip. In another hour we were running be- lore a iresn Dreeze, ana my passenger was lnvisiDie. - Two days passed, and on the third the stewardess addressed me, " De lady passenger wants to Bee you, tain!" cap I told the gorgeous female, who was dressed in a bright pink muslin gown trimmed with blue, that I would be at the lady s service in a few moments. and then prepared myself for the en counter. My passenger was sitting upon the sofa, and at the first glance all my resolutions vanished. I felt inclined to Al . 111 Ota -a inrow myseii at ner ieet, ana mate a complete idiot of myself in action as well as thought, but I didn't do it, " Good-morning, Miss Bell !" Good-morning, captain," reaching out her pretty hand, and exhibiting on i sucn a periect arm I I am afraid that I seemed very sheep ish.- I know I felt so, and began to look out off the stern port. The ladv was quite cool, and went on with her embroidery in a most persevering man ner. At last I stammered out, "Are you quite well now, Miss Bell?" un, dear me, yes, captain ; but have one favor to beg of you please don't call me-flwaBell: all mv friends call me Clara, aad as you are to be my guarcuan unui we reacn rorto liico, we may as wen be mends from the first, You will kindly not call me miss!" Ah, I thought, you are setting your cap at me. just as my father predicted : but then she did it so naively, and I felt so flattered, that I threw paternal advice to the winds, and, figuratively speaking, stepped past " the point of caution," and was floundering among tne "rapids ere I Knew where 1 was, Before dinner-time I was erone. " For whom are you making that or nament, Miss pardon me Clara ? respectfully inquired, glancing toward a sort oi band which she was embroid enng. " For my Jack, captain." " How old is he?" I insinuated. " Oh, dear, Jack says that he's quite a puppy yet," she replied, "ile s Porto Rico poodle!" " Oh!" I gasped, beginning to conjure up a rival a dog ? V es captain ; but why did you in- quxre m bo grave a manner 7 The words were on my lips, "Clara ' but fancying that I detected a slight tinge of sarcasm in her voice, I merely replied, "Oh, I didn't mean any thing' " I'm glad of that," answered the lady, " because I want you tc thoroughly understand me." She fixed her glorious eyes upon me as she spoke, and I felt worse than ever. I saw it all at a glance: sent to New York in order to finish her educa tion ; been cooped up in ft genteel sera- inary ; no congenial society ; vacations spent with old Bell, who was probably her uncle ; now I freedom gallant sailor, etc., etc., I soon got through the "rapids," and on the fourteenth day went " clean over the falls." She told me all about her familyher father and mother, brother Jack, cousin Jack, dear Jack, and my Jack ; and I quite understood why she had named her poodle Jack; but in our delicious game of whist-flirtation I cared little about her playing four knaves, as I thought that I held the rest of the honors, including the queen of hearts. I did not play euchre in those days. Jack did this drove her here wrote her all the news was perfectly frantic because she could not return sooner had the distemper was in favor of emancipation didn't smoke had been run over by dear Jack twice bitten brother Jack, and once saved from pun ishment by cousin Jack ! What cared I which knave was being played, so long as I could be near this lovely creature and listen to the merry rattle of her musical voice ! I never troubled myself about which Jack she was referring to ; for aught I knew she might have told me Jack and the Bean stalk, Jack the Giant-killer, or any other equally absurd nonsense. All I saw was her glorious beauty and beaming smile, and felt "that I was well, I felt con vinced that I had made a deep im pression. It was upon a moonlight night that I "went over the falls," after this fashion. With all her frankness of manner, Clara was not in the most remote de gree unlady-like or forward. She was what all women should be with our sex while accepting our respectful ser vices without restraint, perfectly equal, but, withal, never overstepping a cer tain line, even when admitting us to what men call "good-fellowship. Of course, in my youthful egotism, blinded myself to all this i worshiped her, shut my eyes, and over I went. She was looking at the moon, and telling me a quaint conceit about its in habitants, while I was gazing upon her sweet face, and burning for the moment to arrive when I could tell her how de votedly I loved her. She pictured a lunar Arcadia, and had mentally taken me by the hand and wandered through its blissful scenes an angel introducing the spirit of a lunatic to his proper world. Now, upon my honor, beyond the freedom of trust with which she had from the first moment treated me, I can mest truly say that Clara Bell had never given me any reason to believe that she was in love with me. I was a young, impetuous sailor ; she a woman accus tomed to being honored and petted by large circle of mends, and who, re membering my profession, had treated me as a brother. I am not fond of confessing my sins and weaknesses, but do this a 3 a warn ing to other nautical idiots. "Clara ! I tremblingly began. She turned from me, . and endeavored to withdraw her hand, which I had im prisoned as I uttered her name. Clara !" No reply and upon my life, although I had uttered it in a whisper, the name seemed to mockingly echo back from the gloom. However, I felt her trem ble. "Claraj my dear Miss Bell" (I was on the edge of the fall), VI am not used to describing my ordinary feelings, and these are too deep for utterance but from the core of my heart I love you !" I was over the brink. "Captain !" she exclaimed. This was a quencher. "Miss Bell !" I faltered. "Will you do me a favor?" she said. Now or never, thought I. , "I'd die to to " You stupid man !" she laughed, "have I given you any reason why you should thus address me ?" "Miss Bell." I humblv reolied. "most sincerely do I beg pardon for my pre sumption." Turning ner laughing lacefull upon me, she said : 'Captain, l am not angry with you, but beg that you will never revert to this again until we ar rive at Porto Rico, and then "you must tell dear Jack all about it. I am not angry, for you have shown yourself in every other way a true friend and gen tleman. I completely forgive this weakness on your part, and only beg you will promise me that when we meet dear Jack you will ask him if he will agree to what you wish !" 1 was floundering about in the "boil at the foot of the mental Niagara, and she had, by her womanly tact, as it were, fished me out and landed me. "But to which Jack am I to confess ? I cried, beginning to treat the matter as a joke serious enough to me, for I feel the wound io this day. "Not to the poodle, surely ?" To the hrst Jack who comes on board upon our arrival off Porto Rico!" replied the lady, holding out her hand. "Good-night, Captain G . 1 escorted her to the companion-way, and then returned to my seat. I did not feel any great amount of self-conceit just then ; in fact, had a wave washed me off the poop at that moment, I should not have tried to re turn to the ship. I had no doubt but that she was engaged to some fellow a mere mass of well, not anything like myself (Self-conceit rapidly returning.) In fact, when I thought the matter over, I came to the conclusion that this charm ing, lovely, divine, superb, elegant, be witching young lady had been making fun of me, and that she really was in love with some narrow-chested, vapid, weak-constituted Porto Eacan. (belf conceit quite recovered.) I really began to pity her, and thought that my dear, bluff old father was a second Solomon. But why had she set ner cap at me? I supposed it was well, 1 Know better now. We arrived Off Porto Rico about day break the next morning, and as 1 gave the word, " Let go the anchor!" Clara came up and saluted me as cheerfully as though I had never confessed to her the real state of my affections. I couldn't help worshiping her still quietly of course and her dress finish' ed the matter. I lent her my binocular, and she rested it on my shoulder as though I had never " gone over the falls." " There he is!" she cried, almost drop ping my telescope m her excitement, " Oh, they have shaved half of his body! and dear Jack, he is looking at me! Here she kissed her hand to something in the boat, then grasped mine, aad said. " Don't you forget, Captain G ." Six-foot - brother! I thought, as the boat swept alongside ; but cousin Jack and brother Jack were, one after the other, recognized and kissed to in panto mine : and I began to wonder which of the knaves would be her trump caxd. fni . . - xney were an tall, handsome, and any hing but the puny creatures of my imagination. Jack number one, with the poodle, climbed up the side, running aft, caught Clara in his arms, while she laughed and cried in turns, patting his brown tface and saying: "Dear Jack! oh, dear Jack 1" -The people shifted round me as though half afraid that I was a weak self -conceited young skipper, who ought not to be noticed ; but soon brother Jack and cousin Jack came tearing aft, but when the brave little woman Miss Clara Bell told them how good I had been to her, and "To which Jack am I to confess ?" I ruefully inquired, knowing that either manly fellow would be a lenient judge. " To dear Jack she laughed "but wait a moment. When Mr. Shooks in troduced you, what did you think he said ?" "Miss Clara Bell !" I answered, be coming wiser every moment. " Dear old Shooks ! he always pro nounces the word Mrs. as Miss, and that was how you became confused ; but now you see I am Mrs. Clara Bell, and I admit to having kept up the joke ; but before dear Jack I askyou to forgive me, my very good friend G !" All the Jacks had smothered her with caresses, and "toy Jack" was in her arms. "My friends !" I said, noticing that they understood the joke, " will one of you be kind enough to point out dear Jack to me ?" Mrs. Bell advanced, and placing the hand she had most tenderly caressed in mine, merrily looked me in the face, and said, "Captain G , allow me to intro duce to you dear Jack the Jack of Hearts my husband I" Embarrassing; There is a habit peculiar to many walkers, which Punch, some years ago, touched upon satirically, but which seems to have survived the jester's ridicule. It is that custom of stopping friends in the street, to whom we have nothing whatever to communicate, but whom we embarrass for no other pur pose than simply to show our friend ship. Jones meets his friend Smith, whom he has met on nearly the same locality but a few hours before. During that interval, it is highly probable that no event of any importance to Smith, nor indeed to Jones, which by a friend ly construction Jones could imagine Smith to be interested in, has occurred, or is likely to occur. , Yet both gentle men stop and shake hands earnestly. " Well ; how goes it ?" remarks Smith, with a vague hope that something may have happened. So, so.' How are you Knocking them V replies the eloquent Jones, feeling intuitively the deep vacuity of his friend answering to his own. A pause ensues, in which both gentle men regard each other with an imbecile smile and a fervent pressure of the hand. Smith draws a long breath and looks up the street ; Jones sighs heavi ly and gazes down the street. Another pause, in which both gentlemen disen gage their respective hands and glance anxiously around for some conventional avenue of escape. Finally, Smith (with a sudden assumption bf having forgotten an important engagement) ejaculates, "Well, I must be off" a remark instantly echoed by the voluble Jones, and these gentlemen separate, only to repeat their miserable formula the next day. In the above example I have compassionately shortened the usual leave-taking, which, in skillful hands, may be protracted to a length which I shudder to recall. I have sometimes, when an active participant in these atrocious transac tions, lingered in the hope of saying something natural to toy friend (feeling that he, too, was groping in the mazy labyrinths of his mind for a like expres sion), until I have felt that we ought to have been separated by a policeman. It is astonishing how far the most wretched joke will go in these emergen cies, and how it will, as it were, convul sively detatch the two cohering parti cles. I have laughed (albiet hysteric ally) at some witticism under cover of which I escaped, that five minutes after ward I could not perceive possessed a grain of humor. I would advise any person falling into this pitiable strait that, next to getting into the way of a passing dray, and being forcibly dis connected, a joke is the most efhcacious, A foreign phrase often may be tried with success. I have sometimes known revoir, pronounced "o-reveer," to havo the effect (as it ought) of severing mends. isret Jiarte, Matrimonial. The primitive marriage ceremony of the .Fuget bound Indians was very sim pie, tne giving over to the lather or friends of the girl, by the bridegroom, so much blanket, or gun, or ammuni tion, and the taking and carrying away so much wife. loung wen usually mar ried the older women, and young girls the older men, because, as they said, if young people marry among themselves, both are piltons, fools, and do not know how to care properlv for each other ; but if a young man marries a mature woman, she can cook for him and see that he does not drink up at once all of the whiskey ; while the mid dle aged husband with a girl bride can make the lodge tight and wrap her up well in the blankets, and provide her delicate appetite with " hyu-muck-a-muck," plenty to eat. Contact with the whites has broken up much of this sim plicity. Parties now make their own bargains, where they are made at all, which in the vicinity of towns is not often, without much regard for anything but ehink-a-min and muck-a-muck, mon ey and food. And if civilization adds something sometimes to the religious ness of the ceremony, it is to be feared it has taken away a great deal more from its sanctity, says a correspondent of the Christain Register. Skins op Death. In 1870, the Acad emy of Sciences in Paris offered a prize of 20,000 francs ($4,000) for a simple out positive sign of death which any non-professional person could under stand and apply. The British Medical Press and Circular says: "The most practical and satisfactory one given was to tie a string firmly around one of the fingers of the supposed corpse ; if the blood circulates in the least, the whole finger from the string to the tip, will swell and become discolored. This depends upon the fact that, however profound the syncope, or however death-like the person may appear, if there is any cir culation whatever, the person is not dead. The test is simple and conclu sive." " Beerbug " is what some of the sin ful papers of the West call Milwaukee. Blasting: In a Coal Mine. " Down in a coal mine " is a locality which, although immortalized in a pop ular air ground out at the rate of some twenty times a day by wheezy hand or gans under our windows, is not the most inviting place in the world to eke out one's existence. We descend the shaft with a disagreeable feeling of go ing, we knO'tir hot whither, sate some where into the depths Of a black pit which yawns beneath us. Once at the bottom, there is a damp oppressive feel ing in the air ; the rock overhead drips dirty water down upon us, and occa sionally an icy stream crawls down our back, sending a disagreeable shudder from head to foot. Of course we get bewildered ; the light from the little lamp in our oil skin hat is very dim and smoky, and casts & soft of Uncertain ra' diance for about three feet in advance1, throwing great black shadows which leave us in a kind of unpleasant doubt whether or not we shall suddenly step into some abyss and disappear forever into the bowels of the earth. We trudge through countless leads, now scrambling over timbers, then compressing ourselves into incredibly small compass in order to crawl through the narrowest of openings. There is a conglomeration of coal dust and mud under foot that sticks to pur shoes like glue. We trip over the rails, and bruise every square inch of our bodies against the sharp angles of the rough walls, while our hands and faces, within a very few minutes, partake of the somber hue of our surroundings. Soon we eneounter a party of miners, rough, hardy-looking men, far healthier than we should believe would be the case with beings whose labor is carried on away from the light of day. They are preparing a blast, our guide tells us, and we draw near to watch the operation, but speedily retire in dismay at the apparently careless handling of the powder in close proximity to the unguarded flames of the lamps. The men manifested no concern, and are all coolly, smoking or chatting. Now, the charges are ready, and one of the miner's lights the fuse from his pipe. We scramble precipitately to a safe position in total disregard of either dirt, wet, or bruises ; and then, in a state of- suspense, we stop our ears and wonder whether the smoke will leave us entirely or only partially suffocated. The men lounge lazily out of the way, forming a little group by themselves, and puff quietly at their pipes. A flash then a deep muffled explo sion, which echoes through the long caverns, and is followed by the rumbling and crash of the falling debris clouds of dense sulphurous smoke fill the chamber, rising up to the roof and cur ling away toward the shaft. We get down close to the floor with a handkerchief a very grimy one by this time over our nose and inwardly yearn for one breath of fresh air. Meanwhile the blasters wait until the smoke dis perses, and the atmosphere becomes less stifling ; then they resume work. Some pile the detached bits of coal in heaps, and others fill the tnbs. Then the mules are signalled for, and we hear the noise of their hoofs approaching, min gled with the sounds of blows and n alarming chorus of expletives on the part of the drivers. The animals are attached the tubs, and, after arguing some time to with their attrendants, mule fashion, by drumming on the wagons with their heels, refusing to stir, or manifesting an unconquerable disposition to lie down, they are at length persuaded, through the agency of a club or by be ing banged about the head with a lump of coal, that resistance is useless, when they reluctantly start off on a slow jog trot. We follow them to the shaft, leaving the miners swinging their pieks or hammering at their drills, apparently careless of the dark heavy atmosphere around them. Exchange. Murder and Suicide. A few davs ago, James D. Page, of Vallejo, California, was arraigned on a charge of having opened a letter sent by the murderer, Russell, now in jail, to one Warren Haley. The case was not concluded, and Page was released on bail. Page and his wife separated a short time before, in consequence of domestic troubles. Mrs. Page returned to Vallejo from San Francisco. Page went to her room at Vallejo, entered, and locked the door, leaving their two daughters outside. The girls heard angry words between their parents, and finally their mother exclaimed, "Kill me, then ; kill me. You have often threatened to kill me, now carry out your threat." The next instant the girl heard a shot fired, followed by two more in rapid succession. The screams of the daughter brought James Fust to their aid, and he broke open the door. Mrs. Page was reeling over the floor and blood was streaming from her neck. Page "was prostrate, with a pistol-ball through his head. City Marshal Edgar entered the room, when Page gave him two papers, became immediately insen sible, and died in a short time. Mrs, Page is shot in the neck, near the wind pipe. She is insensible, but there are only slight hopes entertained for her recovery. The tragedy causes intense excitement in Vallejo, where all the parties are well known-. Does Gold Mining Pay I Twenty years ago the late Mr. Gree ley essayed, in the paper founded by him, to prove that gold mining, on the whole, was not profitable, and that it even tended to impoverish, rather than to enrich, a country where it is carried on. At a late meeting of a farmers' club in Oaklands, Cal., the same idea was advanced by Dr. E. S. Carr. and his arguments, having been extensively copied by the press, have revived the old discussion. Dr. Carr affirms that every dollar of gold that has been dug in California has cost from one to one and a half dollars. Fifty thousand people, he estimates, are engaged in mining m that estate. The gold pro duct of the State for 1872 was $20,000, 000. Now, if you reckon labor at $2.50 a day, JJr. Uarr calculates the miners wages would come to $37,500,000. His deduction is, that the difference be tween this sum and the actual gold product represents the loss to the com mumty that results from gold mining, FtJNNT. Directly after the reading of the report of the Poland committee was concluded the other day, Oakes Ames went down stairs to the House restaur ant, and taking a vacant chair at a table with two other members of the House, inquired with a chuckle if they would allow the wickedest man in Congress to fit with them, and receiving an afllnmv tive answer, he proceeded to put a dozen fried oysters where they would " do the most good. tsetectea. California Banditti. Since the withdrawal of the telegraph from the San Joaquin country, says a California paper, in the neighborhood of Firebaugh's Ferry, there has been a great influx of desperadoes to the sec tion, and acts of lawlessness have be come of daily occurrence. The absence of the telegraph gives these characters every opportunity to ply their vocation iftthout the feat of speedy capture, and life and property are in constant jeop ardy. Bands of cattle and sheep are boldly driven off, and horses are stolen under the very noses of their owners. George L. Hoffman keeps a store and hotel there, and is Postmaster and Wells, Fargo ft Co's. agent. Wednes day evening, about 7 o'clock, just as Supper was over and the boarders, seven in number, were seated about the fire, enjoying their pipes, five men, armed to the -teeth, entered the room with pistols drawn, and ordered the astonished Crowd to throw up their hands; Being taken so completely by surprise, no alterna tive was left but to comply with the demand, when they were bound and laid upon the floor. So little disturb ance was made during this proceeding that Mr. Hoffman, who had not yet finished his meal, knew nothing of what was going on until he emerged from the dining-room, when he saw a guard at each door, and found himself looking down the barrel of a large-sized revol ver". He was commanded to hold up his hands, but not complying1 at once with the command, it was repeated with ah earnestness which left no doubt of the intention of the ruffians to enforce the order. Mr. Hoffman was then obliged to open his safe, from which was ex tracted $250 of his own money and $100 belonging to Wells, Fargo ft Co. The stage from this place to Visalia drove up during this time, and the driver, Dennis Conroy, was seized, bound, and laid on his face in company with the others, after being relieved of $20. Twenty-seven dollars were also taken from a man named Allen, and about $200 worth of clothing from the store. But five of the robbers were seen, all Span iards except one, who was a Frenchman, but the house was supposed to be sur rounded with desperadoes. Mr. Conroy, the stage driver, was bound and robbed about a year ago near Soap Lake, while making his usual trip. One of his assailants was captured and tried, and Mr. Conroy 's testimony se cured for him a term of twenty years in the State prison. Among the band on Wednesday night he recognized an other of the party who had attacked him a year ago, and the ruffian seemed to faintly remember him, for he scrutin ized his countenance closely a number of times, and turned him over and over in order to find some more sure resem blance. He then consulted the leader of the band, who asked Mr. Hoffman who this man was, Mr. Hoffman, re membering the previous robbery, re plied that he had just arrived in the State, and that the regular driver being sick, he had been driving in his stead. This explanation seemed satisfactory, and the robbers left, much to the re lief of the poor fellow's feelings, for he says had he been identified they would certainly have killed him for sending one of their comrades to prison. The canal company is at work some miles from Firebaugh's, and the party headed directly for that point, and it was thought they contemplated an at tack on them, though when our infor mant left nothing definite -was known. Eight Hours a Day. The intimation by the employing car penters and builders of New York of an intention to return to the ten-hour sys tem, has aroused a spirit of indignation among the journeymen, who declare that they will hold out to the bitter end against it. Last week, a New York pa per says, some twenty-eight of the em ployers met, and a majority was in favor of returning to the ten-hour rule at a stated time ; but as there was not an entire unanimity on the expediency of assuming what might be considered an aggressive attitude, it was determined to defer decisive action until a confer ence with the journeymen could be had. With this view, a committee of five was appointed to confer with a committee from the unions on the subject, and a communication was addressed to the United Order of American Carpenters, setting forth the spirit that actuated the employers. The carpenters, in their various organizations, made up a com mittee to meet the employers com mittee, but with instructions to listen to no compromise whatever. The jour neymen say that they are backed by the whole force of the societies in England, and that they intend to maintain the eight-hour rule and $3.50 per day. The boss carpenters and builders oi Brooklyn declare their intention of re fusing "the demand of the carpenters' and journeymen's association for $3.50 per day for eight hours' work, as the allowance of these terms would entail heavy losses on their spring and sum mer contracts. Emplovers are unanimous in the opin ion that there is not work enough at present to admit of a successful strike, and many declare that they would throw up their contracts rather than yield to the demand. Some who have been pay ing $3.25 for ten hours work will in crease this to $3.50. but further than this they refuse to go. Where the Sun Does Not Set. A scene witnessed by some travelers in the North of Norway, from a cliff one thousand feet above the sea, is thus described: The ocean stretched away in silent vastness at our feet ; the sound of waves scarcely reached our airy lookout ; away in the North the huge old sun swung low long the horizon, like the slow beat of the pendulum in the tall clock of our grandfather's parlor corner. We all stood silent, looking at our watches. When both hands came together at twelve, midnight, the full round orb hung triumphantly above the waves, a bridge of gold running due North span ning the water between us and him. There he shone in silent majesty, which knew no setting. We involuntarily took off our hats ; no word was said. Com bine, if you can, the most brilliant sun rise and sunset you ever saw, and the beauties will pale before the gorgeous coloring which now lit up ocean, heaven, and mountain.. In half an hour the sun had swung up perceptibly on his beat, the colors changed to those of morning, a fresh breeze rippled over the floor, one songster after another piped up in the grove behind us we had slid an other day. In the following notice there is some thing truly Homeric: " Have a care. A fat cow will be hewn to pieces in my yard, on Tuesday at 11 a. m., sharp, and the flesh will be sold at 8d. a lb." Following the Flag A flag is but a yard or two of banting when it is looked at as a matter of fact, but the men who have been willing to die for it all these hundreds of years have seen in it something more than coarse cloth, certainly. A popular English lecturer, not many years ago, told some anecdotes strongly illustra tive of. the universal prevalence of this poetic feeling among the plainest of people. We can only repeat two of them from memory. An English regi ment in India had had its colors ( noth ing but a square yard of bunting, of course) taken away from it for some act of insubordination. Every man had his rations and pay as usual, and no physical punishment of any sort was added to the ideal one mentioned. Yet every man in that regiment groaned and suffered under the! chastisement. Coarse, illiterate, brutal fellows, per haps, they were. Why should any of them mind the taking away of a regi mental flag ? Oommonense would laugh at such a punishment for such men. But the commander' knew what he was about. A fort was to be storm ed at the top of a long hill. The enter prise was a peculiarly perilous one, and one that required something more than ordinary courage and ordinary persist ence. The commanding officer rode down the line to the position occupied by the disgraced regiment. " Men !" he cried, " your colors are at the top of the hill charge 1" And charge they did, that single regiment, up the long, cannon-swept hill, through the abattis, over the ramparts, into the fort at last, a mere handful ef them left to receive the flag again, for which more than two thirds of the brave fellows had gladly given their lives ! There was no common-sense in the matter, else the fort never could have been taken at all. The poetry in the sftuls of those rough soldiers overbore all - that, and who shall say that the poetic was not the worthier and more manly view ? Some of the warlike tribes in India, when one of their men falls in battle after showing extraordinary courage, decorate his wrists with a red silk thread if he be a private, a narrow . rib bon if he be an officer, and a broader one as the rank of the dead rises. Not many win this posthumous honor at all, and. there is no mourning for those whose death is thus repaid. An Eng lish army marching upon Lucknow came upon a strong hill-fort which it was necessary to reduce. A sergeant and seven men constituted the advance guard on the march, and when the close proximity of the fort was discovered, the buglers with the main body sounded the recall as an order for the sergeant to withdraw his guard and join his regi ment. The little squad mistook the bugle sound, and thought it was an order to charge. Obeying it' as such, they went to their certain death on the ramparts of the fort. . The army coming up stormed the place, and after some hours of desperate fighting they took it. They found there the dead bodies of the sergeant and all his men, and around each wrist was the broad red ribbon, a poetic tribute from the Sepoys to the heroism of their dead enemies. Why Jenks Never. Married. "I think a woman is a tremendous being," said Jenks. "When she's right, she's the rightest thing that floats. When she's wrong, she's the big gest nuisance that plows the sea, even if she's little and don't draw two feet of water. Perhaps it isn't just the thing to say to a boy like you, but you'll never speak of it, it X should ten you a ntue something ?" "Oh, never, 1 assured him. "Well, I s'pose I might have been a married man," said Jenks, avoiding my eyes by pretending to discover a horse shoe in the road. "You don't say so!" I exclaimed, in undisguised astonishment, for it had never occurred to me that such as Jenks could marry. "les, I waited on a girl once. "Was she beautiful ?" I inquired. "Well, I should say fair to mid dling," responded Jenks, pursing his lips as if determined to render a candid judgment. "Fair to middling, barring a few freckles. "But you didn t leave her for the freckles ?" "No, I didn't leave her for the freck les. She was a good girl, and I waited l her. It don't seem possible now that I ever ra'aly waited on a girl, but I did." "And why didn't you marry her? "Well, there was another fellow got to hanging round, and you know how such things go. 1 was busy, and didn t tend up very well, I s'pose, and she got tired of waiting for me, or something, and the other fellow married her, but I've never blamed her. She's been sorry enough, I guess." Jenks gave a sigh of mingled regret and pity, and the subject was dropped. Sick Headache. Almost every one has a different remedy for this most common but none the less distressing complaint. And the truth is. that very few of them have any effect at all, while some of them only aggravate the case. The best and safest wav for the sufferer is to let himself alone till the gastric or nervous de rangements which have produced it have subsided, when sleep generally comes to the aid of exhausted nature, and per fects the cure. The British Medical Journal, in treating of this subject, says the only remedies which are of any avail are those which act on the nervous sys tem, such as hot tea and coffee, or, after the most violent symptoms have passed off. a little wine or ammonia. The bromide or potassium is also highly recommended after the nausea subsides, While this exists, it is of no avail. The writer also thinks that tea and coffee used in excess constantly, although they may relieve a headache, may also pre dispose to the difficulty ; and he cites instances of several patients, who, by giving up the use of those beverages, became cured of chronic or freduent headaches." . WooxD Not See Them. Foster, who was executed in New York, did not see his two children, five and seven years of age. after his incarceration. Jlis mother, being an invalid, did not visit him. Of his children, Foster said: " I don't want the children brought here." "Let them think of me heaeaf ter as they have known me a father at home, not a father behind prison bars." and his wish was respected. New photographs of the lit tle ones were brought to him by his wife a few days before the execution, and he looked at them -scores of times. He handed them around to the keepers, and to his friends and was pleased and proud at the compliments they evoked. ' The first almanao was printed in 1441 The Cellars of New York. A report was sent to the Board of Health of New York, and the following extract will show the horrible condition in which many people live in that city : Inspectors Morris and Strong have completed the cellar inspection of the 4th Ward, and made thereon an elabor ate report, from which it is seen that of these cellars 176 are occupied as dwell ings; of this number 137 are declared te be unfit for such occupancy, and orders made that they be vacated as such be fore the first of April. This ward con tains some of the worst cellars in the city manyxf these lodging house cel lars of the lowest descrijmon some di vided in small apartments by pieces of curtain, while in others the beds are arranged alongside of each other, with out such partitions, and occupied pro miscuously by both sexes. The rate of crowding in these lodging cellars is such as to allow from 124 to 195 cubic feet of air space only to each individual, and this often in the same room in which many of the inmates " cook, wash, smoke, and perform all their physical functions." The largest room found contained 931.6, and the smallest about 136 cubic feet of air space. The latter was occu pied as a bedroom for three or four children, the occupants of the cell con sisting of a family of 7 persons and 10 lodgers; "to this closet there was no cross-ventilation the door affording the only egress for the foul air, and for tunately the only inlet for probably fouler air. Generally, where there were over two or three rooms, no ventilation was attempted for the sleeping-rooms. In many, especially the dance cellars, the only ventilation attempted was by a small transom window over the door." Where thorough ventilation was pro vided, the rear window generally opened into a narrow area or well-hole, where the air was "o damp and heavy as to be more a predisposing cause of disease than pabulum to the blood. " The most frequent disease met with, in these cel lars was alcoholism, due to the large number of rum-shops and rum-cellars in the ward. The Inspectors also encoun tered a large number of cases of catarrh and bronchial affections, though these were found to prevail as extensively among people living above ground as with the cellar population. Cases of rheumatism were also frequently found. The greater part of this ward being or iginally swampy or marshy ground, it was seldom that any sub-cellar or open space beneath the floor was found ; and the floors resting directlyon the ground their condition was, as might be expect ed, rotten and bad. The only floors found in good repair being those of the " dance cellars," which were kept in or der for obvious reasons. A large num ber of the cellars of this ward have al ready been vacated as human dwellings, through the efforts of the Inspector of the district, and these were found by the Inspectors either closedbr occupied for other purposes. The report con cludes by calling attention to the moral asoect of this Question, and the great good which will be established by closing forever these filthy dens of im morality and disease." Dr. Endemann, Assistant unemisi, has made an examination of the air in some of the lodging cellars of this ward, and reports the proportion of carbonic acid found to be from lo to parts in 10,000 of air, or from nearly four to five times the normal quantity. These ex aminations were made early in the night, soon after the arrival of the lodg ers ; and when the atmosphere is so rap idly deteriorated, it is fearful to imagine what will be its condition before morn ing, or after receiving from 6 to 8 hours the carbonic acid from the lungs and the animal exhalations from the bodies of the filthy and sweltering masses of humanity confined within its narrow limits. A Strange Suicide. The village of Montgomery, N. Y., was thrown into great excitement by the report that Miss Hattie Clayton, an interesting young lady, aged about twenty years, had committed suicide by taking a dose of laudanum. Investi gation into the affair proved that the rumor was well founded. Miss Clayton was the daughter of a poor widow of Montgomery. The latter left home to visit another daughter in the country. A young lady came to Montgomery with a letter to Miss Ulayton lor ner momer. The messenger went to the house, and seeing nor hearing no one about, en tered a bedroom, where she discovered Miss Clayton lying on the bed appar ently dead. The young lady, although greatly shocked, went to the bedside, and saw that Miss uiayton was biiii alive. A cup containing laudanum stood on a stand by the bedside, and a fearful suspicion seized the bearer of the letter. She ran to a physician, who proceeded in haste to Mrs. Clayton's. Thev found the voung iaay aeaa. a note addressed to her mother was found on the floor. It was as follows : Montgomery. March 17. 187S. Dear Mother and Ellen : Mourn not for the act I am about to commit. The thought of self-destruction has long hung upon my weary brain, and caused me to sink at last. There is , not a person to blame but myself. Weep not for me, dear mother and sister. Just think of me as Hattie, who has ascended to a home be yond the skies, where sadness and sorrow shall cease, x wui uiu my irjuuua nuu mm nunu u affectionate farewell. This shall end my des tiny. HATTIE CLAYTON. The news of the sad affair spread rapidly, and word was conveyed to the mother of the unfortunate girl. She returned home, and is nearly crazed over the tragic fate of her daughter. A jury was summoned, and the facts elici ted were in enect these : Dr. Millspaugh testified that Miss Clayton was subject to great melan choly at times, ana naa many times ex pressed a desire to die. She often won dered how she was permitted to live so long. The Claytons were in very poor circumstances, and Hattie had recently been disappointed in getting work, and had been in low spirits lor some days. John Topping, clerk in Bradner Smith's drug-store, said that Miss Clay ton came to the drug-store on Sunday last, and representing that she was suffering from a severe ear-ache, pur chased two ounces of laudanum. The last seen of Miss Clayton, alive, was on the day when her mother went away. She was highly respectable. Fbom Death to Life. President Grant informed the Attorney-General that he had decided to commute the Bentence of O'Brien from hanging to imprisonment for life, and the Attorney General authorized the issue of the proper documents in the matter, where uDon O'Brien was taken to the Albany penitentiary to pass the remainder of his life. O'Brien was a policeman on duty in Washington at a public pipnio at tne time ne snot uunxmignara. Facts and Fancies? A maiden speech : " Ask papa." Mr. Bergh's Cruelty to Animals bill was killed in the New York Assembly. One vessel captured 32,000 seals in fourteen days in the Bay of Newfound land. The Apache Indians murdered two settlers in Arizona, horribly mutilating the bodies. Another of the Bank of England swindlers has been arrested this one at Jamaica. "Fancy Men" Men who fancy them selves. (N. B. There are a pretty lot of those about just now.) A Minnesota youth hit his horse with a gun to. make him go. The horse went, the gun went and three fingers went too. Some sixty head of cattle of Law renceburg, lnd., were poisoned by some miscreant unknown. Forty-nine head are dead. An active bachelor in Maine claims to be 102 years old ; but as he " makes his own bed," according to a local paper, so he must lie. The Saxon Second Chamber has re solved, by 116 against 12 votes, to pre serve the present system of trial by jury in all criminal cases. When Brigham Young's children sing "Father, dear father, come home," the effect is said to be wonderful. The old man comes home without delay. A funeral procession stopped and put out a fire on the roof of a house in Farmington, Me., and then solemnly continued on its way to the burying ground. According to the Spanish proverbs, four persons are wanted to make a good salad: a spendthrift for oil, a miser for vinegar, a counselor for salt, and a madman to stir all up. The first mule taken down the west shaft of the Hoosac Tunnel was brought up the other day, after three years of residence in the bowels of the earth. His spirits were as gay as ever. Three- hundred liberal Catholics of Geneva have signed a letter requesting Frere Hyacinthe to assume the pastorate of a flock there ; the service to be not quite so high-as-in-the genevine Roman Church. The Illinois House of Representa tives, by a vote of 163 to 4, adopted a resolution severely censuring the Illinois Congressmen who voted to increase their salaries at the end of the late term of Congress. The last fashionable kink is pep-corn parties. It is claimed that they not only keep young men from another kind of corned parties, but that they are very suggestive of a question they ought to pop. There has been discovered in the debris of the fire at Rolling Fork the charred remains of four human bodies, and another is still missing. The file is believed to have been caused to con ceal their murder. ' The Baltimore plasterers have de cided to demand $3.75 per day from the 31st of March until the 28th of June, and $4 per day thereafter until the 29th day of November, and then 40 cents per hour until the last of the following March. The Chicago Post says : "If Miss Anthony would only advocate an educa tional or moral qualification, how glad we Bhould be to embrace her views." Hang it, man go the whole hog while you are at it. Embrace her and her views too. The clipper ship Serica, engaged in the tea trade, has been wrecked near Puraceles. Out of a crew of twenty nine, including the captain, only one man was saved. All hands at first es caped on a wraft, which four days after wards went to pieces. The snow-fall in Maine, as reported for the Maine Farme? by the State College of Agriculture, during the three winter' months just closed, amounted to 82.50 inches. The snow-fall during the corresponding months of last year, was 57.00 solid inches. A Frenchman's invention for prevent ing suffocation by choke-damp in mines is a tin knapsack which is filled, at a supply pipe in the mine, with air, and is easily carried on the miner's back. A successful experiment was made with it in the Paris Catacombs. Among the bills passed by the XLIId Congress was one prohibiting the use of the ward "National" by banking houses, save those which are regularly incorporated under the laws of Con gress. The penalty of non-compliance with this law is a fine of $50 for every day the word remains. A boy of ten years old and a girl of nine, living in Detroit, started out into the country the other day to get married. They footed it out four miles, and then having called upon a farmer to ask if he didn't want to let them live in part of his house after the marriage, he took them in charge and brought them home. The fastenings of the trapeze broke from the centre pole in a circus, while two gymnasts were performing upon it in Nashville, xenn. wim a scream oi terror the men were dashed to the ground, and one of them was taken up for dead, ne was BUDsequenwy restor ed to consciousness, but is seriously if not fatally injured. The native Sandwich Islanders are rapidly going the way of all flesh. The last census snows tnat wmie ior me iuou six years the births on the islands of children of foreign parents have exceed ed the deaths of the same, the deaths among all classes of the native popula tion have exceeded the births at a rate that forebodes the extinction of the native race within thirty years. After a stove has been polished it can be kept looking very well for a long time by rubbing it with paper every morning. Rubbing with paper is a much nicer way of keeping the outside of a tea-kettle, coffee-pot, and tea-pot bright and clean than the old way of washing them with suas. ituDDing is the best way or polishing knifes, tin ware and spoons ; they shine like new silver. lor polishing mirrors, win dows, lamp-chimneys, etc., .paper is better than a dry cloth. The oological ability of a hen we have never seen before stated. . Does the reader know how many eggs your hen of average industry and capacity can lay in a lifetime ? Not possibly more than 600, we are told, which, in the natural course, are distributed in $lie following proportion: First year after birth, 16 to 20 ; seoond year, 100 to 120 ; third, 120 to 135; fourth, 100 to 115 ; fifth, 60 to 80; sixth, 50 to 60 ; seventh, 35 to 40 ; eighth, 15 to 20 ; ninth, 1 to 10 not ex actly a lame and impotent conclusion, but near enough to it to make us feel sorry for the hen. , .