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CONNECTICUT WESTERN NEWS, Thurs., AUGUST 26, 1920 OUR FARMER'S CORNER Scholarships for Jewish Young; Men "The "Jewish" Agricultural and In dustrial Aid Society announces the opening of the Eleventh Annual Competition for scholarships for a short winter course in agriculture. The competition is open to sons and daughters of Jewish farmers who assist their parents in the manage ment of the farm or the home. The object1 of these scholarships is to enable boys and girls who have become proficient in the practical phases of farm life to secure scienti fic training in these lines. These cholarships were, established by the Society in 1908, in recognition of the fact that the successful farmer of today must know the why and wherefore as well as the how. Since then several hundred young men and women' have availed themselves of this opportunity, to the everlasting benefit not only of themselves, but also of the "back-to-land" movement iunong the Jewish people as a whole. Equipped with a knowledge of the ft yviJiiiLH . tU)1 it u srs, ....... ' The sign of a reliable tod the world best j b'l JMl3re&ih'V ill 1 mm 111 teoCOIlYM -Hill .MOTOR 1 f J. Ill liSOLW 0t IWmmmM Dealers Who Sell Socony t fundamental principles of applied science and advanced methods of agriculture, these young men and women form the advanc-3 guard in the forward movement of the Jew on the farm. The short courses in agriculture are given during the winter months by the State Agricultural College. They are of a practical nature and cover every brnch of agriculture as well as domestic science. ' Being designed for those actively engaged in farming, the courses are given at a time when the work on the farm is not pressing. They usually last from 10 to 12 weeks. A scholarship for one of these courses is awarded by competition. Applicants are required to submit a composition in English on some Agricultural topic, based upon their own experiences during the past summer. Awards are being made largely upon a basis of the candi dates' achievements. The winner has all the necessary - nTCTS Washington' Headquarters, New burgh, N. Y. Here, at the close of the American Revolutien, Washington issued the proclamation of Peace and disbanded the old Continental Army. Every motr highway and by-way throughout picturesque New England and New York is a part of the long dealer Gasoline Socony Trail." BREWER BROS., CANAAN, CONN. A. L. HUGINS, CANAAN, CONN. H. A. 'VEAVER, CANAAN, CONN. M. A. PAVIOL, CANAAN, CONN. EDWIN B. STONE, CANAAN, CONN. SWEENEY BROS., EAST CANAAN, CONN. BARTLE BROS., FALLS VILLAGE, CONN. M. C DEAN & SONS, FALLS VILLAGE,' CONN. SALISBURY IRON CORP., LIME ROCK, CONN. MARTIN B. DODD, NORFOLK, CONN. E. A. LUCIER, NORFOLK, CONN. J. A. MALONEY, NORFOLK, CONN. AUG. P. CURTIS, NORFOLK, CONN. expenses paid by the Jewish Agricul tural and Industrial Aid Society. Candidates are urged by the Society to enter the competition early, since the number of scholarships is limit ed. Requests for information and for applications should be addressed to theh Extension Department, Jew ish Agricultural and Industrial Aid Society, 174 Second Ave., New York City. Must Properly Fill Cans with Food Canners should fill their cans as full of solid food as is practicable, if fhpv wish to have their product meet I the requirements of the pure food j laws, says the United States Depart- ment of Agriculture, which has Deen giving considerable attention to tne matter of slack-filling on the part of manufacturers. Recently the Bur eau of Chemistry issued a schedule of drained weights for certain can ned products for the guidance of the canners. In reply to inquiries from canners who complain that in some instances they can not meet these requirements the department gives this advice: "Fill the can as full of solid food as is practicable by the best com mercial methods without impairment Gasoline A of the quality or appearance of the product. The can that is as full of solid food as is practicable and correctly labeled will meet the re quirements of the pure food law with reference to fill, will promote fair trading among canners, and win the confidence of the trade and the consuming public." It is essential that the quantity of food in the can be standardized in order to promote fair trading, food officials in the department point out. Recently, it is said, a pack of peas that lacked 8 per cent of being prop erly filled was found. In the quan tity of the pack the slack-filling represented a difference of several thousand dollars in the cost of peas to the consuming public. CLEAN UP WOODLOT This is a good season to clean up the woodlot, improve the timberland and gather the winter's supply of wood at the same time, say specialists of the U. S. Department of Agricul ture. All dead trees and large dead should be made up into cordwood first then the trees that have dead or dying tops. Remove those which are too crowded to make satisfactory growth, keeping in mind always to leave those trees that will make the best salable timber. Look up at the crowns of the trees in deciding which ones to thin out in a crowded group and take out the intermediate trees that are being en croached upon by the more domin ant ones. Do not make the mistake of over thinning, but leave the small trees that have practically no effect upon the main stand of the woodlot to develop into timber of the future. Leave the trees as evenly spaced as possible. Cut out all the vines from the standing timber and remove the varieties that have little value in the woodlots or on the market A permanent woodlot is an essen tial part of a well equiped farm and in many cases is the source of , the winter fuel supply. In heavily ly cut, misuse or clearflllsefotaoi wooded states especially, farmers are likely to over look this fact and recklessly cut, misuse or clear up their forest areas. For fuel, it is is never advisable to use thrifty, im mature trees when it is posible to get inferior timber. HOW TO EMOVE TARNISH The tarnish on copper, bras and bronze is coper carbonate. It may be removed by friction or dissolved in weak acids. Rottenstone mixed with oil to the consistency of cream is the common substance used on these metals. After this cleaner has been applied with a soft cloth. A final rubbing with dry rottenstone or whiting will give the metal an even , brighten luster. Oxolic-acid solution, buttermilk or' vinegar, especially when warmed,! quickly dissolves the tarnish on these ' metals. All traces of these cleaning j agents must be removed, however, or the metal will tarnish again very quickly. Washing metal in water is usually effective. The whiting not only takes up moisture but polishes by friction. BEGIN POULTRY RAISING Beginnings in poultry raising may be made at any time of the year, but fall is perhaps the best time for small poultry keepers to make therr start. Obtain pullets whenever pos sible rather than old hens, say experts of the U. S. Department of Agricul ture. The pullets selected should be well matured so they will lay before cold weather sets in. Here are the signs of maturity: Red color of combs, and size and, i growth which are creditable for the breed. Mature hens lay few eggs, if any, during the fall and early win-J ter, while they are molting. WJell matured pullets on the other hand should lay fairly well and give an immediate return on the investment. When pullets are to be purchased it is desirable' to gd to some farr or dependable poultryman. Even if delivery of birds is not desired for several weeks or months, it may pay to make arrangements for obtaining the desired number of pulets later at an agreed price. HOW SUFFRAGE WAS ATTAINED BY WOMEN Continued from page" 1 amendment and carried it to the supreme court. The adverse decision there caused Miss Anthony to draw up the amend ment to the constitution, the ratifi cation of which was completed last week. She wrote the text in 1875, since which year suffragists have worked both in the states and through congress to establish their right to the ballot. The amendment in its present form was presented to the United States senate in 1878 in behalf of the National Woman Suffrage Asso ciation by Senator A. A. Sargent, of California, and was promptly . voted down in committee of both branches of congress. Every year thereafter the suffragists saw to it that their amendment was reintroduced, but congress continued to discourage their efforts, although now and then a committee returned a favorable re port. Mrs. Stanton served as presi dent of the association from 1869 to 1892; Miss Anthony, who. had at first declined to accept any office higher than memberhsip in the ex ecutive committee, wag president froml892 to 1900. Mrs. Carrie Chapman Catt from 1900 to 1904; Dr. Anna Howard Shaw from 1904 to 1915, and Mrs. Catt, reelected two years before Dr. Shaw's death, from 1915 to the present time. Much vain knocking at the doors of congress persuaded the women that before national suffrage was achieved they must first win over enough states to make the vote of women a real political power. While Miss Anthony led the national cam paign in Washington, Lucy Stone and Julia Ward Howe labored with the state legislatures. They got Wyoming, as has been said, in 1869. They also got Utah in 1870, but congress upset this decision and Utah did not actually arrive at equal suff rage until 1895. Colorado enfran chised women in 1893, Idaho in 1896 There, for fourteen years the case rested. Not another state was added The suffrage movement seemed to have stopped. Little was heard of it. When it came to a vote for the first time in the senate, on January 25, 1887, the score of the defeat was 34 to 16. It did not come up again until March 19, 1914, and never reached a vote in the house until January 25, 1915. With the beginning of the new century the struggle entered what is known as its "political period." In 1900 the two national organizations were combined under the name of the. National American Woman Suff rage Association. In 1909 it moved its headquarters from Warrenton, Ohio, to New York. Since then it has conducted its campaign from, New, York first from offices at 505 Fifth avenue, partly financed by Mrs. O. H. P. Belmont, and later from 171 Madison avenue, the pres ent headquarters. Suffrage Party la Launched In the same year Mrs. Catt launch ed her woman suffrage party, or ganized first in New York city on strict political lines and copied all over the country. Through modern organization the movement gained new headway and more states began granting suffrage to thir women. Washington came into Jine in 1910, California in 1911, Arizona, Oregon and Kansas in 1912, Montana and Nevada in 1914. .. The. next piece of applied strategy was the presidential suffrage con ferred by states upon their own wo men. A . Chicago woman lawyer, Mrs. Catherine Waugh McCulloch, devised this plan of boring from within. Illinois voted for presiden tial suffrage n 1913, North Dakota and Nebraska in 1917, and others trooped into line. Many states now had full suffrage and in others wom en voted for presidential electors. The moral and political effect of this growth was enormous, but the biggest and most potent event in the history of the victory period of suffrage was the winning of the vote by the women of New York state in 1917. When New York, the back bone of the east, gave in, all the stoutest of the antis were ready to admit that the end was in sight. In 1912 the National American Woman Suffrage Association re newed Hs drive on congress. Alice Iul and Lucy Burns then identified themselves with it. Alice Paul a Quaker, as were Lucretia Mott and Smsan B. Anthony was just back ffbm England, where she had. served a .term in Holloway jail for mili tancy under the guidance of Mrs. Pankhurst. The ordinary suffrage tactics in this country were too tame for her. She lid not remain long as chairman of the ola" association's congress com mittee, but organized the Congres sional Union on Pankhurst lines. Brom it developed the National's Wan's party, founded in 1916. JtSs Paul's group were the "pick eting suffragists." It picketed the White House in 1917, and the women were arrested and subjected to im prisonment, which was declared il legal by the District Court of Ap peals. Alice Paul was forcibly fed. When the picketers were released they hired a train the "prison special" and toured the country with tbAsir propaganda. The militants of the Woman's par ty favored the use of spectacular methods, and of bringing to bear on metnbers of congress the weapon of ridicule wherever they could. They made .the conservatives furious, and there was much quarreling back and forth, yet it now seems to be pgreed that both groups of women, each working its own way, contributed to the victory. "Wet Slambang at Job" With its countrywide organiza tion and an aggressive lobby in Washington, the National Woman's party went slambang at the job of getting the mendment through con gress and the state legislatures. Lat terly by the use of adroit political methods, it has been moving heaven and earth to obtain ratification by the thirty-sixth stte in time for wom en to vote ths year. While its chairman, Alice "Paul, stayed in the east, working upon the powers in Washington, its political chainmin, Mrs. Abby Scott Baktr, vfcnt to Chicago and San Francisco affd buzzed the two conventions. Alice Paul kept suffrage constantly before President Wuson until con gress had passed the amendment and later until the legislatures of the necessary thirfysix states had rati fied it. The ba&i1? of the power cf the National Wom;n'i party was the power of the woman voters of the suffrage states of the weft. Its policy was to hold the party in pow er responsible for the ptissnije of the amendment. Xp 1914 the party entered every suffrage state, appalinjf to the wo men to refuse to return to office the party which had withheld national suffrage. As every candidate in the suffrage states was in favor of the , national amendment this meant an4r attack on men who were individual- ly the friends of suffrage, but only in this way could the party be reached. Of the forty-two men cam paigned against only twenty-one were elected. Suffrafe Plank Inevitable Inevitably a suffrage plank was placed in the platforms of both the republican and democratic parties in the national conventions of 1916. There was endless criticism of the picketing of the White House, but it is to be noted that one year from the day it began the amendment passed the house with President Wilson as its staunch advocate. That was on January 10, 1918, the vote beign 274 yeas and 136 nays out of 410 voting. The measure was now before the senate, and there it stayed for a year and a hlf, blocked most of the time by one vote. The sente finally cap itulated on June 14, 1919, when the . yeas totalled 66 and the noes 30. The lower house had again votetd for V the amendment on May 31, 1919, giving 304 yeas and 89 nays. Then began the fight for ratifica tion. The senate's delay increased the difficulty of this campaign, for the amendment could not be brought before the regular 1918-1919 ses sions of the various legislatures. In order to obtain ratification In time for women to vote for president this year the suffragists had to influence twenty nine governors to call special sessions of their state legislatures. Redoubled Effort1 The expense of special session, the fear that other and unwanted legis lation would be slipped through and local political quarrels, as well as opposition to suffrage itself, were-, all factors against the women, but having got thus far they redoubled their efforts. National suffrage was now a certainty, even if not quite estblished. To politicians it seemed that refusal to call special sessions might be a matter for reprisal when the men actually did vote. But in some cases the state governors re fused to act until word came down the line from, the highest party lea ders. 'Wisconsin, Illinois and Michigan ratified on June 10. New York's was the second legislature to meet especially for ratification. In West Virginia the amendment was saved by the vote of a state senator who was rushed from California on a special train. On March 22 last Washington ratified. It was the thirty-fifth state. Delaware was expected to be the thirty sixth, but Delaware failed the women. The struggle for the thirty-sixth state lasted five months. The antis, with their backs against the wall, , cried, "You shall not have it!" The pressure on the legislature of Ten- -nessee from the leaders of both poli tical parties was terrific- Tennessee ; wabbled, but last week it came through, and as soon as the formali ties of proclamation and so on are complied with we shall have votes for women twenty-seven million of them. ' , FEEDING TROUGH FOR SWINE Farmer Can Pour Slope Into Recepta cle Without Having Pla Climb Ing Hit Leg. The feeder can pour slops Into this trough without having an earnest end overhungry litter of pigs climbing hls boot legs and spilling the feed from the bucket 'Jt extends possibly a foot on the outsfde of the ion and makes feeding easy and simple. The tvfo up- Trough for Pigs. rights will be needed to hold the trough In place. That common acci dent of having part of tho slop spilled by the hogs or having them thrust head and shoulders under the stream from the pnll will be prevented by this.. Wished Water Turned Off. Billy Hart has lived with his par ents In Kast Thirty-sixth street for three years. The other day his father' took him walking down to the Me ridian street bridge over Fall creek. After watching the water flowing out from under the bridge, for a time Billy said: "Turn it oft, pop; turn It olT." Indianapolis News. Harrowing Detail. MI hear that the exceedingly youth ful would-be soldier who ran away to enlist In the navy had n brush with his mother." "Yes; It was, so to speak, a hair brush encounter.