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[ \ From (he Sotdh Curvhhian. The RuiEi'cad Accident. M.. X? I _i* .1 IMIi. LIMJUK ; 1 WilS UlIU IH III v jlilO^v i vs c on the Cliiu list on train e??niin?i up on Wed- fV tiesday, iiin.1 iiotijiil a tact which should lie :n brought to the atei.tiou of the Pi evident ol t| ^ ^ the Kail road, and also to that of the public. S: The earth supporting the timbers and rails t< across, tlie culvert near*Mr. Adam's plantation, a few miles above liadsden, was carried away ,n by the excessive floods accumulated in the <_.j course of the morning from the furious rains Aii old iie#?ro man, the tbiver of Mr. Adams, discovered t!ic accident, anil remained faithful hi ly on the spot, until he *aw a freight train t! * coming down from Columbia, to which he gave timely notice, and that train returned to Co c< luiuhia Ibr aid. 'i'he passenger tiain, full of pi passengers, soon appeared coming up. i'liegood rc old man m:ma"eil al>n to warn iln? I'lminoer il " ; c - c # conducting that, and we were stopped in time, ii or must have lieeu precipitated into a gull' as la- w tains that atXorwalk. The rails were si ill.standing firm enough merely to let the passengers |y walk over, hut could not have home even the ec weight of a small cmwd, for we noticed that il one large beam was actually entirely supported n< by the iron rail, which was sprung and shaking, ill Indeed our escape was most fortunate, and ill was entirely owing to the good sense and dis- w cretioii of ilie old driver, who I understand is a one of two twin brothers, both drivers of high ei character and great value. I d d not discover 1! the law that we owed our safety to the old man until just at the eve of ourdepaitare,and A when it was too late to propose a general con- ti^ tiibutiou from the passengers, which I am sure ti< would have been very wi.'lingly contributed, le J- . ' Two or three of us standing by gave what lit- C F tie silver change we had in pocket. We realE " Jy think tljat the company >honlct make the old man a present, and we take the liberty of failing President Caldwell's attention to the matter. A PASSEXUEli. w , ac We aio pleased to loam that the Farmers t0 and Exchange Bank of Clia:Jiston wiil cominehce busine s on Monday next, and trust that its career may be as prosperous as it-. Stockholders can desire. Its capital is one million of dollars, of which the first and second instal- ' rnents have been paid in, amounting to ?000,- Jj'"1 I 000. 300 shares were sold tliis week at ?10.- "?* 50 (not 15.50 as stated yesterday) per share, being ?1.50 per sh;u'e on the amount paid in. We have seen its ?5 and ?10 hills?the 820 $50 and Si00 have not as yet been issued ? and greatly admire the taste evinced in their design and execution. The 85 bills have the " vignette of a team of oxen hauling a load of r cotton, driven by a negro. The planter's house is seen in the distance, and on the left hand is :l u cotton field and negroes engaged in picking, on the lower It Ft hand corner of the biJI is a verj excellaiit likeness of* the late Hon. F. II. Elmork, and on ihe light, oF the late lion. J. C. Calhoun. The vignette of the S'iO bills hl" is a beautifully executed view of Charleston m< Harbor, and on the lower left band corner is falikenessuf the late Hon.George McDufkek, m' and-on the right a representation of negroes 'ia picking col ton. The engravers, who deserve P1 considerable credit for the neat manner in which they have executed their work, are mi Messrs Toppan, Carpenter, Cas 1 ir, &. Co., of Philadelphia and New York.? t'hurlexluir Com- at' g. rier of Saturday. cl" * of The idea entertained by most persons that all water, whether found in springs, wells, m brooks, or cisterns, or that fresh rain water is e< filled with living creatures is, as far as micro- j!? scopes enable u? to ascertain, without foundation. Water is a compound of two gasscs? hydrogen and oxygen?and the existence of 1 animalcules in it is altogether dependant on 'Vj certain causes, principal I v on its contact with .. , ivegetalltf matter; thus if ><?u take a bowl of u water, unci place a handful of ha)- or other vege- . table matter in it, in a few days the top will !?e : covered with a scum,which by putting a ;mall f quantity under the miaioscopc, will he found to be a mass of animalcules, but is still of the c." lower order, most of them being the monad-; " the smallest class being so minute that 90,000,- ^, 000 can swim about on one drop. \ , I""YVkstrkn Vikginia.?The whole region of r> .... ii ? western Virginia is rapidly filling up. The j? tide of fnimigration is pouring in from a^quar- j- | ters. Few have any adequate conception of (.r( the extent or character of this incoming. Hith j erto, so scattered were the settlements, and so su small the companies of new comers, that ()|, most of them f? an id possessions and liahita- ?j, tions on fivers and lesser streams.?Not so now. & The lowlands are pretty well filled?too much ,^ crowded f<?r comfort to the hardy pioneers, w ho ^ flee the denser neighborhood and seek new J,| homes upon the uplands, thus peopling large (|1( tracts of country which have long lain waste? the domain of the deer and other wild beasts, pri Thk Virginia Springs.?We find in the ?, Richmond Despatch n letter from the White va Sulphur, which states that there were about to 425 visitors at I lieKock bridge Alumn Springs sp and between 450 and 500 at the White Sul- th. phur, last week. iiv The high character of the waters, the halmv to air, and charming scenery, and other induce- tameats, have caused many persons to erect cor- y, tages here for the purpose of spending the tre summer. Among them are several whose ro names are well known to the public; as for instrnce, Hon. Andrew "Stevenson; Col. Singleton ; Col. Hampton, and (?ov. Manning of South Carolina ; Col. Perkins, of Boston ; M. Howland, of New Vork;(?c:'. Iti Iglev, Mr. Latrohe and Mr. Rnnupai te, of Hullimore. We have other visitors hete of note, among ' j. them, -Mr. Rlictt, Senator Stewart of Maryland, jj,' Judge Campbell of Louisiana:!, &e. ,t We*Hoi*e So.? A wiiter in the Washington tin Republic says that an improved plan of a rail- an road is in progress, and wili soon be announced '|'| which w ill secure the passenger from injury j a,| a id aeeo mili-h the m^t ardent wisli for g,te? d I without danger of ruiinino oil" tin; rail orc< ninig j, in colli-ioH.w iili ail opposing train ; a plan ?7|" w| railroad that will enable tlie passenger or the |j(J mail to mull the Pacific Ocraii in as many to minutes as there are miles to overcome. * as [ Calcutta Mission. -There arc ahout 100 | schools of various kinds in connection with lli [ the Chiircli Mi^ionai v Itmneli at ('alcntta, at In i tended more t hail by (5000 y out h<, I tjOO of-a honi en are native ('liiistiun boys and girls, Theie an are five seniina: lies l<?r tr.iiningof future teach- I In ers. More than (5.000 native ( birstiaiis, v<>nii" ' M and old, i.I survive as the trails ol the ialnns j f> of this inissit v., about 1 000 ot whan are com- j I innnicart Later from Europe. New York, August4. The steamer Washington has arrived with ~ iur (Jays' later news. The Cotton quotations J e the same as by the previous steamer, but :c market was firmer on the day the steamer = iil> d. The sales for the four day? amounted > yO.OOO hales. .Speculators taking 3000 and viiiii icis (ioOO bales: the demand was active, in id on the lUtii 12,000 bales were sold. Man- ? nster trade' lias slightly improved. ei Fro n China we learn that tiie insurgents f0 live raited lite fag <f Christianity ; that liny f(J ive possession of .Nankin, and have recognised n le I'rotcstant worship. w From Russia and Turkey the news is regard- w J at Paris and London as more pacific. 'J he ? reposals for compromise and adjustment had ^ >ached St. Pelei'slnug on the (Jth July, and ^ ic Russian government had evinced a disposi ^ "ti to negotiate. It was believed its reply ould reach Loudon on the 22d July. Advices from Constantinople to the Otli Ji - at show that the nrilitary preparations are still ljl nitinued. Orders had been issued to admit 1,1 le French and English llcets into the Dardadies at any moment. A conspiracy against ^ ie Sultan had been discovered, and fifteen ol l'] ie leaders had been executed. Their object Pr as to depose the present Sultan, and to place sc brother of his on the throne? the ultimate 01 id being to declare immediate war against -s0 ussia. - - w The advices from Smyrna state that the mcrieau and Austrian ships determined to w ?ltt, and that their decks were cleared lor ac- in >u, when the H.iti>h and French Consuls in- 01 rposed, anil Costa was delivered to the French II unsul until the matter should be arranged. i>? Still Later. Baltimore, August 4. bl The steamer Niagara has arrived at Halifax ith three days' later news. Cotton has advanced 1 JO to 1-8, with an w live demand. 'J'he sales of the week amount 30,0000 bale-;. Uc Further by tlie Niagara. ^ Baltimore, August 5. ^ The Baltic's news had ii favorable effect on e Liverpool cotton market, and all qualities ive advanced. Fair Orleans 7, Middling 0 10; Fair Mobile and Uplands G 3-4, Mid- !" ing 0 to G 1-8. The Havre cotton market had opened dull i the 10th, but subsequently improved. Ties \c rdinaire 93, Upland 83f 20 centimes. 1 The stock of cotton at Liverpool, exclusive that on shipboard, amounted to 850,000 Cl< !es. li( There was a large speculative demand, and CN rge salts to the home trade. ra There are now nd* apprehensions of war? 111 Ticulties nearly adju>ted.? Carolinian. i q i 4'( Frrrdom of Speech.?Something of a dif- rci ulty has occurred between the Mayor of italti- ,ni :>re and a portion of the citizens in relation street preaching or lecturing. The excite3nt was in consequence of the city police ving, on Sunday last prevented an old blind xa each^r, named Mit'chell, from preaching in c oi^the market houses of that city. Acorn 'nl ittce waited on the Mayor on Monday mort'g, in regard to the matter, who sustained the f;< lion of the p:il c . A meeting was substf- an lently held in the afternoon, and the conduct wi the Mayor severely reprobated. On Tues- Hjj y an indignation meeting was held in Monuent Square, at which resolutions wore adop i denouncing the course of the Mayor in sup essing street preaching, as a violation of the fh >erfy of speech. th It appears that the public meeting propoundsome questions to Mayor IJollins, and as a inple of the tenor of these queries, and his onor's views upon the subject, we extract the in: lowing qun?tious and answers : us " 1. Should a portion of the citizens of thi- in ;y hold a public meeting in any of the mark- nij places, and the speaker were to use language hu the discussion of his subject which should wj nflict with the interests of a certain class, e liquor dealers, and a riot slionld ensue, who mid you hold responsible for the riot, and 10 would be arrested ? Mis Honor answered ^ oinptlv, the speaker would bo In. Id rcsponsiand he be arrested "2. Should a minister of the .gospel preach j his own church, and utter sentences distaste- rc to persons outside, and they, the outsiders, ^ ?ate a riot in consequence, who would lie ^ M responsible lor the riot? His Honor an ered, the minister, and lie would be taken tof his pulpit if he used language that should k-e offence to any." \V e are inclined to tlie opinion that the worMa\or has transcended his powers. In this ate, and we presume in the majority o| the s,f lier States, the laws protect the minister of t-1 e (io<pel in the discharge of his clerical dus, and the rioters are subjected to the penal , i i . i ri' -1 s i?ir urea King u?e peace, jo carry oui tne iiiciples enunciated by the Mayor, would be C'1 abrogate the liberty of speech, and to in- do do the civil and religious liberty guarantied | to1 the citizens df this republic. It is not the j be cakcr in such cases as the above who causes i disturbance, but the hearers, who can stay i da ray if they chose. They are not compelled i lw listen to the utterance of sentiments dis j -tefiil to them, but if they will listen, and I Ce luiitarily place themselves in a position to ! cp t offended, and in consequence kick up a w, they, and tliey alone, should sutler. Soulk Carolinian. po Tiie New Jkksev Tkmckiiancr Law?The. wi st case which has occurred in New Jersey, tier the law relative to habitual drunkards, >sed at the last session of the Legislature, took j l'-l ice at IVinceton on the 22d nit., and is men 24 iiicd in die Whig. The Chancellor issued Commission to three gentlemen who procdetl to try before a jury an inquisition into e babitual druiikness of Charles Skillman, ?f <1 his incapacity to take care of his property th' it-jury nave a verdict that such was the case. 11,1 <1 according to the law of the Orphan's Court, i application, must appoint a guardian over <! ' n. lie is divested of control hispioperty no liv h will l?e restored on his refoi matioii: all all |tior sellers, under a penalty, arc forbidden sell to him, and legally, he is to he treated a lunatic. do 'Ji'rcs* Cotton.? .Mr wuiiam .MciMveen, 01 i is District, lias laid upon our table mi open 1 roi >d, tin* fir>t \vc have seen from the yrowiiij: i \y op. It was handed to us on the dlli inst., Ilia id has the up H'aiauee ol a hull which has nn en opened for some days. W e congratulate r. i\leHI veeii upon the apparent prospect hei o hi ii, and, wt-h him many more of the W ame sort," only a lei/la larger. ad S.niif rr',/n Wofckmon ?J Fruhnf. i cir L|)c (Kfliitkn lllfflilt) Journal. ? Tuesday, August 9, 1853. THO. J. WARREN. Editor. Rail Road Matters. We arc pleased to learn that arrangements are about ring made to erect at the Junction* of the Columbia nd Camden Railroads, a suitable depot and house of itcrtuimncnt, for the accommodation of those who are reed to remain frequently, at this miserable apology r a depot, where thero are no pretensions for accomodation ; and worse than all, a miserable rum-hole, hose pestilential atmosphere is enough to poison the* hole country about there. Of all miserable places, tat Junction is about the meanest; audit will be a umane act in the rail road company to look occasionly to the comfort of those who are forced to remain irough long summer days, at one of the most unlovely jots that the sun ever shone upon. This proposed rangement would suit well to make the Junction the cakfast house from Columbia and Camden, as well as ie dinner house from Charleston. A new bridge over the Wateree river and trestle ,*er the swamp will soon be commenced, conjointly by ie Wilmington and South Carolina Rail Road Commies. We hope a good road will be made this time, > that passengers will not be obliged to be on the lookit for a break-down or smasli-up; which have become i common, that if such a thing was possible, people ould have gotten use to them by this time. There is bad management on our rail road someherc? we mean on the South Carolina Railroad. The ails arc very irregular, audit frequently happens that ir Charleston documents take a ride to Columbia or atnburg before we get them. This is gross and unirdonable negligence, for which somebody must be to ame; and whoever it is, ought to be made responsie. It should be submitted to no longer. Thorc ightto be at the head of the South Carolina Railroad jmpanv a man of practical business qualifications, ho xuiderstands the details of business, and whoknows 'xen tilings are done right, who, if occasion should miand, could get aboard an engine and run it himlf; a man who would be dependunt in some measure least upon the ofiico for support; who would look nstantly to the proper discharge of his duties as his ily guarantee for continuance in office. Until such man is obtained, the affairs of the road will never be much better condition than they are at present. It not to be expected that any man of independent fornc?who js not obliged to labor?will tie himself iwn to the onerous and responsible duties of the esidency of the South Carolina Railroad Com pan}-. Mr. Conner and Mr. Caldwell arc both good finnnjrr, but neither of them know mu.li about the pracral details of rail road operations, and it is unfair to :pect that they or any other man, who has not been ised to it, should understand the workings of such tricate machinery as they liavo about rail roads.? ive some able, practical and reliable man who under txitk machinery, a competent salary, and make him sponsible for the working of the road, and then we ay reasonably expect something will be done. Jjiterary iMouces. Blackwood's Magazine.?The July number of this luable Montbly lias been received. ?ETEitsoN's Magazine.?The August number of this teresting periodical has been duly received. Godey's Lady's Book.?"Where is it? Generally >dey is ahead of time, but in this ease he comes up lotigthc missing. We hope in the press of busness a have not been overlooked: if so, let us still sec the i ,ht of your countenance for August, Mr. Godey. Departure of Gen. Gadsden. General Gadsden, our Minister to Mexico, sailed nn New Orleans for Vera Cruz on the 1st inst., in e steamer Texas. Health of Charleston. Wc are happy to learn, says the Mercury of the 30th St., from unauthoritative source, that our city is unually free from diseases of a febrile character. This formation, after the trying weather of the past fortijlit, is highly gratifying, and affords a well grounded pc that the high reputation of Charleston for health ill be maintained throughout the present season. Sale of Glenn Springs. We learn from a friend, says the Carolinian, now at est- springs, that Mr. Zimmerman has sold out the ove property to the Episcopal Church, for the purse of establishing an Episcopal Eemalc Seminary at at place. The price agreed upon is $13,000, with a scrvation on the part of the seller of the use of the iter for his own family and those who have hereto"C purchased lots from him. United States Senator. The Hon. Robert W. Johnson has been appointed a nator in Congress from Arkansas, by the Governor that State, to till the vacancy occasioned by the reflation of the Hon. Solon Borland, appointed Minisr to Central Ameri ca. State Elections. Kentucky.?The returns from this State show the . el ion to Congress of Messrs. Boyd and Breckcnridge, inoerats, and Messrs. Kwing, Cox, Ilodge and Pros11, whigs; being a gain for the wliigs of two iucm. rs, with four Districts to hear from. Missouki.?C. F Jackson, the Anti-Benton canditc for Congress has been elected in the third, and heard Bates, (whig) in the seventh district. Noutii Carolina.?But few returns have been reived from this State. Itogers, whig, is piobably :cted in the fourth district, which is a whig gain. William Henry Walsh, of York, Pa, has been apintcd Private Secretary to the lion. James Btiehan , Minister to Engltfnd. Mr. Walsh sails in company th Mr. Sickles on the 20lh inst. The Virginia annual Conference of the Methodist liseopal Church South meets in Clarksburg on the th inst. Bishop Capers is expected to preside. The Paris correspondent of the Freeman's (Roman tholic) Journal states that a distinguished Senator the United States has become at Rome a convert to e Catholic faith, lie is said to have been received to the Catholic Church on the Feast of Visitation, ly 2, by Cardinal Fransoni, Perfect of the Trogagan* . As Senator Douglass is the only U. S. Senator w in Europe, it is intimated that he is the personage uded to. If !j onid (In, irmra tS lumpy Madison twieo Prcsi lit of the United States, cannot now lie recognized. An exchange very truly remarks: "We arc tired of i iding articles on Mrs. Stowe's reception in liiigland. li > cares how those receive Mrs. St owe, who would ve hanged Washington, had they lived in his day i d been able to catch him?" The Hon. lid ward Iiverott will, it is said, visit the est in October, and deliver by invitation the annual dress before the Agricultural and Mechanical nssoition of Louisville. For the Camden Journal. What is the true state of the World we live i: and what the true relation of Man to Man ? These questions may be answered by ever inan possessed of good common sense, thong many may feel a delicacy in expressing their s< Hons thoughts concerning them. I, Mr. Edito am a straight-forward man, who is not dazzle by the display of wealth, who is not daunted b the power of riches, in all parts in which lived, and among all people with whom 1 assi ciatcd, (for in my life time I have frequeiite many places, and dealt with many persons,) was regarded as having very peculiar opinion about the ways of the world, which differed a ways from my enemies, and sometimes from m friends' ideas, about the same affairs. On wliic account men, in their sagacity to apply to otl ers epithets, which they themselves deserve much more, have called me "a little eccentric. My eccentricity, if closely scrutinized, will I found to consist in a less deviation from the ti ll course of honest and natural thought, than tli opinions of the very persons who presume to stijj unitize me so undeservedly. 1 will then giv you and the readers of your paper in plain pro? .. ..n.tii,.,. r.f iti/. n,..il u-Mi'lil lu:ivmir in the nne or poetess to combine the imagination of beat tiful though not existing things with the harmt ny of metre, tinder the music ofwhicii its ineot sistcncy with experience might be concealed, an its reader lulled into a dream of idealism, as fab and deceptive as that into which the inetaph) sit nl speculations of Berkley led him and h followers. My present topics can convenient! be subdivided; and without naming the mm ber of these subdivisions, of the rest of which may treat at some future time, I will now e: amine the most important of all; The relatio of (he rich to the poor, or the dependence of laic upon capital, and capital upon lubor. Wealth, (which is capital) when properly it vested, affords comfort to its possessor, and is blessing to humanity. Wealth will increase ui dor proper management, and every increase lay the groundwork of a perpetual annual profit, tic only to the saver himself, but likewise to tlio.' whose industry is set in motion by this newitci of capital. On litis account Adam Smith likct the man, who by frugality increases his cnpit; in a single instance, and thereby makes it mot productive, to the constructor of alms-house, i which the poor are fed and clothed on the pre ducts of his savings. Smith's remark accord with the good sense of mankind. The possos.se nfonnif-.l u liicli l>o li.-is to-..Ktnblr invested. bent (its n ?t only himself by the constant accession made to it, but also those by whom it is ttsei and bv the application of whose labor its inoreais brought about. His workmen are throng him enabled to support themselves and thci families. They are secured against all want, an comfort and plenty attend their labor. Sou inspiring must be the scene to a man of a nobl heart, when ho witnesses the hum of industn the song of joy, and the smile of contentment, t which liis wealth has given rise. And gratefi should the poor laborer be, tfho, when in wan of means to put his labor and skill into profit: ble exercise, finds in this rich man's factory th employment lie is in search of. lie is bvncfitci by the labor he bestows upon the capital of an other. This is one side of the picture. Let u now view the other. Is not capital .dso indebted to labor? Hoi does capital increase? IIow does a man j??> sessod of capital well invested become constant! more wealthy ? By the assistance of labor.This is the machine through which capital mm pass to enable it to increase. It is like the mil which by grinding the corn makes it the mot useful and valuable. These fund imontal princi pies, from which I will hereafter draw my ft" conclusive inferences, can be best illustrated b an example : Suppose a planter has 400 bale of raw cotton. lie has also 20,000 dollars it vested in a cotton-faetory. The bales of cotto and the factory are capital as well as gold or si ver dollars, since my readers know coin serve only the purpose of rendering the exchange < various commodities more convenient. In the? lie has the two essential requisites for the tabr cation of cotton goods. Even the agents of n; lure are under his control. What else does li want to convert his cotton into cloth, wljereb he might increase its value 300 per cent ? Ev dently labor. He must have hands to aUen ? i ;? . I :. < the factory. \\ ittioiu mom nis capuai cousin inif of raw cotton and mills, if not disputed ? otherwise, is dead and unproductive. Lain must co-operate with capital. ]?y enhancing il value the workmen earn their wages, and rendu the capital formerly dead beneficial to itsoum and to themselves. The value of the cotton i increased by the capital invested in the mill which again cannot effect the productive ehang they produce in the raw cotton, unless under ill supervision of the laborers. We have now a clear view of the dependanc of labor ui)On capital, and capital upon laboi A mutual relation exists between them. Tl: one is so dependent upon the other that tliei mutual co operation must be kept up, or but are rendered useless and unprofitable. One rt mark I may add that must dispose us to respet the capitalist, which is: that he by his econotn benefits the human race, and, as every beiicfac tor should be esteemed, is therefore entitled t our gratitude. The number of beings born yearly in tli world exceeds tbc sum of those that expirc.Kvcrv country is becoming more densely settJn notwithstanding the emigration to unsettle parts. Capital is the great prop that mustsu] port the structure, and the increase of capitalist be coincident with the increase of people unless their wants will not he satisfied, an famine will sweep them from the world. Then fore policy advises, and wisdom suggests, that man of wealth should be esteemed above the hi borer, since this is a most effectual means of ii ilucing the latter to strive to make himself equa lv important and respected, which lie will attai hv the accumulation of wealth, an essential n piisitc to the world's welfare. This then is tli only philosophical claim that a man of wcaltl has to greatness. I know greatness doosatten (lie possession of property and riches; but th ipiestiou is now asked : What is the ju-tiee il. ) tli,. croimd uiioii which it stands ? In (hi mutual dependence wo sea n wise dispmisatio improvidence. All cannot become rich. I'i the jioor depend fur support upon the churitj id'the rich, (?od .alone, could toll to what aire cities and cruelties it might lead. Not that mean to insinuate that the rich are rendcre cruel by their riches; but all must know th weakness of human nature, which, wln-u posses ?ed of unlimited power, will crown an evil dee mice unfortunately committed with another, an this with another; endeavoring by a loin; list < crimes to shield itself from deserving puiielnneni In all tjod's works we sec checks and hindrance! Antagonistic powers alone keep the world in it prescribed orbit, and prevent the globe from be ing split asunder. In the ingenious contrivance of man, which civilization is rendering more pern feet, checks and antagonisms are observable.? ' Our governments have their autagoni.sms as well as our religions. Witness in this mutual de- i y pendence of labor.upon capital, and capital up-1 h on labor, the latent working of an all wiseprovi- j e- dnice. May it learn the child, nursed in the lap r, of plenty, who disdains to luook upon his father's j d humble workmen, that through his laborer'sskili ' V and toil he has attained his wealth. May it ! 1 learn the poor, dissatisfied with their condition, \ )- and clamorous against the ease and superabun-1 d dance of the rich, to rest contented with their 1 lot, since such is the design of our maker ; may j is it learn them to persevere in accumulating their I 1- little sums, which in course of time mav "from y little streams into large rivers flow;" and may j ii if l-'-.>rn tlimn tlmf tlwir Conrlifir>n is Pnn-illi- nn. - - i j *" ; i- bio, though not as much respected, as that of d their employers, and especially that, by the law " of nature they deserve a due recompense for their e labor, and resjMCt from their superiors, le Camden, S. C. M. iC j- Tiib Bishop and Episcopal Clehct.?We ; e had the pleasure last week of meetingflir the ;e first time Bishop Davis, of the Episcopal Church, t He was here on clerical duties, through not i- for the purpose of administering confirmation )- to the members of the Church. He has not i- yet been consecrated himself, arid therefore, is d nothing more than Bishop elect and cannot! e administer this ordinance. There was quite a i number of Episcopal clergymen who met the is Bishop here last week. Amongst them were * y Rev. Sir. Cornish ofRcndleton, Mr^Me.Cullough i of Spartanburg,? Mr, Gleiiriy, ;Mr. Simmons and j I Walker. Rev*. Mr. Arthur, the Rector in ! c- (ireenvi.'le, was also present. These reverend | a gentleman were engaged in preaching and in j >r the service of their Church from Thursday till Sntidav nadir. The Bishnn itmvp ns n mnst inl. i- tnirable sermon Sunday inorniiijr, one which | a we should like to see printed and distributed | ). over the land. His text was, "I must Work I >s the work of Him that sent me while it is day; | ;t the night cornelh when no man can work." j We were pleased with his manner of speaking n which was solemn and impressive, earnest and is sincere, without excitement, and we thought il most fit and becoming the pulpit and the head e of the Church. Jfislmp Davis was formally n \ears a distinguished lawyerattlie North Caroliua liar. He looked to us in the pulpit the Is personification of an old general, who was rea?r dy to lead his marshalled hosts in the battle, ?. and would never quail in the presence erf an s enemy. Such a man is worthy of being at the 1, head of a Christain denomination. His style ie of speaking and his voice reminded us of Mr. h Calhoun. Nor was l:is mode of argument and ir elucidation dissimilar.? Greenville J'ulriot. 1- Bethel Chvrch.? It will he seen by referle ence to our advertising columns, that the Melhodist church at the corner of Pitt and Calhoun ? streets, w ill lie dedicated to the service of Alt' mighty Cod on next Sahliath. Preaching at f 10 1-2 a. m. hy Rev. C. II. Pritch^kd; at 4 i p. m. by Rev. J. Bachman, D. I), and at 8 p. e in., by Rev. J. Cross, D. D. d This is a handsome and commodious edifice. - just completed. It takes the place of a small lS Church which, years since, was sufficient for | the wants of. the religious community in that; v neighborhood. Population has been much ex- , tended in that direction, and in obedience to I V its requirements this spacious and imposing ~ structure has resulted.? Southern Standard. 't '' Respecting tick Sabbath.?We have al,c ready noticed that some of the New York pa1 pers had made the suggestion to open the Clirystal Palace on Sunday. The suggestion does not seem to receive much fi.vor, and the > authorities, or those who have the control of j the matter, we tiu>t will follow the example | !' set in England in relation to the new Palace I" there. A strong attempt was made to keep j. that open on the Sahhatli, Inn with all the in1 fine lie o ol" the press, whi'li was employed very largely in its liivor, and of large public meet- ! ings, the nunihcr ol" petitioners in favor of this new form of Sahhatli desecration was only 12,000. while those who petitioned against it, ex: reeded 120,000. The idea is now abandoned.? I C'urulfftiun. Tiik Chops.?Yesterday heing Sheriff's sale '' day brought a number of planters from all parts " of the district, to town and gave lis an excels lent ofjiportunity of enquiring into the pros-j '' poets of the present crop, which we are happy to state are quite favorable, particularly for grain; a number of our informants even said that their corn was better, than they had ever '' seen it, and promised a most abundant yield ; e we hope this wiil have the effect of doing away with the panic created by the drought of a !C month since. Cotton has been somewhat in' jured by the recent heavy showers, whicll have caused it to she J the young forms and in some sections we hear complaints of the rust. The 1 , Haiti still continues.?Sumter Banner Any. 2.- j I i Ma. Kino's Fcknituh^.?The furniture and * i household effects of the late Hon. \V. R. King, Vice-President of the (Juitcd States, were sold 0 at auction, in Washington, on Tuesday. '1 he Republic says the furniture was rich and beau-1 c til'nl, the greater part of it being made to or- , ~ I der in Paris. Among the many articles a rose- ' '< | wood Chit kering piano yas sold for $217; a j pair of rare bronze vases, with marble pedes'* tals, $150; a statuette of Cupid. $50; four '' suits of window curtains with cornice and fix5 tares, $55 each ; four arm chairs. $.'i0 each. Two large and elegant cabinets, with Egyptian marble tops, elaborately carved and inlaid, two I il boautifnI gilt and inlaid Bruslc tables, and an l" oval centre table, richly gilt and inlaid with ' shell, were purchased by Mr. Sydney Webster for the Piesident of the United States, at $000 II for the set. 0 Statuk op Washington.?The President li has just completed a contract v itli Clark Mills, esq., for the erection in Washington of a coe lossal bronze equestrian statue of Georgo - Washington, according to the terms of the act ^ of Ja-t Congress. The statue is io be similar n in style to that of Andrew Jackson hy the J same artist. The contract is for $50,000? y that being the limit of the appropriation?$20, >- 000 to be paid during the progress of the work, I and the remaining $.'50,000 at its completion, d 15y the terms of the contract the work is to be c completed for the sum named. ,] Dr.oitF.ks Contkhkkd.?At the late com-' ,1 meiicemeiit of New York University, the Do,f gree of L.L. I). was conferred on Prof. S. II. t Dickson, of Charleston; and at the recent i( Commencement of Columbia College, N. ^ s the Degree of I ..LI). was conferred oil IJcv'd. >. Thomas I'. Davis, I). 1>., Bishop elect of South ,s Carolina. . ' Meeting of Gkand Division S. ofT.?The Grand Division S. of T. of this State met at this place on Thursday last, and continued their sessions for two days. We are not apprised th.it nnv thin'" was done, of uhich we should J ? ?0 - - - ' - ? ~ make mention. On Ft id ay a very interesting public meeting was held in the Methodist Church. Severalof the neighboring divisions with a respectable number ot Cadets of Temperance appeared in procession, presenting quite an Imposing array. They were unfortunate in failing to secure the attendance of any of the speakers who had been invited, but fortunate in finding among those present several who were prompt to meet the emergency. Very enteitaining addresses were made by Messrs. Kennedy and Deilay, of Camden, by Dr. R. E. VVvlie, of Lancaster, and by J. il Gaston of this District. A very "large audience was present, and thespeakers were sue cessful in sustaining the interest of the somewhat lengthy proceedings, without any indications of weariness on the part of the listener*. This we consider a compliment, when it is reflected that their theme was the oft-told tale of Intemperance and its evils. We were gratified to hear the fact stated by Mr. DeHay, that Chester District is now the " Banner District" among the Sons, there be ing already Six Divi-ions within its limits, in prosperous existence, and yet others about co be organized. The most beneficial result* have followed their efforts. Palmetto Standard. ^ M akine Memoranda of Lightning.?Thunder aud lightning storms, the present year, have been fearfully active on the sea, as well as on the land. Two ships and their cargoes, and also a sloop, have bedh wholly destroyed by lightning, and a ship loaded with cotton set on fire, and narrowly escaped destruction. There are, doubles, many vessels destroyed by the lightning that go down in the deep, and are heard ot'no more. The New York Herald gives a list of twenty four vessels which have been struck by lightning during the present year, and all more or less injured. ~lt is said that in no in>tance has there been loss of life in a building or vessel provided witlf metallic lightning conductors, while iron ships, iron buildings, steamers and steamboats, all afford protection against lightning, and there is not to be found a case of loss of life by lightning in an iron ship, iron building, steamer or steam, lam t. Hung.?Two of the negroes, Winney and Ben, convicted of the murder of the late Mrs. .Matha Cunningham of Libe.ty II ill suffered the (X rente penalty of the law on Friday las*, atthe place where the murder was committed. On account of the peculiar'situation of Phillis, who was also tried, and sentenced to be huugat the same time, a respite has been gran ted her by the Governor until .April next. Lancaster Ledger 3d inst. Strange Custom.?A most extraordinary custom prevails among the Vizres, a powerful ^ tribe, occupying an extensive district in Cubal, among the mountains between Persia-and India. It is, in fact, a female prerogative that has no parallel among any other people upon the earth, in t he habit of considering the natural order of things?the women choose their husbands, and not the husbands their wives. If a woman be pleased with a man,-she sends the drummer of the cniup to pin a handkerchief to his cap, with a pin which she used to fasten her hair. The drummer watches his opportu uit.?, and dn?s this in public naming the woman, and the man is obliged to marry her if he can pay her price to her father.. A new trade in slaves is referred to by a Ilavanna letter writer, who says that the Indians nf Yucatan are carried into Cuba to be sold to servitude. The British Government has discovered the agent in the business, andjiad him arrested. On the person of lhis/4^nt were found the terms of agreement with lire Havana dealer, showing that $25 was to be paid tor cveryi male adult Indian, and women and children in proportion. Santa Anna, it is further stated, has made a peremptory demand upon Gen. Cunedo for the immediate liberation and restoration of the Kidnapped Indians. The Mormons seem gifted with the art of getting into trouble. Recently two boats loadI'd with Mormors, went from Bever Island, Lake Michigan, to Pine River settlement, on the Mitchigau shore, with the sheif^ of the county, to summon, as they say, a jury to attend the c<>urt at Bever Island, which is the shire town of the new county, in that vicinity.. They did thi<, they say, that there might be , o hers than Mormons on the jury. But the inhabitants of pine river d.d' not regard the visit as thus harmless in its character, and drove the Mormons from the settlement, and followed them down the river into Grand Traverse Bay, filing upoo them and wounding a number quite seriously. The fugitives were finally rescued from destruction by being taken on board a vessel which providentially lay becalmed in the bay.? Chus. Courier. Stamped Envelopes.?The Post Office Department has recently decided that a stamp "cut from the INesbitt enveloped ami pasiea on another envelope does not entitle the letter to pa<s as paid. The Nesbitt stamp and envelopes must be used as a whole. A Goon Thought on Education.?The brief but beautiful passage occurs in a late artide Frank's Magazine: "Education does not commence with the al? > phabet. It begins with a mother's looks? with a father's nod of approbation or a sign of reproof?with a sister's gentle pressure of the hand, or a brother's noble act of forbearance ?with handfulls of flowers in green and daisy meadows?with bird's nests admired but not touched?with creeping ants, and almost imperceptible emincts?with humming bees and glass bee hives ? with pleasant walks in shady lanes?and with thoughts directed in sweet ninl 1/1twlli* .int I words to nature to acts of benevolence, to deeds of virtue, and to the sense of all good, to God himself. o 7 He that walks only by the light of Nature, walks in darkness. MARRIKD?Oil the evening of the 4th inst. in Columbia, by the Rev. Mr. Boyce, Major Wiu.n.M II. Tisow, of Savannah, Ga., to Miss Maky Scotia, daughter of Mr. James Fentoiif of the former place.