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VOLUME 14 CAMDEN, SOUTH-CAROLINA TUESDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 13, 1853. NUMBER 50^1 - I ^fM.oTnTTKviii.p Va ?The I A Dark Picture of Ufe? fl PUBLISHED WEEKLY UY THOMAS J. WARREN. TER3S. Two Dollars if paid in advance; Two Dollars and Fifty Cents if payment bo delayed three months, and Three Dollars if not paid till the expiration of the year. ADVKRTISGMENTS will be inserted at the folio wins rates: For one Square, (fourteen lines or less,) seventy-five cents for the first, and thirty-seven and a half cents for each subsequent insertion. Single in" sortions. one dollar per square; semi-monthly, monthly and quarterly advertisements charged the same as : for a single insertion. mimhnr nf insertions desired must be noted i ^3, 'on the margin of all adrertisemonts, or the}' will be (published until ordered discontinued and charged ae- I bordingly. illhiffilanrfliis. ^ Froui Ota Laurcigrille lkrald. Shall wc have a Penitentiary. by c. c. p. In concluding an article some weeks since entitled "The Skeleton on the Ilearth," wc announced our wish that South Carolina should establish a Penitentiary. And now we pro pose briefly to show a reasou " ior uie iaiui in us;" as the session of tlie Legislature is approacliing. We are not vain enough to believe that the mere act of writing the present sheet will procure the passage of such a measure by the law making power of South Carolina, nor even influence a single member of that body to regard it with favor who has not already so regarded it; but it is our conviction that a Penitentiary in this State is needed, and we give a few of the reasons why we think so, suffering them to go for what they ar? worth, more or less. There are many States in the Union having ?iuh institutions: and although we do not hold the doctrine that simply because other States do so and so, ours should do likewise, yet as none of those once having one lias ever abolish ed it as useless, we hold that the system must be working well where it has obtained. Our neighbors have tried it, and by their actions pw>nounced it good, let us try it and see. A1 though we are ever disposed to show the bright side of our Carolina, yet no one will deny that if a Penitentiary is useful and is needed in any State, we might not venture to try what one will do for us. Few, we judge, will deny that the present criminal code is inefficient. It is emphatically ttprlr nr nn/I,iii/i with it. If a mstii is arraiirned for a criminal offence, and escapes the gallows, he escapes all that might be called punishment. This is often naught but justice ; but in perhaps as many cases, justice suffers for want of some other form of punishment, more mild, than could be inflicted upon him who was not wholly wprthy of death, but yet meriting punishment. We were a witness of the arraignment and trial of a man, some years since, in one of the upper Distiicts of this State, for the murder of another. With what, little knowledge of law " e thought we possessed, and our sense of justice, we thought the evidence adduced against him clear!}' established his title 1 e I O .. .1 1., ,1. . to a yard or nvo 01 uemp. ou uiuujjui tinJudge, and so tlie lawyers, and so every body. It was almost known before the jury returned, thai he could not possibly escape death or lhe penalty of manslaughter one. Hut, behold! the jury, after being so palpably convinced that the prisoner did, in the light of day and face of irreproachable witnesses, strike the blow that .sent headlong into eternity a human soul?after being so plainly charged by the Judge that if it was not murdfir, it was not surely less than ' manslaughter?behold! they come out, pronounce ''Not guilty," and the guilty wretch iturned loose l ight in the face of the friends and brethren of the murdered man! Here, then, was a case which needed a Penitentiary. The jury, perhaps thought that he was not worthy of death, and having no fortune to exhaust, and not wishing to take from his family the proceeds of his labor by confinement in jail, he was no fettered. If not hung, he ought to have been locked up in a work shop and made to labor the balance of his days. I do not know that he would have been convicted even if there ' had been such a punishment provided, but many who go entirely unwhipped of justice in such cases, would be, no doubt. First a Penitentiary should be provided, and then the degree of crime fitting one for a room in it should be marked by the law. We are no advocate of the abolition of capi j til punishment. When a man in the exercise of his reason, takes the life of a fellow creature, save in defence of his own life or the life of others equally dear to him, we say he deserves, and ought to receive, death at the hands of the Jaw. No other punishment will satisfy outraged justice. There are other crimes, too, which we regard equally as worthy of death. It is useless to name them. But for other classes of crime there should be corresponding penalties. When a man proves himself to lie a thief, he surely ought to be chastised for his conduct. When lie fails to discharge any of the duties of a citizen, when he is able to do so, .1..., i 1 t.i i.^ Wl il is? ri^ui iii.it iic siiwuiu ut iviiiiii'ivw j neglect. If he fails to provide for the lives and comforts of those he has sworn to protect, surely his country should call him to account. For these two last characters, then, the thief and the vagrant, we believe the Penitentiary to be the wisest provision that can be made Ibr their disposition. It is said the great object of punishment should be the reformation of the offender. This we regard as fallacy. It would be an object, in our opinion, promising very i little hope of attainments. Talk of reforming 1 a rogue! ?'The idea is preposterous. You may, ^perhaps, if cowardice is coupled with his thievish propensity, so intimidate him that he will try to keep his hands off* for a while; but who will say that if all laws in reference to such crime were annulled, and the cause of his fear removed, that he would be an honest man ? who would he willing to trust him. We cannot, then say that the object of punishment; would be his leform. Would to Clod it might ! prove his abandonment, not only of the actual ' commission of crime, but of the desire to indulge in unrighteousness! Put such is rarely, i if ever, the case. Put what, then, is the object of punishment? I We answer it should be to remove from society 1 tliose who are its drones and its pests And as it would be inhuman to take life for every kind of offence, some other means is requisite to remove the perpetrators and protect society. The jails have been instituted for this purpose, and what good do they ? They answer very well as a safe retainer for rascals till the law cm apply and disf ose of them ; but as a means of reform they are a failure. Do any ever go in scoundrels and come out gentlemen? vagrants and return models of industry? rogues, and issue forth again honest men? We think not.?The reformation of a man full grown in years, who has so far degraded himself as to merit a lodgement in jail, would he no less than a miracle. Society is to l:e relieved of their presence in the first place, and then it be comes us to see that they are forced to oe useful in some way. There is no land of exile to which we can send them where they may be compelled to labor for themselves, and it Is foolish to confine them here and allow them to live in total idleness at the public expense. Send them to a Penitentiary, and let it be seen to they have plenty of work, and that they perform it. If they have families. let a portion of their public service be allowed them. A good plan would he to estimate the cost of rearing the institution, the annual expense of keeping it up, and if the labor of such convicts as have none who may look to them for assistance, will not suffice to pay those outlays then let it be done by taking a part of that of other convicts. But we doubt not that in most Penitentiaries, the labor of the former class more than pays all attending expense. But even if the services of all would not sulfice, what of it? Docs the State of South Carolina ever receive a dime from a criminal or a vagrant for her fostering care of him in a jail f 1 hen wnynot rather provide a common jail for the whole where they may he forced to work, even though their labor should fail to enrich the treasury ? Work is generally, too, the hardest punishment that can be inflated upon a rascal, for an industrious man is rarely arraigned for. those crimes which call for a milder form of punishment than the gallows. The most plausible objection that we know of to a Penitentiary is, that it makes mechanics of rascals, and sends thein forth to compete with that honorable class who voluntarily have chosen that vocation. This is not at all a formidable one, however. There are scoundrels in every profession, and if a mechanic is honest, industrious and competent, he need never fear injury or disgrace from one who has learned his business under State direction. Andj besides, there are not very many who choose to pursue their trades after they leave the pen i>--. :* -i I.J ?: 4.. Herniary. x?ui 11 une miuiiiu cuiiuuue ux uj?ply himself vigorously to his business after his release, it is evidence of his disposition to reform. and we niav hope he will yet be useful from choice. Could we not, then, tolerate his presence as a member of the same vocation. Our remarks have been lengthened unduly. We have not space to discuss the subject fully, i nor indeed have v\e the necessary information; we should know the annual expenses of jails, and those of a Penitentiary. Neither have we room to examine fully the objections which might be interposed against the establishment | ol Mich an institution. We have only ventured to not ire one, which is, we think, the most reasonable of any that can be urged. Claiming to have interests, in every respect, common with the mechanic, because we arc one oiir>elf, we would not advocate any thing that threatened to degrade our noble calling ; rather would we raise our arm to protect its dignity and honor. But we do not regard a Penitentiary as in any way dangerous to either. Epidemic Disease. Asiatic Cholera, in a very malignant form, i has made its appearance in New Orleans. We , have, as yet, no careful statement of its fir>t t appearance and progress; hut we have, at the opposite point of New Yoik, the probable so*! lution of the question. For a month past, ! nearly every immigrant ship that has arrived j there, has appeared a floating hospital, with a j fearful record of deaths by the way. One of these ships arriving last week, had lost one ' hundred of her passengers, and sent twentv-four ' to the quarantine hospital. The last of those ; travelling pest-nouses, me Marathon, which arrived on Tuesday, had sixty-four deaths out j of ninety one cases. The disease did not show | itsell till the ship had been thirteen days at sea, and eighteen days from her dock. She is described as in a horrible condition of filth, and destitute of every comfort. This, doubtless, aggravated the mortality, but eannot be considered as causing the disease. Other ships, 1 among the most comfortable and best provi- ' ded, and not crowded with passengers, have ' suffered in the same way. They in fact start j with the disease on board. It is to be presumed that the Cholera in New Orleans originated also from immigrant ves- j sels, and that fated city is a second time in one year paying a fearful penalty for deficient health regulations. Looking at. this matter in the mere light of, commercial expediency, we would ask whether it is most for the profit of a great mart of trade j to submit to the restrictions of an efficient' quarantine and a system ofsanitary regulations, or to be left open to the incessant invasion of malignant disease, to decimate its population, to break up business, and present a harrier of death between it and its distant customers? We do not suppose there can he two answers to these questions. The prevalence of fatal epidemics in cities not only temporarily break up trade, but they permanently injure it. The loss of money is incalculable, and in the comfort of life it is equally beyond estimate. Merchants, of all other classes, have the most . _i .1 ?r .t i.i- i 1.1. ell blUKU III HIV I'l VbVI *ttllUJI Ul IIIL I'liUliO IlLilllII) since they gain most by the steady growth and prosperity of cities. To the merchants of Charleston, then, we appeal, to aid and support the city government in any measures lie. ces*ary to shield us from the innovation of foreign epidemics. What these measures shall he, we do not attempt to designate ; but we believe tin; history of the past season, and the existing facts to which we have referred, have impressed Council with the importance of adding to the elliciency of our sanitary regulations. The tide of foreign emigration sets in this direction, and henceforth will be an ever increasing one. It may depend upon the meas ures now to be adopted, whether it shall bear to our shores industry, wealth and growth, or squalid and pestilent disease, self destroying, and carrying desolation far beyond itself. All citizens are interested in making the right choice between these alterna'ives. It is in fact the choice between life and death. Charleston Mercury. Free Trade.?The Syracuse N. Y. Daily Standard contains an article on the subject of free trade, which we subjoin : 'Th i farmers of this county are now realizing the benefits of a liberal commercial policy in the increased prices of their staple productions. ? < ' ?'A .u~ I J tie auonuon or uie 'corn laws, <mu me ?iuuj?tioii of a specific and low rate of duty by Great Britain, give us the advantage over any o her nation in the markets of that country. It was assei ted by the advocates of protection, that under the operation of existing laws, our exports of breadstuff* to Great Britain would bear no proportion to the receipts from the continent of Europe; but this prediction has been falsified by the facts. Already our exports of these articles to that country exceed in value the amount she receives from any State across the British channel. Under a continuance of this policy, they must continue to increase until the time shall come when our commerce with Great Britain in the necessaries of life will exceed the valui of her continental traffic in those articles. ' The prices of the agricultural products in the English market have advanced at least fifty r4,?? rlnrinrt tl?o nnct vnni? fI*hf> inprpftcp I'V". VV..L w.v. j-.... ... here has been the same; for our market is governed entirely by the Liverpool quotations. Under the old corn-law system, when the price was low the duties were high and vice versa. Consequently, it made little difference to us what the price of an article was in the English market. Such a principle in force, our staples were at all times shut out of that market; and it is only since the abolition of those unjust restrictions that this trade in breadstuff's lias grown up and become important to the country." -? ? As one among numerous public charitable institutions, in which Charleston has reason to feel an honorable pride, we propose to give a brief, sketch of "THE SAILOR'S HOME," and the excellent objects for which it was in stitutcd. The "House" is situated near the lower end of Market-street, a convenient distance from our wharves and shipping. It is designed exclusively for acco.nmodation of seamen. The building is large ana substantial, nua is well located lor its peculiar objects. The regulations of the "Home" are very rig. id and wholesome. All gambling,card-playing indecent language, cursing, swearing, and use of intoxicating liquors, are expressly'prohibited and strict enforcement of order and decorum at all times closely attended to. Morning and evening devotions are regularly observed. The house in closed at 11 o'clock in the evening, after which boarders only are admitted, and that only by consent of the Superintendent. A readimr rimm well snnolipd wit h M 511^1711106 flllfl ",Mo " It o x" " newspapers, is also attached to the house. It is the duty of the Board of Trustees to visit the Hume at ieast once in each week, and suggest any iinprovementsor corrections necessary to he made for increased comfort of the inmates. Two runners of good character are engaged, to visit vessels enterings our port, and induce sailors to avail themselves of the benefit of the establishment. The reports of the successive Superintendents coincide in expressing confidence in the ultimate success of this great project and bearing testimony to the steadily increasing popularity and usefulness of this institution. While its inmates are brought un der strong religious influences, their comfortable condition contributes largely to the happiness of their families and the saving of their hard wages. As many as f)00 seamen have been reported as boarding at the house during one year, many of whom signed the pledge of total abstinence, gave up their drinking habits, and deposited considerable sums of money with tho ti i -i 11*. m for cm rifr Priiir tit litis np v..? ........... .... w...^ ..~~r...a. ...... I ? riod, these unfortunate men had never been able to save a single dollar. An Institution such as this may well claim some title to the sympathies of all classes of our citizens, (for all are more or else interested ih the improvement of the character of seamen,) and rank among the most worthy objects of our fostering care. An effort is about to be made by the Trustees, to raise by subscription a sum sufficient to pay oft" the balance of the debt incurred for the purpose of this building, and to carry into execution a number of contemplated improvements, for the health and cornfoitsof its inmates. They have already, we are giatified to learn, succeeded in obtaining several liberal donations for this object. > We take pleasure in commending their benevolent enterprise to the kind consideration of our readers, and wishing them God speed in so generous a labor of love.? Char. Eve. News. Grant Thorburn lias published a pamphlet giving a history of his courtship and marriage, which the N. Y. Express describes as a farrago of senility, maudlin sentiment, miserable joking, and misstated fact. In it is the follow ing ing letter: OAiK ior.1 nr.*** iukiv, niAX, uv/in iuaw. Dear Maria: The difHcu I ties are removed.? God willing, 1 will be in thy house on Friday, the 10th, tell thee all-about it on Saturday and marry thee on Sunday, and do as the Lord may direct on Monday. Thy true Scotchman. Ghant. The whole matter was arranged as he had suggested, he reached her dwelling at 10 P. M., on Friday, told her all about it on Saturday, was married and paid the minister at 9 P. M. on Sunday, which closed the concern. "My partner," he continues, "is a comely matron of forty, (thus meeting inc half way,) was five years married, two years a widow, no family, two inches taller and five pounds heavier than I." In New-Orleans, on Saturday, William Patton, merchant, shot Turnbull, toba?co inspector, dead.?The cause assigned?family troubles. 'JL'IIC JLSUUK OI LHV siaiv. We present beiow tlie report of the President and Directors of the Dank of the. State, which was submitted to the legislature yesterday. It presents a most gratifying exhibit of the prosperity of that important institution, and of the ability and faithfulness with which its affairs have been managed. Report of the President and Directors of the Bank of the State of South Carolina. To the Honorable the Sena te and House of Representatives of the State of South "Carolina. The President and Directors of the Bank of the State of South Carolina respectfully REPORT: That from the 30th September, 1S52, to 1st October, 1853, the nett income of tiie Bank has amounted to the sutn of ?359,075.90 From which we reserved for the purpose of meeting doubtful and bad debts, the sum of 29,075.90 Leaving the profits of the year ?330,000.00 From theseprufits-thore have been applied to the payment of the interest on the State Bonds, payable in London ?52,093.56 And to the payment of interest on 6 per cents, 183S 48,868.44 A n/1 * Knrn Iiqj Knon transferred to the Sinking Fund 229,037.00 330,000.00 Herewith are submitted the usual statements exhibiting the condition of the Bank at the close of the last fiscal year. Our attention lias been constantly directed to the purchase of the outstanding debt of the Stale, but we liavo been able to procure but a limited amount during the year. We have obtained ?0,679 11 of the 5 per cents, of 1838, at their parvalue, and ?7,441 53 of the 3 per cents, at the cost of ?4,068 16. The income of the Bank, during the past year, has been larger than usual, but the increase in the number of Banking Institutions, both in Charleston and the interior of the State, must prevent the anticipation of realizing as equal a rate of profit for the future. U. M. 1-uj.taiA^, rresiaent. Gex. Foote.? The Vicksburg Sentinel, referring to the defeat of Gen Foote in the late election, who had combined with the Whigs, comforts him in the following manner: We are surprised to learn that our Governor takes the defeat of the late coalition very much to heart. If our information be correct, our classical friend must have read theTusculan Disputations, and " My Novel," to very little purpose. For our part, we cannot sec why he should not be as merry as a cricket, or a free toad in a? rainy day. Now that the Union party has bursted, his Excellency ought to feel as happy as the itJfln did when the Nahant bank failed, lie ran home in mortal terror to see if he had any of its paper, and was tickled to death when he found that he had no money on that bank nor any other. We hope the Governor will cheer up. This thing of dying of a broken heart should be left to fair maidens disappointed in love, and voivhiut v?>11 nor nr.niflompn who write woful bal J n fi> ? ; lads to their mistress* eye brows, and sigh like a furnace. There is a great deal of good sense in what that strong minded woman, Mis. Macbeth, once said, and wc commend it to the Governor's consideration : " Things without remedy Should be without regard; what's doue, is done.' ? ? Tiib Gaming Tahlb.?Judge Forsyth lately occupied a prominent position in the State of New York. He possessed a large property, which he lost by gambling, and endeavored to redeem by forgery. lie recently fled to Eng. land, after involving his friends to a large amount for endorsements. Commenting upon his infatuation, the Albany Express contains some excellent remarks, from which we extract what follows: " By a strange perversion of human nature, the gambler's debts are debts of honor. They cannot lie collected in a court of law, and therefore the gambler feels himself honorably 1 ? T J1 . bound to pay them, w e nave no uouuc juoge Forsyth paid all these at the expense of his integrity as a man and his reputation for life! Verily, this is a world of inconsistencies. The celebrated Fox is said to have refused the payment of a small and just debt, because he owed a debt of honor, and had not money enough to pay them both. Injustice and forgery, and breach of trust, are all committed under the infatuation of a reckless and gambling honor. The frenzy of the game rises over the mir.d with the spirit of insanity, binding reason, and judgment, and conscience, to the very wheel of fortune. Let no man think himself safe at a game of hazard ; he does not play for money alone , but be hazards the possession of a sound mind." New AnouTiox Missionary' from England.?We see it stated that the Evangelicul Alliance in England?an abolition concern?is preparing to send out a special agent to this country, for the purpose ofspreading abolition sentiments, and aiding and assisting in the anti-slavery agaition. This mission, it seems, is undertaken in secret concurrence with the same high personages who gave such a flattering re? - o . i i j | ception to Mrs. fttowe, ac ouimicrianu nouse; and of course, it receives also the coiicurrcncu or the principal members of the British government and the British aristocracy. We trust that the American people will keep this fact in their minds on the arrival ol the new agaitor on our shore, and treat him accordingly.?JV. V. Herald. ' 'Why don't you take a seat within the bar ? asked one gentleman of another, in the courtroom the other day. 'My mother always told me to keep out of bad company,' replied the other. An Irishman who bad blistered his fingers by endeavoring to draw on a pair of new boots, exclaimed?,By St. Patrick! 1 believe I'll never get thim on until I wear thim a day or two.' i iiAUUC^lClAl IX I VUAUUV4 4UW..MWW, , ... - .. irritatiou among the students of the University, growing out of the recent sc e at Wyman's Exhibition in Charlottesville, is not yet allayed, as will he seen by the following letter: Charlottesville, Nov. 23d 1853.?La*t night some sixty Sons of Temperance, including Professor Minor, Rev. Messrs August'and liroaddus, Lt. Powell of London, and quite a number, of the University Division, as invited guests, assembled at the Delaware House (midway between the town and the University) to partake ol a social supper, when the building was suirounded by a number of students from, the University, variously estimated at from fifty to seventy-five, who demanded that cue of the number in. the" house should be given up to their revenge. The person so demanded was an officer in the Town Hall on Friday night, when those students who occasioned the disturbance at Wvman's were arrested. The demand was not complied with. Profescor Minor addressed the crowd, beseeching them to disperse, saying that they could not get at the officer unless over the dead bodies of forty peaceable citizens, himself among the number. Other persons spoke and several of the crowd left, but others remained clamorous for the officer. In the meantime information had bec.i sent to the town, the bells were rung, and in a short tunc some seventy armcu men repaired to the Deleware House; but ere they reached it, the clamorous crowd without had dispersed. A result which under the circumstances, was more quiet and bloodless thau at one time was anticipated. A Nkw I dm a.?The Methodists are talking about the propriety of forming a Fire lnsurauce Society of the Methodist Episcopal Church, to have its principal office located in Cincinnatti, or some important city. There are some $10,000,000 worth ol Churches and parsonages belonging to this denomination in the United States. Happiness.?Happiness is to be attained in the accustomed chair by the fireside, more than in the honorary occupation of civic office ; in a wife's love, infinitely more than in the favour of all human else; in children's innocent and joyous prattle,^more than in hearing of flattery; in the reciprocation of little and frequent kindnesses between friend and friend, more than in some occasional and dearly bought indulgcncies ; in the virtue of contentment, more than in the anxious achievements of wealth, distinction, and grandeur; in change in heart, more than in change in circumstances; in full, firin trust in Providence, more than ill hoping fortune's favour; in a growing taste for beauties of nature, more than in the feesimple inheritance of whole acres of land ; in the observance of neatness and regularity, household virtues, rather than in the means of I ostentatious, and therefore rare displayin a j handmaiden's cheerfulness, mote than in the i improved tones of politics; and in the friendship of our next door neighbor, more than in the condescending notice of my Lord Duke. Happiness, then, must be sought for in simplicity, and uot in costliness ; in the perpetual-1 ly recurring, more than intlie abiding peace : rather in temporary rapiure ; in next after the j well of living water which springeth up into ! everlasting life, in no source else so sedulous J as in those fountains which are fed by the nev er failing love of relatives and friends. ? ? T.rn/tnmi vm TA \f ? W Wilt' 1Q ? tKut IJli'l'ff'i A.^ I IV iUAil. II III Id u maw ??V I rainbow and cloud coine over us with a beauty that is not of earth, and then pass away and leave us to muse on their faded loveliness? Why is it that the stars which bold their festival around their midnight throne, are set above the grasp of our limited faculties, forever mocking us with unapproachable glory ? And why is it that bright forms of human beauty are presented to our view and taken from us, leaving the thousand streams of affection to flow j back in Alpine torrents upon our heart,? We are born for a higher destiny than that of earth. There is a realm where the rainbow never fades, where^ the stars will set out before us like islands that slumber on the ocean, and where the beautilu! being that now passes before us like the Meteor, will stay in our presence forever. No Rain in Pkru.?It never rains in Peru. The vapors, as they ascend from the sea, are scattered to the summit of the Cordilleras, ? . i n.i. where they are eoiiaenseu inio snowers. out on the line of coast which lies between the sea and the base of these stupendous mountains, the rain never falls. All agriculture is the re suit of artificial irrigation, liut the frequent and full streams Mowing from the Cordilleras make this comparatively easy.? Cor. Jouriiul of Com. A Reckless Young Man.?Edgar Ney, grandson of Marshal Ney, aid-Je camp and first hunts.nan of the Emperor of France, is in prison for debt. Immediately on his accession to the high offices to which his Majesty appoin ted him, he commenced a career of extravagance which very soon brought the sheriffs down upon him, and, as he could not pay, he was in immediate danger of prison. The Emperor released him from bis awkward predicament. In a few months he was again in a similar position, and his family was obliged to ex tricate him, though the sums requiring liquidation were really enormous. The foolish fellow put his neck a third time into the noose, and as his friends and his sovereign refused to interfere any further, he is now, and has been for some weeks, at the Debtor's Prison, at Clichy. The bill proposing tin issue of Ponds of the State of Tennessee to the Rabun Gap Rail Road Company, to the amount of $400,000, has passed the Tennessee Senate by a vo^e of 13 to 0, in such shape as has been desired by friends of the Road. A barber pole pantalooncd youth recently went on a visit to his grandmother in the country, and astonished her very much by wearing such'patched trowers away from home.' A Toast.?'Newspaper Borrowers'?May theirs lie a life of single blessedness ; may their path bo carpeted with crosseyed snakes, and iheimights he haunted w jth knocked kneed torn cats. Poverty in Rome, it is. said, is the spouaa fl of Content, and the mother of Love; how that H may have been, we know not, but this we,de B know, that poverty, as we have seen it in New B York, is wedded to despair, and its ofDprinjjr _B is vengeance. It is a shape that sicken* tileB very heart with disgust, and chiils tlie very ,a| blood with horror. Do you think this stroitgyijB language ] Do you intimate that \ nu have B been liere a score of years, and have uever^^| been disgusted or horrified with anything the sort? ' Do you say that you ha\e never spied it from your window, or inct it in street? 'J'alk not of this, doubter, till -yotfjB have sought out its real habitation, and y?U^^| your?elf have crossed its real tlneshhold. H^B is to be seen in its real aspect at home and nd B| where else; and if ) ou have not looked for it rjB there, your doubts are foolishness. v*1 jB We sat down for the purpose of detailiug^^B some of our own personal observations of B household wretchedness in the Fourth andr-jH Sixth Wards of our city?hut our taste re- JB volts and our pen shrinks from the narration; dfl We could tell of one room, twelve feet by fl twelve, in which were five resident families, B cnmpriMiig twenty persons of both sexes ullages, with only two beds, yitliotft partition B or screen, or chair or table, and -.ail dependent,;^? for their support upon the sale of chips?grean^JB ed from the streets?at fourjcentsa basket^ o?cB another, still smaller and still more destitute I inhabited by a mail, a woman, two-girls and boy, who were supported by permitting the^ room to be used as a rendezvous by the abao-v doned women of the street ; of another, an tie room seven feet by five,.containing searefe- *t ly an article of furniture but a bed, on. wbieb;' lay a fine looking man in a raging*fever, Mritk'.' out medicine, drink, or suitable fowl, his toil-.1 worn wife engaged in cleaning the dirt front the fl 'or, and his little child asleep on a bundle of rags in the corner; of another. of the same dimensions, in which we found, seated oo; low boxes nround a candle placed on a?-keg;' i a woman and her oldest daughter, (the"latter a girl of fifteen, and, as we were told, a proa-r titute, sewing on shirts, for the making of which they were paid four cents a piece, and even-at that price, out of which tbey had to support two small children, they could not get ft sup-'j ply of work ; of another, of about the same size, occupied by a street rag picker and hir. < fainily, tbe income of whose industry-was' [ iiDOui eignt collars a month; ot another, scarce- M ly larger, into which we wete drawn by (ha 9 terrlftic screams of a drunken matt-beating his 1 wife, containing no article of furniture whitev-, I er; of another wanned only by a tin Nil t*? ,1 lighted charcoal, placed in the centre of tbfc J room, over which bent a blind man endeavor- 1 ing to warm himself; around him three or foor ^1 men and women quarrelling ; in one corner of; * the floor a woman who had died the day; be-. * fore of disease, and in another two or three- ' children sleeping on a pile of rags; (in regard to this room, we may say (hat its occupants were colored people, and from them but a few. j days previous, had been taken and adopted by:., one of our benevolent citizens, a beautiful little white girl, four or five years of age,: whose fit- * ther was dead, arid whose mother was a (..Clackwell's Island); of another, from which, not? long since, twenty persons, sick with feverl we're taken .to the hospital, and every individual of them died.. .... -- I Hut why extend this catalogue ! Or, whyattempt to convey to the imagination by words.- ; the hideous squalor and the deadly effluvia* the dim undrafhed courts oozing with pollution ; the dark narrow stairways decayed with age, reeking with filth, overrun with vermfa; \ the rotted floors, ceilings begrimed and cnmi bling, oft times too low to permit you to stand upright, and windows stuffed-with rags; or why try to portray the guant shivering, forms, and wiid ghastly faces in these black an4theet' ling abodes, wherein from cellar to garret All lifn /lino /Innfli lirna nnd nolnro Perverse, all monstrous, all prodigious things, I Abominable, unutterable. j [K Y. Courier and Enquiref. The Liquor Law in* England.?The fof- j lowing letter was" lately rec ived in an3?ver to ail inquiry addressed to Mr. Cobden, as to the" i best mode of "opening the trade in spirits*': Midhurst, Nov. 9, 1853. Sir.?In reply to your inquiry, 1 venture ttf suggest that the best way of dealing with thef monopoly of spirits is to abstain from drinking 1 them, which, for upwards of twenty years, I have done. Depend on it, they are slow poison,even if taken moderately. What they, are when taken in excess, the records of our jails; lunatic asylums, and coroners' inquests, will inform you ; and I am, sir, your most obe- ^ dicnt servant* Kiciiard Cobden. \ A iirir fPfAY T ruTtmrc TVin Vaih.Vai'L An. ti-Sl i wry Society have projected a cum so of thirteen Lectures, to be delivered at the Broadway Tabernacle, on Tuesday evening in successive weeks, beginning 13th inst, and ending March 7th. Among the Lecturers are Miss Lucy St??nc, Henry Ward Beecher, William Llo\ d Garrison, Wendell Phillips, Horace Greeley, Theodore Parker, Giddings, Palfrey, and John P. Hale. Gender and Cask of an Ego ?'The following occurred in a school not a hundred miles from Woodstock, Vt. m i. - ntL .? . ...i ^ .1 . i j leaoncr.? >? nai pan. 01 speeen is me wora egg? Noun, fir. Teacher.?What is its gender ? Boy.?Can't tell, sir. Teacher.?Is it masculine, feminine or neuter? Boy.?Can't say, sir, till it's hatched. Teacher ?Well, then, my lad, can you tell me the case ? Hoy.?Oh, yes; the shell, sir. 'I am a great gun,' said a tipsy printer who had been on a bender for a week. 'Yes/ said the foreman 'you're a great gun, and half cocked, and you can consider yourself discharged.' 'Well,' said the tvpo, then I had better go ofl-.'