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- * "S. .r'V "" -* .. . VOLUME XV. CAMDEN, SOUTH-CAROLINA, TUESDAY MORNING, AUGUST 22,1854. NUMBERTJi 1 tl-nuL-nnnncc nn<l I fnntnrv oncirop. ThMP far.ts have induced nf- I pin's h?nd, is taken np.on.aslender wWnn&^fl^ PUBLISHED WEEKLY BY THOMAS J. WARREN. TERMS. Two Dollars if paid in advance; Two Dollars and Filty Cents if payment be delayed three months, and Three Dollars if not paid till the expiration of the year. ADYERTISEMENT3 will be inserted at the following rates: Forgone Square, (fourteen lines or less,) seventy-five cents lor the first, and thirty-seven and a half cents for- each subsequent iusortion. Single insertions, one dollar per*-?quare; gpmi-rnoatWy, monthly and quarterly advertisements charged tlie 6ame as for a single insertion. "-yg* The number of insertions desired niust be noted on-the margin of all advortisemelats, or they will be published' until ordered discontinued and charged accordingly. -/ it -- . itnpntunmras. ** .,< ^ '--L ' l" ,fYom the Charleston Courier. Fifty Years Ago. The year 1804, like the present, was a genii' oral election year in our State, and it has oc curred to as that a reference to the election arrangements of that year would afford a satisfactory and interesting criterion by which to estimate the progress .of our State in population and in other matters. It is dinned into our ears so frequently indeed from some quarters, that we are behind the age, until many have taken it for granted, not only as an exist ing truth, but as a general law of necessity.? In all the great elements of permanent pro " - "? -1! gress and heaitny growin, we ancge, vu Uivi contrary, that South Carolina may compare | favorably with any of her sister States. The 4 apparent progress in some quarters has been greater ?the actual progress of other States under different circumstances has also been wore striking, but we repeat that under a fair and imp.'irtialconsideration of all circumstances, favorable and otherwise, that have modified our history, the progress of South Carolina has been one of which we have no reason to be ashamed.' The State that is derided by some as ever the hindmost in the race, can poir.t to the first rail road and the first canal, of any extent?the first employment of steam as a locomotive on roads?the first State college and the first State lunatic asylum. If accidental legacies and accumulations of private capital drawn to other States, have done more j for them, in some respects, than wo have been able to accomplish, that does not detract from the credit due to the far-sighted founders and | moulders of the institutions and establishments j around us. If in the attrition and excitement | of a dense population, collected chiefly in ci-1 'ties, towns and villages, other States and sec' tions may show a smaller ratio ot those unable to read and write, the fact does not detract from the credit due to that schemo cf legislation, which beginning with the first Carolina school system of 1710, has since been directed towards the education of every citizen of the State. We should learn ourown short comings, whether 'from friends or foes, with a view to self-improvement?but nothing is to be gained ? * ^orvotitinn fif the stale accusa oy a parrui^amt lion, " behind the age." In some directions the party behind is in the safest, as well as most honorable position. We recur, however, to the election of 1804, as showing the amount and arrangement of population. For this purposo we turn to the general report of the Committee on Privileges and Elections, and look at the number and position of the election precincts, which of course are established with a view to the necessities of population. We give accordingly an abstract of the report so. far as relates to the sections of the State which have been chiefly filled up since that period. For Abbeville there was but one " place of election"?that at the Court House. For Chester there was also but oner poll?at the Court House. nn??at, the Court House. ror v/iicsicnibiu v... ? ? For Claremonl three?at Staiesburg, Singleton's store and Carter's Store. For Clarendon three places?at the Court House, and at Richard Singleton's, by the same ' managers on different days; and at Capt. Witherspoon's muster field. For Darlingtoo there was one plnco?at the Court House. * For Edgefield three places?at Amos Richardson's, Lewis Noble's and Col. Martin's muster ground. For Fairfield two places?the Court House and the house of Ezekiel Wooley or ' Sutton's old place.". For Greenville three places?Court House, Jno. H. Harrison's store and Arrasmith's. F<jr Kershaw at two places?Court House and Flat Rock. For Kiugston two places?at Court House and Joseph Graham's. For Laurens five places?Archibald Young's, .V^?nrr Ar. Itnvle's store. Benjamin auuii s, *vuu^ ? ?w George Brook's store, and at the Court House on the second day hy any three of the managers appointed for the first.four places. For Lancaster?one place only at the Court House. For Liberty three places?at Court House, Jeremiah Brown's and John Bethea's. For Marlborongh?one place, Court,House. For Newbjrry?including the Fork between ?the Broad and Saluda Rivers, two places, Coort House and Spring Hill. ^ For Pendleton, four places?Mary Murphy's CtorrafV Rnbeft Stenscn's and at Court | WCiy. KXfcrc** <?*v . ftoqse. - >.' r* For Richland, three places?Wm. Myers' If;"'Weston' s, Columbia. Saxe Gotha, three places?Andrew Keigler's Jos. Williams', Gran by. ForSpartan burgh?one place, at the Court House. v . For Union,-tfiree places?Jeremiah Hamilton's, John Luck's, Court House. To sum up the election districts, as then constituted, wei-add fOrange,! St Matthew's, ^St. James Goose Creek, St. Luke's, Wlnyan} j?t. George's Dorchester. bad each three places of election ; ,W,mton five places; St. Bartholomew, four! phwee; Christ Church, St. John's Berkley, St. Andrews, St".Jamg*Santce, St. John's, Colleton,.^ Oe^ena,, Prince Williams, St. Peters and .AH Saint*, had each two places. St. Thomas and St. Dennis, St. Paul's and t&e CfyttTeston city Parishes, one place. Assuming that the number o?"J)t??C8 assigned to each election district, had some reject, not Iy to amount but to the locality of population, it will be interesting we doubt not to manjN, readers, in each, to compare the present with the past and to trace down^lhe radiation and expansion of population from the points which were thus selected as important fifty years ago. Let us take another view. Attached to the report to which we have referred for the particulars given above, we find a resolution to this effect: " That notice be given in the State Gazette, at Columbia, and in one of the Gazettes at Charleston, of the time, places, and purposes of the election," We have not at hand the means of ascertainincr whether at the dato of this report?Dec. 1803?there was ho paper in the State out of these places mentioned. Charleston then had three journals and Columbia one, and even had others existed in different points the facilities of transmission would have restricted notification, by the press, in great part to these places. When we look around now and see the number of news journals alone?exclusive of religious and denominational organs?and consider the amount of support given by our people to publications issued beyond our limits, we see another striking indication of progress. I We question much whether, under the same conditions of sparseness of population, post office accommodations, expense, &c., a population can be found that furnishes more readers to the periodical press. lu this matter as in others, we are too much disposed to overlook what is around us, and to tike for granted that whatever is frequently asserted must be true, t. e., that we are and must be behind hand in any comparison. The press, which chronicles all things, often overlooks its own exploits and triumphs. Cannot our Carolina press become auto-biogrnphical in some respect, and relate its own experience.? In other words, might not important and interesting additions be made to our State histo. rv f each District.Journal now extant, would furnish a full and authentic narrative of the establishment and location of the press in its section ? Land marks might thus be established so that fifty years hence the retrospective observer of the progress of the State would not meet the difficulties that now beset one who tries to see how matters stood '' fifty years ago." Couutship and Wedlock.?Courtship is usually a mere school of deception. Jane prefers that John should know as few of her faults as possible before marriage?no matter how nftartiroivle Shp HrPSSPS and mils Oil 1111 ...... t accustomed smiles to receive him. Thus the Jane he loves and weds proves to be two different persons. The former was angelic, the latter is all human. The life of the sweetheart is a brillinnt surface; that of the wife, a substance, dark and full of imperfections. The lover is no more candid than the mistress.? What is the.natural result? Bitter disappointment. Even where a good understanding exists before marriage, and the bride and bridegroo n have been wise enough to give each other a fair insight into their true characters, they arc apt to expect too much. They forget that there arc certain counterpoises as to the fruit and flowers in the paradise they are entering. For briars they are in no way prepared. It would seem they should learn from those around them, since every youth and maid en must have some experience with the married. But every man fully believes himself to be an object of peculiar favor of woman. His case is an exception, bis ambition aims at what was never reached by married mortals, and if he be no philosopher, the failure will taste of pill. " I compared notes with one of my friends who expects everything in the universe," says Emerson, "and is disappointed when anything is less than the best, and I found that I began at the other pxtremc, expecting nothing, and always full of thanks for moderate goods." Would that all young persons could could learn to enter the sacred ground of wedlock with this philosophic spirit! But they will not, nor never will. Hope is too sweet for them. They will not stoop till they stumble. Lofty expectation hovers over the precipice of disappointment, towards which so many of our married friends have been lured, until too late to save themselves from tumbling down. Romantic Marriagk.?A few evenings ago, as the cars of the Carrollton Railroad were approaching the city, a little girl, about about three years old. ran in front of the engine and stopped on the of the track. The brakemen attempted to stop the engine as soon as the child was perceived, but on and on hurried the iron monster, and just as it was about to crush into the earth the beauteous victim which thus so innocently braved its coming, the strong arm of an athletic young man was stretched forth, and at the hazard of another life, the child was saved. Loud was the shout of applause from the few who witnessed the daring deed, and in triumph the young man bore the child away, and delivered it to its mother. Any attempt to describe a mother's feelings on such an occasion would be more than vain. She felt as a mother alone can feel, when the darling i of her heart?her only child?is rescued from >' ? i> -i--ii.. l ?.:.L _? tne very jaws 01 ueaui, nuu wiui ,iu eloquence which no words can convey, she looked and spoke her thanks. That mother was a widow, young and fair as the incarnation of a poet's dream; and withal she was blessed with no little of this world's goods; of coarse she was grateful to the pre. server of her child's life, and as he was poor, she offered to bestow upon him a goodly largess. He, however refused to accept any reward for doing what he considered to be his duty, and so the matter for the time rested. Since then an intimacy has sprung up between the vming man and the grateful widow and fhe result was, that they went together to Mobile, where the widow's name is at the bynienial alter to be changed, -and the young man is to become not only the protector, but the stepfather of the child he saved. May the joys of the twain increase, and their days be many.?iVT. 0True Delia. 4 South Carolina College* SEMI-CKNTETfNIAL CELKBHATIOX, The interest which all must feel in the approaching celebration by the Alumni Associaof the semi-centennary of this noble institutittfL induces us to refer to the subject now, for^tW?<fljKpose of invoking general attention to it The"4Jumni of that college are nowscattered far aird-j^ide throughout the South and Southwest, and a's" the celebration will take placo at an early period of the ensuing winter, it may be advisable lo keep the subject before the public. We will annex first a brief abstract of proceedings at a meeting of the Alumni, which was held on last Commencement Day, Dec. 5, 1653?for the purpose of organizing the Alumni Association, and preparing for the semi centennial celebration. The following officers were elected for the nitrnoca nf crivinrr nrrrnni7.ation to the Alamui ... ? o Association: W. C. PRESTON, President JOHN L. MANNING, ) v. p ,t JAS. n. THORN WELL, \ Vlce Prests' F. W. McMASTER, Sec'y and Treasurer. JOHN 13. FLOYD, Orator. It has been announced, if we remember correctly, that Gov. Floyd?a distinguished graduate of the college, who, like our present Chief Magistrate, has-borne as well as inherited gubernatorial honors?has formally accepted the duty assigned to him as first orator of the Associated Alumni. The presence of such an or ator will add much to the interests of the occasion, which will be one long to be remembered, we doubt not. We appeal, therefore, to the friends of the South Carolina College, and to the Alumni especially, in behalfof the expected rally in December next. The occasion will furnish a joyous opportunity of reunion to many who have long been scattered up and down along life's dusty paths, without opportunities or renewing friendships and alliances that had been formed in the sequestrated shades of college life, and it will also introduce to personal acquaintance many wlio now know each other only through the associations of a common Alma Mater.? The fiftieth year of our State College?an institution formed amid pecuniary embarrassments and with a hopeful recognition of posterity by large-minded and far-sighted statesmen?an institution, the first of the kind in America, we believe, that was formed untirely by State support, independent of private donations and legacies?an institution whose liberal Governors have made it their chief object, in a spirit of catholic provision, to give it the aid of the best talents, wherever to be derived?an institution whose rolls comprise a large majority of those who, within the current century, have moulded the opinions and embodied the spirit of the State?an institution that has furnished faithful governors, able legislators and eloquent advocates to more than one of our sister States? the fiftieth year of such an institution, we repeat, presents an occasion that should not be overlooked. It must bo an occasion of inter est to all?one oi peculiarly acar mm aurauure reminiscences to all who have partaken of the intellectual nutriment there furnished. We trust, therefore, that all concerned will look to the matter in time, and that a gathering of the Alumni from far and wide may be witnessed, such as will add much to the exercises and in tcrests of "commencement week"?that intellectual gala and feast of reason annually enjoyed by our political and literary capital. With the legislative history and origin of the college, our readers are no doubt familiar.? We refer all interested, however, to a collection and digest of the college laws, compiled several years since by Edmund Bellinger, esq., by request of the trustees. We only annex a few particulars, which have presented themonli-ne tn ns inoirlonfjillv. in tumiuiT OVCr COn temporary records of that day. The trustees named in the acts establishing the college met about the 20th of April, 1805, and adopted provisional regulations, prescrib ing the constitution of the classes, terms of admission, and also gave notice that the institution would open to students on the second Monday in June, 1805. Gov. James B. Richardson, in his message of December, 1804, refers to the approaching completion of the college, and congratulates the Legislature on the favorable auspices attending the commencement of the great enterprise they had undertaken. President. Mnxcy, elected to take charge of the institution, arrived in Charleston on his way to Columbia, on the 14th of November, 1804; U ?? *)! #Vina 1\A won. illh apjjruai;ili<j? wiiilci, iv mil vu.R WW , fairly completes a half century since the formal organization of the college, and no period or form of celebration can be so conveniently appropriated to a commemoration of this impor- ; tant event, as that adopted by the Alumni Association. Let the Alumni, then, show that ; they have not forgotten the nursery of dawning manhood.? Charleston Courier. Hard Talk.?The National Democrat, the i Hard Organ in New York, in an article on ( the Custom House in that city, says: i "There are now at responsible posts in that | place forty or fifty thieves, boxers, shoulder ( hitters, thimble riggers pugilists, asassins, and | common blackguards, who would lick all creation if their masters are disturbed. If the ( President were to attempt to put other men in , their places, they would have their eyes knock, ed out, if, indeed, the Custom House were not burnt down over their heads." A newly imported Dutchman, having enlisted in the service of a military station not a hundred miles from New York, was one evening placed on guard. Seeing a couple of gentlemen approaching, he challenged them with. ' Who comes dare ?' ' Friends, with the counter-sign.' 'Veil, if you ish frents, and knows as ' Putlcr' is do gountersign, do gounter sign ish gorrect. Pass, frents, mit de gountor sign P?Knickerbocker for July. ' fj. One of the German Almanacs remarks that 'A young girl is a fishing rod?the eyes are the hook, the smile is the bait, the lover is the gudgeon, and marriage is the butter in which he is fried.' ' At a meeting of the Church of Englatid Education Society, recently held in the city of Manchester, the Rev. Hugh Stowcll spoke of the antagonism of the drinking customs of his country with its mental culture and moral advancement, in a manner that might well startle some of the conservative influences of " the establishment." But such truths are needed to educate the English mind up to the righteous requirements of prohibition, and we hail their utterance, before such a body, as a cheering indication of progress in the right quarter.? They may be more needed there than here, but they are adapted to every locality that is cursed by the liquor traffic. Said he : it ii ? .? ?<-./-1iipntion.il UUWUVCI V> o IllilJ caiciiu u?1 vv...v? machinery, I am satisfied we can never keep pace with the drinking machinery that is disgracing and degrading this country. It is all nonsense to talk about intellectual culture, and places of amusement, and exhibitions, and tea gardens, and places of that kind counteracting the drunken usages of this country. So long as this country has an immense class of individuals who get their bread by manufacturing drumkenness, and so long as an immense proportion of the capital of this country is staked upon the increased drunkenness of the country, so long will it be impossible to elevate the masses of this country. They may givo them education, and churches, and every moral and religious machinery, and may multiply intellectual institutions, mechanics' institutions, athenaeums, aud lyceums, and cheap publications, but there will still be a mighty mass of drunkenness throughout the country, disgracing it before God and tnan, filling prisons, lunatic asylums, work-houses, and all receptacles of crime and misery. We must put a stop to beer-houses altogether, and put restraints upon our dram-shops and public-houses, such as other countries were doing. America is leaving us far behind in this matter; the daughter is putting the mother far behind in the race." - ?? Desertion, Intemperance, and Death.? One of those melancholy episodes in life, which ' ^ ...!*!?!? i>a akrnrun f f Ka BO oildi come wiiuiu uic uuo^i iuhvu v. denizens of a large city, where wealth and poverty, crime and goodness, and all that is amiable, bad or indifferent in the d-fferent phases of human life, follow each other as in a panorama, occurred yesterday morning. For some time past a woman named Brid get Powell has been residing in a house on llace street, above Clay alley. She was married, but her husband some time since deserted her, sinco which she has been known to indulge continually in the baneful practice of intoxicating drink. On Friday night, when last seen, she was observed by a light which shone from her room, staggering about, evidently under the. influence of the moral and physical poison which she had been imbibing. Yesterday morning ihc attention ofoflicer Suowfield was attracted to the house, which he entered,4and there upon the bare floor lay the livid corpse of the wretched woman, while a beautiful child a lit?lo frl^l enmn (wn T-D!tr<I fif nrrp. WAS UUCOn ?<| jjlll, OUII.V .. sciously sitting, playing with the yet luxuriant tresses which lay in wavy folds upon the cold bosom of her whose spirit had flown to another, and, it is hoped (for her) a happier world. The remains of considerable personal attraction still lingered like a sunny gleam upon the depths of the blue sea, ere euwrapt in the sable armor of night in the form and lineaments of the departed. But a few years since she was known as a bright, beautiful girl. The example, it is said, of a dissipated husband corrupted and brutalized her, and his desertion ?for she loved him, degraded as they both were, with a woman's devoted and single-minded love?drove her to a still more reckless course. She must have died in the lethargy of inebriation. A romance of misery ! Louisville Times. Everywhere the Same.?The evils resulting from the liquor traflic?misery, insecurity to property and life, pauperism, crime, the loss of health, position, hope, self-respect, every thing which a man can prize?are not confined to any particular latitude, but are found, as the inevitable fruits of the traffic wherever it exists. We have been impressed with this u-liilo rf?iirlin<r the testimony recently biuwa "....w 0 ^ " J t ( * * given before a Committee of the British Parliament, appointed to inquire into the operation of the Beer Shop Act. Among others, B. Gladstone Esq., (brbther of the Chancellor of the Exchequer) was summoned before the Committee. In tho course of his examination, he expressed his confidence that the police force now required for Liverpool, (900,) might safely be reduced one-half, " if it were not for the existence of the licensed public houses and beer shops, and that they would not at this moment have been under the necessity of erecting a new gaol, at a cost of 100,000, (half a million of dollars) from the borough funds, were it not for the same cause." There is a whole volume of argument in these simple facts, and if they do not carry conviction to every mind, of the absurdity and injustice of the license system, it must he because either prejudice, ignorance, or appetite, or perhaps all combined, are not easily overcome by truth and reason. But the light grows broader and brighter, with the birth of each successive day, and ignorance cannot long be urged as an excuse for official fatuity. More Romance.?Pierre Bertrand, on Saturday, before Recorder Fillieul, made oath to the effect that about eight years ago he bound his daughter, Marie Bertrand, then aged about ten years, as an apprentice to a man named Tellot, who resides on Claiborne street, the ap pren'.iceship to expire when the girl attained the age of fifteen. Affiant then left the city, and about fifteen months a<jo returned, and when he inquired about his daughter, was told by Tellot that he had placed her in a convent. He, however, refused to tell the name of the convent 111 which the girl had fieen placed, and all of affiant's endeavors to loarn anything further concerning his daughter proved wholly unavailing." Business theii compelled affiant to leave the city, and recently having returned again and inquired of Tellot concerning his clfild's disappearance, ho could obtain no satis fiant to believe that Tellot lias' concealed his daughter for some sinister purpose; wherefore he prays that the said Tellot be .arrested and required to state where she is, or account for her disappearance in some satisfactory mannef. N. 0. Delta. A Speech before being Beheaded. The Rev. C. Love, minister of Lawrence Jewry, in London, was beheaded on Tower Hill, August 22d, 1651, in the time of Cromwell; for being suspected of plotting against the government. While standing on the scaffold he uttered the following most pathetic and weighty remarks: "Although ihere be but little between mo and death, yet this bears up my heart, there is little between me and heaven. It comforted Dr. Taylor, the martyr, when he was going to execution, that there was but two stiles between him and his father's house?but two steps between me and glory. It is but lying down upon that block and 1 shall ascend upon a throne. I am this day sailing towards the ocean of eternity, through a rough passage to my haven of rest; through a red sea to the promised land. J think I hear God say to me, as he did to Moses: 'Go up to Mount Nebo and die there.' So to mc, 'Go up to Tower "Ml 1 a 1 IJ rim mm uie mere: "Isaac said of himself that he was old, and }-et he knew not the day of his death; but I cannot say so. I am young, and yet I know the day of my death also. 1 am to be put to the same kind of death as two famous preachers of the gospel wero before me. John the Baptist and Paul the Apostle were both beheaded. I read also, in liev. xx. 4, the sains were beheaded lor the word of God and the testimony of Jesus, hut herein is the disadvantage which I lie under in the thoughts of many; they judge that I suffer not for the word of God, or for conscience?but for meddling with State matters. To this I shrall briefly say, that it is an old trick of Satan to impute the cause of God's people's sufferings to be contrivements against the State, when in truth it is their religion and conscience they are persecuted for. The rulers of Israel pretended to put Jeremiah to death upon a civil account, though indeed it was only the truth of his prophecy that made the ru' -1h!?-? - ? J <*4 thftn r\i>Atan/larl lers IIDgry Willi iiuiij miu J rv mcjr |nc?uu? he must die, because they said he would have brought in foreign forces to invade the land.? The same thing is laid to my charge, of which I am as innocent as Jeremiah was. So Paul, though he did but preach Christ Jesus, yet his enemies would have him put to death, under pretence that he has a mover of sedition. Upon a civil account it is pretended my life is to be taken away. Whereas it is because I pursue my covenant, and will not prostitute my principles and conscience to the ambition and lusts of men. I had rather die a covenant keeper than live a covenant breaker. Behold, I am this day making a double exchange ; I am ' ' ? 1 ? " ? U AM/4 rl AAA fl/ V1 rl cnflnging u jjujpit iur u scmiuiu^ nuu a ovnuviu for a throne; and I might add a third, I am changing the presence of this numerous multitude on Tower Hill for the innumerable company of saints and angels in heaven, the holy hill of Zion?and I am changing a guard of soldiers for a guard of angels, which will receive me and carry me to Abraham's bosom. This scaffdd is the best pulpit that ever I preached in. In my church pulpit, God, through his grace, made me an instrument to bring others to heaven; but in this pulpit ho will bring me to heaven." After he said : "Though my blood be not the blood of nobles, yet it is Christian blood, minister's blood, yea more, it is innocent blood.? I magnify the riches of God's ipcrcy and.grace towards me, that I, who was born in Wales,an obscure country, and of obscure parents, should be singled out to honorable sufferings. For the first fourteen years of my life I never heard a sermon preached, yet in the fifteenth year of my life it pleased God to convert me. Blessed be God, who not only made me a Christian, but also a minister, which is my glory. I had rather be a preacher in a pulpit than a prince upon a throne; I had rather be an instrument to bring souls to heaven, than that all nations should bring tribute to me. Formerly I have been under a spirit of bondage?yea, sometimes I have had more fear in the drawing out j of a tooth than now I have for the cutting off my head. When fear was upon me aeatn was not near; now when death is near to me, every fear is vanished. I am comforted in this, though men kill me, they cannot damn me; though they thrust me out of the world, yet they cannot shut me out of heaven. I am going to my long home, and you to your short shome; but I shall be at my home before you be at yours." He prayed, that seeing he was called to do the work which he never did, he might have the strength which he never had. Opium Smoking in China. .In a letter from Canton, dated September 8, 1853, Bayard Taylor gives the following nc count of what he saw and experienced in the way of opium smoking: In spite of the penalties attached to it by Chinese law, the smoking of opium is scarcely a concealed practice at present. I have seen it carried on in open shops in Shanghae, where there are some streets which are never free from the sickening smell. It had always been my intention to make a trial of the practice, in order to learn its effects by persona! experience, and being now on the eve of leaving China, I applied to a gentleman residing here, to put me in the way of enjoying a pipe or two. He was well acquainted with a Chinaman who is addicted to the practice, and by an agreement l-i *~* * 4 A l,,n U/vMBi* 1 not AlfAti Inrr Willi film, IUUK II1C tU 1113 uvuoc laon vwniiig* We were ushered into a long room, with a divan, or platform about three feet high, at the further end. Several Chinamen were in the room, and one stretched out on the platform, was preparing his pipe at a lamp. The host invited rae to stretch myself opposite to him, and place my head upon one of those cane head stools which serve the Chinese in lieu or pillows. The opium pipe is a bamboo stick, about two feet long, having a small drum inserted' near the end, with an aperture in its centre.? A niece of opium, about twice the size of a / 2- < i *? V ' ? V ** - 1 ' * - - - < held in a flame of the lamp until it boils or hub* ' Sjjfl| hies up, when it rs rolled iirtna cylindrical. 'shape on the drum, by the aid of the wire.j iJ^gR loses its dark color by the heating, and becomes' pale and soft. Having been sufficiently.rolled; it is plaeed'OVcr the aperture, and the wire, after being thrust through its centre, to^allofr: the air to pass into the pipe, is withdrawn.?V-sfB The pipe is then held to the flamej and^os thfcjraggj opium burns, its fumes are drattn lungs by a strong and long continued firspira.^; Jj tion. In about half a. minute the' exhausted,.and the smoker is ready fof cond pipe. > To my surprise I fonnd the taste of the as delicious as its smell is disagreeable... It 'V>1^? leaves a sweet, rich finvor, like the^ quorice, upon the palate, and the gentle stirim- '&jm lus it communicates to the blood in tho hirta^ . fills the whole body with a sensHtionof warrrdjt and strength. The fumes.of the opium are Jib /V$j more irritating to the windpipe or Jirqnclilal ^ tubes, than common air, while they s^m jnr- -3 bucd with a richness of vitality far beyooil diluted oxygen. I had supposed that opiirm V was smoked entirely for the purpose of mental exhilaration, and that to the smokers, as to many who intoxicate themselves with arjft rit ^ spirits, there was no sensuaj gratification'^ mere taste of the article. The rctfereBisjm^^ doubtedly the truth, and the practice, the'fe- . tore, is oouwy dangerous, lis victim oecomeracM hopelessly involved in its fascinating ii^usTdnViv ^j and an awful death, such as I witnessed lung 6ince, is sure, sooner or Jater to ovcrtako ; him who indulges to excess. I have strong confidence in my own power of reslsN ^ ance, but nothing could induce tne to ma#? t J the experiment a second time. -Bey ond the feeling of warmth, vigor andjJpfo^M creased vitality, softened by a happy conscidfjfs--" ness of repose, there was no effect, until after finishing the sixth pipe. My spirits then^e^iiaH came joyously excited, with a constant tfispo^':~J3 sition to laugh; brilliant colors floated bcfoTre my eyes, but in a confused and cloudy wtfry -v:^ sometimes converging into spots like the ejfes -1 in a peacock's tail, but oftenest melting irtfax - 2 and through each other, like the hues of change able silk. Had the physical excitement been M greater, they would have taken form and cufc'-^^jj stance, but after smoking nine pipes I desist^ inruugu iuar ui Huujecung niyseu iu awuie uur pleasant after-effect Oar Chinese host ' ed me that lie was obliged to take iWerifyr 'Jm pipes, in order to elevate his mind to theptfQli of perfect happiness, I went home feeling-fa* ther giddy, and became so drowsy with slight $0 qualms of the stomach, that I went to bed.kt an early hour. A.fter a "deep and refreshm^^: ^ sleep, I arose at sunrise, feeling stronger fufcfc M brighter than 1 had done for weeks past ' | History of Cholera.?The first digtcts date that we have in reference to chojkft^^ that in the year 1781 it attacked a body of ;; troops at Cunjum, a coast town 535 inrjwf northeast of Madras, which latter place d j reached during the next year. In theygip. . 1783, it attacked many of the native inbabj- ->jg| tants of India, and twenty thousand deaths; JS occurred. It then disappeared, but in 18l7j5j6L <j3J again, appeared, and fairly earned its nnnw.&? 'f| a terrible epidemic disease, in Jessoie ? ten thousand deaths, in a population of sixty. ;| thousand, took place. From India it wasraupr f J posd to have heen conveyed by ships ,!<> j Mauriiu, the Dutch East Indies and. Chitia., ' In 1821 it had reached the Persian Gulf, and continuing its western progress we find ifcjjn ' ' the Banks of the Tigris?thence into Caucajsi and finally, oh the 14th of September. 1830 it reached Moscow. Taking the course of great J rivers, the Don and the Volga, the disease rapidly extended itself over Russia^. Ja Trittz . uary 1832, the cholera appeared at EdinTinrgiL on the 4th of Fehuary at London; and in March at Dublin. Culias and Paris were also attacked in March. The ninth of June, 1832, will evcy he femembered as the period when this scourgCaB appeared on the American Continent. . It .7 appeared at Quebec, where it was alBO very ^ io?i 'i'l. r. 4 SVVITO iii 1(719. t lie mat uun mi ntn jlvia: -j occarrcd on the 24th of June of the some yelwv * i and the disease disappeared in October. ry* is estimated that in fourteen years, from IQI? to!S21, the disease carried off eighteen millions. of inhabitants of Ilindostan. The number of cases in England and Wales in 1831-12 was ! G1,236 ; deaths 20,929. In Scotland, 30,202. were attacked, of whom 10,540 died. .4a ireland there were 54,552 attacks, and 21,18i deaths. In the city of London there were !(,* jjj 020 cases and 6,275 deAths. . Tjie disease yjw-" ,-x ited Spain and Italy in 1825-'9 and finally disappeared from Europe in 1836-8, thoqglijfe lias twice or thrice reappeared since,.and \'.w now, in tnis country, an annual visitor. , j FBAItFUL STATE OF ANARCHY ItV ClIlNJ^- * ^ Private letters and circulars received in Pgtiton from China, by the Arabia, give accounts of a sad 6tate of" affairs in that country, , the.result of the civil war which has been so long raging there. The Boston Traveller says: _ u The old government bnviug jfcs^imds fully occupied in repelliogttfie attackV^>fxhe insui> gents in the vicinity o|?ekin, batfds of armed robbers are devastating the couniry, particularly the Central Provinces. One letter states that forty-eight tea companies had returned to. Shanghae from the Central Provinces,;having been robbed of all their means of purchase. The great commercial mart of Honan hts been burnt by an armed mob. Ningehow, the district from whence the Mouing teas are ^ brought, is stated to he in possession of an armed rabble, who have beheaded the Manda--. nns and taken possession of the Government. In some Provinces the Mandarins have forbid- ' / J 1?- ^ah fbft fone #Uof U. Wffl'* I S"A uen IVH9 IU uc g'vmij iUI vnu iv.01 ui?v ?* v?? attract the attention of the insurgents. These disturbances, it was thought, would serioifslj affect the forwarding of teas. All was quiet at Can tan. Wittv?A student of Latin being confined to his room by sickness, was called upon by a ' **> friend. "What, Joliu," said the visitor, "sick, eh ?" "Yes," answered John, ct?e ?/?/" Choose not your wives as you do grapes, I from the bloom on them. , V?* ' ' *T V ' _ 'm .r. 'C