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THE CAMDEN WEEKLY JOURNAL.
VOLUME XVI. CAMDEN, SOUTH-CAROLINA, TUESDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 18, 1855. NUMBER 38. ? ... - ? ?? S'clerteti Poctrt). THE CLOUDS. Beautiful clouds I have whtch'd ye long Fickle and bright as a fairy ilirong; Now* ye have gathered golden beams, Now ye are parting in stiver streams, Now ye are tinged with a roseate blush, Deepening fast to a crimson flush; Vnw rr>rinl snirits nt tilav. Ye are dancing another way; Melting in many a pearly flake, Liko the cynet's down on the azure lake; Now ye gather again, and mn, To bask in the blaze of a setting sun : And anon ye serve as Zephyr's car. I Klittiner before the eveninsr star. JMisrrllnnrous. A Word of Defence. The Sjiirif of the Agc\ published at Raleigh, N. C., bays: " A short time since, the Raleigh Standard made mention that Gen. Samuel F. Cary was '- -i! ... * L _ . C r?.v .. put 1U nomination lor wie ouict; 01 vvinnvi 01 Ohio, in the Convention that nominated Chase, freesoilcr, thereby, by implication, seemingly identifying him with the abolition movement, in that State. When Gen. C. was in North Carolina last spring, seeing his name mentioned in the Ohio papers in connection with political official station, he authorized us to state that he could not and would not accept of any. It will be remembered that we did so. soon as lie returned home in June, he published a Card in the Cincinnati papers, positively refusing his name in any such connection. Knowing these facts, and knowing his views, farther, 011 the abolition question, we addressed him a letter, advising him of the iuuondo accusation by the Standard, and asking to give us the history of the way his name was brought before tlrat Con " * - * ? - * - l-il- .1 A. J A .. _ vention. m a losompi 10 a leuer uaieu .Aug. 22d, lie uses llie language following: "On my return from the South, I found my name prominently before the people as a candidate for the office of Governor as well as Lieut. Governor. The next day after I arrived, I wrote a letter and published it, declining to be a candidate for any office. When the Convention met at Columbus, a man who had not seen my letter of declination, presented my name ; when a friend of mine announced that I would not be a candidate, and vat a single vote teas cast for me. The Convention was nut an aboli tion convention, but was composed of opponents of 'he present administration generally. If my name had been permitted to go before that Convention, I know I would not have re ceived the vote of any of the abolitionist* in it, for it is well known that I am a " Union man for the sake of the Union. Slavery is a State institution, and being a State Rights man, I hold that non-interference on the ]?art of the free States, is a duty. 1 believe that the inassc-s of hones, men both north and south agree with ine in sentiment on this question. Whether they door not, my opinion is an honest one, and cannot be modified to suit any particular locality." Yours as ever, SAMUEL F. CAHV. "We think the frank and patriotic sentiments avowed in this letter will meet the approbation of the people of the South every where; and il such were entertained by the people of the free States generally, we should hear nothing of the mad soil-it of fanaticism and disunion which threatens lo disumunlKWour gloriou* confederacy. Gen. C. occupies precisely the ground which all true national men of the tree .States livid, and which we of the South insist upon, viz: let us alone! We hope all will do Gen. Gary full justice iti this matt- r, and it i? a!! we ask. We have said and published thus much as a simple act of justice to a true, conservative man ?one who has often been denounced and villified by abolition fanatics, because he would not lend liimself to their mischievous schemes. The I South will not show her ingratitude to such a ' man by misrepresenting him when he comes here to labor in the pure and philanthropic cause of temperance." We do not profess t-? love the present union quite as affectionately as some of our neighbors do, yet we arc willing that the Union should exist if " let us alone" is carried out in good faith, but we have not the remotest idea that such will be the case, and as such are disunion- j ist, if necessary, jwer About General Gary's j soundness on the slavery question, we have, this j to say : that we would as soon trust him as a non-interventionalist and a gentleman who i<; disposed to mind his own business, as the next. I His mission is to preach temperance, and he , does that better than any body else.?[Ed. Jour-1 nal. *- c- A ?^ii ? ?>.? ! A lOUSli ci'AKi ? xi ^cuiitriiiaii ui vnv Army, stationed at Jefferson Barracks, relates the following with regard to a son (in his 12th year,) of the gallant Hooo, of the 5th Infantry ",who in the charge of his regiment against the ^enemies' battery on the lost his right arm by a cannon ball. "You have heard, S., that your father was founded in the late battle in Texas!" "Yes, sir I heard that he was slightly wounded." "Your father, S., was much more seriously wounded than we had been informed of but he is now reported as getting well. Your father had his right arm shattered by a cannon ball and it became necesary to amputate it ; but. thank God, he is getting well, and will soon join your mother at home." The little fellow's eyes instantly filled with tears, and after a few moment's silence, he anxiously inquired. " Will father not have to leave the army; Will lie have to give up his company." * 1 1 _ ?Ml ___| ? " INo, niy uear uoj, ne win nor uiuess ne desires it." " I kiiow lie will not desire it," was the instant remark, "for when his wounded arm is healed, he can put his sword on the other 6ide, and dra\vit with his left hand.?St. Louis Reveil If. Aitack by Cattle Upon a Red Wagon. Extract from one of Col. Claiborn's letters from thejjinc woods of Mississippi published in the New Orleans Delta: " 1 sot out for Au>gusta, rolling merrily along in :i blood rod buggy. The road is beautifully, roofed over with trees and vines, and the air fragrant with the breath of flowers, Tli.irn u nc nnlv 1,1m fti'Mv%'hni*lv ? the invriads of tiii-s of every species, that swarmed around, and ravenously capjied the hloud from t he ears, neck and flanks of my horse. It is what is appropriately termed here ,:fly time"?that is to say, the period when this numerous family of scourges have it all their own way, and neither man nor beast can venture into the woods with impunity. Now the cattle from a thousand hills, and even the wild deer, seek the abodes of men, and huddle around some smoking pine, or stand in some open ? /"? nc?.i n.1 1 Imir i/wli,"il fiilini'lit nrs Oil 1,1 ,v' 7 !" ; - a sudden curve of the road, I found myself in one of these "stamping grounds," and a simultancous roar from five hundred infuriated animals gave notice of my danger. It is Well known that the. .Spanish inatadoros provoke the wounded hulls of the arena by flaunting the inoleta or blood red Hag before them. It was lite colour of my equipage that excited this bellowing herd. They snuffed the air, planted their heads near the ground, tore up the earth with their hoofs and horns and glared at me v\ith savage eves. The fierce phalanx blocked the road, ami the part of discretion was to retreat. The moment I wheeled the pursuit commenced. A cloud ol dust enveloped them and their trampling feet was like the roll of thunder. My horse dashed forward frantic with terror, and on they plunged on every side crushing down everything in their course, goring and tumbling over each other, Idling the woods with their dreadful cries, and gathering nearer in the dread full chase. The contest uow became desperate. In five minutes we should have been overturned and trampled to death; but at ibis jnnctuie I threw out my overcoat, ami with an awful clamor, v ' * tbev paused to fight, over it, and tear it into shreds. Driving at full speed, I tossed out a cushion; the infuriated devils trampled it into atoms,.mid lushing on, their horns clasping against the Intggy and ripping np (lie ribs of inv horse. At this fearful moment we were providentially smved. A monstrous oak, with a forked top, had fallen near the road, and, into this 1 plunged my horse breast high and lie was safe, the back of the buggy heing then the only assailable point. At litis the whole column made a da>h, but I met the foremost with six discharges from a revolver; two bottles of Ssewell ia)lor's best were shivered in j their lace*; next, a cold turkey and finally a bottle of Scotch snuff-?the last shut in the I locker. This did the business. Such a sneez in" and bellowimr was ne\er heaid before; and ! '? - -5 ^ . the one that got it put out with the whole troop at his heels, ciivling round, seeming the | bl<>od that had been spilled, and shaking the earth with their thundering tramp. 1 was now fairly in for it, and made up my mind to remain until sunset, when they would disperse, as in '"fly lime" cattle graze at night. 1 was relieved, however, by the approach of some I catt.e drivers, who, galloping upon shaggy but muscular horses, and with whips twenty I feet long, wliicli they manage with surprising dexterity, ?oon drove the herd to their "cow pens" tor l lie put pose of marking and branding, l'his is done every year in "fly. time." The cattle ranging, scattered thirty miles round are now easily lound, collected at their stamping grounds, and are diiven to a common pen or pound, where the respective owners assemble and put their marks and brands on the increase of the season. Thus this Egyptian plague is turned to a use In! purpose." -- -- Coi.'"Mi!i.\ ? It> l)nco nations.?A letter in the I'liai legion Standard, I'ruiu a sojourner at the American IJluvl in Columbia, C'., thus describe* lhe flower gardens of that bountiful ami pleasant city: " J I' there is one thing more than another, which arrests the attention of the stranger upon entering this city, it i> the number of gardens which arc: everywhere, upon the right and upon the left. 1 question if anywhere el so in the world, the taste for shrubbery and flowers is so universal. And as the peojile are possessed of sufficient means for the development of whatever taste may be most congenial, the effect is, in the /lnnrrnn tw.? i??,Vi lilrt Mint lift l!ii l-il .1 it Willi tlm exception of those of Paris, the gardens of Columbia are probably more beautiful than any others in the world. And as their existence is here entirely attributable to private enterprise or private expenditure, the reflection is all the more pleasing and all the more in favor of Columbia. Nor is this taste of which \vc speak, exclusively the inheritance of the wealthiest portion of the community. The humble dwelling i - 1:? "r 1... IKIS US suriuuiiuiuy ui iuauimm giuuu, iiuu ir> invested with all that beauty and natural ornament, which is not only possible, but easy to the poorest condition. The city, too, in its corporate capacity, reflects the sentiment of its citizens, and trees of beautiful proportions and foliage, border and divide the streets. American Linen.?The Providence Journal mentions having seen in that city some specimens of flax in the various stages of manufacture, from the coarse raw matmial dressed without rotting, to the yarn fine enough to spin No. 100, and the woven cloth handsomely fineished and beautifully bleached. Twine, thread 1 -.1 c a nilCX OIK1CT IlKlUUI'tUlUri.*!* Ul lJrl A vxjic UI9U UJVUIU ited. The Scientific American believes this to be the first fine linen cloth and thread which have been manufactured in this country. Linen ? -? . -1 r L twine and shoemakers' coarse mreaa nave oeen extensively manufactured, but not a single yard of American linen has been exhibited at any of our fairs. By the new process of Wcachii.g and spinning, the manufactured article can be afforded at much reduced prices. Comforting.?To lose a small fortune in an unlucky speculation, and have all your friends wonder how you could have been "such a fool." i BBBMBMBB3 ' aMMBBBBI ??B?P?I?i^?a?? Importance of Trifles. Ix this won i.i) nothing is a t hi km:.?A painter \va< one day copying n port rail of Remi brand?. ilo took oil* shadow alter shadow, light after li<tht, line up m line most accurately. Still the expression was wanting. Hundreds ' ' -< I ? ....I.oil !? J (Ml IIUIHJI'CUS Ul llMiUlll'9 W Ci t" vtiiuvivooj (Ml J ?? I the Jiid of n microscope, lie discovered' one j hair-like line below tin* fve; and lliis put in, tlie whole likeness came. So if. ii will) all groat things. It is only littleness of mind that cannot, appreciate little thing*** On the eve of one of his great battles, the &encrnl, who, almost alone in his ago, has shown us what a great man is, was found sitting up in his tent, writing lolio upon loliu?upon what? on the comparative merits of tin and copper canisters for soldiers' use. Look at the winks of nature. Do they exhibit jfnv contempt for trifles?? What is the pencilling of the flower, the plumage of the ii.ftct, the moulding of the leaf, the depth below depth of animated worlds, c t ti L m ir /I nun (III ctliio 13 loPf ill traciuiT till' I ??b *... .. r itlim;ti*iicss of tlicir structuri?but :i witness [against (lie ignorant man, who thinks that in the sight of an Infinite Ik-iug anything can be little, when, nothing can be great? Think of the human eye. If is the mirror uf the mind, the telegraph of thought, the great actor in the paiitotnine of signs, hy which we hold converse with our fellow-nien, and read their souls.? What is it but a little dot of light, shifting every moment, and forming an infinite variety of the minutest angles with the two eclipses of the eyelids? . And yet by these slight variations we read the thoughts and pas-ions of the ' > ~ i i...i_ 11 ..< ID i till WIUJ1II ; ?JS W'u iviiii il ?iioiu ?uiiu ui truth, past, present and future, of this world and of others, of man and of C?od, by little lines, and dots and curves, and angles of hair's breadth .lhickuc.is in the forms of writing. So, think how a little voice will decide the fate of nations, even in the tno>l popular of govern ineiiis, so long as a majority decides; and with out such a majority there can he 110 society.? Think how one trilling act, even the waveiingof a thought, will give a bias to the mind, and lay the foundation of a habit which nothing after i- . 1. ... 1. 1 :.. .. Will US ran aiiL'i. i iiiiik imw, 111 a uwnioc tuner of virtue or of vice, :ill may be safe or im safe, up to a certain point; when again one little:n t consolidates the habit forever. Before, there might be escape; now, there is none.? l!ef ne, heaven might have been gained ; now it is lost forever. Think how our moral allections rest mainly on what men call trilles?how trifles please, trifles di>gnst, trifles ir.ritate, triI fles excite admiration, trifles provoke emulation, I .. - i .. .. 4..:n . . i: i 4^ i IMIICS rilllM' jl'tlll'IlM , IMIIUS C(JII9"IIMUIU trifles are the proof of virtue, trifles indicate ! the habit, ami in all these cases simply because they are trilles Great occasions, violent temptation's, oiojjiiti,- eflbrts, siipcihumaii prowess, j these are rarely within our roach. And tliev : arc not required, 'l'liey even diminish admire ! tii>n. tbir lieaits are lialaneed on a point, ami j they w'll vibrate with a breath of air. Jitr. Wm. Swell. I'karsix a Warm Ci.imatk.? Ka'-h succeed yoar but eonlirnis the opinion we advanced, some years snr<s tl':?t ll?? pear was belter adapted to Southern culture than to elder regions of i the Not tit. 'i lie ti> not as subject to disease j a> the apple; and by gral'lin.r on the common pears of the country, limy come into bcaiiug tpiile as sooli as the apple. We have this sea son raised large crops of the finest p-'ars we have , ,.V0|- from trees of our own graft ing, and i why may not our readers do the same ! J lie variety known as I lie white hoM-niie, or Yirga j lieu, a< ripening here, is '.he liiic-l fruit, we ever tasted. I'ompared to which the luo-t luscious peach is tasiele-s. We give our trees an antaial i . : . I . t. I I 1. ? UU>Mii}4 <>i JiMM'S >o;i|i .Miijs, ivr. siiKi iinuni | around tln'Hi with noi??* vegetable substance in tin- lii-at of summer. Utir tr*es are standard trees. Wo have lilt! litt !? lailli in r-? oil I In* (inino" .-look. \\ ill some of our readers that liavti giwn tin* quince stork a faithful trial, give 1 tin; results iif tln ir experience through our col tnnns ? < >110 or two years' trial is not enough. Wo havi* a pear trot* that we grew from a cutting, plantoil funrtco 11 years ; it bore line fruit in nine j years, ainl t hi- year lias |>ro>lucod ten buslielsof tlui most delicious pears wo ever saw in any I ennui re. lv'ir.li hi' ir leoiiM rearlile brine1 live ; cents in any market in the worhl. What can j be the reason that so few good pears arc found j in the markets of the South ? Was the priaci* ! pie of planting1 for po>tciity more generally adopted by our planters and gardeners, not only ! good pears, but much other fruit which is now deemed exotic, and rare, would be plenty in our maikets as our native bhukberries. Soil of the South. Cause ouCkay IIaik.?Cray hair is caused by disease or put refaction of the encircling fluids which nourish the hair through the pores. When this fluid or mutter is exhaled to the surface, being diseased, it emits its virus, or poison, into the hair, and the consequence is 1 that the hair turns white, or falls out from the scalp. The hair then becomes very thin upon the head, and baldness ensues. Many are the causes of this putrefaction of the circulating fluids?such as long continued illness, excessive fevers, nervous derangement causing continual pain to the head, grief, anxiety, intense thinking, too close attention to business?last, and not least, intemperance, and other unmentionable excesses, which are deleterious to the constitu 1 1 I i.i. -r .1.. . ii null, illlU gVIIVIill IICUIWI Ul II1C RJ'SlClll. VIliH hairs, in young persons, generally commence at the point or outer end of the hair?and the reason lor this singular freak is, that the disease from the pores of the scalp runs through the hair toward the point, and upon finding the point closed, on account of negligence on the part of the person in not having the hair cut in proper time, so as to keep it in a healthy condition, the virus in the hair, from the pores, turns it white at the point, and it works gradually back to the so-called root of the hair, and the hair soon becomes white. To obviate this, so soon as observed, the person or persons should apply to a skilful hair-cutter, and have 1 he ends of the hair cut oft* in a scientific manner. Jr. persons advanced in yc-ars, the hair begins to become white at the so-called roots, instead of the points, as in the former case. -? ?> It is a noble species of revenge tc have the power of retaliation and not to exercise it. Liability ok ]Lailuoads.? We learn from ! I lie Macon Messenger of yesterday, that the Supreme Court of Georgia, at its recent term at Decatur, made a decision in a ease carried up from I'c.IjIj county, in which the rule is settled, j oc In f 11 r- Minfiiinl I if ililim.ni'i* wlnVli i< tmpnc;.'!. . o' t t # t * ; ry to protect railioad companies from liabilities fur itijui i?_*> done to property by the running of j their trains. As the decision is a matter of in- j terest and importance both to the Railroad Com- | panics of the Slate and to the public, the editor i of tlie Messenger procured, for publication, the j following extract from the judgment of the ! Court: "Macon A Western Railroad Company vs. James ! M. Davis, adm'r, <fce. The Court erred in instructing the jury that conductors and engineers are bound to use the utmost skill and diligence to prevent accidents at crossings, and that for this purpose tliev must so arrange their engines and trains so as to be able to check or stop tbcm at all crossings, so as to prevent collisions?it being the opinion of the court that the true and only rule in this and all similar cases is, that these agents must use rea sotiable diligence, taking into consideration all the circumstances of the case, and that whether the party lias been negligent or not, depends upon the peculiar facts of each particular case; and the question is to be decided by.the jury. It is farther the opinion of this court, that notwithstanding the plaintiff.may not be without fault, still if the injury could have been prevented in the exercise of proper and reasonable precaution, (on the part of the defendant, we suppose the court to mean,) and was not, the defendant will b-j liable." The plaintiff in error was represented by C. B. Cole, and E. A. and J. A. Nisbet?the defendant by S. T. Bailey. An Ou> Kentucky Gentleman ? A corres pondent of the Lexington Statesman sends that paper a sketch of a very remarkable man (Elijah Deiiney) residing in the Southeastern part of l'ulaski county. He will be one hundred and eighteen years of ago on the 10th of Septein bor inst., and is as active as many a man at tort}'. IK- lias throughout his long life been an early riser; woiks on Ins farm every Jav, and rides to Mount Vernon and Somerset once a week, lie never drank but one cup of coffee in his life, and that was in the year 1848, and has never suffered nn hour from sickness in all his life?the only ailment he ever had, arising from the bite of a rattlesnake, which was in the year 1770, the period he emigrated to Kentucky. Mr. Denny is a native of Currituck county, North Carolina. ITe served seven years in the war of the Devolution, and was wounded at the seige of Charleston, was also at the siege of Savannah and in the battle of Eutaw Springs, lie w;i!? nlso present at the battles of Camden, King's Mountain and Monk's Corner. He served under Colonels Horry and Marion, and was an eye witness of the stilll-rings and death of Colnin.l l< Ilfienc iif* South (':iiYi!inn nil enrlv victim of the Revolution. In height, Mr. J>ctincy is :i1">isL .-ix feet two inches ; ho is very erect mill walks with little difficulty. lie would be taken at any time to be a man of middle age; his usual weight is about 150 lbs., and in his be.-t days, as he informed mo, lie'had never weighed over 170 lbs. The old man is a strict member of the Baptist Church, and rides six miles to every regular meeting of his church, lie is also a violent oppo^cr of Know Nothingism. Jlo has four suns and five daughters, all living; (lie eldest is now iti his 78th year, and the youngest son fifty-one. Tut: Mixistki: Cttoosixc a Wife?Expect not pcrleetion, but insist on oonsilenoy,,' says Mrs. Moore. '-Many sensible, accomplished, elegant, and pious women may be found. But the angel which your imagination lias pictured ami held up to your view as the only object on which you could place your nlieetioiis, caiiiiot be found.... If it be best ft>r you, I hope 3our l ather in heaven will bestow upon you, not indeed a perfect woman, but just, such an no as His own wisdon shall judge the fittest for you. Acknowledge him in reference to this subject. Silt! must be the best wife for you whom the Lord chooses. 1 love to sen Christians depeudiuir with the simplicity of little children on the blessed Cod, their God and Father in all things. It is of great importance that a minister have the light sort of wife. It is surprising how much his usefulness may be retarded or promoted by her influence. Is it then a matter of so small concern us net to be worth carrying to the Lord ? No. Ask his guidance and follow his providence, and you will find happiness. Hut that kind and degree of solici Hide which enfeebles our capacities for present duty, should not be indulged. A mind wasting iti strength either in hopeless regret for (he past, or visionary calculations lor uie luture is a pitiable object. God gives us this moment to employ for him.?Memoirs of Mrs. Hunting ton. Tin: Power of tub Imagination.?That mysterious influence exercised by I he mind over the body, is well illustrated ill the following case, contained in Dr. Warren's excellent treatise on the " Preservation of Health " Sometime since a female presented herself to me, with a tumor, or swelling of the submaxillary gland of the neck. It was about the size of an egg, had lasted two years, and was so very hard that I considered any effort to dissi pate it by medicine to bo vain, and advised its removal by an operation. To this the patient could not bring bor mind ; therefore, to satisfy iier wish, some applications of considerable activity were directed to be made to the part; and cl?/x nitreno.1 o mnviKon r\f ntaolrj witliilllf any change. After this she called on me, and, with some hesitation, begged to know whether an application recommended to her would, in my opinion, be sale. This consisted in applying the hand of a dead man three limes to the diseased part. One of her neighbors now lay dead, and she had an opportunity of trying the experiment, if not. thought dangerous. At first I was disposed to divert her from it, but, recollecting the power of the imagination, gravely assured ? .1 ? - ? 1 her .she might nisiKc me inai, wiinoui appro lieiisioii of actions consequences. Awhile nfter she presented herself once more, and. with a smiling countenance, informed me she had used this remedy end no other: and, op examining for the tumor, it had disappeared." * Tiib Spautanrubg Dinner.?The editor of the Edgefield Advertiser, in a correspondence to that paper lYoin tlie Up-Country; thus speaks of the two Congressmen who spoke on the | occasion: j "We heard much said about the Spartan-1 burg diner to Colonel Orr. It was at this din- j ner that Colonel Iveitt differed with that gen | .1 a * i . r n .1 n l? i licman as to me propriety 01 ooutn Carolina ! i joining herself to the National Democracy, i:i i i the next Presidential scramble. Colonel On!' maintained vehemently that she shpuld do so j ; while Colonel Keitt preferred that she should I stand by and look on in silence, holding hersell I prepared to vote when the time came with ! that quiet and self-possessed dignity which has : I marked her conduct on similar occasions in ! 1 tho past. A gentleman of high intelligence, who I is .1 native of Union and was present at this I dinner, gave it to us as his opinion that the sympathies of the audience flowed strongly I with Colonel Iveitt. From all we have heard ; we should say that Colonel Orr is greatly ] mistaken if he expects thus to lead the State , of South Carolina into the melee of Federal , politics. It suits neither co-opcrationsts nor t seccssionits. The indications given us by the | latp Charleston Meeting; composed as it was | of men of both these parties, reflect very truly ] the sentiments of the people of South Carolina ] A ?%?! ! i?mid nneluiiilit n ltafO r/1/tno vAnfitro (n denounce that meeting or rather that meeting s i platform, as we heard Colonel Orr did'" \ Sui'KRIOlllTV OF AMERICAN M ECU AN ISM.? Late French papers give the following account of a trial of Heaping Machines, which recently took place in the vicinity of Paris : "Atrial of American. French and English machines for cutting and gathering up corn, <fcc., and which are now to be seen at the Exhibition, 5 took place the day before yesterday, at Trappes, ( Count <Je Gasparin presiding. A large number 1 of persons were present: six tents were erected, ' and large quantities of portables were provided, ' which, from the great heat of the day were in general request. M. Dailly, on whose property 1 the experiments took place, had a special tent 1 erected, under which he hospitably entertained .i . 1 ~r *i . i i ^ iiiu meniners o' wiu eury nuu umci in\ueu guests. There were nine machines on the ground, i two French, four American, and three English.' < At a gifen signal, they commenced their trial, i which was to cut down 1,785 square yards of t oats. The American machine of McCornrck, 1 completed its task in a masterly manner, ir. 17 1 minutes; the second American machine took I 23 minutes, and the third 24 minutes. The i other machines took from 34 minutes 1 hour ] and 20 minutes to perform tlieii work. The next trial was to cut down and gather up a given quantity of lucerne, when the palm of victo- < ry again fell to the machine of MoCorniick. \ Wetting Brick.? It is important that every J one engaged in building should be well informed in regard to the durability of materials. We J i.nl.liJi tlif> iVillnwinp from an exchange Da i I O o i ? t , . a s Very few people, or even builders, are aware ofthe advantage of wetting bricks before laying tlicm, or if aware of it they do not practice it; for of the many houses now in this city, there ' are very few in which wet bricks are used: A wall twelve inches thick, built of good mortar ' with bricks well soaked, is stronger in every f respect than one sixteen inches thick built dry. = '1 he reason of this is, that if the bricks are 1 w ell saturated with water, they will not abstract ' from the mortar the moisture which is neces . 1 sary to its crystalization and o?? the contrary, t!it!)' will unite chemically with the mortar, and become as solid as a rock. On the other N hand, if the bricks are put up dry, they inline- * diatcly take all the moisture from the mortar, c leaving it to dry and harden and the consequence 1 is that when a building of this description is I taken down of its accord the mortar from it is like so much sand.?Scientific American. ... , Behaviour in Company.?On the subject a of Behaviour in Company, Leigh Richmond ^ gives the following excellent advice to his y daughters: . y "Be cheerful, but notgiglers, Be serious, hut not dull. Be communicative, hut not forward. Be kind, but not servile. Beware . of silly, thoughtless speeches; although you may forget them, others will" not. Remember 1 God's eye is in every place, and his ear in every company, beware 01 levity and laini- " liarity with young men: u modest reserve, n without affectation, is the only safe path. Court and encourage serious conversation with those who are truly serious and conversable; and do not go into valuable company without endea- ^ vouring to improve by the intercourse permit- c ted to you. Nothing is more unbecoming, 1 when one part of a company is engaged in s profitable conversation, than that another part should be trifling, giggling, and talking comparative nonsense to each other." ? Inconsistency.?In an account given by j Horace Greely, of a late visit to Creinone s Gardens, London, occurs the following remar- t i tl- - - I.. itarjic par<igr?ijiu; "The English are not skillful in varnishing vice?at least, I have seen no evidence of their tact in that line. I endured the spectacle of v men dnnciug with women when rather beery 1 and smoking ; Imt at the last the sight of a dark I' and by no means elegant, mulatto waltzing with v a decent, looking white girl, while puffing awav at a rather bad cigar, proved too much for my Yankee prejudice and I darted." : That such a spectacle should disgust any ? "decent-looking white man," is not to be won- ? dered at. But it is surprising that with such ? I I 13 _!? _? f sentiments, ivir. ureeioy Fnouia aiiow ms paper to cover with tho most abusive vituperation every man on this side of the water, who ex- ^ presses a sentiment at all approaching this. 1 :n Savannah, Courier. ? The will of Abbot Lawrence has been published. and the following arc the amounts bequeath- . " " # Q ^ cd by liim, footing up to the sum of $130,000, ^ viz: To the Lawrence Scientific School, $50,000; fur building Model Lodging Houses in Boston ?50,000, to 1 lie liorton Public Library, $10,000; to the Franklin Library in the city of Lawrence, s $5,000; to the American Bible Society, $5,000; to the American Tract Society, $5,000: and to the Home Missionary Society, $5,000. < The Tattler.?There is no being on the wbitable globe more degraded and more con* :ernptible than a tattler. Vicious principles, .vant of honesty servile meanness, despicable usidiousness, form his character. Has fo* kvit? In attempting to display it lie makes limsclf a fool. lias he friends ? By untesitalingly disclosing their secrets he will nake them his most bitter enemies, By tellng all he knows, he will soon discover to the ivnrlfi lliat. Iip Itnnwv hut litfln n,.oo Ki? ?nw? mi individual ? His tongue, fruitful with falsemod defames his character. Does he covet he favor of any one? He attempts to gain it l?y slaudering others. Ilis approach is feared us p^son hated, his company unsought, and liis sentiments despised as emanating from a lenrt fruitful with guile, teeming with iniquity loaded with envy hatred and revenge. Ixtkuxal Sufferings of Russia.?There ire three articles relating to Russia and the Russian war, in Blackwood for August. One jf them is particularly interesting. It givet a Jescription of what it calls the "Internal Suff:rings of Russia during the war hy an eye-wit* less." The author is said to have returned doing the course of the present summer from Russia, where he had passed so many years that ic had learned to write had English. It represents the owners of the real estate in Russia as educed to poverty, the laboring class as star it. . t. i . -1 ring, me wnuie country as exhausted, me government uneasy and all classes desiring peace. ?t? A Ready-witted Madman.?A gentleman bjr he name of Man, residing near a private mad* louse, met one of its poor inmates, who had jroken from his keeper. The maniac suddenly itopped, and resting upon a large stick exclaim?d, ' Who are you, sir?" The gentlemXn was ather alamed, but thinking to divert his attenion by a pun, he replied "I am a doable man; [ am a Man by name and a man by nature." 'Are you so?" rejoined the other; why, I am a nan beside myself?so we two will fight vou wo." Defeat of Kansas Bank Bill.?A bill was ecently belore the Kansas Legislature for a \ f _ \ 1_ _ ?.l !i I t* At AAA AAA ;iiitrier 01 a oanK iviiu a capital 01 ,vith the privilege to double it?the institution ,o be located at Atchison. The capital stock Aas taken and the directors ready to proceed to business at once. St. Louis capitalists were largey interested in the enterprise. But the bill, after illicit excitement, was. finally defeated before the Legislature. Ti _ ..i .i. J iL. 11 i i\ i - ii is reiaieu 01 me wen Known ur. jonn Dwcn, by many termed the prince of divines that when he was on his dying bed, awaiting I lis speedly dissolution, he dictated a short letter to a friend. The amanuensis had written, "I am yet in the land of the living." He at once irrested him, saying?"Stop, alter that; write I irn yet in the land of the dying, but I hope soon to be in the land of the living. ? + ? A few nights ago a Mr- Bodkin, who had been )ut taking his glass and pipe, on going home late borrowed an umbrella, and when his wife's ongim was loosened, he sat up in bed, and suddenly spread out parapvlic. 'What are you joing to do with that thing?' said she. 'Why, ny dear, I expected a very heavy storm to night in J so I came prepared.' In less than two ninutes, Mrs. Bodkin was asleep. A skeptical young man, one day conversing vith the celebrated Dr. Parr, observed that he vould believe nothing which he could not unlerstand. Dr. Parr replied: 4Then, young nan, your creed will be the shortest of any man ! know.' -? ? A cheerful temper, joined with innocence, will nake beauty attractive, knowledge delightful, md wit good-natured. It will lighten sickness, lovci'ty, and affliction, convert ignorance into an uniablc simplicity, and render deformity itself ,green Die. It is not poverty as much as pretence that inrrasse* a ruined man; the struggle between atroud man and an empty purse; the keeping up i liollow show that must soon come to an end. lave the courage to appear poor, and you disrm poverty of its sharpest sting. Washington, visting a lady in his neighborlood, on leaving the house, a little girl was IIIV.VLCU IU U|A:il HIX3 UUUI. 11U IUI I lull IV llJO liild and said :?" I am sorry my little dear, ogive you so much trouble." "I wish, sir" he replied, "it was to let you in." A man calling himself J. Thompson, of forth Carolina, was arrested near Newberry '. II, on the 8th Inst., and lodged in Edgefield ail, for having stolen two horses from the table of Mrs. M. Goruillion, of Edgefield disrict. The horses were recovered. An old bachelor says that the young ladiee vho rejoice in a multiplicity of rings chains ockets. <tc.. to the unnaralleled extent now asliionable, should be labelled like watches in viudows.?' Warranted full jeweled? A Candid Lawyer?"Do you think I'll get usticc done me ?'' said a culprit to his counselI dont't think you will," replied the otherv for I see two men on the jury who are oppoeei o hanging."' lit A.* ^v^hnnnrn nnr^r Qftvfi fh.qt. Vfrtinor rrnntU*. r r"" ?J" J * nen who would prosper in love, should woo rently. It is not fashionable for young ladies o take ardent spirits.' * Those who blow the coals of others' strife nay chance to have the sparks fly in'their owi> aces. To win contidenoe we musi do iruouui uunelves. Suspicion breeds the evil it feaia. Serve every one as much as you. can tn? :ompete with no one more than you must.