OCR Interpretation


The Camden weekly journal. [volume] (Camden, South-Carolina) 1853-1861, September 25, 1855, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84027851/1855-09-25/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

THE CAMDEN WEEKLY JOURNAL.
i i~~~-IT, 1 ' ?
VOLUME XVI. CAMDEN, SOUTH-CAROLINA, TUESDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 25, 1855. NUMBER 39.
S'elrrtfli |)ortri).
DECK OF THE OUTWARD BOUND.
?o?
IIow seldom we dream of tlie mariner's grave,
Far down by the coral strand;
IIow little we think of the wind and the wave,
i
When all we love are on land!
The hurricane come? and the hurricane goes,
And little heed do we take.
Though the tree may snap as the tempest blows,
And the walls of our homestead 6hake.
But the northeast wind tells a different tale,
With a voice of fearful sound,
When a loved one is under a close-reefed sail,
On the deck of an 'outward bound.'
How wistful then we look on Mie night,
As the threatening clouds go by;
*-j .1? nri nmj tj,e jast fnjnt
| Alia lite nuuvio Sw ..t-, ... w
Is dying away in the sky!
How we listen and gaze with a silent lip,
I And judge by the bended tree.
How the same wild wind might toss the ship,
And arouse the mighty sea;
Ah! sadly then do we meet the day,
When signs of storms are found,
And pray for the loved one faraway,
On the deck of an ' outward bound.'
There is one that I cherished when, hand in hand,
We roved o'er the lowland lea;
And I thought that my love for that one on the land
Was earnest as love eould be:
But, now that he hath gone out on the tide,
I find that I worship him more,
- ..... . ? ??.r
And 1 tliinn on ino wutoro u?ji ..
As I bask ou the flowers on shore.
I have watched the wind, T have watched the stars,
And shrunk front the tempest sound:
Tor my heart-string? are wreathed with theslenderspars
That carry the ' homeward bound.'
I have slept when the zephyrs forget to creep,
And the sky was without a frown,
But I started from that fretful sleep
With the dream of a ship going down.
I I have sat in the field when the corn was in shock
And the reaper's hook was bright,
But my fancy conjured tlio breaker ana rocK, i
In the dead of a moonless night.
0, I will never measure affection again,
While treading earth's flowery mound,
But wait till the loved one is fiir o'er the main,
On the deck of an ' outward bound.'
Jttisrrlhinrons. !
The Federal In ion vs. Slavery. |
Whenever the Federal Union fails to answer
** - -? - ,,-ni I
the purposes lor wnu-ii a ?.i> ui^mwu, ... ..... (
fall upon its own accord and become powerless, j
Whenever it attempts t?> invade the right ol
property and destroy our Southern institutions
there will be nothing to sustain it.? Gecenville
Patriot.
This is in the usual confident style of this
Editor. It is certainly not a self evident propo
silion, that a (.Jovennnen must " fall upon its
own accord," whether it commits a wrong or in
vades the right of property. It is not self evidently
true of our Government, resting as it does
-i i_ :n i.fnftf tipnirtjvs an I
upon wie popular win. Oiaiv
ipse dixit, is necessary to make evident such a
proposition
Whether a Government may with security do
a tyrannical act, depends upon circumstances.
It depends upon whether it is sustained in it>
tyranny by the great majority. If it is? it may
oppress the minority, atid deprive them of their |
must sacred rights, nut only without "its talJnig
upon its own accord," hut without there being
any means of successfully resisting it.
The Government of this Union invaded the
right of properly by high Protective Tariff*.?
It took from the people of the South what did i
notiustlv beloiiir to it, and still less to them for
J * rj ^
whose benefit the robbery w.-us dune, the North
em manufacturers Upon this rubbery and violation
of property, the Government did not " fall
upon its own accord, and become powerless," ;
but still stood in all its strength, so-tlmta whole
Stat", sustained too by a strong public opinion
throughout tiic Scutli, was, according to this!
Editor, compelled to back out when content- !
wintiiwr r0tio:in,.(i Win*, yrantimr the fact ? I
|/lavlMg - .-J , 0
Because the great majority sustained the Government.
The English Government invaded the light of
Dronertv, bv abolishing slavery contrary to the
will and wishes of the owners. It did not, therefore,
" fall ujioii its own accord." It did not
receive the slightest shock. Why \ The slave
owners were a minority.
In the present state of public sentiment, and
with the slave holding interest as strong as it is
at present, it is conceded the Government of the
Union c^uld not accomplish the same result in
the same direct manner with the English. But
with the rest of the Union against the owners
of slaves, and the result may and will be reached
n. rlircro inrvins, Sluverv will he
uy liiunviv vi ......
weakened by degrees and finally destroyed by
the action of the Federal Government. The
foundation will be laid for it, in public sentiment,
and the Government sustained by this sentiment,
will do as it pleases. Let the Abolition agitation
go on, let it build up a great national party,
: :l_ J..: .,,,,1,,,. ilii. tmtvio g,f
as it is now rapimy u<<iu?, uuu?< w.v, - .
the Republican movement, let it unite the great
ma9s of the Northern people, let it extend its
influence into the Southern States, as it is doing
in the border States, and perhaps still nearer to
us, if the truth were fuliy known, and thus let
it detach from the slave-holders, all not immediately
concerned?let it accomplish these things,
none of which are improbable, but all likely, and
we doubt not, that the Government of the Union
may and will accomplish the destruction of slavery."
Nor, in sucli a state of public sentiment,
II ,U. nnnf " fall nf ifs men nrvnrd ''
Will IIIC UU?S1?>?V... . ,
as imagined by the Editor of the Patriot, but
there will, in all probability, be no means by
which the slaveowners, being as they now are
ao inconsiderate minority, can successfully resist
the outrage. Like the English siavo owners,
thev will be compelled to submit and accept
j - ... l ? _o- i
anv terms tnat may ue um.-n.-u.
That ours is a Government supposed to be
limited by a Constitution is no security. A
preponderating majority cannot be restrained by
a paper Co"it;tut?ci:. Insidious construction, ;f
not open violation, will be a sufficient pica. It
is even now getting to be a prevailing sentiment
at the North, that the framers of the Constitu
tion contemplated only a limited duration to
slavery, and tliat to carry out tlic Constitution
in its true spirit and meaning, it is necessary to
use the Government for Abolition purposes, in
every practicable manner.
On the Patriot's fancy, the duty of a South
em man becomes quite simplified in the matter.
He has only to live on in the most perfect indifference,
quite secure that his Government will
accomplish its purposes, as long as it lasts, and
that by some magical process, as soon as it ceases
to do it, it win tutnoie uown -upon iu> own
accord."
Tlie Editor, in giving this counsel to tbe State
and to the South, is particular to give us to
understand he does it as one who has " read
history and understands government." We
have not so read the histories of the various
tyrannies which have oppressed mankind. Did
Nero's tyranny ' fall upon its own accord?"?
Did that of James II.? Or was it too strong,
with all its corruption and tyranny, for the English
people to overturn, without the assistance
of ;i nmwrfnl foreign mince at the head of his
"" " I O k
army ? For the English people, with their unconquerable
spirit of freedom?
History teaches no such thing, but the contrary
: that the artificial powers of Governments
commonly sustain them long after they should
have perished. The reasons are obvious. A
Government is an organized power, acting with
energy and despatch, with armies and navies to
tl,n rrnrit) In ifs f'lVfir.
?U|;piCM 1 iii mv ? - .vw ... ? ,
and against the people, are, the difficulty of conceited
action, the dread of anarchy and civil
war, the disposition to submit to almost anything
rather than incur that risk, all tending to
give such a vis inertia to society, as it has been
aptly called, that resistance is rarely made except
in the last extremity of oppression.
Or will the Editor say, the Government of
this Union being a popular one must obey a
different rule. It mu>t indeed conform to the
general sentiment of the Union, or fall to pieces.
But what if this sentiment be against the rights
" * ?1>'. >niii/M-it\-1 Thi> Tiiinorit.v mav Lecrushed
and still the Government stand in all its strength,
and for this verv reason stronger, that it gratifies
the desires, the interest, or the fanaticism of
the great majority. It may become a Democratic
Absolution, long ago pronounced by
Aristotle the worst possible of all forms for the
protection of minorities. Minorities are safer
under a King or Monarchy.
Nacherry Minor.
Tiik Old Cami* Ghound.? For forty years
this has been a rallying point for a majority of
tin* citizens of Hancock, old and voting, reli
jpmis juid irreligious, until it lias become almost
a necessity. Iimeed, w lien it lias been seiiously
contemplated l?y the authorities to remove or
abolish it, we find i|iiite as many demurrers put
in from the world as the Church. And although
under the control of a particular branch of the
Church, yet, all denominations have tented at
it. mingled in its devotions, and reaped its benefits.
\\"o presume it is now the oldest Camp
Ground in the State, and verily it has the decay
of age well niark?*d upon many of the old, dilapidated
tents. We were sorry to see so few
tenters at the recent meeting, and so much
apathy, generally, as to interests. Yet the
meeting itself was a good one, especially the
- . . .?r i * : ii.. i ., !
I.IS I Uiiy ; ami ?imio]> r leioe e.weoeu .iiium-u
ill aa sermon on I he vision of Isaiah.
We were pleased to see, in attendance, the i
Jlev. Win. Arnold, who preached with his usual j
effect, and, who, forty years ago, purchased the !
ground f?r the use of tlie Church. The venciable
Joseph Bryan, of Alt. Zion, now S9 years
of age, so long ail Eider of the Presbi terian j
Church, was also a tenter, and teemed to enjoy )
himself as much as any one present. The moral, 1
not to say relig:ous, effect of this annual convo I
cation itpoti the inhabitants of the county has
been of the most salutary character. Eternity
alone call tell the tide. Shall it be abandoned !
We hope not. Let a Convention be called the
ensuing Spring of all friendly to its continuance,
and several days spent in tearimr down the old
touts and burning the rubbish and cleaning up i
the thiek underbiUsh around. Ii will infuse a
new spirit into the people, and the old Sparta j
Camp Ground, with its gushing fountain of pure
water, now living in the memories of two gonerations,
may proven blessing, socially and roli
giously to our children's children.
Central Georgian.
? ?
A Needle Extracted dy Spirits.?Daniel
Gano relates, in the Cincinnati Gazette, that a
Mrs. Marsden, reading in his family, sprained
her ancle by turning her loot upon a small stone,
from which she suffered much pain. Shortly
after, being in communication with the spirits of
General Gann, the relator's father, and of another
deceased person, Mrs. Marsden and the company
were told that in the calf of her leg there
was a piece of No. 7 needle, which was the
cause of all the pain, which had been there for
several years, and that by the next day they
would have it out. Mrs. M., immediately after,
experiencecha sensation like a worm creeping up
her leg, utider the skin, accompanied with a sharp
pain, and the next day, at the appointed time,
sure enough out popped a ru?ty black needle.
Mrs. M. then remembered stepping on something
pointed, several months previously, but had no
idea anything was in her limb until the spirit
forced it out.
Soiikr Second Tuougiit.?Some five years
ago a tradesmen of Pittsburg borrowed about
six hundred dollars from an intimate friend, who
had the amount lying idle in bank, and gave
him as security a fraudulent mortgage on prop
erty belonging to his mother. The tradesman
failed and went to California, and his creditor
found upon investigation that his mortgage was
good for nothing, and that not a cent of his
claim could be realised. The defaulter was not
again heard from until the arrival of the steamer,
a few weeks ago, from California, when the
gentleman from whom the money had been
borrowed received a note from him, stating
that he had sent over a thousand dollars to pay
- j * ?. ..e ?i.? i?.,?
cue principal ana interest wi mu iu?g oumuMig
account, and that that sum was now awaiting
his order at a banking house in New York,
which he named. The gentleman has the mo- J
r.ey safely ir. his possession.
Tlic Hireling and the Slave.
It is not our design to indite a criticism of
t lie noble epic of our fellow-citizen, William J.
(.iravsuii, which bears the abo\e title. That;
has been already well and acceptably done by
our correspondent at Newberry?so well done,
as to render criticism on our part wholly
supererogatory, it is our purpose, however,
to contrast the happy lot of the slave of the '
South with the dependency and privation ol :
the poor hireling of the North ; rather, we j
would give a forcible illustration of the wide
difference in the condition of the two classes,
showing that the condition of the former is far
preferable to that of the latter w ith all its much
vaunted freedom. The hireling of the North
is held hound by a chain stronger and more
galling than the contented servitude of the
negro. He is bound clown and crushed into
a state of most abject menial dependence, and 1
j do what he will he he cannot throw off the
iron }oke. He is forced by the cravings of (
j hunger by tile fierce scowl of gaunt starvation
I more terrible than the scourge ol tliostavenoiucr j
i which is wielded by a humane kindness and ;
j self-interest, if you will to work, toil, drudge, J
I do any thing that will keep soul and body I
together. To avoid the terrible fate that awaits ! ;
the least relaxation of his hard labors, lie is |
compelled to accept such scant, beggarly ie- j 1
| numeration as the hard-hearted capitalist may
j think proper to allow him, and the competition
| of bis fellow starvelings may fix as the mini
I mum price which starvation may be kept from
I the door of his wretched hovel.
We will draw our illustration from the 1
' e ,1... vr_?. V..-I. *
I advertising columns in iu? new ivm ,
j and the Philadelphia Ledger. Justtakeany issue j
! of these two journals, and scan the long columns '
j of advertisements under the head of " Wants." |
i Compare the number of those seekin gempluy- j
j m<?nt, seeking sit nations,?seeking masters
1 would lie the proper term,?with those who J
desire to give employment and the comparison ;
j will give the reader a faint conception of the
! miserably dependent condition of the hireling
: of the North. Let us examine the New York
Herald, of last Wednesday, the 12th instant,
j It contains live and three fourths columns of
J "wants"?short advertisements scarcely ever
i exceeding five lines in length. Their very
, brevity speaks of poverty and "want." Where
two arc wauling the Same kind of situations
I they unite in making known their wants though
j one advertisement. They arc compelled to
| economize even in their advertisements, short
; as tin y are. l?y an actual enumeration of those
i advertisers seeking situations, we have ascertained
tint the number of thorn in the Herald
! of Wednesday i* two hundred and ninety -two;
on the other hand those seeking to give em- j
ployment number only ninety three.
: Tin..-.. ill..: efrmv on mii average more !
! lli.'iii three ;ij ji.iciinls fur every situation to be |
i filled. \Yit ii so many s?lnrvii??r ;i]iplicants for '
, competitors, small indeed must be the wages ol ,
the one who is so f*?rtincite as t<> .secure the
j situation. One poor girl fldveil;se?, that she J1
| is w illiuu to accept, as remuneration fur the |
| nio>t toilsome ami menial services the pitiful j
; sum of forty-eight dollars per annum, so verv : i
j destitute and dependent is she. A large tua-1 <
I'joritv of the advertisers?more than three f
fourth-?are \ oung girls, whose desire is to i
! engage as cooks laundresses, chambermaids, j
seamstresses, and the like laborious and menial j 1
occupations. One girl, a Plot est nut giil. M
which is one of her motf. commendable qualities i
adveilises that she "would Jul nrif to i
find a situation in a respectable family, as;
metrun! iniiike euro of children.'' Poor
g'ri ! ii"t a dixilit you would feci happy to so- ' 1
C Mi* a home to .-belter from the "pitiless storm" ! 1
of penury and want! Some of the advertisers < >
are married women, whose de-titution forces j )
them to hire the,useives as Wet nurses. 'J'he i!
Herald^ of Tuesday last, contains a shocking j 1
account of the homicide of a little boy by two j '
Geiman sisters, one, the mother of the Imy ;?
and their own self destruction. Tliev were j
forced t<> these desperate deeds l y sheer want, j*
I?y starvation. They could not get employment j
and were forced t<> starve, or steal or beg. I '
They preferred death by their own hands to i '
anyone of these dreadful alternatives.
Now, contrast with the above the condition j '
of the slave in the South. With a nature j '
adapted to his condition and with a physical I '
constitution peculiarly fitted for hard labor he ( '
is content, if only his physical wants are sttppli j 1
ed, to toil for him who directs bis labors, who j ^
controls bis evil propensities with the rod j *
tempered by humanity and restrained by self!
interest if by no higher consideration, who ['
care for him in sickness and who kindly minis- c
teis to bis wants in old age. The price of slave 1
labor, as compared with that of hireling labor, J
proves conclusively that the condition of die
former is far more endurable, to say the least
than that of the latter. The high price of slave
labor proves that the demand is great, and so: (
long as the demand shall be equal to the, t
supply, there can ho no doubt that the ' i
physical comforts of the slave will be carefully j i
attended to. Who ever heard ofa slave starv-1
inn? who ever heard of a slave being driven i
f? r*
to self-destruction, by the want of food? t
Carolina Times. S
II
New States.?There are four Territories ' j
whose population will, probably within a year, i (
entitle them to admission as States. The rate j t
of Congressional appointment is now one j
Representative to every 93.420 inhabitants. J,
But it has been customary heretofore to admit j j
Territories as States with a single Representa-1 ^
tive when their population amounts to 00,000. j t
Minnesota, it appears by her recent census, L
tiae o nomibitinii nl"nvf?r fin 000 nnrl ic r-iniillv
""" l'"I " *" ?..? J J I
growing. Oregon last year had 48,000, and
probably now equals Minnesota. New Mexico
liad at the time of the formation of her Territorial
Government, (in 1850,) 01,500 inhabitants.
They then framed a Constitution, but
as it prohibited slavery, it was thrown over- ,1
board by the "Compromisers*" Her population f
now mn>t lie near 100,000. Kansas falls be- ]
hind either of the others in population, but the c
facilities of emigration and settlement there i
ure so much greater that, if the preservation r
rvf In <?i *? r\ ni'/lor tl'Oeo rrn n en n t t..rl St t
ui mw nuu ??tit ^w?i nuuvu, it uuuiu i
soon overtake thenv (
Oregon anil Minnesota are past tliopossibility j
cO'eing made slp.vchoiding .States. r
Our Grain Jlarket.
We have alluded several times to this subject
in the course of the season, as it became more !
and more apparent that our new connections
with the West were about to offer to Charleston j
the opportunity of being one of the leading '
Atlantic marts lur breadstuff's. The establish* !
ment of flouring mills has been discussed among
our merchants, and is not likely to he long delayed,
where the benefits are so obvious.
But there are other points that deserve the
attenliou of our merchants, and, indeed, to all
wlio are interested in the prosperity of the city, j
?for wc do not suppose that any intelligent;
man will question that the establishment of
Charleston as a great Grain Market, would add !
much to her commercial strength and resources.
This trade in grain and flour from the interior
is new. A few yea is ago nearly all the flour
roiisuined in the city was brought from the
North. Now. it is ouile the other way. Not
only are our own wants supplied by Southern {
produce, but we liave a largo surplus for cx- I
puliation. It is ibis surplus that wc have to
provide for.
The change has been ?;ftceletl by our Hail
J r... i !.. .. _ .....I I MUil sxf t linen
Il'iiu C 'lllllIUIIIUclllUII^. CIIKI It |-> VIIC W| uiugu
results foretold by the early projectors of these
improvcmenls as sure to follow the completion
of their plans. Tt is to the Railroads, therefore,
that we look, in the first place, to give stability
and security to this new trade. By a liberal
system they can assure it to us in permanence.
By dealing hardly and exactingly with this
new-born trade, they can strangle it in its cradle,
more easily than they have brought it into
exigence.
There is another thing which the Railroads
can do, independently of dealing generously
with tlip unit lor of f mii-omrfntinn. which would
Ik- of groat service. We menu tiic establish
niont of storehouses near the Depot, for the
temporary housing of the arrivals, at moderate
rates of storage. We believe that all who
who have had much to do with grain this season,
are convinced that such receptacles will be
necessary, and that thev must he somehow
provided. It is always of importance to put
any branch of trade, in die very outset, on the
right foundation.
It naturally follows that for the city there
ought to he a Corn Exchange ?a place where
i t ~_ll - tuitlt
uuj'CTb uiiij geiitrs chii uu suit? lu incut %??t?
each other,?where samples of all consignments
on sale can be inspected and estimated,
and the proper references given. At present,
we understand there is great confusion in this
respect, which could certainly be easily remedied.
In this wav, too the- grain merchants
eould act as an intelligent boil)' upon the pro
ilncers, ami secure the proper putting up of
grain (in which there is now great carelessness)
and its proper separation as to quality, the
w ant of w liich often depreciates the value of
i..?.. i... .
' i r-j
Theto is. in short, even tiling to lie gained |
by establishing :i good practical system in the
i)i:|sct of this trade; and, considering that it is
n w and that we are surrounded by eager coin*
peiitors, there is everything to be Inst by neglecting
any of i!ic means in otir power f??r
giving it facility, order am! security,
('har Irs Ion Mr rev nj.
Cioveiook Shannon*?To show the South
ern people how .Mr. Wilson Shannon, the newly
* - i i i... i
Hfpoiiiti'll Imwruor (U ivausas, is regarueu uv
Llic lice soilers, we ?jnnte (lie following lanirii
'iro ( !' that arrant freesoiler, Jolm \\ entworth,
of Illinois : I
'Those who know Wilson Shannon, know |
[hat lie is a Southerner in all his notions; as
much so as any of the linn of Douglas, Atchi- |
?on, Stringfcilow and company. Ho goes to (
Kansas to make Kansas a slave State. Mis (
intcccdcnts must lie known to (ieneral Pierce.
He was an old Tyler man. Although elected
.. 11... /-.n't,.,. /.(' l J/,Vf.ru. If nf Olii.i I\ v* till! [)(>nir>. 1
rats, lie cainc nut with a letter endorsing John <
"ylcr, and hy the same John Tyler he was |
liven a foreign mission. <
' Hy a strange enmhination ofcircumstances, ?
ie was elei tetl to Congress for one term, and t
or one only. During his Congressional career '
10 was a Southerner in all his notions and all \
lis votes. His record is rigui, ana wnai 13
letter, his heart is right for Douglass and slave v.
lie goes to Kansas lo inllict a deadlier ''
ilight upon its rising hopes, and to curse its
icople with bondage. It remains to he seen I
vho has the blighter future, liecder or Shannon 1
?the patriot or traitor! j
"Let Shannon recognise this mob of Doug- v
asifes that now pro fosses to be the Legislature
>f Kansas, and the next House of Representa- t
iveswill pin a clause to the next appropriation fc'
till that will declare all such infamy void.? s
riiere is hope in the next Congress."
Alarming Account or tiik Chops on the
Continent.?The news from Germany in rela- ^
ion to the grain crops is said to he of a very
infavoralde character. The New York Cour> f
er, referring to the subject, says :
The supplies at this time of the year are
isually very small and the prices not high; hut s
he accounts from East Prussia, Pomeranie, 11
Silesia, Mecklenburg and Holstein have caused
rrcat excitement. Rye will give hardly one f
lalf the average. The wheat has been so much 1
njured by the rust that the entire loss of it is 8
eared, whilst the disease of potatoes has been 8
>f so great extent that the worst is to be ex>ected.
The stock of old wheat is entirely 8
xhaustcd. Under these circumstances prices 1
it all the continental markets, with the exeep c
ion of Holland, have considerably advanced. 3
Vt Berlin, Stettin, and Cologne, for several 11
lays, holders had entirely withdrawn from the
n&rkct. Rape oil has also rapidly advanced, '
ind in the Rhenish market higher prices were c'
laid than for the last fifty years.
Mr. \Y. C. McRae's invention for preventing 1
iccideiits on rail roads at switches, drawbridges
mil by collisions, is about to bo placed on the 1
.'hiludt-lphia and Rending Rail Road, tho first t
lompany which has given its consent to the j
iivcntor to show* its practical operations on a 1
ail road. The principle of Mr. McUac's invi-n '
ion is said to be very simple. It operates by "
dectromagnetic action, and, if it answers the v
purpose intended; it will prove a valuable safe-1 r
nifird to the travelling public. 1 e
From the Southern Patriot.
The Ciiftlunere Goat.
Nothing connected with the agricultural wealth
and improvement of the country should attract
more attentiou than the breeding and rearing
the Cashmere goat. It is known that a few
years since, Dr. Davis, of Columbia, on his return
? -?... l.ivMiortit .villi liini a fpw rtf thnSR
JIVIII * Ul ?*?% * ?? .. ?V ? ? ?r I
animals. The most of the original stock nre
now in the"possession and under the management
of Mr. Peters, of Georgia who is the principal
of the Cashmere Goat Company?Dr. Davis and
Col. Summer, of this State, having an interest
in it. These animals, with one in New York,
one in Virginia, and a third owned by Col.
Hampton, comprise the whole of the pure breed
in this country, as 1 am informed.
If future developments shall verify the experiments
already made, (and of which there is
very little doubt,) there is no enterprise in which
any one can engage which promises so abundant
a yield ; as rich, however, as these promise,
they are as nothing in comparison to the general
wealth which may be added to the agricultural
interests of the country.
It is said that one-fourth of the pure stock
will combineall that is required, both as to texture
and quantity of the fleece. These remarks have
been elicited by the examination of a Cashmere
buck of three-quarter stock, now at unicKS
Springs. lie was lambed in May, and, in size,
will compare favorably with the ordinary pure
goat of the country, although he is hut three
months old ; his fleece (if some of this red clay
were washed off) would be as white as snow, and,
as to beauty and fineness, exceeds anything I
have ever seen. It is worth a long ride to look at
this gentleman.
This mountainous country is, by nature, peculiarly
adapted to the wants, habits and character
of this animal, and it remains to be seen who
will be first to seize apon this prize. M.
-?# ?
Crouwjcm. and IIis Daughter.? Guizot re
lates the following: Being informed that Harrington
was about to publish the republican
Utopv, the " Oceans," Cromwell, 'then in the
t'tiliioce l.u Ar/lopo/1 tlio mnniic/tnttf to
be seized at the printer's and brought to Whitehall.
After vain endeavors to obtain its restoration
Harrington in despair resolved to apply to
the Protectorate's favorite daughter, Lady Claypole,
who was known to be a friend to literary
men, and always ready to intercede for the
unfortunate. While he was waiting for her in
the ante room some of Lady Claypole's women
passed through the room, followed by her daughter,
a little girl three years of age. Harrington
stopped the child and entertained her so amusingly
that she remained listening to him till her
mother entered. "Madam," said the philosopher,
setting down the child, whom he had taken
in his arms, " 'Tis well you are come at this
nick of time, or 1 h:yj certainly stolen this pretty
little baby." " Stolen her," replied the mother,
"pray what to do with her?" "Madam," said
1 ?? tliMiiirli Ii/iH/iIt'jctitu ncvtirn linr n /vmct/lnrnltln
Utl "'""S" VIM1IIHO fWJIIH ..V. <. vw...,?v.w>
conquest yet I must tar it is not love, but revenge,
that prompted nic to commit the theft." " All,"
; nswered the lady again, "what injury have I
done you that you should steal my child ?
" None at all," replied he, " but that you might
be induced to prevail with your father to do me
justice by restoring my child that he has stolen;"
and he explained to Ladv Claypole the cause of
his complaint. She immediately promised to
gc-t his bonk for him, if it contained nothing
prejudicial 10 her father's Government. He assured
her it was only a kind of political romance,
and so far from any treason against her father
that lie honed to be nermitted to dedicate it to
? 1 1
liiin ; and lie promised to present lier ladyship
with one of the earliest copies. Lady Claypole
kept her word, obtained the restitution of the
manuscript, and Harrington dedicated his work
to the Protector.
Fighting on Equal Terms.?I will tell you
\ little incident that occurred in Georgia, many
fears ago. Judge T., a celebrated duellist, who
tad lost his leg, and who was known to be a
lead shot, challenged Col. D., a gentleman of
jreat humor and attainments. The friends
,ricd to prevent the in* but to no effect.
Phe parties met on the -ind, when Col. D.
,vas asked if he was ren.^.
;\<v ne repiieu.
44 What are you waiting fur then ?" inquired
fudge T.'s second.
44 Why, sir," said Col. D.p " 1 have sent my
>oy into the woods to hunt a bee gum to put
ny leg in, fur I don't intend to give the Judge
iny advantage over me. You see he hus a
rooden leg ?"'
The whole party roared with laughter, and
he thing was so ridiculous that it broke up the
ight. Col. D. was afterwards told it would
ink his reputation.
" Well," he replied, " It can't sink mo lower
hail a bullet can."
"But urged bis fiiends, the papers will be
illed about yon."
45 Well," suid he, "I would rather fill fifty
* i - . it
tapers man one cuwin.
No one ever troubled the Colonel after that.
Communing with One's Self.?Sir Walter
jcott says in his diary :
"From the earliest time I can remember, I
(referred the pleasure of being alone, to wishug
for visitors, and have often taken a bannock
aid a bit of cheese to the wood or hill, to
tvoid dining in company. As I grew from
toy hood to manhood, I saw this would not do,
md to gain a place in men's esteem, 1 must
nix with them. Piide and exaltation of spirits
iften supplied the real pleasure which others
eem to teel in society; yet mine, certainly,
ipon many occasions, was real. Still, if the
[uestioii was eternal company, without the
tower of retiring withi" yourself, or solitary
lonfinemenl for life, I should say, ' Turn key,
ock the cell."'
A correspondent of the New Vork Post writes 1
1...0 t A?:.,.;na
Illia II VIII iwwuinfiiiv
"The Kentucky State elections nre conducted :
>iva voce. The practice heretofore lias been for
he voter to hand in his ticket openly, and the <
ndges would copy from it, not requiring the i
icket to be read aloud. They decided at this
lection that every man should read his ticket, i
nd that the poll should be marked from the i
oice. This disfranchised all who could not
ead, or who were unaccustomed to the language,
xcept so far as their memory might serve them.
The Ariel irageaj.
We learn tliat Andrew F. Gimud, Esq., and
Peter W. Anderson, Esq., left the city ?>n Saturday
in the Nashville. These gentlemen arc
known, and brought letters of introduction, to
some of our most lespectable merchants, ami
during their short sojourn gained the sympathy
and kind feelings of all with whom they became
Acquainted.
Mr. Girnud is the brother of Henry Giriiud,
the youth detained here as a participator in the
Ariel tragedy?and is extensively engaged in
mercantile business in New York. The father
of young Giraud is a retired merchant, living irr
the country, having, by his own exertions, secured
an ample fortune. lie has reared a large
family, the members .of which are influential
men of business in New York?and a shadow
of suspicion lias never until now, rested on one
lit., ii.iinn V..nnif tlirwll.l h?R }w>l>n W?ll
educated, and prevailed on his parents to permit
him to go to sea. The late Captain Eayres was
a friend and constant visitor in the family, and
an elder brother of Henry having been passenger
with liiin to California, he was a great favorite
with them, and Ilenrv, consequently, knew biai
personally.
Mr. Anderson, is the fat her of George Anderson,
who is detained on the same charge as
Giraud. George is just fifteen years old, audi
i having finished a term of three years at a Bonrd-j
ing School, also prevailed on his parents to allow
I him In on nno vrivuiro tr> km flnrinrr his vacation.
"" b" """ '~j"b~ o
Ilis father is a gentleman of large means, having
his countrv seat on Coney Island, and being at
the head of a large commercial House in New
York. Mr. Anderson and his lady both accompanied
their son, in the Ariel, down to the Nari
rows, on the day of her departure from New
York, and a more happy crew, he says, he never
saw. i;
The parents and friends of these youths cot*fiJently
believe in their innocence, and only ask
a patient withdrawal of public opinion until the
whole shall be made known at the legal tribunal,
being perfectly willing to abide the resultCharleston
Courier 18th hist.
i lie ^uiiuwi vi
The following, which we cut frotn a Tennessee
paper, is a portion of a letter from a clergyman
in Louisville, Kentucky, whose name is not
given, written to one of his flock :
" I am now in my 78th year, and have been
in the ministerial office a little upward of a half
century. During the long course of my ministry,
ten years occupying the old homestead, and
upward of forty in my present location, and
under different phases of the political atmosphere,
I never saw it my duty, or felt the slightest
inclination, to preach what is generally called! ?
political sermon. And it by one word, or evetv
insinuation from the pulpit, I ever disturbed or
interrupted the feelings of a political bearer, 1
never knew it. 1 never entered the electioneering
canvass for any man, even wv most favoritepolitical
friends. And when I thought proper
to offer my suffrage at the polls, it was always
done by a silent vote, in an unobtrusive manner.
I do not know that I ever gained a vote secretljr
or indirectly for any man. Indeed I always
thought it unbecoming the gravity, the dignity
and sacredness of the pulpit, as well as detrimental
to the spiritual edification of the people,
for the ambassador of Heaven to lurn aside from
his master's work to mingle with the excited'
multitude, where I.ttle else is to be heard but
wrangling and jangling about men and measures,
without any addition to, but most certainly detracting
from the credit and influence of his
clerical character. Of all the offices ever held!
by man, that of an ambassador of Christ is ilia
most digniflcd and responsible.
"No other post affords a place
VI cquai nuiiur ui uj>grui;ir.
Advertising.?A contemporary truthfully
remarks: " The persons who really understand
the principles of advertising are few. Most
people fancy that it is only necessary to advertiso
occasionally, forgetting that in the general competition
they will soon be forgotten for some
new advertiser to the best advantage; they
should remember that they must not oniv select
the most proper channel, must not only set forth
their wares or wants in explicit terms, but must
keep doing thus, day by day or week by week,
or else they will fall short of their object in just
so far as they neglect to advertise regularly.?
A newspaper has new readers every issue, and
theg-eater its circulation the greater tho number
of these. If advertising is of any benefit,.
it is as useful in hard times as in prosperous
ones: nay more so, fur it is at such a period
that a dealer must make up, by exertions, for
the decline in hi9 trade. It is a " penny wise
and pound foolish" economy to stint your ad*
vertising in any way."
?.
B. M. Ednev, Esq.?This accomplishtd gen*
tleman, it seems by the annexed, was refused
admission into a Council of the American
Party in North Carolina, where his antecedents
arc so well known that his association is regarded
a reproach rather than a compliment.
Hear what the Western (N. C.) Eagle says:
Carolina Times.
" At the late Orr barbecue, at Spartanburg,
Gen. Edney made a flaming speech
against the Know Nothings of this State, and
said they took in only free negroes ; but forgot
to tell them that he had attempted to join the
Order himself, but being too well known at
home, Sam wonnd'nt have him. If the gentleman's
assertion he true ho certainly occupies
no very enviable position in public estimation."
Notwithstanding the recent warning at Burlington,
a man in a wagon attempted to crass
the rail road at Newark on Thursday. His hoi>e
became unmanageable, fell and broke the shafts
of the wagon, but no person was injured. The
train was moving very slowly, and stopped before
any damage was done. The train going from
New Brunswick to Newark on Wednesday, was
detained by a boy driving a steer on the track
in front of the engine and refusing to go off.?
Hie engineer slowly followed him up nearly a
mile, when turned his steer facing the engine,.
and defied them. The train was stoppod ; tl:e
fireman got off to drive him away, but the boy
made battle and the engineer had to let him
have bis own way.

xml | txt