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The Camden weekly journal. [volume] (Camden, South-Carolina) 1853-1861, January 29, 1861, Image 1

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^ Lcticr to II011. Keverdy Johnson. i
C \ Baltimore, January 11, 18G1. i
\ - To the Hon. Reverdy Johnson :
^ My Dear Sir: These arc perilous times
' and, among others of our distinguished and '
respected citizens, you have assumed to offer .
. your advice in regard to them. This is prop- .
er, and but a part discharge of the duty which
yon owe to the'State of your birth. As one of .
your fcUow-citizcns I have, in common with
Hn|| thousands of others of them, to regret, in what '
you had to say last, night at the meeting of the j
-Maryland Institute, there was no plan for the ^
- -composing of our difficulties suggested by j"
^yourself. You seem on .that occasion, judging
from the published report of your speech, to [
imve fallen into the worn-out road of mere ctt.
^ogy on the value of the Union, without iiuany ?
-maimer proposing any mode by which it can 1
. <be reconstructed, it having been already dis- ?
xupted. Entertaining for you a sincere respect,
< -indeed, I 'may say, a warm and habitual per- ?
. 5 ; <sonal attachment, and having the utmost con tfdeuce
in 3-dur love of your Srate, I deeply regret
that you did not on that important occa- ' j>
sion, which yoq are capable of doing, lilt your- 1
self above the mere rhetoric of the ordinary
gk .political declaimer, and point out some plan of j1
PT: reconciliation for the adoption of those who '
$ .. value- the Constitution which made the Union. "
T -l-? aaAMVu*# linf kI>fV\tV? V?AI? M +/-\ nn_ ^
Jl &12AJ tuau l/V IVi W J VU uuuv.MW>a bv yulighten
your fellow-citizens" as. to the history of
the country, you had not better qualified your..
self for tho.-tasl:, by refreshing your memory by
a repcrusal of iu It is my purpose in this ,
communication to recall to your recollection a
few memorable fects, which appear to have
- entirely escaped it. In doing this, my only
purpose is (in the hope tlint its fulfilment may N
<lo good in this tryiiig crisis) to show that the !
couduot recommended in the speeches deliver- .
cd at the meeting to which I have referred, is ?
Almost ideutical with that pursued by the ad- .
Lcrents of the Crown in the days of the revo- j1
' * lution, and in direct opposition to that of the
^ wliigs. of that period. P
Iu tlicTuloginm which yon thought proper 11
to deliver ou .Massachusetts you say, and truly, 0
. .. " that iu the great struggle. for independence 9
p . the fiTsl'blow. was struck iu that State. But '
k_ " '. you also say, .that uihe bone* of her citizens ul- 1
i nun I lite roily whitened the eod of every State, 0
and the stripes bud stars, when in their hands,
...-jy were everdhc certain pledge of victory or deulh."
' I suppose you tncau by this statement to con- s
v??y the idea, that, her sous have 'fallen in the 1
* contest lor freedom and independence waged
y on the soil'of almost ,-il 1 the States. If you do, '
then", sir, you are entirely without authority 0
for the deelaration. There is no history that .'
oives'the slinkiest warrant lor thc-asscrtion.? J(
Ou the cpulrary,' all history?as i$ the Juct? "
| testhiecFthat not even<u'hnr/le eompjuy of sol- .
dierx coer left MiKsvchuts'its, or any of the 11
other New England States, to tight the battles 0
waged for independence on Southern" soil.? '*
0^ Nouc of tlieui ever proceeded farther South,- in .
, \ the great struggle of the devolution, than "
Long island", and even there, they worn-saved e
jroui-utter destruction by the steadiness, skill "
t and courage of- the "old Maryland Line," un- ^
I . dcr the . command .of Gen. Sinallwood. The
i shame of treason, iu the war of 1S12, is indel- jr
BE/ , her-troops to go beyond her own territorial .
SsHbt V' lihtrt*, and that in her bosom was Latched the ,U1.
^ trcasouabJc pr<>jcct (treasonable, because difr- P01
ingxrarf ofscparating the New England States P?
*rom tiie rest of the confederacy, and re-uniting
them ioxfft old England. Moreover, that on fwie
occshuoji ^ofthe aiuivxatiou of that Texas '' '
which she .is noty anxious to compel by force
io remain in the Union, by her iVgiilatarc slie | Vo
declared such annexation h-o facto dlaaoived' Pc
Rc- the h nion, an'lcua: Massachusetts w;is from
K' that day out of the Union. All this, sir, you v,"
W.. ought to have known; and if you did know it, uC
R culqgium.of i*r at tin* txpouse ofgallnnt J?
?; States?you must pardon mc for Saving it?is
wholly inijusV.nable. ' .
Mt.e dap-trap declarations are. to be ex- J.0
pocted ftoin the designing aud weak, but are
i unbecoming a mau of your gravity aud wellestablished
character for sound' sense aud patriotism.
"We ought not to l>e surprised that vv*
knaves, who wish for their own selfish pur- li:l
poso to mislead uthcrs less informed than them- u~
solves, or that simpletons, who are incapable of u
understanding the importance of the principles Sr
involved in the present controversy, should indulgc
in frivolous objections to the present at- Ra
titndc of some of the Southern Statesbut,, .
when a similar line of policy is adopted by
these, ta whom--we have a light to look for ui
counsel and direction jy? times of difficulty, we 01
Cannot hut feel mortification and pain. "v
The meeting at which -you performed your
part has been held, aud those who composed
it, are again dispersed among their follow-eitiZens.
1 beg to inquire of you, sir, how it ten- tl<
S tM, in any way, to settl.e flic present difiicu'- 1H
- ties' It suggested HQ plan of adjustment, it u
neither reeommended negotiation with, nor the ai
forcible coercion of, the seceding States, I i"
defy any- man, after be shall have read with
the greatest care the proceedings, to say what ul
it is the meeting wished to have done. Purtu- m
I rinnt monies, nusciitir reuieums mu.i. i,w lu
, - is; they distinctly enough declare dovotian to to
tlic Union. But tlio integrity of the Union S11
teL-. has npt only been threatened, but its ligaments ol
have already been torn asunder, and war de
clared, if indeed the slaughter has not actually l'
* . ' What said the meeting on the all-important P
question, whether, with their consent and ap- J
'proval, Southern cities should be demolished j
jjud eonjlat/rated, and Southern homes made
desolate by the slaughter of fathers and o) bru- j1
' thcrs, their natural protectors
Nothing! absolutely nothing! So far from j,
there being any expression of a tender solici- 0
'tude for, or the exhibition of a sympathetic ?
apprehension for, the safety of Southern fath- a
frrs, of Southern matrons, maids and children, ^
there was, touching these matters, a silence as j
profound as that of an Egyptian mummy. Ijii- ^
less, sir, I have greatly mistaken both your
head and heart, yon cannot cooly and approv- ^
ingly contemplate the massacre of our conn- ?
try men and the desolation of their firesides.? ?
And yet, your presence at, and participation c
in, the proceedings of such a meeting will be t
joyously hailed by every Northern fanatic, as s
.another pledge given for the humiliation and | ,
subjugation of your Southern brethren. It* i c
these people understand at all any part of the ! f
teachings 9f Jesus, it is his saying, that he who ' t
is not for us is against us; nnurest assurcu, sir, , N
that however coutrary the tact may be, and I s
however repugnant to your real sentiments it1 j
f! may be, your indorsation of the stereotyped j j
H; resolutions of the meeting, as apanacea for the j ^
Pr: distressing ills which -afilict tlie country, will j j
fei procure for you the approbatiou of the most i ,
a' rabid .Republican in llic Jand. The "iiqmbli- ' j
can" party, swollen with the consciousness of j ,
? -power, for the first time by them possessed, ! }
mr i- -v insolently scorn all thoughts of conciliation and i,
PU -peace, and in their arrogant demonstrations of ( <
? warlike purposes, confidently point to those in j J
ihe South who thirik they fulfil their whole .
RU dtlly to the common weal, and establish their ;
Wjf claun to statesmanship, by joining in picas to ! :
flnnttMbkllc Union, as part anjl portion of the bests i ,
..y 1 '
vbich arc to subdue into slavish submission
my Southern State whose people arc old-fashoned
enough to think constitutional liher y
has a real and substantia! value. ^
This delusion on their port is (he real and
mly dij/icult;/ in the way of a speedy and su'tsfaelury
adjustment. And it grieves me, sir,
o know, that instead of the meeting at the
nstitute contributing in anywise to dispel the
ufatuation of these people, if it have any pracicabte
effect at all, it will be, to strengthen
nto conviction their present belief that the
teople of Maryland arc with the North, and
lot with the South, and that as against the
utter they are ready to co-operate with the
s:orth in compelling, at the expense of botfi
ilood and treason, a submission of the South
o the \oke of a galling servitude.
a inacf lumnnt'imi* nrmoni? (n plinr
........v "i i"- - -
eterize, at this time, everything done by those
11 authority iu Maryland. It was but the
ther day, in a manifesto issued by the lion.
Jenry Winter Davis to the voters of the fourth
ongressioual distriat, tlr^t the ground was ta;cu
that Maryland had suffered 110 wrong at
be hands of the North! lias Mr. Davis for
;ottcu the murder, at the very portals of the
ltd Is of justice, of Mr. Kennedy, of Washingon
couuty, by u Pennsylvania 1110b, because,
,nd for 110 other reason, ho was in that Stale
joking after u runaway ? Had the horrid deails
of the brutal murder, under the very eyes
/ the Governor of J\ unsyhxtnia, of Mr. Gorueh,
011c of tho most venerable of the citizens
f Baltimore county, also escaped his rceollecioii
i Or, to speak of an - event more recent,
ihs his memory no trace of the case of Mr.
Jyera, of Carroll county, who was decoye l over
he boundary line into Pemi.-ylvauia, tried for
Id napping, because lie had reclaimed a runaway,*
convicted by an abolition jui v, and who
rould now he in the penitentiary had not Gov.
'acker granted him a pardon ? Such insensibility
to the wrongs of Man landers is in fit
:ceping with'a proposition, at this time, from
representative of a 1'Souther,1 constituency,
0 render, their slave property of still less-vale,
by requiring of them, after they shall have
ncurred the trouble, risk and cost of capture
f a fugitive slave, to submit to the additional
utlay of a trial by jury in the place whence
c' shall have escaped and to which.he shall
iavc been returned. This is deiuan lingSoullirn
rights with a vengeance!
But, sir, my purpose in addressing you 011
ius occubiuu i*>, iu jJwiMf uut in sumu ucjjreo U1U
iiniiarity of the acts necitring at the dawn oi'
be .Revolution with those* ot'the present.day.
And > here let me remind you, sir, thntalhough
the iirst struggle in the Revolution was
u the soil of Massachusetts, thai ol thai tiuw
eitfur Maryland urn- Soaih Car. Una were
jined iu any union with her, nor were they
uder any ley a I obligation to assist her in her
rliiculties. -Their eohin/efeiid interests were
1 no way eonueeted with hers, and. they res;d
under no sense of favors bestowed by her,
>r she had bestowed none on either of them.
Vhatever aid, djjheforc, they extended to her
1 her time of nOTu, proceeded from that genrous
appreciation of tiie conduct of those who
*ere struggling for their rights, which had
ceu outraged by special legiaiatioafc6f the
British Parliament. The i 11 thifv.rencc'^RSo; 11ii
audi 11 a in'behalf of Masiachasetts*was niani.
t.v agaifc t all b it yacvniut - mtercstR ; her
When tire tea, on which a duty had been
posed,by Parliament, was brought into the
i t of Boston, it was thrown overboard by a
rtion o its merchants and other people, d/*utU.-as
Indians. The contemporary histoof
the event also informs 11$ that nearly all,
uov. entirely all, of the merchants supposed
have participated.in this Jaring achievement
-y coon thereafter clandestinely signed a
tition, asking that .they should not ho pnuicd
for the act, and promising to par the
luc oi the ion, with the objcctioual duly add.
in the lajp.'v of time, this performance
s come to be considered, in all I'lyinonth
)ek celebration.-, u.s a wonderful alfair, and
ion alluded to i.u a speech, never f. i's to add
the self-sufiiyieney of all genuine Bostonians.
tilth Carolina, ct .the lime it occurred, supped
the act tu be one of heioism and sarnie,
and accordingly her inaguau inioiis soul
is moved to active sympathy for those who
id performed it. Sue sent forth to .Mas-acii
ctts rice and other necessaries ot life to sitsiu
her in Iter need. She is repaid for her
mpatlty Vun by M:tssuc.buselts urging the desta
ion of her lio-pitablc homes and the niasero
of her people uotv J
You are, sir, i bciievc, a native of the audit
city of Annapolis, Into that place, in
c year 1774, a vessel?thy lJe>jyy &>ietcuri?
ought a large quantity of tea, "'on which the
vhers of tlic vessel made haste to pay the
ity." llow, sir,"did the people of that day
eat this act of submission f Recollect, sir,
is was uearly two years b /oee the Declara...
-V T...1 1 1....I "lw?... Tlio
JH KJl uau uwuu U4iivtv. .* ?v I
:ople regarded the act of the owners of the
:ssoi as likely to call in question the fidelity
id honor of the Province; and witltmil dhminy
themselves as Indians, as was the case
.Massachusetts, they compelled the owners
the vessel to ask forgiveness in the most hnilluting
language; nor aid their resentment
op there: the penitent owners were required
i go 011 hoard of the vessel and, whilst her
liis and eoiors were Hying, in the presence
a large multitude they themselves set lire to
le packages of tea, all of which, together with
ic vessel and every nppcrlciiun*u (befool,
as consumed. The manner in which was
erformed the two acts of burning the tea, ilistrates
what at that time was the difference
etwee 11 the tempers of the people of -MaryHid
anil Massachusetts; the one, open and"
hove board, the other indirect and uurelia!c.
I am sure that if some of the "Union-savers''
eteabouts had been consulted on the occasion
ftlie destruction of the PcjU'J Stewart, they
rould have advised a "masterly inactivity,''
nd talked long and dolefully of the power of
ireat iiiitain, just as they do now of the wonorful
length of the border line of our State,
ut enough, for the present, of this.
Of one thing there can he no doubt, and
hat is, that South Carolina Ims spoken 111
ilaj.ii language, and in this particular, if in
1011c other, her convention resembles the great
engross of the eolouies of 177-1. At that lime
here were, as there ever will be, obstinate and
hort-sighted persons in authority, who could
lot see where laid the real cause of grievance
if the colonics, and who thought the repeal
>f the stamp act would remove all cause ol
:ouip!aiiit, just as we have among us person?
vho think that the repeal of the so-called per
onal liberty bills ought to satisfy the South
Jut Chatham lived in that day, and lie clear
y foresaw and predicted that if the work o
loereion was pel severed in, the Crown wouk
ose its brightest jewel. Jlis counsels were dis
ix/sirdcd. but his prediction was, to the ever
t ' M.
asting regret and chagrin of his contemners
rerified. Ilis words on that occasion ought ti
je carefully weighed now, by those who so in
jonsiderately urge war on the'' peopie of tin
South. Speaking of the demand ol-the colo
lies he said: "They do not ask you to repca
your laws as n Javor ; they chfyn it as a rnjU
?they demand it. They toll rV?u they wil
not submit to them ; and I tell/ von tl e act
must be repealed. lint repc^^frill not satisf
' \ -
tliis enlightened, spirited people. It is not rc
pealing this or that act of parliament *, not the
annihilation of a few shreds of parchment, that
can restore America to your bosom. You
' must repeal her fears and resentments, and you
may then hope for her love and gratitude."?
The advice of this great man was unheeded, i
and whilst, to use the language of Burke, "the i
western horizon yet blazed with his descending
glory," ships and armies were sent to sub- 1
jugate the colonies, just as is now proposed to ]
he done in the case of South Carolina and <
other seceding States.
South Carolina is now menaced by a mili- '
tary force in her harbor, and rash men clamor 1
for its immediate and large increase, apparent- 1
ly regardless of the disastrous consequences 1
which must inevitably follow such a proceed- '
inir. x J
w t
What was the language of that modern Solomon
and pure patriot Benjamin Franklin, 1
when asked by Lord Howe as to the proprie- T
ty of keeping a military force in the presence j
of Boston during the period of her discontent ?
I ask you to ponder it well. "The army at
'Boston," said Franklin, who-saw the imminent
hazard of blood-shed, "cannot possibly answer c
(in;/ ;/ood pur/HMf, and mat/ be mixchievoux.?
iYa accommodation can be properly entered s
iato by the Americans while the bayonet is at
their breast. To hair, an agreement binding,
all force xkoald be with irnion."
The case of Charleston now is almost identical
in its circumstances with that of Boston in
1774. A ministry, bloated with pride and ar- s
rogarico of power, turned a deaf ear to Ins il
counsel of wisdom ; and, I much fear, unless s
persons of influence like yourself endeavor to 'J
prevent it. our federal authorities will follow r
the bad example set thcin by that headstrong c
and unwise government. Nothing but the a
stern reality convinced the British ministry o
that the feeble, and, as they foolishly stippos li
ed, cowardly people of the colonics, could sue- g
ccssfull) resist the colossal power of England, c
Indeed, even among the colonists were to be s
found those whose fcais subdued their judg- a
incuts and cooled the ardor of their patriotism, ii
It was asked with an air of coiitidcucc by some I
of them?"Are we ready for war? Arc we v
a military people ? Where arc our stores, our s
soldiers, our generals, our money ?- W e are (
defenceless; yet wo talk of war ugainst one of a
the most formidable nations iii the world. It t
will be time enough to re?>rt to measures of a
despair when every Weil-founded hope Irs r
vanished." . c
It was fur that king 'among men, Patrick
Henry, to answer questions like these, and he 1
did answer them as became the perils of the <
occasion, and the inspiration of his own great
nature. "Thby tells us," said he, "that we are A
weak ; but shall wo gather strength by irreso- s
lutioii ! We a: j not weak. Three millions of d
people, armed in, the holy cause of liberty, and v
iirsucli a country, are invincibleJby jiny force 1
which our enemy can send agailistens. We t
shall not light alone. A just ..God presides t
over the destinies of nations, and. will raise up p
friends for us. The battle is not to the stroug s
alone; it is to the vigilant, the active, the n
brave." What was the result? A just God f
did raise up armies for them. Then but three
millions were in the whole country, while now; a
more than-three times that mi in hoi* arc in the V
r ; I 11 J ? 111 II " " - i I Y PH!<rr-^
that such a people can be subjugated ? As in :in
the revolution, their fields may be devastated,
their houses given to the devouring flames aw
and themselves driven to th? swamps lor slid- tis
ter; but tuigulco it not, for as sure as there is a
God in heaven, they will ro-appcar in triumph S1'
U"d*i" other Marions, Smnpto,^ and Pickens- cv
es, to whom their sufferings will give rise.?
Whole hetacombs of lives may be sacriliced
iu the mad and wicked attempt to crush the
South', but never will that gallant people how
their necks to receive the badge of serfdom.? T>
The only harvest to be reaped Irom a ruthless
war 011 our hrethrcu will* lie one of death, ill
will, discomfiture, and everlasting shame and
dishonor. Unless ali history be delusive in its .
teachings Uus will be so,
If we are to judge by the doings at Wash- ^
ingion, tiie Constitution, which ought to be :l1
the supreme hue ot^ the land, seems to have t)'
ocen rudely pushed aside, and in its stead has ^
been erected an irresponsible Military Despo- vv
tisin, claiming tiie right to declare and wage w
war. If the people Nurtir, South, East- or P'
West, tamely submit to such an overthrow of a;
the constitution, they will uo longer be worthy l'(
the name of freemen, SJ1
And how is Maryland behaving under this ..
accumulation of evils? We are told to wait ^
and watch; to do lujjhing at jircseut. For a
long time we were urged to follow the fend of .
j Virginia. ' Well, Virginia is - speaking, and j
with an uniiiimili/ and force that shows the .
fires of patriotism have not died out in the "
Old Dominion. JJut how was it in the times I"
of the revolution ? Did Maryland wait on
Virginia? No, sir, not at all. In regard to *w
the proposed Congress of 1774, we are told bv
history, "thatso universal was the zeal of her
people, so rapid their organization, that their
provincial convention met in Annapolis on the ft
twenty-seeond of June, and before anyhiessage a
bad been received from Salem they elected ci
delegates to the Congress. With a modesty
worthy of their courage,they appologizcd to ]j
Virginia for vviviiif/ y advance; pleaditig as
their excuse the inferiority of their province in j,
extent an J numbers, so that loss tiiuo was needed
to asecrtriu' its sentiment." And whan, us ,,
is tiie case now, the then (Governor refused tocooperate
with the people, "they invited a vol j.
notary offering to the amount of ton thousand
pounds, for tin! purchase of arms and aininiiiii- ' j,
lion; and taking the sword out of the hands j
of the Governor, they elected their own ollicers ,]
to defend Massachusetts and themselves." l.et
> i e .1 . 1 . _ i .
tlie conduct ot .Ma it i a nuns oi mat u.iy uo
contrasted with that of those of this. Look
upon that picture and then upon this. 11y- (
porion to a Satyr, If Maryland is to exercise
any influence whatever in restoring the Union, ?
or in determining its destiny, she must speak
and act and she can do hcilhcr effectively unless
her people he organized under the forms of
law, either in the Legislature or in sovereign i
convention. Although the task would he a y
very easy one, I have not thought it worth t
while to show hy reference to the history of t
the formation and adoption of the federal eon- i
slitution how utterly opposed your expressed |
! views are to those of its limners and ablest j
ad\ ocates. JJut in my opinion, any further .
f discussion, at 'his laic du;/, of the mere ab- i
i straet right of secession, would he just ahnutns <
- j>rodiietive of any useful purpose as would he i
. the .discussion of the right of the American
colonies in 177t! to secede, as tliey did, from a
f union with the mother country. The unI
deniable fact is, that several States hare seccd
ed, and it is equally certain that in a few days
- olliersjof them will do likewise.
, Let ine, my dear sir, by that love which
> you cherish for the Union founded hv our
I'..)!,/,** ,ni,l <l, V,ilioll t<> I'oiistitutioiial
\i, liberty, adjure you to employ, earnestly ami at,
- once, all your^powers to induce the fed .'aI !
I govern meat to withdraw its forces from the '
I j waters of South Carolina, and to commence
I , the wonTs.f negotiation and- reconciliation,
s I Her people are kith ami kin?all of one na)'
ture ot one substance bred, and should not be J
dealt with as though jhGy ' wero aliens and
cticmics. And, if it .t^ fpjind on a fair experiment
that we enlist liye. in friendsliip'
witlieach other, then ^t us agree to part in
peace. Let us not be unnindful that much of
that renown and glory <ii'wQiich wo arc justly
so proud is due to Tlloi valor, patriotism
and wisdom of the soDsuf CJarolinn, exhibited
in every era of our polit'flal existence. History
has taken note of the fictj and no ebullition of
passion can wipe out tlhjmcord. The advice
jf Franklin should ba\now?.foilowedbv-the
President. It is oxactfcljfdaptcd to the, pres;nt
emergency. His dtfjaration will be fonnd
is true and as full of vjsdom, now, as it,was
ft'hcu made: ujVo vcconpiotlaiirm can be pro
oerly entered into whilejhs bcn/orteL ,ix at (he
ircast. To hove an afeegieuL binding,. oil
orce should be withdrifejf,"--.'Ho who claims
.0 he wiser or more . pjjriotic than Franklin,
nay scoff at the sngge^i:;','A>ut yon, I am
arc, will give to it the censid oration to which,
t is justly entitle!!; 1-^s.vfe written hastily,
>ut at the same tiinoijellittg!as ardent a love
or the Union '3nd its {ie?ervatiGn under the
Constitution as vou or Tiny 'other Marylan-.
lo\. - 'W!& TlliRWWv '
Y\ i th sincere esteem, limp, your friend'and
crvant, ' JOPtf O.'UEGllAND.
FIio State Waists JJfoney?liow to
' Kaistiic.
"We, the people," bav^-forced the State to
cucssiot), arid it behoovpsrus to sustain her.in.
t. Every man is bouiidtndo what hc?enti to
upport her in thestaiid vjiich she-Iras taken.,
.'lie youny arc rushing th the field with nlac:
it}-. Very well, that is> tjieir part.7 The poor
an do nothing for her btiyhelp lill her ranks;
nd many of thorn camict even do that withut
leaving their families want. Wry well,
i't them stay at home an^onstitn& a homeward;
and lot them pcrtSrm this service as
heel-fully as the young" nciYpc'iform military
ervicc. Then there are'A-pur men in office,
nd old men of ample means, who can neither
glit nor watch. To this';eiass I belong, and
will show by c*ampfir, ijnstend of precept,
rhat I think they should1^-'. 1 will give one
ixth of my income, this.year' to'the State.
)ne-third payable on tiit^TTiirJ of April next;
.nether on-ibe third of Jijly,.nml tlic other on
he third of October. 3?w-; if the man who
re able to spare this nugljgwithout .afflicting
heir families, will do so, \j-.en, before the end
if the year, the State v.iii ^fve atd'^'v'disposai
:car a million of money, t Witch I speak of
... f....-,ir,vM...., r.'.'i.......
iiv iui;ui?*v ;ui uiu jku, ^iwnu vvi*i wiu in^vvr
ny debts now due aiitl payable this year?or
atber, I mean the propositi Ju to be -thus* qnaliiedt?o
far as it respectsNrtj fra; for, as to tuyelf,
I mean to give tlie^gctli, irrespective, of
lebts presort, or future.' 'j'testibseription book
rill be found in charge of'^iliiam JK Tsiiiey,
isq., at his olHec." Let subnotions upon like
crins bo opened in every itjfwn and village in
he State; and I mistake tjjp;cliarneler of the
icople of South Cnrplina, ntahe lias to sell n"
ingle bor.d, stop a single labile work, or taxSingle
poor man to au iiAount ill tit- he will
Here arc our women, . ^
nd young, going abpnt^^B ps
,'bribing with their owitjSR;;-J- ,:;<^^Iwr^aiid
ten dollars,*
d receiving their sweet th f ' i ' ?
d done tliciu a great favor. We are all
10.t patriots; let its now we how our patrio- <
in will end are a touch of the pocket nerve.
All the papers of the Stale will publish this
alls, of course, and help to give it effect in j
cry District, - : SENEX.
Sic Georgia Ordinance of Scceadon.
AX onui^Alfpt
j Dissolve i e Union bcltfr'cti (he &'.ntc >J ?
Qcortjiu and the other States unite I lolth licr,
- - / ? . - ? ?; ? ii
umitr lite compact ?j Ltovernmciti chuucu tuConstitution
ojt lite Untied Slates:
We, the people at" the State of Georgia, in
iiivo;.l:un assembled, do declare and ordain,
id it is hereby declared and ordained, that
e Ordinance adopted by the people of the
ate of Georgia, i:i the Convention of 1788,
hereby the Constitution of the U-nitcd States
as, ratified and adopted, and also all acts and
il ls of acts of the General Assembly, ratifying
id adopting amendments to the said Ooustitu311,
are hereby repealed, rescinded, and ab.ro-.
i ted.
We do further declare lind ordain, that the
Dion now subsisting bstween the State of
eorgia and the other Stales, nudcr the title
the United States of America, is hereby
i.-'solved, and that the State of Georgia is in
10 full possession and exercise of all those
glits of sovereignty whirli belong and npisrtaiu
to a free and nidepcndeiit State.
'ichrt for the Southern fonfcilcraey.
The Waynes!;oro (Ga.) A'r/tf-v suggests the
.iti.uiiiir tieket for President, Vice-J'sesident,
ml Cabinet Oflicirs of ilic Southern Coiifcdracy,
(that is to be :)
]'resident?I'. W . Pickens, of South Cairotin.
Vicc-i resident?A. G. Drown, of Mississipi.
Seen hi ry of State?Howell Cobb, of'Gcoria.
Secretary <f Treasury?John Slidell, ofLou>istna.
Secretory of ll'nr? JeiF. rUvi-, of MississinSecnlurt'
i f Navy? Gov. Perry, of FloriIsU
_ I
Stenlwy of Interior?J. L. M. Curry, of
PoshnusttT^Ccncml?John E. Ward, of
Attorney-General?John S. Preston, of
south Carolina.
Mauvland Moving.?tLnrgc secession mcutngs
have been held in n^l the counties of Maylaiul
:yid the people hai've taken the Goriyuuion
ijucstion into their own hands. Coniinit,ecs
of leading citizens have been appointed to
iijjke arrangements for an election to take place
hroughout the State on the fourth of February,
for delegates to a State Convention to assemble
at. Annapolis on the third Monday of February.
The obstinacy of the Black Republican
LJovernor Jlicks, in refusing to call the Legislature,
will, it is said, rather accelerate than retard
the secession movement in the State.
C/.ai Uston Mcrcun/,
It may lie noted that, while nearly all Pis
triels in the State havel responded nobly and
promptly to the fall for Volunteers, the Districts
that furnished the "Palmetto Regiment" for
Mexico have been specially active, and are now
well represented. Kershaw District, for instance,
one of the least'populous of the. middle
I tistricts, has four companies ready. The Congressional
District to v liich Kershaw was at
taelied in 184U fiirnishc^ 1, if we recollect aright
one-half of the "L'ahnet o Regiment and all-tin
^ch^ofhcc^^^^Vc* on Courier.
Officers of (be First Regiment 01 me
Regular Army of South Carolina.
vi TLe following is the list of officers as appointed
by the Governor and confirmed by the
Senate under the order of the State Convention,
for organizing a regular army for the use
of the State : '
John Dunowyjt, ilajor.
W. P. Calhoun, Captain.
T. Mi Wagner, -First Lieutenant
W. C. Preston, Second Licntenaut
S. Sitgreaves, Third Lieutenant.
J. ii. JLlaJlonquist, Gaptnw.
' Alfred lihett, First/Liutonant'.
G. N. limnolds, Second Lieutenant.
D. G. Fleming, Third Lieutenant.
; infantry?first company.
W. D. Smith, Captain. .1
Warren Adams, First Lieutenant. ,
T. B. Hayne,' Second Lieutenant. ' ,
William Barnwell, jr., Tiiird:Lieutenant.
second company.
William Butler, Captain. '
T. A: Ilngueimi, First Lieutenant.. ^
S. D. Shannon, Second Lieutenant. ^
Mitchell King, jr.. Third Lieutenant.
third company.
W. D. DeSanssure, Captain. . *
llobcrt DcTrcvill^ JFiraGitTcutenant.
James HamiltotirSecond LicutelSuitW
Willis Wilkinson, Third Lieutenant.
fourth company. '
George James, Captain.
B. F. Sloan, First Lieutenant. ,
John It. Blocker, Second Lieutenant.
Luff G. Calhoun, Third Lieutenant
' fifth company. .'> .
John C. Simkins, Captain.
G. W. Baric, First Lieutenant.
It. Press Smith, Second Lieutenant.
Al leu Ward law, Third Lieutenant.
sixth company.
Thos.' M. Baker, Captain.
J. L. Black, First Lieutenant. ^
II. S. Farley, Second Lieutenant.
A. P. Butler, Third Lieutenant.
C'/iurleiiun Mercury. '
(Ai'EH iKilic Soutk.; ; i
By dircctiqu oFtliifl'Secnjtary.of "War, .Colo- I
ncl Craig,, oftlra Ordnance Bureau* lias trans- '
luitied to lIlc Cbaiwmm of the JLlonso .Military
Committee a statement, of the transfer of goccrniuent
arms to the South. ' We make the
following extract: " . v .?V
On the 30th day of December, 1859, an
order was.receivud.ti'om the War Department
directing the'triinsfer ofoue hrtindred'aiid fifteen 1
i i. \i..UUo. ;
elinse.tts, anil W'attrvlfct, New York, arsenals
to ditfcrciitarsejials-at the South. Orders were 1
given, in otcdienee -to these instructions, on
the 30Lh*of May.'ISOO, aud the amis were removed
during th^pfist^prii.g from and to the
places as'follo'ws ?- '- "iVoiu
Springfield armory, sixty-five thonsaudjj
muskets, , ttf jjrijjW'i; h.ut^O
But' a
gjg ~jB nrtfajra
Muskets Muskets ltilles
Sliarleston (SC) arsenal 9,280 5,72u 2 UtO ?
Sorth Caroliuu arsenal lo,4U3 'J,520 2,OtiO b
Augusta (Ua.) arsenal li.,3SU 7,020 2.0UU
Mount Vernon, Ala. 9.2SU 5.720 2,du0 sj
Baton Rouge, La. 1S,52U 11,420 2,000
"The arms thus transferred which were at ?
the Charleston Arsenal,' the Mount Vernon sj
Arsenal and the Baton lionge Arsenal, have
been seized by the authorities of the several
States of South Carolina, Alabama and Louisiana,
and ar? noTTonger in-, possession of the
Ordnance llephrtinent, Those stored at the
Augusta Arsenal and at North Carolina are
still in charge of the officers of this depart- n
? - T
ment, 11
? *.c.* ?
A Work. f
It is but a few days over a mouth since I]
South Carolina declared her independence, s
Since then some work has been done. Four t
other sovereign States have subscribed to the a
roll of Independence, and the following achieve- t
incuts in the progress of the revolution have i
been accomplished ;
1 you?\)kc. 27?Fort Moultrie and Castle J
l'inekiiey occupied by tlie rebel forces. s
Dec. 30--Tho arsenal at Charleston seized,
1801?Jan. 2?Forts Pulaski and Jackson,
and the Savannah arsenal, captured by the
militia of Georgia.
Fort Macon and the arsenal at Fayettcville
seized by order of the Governor of North Caro- ^
liua. j
Jan. 4?F bit Morgan and the Mount Ycr- {
non Arsenal, near Mobile, captured by troops |
of Alabama.
Jan. 8?Forts Caswell and Johnson taken (
by North Carolina militia. s
Jan. 9?The insurgent batteries at Charles- ;
ton fire into the Sl/r vf ike Wt.-/, drive her j
out to sea, and prevent tho reception of rein- '
forccmcnts at Fort Sumter.
J an. 10?Fort Mellon, at l'cnsacola, occupied
by Florida,
Jan. H ? riiC tNauonai Arsyuai a? j?av?ii
Bongo, willi Forts Jackson, 1'ikc and St.
Thilip, taken possession of by Louisiana.
Jan, 12?The Navy Yard, with Fort Barrancas,
at I'ciisneola, taken by Florida and
Alabama troops.
Against Liiis, we liml in the United States
the breaking up of the Cabinet at Washington,
and the remo\al of-Major Anderson; the attempt
to convey surreptitiously reinforcements
to that oliieer, and the hurried dispatch of the
Brooklyn to intercept these troop.
The New York '1 'ill/unc estimates the value,
of the forts, arsenals, J-c , taken possession of
bv the Southerners, at about ?7,dim),(jOO.
' This wc record as a good month's work, even
i in the progress of a revolution.
BuiitI; em Guardian.
! Supplies to Four Sumteu.?A Washington,
I dispatch to the Mercury states that President
I Buchanan is highly gratified at the return of
. friendly relations between Charleston and Fort
] Sumter. In relation to Major Anderson and
his ollicers being supplied from the Charleston
market, the Mercury, of Saturday, says:
"As inquiries arc made in regard to the truth !
of telegraphic dispatches concerning the supplies
sent to the officers of Fort Sumter, we would
satisfy all parties by stating that there is not
the slightest doubt of tins fact. Provisions are
sent them daily by the State authorises."
k Titrhunk Bli ster About The Fours.?Every
one of these forts will be taken 111 thirty
I days after the 4th of March, if there be power
enough in the Government or people to protect
1 the public pTcpertv and execute the laws. And
so far as the revenue is concerned, it will cither
'; be collected, or the ports refusing will bo block'
aded. 'JLlie time for trilling lias passed, and
3! the traitors who are stimulating disunion, may
I as well know it now as hereafter.
Fz 9 man.mi]
JNJSV7.9 H'X .XJSJiEiUrXtAX'JnLi':'. "? '
Mr. DougSasto niak'c n Proposittoii.
Washington, January 22.
lion. Stephen A. Douglas, of Iliinoi? has do
cided to ofi'er in the.senate noxt week, a pro
position, re affirming the principles laid dawi
iRsn Hi
proposes to organize the' Territories on th<
doctrine enunciatedjfl., tliose measures.
Charleston Mercury.
. Alabama
State Convention?An Im<
poriant Resolution
n AIoOTGOME^r, January .22.The
Stale Convention has adopted a resolution
to appoint a Commissioner to Washington,
to treat" with'the Administration in regard
to>thc forts, arsenals, etc., in this State, and tc
arrange the proportion of public debt and the
distribution of the public property. '
(Charleston Mercury.
riic Louisiana State Convention?
Place of Blccllug.
New Orleans,. January 22.
Tt is probable thnt the Louisiana State Convention
will hold its session in thiscityL-^ -"
Charleston Mercury.
Alabama Convention.
t. ... Montgomery,. Ala., January 22,Tlie^Stnte
Convention has adopted resolutions
rccnlhVf^tbcir Representatives to the
Federal Congress,'"and authorizing the Governor
to appoint Conigrissioners to Washington.
fihnvIflsfjDt \forrn ru
Georgia Slate CoktchUoii.
MlLLEDGaViLLE, January 22.
A nmnber of resolutions were offeree! and
idoptcd. Among thein was a resolution appointing
a Committee of Sixteen to report on
the power of the Convention to reduce the
number of members of the ?iiatc Legislature;
jne declaring that Georgia, would demand her
share' of the public propertyr-one pledging the
State to pay couriers for transporting the mails
in future; oue instructing-the.Committee to report
an Ordinance-authorizing a Council of
Safety. V . % . "
Six Delegates enteredi.-their protest against
the Ordinance of Secession; but pledged their
lives, fortunes' and honor to ^defend Georgia
against coercion or invasion.
Ah' Ordinance was offered .declaring 'all
ivhitoj persons iu the State at the' time of the
adoption of' the Ordinancc.'of Secession citizens
of Georgia, without regard to nativity or
length of residence. Deferred to the proper
A long letter was presented, from Solomon
Cohen, l'ostmaster at Savannah, detailjng the
evils of-a-change in the present postal systtlm
of the State. Referred to the appropriate Committee^'
T1,,,. ~
:ivo trnde. It is believed this Ordinance will
e almost unanimously adopted.
W, J. Vason lias been appointed Cotnmisioner
to Louisiana.
Gen Sanilford has been appointed Comtissioncr
to Texas, and proceeds oji bis mision
to day,? CJiurle.tlon Mercury.
From Aiabaasa,
HoxTGOMRtiv, January 23.
The Convention has passed an ordinance anulling
military commissions, and authorizing
lie Legislature to till vacancies created by
ird induce.
The Convention discussed an ordinance auhorizing
tbe Governor to remove the arms and
aunitions ot' war from the Mgmit Vernon Arena!,
and distribute them in tbe cities and
owns throughout the State. The Convention
;!so discussed an ordinance to vest power in
he Lcgislatuc to confiscate property belougng
to the enemies in the State.
The Senate has passed a bill requiring free
icgros to leave tlic Stale next January or ue
old.? L'iutrUslou Mcrcn ry.
From Louisiana.
New Oulea.vs, January 22.
In the Legislature resolutions were adopted
vamily approving the course of our Governor
ti ordering the State troops to take and hold
lie forts,- .arsenals, etc., within the limits of
A message from the Governor was read.
Lov. Moore strongly advocates the immediate
recession of the State. He .expresses himself
is opposed to compromises and concessions of
my nature whatsoever. He denounces the
idea of the Federal Government attempting codeine,
and defends the course of South C'aro,
The Legislature, it is thought, will not sit
during the Convention. The papers are talkingot
the propriety of the latter body adjourning
from llatoii Lngne to this city.
U/utrlesiou Mercury.
'3.1! c Vsrg!ss!ii Lc;;i?!i;tnrc.
Ihcu.MOND, January 23.
In the Senate, a Pill was passed (will
amendments) appropriating $1,000,001) foi
tlie defence of tlie Stafc.
Fruai IVcw York.
New Youk, January 23.
A squad of the Metropolitan City 1'oKc
(the creatures of tlie abolition Legislature), las
niglit went on board the steamship M?nlicell<
at her wharf in' this city, and seized thirty
eight cases of muskets, consisting in all 93
stands of anus, with a large quantity of pow
uer and balls. These arms and ammnnitio
were the property of the State of Georgia, an
were to l.iavc been shipped for Savannah t<
day. The sei.Mirc was without any authorit
whatever, and is generally denounced hei
:is illcgul.
Fifty Federal soldiers, from West Point, a
rived at Fort Hamilton to-day.
Charleston .If- rcttrij.
Alaiiama. A telegraphic message from Go
Moore, of Alabama, states that there has bei
no opposition made to the Ordinance, of Se
cssion since its passage. "So far from oppo
tion," says the message, "those opposed to t
i Ordinance have generally pledged thcmselv
| to support it. There has been a great rcr
tion in its favor in North Alabama."
Any tiling Midas touched was turned togr
In these days touch a man with gold, and I
tui n into most anything.
"York?Anti-Coercion, etc.
Au enthusiastic demonstration, of the working
men of New York city, against coercing
the Southern States, was held in that city ott
Tuesday night. The attendance was very largCy
* and the sentiments expressed and resolutions
" passed were of the most decided character, acd
1 show.decidedly that the working men of tho 3
great commercial metropolis bsve a due con1
3 ccption of the value of tho 8outb, as the great
" market for their goods and manufactures/
South of that point, it is to be hoped a like
" estimate, at least, will be'manifested of the
. value of the Southern market. As a proof of
the soundness,of the views bold by the New
York working men, we annex their resolutions
as follciws : , .
Resolved, That we regard the present roove.
raent of several of the Southern States, in ro[
suming the powers tbey delegated to the Gen'i
eral Government, as an effort to preserve onr
! -Constitution from being overthrown by Abra'ham
Lincoln, as his party platform requires
and demands him to do.
fcacrt fa fir I Tltnt wn Qrn fnr tltft'TTniAn?
Union of onr liberties,, as expounded by tho
recognized authority,, upon the basis of equal
justice, liberty aud immunities to all the citizo#
of all the States.
RcxolvedT That, believing that the people of
; the Southern States are, and ever have been,
content to remain in this Union under the '
Constitution as originally designed, we' decply
sympathize with them in their unwilling resistance
to an incoming Administration, which by
a perverted and unanthorized construction of
the Constitution tends to destroy their peace,
welfare and happiness.
Resolved, That vfi are firmly and unalterably
opposed to any and every attempt on the part
of the1 Government or the people of the North
to coerce the Southern States, or any one of
them, into submission to the will of tbc major>...
ty of the North, when that will has been authoritatively
declared by the Supreme Courtto ,
be iu oppositiou to the true construction of the-.
Constitution of tbo United States.,
:Resolved, That we will, by all proper and;
legitimate means, oppose, discountenance and.
prevent the .Republican party from makingany
aggressive attempt, under theplea of "eufqrcing^
tbc laws," and "preserving the Union," upon.'
the rights of the Southern States, believing"aa. -
we do that any such attempt can only result in.
, a protracted and destrneiivc civij \y.ar. to.attaio-.i
an end winch that party cau readily and pt aeea-.,
bly i^ccranplish " by abandoning their hostility
to the South, and declaring their willingness to.
abidd by tbc Cqustituytfii, us .interpreted .byl1"'
the Supreme Court, and .accepted by. all-con-.
. 6ciyativc men of tbe.iouptry. ' * '-r.
Resolved,,That we regard the Republicanparty,
which, to use the language of J efferson, ^
"has" wriggled itself into power, under the '
auspices of morality," as embodying the policy
that Great Britain has pursued for a quarter of ]
a: century in endeavoring tq equalize the races . J
on-this continent?to reduce white men to a.-_ ' m
forbidden level with negros, and thus overthrownot
only4 the Union, but destroy the glorious...
tVcej^tutjona. wliicb^ventv-eix
:TTtrcr:?H'l) ^chatcr V,raicm:'j'u a l-ptq?
I it ie u-i.ll l-nown that it dees , v. j
pi UUJIDVj (IlkUUII^il IV .W I.V.. .. .. %w .
not grant tlic South her full, just au?.l equal
rights under the Constitution.
Jlc$ulu<Jl That wo demand that our rep re
soutative and servants (aud not our rulers, ts
some ignorantly style them,) both in our nation .*
al and Stutc Legislatures, shall at once initiate
movements fo'r a peaceable solution of out ,
difficulties, so that civil war may be avoided,;
and the wheels of business may again begin to
move, airj remunerating labor return to
thousands now out of employment, and suffering
from the stubborn refusal of the Republican
party to grant the South her just rights
under the Constitution.
R- solved, That Southern slaveholders, as.
truly said by Thomas Jefferson, are "tho
natural allies of Northern laborers;" that tho
\otes of Southern slaveholders in Congress
have repeatedly saved them from oppression;
that the vetoes of the slaveholder Jackson preserved
the Northern masses from a moneyed
oligarchy which threatened to reduce them to
that slavery to capital which tends to make
"the rich richer, and the poor poorer," and. wo .
regaid the Republican part^f "under the giiTsn.
of freedom for the negro as aiming at esscntially
the same objects, and animated by tho W
same spirit of hostility to the people.
Rcaulvrd, That we, the working men of New
York, hereby pledge ourselves to oppose the
i British anti-slavery party in every legitimate
j way; that we feel with sorrow that Great
I Britain has conquered the North with the pen, ?
j having abolitionizcd the press and the pulpit,
1 ...... . i ^ i ?
j mat winie llic uooi ot iter ojq.ii caiun a
! white mcu in Ireland, England and Scotland,
[ she tries to divert attention from her sins at
'; home by false philanthropy for negroes in
' I America; and believing our Southern brethren
now engaged in thsholy cause ofAmcriI
can liberty, and trying to roll back this ava!
laiiche of Britishism, wc extend to t! em
i heartfelt sympathy, and when they shall need
, it to resist unjust oppression, we believe wo
1 shall not be found wanting in more effectual
. support.
Jti*olred, That the State Legislature be res
pectfully requested to convene the people 01
the State in Convention, for the purpose of
securing an expression of puLlic sentiment
upon the new and startling issues which a
few weeks have so rapidly evolved, and the
( Chair is directed to appoint a Committee of
r five gentlemen to present these ic.-o!utionsand:
this request to the Legislature.
! Correspondence of the President H.ud.
i the South Carolina Commissioners.
I The correspondence, which will be found
>' in another column, was not turmnmtcil by Air.
{ Buchanan a niomoiit too soon for bis own pol,
I emicnl and episiobuy credit. The Cominis-.
'* | sioners seem to have corneied his Excellencyq'I
in a style from which there was no escape, buo
._; throwing himself upon his dignity. The parlies
appear to have differed materially in their
(l recollection of matters of fact. We don't un.
i dertake to. decide between them, but Carotin
Jy 1 inns being younger gentlemen, and their mem-,
., ' ories not affected l>y tlic infirmities of ago,
the prviutn^tion is in their favor.
F ' Riclnuoad D-Sjxi!cJi.
The United States a km v.?By tlto old
' law the regular United States army consisted
| of about thirteen thousand men. Under a law
v. passed in 1850, authority was granted which,
;n with full regiments, would mate a total force
,c.' of nineteen thousand. This small force is now
?j. scattered over the vast territory of the Union;
|1C. soinc in Utah, keeping the Mormons in order;
cs others in Oregon, California and Washington
iC. Territory, fighting the Indians; and some in Kansas,
looking after Montgomery and his "Jayha* i
kers." But we hear of very few located at the
| South, aud it would probably bo a dfficult mat>!d
ter to concentrate a large force in that region,
m'l except of volunteers, without some weeks' or
' perhaps even months' notice.

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