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The Camden weekly journal. [volume] (Camden, South-Carolina) 1853-1861, April 16, 1861, Image 1

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*' / ' ' '* -. .' ^ * * _i_ial^___Lunn?kdimcmmmbt- *^'-?---U- -l.L,,..,^ ,-r-^ ^ -RkAtdau'ujjLo^u . ? ^ ^ r-gwcraiMMK-nriaMP ut\n i wu i | ^ IIHIMHI?nu_n_i
( ? ..< ? ?.1 A(Tii:r? isi tf?Imr lesion. I Stale Convention. ?
j: POE3VRT.'
] . Yes! tear it down, that mocking flag,
j ; | Once fondly loved, now lovod no more,
; ; For tho' each star and stripe be' there,
' 'TIs not tiie flag our fathers bore!
! JTis not that haimcr unto which *
Tho conquered tyrant bent tho knee,
f^rvS j \ .For this^s foul oppression's badge?
\~\ That was the 6tandard of the Free!
* * | Tbo' still iu outward form the same,
! The spirit of that flag lias fled;
' i 'Tis not-tte one which' carried death
p To Freedom's foes where'er it led I
! '*? -'That flashing ???r!o eye'i3 dtin, ;.~:v
J "VVliich iu the buttle blazed of-yore;
Those glory-lighted stars have paled?
'lis not tho flugour fathers bore I
: Then tear it down, and Ic-t each star
Betake its place in Heaven's dome,
Adu let the dying eagle seek . .
Again Ills fur off mountain home:
m Yes! tear itrdowul that living lie!
. Our flag no longer shall it be,
For this is uow oppression's badge? \
. /*- VJi* not the standard of tho free! __
Executive bccuinenh.
The injunction of secrecy having been re*
moved fiom the following report,. \ve are eti frv-^fiivnith
?r for the information of our.
Executive Office, Department ok Wak,
(.'lini'c-ston, S. <J.. .March 25, 1861.
-To His Esctllincy Governor Pich-ns.:
Sir: In compliance villi a resolution of the
$ Executive Council, requiring tlic several heads
* ' of Departments to make a report to your Ex?
' i-> cellcncv of such matters as may be'"necessary
to-give information of the present condition of*
8^^ nhe State, .and of the policy' and acts of the
ff?'~ ExecutiVe';'DcphrtirtciiLs, since the adjournment
| of .the Convention, I.have the Jioiior to lay be*'j
fore you 4 brief snnimary'of what.has -been
done in the- Department with, xvhieh I'have
been Intrusted.
f At-the vising'of tlie Convention, on the 5th
' ~'r'"' i ' ' * ?"'t' 1 * |,V** * -* *'j
v of^January J$a?, uicjinpori:nit and almost exelusive
subject which engaged our attention
. was the occupation,. by -a'hostile 1orce,'of an Al
wssBm. 'n^t'pupreguju>ie_ romps .mvuni yo? ?< ?w?^[P
.mid the chief diliicu'rv with which we had to
r , . .
V . contend arose from, the extreme want.of 'every
offensive preparation for the reduction of the
1 . : ,
effort, -or foafcnit'VcntTUgfctlje entrance of reinW$f'
ifesMoJnJf tlic State, and ofthivH coiisidciaWe
F t- quantity bad'been sent to the batteries erected
to defend tlie entrance to tlie harbors of George-;
town and Beaufort, wbiil^iclt le>s than 20,0'Oft.
]{>s- near this city, or not more than sufficient
to have kept tip a lire tor three hours on the
? day when t!ie Star,of, the West approached ,
within our bar. Of shot mjd shell tJie supply. ,
. fir was in the same meagre proporti'pn^xeept jt>C J
' " f' 24-pounder sltot, which had been letVat-Foct ij
asr4 Meultrio wltcn tlie fort was evacuated by-the
V~V*~ J' T .. .
;;r. ; ' troops of the "United States. Added ' to this,
> / tli.e gnus which had been spiked, and tlic gum
carriages bnrnt, at Fort Moultrie, bad not been j
| replaced ; not a battery had been erected which j
bore on Fort Snmtcr, and the approaches to j
- the harbor were only defended by the litiinjui-- ,
' ?d guns at Fort Albeitric and three 24-poimd- f
er gans, mounted cn burbsliC,, on a hastily con- ,
stnieted and imperfect earth work on Morris' (
Island. j
v Since the trine mentioned, the supply of can- ^
^ non powder 1i;ls been increased to 240,450 f
Ibsc,* with 40,0(i0 lbs:; of musket and 40,900 t
lbs, .of rifle powder." Besides this," a hugeqttan- j
tity of ordnance stores, as shells, balls, fiietioii j
tnhes, percussion -caps, lead, cartridge paper, j.
, cartridge bags, artidery, infantry and rifle equip- v
UJcnis, liave been purchased, and they are now c
on hand or in the course of construction and j-,
manufacture, through the indefatigable labors v
of the Hoard of Ordnance. Dining the sarne< ,p
period three St-inch Duhlgrcen guns and seven n
10-inrb jjiortai-s liave been put chased, tr<fr'etlior i
witti six liuliclreU auu nity fenncni rules, and
iifl 11(1 red Colt's Iiavy revolvers. p
yj: .. The corps of Engineers, have boon, likewise, n
unremittingly employed in the construction, of 0
works for tlic redaction of Fort Sinnter, and t,
the defence of the^r.trances to the harbor.? tj
At Fort Moultrie, on Sullivan's Island, the in- 4
* 7 *
\ / juredguns have been replaced, and a'!, auiount- ^
ing to. thirty eight in number, "of various cali- C(
v bres have been protected by well constructed ?
'merlons; the magazine has been made bomb- p
piootj "and other wpiks have been creeled* fur a(
:,p-~ the security of the garrison. To the east of
Fort Moultrie, on the same island, the entrance 0,
/ to Mallit's channel has been defended by a bat- w'
. tcrv of one 8 inch howitzer, two 32-poundcrs at
a and two '24-poiinders. jJetwcen that battery sa
fc-Sand Fort Moultrie there is a mixed battery of p|
ihree Ui-ineh mortars and two 82-poiinders.? 0f
West of Fort Moultrie, at about two hundred cc
yards' distance from the fort,-a battery of two ^
10-inch mortars lias been erected; nn'd'an en- p{
filade battery of two 32 and two 24-pounders p,
K hasftcen erected at a point of.Suliiviiu's island
nearest to Fort Sumter. Besides these, on cc
Sullivan's Island, there are two 12-pcunder a|,
' ~guns and a full field battery of artillery at ,)C
Breach inlet, at the extreme eastern point of 'oc
the island. f0
I On Morris' island, at Gu?r.min?s' Point, a | ta
battery of four mortars has been erected.? ([j
Near this a battery of three 8-inch eoluinbiads, j th
.covered with heavy timbers and railroad iron.; tr<
At the termination of the parallel, or covered
way, there is a mortar battery of two mortars. cr
These all bear on Fort Sumter. The channel c0
is defended bv a batten ,"designated as battery J
G, of-.two 8-inch howitzers ; by battery F, of th
two 8-inch howitzers and two 42-pounders; by ' th
battery JS, of one 8dneh columbiad ; D, of two to:
*This docs not include 25,000 lbs. of pow-'
-der purchased at. Richmond as cannon poW-po
-1.: - der, but which is of but little use except blast- foi
3-inch colurabiads; by battery 0, of two 24ponnders;
by battery B, of two 24-pounders;
by "Star of (he West" battery, of four 24ponnders
; by sunken battery, of two 9-inch
Dahlgrecn guns; byVi battery at Vinegar Ilillof
two 24-pounders ; and by two 24-poundcrs
and two 12-ponndors at Liglit-house inlet.
At Fort Johnson, on James' Island, there
are two mortar batteries, of two 10-inch mortars
in each, and one gun battery of one 24-poutidcr.
, At Fort Palmetto, on Coles' island, near the
month of Stono river, there is a battery of two
24-pouudcrs and two Impounders.
At Battery island, on Stono river, four 24pounders
have been ordered to be placed in
A mortar battery of three mortars is in the
course of construction near Mount l'lcasnnt.
' A floating batter}-, strongly made, alio cased
in front with iron plates, lias been constructed
to breach the facade of Fort Sumter, towards
James' island. This battery lias been mounted
with two 42 and two 32-poundovs,
Besides the above mentioned guns in position,
there are thirty-nine guns, of different
kinds and calibres, at the Citadel, most o? which
are not mounted, and there arc four heavy 10inch
mortars just received, and one 0-inch
Dahlgreen gim expected momentarily, froni*
- 'To man the different batteries and foi tifictitious
mentioned,.and to prevent the landing oi,
a hostile force on Sullivan's and Morris' Island,
the troops arc .distributed asjbllows ; On Sullivan's
Island there are thirteen hundred and
ninety-four men, consisting of artillery, iufantrv,
and a detachment of dracoons, the whole
i '' < f
! under the command of Jlrfgad ier General Diinovant.
On Morris' island there are thirteen
| hundred and fifty six men, consist^- of artillery
and infantry, under tfie command of Col.
MaxeyGregg. At Fort Johnson there arc one
humlre\v^eiiliated men" under Capt. James; thirty-cine
enlisted, men, under Lieutenant "landing,
at Cfetlc Piuckuey,} aril one hundred and
forty-six men, aoinposea^artiHfii^ and infantry,
under Capt. Pope, at ForWulmotto?making.
fiii all three thousand am] t\x^Vty-scven
men ; which force has oeen placed undVr-thc
coiimiand of Brigadier General Beauregard, an.offtcer
of the . army of the Confederate States
-yf Amoricar
Under the resolnt-ion-.of the Convention, authorising
your Excellency Ho receive.into the
service of the State, for a period not exceeding
six months, such volunteer companies as may
tender , their 'services,"-, a regiment, under the
--coIinfnoid''ot'.Coh. -Nlaxtcy Gregg, was {^oiriptly
hi^/tnent*5^ ^S~~U~~
"Under another resolution of the Convention, ,
authorizing your Excellency' to raise a leg:-*
nient of enlisted men. and an act of the Legis- j
lature amending the resolution of the Convcn- i
Lion ''creating a military establishment for the .
State of South Carolina; ami for othoCpurpo- i
<es," \vliicli authorizes the raising of a regiment i
Df infantry, a battalion of artillery, and a squadron
of cavalry, nine hnndied and sixty then ?
hive been enlisted, and are now oh duty, 1111>
' - ' i . . '
iler the command ot Brigadier General It. G.
M. T)unovant. ? T
By an act of the Confederate States of A user
ca, entitled "an act to raise Provisional Forces
'or the Confederate States of America,'it is
Provided that the President be anthorized to '
cceivc into tlic service of that Government |
inch forces now. in the service of thffetates as
nay be tendered, "or who piny volunteer by
:oiisent of their State, by companies, battalions
>r regiments, for any time not less than one
i^ar,. witli power in the President of the Con- i
' . derate States to appoint the officers above a
he rank of eO|onel. As this act of the Con- 'I
edernte States comes in conflict with eei'tafti
aws of the State of Sout h Carolina, and as it is j t
iroKTOc that in any -.constitutional compact j r
vliicli this State may " enter into with other t'
itates the maintenance of troops in time of I
icace-will-be prohibited, 1 would surest to v
our Excellency the propriety of recommend- C
ng to the Convention such niodific;ilioi(s of ti
ur laws on the subject as may relievo its pro- . -A
out eniharrassmciits.
Under "an act to provide an armed military h
>rce" nine regiments of infant ivy have boon C
eccived and organized into four brigades and
ue division. This fcrmation does not include e
,vo regiments now in the process of organiza- p
on, or the troops of the city- of Charleston.?
'lie country troops already organized have a
eon very impatient under the restraints no- is
ussaiy to keep them in pfser/e for a pcrod of S
reatcr trial to the Stitc, if that should imiiap- c<
ilV occur ; but it has hitherto been thought
lvisablo not to muster thein into service, as, e;
o or:c could anticipate what line of military so
pcrr.tioris it~vvou!d he expedient to adopt, or ri
li'cre, or in what manner, our enemies might i pi
tack us; and as the number of troops ucces-' el
ry for the exigencies of the service were supied
by the patriotic devotion of the militia | ze
'Charleston, with the addition of a spirited
?rps of artillery from Columbia, the order to
ill the others down *to this point has been susmded
from time to time, in almost daily ex ctation
that the state of armed preparation ar
aivld cease, or that a larger force would he- id
me necessary. The financial objection was
>o not without weight, as the Legislature has it.
>t been profuse*in its estimates for the numrof
men even now in the field, and the call : 4'.
r the volunteers for twelve months would en- ' a :
il a very considerable additional expense to j
e State, as well, as occasion great sacrifices to ' an
c individual members composing the country I'll
The Departments of the Quartermaster Gonal
and of the Commissary General, those cn
mmon sources of complaint in any army, nb
tve been satisfactorily conducted by^he ac- alt
'o and competent officers at the head of bv
esc Departments. The duties of tlie Quart-master
General have been largely increased or
. SP
fThese have been removed since th'f last re- ^
irt in order station Q
my of
' IBBat ,jB?rrT
by the frequent and unusual calls upon bis Department
from the varied nature of the operations
carried on for several months ; and the
expenses have been necessarily large, from the
means employed for transporting troops, provisions
and materials to the different posts in
and near the harbor of Charleston. I am gratified
to be able to state, on tbe authority of the
Commissary General, that notwithstanding the
comparative high price of provisions, occasioned
by the unusual demand, the cost of a ration
lias been so far below nineteen cents.
T|ie arrangements of the Department of the
Surgeon-General have been equally tisfacto- ?
rj; and it gives me mucli saiistaction to report
that tlio licaitli of the troops lias been excellent.
I am unwilling to close this report without
making more particular mention of the spirit
and efficiency of the troops now in the service
of t he State. J have never seen a heller ela.-..
of recruits than those recently enlisted into our
sei vice ; and under the training of their very
competent and diligent officers they?especially
the first enlisted?have become well drilled
and steady soldiers.
It was very gratifying to witness the alacrity
with which the volunteers for six months
answered the call of the Convention for their
"services, and thereby fully entitled.themselves
to the appellation of "Minute Men," under
which name they had organized themselves.?
Since they have been mustered into service,
they have shown, the utmost patience of discipline
; and whether a! ti e drill or in the
trenches, tliey have come fully up to every requirement
of a citizen soldier of South Carolina.
Tltcso conipanics, drawn suddenly from
the interior of the State, are composed of the
b.est material lit- their respective districts, ami
I venture the insertion that a more efficient or
superior regiment has seldom been assembled
under one standard.
Of the militia of the city of Charleston,.and j
of the company of artillery, from Columbia, 1 .
cannot speak too highly.. It is a constant
source of pride and pleasure to witness their
prompt obedience to every command, their
willing performance of every duty, however
unsuitedi-^o their previous mode of life, and
j.the ready sacrifice of their private interests to
the.higher call of duty to their .State; and it,
would appear that there was a generous emu-,
lation amongst them who -could endure such
sacrifices and privations the longest without a '.
murium1. The
same patriotic feeling of seLxrlmegatjon
has been exhibited by th" citizcn^jf,G.ha)les
| ion not on.dnty, many 1w 1 miii^dc^ngedj^
T ." ''
uiihse wages-4-fiey have eontit^JPJ^^vTo^ v
cheerfully acquiesce in the sacrifice of their 1
means, wifh the reflection that their first duty 1
is to their country. I have had many opportunities
of being assured, during my present '
situation, that the same feeling of disinterested c
patriotism is. not confined to this city, but ex- 1
. .... ~r,. . I,
Lcncts cqunny to every poruon 01 mo 011110.
I am, sir, with great respect, your obedient fl
servant, I>. F. JAMISON.
^ YE SEX 35? EXT. C
Oar Wasas!?ul<>:! 2>tt\patelicfl.
Washington', Aprit 10. j,
TIs.o alarm of the Abolitionists at theh.-iro tc
ilea of a den. oust rat inn l>y the Southrons 1 ta
gainst Washington "begins to tie perfectly In- :y.
(I'eucral orders have this dav been issued by ]
he War D apartment, forming a new military i lr
egiriient out of the District of Columbia and j
he .State of Maryland. I
! Ill
Colonel Charles Ferguson Smith, of 'Vtinsylania,
is appointed Commandant, and llrcvet ^
laptnin .Theodore Talbot (late of Fort Stun.'! ),
whose family reside here, lias been made ^
.i:.,. .. ?t 11.., i
n:^uu*iit IIIV; nvn. jvrp.u IUJI-JIW ^
Tlie large force of regnlars now quartered ^
ere i- to he increased, instead of diminished. |
'aptnin Sherman's company of Light Artillcr
aTid two companies of Federal Cavalry are
xpected licre to morrow. The Cavalry will
nrchasc their horses here.
It is evident that a standing army is to over,
we .Maryland and Virginia, while the attemptbeing
made to subjugate the Confederate j a.1'
tales. Nor arc the precautions confuted to the j
)iieetitralioa of regular troops. '',l
All the volunteer companies were to-day "*
died from their homes, arc! mustered iisto
twice. Titer are at their respective arum ' j'
es; hut, at the earliest moment, they wiil he
rovidod with quarters and rations hv the Govtri
Jievcrv thing is unsettled here, and the citi- J*"
us look verv hltie.? Charleston Mercury.
From 3?ctv Y?rk..
New Youk, April 10. su
The papers here all agree that the warships
e for Charleston harbor. They are cxpoct,
. . v,r
I to reach tnerc tins evening.
The Tribune announces war, and justifies i ,
A i hai
The Baltic, with 200, and the Illinois with
10, troops, sailed last evening. Tlicy carry
stock of signal Rockets.
The most intense excitement prevails here
d stocks are tumbling with the warlike I
mors.? Charleston Mercury. 1 ,
J j tht
Tuoops ox the Wiao.?Captain Booktor's j to
in putt y, the Richland Guards, numbering j q,
out ninety men, left for Charleston yesterday |
ernoon. They were escorted to tl#; depot'
the military companies remaining here. | <
Col. Rioivs regiment, numbering some eight: ]>j(
nine, hundred men. will arrive to-dav in a .
ecial train, immediately after the arrival of.
i! regular train. Tliey will connect with the ??M
nth Carolina i tail rood at the junction.
Southern ?
TtJC ISote m ir/fcpuK::iojj.
Yesterday was unotlitfc^risy day with our
military men. From daybreak until sunset,
and far into the uijjlit, fitiiuijers. were constantly
plying to and Wc*bet\reoaf the city and the
batteries, transporting jocji, provisions and munitions
of war. A^rfor/the probability of a
fight, and that right soon,' most people have
come to regard it Ji'jljyrfP'iact, and we may
add that'it is regai?d its equally certain that
our brave boys atlke batteries will not nnbeseetn
their aneesfn^* and that the hireling invaders
sent by Liivcqln ?vrill have^camo to r?t*
the day they .set foyl u^on the soil of South
n'?1:__ .
v>;i run i i;i. ,j
THE conviTBtAJ-cd}: panics.
In response to'the tc^r^Tt fvjrlti'j older of Colonel
Kershaw, tii'e"tv\-o comiiaiiies in lliclilnnd
District, attached to Jus /the second) regiliicitt,
proinpllr icft.jthcir homes and started
for t'!i:ir!cstoijfc^ie?j^^jj?/c?j, in noticing
tlieir departui^sftt^jj^^^/
'As v. c an run need VCjK'Jry morning, the
Govrrnor'a Grenf^ .'Capf.^suson, and the Columbia
Grcyi', Capt.Vfa'htev, took (heir departure
yesterday nftet.KOo? .foVrthe seat of war.
' These two ffldia'ijt. cofg^jeshad their ranks
well lilled, and left in gdod apirils. Tiioy were
escorted to the Jli-iiroAir depot hy lite " Old
Gsi:ir?P of the ffichlcnd- Vdunkcr R:J!c Comihv.
Envi i .Gifaylk,ih'e Collvoe Guilds
and the Iitdqr. PireJ Engine Company.
Their escort v.'as;vgjgi:inro hrinoraMe i v the
. * *> v .
spontaneous iV. n- tnil 'dr'^ iiiajorily of d:ir citizens,
and wc wcre.^rratific'Jito s^u a large miinker
of tiro ladiip'ifOjhn uiiy honoring the occasion
hy thvii-^isyy^S^,
"Brief iiddressesy?. the companies were made
hy Dr. Win. lLojtyfijSsp of this city, an J Mr.
.Fleming',' of Snintcj^TWc rn- many eyes filled
with tears, wjr^ai: wore'i:niised to such demonstrations
of .foe"Rng,."k!f4 we ki.ow that* the
hitter pang of sepaiiuK'5 wits felt in many ho
sums where mnnftoo^ pn'm patriotism icrnaue
an outward pxpr^ic,nj;
"iiiciiliiiid I)isfe;:et,(iias.:.done nobly in .lbis
emergency. Willi fin- two companies which
leave to-day (CapC Lcohto.'s ami Cap!. May's
she will have -six^njoatiivs service, nearly
averrtwit-.f -100 hr.?^c?c?5? It devolves upon
us who are bit at hm;, to be vigilant anajictivc.
and this seems 1 o be the .spirit, tlwtinnsinatcs
all whom clremustaneos and necessity
compel to rt'tuaindVv- i
.b'.-IIaving arrived . i:i f.'liaj:l;?sionNat 3 o'clock,
tlfe'Governor's Gu^Tpmareliqil down to Southern
wharf ai';.l e>; I ib/d. On their way to
the'wharf of it? 2L /cnri/
v. iiiei), ' BMnJM
ed on riv.l^bti,'< \\nei'ii li.Gy %Tt!ft
inve good quarters audi we hope, a pleasant']
iinc. The Columbia (Greys are now also on
Inty in the .harbor.. Btfth are splendid look-,
lie companies, numbering about seventy men
aeli. We understand that Captain:Gary, of
he "College Cadets," has also, come fi?yj,,Q>- j
uinbia to tender the sendees of his humpanv
j the Governor. _r" " [
Besides the Cohitubia companies there arc j
ow in the field, belonging to the Second lieg-j
uuiit, the following comjmi:ies##T!ie Richland '
Inard (Riflemen), Cap!. Ib^lgej^; riic Salem :
ompauy (intantryj, Oap^LjyAostc; - tlm >>ntes r
lights Guards, Cant. J >.1\Y. JL-?y 111 ('iaiv- J
lout Lilies, CajiL Spaiiir^tiCTuurftetacliiiiuJita j
I" companies which have '.for son/fclimc been j
a service. -The
whole of the Second l!e^iiifflSws-h(?,.v
i tiie field,' with the exception of the Lancas r
Company ami Major Larucs, who are dolined
only l>y the difficulty of 'transportation,
nl may soon be expected
tjik i:ea?qi:akt!;h3 or rut: UEiUMrxr.
The headquarter? ot Colonel Kor-haw was ,
aiisfcrrcd yesterday inorsiiij;*" at 10 o'clock to
orris Island, ihree companies of the regi-i (
ent are on detached service at several i/'n- (
riant points As an evidence of tlm prOinn ' (
tnde of the nicti composing Colonel Kershaw's j (
niinand, v.'c may mention that the order for ! ,
eir coming down was'not issued until 1 p. !
. on Monday last, and, although scattered at.; |
o time over four districts? Lancaster, K<r- ,
aw, Richland and Clarendon?t.hey are a Iady
at their respective posts, fully equipped ,
id "'eager for the fray."
a g limps* at 'run iiattkkis.s. s
About three o'clock our Reporter, in the ]
ggesfivo company of cannons, halls, shells, ' i
d every description of munitions of war, be- ! <_
!es a very Urge amount of provisions, cm-1 !?
rked for a hasty trip to the liarhor batteries.' n
crylhing seemed, indeed, in app!e-p o order, o
ill on Morris and Sullivan's islands. The j
|"<1 cannon just arrived from Liverpool has j "
eadv been placed in position, and is relied (
on to do its work pretty thoroughly. The 1
ops at all the posts seemed in good spirits u
u much invigorated bv the prospect for a a
ash. Among them was the grey-haired vol- i]
tcer from Virginia, Mr. Kuifiu. j \
Tl.? ...aO ?ftt..iai.t t,-..,,. f..~ II..1.1. ...
1 HVi viuvivnv v? I.'iuna i*.?i CU*., \\
re made last night, to detect the approach b
United States troops, whether in steamers tl
small hoats, and, with the systematic and ti
;ilant lookout now constantly maintained, it tl
I he impossible for the invaders to enter our o
rl)->r, even should they come, as the Star of j
W?at, hci'orc the "peep o1 day.*'
Charleston Mercury.
Moi:e Tnoors.?Capt. Taylor of the Cow"cc
llijitnun. received marching orders ves- ol
Jay afternoon. Many of the members of In
. corps, believing that it ivonhl not be im-! U
dintely called for, have attached themselves ' p
tlie companies which havjs already left f>>r j 111
arleston. | j si
This will make the seventh company from la
;hh>nd District. i |i
hit of a voting popolation of I,.TjO or 1,400, lh
dilad has already nearly ix bundled men si
service, and now an nddit onal'corps is or* ' sa
cd. No oilier district in l he State we pre- w
re has furnished sn< h a Inrjo proportion of ci
| ilUSUHMimi loui uiviii oiuiv^ * ??
tbo Southern Confederation.
In striving to arouse the South to the fatuity
of the "reorganising" policy, wbi.b may be
j perpetrated under the Confederate States ConI
stitntion. by- a two-thirds vote of future Congresses,
we have already noticed the gross ignorance
of the people of the North in regard
to the true principles of republican government.
TIav5ii<r no arleotiatu coriceotion of those wise
and needful restrictions upon absolute power,
whether vested in one man or many, bywhicn
alone the rights and liberty oOdl are protected,
they substitute for free government a manyheaded
tyranny, shifting, irresponsible and
limitless, and hence arc utterly unfit for policnl
connection under a common government
with those who would avoid mobocrucy, agrarian
ism and anarchy.
In addition to their false and low views of
republican government, we have spoken of the
error of their idea of a general government for
a confederation of republics. 'J'bey mistake
tlie creature for the creator?the agent for
thg supreme ultimate authority, and would
nialce a consolidation, with unlimited power,
out of a union of States, under a compact
of powers, carefully delegated. They arc,
therefore, most dangerous confederates for
j those who would avoid a central despotism and
| escape the troubles and difficulties of another
< mortal struggle with such auti-Sta'.es-rights
; tendencies.
i ' J!csi des their mobocratic and consolidate pol!
itienl heresies, we have alluded to the radical
hostility of the Northern people to the South
and her institutions, oil the great, vital question
ol*slavery. Ami-slavery is a sentiment
! and a-doctrine so thoroughly imbedded in their j
j moral, religious and political nature, that its :
' eradication within many generations is a hopeless
expectation. Hence they cannot but be
i dolnestie foes, aliens, .and unsafe confederates
for those in thisrfectiou who would live in peace,
ncyouu iiic reacn m such uiiiiiii.vu miiii^uvw. ,
There is-, however, still another potent rca- j
son fflr r? pudiiiting all future connection with
Northern States, under a common' government.
The whole history of their past union
with the South is stamped with rapacity,
selfishness and bad faith. Their course on
almost- nil the great questions that have agitated
and ?distnbo(l the American Stales, proves
tlicm to.he.a people of shrewd, practical, utilitarian
and. material views, but, with individual
/exceptions,^^je^titc alike of elevation of sentiment
aiifl'dmrnete^y Immediate interest swallows
up and absorbHjplI. other .considerations.
t Tnt'.n
i^fo'Uiii.g niptivef cvcrytiimgV ' j-' ; I
11 11 11
back to the war of 1ST2^ and tiui^Micn and
Sedition laws, the tale is the same.
. The Ka nsas Nebraska Compromise whs vio- I
luted just as soon as, in the case of Kansas, it
Iweame an ohicct to violate it The Missouri
Compromise was set aside just as soon as, in
tjia case of California, the North were not to
gain l-y it. The .Mexican war was unpopular '
at the. North, because it was a Southern war;
and yet the South was excluded front the territoiv
acquired. The acquisition of Texas was
important to the security of the South; and '
yet it was with great difficulty, after one rejoc- (
ii<Mi, brought., into the Union only from the 1
^jrohcnsioti that British gpo"ds front Texas '
would interfere with Northern interest. The ^
tariff compromise of '33 was grossly violated 1
just scAsoon :is, in accordance with its terms,
the Northern people were to gi?n up their phut- I
der of the South. The tSriif of 181(5, with j
its compromise reductions, prospectively marie
Lo save North- r:t manufactures J'rom alleged ^
ruin, was set aside the very moment the South c
were lo obtain the advantages for which they
itad a- quicsred iri temporary protection, The \
war of 1812, waged in behalf of Northern shipting,
showed a people unpatriotic, selfish and
;rcac!ieroi!s. The Alien Law manifested an '
lnscriipiilou.' disposition to use power to grati- v
y rapacity at the expense of the emigrants '
aiming to out shores, whom they would now fl
tse against the South in filling up the territo- 1
ies. for new Treesoi! States. Tile Sedition
'.aw exhibited their pragmatical* and selfish
cranny ?being an attempt by penalties to t
mizzle the press and prevent all opposition to s;
Measures of the government. Tlicirsystematio
-etWnl !o cjii-rv out the nrovisions of the Con- n
tilutioh, fur the 'return of fugitive slaves, is a h
dece %viili those special instances mentioned. a
heir disregard of tiiu Fugitive Slave Law u
ompromise of 1S50, for which the llorder n
tales acquiesced in the California swindle, if ti
t of stj.h (Juration, is as notorious as the <1
titer. It is needless to multiply examples.
Tim people of the Northern States ohoy a
higher law" than any which can he made in ^
.'onsiitutio is and Congressional enactments -"I
y the peoples of Southern States. The law t!
hie!/ interest, ambition or fanaticism may, at h:
ay titne, ami on every occasion, suggest, is Vi
lie law to which they arc obedient and trite.
Ve ask the people of the South whether, t!
ith all their experience of the treachery and A'
ad faiih "of those unsound and inimical aliens,
???\* i-Mit !?!? oi*f;iiii t!?r? nf *icr.*itn n/lmif
tig' tin; 111 into Cull fellowship as members of cc
10 same Confederate household ? In our
pinion, it would be madness. fa
Charleston Mercury. St
A Nice Widow.?The following is from I n,
?r. Holmes' new novel. ; sj|
The widow Unmans was now in full bloom j of
f ornamental sorrow. A very shallow crape ! te
linnet frilled and froth like, allowed the par- j hi
td raven hair to show its sinothncss. A jet A
iii heaved upon her bosom with every sign of! d:
lemory, or of unknown origin. Jet bracelets \vl
ione with every movement of her slender; hj
amis, cased in cross fitting black gloves, sv,
er sable dress was ridged with manifold hi
ounces, from beneath which a small foot H
lowed itself form time to time, clad in the Fc
ime lino of mourning. Everything about her j
as dark except the whites of her eyes and the (
lamel of her teeth. The effect was complete. [ co
ray's Elcgv was not a more perfect .-.compoai- j
on. . *
7/4 !?t!
i _ i ? * _
To tlie exclusion of other matter we copy
from tiie Mercury some details of the events '
on Wednesday evening in Charleston :
War Declared.?Our authorities yester.
day evening received notice from Lincoln's
Government, through a special messenger from
Washington, that an effort would be made to
supply Fort Sumter with provisions, and that
if this were permitted, no attempt would be |
made to reinforce it with men ! This message
comes simultaneously with a fleet, which we ^
understand is now otf our bar waiting for
daylight and tide to make the effort threatened.
We have partially submitted to the insolent
military domination of a handful of men in (
our bay for over three months after the declaration
of our independence of the United '
States. The object of that self-humiliation
has been to avoid the effusion of blood, while ^
such preparation was made as to render it
causeless and useless. It seems we have been
iinable by discretion, forbearance or prepara
tion to effect Uic desired object and mar now
the issue of battle i.s to be forced upon us.
The gage is thrown down and we accept the
challenge. AVc will meet the invader, and
the God ofBattles must decide the issue between
the hostile hirelings of- Aboliton hate
and Northern tyranny, and the people of .
South Carolina defending their freedom and i
their homes. ^Ye hope such a blow will now >
be struck in behalf of the South, that Sumter .
and Charleston harbor will be rememberd at
the North as long as they exist as a people.
Ti:e End of Negotiation.?Much surprise
was created about six o'clock yesterday evening
by the announcement, upon the bulletin
board of the Mercury that Lieut. Talbot? ,
now Cnpt. Talbot of the United States Army
had returned to Charleston by the evening!
I '
train, and was then at the Charleston Hotel, j
It appears that he was accompanied "by Mr.
LI. S. Chew, the confidential secretary, wc
believe of Secretary Chase. Cnptr Talbot
came as bearer of despatches to Major Andcr*
son, and upon making known bis mission to
j General Beauregard was peremptorily refused j
I permission to communicate with Fort Sum-1
Mr. Chew wc understand, catnc as a special
messenger to the authorities here, with au
official notification from the Lincoln Government
that Fort Sumter was to be provisioned
peaegtMy if practicable; forcibly if necessary!
It is almost need less to add that air. xmew
received, no information ?T, ,-v very consoling
/ Avtiojinncii ont.^i-JpT
'TK^~ ~ r%
Du'ruig-the afliy noon dispatches hadxiecm re- ;"
ceived nf a nature to warrant the belief that ^
> c
a forinidable naval force was off our coast. ^
Subsequent dispatches confirming tlic first re- ^
ports, it was determined to send - down ndditional
troops to the harbor fortifications. .
Shortly before midnight the city was startled ^
by the booming of seven guns from the CitaJel
Green?the signal for the mustering of the
17th Keffimoiitj In a feW minutes the wet g
nif.lyjj^^^vhre all commotion volunteers p
:o v. 11 r|'V'"~ t0 :uu' fro to join lji
.he^m%^^ knands, and the neighboricod
Tt^icqpftsSHnl wi^ppdily thronged by tl
^-thfl^.itizori soldiery, who' like true "minute 0I
ncn^nad left their beds and hastily donned the' j|
tnapsack^M^liotildered the musket. As com- v.>anv
after/eoifijUHiy filed silently down to the nl
mats, thcws&gugyial tliishos of the lightning a<;
it up their bright bayonets and glazed kepis j.,
ind nothing save the steady measured tramp nj
if the men disturbed the solemn stillness. |,
Col. Kershaw's Regiment was sent for yes- ar
erday, and is expected-to arrive this morning. ce
Vmplc provision lias been made for nccomtno- fri
Irttion of the troops. J efore daylight this n.
iiovuing the lore'e at the threatened points' th
i*ill he fully doubled. co
As we jjo to press (-1 o'elck a. m.)% all is yet |a|
nict, but a rumor prevails that there are sev- |ia
n vessels off the bar,? Charleston Mercury. \y
. -e- an
The Naval Pkrparatiuns at the Xoutii. -)ur
telegraphic despathes inform us of the
niling of the steamship Atlantic, with A 00
coops, a company of liorr-e and several canon;
also, the departure of the U. S. steam fiv
igato Powhatan, and sloop-of war Pawnee, up
ml that the steamship Illinois and brig ofar
Perry sail next. The Atlantic and flit- du
ois are luerehat.t steamers, drawing at least vvo
veiily feet, water. The Pawnee and Perry of
raw from ten to twelve feet water. nu
We learn, also, that the screw frigates Min- it
>'.-o!a and Colorado, and side-wheel frigate t"1
fissii:sij>j)i, are nearly ready for sea. These "g
tips all draw over twenty feet water. If *?
iere is a fleet of smaller vessels, their names ho
nve not transpired, and it would require a cit
;ry diligent search of the U. S. Navy list to erl
nd them just now. Wc lake it the Gulf is
ic destination of Commodore Stringham's we
ret.? Charleston Mercury.
The Zouaves of New Orleans, now at Pensa- ^(j
>la arc thus noticed in the Jjclta of Saturday. .
u r<
There was a great crowd yesterday on La- j)f)
yette Square to witness the review of the ^
cond Company of Zouaves on the eve of
- wc
eir departure for Pcnsacola. The company ;
entered over a hundred, and with their close gt|
aveii heads, their exact uniform their brace j-m
' veritable viuandicrs in front, and stern de'
, we
rmined rough aspect bore a striking rcsem- ^.j
aiiee to the original the invincible heroes of
r. .am
Igeries and the Crimea, They aro noholi- ^
iv soldiers, but. regular dare devil fire-eaters,
ho will have no need (or gunpowder and
ills when they can get at the enemy with the ]
>ord and bayonets. Tliev are just the fol- ?<
ws to charge the deadly breach which at
lagg's culumbiad will make in the walls of ben
irt PieVons, when the ball is opened. fea!
_ guv
.'otto.v "liooMixo '?Our market report rc- wit
-.i_ .1 1_ ,.i ?< v.ni
rtJS mi; Jviiu <?* w uaiw "i ^uuuh j ?
'. ?tT.iay at fifteen cer.ts. j ^'ct
fcivonnvk Rtfr-'blicsi.. [ f:*'
We arc unable to publish the full protcixl5
ngs of the State Convention on Monday. Th*
epcrt of Gen. McQueen, Commissioner to Texas;
was submitted to the body, fcnd wus orddt-'
:-d to be spread upon tlie Journal.
The Committee on Engrossed Ordinances
made a report, which, after some discussion,
was recommitted.
The sum of one hundred and sixty-eight dollars
was appropriated for engrossing on parchment,
and the materials used, the Constitution
of the State.
Or motion of Mr. T). Le. Wafdlaw, theConvenlion
proceeded to the consideration of an
ordinance to repeal in part, and alter in part,
the ordinance to amend the Constitution of
South Carolina in respect to the Executive Do-,
partment. This ordinance suspends the orJinanee
granting to the Governor an Execu-'
live Council, except in so far as it relates to
the services of the Secretary of the Treasury
tind the Lieutenant Governor, who are retain^
sd * After some discussion the ord inance was
The following resolution', ndoptod iu tbcitk
session, have boon made public:
It ^
On moti<>n of'Mr. Brown,
Resolved, That the people of ? nth Carolina,
iu Convention assembled, cordially approve of
the election of Jefferson Davis to the Presidency,
and Alexander II. Stephen- to the Vice
Presidency, of the Confederate States of America,
and have entire confidence in their experience,
patriotism and ability to guide the des?
tinics of' the new Republic,
On motion of Mr. Read.?
Resolved, That a copy of the foregoing feso^ jyg
lution, expressing o<fr confidence in the Pre'ai
dent and Vice President of the Confederate
States, be forwarded to each by the Presided
of this body.
On motion of Mr. Rend?
Resolved, That the Convention approve! of
the action^ of the Governor in placing the
forces lbr the military defence of Charleston
under the command of General Beauregard*
and that he be authorized to call into thefield
immediately such number of the vcJtunteerregi- .
moots .raised .under the Act of the Assembly
as General Beauregard may require tor the
operations under Jiis control, the whole for$e
to be placed under the command of General,
Beauregard, or such other - gcnpK.!-.^
ma? be ordered to the sai lillKlM'I'HUl
authorities of the Con
cat.Minum, urn V\o7ugTirrcrtr--T^tCr 7W
Tcciatc the generosity ami public spirit of t how' S
ifizeii* .ii'ul i'.-,' <t._ Din.. , "res?
? ..w..u?ui lii-o n-r"-"'nn Have con--"
ributcd money and labor' Yor the bcileuv^C ajng
lio State, and-take pleasure in noticing paricularly
the liberality and patriotism of Ben* ^jm^\
*min Mordccni, Esq., in making the firsf, and i
very generous donation. "
Hloii Life in Washington.?An intelllcnt
correspondent of- one the New York paers
gives the following description of Lincoln's
ist reception: _ ^-^st
"The reception at the White Lfouse Was one of
ie poorest ever seen* in Washington. Soma .
f the strong minded women from the Weal
isisted on dancing the Kail Splitters danco
Inch consisted in simple walking in zig-zag
lanuor from one side of the room to the other
i though they were following a split rail fence
the dark. It certainly was the most undig-'
lied and childish performance ever seen in
e White h'/.se. The faces of Senators Sew
d and Cameron were red with shame. In reiving
his friends, and in shaking hands with his \
ends, Old Alio dees the business np like a V, *
gr.lar rai!-sp!itler who hi I j:i>t gone through
e marriage ceremony, and was receiving the
ngratulatioiis of friends. In liis reception he rs.
iors harder perhaps nd goes through more
rd work than ordinary men could stand j
estcrn admirers fancy all his movements
3 beautifully Frcnchy." j
Gen. Weuu a I'roitiet.?The Courier and
iquirer, which brcalhcs at present only blood .V
d thunder against the South, said, twenty
e years ago, that it the t; nson were hroiteti ;j ;
by the spread of Abolitionism ?
"Our exports and our imports would be re- ^8
ced nine-tenths; nine-tenths ofour shipping
iilld be rotting at our wharves; nine-tenth* ' flj
our population, now supported by commerce Jm
d the wealth it produces and the industry fl
diffuses, would be driven to a?iicul-"""-~-J^B
al pursuits; the staple articles of Nortfrerav.^ eHH
rieulturc command but small prices abroad ) |H
d they would find but few customers at A9
me; grass would grow in the streets of our JH
ics and vilagcs and a general scene of pov? 9j
y and desolation would follow our present 49
exampled prosperity and generally diffused B
Tiik Firk Alabsi and PoliceTBL'eorrn.?* 4|
The police instruments at Main and Upper
ard-Honses were put in opperatiori on
lav afternoon, to afford the officcijB sn 0P~^9
rtunity to.practice and became familiar witli^H
> use of them. Licuts Wilson and Strother 99
re ai>ie to communicate who eat-uv^oinor
ite rapidly, after an horn's practice. Lieut.
other telegraphed Lieut. Wilson of tho 49Sl99
? in Pitt-street before St Jdicnaol* bellV M
rc struck. This is the first public message
licit lias passed over the line. The fire alarm S
1 Police Telegraph will be completed in B
:>r.t ten days, and then turned over the citjf"^^M
Charier,ton Mercury. H
L'krsonalls: ov tub Empress o? Austria. j\I
somebody who saw the Empress of Austria
Antwerp describes her a s*i woman of noble * J
iring, with rich black hair, brack eyes, J
lures strongly marked and highly distil)-,
shed. She wore a black velvet hat, yJS
It jot ornaments; a very fine black ? .1
I over Iter face, a black dress, a vcL. v fl
cloak of the same color, with rich j
irf THlfffftlffiSWT

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