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The Camden weekly journal. [volume] (Camden, South-Carolina) 1853-1861, April 30, 1861, Image 1

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VOLUME XXII. ' ; - . / CAMDEN^ SOUTH-CAHOi^ ' TtJESBAY^MORNING-, APBlt 30, 1861 " ' NUMBEIU&" ^
, ' , .1 -!?-- ------ f The Lancaster Greys | Xeivs from Ball' X'J
" Misc ellarieous.
PFORT Sl'iHTjfR.
S>05TICrAL CORRESPOKDKKCE J&STWE1X GEXER%
. AL BEAUREGARD AKD MAJOR ASDBRSOK,
/ PREVIOUS TO THE BOM?Ar.DMSWT.
/ ^ ' [c?py-) f . '' - :;.Headquarters
Provision-.?!! Army.C.S .A., )
jpfeharlestcn, S.Cn April If, 18ol?2, p. m, j
Sir : The Governmen(*>f the Confederate;
^States has hitherto fo'rboae from any hostile
'demonstration against ForfSnmter, in the hope
Hhat theGoTermnent of tit United States, with
'? view to the amicable adjustment of all questions
between the twofecvernments, Rnd to
<avert the calamities of Ayr, would voluntarily
?|jKEVv T-v : v 1-- . -r .. . . . .v,. - .. _.
Evacuate it. There was! reason at one time to
'-believe that such would*)? the course piirsned
^by the Government ofabo United States, and
^under that impreBsion *y Government has retrained
from making .Ay deuMiid for the surrender
of the fort. 7But
the Confederate States can no longer
[ i delay assuming actimpossession of a fortificaj]\
tion commanding tlie/ontrance of one of their
harbors, and necessity to its defeuce and scI
aiu ordered-by tie Government of the Confedcrate^States
to Remand tho evacuation of
Fort''Sumter. My lids, Colonel Chcsnut and
ip'.-jLa-A.; '/ff-Tv^>. mato ftiicK' Ha
ma'nd oryou. A11.proper facilities will be aforded
for the.-removal of yourself and command,
together ^ith company arms and property,
and all private property,, to nry post in
the United Stated which you may elect. The
tkig w'hicli yon |ave upheld so long and with
80 much fortititle under the most trying cirT
' cuinstauecs, mar be saluted by yon ou taking
it down.
1 Cojouel Ohesnut and Captain L'Ce will, for a
reasonable tinir, await your answer.
\ I am, sir, vuv respectfully, **'
' Y Your obedient servant,
' (Signed); ^ G. T. BEAUREGARD,
General Commanding..
Major PkolKta'Anderson, Commanding at Fort
. Sumter, Charleston Harbor, S. C.
' IIeadquakteus, Fokt Sumter, S. C., |
General: I have the honor to acknowledge
tlic receipt ofyour communication,'demanding
MvJT the evacuation of this fort; and' to say in .reply
thereto, that it is a -demand with which I regret
that my sense* of honor, and of my obligations
to my Government prevent-my compliance.
Thanking you for the fair, manly andcotirtcrus
terms proposed, and for the high compli?'
mcnt paid me,
" -vv.5$?w?QtIitTZ#P6byisroKAL ARMT, C.S. An )
BSpHidifcston, April 11, 1SG1?11 p. in. f
ilAJOi'1: In consequence of the verbal ob
.-icivatiois made by you to my Aids, Messrs,.
Ciicsuntand Lee, in relation to the condition
of yonr supplies, and that you. would in a few
..days; bo starved out if our guns did. i:ofc batter
you to pieces-^-or words to that effect;?and
110 useless effusion ofblopd. I com-.
; . | ummcTtcd Tfdtl^thje. verbal observation and'
*; your wifittcn-answerto my communication to
'* Ifvol will state the time, at which you will
tf evacuate Fort Sumter, and agree that in the
11 meantime yon will not use jour guns against
M. ns, unless ours shall be employed against Fort
fl Sumter, wc will abstain from opening fire upi^n
w you.'r Colonel Chesnnt and Captain Loe are
hv mo to enter into an agreouieut
with 'jfou. Yon are tliercforo rcqnestcd to
H> ^ i comnlnicntc to thcna.an open answer.
H? I r3n;tin, Major, very respccfnlly,
W.! M Tonr obedient servant,
- (S'fncd) G.T. BEAUREGARD,
. S Brigadier-General Commanding,
i Majq^Robcrt Anderson, Commanding at Fori
^ Harbe^ S. C.
-jlEADQCAR-reR-VFoRT SUMTER, S.Vl., )
J 2.30. a. m., April 12, 1P91. f
p"""- . ' . ; GjjfcEKAL : I Lave the honor to acknow]
r . ed*rc the receipt of your second communica
tii-n ?'f the 11th insL, bv Col. Chcsnut;~and I
* EUte,lin reply,-that cordially uniting with vo
in tic desire to avoid llie'nseless effusion c
i ' fcloodl Aviil, if provided with tbe proper.ari.
1 f rim4p7 'nerrns-^of transportation, cvacnat
"Fort^nmtcr by noon on the 15th instah
' .ehoiid I not receive, prior to that time, cot
iroltig instructions from my Government, r
J- - --^v-a..t T Will not in tti
^d<ljis>nal supplies; auu umt ^ ..... ?,
^ , jincii time, opeu my fire upon your forces, u;
P\ ; 4cslcompcllcd to do so by some hostile a<
j\Y pgist this fort or the flag of my Governmci
iTu by he forces niulcr your command, or by son
A v or by the perpetration of sou
*L^-Jil9osvi,lS ft ',fis^'c intention on your pa
^HKRBBSwt tliis fort or the flair it bears,
HKnvc the lionor to be, General, .^ll
9 - Very respectfully;.
Your obedient
^pi||||Rigncd) ROBERT ANDERSON,
9^J9MB Major U. S. A. Commanding.
j'' Kr5ier-(Tcuera 1 G. T. Beauregard, Co!
Hianding Trovisoral Army C. S. A.
[Cop>*-]
Igsglpi virrw'H Fort Sumter, S.;C-, April 12, 18C1
3.20 a. m.
: ^.v ftuthorit>" Brigadier Gene
Wv^^i^JPani-C'P-arJ. commanding the Frovisio
HH^^HHSrces of the Confederate State?t wo have t
jHSH^BHHnor to notify yon that he will open the I
^ fi his batteries on Fort Snmter intone h
|^UH|in this
have the honor to be, very respoctfa
HBHM& Your obedient servants,
JAMES CLIENT, jr.
. Aul-de Camj
STEPHEN D. LEE,"
HHSKslnK Captain 8. C. Army and Ald-de Camj
Robert Anderson United States Ar
Fort Sumter. .
Correspondence of the Lancaster
Ledger.
"Long Grabs," the well-known and interesting
correspondent of the Lcdgtr, noticing the
arrival in Cnmddn of the "Lancaster Greys,"
en ronic for Charleston, says:
"About 4 o'clock we arrived in Camden.?
The company, dismounted gii this side of the
public square, and were formed and divided
goto platoons and sections. The Kershaw Ca dets,
receiving us with the air and marshal
demeanor of veterans, and escorting us to the
square, where the citizens wore awaiting our
arrival, three eh-jers v.cre given us, and a patriotic
and eloquent address by Col. Warren,
(whose whole heart, and it is a large one, is
and has been devoted to the cause in which
we have engaged) welcomed us to thc'Town
and extending the hospitalities of its citizens*
to which Capt. Wylie, with much-feeling ami
emotion, responded, preceded by the Cadets
and citizens, we inarched to the Town Ilall,
performing various evolutions on. the march,
which clid credit to the skill of our officers and
dhe military proficiency of the company. The
Confederate Fiag floats from the top of the
steeple. Col. Warren announced he had
marched us imdcr its folds, and knew we would
defend it; that full quarters* bad been prepared
for us at the Mansion and the DeKalb
Ilouses. Three hearty cheers were given by
our company for the citizens of Camden. One
platoon filed up to the Mansion and the other
to the DcKalb House; C both Houses every
attention and comfort was' extended. It was a
pleasure to tlie gobd people of Camden to contribute
in every way to make our sojourn pleasant.
Kershaw is'a patriotic and revolutionary
name. In the first struggle for independence,'
Camden and its surroundings had a prominent
l .^1- i. ... a1. *
piace in .Hie picture, more su, prouumj, iu?n
any other locality in the State; her people
were baptized in the blood of the Revolution.
Tlie descendants of?^osc sires have not degenerated.
In the of IS 12, the- Florida.
Mexican, and the pr<?"ht wars, her people
have maintained the pr? 1 hentagctheir forefathers
left them. The t^Hnihcnts which' designate
the graves of their brave and patriotic
dead who fell in battle, cheer themon .and inspire
that noble darihg, keep it burning bright,
and transmit it from sire to son.- "Other Towns
may oe equally as patriotic, but none can assume
the name of the cockade Town with a
more glorious record than Camden., Let hor
be this "Cockade Town"?she merits it. In
all those patriotic glories nijd braver associations
and recollections, Lancaster lias always been
side by side with Camden- ..In all those wars,
(except, probably, the Revolutionary war),
y _ i'" i ik . i
V?? piomi?ciii, n?u
H^B^RB^^P^iMi^-nn the largest" n
Sp^HWrr i-T5?ii'.:>, and. became tie theatre
of war. It was an impart anfpost Iw;jJteJiritr
ish troops.
"In Camden wo met some of our company
who travelled other roads and had preceded
us. and many of our citizens who had accompanied
them. We too were accompanied by
several of our citizens, who contributed much
'
to the comfort and pleasure of the Company.
The Compauy kbpws thctn, and will recollect
and cherish their public spirit and kindness.^!
In Camden our soldiers were delighted wit!
the compliments and p^iise so freely and can,
didly bestowed on our appearance and perform
ance. About 3 o'clock next morning all weri
np; the company formed and marched .to tin
Depot, accompanied by all onr Lancaste
friends, and many of the citizens of Cntnder
There we. made the "welkin ring" with cheer
to the kind people .of Camden for thoir hos
kindness, and soot: were off lb
r8""" ? ? . ; .
Charleston."
Arkansas.
Pits Anc, Ark., April 17.?Editors Appeal
You Tvill bo pleased, to learn that the pcopl
here arc a unit for secession. The recent \v:
news has created a profound sensation throng!
- -out. the Suite, and the people are rising t
t masse, arid taking steps to have their relatioi
toward the Federal Government decided l>
fore August. Our people will not be idle spc
tutors of the contest now going on bctwci
Lincoln and the Southern States, and will n
. await the mere forms of the law to dissol
. their connection with the Union. At the v
0 rious battalion musters on last Saturday, i
q over tho State, the stars and stripes wero tak
,f down, and the militia testified their loyalty
j the Lincoln Government, by mustering unci
a the colors of the new Republic of the Soul
t The flag of the Confederate States was hoist
* .
on our public square on -yesterday, amidst t
)r fil ing of gnns and other "demonstrations of t
,e wildest applause. Our military compan
j. have offered their services to President Da>
and before this reaches yon will be on th
way to the seat of war. In the contest wh;
J(J is about taking place the sons of Arkansas \
le not he absent, and yon may expect a good
rt port from them. The wbolostnte is in a bl
and we will repudiate the pi
ent Union by a vote approaching to imam"
ty.?Memphis Appeal. :
?
Tennessee.?The great revolution in pu
sentiment in Tennessee, which has been inn
in_ urntcd by the hostile attitude of the Liiu
Government ami its dangerous usurpation
authority, has culminated in an almost uni
sal sentiment of resistance, ami a com ic
) that Tennessee must separato herself fro
) Union, thus perverted to the purposes of ty
rn* uy, and must unite Herself at onco with
na' Confederate Slates,--' whose Constitution
'10 Go-.eminent offer us a secure asylum agi
lre oppression.
onr This revolution is not the work of leade
politicians, as nil can sec. It is the spont
"?> j ous uprising and upheaving of the people,
is as irrepressible as the mighty tide o
ocean, and is sure to bear 014- beloved !
K into a speedy alliance' witlnhe C'onfcd
! States. Tin's is our manifest 'destiny, a
; will be accomplished without tlie\mj?
m7> j of leaders,>ud despite their oppos:iW|2,
South Carohiin Coincidence*.
There arc forne-curious coincidences in South
Carolina history, between past and present,
which deserve remembrance. South Carolina
was the first of the Colonics to declare an independent
State Constitution in the days of the
Revolution. South Carolina was the first to
secede from the late Confederacy and declare an
independent Constitution. South Carolina was
the first State in the Revolution of 1773 to beat
back the enemy. -This was done in Charleston
harbor. South Carolina \yns the first of
the seceding States in 1861 to obtain a triumph
over the Abolition invader and usurper, l
anil again in Charleston harbor! All the fights
in the Revolution, in 1770?Lexington and
Bunker Hill?were American defeats. That
CT Fort Moultrie was a victory! Fnrt Moultrie
in 177G ^et fire to the British vessels.
The same fortress Bad a large part in firing
Fort Sumter. South Carolina, at the close of
the Revolution, had been so liberal that she
was the largest creditor State in the Confedc-'
. 'S>, !.
racy at the end of tltf war. At the 'present
moment her expeuditores far exceed those of
any one State in tbe";Southern Gonfedecrncy
aud this without including those large, annual
expenditures for ordnance and arms which
she began in 1832, jnnd which, perhaps, has
found her in the present conflict, better prepared
for battle than any of her sister
Status. .'j?f ' There
is one point of-great importance, in
which, the coincid'encaffitterly fails. In 177G
her people half of whonr were bom in Great
Britain, and had only recently come to this
country, were divided. '' Now she stands erect
ready to meet the enemj?Jvith united columns;
her people all feeling and^prepared as enrman
In 177b, she could only Bring, all told, about .
12,000 men into the field; now she can bring
00,000.?Aud such mcuF'it lurid fight would
.show; and if our brave vfeys do not utterly;
drive the invaders into tho eca, -we shall be
greatly disappointed-in the. souls sinews that
now keep guard over ony^ islands. A more
wanton invasion, more Mjnai, witnont n<rnt
and reason, was never exhibited in history!
And our boys are defending their homes their
firesides, their wQmenandcliildren, against a
fee who has been slandering, reviling, and
robbing us for more than thirty years! If we
do not give a good aecomit of these* wretches
JHWj it wili'.be becansrthey!ivill be chary to
offer us the opportunity. Vfyi have to revenge
the wrongs of thirty years. !c\nd the brood of
Moultrie, Marion, Sumptcriind Pickens, will
furnish us w.'th new coincidences!
Ckurfatcn Mercury.
rling a Scott asked a
safc?tnuusiHlirough Maiylan<?br the Federal
? rri _ ,voe fix* 6l b-riiirr of the
TITOOpS. UiC lwuiv ..oo m- -*
Government force?, on the l?oi3er of Maryland,
back to Pennsylvania , p
Two regiments of Nbrthcriijfroops r erc landed
at Annapolis from stcamcrsE We had a report
last night ii'? Ale?iudrin, that the Maryland
.people cut them to pieces at [Marlboro.
Charlemui Mercury.
j* . " "
Movements in USfoscuri.
St. Locip, April '23.?Govj rnor Jackson has
k called the Legislature of tlnl State together
for Thursday, May 2d. 8
General H'oosb' orders commanding officers
r of the several districts to go into, encampment
on the third of May, for six days, according to
^ law. , T
The whole State is aroused* and the scccessiotflscntimcnt
is almost universal.
Charlmon Mercury.
? ?4Conservatism.?Nolbing'|n
fiords ns more
pleasure, whether as a citizen or a public journal0
ist, than to note signs of a returning spirit ol
u" conservatism among tiic people ot tne aomuern
States. The tendency tt^S mobocrntic rule
m lias been the banc of Amcr&an Government
38 In the North more cspcciallyijwlicrc there ha.*
e" been less conservatism than It the South?Re
c* publican Government must s$tn end in tota
*" failure, unless a wise spirit ofe reform spoedib
ot manifests itself. Above all of the States in A
sc merica, South Carolina hasjpeen conspicion
for her conservative institutions. What inesli
mable blessings have resultedfrom her stcadi
el) adherence'to fixed aud fundamental principles
10 It is gratifying to observe that a most whole
"r some reform in the judiciai^v'-tom has begti
in Georgia. The change dqrs not go far (
ec* nongh?according to Caixj/iija views?but i
'1C it is a wise reform. Thpfnlqa of the law minj
),e ling in all of the corruption of popnlar electior
1CS for office, is revolting tp all|o:utd and eonse
'1?> vati.'o principle.: We /hnpj the good wot
eir may continue, and that Geqrgia will soon hat
'c'' her judicial system fUfijed ?fji|| its pernieioi
v'" errors.?Ntwherry ConstrAtht.
re- -o- _L
a-jfe Colokki. icnubtiaw's Regiment rcliinu
.last night from Morris Islary. Wo uuderstai
they will leave to-day for Virginia,sixhundr
strong. On their return tlioy passed the Mi
kU cury, and afterwords tbcj Charleston Ilot
where they gave three rimers for Govern
? r>:,.T.n?c Hon. Beauregard Jand South Caroli
*oiti jJ rr ~ , - )
, .r and ircunn. C'ol Ivcrslinw's Ilcjjimont is f
h 01 : ". . I
ver- ' Patr,ot,s,n' a,K' >" 0,,r Opinion will recoi
lion ' ,Ha"-V ,,(^'t'ons k?forc tlJar departure.
jn ,t! Chtj lesion Mercury,
ran- "f
the ! Judge Rufiin, formerly pief Justice of No
and Carolina, lias raised in hjs own county (.4
dust! mnncc,)and will equip at Its own expense, a cc
! panv of seventy-five nicij, and maintain th
rsor : f?r tlirce months, or'du/ing the war,
.ane- J **"
It! Mr. Bvrd Donglar, of Nashville, Tenn., \
f the it will he recollcctcfiytt>nt a draft for one tl
Ttatc ; sand dollars to Giyi Pickens on the scccs.'
crate of South Carolina,jlias written to Gov. 11a
nd it' announcing his rtldiness to honor tlic Gov
! vrtffraft on binJor thousands of dollars
in plncing cuncssce in a state of
For Wh,KiC v*c Contending?
For more a|aH thirty years the people 01
South Carol?] hav-a-bccn contending against
the conso!idg3jn ofKhc --Governmcnt of the
United States; Cy^Hla'Cpnrecleration of Republics
whose^Qjjjj',^1 power, authority and
jurisdiction, w^ CiV?efulIy hmited by the compact
of the ahdyihade conformable
to, and witjn pfoper;]imjts,4;o-ordinatc
with the oiigijj and. reserved powers, authority
and jurisdjpLo^^eQ States of which
it was compoajhic United. States Government
has ste^|H nsl-;l-pcd powers not igrantcd?progressf?Tei,cilcd
lipon Stato Rights.
Not a bald. iiWl... i'ii: .t?.'Snfl-^rl vnlrrar
democracy of rJB; numbers, was organized by
the instninieh^^j^jation; h?|W<!?3' the
States; hut duplicate system,
harmonious nnJ^B!otnCiitavy?the central
common Govcn^^f'>"t.|.forming its allotted
functions withijB^^^rlb'cfl sphere, and each
State GovernniflB^P^niing all other functions
or Govcrn^^H,^ C;cj>rcssly yielded to
the .other. Ii" tSBv!.nmcut became practically
omnipctet^^R^clear that it-must bo
a most fearfulW-r-a despotism of one
section ofthtiUnj^Bfy fac other?a despotism
of .Manufactnrin;^B,r Agricultural States?
of Free StatesStates. Earnestly
and faitlifulIyT^U^blic men at Wash
ingtori contendciJB^Bfcyhis fatal wnkumrna
tion. It was ''^ Btrade only inl833?
it was not ngniniB' M^,.^ .fonfitieism'onlj
in i852?it is ^ '_;Bgfti,ist our preclusior
from onr Tcrrito?'c;ft;)fi vulgar crew'win
fill the high that wi
have set up for oK:;:B& separate destiny
These are all c4Kc!.grcnl: cause? th
consolidation of ^ff odcral Government. A
facts, we have beei?^|^?l] t0 meet them?uu
the fact themselvcsft.rr comparatively insigriifi
cam. Tbcy v''cv<TK~t:ie' ship money wliic
Ilampdyii refused flL, --.like the three penc
a pouniF?bh tea, /fathers re.sistcc
They proved to ng ,VJ. Were the -slaves c
a consolidated dcsWtiyll,_J-i.at seli'-goverr
ment, and the secmH, idyiih >clf goveriimcr
alone can iinpart?y''aj?d:tlicr : prici
less self esteem libe
ty only can inspinKwciav-no longer onr ii
licritance or possMlj,
South Carolina m t0
despotism existed. H frc
representative I{jgjJMBvns a pa
ty in the Northtlio
principles of limitry iVrcstliiclToT;, wliic
might yet be rciB,7% JlL^diifiry in-tl
government, aiuEjBWUSsTk&lfree gover
meiit? . There ./yercnce arid i
tachfaeut to the^B- iBBj^Eiiuded theju
dersLnndings of-'y^B 1
summation, or our n.uayiui.^
subjection and^^B-- Bh Ucwolina,<bj? her
secession, forc^iM-Bf the 'naturSof the
government una^.jHHwc lived. It lias
proved itself. As" onejc^|0 <>f hypocrisy alter
another fell off ofi* Woisonona^snrfacc, ii
stood forth a pure, ficrcd^Jpistiir owlespotism
Jlie National InteUiyt&hjJpf. "Wa^ington, fo
fort)* years the centraljorgHn of Qmisolidatiori
identifies its policy Wtfi the hrew York Tri
bunc. Blair, tlie nioul^jioQe jof Jackson Dc
mocracy in 1833, nnd.wohnsmi, of Tennessee
its modern prototyp,'y*Sim\)n^glas and Unci
an?n, now join with Lincr)ntnu(i Chase ao
Seward in tlie grand effort-top establish, by tl
sword, what has loijg e-Wed as a policy? t)
despotism of a. coMolidata- government uridt
the Constitution oflTw^Tnilcd States. Tl
matter is now plain. Sta^, ^fter Slate in tl
South sees the deadly dcvel^'mant, and arc mo
ing to take their paiTfir^| gmnd effort to r
deem their liberties. Tt is nj^ontcstfor right
wis taxation. It is not ajecJ^est for the see
rity of slave property, contest for fit
dom and free governjie??, in which ever
' thing dear to man is ifvtdved. Shall we si
f mifto the sectional imjtrgnorseless dcspotii
of a Majority of the XyKru States, with
s restraints on their lawl^s will, no checks '
their omnivorons mpacjt}? That is the qn
? tion. Every man,~everjl|^y in the South i
- swers No! And thcy"TOJight the foul us
1 pers and tyrants, if they^ftre the issue of v
F as long as the stieams rfe and the sun shi
- on our yallics.? Chariest Mercury.
j. From RjfeErond.
v Richmond. April /:^^c large hodiei
t troops assembling henft\s|* this evening g
j. into camp ax. me x-^m ,?n^nu,
n Several distingitisVcj^jjjzcns, and man;
v. onr Pastors, have ciity?, tlic ranks as
lR vatcs, and are cheering wtlic troops by tl
r. patriotic example. ,. -J ,
ls The gallant Capt. Gcsf^Mtfnor, late ol
r. United States Navy, recovered fror
k severe indisposition, andjw|,0 tendered bis
c gnation some days sinifo iins received a!
us lar appointment frompatriotic Gc
"0r-. , J*?"Tlie
euthusiasm prc^iijling here won I
uj credit to Charleston itself.
COUTH C AHOL1XA TltOC'pg niCHMONE
''j Tlic loud booming of c^,in0I)i the loud si
,r of welcome, find tlic presence ofthousan
cj our citizens and military greet the arm
^ the first instalment of Soi^j, Carolina's gr
forces. AH hail to our glorious cause.
n& r
,^1 t-Aarlcsion Mcrru,
'^C A Nkw Wav of l'slxo Oi.d Dkiits
merchant suggests to tliel Richmond Dts
the following mode ol cJpTjcntioii from a ]
ing ^euniary liahilityC~W
rth ^ consequence off\lC turn affairs
l'a" taken the merchants >rc ;n a quandary
>ni* to do. I suggest that, mere ha mi pay o'
cm Gov. Letcher all deht^4jrjrj/t']ie North
ing his receipts therefor, "anrj passing sr
ceipts over to Nprthcrr creditors to
vho deemed when hostilities 5 J^g(, ^|iu
iou- ?;
3j0I) Meeting of If. o. L><w guess at Crno
r,.j9 It is rumored that Li'clRint Lincoln In
crn- a private Scorn I cry ^'^Thicngo for tl
. [0 ; pose of ascertaining if
(]q. caw be made of3!'<
[there on the fourth ofXn|j ?ext.
Serenade,., to SDeji. 'lnonias <ouuhmaio,
of Itortli Carolina.
Last night a large number of our citizens
proceeded to the Charleston Hotel, with a,band
of innsic, and serenaded the Hon. Thomas L.
Clingman, of North Carolina. In tho course,
of his speech, lie'said there was no doubt that
North Carolina would stand by the Palmetto'
State. '{Applause.] North Carelina had been
a little 'slow, but in the Old Revolution per
haps she had been fast enough. South Carolina
had been the first State to secede, and she
had fought the first battle and won the first
victory. [Applause.] For the last twenty
years South Carolina had been denounced by
thcfrec-soiL element of the North, but South
' Carolina occupied a proud position, because no
country in the world, perhaps, has ever made j
a revolution with, that unanimity and order
1....... Allnrliiift- to thp. forces
Willi WHICH Wll'j imvt, .
in action, ho said Napoleon never had such a
guard as South Carolina had in the rcccfct*
action. [A voice ?"He never had Beau regard. 'J
That is so (said 'the speaker.) Beauregard is*
the best of guards I have heard of,Jatcly. [Ap,
plause.] North Carolina had got into the old
i Government in an irregular manner, nud he
. supposed slie would tumble in in the midst of
. the light [Applause.] For himself, lie never
. had the slightest doubt that this movement
. would produce war., - He had no dou[>t ^he
. North, would make a formidable show in the
start and that the banks would subscribe a
) great deal of monej*, but there would be a
) change before a great while." He did not beB
lieve the harbor of Charleston would he attack.
e?again during the war. He tbonght the
6 fight would be elsewhere?iu Virginia and
s North Carolina. In his opinion, in answer "tf>
t an inquiry from the crowd, the ships had fardt
- come in because they could not. They wcr^
h afraid. In conclusion, he said ho had no
e doubt North Carolina would make one of the
t Confederate States, standing side by side with
)f South Carolina. It was unnecessary for him
i- to inspirit "South Carolinians, who had more
it spirit than he could jjpgsibly have, and there
3- fore.lie b'udo tk.cnvgood night. ' Mr. Clingmar
r. retired, ainidst loud, .and long continued ap
v plause.- Speeches wenkYtlso made by Col
it McRno, of North Cnrdjthnj Mr. Bru^,\ q
m .. -a?. < |j - Cnriilina
IS -LUIIIlCSSmi uuu v^v;">
?c :?iid Mr. Warren, cVB of Ittji'Cain<1e: 1 Join
r- ml.?Churlexti^Merciify.
sc , < ^r-:?---;jj
innuaS Report ofMiths in the Towi
of CEsariolic during Hie yenr 1830.
'C BY ROBERT OIBBO.V, M. D.
U~ Cholera Irifantnni, 3 7
Dysentery,
T~/f're rnatvi re
liilious Fever, f ?
Pneumonia, ' 2
Consumption, . 2
Jaundice, 2
Puerperal Fever, 2
Congenital Syphilis, 2
1 . Dinrrhcea, 2
Dropsy, 1
r Gastrilis, 1
... ,
' Muningitis, 1
. Epilepsy, / 1
Hemiplegia, I
1^-.(' 1
JJ||juji:i i?i,
j Intiosusception,. 1
II cart Disease, ./ 1
, . fractured Spine, : I
fractured Cranium,' J' 1
Did Age, 2
16
Not known, 1
1G ' ' L '
Smothered, 1 1
V
Twenty-ono of these under two years of ag<
six from two years to ten.
These figures show three very importai
facts. First, That Charlotte is free from let;
disease. Second, That nearly one-half of tl
T"
^ deaths was of children under ten years 6fag
Third, That the mortality in Charlotte is.gres
ly below the average mortality throughout t]
no . .
world. Divide our 2S(J0 population bv 57, at
on .,, 1 /, * ,
you will get a qnoticnt of about 50 : that
the average .mortality in Charlotte is 1 in ?
whereas,
urIn
Hussin it is 1 in -1
*r,i ; France " V " kl 4
nes '''"''England " " " " 4
" iJmted States it " " "
'"Neiv-Y" " " <
"Philadelphia " " " " . <
3 0f " Boston " ' ' "
" r.iif,rii.ston " " " ?
one .
"Paris " " . .. 1 " ;
" London " ' " " "
F of " Vienna "'" "
pri- - ? ^
lieir Important fioin UloiJtgom.cry.
N Montgomery, April 22.?The Cabinet
["the a meeting held to-day, decided to call i
n a service 12,000 men in addition to the 32,<
rcsi- already marching to cooperate with the Bor
iirhi- States. Of these, 2000 arc to come from 1
>vcr- sissippi, 2000 from Georgia, 1000 froln i
baina, and probably 1000 from South Cai
d do na. The regiments acccptccj,from North
rolina, Kentucky, Tennessee and the ol
' Border States, fully supported by the ofli
routs of the Confederate States, have been ordi
ds of to report at Headquarters immediately.
.'al of The steamer JIubann at New Or leans
illant taken to-day. She was named the Sun
Semmes will, probably, be assigned to
\r
ry. command.?u/iarwswu iutfuny.
.?A Extraordinary Balloon Joamc
frttch Columbia, April 22.?Lowe, the celcbr
press- aeronaut, has just arrived here. lie left
cinnati, Ohio, on Saturday morning, Apri
have at 4 o'clock, a. in., in Ins balloon, ilis dc
what ation was Richmond, but at one o'cloc
rcr to Saturday, nine hours from the time hi
i, talc- Cincinnati, he came down in Union Dis
lid re- S. C,-having accomplished a journey ol" t>
he rc- hundred miles. He brings Cincinnati p
ate." of Saturday morning'containing notices^
intended departure.? Charleston Mercury,
iGO. I |
is sent j Among the Kentuekians now in Jfc
ic pur- ^|?crVj who have ofVcrud their services t
-Slates, area nephew of Jo
lir. i kinridge, ainl Mr. Todd, a brother o
i . ^.
It was announced through our last issue that
Capt. Wylie's Company ot' Volunteers had been d
Oldered to repair to Charleston. The orders i<
wcr.o received about 1 o'clock on Tuesday, and fl
within twenty-four hours the Company, though c
scattered in almost every part of the District, t
had rendezvoused at this point, ready to taVc*
up the line of march.
A part left, on Wednesday afternoon nn<^
the remainder the next morning. All, we bc'J I
lieve, wer.e supplied with proper conveyances- ^
ri ?1? +Via rnmnanvreached
to uaiuueu, niuui |/vmv i?<v ^
Thursday evening. They were received' on" *
the outskirts of the town by a large, delegation. i?
of the citizens, headed by Col.Thopias J. War- s
ren, the Intcudant, who, in a spiritcd.and stir-?**
ring.speech, welcomed them to the hospitalities
of Camden. Capt. Wyliw gave a hand- t
some response in'behalf of his company. The t
company then divided into two sections and
marched, one to the DcKalb House and the*
other to the Mansion House, where ample accommodation
had previously been provided '
throng^thffhospitnlityrand ^cnertnis patriotism
of the people orCamdtjn. Our'ibformant !
states that nd;pains were spared to render tho 1
company coin^ortaWe-^-ciyilities which will be 1
remembered an3' appreftiated' by every citizen !
of Lancaster. \
At 4 (/clock the next morningjthey left *oti
the train for Charleston,?Lancusier'^edger.
\ " - > ' ' x
Ketitueliy ILeyislatine Convened.
Louisvill, Ivy, April 19.?Gov.-^^Irigotfiii
of this State, has issued lii.s proclamation, con:
. vening the Legislature in extraordinary session
. on the 27th.iustunt.
Charleston Mercury,
V '
TP lie Confederate .States Loan.
Mostgouekt, April 19.?The Treasury De:
partinent has tlins far heard that the bids for
f - '
The new Five Million Loan haye reached eight
millions! The smaller towns are vet to be
licard from.
' -f Montgomery has taken two millions, of
which four hundred dollars is taken by two ne*
tugros, belonging, to Gen IIardawayJ and Col Bibb.
j. The 'defences of Texas and Lonisianajare engaging
the especial attention of tbo GoycriJ1
m en t "to-day.? Charleston liftrctiro. >
?ciz:ir(H){ Use Clirrlotte mint.
^ ' Cfr.vHLOTTB,'N. C, April *20.?The Branch
Mint at Charlotte was taken possessior^^^
morning by Col. Bryce and the iiinn
ing under orders from Gov.
offered,
MovnnciiU iaSorrii (9
WiLMiXQTOy, " April 23.?The Gw| H
this State has issued a call for 30,00()^umfl|
tccrs. The wnr spirit is universal. The Palmetto
Regiment was received here with eclat
and rejoicing.? Charleston Mercury.
From North Carolina.
Fayetteville, N. Cn April 24.?The United
States Arsenal at this place, with 37,000 stand
of arms, was taken possession of yesterday by
our State troops. No resistance was offered.
? TV...,..,
SUFFERINGS OF THE 1'lLGHIMSTO THE \i mi*.
House.?The Washington Slates and Union
says:?"The distress prevailing among this
unfortunate class is truly lamentable, A number
who came here with bright anticipations,
find themselves, after two week's sojourn, out
of money and without friends. Tho propric^
tors of the hotels can attest this fact; they
I have now over four hundred carpet bags and
ie valises, which have been left bv the pilgrims
iu search of office, for their boarding bills.?
As far as heard from, there is only one valise
JC which contains anything valuable, and in that
l(j one was found a well-executed counterfeit
s twenty dollar bill on the State Bank of Ohio."
Save tiie Powder.?We suggest to oui
i friends that no more powder should be wastec
10 in salntes and military demonstrations. Tin
h* tocsin of war has been sounded, and we knov
not the hour when it may bp upon us. It i
well, therefore, that we should not only "kee
H our powder dry," but that we should waste a
3GJ little of it as possiblei Those for whom sa
ntes arc intended will cheerfully "take the wi
for the deed" under present circumstances
2"* and by husbanding all our resources, we sha
be better prepared for any emergency that ma
arise.? Charleston Mercury.
nto .
300 The Southern Commissioners to Europ
(jer ?We learn by private advices from Uavar
that the Commissioners of the Confcdera
,i.? Ctnfno nf F.urone had arrived
y;i 0UUC3 lO WJ V UCUlva ... r_
U that city, where they wore received with d
?a tinguisLccl courtesy hy the Captain Gencr;
Is During their stm on the Island tliev visile
;iler . J
cers 'n comPan.v him, all tlie magnificent for
jred fixations which guard the harbor of Ilavanju
Charles/on Mercury.
was
j!rr John Pell for Secession.? 1 csterday-w
^ the (lay on which John Hell was to have ma
a secession speech in Nashville, so Gen.- Pilh
stated to n friend of ours on TuyslTay last,
j-. the train between Motitgaftfdjy aud Opeli]
atcd ^suc'' ^)C l'lu hicf, ourhope^that Tonnes.will
soon terini|igterncr connection with I
120 Northern Union, will be pinch enlivened,
stin- I S0I11C Pr'va^ hangingjJarty would now c
t.0I1 cntc Andy Jolinsomjhe tiling would he fixe
jBgfv . / Columbus ((fa.) Times
jt
velvet Major AstTerson.?Major Anderson will
apersi' tried hy a Court of Inquiry (not a Court A
of his tiai) ia a few weeks. This docs not imp]
J suspicion of his' honor, but is merely a inilit
! Lulp. If tbc Court deem, bis ease cue f
mtgo- Court Martial, he will then he arraigned
o the fore it. It is said, too, that all the cntmn;
hn C' ing officers of the "fleet reported to have 1
f Mrs ! oil' Charleston will bdj brought before a C
Baltimore, April 23.?j^obv.
lares to. proclaim .himself i qwfaYoF~0.-^..^-^M
an. The flag of the Confederate St?.
loating to the breeze in every portion ok ^HHRB
ity. Strong guards havo been stationed^ . U
he railroads to prevent the rebuilding of '
ridges.
Wilmington, Del., April 23.?It is general-,
v believed- here that a collision has taken 'HH
lace between the Northern troops -and the 9H
jarylanders at Fort McHenry. No details,
lowevcr, have reached ns. A despatch receivid.
here says* that leading Border State men - flH
igEed a cessation of hostilities, with*'a view to fl
i' compromise. M
Jh
The Baltimoreans arc actually preparing f;.
ake Fort McHenry; and the guris of the ft - B
ire turned against the city. ^ fl|
Charleston 1Mercury, X ffjyjyj
-?;? .Vjfl
Virginia is- with TTb.?The new# just r?- "BSI
icived of the secession of Virginia fills my heart
ivith peculiar emotions. The bells arc ringing
and cannon filing, but these are but feeble expressions
of the joy I feel. Doar Old Virginia!
-The mother of Washington, and Jeffcr- tt
son, and Madison, and""Monroc?the mother of
Presidents, and heroes and statesmen?tho^^H
land of beauty, and chivalry, and valor?
old. Virginia is with us. If she delayed,
with a purpose. If slio hesitated," it wn# i/^ H
she might act as a peace-maker. But vhex"*"*
?!.:?Uiirmr r>aoc?Klo nni-l an
wji3 ..on ..v, j ? _
President called on. bor for' troops to conquer 1
her Southern sisters, she raises; her giant arm I
?she heaves her noble* breast, and cries "dowq
with the tyrant!"' :Aud many of her absent B
children, like the writer of this article, whit 9
have looked confidently to hor ultimate action,
rejoice that their trust bA not been bef?yed^ I
that she not only holds the sacred dust of-tU&.._>B
immortal Washington ; but . that her prctent I
generation are ready to prove that they ar^; ]
-net'tiegenerate sons of a noble ancestry, Alt H
honor to dear Old Virginia 1 Well may a tbrilli fl
of rapture run through our bosoms, as we hear fl
the intelligence that Virginia is with us. South B
Cnt-olfna?the grand old Palmetto common- B
wealth?inaugurated the revolution, and gaU Hh
lantrly,t. fearlessly lc4 the way. A noble Con? fl
federacy of seven has been formed. Virginia ^B
uofr comes in, anjl^we'xrreini'incible against 4 fl
woMrarrr^ . J. C.^ANNEY, - 1
South Carolinian,
Blk.r| H
flrnsliinglon,.. m
BB^I^clainicU u.Llil
B^furnlfng danger./^ Major Haskin^/^*- fl
^fcrk, is in command of Fort WosbingB^O
men. Troops are coming round
Blhip Constitution-horn Annapolis, wh?r%
HTe force from the North ia concentrated
to-day.?Charleston Mercury.
From. Wilmington.?An officer of Colonel1
Gregg's Regiment telegraphs from Wilmington,
yesterday morning as follows: /
"Our train being very heavy, great caution
was necessary in moving. Night before last
an assassin was caught obstructiug the trackj j ? I
on.i will ho handed. The timbers of the track, ' * ]
(?"U " o
happily, arc without damage. The engineer Qd I
ran with great caution, which in part explains I
our slow progress. The gallant North Caro-. 5^
liuians kept Watch all night, and at cvecy cuU I
vert and trestle work Vcrc bonfires and men vs,
in arms.
"Our reception at Wilminton was an ora^ fH
tiou. Everywhere wo wcro rocivcd with en- J I
thusiasm. The -..'hole State is in a blaze* I
Troops are preparing to tuko the field. The Jj
people of North Carolina are out of the Uo.-.
ion."?Charlcxton Mercury ' H
' Tnr>^
Yobk Seventh Regiment.?The I
PetersbSjP^lrpmj, of Sunday, says: Mayor- 1
To wnes, of this city, yesterday received from Hia I
Excelled Gov. Letcher, the following telegram; I
r Richmond, April 22, 1861.
* "I have received information from a reliable2
source at Alexandria, stating that 0 special'
v messenger had, reached there froin Marlbor#,'
8 Md., with tidings tdftkc effect that an ongageP
ment had taken place ou Annapolis Heights.
s between the Baltimore Military and the New
York Sovoath Regiment. The conflict was
11 terrific, and the latter were liteHfty cut to
>; 0 % I
" The despatch spread like electricity all over
' the city, and was everywhere received with:
shouts and cheers. The Ilomc Guards, whichwere
on parade, 1G7 strong, at Poplar Lawn,
K* greeted the tidings with the wildest joy, liftiDg
1,1 their hats, and etecring again and again. j.
,te The New York Scvcuth Regiment is the .1
,in crack military body of the State of New York;*' J
'"l and has heretofore bccer. considered-ihvinci- ^
bio. Thy-came down to )Mrgti>ia some thrca ^
or four Wars sincc^Jvdttfthc remains of "
tl" dent Monroe^/jfml we're greeted"at Richmomt
with a perfect ovatiopC' They aro composed
of thp-Vcry flowey-awl prido of New York ci
3Wf
Aruxoton 'biojits.?Several gentlemen
Jw who' arrived last night from Richmond, report
on '-that thu troops of Virginia, under Col. Lec,
jTn have taken paSossion of the heights of Arlington,
just across, the Potomae from Washington.
|,c i Heavy batteries wcro being erected, and every
jr' preparation being made for offensive opperar
xc. I lions. These gentlemen also state that thiftr:???ln
Gorernment designed to erect batte*
d. I4",,w
! ries fvt Alexandria, hut were rot permitted by
ho citizens. At ercrr point along the rente ft
^ : spirit of determined resistance to Federal tyrarv J
I ny is manifested ; everywhere brare men ar?
volunteering for war.? Charleston Mercury?' B
arv ... ,r , 1
md- Since l'1c news ^,ora ChariestoB
' six hours of lighting and nobody <(-J9
jcen . "BHH
,oUrt! pnblieaiis oMu:s city arc prodigiously'J ||3
?all eager for battle,

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