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The Camden weekly journal. [volume] (Camden, South-Carolina) 1853-1861, May 07, 1861, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84027851/1861-05-07/ed-1/seq-1/

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Br t . ^ _/ -- ? " "? ^ - .
jjjjm SPRING.
- j^Fflush of green is on the boughs,
warm breath panteth in theair,
i And in the earth a heart-pulse there
ki^Ihrobs uwlerrieatli her breast of snows;
^Idfe is* astir among the woods,
/ And by the moor, and by tho stream,
/ Tbe year, as from if torpid dream,
0_'""Wakes-in the sunshine on th6 buds;
"Wakes up in music as the song
Wf 'Of wood bird wild, nud loosead rill
W -More freq'oe&t fVorn tho windy hill
forest'aisles along;
Wakes irp in beauty as the sheen
Of woodluud pool the gleams receives >;>
BHV, ' ,s- Though bright flowersu^erbraideJ.ieavcs,
HR Or1 broken sunlights, golden green,"
Siie sees the ouflttw'd winter stay r*
Awltfct 10 gather alter him
Snow robes, Irost-erystaU'd diadem,
Hi ' f And then in soft "showers pass'away.
BBBn- iSise could nor love rough winter we!!, *
Yet caniiot choose but mourn him now;
So wears awiiiJe on her bruw
llLs'giit?a gleaming icicle.
^heu turns-.her,-loving tjrtho sun, \
?8MK,tI' - Upheaves her bosom's swell to his, "/ t
And,'in the joy of his first kissj 1
WU -Forgets ibrsye that sterner one;
V -Old winter's pledge' from her he reaves?
Hf That icy-cold, though glittering spar?
? HKiisBfc"' And zones her with a itreoh eynfiir. .
T" y'-, And girdles round lier brow with loaves;
R f. 'The primrose add wood violet
. fr- ' He^mgies in her ahiuing linir-,
fi&v'M And teaches el tin breezes fair
) . B 'To arng her some sweet oanzouet." . ^ '
5AJft All promisicg long summer hours,
When shefin hi> embrace shall lib..
T-'<' Under tlie broad dome of bright sky
t-X.'ip: Ou mossy couches starr'd witli llowers,
I. Till she smiles buck again to him
L 'X:\- The beauty beaming from his liice,
[' And, robed in light. glows with the grace
gM Of Edeir-palnecd cherubim.
0 earth, thy glowing loveliness
Around our very hearts has thrown
>' An undimmed juyuiice nil its own,
Aud suuii'd us o'er with happiness.^ ^
\&gdUsoe IXa.22.0 oiisi
Pre^tttutiuu ?f a Flag to the Sccom
MLB High beat the. hearts of the brave soldiers o
of the. Second Regiment-of South Carol in;
BMfc^Vol&irtews last evening.. "Having aided in dri
ving the enemy from the soil ot South Caroli
rjl&y iia, they hava volunteered to aid Virginia in he;
Hnp , struggle for the rights cf the South and the
wSja ; indciK'tulenee of the Confederate Stales. N<
fair - ladies. \yl
&?$?*? HTknow their valor well, and who will pray, f
WMtW'- their success iii whatever they may inult
At an early hour last evening the portico.!
Of the Charleston Hotel was crowded in anticip;
tiQn of the presentation, by the ladics'of Sun
nl tcr, 01 a handsome^tmd of colors 10 this mer
HEL' RBjjp;
toriou* couiinancl; b it that was notliing to th
Ml crowd that not only occupied the portico, bn
Mocked up the street at 10 o'clock, when- tin
^pyyn^prosetitatiotiTcativ took place. Every avaslallli
Jm . ;^?fr>ace was occupied, and the enthusiasm of tin
*' ' ?C"V
> "wndicnee testified how 'completely all sympathize
v. it !i the patriotism which induces the gal
lard. "'Sccoiid'Vto leave thyir homes for a dis[B
H Ai: being ready, Mr*.-Elizabeth Gordon, on.
g^^ helmifof the ladies of Sumter, placed- in the
; ? v .u.i.mmiij; n JJJURISOMIC Silt Hag
slie rc.quesftHl liim to present to the Sec-*"T^oiid
Regiment of Smith Carolina Volunteere.
1;^.. | Col. Maiming complied with her request; and
I I in doing so, delivered the following appropriI
.. 11 and feeling addi ess: (
Churl i(on Mi rev, y.
8Bb^m| Colonel of the St cond Rcyimivt: I am deS^B'puted
by fair ladies, whose fathers, husbands
^?bn>lhcrs, sous, and lovers are about, after fight
^^H^Bing the battle of their own country, their own 1
^.T-^ttStato,. to march forward and assist those who 1
^^M^are struggling for our great constitutional rights ?
Rh in another and a distant State,/to deliver to I
V y?u this standard which embodies the idea of 1
uuit\\ which is obedience; this standard, which ?'
B embodies the idea of patriotism ; and more than ci
I tliat, the standard which embodies in itself all A
f. the ideas of sacred home, of your fields your af
| ' hearthstones and all the tender joys which as'ci
I men yon have ever- known in this world, ar
K Tremblingly their hands have^ worked its devi- h:i
?es; cheerfully, their eves have poured over iliis W
|^takiabor. They -bid yon God speed^yi the noble
[j||M^?ftrch before yon. [Applause.] It is as noble of
HjS^Harcb as ever soldier put forward a step to
It is a battle for your .civilization and bei
laws. It is a battle for the. repose of oie
.vouv children. It is a battle wrc
Jfco elofious heritage left yqu by your an- w'1:
It is to leavo a noble'iuheritancc for whi
Hb'^'-^-'Hwterity. [Tremendous applause.] ridj
olden time it was Virginia, almost the Oth
Hf>" m l'ie Republic, who gave to our land heii
?<-< amnjsiuuii, auu ner warnoi-s. It Poc'
is io VirNiiii't that voii arc now to march, and then
- ibo I attic is again tobWbnght on that soil I "ish
* twbieh established first theindependence with in II
America. [Applause.] And although there has A
t>e#n somewhat of a rivalry in sentiment, be- J loohn
"'tween you as to who has been the most pntri j hand
#tic to maintain our rights and liberties and to I Inde
establish our hest laws, that rivalry has no.w : as th
(teased and you are to march forward to-night Selm
to take your place alongside of her in a new we <li
and fresh struggle for your liberties; and upon j any i
the establishment of your supremacy as trained not c
and disciplined soldiers, remains the inherit- drum
knee of your children. [Applause.] And a boast pletcl
Which will in after-life exist, is that Virginia tell tli
i?nd South Caroljna ?the fir>t and last to strike the 0
are. ahout to lie united "pon a new field, where seeme
p you niay as has been said before, "Ami none,
i y<5t on this glorious and still (bug!,ten field jn tlii;
are together in their chivalry "jAp- ber of
Swj i
T Colonel, into your hands I give this standard
==r You hold a name, sir wliiali has coine dowi
;frtsh from your ancestry, and which has beer
rendered 'distinguished by its position and
bearing in every form and slmpe. There is
uo man, sir T am instructed to say, to whom
these fair ladies who wrought this standard,
would entrust it more willingly; asd. if sir, it
should be under the Providence of God, that
you should be stricken down, they confidently
believe every .man who goes in your command
will grasp that banner and hold it triumphal}!
against the Hashing of cannon and the shouts
of battle. [Applause.] I hid you, Colonel Godspe.ed,
and hope that those who are not so fortunate
as yourself, and are now left behind, may
iira short time welcome you hack with waving
arms and glowing countenances, and assist bv
acclaims, individually and collectively, to place
your name still higher in the niche of illustrious
men who have adorned our land. [Loud
and long- continued applause.]
?1? ?>
? finui inu appiause wiucn sqcceeueu na<i in
some degree suicided, Colonel Kershaw received
the colors from the hands of Colonel
' Manning, and-responded in the following happy
manners :
? Governor Manning: Sufficient of inspiriting
association bad already glittered around the honorable
service which these brave soldiers had
undertaken. We go sir, to vindicate the an.
eient fame of Carolina upon the soil of the "Old
Dominion." We go.sir, to defend the homo
the birthplace and the grave of the illustrious
- Washington. We go, sir, to establish upon
the battle field the liberties and rights of onr
glorious Confederacy. We go, sir, to maintain
and to baptise in the blood of our enemies the
:TW?U'-1 n??f *Ar?oil?* f I* **
MV? ,.v*4< v/? LUC VVUlL'UUinbC OMU'N ^
[Tremendous applause.] There are emotions ,
sir, to which human language cannot give cx- ,
prcssion?emotions which arc too faintly itidi- ]
cated \?y the strainsof those golden harps sound- t
ed bv intelligence In the land of spirits. Akin
> to these, sir arc the feelings of gratitude we (
now entertain towards the fair donors of this
r noble standard. They must be imagined j.
" thev cannot be expressed. And. blazonci^fcit s
is with the noble niottos and devices iygWpf a
honored and revered State, presented in Tones p
and terms of noble eloquence, devised by the g
exquisite taste of the fair Jadies of Sumter, a
* wrought by their own hands, it^combines, sir
memorials of these bright ministering spirits
of homes and firesides, which will concentrate n
r the brave energies and manly spirit of this
y ^noble cotfinjV'id, and mala; tiiein rally for' the jj
honor of Carolina whcreverVthis flag, is thing '
f' a 71
ta 'to't fee "breeze. [Loud . from the i>lh ^
q* great emblem bfti]je confidence of the ladies of
Sumter. Upon yoa it devolves to justify "the
confidence expressed upon the battle field] ;
?u may die beneath its folds, hut can never j
- dishonor it. [.Many cries of "Never' from t/c
v regiment, and applause iVqjj^tiie spectators./ ,
Sergeant Garden, to your p> rticular cVnrge <J
e is committed tin* noble gifr. l'lant it whmv I :i
. i er honor call? A ?.- . ? ... I
, xi yj'p\?rnnniv oriel's, let it be
the first to kisv the breeze of licav.cn from . the
dome of tlie Capitol at "Washington. [Voeife- u
rous cheering, whi<b lasted for several inin- ct
titcs.] n
As sooq as order was restored in tlie ranks,-i it;
the word was given to march, and tlie brave ! ti\
"Second'' proceeded on its way to Virginia* dr
caTrying with it the best wishes of all truc-hear. ab
ted Carolinians. Home and friends are left
beliiud,'but glory and the honor and fame of
the Palmetto State go with them. All honor
to the nolde spirits who compose thein.
Charleston Mercury. '
to (
rv ]
Kcglect Somewhere. tj
It is greatly to be feared that the raw troops 0j-g(
we are hurrying forward to the seat of war are gj-^.
not likely, from, the condition they^are in, to |m*(
reflect much credit upon their State, or prove 'j
very serviceable as soldiers. At Camp Curtin, ?|cs
near Harrisbnrg, we are told by a gentleman j*
vho has just returned from there, all is elisor- n.j)01
ranization, and the gathering lias more the ap- q,
earanee of a mob than an army. If the conn- moJij
ry companies and regiment's which have pass- ,j)C ,j
d through Philadelphia may serve as fair spo- 'p|,
imenswe should judge this report to he true. jj(|
ftcr midnight on Monday tliey fired oft" guns
i they marched through the streets of unity.
We saw several companies. They had ; C.u
rived in the city during the night, and had j ii'g le
id nothing to eat since hen-inn- i '
..... .i ir?iiun^.?? v^njirK
hen we saw them they were discontented, Fois
subordinate, ami swearing at the oitv, tlicir I>ej
leers and everything else. They had each notice
hi a loaf of hrend stack on his bayonet,, that airy of
ng the only way they could carry their ne\t such ai
a I, as they had no knapsacks. A blanket I am j
< slashed around the body, and some had reach li
at seemed like a satchel hung at the side, iiig you
ich we took to he either a pouch for cart- try, yoi
(cs or a place to put a ration of meat.? prevent
ers had no cartridge pouch at all, and on fast as I
ig asked pulled their cartridges out of their , opportu
iets, which seemed to he stuffed full of; my audi
it. One man told us that lie had been fur- ' enough
cd with no raliou since he left his home lie shoul
Umtingdon. J honor at
number of companies from Schuylkill ,
?d as though taken fresh from the mines,
\i and faces being blacked witli eo il dust. :
ed, all of them might be regarded fntrlv
C great miwaJiwl, whether coining Iron,
vlkill or anywhere else. As for uniform, iii|i(.,
id not see the slightest pretence at it among uf ,
if tlicse men. Un? German company had < ?!
ven arms. Several companies had no y/
mors, and there was one regiment so com- : ^ ^ j>(,
v disorganized that the men could not ^ j?
ic names of any of their oflicem except of
ciloticl. Inquiries for the quartermaster .|r,ail?i
d to he fruitless, a", there appeared to he 4jos;rc.
and yet there were over six hundred men
i regiment, Commanded, too, hy a uieui- vcr fro
the Legislature. intense, at
PhUad.lphla North Amcrknn, j tbom in b;
| ^
From the Rome (Gcutherner.
i ytr. Bill Arp to Altnkhorii.
, Mr. Linkhurn?Sir: Tare to in tor
I .you we are all well, and ljhese few liu
i will find you in statu quo. ?ot your pro!
lainashun, and as you liriut us on mil
short not is, a few of us boy concluded l
wiiteyou, and ax for a filthfe time. T1
fact is, we are most ol>1ec?o have a fe
more days, l'?-r the war tliiuji Impiuin, i
utterly onpossible for nsjo di(. in 20 day
Old Virginy and Tennessee,INorth Can
lina, are continually aggravatijjnto tumuli
and karousmeiits, and a body disperse 111
til vou nut a ston to sicho! i./outm-f:?
their part. I tried my dnrndjustcrday t
disperse and retire, hut it was'o ; and hi
sides, vour ^larshal here aiuthg a thin;
? he dont read the riot act emonsirau
nor nothin, and ough' to heed out. 1
you conclude to do so, I am ajized to re
kouiend to you Capt. Cooper o. MeCiune
or perhaps myself would atteiitthe bisncs
as weii as most any' hody. ij'aot is, tin
boys around here want wutel or thci'l
lake sumthin. A few days iifjiontxl tiiej
surrounded two of our best cjs hecaust
they was named Fort and Su\ Most o
them are so hot they fairly siz \ you pom
\vntr?r nn r*m. mul tlttit'c iln* i.
, ~ v?w HIi'IKU llj
their military companies here U-when j
lufln applies to jiue the Vuhnitoeisl- ^prinki-:
him, and if lie sizzes tlicy take ^nd ii Ik
demt they clout.
Mr. Linkhorn, sir, privately sjng, 1 in
afraid I'll git in a tile place herej-g these
bloods, and have to elope out of it,! I cvoiial
like much to have your Scotch cdcl cloak,
what you traveled in to Washing I suppose
you wouldn't^be likely to tiie saint
lisgise agin wlTon you left, ancVcforci
a oiild propose a swap. I'm 5 feet Id could
;ct my plow britches and coat to |n 8 ot
IU days if you can wait that long, hit yon
o write to me immediately .about genirally,
and let us know where voiljud to
lo your flglitin. Your prnklamai savs
ouietking about takin possession of Public
irnperty at uAll Hazards." We caijKl no
ieh a place on the map. I thought tist be
bout Charleston, or Savannah, orj-pci's
'erry, hut they say it aint any wl ill own
ontli. One man said it was a little f^y on
n island in Lake Chgiiiplaiii, where tlijiadc
md bags. My opinion is that sand j biscss
wont- pay, and it is a great wsstimoey.
Our hoys* Lere. carry their sand |icir
hszards, wit-ore,' it "keeps better, aiid -isiaya
;indy. I'm-' ai'raid youi' government tycJi
oil ami your kajigaroo a heap of brincjav^
ouhie,- and n^yjinlnble'. /idvice is-it*
.tiling oft. I d
rails or anything f.tf- it?if [ coTild see yc
show you a slight of hand trick that v
change The whole concern into huttugyj
If you dont trade, or do souielliing Wi?
it soon, it will spile or die on vour hands
aim. ,
Give my respects to Bill Suard and the o
iieiiiMTs ol II,e knngfrou. What's Hani
foin ? 1 ilont hear anything from Iiim i
days. Yours with care,
l!. S.? If yon can p?>s>il?lv extend that 01
> SO days; do so. Wo have sent you the
unt ill advance on 'a ch-.ek at Harper's I
(who keeps that darned old Ferry now
i irivin us a heap of trouble,) hut if von p<
rely wont extend, we'll send you a elii
awn hv J, If Davis, Beauregard endorser,})!
le on sight anywhere.
Yours, B. A.
E!::i CoM'.esiiitii).
..jw.Mou.MKitv, April 20.? At lhe v 'uiiVi-vtii
liailroad Presidents to day, ii was resole,
tarry troops at two cents a mile, ami to ca
jrovisions and ninnitious of war at onc-ha
local rates. The mails for the first grad
L'rvice are to l?c carried at one hundred am
dollars a mile; second grade of service, on
ilrcd; and third, fifty dollars. '
lie Question whether the Railroad t'niiip.-i
would receive pay in Coiifcrtvrnto Stall
Is, was referred to ;i committee, who will
rt to-morrow mortiing.
:er forty Presidents were present. The
perfect harmony prevailed, and governed
elcgates in all departments,
e city is full of troops,
ii. 11. Barnwell Bhett arrived last night.
Ch url> .ifon Mcreury.
* ^
?TA1N VlM-KI'igl K.? W e fil.ll tllO followIter
to .Miijor W. ]>. DcStittssurc in the
:ston Courier of yesterday :
t Ckittknok.v, L .T., .March 20, 1?GI.
.u M.\jon :?1 have received unofficial
of my appointment in tlio regular eavtlie
State. If I really have received |
i appointinent, I will accept it, of course.!
nst starting for the States, and hope to ' |
nine by Ihe middle of April; but, liav- j tsvlf
had some experience in this eotttt- j |
i will not he surprised,of course, if I am t
ed bv snow storms from travelling as
. anticipate. The present is the first
nity that has offered at -II favorable for si
. rt iking the journey. Please he kind * ]
to say as much to the Governor, lest si
d think mo wauling in zeai for the
id defence of my native State. p<
"n-sj >ec; fully, you is,
juiiX B. VlLI.El'IfJUIS.
Southern Guardian. ve
.. 11 i.*i i'.;m o. . \ Ol.l'NTKRIIS.? Till* ;
i'jr fix} >'<. > ofMonday notices tin- puss- j
<dl ill.-it- cilv ?'!l S;itlir?l:iV of :? detach- i
r t . !
lie Second ill ginu'iit oi S. ('. Yolun- tic
. J. 1'.. Kershaw in command.
(j ri.-x says: "They were received at on
1 11v our gallant comiany, the Home poi
the presence of all immense nssoin- the
Indies ami gentlemen, who pressed act
id hemmed them in on all sides, i he nnc
eet a m ar view of the men, who hud we
driving the. last vestige of Lincoln's js t
lit the limits of South '"ntolina, was ie. j
id the difficulty was great to keep hec
entiling distance from tho Tnwd." j1P <
A South Coroliitiag.m Pltila^ela
phia% J
m W. C. Tnglis, Estj., of Cfciw, who was ?p
us PLiladelpbia recently, for ft purpose ot havk
'"g ?ii operation perfonmoii the eyes of one
_y l)is children,'narrowly esiOed wit.li bis life. :?<
to The Chemw Gazette speak,l>s follows of the i
ie affair: .
w "While the citv was in 'e liaiids of an uu- t
ts principled .niob, a ilcwspapvclaimiii^" r^ji'ec- s
s. lability, announced' to clerk of f
>. the South Carolina Seeessilj Convention, and t
ts the ruover-ot the Soccssion "jrclinaiice in that t
i- Convention was at a rwhtlipY -house, in the c
n Tenth W ard. ' .J I
o The iiioh neededx?o)iutrdqferitive'to'violence f
than this, uiid Jmt for thC, .|Im;yhtiot' ol the .il
\t Msivtir mihI )?i< ndli/N* !iin? rhumiiil iVir?itils; not.' 1'
a ; i " .;
, the iiiovcrofthe ^ei-L'ssiiiii (Jjhnniico, I'tit a re la- i;
1' live of Jii.?, would liavc. ^illo^a sacrifice to mob h
- violence. Warned by tLejflayor of his dan- t
ger, W. Cowpef Inglis, thepii of tliu mover c
s ol'tlie Secession Ordinanc^f Ml -Bhiladclphia c
i ! with a friend, b_v stealth, l-r Mew York, where. 3
IJ they .registered, will) fnTkius names. But f
r next morning they were spijted bv the Mew (.
: Y >rk Tiibune, and were otjp saved from \inf
lence by the interventioi^f., friends mid the o
i' .police, who warned the'injjjjlee also from that d
) city. Such are the scenes! daily enacted in p
i these civilized and" christi^iized Uwondoving ,tl
r cities." a
: By way of.contract, Xb^Guzcttc relates the 'si
following incident^-*:.-/ h
i 'On I'Vidav night hisb ygemleman canie to n
: our town and registered bs winie on the hotel ra
i | Ixm Jc. as "I). F. Mnrpliv^in Boston, Majsa- 'J
, .ciniselts." On SaUirday ujivaing, he was call- 1(
ed upon by three rcs/teetjijlo citizens, and in- A
t formed that in cohseqycij^ of the present re- V
. latious between the fW(> s^tions, it was desi- li
rahle for liiin to nntke'i^ii who lie was, and a
his husiness among ns'; % whs invited to" a S
private.audience, w'lTfcW^piomptly consented *
to. While walking with'fhese gentlemen to p
tlie office of one of the"p^ty, W; Cowper In- 1
glis, who had just roactipHj.rime. on the cars s
i was called upon to statute a crowd the treatment
lie had received)/in iFIiiiladeljihia and u
New York. The partyTPTpped iuid Tistened to
the statement, at the cl/e ojy.which -Mr. Mirr- ,,
phy, of his.own accords'fe^ressod the crowd, a
who listened respectful'; to what lie liad to j,
say. lie theu proceed' f with the gentlemen t;
and made his statcmej .whereupon lie was v
couiteotisly-iiifoHned^ t-lic had completed |;
his Jhnsiue.-'s^ a li.-- h-or angry word was 0
uttered against him,.'afit!ye''.remained in town u
.tilk'Monday hiornmg, Tiu^iig as secure not on-. \
Iv froiU violence, but lr? annoyance. as if lie p
jr^Miixoi alimji'e-; -^ ver-vt take
was arousc^T tothe ^ "r
ii tJ m'ent one of our
I-Oiild Northern cities. \V.^H?oted these thin,
pick. hy way of contrast. not the Norther
tviij, | people deceive tlieii^*. Their outrages ii|
eer-| on our citizens w.i|?ly be avenged, an
j that tenfold. Our jiipji liave not been edi
'.her, rated to vongcunee.fiU^brthcni teacherswil
liinl apt seholan iMafk oui* predic
low- lion." 4-i
der ri'sigiintTriii of such m oflitci as Maury will cart|js
i v moral weight in tivnr of the Southern cause
:(,r. lliiorghont llit* civlizrtl??fDiil?l. There is no
1American as wideV known in Europe. Wlier
ever science has >11 d a jay i of light on the
...j. J globe, iln re I lie Mine otjMaury is as familiar
,.v ! as a hoi.selnih! word. Kii gs and Courts, phi.
! Iom ijI.cis ai (I .-latvsiiicii, jtave vied with each
I otlo r is >!;( v i r.i gl.< imis upon his head.-The
1 c.vi.aordinaiy and bciiefiSjeut labors of Maurv
' ;<>; ihc commerce of the \<orld, have associated
in his name in the minds df mankind with all
d that is truly great and goixJ. The-adhesion of
i-1 such a man to the Southern cause will cause
If I men abroad to relleet, ana will exert infinitely
e j more influence than wouty that of Scott. En
I 1 tope is eroded with military men, far^uore
e ' eminent than Scott, who iiscarcely known outside
the limits of onr owi}.-country, and even i
- ; -,hen only as a soldier; lu|:; wherever the sea i
i rolls a wavT, Maury i- kiuj.vn and reverenced ! i
! , us a great tight, ami benefactor of hi* I i
j ! li
Nkcuoks Voj-cxtekiiiw^?About fifty free ,|
negroes in Amelia countyjhavo offered them,
selves to the Governmeii^or any service. ll
In our neighboring city 'of Petersburg two \j
liiilulreil flee iiegros offend /or any work that !
might he assigned to tlieuij cither to light nn
der while, officers, dig ditches, or anything
that could show their desite to serve Old \ ir- |n.
ginia. In the same jaty a' negro hackman
eame to his master,[and insisted, with |,.t]
tears i:i Ins eyes, that lm should accept all his
savings, $100, to help ?*?|iiip the \olunters. The |)0j
free negroes of Chestciliei<Thave made a similar
proposition. Such isjifhe spirit, among
IidihI and free, through the'jwlmle of the Slate. /
The fools and scoundrels wjjo calculate on a dif are
ereut state of things, wjfi. soon discover I'm
heir mistake.?Rkhmnitd Jjixjmtch.
if t
Iiicii.Mosn May l.-.S'iintor .lames M. Ma3ii,
arrived lo-dav fnnu.I^edeiie'.'shurg, and j'C '
leaks encouragingly of Maryland's probable
cession. , '
The Baltimore and Xorlolk boats have stop- '
, ly at
L*d ruiiiinig.
The Saluda Guard, and a detaehment of the
[ivernor's Guard, both of S6utii Carolina, urn- ' '
<1 this evening, 'i he Wilkii,s?#i. Kiths and )"'L"
lodget Guard, ol Georgia,jjjai'c also arrived l W
A reign of terror prevailfint W ashington. ' V
... ...L. strong
A riiiLosonm-AL Fact.I states
it lie has made the lol'ShjlCo very : j t,x"rr'
I take a bar of brass, wl ^ Vs ,, w, iglied ' Ar!"1,
the earth's surfaee a'i.,;] . 'glis fifteen ' 1
?,?k When I usi-eed ^ w mi|t.s in are tal
aimnspliero and .W'V! ;(| jj^luass bar, it
mdly weighs, by a 'sj i^^E.iice, seven I'1;""-1
1 ,ine-l.alf pounds, up it only . '
iglis three ;md oinJui^ y?ds." Wliaf'
i -- 1
iiu 01 mis} 1 ol ;jt,
iiewinc on ".I, aii'l il?e **l|Vftittraetioti. whi-.-li
oiiirs HiOl'c nj'j'iirciit tlinflRivr v.c ;;|ijirii:ivh ^
Southern Congress.
Moktoombry, April 28.?The Southern
pongrcss of the Confederate States met at
10011 to-day.
The President's message was read. *Tt anloiinced
die ratification of the permanent Con
titution by all of the States forming the Co:icderate
States and it only remains for an ciecionto
be held for the designation of officers
oaduiinister it; It says that the declaration
if war laid against this Confederacy Ijv Abra
lam Lincoln rendered it necessary to convene
longrcss to devise measures necessary for the
iefence of the country. 'Hie President then
evie'ws at length the relations heretofore exiting
between the States, and events which
iave reunited in the presort warfare, ltefeiring
o the result of the mission of the Commissiours
to* Washington ii savs, the crooked oaths I
- i
lotiia'cy can scarcely furnish an example j
cfewaritiiio- in courtesy, in randor and direct- !
. * ? J
less as was the course of tiie Ui.ited Slates |
lovcrnmerit towards our Commissioners.
The-President refers to the prudent caution
tservcd'by the fleet off Charleston harbor
tiring the bombardment of* Fort:Sumter; and
Mjs-a high compliment to the Carolinians for
lieir "forbearance before, and heroism, daring j
nd magnanimity after the bombardment. lie >
itys Commissioners, have been sent to England^
'ranee, llussia and. Belgium,' to'ask our recog- j
Ition as a member in the family of nations, |
nd to make treaties of amity and commerce. I
Jc recb'tnmei ds the appointment of other dip- j
juiatie agents. Says onrk Confederacy, through ;
"ice-President Stephens, hits concluded a Con -!
ention with Virginia,, by which that State:
as lihited' her-power ati.l fortunes with lis,J
nd lias satisfactory assurances that other:
lotttlieni States will soon unite their fortunes j
ii.it ours; and says most of out' executive tie
art iricnts .are in tucco^pful operation, ihe
'ostinastwit'eucriil will siton l?e ready to as- |
time the direction of postal "affairs. |
In conclusion lie congratulates the Confed-j
racy otMhe , patijjutie devotion exhibited l>y|
lie people'of tlie Confederacy ; u.cu high in
ilicial and social position's of wealth seeing j
s volunteers in tlt'e lanits. Ihe bukoaflP-com-1
anics arc liberal in their, rates ot transporta- j
ion, both of troops and supplies, ami proffer
ery liberal terms for the transportation of the ,
.mils, and will reectfe in compensationbonds j
f the Uonlederaey. . lie say,a a people thus !
nited and res. :'v*d ca*not, tail of ft mil success, i
Vc feel that vurc:'* .-c .i*just. juul holy, and ;
roiest soiciittily, in the lace -pf mankind. tltat j
1 I
*^jW?^-iio^iiggiaiidizament--iit> .ouec.-.-ion> fr
'0 tlie'tree States. All we aslc is to be let aio
5 that lroiie .sliidl attempt our subjugation
11 arms. J.ltjjt wo u ill and musr resist to t
direst extremity. IIu: mo^pnt this prett
1 sion is abaialoueil, the sword will drop fn
| our grasp, and We shall he ready to enter in
1 treaties*of amity ami commerce mot.imlh- hen
fie.ial. l?ut so long as this pretension is mai
faitied, with firm reliance on .that Divine pot
er which covers with its protection theju
iltisc. we will continue to struggle for our ii
heret.t right to freedom, independence, an
Xorth fsrc-Iitia C.aIN a < o;;v;n?}?;;
Wilmington, M;iy 1 ? 0 p. m.?The Legisla
ture < { North Carolina met at 11 o'clock to-dai,
at Kaloigh.
The House at I o'clock, passed an unrestricted
Convention lull unanimously. "The l?i!l was
sent to the Senate, and will he certain to pass
iliis evening.
The election for delegates is to take place
on the 13th, and the Convention is to meet on
the 20th inst.
From Alexandria.
Ai.kxaxdkia, May 1.?There are various
rumors in reference to the movement of Fed-j
rial troops on Virginia. The one that seems
ilost reliable is that on Sunday or Monday
text, the. close ot Lincoln's twenty clays, which
le has so generously given its to go home and
ispersc, a movement will he made on Alcxauria.
It is said that (Jov. Spnguc tr>|i| Lincoln
lat the Mimic Isjand troops will not invade
arvlaml or Virginia.
" I
('ottaa <lnri.t>
XiiW Ohleans M?v ' l : T ' '
? ,. iiiumi-I) irnn:u<tfi\ ; 1
nee fur Liveipool, with 24oO I>;iSos of cotton j
>1 80UO barrels of Hour, caught lire at the ! "
r last night. The tow-boats are actively en-j 11
reil hi pumping water into her, with great' v)
>e8 of saving her. ! !;l
-? '**
A:lt:;g!o:3 . "1
I lex anuria, May, 1.? A rlingt e:i !! 'g:.|.
not oecupit'l by eitlier Confederate or! :il
ted States troops.
he Old North State Arming.?We. ha I ' "J'
oleasure of a visit limn Go!. S. 0. \V. Ans,
of North Carolina, yesterday, and lie j Ul '
-es us that our sister Stale is almost a cn:v I
. cession. Gov. Hiii- is working dilligent- j l'a
the important points, and has called to hi- j \
II the military talent of the State. Fort j p
n is greatly eh inged for tin: better, having j> .]
placed tinder the eoiuinand of Go!. C. G. j j||e
>f the Hills!loro (N. t .) .\li!i-ary Aeade-1
vlio has been and i> now hard at work j |Kl0
;lheiiing tliis important po>|. 1 (||
notice hv a card elsewhere that the','...
?es of tlie llillslioyo (X. G. ) Militarv i .(t (
iMV are continued without intenvpiioi..! ,.t.
Yw's accomplished corps of professors j j.t, N
?iug ear<tt that all departments are well | i(i.
istcied during tlie l.rivl absence of the .t, . ,
pa!, in the |>i:hlie service of the .Stale. j, .|-t,,
CkaiLslon M-i
- *.
r;\;ite ! Tit hinond, \":i.. -tat.-.. \
! *
,1.1 |j \ irgbitai.s 1 ad voltniieerd f?> I
S.i ! r tlit- :iullioiities b:s ! y ! ,-ijh 4.ti;,v.!i
Q2.000 ' ? .
,1 ;
S2cKoI?lio2i8 ?r aJinJiks. *
Head Quarters, Lancaster Greys.
Fort Moultrie, April. 10, 1801.
The "Lancaster Greys" cnroute for Charleston,
in obedience toorders from Head-Quarters,
received the 9;b of April, and which were
promptly extended by our gallant and efficient
Captain, J. I). Wylie, our company numbering
over one bundled men, commenced the line
of March for Charleston "on the 11th inst.
Tinvelliiior the first dav. fortv miles (the dis
D J *
tanec from Lancaster to Camden), we passed'
over scarcely a foot 01 ground, tlial was not
the scene of jevolutionary daring. Passing
first the Hanging Rock battle ground, the first
bond of promise that spanned the firmament
of our clouded hopes, in the war of.independence;
we next passed Gates' defeat, where
fell the brave DeKalb, then Gum Swamp,
and Ilohkirlc IJill, now a part of Camden.
Arriving at the glorious old revolutionary
Town of Camden, we, were nut at Laurens
Square, in view ,of Col. Dickinson's monument,
by its brave and hospitable citizens and
tendered in a handsome manner, through their
.worthy Iiilendant, Col. T. J. Warren the hospitalities
of the fown.
Resuming our march fiJv the city as early
as 3 o'clock next morning, we reached the
city of Charleston at 2 o'clock, p. m., by the
cars, when we were immediately mustered
into service and put upon duty. Owing to
our heavy duties during the bombardment of
Fort. Sumter, which had commenced some
hours" previous "to our arrival at the scene of
..ml which continued for 24 hours after
onr arrival, we have been unable until now to
acknowledge the compliment shown u? by our
Camden friends. IIow can wc better express
ony high appreciation of the generous and enthusiastic
greeting which we received, than in
the language of our favorite- Poet ??
When death's dark stream we ferry o'er,
A time that surely shall corue,
In Heaven itself we'll ask no more,
Than just a Camden- welcome.
Then fore, Resolved, That while our hearts
continue-to beat, we shall, never forget tin?
glowing warmth and gushing enthusiasm with.,
which we 'Acre welcomed by our friends of nor
hie Camden. '
Jics'dlnd, That while we cherish with pride
the .recollection of their glorious history as a
people, we thus as "a'Company, (as early as
Was possible with our pressing duties,) return
them our wannest and most heartfelt thanks.
Unsolved, That a copy of the above resolutions
be sent to Col. Thomas j. Warren, In
tmi^u.l^tln- a own frt Cr.riUcii, ^itii U'.c re'
e:is?er Z/fiincr.
oi" _
"<:-: Goon Xmvs moil i\!is^P^P-Tiie Atl;i
I'V ! ( ommomccalth of Wcdnesday^nvs:
lie* j 11 on Mr..Todd, of Missouri, passed thror
in-: Atlanta this morning, cn ionic from Montgc
i , = ...
mi cry to iiis lioinc, for ihe purpose of raising v
to | nntcers for the' Confederate States. Dei
e- j called out, l;c made tf^jpccch at the depot,
n- i which lie said that Go^* Jackson, l>y his la
r- and defiant response to the call of the Unit
st States Giiverrment for troops', and in prompt
i convening the State Legislature, had covert
d i himself with glory, and immortalized liiinst
j with the people of that State. That aithoue
| .Mis.-omi had an extended ami exposed frontii
. j to defend, she would send five thousand troop
. to the aid of the Confederate States, and thn
. he was now on his way hack to unite in mak
! ing a call for volunteers, of which lie expectot
, j t j he one. lie gave it as his opinion that ii
I less than twenty days Missouri would unite
! here destiny with that of her sister slave States,
I and witli them wage a war which should eilb
. . ,
i or end in triumphant permanent victory, or
; extermination.
When the train moved ofi', three cheers for
! Gov. Jackson were proposed, winch the large
i crowd present irave with a will
Tui/e Eloquence.?In that firm, quiet anil
niorle.it way. which- is his own, Gen. \V. G.
Harding, on Saturday, approached Governor
Harris, of Tennessee, and said :
"Sir, whatever I have and possess, with rayself,
I now tender to .you."
John Overton says to the Governor: "Check
on me to tlie extent of my estate, to uphold
the honor of Tennessee."'
John McGavock. of Wiiliamsfon, presents t<>'
Win. Ewing, the Representative from Wil- j
anii-ton County, in the Legislature, and who :
. . i
rn?\v racing a company tor resistance to
jncoln, a fine Idooded horse.
These arc the men who are at once the or- 1
ainents of Tennessee and her reliance in
Hies of thick thronging peril and disaster.
ne of iliem is worth a milium of intriguing !
ililieians, who advise inglorious and disho- j
i ahie delay, until the enemy lias entered into !
r territory. i
' . ' v
John Overton is worth lire millions of dol- j 1
- . I"'
General Harding.is wouli hundreds ot thou- j
x i
Is of dollars, and is tno largest stock far I
1 1
i mi 'i'l'inr.'ssee^ and there is no latter i..
States of America. His n.-isoieil v..! fed
4 ... .-VI ? ?.vn j 4
lie Siafc will also lie imaliiahle. j 111
A lien 'JVi:see lias such devoteu nousns t'lc
! 11 *
can her enemies ever suhjitvjatc Iter? :
v ! '
i a n.\k!:vr.i.r. and licvkkknii \ olcxteek. on
11 tin* ranks i*t llie Louisville lJlucs, from thci
bonr County. says ti.o Columbus Sun. is ! Xav
L v.-ivn l .Mr. Alcxaiidiu^McLcnau, of the
!io*, -t i.'j i-coj.al Church, who, with iii>
mi!>. enlisted villi tlic eonipaiiv' i >r the won
ol twelve months ill the seivi*-? of tin: -
e rate States. Iii a speech Hindi.* l.y him is. :!
hi' ioii, on their way to i'oii ti:! it-. In* re- t ate
i *' "that oltr cause was ho: or-*i . f'in.i, mon
crown it witli suci s-." Mr Me ami
:i is i j wards of sixty y? ars of a^e, ami '.'i
icater part 01 his iitani.ooil i..< hi t n dod- some
i to tin* set vice of the imnistrv. for*'
.7 i!: A.i r. ia X
i ' I i :>!? foi tl i' hail i ;> hecn '.** ?.?. | h'sti1'.
t.ri-tics are set round | tile tnlie*. v.h!.-!i ,.;:h
y oil or a c other !i pi:'.a* a .*?
Major Anderson.
Our readers will bear us testimony that up .
to tliis time, whilst others have heaped abuse.*
upon Major Anderson for the occupancy of' Fort
Sumter, and for various other steps bd* '.
bas taken', we.have seduously avoided btteribg:'"L^
not one word against him either as an officer. ^ M
or a gentleman. As a military man he had*
duties to perform. And if Clnme was to attacli
for the results, in our opinion, it-was not .
attached to him, hut elsewhere. We confess,
thai at times "we have thought hard of him aa
a native Virginian and a Southern man. But
we were perfectly aware that there^vere a B
class of men at the Southr commonly called ? - J
Federalists, who professed to know no N^-th,
and no ^5outh, no East and no West; that w
who ignored all rights in the individual States./
As an army officer, we expected no better from
him. _ A man may be both an officer and a . v>
gentleman, without any particular aiuonut of
brains, or metaphysical or political science. This
we were willing to concede; and we Lava
done so. But we must confess that within
the last week we have been thoroughly dis-.
^listed with the said Major; and-however good
...-] ..IT! 1 1...
miyi vunvi uu uuj c wau ^/civ.c?*c vcijr*
little cither of the patriot or the gentleman iu
his late conduct.
Relieved from Fort Sumter, when utterly
untenable, according to his own accountjon-.
der terms of impniallelcd magnanimity, hc-haa* , , .
acknowledged it bv nqt one word of courteous
profession; but, on the contrary, with all the' .. -<
shiallness and meanness of a very Yjinkoa, ho.
has only- made a boast of his oion mighty
prowess, whilst-accepting the homage of tho ' 'fc '
enemies of his country, in public receptions
and dinners in Now York, and presentations^
of five hundred dollar-golden boxes. Sych is
the man we have forborne to press, in. syrupa-.
thy for his position as^a soldier, though a Southern
man. This is his requital?this his acknowl-.
edgmcnt?this his sense of chivalry. . Ilis con-,
duet has cast a 'slur npSn his race and his native
State. Egotism has swallowed, 'hp. his
whole heart, and the man weJooked tftfind '**$% '
soldier, if not'a patriot, has proved himself but
a vain and selfish mercenary?a iiircling -ofpbwer,
and a c 1 Ttfty-.'se 11%eckor?with fr'wTr
forever upon his lips, and self ever within his
When South Carolina agaih'meets Major. flj
Anderson- upon the field' o); battle, she' will * ?
know liow to treat'a renegadb^ .
Charleston Mercury. gl?.
rHassacIiiisclls^S'roops?Alleged Trea* fl
son. .am
T> <. vt,.: c 1 t>. ilHI
of IJjfgtr'r^' Ti31
Lieut. Briv.vn, who resigned his positiH^^^^^^
I j the frigate Niagara, to-day, was arrested by,
j the police for causing a disturbance by utter^
| ing treasonable sentiments. lie was convoy*.
"j J ed to the receiving ship Ohio for safety.
"15 j Proposition lo SctUe the War iby ant
1,1 Arbitration or liso Korder .State*.
L'ocisvii.le, April '2!>.?A proposition has
been made by the Governor of Kentucky to
'.v i the Governor of Ohio, that the Governors of the
k 1 I
"'J Border States propose lo the United States. >
'' j Government to become arbitrators between
'* I tbe contending parties in the present diiCcul:r
j ties.
II j Which is the Easiest Ci'stoiter?-?Thi?
' i will be the question with httiuljgds of tbous^
a i ids of that Northern rabble, upon which Liu-.
1 coin and Seward have relied to A> their fight'
ing against the South. Which is the easiest
p customer ? will ho the inquiry w th Wide
Awakes, and the host of city bullies at election
times The South, which will meot us
j with lead and iron, shells ami shot, or these
: sleek citizens here, who, at the mere words
"stand and deliver'" will succumb, shivering
in their shoes? Is it easier to break into Fort
Sumter\lian into the citv hanks? T* if
.. . ,y K-ailXf
! to land among tliese Southerners and force #
: our way into their simple farmsteads, than to
I hew down the doors along'Rroadwav, Maiden
I * "
Lane and Chatham streets, and Pearl, so full
of precious plunder? And what in the differ-,
encc in the prolil I We get ?20 per month
to face these Southern lull lets, and .bayonet#,
and there is precious little plunder even if we
mat to their homes. Here, ?20 pur diem even,
would be a tritle eoTpared to what will be
yielded by a hewing "down of a few doors, breaking
into a score of vaults, firing of a few dozen
louses, and sacking a wealthy town! The
nob has,by instinct, a logic of its own.
Cbirb'xlon Af> rcuri/.
Skizimie of the CauaWCA.?The Now Or- ^^k ^
tans Crrsrvit,of Thursday last, says: ^
At 1 o'clock this morning the Caddo Rifles,
aptain Shivers, marched on board the New S^B|^hB9
oi k steamship Cahawba, and took possession ffl| |g|
her ill the name of the Confederate States. JH B
The Captain was not on hoard at tho time. Sk vM
r. Pakcr, oflicer being aroue-fflHB B
from his slumbers, was very much astonish-^B ?||
at sight of the military company drawn up B iS-:
line on the forecastle; but ho surrenderedship
in the politest manner imaginaV
laboring gang was busy putting freight
board at the time. The C-ihrnrba is ano
valuable acquisition to the Southern
omml'n ic atio.n" with the NoRTH.?We
id again call attention to the importance of
igg -siioii, made sometime ein.-? ?1 41 -
? . ?.vv, niiu mat
>! of a private mail, or deaii
1 ? t'*v: n Now York and Rich?.r
wi;ii the reared telegraph station
piotojiiee it" Yiijjirna.
;r .Mmitioiti !y :i:i!'iorirk? co'iM appoint
?> ?? ns tJ.e proper agent
?, i i r aitthorir>- ?otn<* r !iav>!e man
,'\v York t'? M.ii'1 an agent with iropor. tt-r#
<h <p"a?flic?, when cirenrjstancrb
i'.l it. Atirr the commencement of war
r nor i rivate let- "v^J|
! ? :!.? '* *!! *1- until they are ^
Vt'a-* v. - ! hrr-sfo?
L *

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