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* . . f ' * ' ' " . . t V ,-..4 t * ' . " . im m atumfum *iw urn i-TTrrm-i ,Ht^r>TTwm?m/<ni li^wMrnrBiwiiM am-mj?w< i u.wwrWlni^w wm?nw?rwy>nn wi * ma MM"BttUWwyiMqy>MBW?M?^*>a|<""l'KW<wn'M**aBga*'^^*y',*?^^-^': ^-*Uwuxwu^w^gtfui|*w mnny^?iroOTwfawniin? >,r3???f.?%waj ? "' VOL. 1 , CAMDEK, S. C., TH?BSDAY, JULY 2T, 1864.. -ISTO.' 17. ' jtsy u. JD; noaoTT, Terms, of Sxfb scrip t-i 011. Daily paper per month - $3.00 " * for Six Months - - $15.00 V^eokly, $5.00 % ' r 9 , s . Rates for Advertising:' For. one Square ? twelve lines or less*?TWO DOLLARS for the Drst insertion, and* ONE DOLLAR and FIFTY CENTS for each subsoqount. Obituary Notices, oxceeding one square, charged -at advertising rates. .. . . Transient Advertisements and Job Woric MUST DE PAID FOR IN ADVANCE. No deduction-made, except to our regular advertisng patrons. iuiu1uh?com ?ii imer The Hydraulic Tube Dra\viuilr and ; Steel Ordinance Company. We introduce to the notice of military rend. ers a desidnmt.nm wliiMt oil ?l.o ^ ... ?u.vu on fcnu iuui:ut gunnery improvements have hitherto been wanting? a stcol tube or barrel, without join, solder or weld, and thorefor'o of perfect construction.? The well known "ringed" construction of ordnance presents certain advantages of which Sir \V. Armstrong end others have availed themselves. A British paper says : The machinery.recently patented by Messrs. Hawkswotth and Harding, presents advantages which tve consider very important, and may be shortly described thus : a piece of atranular steel or other metal of any required number ;of inches in diameter is drilled through; a mandrel with a bulb head, of the internal gize of the required tube, is introduced ; and the piece of metal is, by .the action of a very powerful hydraulic machine, of remarkable ingenious construction, drawn through a draw plate ' , of tho form requirod. The metal has now he- ( come a tube. of most perfect finish, and the metal, before of granular structure, transformed to fibrous structure, and of course 'by'this pro cess of cold drawing, is admirably adapted /ur all pirrposos requiring the utmost strength. This is proved by the well known fact that the ultimate longitudinal strength of a piece of piano wire reaches often as much as ~?120 tons j per square inch, when that of the* original billet from which it was-drawn wni r.robuMv r?-.t # L" J more than 25 tons per sectional inch. . The patentees claim the great advantage of .fieilitv and economy of construction. The applicability of thi? machinery to the-ready formation of tubes of all kinds in any description of metal, especially iron and steel barrels for arms, tubes for ordnance, boilers, etc., <fce., is claimed with . great justness by the patentees. The machinery having been experimentally worked m I'aiL for gun and rifle barrels, the ordnance department of Franco have examined and* repot Lt-d upon jt in the highest terms. Large guns welded together cold and rilled by pressure, the skin of the metal is preserved intact, and the ordnance will possess all the elements of strength hitherto unattainaole. and which artillerists have vainly desired. 'A company has been formed to work this invention, or .npplicawell known pi^tliod of wire draw ing, ii>y w success. FROM VIRGINIA. Grant has moved two corps and a large quantity of artillery from the front o( Petersburg and sent them to aid in the defence of Wash ington. Private advices from Maryland affirm that by order of the General commanding, private prop > erty >vas strictly respected by our army in Mary, land and Pennsylvania.?. The stock gathered bv the raiders in Marvland is said to be immense. Droves of fat catv * lie, hogs, sheep, &c.' throng the roads. Good News for our LIorsks.?Among the booty soctired by the rebels at Marti tisburg, on thd 4th of July, were' one hundred thousand bushels of shelled oats. These will prove a , mos\ welcome addition to our forage department, ind as the Yankees say a drouth of six weeks duration is prevailing from Canada to the Potomac, Lincoln's horses have a gloomy, prospect before them. *1 ? ? ? ? -? Prayer in Ltne of Battle.?A chaplain writer from Johnston's army: "A few days since, as We wore going into battle line by a regimcht that had already formed, we saw the Colonel, with his regiment gathered around hiin, holding prayer, and that too almost in the midst of battle for the filing had begun on the right and left." mmtetk i - " 1?" Aii Adventurous Voyagfev, At the'foofof "Grand street, East river, may be scon the. brig Vision. Captain Dunovan, destined to cross the Atlantic. She is but fifteen feet in length, (pur feet six inches beam, and two feet, ten inches depth of hold and is of one and three-fourths of a ton register. She is hermaphrodite brig rigged, and spreads a large quantity of canvass. The crew of this little c.iaft wjll Consist ofCapt. J. 1). Dunovan, mate and all hands, Mr. Win. Spencer,'of Providence, 11. I., and Toby,.a pretty and intelligent dog of the species "spaniel.'' The crew will bo divided into two watches, while Tohy is at libortv to do as he pleases. He. will, however, be expected to keep a bright look out for approaching vessels, etc; The provisions and stoves for this venturesome .party will consist nf fifty-five gallons of water, or an allowance of throe pints per diem; i one hundred pounds of bread, or three-fourths of a pound per day per man'; a few pounds of coffee and a little sugar. A few currants and a few cans ol preserved meats will make up the list of stores. The captain expects to make the passage in six weeks, and upon his arrival in England will exhibit and then sell his craft, lie is an old sailor, the storms of thirty, winters having bronzed his lace and nerved his manly heart to the perils of the sea. The Vision will sail about Monday iu<xt, lie has had several applications for. passengers, but he has no room for them. Sihe is the smallest vessel that over attempted to cross the" ocean. ' Y. Y. Herald. A Parish scene is thus described in a recent letter from the metropolis of France.The day is magnificent, the road well tended, hundreds of yen </' arms keep order among tjie . disAlvlevlv nmi>Atii/-rn r\P il-i - wvv.'?n'ii u i luiig|7Cllii(Iib I IllwVl'H and magdalens .which tho Bourse and the Tine do Bveda let loose upon the gaping population whigh lines t\io s id, walks of the Champ Elysso?. The Empress has just passed by. She is .attired in a species of gallant half mourning, indicative of the share she takes in the sorrow occasioned by the loss of King Maximilian of Bavaria. Her dress is of violet colored moire, with a paletot of the same out, with tails cnpip.,t exactly like the coat's worn by tbe dandies of 1300, ivlien the Dulce.of Orleans ruled the fashions by which ladies' Jienvts were to he on' sured. Twn large hutfmis at the waist behind; j and a row of tin*, same in front, add to the ilhiJ-sion which leads us to believe we have before | us a specimen of ;ho mm liwork of the .great | tailor of t hai, day. j T r.... ml. x - , i iI \ IKMMII:; 1} WIV SIDrlll, Pijvoreil ! with black b?ce, and t=ia:-lies. in ihe sun, being } embroidered vvii.li steel bugles. no doubt to de- | note 'bo vivacity of -ho her regrets : her hair , is turned back from her face, which, alas ! is growing hard-in its expression, while the bloom of complexion is maintained by artificial means ; and the dark lines on eaHi side of the month are growing deeper and deeper still?some say followed by sorrow, others by "anxiety and vexation, 13lit. away rolls her Majesty's carriage with its outriders, its emblazoned panels, and its liveried dome-tics; away with it roll alike all care anyl trouble ; brilliant equipages follow; splendid vehicles so highly varnished that each turn of their gailj' painted wheels blinds the lookers on, as the sun. shines down as usual with equal power on the august extravagance of the occupants as on the righteously acquitted conveyance of the provincial devotee'or a Parisian bourgeois-singing along the same road. Tub Ai.pink Horn*.?Tlic Alpine Horn is an , instrument constructed of the baric of a cherry' trc^o; and wliich, iilce a speaking trumpet, is used to convey sounds to a great distance? When the last rays of the.sun gild the Alps, the shepherd who dwells the highest on those mountains takes his horn stiul calls aloud, "Praised he the Lord !" As soon as he is heard, the neighboring shepherds leave their huts, and repeat these wortls. The sound lasts niany minutes, for e\'ery echo of the mountains and grot of the rocks, repeat the name of God. How solemn the scene! Imagination cannot picture to itself anything more, suhlime. The profound silence that succeeds, .the sight of those stupendous mountains, upon which tho vault of heaven seems to rest?everything excites the mind to enthusiasm. In the meanwhile the shepherds bend their ki\ees, and pray in the open air, and soon after retire to their huts, .to enjoy the repose of innocence. : CAMDEN DAILY JOURNAL. TTHIJRSOAY MORNlffGrVBIJ?Y2l7 " 11 ~ " "V*' ==Federals Moving on Columbus. Cta.?A* letter received by the Chronicle and Sentinol, stntca that tho Yankees have taken Tuskegee aud Auburn, Alabama,' and were moving on Columbus, with a force of fifveen ' thousand, in three columns. "Wo think the party who wrote tho letter must have been misinformed.' We, however, give tho statement as written. The Memphis (Aflanta) Appeal has learned from an authentic source that since our army afrivod iu the vicinity of Marietta wo havo enptured prisoners from ontrhwndred and ninoty-saven infautrj' regiments, twenty-eight cavalry regiments, and from so von batteries. Total, two hundred and thirty-two commands. The more we ponder the removal of Gen. Johnston, fi-om the commnnd of the Armv of Tennesson thn Wc we.aro nble to discover any reasonable ground for it: unless indeed, Gen.' JonNfljttN intended to evacuate Atlanta, which we do not for a moment believe. On the other hand we find so many reasons, against tho removal, that we aro more than ever impressed with tho belief that it enn not fail to work us serious injury. Gen. Johnston, whoso abilities as -a cousummalo strategist'aro conceded by 'every one, had, 'evidently in pursuance of sorfio previously formed plan, abandoned to the" enemy a large extent of valuable territory. It is reasonable to suppose that this sacrifico was balanced by corresponding advantages resulting from it. If Gen. Johnston's plan of campaign is to bo carried cut who so fit to cony it out as its author ? If it is to ho abandoned, then tho sacrifice of territory and i position becomes, by a sort of ex post facto action, entirely useless. The territory, material and men, lost, on tho retroai from Dalton, are a dead loS^ to us; and the responsibility for it rests on other shoulders than Gen. Johnston's. But the removal of Gen. J. suggests another and important inq'ury. How are our campaigns d:rccted ? Are nur Generals in-Chief reallv crenornls or are Mint- morn nimnnij . O J ?,v ruj/j/v?.j HIWI./U \'Y HllU.li | If tho former, why ore thoir plans intefcifered with. If the latter, who pulls the wires? When Gen. Jonxsxox, was assigned to tho command of the Anny of Tennessee, the alarm, excited by the deplorable condition of a flairs in tho west, was in great measure quieted, ibecauso tho military abilitfs of .forrxs'fox inspired eoufrdenco* But. if lie was to he a mere puppet., his abilities wore ol no liso. Nay, they became a snare and a delusion. We ask again, who pulls tho wires ? The. members of tho cabinet, are not military n\en, and it would be ridiculous to mnkcfa plan of campaigns cabinet question. We are therefore foreoti to the conclu- . sion that the President himself, assisted, perhaps, by Gens. CoopEii and Bragg, directs each particular operation.. If tins conclusion be correct, \vo can account for many of tho disastrous hi tinders which have boon made. Even if tho President and his military advisers wero military geniuses of the first order, they, couM not properly conduct a campaign at a distance ol'nino hundred miles from tho seat of active opera; lirtns. NapolRon* himself pronormcod that font nu impossibility ; atid wo would much sooner trust our fato to tho judgment of a commander of ordinary ability., ? who was on the spot., than to a. council of Napoleons hundreds ,of miles away' from ' it. But tho President has- novcr yet given evidence of great military ability; Cooper hasn't been in active service for forty yoaps; and Braoc's military history, during tho war, lias boon ono monotonous story ol'blundcrinc, disaster, and defeat' II our Generals nro thus hampered in tho field by orders from Richmond, it is not wonderful that disasters happen; it is only wonderful that worse tilings havo not befallen us. "Wo do not design, in what wo havo said, to attack tlin nnrittr nf Mia ? * v.w ^.vamcuiio niutivua, or 10 question i the patriotism of his advisers, if ho has any. Wo only moan to urge that the policy of hampering our Generals, by.spccial orders, is a mistaken one,and that it can not i fail to load to unhappy results. A Gonernl who.docs ( not oujoy the contidonco of his Government ought not , to ho assigned to an important, command. If ho docs enjoy it, he ought to bo loft freo to actas his judgment, based upon tho facts asthoy occur under his immediate observation, may dictate. And so believing, wo think that Johnston should liaye boon allo\vet\ to ox- j ccute his plans, or?ho should never have been sent | to Dalton. ' i Midshipman Edward Mafiit Anderson, son of 1 Colonel Edward 0. AudersoD, of Savannah, commanding tho District of Georgia, was among the killed on board the Alabama. He was a gallant youth, of only some seventeen or eighteen ycar.t of age, and gave promise of a j brilliant career. LATEST BY TELEGRAPHFit 03.f PETEliSB Uli G.. Petersburg, July 20.?Nochange of affairson either side, or any changes of any importance. Weather warm and sultry. The heavy" rain of yesterday refreshed everything. The report of Grant's'death has been, contradicted by deserters who came into our lines yesterday. Put little skirmishing. FROM RICHMOND. Richmond, July 20.?An official despatch , from the War Department, states that the cavalry force of the enemy crossed the Shenandoah yesterday. They were, attacked and driven v across the river, with great slaughter. Reynolds' brigade attacked the enemy's line of skirmishers last evening at Peach Tree Creek. lie took possesion of the breastworks | 1 1 rn * * una cupturuu too prisoners. liicu1 loss 100, that of Or.rs severe, Richmond July 20.?The Herald of the 18th received. News unimportant. The communication between Baltimore tffid Washington, has been restored. Banks made a sjjeecb ~nt New Orleans, saying "the settlement of our difficulties must proceed from the moral of this country." A,force has started in pursuit of the raiders on the Montgomery and West Point Railroad. Jt is said that the whole of our army will be hurled on the Federals as soon as thev cross the river. We still have plenty of rumors and reports about a fierce marching on Sherman's rear, andof reinforcements being sent from the transMississippi, but know nothing positive. It is believed that Wheeler is loose, and is off on the grnnu round. ^ The wires arc cut between Montgomery and Atlanta. Our scouts report many mysterious movements on the enemy's line-*, hut tlicv are not of much general inter est. Gold in Ne.w York 277. 0 ? Siege of tJhai lcNtoii. ti1kke hundred ani) sev^ntv-fifth day. The enemy renewed the bombardment ol the city with time fn/.e shells Tuesday morning. During the day aiwl up to six o'clock^iu the evening nineteen sh* lis wore thrown at thociiv. 'pi... if..: .1 i nu tin uiu euv eonuuueu ai tiig tunc of closing our report. Another house was erected in the rpar o!" Wagner Monday night. The tii-insr upon Fort. Shiinter continues unahattd. Faring Monday night Hatter}' Gregg fired nt Fort Sumter one hundred and twelve shots; Buttery Wagner thirty-two, and on Tues-. . day, i:p to six o'clock in the evening, Battery Gregg fired at .Sumter two hundred and forty two shots, and Battery "Wagner oiie. hundred and fourteen. Sullivan's Island Batteries through the day replied and fired one hundred and lii'tyeight shots at the Morris Island Batteries. Our casualties at the fort were slight. The tiring of the enemy continues to he directed upon. the. Knntliwucfr Jinrr-l/. ..... M VI U " ? 'p I ^ There has been no material change in tiro fleet. A great deaf.of signalling was kept up between the vessels through the day. The Yankees continue their largo working parties bnisily engaged at Gregg and Wagner. - An examination of the position recently occupied by the enemy near Gervais', on John's ' Island, reveals the fact that the enfilade shading from Battery Tynes was very accurate.? Our shells are seen along and inside of the Yan- , kee lines. The firing from this battery was directed by Captain Guignnrd llicbardsou, Company *B, Lucas'Battalion A rtllery. It is one of the Stono battcris Commanded by Major J. Jonathan Lucas. A NEGRO WOMAN CALLS TIER NAME Mary and any a tlmt sho belongs to Mr. Brown ?n Black River, and that Mr. Brown and his wifo aro both dead. Said woman is about fivo and a half feet binh, and about fifty years old, (f>0 or 55,) sho is very ;irnplo or playing olF so, T cant tell which. The owner is requested to como forward provo property, pay oxpeuaos and tako hor away. July 22 DUNCAN S1IEOUN, Jailor. CiSMTRAL BUREAU, COLUMBIA, July 15, 1864. CARS WILL BE DESPATCHED FOR JOHN- ' ' STON'S army, July 19; for Leo's and Boaurcjard's armies, July 29 ; for Johnston's army, July 29 j for Charleston and the eoast, July 29. July 13 M? LABORDE, Ghninnau.