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||f'??i?iuuBiiu.iii ! w?mbct? II iiHiXfTWiu. jj?i |n ini.intm <i>?nn A mi iijm mill iip? nmi i?Mi. jji'iu ? i? lay?hi iimihm mm i wu??n y mm mKti'i m?i !? <W?gR?j " ' " ''' * " " ' V ^ ^ 1 ^ ?QL,..i... 'CAMDElsr, S. C., WEi)iOSDAY, JULY 37, 1864-.- ISTO. Q2. IL,-. . V P. x>. IIOCOTT. . ' . Torma of sSixbscriptipii. ' Dattyip&por"per month - - - .$3.00 * * u r-.? -for Six-Mouthe - - $15.00 \7e?kly, $5.00 Rates for* Advertising: For one Square ? twelve lines or les* ~T"WO DQI/LARS (or the first insertion, and ONE D0L-. LAR and FIFTY CEBITS for,eaoh subseqouut. OBitftoxriY Notices,- exceeding ouo square, charged, at advorttsiug rates.. . . . Trauaient Advortiaoment? and Job Wor* MUST BE PAID FOR IN ADVANCE. No deduction made, except to bur regular advertis #p U-ons. , . " i mmmmmmmm i ?A . The Change In Lincoln's Cabinet, t : Tho. Herald hais tbe following editorial - remarks : : ' ' \ ' , Senator Foascnden, of Mai no, lately Chairman of the Senate Finance Committee, has .been appointed to the pkice in the Cabinet made vacant by the resignation of Mr. Chase. Mr. Fcssendcn is not a man after Mr. Lincoln's heart. He affiliates with, that portion of the Republican party that has been arrayed against the President in the recent Cabinet troubles. He.is an extremist, and his ' views on finance are essentially the same as those of Mr. Chase. Mr. Lfh'cglniriias taken his new Secretary on ' compulsion, and has thus been beaten at the* very, first step in the struggle that he seemed to brave.in,going to extremities with Mr. Chase. Ho has'earned too lato tho real strength that could, be. concentrated against him in tho Sen ate.' He had too little faith in that opposition ; but now, alarmed at tho dcvelopemcnt of its powor, lie has been driven into thenhost complete approval mid endorsement of Mr? Chase against himself; he has accepted Mr. Chase's * double. Of course, tire trouble-does-not end here, Mr. Lincoln doubtless accepted Mr. Chase's resignation midor tho immediato-prcasnrc of a. more than usually rough Cabinet quarrel; but, having accepted it, lie. thereby hastened the inevitable issue of a difficulty hitherto successfully smothered, covered up and kept dormant in the Republican party. The difficulty is the powerful and determined opposition of the Senate to Mr. Lincoln. So long as Mr. Chase was in the Cabinet, this opposition nursed its wrath and kept quiet. Jle controlled it. Hut upon his removal, the pent up bitterness began to. discharge its fury. Oilier "causes, therefore besides the knowledge of Tod's incompetency, weco at the bottom pf the objebtions to that gentleman. Mr.' Lincoln, moreover, Know Tod's incompetency well as any one. Rut Tod is a. nonentity^and lie wanted a nonentity in his place'. More than this, Tod was from Ohio. By this proffer of a man from Mr. Chase's State, he hoped to siinply supply that gentleman's place and to-keep otherwise the Cabinet status or balance. And the Senate ' onnrvsprl n<-\f "1 ~r... ~ ? v. vu, uuv UU >1 113 U1IUU JOr IUC .place'but simply to declare its views that the Cabinet is a unit, and that the change of one member destroys the identity of .the body, and that the whole must be made one. It made this tho basis pf its opposition, and the array of the forces opposed to him bn this point, frightened Mr. Lincoln into the temporary relinquishment of the struggle, and induced him to seek tho first shelter he could find, and to escapo on any terms. But he has- uot escaped. Ho has only shown to the Senate how much it may require and how amplo its power is. The Senate will not be-satisfied with one victory. Mr. 'Lincoln, in this difficulty with Mr.'Chase, commenced.a war that will uot cease until he has re-organized his Administration through and through, .and entirely changed the personnel of his Cabinet. It is therefore a quarrel that will inure to tho public good ; it is a storm that will clear the air, but it will bo fierce. The Capture of Washington.?Tim mend Enquirer, of the 17th, says editorially : We tell no secret that should any longer bo eoT'C- alefl, when we say that Mr. Davis is notr as ijiif'. ? upon the capture of Washington as he -u th" defence of Richmond, and that 1 he fe?'? "' Mi cut of effecting both. Grant . may r<>: " io to bold on at Petersburg, and i h is! ii- . dgwick and the hundred days' men t t > d<'<"<l Washington; if lie docs he will lose : not <?nly. the capture of Richmond, but the npiial of his own country will be seized by ' the conquering Confederate. i Ge4t^ra])lii< HKPo?titiou of At la bb la. There' are four railroads,'terminating in Atlanta! * The'Georgia railv.o^d,\tiic W^cj^ ftud Atlftutit, the Macon artd" Western, and the Atlanta and West Point; The first one of these the Georgia, was completed 'about 1S28, stnd then terminated""at "Whitehall," a small country' tavern near the; centre of Fulton county. Commencing at Augusta it van in a northwest direction to that point. Then the Macon and Western was^ constructed ..from' this city to Whitehall, and soon ^fte^ 'the tlreft willrgo of .Whitehall was named the.Ttotfn of Atlanta. The West Point t oad was the next constructed, running to the 'Chattahoochee river, on the western boundary of the Slate. The Western and Atlantic, running northwest of Chattanooga, Jonn., followed. * The county of Fulton, of which "Atlanta is tjie center, is bounded qu its entire north west, face by the Chattahoochee river. This stream rises i n the Black Moiintains, spurs of the Blue Ridge, in Habersham comity, and not fat from where, in the same country, "by the junction of the Tallulah and Chattooga creeks, the Savan nah is formed. Flowing southwest, for a distance of one hundred and fifty miles it strikes the Alabama line south of the thirty-third parallel, and from thence runs almost due south, dividing the States of Alabama and Georgia, and finally, empties into Apalachicola river and the Gulf of Mexico. Seven miles'north of Atlanta is the Chattahoochee bridge, where the Western and Atlantic Railroad crosses the river. This, bridge, has been destroyed bj' the Confederates, and is again being constructed by the Yankees. A few hundred yards above this bridge, l'eachtree creek conies into the Chattahoochee from the east. A littlo creek called NanceV tuns' into Peaohtree just above the fnoutli of the latter. Farther up the Chattahoochee; and sixteen miles northeast of Atlanta^ on its northern, bank and in Cobb county, is the little town ofRoswell, which at present is the baso of the left wing of Sherman's army. This town is due east of Marietta. Decatur is a town, or rather the ' first depot on the Georgia Railroad, four miles from Atlanta, and sixteen from Roswejl. Stone Monntaiiuis an isolated, barren j>ealc, several hundred feet in height,and perhaps two miles around the base abruptly rising from tjn? plain like one of the Pyramids, of .Egypt, ten milesTrom Decatur and sixteen IVoin Atlanta. It, can he seen from a long distance off, and frc n its summit a grand view of the country can be obtained. There is not4*i tree or shrub upon, it, but presents nothing to viyw but. lockami rocky dirts. It is supposed that Logan's corps of Sherman's army Iras now possession of the mountain and the railroad near it. It is the only elevation of the slightest importance any where j^bout Atlanta. It in one hundred and thirty-eight miles from Atlanta to Chattanooga; one hundred and seventy-one from Atlanta to Augusta; eighty four to West Point; one hundred and sixty eight to Montgomery ; and ono hundred and ten from Atlanta to Macon. East Point is six miles west on the West Point road. The Macon & Western and the Atlanta &, West Point railroads form a junction at East Point, but trains of either company run into the heart of the city. At one place, Pcachtree creek runs within five miles of the city. At the last ac counts tfie enemy were all along this insignificant little branch. Fulton county is bounded on the cast by DeKalb, on the south by, Fayette, on the west by Campbell, ard on the North by Cobb counties. It is oddly shaped, for whilst its extreme length from north-to south is thirty miles, its width from cast to west is only ten. It is drained by the Chattahoochee and Peachtr^e creek at the north, and another littlo creek in the southwest, the name of which wc have forgotten. The land is of the poorest red clay and very unproductive. The surface of the country is generally flat with horn nml % ----- I small ridges, and wh6lly uninviting to the' til-? lers of the soil.?Macon Confederate. Among the stores taken atMartinsburg, Va., by the Confederates was $1,000,000 worth of medical and a large amount of commissary stores, including 100,000 bushels of corn and oats. Merchants and sutlers had collected their immense stores, preparatory to forwarding them j to Richmond for sale, as they deemed the capture of that place a mixed fact. These were appropriated by the Confederates. [CAMDEN DAlt^ JOURNAL. \vi: a> rctis i?Air iTj T Y27 A private despatch, received in Charleston, announces tho death of Gen. 0. II. Stevfjns. Oim Losses at Atlanta.?Tho Mueun Tehvjraph snts that our less in the battle of lhe22d is estimated at seven thousand, itnd that of the onemy at-about twenty thousand. Gleanings.?Lee's strength is to Grant's, as four tofivo; Hood's (l)fclore tho late battle)'to Sherman's as two to three. "We aft informed that.Grant's present position is such that lie can only move in one dl! feet ion vi-7 Loot- +/-. - 1 ! " ,T .. vMwu u<j mo ; uirs iccin art? arawn for the present. "We linve established a batloi v of over thirty pieces of artillery ?it Harrison's Landing, and command tbo James river at that point. There are no Yankees on the north hank of James river. An infantry captain who has just come from Montgomery states that the enemy eaptured Talladega Friday night, and wore met near Wctumpka Saturday morning by (Jen. Clan ton. Ci+axton made a gallant and desperate light,'"but was overwhelmed, routed and completely defeated.- They left the enemy within IwcnLy-livo tniles of M ontgorpery, with no serious obstacle in their way to that city. Many parties, however, hold to the opinion that the raid is making for Andersonville, Ga. The force of the enemy is estimated pt G,000. iTiie New Yankee Secretary of tile Treasury ?As the money question will, in all probability, ulti. matoly settle the war question, the following sketch of Mr. Fkssendkx, who has just assumed the management of the Yankee linances, may provo acceptable to our readers, Wo clip it from an exchange, which eredits-it^to Iho "Washington Republican. We cxpeet the Republican is right in placing Fkssenuk^ at tho head of the U. 8. Senate. The estimate of him. which wo formed soiuo years ago from personal observation, . yvns, that although ices adroit, a ol possibly loss unscrupulous than Skwaud, he was, upon the whole, the ablest ot the leaders of the Ilepuhliean party: ' William I'itt Fessemlon stands at this time, without a doubt, at the head of the American Senate. I supposed lfitn to Vie nearly si\" feet in height, possibly two inches under that measurement, and lie would not, in my judgment, Weigh over one hundred and liliy or sixty pounds. His face long and rather severe in expression, heavy eyebrows, (lark brown hair streaked with gray, $<irn rather long and with a slight inclination to curl. I judge hire to he about forty-live years of age 1 should not, think riiai a man of strong friendship, and yet. lie seeihs to be on l'amilar torms-vwith all ihe>'enai?<rs, occasionally enjoying a kind* of dry laugh wiili those who eonie to liim, or to whom he goes to chat, lie pays little attention to style in ttn ss, lining behind the fashion, but there is nothing of the sloven in his appearance His voice is ch ar, .rather sham in tone, and he sneaks nni.ii.illi- ..n,i :.i. .1 -- t v ilUUUI ?! ?? proper amount of gesture lie impresses any one lliat heats Iiint that ho is not talking for talk's sake, hut simply idling his position as i. statesman, , bv bringing the powers <>l his mind to the elucidation of the subject matter under discussion. Them is nothing florid in the style of Mr. Fosaeiiden. hut, on the Contrary, his oratory is solid, probing, and yet sulliciently gracofid to secure the ulUmtioi* of Ids audience. ' t Arrivals ;tl Ilie Soldier's lies! OX TUKSDA Y l'.VKXINO. JULY 25. N. Hough?Co. 0, 2d S. C. Regiment?sick?from Iverehaw District. 0. R. lli^llield?Co. G, 2d H. C. Regiment?sick? from Sumter. J Il.Clyhurn?('o. A, 7th S. C. Ihittalion?sick? from Kershaw District. ft. I', Oopolnnd?Co. D, 7lh S. C. Rattalion?sick? from Kershaw District. . i ir . l zv iuiikcc omcer, prisoner at Camp Oglothrope, Macon, attempted to escape Wednesday in rather an ingenious manner, and would have succeeded, but for a slight circumstance. Procuring some sout and grease, he blacked him self so well as to appear like a negro, and taking up one of the sjmdes in the yard walked to the gate and requested permission of the sentinel to pass, as he had borrowe?Ml*e spade and wished to return it to the owner. The guard supposing from his color and dialect that lie was a negro, allowed him to pas-, and he walk- ' ed out, passing the officer of the day, who was in profound ignorance of his being a prisoner.' Before he had walked many yards, however, j one of the relief guard, who was lying down j outside of the prison, observed that through the open shirt of the supposed negro the breast of a white man appeared. Suspecting the truth, lie immediately hailed and carried liim back to the prison, where h?; was examined and the trick discovered. LATEST BY TELEGKAPH FROM THE GEORGIA FRONT. I* - \ Atlanta, July 25,-^-Thc enemy, nurda .aft attempt last' night to broak.our lines. They . ,\vcre repulsed by Cheatham filter a conflict of. one houv. During the dftj* quiet prevailed around the city. The only demonstration b$ing occasional picket firing. The Yankees opened \tfith shell again upon.^, the city, shelling an hour witltf some vigor.-^* No notico of the intention to shell the city was given, to enable tire women and children to he removed to places of safety. 1 * His barbarous violation of the usages of civilized warfare only enabled,lnm to murder few non-combatants. Most of the shells come from 20 lbs parrots, on the lino of the Western AtInula, railroad, and one of their guns east of the . city. The gallant operations of Wednesday and Friday, seem to have impressed the Yankees with a wholesome desire to strengthen their flanks, which they are now doing. The display this evening has been brilliant' ?indicating some movement of theirs. The following -address to the troops was read this morning, dated IIeadquartfcasj Ahmy oy Tennessee, ^ -> Juiy25. f a Soldiers': Experience has proved to youthat safety in time of battle consists in getting into close quarters with the enemy's guns and colors, and arc the only unerring indications of Victors'. The VJlloV of trimne 0..0U.. ?J ^ _ ~ - ..wu|>u 10 vaoujr catllllUlCQ bv tlm?nnmbcr of those secured. If your enemy bo allowed to. continue the . operations of flanking* you out of position, yourcase is perilous. You have the will, and God! will grant us the victory, which your cominaudcr and your country confidently expect. * * J. B. liood, General Commanding. FROM PETERSBURG. ' I'KTRKsm ito, July 25.?The enemy it is reported crossed a portion of one corps to the North side of the James Kiver, near City Point, doubtless for the purpose of preventing our artillerv liiiii"- invm H. > ' 1 , _ u iu.-|i< !ir>. . xo-uay nasbeen remarkably quiet. , c ll seems now well'ascertained that Giant is Inisilv milling on our left, and strengthening; his right, resting near the Weklon railroad.. 'I here Was a heavy rain siorni, with high wind, last night. .The Philadelphia Mmjuircr of the 2'2d saVsr Oanby is proceeding against the enemy about % Mobile,'with a formidable fleet. The campaign m the James River is about to start again. ; I'etuiisbuuu, July 2G.?To-day the siege was decidedly the most quiet during the campaign. Scarcely any. picket tiring, and not j more than one or two discharges of artillery. '? Richmond, JhIv 26.?oO men of the I42d j New York, just from New Orleans, were cap tnred last night, 011 the landing, near Deep lijttom, below Chafi.n's l?lu(F. The following was received this afternoon : JIkadquahthrs Army of Virginia, ) July 26. \ To_ t'ic Secretary of War : General Karlv slates that lie attacked MajorGeneral Cook on the 24th, routing him, and ' pursued'Inm five miles into Chester, when hc; j was compelled to halt. | ?aep;e of Charleston. 1 TilIIKB HUNDRED. AND EIOTITY-FIRST DAY. Tliroc hundred and fourteen shots have been-' fired at Kort Sumter since our lost report. No casualties arc reported. * No change in the fleet is reported. I , "When yon pitty snfferiug do not put. your 1 hand upon your tieart, but your pocktit. %