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' y.. < . ' v- i : -v. :> .. JR.^rlv >*;: . -..v . ; ~ . ' -'s I " > - ' /y ' ' ' . ' * ' ':. , - ' ' ' , - s . * " ' ?" . , v . / ?? v ' >??"' . ' :r:V>; : . . -' ... v ." * ? 9 > - / ' ^ j ' ~ : " ^ | / ?r .' / ^ 4 VOL. 1 CAMDEN, 8. G, "WEDNESDAY; SEPTEMBER 21,1864- HSXX TO. ? .. . . . .. .... . ..... J ....... ... .........j.. : .: .. . ^ By P. P. HOOOTT. Terms of Subscription. Daily paper per moijth ------- $3.00 " " for Six" Montis - $15.00 Weekly, - - - - -/' ^.'SS.OO ( I j ' Rates for Advertising: For one Square ? twelve lines or less?TWO TlAT T A PC TPTPTV ntfNTTS fnr the flraf inaop. 4rv/XiUAl?u nuu *-JUk ii JL vw** *v* vuv >uwt tionj and TWO DOLLARS for each subseqeunt. O^rtuAnr Notices, exceeding one square, charged at advertising rates. Transient Advertisements and Job Wonc MUST BE PAID FOR IN ADVANCE No deduction made, except 'to our regular advertisag patrons. * . General ?arly: "Phax," who is lately-from the army of Virginia, contributes to the Rebel the following sketch of the distinguished commander who is opposing Sheridan it the Valley : Old Jubal Early, or as Gen. Lee calls him, his "bad old man," has won a name, daring kia sojoufn in the Valley of Virginia, of which'Jbe is well worthy. Did you ever see him ?' If not you have missed one of the greatest curiosities of the war. He is a man of considerable corporosity, with a rail fAce, wHch has the apof the full moon when it, is atits heitrht id redness. He is abonfcsix feet high, and of immense structure. His voice sounds like a cracked Cbinese 'fiddle, and comes from bis mouth somewhat on the style of a hardshell Baptist, with a long drawl, accompanied with an interpolation of oatbs. In the wintor his head is encased in a net stripped woolen^ skull cap drawn down over his ears, while^his body is contained ^within the embraces of a -Virginia cloth overcoat striking bis heels. His legs are covered by leggins of the same material, wrapped from the feet upwards as high as the knees with white tape. He is as brave as he is homely, and as homely as any mail you ever e^w, except Parson Brownlow, who is said to rival his Satanic Majesty iu his personal appearance. There are'wanv annecdoles jrefated of old Ju ba!, but I cannot at present call to memory but one. Daring the battles In the .Wilderness on one occasion a regiment from South Carolina was ordered to charge the enemy.. Fop. some reason they faltered. Old Jubal hearing of it rode up to the head of the column and in that peculiarity of tone for which he is noted, cried cut at the top of his voice, "Boys you got us into this d?d scrape, and by G?d you'- shall help us out Charge 1" The regiment were so cut by the remark that tuey rushed' upon the foe, driving him from every position. Heavy Defalcation. The city was alive with new seD6ation on yesterday, to which the disappearance of two young ipen in highly responsible positions gave rise. The young men alluded to were George Butler formerly a clerk in the Treasury De partment, ana Tnomas ?&Dox, (Japtain and Commissary at Camp Jackson Hospital. Butler was relieved from his clerkship some time ago, for drunkenness, but was granted a fur* longh by the bureau of conscription, for sixty days, in which to balance his books. On Saturday evening last, be and Knox left town on the Fredericksburg train, Butler it 3aid, personating Knox's "blind brother,7' having his head shaved, moustache off, and green goggles on. On the same morning Knox bid drawn from the treasury, on a requisition for Camp Jackson, $149,000, which, it is alleged, he converted into gold and sterling, and poek eted. An examination of Butler's accounts, it is said, discovered a defalc&ion of no less than $700,000. He bad, it was reported, b$en purchasing sterling for some time past. Knox being a native of Fredericksburg, easily managedto get a passport, and if the two have been as successful in evading tie pickets as they' have the detectives it is probable that ere this they are both in Yankeeland.?Rickrtiond Enquirer. , j The General Marauis de Grouchv. who has just died at Paris, commenced a few days before he died, a lioel suit against M. Thiers, for the statement made by the latter in his "Consulate and the Empire," that it was by the'fault of the deceased's lather, General Grouchy, that the battle of Waterloo was lost. ? % The army postoffice for Gen. food's army , has been opened at Griffin, Ga. ' J j ^ \ v jgffl ; J CAMDEN "DAILY JOURNAL. WEDNESDAY MORNING, SEPT. 21 i t Tbe Examiner bas conflrmation of the report that Mosbt hung thirty Yankees whom he caught burning residences in Clark coipty. A Cool Couple.?An exchange announces themar riage of James L. Ioe and Miss Harriet A. Freeze. "Wo hope they will be able to koep cool this' warm weather. ; The New York Times of the ^Ofh says, that tho secret of the surrender of Fort Morgan is that the rebels wfere really starved out. I telegraphed you two weeks ago that it had been the practice to supply the fort only for a4;?rtnight at a time ; and that the claim of the rebel commandant, that he was provjsioned . for six months, was all humbug. The event has fully borne out the statement The Confederate War Vessels in France ?It may be remembered that not long ago two war ships, destined for tho Confederate service, we^e ordered at r Nantes. The Phare de la Loire now tells us,that the San Francisco and the Shanghae are yet in the docks there, and that they are, in a mysterious manner, bfeing armed. A label, in larger character^. is posted above the coupe, ordering no stranger to enter either vessel It is said that in the interior of these ships, on the one side armed, the machinery hooks are being studded, on which to hang chains in case of air attack. M. Voruly^Vo are assured, has bpen authorized by ,the Minister of Marine to tesl these machines; but M. Chasseloup Laubat demands that only one 'ship at a time shafl leave the harbor. The day ontwbich experiments are to be made is n<^t yet fixed. Captured by a Negro.-^A Yankee prisoner who bad m#naged# to make' his escape from one* of the trains, was captured below Graham's Turn Qut, S. C., on Thursday: The circumstances are as follows: The prisoner went. to the negro informing him who h\j was, and asked for food; he was told'to remain in that place and food would be brought to him. The negro at once went and told his master. He remarked that he Vould go with him gund capf 11 yn I Via V o nl*n/i TIia nntvva /> ilil.2 I uvug tuv i nimctt Aiiu iw *i? s.-?j and said that the man would iHin if he saw a white person approaching; and also advised that he be permitted to take him somefopd in company'with nnothcr'liegro, and that his master approach cautiously an4 arrest him. This plan was agreed to. While the Yankee was eating he discovered the gpntleman approaching through the woods, and started to run.? But the negro'was to* smart. He at once grabbed him with the remark "No you don't," and held him nntil his master came up. The boy, \ve;think, should receive a handsome present for lilvshrewdness and fidelity.? Augusta Chronicle. The fiDal scene of a melancholy deama was played to an end to day. The last chief of the celebrated Polish National Government and four of its members died this morning upon the gallows. The unfortunate victims were Romuald Trangutt, a discharged Russian Colonel; Krajcwski, an architect; Joseph Tdozyski,. a book keeper ; Zulinski, a teacher at the gymnasium, and John Jazloranski, a tax collector all yonng men. none over tbirtv Years of af?e. Ori<nnal i + ? ]y twenty two men and four women were sentenced to "death' by the military tribunals; but the Viceroy pardoned seventeen of the men and all the women.- It must not be imagined, however, tljat the objects of Count Berg's clemency have much reason to congratulate themselves ; for their sentences have been commuted partly to shorter periods of confinement in fortresses in the same bleak ahd -inhospitable, country. The five persons were^ executed upon the glacis of the fortress this morning, although a pardon was hoped for to the last moment.? They stepped upon the scaffold firmly, and underwent their fate with perfect resignation and composure, in presence of an immense crowd of, spectators. i Thus perished the latest victims of the jlljudged and jll-fatod Polish rising of 1863.? War*C<b. of the London Times. Extract from the.Chicago Times of August 31st': . - , ' * wSold.?A negro child was sold by it? mother at Ruction at. Hudson, If. YM recently, and was bought by a, lawyer at $1000?' Verily, negroes are looking dp in the North. Usefulness of Diamonds. Many persons suppose that diamonds are only use^. in jewelry?ft>r rings and other articles of personaj adornment, and that they are really of no essential value whatever in the practical ^irts. This is a mistaken notion; they are used for a great number of purposes - ii _ _ _i rm e . i.: ii. J i ~r in toe ans. xnua, ior cuuing me giass or our windows into proper sizC, no other substance can equal it, and it is exclusively used for this purpose. A natural-edge, or point, as it is called,ris used for his work, and thousandsr of such $re annually required in our glass factories. Diamond points are also employed for engraving on carnelians, amethists ami other brilliants, and for the finer cutting of cameo and seals. Being very hard, the diamond is also used in chronometers for the steps of pilots, and as it possesses high retractive with .inferior dispersive power'and.little longitudinal .aberration, it has been successfully employed for the small deep lenses of single microscopes. The magnifying power of the diamond in proportion to that of plate glass, ground to a definite, for/n, is as 8 to 3. For drawing minute lines on hard steel and glass, to 2"ahe micrometers, there is no substitute for the diamond point. 4 . The*rough diamond is caHed bort, anj} the .. . it t '/? l .1 (* A "points' usea ior cutting glass areine iragmenw of borts. Great care and skill are necessary in selecting the cutting points, because the diamond that cuts tBc glass most successfully has bfcen'edgesof the crystal-placed exactly at right angles to each other, 'ana passing through a point or intersection made by the crossing oi the edges. A polished diamond, however perfect may be its edges, when pressed, upon the surface of glass, splinters it with the slightest pressure: but with the natural diamond the most accurate lines are produced on glass, and their surfaces ar<S so finely ^ burnished that, ii ruled close together, they decompose light and afford the most beautiful,''prismatic appeatanfcc ?all the colors of a rainbow flash from them as from the silvery interior of a pearl oyster ^ ' A Belgic Description of Charlottes villKj Va.?TIic following racy description, from the. Charlottcsvillo Chronicle, pnrports to be an extract from tbe Indeptndent Beige : The people of Charlottesville are remarkable for their simple and Spartan tastes. They go clothed in the most ancient and thread bare garments, and eat very little besides unjiuttored cakes made of com meal. The latter gives them a rather gaunt habit, and is in marked contract with the large-bellied hucksters that , come from the country. Their chief drink is water, which is held in abomination a few miles out of tpwn, where the people raise large orchards, and convert les fruits into brandies ?a bottle of which is sometimes exhibited on the public square for the citizens to snuff, at an established tariff. In the winter time, tbe chief trade between the townsmen and the country jpeople is in wood, which is very scarce near the citv. and accordingly commands fab'u Ioub prices. It is sold by the stick, one ol which, eight feet long and four inches through, will bring about two dollars. The farmers, to do them justice, arc perfectly willing to'ex1 change their jpmhon and flour with the citizens for large snms in Confederate notes?generally a pound of one for a pound of the other ?but the citizens have gradually fallen into the habit of living on peas and bread. The Saratoga belles, this snramer, delight in contrasts in dress. Yellow or red trimming oil black is popular. Military high necks, with "buttons all over," and shoulder straps, for the morning; and very low dairy windows, with short sleeves and long skirts, in the evening. For the hair, one-style is a couple of puffs in front, the hair falling in ringlets behind, and made fast with a gold, ivory orjewelled comb; and another, gatbored in a swab, without order of neatness, an<J crammed into a nei to fall low on the neck, the curls looking extremely tidy and comely, tl^e' swab looking as if the maiden had mado a hasty tt>ilet and had forgotton to arrange her hair. 4 The 6rst" Christian church' built in Japan since the treaty made with Mr." Harris was by the Koinan Catholics. This is a neat and conspicuous building of white stucco*; it is erected on ground gi Ten for the purposo by the Freneh Minister. * \ . v . " ' . . i s. r * LATEST BY TELEGRAPH-; ' " V. ' ~ * III, I ? I I ' " . ' REPORTS OP THE PRESS ASSOCIATION.' r .1 Entored according to* the Act-of Congress in the year 1863, by J.*6. TiiraSheb, in the Clerk's .office of the District Court ?of the* Confederate States for the Northern District of Georgia. FROM MOBILE. . Mobile, September 19.?Last-eroiling the passenger engine on'the Mobile and Ohio Rail-' road blew uti. killing the engineer. Six veseek / O ? C7 off the .Bar. All quiet, and rumors unreliable. The people of the Confederate States arc .littie aware, as the Dispatch remarks, of the ex-1" tent to which the country has been imposed* " upon in the matter of details ainl exemptions.^ * , From good authority, we learn, that an immense army?an army which, if 'enrolled, dis-' , ciplinedvand led by proper officers and a prop1-* , r er General, would be able to plant the 6out?H-e'rn cross on tie spires'of Philadelphia* befbrtJ' the ides of JjTovember^-an array 'of one- Uutt1-, dred and fourteen-thousand men?seeks, and* has secured; exemption from service as agriculturists sneaking under that piece out of the Joanna tUnir r-rtrm*?,T_lonvincr ' tind#?r t.hflt VI tic UOU VI bUVll j <VN> , piea others to fight their .battles tor them? / good Confederates,.Wave patriots, worthy citizens, delighted to hear of Vhe brave deeds of , our gallant army, provided they be not. called on to share in the glory willing to be free provided it*cost them nothing. One hundred and p fourteen thousand men detailed as agncultu. rists, and all these of conscript age, in a popu, lation of five millions ! Oh shtwne, where Is thy blush f * 1 Critic Proverm.?An old patbolic' rhyme . may thus be*Englished : ^ "Thrice the age of a dog is that of a horse Thrice the age of a horse is that of a man ; Thrice the age of a man is that of a deer;f . Thrice the age of a deer is tlipt of the'eagle; Tluice the age of the eagle is that of" the oalc tree.** ' CENTRAL* BUREAU, ^ ' Columbia, Sept. 15,1864. , , . Cars will be Dwpp'thed. For Leo's and Beauregard's Armies.?ep..2G t Oct 7' For Hood's Army '. ... Sep. 22 dt Oct. For^Charloston and the Coast...'. .Sep. 22 Jc Oct ^ M. LaBORDE, Chairman, rg* It is again requested that boxes be properly secured by wooden hoops; end.that molasses jugs and: bottles bo excluded from the boxes. Papers of the State plenre copy. ?>?mmmm?wgrntgmmm.? School Notice?Private Lessons. The next session of my school-will open on the first Monday in October. I shall also continue to give PRIVATE LESSONS1 in all tbe English branches of education, Mathematics,: ?' -* ? * T.onrmarrfta aiJflCUt OUU ?UUUC4U L R. StfAUDENMAYER. ' Sept 20 * . ' 4ti Ofi&ce Q. M- Department, ' , Camden, Sept letb, 1864. PLANTERS ARE URGENTLY REQUESTED* to haul in immediately all now fodder and peas, as well as old fodder and Bhncks, in order to meet tho pressing demands of our armies. They are also notified that they can have credit on / 'their Tithe of 1864, for their deliveries of corri if thejr ( 1 prefer-it to payment in casli - . CONWAY BELL Agt. A*. Q. M. Rnnt 16 If Notice. / . "J? r . tWFICB S. & R. R. Co. )'/ I CAMDEN,*Sept 16, 1864. f ON AND ASTER THIS DATE, FREIGHT ON all packages will be requited before delivery.? , This rule will be strictly oblerved. . Sept'16 6t JAME8 JONES, AgenJ, . Musical fastractions-' MISS ALEXANDER WILL REOPEN her musical SCHOOL the first Monday in. i October, if a sufficient numberof pupils can be ee cured to warrant he; return. Terms $T5 per quarter. All nunila rvtmrnnnnino' a nuartar. will be dhanted.till " the close. 1 * * ^ \ ' Those wishing to oppjj, will leaye tlfeir names with l Mrs. MeCandless by tbe SOth of Beptembe*. . September 10 . **? . ' ' ' v * V' ? : ' + % . ' ii, '