J. 0. CONVERSE, Proprietor.
3 lUftkln JCfttispapcr, Broottb to tlje Disfitmination of Republican Principle!, Cbncation, tmpcrancf, Citcratur;, Slauculturf, oi tlje JCctua of H)t Dan.
TERMS $1,50 per Annum.
VOL. X., NO. 1.
CIIARDON, GEAUGA COUNTY, OHIO, FRIDAY, JANUARY 7, 1859.
WHOLE NO., 4C9.
L)t Icffcroonian Democrat
is puoLisnsn evert fridat morning, at
CHA.RDON, Ideauga County, Ohio,
Offift iirrctly ever le pmg Starr' of Coot , Ham
itton, weit ride of the Vubiic Huuarr.
If piiittn advance, tl 50
If not pni l within the year, 8 HO
All kinds of merchantable produce taken in
piytuml, at the mnrkct price.
.No paper discontin-ird until all arrearages
art paid, cxc.pt at tho option of the Publisher.
RATES OK ADVERTISING.
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lows, 50 eta. a square, tint Insertion; each sub
sequent insertion, 25 cts. a square.
B -stsiss AovE".T:scMt.vTs will be Inserted at
the following rntesi
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" two montli, 2 '-25
" thrco months, 3 00
" " Bix manlln, 4 00
" " one yonr, ; fi 00
Half column six months, 12 00
t 0I10 year, 18 00
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" " on 'J venr, 40 00
OTD'isinss Card'sof not over B lines, for
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a olinnl,! he market the ntim-
uViin tkw lira designed to lie inserted: those
not S3 marked, will bo continued until ordered out
an 1 charge! according to tho above terms.
The privileges of yearly advertisers will be con-
Attorneys w'ifl be linlden for tbc price of inserting
advertisements brought by them.
$T VII communications must be niV.lreiscI to the
proprietor, (p.)tage pant.) to receive mu-iiuon.
LIST OF PUBLIC OFFICERS
1 VULM C VD.VELL
l;. G. WiIITB
W'M. N. KEENY
H N. SPENCER
J,. C. LUDLOW
II. K. SMI I'il
I. ti CLEv'B'.VND-"
, , Senator.
J. C. FAIN
J.O. W Vtf,L',l
j. v. win r . f j y ,
11. K. DEN I N,
J. V. WHITNEY-
M vall SMITH---IV
B. W lODUUUY-
S C: DOIHiL S3,
C" . MANLY,
Directors of Infirmary.
w. o7 f 6 "r it i st ,
ATT 0 RXE V AT LA W.
MTfiTlflE The undersi 'ned, lnvin'
1 i withdrawn from the fitm of
& Hathaway." has opened an on ce , "
,i.s lorm-rly occupied by ' 'torr 3t I tho-
.. ..i. '..I c i in Slnm o lllvlll80i
W.lv, iiimi';ui-'j ... .
Keller, Chardon.U .where he may at all limee be
f ,u d by his old clients and by nil others who may
Ilnire his assistance as an Attorney l.t'lllV1'"r.
A continuance of former conh.Umce r i.d
l.rHoetfully solicited. W-O. 10.1H 11 -October
2Sih, 1857. 10S
H. K. SMITH,
Tait.'-Y AT I.AV,-Olli with W.
O. l-VrUi, iinmoJiatcly over the btore of
;!i irdoii, Ajiril.l, IS'jS.
D. AV. cnnnw.
ATTORNEY AT LAW, will practice in all the
A-our.s of Record in this and adjoining wuntir.
irrJIlicedirecllyovcr the Store ol Kexford &.
C inrijld. Caaidon, O
"uttt.wtivjs ft KELLEY.
General dealers in Cicceries. Hardware, Dye
atuffj, Flour, Fbh, Yankee Notions, -c,
S:ore, Uiiioh Dior. Ckardot,, Vl'io.
WILL be In Chardon on the first Tuesday ol
e':h inunlh. Room alCliaso'a Hotel-
DE, T. H. SWEEKEY,
H 0 M (E 0 P AT II I ST
V ltO I'll IK TO 11.
S3, 21, 26, Seneca Street, North,
UllAINAUD fc miUKIUCK,
Engravers, Lilliograplicrs, and
Herald niock, Cleveland, Ohlo
Book Binder and Blank Book Manafaeturer,
IISBALU BUIbDIMS, CLKVELANI), OHIO.
WBIank llooka Ruled and Hound to Order Old
Uooks Rebound. All work Warranted.
Patent Office Agency.
rHE Subscribera transact lor InveniorFand
H others any busineasrelating to CavcalFat
SI A. t linl'ntonl f.nwa.
No'.-4 , P. O- Uuildiaga, Cleveland, O .
VV . II . Htf a m dor
March 16. 1854.
for sale by
COOK i HAMILTON.
I1. CVIMTP l,v
WILKIN'S &. KELLEY
rplIE BGH TEA FOK 4s., warranted
Not.1 a"1 WILKIN3 &. K ELLET.
WANTED, Sheep l'elta. Grain, Uutctr.Rags,
and Cheese, for which we will pay the
highest market sice.
Nov. U WILKINS & KELLEY.
a LROE Aasortment of TRUNKS, VAL
A ISES and FANCY HAT and UONNET
POXES, on band by m v1vra , . rv
Nov. 12. WILKINS &. KELLEY.
W' ASII TUBS, PAILS, WOOD HOWLS
1'OTATOE MAS1IBRS, ROLLING
Tim, MOl' STICKS, UROOMS, CLOTHES
FINd. BUTTER STAMPS and LADLES, con
..amly on hand by wjLiKjjjg 4, KELLEY.
A GOOD Assortment of LADIES' DOMESTIC
CALF 1100'1'EEd, warranted to suit, by
Nov. U WILKINS St KELLEY
1IITE FISH by the lb or half-barrel, by
"ITTABRANTV DEEDS. Juat printed and
Tv and tor sale at thn umce, a large quantuj
ef Warranty Deeds,which will be aold by the quire
dozen, half-doxen, or single blank.
Chardon. April I, 1856.
MORTGAGE DEEDS Just printed
at this Oftice, Mortgage Deedi suitable for
Attorneys to attach to foreclosures; also, a large
ououuiy of the Mine of (he common liie.
"Suffer little children to come unto me, and for
bid them not, for of audi it the kingdom
They are going only' going:
Jesus called them long ago!
All the wintry lime they're passing
Softly as the fulling snow.
When the violets in the spring-time
Catch the azure of tho sky,
They are carried out to slumber
Sweetly where the violets lie.
They are going, only goir.g,
When with summer earth is dressed,
In their cold hands holding rosea
FoldcJ to each silent breast;
When the nutumn hang" red banners
Out above the harvest sheaves,
They are going, ever going,
Thick and fast, like fulling leaves.
All along the mighty age.
All adown the solemn Time,
They have taken up their homeward
March, to that t relief clime,
Where the watching, wailing anjcls
!ead them from tnc shadows dim.
To the brightness of His presence
Who has called them unto 1 1 i in.
They arc going, only going
Out ol rain, and into bliss,
Out of and and sinful wcukr,cs
In perfect holiness.
Snowy brows,. no care sholl shade them;
lliight eyes, tears shall never dim;
Rosy lips, no time shall lade them;
Jesus called them unto Him.
Little hearts forever stainless,
Litile hands as pure as ihey,
I.illlo feet by nTngels guided
Never a forbidden way !
They are going, ever going !
Leaving many a lonely spot;
Rut 'lid Jeius who hoi called them,
Sutler, and forbid them not.
BURNING OF MOSCOW
BY J. T. HEADLEY.
At length Moscow, with its domes, nnrl
tnwurs, mid paluci-s, ajipn.iri-tl in sitit ; and
Xupoluun, who liutl j lined tho advanced
guard, gazed long mid thoughtfully on
Unit gnul of bis wishes. Murnt wunt for
ward uuil entered tlio gatas with his splen
did cuvulry, but us ho passed through tho
atrcola lio wus atruck liy tho sulitudo tlm.
siirrmiiiiled him. Nothing wua heard hut
tho heavy trump of his squadrons oa lie
pacsud iiliing, for a deserted und nliundniioil
eity was the meager pi no for which such
unpuiulleU runrls bad been made. As night
drew its curtain over tho splendid capital,
Napoleon entered tho gates, und appointed
Mortier governor. In his directions liecetn
maiidod him to abstain from nil pillage.
" For this," said ho, you shall bo answer
able with your life. iKtfond Moicow uguinst
all, whether friend or loo."
Tho bright melon roso over tho mighty
city, lipping with silver tho domes of more
than two hundred churches, and pouring a
Hood ot light over a thousand palaces und
tho dwellings of throe hundred thousand
inhabitants. Tho weary urm sunk to rest.
but tliuro was no sleep tor Mortlor s oyos
Not tho gorgeous and variegated paluces
and tlieir rich ornumonts, nor tho parks and
gardens and Oriexitn! magnificence that
urery whoro surrounded linn, kept him
wakeful ; but tho ominous forhodings that
somo diro calamity was hanging over tho
silent cupitut. When lieeuleieil it, scarcely
a living soul mot his gzu us ho looked down
tho long streets; and when ho brnko open
tho buildings ho lound parlors, and bed
rooms, and chambers, till furnished nnd lu
order, but no occupants. 'I his sudden
abandonment of tlieir homes betokened
somo secret purpose yet to bo fulfilled.
Tho midnight moon was settling over tho
city, when tho cry of " i iro 1" leueliod tho
oars of Mortier j and the first light over Na
poleon's faltering cmpiro was kindled, and
ihut most wondrous scuno of modern times
commenced Ihr Lui imifr of JHuscotc !
Mortier, as governor of tho city, immedi
ately issued Ti is orders, nnd was putting
forth cvory noit on, when, at daylight,
Napoleon tiusiened to liiui. Affecting to
disbuliovo tho reports that tho inhabitants
worofirijig tlieir own city, ho put tnoro rigid
commands on Mortier to keep tho soldiers
trorn tlio work ot destruction, l ho Marshal
simplv pointed to somu iron-covered houses
(hut iiud not yet been opened, from ovory
crovtco of which smoke wus issuing liko
steam from tlio sides of a pent-up volcano.
Sad and thoughtful, Napoleon turned to
wards tho Ki'L-mlid, tlio ancient puhico of
the Czars, whoso hugo structure roso high
abnvu the surrounding odifiocs.
In the morning, Mortier, by great exer
tions, was enabled to subduo tho flro. liul
tho next night, September 10, h, nt midnight
tho soutinels oil watch upon tho lofty Krem
lin saw below them tho Humes bursting
thrtiiigh tho houses and paluces, and tho cry
of " 1'no ! flro I" passed through tho city.
Tho dread rceno was now fairly opened.
Firry balloons wcra seen dropping from tho
air and lighting on tho houses; dull explo
sions were heard on every side from the
shut-up dwellings, and tho next moment
light burst forth, and tho flames were rag
ing through tho apurtmonts. All was up
roar and confusion. Tho sorono air nnd
moonlight of the night beforo had given way
to driving clouds and a wild tempest thut
swept liko the roar of the sea over tho city.
Flames arnso on ovory side, blazing und
crackling in tho storm; whim clouds ol
smoko and sparks in an Incessunt shower
went driving towards tho Kremlin. Tho
clouds themselves seemed turned into fire,
rolling wrath over devoted Moscow. Mor
tier, crushed with tho responsibility thrown
upon his shoulders, moved with his Young
Guard umid this desolation, blowing up tho
houses and facing tbo tempest and tht-n.iinos
struggling nobly to arrobt the conflagra
tion. Ho hastened from place lo place nmld the
twins, his faco blackened with smoko. and
his hair and eyobrows singed with tho fierce
boat. At longth tho day dawned a day of
tompost and of flumo and Mortlor, who
had stralnod ovory nerve for thirty six hours,
entered a palace and dropped down from
fatigue. The manly form and stalwart arm
thut bad so often carried death into tho
ranks of the enemy, at length gavo way, and
the gloomy Marshal lay and panted in uttor
exhaustion. But the iiiglit of tempest had
been succooded by day of tempest, and
when night again onvolopod tha city, it was
ooo broad flume waving to and fro io tbe
Tho wind had Increased to a perfect liur
rlcano, and shifted from quartorto quarter,
as if oo purpose to swell tho oa of Ore and
extinguish the last liopo. Tho flro was ap
proaching tho Kremlin. and already tho roar
of tho flames and crash of fulling houses,
mil tho crackling of. burning limbers, woro
hnrno to tho cars of tho startled Emperor.
Ho aroso nnd walked to and fro, stopping
convulsively and gazing on tho turnfio scene.
Murat, Eugeno and Dorthior rushed Into his
presence, and on their knees besought him
to lleo; but ho still clung to thut haughty
paluco as if it woro his empire.
Hut at longth tho shout " Tho Kremlin Is
on flro I" was heard uhovo tho toar of tho
uonlhigration.and Napoleon reluctantly con
sented to leave. Ho descended into tho
streets with his staff, and looked about for a
way of egress, hut tho flames blocked every
passago. At length they discovered a pos
tern gnto, loading to tlio Moskwr.and enter
ed it but they had (tutored still further in
to tho danger. As Napoleon cast his eye
round tho open spaco, girdled and arched
with flro, smoko and cinders, ho saw one
single street vet open, hut all on flro. Into
this ho rushud.und umid the crash of fulling
houses nnd raging of tho fl imos. nvor burn
ing ruin, through clmids of roiling smoke.
and between walls of fire, ho pressed on;
ami at length, hull' suffocated, emerged in
safety from tho blazing city, and took up
his quarters in tho imperial paluco ol l'et
towsky, nearly tlneo miles distant.
Mortier, relieved from his unxiuty for tho
Emperor, ,'edouhled his efforts to arrest the
conflagration. ILs men cheerfully rushed
into ovory danger, l!n utliing nothing but
smoko and ashes canopied by lianio and
smoke and cinders surrounded by walls of
fire thut rocked to and fro, and loll with a
crash amid tho blazing ruins, carrying down
with them red-hot roofs of iron ho t nig
gled against an enemy that no boldness
could uwo or courago ovurenmo. Those
brave troops had board tho trump of thou
sands of cavalry sweeping to battle without
fear; but now they stood in still terror be
fore tho march of tho conflagration, under
whoso burning footsteps was heart tho in
cessant crtibli of falling houses and palaces
and churches. The continuous roar of lie
raging hurricane, mingled with thut of the
flames, was more terrible than tho thunder
of artillery ; nnd beforo this now loo, in the
midst of this battle of tho elements, tho auo
struck army stood powerless and affrighted.
When night again descended on tho city.
it presented u Spectacle, tho liko of which
wus novor scpn before, and which huflb'S ull
description. Tho streets woro streets of fire
tho heavens a canopy of fire, and tho en
tire body of tha city a mass ot fire, fed by a
hurricuno thut sped tho blazing fragments
in a constant stream through tho air. In
cessant explosions, from tho blowing up of
atores of nil und tur und spirits, aliook the
very foundations of tho city, nnd sunt vast
volumes of smoko rolling furiously toward
tho sky. Hugo sheets of canvas on flro cumo
flouting liko messengers ot death through
tho names the towers
churches and palaces glowing with a red hot
heut over tho wild sea below, then tottering
a moment on their basis, were burled by the
tempest into tho common ruin.
Thousands of wretches, beforo unsoon,
woro driven by tho heut from the culiurs
and hovels, and stieumed in an incessant
throng through tho streets. Children were.
seen currying their parents tho strong the
weak while thousands oru woro stagger
ing under tho loads of plunder they had
snutcliod from the II unes. This, too, would
Ireqiiontly take firo in tho fulling shower,
und tho misoruhlo creatures would bo com
pelled to drop it and tleo for their lives. O,
it was a scene of woo and four inconceivable
nnd indescribable I A mighty and closely
packed city of houses and churches and pal
aces, wrupped from limit to limit in flames,
which were fed by a whirling hurricane, is a
sight this world will seldom soo.
Hut this wus within tho city. To Napolo
on, without, tho spectaclo was still more
sublime und terrific. When tho flames had
overcome al! obstacles, nnd had wrapped
everything in their red man lie, that great
city looked like a city of tolling firo, swept
by a tempest that diovo it into tho billows
Hugo domos and towers, throwing oil' sparks
like blazing firebrands, now disappeared in
their maddening flow, ts they rushed and
broko high over their tops, scattering their
spray of firo against tho clouds. Tho heav
ens themselves seemed to havo caught tho
conllagrution, and tho angry masses thut
swept it rolled over a bosom of lire.
Columns ol lluino would risa and sink
along the surfucu of this sea, and hugo vol
umes ot black smoko suddenly shoot Into
tho air, as if volcanoes woro working bolow.
Tho black forrqsof tho Kremlin aloiio tow
ered above tho chaos now wrupped in
flumo and smoko, ngaiu emerging into view
standing, amid this sceno of desolation
and terror, liko Virtue in tho midst of a
burning world, enveloped but unscathed by
tho devouring elements. Napoleon stood
und gazed on tho sceno in silent awe.
Though nearly thrco miles distant, tho win
dows und walls cf his apartment wore so hot
that be could scarcely bear his hand against
them. Said he, yours afterward :
"It was the spectaclo of a sou and billows
of flro, a sky and clouds of flumo,motintains
of red rolling flames, liko Immense wuvos ot
tho sea, alternately bursting Inrth and ele
vating themselves to ikies of flume below.
O ! it wus the most giund, tho most sublime
und the most terrific sight the world over
aiid domes oftho'"css
Time flies fas I, but every musician of
Any note can beat time,
Whkn did Moses sleep five in a bed?
Why, when he slept with his four fathers.
Wuy U a man who makes additions lo
false rumors, like one who has confidence
in all that ia told him?
Because he re-lies on all he hears.'
Foots expressed the belief that a cer
tain miser would take the beam out of his
eye, if he knew lie could sell the limber.
Why is a thief in a garret like an hon
Because he is above doing wrong.
Wnr is a man that marries twice like
the Captain of a ship?
Because he has a second mate.
Why did Job always sleep cold? Be
cause he had poor comforters.
What grows less tired the more it
wo'ks? A carriage wheel.
When is iron most ironical? When it
When is a tired man like a thief?
When he needs a resting.
An Illinois paper says there Is a man
out there so dirty that the assessor set him
down as "real estate."
To cure the toothache let an omnibus
run over your foot,
From the New York Evening Post.
SPLASHING THROUGH THE SLUSH.
Spiteful sky above us, drenching us with rnln ;
Water from the awnings pouring down amain;
Tramping thro' a moisture very much like mush;
Isn't this delightful splashing through the slush f
Savage man a muttering about the " horrid dny !"
" He'll turn out for no man on the public way."
So he conies against 'em with an awful push
over goes the cross man, sprawling in the slush !
Fuuny man a-smiling at every one he sees,
Laughing at the dandy muddy to the knees,
Dandy murmurs " D n it!" Funny man says
" Tush !
What's tho use In swoarlng, splashing through the
" Exquisito" with rubber (hat doesn't suit his foot,
Admiring tho mire more than Ins shiny boot ;
Patent leather ruined ! before lie knows it, hush !
Don't you hear him murmur, " Devil take the
Juvenile accoutred more uiibty by half.
With enamelled call-skin cjvci iug die calf,
Feeling, with his felt hat, not silk or plush,
That he doesn't mind al all splashing thro' the
Lovely damsels walking tiptoe thro' the at recta,
Show ing off for noiliiug all tlieir liitle.n(,
To sec the pretty tinkle there ia quite a rush,
Isn't it exciting, splashing thro' the slush I
Tramp, tramp, tramping, each pushing all aside ;
Those whowalk a-covciing all of thong who ride;
With its slashing, and its dashing, and tearing,
Isn't all the Yankee land "splashing through the
Sowing Wild Oats.
Many a young m m has been lured from
the path of virtue, and enticed into the
road that leads by an easy descent, into
tho accursed valley of destruction, through !
Hie thoughtless speech of some thought
less persons, talking flippantly about
sowing wild oals, as a thing lo be ex
pected in youth.
'I had a lesson on this subject from the
lips of nn aged counselor said a valued
friend to me, not long since, "which has
never been forgotien. The timely warn
ing saved me. I was nineteen years of
age, nnd had just entered College.
Young men were there from nearly every
State in the Union, and some of them al
ready sadly corrupted. I was social, in
high health and spirits, and an imagina
tion was forever carrying me beyond the
actual and the present. Before 1 had time
for reflection, nnd before even a conscious-
of wrong had reached me, I was
afloat on a dangerous sea, my boat gliding
swiftly forward, and the Syren's songs al
ready in my ears.
'Oue night we had a wfne parly in the
town, which ended in excesses, ih thought
of which lias called a burning blush to
my cheeks a hundred limes siuce. I had
not been very well for s me days pre
viously, sulfeiing from constant heudache
and low febrile s,y mptoius.
'The dissipation of a night turned the
scale upon the wrong side, nnd I was so
ill on the next day, that it was thought
best to cull in a phtsieinn. He was an old
man, of the olj school gentlemen, nnd
wise, thoughtful nnd kind. lie com
menced, at once, the business of finding
out everything in regard lo my habits,
principles and modes of thought, and
there was something in him that so in
spired me Willi confidence, that I con
cealed nothing, lie looked grave, nnd
offered a remonstrance.
'Oh,' said I, almost lightly, 'young
men must row their wild outs. The
ground will be so much better prepared
lor seeding wheat, after the crop is taken.'
An error of the gravest character,' he
replied, seriously, 'and one that has
ruined its thousands and its tens of thous
ands of young men. Is a garden belter
prepared for the reception of the good
seed, for having first been permitted lo
grow weeds? 1 put the question to your
common sense. Are there not some soils
so filled with nil manner ol evil seeds,
that the gardener, with his utmost toil
und care, can scarcely remove the vigorous
plants that spring to life in the warm sun'
shine and rain? It is no mere compari
son, that of thu human soul to a garden
It is, in reality, a spiritual garden.
Truth is the good seed Which is sown in
this garden, false principles the evil seed,
or 'wild oats,' which the enemy's hand
scatters, if permuted, upon the virgin
soil. Now, is it not an insult lo reason lo
say that a man will be wiser, truer and a
better man, foi having false principles,
leading at once to an evil life, sown upon
the ground of his mind in youth, as it
would he to cay that a garden would be
mote thrifty in after years, for being first
permitted to grow weeds?
My stranger friend! I have lived nlmost
the completion of life's earthly cycle, and
have known a sad number of young men
lost to the world, lost to themselves, and
lost, I fear, to the company of God's
blessed angels, in consequence of that
single idea sown into the earth of their
minds. Oh, cast it out at once! Keep
yourself pure. Lei right principles,
chaste thoughts, noble purposes, manly
aims, grow in your garden not the ac
cursed wild oats! Be prudent, temperate,
virtuous, obedient to superiors, honorable
and kind. Aim to be n man not a sen
sualist. Govern yourself as a man, in
stead of letting passion, appetite, or any
sensual desire rule you as a tyrant. Sow
no more wild oats. You will find trouble
enough in your after life, with the seed
already scattered in your fields.'
'The scales,' said my friend, "dropped
at once from my eyes. I saw that the
good old physician was right, and that
that this cant about sowing wild oats in
volved one of tho most dangerous falla
cies into which the mind of a young man
could tail. It wus my lust folly of this
kind.' T. S. ArtKur.
Washino shirts, says an exchange
paper, weara them out. When tbey get
dirty, rub them with chalk. Economy is
The Wealth of our Statesmen.
Jefferson died comparatively peor. '
Indeed if Congress had not purchased iiis '
library, nnd given for it live limes its val- j
lie would will) difficulty have kepi the !
wolf from his door. J
iuauiuil RHVcu lliuury, Him wus cuill-
parativelr rich. To add to his fortune,
however, ot that of the widow, Congress
purchased his manuscript papers, and j
thirty thousand dollars for them.
Jnmes Monroe tho fifth President cf
the United Stales, died so poor that his re-
mains found a resting pl.l through the
chanty of one of llie citizens.
John Quiucy Adam.-t left some l.undred ;
nnd fifty thousand dollars, the result of ,
industry, prudence, and inheritance :
He was a man of method and" economy.
Martin Van Huren is very ,,cl1- j
Throughout ins political life he has studi- i
ously looked out for his own interest. Iti
H believed that he never spent thirty Rlitl-1
lines in politics. His party
bush, and lie caught the bird.
Daniel Webster squandered sume mill
ions in his lifetime, the product of his pro
fession and his political speculation. Ik
died leaving his property lo his children,
and his debls to his Iriends. The foimer
sold for twenty thousand dollars the lat
ter exceeded two hundred and fifty thou
sand. Henry Clay left a very handsome es
tate. It probably exceeded one hundred
thousand dollars. He was a prudent
manager, nnd a scrupulously honest man.
James K. Polk left about one hundred
and fifty thousand dollars fifty thousand j
or winch he saved from his presidency of
John Tyler is worth fifiy thousand dol
lars. Before he readied the Presidency
he was a bankrupt. In office, he hus
banded his means, and then married a
Zacliary Taylor left one hundred and
fifty thousand dollars.
Millard Fillmore is a wealthy man, nnd
it is said, keeps his money in a very strong
and safe box.
Kx-President Pierce saved somo fifty
thousand dollars from his term of service.
Power of Example.
The ancient Romans were accustomed
to place the busts of their distinguished
ancestors in the vestibules of their houses,
that they might be continually reminded
of tlieir noble deeds. They supposed
that a recollection of their illustrious vir
tues would lead lo an imitation of the same
by all the living members of their house
hold. There is no doubt that the influ
ence of this practice was most happy upon
tlm living, iiwakening in ninny breasts
high and noble nsntrations. At any rate
history records the names of many re-
J. . . . J
nowned K invins who descended from the
families where litis custom was observed.
The young grew up lo reverence the wor
thies wiiose statues they daily saw, and
lo emulate the virtues which rrave their
nncestois such lasting fame. We can ea
sily conceive how the sight of these ima
ges as the young men went out and come
in, day after day, week lifter week, would
impress ineir Hearts tor gooa. ine un-!
pression of a single day therefrom, though j
very small in itself, yet oil-repeated,
could nolfai! lo keep.
In these days we have no busts of hon
ored ancestors in thu porches of our dwel
lings, but we have something more im
pressive. The characters of living parents
are constantly presented for the imitation
of children. Their example is continually
sending forth a silent power to mould
young hearts for good or ill, not for a sin
gle month or year, but through the whole
impressible peViod of childhood and youth,
the influence of parental example is thus
felt. If it be constituted of the highest
and purest elements, the result will be un
speakably precious. Sons and daughters
will become patterns of propriety nnd
goodness, because their parents are such.
The former will be as "plants grown up
in their youth," and the latter as "corner
stones polished after tho similitude of a
I must confess that no ono thing impress
ut mil an much with a sonso of Divino order
and goodnuM ia tha lualui'ial world, with
conceptions of a stupundous machine which
tho Almighty wisdom has designed, and
which Almighty power koops continually in
operation us this wondrous, beneficent,-!
magnificent tyftom of exchange botwoon
the land and tho sea, carried on through tho
pipes of the utmosphoro.and veins that cross
tho eztiro floor of heaven; this mighty
wheel that turns this way and thut, and
koops tho pulso of ovory living thing in mo
tion. "A great wusto" is the rxpunso of wa
lor that chafes tho "vexed Boruioothos," or
swimming under a tropic sky:
But fur inland tho great heart of tho con
tinent punts for its blessing, and stately
forests sigh fur it through all its loavos; and
to-morrow this outlying element shut quiv
ered liko niolton loud ordiishod in feathery '
foam, has ducondod on tho lawns of En-1
gland, Iho vineyards ot tlio Kluno, anil the
whoat fields of iho west. It has touched1
with tender coolness the wido praii id, o-id !
it opens its lids, more innumerable than tho
of hoavon. Tho humble plant lifts up I
its grateful head, as though it felt God's euro j
lor it, and too orcnaru anu mo gaiuuu
broatlio rich insonoo of thanksgiving whuro
it has passed along. Tho little brook bab
bles with joy over its now. til led cup; Mis
sissippi and Orinoco.back among her hidden
springs, solid up their voices in exultation.
But Iho vast whoel koops turning, and, as
it woro, to-morrow again, Iho moisture thut
trickled from tha rock or dangled liko u
thread of diamonds in tho grass, is surging
In that mighty pulso, iho (iulf Stream, scnll-
ins Orkneys, or sparkling 1.1 a wako
ol glorious light under tho Southern Croat
lie ti. II. LHapm,
59-Many of tho Wisconsin papors aro dying-
of small roceipts. Ono establishment
took In 3 28 in eight woeks.
The Daily Wisconsin toys that there are
fifty papors in tint Stato which must dio
out before the expiration of tbe present year,
their condition at protout is so very sickiy.
John Q Adams to Joshua R. Giddings.
It is a customary thing, remarks tho State
Journal, with mombors of Congress to keep
autograph books, in which nro inserted sig
ue, natures, accompanied sometimes with an
autograph sontenco or two, of tho Senators
. , , I
,,nco' 11,0 "Bph-boi,k of tho venerublo j
reprcscututivo of tho Twentieth District, ,
Wtt' ,0 mu;h phased with tho linos address-
cd to him by John (Mincy Adams, that ho
obtained a copy, which w0 transfer
columns. Tho names of Adams and id-
dings will bo hallowed iu tho gratolul re-.the
menibranco of all truo lovers of freedom,
or Representatives who may servo during ;
tho same time. A friend who saw. not long
iU8lico Bllj humunitv. when nartv nrcaidcnlo
d . h' bo . j , .
,10 cu(llo ,ui,t
" '. 1 ! .
When first together hero we meet,
A.kaure ewli o'J.cr we lie!.-,M
The biiter mingling will, the sweet,
The warm a tempered by the cold.
We seek with searehjiic ken to find
A soul enne-t:iul w ith our uwn ;
For mind in snitialhy widi mind
Instinctive dreads lo walk alone.
And here, from regions fur apart,
We came one purpose lo pursue;
Each wi:h a wurm and holiest liert,
Each with a spitit firm ami true;
Intent widi anxious aim to k.-iin,
Euch other's eharneter to ertui ;
And oon the dilleicnrc we discern
Retween the lair and faithless man.
And here with scrutinizing eye,
A kindred soul with mine to gee,
And louying bosom to detcry,
I sought, and found al lust in thee.
Farewell, my friend, and if once mjre
We meet w ithin llm hull oguiu,
l!c ours the blessing lo restore
Our country's, and lAr rtghtu t,f mm !
II. R.l'.S, Washington, June 17. 1SH, anniver
sary of the battle ol Hunker's Hill.
J mix Clt.i.icv Adams, of Quiney, Mass.
Bad Spelling and its Consequences.
jn ,o ono raso, tho gratoful omolions
of ' ung ,., nl0 nullified by a solitary
plr(l,no w0,, . in tho oilier, Iho writer un
oyos wittingly opplies lo his friend Iho epithet
wliiolisiio lollower of Mahomot uses, when
Somo years ago a teacher presented him
self us a candidate for tho mustership of u
Bchool, of which tho salary wus fifteen hun
dred dollars. His qualifications woro deem
ed satisfactory in ull respects ncrpt in $prll
iig-. On account of this deficiency ho was
rejected. Soo, now, what ignorgttco in this
olcmoiitury brunch cost him. In ten years
his salary would havo amounted to fittoon
thousand dollars, throwing out of tho cal
culation tho incieaso which, by good invest
ment, might havo accrued from interest. -besides
this, tho annual salary of tho sumo
school bus since been advanced to two thou
sand dollars. Hut ho might have remained
in this position tvrico or tlneo times ten
years, as other teachers in the samo place
tiuvo done, una mat largo ntnnuni might
"'"' J'. bo"u i"'ed in pro-
A gentleman of excellent reputation ns a
scholar was pi c posed tn fill a professorship
in ono of our Now England colleges, not
many years sitico ; but in his correspondence
so much bud spoiling was found, that his
iiutnu was dropped, und un houorablo posi
tion wus lost by iiitn. 'iho corporation of the
collego concluded that, however high his
,,10 'orthography ot Ins correspondence
publications might bum general litetatuto
would nut udd much to tbo reputation ol
A prominent manufacfurcr.in a neighbor
ing town, received a business letier from nn
individual who hud contracted to supply him
with a large quantity ol stock ; but so badly
was it spelled, and so illegible tho penman
ship, that tho receiver found it nearly im
possible to decipher tho meaning. An im
medium decision must be given in reply ;
and yet so obscuro was thu expression thut
it wus impossible to determine what should
bo Iho utiswor. Delay would be suro to
bring loss ; a wrong decision would lead lo
a still mnro serious result. Perplexed with
uncertainly, throwing down tho letter, he
declared that ibis should bo Iho lust busi
ness liunsuction between him and iho writ
er of such an illiterate communication:
" for," said ho, ' I am liablo to loso tnoro in
this Irudo aluiic, than 1 can make in a life
limo of business w ith him."
A gontluman who had boon a book-keeper
somo yours, nll'ered himself us a candi
date for tho ofiko of secretary to an insur
ance company. Although a mun ot estima
ble character! possessed of many qualifica
tions, ho failed becauso ho was in Iho habit
ot laavinp; words mis-spelled on his books.
The position wou'd reouire nim to attend
tn a portion of tho correspondence of the
ntliee-utid U was thought incorrect r 1':
would not tnture Iho company a very excel
lent ronutution from their method of doing
business, whatever amount might bo trans
Inability to spoil enrroctly cxposos ono tn
pecuniary loss. It is, innroover.an obstacle
lo nil advancement tu houorablo stations
Such instances as thoso recited above are
satisfactory proofs; but that this defect in
one's education is productive of mortifica
tion and mischief, is illustrated by tbe fol
lowing actual occurrences : .
A young teachor had received assistance
from a fiiend in obtaining a school and
wrnto a lettor ovoi flowiug with grutitudo to
his bcnofaelor, but closed it thus : ' Please
rxerpt ( uooupt ? ) my thanks for your kind
favors in my bohulf. "
Another individual addressed his friend
.ilu8 . ,. jv CUr " sir ? )
he would degrade his Christian neighbor to
tho lowest point his lunguugo will admit, '
We woro ubout lo writo a brief homily on
thoscionco of spoiling as a coda tn tlio loro
going. but for iho present refrain, with thn
hope that a few cases liko tho forogoing will
awaken attention to the importation
of llm subject, and wo can expend
our lOjdo to bettor edvantogo hereafter-
" . .
fCti vtrilaue UC11 tending to tho
In tho moan timo. wo invito ovoryooay 10
umn noint. the accumulalio n of which will
carry with them a weight not easy tn bo ro
sisted. J. Pwith, in Connecticut Common
CtsniNO fob Mexico. Tbe Washington
eorrespondont of Iho Boston Journal states
that Jefferson Davis is urging tbe appoint
mont of Caleb Cusbiog at Commissioner to
The Montgomery and English Fight.
represents tho Douglas squad: Engiirh thu
pil'r,y at argc-,i10 teCo,ptoT.kos.itho do
paid tenders of fraud. English has a largo stock
ol Buchanan pioty, whilo Montgomery hj
w, fantl (bat m m i of "old ryo.
,i,nat0 nmI loving. Thoy both voted against
Loiompton bill as it originally camn
from tho Sonata. Tho day of that foto
A Washington 'letter witor makes thn
following nolo of tbo stir amuag the politi
cians caused by tho lato set-to boiveno Eng.
lists, of Indiana, and Montgomery, ot Pa.
It Is rich:
Two Democrats have boon ffghtirie on tlm
Avontio, nnd "tho party" is quarreling over
" ,n ,nu "1 .OI congress. Montgomery
?.omo 0,10 i"imatod very plainly that Erg
li.h wus a truiior, and was oven -then plot
ling treason. Montgomery had faith in hint,
however, nnd gavo him bis confidences Eng
lish frequented Montgomery's room, whord
ha mot tho gnnuino Anil Locompton Demo
crats afterwards, as It proved, to botray
them. When tho sn-falltrd Enzlish Com
promise passed tl.o House, tho Leeomptbn
Doinccruts had a grand jollification in tho
grounds of thu Whito House Thero Mr.
English hud tho hardihood to tell tho world
thut ho had associated with tho .Douglas
men for tho purposo of watching thorn.
From that moment ho .was, hated by the An
ti I.ecomptnn Democrats Brodorick, in thn
Senate, called him ' a puppy,' to his face;
Hourly every other man of the Opposition
did so at his back. Montgomery, trom that
day, would not rccngnizo his old friend by
salutation or bow. This winter tho two men
sit near cueh othor in the House, but never
sword has passed between them, and, on
Saturday, Mr. Huglisb meant to avenge him
self. Tho quarrel is an indication of'tlio statd
of feeling between tho Ami Leconipton and
Uuchatiiin wings of tho Democracy. How-'
ever Mr. Doogiaj may conduct himself, ma
ny gentlemen set down us his followers will
utterly reluso to niuko peuco with the Ad
ministration. Such men as Haskin. and
Claik.of Now York, and Forney, of Phila
delphia, are greatly dissatisfied with the ro
ront Southern tour of Mr. Douglas, and op
enly avow their disliko of his conduct. If
ho.thcrcforo.comcs back hero to mako peac
with tho Administration, as many assert, ho
will loso the support of suoh men, who -cannot
and will not train uudur J times Buchan
The sot-to botwoon Montgomery and Eng
lish has already done rriucli to widen tho
chasm separating tho two branches of thn
Democracy, and it will tuko tittle more to
drive tho better mon among tho Anti-Lc-comptoa
Democracy over to tbo Opposition.
Disturbances in Kansas.
Rumors have lately reached us from
time to lime, that lbs Fort Scott troubles
are revived, and in our telegraph column
is a dispatch confirming these rumors.
The' revival of these disturbances, it will
be seen, is nt'r.butes solely to a breach
0f good faith on the part of the friends of
Ll...-....r. rl T anvuniBiirlli 7 me en tra
slavery. Tiie Leavenworth 7wesays:
In the L'mporia .etc3 of the till) inst.,
we find a satisfactory account of the re
cent troubles in Linn, Lykins and Bourbon
counties, it seems that after the penco
agreed upon between Governor Denver
and Capt. Montgomery, tbe latter turned
his nttetiliou to his business and family.
For n few weeks peace prevailed. A Pro.
Slavery Grand Jury, however, soou
found "bills of indictment against Mont
gomery, in direct violation of the treaty,
and a murderous night assault was made
upon his home. His life was also threat
ened. Tlio Xtics says:
"This led to retaliatory acts from Mont
gomery and his friends. A warrant ha
been issued for the arrest of Montgomery,
but he has not been taken, aud will not
be, alive. Warrants for tbe arrest of
most of Lis company have also been issu
ed. "In Bourbon county, (oo there seems
to have been a breaking out. It is,
doubtless the nursed nnd smothered bate
which has been gendered during the for
mer difficulties, which has blazed out
anew the remembrance cf wrongs for
which vengeance is demanded.
If the pasi is lo be revived, and tbe
law put iuto operation against Free State
men who participated in the difficulties
which gtew out of the Missouri invasion,
there will be no end to these things. It
was bad enough lo be obliged, from thu
prostitution of the law by a set fiend to
take up aims in one's defence, without
being visited with legal prosecution for it,
when the law has regained its suprem
acy." It is this attempt on the part of the
Border Ruffians to pursue and punish
Montgomery and his men for alleged off-.
ences, after a general nmnesty bad been
agreed upon through Gov. Denver, be
tween the balligerents, that Las caused
this outbreak. -Nothing will quiet Kansas
but its admission ns a Free State. Clevc.
IJa uld mu.
How to Prosper in Business.
In the first place, make up your mind
to accomplish whatever your undertake;
decide upoa romo particular employment
and persevere in it. All difficulties hi a
overcome by diligence and assiduity.
He not nriftityAo work with your own
hnnds, nnd dilligently, too. "A cat iu
gloves catches no mice. "
Attend to ycur own business and never
trust it lo another. " A pot that belongs
lo many is ill stirred and worse boiled. "
Be frugal. " That which will not make
a pot, will mhke a pot-lid. "
Be abstemious. " who dantiei lore
shall beggars prove. "
Rise eurly. " The sleeping fox calchea
no poultry. "
Treat every one with respect and civil
ity. " Every ibing is gained and nothing
lost by civility. Good manners eusurti
Never anticipate wealth from any oth
er source than labor. He who waits for
dead men's shoes may have to go lor
long time barefoot. " Heaven helps those
who help themselves.
If you implicitr follow these precept,
nothing will hinder jo from acsuxoulaf.
iog weal'h, ."" '
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