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J. 0. CONVERSE, Proprietor. CI Ulcckly Ncwapaptr, Dcrotcb to tljc Dissemination of Republican Principlts, Concation, temperance, literature, agrteulture, an tl,e Xtwt of tlje Dai,. TERMS $1,50 per Annum, VOL. X., NO. 17. CIIARDON, GEAUGA COUNTY, OHIO, FRIDAY, APRIL 20, 1859. WHOLE NO., 485. l)t iJcffevflonian Democrat U Pt'BLISHKD EVBItr FHIIJAY Mnll.NINO, AT CHA.RD0N, Geauga County, Ohio. CJiee directly over the Drug Store nl Coikfr llnm iilon, west aide of the Vtiiitc Stiiars. T U U M S: If paid in advance, -.fl 50 If not paid witliin llio year, 2 00 s- vll Liml.nf merchantable uroducu taken ill wsvraotit, at the inarkut price, Mt nnixtr ili4tiniiniii'l until all arrearages are paid, except at the option of the Publisher. RATES OF ADVKKTlSlNtJ. Ls.tt. AtivtitrtssMEVTS will te inserted ns fol laws: jr) els. a sq i ire, first iiieriion; each sub oqJiit insertion, ii en. square. U.-a vtsi A -near s::iL.vrs will b inserted at t. f-nl',t-iT rntna. M1V iv.iv . ..'i, ......... On Square three ins-crtum, ' two month., " " three months," " gix months, 11 one year, Half column six mautlis, " one year,- - Ona column six months," $1 00 a -ij 3 00 4 00 i G 00 12 00 18 00 i!0 00 41) uo i-n,'0;naf'nr'Unl'nLjt overC lines, for one vear, one year"... Mverti'oments should he marked the num ber of uiues thev are designed to be inscrir-d; those n )t so m -irked, will be continued until ordered out, mi l charged ae.ror.ling to the above terms T'ie privileges of yearly advertisers will he con- isi u ilieir rejular ha-miess. Attorneys will bo h lhlcit lor the price of inserting averti-.e-iints brought hy them. ,ty Ml ewnantc linn must he adlrcwc I to the (postage paid,) to receive attention. LIST OF PUBLIC OFFICERS: - rm ACE WILDEll DVULM GlWEI.l Distriel.ludgn Senator- .. ..l!presentaitve. 1'rohaie Jndc. SheritT. Clerk. Auditor. Treasurer. Keerinlir. .. .-los. Attorney. Ouoner. Swrveyor. Auctioneer. School Examiners. PEl'Ell III TOW ' JUh. t. CNrTI'.L,L E G WHUr. W.M. N. KKKXY- C.C. FIRM) H. N- SPBSCI'.n t C. LUDLOW H. K. SMITH 1 S CI.KVK'.VNO johv scorr Kl A It It l linui.u J. o. W I tLI.O,l ITNEY.S .'.nton.S j. v. win op ni J.'v.' WHITNEY MAUSIl SMI I n n w 10 0 IV. ni ... iCommissioners. ad DOUOI.ASS, J GEO. MANLY, A. RICHMOND. .Directoisof Iiifirmnry. BUSINESS DIRECTORY. Eclectic rhysiclnn, UUR'.'C'N, 01". WH ileet fro n Nauru's Hitauienl resnurees .T. Safest? Milder, Sure,, and Ik-st Uemedie, that will efTict u a.i'edy Rjcovery. Mircli H. lu'-3 . il. k N PART & CO., Importers and Jobber of Dry (ioods, 93 IVABEEy STREET, AM'. A Ur(! Assoritnent of Cloths, Cussitneres, V.stinKS. Tweeds. Pri Triimiiiiigt. Kioboiw, White Goods. Iloi-iery, Yankee oiions,ie. March II, 1v IL L 1 A M II O li F. II T .S ' U ot mid iShoc Shop, Oftn C Kiowr.Fs1 IliRSLSs Snor. Churdou. Feb. II. 1 '. i'.l PHELPS AND TllllASHKU, Atturiieys-at-Lnw , . OrriCE-o.f Mvin SritEtT, Opposite Chase's Hotel, CllAlU'O.V, Ouio. j.n as, im W. 0. F0EEIS1, A TTORXEY AT LAW. NOTICE. The undersigned, linvins,' witltdrawn from the 111 m of " Durl. e, Korrist A. Hathaway," has opened an olliee in t he Hint ol roo lornierly occupied by ."KorriM K. . UHm w iV immodiuiely over the Store l )) ilKins . Kellev Cii irdon, O , where he may at all nine be fou i by I ld clients and hy all others who may 04 r.ls assistance as an Attorney and Solicitor A "nam.-.. d oH.-rtu.-r congee -ml b.,.ju.8. ..res.iecifullysjli.-iied. W .O. H)U October MtMaai. H. K. SMITH, TTOItXbY AT I.AW.-Ollka wiih A O. Forrist, ini.iieJiilely over the htoro ol Wilkim 4. Klley. ,.r Oiiar.loii, AprilUJ8jV. ?hlL- u. w. cisriEi-u. iTTTTVEY AT LAW, will practice in all the C 'uru .1' iUeord in this and adjoining cmmiies. 9-).fi:adireeily over the btore ol Rexloril e. Canriild.Ciiar.l.Mt ji'liiL WILKINS & KELLEY, SMiernl dealers in t'loceru-s. Hardware, , Dye Si ulfs, Flour, Fish, Yankee Notions, d-c, S'orr, U.ituii Work. Cltir.lnn, Ohm. L. PATCH, DENTIST, WILL beinChardon on the first Tuesday ol each mouth. Room at Chase's Hotel. PROl'ltl K T O It. 92, 24, 26, Seneca Street, North, CLEVELAND. Ohio. un.viNAiin . hukuii)i:e, Engravers, Lithographers, and Herald Illock.Clevelnnd, Ohio. S. CREIGHTON, Book Blndo and Blank Book Manufacturer, 11UUALU CUlUltlNa, CLF.ViaA.MD, OHIO. frBliiuk Uok Ruled and Hound to Order Old Books Rebound. All work Warranted. Patent Office Agency. nlIK Subscribers transact lor Inventorcanil X others any business lelutinii to Caveail'm nil, or the! aient luwb. No. 4, P.O. iJuildiags, Cleveland, O. W . li . Burridoe . Jtuu Craixadd. March 16.1852. Ptritl GOLUKN AND l.MPF.KIAL SYRUPS. h Nov.li WILKINS Si. KELLEY WANTKD, Shoop Pelts. Oraiu, liutetr. Rags, nd Cheese, for which we will pay the highest market price isov. li W1LKIN3 &. KELLEY. A LARGE Assortment of TRUNKS, VAL. ISES end FANCY HAT and HON NET BOXES, on bund by Nov. U. WILKINS&KRF.I.F.Y. MORTQAGB DEEDS' Just printed at tl.il Olliee, Mortgage Peeda suiublo for Attorneys to attach to foreclosures; also, a large quantity of the tame of the common size. nAUBE PAiNT for sale by COOK & HAMILTON rpUB DEir TEA FOIt 4., warranted Sin: IS WVLKLN8 & K LLY- ONLY WAITING. j Avery aged Christian who was so poor as to be in nn alms-house, was naked w hat he was do ing now. He replied, "Only Viri.No." Only waiting till the shadows Are a little longer grown ; Only waiting till Ihe (jlimmer (if thu day's lasl beam is flown ; Till the night of earth is faded l'rom the henrt once full of day; Till the slars ol Heaven are breaking Through the twilight soft and gray. Only wailing till the reapers Have the last sheaf gathered home; For the summer lime is faded, And the autumn winds have come. (Juickly, reapers, gather tiik-kly The last ripe hours of my heart, For the bloom of life l withered, And 1 haslen to depart. Only waiting till thcnngelj Open wide ilic mystic gaic, At whose led 1 long have lingered, Weary, poor, and desolate. F.ven now 1 hear their footsteps, And iheir voices, far away j If they call me, 1 am wailing, Only waiting to obey. Only wailing till the shadows Are a little longer grown ; Only wailing till the glimmer Of the day's last beam is flown ; Then from out tho gathered darkness, Holy, deathless stars shall rise, By whose light my soul shall gladly Thread its pathway to the skies. The Little Courtesies of Life. Tho To How ini? iirticlu tiptient'ed in tlic riiihti!e!ihia Inquirer, more tlinn n jeiir ngo ; but it is its wurlliy of a wide circu Inlion now, its when it was penned. How ninny unpleasant nnd unkind feelings mioht be banished, nnd how many petty j differences avoided or henlud, if all j would" cherish the sentiments it expresses : i "A kindly word, a pleasant smile, Are belter far than gold." A friend, sumo time since, came to us and expressed great nnnoyance at what he regarded as an net of marked discourtesy on the part of n gifted and accomplished gentleman, to whom he had rendered a valuable service. He was quite excited at the lime, not that he caied so much for the circumstance, but because il was calculated to dim the high picture which he had formed in his mind ol the naiure of the man. Ho had set him up as the model of a Christian gentleman, the very embodiment of a finished, polished, graceful aud dignified character. And yet, to his surprise, ho found that he lacked one of the great essentials, namely, common courtesy, or ordinary politeness. In other words, he had either refused or declined to answer a note that had been sent to him on his own business, and this refusal was kept up for days, until il be came necessary to refresh his memory, and offer one or two sharp admonitory ro tiiiulis. But this is no extraordinary case. It is but one of thousands. j The little courtesies of daily life, ilie( kindly nnd gruceful amenities which are so admirably calculated to sweeten the rein- tiuns between man and man, and to imparl a gtnial spirit to our social every-day inter course, are loo frequently neglected. We . either forget, or we overlook them. We do not sufficiently appreciate our own i self-respect, or ihe leeiings nnd good wishes of others. This is mote culpable, for courtesy and kindness are ut the com mand of nil cl asseslhe poor ns well as the rich, the humble as well as the ele vated. Somo persons never think it worth while to reply to a nole or an invi tation, uuless some especial business mat ter be involved. There are others again, who never omit sjuch nn act of coui tesy and duty. In the first case, misunderstandings, ir ritations and uiikindnt-is will inevitably occur, and, in the last, all these will be avoided. Some one has observed, truly and forcibly, that the little courtesies of iile bhould bo regarded and cultivated from early youth. What, indeed, could be more delightful than the interchange of civility, kindness and good will, on ull proper occasions, between friends and neighbors ? What so calculated to soften the rugged palh of existence, nnd to give the human heart agreeable feelings ? Some time since, n gentleman nnd lady were betrothed, and the proposed union was looked upon in the most approving manner by ihe pnrents of both parties. Il so happened that the former had occa sion to visit Europe, and to remain abroad something like six months. He wrote home elaborately, or a few words, by every packet ; but, during the whole of this period, he received but three letters in reply, and of a character so brief as to show that the lair correspondent took very little interest either in the subject, or the object to whom theepistles were addressed. The effect was to annoy, irritate, create a coolness, and finally to break off the match. The truth is, no ono likes to be treated either with indifference or contempt. A sense of self-pride revolts against such conduct. Tho courtesy we extend to others we naturally and properly desire to see extended to ourselves in return. Reciprocity is tho very soul of harmony, friendship and good feeling, A sensitive individual may be aggrieved and wounded just as readily by luuiuerence and neglect, us by an op'eu and studied insult. Uy courtesy, we do not mean BlTeo- tation, hollow prelense, shallow hypocrisy and arliucial manners. Un the contrary, these are all miserable counterfeits. But we refer to a genial, generous nnd kindly spirit, a sense of appreciation, a recogni tion of equality, a truthful air, and a frank and mnnly bearing. Not a day goes by, in which these qualities cannot be exhib ited mure or less, especially in the sphere, and among the friends with whom we move and minule. there is, on Hie other hand, nothing more unworthy, un manly, pitiable and mean, than to tyran nize over and insult, not directly perhaps, I oi in is a but indirectly, those who in some sense may seem to be dependent upon us, or whom, in the exeicise of a false pride, we may imagine we can outrage with im punity. The little courtesies of life, never shine so sweetly or so brightly, as when they are manifested by the rich towards the poor, or by the powerful towards theirest. ..l. '11 i 1 weak. They then become a eraco and embellishment of the character, and while they adorn the one party with a moral lustre, they kindle in ihe hearts of the oilier, feelings of kindness, nflection and good will. Hut courtesy is never out ol plaee. It is never thrown away. It al ways has ils effect, and sometimes it tells far more efficiently than formal services, or even heavy obligations. j Show how You have a Heart. In this dull world wo cheat otiiee'.ves nnd one another of innocent pluusuios by the 8coro,tlirnii);h very carelessness-and apathy ; courted day after day by happy tnoniories, wo i-'uloly brush tliotn off with this indis ci'iininating bosom, tho stern material pro sent; invited to help in rendering j.ntul many a pleiisitr.t heart, wo neglect tho little word that might liavo donn it, and continu ally defraud creation of its share of kindness from us. Tho child 111,1. lo merry by your interest in ils toy, tho old domestic flutter oil by our suoini; him look so well ; the pool better helped by your blessing than your penny, ( though givo thu penny to), tho la borer cheered on in his toil by a timely word of praise; tho huinblo friend encouraged by your tiunkness, equals made to lovo you by tlm expression of your lovo; and superi ors gratified by attention and respect, and looking nut to benefit tho kindly how many ph amies liore tor ono bund to gather ; how many blet-sings lot one heart to givo ! In stead nl' these, what liavo wo rifo about tho wnrhl 5 .', ir,i,l -r,.,,., ,lf,. ,1. i. .,i . . . . ' vulgar; rcsorvo fho tonguo for it 8 lull v toi bo "talkative; composure, never at fault- I feelings 1110 dangerous things; gravitv ! for that looks wise; coolness lor ether men are cold; sellishness for every ono ib struggling for bis own. This is ull false, ul! tail t no slavery chain ol custom, rivoteu by the foolishness of fashion ; because there is ever a band of men and women who have iiiilliiug to recommend thoin but externals their looks uru (heir drosses, their ranks aro their wealth and in order lo exalt tho honor of these, they agree to sot a compact seal of silence in the heart and on thniniinL lost tho llood of hiiintilor men's nlleciious, or of wiser moo's intnlli.roiieo. should i.alo thoir linsol praise ; und tho warm and wiso ion softly acquiesce in Ibis injury donotn lioarliness.shained by the effrontery ol cold, calm tools, and tho shallow dignity nf an empty presence. Turn tho table on thoin, yo truer gentry, truor nobility, truer royalty of tho heart and of tho mind ; speak freely, love warmly, laugh choorfully.explain frank ly, exhort zealously, bo not ashuuied to show von huvoa heart. ! I , Turn Folitkness. A public school com inirs;ouer, in one of bis reports, observos very justly that thorn is much that passu wiili tho ignorant and dishonest us polite ness, which dosorves not tho name, and should lii i (I uo advocato among sober and intelligent people. To bow null grace and smilo with couipliancn, lo nssuniu a manner of sauvity and kindness which has no benov- olence, no heart in it, to put on llio manner j of courteous bearing merely to servo a pur-1 pose, and lo lay it asido when llio occasion ! that called it forth bus passed by, is the ! more counterfeit of llio well-bred maiinor! won t,i on socioiy. uuiieing musters, nips, and 11: i ts mav bo excused lor tho practice of tins spurious stvle of politeness ; but that which l-osnectahlo and intolliront nonnlo should possess, and which should bo taught I all our schools, is ns unliko this as gold unlike its chea'post counterfoil. It has its origin in tho heart, it is llio devolnpemenl i U1IU I'AOIOIBU Ol OUlWUI.l IIIUIMlOB.ailOO , tho practical application of tho royal law, "Whatsoever vo would that men bhould do unto you. do you even so to lliein." As we wish others to treat us with respect, showing regard for our feelings nod a desiro for our happiness, so should bo our manner to wards them. This spirit will over induce genuine courtesy and politeness, us n char actoristie of human iiiterciiuiBO. And the possession and exorcise of this spiiit among all people would go far to induce tho high est well boing of society. Dissuasion, strife, bitterness, and numboiless other sources of misery, would seldom rise. IIliNItr GlLKS ON CO.MPAnATIVE LYING. Tho following passage from tho lecturu de livered by Henry (Jilcs.hus an Erinian ardor combined with terseness, which cannot fail to btnko thu reader, even if ho bo not pre pared lo admit tho application In any one hereabouts. Mr. tl i It s said: "But then tho Irish toll such lies especially the needy Irish, and above all, tho servant girls I V"hat sinners and exceptions they must bo in the midst of surrounding tinthl How guilty they must bo with such brilliant examples ulwayB and' every whore before them of sim plicity, veracity nnd. integrity ! what sovero conscientiousness-in our parties aud their loaders I How scrupulous our l'ress ! How full of probity our statesmen I How rigor ously verity rules our orators I How genu ine is all mercantile commodity, and bow abhorrent of falsehood is the word of seller unto buyor 1 Of what unbending rectitude are all our mm.ied corporations! how hon orable und how liko Ctcsur's wife me all their ngents ! And nono of them over run away with all tho capital in their pockets. Tho man boi vuuls ami maid servants that could bo capable of a lio in such an ago of truth are surely tho most hardened of trans gressors ! Yet, occasionally, untruth is no ticeable in thoir bolters ut least what sim ple people might consider untruth. Josoph .Surfiico (Jolialhan, Ksquiro, bus no rospoct for tho sanctities of his own home ; ho has no respect for other men's homes ; but be burns with a boiibo of indignant virtue on finding out I lint Biduy went to meet her lover, whn she went to sou her aunt. Yet Joseph Surface (Joliuthun, Esquire, thinks lies, hreatl.es lioB.outs lies. drinks lies.dreums 'lies, buys lies, sells lies, pays lies, and has lies paid to him is himself a conglomerated lie will die in fuUuhoo.l and his iislit-s will bo consecrated by a lying epitaph. For much, aud many, Joseph Surfuco Ooliuthuu, Esquire, is a representative." In Tishomingo county. Miss., a very ma lignant disease is prevalent, arid many young persons have fallen victims lo its ruvdgos. The most prominent symptoms' Itm oigil ll'Ti'r, ailMIIUOII Willi 11 ill 1 1 1UU1, ouio throat, aud affections of tho nerves. Several Cashmere goats have just boen introduced into Cherokee county, Texas. CHOICE VARIETY. rigni tiiai wiiicn lie itas maue wrong. wi , i, . 1 i i , , " l,,,n- . "ne harshly-spoken word, ac for coml",l,u'(i bJ' a distrustful expression of countenance, you excite his combative- There is no courage but in innocence, no constancy but in an honest cause. Ciikki.sii patience as your favorite vir- 'ue- Always keep it about you. You W'H ''id use for It oftener llian for all the Somk men are as covetous ns if thev were to live fwrever ; and others as pro luse as if they were to die the next mo- rnent. wwou manners is tne art ol making Ihose around us easy. Whoever makes the fewest persons uneasy, is the best bred mnn in tho company. Tiik heart is a cup which is empty till it overflows. We have nothing to enjoy till' we have something lo impart. He only lives who is not a reservoir, but a fountain. Lkt us never forsrol that evcrv station ia life is necessary ; that each deserves our respect ; that not the slation itself, but the j worthy fulfillment ol its duties, does honor to the man. Tiik privations of novertr render us loo cold and callous, nnd the privileges of ; too cold and consequential ; the i first place us benealh the influence of- the second, above il. . . 1 Aoma.ter what a person may say, or 1 . a ' . do, contrary to your views oi appropriate contluct, never speak harshly. If you wish lo reprove misconduct, fspcak kindly to tho offender. liy so doing, you in a great measure gain his coniiilence. lie sees at once, that your intention is to help him out of the error he has so un. fortunately fallen into, lie looks upon . , . " u" )" '""uu -listens to your advice . ' . " mill, il niiicn lis i;i vn in ni J 1 1 i vv i' r ninL'oa ness, anu lorever close Ins ears to reproof. your ! ! , ! , i I John G. Saxe's Three Travelers. Saxe, in a letter to the Doslon Post, draws three portraits of three familiar travelers : 1st. The mnn who travels with his wife. '-J. The man who travels with his wile's sister. 3d. The man who tive! with another man's wife The first case not particularly 's extieinely common, and not partit Interesting. Jbe man is taciturn, and sleeps apparently as much as he can ; (he woman has n slightly subdued rxprcsMon 0f mc(. nnf (n,, 00j ,, scenery along the road, of which she says, for the most pnrt, nothing. When she does speak, as sometimes happens at the sight of something very remarkable, she sins, 'See! John!" thai is all. The man looks carefully nf'er the baggage, and assures the spouse, in reply to a question, that it's "all right." The woman takes care of the small "traps," and seems comfortable nnd contented. Altogether they behave finite rationally, and, in spite of their seeming unsociability, are really very fond of each oilier, and make a very pleasant trip of it uot only to the end of their railroad trip, but to the termiuus of their matrimonial journey. T, , travels with his wihV sister, carries himself, perhaps, in the main, like the man who travels with his wife. But he is much more talkative. nd takes more pains lo be agreeable. Ho feels that mure is expected of him, and, as it goes in commercial affairs, tie supply is i-qiml to the demand. A pleasant thing is a wile's sisler ; unless, indeed, she is quite tho reverse nnd that is not the sort of woman 1 am talking of. I She takes ihe wile's place in the house sometimes, nnd may chance to make tin excellent stepmother. Why not? for is she not already the aunt of her nieces and nephews? This sort of marriage, however, is, I believe, anli-Levitical, and some of the theologians don't approve of it which is a pity. The man who travels with another man's wife, is of a much more marked be havior. How ntlentive he is to all the real and possible wants of the Jady I He re spects her whims even, which, you may be sure her husband does not, at home or abroad. How carefully he hands her in and out 1 How sedulously he plies her ear with discourse ! And yet he im agines people take him lor the lady's spouse 1 lio, my dear Bir ; the brake man in the corner knows better than that. Husbands may be uxurious, but kindness such as yours is more like that of a cavalier seri'iente w hich, after all, 1 dare say, you are not. It's tiresome, though, after awhile, unless the lady is remarkably At tractive and pays hei own (are, (which she sumetimes lorgets,) and, for a journey J of a thousand miles, your own wife is i much the more agreeable companion. ' j ! I I , I Steadiness of I'vri'ose. It overcomes difficulties not with a rush and shout, but one by one they melt away before its iDcessant pressure, as icebergs before the steady radtuuca of the sun. It gives one the strength of a happy conscience A weather-cock of a man, whiffling about with every breeze, can not have true steadiness of mind. Self-dissatisfaction worries aud annoys him ; but a cheerful vigor and cuergy grows out of an intelli gent, unviolaling purpose. It gives dig uity nnd honor to character. Men can not but admire tho mind that inarches steadily on through sunshine and shade, calm and storm, smiles and frowns; glad of favor, but pressing on without it: thankful for aid, but fixed on advancing at all events ; such men establish for themselves a character which can not but be seen and honored. I; gives success. In any enterprise which is not downright madness, such a man must succeed. He will not reach his ends at a leap, but he will reach them. Uo moves not rapidly, bul surely. When you want to find him by-and-by, you know where lo look. You will look at ihe topmost rounds of the ladder of suc cess, and you will find biro about there somewhere, THE PRINTER'S EPITAPH. Hero lies his form in , llenralh ttiis6.ini wnh n'rir overgrown ; How many caret, far unworihier, l,e 'Neath some imputing tttme. No rol.tmu ftoiutt our his, No sculptured mit his hiitory declare, Although he lived a follower ol the croi. A member of the bur. The golden rule he prized, And left it as a token of his love , And all his deeds corrected and rtcurd, Arc rrgtitertd above. The enpy of his wrongs The pivift of all his ;i-ety are there j And the fair fi(r which lo truth belongs Will prove his title fair. Though now in death s cm-lmce, A mvutdi ring heap our luckless brother lies, llo'll re-a.ipear on O.-ibriel's ioyu chase. And risk-it to the skiet. i ; : , i 1 ( I I 1 I Mourning. relative- to mourning and I'unurul eeroino properly "K'8' All tho world, says bo, is acquainted '"' "'o inagninceiico of tho Umnuii obso opinion quies and luueral games. Tho J reeks also tilll-lll I niirnci.a of iliuln.,inal,..,l ........ ... ..K A French writer gives a neat summary ol , lift'., ..l.u....u......a the dilleiunt obso rvil"?un unions itmnkiiifl lullora, .-..'a', I Hoilatioin; ol Im'ed iuiiui hi tuuBin, uuu i no ii.inuinuuo.i8 01 uiruu woet-ers. thounl. thev ..em-rallv .ii..l loss suinptous grief, and a better leg olut od pioty. l'ersiuns buried tho bodies of thu doat'i ; tho Scythians aio Ilioin ; the Iudiaua envclopod tbetn for preservation s sake, in a "rt 01 ''.ckoi-.tho Egyptians embalmed and u'll'd "'o.n, exhibited thorn on. lestal days, , ' V" '''fi guests, guarded them us their most precious posses- . umJ uttlluu ,... i,,,,.,,,,.,. ,. i k. .- '1 ,I""SU p.ougos. Ill our 111110, 1110 .1 i I custom oi untieing at iiiueiule IB only prac ticed in India aiol among sotno suvugu na tions; but tunerul entei'liiinineiits Bull pre vail in many huropean countries. Amongst uinein, mo curuinotiy u eiiiertailimont is solemn und Bilent, which nevui tholess does not iuteifero with lbs wish that all may be forgotten us speedily as possiblo. Wo ob sei vo more ostentatious rites lor persons ot coi.seuuoi.ee. Thoir carnuees follow them to tho graves, and sometimes their horse is para.ieu, which Having oeen niailo lo laste, i , 1 , ' ! ! j 'was :i::;;ni" z;; ::::: r z . row tins custom, went luithor tliev iiiiule: horses in luneral processions weep, by blow - '" particular kind of powder up their i i.'i .i r , ,. in Italy, tho mourning was former W wh tu for women and brow,, for ,on 1 China il is white; in Turkey, .svria,nnd A i tneiiii., it is blue; in Egypt yellow; in Kthiopa. gray. J-.ach ot ilieso colors, bad, originally, I its mystical signification. Wliito is llio for emblem of purity ; eulesiial bluo indicates space where the soul ranges after death ;! ers 7..1 .XiJT'i'- M,,ib,,flnd death us (he end of all human boons, and ..,., i .ii,..,. i;t .. i... i....t- . 'presents llio color of earth, our cniiiuiDi'i 1 mother : and black the luneral cosluino now i adopted throughout Europo and America, is an allusion lo tho eternal night. In England, tho sovereign never wears Boveieigu never wears ed in dark purple as u regn o! Charles VIM j ICh? tied uiuck ; no is ciotneu in Ham purple mourning, i ill ttio white was thu tuner I.'.., I ,.,...i.i u. to suitor his beard to mow in dismal,' .lo. i ring tho period of mournine. In this bo mourning liintutcil llio Jews, llio Uowugcr empress never loft oil' weeds and their apartments were hung with black till their death. But the most remui kablo ot ull there usages, is, perhaps, that ot tho people ot thoso undent nations, who dressed them selves ns women when they lost their rela tives, in order, it is said, that the ridicule attached to their vestments might luuku tbuiu ashamed of their grief. , to I 1.. j i or "'e i-P-ccding llie be, can Living and Means. The world is full of people who can't im agine why they dou'i prosper liko their neighbors, when the real obstacle ia not in bunk or tai ill's, in bad public policy nor hard limes, but in their own extravagance and heedless ostentation. The young mechan ic or clotk marries and tukes a huiiso, which no proceeds to turniih twice us expensively as ho can utl'ord, und then his wile, instead of taking hold to help In in earn a livelihood, by doing hur own work must have a hired servant to holp spend hi limited earnings. Ton years afterwards, you will find htm struggling on under a doublo load of debts and eliildren, wondering why Ilia luck wai always against him, while his friends regret his unhappy destitution and financial inub li ty. Had they from thu first been trunk aud honest, hu need uoi liavo been so unlucky. Tlft iiugh every grudo of society this vice ol inordinate expenditure insinuates itsell l lie singlo man, "lured out" iu the country at leu or fifteen dollars per month, who contrives ''-ssolvo his year's earnings in frolics and line clothes ; the clerk, who has three to five hundred a year, and melts down twenty so titty of it into liquor und ci gars; paralleled by the young merchant who tills a spacious house with cosi.y luriuturo, rrivua itumiwv milt l1l'iv,.fl M f'lifit. Ilnnn nn ,lti. strength of the profits ho oxpocts to'rualize when his goods are'all sold, and his notes all puid. Lei a man have a genius for spend nig, una wtietner 111s income be a aollar a duy or a dollar a minulo, it is equally cer tain to prove inadequate. If dining, wining and party-giving won't help him through with it, building, gaining and speculating are sure to. The bottomless pocket witl never fill, no mutter how bounteous the stream pouring into it. Tho man who (be ing singlo,) does not save money ou six dol lars per week v. ill not be apt to on sixty ; und ho who does not lay up something in his first your will bo pretty likely to wear a poor inuu's hair into his gravo. Greeley. of nil dis1 be a has 10 Its to SWISS MANl'KACTl'ltl.NQ I.NDl'STnY The population ol Swirzcrluud IS about 2,-11)0,000. Ot this number 3.' 0,000 are employed iu tho different brunches of manufactories. Ol these 73,000 are engaged in spinning, wear ing, bleaching, or pinning cotton, 43,000 iu the silk trade, aud 39.500 iu the clock und watch-making trades. Tho silk and cotton trades aio principally confined to the German cantons ot Uulle, &uricb, and burnt Uall; the clock and watch trades are chief ly carried on iu tho French cantons. From G01104 alone the United (States receive an nually, via 11 mo, about 240,000 watches, though it is believed that the success which has already signalized watchmaking indus try iu the United 6iutus but a year ago a more experiment will causa a sensible diminution iu Iheir mportatiou nf Swiss watches, so long aa important element in our trade with that republic. ' uo FUN ITEMS. What is the difference between nn nuc- tion and sea ticknrsa ? One is the sale of effects, and the other is the effects of huc- sail. Thrv had lmd a dance, he other night, at Madison, . ,v u.-.a-u.u, ...e core...-- lie deitlthel supposes cuppuscs 11 was a rtjiirious nllSiousj movement. So.MKUoDV Rays that come down upon us like blessings." Our daily dues come down upon us in quite another way. A FAHMirt, the other day, was told by j his landloid that he was goin' to raise his! jrtnt. "Much obliged," said he ; "for I find it impossible to row it myself." j ".-ik," said a woman to a loafer, "if you do uot send home my husband's i clothes, I shall expose yuu. "If I do, I shall expose myself," was Ihe cool reply ' is it," asked a Frenchman of a Swilzer. "ihalvou Swiss ahvarsfioht for money, while we French only tMil for n.. . .. . . I . Honor: "1 suppose," said the Swuzer, "that both fight lor what they most lack." . 0 t 1 , , """""J I ""J met a man. and asked him why the m,es were so pl.nguey long Fat replied : " ou see, now. uie l onus are not tmt.ts un i1,p rnn. .... .... 1 ?.?..?. .! f. r , Ule 0n. ,. 1 7 .' Bou men'ure- 5 V a mechanic ?" ','s-" "Whatman you make ?" Oh, almost anything in my line." "Can you make a devil V "Certainly just put up your foot, nnd I will split it in three seconds. I never saw a chan in mv life, that needed less alteration." ! A waciek was laid on the Yankee po- culiarily ol answering one question by I another. To decide the bet, the down-easier was interrogated. "I want 'l you said the belter, "lo t'ive me a iright-forward answer to a plain qu - s - 'ion. "I kin du it, misler," said the Yankee. Then, why is il A.'ew Lt'glandeis always answer a question by asking one in return?" "Da they f'" Jonathan's reply ! ' - j the nichllf dews' 1 f , ! . j ' I 1 ! ! I FUN ITEMS. Climbing Plants Walls and Trellises. Hnu K"Pt d'.V, wooden trellis will last a long number ol years. Nettings of cord or wire make very convenient lead ihe when o:her materials cannot be bad, they may also be woven along the Where it is objectionable, for nnv renson ! fasten climbing plants to walls, a liirht trellis work of wood, or of iron, may be employed, being permanently fixed where 'n i, . by , , ',, lh? cl,n: bl ,a l,re Perennial, but movable where lUe! grown merely for summer 'purposes. By being removed in autumn, outside of doors and vfindows. where ollit;r Irnmeworks may not b appropriate convenient. In arranging trellises, line should be easy and graceful, in order lo give due 6Cope to the free and rambling habiis of climbers. Anion- the rambling liablis of climbers. Anion the hardy species adapted for this purpose, there are, as has already been mentioned arlicle. he honeysuckle, iv)' m:lny varieties of ihe rose, the I jessnmiue, the small white clematis, A- It has often been rental ked, of ull flow ering plants, climbers present llie most gracelul forms which can be contemplated under the 041011 bky ; but true as this may Ihe tender varieties are nol less grace ful w hen cultivated in the green-house or drawing room. Grown iu pots, and sus tained by appropriate framewoiks, they be trained to almost any shape, form a charming screen of living network. Tiellisos affixed to the outside of pots be had of a thousand designs, or they may be constructed of wicker, slender painted rods, wire, dec. Hy the adoption this plan, with frequent prunings in par ticular cases, cnmBt-rs may 00 made lo clothe a trellis not more than four feet high, and so requiring no larger space than a small shrub, flowering more pro fusely when of threo or four years' stand ing than if they bad been three times that age, and had covered a sixfold great er surface over an arbor or verandah. ot 111 111 iu of The New State. Oregon is nn immense region. It con tains 106,000 square miles, which is as much as four or live of the largest East ern Stales put together, and larger than New England and New Yoik. So nut will its capital be from its borders Ultimately, when emigration has settled it throughout, thai it will probably need to divided once or twice more. There are three ualural divisions of the country ; the upper region, between the Blue and Rocky Mountains ; the middle region, extending from the lilue lo Cas cade Mountains ; and the lower region on sea coast. Each of these would make largo Slate by ilself. In respect to natural advantages, no Eastern Slate is so highly favored. Il a mild and healthy climate, adapted produce all ihe grain cultivated in the Lutoo. Its sea coast is three thousand miles in length, with numerous harbors. fisheries, of salmon, etc., are ap parently inexhaustible. It is already prolific of furs aud lumber. Its whole soil, except the mountuiu peaks, is adapted cultivation and grazing, (probably no country is belter adapted for wool, flax, and hemp and fruit.) Its mountains are covered with abundant and excellent tim ber, nnd will furnish Inrge supplies of iron and coal. Nor is it unlikely that it will prove a gold-produciug region, for the same ranges ot rocks that aro filled with gold in California aud British Columbia, pass through Oregon. The smaller streams furnish an abundance of water power,-and the larger oues inland naviga tion throughout the Stale. Take it all, region in the United Slates is better adapted for the support of a dense popula tion. in he of ba at 10 "The Column of Smoke." by the au thor ol "The Pillar oi Fire." Decided ly a better story than the author's "Pi rate of the Gulf" and "Daacins Feather," The Flight of Birds. height its linny prey, it proportion! the ril,e of its descent to the size of the fish ""d i: depth in the water. If (he fish ia sruall and near the surface, the bird sweeps over the waves and snaps it just 88 8 6Wallow nnps up a fly. But if it il ol to,tr,,ble size, and rather deep in the waler llieri the granet burls itsell bead- lonS uPorl il plunges into the water, dri-"Win- i,!1"'-rUp ,l,,e cloud, and '.ben 't,utrL's. f 0M '!."'' bearing the gravitation. Here the enclosed air comes lnI operation, and by acting as spring, guards the body of the bird from the di asking reel slionk that might otherwise be felt; a's0 P'evenls the birds from siokinp- too are some birds which ren eilll r , 1 ., . , "r !".e comparative bulk of lllt.,r . boV y ' ov.ng B1r into a .,,, of cellular spares between ihe skin and the p,ttt) 0r Solan goose, is familiar . miUp'nD 111 lltlB el s-itA ...... ia.. mpk', and by Iheir power it attains thai ,,. , ,..- ,i.;k 1.1... i. complete buoyancy which enables il to lime learlessly and unharmed on the rou'di waves nf a irmihled a TKj, n. closed air also benefits the bird in another way. When the ifranet see from italoflT 1''-'," ! , AoW eytr 0M fcnow that if tllH hand 1 fitrilf.L nnnn ll,n f.tr , -v?" L''" rly m pamlal a. .f a board were struck; and those who are accustomed to dive from heights, always take care lo keep the body straight, and juin l)le land; over UlAead ' to .i .t . Plow llltlr wa' "ougb the water, which o'herwise would strike against the head with unpleasant violence. What, then, must be the lorce of the water against a body falling from the enormous height from which ihe granet plunges, especifcllr when an initial velocity ia imparted to it beside which rnli fmm it- tr.rt.mct deeply info the sea, and assists it in rs- S"'"" the surface. The extraordinary "mouut ol air which pervades the bodv of ''rd explains the curious fact, thai bl"olni,' bird should be able to pour oat 8Ucl' volumes of sound from so small a oouy, anu wiinout apparent latigue. A man would be. soon latigued if he were provided with a whistle and set to oppose canary or a nightingale, although lb comparative size of thu lungs of the bird hiid the mau is so infinitely in favor of the latter. liev.J. A. Wood. Icebergs. It is not eusy to form an adequate con ception of these truly wonderful productions nature. Their mugniiudu, their beauty. uuu me conuasi tney torni witn me gloomv rocks around, produce sensations of lively tores l. Their upper surfaces are generally eon cave; the higher parts are always covered with snow, and have a boautiful appearance ; but tne lower parts, in the latter end of eve ry .Summer, present a bare surlace of ice. TI10 front of each, which varies in height from thu level of tile ocean to 400 or 600 loot above it, lies parallel with tbe shore, aim is generally ivaolied by the sua. Tins put t, resting on tho strand, is under oiined to such un ei;ont by tho sea, when any way turbulent, that immense masses, loosened by the freezing of water lodged in the recesses in winter, or by the effect of streams o! water running over its surface and Ihroui.h its chasms in summer, break ussundt-r, und with a thundering noise tall into llio sou, Hut us the water Is ia most places shallow front of these icebergs, ibe masses which are dislodged uro commonly reduced into fragments before Iboy can be floated away into the main sea. Tnis fact seems to account for the rarity icebergs iu the Spitsbergen Sua. Tbe front suriaco of icebergs is glistening and very uneven. Wherever a part has recontly broken off, color of the Ireth fracture is a beautiful gioonisli bluo, approaching to emerald green ; but such parts as baref long bean exposed 10 the air, bio of a grcenith-gray color, and ut a distance omeuu.es exhibit tho appearance ot cliffs of white marble. In ull cases, the effect of tho iceberg is to form a pleasing variety in prospect, with thu magnificence o! Ihe encompassing snow clad mountuius, which, as they rooode from the eye, seem to "rise crag above crag," ia olid less perspective. Galileo. In JC82, Galileo, then a youth ol eighteen, was sealed in a church, when Ihe lamps suspended from the roof were replenished by the sacristaD, who, doing so, caused them to oscilliate from side to sida as they had dene hun dreds of times before when' similarly dis turbed. Ho watched the lamp, and tho't perceived that while the oscillations were diminishing they still occupied lha same time. The idea thus suggested never departed from his miad, and fifty years afterwards he constructed the first pendulum, and thus gave to tbe world the most important instrument for the measure of time. Afterwards, when liv ing in Venice, it was reported to him one day that the children of a poor spectacle maker, while playing with two glasses. n,iu oo.ici icu, as tney expressed 11, mat things were brought nearer by looking through them in a certain position. Eve rybody said how curious, but Galileo seized the idea and invented the first telescope. An Editor's Reflections. Al the close a review of the Sickles tragedy, the Balti more S'un adds : ''No married woman can approached by any man with undue pro fessions of regard, or of utfoolion, but with instinctive knoa ledge of bit design. Not tho slightest impropriety, not tbe least in delicacy 10 word or duaj, cau be thrust upon her observation without starling ber booor and putting bur on guard. Sbe is at ones) warned and armed ; sbe bat counselor ever hur lido 10 direct bar, and champion defend her in a true and honorable bus band. Henco the law esteems her guilt at least equal to that of ihe most seductive In vader of her honor, when she falls. Tbe married woman ia arrayed in tbe very pan oply of f ii tuo, and cannot be turprucdm Sho can hardly be said to -IT she step asiua of faor own free will and sins deJtbeV ately." "A good action is never throwa away.. This is the reason, probably, that wa ftod very few ol tbun "lying round, loot."