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The Jeffersonian Democrat. [volume] (Chardon, Ohio) 1854-1865, May 20, 1859, Image 1

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J. 0. CONVERSE, Proprietor, 3 ID trifle Xrvoopaptr, Dotc) to tl,e D.Mcm.nat.on of Rrpnblican Principle. Comation, rmpcranct, Cttrraturr, 2fl.ritul.nrf, anb It), ffrot of tlje Darj.
TERMS $1,50 prr Annnn.
lie
VOL. X., NO. 20.
CIIARDON, GEAUGA COUNTY, OHIO, FMDAY, MAT 20, im
Che Jcffcraoiuan Democrat
IS FUBMSIIKD EVKItY rnin.Y M'irt.N'INO. at
CHA.ED0N, Geauga Cianty, Ohio.
Of.ce directly over te Pnifi Store ol To-. J. Ham
iltuH, west side nj 'the Public 6Vuar.
TERM 3.
If paid In advance, f 1 M
If nut pat I within the year !i 00
tTAU kintUot' merchantable produce taken m
psrin.mt, at l lio market price.
.Nj paper uiscc-ii:iii'i 'd until nil arrearages
art paid, except at the op. ion of the Publisher.
RATES OF ADVERTISING.
Lbil A.ovERrisFMtxrs will he iucried nt fol
lows: .ij els. a eife, tirs hiei'liou; each sub
s'43iit insertion, ii cis. a squire.
U-11'.st A i.-ear sjntixrs will be inserted tit
the following rates:
One tkiuare three infnrlisns, $1 00
" two months, 2 !5
u " three months, 3 OV
- " six months, 1 00
11 one yeur, G 00
Half column six mouths, 12 00
" " one year, I? 00
One column six months, 20 00
" " one voar, 40 00
p-Business Card'sof not over C lines, foi
one ye ir, ," "," 5' 00
A lvertiein?iits nhiul.l he marked ihe num.
bor of timis they ire designed to ho inserted! those
not so mirkc 1. will ho continued until ordered out,
nl c!iarir,oi accorUnt; to the above terms.
T is p. itrile ;e. of yoirly advertisers w ill he con
lino I I their re ill ir limine.
Auimcvs will be h l lei fir tho price ofinscrting
ivu-tie neiiis brought bv them.
!CT VH c ii nnnicati mint lie ml lrese I to the
proprietor, (postage paid,) to receive attention.
LIST OF PUBLIC OFFICERS:
District Judge
Senator.
(tnpri'-ieiitiitivu.
probate liuliT".
Shcn IV.
Clerk.
, Auditor.
Treasurer.
Recorder.
Pros. Attorney.
Coroner.
Surveyor.
Auciouccr.
School Examiners.
' Commissioners.
Directoisof Infirmary.
PVIIJJ'H) V )',U
rEi'titittTj n ioic
M C. C VSFHSLU----
b U WiIITli
WM. N. KHUN V
C. C. KIETj')
H. N. Si'BVCEl
I. .C. LU '!" W
h. k. svurii ........
J. S. UVV VjV.VU
sris fnorr
II AH W L Ul.'J
J. O. W VI Mil
jr. v. wiiirxBV
ft. E. DHVrOV
j. v. vv ii tvkv
mart sviirii--
H H. W VVMIIJ IY
8. C: U.'UUT.ASS, J
;eo. mti,y,
S
A. R.ICIIU')ND.
BUSINESS DIRECTORY.
lTXi ami L'v d n ,
Phricliian 1 Surgeon ,
Cbaroon, GmfUA Cot NTy, Ohio
OHiceat his resi lenre. a IVw doors south of tin
I'ubhc Square.
April S9, 1859.
435yl
F OH 11 I S T & S M 1 T II ,
Attorney and SolicitniR.
Cbdon, Geicoa Coukty, Onto
V. O. FoRRtsr practises
II. K. Smith ii Notary
in tne ti a. ixiurif mi
tha ,M. District of O. '
Public ond I'riwecut-
iui; Any. for Geauga
2d door South of B tnk
May 6, Idtii)
4So.tf
C. H. Hamilton. W CjmsTock
HAMILTON vV COMSTOCK,
General "Produce, Poinitrdinit uiidCoin
iniMsioii ,M tifhiiiitt,
No. 57 NoRTn I.tvtt and 8 Commliv ut. SrntLT,
Btt. VnhiHi!tiiH Aceiiaf mid i'mc,
S I' LOUIS, MO1.,
Contljnments ot Duller and Cbscso solicited.
May 6, ia5. 4B61y
J 0 II N N P O N O, M. V.,
lIonia?piithit,
Lecated st Bi-rton, whero ho wll! always be
found ready to uttend to any call, unless prutes
tionally alnent, rosidoiice occiiJied by Dr. Sumner.
' May 6, 1359. ' 4dti.Jw
DR. L. JUBRIDE,
Eclectic rhykician,
CUABDON, OHIO,
Whe toteeti fro n Nature's nanical resources
ins Sall, Mildest, Surect sad Ucst Remedies thol
will eirict a doedy Rccofery.
March 11. U59 473 "
' K. 4. N DART & CO.,
Importer Bud JobbnrH of lry iioods,
23 IVAKKEM STKHET, N.Y.
A Large Assortment of Cloths, Casfimoros,
Vestinga, T weeds. Dress Tiimmina, liil'bous,
While Gouds. Hosiery, Yankee .Notions, c.
March II, li.'9. I'3""
W fL LI A M RO UKR T S .
It it mid Shoe Shop,
Over C. Kmowxes' IIabmess Siiof.
Chardon, Feb. ll.ldDa. 4TI-lf
PHELP.-5 AND THRASHER,
Attirueys"at-l,Hv,
OrnoE 0!t Majx Street, Onpwiie Chaso'e Hotel,
ClUKDU.1, Ouio.
Jin 23, 1S39. 4'21'
D. WC.XFIELI,
ATTORNEY A V L VW. will practice in all the
C mrts 'of iljwr.1 in this and adjoining t''1"1!1";
Canrijld, Oliardoit. U
4l ly
WILKINS & KELLEY,
Oenersl dealers ui I'lotcries. Hardware, Dye-
OlUnS, r lOUr, r ISO, hiiiv: humuiib, u-c,
S'ari Union B'o-. Chnrdnh, (Utio.
L. PATCH,
DENTIST,
w
ILL belnChardon on the first Tuesday ol
each in-mih. Kooui atliase a Hotel.
CITYIIOTEIi,
p n O V 1 UK T O It.
f2, SI, 05, Soneca Street, North,
CLEVELlD. Ohio.
" UKAINAUU . Ul KltlUt i:,
Engravers, Lilhosrapliers, and
llarnld Illock.Clcveliind, Ohio.
" R. CREIOHTON,
Book Blndsi aad Blank Book Manufacturer,
HKUALU DUlLUlNti, CLIiVliLANU, OHIO.
IJ-lilunk llHks Ruled and llnumlio Order Old
(looks Rebound. All woik vV'arrii lit jd .
BURNETT HOUSE,
Cor. of Oiilarlo V ri'otct Sts.,
CLEVELAND, O.
THE Umlersigued have fitted up the) above
named House, at much i JU' iit. wiih.-Wemy
Five Comfortable and Pieusuiit Rooms The Fur
nuliings are nil nl-w, which, with ihtirTAUu.they
design shall uot be surpassed in this ui any udier
oityat their eutsoEor O.ve IXillar h Day.
vy The patronage of a discriminating public
whether in pursuit ol busings or rLtsi Kt is rc.
snctfully soliciied. Willing to abide their doci
sob as to the result of their rlfiris.
Oct j5 jYTTcVi'INKEK, rroprieiors.
a
is
a
BUSINESS DIRECTORY. For the Jeffersonian Democrat.
BUSINESS DIRECTORY. For the Jeffersonian Democrat. EVENING.
BUSINESS DIRECTORY. For the Jeffersonian Democrat. EVENING. BY J. C. W.
When daylight slowly leaves the hill,
And evening's gloom i,e valleys fill i
Whsn creeping shadows gather round,
And silence wraps the world around
Whrntlto last tinges of tho sun,
Which now his daily course hath run,
Grow fainter on the western nky,
And lainter still until they die;
When, queen of all the worlds on lilgli,
The moon fi's silent In the sky,
And beauteous stars with sparkling light
Illume i lie quiet hours ol night
When idglit o'er earth her mantle throws,
And till is hushed in deep repose;
'When tumults cease, and cares no more
Terplrx the soul, and toil is o'er ;
pi ar to the heart nro hours likethrte.
Whin conscience gently whispers peace,
ilj.v fcwect to Bit lupL'tiMve mood.
And feast the soul on mental food !
No liniments yet to mortals given,
Cnn r.'.i.-c the soul so mar to heaven ;
Nohjuruf nil ihe twenty-four,
Is half so sweet as evening's hour.
I love it for 111 penccfulncss,
Its cuui an 1 holy quietness,
Iislieedom Irom life's thousand cares.
And from the day's ten thousand snures.
I love it, for lis hours impart
Their peuceful influence to my heart.
We always belter grow by iiiyht,
Liut seldom do in broad daylight.
I welcome all the hours of day,
1 love iho morning's tailicst ray,
I love II id-"day's tetulgeni light.
Hut Mi'-n- I love llu hiurs ol night.
Gleanings from the South.
Correspondence of the Jeffersonian Democrat.
VICKSBURG, Miss., April 8th, 1859.
Dr.AR UkmocraT : Many and various aro
(lio modes of liavol refilled in by tho ai
venturous " itiiieriinti" nf nindorn timos
Each Belfcts (hat method tiust calculated to
favor the two Ki'uat dhjocls ho lias it) riuw
thul tight-sooing. iinU thu uccninilishnit'nt
Boino business otul. And purhajis thero
tin ono nho has a moro czionsivour sal is-
factory opportunity fur an intin'ato acquHin
tiiiico with all tho leading iuatuiosof a
country, tlittn ho who, mounted upon a good
liotso. enctiml'urod nnlv with a suQiuionl
uinnutit of ba'ugo to supply tho limited
wants of a " singlo man," trsvorsos tlio in
land country, visits placet roinolo from tho
tlitiroughfurcs, uud iimccassitblo by any other
means.
IIu boos men at home ; sharos tlio rudo
hoBpilulity and humble faro of tho pioneers'
cabin; witnesses tho flrot struggles of civil
izitinn ngiiinst nnltnu's obslaclos as It gains
its flrst foot hold upon tho soil long ruled
by tavnga swuy j or, as in my present pursuit,
ho winds his wuy through tho foi lilo valley,
ulnng tlio cultivated hill-Bido und tho fluid f
piomUe; wutclus tho crowds of patient la
borors us each with a single mule turns fol
low after furrow of tho broud cotton field
first in preparing tho ground and deposit
ing tlio seed, and then in nouribliiitg tho
giowing plunl or, ns with btudiot nt.d busy
lingers tliej gather tlio precious lint which
after months of faithful care hus whitened
o'er the (ei nlo field. Thus " mounted and
iidviincing," tho varied econoB of his daily
udvetituiu am utiything hut monotonous and
untxeiliiig. Between tho amusements of
cniistunt inlercourso with strnngers, and
thcendlebB variety in poison and place which
daily mol ; iho perils of fording bayous
and ovi'i flowed bottom lands; and tho nov
elty of being' occasionally mistaken fur tho
new circuit i idor " or tho ciuididiito " lately
conio out for count v olhco, tliore is but
little time for lonely musings or tho blues.
Upon tho list of "moving plunois " whoso
present orbits full within this portion of tho
south, thu travelling agents of northern
business houses uro largoly represented.
I'loniincnt among them is tho agent or out
side partner of Iho Now England Manufac
tures, who is "kuekilating" upon a largo
spring trade in his " towels and lineies " and
the products of Lynn, or proposes to facili
tate tho operations of almost every depart
ment of agriculture) by shipping upon order
any of thu numhurloss trophies of Yankee
research und skill. In liko manner almost
every brunch of mechanical enterpriso and
cultivated art is introduced here, in the
winter season. Evory thing considered,
Vicktbui'g is one of the bauuor towns of tho
South.
The tasto of the Inquisitive Iravolor usually
requires something new, varied and roman
tic than tho low and level fluid, though it be
highly cullivuted inr the liltlo hamlet half
socluded by a lingo embankment to protect
it from tho invading flood, and Vicksburg,
as it proudly looms up in full view of tho
river, for many miles above and below, is
the first appeal nuco of this dosirublo varloty
for several hundred miles, und tho point it
occupies is tho flrst land above overflow
below Memphis. High and gradually slo
ping banks, improved by the hand of enter
priso, render it piuturusquo and delightful.
Most ot tho udjiiinding country on the same
side of the river is high and rolling, while
upon the opposite Bide a low and level pluin
reaches back to tho Washita Hills, a
distaco nf lolly miles. Of this beautiful
and wealthy valley, any portion of thu city
utl'unls a commanding view, but this view is
by no means interesting now, A few miles
ubnve hero upon thut sido, a crevasse ol
ubnut a hundred and fifty yards iu longth
has occurrod, and the Influx of water was so
swift, terrible and destructive, that scarcely
sign of improvement now remains ou the
co u i to it took. An elegant dwelling with
nicely ornamonlud yard, a largo and
vuluuble collou gin, negro bouses and other
out buildings, recently stood wboro now
twerps tlio d .etroyfng flood. Nor does It end
with this i throe valued and favorite negro
men belonging to the estate, who woro toal
otisly luboring to stay the disastrous work,
woro carried away by the current and
drnwnod. Tho ruconding waters will proba
bly disclose Ihoir lifeless forms stretched
upon the cotton fields whoro for years they
have patiently labored. Manufacturing and
and mercantile enterprises recoivo more
altontion bore, than in most places nf the
same sizo in the South Homo manufacture
was a question of policy long overlooked, or
received with but litilo favor; hut its im
portance is now moro roadily admitted, and
lis benefits more generally felt. Internal
Improvident piogretses in a kind of Slave
Stuto way, and although many pretentions
to progression In all that is valuable, are
strongly urged, but two railroads havoever
commenced nporatlons In tho State, and the
entire construction of oithnr is an event
found only upon tho list of futuro develop,
menis. Stepping on board the southern
train of the Mississippi Central recently, ut
a way station noar its unfinished end, a few
hours ride through a delightfully pleasant,
though not very fertile country, brought us
to tho metropolis of tho Stuto, whoro, with
tho hope of Seeing something now, I con
cluded to " lay over a train " and visit the
lions of tho city. Jackson is beautifully sit
uated upnn thu Pearl Ilivor, and pnsacssos
many of the advantages and desirabilities nf
" rat nor a nice town. " The State House is
not largo, nor decidedly modem In its
structuro and finish, hut, on the contrary,
rather closely resembles the architectural
styles of tho "old dispensation, " when
seats, doors, and halls, woro not nocotsarily
so wide, as iu theso more progressive times.
Tho extent and variety of thu State Library
evinces a commondublo discrimination and
tasto in ItssotectioD, and reflects honor upon
thu State.
Tho most intorcsting relic of past ovonts
which I saw was a heavy field-piece of artil
lery which was a trophy of tho American
arms at Alvartido, and presented by tho lute
Gun. Quitman, to tho Stute he has so long
honored. Tim Assylums aro roinoto from
tho main part of iho city, and I atn told that
tho extent of their accommodations and the
number nf their bouoficiarios is quito lim
ited compared with similar institutions in
tho Northern and Eastom Slates. Thut fur
tlio places visitod, and the reflections pro
ducod, wore pleaicnt, and sometimes amus
ing. But the huge gray walls of the Peni-
tontiary attracted my attention, and moved
by a kind nf melancholy curiosity, I bout my
steps towards its front ontranco. After a
few moinonls of pleasant conversation with
tho officers, in which I learned that about
ono hundred and fifty were then in confine
ment, of whom but two wero females, 1 was
conducted lliro' tho establishment. When
the threshold was passed, and tbo heavy
bolts moved back to thoir accustninod places,
1 fancied that I felt as " perfectly sufo " as
tho hero nf the immortal Tribune did, when
ho spent a night in tho City Prison ol Purit
Busily engaged in all its departments, may
be soon man of every ago, temperament, and
"cast of human mould," from iho sprightly
and intellectual looking youth of sixteen,
upon whose brow time und sorrow have as
yet, traced no wrinkles, to the gray-haired
man of throe sooro years, whoso bowed form
and furrowed faco batrayod tho sad effects
of a life of sin : all working out an utono
menl for the wrongs of invaded law, but few
hoping for any immediate rolief from their
days of labor und nights of solitudo. The
otDcors seem to bo loss rigid in their disci
pline, anl more attontivo to tho physical
comforts of thoso placed iu their powcr,than
in any of tho sovorul Institutions of the
kind, which I bavu bofoie visited. Tho
manufacturing carriod on In tho establish
ment is upon u limited scale, and rualiios to
thu manager little or no profit except in the
col ton factory, which in the preparation of
coarso fabrics will soon be doing a good
business, und having tho udrantago of using
thu staple at the producer's prioo, a margin
will be left lor reasonable profits. Jackson
is hardly entitled to tbo reputation of a
business town in tho common latitude of that
term its transactions only extending to tho
usuul amount of trado contracted by local
influences.
My rambles over, and having assisted In
discussing tho merits of a sumptuous dinner,
ut the " Bowman House," evening train
ii tno toon arrived, and two hours of rum
bling o'er tho rail," brought too back to
Vicksburg
Although the physical appoaranco end
manner ol Improvement in this country is
extensively noted by travelers from Iho
North, tho most prominent difleronco and
I may say Ihe great contrast hotweon the
North and the South, is not fully roalizod
until the social condition of all classes is
closelyscanuod, and the relations which each
sustains, and tho degree to which each is
ulToctedjby that groat distinguishing fouturo,
the Institution ot slavery. To dwell to
great length upon any of its bearings, would
require a space boyond the reasonable limits
of a newspaper correspondence, and would
involve the consideration of facta in which
wise lioads liavo long differed. Many wri
ters who have attempted toplaco belore the
world a correct, view of the relationship of
master and sluvo.soom to manifest an entire
want of charity, or allowance for the slave
owner, whilo there aro uiagos and results
connocted with the institution which cannot
be too deeply deplored
In tbo ordinary round of his dulios while
upon the premises and under the supervis
ion of his uiaster.or wbiliug away bis leisure
hours in hit cubln.the negro seems content
ed and happy. Relieved from care, and
..-j .i ... .
resting uuuvi lueas-urancf tuai too no-j
eossitiet of life, and Iht events of coming
time, aro subjects upon which ho is com
pelled to exercise no concern. The rising
sun finds him .cheerfully plodding his way
to his dally toil while the haggard look
and restless eye of the mastor, discloses the
effects of sleepless nights and anxious care.
But when left to tho niorcilctj passions of
unprincipled overseort, or driven to the
fluid of biro, and the market of trado, hit
oondition is sadly changed. And then ho
who closes the windows of the human soul
against tho light of scionco, tho glories ol
croalion, and a knowledge of its own desti
ny, controvoris tno plans of hisCroainr and
pcrpetrato wrongs which cannot always go
unredressed
Much has been said ef the Inferiority of
tne negro s mmitul capacities; and that in
some respects this may bo true, has not to
my knowledge been conclusively disproved.
But two instances worthy of nolo have re
cently como under my observation, illustra
ting a rotentivenass of memory which I am
ennudent is seldom surpassed by persons of
umluubtrd ititullcct.ttiid uotive mental organ
isation. Ono cuso was that ol a negro re
porting the woight of each of thu rospoctivo
baskets of cotton picked by sixtoun hands
for the two weighings of the day, and de
ducting from the aggrogato, tho weight of
the basket in each instance, and thon sum
ming up In a low moments, by momory
alone, tho nell amount of cotton pickod
during tho day. I was informed by tho
oversoer that the same negro had under the
liifluunco of a small reward In one Instance
reportod in tho sainu way on Saturday night
Ihe gross and nott amounts of a week's
gathering, which precisely corresponded
with his record. In another case a Miss P.,
daughter of an cxtensivo planter in this
vicinity, informud mo that tome time ago
she organized a Sabbath school among her
futhurs servants, and during her instruc
tions taught thorn, orally, tho questions and
answers of Dr. Ca pen's Catechism, of which
many of them learned In a short time, to
gain tho entire mastery, and this, too, by
these uuablo to road or write. Soon after
this was accomplished, it became necessary
that the fluid hands should all bo removed
to a river plantation, whoro they would
tpend tho summer season in the cotton
Holds. Sotno months after thoir removal,
she wont to spend tomo time at tho place
where they wore at work. As soon as her
arrival was known among them, a " Com
mittee of the whole," camo to solicit a ro
iiowal of her instructions, which was roadily
gran ted, and at tho earliest con von lent timo,
a rehearsal of tho lossout learnod the spring
before wat commenced, which resulted in
the unexpected disclosure, that several of
tbo number could answer promptly and
correctly, evory quostlon contained in tbo
largo Catechism before alluded to.
Tho chastisement lo which tho negro is
subject, although much may bo justly said,
bus undoubtedly buon groat ly exaggerated.
and when inflicted, is usually incurred by
the careless and indifferent manner iu which
his duties aro performed; and tbo wanton
mischiovousnoss which always attends the
early development of the negro urchin, so
cures to him many a "gentle brushing,'
which a moro raodorato and guarded course
might avoid.
For tho " manufacture and rotnil" of a
genuino article in Ibis lino, he is without a
rival, and tho ovent of his success is unques
tioned. Under the impulse of bis " spirit of
investigation," there is not a flower garden
but what has suffered from his invasions;
nut a hens-ucat but what has boon ro-adjust-ud
according to his notions of architecture,
and its success in the object for which it was
designed ; not a fruit treo but what bis
woight has tried tlio strength of its limbs;
and some means to delay tbo progress of
his ravages in thu melon-patch, among thu
early apples, and thu ' uew layod eggs,"
has long been a toplo of absorbing interest.
It is presumed that o lively interest would
be fult on the part nf many of your readers,
as to the readiness and certainty wi:h which
teachers from the North oould find employ
ment la tbit couutry. I regret that my
observations, though extonsivo in many
respects, embrace but little definite Infor
mation upon this subject. I have met a
few of both ladies and gentlemen who seem
od to bo pleasantly and profitably employed
The wages of gentlemen ranging from fifty
to sixty dollars per month clear of all ex
penses; and that of ladies where they suc
ceed in getting employment, being near tho
same amount, Tlio matter of securing a
situation It frequently attended with con
siderable formality, and sometimes deter
mined by trivial considerations entirely for
eign to tho moritt of tho easo. Tho recom
mendations of some " Major" or "Col.," (a
term which signifies iho possession of largo
amount! of land and negroes.) goes further
in securing most country locations, than tho
most thorough scholarship and liberal expe
rience. A young man having gained a rep
utation in this way, frequently holds the
prestige, while others less fortunate but
more worthy remain unemployed. Scarce
ly day paste but what the merits of tome
Northern Advent uror are discussed in my
bearing, and fortunate indeed it tho man
who livet near, or is in any way identified
with a Slave State, or " bails from Dimo
cratio Ipdiana."
Not long since an old planter professing
to be one of the class to liberally oodowvd
with natural sagacity at not to be easily
humbuggod, showed me what was onco a
favorite applo troe Handing near hit house,
in whieb be was very anxious to have tovor
al choice varieties of fruit ongraftod, and
Improving the flrst opportunity which ap
peared Id tho form of a company of young
men from tforibcru Ohio, be coueeoted to
the insertion of a hundred and fift srlnn.
j p
embiacmg tho desitod varioty.at twenty five
conts apirco. But to his great dismay,
when Iho bearing time camo, the product of
each engrafted limb wus tho samo, it being
a small tasteless swoot apple, far Inferior to
tho original fruit. But, said tbo old man as
if about to account for tho " strange rrook
of nature," as the result of somo natural
Cause, "I ought to bo thankful that noth
ing worse bol'ell mo, for having for a mo
ment presumed that anything good could
coma out of that political Nazareth."
It is to be hoped that the timo may soon
como when thu citizens of our common
country, may pursuoany laudable purpose
which business or pleasure may sugguit, no
longer annoyed by local prejudice or uis
turbed by rabid censure, and that the root
of bitterness may bo deeply . buried, and
thut abovo it may waro the peaceful Olive
Branch, no longer swayed by tho biiter
blasts of political strife, but watered by tho
holy dews of national confidence and broth
erly love. Truly jours,
W. T.
WoNDERftL PlIENOMXNON IK CaU-
formia. The Sacramento, Cat., Standard
gives the following particulars of a start
ling phenomena of nature, which occurred
on Silurdav morning, February VlCth, at
eight o'clock, on Wet Hill, a reining point
iuialed about four miles east ol Green
Valley, of which ho was an ere-wiiness :
Michael Collen and Joseph M'I'hesncy
were engaged working an open cut, with
a view to drain the hill, which contained
numerous springs of water. At the upper
end oi the cut they had obtp.ined a perpen
dicular depth ol about thirly-five feet,
when the indications weie of a kind to ex
cite suspicions of danger. They therefore
removed their tools, and had barely made
their escape, when an eruption of water
and sand took place, washing violently
through the cut, increasing its width by
the abrasion, and extending around in
every direction, till an nrea of five or six
acres were opened into an immense crater,
belching foul water and sttnd. Trees
were undermined, and tailing into the boil
ing vortex, snapped oil as if they hnd been
dried slicks. Continuing Us headlong
course, a terrific volutin ot water decend-
ded into Buena Vista creek, tearing away
the hills, displacing ponderous boulders,
precipilnling stumps, logs, trees, and
everything in its path, into ihe valley be
low. A Geld belonging to Mr. Kelly, and
under culiivaiion, was covered in spots to
the dcDh of fifteen or lwer.lv leet. ihe
ranch of Mr. M'Cartnpy, lower down on
the creek, wat runlerially injured ; and
the ranch of Mr. Taylor, still farther
down, sustained damages to the extent of
several thousand dollars. Miners were
driven from their claims, seme with Moss
of tools, improvement., sluice boxes, etc.,
and others to behold the labor of years
destroyed, beyond the hope of profit and
reclamation. The specltcle, notwith
standing its serious result, is described
as having been selected.
Life. Life is everywhere, like intel
ligence ; all nature feels and thinks ! He
who does not perceive this, has never re
flected on the inexhaustible fecundity of
the created thought : li could not ought
not to pause ; infinity is peopled, and
wherever Wo is,- sentiment exists.
Thought has its inequalities no doubt,
but there is a vacuum no where ; would
you have a physical demonstration of the
laci ? Look ut that drop of water through
a solar miscroncope you will perceive
gravitating therein thousands of worlds 1
worlds in the tear of an insect ; and if you
succeed in decomposing each of those
thousands of worlds, millions of still other
.universes would still be found in them I
If Irom these worlds without number and
infinitely small, you rise at once to the
innumerable great globus of the celestial
vault ; if you plunge into the Milky-Way
you see Hn mcalculaple dust of suns, each
of which governs a system of globes
greater l()au the earth and moon; the
mind becomes crushed beneath the
weight of calculations ; but the soul can
support these, and is proud in having its
own place in the slupenduous whole, of
having the power to comprehend it, and
the let-ling lo blest and adore itt Author I
Oh my Uod! what a worthy prayer does
nature suggest to him who seekt thee
therein, who discovert thee there under
every form, nod who comprehends fe
syllables of its language, mute, but sayiog
everything.
Sympathy or th Nervks. When the
nerves, Irom long habit, have been ac
customed to transmit their messages from
distinct parts, and are suddenly cut off
from them, they still retain along their
liunkt the sympathetic or sensaiiooal ac
tions. Thus, a man who has haia leg
amputated will feel distinctly along the
course of the trunk of the uerve sensation
from toes which no longer exist. The
mind also is influenced by this ; and fre
quently this peculiar direct nervous action
can only be allayed by that which is nega
tive and rtHcX. A curious instance oc
curred within my own experience. An
old tailor suffered much from this ; he re
tamed bis diseased foot too Ion?, but at
last consented to amputation. I kne
him only with wooden leg. When lie
had bis nervous pains, he always called
lor hot water, into which be pot his wood
en stump. If told of bit folly in sup
posing that such proceeding could do
any good, he would become enraged, and
his paroxysm of pain would increase ; but
if gratified, be took things easy, and the
process actually appeared to do him good,
though all must know there could be no
real benefit. Still, here is the effect of
mind over matter. Rldg on IltaltK and
Diicatt.
Dr. Abermtht used to toll bis pupils that
all human diseases sprung from two Cautet
etuCing tod fruiting,
CATCH THE SUNSHINE.
font through clouds, through storm snd billows,
Catch the sunshine I though it flickers
Through s dark and dismal cloud ;
Thongh it fulls so faint and feeble
On t heart with sorrow bowed i
Catch It quickly it is passing
Passing rapidly away ;
It has only come to tell yon
There is yet a brighter dsy.
Cstch the sunshine ! though 'tis only
One pale, flickering beam of light;
There is joy wilnin lis glimmering,
Whispering 'tis not al-tays night.
Von'i be moping, sighing, weeping,
Look up! look up like a man !
There's no lime lo sjrope in darkness,
Catch Ihe sunshine when you can.
Cstch the sunshine ! though life's tempest
May unfurl its chilling blast ;
Catch the little hopeful straggler !
.Storms will not forever last!
Don't give up, and say "forsaken !"
Don 'I begin to say "I'm sad !"
Look ! there comes a gleam of sunshine!
Catch it ! oh, it seems so glad !
Catch the sunshine ! don't be grieving
O'er that darksome billow there ;
Life's a sea of stormy billows,
We must meet them everywhere.
Pass right through them ! do not tarry,
Overcome the heaving tide,
There's a sparkling gleam of sunshine
Waiting on the oilier sije.
Catch the sunshine ! catch it gladly !
Messenger iu Hope's employ,
Sent through clouds, through storm and billows,
Vringing you a eup of joy.
Oh ! Iheu dou'l be s(gh'ng, weeping,
Life you know is but a span,
There's no time to sigh and sorrow,
Catch the sunshine when yon can.
CHOICE VARIETY.
Self-reliance is the key lo success.
Nothing is easier than to deceive
yourself.
To check passion by passion, and
anger by anger, is to lay one demon and
raise another.
Men's fame is like their hair, which
grows alter they are dead, and with just
as little use to them.
In attempting to deceive others, we
ever deceive ourselves ; hypocrisy was
never productive of promised advan
tages. I do not inquire how much you have
tchu aou studied on me human powers;
but I ask how you exert those powers.
Chopin.
"The heart of a cold beauty," says
Saphir, in one of his wo;ks, "is the ice
in which she preserves Ihe affections of
uer lover."
There are two things that speak as
with a voice from heaven : that He who
fills the Eternal Throne must be on the
aide of virtue, and that what He befriends
must finally prosper and prevail.
Irui science and (rue religion are
twin-sisiers, and the separation of eit her
irom me other is sure lo prove the death
of both. Science prospers exactly in
proportion as it is religious ; and religion
nourishes in exact proportion lo the scien
tific depth and firmness of its basis.
A great many people gain credit for
wisdom on the ground of whut they never
say, who shake their heads doubtfully.
ana BHy witn a wise air: "1 here i a
great deal lo be said on both sides of the
question and possess the reputation for
juJgment, because they never give judg
ment. mi nop L.iarKe.
"Wuen a man treats me with a want of
respect," said a philosophical poor man,
'I comfort myself with the reflection that
it is not myself that he slights, but an old
shabby coat and hat, which, to say the
truth, have no particular claims to admira
tion. So, if my hat and coat choose to
fret about it, let them ; but it is nothing lo
me.
Making an Acknowledgment.
ioi many years ago, a young man at
a Seminary in one- of the New Euiland
Stales, Was found guilty of disobeying the
ruies oi me scnooi, as lie had actually
walked with a young lady, contrary to
orders perfectly well understood !
Mr. Edwards (as we will call him) was
accordingly called upon to mile acknowl
edgments before the (clioj.or be expelled.
Whereupon the said Mr. Edwards arose
and said : "I prefer by all means making
an acknowledgment lo being expellee
from school ; and I acknowledge that I
walked with the lady mentioned, and with
my umbrella protected her from the
storm! I also acknowledge that had I not
done so she mignt have taken cold, and a
serious illness, or perhaps a consumption,
might have been the result, in which case
I shuuld have blamed myself; and my
teachers, knowing the circumstances,
might also have blamed me,"
The student resumed his seat with
abou. as strong evidence of contrition in
his countenance as was in the confession ;
and wuen a proper opportunity occurred,
he enquired of one of the teachers how
nesr a young lady a gentleman could
walk and not break the rules or ihe school.
" Well, said the teacher," walking a
diitance of six feet from the lady would
not be considered an infringement on our
regulations."
Soon after.Mr. Edwards was seen walk
ing leisurely on the common with a lady,
he having hold of one end of a light pole
measuring six feel in length while his lady
hsd bold of the other end I
As they carried about the slick, (which
in fact was no impediment lo Iheir enjoy
ment,) they chatled and walked, and
laughed ana chafed to their bean's con
tent. Out Mr. Edwards was never called
on to muke acknowledgment.
i
One dsy at the table of Cardinal Rlcho
lieu, Bautru, Booking to amuse him, inquired
of one of the strangers presoot, "Monsieur,
excuse, but bow did tboy value asses in your
country, when you set 'forth .'" "Those of
your weight and size," was the bsppy retort. I
4st too croffti."
FUN ITEMS.
Is a crsxy tencmont a madhouse ?
Why is a bod-cover a blister? Bocauto
it t a counturpano (counter pain.)
A toitso rnnn slopped into a bor k store,
and said ho wanted to get a ''Young Man's
Companion ." "Woll.sir," said tho bookseller,
'hore's my daughter."
Let us remnvo tomptatlnn from the
path of youth," as tho frog said, as he
plunged into tho water, when he law a hoy
pick up a stono, with which to "plug" him.
"You always loso your temper in my
company," said an individual of doubtful
integrity lo a gnntlunian. "True, sir. and I
shouldn't wonder if I lost everything I had
about mo."
' Zounds, follow " exclaimed a choleric
old gentleman to a very phlegmatic, matter
nf-fact person, 1 shall go out of my wits."
"Well, you won't havu fur lo go," said tho
plilesmatic man.
"Mart, my loro," said a col very alien
livn husband lo his wile, at tho dinner labia,
"shall I help you to a piece of tlio heart ''
''I believe," said she, "thai piece ut" a heart
was all that I ever had."
A Wall Street broker was asked, a few
days since, how old his lather was, "Well,"
said h, abstractedly, "tho old gentleman is
quoted at eighty, but there is every prospect
that he will roach par, and perhaps be at a
premium."
A coNCRiTF.n coxcomb asked a friend
what apology he ought In muko for not being
one of a party, the day boturo, to which he
had a card of invitation. "Oh, my dear sir,"
replied Hie wit, "ny nothing about it; you
were never missed.'
A Di'TCiirrt presented a bill for tho tenth
lime, in a rich skinfl nt "It strikes mo,"
said the latter, "that this is a pretty round
bill." "Y'os," replied tho butcher, ' I have
sent it round utten unnugh to make It
appear so; and I bavu culled now to get it
squared.
Gcm'.iial Morris' declination of the Con
sulship to II ivre bus elicited from the Bui
lows Falls .'h frn, t)0 fiiliuwing ;
"Well, what's this precious bit of news.
About w hich lolks muke surh palaver 1
Why, Morris -wlin has wo i-d Ihe muse
So long -says lie's not going lo Havro."
Wise Replies.
Thnles was one of ihe "wise men" of
Greece. A sophist wishing lo puzzle him
with difficult questions, he answered iliein
all without the least hesitation, as follows :
What is the olde't of nil things ? God,
because he has always i-xisti-d.
Whal is the most btautifull The
world, because it is the woik ut God.
What is the greatest of all things?
Space, because it contains all that has
been created.
Whal is the most constant of nil things ?
Hope, because u still n mains with man.
after he has lost every thing else.
What is the b'tt of nil things! Virtue,
because without it there is nothing good.
What is the quickest of all things?
Thought, because in less than a moment
it can fly to the end of the universe.
What is the strongest 1 Necessity.which,
makes men face nil the dangers ot Ii fe.
Whal is the easiest 1 To ijive advice.
Whal is the most difficult 1 To know
yourself.
What is iho wisest ? Time, for it dis
covets all things.
L'ycAL Justice to .Man and Woman.
Thu le lined woman recoils with virtu
ous scorn from her lallen sis'.er, but often
welcomes him by whom she fell. We
are told that Christ said to the woman's
accusers, " He that is without sin among
you, let him cast the first stone ;" but,
smitten by conscience, they went out one
by one. And who fs not in some way
allied to this great guilt 1 The fact of
common weakness should at least mane
us merciful. Il is not just that upon '.he
woman alone should fall the blol cf
shame. The text is a great lesson of
charily and mercy, and it is a great lesson
ol justice also. There is neither justice,
honor, nur delicacy in our modern cut
lorn, which scarcely frowns upon the
guilty man, while pouring out all the
vials of wrath upon the guilty woman.
It may or may not be true, as some insist,
that ihii foul cancer in society can never
be eradicated, but we ought at least to
insist upon il that the shame shall be
fairly divided, that the sinning man shall
be branded as deeply as the sinning
woman. Suppose every guilty man bore
the mark of shame in his face, in tha mar
ket, or at chuich, how long would the
evil continue ? But the meanness of msn
has thrust the whole shame upon woman.
Jlev. E. II. Chopin.
Origin of Several Fashions. Fashions
havo frequently originated hi endeavors to
hido deformity. Hoops, for instance, to
conceal an ill-shaped hip ; ruffles, a scar on
the neck, perhaps, largo slotnos nistory uooa
not mention, and conjecture might not be
acceptable. Patches wure invented iu the
reign of Edward VI. by a lady, who in Ibis
manner coveted won on hur nock.
Charles VII. of Franco introduced long
coats to hide a pair of orooked logs. Peaked
shoos, lull two tout long, were invented by
iho Duke nf Aojou, to conceal deformed
font. Francis I. was obliged from a wound
his h.mH to wear short hair, and bunco
the fashion to wear short ha r. Isabella of
lUvaria. was proud of hor beauty, and in
troducod the custom ot leaving ihe nnok
and shoulders uncovered. Charles V, bv
severe edict, banisned light broechue, and
during iho reign of Entiboin enormous
largo breeches came in luthion. The beauc
of that dav stutfud thuir brooches wiili rags,
feathers, wool, and other lighi stuff nil ihuy
resomblod huge b iles of colton. To come
up with Ihom, iho ladies Invonutd large pet
ticoats. Il was said that two lovers could
lint come within sevoti toet of eaon otber
At one timo, square toes ran losuoh a width
that a proclamation was issued that oo per
son should wear shoos measuring wore loan,
six iochos at tho loos.
A PuitCTUAt man is very rarelf a poer
man, and never a man of doubtful credit.
His small accounts are frequently settled,
and he never meets wiihdifliculiy i rais
ing money to pay large demands. Small
debts neglected ruio credit, and when
man bsstost that, be will find himself at
the bottom of till he csnnot aKo4,

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