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(I Mfum 0tttatl J. 0, CONVERSE, Proprietor. 21 lUtcklrj Ntwepaprr, Dtucttb to tl)t Dissemination of tttpubTtcan principles, Conratton, tniptrantf, Cittratnrf, Cljritnltnrf, ana tl)t News of tl)t Dan. TERMS $1,50 per Annum. VOL. XT., NO. 14. CIIARDON, GEAUGA COUNTY, OHIO, FRIDAY. APRIL 0, 18G0. WHOLE NO., 534. w&wutxm ,$LI)t Jtffcrsoniaii Democrat l FDBLlSHCII EVERY KR1DAT MCIIMNO, AT CH&RDON, Goanga County, Ohio. 0cs directly ovtr iSt Orug Start vj Con J- Ham ilton, meet tide tij the i'u&i'ic Svuare. TERMS, If paid In nJvarn;, $1 50 If not paid within the year, 200 SrjrAll kin 1. of merchantable produce taken in payment, at the market price. .No paper discontinued until all arrearages art paid, except at the option of the Publisher. RATES OF ADVERTISING. Lr.a.iL Advertisements will be inserted as fob lo: 50 c:s. ti sq inro, first insertion; each sub sequent in.irt ion , 25 cts. a square. B.-s'Nrss Advertisements will be inserted at the following rnt '.i One Square throe insertions, $1 00 " " two months, 2 S5 " " three months, 3 00 ' " six months, 4 00 " " one year, 6 00 Half column six months, 12 00 " " ono year, 18 CO One column six months, 20 00 " " one year, 40 00 frtr3. nines. Cardsof not over 6 lines, for one yor $3 CO .Advertisements should ba marked the num ber of times thsy nro designed to bo inserted; those mot so marked, will bo continued until ordered out, an I charge! according to the above terms. The privileges of ycrtrlv advertisers will lie con fined to their regular business. Attorneys will be hnlden for the price of inserting advertisements brought by ihem. r"r com nimie uions must be addressed to the proprietor, (postage pnid.) to receive ntlentinm LIST OF PUBLIC OFFICERS HOR ACE WILDER JOHN F. MO'HK PBTEit HITCHCOCK-. M. C. C N!'1EU E. (. WHITE WM. N. KEB.VY C.C. FIELD II. N.SPENCER L.C. LUDLOW II. K. SMITH BENJAMIN UIDLAKE .. ..'.District Judge. Senator. ..Representative 1'robate Judge. Sheriff. Clerk. Auditor. Treasurer. Recorder. Pros. Attorney. Coroner. Auctioneer Surveyor. School Examiners. C. A SMITH BETH BD30N J. (. WORALLO, .LO.I Ev,r I. V. WHITNEY JOHN NiCUOl J. V. WHITNEY J. W, COLLIN.--. 1). B. WOODflURY Commissioners. ALEX. MrXISII, OE . MANLY, A.UICUMO.NI). .Directois of Infirmary. BUSINESS DIRECTORY. ' " r. A u" Fi iiJi. ALFRED rilELI'S &. Albert C. Ridule.com . pianist 'he o,'d l aw Firm of I'heps & Uiddto, and Afred I'he.'ps. Jr .Imvn formed a Copartnership connection for tho Prsciico of l.nw, under mo natno o' Phelps. Ridil'e it Phelps, at t tie oJ Office f Pheps & Kidd'e. where they wWntiend to al law business which imiv be cntriiHrd to their are. ALFRED PHELPS. ALBERT RIDDLE, ALFRED PHELPS, Jr. Chsrdon, Deeembcr 9th. IS.S9. MTtf THRASHER, DDR FEE & HATHAWAY, Attorneys & Counsellors nt Law, CitAunoN, Geauga Cowry, O., Will give prompt attention in business entrusted to them, in Genual and adjoining Conniies. JtrOlfice ovr Dr. J. Ni-hols' Drug More. A. H. T'lfc VSItr.R, L E. PURFtI, I. J. HATHAWAY Chsrdon, Nov. 25th, lib'). SlMf CANl'IELD &. FRENCH, Attorneys al I. u w. JAU Uttsiness entrusted to them attended to with promptness. JJI Mr. French is also NOTARY i'l'BLlC. Odice over store of W. T. Rrxl'ord. jr. B. w. ca.nhii.p, I- rumen. 50Sf C W. S.MI1U. 1" WOOD. SMITH & WOOD, Attorney nt kV.uv. WColleciions promptly attended to. .CO WAnr.rit. Trlmbii.l Co., O 533-tf E. V- CANl'IELD Ceueral lusurnnce nnd Collection Agent, Chardok, Ohio, ty-Ofii. in the Court House, wi(h Covntu Yrtamrtr. !!9-!y L. A. HAMILTON, rhrslcinu and Sure eon, Chardqx, Gfiuoa County, Oiiio Ojee at his residence, a few doors south of the Public Squats. April 29, 1859. 4P5yl FOKRIBT &. SMITH. Attorneys n nil Solicitors. Cn arson, Giavoa Coumtv, Ohio. W. O. FoRRtsr practises I II. K. S.iitrn is Notary in tho U S. Courts for I Public and Prosocut ths N. District of 0. iug Atty. for Cienuga O fi , 2d door South of Bank. May 6, I3u9. 486-tf DR. R. THWING, Uripathic and Botanic Physician, Mt-KSOM.Omo. n.ni im tlisorv connects our snliero. Our M.i.nn Metiica is as bour.dless as the wants of tnsn, extending from the enow-clad hills ol the north, to the sunny pisuis oi itie pouiu. ruiiiii not is my motto; neither in pound closes, nor infill ttoimal pills. 429yl WILLIAM ROBE UTS' Doot and Shoe Shop, Over C. Kxowi.ss' Har.xcss Sttor. Chardon.Feb. 1I.IS59. 471-tf WILKIIJS k KELLEY, Ofneral dealers in ('roceriet, ilnrdware, Dye Blurt., Hour, Fish, Yankee Notions, cf-c , Store Union Block. Vhardoh, Ohio. " R. CRE1UHTON, Book Binder and lilnnk UooU Mnimfac tmri, Herald BuiMings, Cr.f vland, O. JOrfilaiik Uiioks Ruled sud Bound to Order Old Bjoks KebuuiiJ. i20M Brainerd & Uuriidse, Clevelnnd, Ohio, DESIGNERS & LITHOGRAPHERS. ENGRAVING ON WOOD, Book Illustrations, Tliiil.lingb, Horses and oilier Block, Oriiniiifinul Borders, Letters, Vignettes, Agricultural and Commercial Cuts in tints. Seals, Stamps, and Machinery, in every variety of Kiyla. r J02U PRIOR, IIOLCOM B E CO., IMFORTtltS AND WOOUSALI DEALERS IM Foreign and Domestic Drugs, CHEMICALS, w. No. 313 Fulton Street, Near Greenwich Street, j NEW-YORK. Vi. B- Chsuibertin, SOJtl UNITED STATES AND FOREIGN PATENT AGENCY, - No. ( Bai Street, Cutiurs, Ohio. Va nrs prepared to trsns.et business of every dejaprlption, relating toTnventions. Drawings, Cs sjysaw, rinectficBiion., Patents, Infringements tiib Patent Laws. BRAINERD A BURR1DGE. WbX fcoLtciTjR or Paiuiis. CEASE RAILING AT FORTUNE. Ceuso railing at fortune, Meut lifo with a kits, lS'nr niedlofslj wish ll One cyclo of bliss For cares but embellish Our seasons of joy, Liko fuathury cloudlets That sprinkle the sky. Cor.se railing at fortuuo, Tike lifo as It entnes ) If wanting its dainties, Muko (ilmi oVr its crumbs. Each little is sweet, if A sinilo tho lip wears, Cut Litter tho inursel When moistened with tears. THOSE EVENING BELLS. Thoio evening bells t those evohing bulls I How many a tale thoir music lolls, Of youth, and homo, and that sweot titnn Wbon last I heard tliuir soothing chiino t Those joyous hours aro passed away I And mnny a heart that thou was guy, Witjiin tho tomb now Uaikly dwulls, And boars no raoro thoso ovetiing hells I An J so 'twill be when I sm gone! The tunotul prnl will still ring 3D, Whilo other bards shall walk theio dolls, And sing your pruise, sweet ovening bjlls. The Cabin Boy. aud When I was about forty years of age, I look coromnnd of the ship Petersham. She was an old crab, and had seen full as much service as sho was capable of seeing with safety. But her owners wete willing to trust another valuable cargo in her, so I wouldn't refuse to IruM myself. We were bound to Liverpool, and nothing nnusunl happened until the eii'lilli dav out, when we ran foul of a small iceberg. It was early in the moim'ng, before sun rise, and not Above six or eight feet of ice was above w.ticr, it having nearly all melted in the warm waters of the Gulf Stream. I did not think we had sustitiuvd much injury, for the shock was light : but I was very anery and uave the lookout a severe punishment, without slonninL' lo innuiie whether he rould have seen the irolienr in time to escann it. Mt cabin lov was nested Jack Withers, lie was fourteen ycura of age, and this; was his first voyage. I hftd Liken him trom a widowed mo'.her, and had iirorri- scd her that I would see him well treated thut was, if he behaved himself. He was a bright, quick, intelligent lad. I soon made myself believe that he had an nwfttl disposition. I fancied that he was tlitr most Siulboi n piece of humanity I had ever come across. I made up mv mind he bnd never been properly governed, and resolved lo brek him in. I lo!J him I'd curb his temper Icfoie I had done with him. In reply he told me I might kill him if I liked ; nnd 1 flogged him with the end of the niizzen-top gnllitnt halliards till 1 e could bardly stand. I asked him if be bad gut enough, and he told me I might Bog him more if I wished it. I full a strong inclinnlion to throw the boy ovci board, but at that moment be stag gered back agnitist the nvzzen-mnst from absolute weakness, and I left him to him self. When ! renned calmly about the boy's disposition, I was forced lo ac knowledge that he was one of the smartest nnd most fnnhful md.t I had ever seen. When I asked him to do anything be would be offline n rocket ; but when 1 roughly ordered him to do it, then came the disposition with which I found (ault. One tiny, when it was near noon, I spoke lo him nnd told him to go below and brinj up my quadrant. He was looking over the quarter rail, and I knew he did not hear mc, and (he next lime 1 ripped out an oath, and intimated if he didn't move I'd help him. "I didn't hear ye." said be with an in dependent tone. "No words, said I, "I s'pofc I can speak," be retorted, moving slowly toward the companion way. Hn loose words, and the slow, cnreless manner in which he moved, fired me in moment, and I grasped him by the collar. Apeak to mo again like that, and 1 11 flog you within an inch of your life," said I. 'You can flog away," be replied firm and undaunted as a rock. And I did flog him. I caught up the end of the rope, and beat bim until my nrm fuiily ached; but bo never even winced. "How's thai?" said I. "There's a little more life you'd belter flog out, was the reply. And I teat hira again. I beat bim till be sank from my band against the rail and then 1 sent one or the men for my quadrant. When it came and I had ad justed it for my observation, I found (hat the sun was already past the meridian, and that I was too lute, This added fuel to the fire of my madness, nnd quickly seizing the lad by the collar, I led bim the main hatchway and had the hatch Uken off. I then thrust hira down, and swore I would keen bim theie till bis stubbornness was broken. The hatch was then put on, and I went inio the cabin. 1 suffered a good deal that after noon, not with any compunctions for what I bad done, but with my own temper and bitterness. It made tne mad to think that I could not conquer that boy that could not break down bis eool, stern op- posiiiDn. "Hut I will do it," I said myself, "by the Heavens above, I'll starve him into it, or be shall dio in the operation." After supper I went to the hatchway and caned out to htm, but he returned me no answer. So I closed the hatch and went away. At ten o'clock I called again, and again I cot no answer. might have thought that the flogging had taken away bis senses, had not some (he men assured me that they bad board him, not an hour before.lalking to himself. I did not trouble bim ngain till morning. Alter nreaiiiasi i went to the nalchway and called out to him once more. I heard nothing from bim, nor could I sen him I bad not icen bin since I pat Liu down ; J ' 1 a ; lo I I to I of thero. I called out several times, but lie would make no reply end yet the same men I old mo liny heard liim talking ilmi very morning. lie teemed to be culling on (htm for help, but be would not ask for me. I meant lo break liim into it. "He'll beg befcre ho'll starve,"I thought, and so determined to lot him stay there. I auppoted thut be had crawled lorward to the forecastle bulkheid, in order to make the sailors hear him. Some of the men asked love to go down and look for him, but I refused. I threatened to pun ish the Crst man that dared to go down. At noon I went agin. And as be did not answer me this time, I resolved that he should come to the hatchway and ask for me ere I went any more. The day passed away, nnd when evening came again I began tv be startled. I thought of the many good qualities the boy had, and of bis widowed mother. He had bren in tho bold thiiiv-six hours, and nil of (orly without foo I or drink. He must be loo weak lo cry out now. It was hard for me to give up, but if be dud there from absolute starvation, it might go hard with me. So at length I made up my mind to go and see him. It w-is not qui e sundown when 1 had the hatch taken oil', and 1 jumped down upon the bcxes alone, A Utile way forward I tow space where Jack might easily have gone down, nnd to that point I crawled on ray hands and knees: 1 called out there, but could get no answer. A short distance farther was a wide spice, which I had entirely fotgoiien, but which I now remem bered had been left open on account of a break in the flooring of the bold which would have let everything that might have been slowed there rest directly upon the plntiking of the ship. To this place I then made my way, and looked down. I beard the splashing of water, and thought I could delect a found like the incoming of a tiny jet or stream. Al first I could see nothing, but as I become used to the dim light, 1 could distinguish the faint outlines of the bov at some distance below me. He soemeu to De situni! on me oroneo noor, with bis feel streiched out agntnsl a cask. I called out lo him and thought he looked up. "Jack, are you there?" And ho answered in a faint, weary tone : "Yea, help me! For Heaven's sake, help me ! Bring men and a lantern tLe shin has sprung a leak 1 1 hesitated, aud be added in a more eager lone "Make haste I will try and bold it till you come back." I waited to hear no more, but hurried on deck as soon as possible, and returned with a lantern acd three men. I leaped down beside the boy, and could scarcely believe the evidence of my own senses. Thiee of the timbers were completely worm-eaten to the very heart, and one of the otner planks had been broken nnd would burst in.uny moment the boy might leave it, whose feet were braced against the ca&k before bim. Half a-dozen little jets of water were streaming in about him, and be was wet lo the skin. I saw that the plank must burst in the moment the strain was removed from it, so. I made my men brace themselves against it before I lifted him up. Oilier men were called down, with pUuks, and spikes, and adzes, and with much care and trouble we finally succeeded in stopping the leak, and avert ing the danger. The plunk which had been- stove in whs six feel long by eight inches wide, and would have let in a streRDi of water of that capacity. It would have been beyond our reach long ere w could hrtve discovered it, and would lme sunk us in a short lime. I knew il must be where the iceberg struck us. Jack Withers was taken to the cabin, and there be managed to tell his story. Shortly after I put hira in the hold, he crawled forward, and when be became used to the dim glimmer that came through the dead lights, looked about for a snug plnce to lie, for bis limbs were sore. He went to sleep, and when be awoke be heard a faint scund, like water streaming through a hole; be went to the open place in the cargo and looked down, and he was sure he saw a small jet of water springing up from the ship's bottom. He leaned down, and in a few minutes lound that the timbers had given away, and that the stream was increasing in size. He placed his band oa the plank, and found it broken, and discovered that the pressure ot the witter without was pressing it inward. He had sense enough to see that if it L'iiined an inch more it must nil go and the ship be lost, perhaps all bands perish. And be saw too, that if he could keep the broken plank in ils place, be might slop the incoming flood. So he sat himself upon it, and braced bia feet against the cask, and then called for help. But he was so far away, so low down, with such a dense cargo about bim, that Ins voice scarcely reached otber ears than bia own. Some of the men heard bim but thought be was talking to himself, And there he sat with his feet braced. for four and twenty hours, with the water spurting in liny drops all over mm, drench intr him to the skin. He thought reveral limes of coing to the hatchway and call ins for help; but be knew the broken plank would be forced in if he left it, for he could feel it heave beneath him. His strength was failing him bis limbs were racked with pain but be could not give up. I asked him if be should not have eiven up if I bad not come aa I did. II answered that be could not while he had life in him. lie said be thought not himself he was ready to die but would save the rest if he could and be saved us, surely saved us all from walery crave. The boy lay sick almost onto death but I nursed him nearly all through bis delirium ; and when bu reason returned, and he could sit up and talk, I bowed myself before him, and humbly asked bis pardon (or ail tbe wrooj i caa aon mm With bis arms around my neck be told me il I would be onod lo bim, he would never give me cause for offence ; and be added as he sat'up again "1 am not a coward I couldn't be a dog." t rom that hour 1 never struck a blow on board my ship. I make men feel they are men thai 1 so regard them, and that I wish to make them as comfortable and happy as possible ; and I have not failed to gain their respect and con6dence. I give no undue licence, but make my crew (eel that they have a friend and a supe rior in the same person. For nine years I sailed in three different ships, with the same crew. A man couldn't be hired lo leave me save lor an officer's berth. And Jack Withers remained with me thirteen years. He was my cabin boy ; one of the foremost hands ; my second mate ; and the Inst time he sailed with me, he refused the command of a new barque because he would not be separated fioni mo. But he is a captain now, and one of tbe best this country affords. Such, il my experience in government and discipline on ship board. Personal Traits of Washington. of he ; A volume of recollections and private- memoirs of Washington, by Ins adopted son, with a memoir of tho author, by his dutigh lor, is j'jst nut. There is much in il that will be read with great interest, now Washington Rons after his ttooifns. During tho iuturtal botwpen 1759 and 174. the time which Washington could sparo from his building and agricultural im- irovonients, was uovntml, In a groat measure, to the pluasuros of the chaso. Hn appears lo liavo had no lasto lor shooting or fishing; but foi-huiiting was sport in cntiro accord unco with his athletic habits and his fond ness f r equestrian exorcises. His kennel was tituatud near the family vault, in which his remain, woro at first deposited. It was a rude structure, hut afforded comfortable quarters for tho hounds. Tho puck wnt very numerous and select, Kvury morning and ovening, Washington visited and in spected tho konnol, in tho same manner as hn did his s'ublus. Hn look pnda in the discipline )( Ids hounds. If in running, one of thorn lost thu scout, another was at hand immediately to recover it, and thus when in full cry, in sporting phrase, yon might envor tho pack with a blanket. He kept a register of his horses and bounds. in which might be tound tho names, ages and marks nt eacl and with these companions of tho chaso, lie was as punctual in his attentions, as to any other business of his life. At the commence mont of thn season, Mount Vernon became era d. m1 with guests from tho neighborhood. from Maryland, and elsewhere. Thoir visits were prolonged not only for days, but for weeks, and they wore entertained with tho rxhulirrant hospitality of the Old Dominion. Wmhinpion was alwnva superbly mourned, and in the gonuino enstnma of tho chose. Ho wore a blue cont.scarlot waistcoat, buck skin breeches, top bonis, and velvet cap. With his long-thonged whip In hand, ho took tho field nt dny-breuk. Will Leo, bis huntsman, and a brave array of friends and neighbors, followed in tho train, but nnno rode mnro gullmitly in the chasn, or with morn cheot v voice, nwoko tho echoes of thu woodland, than tho host of Mount Vernon. After tho close of the Revolution, the hunting establishment which had gone down during tho last war. was renewed by the arrival of a pack of French hounds, sent by Lafuyotlu. Those dogs wero of great stronglh ami fiorco courage. They would havo been ablo to encounter the wolf or bear, or even to grapplo with tho linn on his native sands, as well as to pull down tho stag in I he American fnrest. It was neces sary lo keep thum in c'oio confinement, ns from thoir forno'Otis disposition they would not hosllato to devour a stranger, who might pass thoir kennel after nightfall, should the gales be unclosed. Tho huntsman always presided at thoir meals, and it was only by the rigorous uso of the lush tlvit any degree of law aud order could bo preserved among these savage animals. II tho weather per mitted, there was a hunt three times a work. Breakfast was served on thoso mornings hy candle-light. Washingtnn. as usual, took nothing but an Iudian cake and a bowl of milk, lietore sunnso, tho whole cavaicane would often havo left tho house, and un kenneled tho fnx. Washington was ono of the most accomplished cavaliers. Hn rodo with case, eleganco and power. Ho look no account of any vicious propensities of his horse. Tho only quality which ha do mnndod of a horso, was that ho should go along, and ridiculod the idoa that he could bo unseated, provided that the animal kept on his legs. Indeed, with his sinewy fruine and iron muscles, ho had such a tenacious grip with his kneos, that a horso might as o"iily throw off his saddlo as such a rid or His Invnntu animal for the chaso was a horso called Bltieskin. of a dark iron grnv color, approaching to blue. This was a fine. but fiery steed, and or groat endurance In a long run. I he huntsman Will, hotter known in Revolutionary lore as Bill r. rodo a hnrso called Chink ling, a wonderful leapor, and very much like its rider, low, bin slurdv. and of groat bono and musclo. The nnlv duty of Will was to keep with tho hntmdi. Gallantly did ho perform his task. Mounted on Clmikling, throwing nimieir almost run length on the animal, with a French horn at his back, and his spur in flank, this bn!d rider would rush, at full spoed through brake or tangled wood, in a stylo at which modern huntsmen would stand aghast. There were roads through tho woods in various directions, by which timid hunters and oven ladies eould enjoy the exhilurating cry, without risk of lifo nr'limb but Wash ingtnn rodo gaily up to his dngs, nor sparod his impetuous steed, as thu dislnnded nostrils of Bluoskin would often shnw. Ha was al ways in at the death, and yielded to no man the honor of tbe brush. After the chaso, the party would return to the mansion house, where at the well spread board and with the flowing glass tbe incidents of tho field were discussed; while Washingtnn. never deviating from his orderly habits for thn sake of convivial pleasures, would, after a few glasses of Muilorls, retire supporlois to bed at nine o oiock. now ar.it. WAsniNOTOiti nonsra were groomed when ue war president, Twins- Ihe wholo of his Presidency. Washington preserved the habit of rising at four o'clock and retiring to bed at nin. On Saturday, he rested somewhat from his labors, by oitbor riding into tho eouctry, at tended bv a groom, or with his family in his conob drawn by six horses. His stables were always In the finest order and bis equipage excellent both in taste and quality, Washington's master of horso, was an old fellow named Bishop, who bad been the body servant of General Braddock. At cock crow tho slohles hoys wero at woikj at sunrise, Bishop stalked into tho stables, a muslin handkerchief in his hand, which ho applied lo tho conn of tho animals J If the slightest stain was perceptable ou tbe muslin the luckless stable boys were at once sub jected to due punishment by ihe veteran disciplinnrisu. In i'liilaucipnia, tne sinnios wero under the care of Ourniati John, whoso grooming of Ihe white chargers was a study. Thn night before Ihe horses wero to bo riddun, they wero covered over with a, pasio made of whiting j then they wore swathed in body cloths, and left to sloop j upon clean straw ; in tho morning Jho com-1 pns.ltnn had become bard, w.i i well rubbed III, OIIU CUiriVU h,m hihoiwu, ,,.v..v. ehv to the costs a beautiful tntin like gloss. Tho hoofs were then blacked and polished, tho mouths wathud and tho teeth picked and cleaned. The I.enpard-skin housings wore then prnpoily adjusted, and the char- gors led out for service. Forty-Four Years of a Printer's Life. I ' Thuilow Weed, of tho Albany Evrning Journal, in noticing the duatb of Mr. Dan iel Fanshaw, says: Daniel Fanshaw. one of tho oldest and woaLhiust printers of tho City of N. Y .died on Monday. Mr. Fanshaw's history shows what may he accomplished by two cloinonis of character industry and economy; for to thoso alono was he indebted for his wealth. He was a practical printer, and in 1810 when we became his journeyman, he had just started a ' Bonk Office" at No. 11 Cliff street. Btblo and Tract Societies were then in their infancy. Mr. V. obtained at low prices tho pinting of Iho Bible ond Tract Societies. His was a model nfflco. the most rigid rcminmy was onsorvoo in vervh!ng. Nothing was wasted. Morn care was taken of typos and of papor, and butter work was required liiun in any other offico. Mr. F. kept rigid watch and scrutiuv over the minutest details of busi ness. Hu was Iho first and lust nmn at the ofllco, opening it hiinsolfal Iho dawn of day and closing it at a late hour. Ilia fortune was mado up of savings. In contrasting New York as it was THEN, with Ihe Now York of to-dav, wo are bewil dored. Alladin's Lamp worked no wonders that ex cued this renlity. Thru, it was a city not equal, in population, lo iho present city of Brooklyn. Then, there was no Canal atroot, and all abovo that line, extending from tho North Biver to tho Bownry. was then a common or farm. Then, thoro was no Jorsoy Cily.uo Williamsbnrgh.and Brook lyn had "scarcely attniiied lo Iho dignity ot a v'illaee. ZVH.'ihe Park Theatre and Scud- or's Museum wore tho only places of amuse ment. Then, thoro was but one ico cieum (Vauxhall) Garden. Thrn. tbero wero no omnibus linos or hack stands, aim no occa sion for oithvr. Thrn, thoro were but two considerable hotels, viz r iho "Tontino," and tho "City Hotel. Thrn. thoro wero no ennenns, no lectures. Then, thero were but three North River steamboats. Thrn, thero wero but four duily t.owspupers, Iho combined circulation of which did nnt halt' eounl llie daily circulation of Ihe Tnbnne. Thtn.no man was thought of for a member of thu Legislature or of tho Common Coun cil, but iIiobo of established revolution, high position nnd approved integrity. Thrn, no man's voico was heard. at a political mooting but suoh ns Thomas Addin Emmott, William Sarnsnn. John Welles. Cadwullador D. Col- ton, or David B, Ogden, with Marimus Willot. James Foibles. Nicholas Fish, &c &o.. for Chairman; Thrn, snmo young gen ilemen, liko Michael Ulshnefi'er and Ogdun Huffman, began In attract attention as members of a debating society. Thin. thorn was a "Bridewell" siandiug between the City Hull and Broadway.'in which thoso who could not pny their dolus wero locked up. as criminals aie now. Then, thero was a Stale 1'iison, two miles out of thu city, but now "away down town." It then faced ihe river, but is now a half dozod stroots re moved from viow. If Iho past may he taken as an indication of tho future, what will New York ho when forty-four yours more shall havo done their work ? Influence of Females on Society. an accurate con dition of women in any country, il would not be dificuli to infer the wlio'e state of society. So great is Iho influence (hey exercise on the character of men, that the Utter will be elevated or degraded, ac cording to tho situation of the weaker sex. Where women are slaves, as in Turkey, (he men will be (he same ; where (hey sre trealcd as moral beings where their minds are cultivated, and they are con sidered equals, the state of society must be high, and tbe character of Ihe men en ergetic nnd noble. There is so much quickness of comprehension, so much sus ceptibility of pure and generous emotion, so much ardor of affection in women, thai they constantly stimulate men lo exertion, and have, at Ihe same lime, a most powerful ageney in soothing the angry feelings, and io mitigating the harsh and narrow propensities which are generated in the strife of passions. The advantage of giving a superior education to women are not confined to ihenvclvea, bm have a salutary influence on our sex. The fear that increased in struction will render (hem incompetent or negleotful in domestic life, is absurd in theory, and completely destroyed by facts. Women, as well as men, when once es tablished io life, know that there is an end of trifling; its solicitudes and duties multi ply upon them equally fast; the former are apt to feel them much more keenly, and loo frequently abandon all previous acquirements to devote themselves wholly (o these. But if the one sex have cultiva ted and refined minds, the other must meet them from shame, if not from sym pathy. If a man finds that his wife is not a mere nurse or a housekeeper; that she can, when the occupations of the day are over, enliven winter's evening : lhai she can converse on the usual topics of literature, and eniov the pleasures of su perior conversation, or the reading of a valuable book, he must nave a pervenea taste, indeed, if it does not muke home still deaier. and prevent him from resort ins? to taverns for recreaiion. The bene fits to children need not be mentioned; instruction and cultivated taste in a mother enhance their respect and affec tion for ber, and taeir love of home, and throw a charm over the wbols scene of domestic life. H'w. Tudor'. CHOICE VARIETY. Rodriktt is tho strength of the soul. I.oosk conversation is a proof of a weak mind. To know how to obey is as bonorablo as to rule. Mant bare luflorod by talking, but few by silence. ritnst'ERiTT gathers Smilos.Advorsity seat- ters them, Save whn you aro young to spend when ,ra 0 j. ,r wou)() not Wo ,fflio0 f Mu He who loves mnnet more than honor will rale it abovo honesty, Wiation alono can recognize wisdom ; roily or imbecility nevor can. We discovor great beauty In those who aro nnt beautiful, it they possess gonuino truthfulness, simplicity and sincerity. We should give as wo would receive, cheer fully, quickly, aud without hesitation, for thore is no grace iu a benefit that sticks to tho fingors. As gold is found hut here and thore npon earth, so it is with love in human lifo. Wo meet it a little in the hearts of children, and in our households ; but it is here and (here a acalo of gold, aud a whole continent of dirt. Revenge Is a fovor in our own blood, tn be cured only by lotting tho blood of anoth er ; but Ihe roincdy loo often produces) a rclnpso, which is remorse a malady fur nioio dreadful than the first disease, be cause il is incurable. Hr who is passionate and hnsrv is gnncr ally honest. It is your cold, tlsninbling hvpecritos of whom ynu should bawiiie There's no deception iu a bull-dog. It is tho cur that sneaks up and bites you when back is turned. nkas Sylvcs had threo ways cf proving a man a fool. Ho is a fool who Sucks that which no cannot nnd ho is a tool whosuoksl that which if found, will do moro harm ibun good ; ho is a fool who, having sovoral ways to bring nun lo bis jouruuy s cud, selects tbe worst one. "I have ever had it in my mind, thai when God shall cast tno into such a condi tion as that I cannot cave my life but by doing an indecent thing, ho shows mo tho lima is enme when I shall resign it ; and when I cannot live in my -own country but by such menus as aro werse limn dying in it, I think ho shows mo I ought to kcop invsell out of it." Algernon Sidney. Savoy and Nice. Thrso possessions of Sardinia, for which Louis Napoleon has a strong dosiro, aro jus1 now considerably talked about. I he N. V. Juurnnl of Commerce gives some light as io their geography, and we copy from it as follows "Tho mooted question of tho annexation to France of the Sardinian possessions. Sa voy ond Nice, naturally draws tho attention of tho American reader In thut portion of Northern Italy. Thu Duchy of Savoy bor ders upon Franco and Switzerland, nnd is about the situ of Connecticut. It abounds in the most magnificent mountain scouerv of Europo, nnd tho earth is so wrinkled up, (hat we wonder that man can thero find foothold. Monni Blanc, so often placed by the popular mind in Switzerland, is tho cul minating point of .Savoy. It is a country rich in mineral ore; and its fertile slopes afford ab.indunt pasturage lo herds, and snnuiof i's valleys contain luxuriant vine yards. Thu Duchv of Savoy contains more I, I -,.,1 I l..u..i i ii f mm.,.,,,..., nearly all of whom speak a bastard French and Italian, besides a hw.bre.klna m.foi. ot ihoirown. Chambory,i!.ecatiitnl1isBinn.i!BS8Rwasfo.und ptcturokouo situation. It wua here Ihut Jo soph do Maistre, the celebrated diplomutist, and Varies do Maiuro, the eouully celo l. I t .... T . ' , nraied on i nor. (or 'A Journev Around mv Chamber,' &3.,) woro born. It wus in Chainbcry, also, that our countryman. Joel B vrlow, wrote l is famous lines on 'Hesty Pudding ' Tho Savoyards havo been noted in times past for (heir bigotry, ignorance. and a curtain naivrtte nnd Simplicity nt charactor, Kinco the constitution of Carlo Albert, Savoy and tho Savoyards aro much changod. Railways aro pushing through Iho Alps ; thu (olographic wires stretch oror onceinucuussible mountain passes ; tho press freo. unless in times of war, has had widnr influeneo, because ten years of better system of educulinn has proparcd tbe way for its ameliorating mission. Tho Cnuntrv of Nicu is a very small por tion of Iho Kingdom of Sardinia, compre hended between the maritime Alps and Iho Mediterranean, and botwoon the rivers Var nnd Andnver. It is hut a little larger (ban the Stato of Ithodo Island, and has 250,000 inhabitants. Shuttered as it is hy (hn maritime Alps on the north and east.it enjoys a climalo almost liko that of Naples. Its chief city, Nizza, or Nico, is tho groat resort of wealthy English men, Russiacs, Americans and Gunnies, ho go thither in winter lo seek a rnfugo from Ihe cold blasts of tho North. Thoro are vase hotels and hoarding houses, con taining more comfort and elegance than similar ostubli.liments in other parts of Italy ; and also gardens, where (he rose and tbo myrtle bloom by ibo side of the lemon and orango. Tho river Var, Ihe present limit between Nice and Franco, is neither a now boun dary, nor was it decided npon since tho Christian Era. Tho river Var was fixed thu first lime of iho Roman Einporor Au gustus, as tho boundary of Italy on tho North, Aa wo mentioned in a former arti cle, Nice nnd Savoy have both been parts ihe French Rupublic, ond when Ihu French Republic was piocluimcd in 1K48. thure wns an iintnodiuto overture mado tor (ho annex-1 noon nt tins portion or iho ancient House Savoy; but Charles Albert rejected with promptitude the suggestions of tbe poutio statosuian Lamariino. The innocent flirtation of married women is one of tho abominations of modern socie ty. Evun a dosiro for promiscuous admi ration is wrong in a wife. Tbo love of one and bis approval, should be all tbat sho ought to desire. Lot her bu over so beau tiful, it is a disgusting and appalling sigbi see hor decorating that beuuiy for public gaio; to seo ber seeking Iho attentions sunsoless fops around, and rejoicing in (hu admiration of olhor eyes than those of ber husband. Hor beauty should be for him a'ono, and not for (ho gozo of fools lhal flutter around ber. Thoro is always among the sedatu and wise a sensation of disgust, when a married lady attempts lo ensnare entrap young men by a profuse display her charms, or an unlioonsud outlay ot smiles. Such charms and sucb smiles are loathsome to Ihe beholder; tbe trail of aorpent Is over tbem. FUN ITEMS. ! j to a whiskoy punch." "An', by my sowl," quicklv retorted I'at, "jor honor is a glotlo ynur mnn I' A Wisconsin papor, aftor describing i farm which the advertiser wants to soil, adds: Tub acrobats of ovory household the pitchor and tumbler. ; The man who was injured by s bnrtt of . applauso is recovering. Ir what suit dnos n man novcr feel com fortablo ? Iu a lawsuit. Wiir is the world likn a piano ? Because; ' it is full of sharps end flats. In the advortiemont of a now hotel, it la said "it embraces about CO rooms." An af fuutionalo building, A man who was pitched Into a guttor where garbage is thrown, describes himself us being in on "ofl'nl I" condition. 1 , A roF.T says that tho wind kisses the ' waves. That, wn suppose Is the culobrated r "kiss for a blow" about which wo he Aid so much, 1 A romicAi punster says if the Ropebll. cans go So ward in tho approaching canvass, they will probably havo lo fish without llali i. "Sto! that abominable, noise," said a com. ' mnnding cfTicor loa horrid trumpeter in the ' midsl of a hattlo; "we can stand Jirt, but wo can't stand that air." "An, Charley," said ono littlo follow la another, "wo aro going lo havo a cupola on our house" 'Tooli I that's nothing,' re joined the other ; "papa's going to get a -moi lrage oil ours." A writer on domestic oconomy, In giving instructions for keeping eggs fresh. ssvsa "lay thum wi:h tho small end down." He -docs not specify whether this direction il for Iho hen or Iho houtowifo. 'Ilr.RE, you bnglrottor," said a dandy te an Iiiih laborer, "conic, tell the bigerct lie you cer told in your life and I'll treat von i no surrounding country is Iho most bonu- ti'ul tho God ot naluro over made. Tho tcenory is celestial divino, also two wagons lo sell, and a yoko of stotrs. A worthy but poor minister requested a loan of fifty dollars from tho cashier of a t.auk.and on the nnte requesting iho favor.ha svd ho would pay iu ten days, on the faiih of Abraham. Tho cashier returnod word that by the rules of the bank, Mc tndoner mutt reiide in Slate, The Livingstone Expedition. 10 be cotton growing - a a From the Zambesi expedition, intelli gence has been received by Her Magesty'a steamer Lynx, loa late dale in December. Dr. Livingstone and his party were then at Kongone harbor, on die Zambesi delta, and with the engineers of the Lynx, wero engaged in repairing their steam launch, the Ma Robert, the iron plates ot which have now been worn to the thinness of a wafer. They had relumed from a second expedition up tho Shire, id which ihe peoelra.cd far up beyond Lake Shirwa to Lake Nyassa. The former they ascer tained lo be a sheet of water ninety miles in leno-ih, while the Inner is of still larger magnitude and one of the chain of lakes oi wtinh the discoveries ot U.iptmns Bur. ton and Spckc are the continuation north ward. Dr. Livingstone speaks in glowing terms of (hu countiy which he traversed, and he has applied to the Church Missionary Society in London to exert themselves for , occl,ny,ng it as n most inviting miss onarr - ,j"pi i i i . v i vr field 1 who,u "W about Luke Ny- counlry. Il is cultivated and manufac tured by the natives generally, and is of 1 excellent quality. Mr. Raines, the nrlist I - . . . . . . .. m 01 the expedition, has been compelled, from failing health, to come down in the Lynx lo the Cape, but he purposes re turning again to the Zambesi before long. Mr. Thornton, the geologist, bnd pro ceeded in July last (o the interior, on an independent expedition of bia own, in company with some Portuguese traders. And when the Lynx left the Kongone, Dr. Livingstone, wiih his brother, Dr. Kirk, and Mr. Rne, were to return to Te'e witli the Ma Robert, and thence overland by foot on a visit to the Mokololo country.. This journey was expected to extend orr a period of al least eight months. ot to ot or of ber tbe A MianTr River. The Amazon, the largest river in the world, has an area of drainage nearly three limes as lnrge as lhal ol all ihe rivers of Europe that empty themselves into the Atlantic, bat is en lirely coveted with a dense primeval for est, through which the only paths are those made by the river and ils innumer able tributaries. This forest is literally impenetrqble. Humboldt remarks that two mission stations might be only a few miles apari, and yet the residents would require a day and a half to visit each oilier.nlong the windings of small streams. Even the wild animals get involved in im penetrable masses of wood, that tbey (even tbe jaguar) live for a long time in the trees, a terror to the monkeys whose domain ibey have invaded. The trees olien measuic from eight to twelve feel in diameter, nnd tbe intervals are occupied by shrublike plants, which here, in these tropicnl regions, become arborescent. The oiigin of the Amazon is unknown; it is navigable fur two thousand miloa from the ocean; it is nearly one hundred, miles wide hi tbe mouth, and in some places six hundred feel deep; and us lor rent projects, as it were, into the ocean, more (bail three hundred miles, pereepH bly altering ils waters at this dulajjos) from the American shores. Tenacity or Lire. Dr. Franklin gives a singular story of a fly, which, hariog taken up its quarters in a pipo of Maderla, lay tor pld there, perhaps for years, and ultimately camo to life wbon takon out of Ihe vhM and plsecd in tbe rays of a rbiladolpbla) sun, A still more marvelous Instance e rosutcitation occurred latoly in the BrltUk Museum. An Egyptian snail wblgk bi been glued down to a card for foer yearajl confined In a close glass ease, actually oaaae to lifo, and was found crawling about W narrow domlcit to (he treat glsr! of bis curates.