J. 0. CONVERSE, Proprietor.
3 tUeeklt Nttoepapfr, Dtcotfb to tlje. Disetnuntttion of Republican principle!, Cfincation, cmpfrantt, Cittratnrf, fltjritnltnrt, anil trjt Ne of trjt Dajj.
TERMS $ 1 ,50 per Annum.
VOL. XL, NO. 15.
CHARDON, GEAUGA COUNTY, OHIO. FRIDAY. APRIL 13, I860.
WHOLE NO., 535.
$l)t Jtffcrgoiuan Democrat
It rOBLISIIBD BVERT FRIDAY MORNIKO, AT
CHARDON, 'Geauga County, Ohio.
JircfJy eer (Ac Drug Store of CotkS- Ham
ilton, mt$t lidt oftht Public Snuart.
If paid tn advance, tl 50
If not p-viJ within the year, 00
TA1! kind, of merchantable produce taken in
payment, at the market price.
,No paper discontinued until all arrearage.
Sr. iald, except at tiio option of the Publisher.
RATES OK ADVERTISING.
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low.! o!) eta. a square, first insertion; each sub
sequent insertion, 25 cts. a square.
Bust -cess Advertisement, will be inserted at
the fallowing rates:
Une Square three insertions, $1 00
" " two munths, 2 2 J
" three months, 3 00
" lii months, 4 00
" one year, 6 00
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. " one year, 18 00
. On column Biz months, 20 00
" " one year, 40 00
ft-Dusincss Cards of not over 6 line., for
one year, $3 00
-Advertisements should he marked the num
ber of times they are designed to he inserted; those
not so marked, will be continued until ordered out,
.end charged according to the aoove terms.
The privileges of yearly advertiser, will be con
ln-.il tn their regular business.
Attorneys will be hoi Jon for the price of Inserting
advertisements brought by them.
All communications must be addressed to the
proprietor, (postage paid,) to receive attention.
LIST OF PUBLIC OFFICERS:
JOHN F. MORSE
M. C. CANFIBMJ
K. (J. WHITE
WM. N. KEENY
H. N. SPENCER
H. K. SMITH
C. A. SMITH
' ; -Surveyor.
J. O. WORALLO, J
J. V. WHITNEY,
J. V. WHITNEY 1
GEO. MANLY, Directors of Infirmary.
A- KLUiL.uUjN V, 1
ALFRED PHELPS & Albert G. Riddte.com..
ooninff the oli Law Firm of Phnns &Kidde.
nd Afred Pheps, Jr .hnve formed a Copartnership
connection for the Practice Df Law, under the
name ol Phelps, Ridde At Phelps, at iheod Office
f Phelps tc Ridde, where they will attend to ali
law business which may be entrusted to their
are. -ALFRED PHELPS.
ALBERT G RIDDLE,
ALFRED PHELPS, Jr.
Chardon, December 9th, 1859. 517tf
THRASHER, DURFE & HATHAWAY,
Attorney & Counsellors at Law,
Chardon, Geaooa County, O.,
Will give prompt attention to business entrusted
M them, in Geauga and adjoining Counties.
KrOffice over Dr. J. Nichols1 Drug Store.
A. . THRASncn, t. e. durpee, t. n- Hathaway
Chardon, Nov. 25th, 1859. 515tf
CANFIELD &. FRENCH,
Attorneys at Ln w.
Mr All Business entrusted to them attended
with promptness. jc$
French is also NOTARY P
Ofrice over store of W.
4X. W. SMITH. 0. L WOOD.
SMITH &. WOOD,
Attorneys at Law.
fcjrCollections promptly attended to..cfl
Warren, Trumbull Co., O. 533-tf
E. V- CANFIELD,
General Insurance andCollection Agent,
XT Office in thi Court Home, wif Comity
L. A. HAMILTON,
Fhysicinn and Surgeon,
Chardon, Gcauoa County, Ohio
O fries at his residence, a few doors south of the
April 29, 1859. 485yl
" FORRIST &. SMITH,
Attorneys and Solicitor.
Chardon, Geaooa Coonty, Ohio.
W. O. Forrist practises I II. K. Smith is Notary
in the U.S. Courts for I Public and Proeecut
the N. District of 0. ing Atty. for Geauga-
Oftre, id door South of Bank.
May 6. 169. 436-tf
DR. R. THW1NG,
Urlpathle and Botanic Physician,
Kn nent nn theorv contracta our inhere. Our
Materia Medica is a. boundless as the wants
man, exlendrfig from the snow-clad hills of the
north, to the sunny plains of the south. Poison
nol is niy moiuj; uuuuer in puuuu uudos, uur iiiuii
ttctiinal pills. 529yl
Boot and Shoe Shop.
OverC. Knowi.es' Harness Suof.
Chardon, Feb. 11, 1859. 474-tf
WILKINS & KELLEY,
Oenerel dealera in ('roceries, Hardware, Dye
bluffs, Flour, Fish, Yankee Notions, 4 c,
Stort Union Block, Chardon, Ohio.
Book Binder and Blank Book Manufac
Herald Buidings, Clevland, O.
trJ-Blank Books Ruled aud Bound to Order
Old Books Rebound. 529 tf
uraioera at uurriuge, i leveiuuu, uuiu,
DESIGNERS &. LITHOGRAPHERS.
ENGRAVING ON WOOD,
Book Illustrations, Buildings, Horses and other
Stock, Ornamental Borders, Letters, Vignettes,
Agricultural and Commercial Cut. in lint.. Seals,
stamps, ana aiacninery, in every variety ol style
PRIOR, IIOLCOMBE& CO.,
IMFORTEKS AND WHOLESALE DEALER. IN
Foreign and Domestic Drags,
No. 313 Fulton Street,
Near Greenwich Street,
S jiwSnb., , j NEW- YORK.
Win. B- Chamberlin, J ' v -..
UNITED STATES AND FOREIGN
No. 8 Banc Strut, Cleveland, Ohio.
We ar. prepared to transact business of every
deacriolion. relatinz tolnventiona. Drawings. Ca
veats, tipecilicatione, Patenta, IufriugerneuL. aiul
la. rttent iawa.
BRAINERD & BURRIDGE,
t04 Boi-ieiTOM or Fatuit
Drawing picture on tiio !eto,
Making houses out of card.,
Solving riddle all olato,
I'erping In tho neighbor' yards
Ouch i. part of cliililhond' gntno,
Innocent of wealth or tamo.
Blowing poncil duit away,
Somo perchance may moo I tho eyoj
Looking out for markot rly,
Wbtin comet homo an extra plo
Such Is part of childhood', fun,
Era tbo growing timo it dono.
On all-fours about tho room,
Pononating cat and mice
Slaing of the weaver' loom,
Don't it match the carpel nice I
Fairy woavor. Kill Ihom.clvp,
Dancing like tbo ancient ulros.
Nodding when tho prayer I long,
Aud the eye are rubbed In vain
In tho morning up with Rung,
Holding hand to catch tho rain
Tom.como in ! you roguish Will I
Qo to school and thoro bo (till 1
Life a holiday of sweet,
Cam a bluo-buard yot unknown ;
'Kvory day its joy repeat,
Rapture in one even tone.
Who that morn would wish tn cloud;
Who that fairy land would shroud ?
Hard their destiny who crenp
Through a childhood full of gloom,
Sad awako and sloop.
Buried in a living tomb
Old boforo tboir ipring it sped.
Gray it heart ero morn it fled.
OR, THE WIFE'S GOOD SENSE.
A SKETCH TO BE READ BY THE MAN WHO RETRENCHES
BY DISCONTINUING HIS PAPER.
The old farm homo wore a qulot, pleasant
look, a tho totting tun gildod III small
windowt, ovor which tho luxuriant grape
vino wero carefully trained. In the open
donr tut tho farmer with a littlo morocco
covered book in bis hand, on which hit at
tenlion bad been fixed for the last hour.
He was a man of method and order old
Richard Heath and aside from bit regular
account book, which bo alwav kept with
scrupulous caro, ho alwayt tot down in hi
little book, in the simplest manner possiblo,
all ma expenses, ( no very complicated
amount by the way,) and all be had rocuived
during the year, in the metal, a ho taid,
not by the way ot trade.
Tho laBt account ho had just reckonod tip,
and tho rotultwat highly satisfactory, if one
might judge from toe pleasant expression
his face as ho turned to hi wi'o and ad'
dressed Lor by bet pretty, old faibionod
"Millicent," laid bo, "tbi hat boon a lucky
year, llow littlo we thought when wo
moved to thi place, twenty-flve year ago,
that we should ever cot five' hundred dollar
a year out of tho rocky and barren farm."
It does pay for a good deal ot hnrd work.
laid sho, to sco how different things look
from what they did (ben.
"Now I am ening to nzuro up how much
we havo spont," (aid Mr. Heatb ; "don't
make a noiso with your knitting noodle,'
cause it putt mo out."
Tho wife laid by her knitting In perfect
good humor, and gazed ovor the broad, rich
Molds of waving grain, whioh grew ao tall
around tho ladon apple trees, that they
looked like matsiro pile of foliage. Hear
ing hor own nnmo kindly spoken led her
own thought far back, to the past ; for after
tho lapse of twenty nvo year, tho simple
sound of the name she bore in hor youth,
moans more, to a wifo, than all the pleating
epithets of dearest and darling to lavUhly
offered in a long past courtship.
Vorv pleasant was tho retrospect to Mil-
liconl Hoatb. Tbo picture of tbe past had
on it tome rough placos, and tnmo hard
trials, but no domestic strife or ditcontont
marred its tunny aspect. There were smi
ling facet on it happy children t luces,
without which no life picture it boautiful.
Soft blue eyct thone with unclouded glad
ness, and wavy bair floated carelessly over
unwritten foreheads, bno forgot, Tor
moment, how thoy were changed, and al
most fancied herself again tho young mother,
and tiny bands stole lovingly over her ho
some and young beads nostlod there at
The Illusion vanished quickly, and the
tigbed tho thought of hor youngest born,
tho reckless boy had loft hor three ycart
before, for a home nn the tea. Once
only had tiding! reached hor of tho wander
er. The letter tpoke of tho hardshipt and
homo sickness in that light and careless way
that reached the mothor's faeart mnro surely
than repining and complaint. To know
that he suffered, with a strong boart, with
noble and unyiolding resolution, gavo hor
foeling of pleasure, Lot unmingled wltb
'-Ho will surely come back," murmured
the affectionate mother to herself; "and
read tho paper so carefully evory wouk, that
if it says anything about tho ship Alfred
sailed in, I shall bo suro to soo it."
"Mrs. Heath " said her husband, Inter
rupting hor moditations somewhat rudoly,
"wo nave spent thirty oonars moro man
usual this year, whoro can it have gone to
"Tho new harnoss,"suggostod Mrs. Heatb,
"that don t come every yiar you know.
"Well," there's twenty dollars accounted
"We had tbe carriage fixed up wbon you
bought the harness, continued nis wile,
"Well, that wai eight dollars; that's
twenty-eight; we don't spend that every year
but tbe other two, wbore can tbey have
Glancing his eye over tbe pages of
memorandum book, he continued
"I II tell you what 'tis, Iba newspaper
eott just two dollars, ana we can ao without
It. It isn't anything tn oat, drink or wear.
I dou't do anything with it, and you only
lay It away up chamber. It may as well
left out as not, and I'll stop my subscription
' Oh." said his wife, "yon dou't know how
much I set by tbe newspaper. I always
have a tort of glad feeling when I tee you
take it from vour hat and lav it on tbe kitoh-
en mantle-piece, just a I do when tome
the children come homo; and when I am
tired I sit down with my knitting work and
read. I ean knit just as well when I'm
reading, and foel to eontonted, I don't be
Hove Quoen Victoria herself take more
solid comfort than I do sitting by tbe eatt
window, on summer afternoon, reading
"But you are jutt at woll off without it,"
answered bar buiband, for want of anything
else to tay.
"I never neglect anything else for read
ing, do I Y' asked Mrs. Heatb. mildly.
"No, I don't know as you do," answered
ber buiband "but it toemi ao extra like
I shall stop it," ho addod. In a tone that'
showed plainly enough bo wished to stop
I shall tiiko tho paper, rumarkod bis
wifo, "if I have to go out washing to pay
This was not spoken angrily, but so firmly
that Mr. I lent h noticed it, though by no
moans romarkablo for discernment In most
matters. It soundod so different from hor
usual, quiet "as you think host," that ho ao
tuaily atoppod a moment to consider wnetn
er It was at all likely she would do at tho
Mr. Hoath was a kind husband, at that
Indefinite description it generally under
ttood t that it. bo did not boat bit wifo, and
alwayt gave hor onongb to eat. Mora than
that, he had a curtain regard for bor bcppl
noes, whieh alternately made him fool half
ashamed of his decision, but liko many otlior
men who have more obstinacy than wisdom
he could not boar to retract anything, and
abovoall to bo conviucod bo was wrong
by a woman.
However, with a commondublo wish to
romove the un happiness he caused, ho sug
gosted that as the papors wcro carefully
tavod, and sho had Inuna thorn Interesting.
she could read thorn ovor again, beginning
at January, and taking ono a week through
tbe veer thoy would just come out oven
bo conoiudnd, as if it woro a lingular fact
that thoy should do so.
Notwithstanding tho admirable proposi
tion he still folt tomo uoouiiuoss. It fol
lowed him, at he walked up tho ploatant
lane to the pasture, and it mado him speak
more sharply than was his wont, if the cows
stopped whilo ho was driving them home,
to crop the grass where it looked greenest
aud swootest on the sunny slope. It
troubled him till he board his wifo call bim
to supper, in such a cheerful tono, that be
concluded she didn't cara much about the
newspaper aftor all.
About week aftor this, at Mr. Heath
was mowing one morning, ho was surprised
to see bit wifo coming out, dressed as if for
"I am going," taid sho, "to spond the day
with Mrs. Brovo. I loave plenty for you
to eat ;" and so saying, sbo walked rapidly
Mr. Heath thought about it just long
enough to say to hiinaulf, "sbo don't go a
visiting to stay all day onco a year, hardly,
aud it't ttrango the should go in hay time."
Very long tho day seemed to him ; to go
In for lunchoon, dinner and supper, and to
have nobodv to spoak to ; to find everything
so still. The old clock ticked stiller than
usual, be thought; the brood of pretty wbito
chickens that woro always peeping around
the door, had wandered off somowbero, and
loft it stillor vot ; ho evon missed tho busy
click of tho knitting noodles which was apt
to put him out io, when bo wai doing any
"I am glad," be laid to himself, at he began
to look down the road at tuntot, "that Milli
cent don't go a visiting all tho time, as tome
women do tbero, the it jutt coming."
"How tired you look, laid he, at the
camo npt "why didn't you tpoak about it,
and I'd bavo harnessed up and come after
"I am not very tired." she answered ;
but bor lookt boliud her; indeed, bor hut
band doclarod the looked tired for a day or
What wai bit amazement to too her go
away the next Tuesday in tbe tamo manner
To hit great dissatisfaction everything
loomed that day to partake of bis wile's
propensity for going from homo. "A man
don't want cold food in haytime," said he,
as he tat down to dinner. In tho same
grumbling mood ho rocountod tho mishaps
of the morning, whicb soomed to have boon
much after tbo manner sot forth in certain
legend of olden timo; for bo embellished
bis recital by allusion to,
"The sheep's in the meadow,
The cow's in the corn,"
adding that tbey wouldu't havo boen there
if Mrt. A. had been at home, because she'd
seon thorn bofore thoy got In, and halloed,
fciho would have toen tbo oxon bofore they
got across tbe river, and tavod bim the
trouble of getting them back. Bui after
tracing all tho untoward events to bor ab
tonco, he laid to bimsolf consolingly, "I
guest she won't go any moro, ibo alwayi
wai a. homo body."
Mrt. Heath did go again though, and
again, and tho day tbo went for the fourth
timo, ber buiband took eountol with him
self as to what ho should do to ".top ber
gadding." Soatod ou tho door step, in the
thtde of tho old trees, he spont an hour or
two in devising ways and moasuros, talking
aloud all the time, and having tho satisfac
tion of boaring nobody disputo him.
"It is hard to think of hor got ting to bo a
visitin' woman," said ho, "and it's cloar it
an,t right keep hor at homo, I've road in
the Bible, (old Richard's Biblo knowledge
was somewhat confusod,) quotations varied
slightly from the soripturul phrase "keepers
at home;" but it says too, he addod, with
tho true, sincero man, "that husbands must
set groat store by their wives and treat thorn
woll. I won't scold Millicont, I'll harness
up and go for hor to-night, and coming
home, I'll talk it all over with hor, and toll
hor bow bad it makes mo feel, and if that
won't do, I'll something else."
In accordaooe with his praiso-worthy res
olution, ho might have been teen about
tunsct, hitching hit hone at Mr. Brown't
door i for strangely enough, Mrs. Heath's
visits bad all been made at the same place.
Going up to the door, he stopped in amaze
ment at seeing bis wife in tbe kitchen, just
taking en a great wooion wasn apron, ana
nutting down bor tloevet which had been
roilod up for washing. He listened and
heard bor say as she took somo money from
Mrs. Brown, "It won't be to tbat I can do
your washing again."
"It has been a great favor to bava you
do it while I have been poorly," laid Mrs.
Brown, "and I am glad to pay you for it.
This makes four timet, and hero two dol
Ian. 'Tis just at woll that you can't come
again, for I think I ihall be well enough to
do it mytolf."
"Two dollars, lust the price of the newt
paper," exclaimed Mr. Heath at the truth
flashed scroll bim. Rather a lilcnt ride
tbey bad home, till at last ha taid
"I never wot to ashamed in my life I"
"Of what r asked bis wife.
"Why, to bave you go out washing; I
ain't so poor a that eomei to."
"Well, I don't know," replied the wife,
"when a man It too poor to take a news
paper, bis wifo ougbt not to feel above going
Nothing mora was laid on tho luhject at
tbat time, though lome ill feeling! lingered
in tbe hearts of each. The making up wai
oo mawkish toens of kitting and crying,
tuoh at romance) wrlteri build their useless
fabric with bat as Mr. Hoatb wai finish
Ing ber household duties for tbo .night, ibe
"I don't think I done quite righLRicbard."
"I don't think I did either," rospondoil
hor husband, and so tho spark was quench
ed which might have becomo a scathing
ttamo, blighting all the domestic peace un
der their hiimhlii roof.
Tho sequel showod tbat Millicont paid
her two dollars and continued to take the
paper, and by it heard of tho return of tho
ship hor son tollod oo. Sho immediately
prococded to tho city at which it had ar
rived, and thero aftor dilllgunt search found
hor son Alfred, prostrate upon a bed of
sickness among strangers, apparontlv neg
lected, and nsar unto doath'a door. Bv tha
kind attentions and untiring watchfulness
of a tond mother, ho was restorod to health
and to his bolovod home.
From that timo forward the farmer an
proclatod tbe valuo of, and always took the
newspaper and paid for it, aud considered
tho two dollars which ho thus paid yoarl
the most valuable investment made of bis
BY DISCONTINUING HIS PAPER. " T F."
Sometime! (lie reader of newspapers
will notice bringing up the rear uf an ad
vertisement the letter! "If." Probably
they never trouble him tnnch ; he might
nave regarded mem as a tort ot cabaiis
tic literature peculiar to lb press, and ccr
tainly not a fit theme for song or sermon.
However this may be, that pair of let
ters Las a significance beyond the range
of type, and on into shadows, and out
into the tunsbino of that mosaic work we
To the uninitiated it Is only "If," to the
printer! eye it rxpaodi into "till forbid,"
a reminder that the advertisement it wain
on, ia to be continued from day to day,
from week to week, until ordered out by
him who ordered ill publication.
The ilory ol bow many tprings that
bave brought the blue bird and tbe violet,
hat been told in tbat "if." Wrought in
the green tracery of learei that rise and
fall on the bosom of tbe air, painted on
clouds at anchor in tbe summer tea,
carved on the itoae thresholds of ever
going floods, silvered on the moon's mo-
dallion, graved on the round ruby of the
mornng sun, in tbe scroll of storm it is
woven, on the breath of song it is broid
ered, and "tf" "till forbid" ia the story
of the world.
. "Tf" is written alike on the drop of dew
that satellite of tod and on the great
world that dances in tbe breath, and
brightens in tbe smile of God.
"Tf" rounds the summer of human
hopes, it Is delicately traced on beauty's
brow, you will find it in tbe rose's blush
ing bud, you may tee it ia tbe shining
"TP ii wrought in tho belmi of the
sweeping Tamerlane's of all times, and
the silver thread of the small voiced brook
will not be broken without it.
Nature has no stereotypes, all ber ad
vertisement! are published with "tf,"
and tbe types that express loveliness are
silently "distributed," and the graves are
filled wilb the eloquence of yesterday.
And even there enameled in the little
billowi ol turf that break up earth's green
iwaid like a tea, there ia a "till loibid,"
and to the silent iweli of the sod eub
tidei where graves have been, and back
to the air, and up to the clouds, and away
in gladness, goei the dust to be Usuioned
into new expressions of truth and beauty.
"Tl" it woven into the scarlet robe of
Wrong, and the purple garb of Power.
Conquest's glowing wheels are lock'd with
a "tf," and tho weariest bonds that eve
bound humanity bear those letters stamp
ed on every link.
The young mother bending with looks
of love over the fairest "copy" her eves
ever saw, forgets that in thai little face,
hid in the dimple of a cheek, or shaded
by a tress of golden hair, two words are
traced in life's blue autograph, that ere
long obeyed, may leave ber gazing up to
full heaven, and sighing that some breath
of air has wafted away forever, the sweet
est "copy in all the world.
But the singer of the little song, tbat
goes into all lands wherever it is spring,
reads no "tf" upon its pinion, lie knows
tbat it will caro) on to other times, and
win a welcome ; that it will be sung when
he is dead ; tbat the olive leaf it bears will
never wilhor ; that by and by a window
will open in Heaven, and a hand will be
put forth, and singing still, that tuneful
bird of his will be touched with tbe "while
radiance" of immortal morning.
And the thinker who entrusts his living
thought to time ; bis thought instinct with
beauty and eloquent with truth, feels that
no "if" will orove "the end of all" its
mission ; that leaving the red threshold of
bis heart, it begins an independent being,
and will stand Bublimely there, in the bro
ken columns of the "proof" of time.
This is not to die ; this is the (rue
transmigration of soul ; clinging to no
frail tenure of a "till forbid," its type shall
never fall to dust, not a syllable of all ill
utterance be lost.
There is a dignity in such a work ; to
bridge the narrow breadth of graves ; to
keep repaired the crumbling ashes of time.
This has no emblem in the drop of rsin
that builds the bow upon tbe cloud, and
glitters down tho changeful ray that gilds
a stormy world.
This is to past like some armed warrior,
unchallenged down the ages as they Hand,
and hear bis foot unfaltering, prest the
threshold of to-morrow. Upon ill gates,
"on golden hinges turning," no "till for
bid" was ever traced, and to all truth and
earnest thought, bright bands are beck
oning, and tbe line moves on.B.F.
TaADi increases the wealth and glory
of a country ; but its real strength and
tamina are to be looked for among the
eultivatort of the lend. In their simplic
ity of life is found tbe simplenesi of virtue
the integrity and eourage of freedom.
These true genuine touli of tbo earth are
invincible ; and they lurround and hem
In the mercintile bodiet ; even if these
bodies, which supposition I totally dis
claim, could be supposed disaffected (o
the oatue ol liberty or iMMaM,
These verses from Tronch are beautiful :
Who was it that so latoly said,
All pulses in thy heart wore dead
Old Earth, that now In festal robot
Appuaruit as a brido now wod ?
Oh, wrappod to late In winding-shoot,
Thy wiiidiug-iheot, oh, wbero It Mod ?
Lo I 'tit ao emerald carpet now, tread,
vtruoreiuo young monarch spring, may
Ho comot and, a defoalod king,
Old Winter to tbo bills ia fled.
Tho warm wind broke hit frosty tpoar,
And looted the bolinot from bit bead t
And the weak showers of arrowy aloot,
For bit itrongholdi havo vainly tpod.
All that wai sleeping It awake,
And all ii living tbat wai dead.
Who listen now, can hoar the ttreami
Leap down tboir pobbly bed
Or ire them, from thoir fetters free.
Like silver make tbe ineadowi thread.
The joy, tbo life, tho hone of earth.
Tbey sloop awhilu, tbey wore not dead t
O, thou who lay 'it thy lero heart ne'er
With verdure can again be tproad
O, thou wbo mournest them that lloep,
Low lying io an eartbly bed
Look out on tli it reviving world,
An bo new hope within thee bred I
What is a Lady?
A great deal of argument ii going (lie
roundi respecting the title of lady and
the name woman. Tbe expression "lady"
ii in much abused, that without being in
the least hypercritical, I have long lince
oecome proiouudly disgusted with it, and
infinitely prefer the sweet, unpretending
title of true woman. If we could but sift
the chaff from the wheat, abrogate all tbe
self-styled "ladies," there would be no
objection to the title ; but, ministers of
grace, defend us from some ladies of the
present day, who do not even kuow why
a woman should be so called. A lady
must possess perfect refinement and intel
ligence. She must be gracious, affable
and hospitable, without the slightest de
gree of fussiness. She must be a Christian,
mild, gentle and charitable, unostentatious,
and doing good by stealth. She must be
deaf to scandal and gossip. Her high
sense of honor will forbid her prying into
ber husband's secrets, searching stealthily
his portemonnaie and pockets, and break
ing open hit letten. She must not dis
dain a kindly nod of recognition to ber
servants, seamstress, dressmakcr.butcher,
baker, or any employee she may chance
to meet. She must possess discrimination,
knowledge of human nature, and tact
sufficient to avoid offending one's weak
points, steering wide of all subjects which
may bo disagreeable or offensive to any
present. She must ke;p the golden rule
uppermost in her mind. She must look
upon personal cleanliness and freshness of
attire as next to godliness. Her dress
muit be In accordance with her means,
never dressy or flashy, but if possible
composed ot the best material. Abhor
ring everything like soiled or faded finery
or mock jewelry, her purs mind and clear
conscieuce will cause tbo foot of time to
pass as lightly over the smooth brow as if
she stepped on flowers ; and as she moves
with quiet grace and dignity, all will ac
cord her, instinctively, the title of lady.
If I had time and you patieuce, I eould
present the other view of the ease, look
ing upon this pioture and upon that. But
when one constantly comes in contact, in
oranibusses, ears, stores, the promenade,
places of public amusement, and where-
ever women are generally found, with
those who loudly arrogate to themselves
the contested title, can you wonder at the
disgust it produces ? Lady Corret-
pondent of Ncv Or leant Delta.
Love of Home.
; It Is only shallow-minded pretonders wbo
make oittror distinguished origin a matter
of personal merit, or obscure origin a matter
of personal reproach. A man who is not
ashamed of bimsolf, noed not be ashamed of
bit early condition. It did happen to me
to be born in a Ing cabin, railed among tbo
snow-drifts of New Hampshire, at a period
a early that when tbe imoke first rose from
its rude chimney and curled over the frozen
hills, thore was no similar evidonco of a
white man's habitation, between it and tbo
lottlomenti of tbe rivers of Canada. Its ro-.
mains itill exist j I make an annual visit.
I carry my children to it, and teach them
the hardships endured by the generations
bofore thero. I love to dwell on the tender
recollections, the kindred ties, the early af
foetiom and tbe narrations and incidents
which mingle with all I koow of thit primi
tive family abodoj I woep to think that
none wbo then Inhabited it are now among
the living ; and if I ever fail in afiectionate
veneration for him who railed it, and do
londed it against lavage violence and de
struction, cherished all domeitio comforts
beneath itt roof, and through the fire and
blood of lovon years' revolutionary war,
shrunk from no toil, no sacrifice, to serve
bis country and to raise his children to a
condition better than bis own, may my
name and tbe name of my posterity bo blot
ted from ibo memory of mankind. Daniel
Tns Two Maxims "Give and forgive"
tbe maxim of charity ; "Get and forget"
tbe maxim of worldlinois. Give to him
that askelb give to the poor and noody
give oeip, consolation, nope, lovo. i orgive
injuries and offences forgive ai you would
be forgiven. Thit Ii true charity.
But Ibo other it the maxim of worldly
prudence and tucoeii. Get all you ean j
forgot whatever It ineonvenienl to romem
bor; climb at high at possible; kick down
tbo laddor by which you climbed, if it stand
io your way. Got fame, fortune, position ;
forget friends wbo aro no longer useful
confederates who may prove troublesome
promiiei which it U Inconvenient to keep.
Gold. 'The whole quantity of gold
which bis been extracted from tbe sur
face and bowels of the earth, from the
earliest times to tho present day, is esti
mated to be i4 (Mouiand miiliont of del-lart.
Exciting Scene in House on the
5th inst—Speech of Hon. Owen Love
5th inst—Speech of Hon. Owen Love joy, of Illinois.
Mr. Lovejny said the Ilonso had boon en
gaged in giving the doath blow to polygamy.
By tho Philadelphia platform tho Republi
can party stand plodgod at far at the Fed
eral Uovernmcnl hat the power io extricate
that othor twin relic of barbarltm, ilavery,
in tho Torritoriot. Ho wanted to tee them
both strangled and go down together.
Mr. I.ovejoy, warming up witn nuiunjoct,
pasted from hit seat to the area in front ot
tho Ulois. s desk in lull view ol an tne mem-
bors.and .poke in aloud tone with emphasis
and earnest gesticulation against the ground
on wbicb it was touch! to juttify slavery
bocaase tbe croature are poor and the
.tronr. havo tbo power to oppress the weak
The rish opprctt tho poor. The ipint of
tlavehoding being tho spirit ot the dovil.&te
Mr. I'ryor laid tbe gentleman from Illi
noil had no right to shake hit Bit at gentle
moo on bit lido. It wai bad enough to
tand in bit own placo there, and talk hit
treason and insolence.
Mr. Barkdalo Lot bim koop on bii own
lido of tbe llouto.
Tho confusion soon became general and
tbe members bepsn to press into the area
Mr. Cox taid the gentleman from Illinois
ought to speak from hit teat.
Mr. I'ryor Lot him stand there and talk,
be shan't come on this side of the Hall.
Mr. Barkdsle was seen shaking bis eane,
and in the wildest of tbe confusion, was
heard to say "rascal," as applied to Mr.
Mr. Adrian, as if to quiet the tumult, laid
tbe gentlemen could tpoak from bit seat.
The Chairman. (Mr. Washburn, of Me.,)
In vain rapped to restore order.
Mr. Adrian, in a conciliatory tone, sup
supposed nobody wanted to intimidate the
Mr. Pryor No ono wants to intimidate
Mr. Lovejoy Nobody can Intimidate me.
Many Republicans now crowded around
Mr. Lovejoy, who exclaimed to tbem "Oh,
I'm safe enough I"
Mr. Burnett, elevating hii voiee above the
din. taid tbe rulei require the gentleman to
speak from hit seat. He mutt and ahull do
it I Ho shall not ibake hit fist to gentle
men on tbit tide in a menacing manner.
The Chairman callea loudly for the Ser
geant at Armt at if to attend to Mr. Bur
oott, wbo taid, "You may call the Sergeant
at Arms, but the member tball not do il."
Tbe glittering maco of tbe Sergeant at
Arrei did not quiot tbe ditordor,
Mr. Kollogg, of III., camo to tbe lupport
of hit colleague.taying bo should not commit
a breach ot tbe rule, but mat no inouia
have bit right!.
A general fight at ono timo seemed immi
nent, and the wildeit excitement every
The Speaker wai called on to resume hit
leal, when tbe Chairman reported tbat the
Committee roto owing to the ditorder.
Finally comparative quiet was restored.
Mr. Sherman said, "We are in good order
Thii wai tuceoeded by a bunt of laughter.
Tbe Homo ihon again went into Com
mittee of the Wbolo.
Mr. Lovniov took the itand at tha Clerk't
desk and resumed his romurks. He tpoke
about Northern Christian women wbo wont
to the South to prevent tbe people tbore
from returning to barbarism.
Mr. Singleton laid tbat he would not al
low tucb insinuations on Southern women
to pass. If tbe membor persisted in tbat
courso of romarks. he would nota uim
Mr. Lovejoy laid that in tho 4,000,000
ilavet there was not one legal husband,
father, wife or child, and tpoke about a
Presbytorian Eldor down South having the
Gotpel whippod into him with the broadside
of a hand saw, and of a young girl in this
city being whipped until the blood came out
of bor nostrils, and sent to the garret to die.
Ho had sworn to support the Constitution
because he loved it, but bo did not interpret
It in tho samo way bouthorn men did.
Mr. Bonbam You violate it.
Mr. Ashmore And perjure yourself.
Mr. Singleton And are a negro thief
Into the bargain.
Mr. Barkesdalo I hold no parley with a
Mr. Lovojoy said when Daniol Webster
spoke of tbe imposition of Austria on Hun
gary no romarkod that the earthquake and
tornado havo power, and tbo thunder bat
power, but greater than these was the
powor of public opinion, and before ibis he
propoied to arraign Austria. He (Lovejoy)
proposed to hold up to tbe retribution of
public lontimont tlaveholding in all its
atrocity and hidoousness just as gentlomon
had hero polygamy. Publie sontiment will
burn and icour out ilavery. Tbe proper
way ii by Ibe action of tho slave States
themselves. Ho bad endorsod tbo Holpor
Book, because he wanted to do it. Ho did
so without asking tbe genttoman from Mis
souri, or anybody elso. You shed the Hood
of my brother twonty years ago, and I am
hore treo to speak my uitnd. ino repub
lican party would spring np in Kentucky,
and gentlomen now boro would find thorn
selves displaced by more moderate, and if it
were nol onentive, he would add moro sen
sible men. Ho wanted to lay in Charleston
what ne could no re.
Mr. Benham You bad bettor try it.
Mr. Lovejoy I can go to England and
there discusi the question of Church and
Stato. or any other British institution, but
if I go into tbo ilavo Statet and talk againtt
slavery, where ii my protection ?
Mr. Millor Can you go to England and
incite the laboring classes to atsasAinate tbe
Mr. Lovejoy I don't mean to do that ;
1 claim tbo right to discuss slavery every
where under the Stan and Stripes. I claim
it. I demand it.
Mr. Bonham We want vou to assort it.
Mr. Lovniov When you call ut imall
farmer! and apply other epithet! againtt tbe
working pontile of tho North, we don't
barm vou. If a mecbanio from Penntylva
nia were to go South and tpoak about the
tuperiority of white labor, bo would be held
morally responsible. You would ttrip bim
and scourge bim by ibe band of a slave, and
perhaps tar and feather bim.
Mr. Barktdalo Tbe meanest negro In tbe
South i your superior.
Crioi of "Ordor, from the Bopiiblican
Mr. Lovejoy, In ipeaklng of John Brown,
laid he would not curie bim ; bo would pour
no exooratioci upon old John Brown. He
condemned what be (Brown) did. Ho dit
annrovad of bit acts ; be believed, however,
tbat his purpose wai a good ono and bis
motives honest and truthful. John Brown
itood bead and ibouldert above any man
hero until bo was itrangled. Any law to
ontlsvo man was as an arnngemnt among
pirates to dittiibuto tbe spoils. By what
right do you of the South gel togethnr arid
enact law. that I or my children ihall be
your tlavos. Every ilave has a right to ron
away In ipite of your lawi and to fight bim
self away. Were he (Lovejoy) a Hare,
and wer,it nccotsary to achieve bis free
dom he would not hesitate Io fill np tha
chasm and bridgo it wltb tbe slain. He
loved the South. '
A Voice "We don love you.
Mr. Loveinv So it was with the Savior.
Tbey didn't lovo tiim. Laughter. Oon
tlornen who talked ol dissolving ma union
could not do it any more than they eould
ttop the mining or tne ion. v irginta, in
ttead ot clothing noueil in tneep gray.
should clothe borsolt in sock ciotn ana atnea
on account of slavery, and ongbt to drink
the water! of bitterness,
Mr. Martin, of Va. If you will come into
Virginia we will bang you higher than we
did John Brown.
Mr. Lovejoy No doubt of It.
Tbe Cotnmittoe rose, and then tbo House
Rev. Mr. Barnes, in bis sermon on
"Life at three score," illustrates the mag
nitude of eternal things as be approaches
tbe end of life, compared with (bote which
ordinarily occupy the attention of man
kind, by tho following figure:
"The earth, as it moves in its orbit
from year (o year, maintains its distance
of ninety-five millions of miles from the
sun, and the sun, except when seen
through a hazy atmosphere, at its setting.
seems at all times to be of the same mag
nitude to human view, an object alwayi
small, as compared with cur own
world. But suppose the earth should
leave its orbit, and make its way in a di
reet line toward Ibe sun. How soon.
would the lun teem to enlarge its dimen
sions! How vast and bright it would be
come! How soon it would fill the whole
field of vision, and all on the earth dwin
dle to nothing! So human life now ap
pears to me. In earlier years, eternity
appeared distant and small of importance.
But at tbe period of life which I have now
reached, it seems to me as if the earth,
had left the orbit of its annual movements,
and was making a rapid and direct flight
to tbe sun. The objects of eternity, to
which I am moving, rapidly enlarge them
selves. They bavo become overpower
ingly bright and grand. They (ill the
whole field of vision, and the earth, with
all whicb is the common object of human
ambition and pursuit, is vanishing away."
The Quaker and the Pugulist.
! A genuine bully called upon a "Friend'
avowedly to thrash bim.
"Friend," said the Quaker, knocking
down the visitor's fists, "before thou pro
ceedest to chastise me, wilt Ihoa not take
Tbe bully was a glutton, and at once
consented, washing down the solids with
libations of strong ale. He rose np
again to fulfil his original errand.
"Friend," said the Quaker, ."wilt thos
not first take some punch ?" and he tup
plied abundance of punch. The bully,
now staggering, attempted to thrash bio
"But" quoth the Quaker, "friend wilt
thou not take a pipe 1"
This hospital offer was accepted, and
the bully, utterly weak, staggered across
the room to chastise the Quaker. Tbe
latter, opening tbe window and pulling
tbe bully towards it, thus addressed bim :
"Friend, thou earnest here not to be
pacified; I gave thee a meat offering, but
that did not assuage thy rage ; I gave thee
a drink offering, still thou wert beside
thyself; I gave thee a burnt offering,
neither did that suffice ; and now I will
try thee with a heave offering."
And with that he heaved him out ol
the window. That sufficed him.
Chesterfield and Voltaire.
Chesterfield was at a rout in France
where Voltaire was one of the guests.
Chesterfield teemed gazing about the
brilliant circle of ladies. Voltaire accost
ed him :
"My lord, I know you are a judge ;
which are the more beautiful, the English
or the French ladies ?"
"Upon my word," replied Chesterfield,
with his usual presence of mind, "I an
no judge of paintings."
Some time afterward Voltaire, being in
London, happened to be at a nobleman'e
party with Chesterfield. A lady in the
company, prodigiously rouged, directed
her whole discourse to Voluire, and en
grossed his whole conversation. Chester
field camo up, tapped bim on the shod
der, and said :
"Sir, take care that you are not capti
vated." "My lord," returned tho French wit,
"I scorn to be taken by an English craft
under French colors."
Tub Mississippi Biver. A writer, re
ferring to tbo vastnets of the Mississippi
river, says : It extends S.100 miles from
tbo froxon regions of Ibe North to the sunny
South, and with the Missouri river 1s 4.600
in length. It would reach from New York
across tbe tbe Atlantic Ocean, or front
France to Turkey and the Caspian Sea. lie
average depth it 50 feet, and its width half
a mile. The floodi are moro tbtn a month
traveling from its source to its delta. Tbe
trappers can exchange Ibo furs of animate
caught by them on Ibo upper Mitaistippl
for tbo tropical fruits gathered on tbe banks
below. Tbe total value of iteamers afloat
on tbe river and il tributaries ia moro tbaj
w60,000,000, numbering 1,600 boat, with
more than Iwico tho iteamboet tonnage of
England. It drain an area of 1,300,000
square miles, and watbea tbo thore of 11
powerful Statet. In one tingle reservoir al
Lake Pepin, between Wisconsin and Minne
sota, 2,500 miles from tbe tea, tbe navies ot,
the world might safoly ride at anchor.
It is not tbe great things of this life
over which mortals stumble. A rock we
walk round, a mountain we cross ; it is the
unobserved, unexpeeted, unlooked-for
little slicks and pebbles which cause as to
halt on our journey. Tbo blind may ruo
againtt a rock and not fall ; but put e,
small matter In bit way and be will etu
ble over it.
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