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Ml J 0. CONVERSE, Proprietor. 21 UJhMb NttDflpaptr, Dottb to tlje D'uatmlnatton of Ktpnb.ican Principle, Ct-ttration, tmptrantt, Tittratttrf, 2tflritnltn, ano tlje Ntrot of tfjt Dajj. TERMS $1,50 per Annum, VOL. XL, NO. 10. CHARDON, GEAUGA COUNTY, OHIO, FRIDAY. APRIL 20, 18C0. WIIOLE NO., 350. ZLl)t Mcfftrsonian Democrat U rCBMStlED EVBUT FltlOAT MOnfflNO.AT v CHARDON, Geauga County, Ohio, Ofie directly over tht Drug Start oj Conk 4 Horn ilton, mttt tide of tht Public Svuart. TERM Si If paid In advance, fl 50 If not piii within the year, 8 00 tOrAll kin ts of merchantable produce taken in payment, at the market price. ,No paper discontinued until all arrearages re paid, except at the option of the l'uhheher. KATE3 OK ADVERTISING. ' LtaAL Advertisements will be inserted as fol lows: SO cts. a square, firt insertion; each sub sea lent insertion. 25 cts. a sminre. IIi-sines Advertisements will be inserted at the following ratos: Una Square three insertions, -$l 00 " " two months, 2 2J " u throe months 3 00 " six months, 4 00 one year, 6 00 Half column six months,-- 1200 " " one year, 18 00 One column nix months, 20 00 " " one yuar, 40 00 3rBuslnesa Cardsof not over 6 lines, for one year, 3 00 .Advertisements should be marked the mim ker of times they are designed to lie inserted; those at so mirked, will be continued until ordered out, and charged according to the auove terms. The privileges of yearly advertisers will be eon flittd tn thair retitlar business. Attorneys will be holdcn for the price of Inserting advertisements brought by them. Mr All communications must be addressed to the proprietor, (postage paid.,) to receive attention. LIST OF PUBLIC OFFICERS: HORACE WILDER JOHN F. MORSE PETER HITCHCOCK M. C. CANFIELU E. G. WHITK ..- WM. N. KEENY C.C. FIELD H.N. SPENCER He. LUDLOW H. K. SMITH BENJAMIN DIDLAKE C. A. SMITH District Judge. Senator. KeDresentattve. Probate Judge. Sheriff. Clerk, Auditor. : Treasurer. ' Recorder. Pros. Attorney. Coroner. Auctioneer. SKTH EOSON Surveyor. J. O. WORAM.O. J. V. WHITNEY, School Examiners. JOHN NICHOLS, J. V. WHITNEY J. W. COLLINS- B. B. WOODBURY 'Commissioners. ALEX. McNISH. CEO. M ANLY, Directors of Infirmary. A. luu.uunu. BUSINESS DIRECTORY. LAW FIRM. a LFRED PHELPS & Albert G. Rlddlo.eom A nosing i lie old Law Firm of Phe'os & Kiddle. and Alfred Phelps, Jr., have formed a Copartnership connection lor tna rraence ot uw, under tne name ol Phelps, Ridd'o & Phelps, at the old Office f Phep &. Riddle, where they wi1 attend to (ill law business wuictt may tie enlruMr-d to tlioir are. ALFRED PHELPS, ALBERT G RIDDLE, AI.FUEJ PHELPS, Jr. Chardon, December 9i!i, 1859. 5l"tf THRASHER, DURFEE & HATHAWAY, Attorneys & Counsellors at Law, Chardon, Geauoa Couhtv, O., Will give prompt attention to business entrusted 1 ,119111, 111 UtUUg" Mill IliyUldlllg WVU.IIjrBi ftJ'Oflice over Dr. J. Nichols' Drug Store. A. H THRASHER, I. E. DURFEE, I. It. IUTHAWAT Chardon, Nov. 25th, 18M). . Molf CANFIELD At FRENCH, Attorneys at Law. Mr All Business eiurusted to them attended with promptness. JJ Mr. French is also NOTARYPUBLIC. Office over store of W. T. Rexford. jr. . W. CANF1XLD, I. I'RENCI?. 508 -f , 17. SMITH. 9. L WOOD, SMITH &, WOOD, Attorneys rtt Law, (Collections promptly attended to.J$ Warren, Trcmisci.l Co., O. J33-tf E. V- CANFIELD, Oeneral Insurance and Collection Agent, Cuardon, Ohio. KrOJI tn tht Court Home, with County -rtaturer. s-iy L. A. HAMILTON. Physician aud Surgeon, Chardon, Geauoa Countv, Ohio OITlee at his residence, a few doora eouih of the Public Square. April S9, 1859. 485yl F O K R I 3 T &. SMITH, Attorneys and Solicitors, ClAitDOif, Geauoa County, Onto. W. O.Forrist practises I H. K. Smith is Notary in the U.S. Courts for I Public and Prosecut- the N. District of O. ing Atty. for Geauga- OKre. 2d door South of Bank. May 6. 11569. 436-tf DR. R. THWING, TJripathic and Botmiio Physician, Mt'NsoN.Omo. No pent tip theory eontracis our sphere. Materia Medica is as boundless as the wants man, extending from the snow-clad li Ills ot north, to the sunny plains of the south. Poiron not is my mono; neuuer in pouna aoses, nor innn itesimal pills. 629yl WILLIAM ROBERTS' Boot and Shoe Shop, Ovxa C. Ksowles' Harness Suor. Chardon, Fob. 11, 1859. 474-tf WILEI1MS b KELLEY, Oenaral dealers in Groceries, Hardware, Dye Stuffs, Flour, Fish, Yankee Notions, J-c, Start Union Block, Chardon, Ohio. L. PATCH, DENTIST, ILL be in Chardon on the first Tuesday each month. Room at Chase's Hotel. R. CRE1GHTON, Book Binder aud lilankBook Manufac turer, Herald Buidings, Clsvlawd, O. JtarBlank looks Ruled aud Bound lo Order Old Books Rebound. 529if PRIOR, IIOLCOMBE &, CO., IMrORTERS AND WHOLESALE DEALERS IN Foreign and Domestic Drugs, CHEMICALS, &.u. Wo. 919 Fulton Street, Near Greenwich Street, Horace Prior, mb. j NEW-YORK. B- Chainberlin, , Henry H Wm.fi. 03ti Brainerd & Barridge, Cleveland, Ohio, DESIGNERS St LITHOGRAPHERS. ENGRAVING ON WOOD, Book lllu.trallons, Buildings, Horses and Bioctt, Ornnmcnlnl liordi'rs, Letters, Vignettes, AgricuUvial and Commercial Cuts in tints, Seals, ejo, oui Macliiuny, iu every variety ol Style. MANHOOD. Look thou upon tho outward life, Theactivo, roatlots, soelhing sea, The one tempestuous, coasoluss strife From which the world it novor froo I Look thou Into tho heart of man When tossed and torn by wild deii Tho toil to do what manhood can, The aspirations pointing higher I Think thou unnn his wenrv davs. Ilia anxious, watchful nights of gloom. And loo Iho wreath ot withering days mat crowns at last an ourly loniu. Then, if a single generous tear Is wopt for him in griuf sublime, And thou doosl deem it very dear Tliis meed ol glory paid by time, Still, ttill think not that thou hast known Tbo all in all this life should be 1 To toil, to mourn, to dio, alone Make not a man's divinity. Poor are tho honors of the earth, And pooror yet its paltry praiso t And not for this does honest worth Toil out it few but glorious days. I empty pralio of brazon clown Fit offering for tho man whoso soul Lived ail ignoble passions down And wout to God unstaioed and whole? No Heaven forbid ! his glance discorna, Dim through tho future's cloudy pail, A nig nor, purer ngni mat burns. But mounting and encircling all. There is a nobler lifo within, A life of soul, to which, if true, Ho tramples out the sparks of sin, Ho soeks his God, aud meets Him too. Then hush tho throbs of this poor clay, Fit but to mouldor 'neath the sod I ' Live firmly' nobly, gloriously, True to'yoursolf, and true to God I A Good Day's Work. BY T. S. ARTHUR. Our ol the of other "I've done one good day's worl, if I never do another," said Mr. ttarlow, rub bing bis bands together, wisely, and with the air of a man who felt very much pleased with himself. "And so have I." Mrs. Barlow's voice wus in a lower tone, and less txukiint, yet indicative of a spirit at peace with itself. "Let us compare notes," said Mr. Bar low, in the conlident matinor of one who knows that triumph will be ou his side, "and see which Las done the Lest day's work." You of course," returned the gentle hearted wife. "We shall see. Let the history of your day's doings precede mine." "No," said Mrs. Barlow, "you shall give the firfet experience. "Very well." And full of his subject, Mr. Barlow began : "You remember the debt of WarfJeld about which I spoke a few days ago ?" "Yes." "I considered it desperate would have sold out my entire interest at thirty cents on tbo dollar when 1 left home this morn ing. Now the whole claim is secure. 1 had to scheme a little. It was a sharp practice, but tne tuing is done. I don t believe that anolhct creditor of Warfield's will get one lhiid of his claim." "The next operation," continued Mr. Barlow, "I considered quite as good. About a year ago 1 took bliy acres of land in Erie county, for a debt, at a valuation of five dollars per acre. I sold it to-day for ten. 1 don ttlnnU the man knew just what he was buying. He called to see me about it, and I nsked (en dollars an acre at a venture, when he promptly laid down one hundred dollars to bind the bargain. If I should never see him again, I am all right. That is transaction number two, Number three is as pleasant to remember. I sold a lot of goods, almost a year out of date, to a young country merchant, for cash. He thinks he has a bargain ; and perhaps he has : but I would have let them go at any time during the pait six months, at a loss of thirty per cent., and thought the sale a desirable one." "Now there's my good dav's work, Jen ny, and it is one lo be proud of. I take some credit to myself for being, upon the whole, a pretty bright sort of a man, and bound to go through. Let us have your story now. The lace ol Mrs. Harlow Hushed slightlv. Her husband waited for a few moments and then said ; Let us hear of the yards of stitching, and the pile of good things made " "JNo noluing or tuat," answered Mrs. Barlow, with a Blight veil of feeling cov ering her pleasant voice, "I had another meaning when I spoke of Laving accom plished a good day's work. ' Aud now my doings will bear no comparison with yours, I tbink of declining tbeir rehearsal." "A bargain is a bargain, Jenny," said Mr. liarlow. "Word-keeping is a cardi nal virtue. Bo let your story be told. You Lave done a good days work in your own estimation, lor you said so. Uo on am all attention." Mrs. Barlow still hesitated. But after a little more urging, she began her story of a good day's work. Hei voice was little subdued, and there was an evident shrinking from the subject about which she felt eonstratned to speak. "I resolved last night," said she, "after passing some hours of self-examination and self-upbraidings, that I would for one day try to possess my soul in patience. And this day has been the trial day. Shall X go on t Mrs. Barlow looked up with a timid, half bashful air at her husband. She not meet Lis eyes, for Le Lad turned partly away. "Yes, dear Jenny, go on." The hus band's buoyancy of tone was gone. its place was something lender and pen sive. . . ; "Little Eddy was unusually fretful this morning as you will remember. seemed perverse, I thought cross, as call it. I was tempted to speak harshly two or three times : but remembering good resolutions, I put on the armor patience, and never let uun near atone. Dear, little lei low I When I went to wash him after breakfast, I found just behind one of his ears a small inflamed boil. It has made him slightly fevcrinh and worry some all day. Oh, wasn't I glad that patience had ruled my spirit?" After you went awny to the store, Mary got into one of her cross.perverse humors. She didn't want lo go to school to begin with ; then she couldn't find her slate, and then her shoe pinched her. I felt very muou annoyed ; but, recalling my good resolution, I met her irritation wild calmness, her willfuness with patient ad monition, tier stubborn temper vuh gentle rebuke ; and sol conquered. She kissed me and started for school with a cheerful countenance, her slate in her satchel and the pinching shoe unheeded. And so I had my leward. But my trials were not ovor. Borne ex tra washing was nooded. 8o I called Ellon and told her that Mary would rcquiro a frock and two pair of drawers to be washod out, and tho baby some slips, and you some fiocket-handkorchiefs. A saucy refusal eaped from tho girl's quick tonguo, and in dignant wo(ds to mi no. Patience I pa tience I whispered a still small voice, I stifled with an effort my feelings, rostrainod my spooch, and controlled my countenance. Very calmly, as to all exterior signs, did I look into Ellon's face until she dropped hor eyes lo the floor In confusion. "You must havo forgotten yoursolf." said I, with aomo dignity of manner, yet without a sign of Irritation. She was bum bled at once; con tossed tho wrong, and begged my pardon. I forgave hor alter re proof, and she wont back to the kitchon, somothing wisor, I think, thau wbon I sum moned hor. The washing I required has been done, and well done) and the girl has seemed all day as if sho were ondonvoring to atone, by kindness and service, for the hasty speech. If I mistake not, we wore both improved by tho dicipline through which we passed. Other trials I have bad through tho day. Somo of them quite as severe as the fuw I have mentioned ) but the armor of patienco was wbole when the sun went down. I was ablo to possess my soul In peace, and tho conquest of solf has marfo mo buppior. This is my day's work. It may not seem much in your eyes." Mr. barlow did not look up' nor spoak as the voice ot bis ito crow silent, She wait ed utmost a minuto lor his response. Thun he bent forward, suddenly, aud kissed bur, saying as be did so "Mine was work, yours a battlo mino success, yours conquest mine easy toil, yours bornism I Jontiy, dear, since you buvu boen talkine. I have (houeht thus: Mv good work bas soiled my garments, while yours are without a stain, and whito as angel robes. Loving monitor I may yuur lesson of to-night make me a better man. Yuur good day's work gives a two-fold blesiiug." Under the Microscope. as a In we of years ago, a minute bit nonde script something, looking more like a frag ment of an old trunk, with all the hair worn off, than anytbing else, was sent to au eminent microscopist lo determine what it was. The microscopist nlaced it in the "field," and pronounced it to be a piece of human skin the skin of a fair man covered with the hairs which grow on the naked part of tho body. Now the frag ment had been taken from under a nail on an old church door in Yorkshire, where. just one thousand years ago, ihe skin of uanisu robber bad been nailed up, kite wite, as a warning to all evil doers. Time and weather bad long ago destroyed all traces of this Danish Mnrsyns ; but the tradition remained in full force, when some one mote anxious than the rest scraped away a ponion of the door from under one of the nails, transmitted the same to a microscopist, and printed the result as we have given it. Another time, microscopy was made to play even a more important part as evi dence. In a certain late murder, where the victim bad his throat cut through both shirt and neckerchief, the prisoner attempt ed to explain away the presence of blood on a knife, which was assumed to have been the instrument of murder, by saying mat ne nau cut some raw beel with it, and forgotten lo wipe it afterward. The knife, with the blood upon its blade and shaft, was sent to a microscopist, and the follow ing was the chain of facts which he educed from it : 1. The staiu was blood. 2. It was not the blood of dead flesh, but of a living body, for it had coagulated wnere u was louno. 3. It was not the blood of an ox, sheep, or a hog. 4. It was human blood. fi. Among the blood were mixed cer tain vegetable fibres. 6. They were cotton fibres, agreeing with those of the murdered man's shirt and neckerchief, which had both been through. 7. There were present, also, numerous tesselated epithelial cells. That is, the cells of the mucous mem brane (called epitheliai cells) were tesse laied, or disposed like the stones of a pave ment, which proved that they came from the lining of the throat. For the mucous membrane lining of the throat is composed of tesselated cells ; that covering the of the tongue, of columnar cells, or cells aranged in tall cones or cylinders ; that lining the viscera Is ciliated, or carry ing small waving hairs at tbe tips. Thus the microscope revealed beyond doubt that this knife bad cut the throat of a liv ing human body, which throat had been protected by a certain cotton fabric evidence tallied so exactly with Ihe actual and supposed condition of things, that was held to be conclusive, and the mur derer was hung. Without the microscope he might havo escaped punishment alto gether, The human hair is a singularly beau tiful thing to look at under the microscope It, it made of successive layers of overlap ping cells, gradually tapering to a point like the thinnest and most innoitely twist ed cone. The edges are serrated with shallow saw like teeth ; it is perfeotly translucent, nnd marked will) a great many transverse lines exceedingly irregular sinuous. Jlo(s'. brisilt-s ate morn like. hu man hairs than any other animal's, the sinuous lines are finer and closer, and no saw teeth are visible at the edges. The finer hairs of the horse and ass have the overlapping plates about as close as in the human hair, but they are strikingly different in the medulla or pith. Cham lert' Alitcdlany. Reward of Honesty—A Beautiful and Touching Incident. a Johnny Moore is the namo of a bright- eyed, jolly-faced lad, twelve or fourteen years of age, whose invalid and widowed mother, living on Morgan street, be helps to support by the sale of newspapers, and by such errands and small jobs as he may chance to fall in with. Johnny, who is the hero of the pleasant and truthful inci dent we are about to record, is extremely neat in his attire, through his clothes have not always been of the best, and may have shown, in sundry patches and men ded rents, the results ol both poverty and frugal care. In snort, Joannv is just such a boy as we used to "read about id Sunday school books." Yesterday morn ing, bright and early, he was trudging Broadway, between Franklin' avenue and Washington street, when he chanced to stumble against a largo pocket book, which he picked up and found to contain a large number of bank notes and papers. While he was meditating on the sudden riches he had amassed, and which he had slid into a capacious pocket, or perhaps tacking his youthful mind whether to seek for the owner or conceal his good fortune, a gentleman rushed by him in an anxious, hurried, nervous' manner, which convinced the boy that he was looking for tomtthittff, and he thought he knew what. "Have you lost anything?" asked Johnny. "Yes, my pocket-book," wss the gen tleman's answer; "have you not seen it?" The little fellow "expected" he had; he didn't know, though. What kind of a pocket-book was it? This led to an adjournment to a neigh boring store, when the flushed and almost breathless individual "ol the urst part" proceeded to say that the pocket-book was a large black one, containing 81,200 in bank bills and some accounts, a strip of red morocco binding underneath the fl ip, being inscribed "Robert Thomas, (Jovinirton. hv. ihe uescriolion tallied. and Johnny's ryes snapped cheerfully as as placed the treasure as he found it, into the stranger s hand; and we opine there was greater joy in that one act than 810,- 000 could have purchased at the expense oi a guiuy conscience. Mr. lliomas hardly teemed to know which to feel most relief on the recovery of bis money and papers, Ot. uraiitude to Hie lad and admiration for bis honesty. luting Johnny by the hand, whose bound ing heart (ho knew not why) bad by this time "splushed tears into his eyes; " the gentleman led him to a clothing store and dressed him out from top to toe, in a brat) new suit, then proceeding to a good jewVlry store, he purchased a good silver watch, upon which ho directed to bo en graved these words: "Robert Thomas to ittle Johnny Moore, St. Louis, Pcptem bcr3J, 1859. Honesty is the best poli cy." rMol even content with this, (In generous strauger placed in a purse fivi twenty dollar gold pieces, which he direc ted the lad to give to his mother. W e shall uot attempt to portray the emotions of the boy. If his quiveriug lips and choked utterance, and the smiles that strove so hard to get through the watery globes that trembled in bis eyes, lulled to tell what was going on tn the heart, how shall we tell it ? St. Zouit Republican. The Eyes. i cut root and it An eye can threaten liko the loaded gun. or can iusult liko hissing or kicking, or its altered mood, by beauts of kindness can mako tbo heart dance with joy. The eye obeys exaotly tho action of tho mind. When a thought strikes up, tho vision Is fixed, and remains looking at distance; In enumera ting namos ol porsons or countries France, Spain, Britain or Germany the eyes wink at acb now name. Tnero is an honesty in tne eye, which tne mouth doe not participate in. "The artist," as Michaol Angelo said, "must have his moasure in his eye." Evoi are bold as lions bold, running. looping. Ihoy speak all language; they uoud no encyclopedia to aid in tbo interpre tation of their language; they rospuct nei thor rank nor fortune, vii tuo nor sox, but tbov go through and through you in a mo ment of time. You can read lu the eyes your companion, while you talk with biui, whether your argument hits, though bis tongue will not confess it. There is a look by which a man tells you bo is going to say a good thing, and a look which says when be has said it. Vain and forgotten aro all the fine offers of hospitality, if there is no holiday in the eyo. How many inclinations areavowod tho eye, though tho lips dissomblo I How often does ono come from a company which it may easily happen he bas said noth ing; that uo important remark bas boon addressed to him, and yet in bis sympathy with the company, be seems not to have sense of this fact, for a stream of light has boon flowing into him and out of him through his eyes. As soou as mon are off tbolr con tors thoir oyos show it. There are eyes to be sure, that givo no more admission Into the man than blue berries. Tberoare liquid and deep wells that a man might fall into ; there are askine eyes, and assorting eyes, and eyes full of failb, and some of good and some siuister omen. Tbo power ot eyes to cnarm down insanity or beast, is a power behind the eves, that must be a viotory achioved the will before it can be suggested to organ ; but the man at peaoe or unity with himself, would more through men and na ture, commanding all things by the alone. Tho reason men do not obey us that they sea the mud at tho bottom of eyes. Ralph Waldo bmtrto. but! Conscience. ''It Is a deplorable condi tion," says Bibhop Bherlnck, "to bo always doing what we aro always condemning." The reproaches of others are painful enough, but when tho . lash is laid on your own baud, tbe anguish Is Intolerable. The Beggar of Algiers. in as Tho "glorious uncertainty of law" has passed into a proverb In all Christian lands ; but in Mohammedan countrlos, whero tho common law is often that roado for the occa sion by tbo magistrate, no ordinary human intellect can forsce what tho rosult of a law suit will bo, as we will show In the fol lowing story A Qrook merchant, who resided at Algiers, was accustnmcd to make yearly voyagos to Tunis or Egypt to disposo of his goods. While in tho business lie was mado tho ex ecutor of another merchant, who, among several legacies, ordorcd a certain sum to bo distributed among tho poor and distressed according to the judgment of tho executor. Uno morning as the latter was passing through the street, ho saw a Moor sitting on piece of mat, lame and almost blind. Struck with an object that loomed an epit ome of human misorios, the Uroek listonnd to his story, and behold with satisfaction that this deplorable-looking object employed himself in making throad-lacos, by which, and tho charity of tho bonovolotit, be pro- curod a scanty subsistence. So unusual a sight, whore wretchednois and industry wore so remarkably blonded In the same object, excited the compassion of tbo mer chant, who, with agonorous tear of bumani ty, dropped him a handful of aspers. As tnnished at so unoxpectod an instance of kindness, the beggar followod the morcbant on bis crutchos, calling upon Hoavou to shower down its choicost blessings on his head. lie (old all ho mat bow exceedingly bountiful that Christian bad boen to him. Struck with this instance of liberality, the populaco joinod the cripple in his applause This, said they, is indeed an instance of univorsal bonevolenco, becauso oxtondod to a person whose religion is difforent from bis own. The beggar followed his patron till be dis covered the house in which be resided, and took bis post for tbo future in a ploco where tho merchant passed daily by him. Noxt day the beggar ropoatod bis request, and the merchant bis charity. Uo was porsua dud ho could not diichargo tho will of his lale friend bottor than by giving to tbis dis tressed object, as it seemed to bave a ten dency to mako the infidels in love with the benevolent influence of tho Oospel t he therefore continued his daily benevolence till the time of bis departure for Egypt. The beggar still kept his post, but missing his benefactor, he msdo inquiry after hhn. and had tho mortification to bo informed that he was not in the kingdom. Whenever his clerk passed by the beggar, bo always liftod up his hands to Iloaven and prayed for his master s safe roturn, which did not happen until near six months after. Tho becgar expressed his joy at seeing him; but when the morchant, in return for his kind expression, was going to repeat bis usual bonevolenco, the cripple declined ac cepting it, saying it was better to pay him all hiit arrears at once. Confounded at so strange a refusal, the morchant asked what he meant by arrears; to which the Moor replied, that, aa ho had boon absent, near six months, his daily bcnovolonco, which had boen omitted during his vovago,amount od to ono hundred and eighty rials, which was tho sum ho now oud hnn. Tho Grook smiled at the impnrtinont answer of tho beggar, and was for somo time in doubt whether it tnorilod coutompt or chastise ment. But, thinking the latter would bo considored cruel by tho people, bo loft him without deigning to return him an answer. Tho-beggar, however, laid his complaint boforo tho Ooy, and tho morchant was sent tor to make bis defense, lha Moor alleged tnat the morchant, during a whole month bad daily given him a rial, but that bis charity had not boon thrown away ; it had groatly augmented tho numbor of his cus tomers, and bad proved to him an increasing una ot riuiies ; mat so consiaorabio an in crease had consequently induced him to a vory painful operation, as ho had almost Inst bis sight ; that tbo merchant went away without giving him the least warning that his ponsion was to conso, and bo had thoro fore constantly kept his post, whoro he had daily ottered up a prayer tor Iim sato roturn that, relying on the payment of bis pension ho had contracted some dobts which ho was unahlo to discharge; and that, when ho bad demanded his arrears, bo had laughed at bun, and even throatonod to chastise his in solonce. The morchant admitted that the account givon by tbo Moor was literally truo, but insisted that, alms boing a voluntary action, its coutinuance depended wholly on tho donor. Aftor a discussion of tho af fair iu council, tho merchant wss condemned to pay the beggar a rial for every day since bis uoparture till the time of this decision, with a piastre extraordinary as a recompense tor bis reproaches, iiut be was told he was at liberty to dcolaro that bis intention was not to give him any alms or gratuity for the time to como. Aud tbis is a spocimon of Mobammodan law. Dark Life at the Capital. of by in of in tbo ts, our "Occasional," tho Wasbingtou correspond ent of tbe Philadelphia trttt, gives tbo following i "One of those cases wbicb awakon tbo sympathies of all men camo to my kuowiodgo the other Oay, and it is or so in teresting a charaolor that I cannot refrain giving it to the world. An estimabloeolorod man, well known in Washington, called upon mo on Monday, witb tears in bis eyes, and said i "I bave bad news to tell you. My wile, witb whom I huve lived happily for twenty years, was sold by hor master on the 29th of March, and Is now in the slavc pon at Alexandria, and will be sent by tbe slave-trader to the extreme South unless can raise $800 by Saturday to buy ber back to my bosom, and to give our poor children their faithful and devoted mother. We have bad elovon children, of whom sovon are now alive. On inqniry, I found that the woman was an honest and trust worthy sorraot, and I knew ber husband to be one of tho best follows of bis race. A subscription was immediately started, and I hope we shall be enabled to rescuo hor from her impending doom. I am not dis posed to enter into an argument against slavery, but is it not a galling reflection, that bore, in tbe District of Columbia, tbis infernal traffic in human flesh is carried on, and that a slave pen is maintained within sight of the Washington Monument ? does my heart good to soe tbo feeling wbich this case has excited among Southern men. They look upon tbo slave-trader with even more abhorrence than we of tbo North, and I have no doubt that In the list or names attached to tbe paper for tbe relief of poor Sam's wifo, will be found many generous slaveholders . by "Mr son," said an affectionate motbor ber son, (who resided at a distance, and ex pected In a short time to he married.) ''yon are getting very thin," "Yes, mother," replied, "1 am, when-1 come next I think you may seo my rib." Who the Moors Are. The Inhabitants of Morocco, with whom the Spaniards are now at war, are the same race who,a thousand years ago, con qucrcd Spain and ruled it for centuries. They penetrated into France and subdued portions of it. Their terrible defeat by the Franks, under Charles Mnrtel, in the eighth century, arrested their advance and saved Europe from being overcome by the Mussulman hordes. The Spaniards ral lied and kept at war with the Moors for seven or eight centuries, and it was not uu'.il about the year 1500 that they finally reconquered their country. The Moors held possession of Spain for as many cen lurks as have elapsed since the Normans conquered England at the battle of Has tings 1 After being in the possession of the country so long, it is singular, indeed, that they were expelled from it. The Moors, iu the ages they resided in Spain, weie a more civilized race by far than the Spaniards. Tbis is evident from the most cursory perusal of the chronicles of those times. Who bas not lingered with rapt fascinations over the pages of , . r .. r , , v asiungion irving anu r rescon, in wuicn they describe the glories of the Alhambra and other indications of Moorish refine ment and greatness ? It was not until the reign of Philip III., in the seventeenth century, that the Moors, by an arbitrary and foolish edict of the weak King, were expelled and banished from Spain. By that act Spain lost hundreds of thousands of her most useful and industrious citizens. They very generally took refuge in that portion of Northern Africa called Morocco. 1 be Moors carried with tbem into the ancient home of their race in Africa, the civilization and much of the wealth which they had acquired in the Peninsula. They carried with them an implacable uatrea tor tbe Hpanisb race a hatred which was for a century longer almost sustained, if not augmented by the cruel treatment of tbe Moors, Christians and Mahammedans, who were desirous of re maining in Spain, but whom the Inquisi- uon anu war ultimately arove across tne . . , j . . atraits of Gibraltar. The Moors are a mix ed race, of various origin Numidian and Mauvitanian, Roman, Vandal and Sara cen or Arabian. They are a better look ing people than is commonly supposed. in the interior ol Morocco tbere are some races of wild negroes, athletic and fero cious cnongb. lbey may be seen at Tangiers occasionally, in companies of ten or filieen men going from house to house, to amuse the people by dancing to tbe music of "bones" for castanets, small drums, and strings of little bells around tbe ankle. As the population of Morocco Is not half that of Spain, and aa it has not a quarter of its military resources, there can be no doubt of the issue ol the con test between tho two nations. Cincinnati Enquirer. New England in 1673. The Boston Traveler republishes a cu rious paper contained in a magazine of the last century, entitled as follows: "Obser vations made by the curious on New En gland about the year 1672." There are about 120,000 souls, 13,000 families and 16,000 that can bear arms. There are 12 ships of between 100 and 200 tons, 190 ships of between 20 and 100 tons, and 600 fisher boats about tons, lbere are 5 iron works which cast no guns. There are 15 merchants, worth 50,000 or about 100 one wi:h another; 500 persons, worth each 3.000- No house in New England has more than 20 rooms. Not 20 houses in Boston which have 10 rooms each. About 1,500 fam ilies in Boston. The worst cottages New England are lofted. No beggars. IN ot three persons put to death for theft, (annually.) About 35 rivers and harbors. About 23 inlands and fishing places. Tho three provinces of Boston, Maine and New England, made three-fourlbs the whole in wealth and strength. The other three of Connecticut, Khode Island and Kennebeck, being but one-fourth the whole in ettect, not above three mili tary men have been actual soldiers, but many such soldiers as the artillery men at London. ' Among the magistrates, the most popular are Leverett, the governor, Major Dennison, Major Clarke, Mr. Brad street. Among the ministers, Mr. Timeli er, Mr. Ohenbridge, Mr. Higginson. are no musicans by trade. A dan cing school was set up, but put down: A fencing school Is allowed. All cordage, sail cloth made there worth 4s. a yard. No linen above 8s. 6J. No alum, nor copperas, nor salt made by the sun. Tbey take an oath of fidelity to the gov ernor, but none lo tbe king. The gov ernor is chosen by every freeman. A free' man must be Orthodox, above 20 years old, worm about 200. A Romantic Way to Obtain an Estate. It to bo Mr. Surveyor Hart has fallen heir to estate under the following romantio cir cumstances. Years ago, when in Paris, lovely Jewess became enamored of him, but be did not return tbe passion. When he came back to New York, he still re mained the object of ber tender recolleo- lions, which were shown by her sending him, on tbe several annual feast days her aucieut faith, valuable presents sweet mementoes which only the delicate taste of woman knows how to summon Evrry feast of tbe Passover, as well every other day of Mossie mark, accord ingly there were dispatched to this city, sentimental objects of art and virtue : neither distance, time, nor the absence a reciprocity treaty, could abate her the least. As she was faithful in lifo was she true in death, for the news arrived the other day that the poor lady had to the better world, and, dying, bequeath ed to Mr. Hart an estate. It was legally necessary for him to go abroad to after it, and, accordingly, he Railed Saturday for Hamburg, where the estate lies. iv. x. inbutu. Defence of Reserved People. We havo not been in tho habit of admir ing this elass of our follow beings t but It is as woll to hoar what they bave to sav on the otber sido, A writer in Frazer's Mag azine thus gives them tho preference : "The habit of roserro has most often Its or igin In a disboliaf in sympathy, In tbe exist onco of some qualities or somo emotion! ith which tbose who are classed as fellow creatures, are not likely to bave any follow- tooling, l bore Is lo such characters, it mar be, sensibility, fino and true, that sinks itself deep; too delicate to mix witb vulgar streams. If you would taste tbo ouritv of this water, you must dig laboriously for it. Tbere is, it may be, a passionate power, fer vent anu eoncootratea ; too run to dribble out ; too strong to dissipate itsolf in petty phrases and agrooablo expressions ot soil tl sontimoot; or porbaps, an intelligence bigb) u ciitjuuuu, 10 wnicn views are grantees Infinitely boynnd the borixon of tho general eye. The reserved man, tbereforo, it an object of dislike and distrust, but be it also a subject of intorect. Uo ropols coo fidonce, but be eicites attention. Is it not agreeable from a bigb window to survey lbs) movements of a crowd below ? dancing, laughing, leaping, fighting, crying, kissing to enalyzo thoir agitations to smile at their disturbances to be yoursolf secure and stilt a looker on who is not looked at to ba audiooce to a drama, and to criticise the actors who cannot criticise you ? Tbis is the privilege of tbe reserved man.' He conceals his emotions, be buriea bis fool ings, he masks bis passions. He controls his features ; every muscle is under bis com niaud ; there is n'o such thing with him as) a spontaneous movement. Ho revels in a continual victory. He baffles curiositv. ha dofoats expectation, bo destroys hope. Ho wears his shroud before he is in the tomb. Tho inquisitive crowd will pluck at it, but win draw back sbivoring when tbey feel bow cold it is. Tbey wonder, tbov fear, tber admire and they admire witb arood reason. Tbe power of coucealtnont is in itsolf wortbv of admiration ; tbe man who wears so strong an armor must needs be a strong man, an 4 it is too consciousness of a valuable pos session that suggests tbe necessity for defense." Col. Bowie in Mississippi—Terrible Duel between Forty Men. 6 in of An old Misslssippian furnishos tbo follow' Ing to tbe Woodviile (Mississippi) lirvMi can: Tbe famous duel, in which forty or more gontlomon wero engaged, in 1828, Is still romurnberod in Natchez. Colonol Jim Bo io, the famous fightor and inventor of the knifo which bears bis name, usod to spend a great deal of bis time in Natcbcs. lie was cballongod by a gentloman of Alex andria, Louisiana, wbose friends, to tbe number of twenty, or more, accompaniod bitnto Natcbcx, to soe fair play, knowing that Bowie was a dosperate man, and had bis own friends about him. All parties won! upon tbe field. Tbe combatants took Ibeir places in tho centre, separated from tbeif friends in tbe rear, far enough not to on danger tbom witb their balls. Behold the battlo array thus : Twenty armed Louis iauiaus fifty yards bobind their champion and bis seconds and surgeon, and opposite them as fur behind Bowio and bis seconds, and surgeon, twonty armed Mississippians. Bobold tbo heights of Natcbex thronged witb spectators, and a stoamer in tho river rounded to, its deck black witb passongors, watching witb a deep intorost the scene Tbe plan of fight was to exchange shot! twice with pistols, and to cloaa with knives. Bowie being armed with his own torrible weapon. At the first fire both parties cs capod. At tbe second tho Louisianisn was too quick and took advantagoof Bowie, who waited the word. At this Bowie's see- ond cried "foul pluvTand shot tbo Louis!- anian dead. Tho second of tbe latter in stantly killed the slayer of bis principal. oowio crovo ins Knue into tbis man. Ibe surgoons now crossed blades, while witb loud battlo cries, came on the two parties of fiiuuds, tbo light of battlo in tbeir eyes. iu a moment too wnoie number wore en gaged in a fearless conflict. Dirks, pistols and knives were usod witb fata! effect, until- ono party arove tbe other from the field. I do not know bow many were killed and wounded in all, but it was a droadful slaughter. Bowio fought liko a Hon, but fell covered witb wounds. For months be lingored at tbo Mansion House bofore be fully recovorod. Defining His Position. -There The editor of The RinaM (Ga.i press, thus pithily sets forth his views and relations wun regard to tbe Charleston Convention : If Stephens, Cobb, Hunter, Wise, ot 1 any prominent man, whose record baa identified him with Vne interests f the South, should be chosen as the standard bearer of Democracy, we expect to sup port him with all Ihe teat of a "scaly bark" Democrat. If Douglas should be tbe nominee, with no matter bow good si platform, we cannot, and will not, support him, under any Bet of circumstances. Douglas will go into the Convention ' ' with more rotes than any other man, and enough to prevent the nomination of any other man. If these friends are firm and, true, it will therefore be Douglas or no , body. His opponents, however, will be strong enough, at first, to prevent his nomination. an a of up. as And we hope they may continue so, but we greatly fear they will not. If they hold out, a compromise may be effected, by which some man never before beard of outside of the eounty of his rest dense, will be brought forth, and a bun- dred thousand wool bats will be waived aloft, and a hundred thousand "Dimmi- erats" will make the welkin rinir with their huzxas, while from Maine to Cali fornia the bills send back the echo. Hoorav for Dalin anrl MnPacran If that is the game, we are not in. and of love so gone look on Dctt! 0 great wordl 0 noble anf beautiful thoughtl Tbe faculty to think the thought, to speak the word, to feel its meaning and its power, attests our sub lime destination. Duty I it is itself but aa purely ideal as it is iu its essence; it is am idea which, when embodied and realised (as It may be) in man's purposes and ac tions, gives to humsn life and human his lory all its worth, all its nobleness is the source cf every thinr; most fair and beau tiful and touching, of f verytbuig' great, heroio and sublime.