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The Jeffersonian Democrat. [volume] (Chardon, Ohio) 1854-1865, April 20, 1860, Image 1

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J 0. CONVERSE, Proprietor.
21 UJhMb NttDflpaptr, Dottb to tlje D'uatmlnatton of Ktpnb.ican Principle, Ct-ttration, tmptrantt, Tittratttrf, 2tflritnltn, ano tlje Ntrot of tfjt Dajj.
TERMS $1,50 per Annum,
VOL. XL, NO. 10.
WIIOLE NO., 350.
ZLl)t Mcfftrsonian Democrat
v CHARDON, Geauga County, Ohio,
Ofie directly over tht Drug Start oj Conk 4 Horn
ilton, mttt tide of tht Public Svuart.
If paid In advance, fl 50
If not piii within the year, 8 00
tOrAll kin ts of merchantable produce taken in
payment, at the market price.
,No paper discontinued until all arrearages
re paid, except at the option of the l'uhheher.
' LtaAL Advertisements will be inserted as fol
lows: SO cts. a square, firt insertion; each sub
sea lent insertion. 25 cts. a sminre.
IIi-sines Advertisements will be inserted at
the following ratos:
Una Square three insertions, -$l 00
" " two months, 2 2J
" u throe months 3 00
" six months, 4 00
one year, 6 00
Half column six months,-- 1200
" " one year, 18 00
One column nix months, 20 00
" " one yuar, 40 00
3rBuslnesa Cardsof not over 6 lines, for
one year, 3 00
.Advertisements should be marked the mim
ker of times they are designed to lie inserted; those
at so mirked, will be continued until ordered out,
and charged according to the auove terms.
The privileges of yearly advertisers will be eon
flittd tn thair retitlar business.
Attorneys will be holdcn for the price of Inserting
advertisements brought by them.
Mr All communications must be addressed to the
proprietor, (postage paid.,) to receive attention.
E. G. WHITK ..-
District Judge.
Probate Judge.
: Treasurer.
' Recorder.
Pros. Attorney.
School Examiners.
CEO. M ANLY, Directors of Infirmary.
A. luu.uunu.
a LFRED PHELPS & Albert G. Rlddlo.eom
A nosing i lie old Law Firm of Phe'os & Kiddle.
and Alfred Phelps, Jr., have formed a Copartnership
connection lor tna rraence ot uw, under tne
name ol Phelps, Ridd'o & Phelps, at the old Office
f Phep &. Riddle, where they wi1 attend to (ill
law business wuictt may tie enlruMr-d to tlioir
Chardon, December 9i!i, 1859. 5l"tf
Attorneys & Counsellors at Law,
Chardon, Geauoa Couhtv, O.,
Will give prompt attention to business entrusted
1 ,119111, 111 UtUUg" Mill IliyUldlllg WVU.IIjrBi
ftJ'Oflice over Dr. J. Nichols' Drug Store.
Chardon, Nov. 25th, 18M). . Molf
Attorneys at Law.
Mr All Business eiurusted to them attended
with promptness. JJ
Mr. French is also NOTARYPUBLIC.
Office over store of W. T. Rexford. jr.
508 -f
, 17. SMITH. 9. L WOOD,
Attorneys rtt Law,
(Collections promptly attended to.J$
Warren, Trcmisci.l Co., O. J33-tf
Oeneral Insurance and Collection Agent,
Cuardon, Ohio.
KrOJI tn tht Court Home, with County
-rtaturer. s-iy
Physician aud Surgeon,
Chardon, Geauoa Countv, Ohio
OITlee at his residence, a few doora eouih of the
Public Square.
April S9, 1859. 485yl
F O K R I 3 T &. SMITH,
Attorneys and Solicitors,
ClAitDOif, Geauoa County, Onto.
W. O.Forrist practises I H. K. Smith is Notary
in the U.S. Courts for I Public and Prosecut-
the N. District of O. ing Atty. for Geauga-
OKre. 2d door South of Bank.
May 6. 11569. 436-tf
TJripathic and Botmiio Physician,
No pent tip theory eontracis our sphere.
Materia Medica is as boundless as the wants
man, extending from the snow-clad li Ills ot
north, to the sunny plains of the south. Poiron
not is my mono; neuuer in pouna aoses, nor innn
itesimal pills. 629yl
Boot and Shoe Shop,
Ovxa C. Ksowles' Harness Suor.
Chardon, Fob. 11, 1859. 474-tf
Oenaral dealers in Groceries, Hardware, Dye
Stuffs, Flour, Fish, Yankee Notions, J-c,
Start Union Block, Chardon, Ohio.
ILL be in Chardon on the first Tuesday
each month. Room at Chase's Hotel.
Book Binder aud lilankBook Manufac
Herald Buidings, Clsvlawd, O.
JtarBlank looks Ruled aud Bound lo Order
Old Books Rebound. 529if
Foreign and Domestic Drugs,
Wo. 919 Fulton Street,
Near Greenwich Street,
Horace Prior,
mb. j NEW-YORK.
B- Chainberlin, ,
Henry H
Brainerd & Barridge, Cleveland, Ohio,
Book lllu.trallons, Buildings, Horses and
Bioctt, Ornnmcnlnl liordi'rs, Letters, Vignettes,
AgricuUvial and Commercial Cuts in tints, Seals,
ejo, oui Macliiuny, iu every variety ol Style.
Look thou upon tho outward life,
Theactivo, roatlots, soelhing sea,
The one tempestuous, coasoluss strife
From which the world it novor froo I
Look thou Into tho heart of man
When tossed and torn by wild deii
Tho toil to do what manhood can,
The aspirations pointing higher I
Think thou unnn his wenrv davs.
Ilia anxious, watchful nights of gloom.
And loo Iho wreath ot withering days
mat crowns at last an ourly loniu.
Then, if a single generous tear
Is wopt for him in griuf sublime,
And thou doosl deem it very dear
Tliis meed ol glory paid by time,
Still, ttill think not that thou hast known
Tbo all in all this life should be 1
To toil, to mourn, to dio, alone
Make not a man's divinity.
Poor are tho honors of the earth,
And pooror yet its paltry praiso t
And not for this does honest worth
Toil out it few but glorious days.
I empty pralio of brazon clown
Fit offering for tho man whoso soul
Lived ail ignoble passions down
And wout to God unstaioed and whole?
No Heaven forbid ! his glance discorna,
Dim through tho future's cloudy pail,
A nig nor, purer ngni mat burns.
But mounting and encircling all.
There is a nobler lifo within,
A life of soul, to which, if true,
Ho tramples out the sparks of sin,
Ho soeks his God, aud meets Him too.
Then hush tho throbs of this poor clay,
Fit but to mouldor 'neath the sod I
' Live firmly' nobly, gloriously,
True to'yoursolf, and true to God I
A Good Day's Work.
"I've done one good day's worl, if I
never do another," said Mr. ttarlow, rub
bing bis bands together, wisely, and with
the air of a man who felt very much
pleased with himself.
"And so have I." Mrs. Barlow's voice
wus in a lower tone, and less txukiint, yet
indicative of a spirit at peace with itself.
"Let us compare notes," said Mr. Bar
low, in the conlident matinor of one who
knows that triumph will be ou his side,
"and see which Las done the Lest day's
You of course," returned the gentle
hearted wife.
"We shall see. Let the history of
your day's doings precede mine."
"No," said Mrs. Barlow, "you shall
give the firfet experience.
"Very well." And full of his subject,
Mr. Barlow began :
"You remember the debt of WarfJeld
about which I spoke a few days ago ?"
"I considered it desperate would have
sold out my entire interest at thirty cents
on tbo dollar when 1 left home this morn
ing. Now the whole claim is secure. 1
had to scheme a little. It was a sharp
practice, but tne tuing is done. I don t
believe that anolhct creditor of Warfield's
will get one lhiid of his claim."
"The next operation," continued Mr.
Barlow, "I considered quite as good.
About a year ago 1 took bliy acres of land
in Erie county, for a debt, at a valuation
of five dollars per acre. I sold it to-day for
ten. 1 don ttlnnU the man knew just what
he was buying. He called to see me about
it, and I nsked (en dollars an acre at a
venture, when he promptly laid down one
hundred dollars to bind the bargain. If
I should never see him again, I am all
right. That is transaction number two,
Number three is as pleasant to remember.
I sold a lot of goods, almost a year out of
date, to a young country merchant, for
cash. He thinks he has a bargain ; and
perhaps he has : but I would have let
them go at any time during the pait six
months, at a loss of thirty per cent., and
thought the sale a desirable one."
"Now there's my good dav's work, Jen
ny, and it is one lo be proud of. I take
some credit to myself for being, upon the
whole, a pretty bright sort of a man, and
bound to go through. Let us have your
story now.
The lace ol Mrs. Harlow Hushed slightlv.
Her husband waited for a few moments
and then said ;
Let us hear of the yards of stitching,
and the pile of good things made "
"JNo noluing or tuat," answered Mrs.
Barlow, with a Blight veil of feeling cov
ering her pleasant voice, "I had another
meaning when I spoke of Laving accom
plished a good day's work. ' Aud now
my doings will bear no comparison with
yours, I tbink of declining tbeir rehearsal."
"A bargain is a bargain, Jenny," said
Mr. liarlow. "Word-keeping is a cardi
nal virtue. Bo let your story be told.
You Lave done a good days work in your
own estimation, lor you said so. Uo on
am all attention."
Mrs. Barlow still hesitated. But after
a little more urging, she began her story
of a good day's work. Hei voice was
little subdued, and there was an evident
shrinking from the subject about which
she felt eonstratned to speak.
"I resolved last night," said she, "after
passing some hours of self-examination
and self-upbraidings, that I would for one
day try to possess my soul in patience.
And this day has been the trial day.
Shall X go on t
Mrs. Barlow looked up with a timid,
half bashful air at her husband. She
not meet Lis eyes, for Le Lad turned
partly away.
"Yes, dear Jenny, go on." The hus
band's buoyancy of tone was gone.
its place was something lender and pen
sive. . .
; "Little Eddy was unusually fretful this
morning as you will remember.
seemed perverse, I thought cross, as
call it. I was tempted to speak harshly two
or three times : but remembering
good resolutions, I put on the armor
patience, and never let uun near atone.
Dear, little lei low I When I went to wash
him after breakfast, I found just behind
one of his ears a small inflamed boil. It
has made him slightly fevcrinh and worry
some all day. Oh, wasn't I glad that
patience had ruled my spirit?"
After you went awny to the store, Mary
got into one of her cross.perverse humors.
She didn't want lo go to school to begin
with ; then she couldn't find her slate,
and then her shoe pinched her. I felt
very muou annoyed ; but, recalling my
good resolution, I met her irritation wild
calmness, her willfuness with patient ad
monition, tier stubborn temper vuh gentle
rebuke ; and sol conquered. She kissed
me and started for school with a cheerful
countenance, her slate in her satchel and
the pinching shoe unheeded. And so I
had my leward.
But my trials were not ovor. Borne ex
tra washing was nooded. 8o I called Ellon
and told her that Mary would rcquiro a
frock and two pair of drawers to be washod
out, and tho baby some slips, and you some
fiocket-handkorchiefs. A saucy refusal
eaped from tho girl's quick tonguo, and in
dignant wo(ds to mi no. Patience I pa
tience I whispered a still small voice, I
stifled with an effort my feelings, rostrainod
my spooch, and controlled my countenance.
Very calmly, as to all exterior signs, did I
look into Ellon's face until she dropped hor
eyes lo the floor In confusion.
"You must havo forgotten yoursolf."
said I, with aomo dignity of manner, yet
without a sign of Irritation. She was bum
bled at once; con tossed tho wrong, and
begged my pardon. I forgave hor alter re
proof, and she wont back to the kitchon,
somothing wisor, I think, thau wbon I sum
moned hor. The washing I required has
been done, and well done) and the girl has
seemed all day as if sho were ondonvoring
to atone, by kindness and service, for the
hasty speech. If I mistake not, we wore
both improved by tho dicipline through
which we passed.
Other trials I have bad through tho day.
Somo of them quite as severe as the fuw I
have mentioned ) but the armor of patienco
was wbole when the sun went down. I was
ablo to possess my soul In peace, and tho
conquest of solf has marfo mo buppior.
This is my day's work. It may not seem
much in your eyes."
Mr. barlow did not look up' nor spoak as
the voice ot bis ito crow silent, She wait
ed utmost a minuto lor his response. Thun
he bent forward, suddenly, aud kissed bur,
saying as be did so
"Mine was work, yours a battlo mino
success, yours conquest mine easy toil,
yours bornism I Jontiy, dear, since you buvu
boen talkine. I have (houeht thus: Mv
good work bas soiled my garments, while
yours are without a stain, and whito as angel
robes. Loving monitor I may yuur lesson
of to-night make me a better man. Yuur
good day's work gives a two-fold blesiiug."
Under the Microscope.
years ago, a minute bit nonde
script something, looking more like a frag
ment of an old trunk, with all the hair
worn off, than anytbing else, was sent to
au eminent microscopist lo determine what
it was. The microscopist nlaced it in the
"field," and pronounced it to be a piece
of human skin the skin of a fair man
covered with the hairs which grow on the
naked part of tho body. Now the frag
ment had been taken from under a nail on
an old church door in Yorkshire, where.
just one thousand years ago, ihe skin of
uanisu robber bad been nailed up, kite
wite, as a warning to all evil doers. Time
and weather bad long ago destroyed all
traces of this Danish Mnrsyns ; but the
tradition remained in full force, when
some one mote anxious than the rest
scraped away a ponion of the door from
under one of the nails, transmitted the
same to a microscopist, and printed the
result as we have given it.
Another time, microscopy was made to
play even a more important part as evi
dence. In a certain late murder, where
the victim bad his throat cut through both
shirt and neckerchief, the prisoner attempt
ed to explain away the presence of blood
on a knife, which was assumed to have
been the instrument of murder, by saying
mat ne nau cut some raw beel with it, and
forgotten lo wipe it afterward. The knife,
with the blood upon its blade and shaft,
was sent to a microscopist, and the follow
ing was the chain of facts which he educed
from it :
1. The staiu was blood.
2. It was not the blood of dead flesh,
but of a living body, for it had coagulated
wnere u was louno.
3. It was not the blood of an ox,
sheep, or a hog.
4. It was human blood.
fi. Among the blood were mixed cer
tain vegetable fibres.
6. They were cotton fibres, agreeing
with those of the murdered man's shirt
and neckerchief, which had both been
7. There were present, also, numerous
tesselated epithelial cells.
That is, the cells of the mucous mem
brane (called epitheliai cells) were tesse
laied, or disposed like the stones of a pave
ment, which proved that they came from
the lining of the throat. For the mucous
membrane lining of the throat is composed
of tesselated cells ; that covering the
of the tongue, of columnar cells, or cells
aranged in tall cones or cylinders ;
that lining the viscera Is ciliated, or carry
ing small waving hairs at tbe tips. Thus
the microscope revealed beyond doubt
that this knife bad cut the throat of a liv
ing human body, which throat had been
protected by a certain cotton fabric
evidence tallied so exactly with Ihe actual
and supposed condition of things, that
was held to be conclusive, and the mur
derer was hung. Without the microscope
he might havo escaped punishment alto
gether, The human hair is a singularly beau
tiful thing to look at under the microscope
It, it made of successive layers of overlap
ping cells, gradually tapering to a point
like the thinnest and most innoitely twist
ed cone. The edges are serrated with
shallow saw like teeth ; it is perfeotly
translucent, nnd marked will) a great many
transverse lines exceedingly irregular
sinuous. Jlo(s'. brisilt-s ate morn like. hu
man hairs than any other animal's,
the sinuous lines are finer and closer, and
no saw teeth are visible at the edges.
The finer hairs of the horse and ass have
the overlapping plates about as close as in
the human hair, but they are strikingly
different in the medulla or pith. Cham
lert' Alitcdlany.
Reward of Honesty—A Beautiful and
Touching Incident.
Johnny Moore is the namo of a bright-
eyed, jolly-faced lad, twelve or fourteen
years of age, whose invalid and widowed
mother, living on Morgan street, be helps
to support by the sale of newspapers, and
by such errands and small jobs as he may
chance to fall in with. Johnny, who is
the hero of the pleasant and truthful inci
dent we are about to record, is extremely
neat in his attire, through his clothes
have not always been of the best, and may
have shown, in sundry patches and men
ded rents, the results ol both poverty and
frugal care. In snort, Joannv is just
such a boy as we used to "read about id
Sunday school books." Yesterday morn
ing, bright and early, he was trudging
Broadway, between Franklin' avenue and
Washington street, when he chanced to
stumble against a largo pocket book,
which he picked up and found to contain
a large number of bank notes and papers.
While he was meditating on the sudden
riches he had amassed, and which he had
slid into a capacious pocket, or perhaps
tacking his youthful mind whether to
seek for the owner or conceal his good
fortune, a gentleman rushed by him in
an anxious, hurried, nervous' manner,
which convinced the boy that he was
looking for tomtthittff, and he thought
he knew what.
"Have you lost anything?" asked
"Yes, my pocket-book," wss the gen
tleman's answer; "have you not seen it?"
The little fellow "expected" he had;
he didn't know, though. What kind of
a pocket-book was it?
This led to an adjournment to a neigh
boring store, when the flushed and almost
breathless individual "ol the urst part"
proceeded to say that the pocket-book
was a large black one, containing 81,200
in bank bills and some accounts, a strip
of red morocco binding underneath the
fl ip, being inscribed "Robert Thomas,
(Jovinirton. hv. ihe uescriolion tallied.
and Johnny's ryes snapped cheerfully as
as placed the treasure as he found it, into
the stranger s hand; and we opine there
was greater joy in that one act than 810,-
000 could have purchased at the expense
oi a guiuy conscience.
Mr. lliomas hardly teemed to know
which to feel most relief on the recovery
of bis money and papers, Ot. uraiitude to
Hie lad and admiration for bis honesty.
luting Johnny by the hand, whose bound
ing heart (ho knew not why) bad by this
time "splushed tears into his eyes; " the
gentleman led him to a clothing store and
dressed him out from top to toe, in a brat)
new suit, then proceeding to a good
jewVlry store, he purchased a good silver
watch, upon which ho directed to bo en
graved these words: "Robert Thomas to
ittle Johnny Moore, St. Louis, Pcptem
bcr3J, 1859. Honesty is the best poli
cy." rMol even content with this, (In
generous strauger placed in a purse fivi
twenty dollar gold pieces, which he direc
ted the lad to give to his mother.
W e shall uot attempt to portray the
emotions of the boy. If his quiveriug
lips and choked utterance, and the smiles
that strove so hard to get through the
watery globes that trembled in bis eyes,
lulled to tell what was going on tn the
heart, how shall we tell it ? St. Zouit
The Eyes.
An eye can threaten liko the loaded gun.
or can iusult liko hissing or kicking, or
its altered mood, by beauts of kindness can
mako tbo heart dance with joy. The eye
obeys exaotly tho action of tho mind. When
a thought strikes up, tho vision Is fixed, and
remains looking at distance; In enumera
ting namos ol porsons or countries
France, Spain, Britain or Germany the
eyes wink at acb now name. Tnero is an
honesty in tne eye, which tne mouth doe
not participate in. "The artist," as Michaol
Angelo said, "must have his moasure in his
eye." Evoi are bold as lions bold, running.
looping. Ihoy speak all language; they
uoud no encyclopedia to aid in tbo interpre
tation of their language; they rospuct nei
thor rank nor fortune, vii tuo nor sox, but
tbov go through and through you in a mo
ment of time. You can read lu the eyes
your companion, while you talk with biui,
whether your argument hits, though bis
tongue will not confess it. There is a look
by which a man tells you bo is going to say
a good thing, and a look which says when
be has said it.
Vain and forgotten aro all the fine offers
of hospitality, if there is no holiday in the
eyo. How many inclinations areavowod
tho eye, though tho lips dissomblo I How
often does ono come from a company
which it may easily happen he bas said noth
ing; that uo important remark bas boon
addressed to him, and yet in bis sympathy
with the company, be seems not to have
sense of this fact, for a stream of light has
boon flowing into him and out of him
through his eyes.
As soou as mon are off tbolr con tors thoir
oyos show it. There are eyes to be sure,
that givo no more admission Into the man
than blue berries. Tberoare liquid and
deep wells that a man might fall into ; there
are askine eyes, and assorting eyes, and eyes
full of failb, and some of good and some
siuister omen. Tbo power ot eyes to cnarm
down insanity or beast, is a power behind
the eves, that must be a viotory achioved
the will before it can be suggested to
organ ; but the man at peaoe or unity with
himself, would more through men and na
ture, commanding all things by the
alone. Tho reason men do not obey us
that they sea the mud at tho bottom of
eyes. Ralph Waldo bmtrto.
Conscience. ''It Is a deplorable condi
tion," says Bibhop Bherlnck, "to bo always
doing what we aro always condemning."
The reproaches of others are painful
enough, but when tho . lash is laid on
your own baud, tbe anguish Is Intolerable.
The Beggar of Algiers.
Tho "glorious uncertainty of law" has
passed into a proverb In all Christian lands ;
but in Mohammedan countrlos, whero tho
common law is often that roado for the occa
sion by tbo magistrate, no ordinary human
intellect can forsce what tho rosult of a
law suit will bo, as we will show In the fol
lowing story
A Qrook merchant, who resided at Algiers,
was accustnmcd to make yearly voyagos to
Tunis or Egypt to disposo of his goods.
While in tho business lie was mado tho ex
ecutor of another merchant, who, among
several legacies, ordorcd a certain sum to
bo distributed among tho poor and distressed
according to the judgment of tho executor.
Uno morning as the latter was passing
through the street, ho saw a Moor sitting on
piece of mat, lame and almost blind.
Struck with an object that loomed an epit
ome of human misorios, the Uroek listonnd
to his story, and behold with satisfaction
that this deplorable-looking object employed
himself in making throad-lacos, by which,
and tho charity of tho bonovolotit, be pro-
curod a scanty subsistence. So unusual a
sight, whore wretchednois and industry
wore so remarkably blonded In the same
object, excited the compassion of tbo mer
chant, who, with agonorous tear of bumani
ty, dropped him a handful of aspers. As
tnnished at so unoxpectod an instance of
kindness, the beggar followod the morcbant
on bis crutchos, calling upon Hoavou to
shower down its choicost blessings on his
head. lie (old all ho mat bow exceedingly
bountiful that Christian bad boen to him.
Struck with this instance of liberality, the
populaco joinod the cripple in his applause
This, said they, is indeed an instance of
univorsal bonevolenco, becauso oxtondod to
a person whose religion is difforent from bis
The beggar followed his patron till be dis
covered the house in which be resided, and
took bis post for tbo future in a ploco where
tho merchant passed daily by him. Noxt
day the beggar ropoatod bis request, and
the merchant bis charity. Uo was porsua
dud ho could not diichargo tho will of his
lale friend bottor than by giving to tbis dis
tressed object, as it seemed to bave a ten
dency to mako the infidels in love with the
benevolent influence of tho Oospel t he
therefore continued his daily benevolence
till the time of bis departure for Egypt.
The beggar still kept his post, but missing
his benefactor, he msdo inquiry after hhn.
and had tho mortification to bo informed
that he was not in the kingdom. Whenever
his clerk passed by the beggar, bo always
liftod up his hands to Iloaven and prayed
for his master s safe roturn, which did not
happen until near six months after. Tho
becgar expressed his joy at seeing him;
but when the morchant, in return for his
kind expression, was going to repeat bis
usual bonevolenco, the cripple declined ac
cepting it, saying it was better to pay him
all hiit arrears at once. Confounded at so
strange a refusal, the morchant asked what
he meant by arrears; to which the Moor
replied, that, aa ho had boon absent, near
six months, his daily bcnovolonco, which
had boen omitted during his vovago,amount
od to ono hundred and eighty rials, which
was tho sum ho now oud hnn. Tho Grook
smiled at the impnrtinont answer of tho
beggar, and was for somo time in doubt
whether it tnorilod coutompt or chastise
ment. But, thinking the latter would bo
considored cruel by tho people, bo loft him
without deigning to return him an answer.
Tho-beggar, however, laid his complaint
boforo tho Ooy, and tho morchant was sent
tor to make bis defense, lha Moor alleged
tnat the morchant, during a whole month
bad daily given him a rial, but that bis
charity had not boon thrown away ; it had
groatly augmented tho numbor of his cus
tomers, and bad proved to him an increasing
una ot riuiies ; mat so consiaorabio an in
crease had consequently induced him to
a vory painful operation, as ho had almost
Inst bis sight ; that tbo merchant went away
without giving him the least warning that
his ponsion was to conso, and bo had thoro
fore constantly kept his post, whoro he had
daily ottered up a prayer tor Iim sato roturn
that, relying on the payment of bis pension
ho had contracted some dobts which ho was
unahlo to discharge; and that, when ho bad
demanded his arrears, bo had laughed at
bun, and even throatonod to chastise his in
solonce. The morchant admitted that the
account givon by tbo Moor was literally truo,
but insisted that, alms boing a voluntary
action, its coutinuance depended wholly on
tho donor. Aftor a discussion of tho af
fair iu council, tho merchant wss condemned
to pay the beggar a rial for every day since
bis uoparture till the time of this decision,
with a piastre extraordinary as a recompense
tor bis reproaches, iiut be was told he was
at liberty to dcolaro that bis intention was
not to give him any alms or gratuity for the
time to como. Aud tbis is a spocimon of
Mobammodan law.
Dark Life at the Capital.
"Occasional," tho Wasbingtou correspond
ent of tbe Philadelphia trttt, gives tbo
following i
"One of those cases wbicb awakon tbo
sympathies of all men camo to my
kuowiodgo the other Oay, and it is or so in
teresting a charaolor that I cannot refrain
giving it to the world. An estimabloeolorod
man, well known in Washington, called
upon mo on Monday, witb tears in bis eyes,
and said i "I bave bad news to tell you.
My wile, witb whom I huve lived happily
for twenty years, was sold by hor master on
the 29th of March, and Is now in the slavc
pon at Alexandria, and will be sent by tbe
slave-trader to the extreme South unless
can raise $800 by Saturday to buy ber
back to my bosom, and to give our poor
children their faithful and devoted mother.
We have bad elovon children, of whom
sovon are now alive. On inqniry, I found
that the woman was an honest and trust
worthy sorraot, and I knew ber husband
to be one of tho best follows of bis race.
A subscription was immediately started, and
I hope we shall be enabled to rescuo hor
from her impending doom. I am not dis
posed to enter into an argument against
slavery, but is it not a galling reflection,
that bore, in tbe District of Columbia, tbis
infernal traffic in human flesh is carried on,
and that a slave pen is maintained within
sight of the Washington Monument ?
does my heart good to soe tbo feeling wbich
this case has excited among Southern men.
They look upon tbo slave-trader with even
more abhorrence than we of tbo North, and
I have no doubt that In the list or names
attached to tbe paper for tbe relief of poor
Sam's wifo, will be found many generous
slaveholders .
"Mr son," said an affectionate motbor
ber son, (who resided at a distance, and ex
pected In a short time to he married.) ''yon
are getting very thin," "Yes, mother,"
replied, "1 am, when-1 come next I think
you may seo my rib."
Who the Moors Are.
The Inhabitants of Morocco, with whom
the Spaniards are now at war, are the
same race who,a thousand years ago, con
qucrcd Spain and ruled it for centuries.
They penetrated into France and subdued
portions of it. Their terrible defeat by
the Franks, under Charles Mnrtel, in the
eighth century, arrested their advance and
saved Europe from being overcome by the
Mussulman hordes. The Spaniards ral
lied and kept at war with the Moors for
seven or eight centuries, and it was not
uu'.il about the year 1500 that they finally
reconquered their country. The Moors
held possession of Spain for as many cen
lurks as have elapsed since the Normans
conquered England at the battle of Has
tings 1 After being in the possession of
the country so long, it is singular, indeed,
that they were expelled from it.
The Moors, iu the ages they resided in
Spain, weie a more civilized race by far
than the Spaniards. Tbis is evident from
the most cursory perusal of the chronicles
of those times. Who bas not lingered
with rapt fascinations over the pages of
, . r .. r , ,
v asiungion irving anu r rescon, in wuicn
they describe the glories of the Alhambra
and other indications of Moorish refine
ment and greatness ? It was not until
the reign of Philip III., in the seventeenth
century, that the Moors, by an arbitrary
and foolish edict of the weak King, were
expelled and banished from Spain. By
that act Spain lost hundreds of thousands
of her most useful and industrious citizens.
They very generally took refuge in that
portion of Northern Africa called Morocco.
1 be Moors carried with tbem into the
ancient home of their race in Africa, the
civilization and much of the wealth which
they had acquired in the Peninsula.
They carried with them an implacable
uatrea tor tbe Hpanisb race a hatred
which was for a century longer almost
sustained, if not augmented by the cruel
treatment of tbe Moors, Christians and
Mahammedans, who were desirous of re
maining in Spain, but whom the Inquisi-
uon anu war ultimately arove across tne
. . , j . .
atraits of Gibraltar. The Moors are a mix
ed race, of various origin Numidian and
Mauvitanian, Roman, Vandal and Sara
cen or Arabian. They are a better look
ing people than is commonly supposed.
in the interior ol Morocco tbere are some
races of wild negroes, athletic and fero
cious cnongb. lbey may be seen at
Tangiers occasionally, in companies of ten
or filieen men going from house to house,
to amuse the people by dancing to tbe
music of "bones" for castanets, small
drums, and strings of little bells around
tbe ankle.
As the population of Morocco Is not
half that of Spain, and aa it has not a
quarter of its military resources, there
can be no doubt of the issue ol the con
test between tho two nations. Cincinnati
New England in 1673.
The Boston Traveler republishes a cu
rious paper contained in a magazine of the
last century, entitled as follows: "Obser
vations made by the curious on New En
gland about the year 1672."
There are about 120,000 souls, 13,000
families and 16,000 that can bear arms.
There are 12 ships of between 100 and
200 tons, 190 ships of between 20 and
100 tons, and 600 fisher boats about
tons, lbere are 5 iron works which cast
no guns. There are 15 merchants, worth
50,000 or about 100 one wi:h another;
500 persons, worth each 3.000- No
house in New England has more than 20
rooms. Not 20 houses in Boston which
have 10 rooms each. About 1,500 fam
ilies in Boston. The worst cottages
New England are lofted. No beggars.
IN ot three persons put to death for theft,
(annually.) About 35 rivers and harbors.
About 23 inlands and fishing places.
Tho three provinces of Boston, Maine
and New England, made three-fourlbs
the whole in wealth and strength. The
other three of Connecticut, Khode Island
and Kennebeck, being but one-fourth
the whole in ettect, not above three mili
tary men have been actual soldiers, but
many such soldiers as the artillery men
at London. ' Among the magistrates, the
most popular are Leverett, the governor,
Major Dennison, Major Clarke, Mr. Brad
street. Among the ministers, Mr. Timeli
er, Mr. Ohenbridge, Mr. Higginson.
are no musicans by trade. A dan
cing school was set up, but put down: A
fencing school Is allowed. All cordage,
sail cloth made there worth 4s. a yard.
No linen above 8s. 6J. No alum, nor
copperas, nor salt made by the sun.
Tbey take an oath of fidelity to the gov
ernor, but none lo tbe king. The gov
ernor is chosen by every freeman. A free'
man must be Orthodox, above 20 years
old, worm about 200.
A Romantic Way to Obtain an Estate.
Mr. Surveyor Hart has fallen heir to
estate under the following romantio cir
cumstances. Years ago, when in Paris,
lovely Jewess became enamored of him,
but be did not return tbe passion. When
he came back to New York, he still re
mained the object of ber tender recolleo-
lions, which were shown by her sending
him, on tbe several annual feast days
her aucieut faith, valuable presents
sweet mementoes which only the delicate
taste of woman knows how to summon
Evrry feast of tbe Passover, as well
every other day of Mossie mark, accord
ingly there were dispatched to this city,
sentimental objects of art and virtue :
neither distance, time, nor the absence
a reciprocity treaty, could abate her
the least. As she was faithful in lifo
was she true in death, for the news arrived
the other day that the poor lady had
to the better world, and, dying, bequeath
ed to Mr. Hart an estate. It was legally
necessary for him to go abroad to
after it, and, accordingly, he Railed
Saturday for Hamburg, where the estate
lies. iv. x. inbutu.
Defence of Reserved People.
We havo not been in tho habit of admir
ing this elass of our follow beings t but It is
as woll to hoar what they bave to sav on
the otber sido, A writer in Frazer's Mag
azine thus gives them tho preference :
"The habit of roserro has most often Its or
igin In a disboliaf in sympathy, In tbe exist
onco of some qualities or somo emotion!
ith which tbose who are classed as fellow
creatures, are not likely to bave any follow-
tooling, l bore Is lo such characters, it mar
be, sensibility, fino and true, that sinks itself
deep; too delicate to mix witb vulgar
streams. If you would taste tbo ouritv of
this water, you must dig laboriously for it.
Tbere is, it may be, a passionate power, fer
vent anu eoncootratea ; too run to dribble
out ; too strong to dissipate itsolf in petty
phrases and agrooablo expressions ot soil
sontimoot; or porbaps, an intelligence bigb)
u ciitjuuuu, 10 wnicn views are grantees
Infinitely boynnd the borixon of tho general
eye. The reserved man, tbereforo, it
an object of dislike and distrust, but be it
also a subject of intorect. Uo ropols coo
fidonce, but be eicites attention. Is it not
agreeable from a bigb window to survey lbs)
movements of a crowd below ? dancing,
laughing, leaping, fighting, crying, kissing
to enalyzo thoir agitations to smile at their
disturbances to be yoursolf secure and stilt
a looker on who is not looked at to ba
audiooce to a drama, and to criticise the
actors who cannot criticise you ?
Tbis is the privilege of tbe reserved man.'
He conceals his emotions, be buriea bis fool
ings, he masks bis passions. He controls
his features ; every muscle is under bis com
niaud ; there is n'o such thing with him as)
a spontaneous movement. Ho revels in a
continual victory. He baffles curiositv. ha
dofoats expectation, bo destroys hope. Ho
wears his shroud before he is in the tomb.
Tho inquisitive crowd will pluck at it, but
win draw back sbivoring when tbey feel bow
cold it is.
Tbey wonder, tbov fear, tber admire
and they admire witb arood reason. Tbe
power of coucealtnont is in itsolf wortbv of
admiration ; tbe man who wears so strong
an armor must needs be a strong man, an 4
it is too consciousness of a valuable pos
session that suggests tbe necessity for
Col. Bowie in Mississippi—Terrible
Duel between Forty Men.
An old Misslssippian furnishos tbo follow'
Ing to tbe Woodviile (Mississippi) lirvMi
can: Tbe famous duel, in which forty or more
gontlomon wero engaged, in 1828, Is still
romurnberod in Natchez. Colonol Jim
Bo io, the famous fightor and inventor of
the knifo which bears bis name, usod to
spend a great deal of bis time in Natcbcs.
lie was cballongod by a gentloman of Alex
andria, Louisiana, wbose friends, to tbe
number of twenty, or more, accompaniod
bitnto Natcbcx, to soe fair play, knowing
that Bowie was a dosperate man, and had
bis own friends about him. All parties won!
upon tbe field. Tbe combatants took Ibeir
places in tho centre, separated from tbeif
friends in tbe rear, far enough not to on
danger tbom witb their balls. Behold the
battlo array thus : Twenty armed Louis
iauiaus fifty yards bobind their champion
and bis seconds and surgeon, and opposite
them as fur behind Bowio and bis seconds,
and surgeon, twonty armed Mississippians.
Bobold tbo heights of Natcbex thronged
witb spectators, and a stoamer in tho river
rounded to, its deck black witb passongors,
watching witb a deep intorost the scene
Tbe plan of fight was to exchange shot!
twice with pistols, and to cloaa with knives.
Bowie being armed with his own torrible
weapon. At the first fire both parties cs
capod. At tbe second tho Louisianisn
was too quick and took advantagoof Bowie,
who waited the word. At this Bowie's see-
ond cried "foul pluvTand shot tbo Louis!-
anian dead. Tho second of tbe latter in
stantly killed the slayer of bis principal.
oowio crovo ins Knue into tbis man. Ibe
surgoons now crossed blades, while witb
loud battlo cries, came on the two parties
of fiiuuds, tbo light of battlo in tbeir eyes.
iu a moment too wnoie number wore en
gaged in a fearless conflict. Dirks, pistols
and knives were usod witb fata! effect, until-
ono party arove tbe other from the field.
I do not know bow many were killed and
wounded in all, but it was a droadful
slaughter. Bowio fought liko a Hon, but
fell covered witb wounds. For months be
lingored at tbo Mansion House bofore be
fully recovorod.
Defining His Position.
The editor of The RinaM (Ga.i
press, thus pithily sets forth his views and
relations wun regard to tbe Charleston
Convention :
If Stephens, Cobb, Hunter, Wise, ot 1
any prominent man, whose record baa
identified him with Vne interests f the
South, should be chosen as the standard
bearer of Democracy, we expect to sup
port him with all Ihe teat of a "scaly
bark" Democrat. If Douglas should be
tbe nominee, with no matter bow good si
platform, we cannot, and will not, support
him, under any Bet of circumstances.
Douglas will go into the Convention ' '
with more rotes than any other man, and
enough to prevent the nomination of any
other man. If these friends are firm and,
true, it will therefore be Douglas or no ,
body. His opponents, however, will be
strong enough, at first, to prevent his nomination.
And we hope they may continue
so, but we greatly fear they will not. If
they hold out, a compromise may be
effected, by which some man never before
beard of outside of the eounty of his rest
dense, will be brought forth, and a bun-
dred thousand wool bats will be waived
aloft, and a hundred thousand "Dimmi-
erats" will make the welkin rinir with
their huzxas, while from Maine to Cali
fornia the bills send back the echo.
Hoorav for Dalin anrl MnPacran If
that is the game, we are not in.
Dctt! 0 great wordl 0 noble anf
beautiful thoughtl Tbe faculty to think
the thought, to speak the word, to feel its
meaning and its power, attests our sub
lime destination. Duty I it is itself but aa
purely ideal as it is iu its essence; it is am
idea which, when embodied and realised
(as It may be) in man's purposes and ac
tions, gives to humsn life and human his
lory all its worth, all its nobleness is the
source cf every thinr; most fair and beau
tiful and touching, of f verytbuig' great,
heroio and sublime.

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