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JULIUS. CONVERSE, Editor.
tllARDON, 01JI0, FniD.lY. APRIL i, l.t-bl." The Policy of the Administration. It it bard to toll what ', tho policy nf tho' Administration in recant to tho socodrd 8tatos, or whs rill be tho final roeult of ! our natior.fti difficulties. Wo hope for tho bos', bul foar the worst. Strango and start ling rumors nro afloat, to tlio cfloot that Secession htts como to ha regarded in high places, at a fixed fuct, &o. A special dis to tho N. Y. Herald WASHINGTON, March 29,'61. There is no roal ground for any appro liooslons of civil war, nt least not as far as the agency of tho administration will go. Fort Sum tor is about being evacuated. High authorities assort that no order has been issued to reinforce Fort Pickens, not withstanding tho statements of tho Now York organ. No attempt will be iovuodiuto ly made to collect the rovenuo io tho scco oed States by men-of-war. Id flno, nothing will bo done likoly to precipi'uto B conflict. Tho belief in a voluntary roturn of tho eoeded States to tho Uni'.n has boon aban doned, and tho impracticability of forcing them back rooognizod .,y tho administration. The executivo and Vis constitutional ad visers woll know that tho assortion of the upremacy of thp fodoral laws, vi el armit, within the robe'.llous States, would inovitu bly involve thu fodoral authorities in a war of subjugation. In which they bavo no desiro to onzagu. Tbey aro anxious not to pluco ny obstructions in tho wit of what thov now consider tho only bloodless solution of sue oouiti'jrn imbroglio poaccablo separa tion. I can stato positively that such a do nouomont is now oonsidorod unavoidubln by ll the administration, and that it will afford a key to all the executive acts bearing upon tuu ooumorn question, inovory section alism exhibitod in tho selection of Northern material exclusively for tho leading diplo matic, Torritorial and other oflices, means nothing less than preparing for the Impend ing formal disintegration of tho Union, and tho faot that evon tho bordor slavo Slates wore all but overlooked in dispensing tho fodural patronage, only goos to provo that the possibility of retaining thorn in tho Un ion is not by Buy means firmly beliovod in hj tho administration. A blood v internal strife can only bo brought on by direct nggrossion of the revo lutionists, or by demands, the fulfillment of which tho constitutional obligations of the administration will not allow. If tho revo lutionary authorities abstain from oithor until the proposed National Convention, or Congross will have opened the way to a sep aration, no blood will be shed, unless un reasonable torms should bo insisted by tho fiouth upon tho final settloinunt. This sounds strangely euough, and .coming from the Herald, is, perhaps, wholly unre liable But a similar story is told by tho following special dispatch to the Cincinnati , Commercial t WASHINGTON, March 29. Tho ghastly spectre of civil war is not likoly to haunt tho public mind much longor. Thero is no flavor ol saltpetre in the whiffs of intelligence from tho White House. Tho drift of tho Administration ts evidently towards peace, upon tho basis of a poacoful separation. No coaxing nor compelling tho eceders. Thu idoa ot bolng able to ooax (the seceded States back into tho Union is entirely abandoned, and still less is tbore a disposition to attompt to drive them back Mt the point of the sword and bayonet. The Administration of course cannot take the initiative in the premises, but will con tinue a pacific ai'itudo until eithor tho pro fjosod National Convenfion or Congross will take such ootlon as Wi'.'.l bring about a final parting on good terms. To revolutionists alone can plunge the country iul 01Tj' wari eithor by aggressinn or uurossonau. do- tnands upon the Fedoral Government, Oi' by rorusing to accedo to a nnal separatum on terms consonant with tho interests of all concerned. Tho loyal North has boon outraged and humiliated enough during tho last months at Buchanan's administration, and it cannot woll bo blamed for expecting a vindication of tbo honor and dignity of the Fedoral au thority from tbo Unpublioan regime but tho arm of the Govornmont is completely paralyzed, and It oould not strike even wore it io disposed, TUB REVOLUTION MUST BE MiOOO.MIZKn. It oan iio longer troat the doings of the secessionists as rebellion, but has to recog nize a successful revolution in thorn. Any attempt to retake tho forts and other public property now Hold Dy mo roouis, or to rein foroo Forts Sumtor or Pickens, or blockade the Soutborn ports for tho collection of tho rovenuo, would immediately open civil war, and without doing tho least practical good, cause loss of life aud property far outweigh ing tho udvantagos that would possibly be gained. A spocial dispatch to the tamo paper of a later duto, gives, we trust, a truer version of tho policy of tbo Administration t "On Saturday ovening last, throo mombors Of Congress, ono of wuum was horn Ohio, called on the President. They found him ongagod in looking ovor a number of maps of tbo eulf coast. A conversation ensuod about tho disposition of tho Southern posts In tho couise of wbicb tho President gave it ta ho understood, iu uumlstukablo terms, that aron though the evacuation of Fort Sumter should bo doturminod upon, the other forts vet in possession of federal troops will be bold to tho Inst. Ha furthermore hinted rather moro plainly at the intention of the government to blockade tho Southern ports, and collect mo rovenuo wun snon-oi-war. This is authonlio, and can be im plicitly roliod on by your roaders." 9Tbe eloction for Stato 0(11 cors In Councotlout, on Monday, rosultod in a Re publican triumph, by an iucroasod innjori- Tha Union (Democratic) Tickot is elected la Clovoiund. E. S. Flint sucoeods Goo. B. Senior, as Mayor. ' Hallo ! A Montgomery dispatch sys tint if Got. Spraguo is elected in Ithode Island, the little pocket edition of state rights will sscede," and become the Southern resi dence of Southerner!, and their com mercial depot. Some time ago the ques tion was agitated io. Rhode Island as to whelher.'if all the other States seceded and left her alone loyal, she would be w.tA t Hiumi and par the national debt. To U-ske thing of it, and to ...... fWaeue'e money, the cotton planters are going to buy her end use her . . i . A locr fit limfl aa a vilAaatfrA ffir n. At are so troublous that we can't even "trust in Providence."- Cleveland Under. .(7.t.l finhura ts finally disposed of. tr ,. . Boain. Cassius M. Clay having . willingly given up tbst place for tho Jltis ian Mission. The country will be satis fied with this disposal Ot tho two most " Jjuent cbsmptons of the Ropublictu eauie. Columbus Correspondence. COLUMBUS, March 29th, 1861. -fTOB DsmocbM: As usual towards r,e close of i.ie session, both branches of llio Ucnnvnl Asscmblv aro actively cn gaed in the final disposition of measures brought bcioro llicm, nnu being matured Jmii'i? the progress of tlio session 'nalom! question out of tlio w duiini the projross of tho session. The Senatorial question out of tho wav. tho Vftrl0U8 committee again addressed them selves assiduously to the woik of consul oring the various propositions relerred to mem, and preparing their reports thereon. Saturday iast was Committee day, and tlie House held a very extended session, noting upon rcporls, and assigning bills for their passage on tho various days of una week. Amone the many nassins in either branch of general interest, I notice in the senate, the general appropriation hill.niHo oue making partial appropriations or leoz. in the one makinir approprt ations for the curreut year, nro some items caumni warm discussion, ono of which was the item of 83,000, for purchasing nxeu ammunition lor the State, and nn other increasing tho Governor's contingent mnu lotflU.UOO. As the object of these appropriations was to make some small preparation for contingencies which mieht ariso in thu present disturbed condition of the country, the ire o( the Democracy and of one or two quasi Republicans, was, of course, disturbed by them. The debate was probably as interesting ns any occur ring this session. In favor wcro Messrs Jones, Cox, Garfield, Pariah and others, and in opposition Messrs. Schleich, Moore and Holmes. The Senate has also passed a bill pro viding for a new Deaf and Dumb Asylum incoiii lor tne reliel ol Jo tin vv. Allen nas passed uolti branches, litis appro priates ?2v,000 to satisfy tlio claim of Mr. Allen for services in procuring canal lands lor tho stale, under a contract, made by by authority of the Legislature, with Lx Governor Ford, late of your County. This claim Las been before the Geueral Assembly for a number of years, and been passed upon favorably by one or the other branch, but failed to become a law. At the last session, the House passed a bill authorizing Mr. Allen to contest his claim in the Courts, but it failed to pass the Senate. Had this course been pur sued, it is thought he would have recov ered, if anything, at least 8100,000. Mr. Allen is getting quite advanced in life, and, nt this session, consents to relinquish his claim, upon the payment of the amount appropiated as above indicated. It is un doubtedly a worthy cluiin, nud much sat- islaction is expressed nt the passage of the bill, many regretting tlmt the amount is not greater, feeling it to be simply an act of justice. Ho spent five years of the best part of his libs, and tho whole, or nearly the whole, of his privato fortune, id this work, and now, after waiting until he is an old man, the State docs him partial juauce. lhe House has passed a bill for the draining of the marshy lands upon the Cuyahoga river in Geauia County : to amend the act relating to nppraisments ; to amend the Justices' Code in relation to costs in criminal cases : to mako appro prialion for County agricultural funds ; to send a commissioner to the World's Fair at London, in 1802, to take with him for exhibition (here, specimens of all the veg etable and mineral products of the State ; and to provide for a general ditch law for the State. A bill from the Judiciary Committee has been introduced, providing for the pur chase of tho new edition of the Statutes, by Swan and Cnlcbfield, for distribution mong the justices of tho peace of the State. will involve an expense of some lh0Ub.,nu dollars, but in a di rection where InP benefit will bo brought nearer home to the pecplo than is usually or frequently the case in regard to appro- nriaiions of money fiom lhe Stale 1'roasury. The lima of final adjournment has rio! yet been agreed upon, nltuougn the ben ate . this morning passed a resolution to adjourn on tho of April, which, on oominir to the Houso, was amended by making it tho 16th, and in this form it seemed likely to pass, but was afterwards referred to the Finance Committee. It is now feared the session will be extended beyond the 15th, although the intention and ellort will bo to bring it within that time. Thnt which more than anything else hinders now, is the districting of the State. So manv conflicting interests are to be reconciled, that it is made very difficult. The committee on this subject uavo not reported. The Republican portion of it have been holding nightly sessions for some time, and last evening agreed upon a plan to present to the whole committee, in accordance with which a bill will prob ably be introduced. What will be its fate in the form determined on, is unccriain.- Probably il will pass the Senate, but in the House it is doubtful. My impression is, it will not suit in your locality, as the District as now arraiged is divided, making the 17th Cuyahoga, Summit and Portage, and the 18th Lake, Geauga, Irumbull und P. if iTA letter from New Orleans say "outwardly there nppears to pe a general feeling of opposition to opening the African slave trade. But the probability is, that, should the Border States remain in the Union, refusing to join their fortunes with ours, the trade would be opened in some form or other, placing rebtnctions upon the mode of packing und shipping tlio cargo. Il is quite evident that only question of expediency lias prevented me declaration of its legality beforo now. All the swamp hnds pertaining to feder al Government in the State are declared the properly of the Stale, and steps have been taken to dispose of them in quanti ties (o suit, for the bent lit of the Slate coffers." -Tho sppointmont of Mr. Whittlosoy of Ohio, as Controller of tho Treasury, is measure for which Mr. Chaso deserves and will receive tho thanks of thn couutry Mr. Wbittletoy was for sixteon yoart memburof Cungruss.from 18'23. to 1899, and for several jours subsequently held tho iui-. portant olliee in wuicu no has now neon re called, nd which ho quitted with a ropu tsllon of tho highost order fnr fuithfulnoss and stern integrity. With Mr. Chase for Secrotary aud Mr. Whittlosoy for Controll er, the people may iuui a oegreu ui eu fidonce to which tboy havo boon long straogors at to tho secure custody and propor disposal of the' publio money- A". Y. 'ftibunt. Charleston Items. Tho Charleston eorrospondunt of tho A. Y. TnbuHt writes I I am sorry to toll you that the visit of Mr. Lamon has proved very unsatisfactory to tho chivalry. It was iully anticipated, as soon as his nresenco became known yes terdoy morning, that he had como to give up tho Fort and so strong was this belief that it was telegraphed to (Savannah, and preliminary arrangements woro mado with thu Charleston and Savannah Railroad Compuny to run an excursion train hero to morrow (Wednesday) to bring visitors to tho fort. The Palmottoans aro beginning to wax florco and furious again under their disappointment, and solemnly declare they will stand no moro nonsonso or dolay. But I navo Heard mom blow so olten and so much that of cotirso such threats pass by me unheeded as tho idlo wind. I have never yet believed in their ability or pluck to take Fort Sumter; true it is that every possible advantago has boon thrown in their tooth. In consequonco of ordors from tho Infamous administration of James Buchanan, Major Anderson was eompellod to look on and seo warliko preparations for his capture pro gross daily on ovory side of him. From his castellated walls ho has boon the witness of practical, open and avowed treason against ins country, nor laws, and nor honor, and he dure neither tirovont or interior with it. He actually saw ovory means within their reach adoptod by tho rnbels to keep trom In in rouilorcomonts and supplies, yet by tho villianous ordors ot a degraded and utterly disreputabto government ho bad to withhold his hand. Tho Republican party, 1 admit, havo to grapple with all tho dilhcul tios left to thorn by thoir traitorous prcdo coBsors, but I most earnestly hopo that oven vol they will sparo us tho disgraco hetoro the eyes ot tlio world of tho surron dor of this position. I know that Sumter can be reinforced without lutt, except to the enemy I In uod s namo lot .t bo uono. Tho "regular" army of the Confederate States are in tho samo bad plight I havo bo foro attempted to describe to you. This morning I had an intorviow with four who have escaped, who give tho most horrible details as Io tho dirt and vermin with which tho troops aro infested, aud fully corroborates all I have before said as to want of food and shelter. Two of tho men I saw this morning havo wives and childron, who, but for an honost old Dutch shoe makor, who is a strong Union man, must have perished from want, Tho two men have not received one cent of tho thirty throo dollars now duo to each of thorn, and have ucsortod for the purposo, if poBsiblo, of obtaining suflieient employment to pre vent tho death of their children trom star vation, and I assuro you those caBos aro not singular or extreme. The Administration and Fort Sumter. A special Washington dispatch to tbo Tribune, dated March 31st, says: It is undoubtedly true that a decided pressure is brought ro bear upon the Ad ministration for tho retention of Fort Sum tor at all hazards. The resolution offered by Mr. Trumbull, beforo the adjournment of tho Senate, rollouts tho fooling of the great majority of '.ho mombors from the North-Wost, those efforts and othors have produced some effect, and tho Idea of rein forcement is now entortained in quarters wnicn navo nitnorto rogaruod it as wholly impracticable and unworthy of considera tion. Tbo Cabinet had sevoral sittings npon tho subjoot, and it is known that au nuurgotio policy is strongly urged. Iho President neoossarily reserves to hlmsolf tbo uliiinuto decision of this quostion, about which tho Cabinok trcro, wiib ono rACfjHton, unani mous two weeks ago. Different views have been recontly prosentod, and not without loaving an iinprossion favorablo to tho feasi bility of introducing men and supplies. Sevoral loading naval officers express tho bolief that tho batteries which guard tho en trances to Charleston harbor might bo run undor steam without more than ordinary risk. They, agreo however, that unless Such an oxporimont could bo successfully execu ted at night, tho boats or tugs which might bo usod lor this purposo would be exposod to tho firo of Fort Mnultrio, in an attempt to land the troops and supplies. That con tingency must bo regarded as nearly insop erablo from tbo enterprise, aud it almOBt necessarily involves thu commencement of actual war, lor any movoinont looking toward that objoct would be certainly ro sistod. This-view is Sustainod by alt tho official information on tho subject, und by tho opin ion of tho agont sont to make a porsonal in spection for tbo satisfaction of the Administration. The C. S. A. Short of Money. a a Tbo patriotism of the Cotton States runs mom ta rovolrers than to loans is much moro willing to chargo bayonets than to let tho how Government become a chargo on tho pockots of tho "socedod pooplos," as tho Charleston Mercury lovos to stylo the in habitants or tbo V. o. A.. Dozens ana tnuu- sands of men are constantly volunteering to bocomo Uenerals, Colonels, Majors, and oven as low us Captains in thn stauding ar my called for by Jenurton Uavis ; but in the matter of invosting whatovor littlo mon ey they may have saved in tho Stato or Con federate States' loans now in tho market. tho mouoyod population of Cottondom re mains lamentably obtusoand backward. In vair. doot the Charleston Mtreury, abandoning in despuir its furilo attempts to soduco the people of the Palmetto Siato into subscribing for tho Stato loan of 760,- 000, authorised and called for by Governor Pickens, now dovote its undivided financial energies to tho task of recommending "thu loan ui fifteen millions of dollars authorized bv the aot of the Coufudurato Congross" as a safe investment at eight por cent., ollor ins unrivaled "Inducements to capitalists.' Somehow or other the men of monoy, if any such thore ho loft iu the South, do not seo.-n to see it. They mako no reply to the A?ercury'$ question, "Who can do bettor?" They aro deaf to the insinuating suggestion that by subscribing evon 50 to thu loan, thoir "uatriotisin'' will be afforded an op portunity for praotical dovolopomotit." Perfectly willing to bocomo Generals and Culonols. Judgos or Congressmen in re sponse to the "call of thoir country," tho firo eaters soom to regard with the loftiest con tempt any pecuniary or meroly sordid at- tostatioo ot lliuir "duvotiuu to ooutuern principles." Whuthor tho Mercury, having failed In raising tho small louu of less than a million dollars on tho faith of the Stato of South Carolina, can ovuntually bono to meet with buttor success in lis now labor of raising fifteen millions of dollars on bonds to which the ominous name of Mississippi Is to lio attached, at ono oi tne guaranteeing par ties, must remain a quosliun of great natural interest to tho students and adiniror of the various phases assumed by human, confi dence. But that the journal In question not sanguiue of accomplishing tnuoh on tbo present credit or tne u. a. a. is ratnoi n.infullv allotted bv the elaborate calcula tions into which It enters, with a view proving that tho new Government of the "socodud Southern people" euonot fail tq be In an oxtremoly flourishing flnanoia! condi tion about the oponing of tho year 1870, of at farthest, by thn closing of that auspicious twolve-moutn jy, i. j mc$, The C. S. A. Short of Money. The Ghost---Who is it? That Soma scokindrol is prowling tho stroots almost nightly, disguising himself as tho occasion and thu person ho moels give warrant, in ghostly garb, has now becomo a fixed fact, aud tho public mind is becoming greatly exorcisod upon the subject. '. Various parties of gontlumeu havo broil nut in pur suit of the miecroMit, and though using every precaution, havo as yet been unable to find and apprehend him. That there nro many idle rumors in connection with this affair, it is unnecessary to sty, but wo have tho testimony of tho following persons, who are rcliablo, fur tho actual witnessing oi mis gnoMiy impostor. Charles Gordon, ison of Wm. J. Gordnn Esq. returning homVi ono ovening last week, met rum in trout el Dean s Stouu Block, on water stroot. lames Armstrong, clerk at Davis, Peixotto & Co.'s met him Inst Wednesday night at quarter to Iwolve o clock, Ih front of tho Cuthodral, Erio St. On picking up a brick to mrow nt mm, tho "Spectre mado oil. Dr. Beckwith, riding in his buggy, on countorod him a few nights since. John Hunter, clerk for F. C. Keith, going homo at oloven o'clock Sunday night, passod him on Rockwell street near the eornor ol Erio. A son of Mrs. John Gill encountered him on Erio street, noar tho Cemetery. On pointing a pistol at him, the cap of which failed to go off, the Ghost gavo chaso, and young uni took to Ins heels. A lady residing on Prospect stroot, (whoso namo we have) during tho absenco of her husband hist week, went to tho street dour at nine o'clock in thu evening, and saw tho white figure standing at bur gate. She closed the door and fuinlod. Wo mention tho aboro names as veritublo sources respecting tho actual prosonoo of this lellow on the streot, and shall bo glad to hoar from others in still further confirma tion of tho fact. I'ho abovo named aro all inoffensive persons, who wcro unarmed and unaware, and it is probable that upon theso tbu fellow hits to practice his tricks. Can ho not bo uppruhondod ? ,, The most pluusible thoory wo have beard in explanation of the mystery, is lhat it is a lunatic, escaped from thoNowburgh Asylum some three months sinco. Wo have heard il slatod, but cannot vouch for tho truth, that this lunatic whun at tbo Asylum de lighted in disguising himself in a white shoot, frightening his keepers and thoso about the Asylum. It is supposed, wiih the sagacity possessed by many lunatics, bo manages to secroto mmsell in somo o: tho vaults ot tlio cemetery during tho day, meroly venturing out at night. The fact that while a party ono night gavo chase, he scaled the fetico of the r.no streot cemetry and disappeared, would warrant this belief. Thoso who have mot this "ghost, speak of its peculiar ond cat-liko movement, which is often a pecu liarity of lunatics. Tho theory that an organized band of porsons is prowling about tho citv. with white shoots undor their garmonts, only to no usou wnen occasion oners, is hurdly probable, as no attompt at robbery has thus far boen mado by tho apparition, and it is hardly sopposahlo that any ono with a sane mind, would tako his lifo in hand and brave tho organiaod patrols that aro now known to be on the constant look-out, and who aro fully proparod to moot his ghoul-ship with cold lead. Cleve. Review. The Southern Navy. The Charleston correspondent of tho N. Y. Tribune writes as follows : Tho navy ol South Carolina consists of two steamers and one sailoruft. Tho Lady Davis, which is the tjif-boat lately purchased fiuiu Jaiuua IUvuiA, has two guus, uud U brisk enough littlo affair, but after all, it "is no groat shakes." The Nina is a super annuated tub, with ono gun, the dischargo ot which would do moro barm to horsulf than anybody olso. Sho is of no account. About tho tiino Mnj. Anderson went from Fort Moultrie to Fort Sumter, tho Robots stolo a small vobboI usod by Capt. Hunter as Inspector of Lights. This is uow sta tioned outside tho hurbor, a littlo to tbo north, and has ono gun, I beliovo. This is tbo whole ol Jolt'. Davis' navy, unloBS we add tho nondescript, callod the "Floating Battery." The vory mention of tho thing creates a laugh. Of course thero are those who swoar tlio thing is a perfect success, whilo thore is now littlo or no motivo for disputing iho assertion. Probably on a suo ond trial soinothiiig bettor might bo dono. I am confident that Gun. Beauregard would never undertake to maku use of iho thing as it now is. When it was launched, it caroorcd over and looked as though tho noxt moment it would go cluan ovor. To obviate this defect, which would be very greatly aggravated when Iho guns camo to bo pluccd on board, a platform was con structed on the other side, on which sand bags were piled of sufficient weight to mako the thing assume somothing liko an upright position. This was dono on the principle that our grandfathers usod to plaoo a stono In ono und of the bag to balanuo tho peck of wheat in the othor. It certainly was just as sensible. A singlo shot would knock thiB platform to flindors, and thero would bo nothing to provent tho battery from kooling over, with everybody and ovory thing on board. '1 uP Horpital is in no manner pro tected. It is a b.cow-like atlalr, constructed and placod as though tbo wounded wore of no consequonco, and rOqJ'rua iiiuo care aud no protection from tho shots oi too onemy. The thing is a huge Folly, in viow of tho sorvico for which it was designed. The Southern Navy. A Curious Fugitive Slave Case---Marshals Outwitted. On Monday ovoning.citizons in tho vicinity of Third and Fourth streets wore alarmed by hearing loud noises iu the yards at thu .i a .it 'I'u I:. rear of tueir uweniut. nuy uibuuvuiuu two men scaling feuees and otherwise de meaning thomsulvea in a very orratic and inexplicable manner. A gontlomau of that district, who had boen thus wakunod from a sound sluep into visions of burglary and murder, seized a musket and uruw signi upon tho intruders. Tho lutter called out tout thoy wero not tuieves.uui uutiou oiaies marshals nn tho truck tif oortain English housebroakors. The musketeers thoroupon descended to the yard, and was mado uo- auaintod with the lollowing tacts: A con dential fomale sorvaut in tho family of a gentleman of Washington I). C , rocently escaped from hor owners, and was received into the family of a oertaiu high constable of this city. The woman was laid to be nearly white.ot somo personal aurariironoss, and Intelligent beyond her race. She dwelt with the high constable as aforesaid until Monday, at noon, when' a' neighbor, cogni sant that sho had boon a slave, appoaruil at the house to warn her that the marshals woro upon hor track! Sho was forthwith removed to Third ahd South atrools, and aftorwards to a remote part of tho Stato, Tho marshals had assuinod the ro enpturo of this woman as the crowning exploit of thoir term of administration. Having traced hor to Third and South streets, thoy im agiood no difficulty In the labor of the night, but extraordinary vigilanco upon the part of the slave frustrated any attempt upon hor froodoui. 7"Hon J. R. Oiddings was confirmed as Consul to Canada by SO against 10. The South demanded a division to record their opposition, The Charleston Authorities Tampering with the Mails. "Floating Battery', the iter-writcr of the Philadelphia Inquirer, under" lhe dale of the I5ih, says : 1 have been loth tu believe what I have often heard broadly stated here, namely, that the letters passing through the Charlcsten post office were anything but sacred, l'tom circumstances thnt have just come to my personal knowledge, I havo no hesitation in saying that there exisls at the present moment a committee within the Uuiled Stales posloffice, which has been organized for lhe purpose of su pervising nil Northern correspondence. The "high-toned" gentlemen of Charles ton have slopped to tamper with the mails. TUut whichj under the law, is punishable with imprisonment and hard iubor, Is, in tpitt of tlio law, practiced in a wholesale and reckless manner, The impudence of the posloffice officials is heightened by lhe fact thnt they are still the servants of the United Slates. They are still in the re ceipt of salaries from the Government at Washington. The whole expenses of the mail ar rangemcnts are paid out of the national treasury. The nation is still losing thou sands of Dollars, yearly, for the accom modation and benefit of this section ; and yet, in return for all tin's, what does Northern, or a national man get when slaying here, bu'. the insult of having his private coricspondenco ransacked by brigands, for the purpose of discovering whether he is a traitor 1 If he is not a traitor or a rebel, or a disunionist, or i secessionist, or a firm believer in the al mighty and beneficent doctrine that sla very is heller than freedom, ho had better make tracks, for he will experience neither comfort or safety by remaining in Charles ton. An orgauized system of espionage is also in practice. A iNorlliern gentleman, whom I met this morning, (old me that wherever he went, he met the same half-dozen faces, and he most firmly believes that a special committee has been appointed to pry into his actions, trom peculiarly fortunate circumstances I have personally escaped the suspicions of the Vigilance Committee, yet I am frequently exposed to the vulgar questioning ol ill bred curs, who are d sirous to know my object in visiting Charleston, and whether I intend (o make a prolonged slay. These relics of ancient tyrannies are only a foretaste of what may bu expected from the Southern Confed eration, Bhould il be allowed lo increase its territorial power. Mecca Items. That Mecca is bound io bo a groat oil producing country is indisputable, and it is a nxed lacl tbut thu oil is ot an exoellont quality, and many believe tbu developments are just begun. Ibero are four linos of hocks running daily betwuun Warrun and Mecca, and thev novor leave omply. Ou tho contrary, tho stream of travel calls into requisition ths utmost capacity of two good lirory stables in addition to the regular convoyancos. There have been rumors utloat that some of the wolls in Mecca aro failing. Thore is no truth in tho statement. Occasionally two wells are sunk so near oach othur as to interfere, but in no othor cases bave thoy showed any indications of failing. .On the contrary, tho capacity uf many has increased on tho application of hotter pumps. There ure a great many wolls in success ful operation, and new ones aro oponed uvory day. The yield varies from six and eight barrels to forty and fifty barrels per day. nt different wolls the avorago yield being probably somo twonty barrels. Groat difficulty is experienced in procu ring a supply of barrels, and in eoosuquonco many wells bavo filled tbuir vats aud aro oompollud to stand idlo. Tho nil district is gradually extonding towards tho southwest, until now the best prospects, ami tho excitomont centers near tho woll of Aspor, Chew & Co., some two milos southwest of Puwurs Corners, and which has boon steadily forty barrels por day ovury day when in operation. Land in this vicinity is held at high figures, but is iiuvorthuless rapidly changing bauds. A gontlomau who had lately purchased a quantity uf laud south of Aaper's woll a $112 per acre, nud sold it agam in a low days at from 500 to $H00 por acre. Tbure are several wolls being sunk in tho immediate vicinity. One by the "Jiay Stato Uo. troin Massachusetts, with a good show. Anotbor bv Mr. Pricu, of Girard. and a third by Messrs. Adgato & Co., on tho Quale Farm. Many appoar to think tbat the best wolls in Mecca will bu found iu that direction, and tbo prico is raising daily. Land bought a month since fnr 100 is now sold at frOOO per acre, readily. Aiany speculators are roiusiog io ami now at any prico, anticipating au immense influx of strangers In the spring. Now hoasos are going up in ovory diroo tion somo for storos, somo for shops, aud some tor dwellings. For two miles ou eithor side of tho road it has tho appearanoe of a city. Tbo road is lull ot teams, and carts, and drays, arriving with loads of bar rels, and doparting with barrels ot on with lumber for vats, and buildings, with onginus ard Dumps, with onal. wood and provisions. hacks tun oi passengers, oio. juunonwg Oil R' porter. Perils of Slavery. The Memphis Avalanche gives the par ticulars of a horrible murder of a white man and two slaves. On Mr. Byrne's plantation near Com merce, Miss., the overseer, wnue sianaing in front of the negro cabins, smoking, was assaulted by four slaves, one of whom felled him with a club. The overseer re covered bis feet, drew his knife, and killed two of the negroes, when the other two, fulling upon him, oue choked him with his handkerchief uulit ho wus insensible, and the other twielcd his body until his neck was brokeu. The negroes fled across the Arkansas river, and dogs being procured, chase was mado, but with whut success is not known. - Tho Nashville Union gives particulars of an affair in which a white man was murdered, and two others wounded by a slavo and tho uegro lynched. . A Mr. Moore, of Sumner County Tenn- ccsee, was preparing to remove with his slaves lo Alabama. All Ins negroes save one wore willing to go, and litis one Mr. Moore was handcuffing, when ha attacked his master with a knife he had concealed, and cut his throat, but not fatally. The father of Mr. Moore and a friend came to the rescue, when the "boy" cut the throat of the former from ear to ear, killiDg him instantly, and nUo.cut the lutter severely. The neighbors rallied and were compelled to shoot three balls into the negro before be would vteKl the knife, whun be was secured sod h nog upon the spot. fvKW should read Prof. Wood's. adver titotnout in auoihor culutnn. .. STIUTR0ET10 ll'Aas Of Til Id AbMlKlSTItA- Tios. We aro iaformod upon high authori ty, upon authority which is cunnoctod with pn party, but has unusual moans of Inform aliun, lhat it is the intrntionof the admin Islratiu." t0 Withdraw thd troops, if necessa ry, from tho sodded States, ond to concert troto them all in tho neigfluOrhood of Wash ington, for tho purposo of throwing' heavy reiiifnrooinonfs into Old Point, which can ho dono In ono night from tbo fodoral city. It is said bv military men, that Old roiht Is completely tho key ot the position with ref erence to Virginia, Maryland and North Carolina t that whon it is onco in possess ion of a largo force no matter what those Slates sepsraioly or collectively may do they can effect nothing, and ve completely nt tho mercy of the powor holdinj possess ion of thot vast and commanding liTtross. With this important purposo in viow, U troops from Texas slid other portions of tbo noruur art 111 uu uuiiuuiiuuitiii a. point that tboy can at onco bo thrown into Fortress Monroe, whilst at tho same time, I . c... .... (Vil..l. i.iin.J (lie IMiruor oiniov uid iiiiv"ii cii hidh Ku( u 1 nn;ri...l I., thdntinnmnl i I lid i-tt wal n coercive moasurcs from tho States of tho Southern confederacy. Richmond Dispatch, a ... L 1 H. W1LK!N. L. 8. BALL. . O WALL. WILKINS, BILL & CO., (jencml Commission Klcrchante, DEA LERS IN REAL ESTA TE, Oil Lands, Oil I.ensrs, tluilding Lots and Houses Sold and Leased, till Harrels, Tuis ond Vsls, Building Materials and Crude ond Refined Oils. WIl.t. NEGOTIATE BY SALE OB tXCIIANOE ALL KINDS Ol I'roporty on the Most ravornble terms. Particular attention paid to all 6hh'mm pertaitf iiig to the Oil interetts in Mecca, Ohio. 5S6mG AT7 E If IS II TO CA L T. Til E A TTENTION If of ih Public to our iSEW STORE and our Liiuluss block Ol NEW GOODS, Which we are bound to SELL at prices tatttfac lory lo all lhat may favor us wiih a call. We aim lo keep a General Assortment of mm jbmbvtsv -a-neva HATS & CAPS, FRESH GROCERIES, II A UO W A EE. C HOCKER Y ft GLAUS IKjltfE, TIN, STONE & WOODEN WARE, WINDOW-GLASS, SASIl &. PUTTY, NAII.S, DYE-STUFFS. HOUSE-TRIM-MlNUSoUll kind. YANKEE NOTIONS, Lookinq-Glnsses and Donip-lic Goods, such as SHEE'l INGS. Shirtings, Tickings, Cotlon Flan nels, w it-kings. 1 winu ana w Hidings. iV. In lacl, everything usually kept in a country store. WE DESIRE, in exchangofor the above, Butter, Cheese, l.ard, Oatt, Corn, Buck-wheat Flour, Rogx, Eggt,aud, in fact, everything uu ally taken Jor . generally- (Gush not reluaed.) Thankful lor past favors', wo still solicit a share ol your paironuge. Wilkin Si Keller. Chnrdon, Feb. 1st, 1861. S77yl INTotice. Till': !l ftSC III U Kits will keep on hand and manufacture lo eidor, at the Mnchiae Shop ol the lulu A. AGiriung. Poinesvide, Ok. the following machinery, namely: Steam Engines Stationary and Portable of anv required site and dimension We manufacture a small sized por- labia Kughie well calculated for driving a power priming press, being upright and very compact, not occupying more ilion 3 feet square space, the larae eizee built in nnrlicidar reference to OD Pumping. &c. all of which are manufactured of lhe besi material and warranted porlcctmachinoflh JACK SCREWS OF ANV SIZE, SAW (iUJIiVERS, a superior ariiclo, WINDMILL PUMPS, A. A. Genung'ePalo-, Machinery for Wood. Daniel's Planers of any size. Planing, Matthlng and Moulding Machine combined, Morticing Ma chines, 'I'ononing Machines, Wood Lathes, Ea centric do.. Wood Sawinir Machines. Circular Saws, TINKERS' TOOLS. Hulhert's Double Seamers. Snuarine Shears. Sot ting Down Machines, Punches, &c.,&a Particular Attention paid to JOB WORK. Mil Work repairing of all kinds done with promptness and dispatch, and at the lowest po bible prices. L. T. IIUL1IERT & CO. L. T. HULBERT. E. G. Gen una. b"6y) ES-XE2 JBlSVXJ OS-CL. GARMAGE S- W- NEWEL, PROPRIETOR, WOULD make a rospectful bow to his nu merous friends and patrons for nasi favors. and solicit a continuance of their liberal patron age. Having refund and furnished his shop wun tno hesi modern improvements ana isciu ties, as well as a Choice Stock uf Superior Thn ber, I am now prepared lodo all work in my line with neatness and dispatch. 1 would call atten tion to my large Slock of Finished Work, con sisting of CAItni.VGF.S. miRfilF.S, SULKIES. WAGONS and CUTTEIIS, all of superior manufacture, and at prices to suit the times, arut cannot fail to suit the customer. Peaee call ud examine work and price belore purchasing else where. Krrfpecial attention paid lo repairing In all its aeparuuenis to silver i laung done oa snort nouoe.jj) KrAll Work warranted. CloriJon, February 1st, 1661. 5S7tf T. Whitaker. Book-Binding Establishment, Marshall's Block, Main Street, (up Hairt,) PAINESV1LLE. O. THE Subscriber would respectfully inform the public generally, that he in prepared to bind Hooks of fvcry lesuritiou, in every Va riety of Style, and in the beat manner, at the very Lowest Prices for CASH. T. WHITAKER. raineiville, 1BG1. 575t( NOTICK IS IIRRICIIYGIVKN.TIIAT a Tax of One MM on each dollar valuaiion on Real and Personal Properly, wss assessed by the (.'ommisrinners of Geauga County, al their .'Warch jtftK'tlng lor IBM, lor rosu purposes, ana thai said 'I'm may be discharged by labor on lhe rondu. uiulor lhe direction of lhe nroncr Supervi sors of the several Road Districts in said County, at the rate ot One Dollar imr day. C. C. FIELD, County Auditor. April aih, IBM. NOTICK To To wus hip Assessors.--The several Township Assessors in Geauga County are requested lo meet at the Audilor's OHice In Chnrdon, en Friday, April 12th, A D. lsul.at IU o'clock A. Af., lo receive their Blanks and j'nstructions. . C. C. FlELl). April Slh, IDG I. C'ouply Auditor. r)LOW3 & CULTIVATORS for sale by 1 A. D. HALL. Chnrdon, March S9th, I8C1. 58iif T lEtlMOME l'Ell CHURNS for ss'.e hv A. V. 11A1.1.. Chardon, March 29ih, 1861. 5Bilf CLOVER, Timothv and Ked-Top Seed for sale by A. D. HALL. Churdon, March 29th, 1801. , 5B0;f WY1.USING RED-TOP, or Boa-Destroyer, for sale by A. I), HALL. Chardon, March 29lh, 1861. 55lf AND PLASTER fur sale by A. D. HALL. USlf Chardon, Marub 20b, 1661. em mm. Perils of Slavery. MISCELLANEOUS. '61. April APMiNTMEiNTS. '61. Prove alF Things 1 1 DR. H. W.'VVADSWORTH, ECLECTIC PllYdlCIAN AND SUROEOIf, ILL lib' AT II 1 8 OFFICEiIN CruRDoir, Chase House, Tuesday, 16rh. ' Painesvim.e, Cowlcs House, Monday, 5tn, Ci.kvki.snd, Johnson House, Wednesday sal Thursday, 17ih and lHih. ' ', JtrrEBsoN, Friday, 12th. Ashtabula, Saturday, 13th- . CONSULTATION FREE. " THE MODE 0KEXAM1NATI0N ' Pursued by Dr. Wsdsworth is very slmpls and entirely rrew, ond by it disease of any of the Inter ns! Viinl organs Is in s very few minutes detected with .'"ciliiy and certainty, without asking lh patient a ijncstion, or having the least previous knowledge of the cC.""- , . Among the diseases trea??d succcssfally ar SCROFULA And all diseases of a scrofulous origin. Ulcers', Turiors. Enlarged Ulandsor Joints, Hip Disease, Sv.'clled Neck or Goitre, Scrofulous Sore Eyea Scald Head, Eruptions, on the Face or other parssy Cancer, Fistula, Spinal Disease, Dyspepsia, Orst el, Impotence, Stricture, St. Vitus' Dance, Epi lepsy, Rheumatism, Dropsy, Syphilis, Agus aud Fever, Neugalgia, &c.,ic. All diseases peculiar to Females, and all efiron ic diseases cf the lirain, Etsjcs, Throat, Lungs, Heart, Stomach, Liver, Kidneys, Spleen, Skin or other organs. Those suffering from Chronic Dixeass of any de scription, may be assured tbat I heir cases will bs treated fairly and candidly, end they will not bs encouraged to take medicine without a corres ponding prospect of benefit. Dr. W. has visited Cleveland and oilier places in Ohio and H. Y regularly, for the last three years, and can furnish patients wiih anv amount of evidence in regard to his skill and qualifications as a physician. He will visit the above places every month, for one year, thus giving those who consult him, oppor tunity tocontinue tillcured. Thosecsses, by oth ers pronouncod incurable, are requested tocoll;U will cost nothing to have your case examined and explained. Those wishing to consult by letter, may direct to Ratavia, New York, or 10 the cars ofihe Hotelatany of my appointments. il vv. wadsvv6rth,m. d., Ralavia, New York, Reeidenoe and primipal Office . Spring 1861 Lockwood Brothers HA VE JUST JtETUJtyED from NEW YORK, and are now receiving their New Spring Goods. Grenadines, Broehet Vslosses, llereges. Valencies, Pnplinets, Brothel Anglais, (iinuhonis, Mozamuiques, Crepe de Lsines, Chaliis, Argentines, French Prints, Lawns, Chaiubrays, Mourning Dress ioods. New Pattern Cloaks. ; The Garibaldi. The Pafotot, Engi.h Soque. Cloak Cloths of every shade and quality. Cloaks made to Order, (heap, Cheap, CH11.1I. CZ A WT C Paisley Stripes, Broche Thibet, OFJJi. ) , LiO, Sik) forage, Lacs, &.., ic, &.C. . TlllWMINGS, Battens, Mills, Gloves. Sha kers, Hoop Skirls, Belts, Parasols, Ribbons, Ru ches, Embroideries, Udkfa , Gill Cards HO SlF.ltY, VEILS, YANKEE NOTIONS, &.C., &.C. - t'lolhs, Cassinicres & Vestings. Black French Cloths and Caesimorcs, Fanuy Cass, Salmons, Jeans, Doeskins, Cashmeretta. ' Linen Drillings and Cotlonadea. Groceries fc Domestics We leep Good Goods, and put them tit such Price that you trill buy ihim if you look at thim. One Price Only Poinesville, March 29, 1861. 68tf 1 SESSION. But Home Industry COMPETING WITH Eastern Importation. Be it known to all concerned, that at the ?aixiesville MSB can be found1 tho best STOCK of Fruit-Ornamental In fact, everything in the NURSERY ilns lhat has ever been offered in Lake and adjoining Ooas lies, at the Lowest Prices, AND ALL Warranted TRUE TO LABEL. STORRS &, HARRISON. Foinesville, Jon. 28th, 1861. S77m 5ESE Y ATS!! THE SUBSCRIBER IS MANV. facturing the best kind of CHEESE VATS in the Country, which I am, selling tt ths following pricesi 77 gallons for 15 to 20 cows, - - IIS. 93 . " 20 ' 25 , . 18. 110 , " 25 " 30 ' . . 90. . 140 " 30." 45 " . . 23. Accompanying tha Vats are Milk Strainer, Scoop and Dipper. . per Discount of 5 per cent, for Csab down. . I also have on hands large assortment of Cook ing, Parlor and Box Stoves, and a general as sortment of Tin Ware, which I am h,.und la sell. frTJob Work of all kinds done on short notice. All kinds of Oil aud Fluid Lamps changed to Coal Oil Lamps. J. i BRUCE., r Chardon, March Bth, 1861. Geo. Hall's PEPOT AT PAINESVILLE, O. , To the Citizens of Chardon, ond vicinity: MR. II ALL has just completed extensive sr rsngeinents for the EoVI and Winter Trad iu Pianos and MeMeons, and is now prepared to furnish any first class Fiano or Meiousou, at greatly reduced rales froui last year. ,. O'Every inslrufeicnl guarantied to glvsenllrs satisfaction. Those about purchasing should first write to Mr. Hall, or see him in person, beforo purchasin elsewhere, as ' he has ths know), edge and means to befriend them. Particulars soon. Address GEO. HALL, SCuif Psinesville.Ohio. and y