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The Jeffersonian Democrat. [volume] (Chardon, Ohio) 1854-1865, April 12, 1861, Image 1

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J. 0. CONVERSE, Proprietor. 21 tUtcklc Ncmspaper, Duotrt to tljt Dissemination of lltpnbliton principles. Coocation, emptrance, Citeratore, aflritnltnre, anb trje of tlje Don. TERMS--$1,S0 pr ABBon,.'
VOL. XII, NO. 15.
WHOLE NO., 587.
maorai .
)t JctTcrtonian Democrat
CHARDOlf, Geauga Couaty, Ohio.
OJlc t 4 h telly over l t Drug Starr oj Conk Ham
itlo, west tii, of thi Public iUr.
If pall in advance, 1 50
If not paid witliin llio year 2 00
T'AII kind, of merchantable produce takeu in
payment, at tho market price.
.No paper discontinued until all arrearage.
eae paid, except at the option of Uie Publisher.
Lco4L AofsariaKHEUTa will be inserted a fol
Iowa: 10 eta. a sonare, first insertion; each sub
sequent insertion, SS cte. a square.
Bysmss AtrvtntniiMimra will be JnaertcJ at
the following rate.:
One Square three inwruons, f 1 00
" " two months, 2 25
" throe months, 3 00
" " six months, 4 00
ono year, 6 00
Half eolumn six months, 12 00
" " one year, 18 00
One eolumn six months, SO 00
" one vear, 40 00
-Business Card's of not over 6 lines, for
one year 13 00
. J- t il, .
-.-vnTemsomencs snouia ne marKea the num
ber of times thoy are designed to be insorted; those
lot so marked, will be continued until orderod out.
hJ ..V. I .nHnp.lln- ... .U. -I .
The privileges of yoarly advertisers will be eon
nvu iv uieir inixninr uiiainesB.
Attornoys will be holden for the price of inserting
il r t i .m mnn t ti i rti I. w lUm
ft3T Atleommuniealinns must be addressed to the
stfoiwietor, (postage paid,) to receive attention.
Z. 14 WINTI-:
District Judge
. finl.r
.. .. IUUUID .1
... .-Pros. Attorney.
J. ). WOR ALI,
J. V. Will
.School Examiners.
' ( Commissioners.
x ijiiriu. jr.
I. MoNISH, )
Dlrectois of Infirmary
ALFRED PHELPS &. Albert O. Riddle.com
oosini ihe old Law Firm of Phe'ns & Ridde
and Alfred Plieps, Jr.,liave formed a Coparinrrship
connection for the Practice ol Law, under tho
name ol Plielp. Ridde & Phelps, at the nd Office
of Pheps & Ridde, where they wi attend to nil
taw businoas which may he entriiMeil to their
Chardon, December Sih.lSSU. 5l7tf
Attorneys & Couimellora at Law,
Will give prompt attention to business entrusted
to them, in Geauga and adjoining Counties.
fcJ-Otlice over Dr. J. Nichols' Drug Store.
Chardon.Nor. 25lh, 159. SlMf
Attorneys at Law.
fjr AH Business entrusted to them attendod to
with promptness.
Mr. French ia also NOTARY PUBLIC.
Office over store of W. T. Rsxford. jr.
B. w, cANfiLLD, I. fatten.
General lusnrunce mid Collection Agent,
Chirdon, Onto.
KrOJif in tht Court flouse, wit Coenfy
rre...r. 409-ly
Counsellors Sc Attorney at Law.
wilt-ox. block, rAiNr.svii.i.R. onto.
-Collections promptly niade.d
General dealcra hi ("icerie, Hardware, Dye
Stuns, t lour, r nil, X anKce notions, j-c,
Stori in -Vr Mock ,Chardott , Ohio.
"IT TILL be in Chardon on the firat Tuesday of
vt each montn. itoom atunase s Hotel.
tTripathle and Botanic Physician,
Ns ttent un theory contracts our sphere. Our
Materia Medica is aa boundless as the wants of
aaan, extending from the snow-clad hills ot the
nortn, to the sunny plains 01 me south, ronton
aot is my motto; uuither in pound doses, nor mnn
iteslmal pills. 52'Jyl
e. W. saiTR. . A wood,
Attorneys nt Litw.
ftjrColleetiona promptly attended to C8
Wariien, Trumbull Co., O. 533-tf
Altorueyauud Solicitors,
Ciiiiion, Giiom County. Ohio.
W. O. Forrist practises I H. K. Smith is Notary
in me u.s. wuru tor i ruuno ana rro.ocul
the N. District of O. ing Atty. for Geauga
fllHre, 3ii door SoutU of Bank.
May 6, 1869. 486. tf
Book Biuderand liluukJJook Mauufao
Herald Buildima. Clevlind. O.
JiJ-niank ll.wk. Ruled aud Bound to Order.
Old Books Rebound. 52flf
Attorner at J.nw and Solicitor in Chan
ariicy Also Prosecuting Attorney and
ijirruit uourt commissioner lor uay county.
Ollice in the Court House Building.
Pay City, Mich., March 15cu,'6l 654tf
look illustrations. Buildings, Horses and other
Stock, Ornamental Borders, Letters, Vignettes,
Agricultural and Commercial Cuts in tintk. Soul.,
Stamps, aud Mucuiiiery, iuevery variety of btyle.
No. 8 Binrt Street. Cleveland. Ohio.
We are oreoared to transact business of every
deacript'on, relating to Inventions, Drawings,
Caveats, SpeciAcationa, Patents, Infringements
name raioni unwi.
03tf Solicitor or Patents,
Horse Q and Cattle
At i OLD STAND of the Subscriber,
Alone I ait
Wliilu ihnntnrrit flit
Through moniVj'. ghostly hall.,
And trncf pach nuina
In flck'riiig ll imo
Along tbe duatjr wulla.
Those name, are old
At tho gathered mould
On tho tomb of friendship buried j
But thny glram tonight
With miiin'rii'S bright
. Of girls that tiuvo died or married.
Thoir fuded forms,
Thuii vuiiitlitd charms,
( Thoir dear eyci dim with weeping
Olt taunt me now
With my wrinkled brow.
And tlio lonely watch I'm kuoping.
The tender things
Thai muin'ry Uft
lu tho ran i t buchulor boy,
Oil aiuil the tuur,
(Whi'ti no onus noar,)
And thoy tigli lor tliuir quondam Joyi.
0d bliss the eiil.
Wliuso goluon curl.
Bleod with our ovuiiing dreamt
Thoy huunt our livua
L ko spirit wives.
Or a. M.iuiU huuui tho itreams.
Thoy inntho our paim,
Thoy All our brain.,
With drnama of autmnur hours,
God blosa the girls,
God bless their curia.
Olid bless our human Huwors.
Ruins of Baalbee.
There ia a feeling of melimolioly, any
a traveler, iu looking tlie last look on
such a place, seobible that one will never
tee it more. The rippling slreftm seemed
lo mock me as I pushed over il :
"Man may cotuo uud meti may go,
But I flow ou forever."
And then, in the ghostly atillnesa of
the night, 1 entered the vast Trililhou.
The Totnple oi Jupiter, under the decep
tive lightning ol the moon,, looked per
fect. It seemed aa if just finished by tho
architect, and to-morrow Antonius Pen
tifex Maximus might hiuist-li be coming
to consecrate il to mighty Jove. The
religion of Ihe Roman has lit en celebra
ted there. Sacrifices to the gods of Linal
beo were offered there for nenr four hun
dred years after Ihe Christian era. Then
another religion occupied its IihIIs and
shrines. Tiie Christian possessed it.
Tho Cross was erected where the beard
less statue of Jupiter had stood. Tbo
Bishop of Ileliopolis But in the Council of
- Three centuries lienrd Ihe hymns of the
Church chanted iu its temples; and the
lay ptocetsion of the priests swept through
its hi i igon and quadrangle. Then war
was in tbe land. I he t xterminatini; con
quests of the Crescent, with a li.'.e of
blood, flowed from the ocean board to
the deaerts of D.iinascm, and qucuched
the lamps that had burned everlastingly
befoie the altars of the City of the Sun.
Dark ntes covered it for throe bundled
years, and silence blotted out the name
of Heliopolis from history. When it ouce
more emerges, its classic title hns pcrUhed
in the flood of devastation. Men called
it Baalbcc, and the Arabian historian and
Benjamin of Toledo (A. D. 1 ICS) noted
it, and tells us of its "stones of enor
mous size," and how earthquakes have
shaken ihe laud of Syria, thrown down
its structures, and crushed lo death its
Salndin next occupied the stage of time.
King Baldwin and Count Raymond car
ried tire and sword thronub the land.
cried havoo and let slip the doga of war
under its battlements ; for, no longer the
home of a religion, it had been converted
into a fortress, and the historian said, it
"is a castle built with very large stones."
And then another tragio actor Iretted bis
little day before the world. He bade its
citizens surrender, and Tamerlane, flush
ed with victory, marched onward to Da
mascus. Another century and a half
rolled over, and we hear no more of it
until the modern spirit of travel first ex
bibiled itself, and Ihe long catalogue of
names commenced (with the frenchman
Belar, 1543 ; the English Maundrell,
1697) which links il at last with the peo
ple of our own times.
Tho heathen, the Christian, Saracen,
the Turk, all have been its lords and mis
ters. What a train of ghostly forms my
fancy pictured, with slow aud stately
march, going past me, sweeping over the
-floor and through the columned aisles
where once in lifo they trod 1 Pompey,
ihe veterans of Augustus' legions ; the
Emperors of Rome Antonius, the bloody
Caracalia, the Christian Theodosius ; the
actor the poor actor Gelasinus fearninz
the bard-bought food of the sock and
buskin, and yet with the religion of Christ
in His neart, going with him on the stsge,
ami Hallowing his martyr death : the im
petuous crusader ; the conquering and
courtly Saladin ; the fiery Tamerlane
all, all seemed to pass before me, their
wan bands pointing to the ruins tbey bad
left : and the moon, shininir through the
broken niches, Ihe dismantled architraves
and pillars of Trililhou, reft of ull tbe
sculptor's clothing, exposed them with fu
neral light before me in giant forms, the
cenuaea corpse or imperial pride, the
skeletons of earthly pageantry and power,
mouldering away m the fallow of centu
B Polite Iq the world, he who
speaks sweetly and with affability, will
have many friends, but be whose words
are bitter, will bave few or none. This
we may learn from the sun and moon.
1 be sun by reason of Its dazzling light,
drives away every siar ana planet from
the boavens, while it is above the horizon,
and (s thus obliged to run its course soli
tary and unattended ; but tbe moon shed
ding only soft and tender light, moves
oo in the midst of stars and constellations,
escorted by a numerous company.
How a Spire Fell.
Fow people who liao not visited Enzland
can understand tho elFuction with which tho
people of minor cathedral town view tho
ecclusiastical edifice which Is the principal
ornament ot lliolr place. I ho cathedral
tnwos aro usually Very quiet, clean ralhur
sluopy places, to tell the truth. Thoro is a
bialinp and a number nl clurgytnun, and
little choir boy., and, excepting on tnnrkot
duvs, tbey nre tho must prouilnont individ
uals in tho pluco. Thoro is a daily servico
in iho cathedral. To ho suro, nobody hut
tho clergy and tho choir boys and a few
curious strangots attend, but tbon it is very
gratifing to the townsfolk to knew thut
ovoryihing is going on right. Tneir love
lor tho cathedra! is luiont in prosperous
times, but onoo lot the old edifioo got into
trouble, and tlioy will mukn lively demon
strations of thoir ostcetn. for itistnnco, at
York, a few years ago, a tnnciae Set firo to
tho cathndra!, and the richly carved wood
work of i ho .lull, was destroyed, Tho
townsfolk nl onco hold a mooting, ami sub
scribed enough to rcplucu tho cherished or
In this cnnnlrv, Burlington. Now Jortoy,
with its a. .Mary s church and bishop s rosi
daSsVo, com os the uourott to a cnthedrul
town : and wo are true In say that nil tho
B'.irliiigloniiitiS would fi'rl deeply griuvod
should tho handsome spiro of St. Murv's
some day tumble to tho ground.
Such a inifliRM has, however, recently oo
currod lo tj:u KngliKh town of Chichester.
Iio cathedral ihero, tliouuh by no moans
among the finest of Knglund, wus old and
interesting. It was begun some eight hun
dred years auo. Tho totter was built about
tliu year 1200. una tho spin', p'ucid In the
cuntrouf tho building, risinu lo a height of
two hundred and sovmii. four foot, and
surpassed in nliiliiilu by only two other
spiles in tho kiugduui, was added about
thn year HOO.
Now a spire preciod nearly a century
beforo Columbus fol font on American soil
is ontiilml to sinnn votinriiliiin, and ihoniforo
ils fall is worth chronicline for fall it did.
and thut on the 20ih of February lust.
it appears that the tower had lor anmo
limo shown symptoms of danger, and dm ing
recent reparations made in tho interior ar
rangements of t Iio cathedral, it was dieenr-
ered that this danger was much morn so-
nous than at first supposed. On tho I4ih
ult., cracks and ciovices appealed in the
piers, tinmen ately Rltor the Sunday servi
ces on tho 17th. bndies of workmen took
possession of Ihe church, and by day and
night worked to strengthen tho ton or. But
tho iminonso weight of tho spiro was ton
great, A tonlne storm occurred on the
night of Wednesday, tho 20th. which shook
the tower, but tho elFoi-ts of sixty workmen
appeared still to oiler snmn possibility of
ultimate success, when, at .ij in thn morn
ing, they left tho building. At daylight thoy
returned to thn task, but now tbo spire
tottorod. Al 1 i I'. M., tho workmen wero
ull ordered out of thn cathedral, and a riuar-
tor ot an hour Inter the tower and spiro loll
to the door with but little noise, forming a
mats of near C000 tuns of ruin in the cen
tre of the church, and carrying with it about
twenty feet in longlh of tho nave, und as
much of the transept and choir. ''The
spiro at Us full," says an oyo-wliness. "at
first Inclinod slightly to the south-west, and
thou sank gently into the centro of tho
building. The ujipnarauoo of tho full was
thut of a largo ship quietly but rapidly
foundering at sea."
Fortunately no one was Injured by this
catastrophe, but the people of Chichester
aro inc. insoluble oror thoir architectural
loss. Keening I'utl.
The Society of Woman.
No society is more profitable than that
of a refined and sensible woman. God
enshrined peculiar goodness in the form of
woman, that her beauty might win, her
gentle voice invite, and the desire of her
favor persuade men s s'.erner souls to
leave the path of sinful strife for the ways
of pleasantness and peace. But when
woman falls from this blessed eminence,
and sinks the guardian and cherishcr ol
pure and rational enjoyments in ihe vain
coquette and fluttered idolator of fashion,
she is unworthy of an honorable man's
love or a sensible man's admiration, but
is then, at least, but
"A pretty plaything
Dear deceit."
We honor the chivalrous deference
which is paid in our land lo womao. It
proves that our men know how lo reaped
virtue and pure affection, and that our
women are wormy ol such respect, xet
women should be something more than
mere woman to win us to their society.
To be our companions, Ihey should be
btted to be our menus ; lo rule our hearts,
they should be deserving the approbation
of our minds. There are many such, and
that there are no more is rather the fault
of our own sex than their own ; and de
spile all the unmanly scandal that has
been thrown upon tbem in prose and
verse, they would rather share in the ra
tional conversation ol men of sense than
listen to the m'lly compliments of fools
and a man disbouors them as well as dis
graces himself when he seeks their circle
lor idle pastime, and not for the improve
ment of bis mind and the' elevation of his
Will the Pope Rejiovb the Papal Seat
to Jehi'Salku ? A correspondent of the
Liverpool Mercury, writing from Rome,
status that French otucors have lattorly
been very busy In obtaining information re
specting Jerusalem and the stuto of things
in that quarter. Ho adds that thoy had
boon taking inuasuroinonts in sevoral Ideali
ties, particularly tho ground that Iio about
the Moinuo of Ouiar. ou Mount Moriah.
From Jersulom they bad gone on to Hebron,
Gaza and ottior points, tor tbe liko purposo.
Il was also currently reported that a body
of Fronch troops was shortly to come to
Jerusalem, while another would bo stationed
at Jaffa, and a third on Mouut Gunnel. At
Boyrout, be says, the French ofBoers openly
afiirmod that their govornment had no in
tention of withdrawing the force sent out,
but wore about to employ tbem shortly on
a new and very differont errand to tbat for
which tbey ostensibly came. Tbe Fronch
were also actively employed lo making a
road from tbe Holy City lo Damascus, along
wbieb they are erectingl bouses at certain
Intervals. It is said tbat such scheme as
this intelligence shows to he in tbe course
of development, points to the realizing of
Pio Nono's favorite plan of romoviug tbe
seal of the Papacy to Jerusalem,
A Satirical Sketch.
The Atlantic Monthly, for January, has
a humerous and satirical article on Wash
ington City, which closes in this wise :
"The list of unique prodigies of Wash
ington is without limit. But marvels
heaped together eease to be marvelous,
and of all places in the world, a museum
ia tho most tiresome. So. nmonrr the
whirl and roar of Winter life in Washing
ton, when one has no lime to read, write
or think, and scarcely lime to cat, drink
and sleep, when ihe days fly like hours,
and ihe brain reels under the excitement
of ihe protracted debauch, life becomes an
intolerable bore. Yet Iho place hns an
intense fncination for those who suffer
most accutely from the tedium vital, lo
which every one is more or leas a prey ;
ana men ana women who have lived In
Washington are seldom eonlented else
where. The moths return lo the flaming
candle until ihev are consumed.
In conclusion, it must bo admitted thai
Washington N the elvseum of oddities.
the limbo of absurdities, an embroglio of
luutcrous anonitlic. i'lanned on a sea e
of surpassing grandeur, its architectural
execution is almost contemptible. Blessed
with the name of the purest rr.cn. it has
the reputation of SoJom. The seal of ihe
law making power, il is the seat of vio
lence and disorder which disturb the
pence and harmony of the whole republic
the chosen lesort for duelling, clan
desiiue marriages, and the most stupen
dous ihefis.
Il is a city without commerce, and with
out manufacture ; or, rather, its com
merce is illicit, and its manufactures are
newspaper correspondents, who weave
tissues of Gction out of ihe warp of rumor
and the web of prevarication. The site of
the United Slates Treasury, il is the home
of everything but xlUueuce. Its public
buildings are splendid, its private dwel
lings generally squnllid. The houses are
low, the rents'high ; the streets are broad,
the crossings nniroty ; the hacks are black,
the horses white; the squares are triangles,
except that of the capiiol, which is oval ;
and the water h so soft Ihat i'. is hard to
drink it, even with tho admixture of
It has a monument that will never be
Goished,a capiiol which is to have a dome,
a scientific institute wlrch does nothing
but report the rise and fall of the ther
momeler, and Iwo pieces of equestrian
statuary which it would be a waste of lima
to criticise. Il boasts of a streamlet dig
nified by ihe nnme of the river Tiber, and
this streamlet is of the size and much the
appearance of a vein in a dirty man'1 arm.
It Una a canal, but it is a mud-puddle du
ring one half of the day, and an empty
ditch during the other.
In spite of the labors of lite Smith
sonian Institute, it hns no particular
weather. It has the climate of nil parts
of the babitablo globe, Il rains, hails,
freezes and blows, all in the space of
iwcnty four hours. After a fortnight of
steady rain, the sun shines out, and in
half an hour the streets are filled with
clouds of dust.
Property in Washington is exceedingly
aensalive, the people alarmingly callous.
The men are fine looking, the women
homely. The latter have plain faces, but
magnificent busls and graceful figures.
The former have an imposing presence
and an empty pocket, a great name and a
small conscience. Notwithstanding all
these impediments and disadvantages,
VV ashingion is progressing rapidly. Ii is
fast becoming a large city, but must
always remain a deserted village in the
bummer, lis destiny is that of the Union
It will be the greatest capitol the world
ever saw, or it will be a 'parched place in
the wilderness, a sal; land and not inhab
ited,' and every one that passcth thereby
l. .n L. , , ... ...
Biiau ue asionisnea onu wag uis ueau.
Tub New born 4nd the Dead Lav-
ater in bis "Physiognomy," makes the
following curious remarks : "I have hud
occasion to observe some infants immedi
ately on their birth, and bave found an
astonishing resemblance between their
profile and lhat of their father. A few
days after, the resemblance almost entirely
disappeared : the natural influence of the
air and food, aud probably the change of
posture, had so altered the design of the
face, that you could have believed it a
different individual. I afterward saw two
of these children die, the one at six weeks
and the other at four years of age and
about twelve hours afler their death, they
completely recovered the profile which
had struck me so much at their birth ;
only tbe profile of Ihe dead child was, as
might be expected, more strongly marked
and more terse than lhat of the living.
The third day the resemblance began
to disappear. 1 knew a man of fifty years,
and another of seventy, bolb of whom,
when alive, appeared to have no manner
of resemblance to their children, and
whose physiognomies belonged, if I may
so express myself, to a totally different
class. Two days after their death the
profile of one became perfectly conformed
to that of his eldest son, and the image of
the other might he traced in the third of
his sons. The likeness was quite as dis
tinctly marked as that of the children,
who, immediately afler their death,
brought to my recollection the physiogno
mies which they bad at their birlh.
Broouino on One Tnouoirr. If you
thiuk long and deeply upon any subject, it
igrows in apparent uiuguitudo and woight;
if you think ol it too long, it may grow big
enough to exclude tbo thought of all things
besidos. If it be an existing and prevalent
evil you are thinking of, you may come to
fanoy tbat if tbat ono thing wero done away,
it would be well with the human race all
evil would go with it. lean conceive ibe
prooesa by which, without mania, without
anything worse than tbe workable unsound
ness of the practically sound mind, one
might come to think, as tbe man who wrote
against stopping thought. For myself, I
fool the force ot this law so doepl'y, tbat
there are cor lain evils of which I am afraid
to think much, for fear I should eome to be
able lo think of nothing else and nothing
more- Frazcr '$ Ma gaunt.
[No. 14.] AN ACT
To authorizo Iho euaronloo of United
Slutos Bonds.
Whereas, hy Ihe ISth section of an act of
the Congress of tho United States, entitled
un act lo rrgulato the denn.it. of the nub-
lie money," approved tho 23d or Juno, 1830,
the sum uf two millions seven thousand two
hundrod end sixty dollars and thirty four
cents, bolonging to tho United Statoi. was
deposited with this State for aufukucping;
W heroes, this Rtalo, by an act of Iho
Legislature, passed on tho 19th day of Do
comber, ono thousand eight hundred and
thirty six, entitled "an act to accept this
St u tn's proportion of the surplus rovenua of
tlie Utiitod Strtes," agreed to recuivo the
said money on deposit, and pledged tbo
faith of tho Stato for its safe keopmg and
re-jiajmit whenever Ibe samo should bo
required by Ibe Secretary of tho Troasury
of the Unltod State. and
Whereas, in Iho present disturbed con
dition of the country. It is tho duty of thi.
State, by all pnssiblo efforts, to support tho
auinonty ot tnu toiler! Uovornment and
sustain Ls credit ( and
Whereas, it is behoved lhat tho afore
said deposit of money with this Stato may
uo nirao instrumental in sustaining tno pub
lic crodit, by pledging it as security for tho
repayment of a loan by Iho Uuitod (States
to tho amount of such a deposit; Therefore.
SEC no 1. lie it enarti d bu Ihr Gntrrnt
siiiemoiy oj u,t state of Vino, That upon
mo request ol I ha Secretory of tho Treasu
ry nl the United Statu., thu commissioner,
of tho sinking fund of this Stnto bu ami
thoy aro hereby author'iod and required,
uuur muir nanus and tno groin toal (it this
otato, to guarantKO tho payment of tho
principal and interest of any bonds of tbo
unueu states, to tho amount ot tho monoys
belonging to tho United S atos which were
received fry this Stato under tho boforo
monliotiod act of Juno 23d, 1830, and aro
now in iu custody for safe keeping as
Six. 2. This act shall take effect on lis
Speaker the House of
President of the Senate.
Passed Febuary 4, 1861.
Passed Febuary 4, 1861. [No. 15.] AN ACT.
To amend Iho act entitled an act supple
mentary to the act entitled an act to
provide J'or the creation and regulation of
IncorporaUd companies Iu the Stato of
Ohio, pas. etl May 1, 18S2.
Section 1. Ue it enacted by the General
Aitembtji of the Stale of Ohio, That Iho
first suction of tho ubnve recited act shall be
so amended as to road as follows ; Section
I. That any number of persons, not less
than throe, may associato themselves to
gether, as provided in the sixty-third, sixty
fourth and tixiy-fifth lections of Iho act en
titled nn act to provide for tho creation and
regulation of incorporated companies in the
Stato ol Ohio, passed May 1, 1852, for the
purposo of constructing and maintaining a
canal or catiuls for hydraulic purposes, with
necessary culvorts, waste ways, and fix
lures, building and ropniring stoambouts
and othor water craft, building and opera
ting dry docks and marine railways print
ing or publishing a newspaper or newspa
pers, or books, or other publications, quar
rying stono, roaiblo or .Into, boring or
d'gg'i'g for oil, salt, or for othor vegetable,
medicinal or mineral fluid in tho earth, and
for refining or purifying tho same, mining
coal, ores and other' minerals, or maufac
luring tho same in whole or in part, or both,
and carrying on business usually connected
with tho main objects of tho corporations
aforesaid ; und when organized, shall ho a
body corporate, having all tho privileges,
immunities and powors conforred upon
manufacturing companies of said act, and
snail bo governed in all respects by the pro.
visions of said act, and tho acts lupplomeu
lary and air.nndatory thereto.
Sec 2. That the first section of tho
act hereby amended bo, and Ihe samo is
hereby repealed.
6ec. 3. This act to bo In force from and
after its
the House of
President of the Senate.
Passed February 14, 1861.
Passed February 14, 1861. [No. 16.] AN ACT
Making appropriations for tbe payment of
mo lomporary inan.
Section 1. Be it enacted &. the General
Auembly of thn Stale of Ohio, That there
be ana lierebv is aDpropriuted from any
moneys in Ihe troasury bolonging to tho
muting r una, 'or tno payment ot the prin
cipal of the temporary loan maturing
March 1, 1861, and ibe iuterost thereon, the
sum of throe hundred and fifty-six thou
sand three hundrod dollars.
Sec. 2. This act shall take effect oo its
Speaker the House of Representatives.
President of the Senate.
Passed February 14, 1861.
[No. 17.] AN ACT.
To amend an act lo "further amond tho ael
entitled an act to preserve ihe purity of
elections," passed April 15, 1857.
Section I . Be it enacted ly tit 0 neral
Atsemb'.y of tht State of Ohio, That sec
tion six of an act to "furlhor amend tho act
ontitled an act to preserve Iho purity of
elections," passed April 15, 1857, shall read
as follows i
"Section 6. Nothing In this act contain
ed so far as tbe same relatos lo the length
of time required of the voter to ro.ide lo
the township or ward where he offers lo
vote, shall beheld, takeo, or construed, to
apply lo any voter who is the bead of a
fumily who shall bona fide remove with his
lamily from one ward to another within the
oorporale limits of any city within this
Stato, or shall remove from one township
to another within the same county, or shall
remove from a ward of a citv to a town
ship within tbe same county, or shall re
move from a township to ward er a eily
within tbo same eounty. Provided, thai
a voter, tbe bead of a family removiug from
any township la this State to any ward
within tbe eorporate limits of a elty In the
same eounty.shall not bave the right lo vote
at a munioipal cloctlnn In sucb eily unless
he shall have resided in suob city, twenty
days prior to suob eleetion.
Seo. a. Tbat section six of tbe abovo
recited act be and tho same is hereby re
poalod. Seo. This act shall lake effect - oo its
the House
President of
Passed February 8, 1861.
No. 18.] AN ACT
To amend section toven of sn act for open
ing and regulating roads' and highways,
passed January 27, 1853.
Section I . Be it enacte-l ly the Gen
eral Atttmbly of tht Statt of Ohio, That
sect tnu .oven ot the above recited act be
amended, in as to road as follows :
That Ihe surveyor shall survey the said
road under the direction of tho viewers, and
cau.o the same to be conspicuously marked
tnrougnout, noting tho courses and distan
ces, and at the end of each milo shall cause
the number of the samo. and alsn the com
mencement and termination of said road or
survey, lo bu marked on a treo, or tnonu
mont erected fur that purposo ; bo shall
also niako out and deliver to ono of the
viowers, without delay, a correct certified
roturn of tho survey of said roud, and a plat
of tho same ; and tho viewers shall make
aud sign a roport In writing, stating thoir
opinion in favor or against the estab
lishment or alteration ot such road, or any
part thereof, and set forth the roasons of
tho samo, which report, tnjothor with tbe
plat and survoy of said roud, or alteration.
shall bo dclirorod to tbo county oditor by
ono of Ihe viewors, on or beforo Iho first
day of tho session of tho commissioners then
next ensuing. And it shall bo the duty of
the commissioners, on receiving Ihe roport
of the viewers aforesaid, to cause tho same
to bo publioly road on two different days of
tno samo mooting, and if no legal objection
shall bo mado to them for roviow of said
road, or any part thereof, and tboy
aro satisfied lhat such road, or any
part theroof, if the samo be capablo
of division, will bo of public utility,
ana Iho ropnrt of tbo viewers being favora
ble theroto: and that no damages have
been claimod or assoiscd, they shall, on tbe
third day of tho S3ssioo, cauto said reports.
survoy and plat to bo recorded, and from
inenontnrtn .aid road snail bo considered a
public IdghwaT.iind the commissioners shall
issue Iheir order lo tho trustees of the
proper township, or townships, directing
said road lo bo opened t but if the report
ot the viewers bo again.t sucti nroposod
road, or alteration, or if in tho opinion of
tho commissioners tho samo shall be un
necessary, then no further proceeding.
shall be had thoronn ; and tho obligor or
obligors, in tho bond securing the expenses,
shall ho liahlo for the full amount of such
costs and expenses Provided, that in all
cases whero any oath or affirmation is re
quired to bo taken by any person under tho
provisions of this act, iho same may ba ad
ministered by ihe survovor. or by one of
the viewers or reviewers, who havo been
previously sworn or aflirmod thomsolves.
Sec. 2. That section seven be and Iho
samo is horeby repealed.
Sec 5. This act shall take effect and be
in force from ita passagn.
Speaker the House of Representatives.
President of the Senate.
Passed Feb. 12., 1861.
[No. 19.] AN ACT
To provide for tho compensation of tho
commissioners appointed hy tho State ol
. Ohio, lo meet with oilier States nt Wash
ington City, February 4. 1861.
Section 1. Be it enacted by Ihe General
.luembly of tht State of Ohio, That- tho
commissioners appointed by the Governor
and Sonate of Iho 8talo of Ohio, on the 31st
day of January, A. D. 1861, to meet at Wash
ington City with commissioners from others
of the United States, shall bo entitled
to receive eight dollars per day for
their services while so employed; and
for thoir time and expenses in seeing lo
and returning from tho plneo of meeting,
the sum of one hundred dollars each ; for
tbe payment of which Ibero is hereby ap
propriated out of any money in tbo Ireaaury
(or gonoral revenue purposes, the sum of
Ibrea thousand dollars.
Sec. 2. This act shall take effect on ils
ED. A. PARROTT, pro tem.
Speaker the House of Representatives.
Speaker the House of Representatives. ROBERT C. KIRK,
President of the Senate.
Passed Feb. 25, 1861.
[No. 20.] AN ACT
To amend sectiou 3 and section 6 of an act
fur the encouragement of agriculture.
passed f obruary 28th, 1840.
Section 1. Be it enacted by the Gen
tral Assembly of the Statt of Ohio, That
soctinn throo of Ihe above recited act be
amondod so as to road as follows:
It shall be tho duty of each county or
district society lo publish annually a list
of awards and an abstract of tbo treasurer's
account in a nowspapor of tho district ; and
to make a report of thoir proceedings during
Ihe year, and a synopsis of ihe awards for
improvements in agriculturo and household
manufactures, logotbor with an abstract of
the several dosoript ions of Ihese improve
ments, and also make a report of the con
dition of agriculture in Iheir county or dis
trict; which reports shall be mado out in
accordance with the rules and regulations
nf tho Ohio Stato Board of Agriculture, and
shall be forwarded to tho State Board at
their annual mooting in January in each
year; and oo sub.equout payment shall be
made from the county treasury, unlets a
certificate be prosonted to the auditor, from
ihe President of Ihe Stato Board, showing
tbat such reports have been made.-
Soo. 2. Tbat section six be amondod so as
to read as follows t
There shall bo hold In the City of Co
lumbus on ihe first Wodncsday after tho
first Monday in January, an annual meeting
of ihe Ohio State Board of Agriculture, to
gother with the president of each eounty
agricultural society, or thoir dologale there
from duly autboriiod, who shall for the
lime being be ex-officlo members of tbe
State Board Agriculture, for tbe purpose of
deliberation and consultation, as .to the
wants, prospects, and condition of tbe agri
cultural interests throughont the State,
and at suob annual meeting the several re
ports from the eounty societies shall be de
livered to the President of tbe Ohio Slate
Board of Agriculture, and Iho said President
and delegates shall, at this mooting, elect
suitable persons to fill all lha vacancies In
Ibe Uhio state Board of Agriculture.
See. 8. Tbat seelions three and six be and
tbe same are hereby repealed.
Sec. 4. This act shall take effect and
be in force from and afler its passage.
Speaker the House of Representatives.
President of the Senate.
Passed Feb. 20, 1861.
[No. 21.] AN ACT
For the Protection of Bees.
Section 1 . Bt it enacted ly the Gen
erol AttemlAy of the State of Ohio, That
if any person shall steal any hive, box, bee
palace, or other contrivance containing
honoy or honey-bees, the propnrty of an
otner, ol less value than thirly-nve dollars;
or if any person shall steal bonny Irom any
such hive, box, boo-palaco, or other contrl-
vonco, as aloresaid ; or it any pesson shall
il 1 1 u i it ana maliciously disturb, injure or
dostroy any such hive, box, beo-palsce or
othor contrivance containing honey or
honoy-bees, every porson so offending shall
bo aoemeo guilty ot a misdomeanor, and on
conviction thereof, shall be fined in any sont
not exceeding ono hundred dollars, and shall
bo confined in the jail of the county, not
leis ten nor moro than .hirty days, and pay
the costs of prosecution, and shall, moreover,
be liable to tbe party injured, ir. double the
value of tbe property stolon, injured oi do
Sco 2. All prosecutions under tho pre
visions of this act, shall be in tbe name of
the State of Ohio, and may bo brought be
fore any Justice of tbo Peace in the county
where the offense was committed, who shall
proceed to judgment and final sentence,
unloss tbo defendant or defendants shall
demand a trial by jury, in which case such
juBtico shall sit as an examining court only.
ana attcnarge, recognize or commit to jail
as in prosecution, tor otner minor ononces.
bee. 3. All lines and penaltios collected
nndor the provisions of Ibis set, shall be
forthwith paid into the treasury of the town
ship wbore tho offense was committed, foe
tne use ot common schools therein.
This act shall tako effect on its
Speaker the House of Representatives.
Speaker the House of Representatives. ROBERT C. KIRK,
President of the Senate.
Passed Feb. 28, 1861.
[No. 22.] AN ACT
Supplementary to tho act to provide for
tho organization nf Cities and Incorporated
v iiiBgiB.passou aiay a, iooz.
Section 1 . Be it enacted by the Gen
eral Auemlly of the State of Ohio, That
wnen tbe inhabitants of any incorporated
village for special purposes, or of any part
tlioroof, shall desire to become an incorpo
rated village for genoral purposes.tboy may
apply by petition in writing to tho county
commissioners of tbe proper county, signed
by the inhabitants so applying, to bo iss
uumber not less than a majority of Ibe
qualified voters, which petition shall-describo
tbo territory proposed to be embraced in
sucb incorporated village, and bave annexed
thereto an accurate map or plat thereof,
shall stnto Ihe name proposed for sucb in
corporated village, and shall also name tho
porson or porsoos authorized lo act in bo-
halt ot toe petitioners ia prosecuting mid
Soc. 2. When any such petition shall bo
presented to the said county commissioners,
they shall esuso tho same to be filed and
like prcceedings shall be bad for tbe bear
ing and determination thereof as are pre
scribed by the third, fourth, fifth, sixth,
seventh and eightb sections of iho act to
which this is supplementary t Provided,
Tbat whenever any such petition may bave
horotoforo been prosentod,and;the proceed
ings herein provided shall have been bad
for a hearing, It shall be lawful for the
county commissioners to bear and deter
mine the same as herein provided, and tbe
same shall be subject to a like review.
See. 3. If tho incorporated village for
general purposes docs not include the whole
of ibe territory of the incorporated village
for special pu poses, the county commis
sioners shall fix the terms and condition of
the soparation,and whotber the incorporated
village for special purposes shall continue
lo exist, and if so the name by which it shall
be known.
Soo. 4. When the Inhabitants of any part
of an Incorporated village for special pur
poses contiguous aud adjoining to any city
or incorporated village for general purposes,
shall desire to be annexed to sucb city or
Incorporated village, the modo of proceed
ing shall bo as provided in ninth, tenth,
eleventh and twolfth sections of the aot to
which this is supplementary t Provided, tbat
before submitting the question of annexation,
the trustees or council ofjiacb Oirporation
shall arrange tho terms aud conditions of
Ihe annexation.
Sec. 6. This act shall tako effect upon III
Speaker the House of Representative.
President the
Passed February 28, 1861.
COLUMBUS Ohio, 1st March, 1861.
I certify that the foregoing acts are true
copies from tbe Original Rolls on file 1st
this office.
A. P. RUSSELL, Secretary of State.
Bemabkabli Endvrante or a Fowl'
In the great snow storm of Jan. lGib,
1861, on ihe farm of Mr. Samuel Shaw,
in this citv, near tbe railroad crossing on
Greenland road, a large while Shanghai
hen wandered from the barn into tbe yard,
and unable to get in again, was covered
up with the snow, and buried more than s
foot below its surfsce. See was missel
the same afternoon, but as nothing could
be found of her, poor Shanghai was given
up as perished in tbe storm. Nothing
was seen of her until, on tbe 13th of Feb
ruary, just four weeks after ber disap
pearance, tbe warm weather bad thawed
the snow to ber resting place, and unaided
she stepped out of ber place of captivity
and walked back to the barn. She
weighed about five pounds when burried,
but less than two when thawed out. She
bas a good appetite and is fast regaining
ber flesh. While on tbe eold Friday.wbieh ;'
occurred In the time, some fowls in the
barn bad tbeil combs frozen, Shanghai
beneath tbe snow, wholly esoaped being -frosl-bilten.
Portsmouth Chronicle.
Important to Housekeeper's- To de
stroy rats catch tbem, one by on, and flat
ten iheir beads in tbe lotaon-squetser.

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