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J. 0. CONVERSE, Proprietor. 31 tUMgytm0pqptrt DccotrD to tlje DiJBtmination of Republican prirttiplf , OEontation, tmperance, Cittratnre, srttnltnre, anb.trjt Nfn0 of tljt Day). TERMS1,5Q per iDnaoj wry jfiicrspiit " 1 1 "- "" 1 ; ' ... . . . - VOL. XII, TO. 10. CIIARDON, GEAUGA COUNTY, OHIO. FRIDAY. APRIL 19, 1801. WHOLE NO., 588. rmorrnt torCBLIilltD BVEBT MIDAT MORltlKa, AT CH1RD05, Geauga County, Ohio. ' ''J-'b ' 0r- A'lore qf de, Ham TERMS, ft eala la advance, a; 50 Jjtfn&K'"' 00 - All kind, of merchantable produce taken in syment, t the market price. . paper discontinued unlfl all arrearages M paid, except at the option of the Publisher. ' RATES OP ADVERTISING. fct4' ABTETiEMEjTa will be inserted aa fol lews: JO eta. a aqnare, Crat inseruun; each sub. eetaent insertion, il eta. a aquare. AH'" ADFiETiai)iETi will be Inserted at lutollowin rat One Square three Ineertlona, " " two month., three montha " six months, ..... 100 ,. 2 2) 3 00 4 00 600 1200 1800 Half eolumn aiz montha, Ooeeolumn six montha, 10 00 40 00 " one year, Jr Business Carda of not over 6 linee. for .Advertisements ahould he marked the num- k u nT .in... .1 ... J t J I i i . ww wa .i .iijr - i o unsigned w m insertea; inoae not ao marked, will be continued until ordered out, .... "i. wuiuui( w Ul. KWf. lOTInS. The privileges of yoarty advertisere will be eon mu iv man irsuinr Dusinese. Attorneys will be holden for the price of inaertlng averusannnts arougnt oy tnem. 3r All communications must be addressed to the LIST OF PUBLIC OFFICERS HORACE WILDER Diatrlet Judge. JOHN F. MOUSE Senator. PETER HITCHCOCK Representative. hi. vv. V.Aixr ih,L.L. rrobnte juaee.. E. O. WHITE Sheriff. WM. N.KEENY Clerk. C..C. FIELD Auditor. U. N. SPENCER Treasurer. L. C. LUDLOW Recorder. II. K. 8MITH Proa. Attorney. BENJAMIN BIDLAKE Coroner. C. A. SMITH Auctioneer. BKTH EDSON Surveyor. J. O. WOllATXtT. 1 J. V. WHITNEY, School Examiners JOHN NICHOLS, J. W, COLLINS 1 B. B. WOODBURY S. G A.YLORD. Js. ' Commtaaloneri. ALEX. MoNlSH, RED. MtNI. A-RICIIMOX Directora of Infirmary. CD. V BUSINESS DIRECTORY. LAW FIRM. A LFRED PHELPS & Albert G. Rlddle.com- I ooains- ihe old Law l irm of Pisds &.Kidde. end AffreifPhelpa, Jr .have formed a Copartnership onneetton lor tne rractice oi taw, unaor tne name ol Phelpa. Ridde Sl Phelpa, at the old Oflice f Phe.pe . Kiddfe, where tltey wii attend to all law buetneea which mny be entrutd to tlieir are. ALFRED PHELPS, ALBERT O RIDDLE, ALFRED PUELPS.J. Chardon, December 9th, 1839. ' M7tf ' THRASHER, DURFEE & HATHAWAY, Attorneya dr Coaaaellora at Law, Coupon, Geadoa Couktv, O., Will give prompt attention to buiineae entruated te them, in Geauga and adjoining Countiea. (Krumceover ur. j. mcuoia'urug Jiore. A. T.SHia, t. a. cuarix, Chardon.Nov. t5th, 1859. t. niTHAWiT ol&tf CANK1ELD dt. FRENCH, Attorneys at l a w. Sir All Baainesa eniruated to them attended to with prompineM C Mr. Frenehia alao NOTARYrUBLlC. Office over (tore of W. T. Rxford. jr. . w. caknsld, f. latnen. 608 t. V- CANK1ELD, Seneral laanrance and Collection Agent. Cbakdoh, Ohio. VTOfiu in (Aa Cearl Uomt, Hit County TVBrr. -J3-:y wk. t. rtRKifta. w w. vtviaoir. PERKINS & NEV1SON, eonnaollora A Attorneya at Law, WllCOX SLOCK, fAIMESVILLE. OHIO. "Collectiona promptly made.j WILKINS b KELLEY, general dealura in (Troeeriea, Hardware, Dye etana.riour, rin,YanKee notiona,oe, Slort in .V0 Mark. Ckardon, tjkio. L. PATCH, DENTIST, ILL be In Chardon on the firat Tueaday of each month. Koom atunaae'a llotel. DR. R. THWING, Vrlpathle and Botanlo Phyalcian, Mumsoh.Ohio. Ne pent up theory comrade our ephere. Our Materia Medicate aa bour.dlcaa aa the wanta of man, extending from the enow-clad hills oi the earth, to the eunny plaine of the aouth. Poison aet ia my motto; neither in pound dotei, nor inhn (teeimal pilla. S29yl e. w. tniTi. a. t wooa SMITH t WOOD, Attorneys at Lnw. fejrCollectiona promptly attended to.fl Wabrch, TauMBUi.L Co., O. 533-tf rORRIST St. SMITH, Attorney and Solicitors, r.itDOH. Gnosi Coditi. Onto. W. O. FoaatsT practises I H. K. Smith la Notary in the U-b. uourta tor I ruouo and rroeecut Iba N. District of O, ing Atty. ibr Geauga ()gUe, 2d door Soutk of Bank. May 6, 1869. 486-tf R. CRE1GHTON. Book Binder and Blaukliook Manufac turer, Herald Buildinga, Cmvlimd, O. ' UrBlank Booka Ruled aud Bound to Order. -id Booka Rebound. S2itf T. C. GRIER, , Attorney at Law and Solicitor in Chan eery Alao Proeeontias; Attorney and Clrcnit Court Commiuioner for Bay County. Oflice in the Court House Building. Kay City, Mich., March 15th, ol 554tf DESIGNERS ic LITHOGRAPHERS. ENGRAVING ON WOOD, Book Illustratiuna, Buildings, Horaea and other 6oek, Ornamental Burden, Letlera, Vignettes, Agricultural and Commercial Cuts in tints, Senle, etampa, and Machinery, inevery variety of btyle. . M)2tf UNITED STATES AND FOREIGN PATENT AGENCY, No.,8 Bank Street, Clxvilakd, Ohio. , .We are prepared to transact busineaa of every aeeerlpt'on, relating to Inventions, Drawings, Caveats, Speoilications, Patents, Iufringementa and Use Patent Lawa. , : , .. BKAINERD A. BURRIDGE, OStf SoLiciToa or Patimts. IIorse and Cattle S H 0E I N G HWfEIN THE BEST MANNER. At t the OLD bJAKD of tie Subscriber, i. b. Math ws. w For the Jeffersonian Democrat. DREAMLAND. Ye have told me oft oC a land thai Ilea 'Neaih the light of orient akiea. Where Earth in her bloom la ever fair, And aoft wing'd tcphyr wandera there. Ye have told me oft of thai far-off clime Where the "aongsareeweei aa a vetper chime," And Ie aomeltmra thought 'twere hlin to dwell In !ho 'troncing light of that fairy .tl. Ye have told me oft of that lovelv spot Where wititor-frosts can enier not i Whew the skies are blue and bright for aye, And the aummer-iimo ne'er fades away. Ye have tild me oft cf (hat home of bloom Where the fluw'rs breathe forth their sweet per fume, And the niece bend o'er the crystal streams, But itoiWy uus iu ths rcaui or dreams, OLLIE. LITTLE MOUNTAIN. April, 1861. The Sixth Sense. wal a studoot at action!, a young, oibitinut lud of sixtvon, somewhat hoiiio spun, but strong in UriKhlnot, and con scious in power. My dear father was sick and gradually undergoing that molcrr.psy choiit.whicb tlio shallow thinkur calls doath. It ut a stormy day in January; the snow bad fullon two Itot deep, and I started for oiy home eight mill distant. My father bad writtrn to me that ha wanted to givo me injunction aficr injunction uot to forgot my duties to him and iho care of his wifo my mother, lie noed not hovo sent it ; I could not, t nover can, foigcl him or Iter. Mil dosito lo seo me, growing out of a foul ing that ho might at any hour "pan on ward,' and to giro me counsel, was natural, but not tiecotsarv But his lliirhtoet wish wus law to me, and I slnrtud for borne, aa I havo aid, on foot. NVoary walk, this drudging in an unuroKen snow ptun. tiuiore 1 rcuch ed tho door, I thought my body would tire out completely t but it did not I accom plished it. I ate my suppor, chatlod awhilo, with my paronts, and wont to ted in my old bed room. My father and mother I loft in (he kitchen, gratified at my arrival aud proud of mo. I felt asleep, awoke, rose and dressed my self, came into the kitchen, took a seat be tween my fathor and mother. They look ed surprised and asked why I loft my bod. Suid I' Has nobody bueu bore lioco I wont lo bed T "No." "Well," replied I "there will somebody come and that is why I left my bed at least I bavo dreamnd thero would, and the dream is no illusion to mo, but a florce re ality." My father iroilod as if incredulous t vet aa If he aektd no better or braver defendor man bis boy. At this instant my mother, a very cautious woman, heard a ran at ihn door and stopping to it, aa I supposed to inquire who was thero, and what was want ed, but instead, opened tho door, and in came a torriblo gust or snow tor the night was iiiuvuub aim wuu mom. iu marcueu a woman. . . She walked half way from the door to the firo when she discovered me. and I nvl. dootly took her aback by my pruseneo. I sow Iho crcaluro of my dream. I knew that I was destined to a struggle, and I grew in strength as I lookod at my dear father and mother. Sho look a chair, turn ed ber back to tho firo and seated horself lo tbo shadow, I kopt tny seat and appeared to give no at ton ti oti to her. "Who are you ? inquired my father. "What's that to you?" said she. "Everything, if you are lo stay ia my bouso t nothing if you are not." "What if I will not loll you ?" "Then you most leave my bouse !" "Leave tho bouse 1" exclaimed shot ''I should like to see anybody here try to put me out." "What if I call mv men, and throw you out neck and boels ?" "You bave not got any men thov have .ii k mi k.,'uo itmo. "How do you know V "I Inquired at ibe last house on the road before I came bore. It is Satarda night, and I was told that your laborers all went nome, ana inal you were alone. I glanced at my farther. He was pale, but bis courage ebbed not a whit. He, helpless, not ablu to got out of bis chair, surmisoa strange occurence, for ho bad re coivod not loss than eighteen hundred dol lars that very week from largo wboat sales, and ho saw what was before bim. This hag was either a decoy or a man in disguise. whose objuet was robbery. I could see that all ibis as rspidly passing through my father's mind, but it did not bow bim the ninth part of an inch. So I was still, as !f I suspected nothing but a war of words. The hng had on an old quilted hood, and an old boinboxino cloak, which roached to ber foot and was beltod about tho waist. "You are a woman ?' said father. "Of course I am; what do you ask that question for T "Have you a husband X' Yes." "Whore does he lire ?" "In Truxipo." "Well, then, if you have a husband, why do you not live at homo, instead of gadding about on such a night as this, fit only for the fiends to be abroad ?'' "Why don't you set the North River on fire t" said she, leaping from ber chair, and springing to my fuihor at tho back side of my chuir, and bissinghrough her teotb "I'll leacb you why 1 am hore." My mother screamed and ran, my father msdo an lotffi ctual attompl to get out of ibe wv, but instantly yielded, resolvod to take what awaited bim ; aod I was out of my seat as quick a the bag, and as she passed me on ber way to grapple with my father, 1 struck ber ,witb my fist a blow under Ibe ear, which, but for her old cotton bood, would have knoekod ber down; a it was, it staggered her, aud gave me time to get lbs ohairs out of tbe way and gather for a fight. boo reeovered, and locking at no for a moment, said, as if In loiiliquy t "Ob, you choose lo eross my path, do yoc 1 Well, tee If I don t settle you protty quickly;" aud thrusting ber band into ber cioak, made a motion at It too would draw a dagger. .The Intention maddened me, and - It brought foam to my lips. I struck her half a dozen blows as quick as lightning. Sho let ber dagger go and clenched me. Hor grip satisfied me that I bsd found my match, aye, more, in strength, and that my skill as a boxer, and that my almost unparalled agility as a wrestler, must save me. I had learned pugilism of a clover English teaoher, tod at to wrestling, to tbat day I had never been thrown dowh. I knew that when felt the grip thai I wal deallug with a man. I fell that my father and mother wars re lying on me, and I grew stronger, wis tussled, gasped and let loose t struck and parried, clinched and wrestled, (ill after varions attorn pis. wa found nurselvet to what wrestlers call a "side hold." I g.it the under arm and lifted him, (for. It was no longor Arf.) threw my log round his, and torned him. He ftll on tho floor like a log. t intended to break his bones, but he on hrokod his cloak (it bo! tie unbuckled In the struggle) and luspnd up like a eat. 1 struck him ttcforo ho wns balanced, stsggerod him. grnpplod my left hand into his throat and struck him again t callod on my mother to open Iho door, and at she did sn, pushed and kicked him out. . He swore that ho would bo Ihe doath of mr. I told bim to tako himsolf nut of the Stato, or I would put iho ShorifT on his trsck, and shutting the door in his face, walked lo my father. Now lot your doubtor tell me how I oame lo seo Ibis mattor beforehand this hooded, cloaked man. I had seen and hoard his threats to my father, and struggled with bim in my dream, befnro he camo to tbo house, and had awaked and left my bed, to go and seo to my father's safety, and again conquer him in tho kitohon. All tbe main features of tho occurrence wero mado known to mo bnfnro they took nlaco. en aiding we, I doubt not, to tavo my parent's no. Heaven Careth for the Poor. Onee upon a tunc, in a city I shall not mint ion, and a .country wiiich you would bo none Iho butter pliusod if I wore to loll yuu, thero were two sisters; ono of thorn with plenty of money, and wilhnul children, (for puoplo are soldoin blessed in all ways,) and the other a widow, with fivo children, and so poor, busidos, that sho was io want ot bread lor herself and her family. Undor- ine preseure oi tins neeu,t,tor It -is a sad thing, and tears a fathor s or a mother's heart, lo sod their young ones hungry, aud not uo uuio to giro mom mod.) Ihe dooi widow weut iu suurcb of bur sistor, nud said to nor: "My children are suffering from want you are rich l givo me a morsel of bread for tne poor littlo things. But tho rich woman had a hoart of sl.-tne. and sbo anaworod, " Wo have got nothing in tuo nousu ; anu tiion sue aisnnssod her tit ter, with stilt politeness. IV ow, wus not that a cruol woman not to say, a wicfc-.-'J, unkind, unnatural sistor ? But lot us see what came of this bard-bonrt- edness. Never bo iu a hurry, my dear children, In say tho cruel and the wicked get on well, and thrive ; wait a whilo, aud look to the ond. Everybody is not punish ed io tbis world lor thu wrong they do ; but a groat many are. for ail that, and tbov omko their own puuibbruent out of their owu evil minds. Somo hours aftor the two sistors hnd mot. it was dinncr-timo, and homo came the neb ludy t husband, la gallant, and aav. and smiling, and quite ready lo onjoy tho good dinner that lie know was all roadv for hiio. He wont up lo the table, and began to out off tbo loaf a piece of bread ; but what wal his horror at seeing that, at the first stroke of ihe knife, drops of blood real blood ion irom tho loaf, juat as if ho had boon slicing at tho heart of a fellow creature 1 "llow is this, wifo," bo askod of tbe terri nod woman, who knew too well. and. in her fright, told bim all that had passed be tween bor and her sistor. At this the good man was very angry ; and taking up the dish of roast meat from tbe table, and wrapping up a fresh loaf in a nupkin, bo went off, in all haste, to roliovo tbo poor aistresioa widow, and gae ber hungry children a plontiful meul. I need not tay how welcome he was, and bow the good- natured fellow enjoyed tbo eager delight of tne young ones when tboy caught sight of me nico not ronsi log oi mutton, wltn plenty of gravy I Ho saw thuin all well set down to tbe.tablo, and clattoring their knivetajnd forks and chattering with glue, and ihon went out into tho street, lo go back to his own bouse. No sooner bad be turned tho corner than ho beard a loud shouting, and, lifting up bis eyes, saw a dense cloud of smoke darkoning tho sky, and then a col umn of flame shooting up through, It and a shower of sparks succeeding. Ho pushed on iu alarm, aud soon porcoived that it was bis own house tbat was on fire ! Io tbat one short hour, all bis wealth bis furniture aud pluto, and his title-deeds, securities and bank-notes all wero lost in the devouring flames ; nothing was left to bim but bis evil-minded wife, who ran about, wringing her bands, and crying out to all ber neigh bors, "What will become of us ? what sball we do ? how shall we lira ? we shall perish with hunger 1" "Not so, my dear sister,', replied tbe good widow, wbo ran up lo her assistance at tbe moment ; "Heaven foods the poor." The woman who had been rich was, In her turu.eompellod to have recourco to beg ging for a subsistence ; but no one would lake pity on her, who had boon so unfeo'.iog for others ; and hor sistor, no longer ro mombering hor hardness of hoart, shared with ber the alms she herself received. The Agitation in Poland. ; I political agitation In Poland is quite formidable, and its exlont and aims are of an important character. It Is evident Ibst Ihe ustional fooling and life of Ihe kingdom bave not boon crushed out, even under the hoof of Ihe tripartite despotism of Russia, Austria and Prussia, and tbo desire for independence is strong at it was in 1831, when the Polos made such a gallant and berolo effort to ovortbrow tboir oppress ors. The people of Warsaw lately deter mined to commomorato, by a grand funeral procossion, the memory of the brave and gallant Poles wbo were killed In the grea: battle of Orochow, fought under the walls of the ca pitol in 1831, against the Russians. The soldiers of tho latter marched in an immense body at Warsaw, refutod to per mit it, and fired upon the multitude an aet which has oreatod an inlente feeling all through the country, and greatly added to the putrrotiu ardor wbioh bas been so long suppressed and hidden from tbe public gaze. Tbo boldness of the demonstration at War saw has alarmed iho Government, and im mense reiuforeements of Muscovites aro pouring in to roiuforoe lit garrison. The rmrute at Warsaw, and the demands for reform which are being made by the popular leaders, show that an agitation is on foot which may break out at any lima Into an other revolt agaicst the Csar as bloody and desperate as that of 1830 and 1831, Em barrassed by the difficulties of tho emanci pation of the serfs, which is encountering Ihe determined opposition of the nobility, aod engrossed with tbe settlement of that great social and political problem, tbe Uussian Emperor would not desire, ai tne present lime, to booorra Involved in s eon test with the Poles, to pot down whom. In 1830, required tbs whole strength of tbe Empire. Put your money in s box, if you like ; but not s dice bos. . Beautiful Sentences. We find them acattorod here and there In sketches, essayt. scraps of poetry, in narra tives ana uoecripuva writings, lacked in corners of newspapers. Often, in the midst of unexpected surrounding., thoy fi ish upon us suddenly, and surprise with thoir beauty and fitness. People oftenor givo utleranoe to gems of thought unconsciously, than when thoy take great pains lo hunt for them. An elegant stylo it touch admired, aud wrltorton Rhetoric give many directions about Ibe structure of sentences! thev must bo dear, appropriate and harmonious. uul can any one writo beautiful sontonces by the more study of exprossion ? We may borrow a thought and dress It in words that fall pleasantly on tho ear, but we can nover thus origluato those sontonces that arrest attontion and awaken doop fooling In tho soui. vv non tne hrari is io'.ensolv Interested. ibe brain catches tbe fire of invention ihe sea of thought, sluggish1 In repose, moves wun majesty and ellcct, when aroused by Ibe power of emotion. The words of iho real orator are often dull and common. place, until ho becomos insplrou wun bis thomo. When bis heart is arousod, the magic Influence reaches evory faculty of bis mind, and words tbat have a moaning fall npou his oar. Every sontence leads diiectly to tho point bo wishes to reach. Ho eoncontratos upon It all the light at his command. Whilo thus his very soul is aroused, his words carry conviction with ihom; striking images and beautiful com- fiarisoni crowd upon bit imagination; and or Iho lime ihe mindi of his listonors are under perfect control. Thought follows thought, clothod in beautiful and appro priate language. Mun who never make the loast effort at elegance or ornamont who always aim to roach conclusions by tho shortest path, however roggnd, aro some limos truly eloqunnt by the inspiration of circumstances. Our last inaugural by "Honest Abo." Is a specimon . of condonsnil thought, clothed in tho plainest terms. He seoms to havo avoided expressions calculated to excite Ibo enthusiasm of tho people Yet how boautifut and fitting, both in thought and language, it Lis closing son tenoo : "The mystic chords of momory,strelching high from every baltlo fluid and patriotic, grave, lo every living hoart and bcartbstono all over this broad land, and will yet swell tho chorus of Iho Union, wlion again louchod. as thoy surely will be, the bailor angals of our nature" Sontiinont and expression aro aptly blonded in the following sontonce: "Mourn not foi the young; tho ripple that dios in its first murmurings.breakt with a song of joy but the billow, weary with long wanderings, falls heavily moaning on tbe aoa." Horo it a gom from a poom, "Lizzie's Grave t" "Whito it the world's tempestuous toa, With tho rough billows foam; Bat the first wavo that launched thvbark. Was that which washed it borne. -. How many pearls of thought are scattered around tbo graves of lost friends ; and bow prociuui are these to household bands where the "vacant chair" and tbe mining voice and form spoak of Iho stooping, silent ono in the lonely chutch-yard. A sentiment is not fully appreciated unless it roach the footings and sympathies ot our nature. Tbe eloquent words of the patriot, spnkon in tho hour of a couutry's danger, awaken the deepest emotions in those who lovo tboir land tho most. Itcquiumt for the loved aud IobI touch the hearts of Ihe bereaved; hopeful, inspiring words aro troasured by Iho young and ambitious. To tho rostloas wandorort on lifo's troubled sboro, ho swoet are words that ipeak of peace, of homo, aod hoaven 1 It is lo such that tbe Saviour spoke in that beautiful invitation, "Come unto mo. all ve that labor and are heavy ladou, aud I will givo you rest. M. O. Moore's Rural New Yorker. Hope and Memory. An old poem of the North tolls of a brave boy, who in his earlier days found his moth er's cottage too narrow, roournod attending tbo goals on the mountain side, and felt bis bear! swell in him like a brook from tbo melting of tho snow, when he saw a ship shoot like an arrow into tbe bay. He ran from his mother and the goats. The Viking took bim on board. Tbo wind swelled tbo sails. Ho saw tbe hilltop sink In the blue deep, and be was riotously glad. He took bis father's sword in hand, and swore to con quer bim housos and land by tbo sea. He also is a Viking. He bas been all over the Mediterranean coast, and conquered bim houses and land by the sea. But now, In bis old age, bis palace in Byzantium is a wearinoss to bim, and he longs for tho cot tage of bis mother. He dreams of tbe goats; all day Ibe kids bleat for bim. He outers a bark ; be sails the Scandinavian coast, and goes to Ihe very cotlago loo narrow for bis childhood, and eats again the barken broad of Sweeden, aud drinks ill bitter beer ; barot bis forehead to the storm ; sill on the rocks,and there he diot. ' Bury me not, 1 pray thee, in Egypt," said old Jacob, "but 1 will lie with my fathers; bury mo in their burying place." The scholar becomos antiquary ; ho likos not young nion unless he know their grand fathers before. Tho young woman looks in Ibe newspaper fnr (he marriages, the old man for tho doaths. Tbo young' man's eye looks forward ; the world is all before him, "where to choose." It is a bard world; be does not know il ; he works little and hopes much. Tbo middle-aged man looks round at tho present; he has found out that it is a hard world ; be hopes less and works more. Tbo old man looks back on tho fields he bss trod ; "this is tbe tree I plaptod ; this is my footstop ;" aod he loves hit old house. .cat, dog, stuff and friend. In lands where the vine grows, 1 have seen an old man sit all day long, a sunny autumn day, before his cotlago door, in bis old arm chair, bis dog crouched at bit feet In tbe genial tuo. The autumn wind played witb the old man'i vonerable hairs above bim ou the wall, purpling in the lunlight, bung the full clot ton of the grape, ilpen ing and maturing yet more. The two were juit alike the wind stirred tho vine leaves, and they fell J stirred tbe old man'i bair, and it whitened yet more. Both were wailing for tbe spirit in them to ba fully ripe. Tbe young man looks forward, tbe Id man looks back. How long Ibe shadows lie in Ibe telling tuo ; tbe steeple a mile long, reaching across Ibe plain, as the sun strelobes out tbe hills in grotesque dimen sions. So are tbe events of life in sn old man's memory. Cato observed, be would much rather that posterity should inquire wAy no statue were erected to him, than toAy they mr. The Ocean. The ocean hat, naturally, a pure bluish tint. All profound snd clear teat are more or lei of s deep blue ; while, ac cording lo teamen, s green color indicates soundings. The bright blue of the Med iterranean, to often vaunted by poets, is (ound all over the deep pure ocean, not only in the tropical and temperate tones, but alao in the regions of eternal frost. Tli North Sea it green, partially from the reflection of its study bottom mixing with the etcntially blue tint of the water. Io the liny of Loango the sea has the color of blood, which results from the reflection of the red ground-foil. But the hue is much moie frequently chtnsed, over large spaces.by means of enormous massesa of minute algie, and countless bostt of small tea-worms, floating or swimming on the turface. Near Callao, the Pacific has an olive-green color, owing to a green ish matter found at a depth of eight bun dred feet. Near Cape Palroas, on the coast of Guinea, Captain Tuckey'e ship seemed to tali through milk s phenom enor. which was owing to an immense number of little while animals swimming on the surface. The peculiar coloring of ihe Ited bea, wbeoce itt name, it derived from the presence of s microscopic alira. tut gentrit, less remarkable even for its beautiful red color than for its proligiout lecuotlity. Jn many more instances, from like cause, the deep blue it varied with ttripet ol white, yellow, green, brown, orange or red. Small yellowish MeduFsa. are the principal agents in changing the pure ultramarine of the Arctic Ocean into a muddy grVcn. Of these, '.t is computed, a cubic inch must contain C4 ; a cubio foot 110,502, It is here that the giant whale of the north finds hit richest pasture-grounds. When the tea It perfectly transparent, it allows the eye to distinguish objects nt s very great depth. Near Mindoro, in Ihe Indian Ocean, the spotted corals are plainly visible under twenty-five fathoms ol water. Ihe crystal. ne clearness of the Caribbean excited the admiration of Columbus, whose eye was ever open for the beauties of nature. There, on the sandy bottom, appear thousnnds of sea stars, molluscas, and fishes of s brilliancy ol color unknown in our temperate seas wilb groves of sea plants, corals, sponges, etc-, which rival tbe most beautiful garden on earth when s gentle brers passes through the waving bought. The submarine landscapes on the coast of Sicily are desctioed wun equal enthusiasm. lne circulation oi me waters is main tained, partly by tbe windt, partly by the attraction of the tun and moon, snd partly oy ocennio currents. What is wave motion ? The transference of motion with' out the transference of the matter. The moit impetuous storm cannot suddenly raise high wavei ; they require lime for their development. I hus ibeir strength also loses itself only by degree! ; and many hours alter the tornado bas ceased to rage, mighty billows continue to remind us of its extinguished fury. The turmoil of waten extends hundreds of miles be yond the epace where its howling voice wat beard ; and often, daring the most tranquil weather, the agitated aes pro claims uie aiBtant wsr oi elements. The wares in the open sea never attain the mountain height ascribed to them by exuberant fancy. Out a light-bouso, ( Bell Rock,) though one hundred snd twelve feet high, is buried in foam snd spray to tne very lop, during ground-swells, in violent gales, the tea is said to be dis turbed lo a depth of three hundred or even five hundred feet ; while all it undis turbed and still in tbe deep cavet ocean. The Force of Volcanoes. Cotopaxi, io 1733, threw ill fiery rock ets 3,000 feet above its crater, while in 1741 itt blazing mass, struggling for an outlet, roared so tbat its awful voice was heard a distance of more than 600 miles. In 1797 the crater of Tunguragua, one of the great peaks of the Andes, flung out torrents of mud, which dammed up rivers, opened new lakes, acl in valleyt or thousand feet wide, made depositee tix feel deep. Ibe tleam Irom Vesuvius which, in 1737, passed through Torry del Greco, contained nearly thirty-four million cubio feet of solid matter, and, in 1794, when Torry del Greso wat dettroyed tecond time, the mass of lavs amounted to forty-five millions of cubio feet. In 1679 the crater of itoi poured forth s flood that covered over eighty square milet of turface, snd measured one hun dred millions of cubic feet. On this oc casion, the sand and scoriae formed the Mont Rossis near Nocoloci, a cone two miles in circumference, and four thousand Icet high. The stream by Etna, thrown out in 1810, was in motion at the rate of s yard per day for nine months after the eruption snd it it on record thst the lava of the tame mountain, after s terrible eruption, were not thorougly cooled snd consolidated ten years sfter the event. In the eruption of Vesuvius, A. D. 79, tbe scorise snd sshes vomited forth far ex ceeded ihe entire bulk of the mountain while, in 16r0,tna discharged more than twenty timet lit own mass. Vesuvius has thrown its own at far at Constanti nople, Syria and Egypt il hurled stones, eight pounds in weight to Pompeii, a dis tance ol tlx miles, while similar masses were buried up a distanee of two thou sand feet above it summit. Cotoptxi bat projected a block of three hundred and twenty teven feet in volume a distance of nine milet; and Sumbawa, in 1815, during the most terrible eruption on re cord , tent itt ashes at far st Java, over s distance of three hundred milet of iur face, and out of a population of twelve thousand souls only twen'.y tix escaped. To me, the progress of society eoosists in nothing more than to bring out the in dividual, in giving him a consciousness of bis own being, and in quickening bim to elevate and strengthen his own mind Channing. Speaking His Mind. of s Old Deacon I lobhouse had a habit of frequently thinking aloud. Especially if any mailer troubled li;m, be had to talk il over with himself before hit eesce of mind could be restored. One day he was alone in bit barn, pitching hay from the scaffold to the mow, when his neighbor Stephens went lo find him. Stevent heard s voice snd listened. It wat the deacon talking to himself. He was con demning In Ihe strongest terms the ex travagance of tbe minister's wife. "ihe se'.t a Worse example than Sstan!" exclaimed the deacon, by way of climax. A -.1 1 :. i j ft auu uaviug ueeu nis minu ne was pre paring to come down from tbe loft, when Stephens glided out of the barn, and came in again just as the deacon landed on tbe floor, "How d'e do, deacon T" cried Stevent. "I want to borrow your half-bushel an hour or two." "O sartin, sarlin," said the deacon. Tbe measure was put into the neighbor's iianos, ana lie aepartec. Il was a peaceful community the min istei's wife was an excellent woman, not withstanding her love of finery, aod Deacon Holiliouse was of all men the least disposed to make trouble in the so eiety. Hence the sensation (hat was pro duced wnen ihe report circulated that be had used almost blasphemous language in speak'ng of that amiable lady. The sweetest tempered woman would not like to bear of a grave aod influential deacon declaring that "she sett a worse example than Satan 1" The minister's wife, whose ear w.t ic due lime reached by the report, I'elt ia a high degree incensed, and sent her husband to deal with the honest old man, Tbe latter was astonished when told of the charge against him. "I never said to!" he solemnly averred. "You sre quite positive that voa never did 1" said the minister. "Heaven knows I It's st false st can be 1" exclaimed the deacon. "Whatever thoughts I may have had about your wife's extravagance and I am note free to tay I ofo think she has sel our wives and daughter! s running after new bon net! and ahawli, and such vanities what ever thoughts I've kept 'em to myself; I never mentioned them lo s living soul, never." The good man's earnestness quite con vinced the minister thst he had been falsely reported. It was therefore neces sary to dig the root of the scandal. Mrs. Brown, who told tbe minister's wife, had heard Mn. Jonet tay tbat Mr. Adams taid that Deacon Hobbouse said so; and Mr, Adams, being applied to, stated that ke bad heard (be report from Stevent, who said that be bad heard tbe deacon eay to. Stevent was accordingly brought up for examination, snd confronted with '.he deacon. It's an outrageous falsehood." taid Ihe deacon. "You know. Stevent. I never opened my lips to yon on tbe sub ject, nor to sny other man." "I heard you say. remarked Stevens cooly, that tbe minister's wife sett s worse example than Satan; snd I csn take my oath of it." "When? where" demanded the ex cited deacon. "In your barn," replied Stevens, "when I went lo borrow your half bushel." "There never was such a lie 1 Stevent, Stevens," said tho quivering deacon, you snow" "Wsit till I explain." Interrupted Ste veut. "I was on the barn floor, vou was np on tbe scaffold pitching hay and talk ing to yourself,! thought it was too good to keep ; to just for the joke, I told what I heard you say." The deacon scratched hit head, looked bumbled, snd admitted, that he might. In that way, havo used the language attrib uted to bim. To avoid trouble in the society, he afterwards went lo apologise to the minister's wife. "Vou must consider," said he, "that I was talking to myself; and when I talk to myself, I am apt to speak my mind rather freely." Tru Flag. The Light of a Cheerful Face. a ; There is no greater every day virtue than cheerfulness. Tbis quality in man among men is like sunshine to the day, or gentle, renewing moisture to the parched herbs. The lighl of s cheerful face diffuses itself, and communicatei Ihe happy tpirit tbat inspires it. The sourest temper must sweeten in tbe stmosphere of continuous good bnmor. As well might fog snd cloud, and vapor, hope to cling lo the sun illuminated landscape, as the blues snd moroseness to combat jovial speech snd exhilarating laughter. Be cheerful always. There it no path but will be easier traveled, no load but will be lighter, no thadow on heart or brain but will lift tooner in tbe pretence of a determined clieerlulaest. it may tome times seem difficult for the happiest tem pered to keep the counlecance of peace snd content; but the difficulty will vanish, when we truly consider that sullen gloom snd passionate despair do nothing but multiply thorns and thicken sorrows. Ill comes lo us as providentially as good, snd it sagood if we rightfully apply itt leesoot ; who will not then cheerfully ac cept the ill snd blunt its Spparent tting f Cheerfulness ought to be tbe fruit of philosophy snd Christianity. What is gained by peevishness, by perverse sad ness snd sullen ness T If we sre ill, let us be cheered by Ihe trust thst we shall toon be in health ; if misfortune befall ut, let nt be ebeered by hopeful visions of belter fortune ; if death rob ut of dear ones, let ut be ebeered by Ibe thought that they are only gone before to the blissful bowers where we shall all meet to part no more forever. Cultivate cheerfulness if only for personal profit. It will be your passport and commentator in society.- xou will be more sought sfter, more trusted and esteemed for your steady eoeeriuiuees. Important Postal Changes. Hortico'.torlstt snd pomologltit wilt be glad 10 learn tbat by Ibe new postal ar- rangi ments passed at tbe late session of Congress, seeds or cuttings are classed aa mailable mattor In packages, and are to bet ' charged witb postage at the rale of one cent , an ounce, when sont nndor 1,600 miles. - nd two conts an ounee when sent over ' that distanee. Tbe Package must not aa- : coed eight ounces. , 1 he postage on loiters conveyed in the mailt from any point east of the Rocky ' Mountains, io any Slate or Territory on ' iho Pacific coast, aod from anv 8tate or Territory on the Pacific coast, lo any pole oast of Ihe mountains, has been fixed bv ' the recent law at ten eentt. Heretofore. letters conveyed by . the Isthmus routes have been subject to the ten-cent rate, ' wbilo those carried overland botweoa Mis- . louri and California, were only eubjeel lo , tho throe cent rale. Tbe aot empower! the Pott-Matter-Gen eral lo procure and furnish letter-theete ' witb postage stamps impressed thereon, , combining in one both a sheet and an en velope. Another lection requires that letters -which havo been advertised shall be ret era- . ed to tbe Posi-Office-Department, if an. claimed, two montbs after tbe date of the ' advertisement; except In eases where let- -tors are directed to sea-ports, for persons on board of designated voeeoli expected, te ' arrive; and, also, in cases where let tort are especially marked lo be retained for a . longor period. Thii provition tborteot tho time during which dead letters aredotainod at the office of delivery about one moots . Tbo unclaimed money obtained from dead . lottors ii to be applied hereafter to pro mote the efficiency of a dead-letter oflice by providiog for a more careful examination , snd tbe return of a larger number to tbe writors. We observe, also, a change In the rates of postage on wbat are technically called . ship letters tbat is, letters tbat come by occasional packet! or vessels, and not by the regular mail lines. Heretofore, through a lapse In tbe law, ibe postage on a single , tetter oi in is sina, delivered within the port where tbe vessel, arrived, was six cents ' while on a similar letter by tbe tame vessel, to be forwarded thousands of miles further . through tho mails, the pottage was but rive ' centt. Tbe raio it now to be five eentt when delivered at tbe port of arrival, and . tbo ordinary postage, witb two centt added, when tho letter it te be forwarded. lo newspaper publishers and their cus tomers in the interior, the most important i section is tbat which make it "lawful for persons known as regular dealort in news papers and periodicals, to receive by mail such quantities as tbey may require, and te pay too postage tnereon as tney may oe re ceived, at the same rates at regular subscri bers to such publications." This it to give tbe benefit of the reduced qoarterly ratee to aawapapnr dealers, who, on aeeoani of ' tbe irregularity ia the number of papers -aod periodicals tboy order, find it impotsiblo . to pay postage q oarterly iu advance. Two other sections enlarge Ihe scope of : mailable matter, to be paid for .according -to the weight of tbe package, by including . maps, engravings, lithographs, or photo- grapbie prints on rollers, or paper covers, ' books, bound or unbound, phonographic ' paper, and envelopes, all of which are to be . rated at one cent ao ounce, lor any place within tbe United States, net over I,6W miles, and two cents an ounce for say dis tance over 1,600 miles, pre-paid by postago . stamps. Tbo packages must not exceed tour pounds. Lards, blank or printed, In packages weighing at least eight ounces, aro mado mailable mattor st the same rates, ' prepared in tbe tame way. ISmlUmore oua. The New Dahomey of America. The London DatVy Ktvit, of the 8th in slsLt, has tbis sharp criticism of Jeff.' Davit dt Compsny : "The Southern agitators have a keen tense of ihe feebleness of tbeir position, ; A long as the excitement of secession ' lasted tbey were tolerably sure of their ground. But now it is over, and ths people are asking what next, they per ceive their danger. For, what have they done ? They have, as far st sets arc worth anything, voluntarily cut off their ' States from the only connection which gave them political dignity or credit. Aa long at they were confounded in tbs , grand total of American nationality, tbey thared tbe high snd noble place which its vigor, freedom aud enlightenment tecured it in the regard of tbe world. All thi t ths South bat Tost. It hat not only isolated itself, but in the madness of fanaticism bat founded its eonstilution on that very social feature which it most odious in the eyea of tbe civilised world. It hat abused ihe name ef Republic t . set ttp a Confederation which men are already calling New Dahomey, with a Mississippi repudiator for it chief and a band of piofttsed duelists, adventurer, sharks and public plunderers for its leaden. Bad as Ihe South is proved to be by Ibe , fact of its slavery, we may be quite lure that '.he Wigfalls, Slidellt, Ysncevs snd Benjamist cannot fairly represent either -in morality or statesmanship. These men , only condescend to lead the South be cause they are not permitted to loot the North sny longer, and, if time is given them, they will exhsutt snd disgust ths r slave states just ss they have wearied sol sngered the free. Their names snd . antecedents sre a pledge that while they are at the bead of affairs ths , career of tbe Confederacy will be one of turbulence, bad faith snd intrigus, or eon quest for the extension of slsvery . Their language is that of men who feel thst Ihe very principle of their associations euts them off from s noble future. From being -a part of a glorious nstion they bsve be- . '- . i ; . t-.IJ ' come a joint biocc corporation iur upuoiu ing snd extending Ihe enslavement of their fellow man." Tat Sscistioit Flao i tub Kionf Placb. Tbe Uopkinsville (Ky ) Aurtwy remarks i .- - Tbe New Orleans Crescent tay t that some of tbe negroes bave Secession flags flying on tbeir dirt-carts. We sre not surprised si tbis. Judging from the number of runaway bills we bave printed, a great many ef lbs niggers sre in favor tit immediate teeetetemt Aud we really think tbat a Secession flag is far more appropriate for a nigger dirt-ear I than for a State House.