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The Jeffersonian Democrat. [volume] (Chardon, Ohio) 1854-1865, June 20, 1862, Image 1

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J. O. CONVERSE, Proprietor, fl to,,k.a y,Pop,r. Di.otib to tljc PUo.m.iio.Ut. of nrpubliro,, Principle, education, tmperancf, Ci.eratnrr, grieuttare. an it,, of tf,e. d78
TERMS-f 1,50 per Annum.
VOL. XIII, NO. 25.
l)e Jcffcraoitian ticmorrat
U published tvany Friday wnn..
CHARDON, Geauga County, Ohio.
Ojfi,. ijrtly ,v th, , ., of Wilkin. A
W.y,w ,l0 y , , afMri
1 f paid in advance, f so
("!, I"i'l within the year g co
V . , of nerolimunlU produce taken in
syrnsnt, al the market price.
- ? P!" discontinued until ell arrearage!
r , i uie upnon 01 me i uuiianer
i,i """"tiskments will be inserted asfol
. ou' "T""0. Tirsl insertion; each sub
sequent insertion, 25 eta. a aqunre.
uujiicM AovKariaiiMEsra will be Inaerted a
Square throe Insertions,
h '! two tionlhet,
" three month,.,
six months,.
r ir ',' on8 ye,iT'
Half eolumnsix months,.-.
" one year,-..
0eoluinn aix months,
' one venr:
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a3BnsinaCardsof not over6 llrioa, toy
one year,
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Adverttsemcnte ehntild be marked the num
b ot times tliey are diwigned to be inserted: those
liot ao marked, will be continued until ordered out
il charger! according to the above term.
The privileges of yearly advertiser, will be con
lived (o their reaular business.
Attocneyswili beholden for the price of inserting
advertisements brought by them.
fey At Icom mimical ions rmisl be addressed to the
I ropricior, (postage paid,) to receive attention.
ALBERT 0. FIDDLE. ...Member of Congress.
N' ) KM am r.. r.ii4k-h-Kr.
District Judge.
E. O. WHITE .,
I. c. Lum-mv
l'robale Judge
1 Recorder
Troa. Attorney.
-School Examiner,
J. (). WOltALLO,
s ..
Jit. -
J. V. Will I NKY
Direetori of Infirmary.
. W. SAXriELD. H. K. SM1TU.
Attorney at Law, Chnrdon, Ohio. '
JrOflScein Union lilock, up siairs .CS r2Cyl
Attorneys & Counsellor at Law,
Will giTe prompt attemiim to biiftineaa entrusted
la them, in (ieancagnd adjoininn Counties.
,83r(ll'ice first duor south of the Court House
A. h. TMiianEtt, I,, e. nutiFEi, 1. h. batrawat
iCUardou,.'8V. 25lh. 1859. 5l5if
Cm JKclrfcn, JW.
Eclectic I'liyslclttM V Surgiioii,
Ciiakoon, Ouio,
rc&Ojfiar,nerth eatl corner of the Public
Square. . 643ui6 .
P fa 7 I c I ii ii & Surffeou,
Chardo.v, Ohio,
Will attend to al! business in the line of hia pro
fession, with promptness and fidelity.
L. A, lAMlLTOM, M. D. . JOUIt K1CU0LS, M. n.
, 614ft
Chardoii, Ohio.
(nrOffice over the Store ol D. Warner, Jr.
Junefitli. 647if
foanaellora A Attorney at Law,
vOCollectiona promptly madc.jyj
DENTISTRY, Dentistry.
I Have opened an office at the house of Eliaa
Strong, where 1 iJinll perform all work in Sur
gical and Mechanicul Dintistry, in the most ap
proved and workmanlike manner.
. -Particular attention gien M preserving the
INrmirnl Teeth. M. STUONC1.
Thompson, May 2nd, 18G2. 643tf
Orrln G, Tltatcr,
One mile west of the Center ol Hambden . Ohio.
Rifles made with improved Gtuming Twist,
Shot-Uuna, Fowling-fiecea, Telescope Sighta
jVutent Muuleand Starter, Ilreecti, bedger, ic,
made to order. JOB WORK done on abort no
tice. SO" All Work Warranted. jfS 22tf
Hambden, Nov. 13th, 1861.
General dealer iu Groceries, Hardware, Dye
Stuff, Flour, Fish, Yankee Notions, Jc,
a'tsrei JVeie Block . Vhardon Ohio.
ILL be in Chardon on the first Tueaday o
eacnmontn. noom ainiaset Hotel.
). W. SMITH. S). L, WOOO.
Attorneys at Luw.
JJrCollections promptly attended to.C4
ffan, Trumbull Co., O. 433-
Book Dlnderaud Blank Book Manufac
Herald Buidings, Ci.evland.O.
,TT Blank Books Ruled aud Bound to Order.
Old Book Rebound. 52filf
Attorney at Law. and (solicitor in Chan
cery. Also I'ros'e.ciitiiig Attorney and
Circuit Court Commissioner for Bay County.
Office in the Court House Building.
Bay City, Mich., March iSifa.tjl 554tf
jBrainerd & Burridge,
Book Illustrations, Buildings, Horaeaand oth'r
gtuck, Ornamental Borders, Letters, Vignettes,
Agricultural and Commercial Cutsintinu, Seals',
Stamps, and Machinery, inevery variety ol style
No. 8 Bank Street, Cleveland, Ohio.
We areprepared to transact businessof every
description, relating to Inventions. Drawings,
Caveats, Specifications, Patent, Infringements
and ih Patent Law.
S02tf Solicitor or Patekt.
BUSINESS DIRECTOR. From the Oberlin Student's Monthly of Feb., 1859.
As the wind harp sings the changes
Ol the ever-varying wind,
Bo the voice betrays the l clings
1'arsina through the human mind ;
Ixiud, w hen I aseiona dark and bitter,
In their tempest fierceness roll,
Desecrnting inner ahars
'J hrough iho deep depths of the inul.
Ssd and low, when white. htird sorrow
Takes the plnce of blissltil Ihiiige, .
That have cl t ered otr snow-white winters.
And made glad our flower-crowned springs;
Bolt and sweet, when words of kindness
Fall upon the mourner' ear.
Drawing nllen times the angela
From their blertcd homes to hear.
Calm and holy, when Religion
Ktands.high pritat within the aotit,
Changing not its rich-toned key-note,
Tlioucli around the wild aioimaroll.
Eloquent, when high asi irings.
Like the skylark, heavenward gO
By. the aiccnta ol these eoul-loiies,
It ia euis the soul to know.
And the soul looks out from faces
Hy the storriness of eyes
We may know who holt's communion
Willi the tilings beyond the skies.
On the brow is stamped the impress.
If a fuitk aulilime and deep
Points the rond tint leads to heavon,
And the leet that highway keep.
If we drink from Truth'a Great Fountain,
Round the brow a h-ilo lioa,
Of a steady, lustrous shining,
Visible to angel eyes
And this halo throws a brightness
O'er the fnce ihat mortals see.
As the golden beams of sunshine
Rest upon the grassy tea.
If with Christ we suffer anguish
II a crown of thorns we wear
It np Calvary's rugged pathway,
It is ours the cross to bcarj
If we do it nooly, bravely.
With the faith of II itn who died.
Through the lace will shine the glory
Of a aorrow sanctified.
Perfect peace oft lies on faces,
Where such souls have sought their rest,
As the sun leaves, in its setting,
Clouds of gbry in the west.
.If the soul be nil illumined;
Hy the hand of Oud divine,
Holiness, and love. and mercy,
Will above it features ahine.
But. if tin rests on the altar,
When the Inmp light wo should place.
Nought but doubi, and gloom, and anguish,
Will be written on the lace.
We can have our faces mantled
Wilh a calm, celustiitl liuhl.
Or rt fleet the mystic slmdnwa
Of a dark, terrestrial night.
One will tell of Joy's bnpt'.sni,
Ono betray despair and woe.
By these svul-l-ghts, and soul-shadows,
It is ours the soul to know.
And the soul too gives the motion
Slow and heavy, when wiihin
Lies a heavv weight ol anguish,
From the burden of sin.
Light and fleetly tripping footatops
Mark the spirit g!ud and gay :
Ail subdued and trembling are these,
Pointing out the mourn, r'a way.
By a noble, high exnressiiin.
By a calm and holy mien.
By a voice of flute-like music,
la a perfect, true aoul seen.
Ever where these truly mingle,
Harmony of life ia found.
Which w II send its heaven taught musie
A a flower its Iragrance round.
And this hnrmnny will follow,
As a blessing freely given,
If we strive to tune the life-hnrp
For the minstreUy of heaven..
And the soul will give forth music
Such as God will love to hear .
Such ns angels and archangels
Bend lo catch with listening e-r.
Thus will life have played its solo
Here upon the shores of time.
To the grund and glorioua music
Ol eternal truths sublime.
Our Military Correspondence.
June 4th, 1862.
Dear DEMOCRAt : I fnin would write
to you of our inactivity, while, in nearly
nil the oilier departmenta, our glorious
troops are aclieiving shining victories.
But I assure those who have friends in
this division, Hint, slihouuh we are and
lutve been for some lime Apparently in
nctive, we are holding in check an enemy
which ought well attract the attention of
a force much superior lo our own. It is
well known to our officials that wiihin sup
porting dislnnee of Cumberlnml Gnp,
there ate forces sufficient lo swell the en-
emy'g cumber at the Gap lo twenty thou
sand ; then I think it is well for ua to be
cautious. Wo Are wi'.hia eight miles of
toe enemy s works.
A few days ago, I visited a place called
Log Mountain, about six miles this side of
the enemy's fortifications. After climb
ing an hour, I reached the lop. Several
officers were viewing the enemy with
glasses. 1 conld see, without the aid of a
glass, in the dim distance, the outline of
their camp, and their line of enithworks
could be traced distinctly. Presently,
through the kindness of a Lieutenant, I
got a peep through a glass. Never before
did I see such a city of tents. Defore I
bad seen this second Gibraltar, I was
quite anxious that we should make an ad
vance, but I must say my ideas of an
advance suddenly vanished. Several
limes I have heard and seen this expedi
tion spoken of, as of the least account,
when compared with others of like
character ; but the present indications are
that this will soon be one of the most im
portant of the enemy's positions, as it is
one of the strongest.
The heavy timber has been felled for
miles around the Gap. The Gap itself
appears.when viewed from Log Mountain,
like a notch in the vast range of moun
tains. Thero,- on either side, the slope is
quite gradual, excepting heie and there a
rugged peak shoots up. Their line of
fortifications on the left of Ihe Gap, ex
tends, I should judge, for upwards of
half a mile. Beside numerous rille pits
and extensive redoubts, at the extreme
ieft, the highest point is being strongly
fortified, and mounts a 64 pounder gun.
On the right there is a high, rocky point,
which is extensively fortified, and, unless
siege is given them, this point will be
almost impregnable. The enemy have a
strong force al Big Creek Gap. Gen.
Spears, with his brigade, holds them in
check. We have quite extensive forti
fications, which have been built under
tbe direction of Col. DeCourcey. He is
one of Ihe ablest officers in this division.
Our pickets are often alarmed, and
frequently some one who is not disposed
to be on the lookout, get bagged.
Three men have been sent from tlii
Regiment to recruit in the several Coun
ties in Ohio, I hope Old Oeatiira will not
be backward in sending a few good men to
i.;. i.... ;,.,. If -
nrjf.iucuM iic'ii hhtc uesire
lo go into the service, the cannot do!
For the Jeffersonian Democrat.
Biographical Sketch.
Dioil April 14 h, 180J. near Boardtown.
Ill . ALMA DEALS, agod 28 years.
If eroat mon have Brunt "virtue. tho
navo, usually, also, great faults and tho
biographer, too, ofion boenmos but the at
torney at tho bar of public opinion, with
gilded rhotoric, or specious sophism, to ex
tonuato his client's vices, vail his faults, and
duly magnify hia faded virtues. It mat tors
not that his life hat boon a failure a solemn,
Intal fuiluro, in all that lifo really moans.
Kternal Inlorotts and Iho glory nf God are
all unattained. yet his lifo Is wrillon a slic
ed tho success of ono who should win a
gaino at cards, while bright hnpos, solid
honors, largo ostatos. wore lost by default.
in the samo hour. I have not seated myself
to write ol sucn greatness as this, Ihouuh
shall write of wisdom, of excolloncu, nf
ricnes ; oi ono grontly honored and well
beloved of those high In blessings and in
power I for she is a King's daughter, and
now dwells at borne, in tbe Palaco Royal of
,ni. rums.
ALMA DEALS, for such washernnmn.
waa born in, I think. Geauga Co., Ohio;
and, whon yet but eight yoars o!d, I. e.. in
tho winter of 1842. romnvod with hor parents
to Illinois. Here her soul began tho groat
inquiry. Tho divine invitation became lo
hor a living letters its record, hor doepest
study. She become a closo student of tho
quick and powerful word, under ihe
guidance of tbat "spirit of all truth," tho
Holy Spirit.
It was undor the preaching of Elder Kann,
a minister nf tho Christian order, in Jack
sonvilln. and sometime in hor eighteenth
yrar,('51.)that Miss Beals entirely gave hor
heart lo God. I have not prote'ndud she
was rich, or groat, in this world'a ostuom ;
though aha does appear to have boen most
tenderly loved by all who knew her moro.
iiiaceu. man is common, but what I menn
to say is, that, in becoming a child nf God,
an huir of Heaven, a disciplo of Jesus, a
prospecitvo companion of aneols and the
saints in light, sho accepted the highest
honor, and entered upon the most exalted
career ever opened to human kind. Soon
nftor hor adoption into tho family of Ond,
nor nomo and membership wero removed
to Doardstown, or its vicinity, where unitine
with tho samo order, sho continued to ex
hibit to all tho powor of that vital "Faith
that works in all iho lifo by lovo.
tiers was not a sectional or merely do-
nnminatinnal religion. The cause, the
hope, Ihe imago, and tho love of Christ were
its distinguishing elements. Some of Ihe
family were in the Methodist communion;
others. I believe, in tho Congregational ;
but all fnuud alike, in Sister' Ai.ua the
samo cordial helper t tho eor-ready and
self-sacrificing eo-woiker. Possessing thai
lending, though truly feminmo, type of
mind so justly prized in all society, she was
an invaluublo helper in the Sabbath School,
the picnlo parly, the benevolent sccietv:
in fine, wherever a Christian heart, an in
genuous mind, and ready.t killfol hand wore
essential. In securing aid for the emotion
of a neat.tasteful Method ist Church, (Griggs'
Chapel.) near her father's bouso, her talents
bocatno useful, and were froely given.
Nono more willing and efficient than sho.
We have seen the first great essential in
her (or any) character a OEEP ami thou-
Flowing from this, and doepenoti yet by
native ardor, was that untiring devotion to
her parents. Boing scarce ninetnen at the
death of hor mother, tho two fold treasure
of her filial heart was bestownd on her
father. Miss Bonis was a model OF filial
DUTlFULNKss. But sickness came wasting
Consumption. Hlowly Alma pinod, though
patient and resigned to Ihe last, and drew
away, first from tho active circle; then the
social, then the worshiping; all save tho
little circle of home; a home whero, for
years, she had presided with all tbe diginty
and tasle of woman.
In an Interviow wilh ono of hor brothers
on the near approach of death, she said :
"Brothor, I must soon die. I cannot re
main much longer with you. But I fool
that iho Lord is uiy Shophord. I have no
fear." ' O," said sho on one occasion, "I
havo a broader homo a broader botho than
this." Speaking of an aunt whose exemplary
piety had won hor lo tho way of life, she
said earnestly, "Aunt Thalia shall be my
light into Heaven, (sho being already there.)
It was on that remembered morning, (April
4th.) that, coming into a room adjoining tho
sittnig ronin, ana called liar latnur to come
in and sit by hnr sido awhile. Sho talked
of heuvenly things, and tat Ihero till she
died, ceased to talk, and lull asleep In Josus.
A comparative strsngor In the lamilv a
minister of a church differing widely in
many respects from hers, I candidly t Her
the lifo of this young bolievor, (iweniy-elghl
years in all.) as an example, her death at
an incentive, for all that would do good.
Ever ready for any good word aod work,
sho is summoned to a wider sphere.
Thoughts for Young Men.
Costly apparatus and splendid cabinets
have no magical power to make scholars.
In al! circumstances, as a man is, under
God, the master of bis own fortune, so is
he the maker of bis own mind. The
Creator has so constituted the human in
tellect thut it can grow only by its own
action ; it must ceilainly and necessarily
grow. Every.rp therefore, in an
important seuvo, stcale himself. His
books and teach 8 are but helps; the
work is his. A man is not educated until
he has the ability lo summon, in ease of
emergency, all bis mental power in vig
orous exercise lo eflect his proposed ob
ject. It is not tbe man who has seen the
most, or wbo has read most, who can do
this such a one is in danger of lieing
borne down like a beast of burden, by an
over-loaded mass of other men's thoughts.
rvor is it a man that ean boasl merely of
native vigor and capacity. The greatest
of all the warriors that went to the siege
of Iroy had. the pre-eminence, not be
cause nature bad given him strength, and
be carried the largest bow, but self-discipline
bad taught bim bow to bend it.
Daniel Wtbster.
Flotb and Price are pretty good Gen
erals, take 'em at they run.
How Words are Abused.
A cotoinnnrary complains that snmo nf
Inn nublust words In tho Knglish tongue aro
daily prnultutod to ignoblo usos, ami
I ih... ...i, ' .
' v.-..D,n.i. a'.ncui ion oi great
")r,,, 10 ,m11 ,hi"8 gradually undor -
mining Hie native stmngth of tho langnago.
III.UUIU1H ...a., muur iu rnaao an itn
pressive slaloment, it it necessary to pilo a
Polion on an Ossa of Adjectives." Tho
complaint is woll founded, but whether
iho nuisance can bo materially abated by
any force or frequency of rebuke is ques
tionable. Tho ovll Is widoly spread, but It may bo
soon in its most mtlignant typo among hnlf
oducatod punplo and -yoking ladies. Tho
latter aro especially addicted to adjectives
of tho small kind, and even those aro gen
erally loo weak for their uao until Ihoy havo
been "raised lo tho third power" (as a math
ematician would aay) by being put in tho
suporl.uivo degreo. In tho intense vocabu
lary of Iho exuilablo dumsuls, a Simply ploas
ant thing ia charming." and a disagreeable
one "shocking." Whatuver Is fine is "splen
did, al Iho vuiy least; and nothing that is
deemed In bad taste is over otherwise than
"horrible," or "awful."
In this same byberhol cal strain they
speak of a pretty bonnet as "delicious," and
oesuribo an ngrocablo gentleman as "fasci
nating." But it is not tho adjectives alone
Ihat suffer; Ihe verbs are tortured quito at
mercilessly as their adjuncts. ' The com
moiieat things are "doled on" and "adorbd."
or "abominated" and "dotostedj" whito "!ou"
is lavished on objects of lasto, appetite and
affection. Tho samo person assures vou
that she "loves" her mother, bur lap dog,
and raw oysters I What wero could she say
of her Redeemer ?
We onco hoard this Indiscriminate use
of superlativos quietly rebuked lo a passage
of conversation, which was nearly as follows:
'Don't you think Miss So aud-so is perfectly
beautiful ?" said a young lady to Judge B.,
apropoe of a good looking school g'rl whose
name had boen mentioned. "She is pretly,"
said the Judge. His fair interlocutor looked
puzieled and disappointed. "I appreciate
your admiration of jonr friend,' said the
Judgo, "but purfoct boautj, my doar girl, is
sniDuwnat rarer than you soom to imagine
i tin not anow mat l nave ever iron an
exaaipto of it in man or woman. Pretty
girls are plonly enntigJi ; good looking
women are not uncommon ; decidedly
handsomo ones are occasionally met with.
I have seen (in forty years) half a doxun
who wero beautiful ; but a 'perfectly beau
tiful' woman is wbat 1 have noi soon
Tho young lady looked litlla astonished
at first; but, having retlectod a mnmonl.it
occurred to her that Ihe Judgo might be in
tho right, and ihat the did not moan any
thing like tho panegyric which she had pro
nouncedand she said so. "Why, Judgo,
ynu are so awful critical , I only moant lo
say she was pretly." "I thought so," said
tho Judgo. "but how could I know that
your idea waa not as exiiavagant at your
opitnots ? You must excuse ine for the
mistake, sinco it was not wholly my fault.
Aud so endod tho discourse.
The Eagle's Stategy.
As the mountains around the Konigs
ota aoounu in chamois, the .eagle very
naturally resorts there ; and opportunity
is frequently afforded of witnessing his
tactics, modified by circumstances. The
following account gives an instance of
most cunning stratagem ; but it also
shows bow impotent for attack the eagle
is when his vic'.im is not entirely exposed.
A good sized chamois buck bad got upon
a ledge of rock, and was gazing downward
nnd about him as these animals like to do.
An eagle perceived him : but, as the bird
could not approach close lo the rock on
account of his breadth of wing, he re
solved to obtain the prize he had marked
as his own in another manner. So he
sailed by the chamois on his narrow path
as near as be dared to come ; then again
and again ; and as the animal retreated
iu order lo quit his perilous position, the
eagle wheeling round in a smaller circle,
met him instantly, to hem in aod cut off
his retreat. Hy thus rushing past within
a few few feet or him, and tilling lum
with terror, he hoped lo bewilder the cha
mois, and cause him to fall over the preci
pice, in which case he would have but to
descend and carry off hia booty. And in
fact, the chamois, from trepidation nrob
.... . ...
bly, in turning a corner, slipped with one
hind foot over Ihe ledge. He lost his
balance, and foil headlong over the rock,
as the eagle intended ihat he should.
Hut, after lodging for a short time on an
intervening slope, the carcass rolled off,
and came toppling down into the luke.
The whole proceedings had been watched
by two persons in a boat. They now
rowed across to get the chamois ; while
the eagle, disappointed of his victim,
wheeled above them, watching all they
did. Foreit Creature ; by Chartet Boner.
Tn Lower Class. -Wbo are they f
The toiling millions, the laboring men and
women, the farmer, Ihe mechanic), the
artist, the inventor, the producer? Far
from it. These are Nature's nobility
God's favorites the salt of the enrth.
No matter whether they are high or low
in station, rich or poor in pelf, conspicu
ous or humble in position, tbey are Ihe
"upper circle" in Ihe order of nature,
whatever the factious distinction of fash
ionable society. It is not low, it is the
highest duty, privilege, pleasure, for the
great men and the whole-souled woman
lo earn what they possess, to work their
way through life, to be the 'architects ol
their own fortune. Some may remark the
class we have alluded lo as only relatively
low, and in fact the middle class. We in
sist they are absolutely the very highest.
Is there a class of beings on earth who
may properly be denominated low 1 If
so, it is composed of those who consume
without producing, wbo dissipate the
earnings of their fathers aod relatives,
without laboring for anything themselves.
Notuiko ean be had in this world with
out paying its full price. Tbe foolish
mother lears to let bet son pursue Ihe
natural spores befitting bis age, iest be
should be run over or drowned. She will
not pay tbe price of bravery and manli
ness, and therefore her child grows up a
cowardly booby. merton.
A King in Captivity.
savsli. Vi T . ,ndiM, mil-
'.il'M Hie following : "An event .l.ji.
A communication from Valparaiso.
til it 'i ...v..
1 Pro bblT 10 ,b interference of
the French government, has ijst taken
place in South America, in the Araucanian
provinces, tributsriesof Chili. A French,
man, originally from Perigeux, named
Tonnens, had established himself among
the tribe of the Gunchis, Hilicks, and
Viliks, who people Araucania, lo the
south of tho Rio Biohio, between the
Andes and the sea, The superiority of
M. Tonnens enabled him lo acquire great
influence over these semi barbarous popu
lations, lo whom be had rendered great
services ; and about two years ago many
of Ihe tribes proclaimed him king. He
took the name of Orelie An'.oine, and
imposed upon himself the mission of or
ganizing nnd civilizing the country.
His projects and growing power gave
umbrage to Ihe Chilian government,
which had in view lo seize on Araucania.
But King Aurelius, being an energetic
man, determined lo resist. He traversed
Ihe country lo consult with the chiefs
about repulsing vigorously any attacks of
the Chilians, and came lo an understand
ing wilh the Chief Guenlecol, who could
of himself furnish 40,000 Indians. Con
tinuing bit expedition, he arrived on
January 4th in the plain of Los Persies,
aod was resting himself with his followers
under tree, when a detachment of Chil
ian cavIry sent by the Governor of
Nacimento, threw themselves upon him,
forced upon horseback,' and conducted
him to Nacimento, where he was thrown
into prison. One of his followers, gained
over by the Chilians, had apprised them
of his movements. One would un
derstand this act of violence if the tribes
governed by King Aurelius had belonged
to Chili. But the Araucanians nlwars re
fused all temptation to submit, and con
cluded in 1773, wilh Chili, a treaty of
peace, which secured them the riif lit of
i i - - . .
Having a resiuent minister at Santiago
Consequently the arrest of King Orelie
Antonie on his own territory is an odious
violation of the rights of men. Let us
add, that among bis papers have been
found Ihe draft of a code of laws and plans
of administrative organization confirming
nil that has been said of Lis leaning to
A Shrewd Irishman.
An Irish Priest was seen stand'ng at
me corner oi one oi tne squares in Lon
don, about the hour of dinner. One of
his eountrymen, observing Ihe worthy
father in perplexity, addressed him :
"O I father O Luary, how is four riv-
iiince t"
"Mighlily put out. Pal," was tbe re
ply. "Put I who'd put out your rivirince ?"
"Oh ! you don't understand : this is
just it I am invited to dine at one of the
houses in this square, and I forgot the
name, ana l never looked at tbe number,
ond now it is 7 o'leock."
"Oh.is that all." was lb reply. "Just
now be aisy, your rivirince. I'll settle
that for you."
So saying, away flew the good-natured
Irishman round the square, glancing at
the kitchens, and when he discovered a
fire Ihat denoted hospitality, he thundered
at the door and inquired, "Is Father
O'Leary here ?" As might be expected,
again and again he was repulsed. At
lengtn an angry loolman exclaimed
"No 1 bother on Father O'Leary, he is
not here, but he was to dine here to-day
and the cook is in rage, and says the din
ner will be spoilt."
Paddy leaped from the door as if the
steps had been on fire, rushed up Id the
osionisnea priest
"All right, your honor's rivirince ;
you dine al 43, and a mighty good din
ner you II get."
"Oh, Pat, said the grateful pastor, the
blessings ol a hungry man be upon you.
"Long life and happiness to your riv
irince ; 1 have got your malady, I only
wish 1 bad your remedy.
Jeddo—the Largest City in the World.
A very erroneous Idea is indulged in bv
many people in relation to tho largot city
in the world, many confidently assorting
mat Liontlon or. At it la Trequeutly termed,
the Great Metropolis is fur superior, both
in size ana number ot inhabitants. Uut
such is not the caso. Jeddo. ihe capital of
japan, is, witnout oxcoption, tho largest and
most populous city in the world.
It contains the vast nu rubor of 1,500,000
dwellings, and Q.uOO.OOU of bumuc toula
Many of the streets are nineteen japanesorls
in length, which is equivalent to twenty-two
English miles.
Tho commorco of Japan far exceods that
of any other city In the world, and the soa
along its coast Is constantly white with the
saila of ships. "Their vessels sail to the
southern portion of the empire, whero they
are laden wuh rice, tea, sea-coal, tobacco.
st!k, coiton, and tropical fruits, all of which
find a roady maikot in the north, and then
return freighted with com, (alt, oil. Isinglass,
and varioua other productions of the uortb,
wbicb bare a market in tbe south.
iNCinRNTS of Tim Battle or Pittsburo
Lamdino To Kentucky regiments mot
face lo face, and fought each other with
terriblo resolution, and il happened that
one of Ihe Federal soldiurs "wounded and
captured his brother, and aflor banding him
back bogan firing at a man near a tree,
hen the captured brothor called lo biin
and said, ''Don't sboot tbere any more-
thai a father.
A Federal volunteer and a Rebel soldier
were fnuud dead wph hands clasped. It is
supposed Ihat they foil sido by side, mor
tally wounded, and making friends, died Iu
peace. What a contrast to tbe tnsetaole
around I
A Sure Cure rna Hysterics. Dr. March
tayt Ihe best cure lor hysterics is to dis
charge tbe servant girl. In bis opinion,
theie is nothing like "Hying round" to keep
the nervous system from becoming uo
strung, some women tbiak tbey want a
pbysioian, be says, whon tbey only need a
scrubbing bruin.
Aiucnim waa ever born that did not
love itself Utter than its companions.
Let a mother set a dish of fruit before a
cnna wncn there is a oroun nf ml,., -mi.
dren standing near, and the first impulse
of the child is lo appropriate the whole of
, j: . . -s"-
... irur. lor itself, and to look upon those
otner wistful eyes as eyes of enemies.
Ihe mother begins lo try tbe child, and
says : '
"My dear, divide the fruit, and give
some to Mary snd William."
The command is unwelcome to the
child selfishness. It does not want lo
divine ; but Hie mothers authority com
pets it to ao it and it does it with mtnv
lears. But when it is done, tbe mother
tains to tne child, and says :
"How noble it is lo be generous I"
The next time the child has to divide fruit,
il does it reluctantly ; it& selfishness has
lo be crucified, and it suffers ; but does
give away two out of six apples. And
then it is praised. By this lime it begins
lo gel an idea Ihat there is good in giving
things awty, and gives the third. Then
it look for praise, aod the praise instantly
u gi.es wie lourtn. rraise
follows giving, and giving is rewarded by
praise, til! it comes to the last one, when
it hesitates. Aed the next lime, perhaps
ihe child is so much pleased wuh the re
muneration of its higher feelings in the
act of giving away, ihat it distributes all
its fruit ar,d stands with nothing for itself.
And Ihe parent says lo Ihe child, "This
is honorable."
Thut the child's better feel'ngs are
in the ascendency, and its selfishness is
compelled lo lake a subordinate position !
and the child grows np to be a true, no
ble, manly boy. And he does not divide;
o njuanucr in giving, tie empties
every iliinc.and walks like a nrinee.fe
"It is my nature lo give, and I prefer to
An il
There is no pain about his giving. The
boy that gives freely would be ashamed
to have it supposed that it cost him anv
struggle to give. He has overcome, he
has crucified Ihe element of selfishness
wiihin himself; and, being generous has
uecome a pleasure lo him.
ibis illustrates the Tact thai although
every struggle between a higher and a
lower feeling begins with the suffering of
lu" i yet, wnen tne lower is sub
dued and brought uder (he control of the
mger. Ibat which was painful at first be
comes pleasurable. We see not onlv in
children, but in ourselves, thai lihnol.
Christian cross-bearing or self-denial be-
Kins wnn pain, u the process is rightly
carried on it ends with pleasure and
peace. Bcecher.
The President and the Army.
A Norfolk correspondent of the Boston
Journal, in speaking of President Lincoln,
No Genera to-day is more popular with
the soldiers Ibsn (hat plain, homely.
.. . 1 . , 1 . . J
Knuu. iu no who ua waiktec unostenta
tiously among them, lowering like King
Saul above all those about bim, and
equally eminent for his humanity, fore
sight, good sense, and even military skill.
He is our Providential man the Moses of
our Israel. Said a Soldier of the 10th
New York Regiment lo me last evening,
"Our boys who could vote.most all voted
against Abe Lincoln for President, but
next time we are all for him. He is a
man acd a soldier, if he doesn't wear an
officer's coat." A better teslimonv vel ia
the voice I hear to day from.the hospitals
at Fortress Monroe, where he visited tbe
sick and wounded, whether from loyal or
Rebel States, (for he is President of the
whole country.) aod spoke a kind and
feeling word to each sufferer, so tbat they
murmured from their beds of pain. "God
l.l . I. n f i . '
uioas sub Arresiueut.
A Smart Yankee Girl. We relate a
truo siery, which is a gratifying instance of
successful Yankeo enterprise. A young
girl, belonging lo a respectable family iu
reduced circumstances, four years ago
learned to operate sewing machines, aud
then went out from this cily lo Peru to
loach iho art to Spaniah eirls. and to na.
lablish tho business in that countrv: She
has enjoyed uniform eond health, and hat
realized from three to four thousand dollars
a year, beyond hor expenses. About
year ago, she married a wealth old Spaniard,
uo, uymg, uenueamea to ner a lortuna nf
eighty thousand dollars, and Ibus placed
hor iu very comfortable and Independent
circumstances. She now writes lo urie
her relatives to emigrate lo Peru and share
ner gooa lortuno. .Yiwburyport Herald,
Never affect to be other than what you
are. Leain lo say, "I do not know."
and "I eannol afford it," with most so
norious distinctness and emphasis. Men
will then believe you, when you say, "I
do know." aod "I can affoid it." Never
be ashamed to pass for what you truly
are, and who you are, and you are on
solid ground. A man is already of con
sequence in the world, when it is known
that we can implicitly rely on him Ihat,
when he says he knows a thing, it is so.
Tua story is told of a New Zealand
chief, that a young missionary landed al
tbe island, to succeed a sacred teacher de
ceased acme time before. At an inter
view with the chief, ihe young miuister
asked : "Did you know my departed
bro'ber ?" "Ob, vest me deacon in his
church." "Ah, then you knew him well;
and was hs not a good, tender-hearted
man ?" "Yes," replied the pious deacon
wilh much gusto, "be very good, me eat
a piece of bim."
We are more inclined to bate one an
other for points on which we differ, than
to love one another for poicts on which
we agree. 1 be reason perhaps is this :
When we find others that agree with us,
we seldom trouble ourselves to confirm
tbe agreement ; but when we ehance
on those that differ with us, we are zeal
out both to convince and to oonyert them.
A Trophy for Ohio.
Capt. Phelps, of iho Flag Steamer Bon
Ion of the Mississippi Flotilla, has presented -to
Ihe 8lle of Ohio the rebel flag taken
from the Von. Bragg. We give below Cap
lain Phelps' tetter and Gov. Tod's reply,
with tbe inscription which tbe Governov
ha oaoted to be affixed to thai memorial of
Ihat remarkable victory i
To lh$ Excellency, David Tot, Vottrnor of
Ohio l
Sir : I have sont to yon for presenta
tion to my native 8tato, the flag wbicb was
flying from the poak of the rebel gunboat
and ram. the General Bragg, whon captured
in tha naval action off this cily yesterday
The General Bragg la one of tbe rebel
steamers saved, and is now being prepared
for the use of tbe Government as a war
Of tbe eight vessels of the enemy In this
action, but one etcapod; throe lio buried in
ihe depths of the-Mittitsippi ; another is a
wreck on the Arkaotat shore, aud three,
damaged by our shot, are savod.
I reel great Satisfaction in being able to
present to the Slate of Ohio this trophy,
taken in an action which terminated so dis
astrously to the rebel -came.
I have the bflrior to be, respeetfnlly, your
obedient (errant, 8. L. PHELPS,
Lieutenant Commanding Benton, and Act
ing Fleet Captain.
COLUMBUS, June 11, 1862.
S. L. Phrlpt. Lieutenant Commandincr Itn,
ton, and Acting fleet Captain, JUempkit.
Tenn.i r '
Mr Dear Sir ! I have the proud tain
faction of receiving, with your appropriate
autograph lottor or the 7th, a flag with
throe bars and thirteen start, taken from
the peak of the rebel gunboat and ram, iba
General Bragg, to gallantly captured in tha
brilliant engagement of the Gin inst., off
This flag, ' with the enclosed inscription
and the letter attached, shall be placed jn
tho iropby museum of our Capitol, as
proud memento of your most successful
Ohio, your native Slate, received tbe
news of your great and crowning success,
in clearing tbe "Father of Waters" of
traitorous obstructions, with a tbrill of in
tense delight.
To the Navy of the Union, aod especially
to tbe Navy of our groat inland rivers, mutt
we ascribe a due share of the glory achieved
in crushing out this gigantic rehnilion.
Permit me, in ibe name of Obio, to coo-
gratulate you and Ihe gallant officers and
men of the Upper Mississippi Flotilla, on
tho splendid victory won before Memphis.
Io behalf of our people, a well as for .
myaolf, I most heartily thank yon, for tbe
great service done our beloved country, and
for ibe bonor of making Ohio tbe recipient
of this trophy and mark or jour patriotism.
Most trvly yours,
DAVID TOD., Governor.
The following is tbe inscription which
Governor Tod has caused to bo affjiiod to
tbe trophy i
"Flag taken from Ihe neak of tha hnl
gunboat and ram, the General Bragg, cap
lured off Memphis. Tenn.. June 6lh. 18fi.
in the brilliant engagement between tbe
Union Flotilla, Upper Mississippi, and tbe
Rebel Flotilla, In wbicb three rebel iron.
boats were sunk, one boroed. and tbrmt
captured ; one only escaping. This flag, as
a trophy, is prosented to bis native State,
by b. Li. Phelps. Commandine tha Unit!
Siatos flag steamer Benton, and acring Fleet
Ceptain. -
Prosented throegb David Tod, Governor
of Ohio, who attaches this ioscriptitn and
the autograph letter of Lieut. Phelps, writ
ten June 7 ib, on board tbo Benton, off
Columbus, Ohio, June 11, 1862."
Rich Rebel Confessions.
Two letters, one from Commissioner
Judge Rost lo rebel Secretary Hunter, and
the other from Captain Huso to Major
Gorges, of Ibe robel Wsr Department, have
reached Ihe au horities at Watbington, in
stead of those at Richmond, and bare been
published. They are curious and import
ant. Judge Rost acknowledges tbat there
it no ute tor bis s:aying in Europe. Tba
conversation he beld with the Spanish Min
ister at Madrid, of which he gives a full
report, showed bim that Spain would not
act without Eogland and France, and he
was obliged to contest to bis Castillian
questioner ibat tbote powers bad no faitb
iu mo unnicaeracy. After be bad made a
long talk about tbe ineffectiveness of Ihe
blockade, he was Shrewdly asked why bia
Government did not send bim out autnen
tie news of events in the South. To this
Rost made unsatisfactory replies, for he
could not without admitting tbat it was
next lo impossible for advices to reach bim.
Captain Hute's letter shows tbat be could
buy arm enough If he or.lv had tbe money.
He, however, was t400,6oo in debt and
Confederate paper was far fiom beine- "eilt
edged." "
Inflbince or Hot Weather proa
Northern ard Southern Soldiers. In
the medical statistics of -the army from
1837 to 1854, transmitted lo Hon. j. D.
Bright, President of tbe Senate, By Jeff.
Davis, Secretary of War, July 28-, ie66.
on pages eua and 621, will be found a
statement showing the power of endur
ance of a South Carolina and a New
York regiment ; respectively. South
Carolina 1st, 1,034 men. campaign of
1847, eighteen and a half months' service.
loss by disease, 09 ; New York 2d.
1,063 men, seventeen and a half mouths'
service, loss by disease, 276. Flora tbia
comparison of a Northern regiment wilh
a southern one, in a not country cam
paign, it appears tbat the Southern regi
ment lost by disease very nearly twice aa
many as the New York regiment in about
the same length of time, and tbe loss from
all other causes was ooe-tbird less to tie
Northern tban to the Southern regiment.
Madt who would not for the world ot
ter a falsehood, are yet dlernally schem
ing to produce false impressions on iba
minds of others respecting facts, charac
ters and opinions.
There are great men enough to inciie'
ns to aim av true greatness, but not
enough lo make ua fancy tbat God conld
not execute hi purpose without them.

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