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The Jeffersonian Democrat. [volume] (Chardon, Ohio) 1854-1865, June 27, 1862, Image 1

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J. 0. CONVERSE, Proprietor. 3 UJtckfii Ncatpapcr.DcBotebla tljc Diifcmlnation of ncpnblUanPtlnc'iplcf.eftncation, mptrantt.DUtratarr, jjruattttrt, ana tlje ffftuf of il,t DaS. TERMS-$l,.Opr A mum.
VOL. XIII, NO. 20.
CltAliDON, GEAUGA
COUNTY, OHIO, FRIDAY, JUNE 27, 18G2.
It JtlfcreOlllOll Dftnnrrnf
ttfUBMtllRn IVtllV HltDAt ItOltftlNO, At
CflABDON, Geanga Coonty, Ohio,
iirettly ,r ear .Went Wilkin, A
JttUtf,mt$t ,idt oj the TuHi Squirt.
TERM Si
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LIST OF PUBLIC OFFICERS
ALBERT O. RIDDLE-- Member of Congrcs
M()RMN L. CHAFFEE
District Judge.
i Senator.
Representative.
l'robate Judge.
Sheriff-
Clerk.
Auditor.
... Treasurer-
Recorder.
Proa. Attorney.
Ceroner.
Surveyor.
I'ETEIl HITCHCOCK...
BKNJ. B. WOODBURY-
M.C. CANF1ELD
E. O. WHITE
WM. N. KEENY
. C. FIELD
H. N. SPENCER
I. .C. LUDLOW
P. W. CANFIELD
BENJAMIN blDLAKE
8ETII EDSON
J. O. WO KALI. 0,1
J. V. WHITNEY,
JOHN NICIIOI,S,
J. W. COLLINS--
LEWIS C. REED--B.OAYLORD.
Jr. ..
AT.EX. McNISII. 1
fiEO. MANLY- V
X. D.HALL
School Examiners.
El-
Commissioners.
. Direotort of Infirmary.
BUSINESS DIRECTORY.
. w. ciartiLB.
H. K. AKITH.
CANFIELD & MIITII.
Attorneys at Law, Chorion, Ohio.
pjrOflie in Union Clock, up stairs .C5 2Gyl
"THRASHER, DURFEE 4. HATHAWAY,
Attorneys A Counsellors at Law,
Cmanox, Ggidoa Cocictt.O.,
Will five prompt attention to business entrusted
to them, in Geauga and adjoining Counties.
fcTOffice Sral door south of the Court House
upstairs.
A. a. thsashis, i.. . wan, i.w. bathawav
Cnardon, Nov. 3Slh. 1859. ol&lf
C. BcUlenlI.n.,
Eclectic Pbylelais V Surgeon,
ClIARDON, OUIO.
fjfOJJlae, north eait corner of the Public
Square.
643mS
CIIA9.lt. SANDERSON, Al. D., .
Phfslelan Surgeon,
ClIAKOON.OniO,
Will attend to al! business in ihe lino of his pro
fession, with promptness and fidelity.
atrnRiNCLs:
I. A, (AbULTOI, M. O. JOB" NICHOLS, . I.
614ft
BISSEL, TINKER A' WILLIAMS,
A1TOKIKEVS AT LAW,
Charcot, Ohio.
rrOffiee ever the Store ot D. Warner, Jr.
June6lh. 7tf
wm. 1. rsaxnis. w. w. msvuon.
PERKINS &. NEV1SON,
Coonsellors & Attorneys at Law, '
WH.COX BLOCK, rAlNESVlLLE. OHIO.
"Collections promptly made.JC4
DENTISTRY, Dentistry.
I Have opened an omca at the nnuse oi tnos
Strong, where I shall perform all work in Sur
gical and Mechanical Dentistry, in tha most ap
proved and workmanlike manner.
to-Particular attention given lo preserving the
Nsrnl Teeth. M. STRONG.
Thompson, May 2nd, 16C2. 64itf
"OrrlnO. Ttiafct
GUN & RIFLE MAKER,
One mile west of the Center ol Harnbdeu. Ohio
Rifles made with improved Gunning Twist,
KU....r.nm Kowlins-r'ieccs. Telescope Sights-
Patent Muzzle and Starter, Breech, Swedgcr, etc ,
made to order. JUD univ uono ou snuri no
tice. VTU Work Warranted. 622tf
Hatnbden, Nov. 13th, 161.
WILKIN S k KELLEY,
Oaneral dealera in Groceries, Hardware, Dye
Stuffs, r lour, rtan.xanKea notion a, 4 c,
Store m .Ve Block. Chardut,, Ohio.
L. PATCH,
DENTIST.
ILL be in Chardon on the first 1 uesday o
each mouth. Room at Chase's Hotel.
S, W. SMITH. 1- WOOD.
. SMITH &. WOOD,
Attoi neys nt Law,
ftSrCvllections promptly attended to.J
Wabrem, Trumbull Co., O. 533
R. CRE1GHTON,
Book Blnderand Itlankltook Manufac
turcr,
KmM RlliMilli'S. Cl.EVI.ANn. O.
TT Blank Books Ruled aud Bound to Order.
Old Books Keoouna. Jiiui
T. C. GKIt: It.
A ttoruevat Luw aud hoiicitorin Chan
eery. Also l'roaecutiuf Attoruey uud
Circuit Court Lommissiouer lor liay County.
Office in the Court House liuilding.
Bay City, Mich., March 15th, '61 554tf
13rainerd & Burridge,
DESIGNERS & LITHOGRAPHERS,
ENGRAVING ON WOOD.
w
Book Illustrations, Buildings, Horses and other
Stock, Ornamental Borders, Letters, Vignettes,
Agricultural and Commercial Cutsintinu, Seals,
aiamps.and Macbinerjr.inevery variety ol bty le.
602tf
UNITED STATES AND FOREIGN
PATENT AGENCY,
No. 8 Bank Street, Cleveland, Ohio.
We areprepared to transact businessof every
description, relating to Inventions, Drawings,
Caveats, Specifications, Patents, Infringement's
Bndtb.Pa.BUw.i.ERDtBuRRiDGE)
lOjtf 6ouciTOK or Patehti.
Glorying in Their Shame.
'Nearly every family In Charleston is said to
have a copy ul the followiug Hong t
REBELS.
Rebels I 'tis a holynsmel
'1 lie nniiie nur la t tiers bnrn,
Wren buttling in the taut ol Right,
AgainM 1 he tyrant in Ins might,
In the dan duy, ol yore.
Rebels! 'lis our family nsme!
Our lather. VVanlungion,
Was ihcaruh-rekel in the fight,
And gave the mime to us a light
Ol lather unio son.
Rebels! 'tis nur given name I
Our moihar, Liberty,
Received ihe liile with her fame,
In days of griof. of leor Hid shame,
When at her breast wcia we.
Rebels I 'lis our sealed name I
A baptism vl blood !
Tho war ay, and tne din of strife
T he fearful contest, life for life
The mingled crimson flood.
Rebels! tiss patriot's name!
In struggles it wsBgitnt
We bore 11 then when tyrants raved.
And through their curses 'twasengraved
' On Ihe doomsday hock ol Heaven,
Rebels ! 'tis our fighting name
1'or peace rules o'er the land
Vntil tliey tuk o' eraven woe
Until our rights receive a blow, .
Fiom foe's or brother's hand
Rebels! 'tis our dying name!
For although lile is dear,
Yet freemen born and Iretmen bred,
We'd rather live as freemen dead
Thau live in slavish tear.
Than call as rebels if you will
We glory in ilia name; ,
Kor, bciidiugundcr unjust laws,
And sweating faith to an unjust caute,
Ws count a greater shame.
The Tools Great Men Work With.
It is Dot tool that mike tho workman,
but the trained skill nnd perseverance of
the uian himself. Indeed, it is proverbial
that the bad workman never yet had a
good tool. Some one aaked Opto by what
wonderful process he mixed his colors.)
' I mix (hem with my brains, sir," was
his reply. It is the same with every
woikmHD who would excel. Ferguson
made marvellous things such as his
wooden elock, that accnrelely measured
the - hours by means of a common pen
knife, a tool in everybody's bands, but
then everybody is not a Ferguson. .A
pan of water and two thermometers were
(he tools by which Dr. BUck discovered
latent heal; and a prism, a lens, and a
sheet of pasteboard, enabled Newlun to
unfold the composition of light and tbe or
igin of color. An eminent foreign ravattf
once called upon Dr. Wollailon, and re
quested to be shown over his laboratory,
in which science bnd been eniiched by so
many important discoveries, when the
doctor look him inlo a study, and pointing
to an old lea-tray on the table, containing
a few watch-glasses, test-papers, a small
balance and a blow-pipe, said : "There is
all the laboratory 1 have 1" Siothard
learnt the art of combining colors by
closely studying bulleitlks' wings ; he
would often say that no one knew what
he owed lo these tiny intects. A burnt
slick and a barn door sctved Wilkie, in
lieu of pencil and canvas. Berwick lirst
practiced diawing on the cottage-walls of
his native village, which be' covered with
sketches in chalk; and Benjamin Weal
made Ins first blushes outol the cat s tail.
Ferguson laid himself down in tbe fields
by night in a blanket, and made a map of
the heavenly bodies, by means of a thread
with small beads on it, slreched between
bis eve and the stars. Fraokl n first
robbed (he thunder-cloud of lis lightning
by means of a kite made with two cross-
ticks and a handkerchief. Walt made
his first model of the condensing steam
engine out of an old anatomist's syringe,
used to inject the arteries previous lo dis
section. Gilford worked his first problem
in maOiemaiics, when a cobler's appren
tice, upon small Scraps of leather, which
beat smooth for Ihe purpose, while
Kittenhouse, tbe astronomer, first calcu
lated eclipses on bis plow handle.
A Picture of Mr. Lincoln by John Bull.
To say that he is ugly, is nothing ; to
add that his picture is grotesjue, is to
convey no adt quale impression, raiicy
a man six leet high, and thin out of pro
portion ; with long, bony arms and legs,
which somehow seem to be always in the
way ; with great, rugtjed, lurrowed hands,
which grasp you like a vice when shaking
yours ; witu a long, scraggy necx, and a
chest too narrow for the great aims at its
side. Add to this figure a bend cocoanut
shaped and somewhat loo small for such
a stature, covered with rough, uncombed
and uncombable hair that stands out in
every direction at once ; a face furrowed,
wrinkled anj indented as though it had
been scarred by vitriol; a high, narrow
forehead, and, sunk deep benealh bushy
eyebrows, two bright, somewhat dreamy
eyes, that keeai to gaze through you Willi
out looking at you : a few irregular
blotches ol black bristly hair, in Ihe place
where beard and wickers ought lo grow ;
a close set, thin lipped, slern mouth, with
two rows of large white teeth, and a nose
and ears which have been taken by mis
tabe Irora a bead ol twice tbe size.
Clothe this figure, then, in a long, light
badly filling suit of black, creased, soiled
and puckered up at every salient point o
the figure, (and every point of this figure
m salient :) put on large, ill ntting boots
gloves too long for the bony fingers, and
a nurjy bat, covered 10 the top witu flusly
puffy crape ; and then add to all this an
air of slrentfth, physical as wen as moral
and atretics look of dignity coupled with
all this grotesqueness, and you will have
Ihe impression left upon mo by Abraham
Lincoln- Macmilian 1 Muganne.
Commodori Footi. This distinguished
officer is now slaying at Cleveland, and
we learn from the Plain Dialer tbat a de
cided change for the better has taken
place in bis condition within a few days,
tie is now able to sit up aud take a little
exercise, oocasionally.besides being in ex
cellent spirits a good sign, we believe.
The country will most certainly be pleased
to learn of tbe noble soldiei's steady im
provement from day to day.
OUR DANGER AND OUR DUTY.
A Sermon by Rev. E. D.
in Burton, Sabbath, May 18th, 1862,
at the Funeral of Lieut. C. H. Talcott
who fell April 7th, in the Battle of Pittsburg
Landing.
[PUBLISHED BY REQUEST.]
'In the day of prosperity be joyful, but In the
Jay of adversity consider t God also haih set the
one over naoinst the other, lo the end that man
should find nothing alter um."Hcci. 'ilk, Hrh.
Uud only is great. II is lunng fills all
spuco, bv Mis power he upholds all creatures,
anil, in His wisdom and goodmtss, llo dis
poses all evonts. Worlds and mot us aro
alike llio objects of His concern, lie pre
sides or ur Ihe snusnns, and notices tbe falling
sparrow. Lile is J lis tree gilt, and death
comiis at His command. He fills all the
springs of prospority, and adversity is only
His goodness withheld or disguised. If wo
sro prospered, it becomes us 10 r inico
supremely in tho Lord, anil, if we areuillict
ed, tlioro is nothing bettor lor us tlmn lo
consider our follies, and humble ourselves
under the Divino hand that chastens us.
Tho occasion which has this day enlivened
us, and the. objnets which aro passing before
our eyes, aro very suggestive of advrr$ity
Hero are the accompaniments of death, atid
here is the garniluro ot the grove). "Man
gooth to his long home, snd tho mournurs
go about Ihe streets." But we doploro no
ordinary demise, and we perform no ordi
nary sepulture That a man has fullun
witb the duw of his youth upon him, that a
f u 111 i I y has been Invaded by the iron hand
Of the destroyer, that a lovely son and
brother has been lorn from yearning hearts
and cherished hopos, that a constant friend,
a virtuous citizen and an active Christian
has been taken from oarlb in the midst of
his labors, wero reasons enough why we
should make this plaoo a Bochim. But
alas I there are still higher motives lo sor
row ; there are still graver reasons why we
should tontidtr. Wo build to-day tho sep
ulchre of tho Christian patriot, and tho
Christian eoMtee. Our toars aro au index ol
a grief thai fills the land 1 and our sighs are
responsivo lo a wail of anguish and bo
reavemrnt that breaks from a mu'tiludo of
homos throughout our afflicted country.
Our loss proclaims our JVution't peril; and.
as the funeral march lo a soldier's grave is
beaten, Liberty herself, upou her lofty fane
ot airougih and beauty, may well assume
ibo drapery of boreavotoont, and boon me
tho chiuf mourner of her murdered sons.
Our friund and brother has not fallen a
prey lo disease None of Ihe nameless
casualties to which our-lives arn ordinarily
exposed, has laid him low. Ho lies not
bulore us the victim of privato revenge and
tbe assassin'a dagger; but tho deadly mis
siles that mangled his body and drew his
heart's blood, were hurled by Ihe more
potent and wicked hand of Arcb Troiison snd
Kobellinn. Those missiles were aimed at a
.Vu lion's heart; tlioy wero designed lo ar
rest the universal pi ogress of intelligence,
freedom and ruliginn.
As tho circumstances of tbe occasion de
mand that our words be few, lot us attend
more directly to tbo exhortation of the text.
"In tho day of adversity contider? by notic
ing. 1st. Tbo cause of the troubles which have
overtaken us.
And I ahull but echo Ihe lontimnnt of
every liHolliuont, patriotic and Christian
heart, when 1 declare that causo to bu thr
hatred of popular liberty, and the luet of
nur lu tea power.
Buforo our fathers engagnd In that mom
orable struggle which tocured to us our
national existence, they wrote upon the
banner which tboy unfurled lo tho winds of
heaven, lo which they pnintod tho inquiring
nations as the index of Ihe motives which
mpolled them, under which they fouehl
and died, and by whoso emblematic aid they
went lorward lo ultimate victory and indo
pondeneo ; thoy wroto, I say, upon that
bunuor : "Wo hold these truths to be self
evident: that all men are created equal; thai
they aro endowed by their Creator witb cer
tain inalienable rights; thu'. among these are
life.'-liberty and tho pursuit ot happiness;
that, to secure these rights.governmenls are
Instituted among men, deriving Iheir just
powers from tho content ot thu governed.
And whon. after such a baptism of blood as
nations seldom experience, they had secured
an acknowledgment of their independence
by the inothor country, and veru about to
adopt a national Constitution, that there
might be no misunduistanding witu regard
10 tho design and meaning ot that instru
ment, thoy prefaced It with this introduc
tion :
"We, tho People of the United States, in
order lo form a more ported Union, estab
lish justice, iosuro domostio tranquility, pro
vide for the common dufuncu, promote tbe
general welfare, and secure the blessings of
liberty to ourselves and our posterity, co
ordain and establish ibis Constitution for
the United Statos of America."
If tho Constitution proper is ambiguous.
its preamble is not. That asserts that Ihe
Constitution was adopted, and tho General
Government inrmed, "to promote a more
perfect Union ; lo "insure domostio Iran
quility; "to establish justico," lo "provide
lor tho common dulunco, to "promote tno
general welfare, and secure the blessings of
liberty to ourselves and onr postorily.
And it was not adopted by a sectional cliquo,
but by tbe "People of the United Slatet."
And the troubles that aro upon us are not
Ihe result of any obnoxious act of our Na
tional Congress. They are not caused by
Louisiana making war upon Maine, or South
Carolina taking arms against Massachusetts,
or Virginia seeking lo retaliato upon New
York, for some real or supposed injury;
but these troubles are caused by men who
sre opposed to tho very principles upon
which our Gnvornment was established, and
who would annihilate the very objects which
tho Gnvornment ought to promote. Wo
talk about a "Southern Coofeduracy." But,
while Ihe urmiet of tho Rebellion havo, as
yet, been confined to the Southern States,
the spirit and aim of tho Rebellion aro as
broad and comprehensive as nur national
authority and domain. The civil war which
is raging in our country, and which is send
ing multitudes of our "noble fatbors, bus
bands, sons and brothers to an untimely
grave, is emphatically a war of ignorance
against intelligence, indolence agsinst in
dustry, lust against chastity, perjury against
trutn and loyalty, barbarism against civil
ization, despotism tbe most irresponsible
snd oruol against constitutional liberty and
equality, and of bigotry, blind, unscrupulous
and determined, agaiuat religion, enlighten
ment and progress. Ibis Rebellion is a
"covenant with death and an agreement
with hell. Its serried hosts and all its
enginery of war are Id hostile array against
our common sobools, our free presses, the
liberty of speech, tbe sanotity of our homes,
tbe independence of our pulpits, tbe pro
gress of liberal ideas, and of individual and
national virtue. The spirit that animates
the Rebellion has shown what It Is capahlo
of doing for a nation by lis wni kings in ihe
staveholding Slates duiing Ihe last seventy
Ave years; for, notwithstanding the numer
ous checks which have been imposod upon
it by its intiNiaio connection with frocdom,
it hat crippled every single interest, material,
intellectual, social and religious, that has
felt lis power. ' And, if il has wrought only!
drath, political and moral, while connected
by many artetiea with the living heart of
freedom, pray, what ruin would it not wnik
n . n.iimi w.,r ii l.iit will...... ,.,,.!,
"I n
Thu fatal shot which slew our noblu brother,
was siinnd at your heart and mine, as wuM
ss his. It was aimed at our Government,
at our country, and at ull thut is most duan
to us, as citizens of these Uuited States.
..r .1 IT . o. .
21. Let us consider our duty iu ibis
lime of tribulation.
And, if there is any period In our national
existence in which a pixuliar obligation has
heuu thrown upon Amuiican citizntis to
show themselves mm, that period is the
present. The Uuhollioo has shown Itself
strong, and only strength has ai.flicod to
ninol it. Our Government holds its presont
favorable position, by tho mercy of GoH.only
through the most dotorniiued and uuergutic
efforts. Aud such efforts must bu contin
ued. Thu people are beginning to see, as
they novcr saw before, that lliero is 1.0
sympathy between liberty and oppression;
that thoy cannot coalesce, and that all ef
forts to harmonica Iheir conflicting elements
and interests must result in disaster. No
historical fact can bo mora easily demon
strated than this: that a large majority of
the feunders of this Republic conteinpfatod
tho early extinction of Slavery. They an
ticipated such a result from the influence of
a growing intelligence, aud Ibo expansion
ot liberal and Cliristlnn principles. How
groaily mistaken they were, in llitise antici
pations, is shown by our present distresses
And, sinco Ihe psst and present prove alike
that slavery will "either rule or ruin," there
is hut one thing for the loyal puop'.o of this
country to do in relorutico to this subject,
vis. demand that our Government bu, now
and henceforth, administered according lo
thu letter, the intent and ihe spirit of our
Constitution. Tbat it protoct Slates and
people in the exercise of their rights, and
not prostituto Itself, as a minister of un
righteousness in tbo bund of the opprossor.
Our Constitution, as it is, without omoud
menl, and without change, Is sufficient to
render our Government all that it was de
signud to be, and all that it ought to be,
the promoter of liberty, justice, equity, in
lolligonco, industry and religion, throughout
its untjro jurisdiction, God declared to Ihe
world long ago, that "Righteousness exalt
9th a nation,, but sin is a roproacli to any
pooplo and our country will nuvor enjoy
its lortner prestige and prosperity, unless
people and rulers shall fall back upon tho
first principles of sound morality, and de
clare that ' justice shall stand though the
heavens fall.
Liberal principles have had three periods
of peculiar trial upon this Cuniinont. The
first was whon tho Puritans planted thum
selves. for conscience sake, upon tho "wild
New England shore." amid wild boasts, wild
forests and wild Indians, upon a sterile soil.
and undor an ungenial sky. Then those
principles triumphed over Ihe natural ele
ments, the rnlliless savage, and Ihe severest
privation and sufferings of a pioneer life,
and caused tho "dusort lo blossom as the
rose." Their second period of peculiar peril
was whon Ibis Nution was born, and Liberty
built here hor homo. Then thnso princi
ples showed themselves more than a match
for the cunning. Ihe bribery and tho armies
of a British King and Parliament. And
those principles aro having their third and
most fiery ordeal at tho presont time, while
tho spirit of despotism raises ils impious
crest, under Ihe guise of State-sovereignty,
and darts its deadly faogi at the very heart
ot Kreodom.
Tho result of this last anil fiercest struggle
cannot bu doubtful, if we are true to our
lathers, true to our children, and truo to
our God. O, it is a privilege to live in sucb
a time as Ibis, to thoso who havo the wisdom
lo perceive iheir obligations, and the virtuo
and manliness lo moot Itiom. 1 tie past
and future are looking upon us. We aro a
"spectacle lo men and angels." Tho frieuds
of truth and liberty throughout Iho earth,
and unborn generations will bless us, if we
aro faithful 10 our trust. We take no hasty
measure el' human lile, and of the mistily
sacrifices which are now being made by thu
loyal people of this country, in tho cause ol
freedom, when wo declare that our Uovorn
mont is worth far more than we aro paying
for it 1 and that, if it costs the lives and
property of this entire generation, to wrest
onr noble and God given inheritance en
liruly from the grasp of the oppressor, and
secure perpotual and unmixed liberty to
those who shall succeed us, wo shall not
transmit to future generations a legacy too
dear,
Every loved ono who has eono out from
us lo bravo the hardships and dangers of
ihe camp and the field, every one that Ian
euishes in the hospital and the prison, and
every mouldering form that fillB a soldier's
grave, appeals to us most eloquently, to
make an ultimate rait ot that institution,
which underlios all our distrcssos, and ahnso
malignant spirit is Ihe life aod power of the
Rebellion.
There is much In encourage In this lime
of tribulation. "Tbe stars in their courts"
seem to be fighting for us, wo can almost
perceive the angels of tho Lord going bo
foro our armies, and God, by His word, His
spirit, and His providence, is pointing us
plainly 10 our duty, and admonishing us
do it. If we take hold of His strength, and
walk according lo His counsols, righteous
ness and peace will soon ombraco each
other in our national affairs, and glory will
abide in our land. But, if we shirk our vast
responsibilities, and let this time of our vis
itation pass unimproved, the star of promise
which has bung so long in splendor over us,
will sink, at length, in fcurful night.
Of Ihe deceased, it docs not become me
to say much, as my acquaintance with him
was not extensive, and your own cherished
recolleotions of bim are. no doubt, his best
eulogy. He was amiablo, intelligent and
upright ; and a filial trust in God seemed
to be the ruling element of his charactor.
That trust be doubtless cherished under
Ihe fatigues of the march, the labors and
privations of the camp, Ihe sufferings of the
hospital, the perils of Iho field of coufliot
and carnsge, and the untold pangs of ebbing
life. He did his duty, and fell witb bis ar
mor on, In tbe face of Freedom's foes aod
ours.
Let not the band of sympathy and af
fection write bis epitaph, '"His days, alas
were loo soon numbered ;" but let tbo band
of Faltb grave deeply on tbe monumental
tablet,
"Hore Ilea man of fifty years, who died
at twenty-eight."
On whom doth his mantle reet ?
From the N. O. Delta, June 8.
Execution of Wm. B. Mumford.
I
I
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j
Early yeslerday morninj, it was an.
nounced that Wm. B. Mum lord, the man j
sentenced lo death lor tearing down the
United Stalea flag hoisted on the Mini by
Commodore Farragut upon the occupation
of the city by the Union forces, would
expiate his offense 00 Ihe gallows.
rowus were soon wending their way
. ... . .. . . '
towarti tne Mint, where all doubts were
dispelled by the ghastly spectacle of a
gallows projecting from a window in the
second story of that building, fronting on
Enlanade street, dirprlle unrlr ii
' . ' '
were, Ihe Uagslall tbat had borne the
colors in question.
In the mean time, the unfortunate man
wss awaiting his fate in the Custom-House.
On ihe evening of the Gth inst., three days
ato, the order of execution was read lo
him by Deputy Provost-Marshal Stafford,
lie being charged with carrying iuto t fleet
the details of Ihe sentence in consequence
of Ihe illness of Provost-Mtrshal French,
The document reads as follows :
Execution of Wm. B. Mumford. HEADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF THE
GULF, N. O., June 5th, 1862.
Spicial Okoer No 70. William B.
Mumford, a citizen of New Orleans, hav
ing been convicted before the Military
Commission of treason and an overt act
thereof io tearing down the United States
flag from a public building of ihe United
Slates, for Ihe purpose ot inciting other
evil-minded persons to further resistance
to the laws and arms of ihe Uniled S'ates,
after said flag was placed there by Com
modore Farrngul ol Ihe Uuited' Stales
Navy.
It is ordered that he be executed, ac
cording to the sentence of the said Military
Commission, on balurtlay, June 7, tost.,
between the hours of 3 A. M. and 12,
under ihe direction of the Provost Marshal
of tbe District of New-Orleans; and lor
so doing this shall be his sufficient war
rant. By command of
Maj. Gen. BUTLER, General Com.
I
Mumford exhibited little emotion, snd
comported himself with great coolness
and self-possession.
About 9 o clock A. 61., estrone escort,
composed of the 12ih Maine Volunteers,
Col. Ktmbell, set out from the Mint, and,
arriving at the CuBtom-House, the pris
oner parsed into Iheir custody, his hands
lied behind his back, but otherwise bis
movements unimpeded.
He seemed to be a man of about forty
years o( ago, middle-sized, his face deeply
pilled with smallpox, aod wearing a very
heavy beard. He was calm in his de
meanor, and bis countenance exhibited
no trace of the dreadful ordeal he was un
dergoing, except that il was frightfully
pale. As he passed out under tbe escort
of two officers, he waved a last adieu to
some one in the crowd.
Before be started, he was accorded the
mournful privilege of bidding farewell lo
his wife and children. The meeting was,
indeed, a sorrowful one.
Passing out through tbe entrance on
Old Levee street, he entered an army
wagon, accompanied by an officer, and to
the solemn sound of slowly beaten drums,
the cortege passed on, a troop of eavalry
riding in advance, and the prisoner in the
center of a column of infantry. On each
side of the strtet, before and behind the
funeral procession a great crowd went on
in decorous silence to witness the last act
ol Ihe tragedy
At 9 o'clock A. M.the prisoner artived
at the Mint, and alighted. It was noticed
his eye immediately sought out tiie scaf
fold. He gazed al it for a moment, and
then natuially turning away his head,
entered the building through the portico,
and was immediately conveyed by two
officers inlo a private apartment.
While silting here he entered into con
versation with severul gentlemen present.
He slated that he waa prepared to die.
Tbat no doubt he had committed many
errors during his life, but be hoped that
they would be forgiven him.
Ic a few moments a large black cassock
was brought in, and he was invested with
it, his neck handkerckief and collar were
removed, and it was announced to him
lhat it was time to die. Gelling up, he
walked firmly out on Ihe scaffold, and
stood in ihe bright sunlight with thou
sands of eyes fixed upon bim.
The order of execution was then read
amid a brea.hless silence. Tben con
cluding il he was asked if he had anything
to sav lo the assembled multitude, tie
signified that he had.
He then, addressing the crowd, slated,
in substance, that he was a native of
North Carolina, but had been a citizen of
New-Orleans for many years. That the
offense fur which he wss condemned lo
die was committed under excitement, and
lhat he did not consider that he was suf
fering justly. He conjured all who heard
him to act justly to all men, to rear their
children properly, and lhat when they
met dealh they would meet il firmly. He
was prepared lo die ; and as he bad never
wronged any one, be hoped to receive
mercy.
Having concluded, his face was eove red
with a black mask, his head enveloped io
a large hood, and the rope put around
his neck ; .his bands and legs were se
curely tied, and be stood alone uj.on the
platform.
At 13 minutes before 11 A. M., after
a moment's pause, that seemed an age to
every one present, the signal wss given,
the platform, loaded wilh iron lo accel
erate its fall, swung heavily down with a
sullen crash, and in a few minutes the
soul of Wm, B. Mumford passed inlo tbe
presence of his Maker
During all this time a vast crowd
swsyed to and fro io front ot the Mint,
and thronged tbe levee, every eye fixed
upon the awful scene; while along the
line mounied men galloped, preserving
order. Upon tbe consummation of tbe
sentence tbe assemblage quietly dispersed
to their homes.
After haDgine S5 minutes. Dr. W. T
Black, neling surgeon to Gen. Shepley'i
8taff, and Dr. Geo. A. Alack, agent of
United Slatea Snnilurr immifteiiin sin.
broached the bodv. and ascertained tl.
heart had ceased lo beat, li was allowed,
however, to remain suspended about 2u
minutes longer, when it was cut down
and placed io a coffin prepared for the
purpose. At 5 o'clock, P. M., it was
conveyed to the Firemen's Cemetery, and
Ihere interred. in
WHAT IT COST TO HAUL DOWN THE AMERICAN
FLAG.
The Bella of the 81I1 instant says : "So
far as our knowledge extends in the mat
ter, il is the first instance upon record of
a man being tried, found guilty, and exe
cuted for laying violent hands upon our
National flag, and the lesson it conveys
is a solemn, and, we trust, will prove a
salutary one. Mumford, though land
Ing only as a representative of parties
equally guilty at heart as himself, had
the misfortune to mingle a little more
rashness with his treasonable inlenta than
some of his traitor associates, and paid
ihe penalty with hie worthless lite."
The Showman's Courtship.
BY ARTEMUS WARD.
Thare was many affeclin ties which
mnde roe banker arter Betsey Jane. Her
father's farm jined our'n ; their cows and
our'n squenched iheir thursl at the same
spring ; our old mares both had stars in
their forrerds ; them measlea'bioke out in
both lamerlies at nearly the same period
our parients (Betsey's and mine) slept
reglarly every Sunday in the same
meetin' house, and cabers used to ob-
sarve, "How thick the Wards and I'css
leys air 1" It was a surblime site, In the
spring of the year, to seeour several moth
ers (Betsey's and mine) with iheir gowns
pin d up so they couldu't sue em, a dec
shuniteiy Bilin sope together ii aboozin
the nabers.
Altho I hankered inlensly arter the ob
jeck of my afl'ecshuns, I darsunt tell ber
of the fires which was raito in my manly
Buzzom. I'd try to do il but my lung
would kerwollup up agin the roof of my
mowtn And suck Ibnr, like deih lo
deseast Afracan or a country post master
lo bis UUS4, while my hart whanged agin
my ribs like a old fashioned wheat Flale
agin a barn floor.
'Twas a carm still nite in Joon. All
nater was husht and nary zeDer disturbed
the sereen silens. I sot with Betsy Jane
on the fense of ber father's pastur. We'd
bin rompin threw the woods, kullin flours
Jc drivin the woodchuck from bis Naliv
I, air (so to speak) wilh long sticks.
Wall, we sot lliar on tbe fense a swinetn
our feet two and fro, blushin as red as the
Baldinsville skool house when i. was fust
painted, and lookin veiy simple, I make
no doubt. My left arm was ockepied
ballunsin myself on Ihe fense, while my
rite was wounoid luvtoly tound ber waste.
I cleared my tbrote and tremblinr-ly
sed, "Betsey, you're a Gszzelle."
1 thought lhat air was putty Gne.
wailed lo see what effeck it would hay up
ou her. It evidently didn't fetch her,
she up and sed,
"You're a sheep !"
Sea I, "Betsey, I think very muchly
you
"I don't b'leeve a word you say
thare now cumr with which obser
vashun she hitched away from me.
"II tbar was winders lo my Sole," sed
I, "so that you could see some of mr
lectins. Thare's fire enuff in here," sed
strikin my buzzom with my fist, "to bile
all the corn beef and turnips in the naber
hood. Versoovius and the Critter ain't
circumstans I"
fcihe bowed her bed down & sommenst
chawin the strings lo her sun bonnet.
Ar, could you know tbesleeplis nttes
I worry threw with on your accout, how
viltles hns seized lo be altractiv lo me
how my lims has shrunk up, you wouldn't
doubt me Gase on this wastin form and
these 'ere sunken cbeeks "
I should hve conlinnered ou in this
slrane probly for sum lime, but unfor
tttnitly I lost my baliunse and fell over in
to the pastur kersmasb, learin my close
and seveerly damagm myself gtnerally
Betsey Jane sprung lo my assistance
in dubel quick time and dragged me 4'h
I hen drawin herself up to ber full bile
she sed :
"I wont listen
(o your concents
longer. Just any
rite strate out what
yon re drivin al.
If you mean geltin
hitched, I'm in 1"
1 considered that air enuff for al! prac
licnl purpusses, and we proceeded imme-
jilely to tbe parson s, and waa made
lhat very nite. Vanity fair.
BY ARTEMUS WARD. Collecting Taxes in the Rebel States.
The but lor ibe collection ot direct taxes
in the insurrectionary districtl has become
a law. It provides tor the salo of real es
tate, In certain cases for this purpose.
Where owners have abandoned their land
10 engage n Iho rebellion, and tho same
shall have boen struck off lo tho United
States at venduo, Ibe Commissioners pro
posed lo be appointed may lease the same,
under such regulations as will secure proper
and reasonable employment at wages,
upon shares of the crop of such porsous and
families as may be residing upon the fund.
The proceeds of ibo leases sod sales are
bo paid into the Treasury, ono-fourth
which is to be paid over lo tho Governor
tbe State wherein such lands are situated,
or his authorised agonl, wbeo sncb insur
rection shall be put down, and ihe people
shall elect a Legislature and State oflioors,
who shall take an oath lo support Ibe Con
stitution of the Uniied Stales, snd such fact
snail be proclaimed bv the President for
purpose of reimbursing the loyal citizens
said State, or for such otber purpose as
State may direct, and one-fourth shall
be Dsid over to said State as a fund to
colonisation or emigration from said Stalo
of any free person ot Alrican descent
may desire 10 remove therefrom to Hayli,
Liberia, or any otber tropical Slate or
ouy.
A MAN is tbe healthiest and tbe bspnlosl
when be thlakt tbe least either of health
happlooti. To forget an Ul it half tbe battle.
Senator Sumner and the President.
Senator Cbarlos Stimnef has addressed
tho following private fetter to friend,
which the Boston Journal publishes, It
should be read by all 1
SENATE CHAMBER, June 5 1862.
;
a
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Mr Dcar Sir 1 Your criticism of the)
Prusldenl is hasty. 1 am confident thai, if
vou know hlsu as 1 do, yon would not soak
it.
Of course, Ihe President cannot be bold
responsible for Ihe misfeasance of subordi
nates, unless adoptod or al least tolorated
bj him. And 1 am sore that nothing un
just or ungenerous will he tolerated, mueh
ess aaoptea, by bim
I am bappy 10 let you know that be baa
no sympathy witb (Stanley in his absurd
wickedness, closing tbe schools, nor again
io his other act of turning our oamp Into
hunting ground for slaves. Ha repudiates
both positively. Tho latter point bas oc
cupied much of his thought; and Ihe news
papers bave not gone too far in recording
his repeated declarations, wbicb I bave
often heard from his owu lips, that slave
finding their way into tbe National lines
are never to be re enslaved. This la bis
conviction, expressed without reserve.
Could you have seen the President as It
was my privilege often while be was con
sidering the great questions on which bo
has already aolod tbe invitation to Eman
cipation in tbe Males, Emancipation lo tbo
District of Columbia, aod the acknowledge
ment of ihe independence of Haytl and Li
beriaeven your zeal would bave boon asvt
isfied, for you would have felt tbe sincerity
of his purpose to do what he could to carry
forward iho principles of Ihe Declaration of
Independence. His wholo soul was occu
pied, especially by the first proposition,
wbicb was peculiarly his own. In familiar
intercourse witb bim, I remember nothing
wore touching man the earnestness and
completeness witn wbicb be emhrsced tbia
idea. To bis mind it was just and beneficent.
wbile It promised the sure end of slavery.
Of course, to me, wbo had already proposed
a Bridge of Qold for the retreating Dend, il
was most welcome. Proceeding lrom the
President, it must lake its place among tha
great events of history.
If you are disposed to be Impatient at any
seeming shortcomings, think, 1 pray you, of
wbat has been done io a brief period, and
from '.he past discern tbe sure promise of
tbe future. Knowing something of my con
victions aod oi ibe ardor with wbicb 1 inaio
ta n them, you may, perhaps, derive soma
assurance lrom my confidence. I say to
vou, tbereforo, staud by Ibe Administration.
If need be help it by word aod act, but
sisnd by it and bsve faltb in it. '
I wtsb tbat vou really knew tbe 1 resi
dent, and bad beard lb artless expression
of bis convictions on those questions whicb
concern you so deeply. Vou might, per
haps, wisu be were less cautious, but you
would be grateful tbat be is so true to all
tbat you hare at heart Believe me, there
fore, you are wrong, and I regret it tbe
more because or my desire to see ail my
friends stand firmly together. If I write,
strongly, it is because I foel strongly ; foe
my constant and intimate intetcourse with
the President, beginning with tbo 4th of
March, not only binds me peculiarly to bia
Administration, but gives me a personal at
well as political interest in toeitg lhat jus tic
it done him. '
Beiieve me, my dear Sir, with mecn re
gard, ever faithfully yours, r
SENATE CHAMBER, June 5 1862. CHARLES SUMNER.
Going into Battle.
of
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co
1
You have often wondered whether tha
men wore Ibeir overcoats, Knapsackt,
haversacks, and carry tbeir blankets,wben
going into battle. Tbat depends upon
circumstances. Some-times, when they
are marching, they find themselves in tbe
bailie almost before they know it. I re
member lhat on the 18th of July, thret)
days before the battle al Bull Run, some
regiments of tbe army were marcbtnj
towards Mitchel't Ford, a fordiog-placo
on Bull Run, when suddenly the enemy
fired upon them, and the men had to fight
just as tbey were, only a great many
threw down their coats and blankets and
havetsacka, to tbey could fight freely and
easily. You also wonder whether the)
regiments fire regularly in volleys, or
wheiber each man fires "at fist at he can.
That also, depends upon circumstances,
but usually, except when the enemy is
near at hand, Ihe regiments fire only at
(be command of tbeir officers. You hear
a drop, drop, drop, as s few of the skir
mishers fire, followed by a rattle and roil,
whicb sounds like the falling of a building,
just as tome of you have heard the brick
wall tumble at a great tire.
Sometimes, when a body ot the enemy'
cavalry are sweeping down upon a regi
ment to cut it to pieces, the men form in
a square, with tbe officers and musician
in ibe center. The front rank stand
with bayonett charged, while the second
rank fires as fast as it can. Sometime
they Greoin four rankt deep, tbe two
front onet kneeline with tbeir bayonet
charged, so tbat if the enemy should com
upon them they would run against a
picket-fence of bayonets. When they
form in this way the other two rankt load
and fire at fast as they can. Then tba
roar is terrific, and macy.a borse and
rider goes down before the terrible norm
of iron hail.
or
to
of
of
tbe
of
Tu Retcrkeo Prisoner Instruction
have been sent to Brigadier General Har
vey Brown, of New York, to muster for pay
ment about fourteen hundred relumed pris
oners now arriving io that city from tba
Department of North Carolina. Payment
will be made lo these men as soon as tbe
muster rolls ean be completed. Such of
tbeso men as may bave been exchanged will
he granted leave of absence for twenty days.
The remainder will be furlougbed till ex
changed or discharged. Those in tbe latter
class will report their addresses to ibo gov
ernors of their respective Stales al lb end
of each month. In order thai they may b
promptlv notified should exchange be mad
for tbem,
also
aid
woo
or
Cts. Fremont' Cthi When den.
Fremont was at tbe West, hit most secret
dispatches lo tbe President were tent in
Maygar, wbicb was at good as evpher, sine
no traitor knows tbe tongue. What a eom
pliment to the native tongue of Kossuth
"No traitor knowt tbe tongue I I i eald
that there Is no record of any Huogarlaa
being in tbe rebel service, though tbera ar
many In our army."

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