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otitatt J. 0. CONVERSE, Proprietor. 21 luctklrt Ntroafapcr, Dtsotti to tlje DUtmtnation of Heynbiicttn flrtntip!t0,(&ncation, Gcmprrante, Cittratttrt.flrualtnrt, ani ttje Ktvaa of tlje Dart. TERMS-- 1,50 per Annum. VOgV. NQ- CHARDON, GEAUGA COUNTY, OHIO, FKIDAY. SEPTEMBER 18, 1863. WHOLE NO. 714. The tt rilBMSIIED EVERT FRIDAY MORNING, AT CHARDON, Geanga County, Ohio. Ofie Urtetli) over the new Slortof Wilkin U iielitj, wit tide J He rbh i Siugri . T ERM Si If paid in advance, f 1 50 If not paid within the year, S 00 Mr All kinds of merchantable produeetaken In payment, at the market price. No paper discontinued until all arrearage! are paid, except at the option of the Publisher. RATES OF ADVERTISING. Lial Advertisements will be inserted aa followsi SOots. a aquare, first insertion; each absequent inaertion, 25 eta. a aquare. 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CANr'lELD. S 11 a tor, -Representative, -Probate Judge, Shorift". Clerk, .'Auditor. Treasurer, .. .. .... Reeordor. SBTH KDsON 1 roa. Attorney. J. O. WOIIALLO, surveyor. School Ex'rs. J. V. WHITNEY J OHM NICHOLS J. W. COLLINS Hi- LKvVia C. REED 6. It PYLORI). .1 Commissioners. ALEX. MoNISU. ,LEX. MoNISU. 1 !EO. MANLY.. L. D.HALL Directors of Infirmary, LIST OF PUBLIC OFFICERS BUSINESS DIRECTORY. AYRES& MURRAY, CHtRDOJY, OHIO, Would announce to the public that they have one ned an ollice in their Store, and are prepared to luiy and sell Exchange on New York, make Collections, and transact all other business in their line. Chardon. Oct. 8th, 1863. 65tf TIIRA3.IER, DURFEE & HATHAWAY, Attorneys & Counsellors at Law, Cbardon, Ubauoa County. O.. Will give prompt atlentionto busincssentrustcd to them, in Geauaa and adjoining Counties. jarOffice first door south of the Court House p stairs. A. H. THRASHKH, t. B. tlOBFEE, 1 . K- BATnAWAY. CUardon, Nov. 25th, 185!). M5tf B. W. CANF1ELD. H. K. sunn. canfield & teitirm. Attorneys at Law, CUardon, Ohio. Sy-Officsin Union Block, upstairs JJ 62Gyl EO. L. WOOD, Attorney at Law, Tension and Bounty Agent, CHAUUON.O. it. R BOURN, llomeopnthio Physician. KrOfTicoeast sido of Public Square, opnosito the Town Hull, Churdon, Ohio. 1111' C. ncMcn,!!. Eclectic Pliysicluii fc Surgeon, CiiAituoN, Ohio. Offi.tt ; Fifth duor west of the old Stone Tavern. 643oj6 (.YE IV HOTEL Fronting PARK,) PAIN KS VILLE, O. 8. rtURRIDGE, Jr., Proprietor. KrD. Burridge's Livery aud Omnibus Line attached to the House. WILKINS & XELLET, Generaldaalera in Oroceries, Hardware, Dy Studs, Flour, Fish, Yankee Notions, d c, 6'(orn yew Block . Chardou , Ohio. R. CRE1GIITON, Book Dlnderand Ulank UookSIanufac- turcr, Horald Buidings, Ci-EVi.ANn.O. rrBlank Books Ruled uud Bound to Order Old Booka Rebound. 52Ctf T. C.UUIER, Attorney at Law & Bolicitorin Cban eery. Also Prosecuting Attorney and Circuit Court Commissioner for Bay County. OlUcein the CourtHuuse Building. Bay City, Mich., Marsh 15th, '61 554tf P, ALLEN, Jr., Wishes to inform l he pub . lie that he has located ovor J.K. Bruco's Tin Shop, I Churdon, und is prepared I repair Clocks &. YVatches, I and Jewelry of all kinds, a the best manner, and on the ahorlest notice. (Yrini reasonable, and all work warranted. Chardon.Sept. 6tli. bO'lml " Brainerd &Burridge, DESIGNERS At LITHOGRAPHERS. ENG RAVING -&H WOOD Book II lustrations, Buildings, Horsetandoihei o.nnk itm.montal Borders. Letters, Vignettes, Agricultural & CosnmercialCutsin tints, Seals, Siamps.i Machinery, inevery variety olfctyle UNITED STATES ANDFORE1GN PATENT AGENCY, No. 8 Bs: Stseet, Cleviiahd.Ohio. iir. .r.nramreil ta transact business of every rfosoriptton, relating fo Inventions Drawings Caveats, Specifications, Patents, Infringe menu, and the Patent Laws. Bit AlNF.lt D Sl BUR RIDGE tOstf tJuLignoH or I'Aitm. WORDS. Words aro lightor than the cloud-foam Of (he rostless ocean spray Vuinor than the trembling shadow That the next hour atoala away j By tho fall of summer ruin-drops Is the air as deeply stirred t Aud tho roso-leaf that wo tread on Will outlive a word. Yet on the dull silence breaking With a lightning flash, a word, Bearing endless doeolatinn On its lightning wings, I heard. Earth can forge no koonor weapon, Dealing suror death and pain, And the orul echo answerod Through long your again. I have known ono word hang star-liko O'er a dreary wasto of years, And it only ahnuo the brightor Looked at through a mist of tors ; Vvhilo a weary wanduror gathered Hope and heart on life's dark way, By its faithful promiso shining Clearer day by day. I hnvo known a spirit calmer Thnn tho eatmost lake, and clear As tho heavens that gnznd upon it, With no wave of hope or four But a storm had swept across it, And its doopust depths were stirred, Never, never tnnro to slumbor, Ouly by a word. I have known a word mora genllo Than tho breath of summer uir In a list'ning heart it nestled, And it lived forever there. Not tho beating of its prison Stirred it over, night or day ; Only with the hoart's last throbbing Could it fado away. Words are mighty, words are living ; Serpents, with their vonomed stings, Or bright aoguls, crowding round us With heaven's light upon their wings. Every word has its own spirit, True or false, that never dies ; Every word man's lips have ottered Echoes In Qod's skies. Our Military Correspondence. FROM THE FORTY-FIRST REGIMENT. POE'S TAVERN, VALLEY OF THE TENNESSEE. Aug. 27th, 1863. FniRND Converse : Knowing that you and many of your roadora are Interested in tho movotr.ents of tho Forty-First, I lake tho liborty of sonding you a short account of our movements for tho past Ion days. We woro ordered to march from Manchester early on tho morning of the 10th. About 9 A. M. found us on iberoad onea more, bound for Chattanooga. Being attached to the loft wir.g, which is the 21st or Crittenden's Ar my Corps, we took the route over tho moun tains to the loft of Chattanooga. Instead of moving tho whole corps on ono road, eacb division took a separate road, Van Clevo's division on our left, Wood's division on our right, and we of Palmor's division occupying too center. After two days march we came to Collins river. Ilore wo wereoblieod to ford tho river, the wator baiug about two foot deep. After crossing the river, we of tho Forty- First Regiment were dutachod from the Brigado, as train-guard. We romainod on tho opposito bank until tho train had crossed, which occupied some six hours, thero being about throo hundred wagons. Our Regiment moved from tbero about 1 o'elock P. M. Tho train reached the foot of tho Cumberland Mountains toward sun down. Aftor working all night, and until 9 o'clock tha next day, wo got all tbo wag ons up the worst part of tho mountains, so that we all moved slowly forward, stopping occasionally to allow the train to ascend some stoep pitch. The troops which moved in advance of tho train pushed forward as fast as possible, and reachod Dunlap In tbo aftornoon of the 19th. Wo rosebud there in tho afternoon of tbo 20 tb. Dunlap is tbo county seat of Sequatchoe county, and is situated in Scquatchoo vulloy. Aftor romaining thoro ono night, our Bri gado was sent lorward ovor tbo next ridgo of the mountains into tho valloy of the Ten no68oe ltivor, wbore we now are. We are within 18 miles of Chattanooga. What is to bo the noxt movo we, of cnurso, do not know. Wo are evidently upon tho cvo of groat battle. Our artillery go down to tho rivor nearly every day, and throw a fow shell across, to lot tho Rebels know that we are watching them. I uiuBt stop, as the mail out soon. C. P. B. FROM THE FORTY FIRST REGIMENT. 41ST OHIO, POE'S TAVERN. TENN. VALLEY, Aug. 29th, 1863. of to St Jeffersonian Democrat : Wo thought that our friends In Ooauea would like hoar from tbo old 41st onoo more so would bother them with our communica tion, for the sako of letting thom know how we got along on our mountain expedition this wilderness. Well, wo startod from Manchester on Sunday morning, the 16tb of this month. The morning was fair but very warm, and the boys thought tbey would have a pleasant titno of it, if they did not have to inarch loo four and -too fast ; but, about 10 o'clock, It commenced to rain.and did rain, too, until we thought that tbe great Jehovah bad forgotten bis promise destroy tbo world witb rain no tnoro. But, aftor a fow hours, it stopped raining, and tbon tho mud was doop and sticky enough to suit almost any of the teamstors, at least wbo bad to pull out their mules and wag. ons from the ruts, which were deop enough to temporarily drown all thoughts of borne, and mothor, and tbo girls we loft behind But wo got through after a whilo, and aftor a fashion. But here was only a small part of our troublo over, for (be noit thing was the mountains, which made our march slightly like Bonaparto's little march on the Alps. We got through that, though, by doubling the teams, and a little gontlo ap plication of brouso to tba mutos, and not a few unnecessary oaths perhaps. The mon Hood It well all through, and arrived boro as fat, raggod and saucy as over. The boys of Co!. Wildor's Brigade are having protty good times down at tho river, which is about six miles from here. They have sotno skirmishing almost ovory duy, and some raro fun in making the Hobs sko daddlo from thoir breastworks across tho rivor. Cockerill's Battery from our Bri gado wont down yostordoy, and fired a fow rounds at thorn, and dumaged a fo of thom, and then returned at night in rare good hu mor. Wo aro about fil'tnen miles from Chattanooga, and oxpeoting soon to move on tbo pluco, and, if not whipped, tho pros pects are lliut we will whip (htm. Our train has arrlvod from Dunlap, whoro tho wagons woro loft, bo mo thought until after tho fight should como off ; but it is tho opinion of tboso who ought to bo judgos that tho grand army of tho Robs, that is their Bragg army, will ovacuata the town in our favor, if it might bo callod a furor to givo us such towns as that must bo by this timo ; for I supposo that it would bo of no account af tor its occupation by a ragged and dirty Rubol army. Soon aftor we camo boro wo found about thirty doublo-barroled shot guns, and as many sabros, of not much use to us. Tho guns wore of tho old English mako, stub and twist but wero so oatou by rust as to bo of no uso, and not fit to koop or send bomo, though tboy sold pret ty readily to citizens who had takon tho oath of allegiance. We are getting a con siderable number of recruits bere for our army, and I think it will be made about five hundred tnon strongor in this valley, and among tho eseapod conscripts wbo bad flod to tbo mountains to escape tbe wrathful Rebs. Goo Haien has put a price on all pro duoe from tbe country, and a penalty to any one paying over tbe prico set to articles by himself. So you soe we get all we want of potatoes at ono dollar per bushel, and other things to range accordingly, and tbo boys are gotliog to foel quito at home. The citizons all chow, smoke and snuff aftor their own way that is, with tho snuff. They havo a little stick, or brush, and rub tbo snuff on thoir gums, and spit out tbe juico after the most approved stylo, about equal to a genuine Yankee. Ono woman came in to buy somo chewing tobacco for a birth day prosoot to nor little girl, flvo years old, who proved bor love for tho weed by taking a cbow and cramming tbo rust into ber pocket. Cos. B and Q are in flourishing condition, boine about tbo lareost companies in tbo Rogimont, and, though they have served two years, the momory of home is frosh and still. But good night. More anon. JAY. FROM THE FORTY-SECOND REGIMENT. DEPARTMENT OF THE GULF, CARROLLTON, LOUISIANA. August 20th, 1863. a to wo to it to us, Ed. Democrat : I loft tho spacious and comlortable rooms in the Union Hos pital at Memphis Rome weeks ago, and joined Co. A shortly after they returned to Vicksburg from the pursuit of John ston. I must say a word as to tbe hospital, the attendants and the sanitary depart ment. The Union Hospital is one of the best, if not the best regulated hospital in Memphis. Dr. Bruniloy, tbe Surgeon in charge, spares neither time nor money to make the hospital one of the best, and the inmates in every way comfortable, The attendants, a nmuber of whom are ladies, cannot be well appreciated except by those who have been patients in the hospitals. The diet for those who ard unable to go down to the dining ball, is prepared by the ladies ; and anything that the sick or wounded soldier thinks he would relish, is brought, he only hav ing to express bis wish for it. The clothes of each patient and of the cots are changed as often as necessary ; and, when we left, we were furnished wilh fine under-clolhes, furbished by the Northern Ohio S. A. Society. I wonld say to tho ladies of Northern Ohio, that, by your patriotic and untiring efforts, you relieve thousands of suffering soldiers. After the battle of Champion Hill, tho want of hospital clothes was great, and the wounded were likely sudor from wearing the filthy clothes, which, in such campaigns, we seldom have time to wash. Out shortly we got a supply of hospital clothes ; and I am proud lo say that Northern Ohio furnished more than any State or part of a State. In no other way could the ladies so mate rially aid in the great cause, as through tbe Aid Societies ; and the soldiers in the field will ever remember and bless you for your kindness. Vicksburg I found to be little else than a mass of ruins. Hardly a building could be seen that !id not bear marks shot or shell. The streets were in a filthy condition. Aged and sickly negroes lurked la almost every corner. Tbey look ! as though Pembf rton's mule beef was not plenty, or did not agree with lliem. The 13th A.C. left Vicksburg (he I3:h inst,, having been transferred to Gen. Banks' Department. We made a short slop at Matches;, which is a fine city, and has evidently suffeied very little from the war rba works at Cort Hudson are not to extensive as I had supposed, and are probably, as the rebels have said, merely a picket post to Vicksburg. All the country between Port Hudson and New Orleans seems to be in a flourishing con dition, all the plantations being under cultivation. The cotton has disappeared, and the cane fields extend as far as the eyo can reach. The negroes come out in swarms to see us pass. I think the peo ple must be loyal, or they would not be permitted to flourish so well. Baton Rouge is probably the finest city on the river. Everything appeared to be flourishing, business being brisk. Car rollton is a pleasant town, five miles from New Orleans by rail. Here we have a pleasnnt camp, far different from the filtny, unhealthy ones at Vicksburg. Produce of all kinds can bo had at about Northern prices vegetables are plenty ; so this will be a fine place for the troops to re cruit. I visited New Orleans a few days since, and a more orderly and cleanly city I was never in. The Custom House and St. Charles are the principal buildings of no'e. Clay's and Jackson's monuments are fine, but not as fine works as Perry's at Cleveland, We have a grand review by Muj. Gen. N. P. Bunks to-morrow. I suppose the hero of Port Hudson is anx ious to make himself known to the heroes of Vicksburg. T. C. P. Three Truths, or Die. A certain king, named Aamodeus, established an ordinance by wuich every malefactor taken aod brought before the judge should distinctly declare three truths, against which no exception could be taken, or else be capitally condemned. If, however, he did what was required of him, his life and property should be life. It chanced ill at a certain soldier trans gressed the law, and fled. He hid him self in a forest, and there committed many atrocities, despoiling and slaying wl.omsosver he could lay his hands upon. When the judge of the district ascertain ed his haunt he ordered the forest to be surrounded, aud the soldier to be seized and brought bound to the seat of judg ment. " You know the law," said the judge. " I do," returned the other: " if 1 de clare three unquestionable truths I shall be free ; but if not, 1 must die." " True," replied the judgo. Take, then, advantage of the law's clemency, or undergo the punishment it awards, without delay." " Cause silence to be kept," said the soldier undauntedly. His wish being complied wilh, be pro ceeded in the following manner: " The first truth is this I protest be fore ye all that from my youth up 1 have been a bad man." The judge hearing this, said to the bystanders, " He says true." They answered " Else ho had not been in his present situation." " Go on, then," said the iud;ic; "what is the second truth ?" " I like not," exclaimed he, " the dan gerous situation in which I stand." " Certainly," said tbe judge, "we may credit thee. Now then, fur the third truth, aod thou hast saved thy life." Why," he replied, " if I once get out of this p'ace, I will never willingly re-enter it." " Amen 1" said the judge. "Thy wit hath saved thee ; go in peace." Beautiful Answers. to A pupil of the Abbe Sicord gave the following extraordinary answers : " What is gratitude ?" " Gratitude is the memory of the heart." " What is hope ?" " Hope is the blossom of happiness." " What is the difference between hope and desire ?" " Desire is a tree in leaf, hope is a tree in flower, and enjoyment is a tree in fruit." ' What is eternity ?" " A day without yesterday or to-morrow a line that has no end." " What is time?" " A line that has two ends a path which begins in tho cradle and ends in the tomb." ' What is God ?" " The necessary being, the sum of eternity, the mechanist of nature, the eye of justice, the watchmaker of the universe, tho soul of Ibe world." " Does God reason ?" " Man reasons ; because he doubts ; be deliberates he decides, God is omnis cient : He never doubts. He therefor never reasons." of It must be humiliating In Ibe extreme to the rebel I loo to soo their cities, one after another, fall into tbe hands of tho Yankees. Tbe aroh traitor, si well as others who were to socret league witb tbe despots of tbe free states and Europe, vainly supposed that Cotton could rule Ibe world. But a war of more than two years bat broken tbe charm that flitted before tho eyes of such tyrants as tbe loaders of tbo slaveholder's rebellion. Make the best of overythiog. If you have tbe jaundioe, exult that you bare a goldon prospect beforo you. From the Boston Rambler. What Shall We Covet? Covet earnestly the best gifts!—CORINTHIANS. It would be woli for each one to com' tnuoe with himself, and ascertain, if pos sible, what Vifts' are most earnestly cov eted. Every nerion has an obiect'le life. whether distinctly defined in their own mint" of otherwise, and also something in i the luture to which their most arJent wishes turn, through the shadows which intervene Some seem indeed to lead an aimless Hfe ; but is it so ? Could we break the tangled web of frivolity, paision or care, which hoids the spiiit captive, and gaze into its labyrinths, we should see that a hope of belter things, a resolution to make a nobler effort, keeps alive the divine spark in me suui wmcn is oni rarely visited by a breath from Heaven. There is no gift of talent, wealth, pow er, or beauty to bo compared with the possession of an unaccusing conscience. That little monitor within, possesses an angel's power to comfort and sustain, or a demon's to inflict upon the transgressor ins rr.enieu punishment, lo one having "a conscience void o( offense," there is no day so dark but has its rays of heavenly light ; no wound so deep but what an an tidote is found to sooth its smarting, Amid perplexing paths, tie unseen guide points to the right one, and sheds a grate ful blessing on the wanderer's way ; and when, at length, he faints by the road side, and his bodily eyes grow dim, the long-cherished guest in his bosom clears from the eye of his spirit every shadow, and goes with him to the world where the sinless dwell. "A conscience void of of fence towards God and ma.n," is a treasure more to be coveted than thrones and earthly honors, heaps of glittering gold and gems, which would be all too dear at the price of th it peace which passetb understanding. Where is this great bless- ing to be found ? It blooms not amid the floral treasures of the earth; it sparkles not amid the starry host of heaven ; the sea boasts not of it, in all iis sunless depths ; the breeze does not whisper of its dwelling-place. it has a home more wonderiol and mys terious than all these, and that home is the heart of the good man, where "the breath of heaven doth fan the house, and angels ward it." This treasure, which hath not its equal, is free as tbe suniigni, out not, like tbe sunlight, poured ootu upon the just and unjust. J he un just and reckless man keeps up a perpet ual wartare with the heavenly guest in his bosom. She speaks when the poor plead to him in vain ; she remonstrates when the fatal cup is raised lo his lips ; she entreats when bit foot presses the threshold of iniquity ; but he drowns her voice in the Btorm of his paBsions. He may silence her importunities for a sea son, but they cannot be hushed forever ; and when the enfeebled frame can no lon ger bear its sin-slicken tenant into the haunta of vice, where memory may be banished, then conscience bas resistless sway and suggests to the miserable vie tim of his passions awful thoughts of "tbe worm that dieth not, the fire ihat is not quenched." Thus by sin is GoJ'sgood gift of conscience changed to a tormenting fiend. Let each one, then, covet first the pos session of a good conscience ; and what ever eUe beside a kind Providence may bestow, will become dearer and fairer from the spirit in which it is received. Let the simple question, "Is it right?" precede every act of life : and though the judgment may err, the consciousness that the heart is pure before God, will sus tain the conrage, and suggest all holy con solation. Not in great deeds alone, which attract men's gaze, but in the obscurity of home, or in the entire secrecy of the heart, let there be perfect rectitude, witb a constant acknowledgement of the pres ence of the Judge of the whole earth. The falsehood uttered in tbe transactions of business withdraws not its baleful in fluence upon the soul when tbe hour of relaxation comes, and the honeyed words of couriesy hang upon the lips. No I it has eaten in, and left a blot upon the soul, that full repentance alone can wipe away. Let each one resolve to be trne to the im pulses of his highest nature, that be may not fear to lay bare the record of his life before the pure spiritual eye that cannot H. J. L. Singular Spectacle in Battle. At the battle of Stone River, wbilo tbo mon were lying behind a crest waiting, a brace nf frantio wild turkeys, so paralyzod with fright that that they woro incapable of flying, ran botwoon tbe linos, and endeav ored to bido among tbe mon. But tbo fren zy among the torkoys was not as touching as tbe exquisite fright of tho birds and rab bits. When tbe roar of battle rushed through tbo cedar tblckots, flocks of littlo birds fluttered and circled abovo tho flold in a Btato of uttor bowildormont, and scores of rabbits flod for protection to our mon lying don iu lino ou tho loft, nestling under their coats and cropping uudor thoir logs in a state of utter distraction. Thoy hopped ovor the nuld like toads, ana as porroctiy tamod by frigbt as bousohold pots. Many officers witnessed it, remarking it as one of the most singular spootacles ever seen upon a battle -Hold. All Equal Herb. It is rolated of tho Duke of Wellington, that once when be re mained to take the sacramont at his parish ehurcb, a very poor old man bad cone op the opposite aisle, and reached tbe commu nion table, knelt down olose by tbe side of bins; some one a pew owner probably camo and touched toe poor old man on tne aboulder, whispered to him to move farther away, or rise and wait until the Duke bad reooived tho bread and wlue. But tbe ea gle eyo, and quick ear of tbe great com mander oaueht the meaning of tbat touch and that whisper. He clasped the old man's band, and bald blm to prevent bis rising, and Id a reverential undortono, but most distinotly, saidt "Do Dot move we are all equal bore." What Should be Done with the Rebels and their Slaves. Oeneral A. J. Hamilton, of Texas, has addressed a letter to President Lincoln in reference to the measures adopted for the suppression of the rebellion, and the it a tut which rebels should occupy in the final adjustment of aflYirs. Gen. Ilamil- ton opposes with creat vehemence the proposition made in some quarters, that tbe future policy of the government may be formed on the ground of a compromise wilh the cause of the existing rebellion which shall admit of the re-establishment of slavery in (he Stales where. It had been abolished by the proclamation of January last, and enters into an elaborate argu ment to show that the idea that the blacks are excluded, hy the terras of our consti tution and by inference, from beinp; re garded as a part of the people for whom it is made, cannot be sustained. Upon this point, he says : "This would cease to be a free govern ment the moment power should be per mitted to it to determine that, because of difference of race of color of physical inferiority or mental development, tbe right of a citizen could be determined. "if, unhappily, such power shall ever be exercised, it might.and probably would upon a principle of impartiality, be ap plied lo all alike. The principle could no doubt find ita advocates, while there is ju9t as little reason to doubt that some of them would fall victims to its impar tial enforcement. "If, on account of color, race, or phys ical or mental inferiority, one class of people can be forcibly ejected from tbe territory of the government as a measure of policy, or on the plea of necessity (the tyrant's plea the wide world over), where will bounds be bxed lo limit its exercise as often and upon whatever class of citi zens the majority In power may, from lime to time, desire T 'Neither the foreign born nor native citizens could rest easy under such a precedent." As to the proposition mat in tne nnai settlements full pardon shall be granted to the rebels. Gen. Hamilton says : "It justifies the rebellion in its acts and purposes ; it asks, iu cflect, that the government shall become the accuser of tbose wbo have labored most ceaiously to sustain and preserve it. It asks tbe Government to do more to descend to a depth of infamy beyond that reached by any otner lo admit, in the face of Christendom, that the Proclamation of Freedom to the slaves was a deliberate cheat, meant only to dupe for tbe time being the anti-slavery sentiment of tbe world, and especially to deceive the ne gro, to the end that be might be induced to engage in the contest, tbe sooner to force the rebel master to receive Lim back, and to acknowledge that be holds him under tbe Constitution of the United States. Tbe proclamation, says General Ham ilton, ia irrevocable ; discretion and power ceased with the act which, in the exer cise of constitutional power, proclaimed freedom to the slaves in the States it embraced. He then proceeds to show lhat the restoration of tho Union with slavery is not a possible thing ; it would be a Union of discord, hatred and vio lence in all the South, and of constant strife between tbe South and North. These positions are enforced by facts which have now become history ; and General Hamilton closes his able appeal in the following language : "1 know that there are those who, while they desire the freedom of the slaves, are greatly troubled to determine what should be done wilh them afterward. And I have also observed tbat most fre quently tbose who know least of the slaves of the South are most anxious in mind upon the subject. In three words the propet policy can be stated Let Mm alone. "There is no rightful power in the Gov ernment to force them from its territory besides, it will be found that the late masters in the South, and others, will clamor more loudly against their speedy deportation than they now do against their freedom. "They will need, and must have, their labor (not forced but paid) until time and a change of population in tbe South shall furnish an adequate supply of white la bor. When this period arrives it is most probable nay, it ia certain tbat the black race will begin to desire a home and a government exclusively their own. Then 1 shall be glad, if living, to see this Government extend a strong and generous hand to assist tbem. If we will to-day take care of the rebellion and its cause, as against domestic and foreign foes, the question of Ibe future of tbe negro will take care of itself. "By your just proclamation you gave the highest earthly ssnclion to the wise and noble policy of the enfranchisement of tho black man, and by bis enrollment in your armies for the defense of the country you have confirmed it to the ben efit of the nation. You will be urged lo revoke that act. God forbid that you should listen to such advisers and so rob yourself of the graiitude and admiration of mankind." Distressing Family Coincidence. The deatn of Major Daniel McCook. of Ohio, furnishes some melancholy coninoidenoes in tbe history of bis family in connection with tbe war. His youngest son, Charles, was killed st tho first battle of Bull Run, on tbe 21st day of July, 1861; bis soo, Gen. Robert McCook. was killed on tbe 21st day of Jut;, lOii'i; and the father was himself killed bv Morgan's band in Obloon the 21st day of July, 1863. It was a proverb among the Greeks, that a flatterer who lifts you to the clouds, bas tbe same motive as the eagle when be raises the tortoise in tbe air ; he wishes to gain something by your fall. Enjoy your life without comparing it with that of another. Loyalty and Allegiance. Doing so nearly natuial or eloso to nature, tho loyal lontimont Is of course freo. Al legiance may be compolled loyalty is a voluntoer dovotion, else It Is nothing. One requires lo be watehed,the othor keeps wstoh itself for tbe nation. To mako sore of ono, may require a legal or court-martial investi gation tho other goes by heart's-full, al ways out in its evidences, novor ambiguous. A man stuck fast in the intrigues, and swayed by the clanship of party, will con strive to maintain a dastardly and moan al legiance, arguing, it may be, for the Con, stittition, with only pretended concern, when he has no sppotito, in fact, bnt for some parly victories j deploring tbe wrongs of tho magistrate in power, when really bo is only feeding bis appetite on thom and assorting what bo calls bis sacred right of speech, only to stir up faction, even in tbe critical hour of tbe nation's peril. But, where thoro is a true soul of loyalty, pa tience witb the miscarriages and oven the. supposed wrongs of govornmont, slownoss to accuse, readiness to postpone accusations that might be too hastily made anything almost will be yielded for the timo, tbat may fortify the causo of tho nation and give it victory. Conscious of party affinities, swayed by strong, possibly just prejudices against the ruling administration, tbere will yot bo such nobility of feeling in tbe true loyal citizun, as allows him novor to boar a look of sympathy, or suffer a suspicion of connivance, with disordor and rebellion. How far tho loyal sentiment reaches, and how much it carries witb it, or after it, must also be notod. It yiolds up willingly, bus bands, fathers, brotbors, and sons, consent ing to the chance of a borne always deso late. It offers body and blood, and lifo, on tho altar of its dovotion. It is, ia fact, a political worship, offering to seal itsolf by a martyrdom in tbo field. Woodorful, grand ly honorable fact, that human nature can bo liflod by inspiration so bigb, evon in tho fallon state of wrong and oril. Ji . Dr. DutknelL Envying the Rich. Among tbe poor tbere exists an almost universal disposition to envy the wealthy. This fooling is foundod upon a tnislakom view of tbe comparative happiness of tbe two classes, and in proportion as it is ober- isbed, in tbat proportion is it tbe source of unnecessary trouble lo tbose wbo eutertaia It. Tho rich by no means enjoy life as tho poor so commonly imagine. Business men among tbe former class are, we feol per suaded, loss bsppy for tbe most part tban tbe employed among the latter. Tbeir busi ness is utterly czlensive and complicated. Much is at stake. Engagements aro nu merous and pressing. Far-reaching plans are to be adopted. ' Tbe strictest attention is necessary in order to tbeir successful ex ecution. Tbe mind is too intently and con stantly employed. It becomes fatigued and careworn. 1 lie wealthy business man com monly dorives but little enjoyment from his imtnonso possessions. Unemployed woaltby mon are often oven more unhappy tban tbose who aro immersed in business. Thoir very want of employ ment is a source of unbappiness. Man is born for activity. Somo decree of employ- tnont is iudispensablo to contontment. Time drags heavily with the (die. Hours to thom seem like days in duration. Tbey are oppresBod with ennui. You hear tbem often long for something witb which to ' kiil time." Can such persons be bappy ? It is to be remembered, also, in estimating tbe condition of tbe wealthy, tbat familiari ty with comforts aod luxuries diminish tbeir capability of affording satisfaction. Prince ly mansions, splendid furniture, luxurious tables, numoreus altondants, showy equi pagos, magnificent decorations, all these to envied by tbe poor, are in general re garded by the rich as mere matters of conrso. Tbeir loss would be deemed a great privation, but tbeir possession contributes but little to rosl enjoyment. TnB Phrenological Journal for September contains portraits of Gen. Grant, Wm. L. Yancey, and a numbor of likenesses of dis tinguished indiridnals inserted for tbe pur pose of proving some phrenological or phys iognomical fact. Gen. Grant baa targe reasoning faculties, and is capable of com- , manding a largo army. Tbe traitor Yan cey bas a large bead, witb an immense amount of brain in tbe region of tbe percep tive facultios and animal propensities. Ho. lacked brain in Ibe moral region of his head, and boing educated to believe tbat it was honorable to fight duels, and right to bold slaves, he readily became a traitor to bis country. His pbreuologicat develop monts coincide with bis cbaraotea. Like Aaron Burr, he was a talented man, but lacked high moral feeling. Like many other prominent men at the Soutb, he killed a relative when be was young, and fought a duel with Clingman In bis man bood. He was thus well fitted by education for a loader of ibe slaveholders' rebellion. In Hartford, lately, at the door of a citl zoo, a very little boy begged piteoutly for something to eat. and In a mournful, .tone of voico said "bis parents were dead, and bis father could'ot get any work, and bis mother was very eiok indeed." England produces from ber island mines ' more coal than any other nation and yet tbe coal mines of tbe Uuit6d States cover a greater area in square miles than the wbolo area of tbe British islands.