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J. 0. CONVERSE, Proprietor. ft tU ecklu Nttuajjcptr, Dccottl to tlje Di8tm. nation of tttpublicati flrinttnlcs, (Education, tmptranct, CUerotnre, Agriculture-, ano tljt Ncroo of tlje DaQ. TER3.S$l,50per Annnnu VOL, XTV. NO. 40. CIIARDON.GEATJGA COUNTY. OHIO, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 4. 18(53. WII01.ENO.72r). mtmoctai Tho Jcffcrsonian Deniociat. is ruBueiiED evert frioay morkino, at CHAEDON, Geauga County, Ohio. Ofict on thi rift firir vf the Ttiblie Sauurr.di' recti) over U'lMifH ,J- Ktll')'$ Hint. T ERM Si lpald Iniilmncs, $1 JO II not paid within the year, 2 00 KT VII 'imU of merchantable producetaken k payment, at the market price. ..Nmnper discontinued until ill arrearages in paid .except at the option of the Publiaher. RATES OF ADVERTISING. I. Earn. dv t rtisfme.vts will he Inserted a (allows: SO cm. a square, firat Insertion; each .t'MCqttentinsertion, 25 cts. aaqunre. II isixkss AnvERrnsMEKT. wil 1 be i nserted at the following rat pel One dtiuarethree insertions 1 00 " " two montha, 8 Si " " threo montha, 3 00 " " ait months 4 00 " " ono yoar, 6 00 II alf column six months, .... .. .... 13 00 ' " one year,---- lfl 00 One column aix montha, 30 00 one yoar, 40 00 . J-BusinesaCardaof not over 6 lines, tot one year, Advertisements ahould be marked the numii r ol times iney are ocsigneo to reinserted; thJ.4e not so marked, will be continued until or direi out, and charged according to the above lenns. t'lie privileges of yearly advertisers willbe con.iti.jd to their regular huainesn. Uuronys will beholden forthepriceofinaert i i i Ivortisementsbroiight by thtni T VI I communication? mils the add reaper1 to 1'roprlet or ,( post age paid ,".lo receive attention. LIST OF PUBLIC OFFICERS District Judge. Son n tor. Keiirnsenlative. -1'robate Judge. Sheriff. Clerk. Auditor. Treasurer. " " Recorder. Proa. Attorney. Surveyor. NltU VM f,.CIf FFEf ra rv, i ihtciicock i :nj. b. V()iu)uury M. C. C ANF1ELL) H.N.SUAAV WAI. N . KEE.NY C. C. FIRM) t). R. NBWGOMB Ctl3. If. I, Witt I). iV. CANF1 KLl). HH I'll KIJSON J. ). V I VU.O, J. V . VVHITNKY IO IV NIUIIOI.S J. V . 1 I.MN4 LU V H 0. RRKO B.'i VYX I T.14. UoNfSH- llB'l. MVNf A. D. H ALL, Scheol Ex'ra. Commissioners . Directors of Infirmary. BUSINESS DIRECTORY. AYRES& MURRAY, iw n-c ea cm it doa: cmo. Would aunoiinca to the public ilintvllioy have opened an office in their Store, and are prepared to liny and sell Kxuhnnge on New York, make Collodions, and transact all other buaineea in their line. t h'irdon, Oct. 8th, 1863. Cfi5tf TIIRASIIIiR, DUKFEE Sc. LJATIJAWAY, Attoi ucya Ar Coant'llurN nt Law, ClIAROON, UUAITUA CutNTV.O., Will give prompt attentionto hiisinrat entrusted to tlieni, in lloauga and adioiiiincOoiinties. Krilice first door south of the Court Houbc up stairs. 4. H . T tl II AA'IER , t,. I. ntlRFBIi !. HATHAWAY Chardon, Nov. llh. 1850. . W. CANFIELI. Si. I. SMITH. CANFIELD & SMITH. Attorneys nt Law, Chardon, Ohio. J-Oflicein Union Block, upstairs J 62Cyl GEO. L. WOOD, Attorney at Luw, Pcuhiou and Donnty Asem, OIIAHDOM.O. . R. R BOURN, Homeopathic 1'hyitician. rrOITtce east aide of Hublio Square, opposite the Town Hull, Chardon, Ohio. b'Jltl Eclectic I'lijslcluii Ac Surgeon, CiiAituoN, Onto. a&-OJict, Fifth dour wetlofthe old Stone Tavem. 643ui(J (.Vi-'K HOTEL Fronting FAUK.) PAINKSVILLE, O. ' S. BURRIDUE, Jr., Proprietor. TTD. Uurndge's Livery aud Omnibut Line t taulieii to llie House, WILKINS &KELLEY, Ueneraldealcrs in (-'loecries, Hardware, D) dturfs, Flour, Fisb, Yankee Notions, dc Slortut .Vein Block . Chardon Ohio. 11. CRE1GHTON, look Binderaud Uluuk llook3Ianufuc turrr, Herald Buildings, Ci.ivi.akp.0. XT Blank Books Ruled aud Bound to Order, Old Books Rebound. - 526ti . ' T. C.GRIER, Attorney at Lnw & Solicitor in Ciinn cery. Aluo Prosecuting Attorney Circuit Court Cominiasioner for Hay County. OlKce in the Court House Building. Bay City, Mich.,Marcb 15tb,'6l , S54tf .P. ALLEN, Jr., Wishes to inform the lic thai he has located J. F. Bruce Tiu thop, Chardon. und is pr puicd tlrV. J.VTiL? repair Clocks ei Waicbes, 5jit2as and Jewelry of all kiuda. .i.. kJt n.imr.inj on the shortest notice. Terms reasonable, and all work warranter;. eiiardon.Sept. a6th. I8b8. USm Brainerd &Burridge, DESIGNERS & L1THOGRAPULRS. ENGRAVING ON WOOD, Beok II lustrations, Buildioga.Horsetandothet Btook, OrnamentalBordera, Letter, Vignettes, A ..... ,.1. .... I Xr. r.nDiniKrninlCut.in tinlk. Btampt, tehiry,invery variety 5 UNITED STATES ANDFORE1GN PATENT AGENCY, No. Bams: Bisiit, Civlaiib,Obio. ttt- sreprepared to transact butinessof V.V.Ta 3po! Infring". J"3"' Vtt AlSLPRD ft. BURRIPGE ' Oifortt'ida or Patskt's DICKENS' CRADLE SONG OF THE POOR. Hush, I cannot bear to teo thee Streloh thy tiny bunds in vain I have got do bread to giro then. Nothing, child, to ease thy pain. When Odd gent thco first to bless mo, I'ruuil and thankful, too, was I Now, my darling, I, thy mother, Almost long to toe thee die. (Sleep, my darling thou art weary God la good, but lifo Ii drear;. I baro toon thy bonuty fading, And thy strength sink day by day Soon I know will want and fever Watte thy littlo life away, ratnino makes thy mother reckless, llopo and joy aro gnnu ft tni me ) 1 could suffer all, my baby, Had I but a crun lor tboe. I nm wasted, dear, with hunger, And my brain it sore oppressed I 1 have scarcely strength to press thee, Wan and feeble to my breast. Patience, baby, God will help us, Death will come to thee aud mo; Ho will take tt to hit heaven, Where- r.o want or pain can bo. Sleep, my darling thou att weary ; God it good, but lite it dreary. The Dead Hand. and pub over ol to 4., DBUls, oibtyla every fhe 2rt.b Oblo, The Philadelphia Prrti narrates the fol lowing incident, which recently occurred to Gov. Cum i.l t The piuinrnnia of life, In such limes as these, It thrillitigly varied, Intensely enthu siastic, wonderfully attraotivo, and doculod iy interesting. In thut speaking, we alludo particularly to that duet of public men who occupy an ex ulted position m State or National arUirt Of this clast, Oov, Curtin bat a prominent place bufore tho people of our State, In fuot, wo muy truly tay boforo the world. In hit rocont tour an incident ooeurred that caused the tear of sympathy to start in the eye of the Qovornor. Ho addressed a large mooting at Catasnuqua, in the tnnun tain region. As the sun was fast recoding behind the mountain top, and catting a long shade in tbe valley, ho took passage In the train bound for a moro luvel region, and ar rived in due time in I'hilndelpbia, having boon met In. If way by Col. W. B Maun, and by him and two other warm admirers was conducted tn the Continental. His natural vigor was exhausted. The want of sleep, tho fatiguoof travel, the event ful scones of bit lifo, tho surrounding crowds, tho universal hand shaking, the vivneity and vociferations of tho thronging multitude, all of which bo had recently passed through, nearly prostrated him, and he sought sleep. Hu wns to start next day on some business connected with tho protection of tho State in cute of another rebel raid, whicb, at that time, seemed about to tuko place. About ton o'c'ock in the morning thore appeared in tho vestibule of the Continen tal a well dressed young lady. She was un attended. Hor faoe betokened hard usage that had addud ton years, by her appearance, to hor natural lifo. She attracted raibor more than ordinary atlontinn of tho throng moving to and fro through the main avenue of that palatial building. She maintained silence, and appeared wrapped in deep thought. rrosently Col. Mann camo down tho largo winding mm bio steps a soft tap ou the shoulder caused bitn to stop. Tbe young lady said : 'Sir, jou aro Witttttm B. Mann, I bolievo.' '1 am, Madamo. What do you wisb V 'I dosiio to see Gov. Curtin.' Well, Madame, he is engaged at present. is your business very pretsiug it it ol publio nature Y I desire to see him. I have come all tho way from Ohio for tbat purpose. I have been to Catasauqua, but the train was too late. I arrived iu this city this morning, and must see biui. Ha is tho only dear friend 1 havo. Such an appoal was resistless. The gal lantry nf tbo Colonel, as well as his post lion, could brook no delay. Ho retired for minute, aud presently ushered the young lady into the proteuco of the faithful Gov ernor. 'Oh 1 Governor, I am so glad to see you the taid, placing her loft hand graeulully on his shoulder, aud ia&prinllug a kin hit forehead. Madame,' laid ho, quite ovoroomo, 'to what am I indubtud for this oovxpeoted saluta tion Y 'Sir, you do not know me.' 'Take a chair,' said tbe Govornnr, bland ly prosenliog ono of tbo handsomest in parlor. Col. Mann and the few gontlomoo ware present, at onco bocams somewhat terested in tbo soune, and silently looked on. 'Shortly after tbe battle of Antletam, were on tbat bloody fioldj' said the to Governor. 'I was,' replied tbe Governor, thought fully, with a sigh, as tbe scenes of carnage were unexpectedly brought back to bis mem ory. 'Yon administered to tbe wounded dying.' . 'Bui it was my solemn duty as a fooliog man You did your duty well Heaven alone ill reward yon, sir, for in tbls life there no reward adequately expressivo of tbe due to you. Yon imparted eonsolation, and revived tbe hopes of a dying toldier Tbat soldier was as dour a) as life. 'A iiutuaud r" said the Governor, t doar '. V 'No, tir.' 'A brother, perhaps V No, tir.' A father Y . No, air. A too ." No, tir.' A lover Y 'No, tir. The little party around wore now more ' interested than over. If not a husband, father, brolhor, ton or lovor, who could have been f 'My dear Madamo.' taid tho Qovcrnor, at j leng:b,bruukiiig the silence, 'this it an unig-1 ma to mo. l'leate explain about tho sal- latit Ohio toldier. Well, tir, that soldier gave you a ring C. 13. D. the inside, tie flegnr.' The Governor pulled the ring off, and wore the letters engraved That it the ring upon your sure onoueb tbo loiters were engraved in- tido. 'Tho finger that used to wear that ring ill never wear it any moro. The Ad nil is but tho soldier still livos, thanks to your kind attentions. He was severely wounded in tho arm, and you carried him to an ambulance, all the whilo tho blood dripping from bis wound staining your clothes. The wholo affair was yot a mystory, that even the keenness of Col. Mann could not solve. Tho Governor was now moro interested than before. Woll, Madamo,' said ho, 'tell me all about it, I this ring yours ?' 'Yes, sir." 'Was it givon to you by a soldier you loved ?' 'I loved him dearer than lifo ; but ho nev er toturned that love. Ho had more love tor bit country than he had for mo, and I honor him for it. Tho soldier thut placed that ring upon jour little linger now stands beforo ynu. llio strange young lady then arose from her ohair, aud inniosiicaliy stood bufore his Excelleucy. The scene that now ensued balHos do- senptioo. Tho young ludy who bad thus iutroduoud herself was Misa Cuthoriuo E. Davidson, of ShetQold, Ohio. Shn was en gaged to bo married, but her future hus band responded to tho President's cull, and she followed bim, juiuiug, however, anotbor regiment. He was killed in the same battle wboro bIio foil wounded. Of courso she was tho soldior In tbe QBth Ohio regiment who had placed tho ring on the finger of Gov. Curtin, for the kind at tention shown to hor on the Quid of Antio tam. Her right arm had boon amputated about half wuy between the elbow and tbo shoul der. Tbe interview finally ended ; and, having at last met hor bonefactor, she now bade bim and his friends an utfeotionale adieu. taking wilh hor an order, bearing tho bold signature of Andrew G. Curtiu, for ouo ol Palmer's potent arms. Wo had an interview with tho pretty heroine. She was modest, although she had led tho lifo of a 'bold soldior boy.' She wns loud in her praise of Gov. Curtin, and firm in tho bolicf that by his hard-working energy, powers of physical endurance aud grout cnurngo, ho bus saved the lives of ton thousand soldiers, many of whom sti'.l live to bless his uamo, as ouo of tbu few immor tal, born not to dio. Who May Frank. a a I' on tbe in- you tbe and It Thore would suo.n to bo a dutnrmination on the part of a oUss of correspondents not 10 understand thu requirements ot the pos tal act nf last March, respecting tho frank ing privilege and the foinra to bo observed iu addressing matter entitled by law lo pass free in tho mnils i First. N private eitixm, high or low, can send a letter or document ol any kind, or aoy other thing, to any oftieer nr public man at Washington or elsewhere, (excepting to members ot thu United Status Senate and House of Unpreseutalives.) without pre paying the lull postnge tnereon. wnetnnr such niattor is upon official business or oth erwise. He must prepay letters lo President nf the United States, hit Cabinet nflicert, and all others in publio stations, with tho abovo exceptions. The franking privilege of meinbors of Congross has boen materially changed, and covers all respondence to and from them as herotofuro. SecoNt). All persons employed in government Boi vico muy sund olliciul letters freo to the department at Washington which thu are nfucially connected, and no other Jepat tment. provided they write prin'. the words "official business" on envelnpo of the letter, and also tign thoir name and olllctal designation thereto, those woids or signatures, or oithor of thoin, be otnittod, such letter must be sent to Duad Letter OtUuo, which, we regret to huppnns daily iu all largo post-olllces. Home ol these unlucky missives and paroles addressed to President Lincoln, ine Buoro- lary of tho Navy, Secretary ol War, Adju taut Gonural, Quarlermastor General othur high officials. No doubt tome of t are wrilton by private citirens, (who, it already been shown, must prepay everything they mall,; and others by puuiio omcore, wno, from lgnoranoe ot the law or careless nost, do not comply with the prescribed modes of franking, or fail to confine use of the frsnk to thoir own departments. An officer of the army, for Instance, cannot sond free to tbe Navy Department, can a post-master frauk to tbo Troasury Department. The publication of the abovo Information bat the authority of the Postmaster General.-!. S. Mail. mer it of to k n. irrvnnruavn t.aFnmA Atwtn - fer a tup lo tbe silver land, thinks to mmeii ',tte minea and wliinky shops Other words Ophir holes, copber and loafer holes. The Condor of the Andes. The condor may be tid tn constitute tho groat living wondur of tho Cordillera, For I reasons hitherto unditeoverod, thit lm-1 mouse and pnorAil bird It novor found bo 1 yotid the equator toward the norm, though southward it extonds lit umpiro through c'ouds and storms to tho Strait of Magellan. No exact ostimsto can bo formed of the hoight to whioh tho condor asconds Into tho air, but It unquestionably floats aloft fur be- hojynnd the hlghet pr-joctlnnt of tho glolm, whero, according to genorallv rocoivod opln- Ions, the act of bioathtng It Impossihio. nt lonst to man. giving way boforo Men have asconrlod In balloona full tix miles I above tho lovel nf the tea, and, whon strong to be too subtle for respiration. Wo must j therefore, attributo to other causos tho pain- ful tonsntioni felt by explorers in tho An- des. At whatever conclusions wo may ar itevd, j rive on this point with respoct to man, It is ; certain tliat tho condor finds ii practicable ! tn breathe miles above the apex of Chitn- , bornst, since, tn a koen-ilghtod observer, ! looking upwards from tho level of porpotnal j snnw, it has snared into tho elher, till, aftor looking for awhile like a dark speck, it has disappeared and been lost altegnthor in tho But such ldons are gradually Iho light of experience, and robust, found their lungs very little af fected. Again, In mountainous roglons, En glish travelers havo attninml to elevations at which tbe air was previously supposed blue of the firroaniont. write, what glowing and brilliant descrip tions might it not give of the landscapes spread nut boforo it at such moments whon the diameter nf Its horixon must have ex ceeded a thousand miles I How long it re mains thus buried in tho heavens must do pond partly nn its strength of wing, partly on lis pnwer nf abstinenco, which is so groat that it is said, in captivity, to lire forty days without fond, though in a state of lib erty its vnraciousnoss is believed to exoecd that of all other animals, tint excepting even the vulture. In point of tasto, also, it anything but choice, preferring to frcth. ' such carrion as is found lo bo in a state ' enclosure of it eitienio decomposition. Throughout tho South American Slates, from Iho equator lo the utmost limits of Chili, tho husband- mnn Kiirr. nn n n i n f 11 r n m ! ri u , I. i turd, wuicn preys eagorty on tnoir uncKS anu their childron, and is mercilessly shot or knocked on tho boad whonever an opportu nity nfTors. Wore it not, however, for its greodinoss, tho condor would seldom become Iho farm er's prey. It might pounco upnn a ynung Vienna or lams, it might carry nff a lamb nr baby to Its inaccessible oyriu in tho Cordil lera, without affording the chance of a shot, so swift is its wing, so suddon and instanta neous Its swoop. But thoroughly unAlavud by its appotito, it becomes, when thoro is toast before it, loss uliro lo ennaequenues than an alderman. Soaruoly looking lo right hand or left, it tears and gorges long as thero Is a square quarter of an inoh in its stomaoh unfilled ; and whon it has dined, it is so hoary that it is utterly unable to mount till it has taken a pretty long run, lo gather air into its wings. Aware of stupendous gluttony, tho farmers kill ox, and surround tho carcass with a small lofty palisados. Tho condors If Iho condor could soon scent tho bait, and descend iu flights into the trap, where thoy lug, and scream, and swallow, till they are judged to be in state rinn for death or aluverv. Having Space for their preliminary tun, thoy cannot rise from between tho palisades, and so are oithor brained with clubs or caught the lasso, and retained in captivity, though for what purpnso is not stated, unless it ! o ffrd their captors the pleasure of llio holding thoin gaze at lite peaks nf the Cur dillora iu vain. An anccdolo is told of faiinur in Puru, who paid a hoavy penalty for his oruulty lo the condor. The having his wings clipped, romained sullenly about the houso, now and then devouring lumb nr a kid. Gradually tho old fuathors moulted, and nnw ones camo and grow, tho condor folt his strength return to and seizing upon a young child, tho favorim of bis father, swept around iho farm-yard, and sproaping forth its vast wings, spurned the ground, and soared aloft with its in sight ol tbe wbolo fumily Chambers' Journal. The Boston Organ. the with lo nr tho it the say. are and hem has : their nor The following statistics will giro idea of tbo di monsion of tho great Bnston organ, about which thore is so much "blow." The largest wind pipes aro thirty-two in longth, and so widu that a man can through them ; whilo tho smallest tubes as small as a bubv's whistle. It contains several distinct syBlems of pipes capable boing played aluno nr iu connection oue auothor, with four manuals of Tbo absolute power and compass of tbe Instrument rank it among tne greatest of tbe kind ever built. Tbe of which It is constructed is black walnut, covored witb tarvod figures in relief. rlobly ornamented central arch contains key boards and stops, and Iho pediment above it turmouutod by a bust of Johann Sebastian Bach. Behind this rises tbe ceutral division containing pipes ; crowning it is a beautiful ttaiuoof St holding her lyre. On each tide of bor griffin tilting at a guardian. The contor oouneoted by harp shaped compartments filled witb pipes to the two grand towers tbe sides, each containing three ooltoisal pipes. These lowers are stately, aod una a commanding effeot. ' Tbit organ nlinad unon a low platform tilt a f . - d Upon a low piatrormi irs there) r!ine,b j, ;lxt, feot, lit breadth forty in M,.uiiful, and woudorlul piece of an, bolet, btlorn ii stands Crawford, noble . i natue of Bueibovem V. Y. Pott. Correspondence of the Evening Post. The Tender Mercies of Slavery—An Incident of Life in Washington. years ago a wealthy planter came from Florida, or Louisiana, to retidu In Washington for a time, bringing with him a ton. a fine, manly boy of thirteen or four teen. At the levei't of hit fathor, which were then fashionable, he reooived the ca- 'esses of tho ladies and the encouragement of ,ho gentlemen that hit age. Intelligence ' n,,ni' r,,,hpr' T,,,!,inn naturally elicited, 01 ni" none accompanied hit father 1 besidet this ton. in hit visit tn Washington : w" tnnt North, and was there educated graduating at Harvard or Yale, with an bon j i In 11,0 cnur, of " he boy. on whom his j snVctlons "ere evidently centered, of a as its an orahle standing in hit class. On his return to this city he avowed a love for tho North acqniro'luluring his eollego lifo, which was not restrained in its expression by his father, who fostered and encouraged it xoalously, and readily cotiootod lo his permanent res idenco there. He desired, however, that his sun should remain with him during his own stay. An appointment was procured for I him as a cluik in thu War Department, and j lid onterud upon its duties. j Among thu acquaintances formed at this tiiuu was a gontlumau from Puunsylvaoia, aud lh chief clurk of a bureau, who was Iho futhur of a girl yot in her toons, lovable in character, as woll as very beautiful. In- "'""cy "gm irten.istiip, anil it was nar.liy a matter of wondur that lovu should follow. With the blessings of nil, they were married at St. John's Church, in this city, it huppon ing lo be about tho first marriugo that ever look place thero and eron now tho long rows of carriages, Iho fair dames and lich attire, tho niuaic, tho crowded parlors, the spluudor and joy which crowned tho wed ding, aro vividly depicted by those who treasure tho chronicles of society in thoso days. The young man's father had bought aud furnished uu elegant houso lor his children, aud thoy removed at onco lo their own es tablishment. Not long after llio mvrriage. and whilo in tbo full lido of liappinesa, the father was called home, and left his sou and daughter, iutending soon to return. They received no intellignnce from him wock af ter week, which caused tboui anxiety, daily increasing lo ulurm. At last, ono day, alien tho son bad just decided to go io search of bis father, a carriaga dashed up lo the door, a young man stepped nut, and, followed by tho sheriff of the district, walked into tho War Department, and bofore all bis com panions, in tho broad light of noon, arrested tho son as tho slave of his lather. The sou solemnly declared that his father had matiutnitted bim, aud that be had soen tho will lung sincu, in which it bad been dona. This outrage shocked tho sensibility of evon an rff-.te slave community. Mr. Monroo, thou President, and others high in power, used an mo argument, nn ine en treaty tongua could utter, ofTured money without stint, for the runsom of one whom all lovod and esteemed, and whoso eondi- a no stroyed, and his pet sou. in all appearance, tion, to tbat hour, no one bad dreamed. But the young man, possessed of all power in Iho ceso, and tho son of an enraged fami ly, mocked thorn, and told them that money was no object, argument aud entreaty alike unavailing. What he had now obtained was revenge, of which nothing should (oil bim. Tho futber had met with sudden death, tbo will bud boon oithor concealed or de- thoy by bu bo- a bird, a till bim, of Saxon birth, with tbo exception of a slight Bwartbiness, common to ull natives of the extremo South, was taken, chained as slave, his houso and furniluro sold, and, ac companied by his boautiful, heart brekuu wife, faithful and unfaltering in this living death, from the circles of Washington socie ty, .carried lo the 'plantation,' lo toil iu sluvery, botiualh tho infuriated lash of vindictive fumily. Mr. Monroe assurod him tbat a situation should bo given him, if bo uvor could provo bis manumission or escape. He never afterward was beard from in tho district, for, as Napoleon said of contents, "tho terrible mysteries of slave prisons per ish unrevealod." Papers for Soldiers. tome feet crawl are of witb key board!. tour wood A tho lofty and Cecilia it a It at pro il it whole We undoistttcd that a great many papers nn tho way to tho soldiers do not reach ibuir destination bocauso the postage is not pro-paid, and they cannot prepay postags on papers lo whicb thoy subscribe in a ma jority of instances, becauso of iboir constant change of location. It results that all the papers they can procure are those fur nished by nuws dealers, and that at a high price. For genoral news theso muy answer wnoie feet, u J T . u r u . . this nnsirel tn hear From hoirm and wishes to see bis local paper. And this he may have regularly, if the friends and ooquaio lances he has at home will but do their du dy. For two cents any number of papers not excueding 4 ounces in weight, in wrapper, may be sent bim through the Post Office, and if thus sent, properly directed, will pretty surely follow wherever he may be located. Most people subsoribe for some paper. Vory fow presorve them. Those who do not, cannot put them to bolter after reading thorn, iban to forward tbem, postage paid, to some soldier In tbe army, lie will be glad to got it, and be and many others will read It. In many Instances single local paper will gladden the eyes numerous soldiers from tbe same vicinity. II will furnish Innocent oeeupaiion, their roonoy, remind tbem of borne afTuirr, and assure them that they are not forgotten, while lighting tho battles ot the country and , We ui gu upon all lo uui open ihe sngg' bruuze.tin". It "i' do good wu ere latmfkd. Okio bfate Journal Speech of Secretary Seward at Gettysburg. Tho evening before tho dedication core monies, a Biltimore band seronadod the Frcsident, Secretary Reward, and other dis-1 tinguished guests or the citiseus of Gettys- 'I burg. Arior two or threo airs by the band. ... . 7 ' ' mingled it. ho call for the Secretary, Mr. Seward made his appoaronco aud spoko as : f""""S i Fkllow Citizens ! I am now sixty years old and upwards ; I have boon in publio lite' practically forty years of that lime, and yet thia Is tllll first limn that f Vnr an nunt,li nr community so neor to tho borders of Mary- nnd , ounrJ ..il.ing to listen to my voicof' . . ., . t -i r and Iho reason was thai I said fortv L ago th;,t Slavery w,s opening bolore turn piop!o a gravo yard that was to bo filled by falling in mutual political combat. knew that Iho cause that wat hurrying tho Union into this dreadful ttrife wai Slavery, and when I did eluvato my voico it wat in! tho people to romovo that cause nbcn Ihov could by constitutional meant, and so a.e'rt the catastrophe of civil .r that now ........ , , uuaipiijr ,,a lanui, upoi, iiiu IIA11UII, UUiU ging ii it. blood. Thai crisis came, and wo see me result. I am thankful that you are willing to hear me at lust. 1 thank my God that I bo'.ieve Ibis strife is going to end in tho ruinuval of that evil which ought to hao boeti removed by peace-' ful tmians and deliberate councils. Good. I thank a .ti for thu hope that this it the lust r. ,n i ii .i Iratricldul war which will tall upon the cnun-1 , , , . ,, . . . , try vouchsafed by lle.von-.ho r.cbe.t. the broadest, the most beautiful, most msgnifl- cent end capacious over yot bestowed upon a pooplo, that has ever yet been given to ny purl of tho human race. Applause And 1 thank Gad for tho hope that when causo is romovod, simply by the opera- tion of abolishing it, as the origin of n10 great treason tha't is without justification , . . . , . ,i , , aud without parallol, wo shall thenceforth1 , . r , , . , bu untied, bu only ono country, having only one nope, one ambition and ono destiny. Applause Then we shall know that are not enemies, but that we are frionds and brothors, that this Union is a reality, and wo shall mourn together tho evil wrought by this rebellion, last resting-place, with pity for their errors. i -.u .7 . r -r and with tho same heart full of grief with -u,u -e ...our., over me oromer oy woose baud, raised In Uoleuse of bis Government, that misguided brother perished. When we part to morrow night, let us remember that we owe it to our country and to man- kind thai this war shall hovo for its con elusion the ostaulishiug of tho principle Democratic Government tbo simple prin-1 ciple that whatever party, whatever porticV , of the Union prevails by constitutional tut-1 frago In an elect inn, that party is to bo We are now noar the gravos of the mis guided, whom wo have consigned to Ibuir 8prclejand miliD,ainud in power unti shall give place on another trial and anoth-1 . . J-.T- . , . or verdtct, to a different port.on ol tho pco-1 plo. GJbd.j Ifyou do not do that you drifting at onco ana irroststibly to the very vorgo or tho destruction ot your govern ment. But with that principle this Govern ment of our the freest, the best, the wisest and the happiest in tho world must practically and so far as we are concerned, will bu immortal. Applause. The Italian People. a a The Rev. Henry Ward iieeclier, wri- lintv In the TnilpiimilpHt from Milan. tnvR! l ru,l. Hi..nnn;ni.H in i m...nn rp.nle of IihI. Something ix to , ,r , I, subtracicd Iron, my favorable .repressions' on account of tbe contrast between them that most wretched ol all populations, laboring classes of Southern Switzerland. I was sick at heart at the condition of people. The women are beasts of bur-1 den. The men are overworked. very children seem permaturely old. I saw wemon at work in the fields in France, but il was harvest work. Swiizerlaud I found them diggnig ilunulieips, collecting mauure in the woods packing il in backets on their back, o fields. I saw girls of thirteen and four teen at work wilb (cams of bulls, which they were driving;; and in one case I a woman working at a carl harnessed with an ox! Aged people bad digaitv uor serenity. Il affected my t dreaded lo look upon a comely young maiden, for I perceived tbe hideous! change that was to come upon tier when she should hobble about, a skinny eyesore old hag, unGl for labor, but lorced to it by the inexorable ty ranny ol poverty When, then, 1 had crossed into Italy, was as one in a new world. The com mon people seemed happy. They laughed I have not in all my travels seen a mon people of such promise as these people. Aud I am informed (he do not belie these favorable appearances i wt I be because education and liberty . nne use a of and dialled; they relumed your greeting with good natured kindness, if there future lur iNorii.ern are withheld Irom them. But ihev are noble stock. Their brains are large, (heir bsads well organized. Ihey grand bodies, strong and well developed. not ueue inesu .avu.auie Buucainuv... am hound to say, also, that I have agreeably disappointed in Ihe appearance of the monks end priests in Roman Cath- . , . o.rl rule oho countries. As a general rule, have appeared Io be clear laced, lolelli-, cent and sincere men. Only once I furiMDU BUU U A'WliuviM ..aw Kvuvibii Tmpiession produced upon me by '"r . .r ., , , r , i . priests nas Deen uigniy lavoraoie to twice did we meet the legendary type monk round, fat and worldly. In xerlaod and in Northern Italy the general savo s Kattosal DxBT.Tbe publio debt the first ot September, 186, was thousand two hucdred and twenty-eight' millions, eiht hundred and thirty ! uu,t i .irdr.d ..nd afe. niv.on iiUPa ' Shrewdness of the Slaves—A Sharp Old Darkey. A New Orlennt correspondent of tha Vew urk v"'y tmei wnles as follows: V t,rikM roe 1,11,1 1,0 one hM properly " Ce" 7e" 1 "f VRV"J" ,Ule 0.UlU iintn mnirtaiiitttl their Hifhfnlt rtn inn V . Hrom the commencement up to this time u.v ,1HVe , 0 c,,fd ,eir )Cd8 ,Ce Indinalion of their msatert by any imprudent expression or untimely outbreak. Whenever our forces have nf- (orded 'liem an opportunity 10 break their j bonds they have borne it promptly and ef- I fi.-ntiitly, but they have, wilh rate rru- '1,'nce' 1,01 nv"l'l themselves in dtfficul .re ,M r1''0!1 r.uld be fruiliu,1 ?' u,""nlial buuu iu iiirn iniciesis. i ins cuntiuci on vears,?!.:. :,...,. , .i i.: . i . . their part, it seems to tne, exlnhiit a l:irie Mnount (nielkclUal ability, for they have j tie intelligence, wLile thoroughly under btothert standing the nature of Die revolution go I ' ing on around iliem.of heartily sympatLiz ini with the enemy, yet lliey have been rfcrclive enough id keep their real opin warn i,)nB in llleir rea' opinions in their own iwnr un,iI roVct "'e came lo Riva ' l,,em -" '10w f " t-0P,e ; under the circums'.ances could have oclea I , . ( j A few illustrations of this idea of Bens!- i,le caulion displayrd by tbe poor slave, m,., wj,i, R w,je tMe j tl,e country. ( I saw an o!d "Uncle Tom," who, by the way, with Lis white lixir, pro ue wl ile whiskers, A high, wide, but still rrlres in fr. i.ead, put lue in mind ol Martin Van Curen. Thia veneraWe specimen of a lata i institution was nilitiij on top of a rosd-ido . ,. ,n v , i fence, watching Willi in'rnse inierest the ' firs, jov.?ion 0 B.fchu.rl.ood 0f the j dd Yabkees." Istepied in front of tie old man, and very abruptly asked lilct ( if be was for the Con'ededa es, or fir iLe Yankees. A smile lit up his old, wentlier . beaten countenance until it looked like it that luminated India-rubber; then bejaid in a 1 coy manner that would have dono l.nt.or I 10 ." 'mr& I'Wta?, too see. mwl-r. ..I 'taint lor nn okl riirtrer like me to know ., . , anything about politics.' j Not Lim ofJ M qno. , rie(1 ralLer e,erny , ..Well, sir.let me know ve' whicb side you are on, aDy wrj," The old darkey kept up his iiWfiblo t smile for a moment, aod then, as'Omir.j: a gravity that waa ridiculou", remarked, "I'm on de Lord's side, and He'll woik out ins salvation; ore.' de Lord. No one, not Jeff. Davis himself, or even ' " f ' "C"J""'"' '" ... of six hours, could catch that oltl durhey. ijn.t,..i j . : Ha had all the shrew dness of Ins race.aud ,)Rl ww beautifieB, adorned Bod Strenatti eBet by bjn,, cnow(tt,j in B orru i resembled tho external appearance of the I Sage of Lindenwold." that The "Curiosity Shop" of the Northwestern Fair. Tho Chicago Tribune, describing the great Fair in that city for tho bouefit of tbe Sani- tary Commission, says : rc ie "That which will probably provo one of the most attractive features nf tho Fair is wo ctt" ,nu urio..y onop. syory. thing ever scon or read nf in modern bonks r newspapers can bo found thore. F.rbt, aro thero are the battle lorn flags of the Fust, secona, rs.xtn ana lootli Wisconua regt be. tnents. On tbo first is inscribed 'Chap lain Hills,' on tho Senond, 'Fourteen Bat tlos ;' on the Sixth, 'Ftvo Battles;' and en tho Tenth, 'Chaplain Hills.' Then there are tho battered and torn tligs of our own j glorious Illinois rsinetcoth. On one tt in- senhea ine undying words, 'wnull save llio loft?' and on tbe other, 'Stone River.' Sids by side witb these are tbe blond nrf d ban ners from Stono River, Aikausint Post, Uaichie, Shiloh, etc. Here aro also Uagi One from be ouptured from rebels in scores. he I 11,0 ,i'm"u, ,M''"'sippi 1:'"'-' ''"'B hO i motto, 'Uur K'ehtB ; a Virginia flaw, cap ,ure() , Uuvsuurpi on jt, ,fulct and dttorum yai, 'i nuri ; a Virginia statu flag ; the j The Rock R.flemeu's flag ; the fl ig of iho ' Summit Miss. Rifles 'We fight for our this ' rights' presented by the ladies of Summit.' Another flag is Buggostive of Floyd. Iibeara The ! 1,10 ,no"- "e collect our own revenue. even In over the saw and it might have been added, others, ton. There were large nu others nf others cf Ih's description of trophies of the valor nf our armies, which are worth a long voyage to see. Then thete are sowing machines, pho tographs, rebel butcher knives, horse pistols, books, fancy chai.-s, paintings, minerals, vases, side saddles, bird cages, flower pets, scimetars, guns, trophies by tne hundred, etc, etc., almost every one of wbicb w.ll iu tercet the purchaser. " Baron Trenck and his Mouse. and ! 1 Laden will, chairs, and in a horrible dungeon in the Fortress of Madgeburg, Treuck contrived to make himseH the liieod of a little mouse. It would eat tt tbe mouldy bread of the prisoner, and was constantly playing with him. One night the little mouse skipped about so much thai the noiie attracted attentions com Ital ian facts - The town major arrived io coni-eqiietce. ! erly 10 lhe wotoiiig.accouipati.eU uy lock- is smiths and masons. Tbt floors, the walls, Ihe barou's chains, bis body everything, in short, was strictly tumined. Finding . . , . - i. . j . i. . ... . a " ,n orul'r' " e . . CB and ! evening a bustle. have Trenci had heard tbe mouse, and told them frankly by what it had been occasioned. 1 hey desired b.m to cull his lit tie favorite. He whittled, and the mouse immediately leaped upon his shoulder. He solicited that Lis In might be spared, but the officer of tbo , . - . . been gufd l " '! poe..ion promis- .. ur, u ui. woru . UDor, . . My " would take care of it. then timing it afterward oose in bis chamber, they . . ...V " , ' , , orl n d.ssppeaied, and hid Use lfin a hole. wbeo lie ctlicr wer just going uwny, tLe poor little Bnim&l durled In, climbed . -..as . lh.:np t Meo n.m.eir on we modi. dar. inn n iitn a. Lhnnaanil Ivirka to WW. tuem. - ' r"- . of bwit- a iboussnd nicks to prets the joy ii fell on teeing bitn again. on . J n ' astonished, and wished io one have it. The major, to tetminate ths dispute, carried itawsyand gavetttobta thou-; wile, who had a light cage made for it; dnl.t t ut the mouse reiunod to eat, end u low ' da y s at ler w as founci dead.