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VOL, XVII, NO. 20. ClIAltDON, GEAUGA COUNTY, OHIO,' FRIDAY, JUNE 23,1805." WHOLE JiO.SOC. The Jcffcrsonian Democrat 1 rUDMSIIED EVERT FRIDAY MOttNINO A CHARDON, GEAUGA CO., OHIO J.O. C'ONVHItsn, lrorlrtoi' Oflioe, comer of tho l'nulio Square and Water fctrect, opposite the Chardon Honec. Teiiiis, $9,00 per Yenr. BUSINESS DIRECTORY. I. N. HATHAWAY, Attorney nl I.ruv, Cliardon, Ohio. tJrOlTicc ne door soutli ol tlio Court IIouHo.up stairs. 784 tf U E, DUttFKR. J. E. fcTKPUK.NSON. DURFRK A. STKl'lIKNSON, Attorneys nt Litw. KrOflice, 1 door south I tlio Court House, up stairs, Cliardon, Ohio. 3b2if MURRAY & CANrTiSLDS, . " Bunker, Chardon, Ohio. Ofiieo sreenrf ' door north of Ayr3' Store, liny and sell N. Y, K.x., -zu coupons, tiow auu silver. 74Jwtl CAN FIELD St. SMITH, . Attorneys at Law, Chardon, Ohio. Office in Union block, up stairs. . "' (','G U.COWLES, A nctioueer. leaving obtained a License from Government to sell goods, lie will attend to all calls within tlio limi;s of the State. Tost Office Addross, hi. Cowles, Cliardon, Gcuugn County, Ohio. 63ylui(i DR. A. MtGRAW, PhyHician and Surgeon, Newbury Center. Geauga County, Ohio, lakes this method to in form the public, tliut he. is now prepared tore pond to nil calls in the lino if his proUcsion. - 780)1 e. w. urn AM, Manufacturer of Carriagca and Buggies, Parkman, Geauga County, Ohio. - 7Glyl f-AltMLY HOUSE, - (New Hotel, fronting Park,) I'ainesvi lie, Ohio. B. Burridge, J., 1'ropriotor. D. Uurridye's Liv cry and Omnibus Lino attached to the House. R. CREIGIITON," Vook ninderand Blank Book Manufacturer. Hurald Buildings, Cleveland, Ohio. Books Ruled and Bound to order. to-Blank Old Hooks 5i!G iteuouna. S. EDSON, -Conuty Surveyor, Hambden, Geauga Co.,0. Those living at a distance wishing Surveying done by tlio Surveyor.will havo their calls muici- uunjr uMuiiuuu iu, oy auuressma tuni uy letter. fl tvtng live days' notice. Direct all Ibtteis to lantbilen, Geauga County, O. 595 BRAINERD& BURRIDGE, Solicitor oT PnteutM, and U. Slates &. For eign Patent Agency, No. 8 Bank St., Cleveland, Ohio. We are prepared to transact business of every description, relating to Invention?, Draw ings, Caveats, Specifications, Patents, lnlringe lueats, and the Patent Laws. BttAINEliD &BURRIDGE, Designers & Lithographers. Engraving on Wood, Book Illustrations, Buildings, Hursts & other Stock, Ornamental Borders, Letters, Vign ette, Agricutjural & Commercial Cuts in Tuns, Heals, Stamps, &Muohiuery in every variety oi Style. . , SO-.nl War Claim Agency. BF. ABELL,.a licensed Government A sent to procure Pensions, Bounty Money, Bck Pay, &a. may be addressed, in person or by loiter, at Welshfield Geauga Co., Ohio. 800 if PENSION & WAR- ' Claim Agency. T N. II A Til AW A Y, of the lute firm of X thrasher, Durlee &. Hathaway, is author ized and licensed by the Government to procure Bounty Money, Back Pay, and Pensions for sold-' irs, or tor their widows and heirs, and Invalid Penaioua lor Disabled Soldiers, and all other claims against the Government of the Uuitod States, and of tho State of Ohio. Business at tended to promptly and' honestly. Charges lor procuring Pensions, Bounty or Back Pay, $5,00, as provided by law, aud no charge until bounty or back pay is obtained. Dr. L. A. Hamilton has been appolntod Exam Ing Surgeon for Goauga County, by whom all applicants for Invalid Pensions must be exam ined. KrApply iu person or by letter, enclos ing stamp, to 1. N. HATHAWAY, ftfsif Chardon,Oliio PHOTOGRAPHS, FERROTYPES) Gems. Do you want a Good Picture? Then call at tne Photographic Rooms ofG. W. C. Hurlbutt, over RananlPs Clothing Store, and you will get the desirod article in Doubi e Quick Time. Huving lately made some important repairs in reference to his light, the Proprietor would say that ho is now prepared to maae Picture at all reasonable hours of the day, and in all kinds of weather, His facilities have also been ma terially increased for mnkinc LARGE Photo graphs. A fine assortmeut of OVAL FRAMES for sale very cheap. William Turner Will keep constantly on hand GROCERIES of all kinds, Flour & , 33ET 33E3 3353 USED W Please call at tho Brick Store on the cor ner, opposite the Chardon Hotel. Cliardon, March 81th, 1865. 793tf Q DENTISTRY. THE undersigned, having permanently located at Cliardon, i'oa, the purpose of operating at his profession, would say to his friends and the po.. ic that he is now prepared to attend to the warts of all in need of anything in hisf line of 'business. All Work WARRANTED. Prroe,6ver Murray & Canfields' Bank. Resi ience one door south of L. J. Randall's dwell ing K. D. RICHARDSON. ' Cbardso ,Dec, 4th, 1863. 725 ti Pianos & Melotleons, aC, RANDALL would respectfully inform the cltiiepi ol Geauga County and vicinity, that he his for sala PIANOS and MELODE ONS which will bs offered at Low Prices. Those wishing to purchase 'will dc well to call ftiiu 6X amina before purchasing elsewhere. All Instru ments fully Warranted lor 5 years. Room over Murray and Canfiolds1 Bank, Apiil 14 th, 865 79Cm6 Chardon, O, IlIOTOGUArilS of Lincoln and (Jrant for sales, HUULBUTT'S 798 wrf to a to on a it of of For the Jeffersonian Democrat. THE SOLDIERS' WELCOME. Welcome, Sol.liuril Valiant namo, iou have earned immortal ramrt Under God you'vo favrd our land From a mfghty-robel band. On a thousand battto-flulds. You hnvo brought tho loo to jlold; Iy your vnlorm tho fight, You bavu conquorud fur tbo light. On Kentucky's fruitful soil, In Missouri you havo toiled, On broad Mississippi's shorn, And in Texas arms you boro. In tlio fields of Tonncrsop, You havo won groat victory, fThon Ihr'o Qootgia you liavo trod, Numoioua fluids of strifu uud blood. At Savanna, littlo rost, On to 8onth Croliun prossod, Khormiio's ordors you obeyed, llor iu ruim you havo laid. Then with Grant you'vo boldly stood, 'Midet Bwful scent s of fno and blood, Yot,r comrudos you hnvo seen cut down, Yot you havo guinod a groat rouown.. Now you havo fought and won tlio fluid, And iSiavory's minions had to yield. -Now l'ouco has como.blest, smiling peaco, And you-Jrorn arms aro now released. Nowsoldiorsnll.como wolcomo homo, ' From nil tlio battles you havo w on, Roturn to sccnos of puuco and lovo, And seek for Jilossings from above. Wnlcomo to tables sproad with food ; Tliut's nice, snbsimitia!, rare and good; Welcome with all who have loyal boou, And evory worthy citizon. Now wolcomo to your firo-sido home, And wolcomo 'noath the churches' domes, Wolcomo with motliors and with eirei, Wolcomo in sisters' kind desiros. Wolcomo with wives and Bwoothoarts truo Wolcomo with all you bado adieu, Wolcomo to all that's worth your strifo, Welcouio to everlasting life. O. MINER. No Use Try to Please Everybody. "If yon please," said the Wenthej. cock to the Wind, "turn mo (o the South; there is euch a cry out against Iho cold, that I am afraid they'll pull me down if I stop much longer iq this North quarter." Bo the Wind Hew from the South, . and the sua was master of the Jay, and rain fell abundantly. "O, please to turn me from the South," said the Weathercock lo the Wind again, "The polaloes vvili all be spoilt, and the corn wants dry weather, and while I am here, rain it will; and, what with the heal and Iho wet. tho farmers ore iust ujiiu against nic. So tho Wind 'shifted into the West, nnd there came soft, drying breezes day after day. "Oh, dear, dear!" said Ibe Weather cock, '"here's a pretty to do! such evil , . looks as I get from eyes all round me the iirsi ining every morning! trie grass is getting parched up, and there is no water for the slock; and what is to oe uont? As the ga rdeners, they sy there won': bo pea to bo 6cen, and the vegetables will wither away. Do turn me somewhere else." "What do they eay to you now?" be asked. Wb.t'cried ihe Wcnlbtrcock; "wiiy, everybody has CBUght cold, end every thing is blighted that's what tney say; and there isn't a misfortune that happens but somehow or other they lay it to the East wind." ".Well!" cried He Wind, "let Uioni 6nd fault; I see it's impossible for you and me lo please everybody; so ia ibe fu ture I shall blow whero I like, and you 6hallyo where 1 like, without asking any questions. 1 don't know but '.hat we 6hall satisfy more than we can do now, with all our consideration." S?Tliore is troublo among tho minors of ocnuyikiu Huvon, fennsylvama. Bo-mo-timo since tho operators of tho mines ro ducod the wages of tho minors, when they struck, and havo not boon at work for six week. Apprehending violonco, the opera tors requested- tho presence of troops, and tho 202d Ponnsvlvnnta Regiment was sent the mines. No actual outbreak has oc curred, but an inclined piano has boon sot Are by tho minors, and sovoral of tho op orators recoived threatening letters. A cor respondent of tbe Philadelphia Inquirer, Irom whose account we condonse the above, says it is assorted by tho miners that the object of tho operators is to run coal up to big prico, and that their rcquost for troops has only boon made to cover their real do signs ou tho market. CritE for In Ghowino Nails. It is stated that cautorization by hot tallow is an immediate cure for In growing nails. Put a small piece of tallow iu a spoon, and heat ovor a lamp until it booomos very hot.aod drop two or throo drops botwoon nail aud granulations. Tho effect ts almost magical. Pain and tonddrncss aro at onco relieved, and in a low days tbe granulations all go) leaving the diseased parts dry.and destitute all fooling, and tbe edgo of tbe nail ex posed, so as to admit of being pared away without any inconvenionco. The oporatlon causes little it any pain, if tbe tallow is properly heated. Germanlown Telegraph. Da. Franklin said, "A good kick out of doors is hotter than all tbo rich uncles in tho world." 9-Presidont Johnson has moved to tbo Wbito Houso, and is now ia UA possession that lE&DBioq. Address R. P. Harmon. of Kirtland. at the Wool Hollow Shearing Festival, June 3d, 1865. Isuim ana G.nttanen. and Mnnhrri of Vie JlftncutliuntTsovi that tlio clouds of OT.-tf .Mil ihn amnl.n . . : I I . ; . .. . i. ...... ,..u oi.Kinu in ii'iiiuiu sanizuiiinr y battlo sirifo aro boine waf.od bv tho mi,1 brerzei of praoo from tbo confines of our vcr prosperous country, wo rosuma ngaiu the art) f covvhd itiice. Tho genius, patient onduranco and labor, that hnvo contributed so lareelv to luitain nco. Amone 'bo numerous nursuita which havo claimed tho attention of man, wo loam from tho lessons of ages that Shcop litis bttndry is otic of tho moat important. Wo lotirit that Abel was a koepor of sheep; and, as wo gropo our way in tho dim light of the past, In iho funereal ei.'enco of fallen etn piles and ruins of cities, wo aro cbocrcd with tho echo ol tho shepherd's songs, (rom mo iana ot India o tho lit of llofnu. And, ho numberless flock. at.hi.d.,,wbieb rongo tho bills, plains and vallovs iu tho Old and Now Worlds, pfovo tho shcop io bo nn animal of vast iinportiinco to mankind.' Dm tho questions of vital importanco to tho (armors of this region am Cun sheep rais i ing bo mado moio profitable than other branches of agriculture? And how cun it bo mado moro profitable? ' Dear experionco bus taught us that con tinual plowing exhausts the soil, but, on the other bond, tbut pasturing improves, onliveti8 ond enriches it. Tho farmers who herd their citttlo upon the broud prairies,: buu prouueo grain witu comparatively littlo labor from tho virgin soil of tho boundless West, or those who rniso jheir heavy Dur- nanis upon tho rich blue glass pusturns of lYuniucKy, or wno prouueo a sapeilluous auuiiuuucu oi coru upon mo nth alluvions ot (southern Ohio, far exceed us in grow ing cattle, hogs, horses and grain. But tho farmer of Northern Ohio, who follows their system ol Bguculture, may toil through life. mm, ii oy caroiui management, ho holds his own, ho will only leave to his children a small, worn-out farm, with old, shammy buildings, rotten fences arid cruggy, moss coverod trees; a moro abiding placo for tho next generation, to 6tay,,stai vo and eke ou, a miserablo exislanco. For grain and heavy stock-raising are exhausting to tho soil, from tho fact that a duo roturn of com post is not made without much additional expense, and moro plowing is required? whoreas, eboep enrich tho land from voar to yoar, require tlio least manual labor" for their subsistanco, and make tho auickcai and largest roturtis of real profit of any an imals kept iu Northern Ohio. Neat cuttle requiro trrroo or four yoars of labor and care to bring thorn to maturity ,in tbo bands of tho host (armors among us; and, when runted and stuntod by tirglrct and sloven ly troatmont, they usunllv oat thoir heads oll,(as tbo saying is.) a cumber of times bo lore they Imd a markot ovon at the lowest prices lor boot or dairy puidobos Horses requiro poihaps loss manual labor but aro moro Imbio to dtsoaso and casualties and nood moro attontion in raising and fit ting Ihoin for 4oi vice. Cat shoep with lit tle fooding and attention, . in favorablo sea sons, have frequently boon sourco of profit to tbo shiftless' furtuor. ' Yot this by tin moans proves that such a system is to be proforrod. It ouly establishes the fact that shcop-raising may bo profitable oven under adverse circumstances Tho inuo who moroly keeps his flock good from yoar to yoar, hording the old and young, strong and weak, promiscuously togothrr, losing as tnuny by neglect oa ho gains by the natural increase, without any suits of sheep, or in- croaso ot nis Hock, deprives nimsolfof a largo por cent, of tbo clear and legitimate profits of a thorough ays torn of wool grow ing. . . '. During moro than twenty years' observa tion, 1 havo tiover beard of a farmer in Northern Ohio complaining that he had lost money by tbo kooping ot shoep, though at extravagant prices. In some cases, ow ing to irregular feeding or want of food, muddy, uncomfortable quartors, and expo suro Jo inclomont woatbor, I bavo soon them piled in heaps around miery yards, or scattered upon the bloak and desolate fluids, attoudud by a funeral train of cawing crows. At this the slouching farmer banes his guil ty bond, and says that he has hud bad luck; as mougn tno Keeping ot snoop were a gsmo , ofohanco, whon all the sad consequences : tohis flock wore tho result of his own mis management, or natural cuusos, which it was bis duty and interest as a good shep herd to search out and apply tho timely remedies. , Some farmers abandon sboep-raising on account ot Vlsoasus among their flocks, as signing as a reason that tbo pustures whoro they have roamed for years have becomo poisonous. Snoop have been reared upon tho same localities, on mouutains.bills table lands, and in valleys, of Europe, for centu ries. Diseases aro incident to all kinds of formldablo rebellion known In tho history man, aro now to bo diverted into all tho! trariod channels of enterprise, for "building the watte pltrcPS," and developing tho ex resource of this country, by find- In? now paths to prosperity and wealth through honest labor and.oarlest porsever-! - ""'" 4 EMUUUU IIIU III fo domostie animals.as to man. For tbo sanio i tho peoplo of this country would i abandon their honies because death ensuos from old age, aud diseases contracted by bad habits. Level pastures becomo rich by the continued pasturing of sheep. The grass grows rank.is sour, and loss palatable, and thoy require plowing and ro-socding, whon they will produco wholesome pastur age in far greator abundance. Hilly aud undulating fields are less liable to this ob . l . 1. i . i ., jection, because thoy aro thoroughly washed anu arioci oy rain ana sun. In tbe catalogue of disoasei amone tbe1 j i . l. : . a , .... 1 shdop in this country, tbe boot rot is tho most formidable; yet I think it has boeu demonstrated that ,lt is curable by timely and propor remedies, among wblcb cauter ization has proved tbe most effectual. Hon, Henry S. lUndall, of Couitland. N. Y, in forms us that bo "had foot rot at four dif ferent periods on his facra, and at I oast five thousand sheep affected by it, all of which woro cured," Tbo farmer grossly neglects '.""n 0 . , D,ratlchl r rroig pur of J" u,BAm?.n8 u'5 lX nflcetnig man can ' ' ' '"ocr that our lyitem of wool " fnl.n jVTP,,l,!o 8rca Pro hauatloas "" . b,8.Li n,!8B uf9 cowidor sheep. "An I , , 8 f Bhtfcp' 8,idho " V J!!?tM?J0'wt PU' P- 1. lh from the Old World to the New. The go reason, "ins of American enterprise would no longer liis interest! as lone at a ho fails Iq treat tbia disease vestipo of it roinaina in hit Hock, and uio timely proveniives, by parintr 'he, ''00'.1 ,0"(lm "Dim?1 in luick "- v iica.iiiT ouu suuiiu.anu uin sucn internal rcmeoics as wi tond in nn 1r ,i . , . . r . Lr,fy !' L1od' orPPfjr".'K ono other mild t il r i i it' i ri l ii i , , i r 1 1, rn.i i.... 1 1 & . i . i .w . iiuuituj Hl. auuilU, , -..v. ;iviwoii; livuituy VUIIUIUOU Ol IUO kO- unal. When wo open a (air account with tho I wool-growing intPiest, the bulatico sheet Shows a largo credit in i(a favor, when com- early history of tho Reserve, tbo first f heep -uio imuuie wooieu varieties introduced irom Now England. Littlo or no care was token bojond what was ticccsearv to tub. nisi and protect them from wolves and dogs, aim email noruts wcro Kept lor mutton, and tho wool for Jiusoy woolsey. end other do mestic purpofes. Owing, no doubt, to the manner in which they weio kopt, and tho nrgieci in orccoing. they deteriorated into ing thin, light fleece s, of an infeiior Duality ol wool. Their thin, open fleeces, failed to protect them from chilling, in tho change able winter season, in which but littlo caro was taken to furnish them water and suita ble food; consequently, a large proportion of some flocks died in tho spring, from dis eases contractod during iho winter, and this fatal malady was at times denominated the Hot. At length, fino-woolid sliei p.drtcendcd from and crossed by tho Humphrey's Im portation, wero introduced. Many larmcrB ridiculed and rejected thorn for yeurr; but they proved exceedingly valuablo in cross ing with tho nativo breeds, by improving tbo quality and quantity of wool, tbo form of. tho body and compactness of fleece, theroby rendering them more bard v and better adapted to tbo clitnato, and increas ing the profits of tbo farmers. From timo to time, our flocks hovo been Improved by valuablo accessions of coarso and fine wooicd variolic, to tho present day; still, in compat ison with many thousands of cheep in Ihe New England aud Middle Stntcs.thoy sbow a sud luck in tho-important enterprise of sheep-breeding. All farmers 'owning sheep bavo tbo requisite means, but many luck in energy, and confidence to adopt measures which would evidently greatly en hanco tho valuo of thoir flocks. . When wo reflect that animal and vegetable bodies are mainly composed ot tho same simple substances or elements, and that conibi nqtloos of these elements, tuVjrct to an endless variety of changes, composo tho sirnciure o: me animal body, we look, in tbis age of progress, for still greater im- provemome in mo oreeawe ot shem. Tbis business evidently re quins close attuMiou. and, no man can excol as a skillfnl and suc cessful breeder, without careful observation, study and practical application. . I The shoep, au inhabitant ot every quarter of tbe globo from Iceland to the Torrid Zone, has boon domesticated In every age of the history of man, aud varies exceeding ly in sizo, form and texture of flceco, with the climate, soil aud face of-tbo country, ana modo fo troatmont, from tho brown, hairy sheep ot tropical climates, lo tho choice Merinos of tbe Imperial flocks that rango tho mountains of Spain, bearing abnndant evidence of ibo important' influ- - -1 ' . , .. dices oi ciiinmo, boh ana cuirure. ' But wo must be ever- governed bv our own circumstances iu selecting the kinds of shoep most, prcfitablo for our use. Mut ton sheep, consisting of a nrimbor of the long and middo-wooled varieties, aro evi dently odaptcd to our climate with proper caro in ftintciine; but require, rich and abundant pasturage; and, as our own locali ty is remoto irom a great city maiket, we aro inclined to the opinion that tbev ore not as profitable as other varieties, when kept in lurgo Hoiks, though, in limited numbers on highly cultivated farms, they evidently moke a good roturn. The fact is patont that tho climate of tbo Northern portion of the United States is congenial to tbe growth of fino-woolrd sheep, and that tbo Spanish sheep, moro liable perhaps than any other domestic animals to undergo greater changes from climato and domestic UiUtioDces, are more fully developed in some of tho flocks of New England, than in any other portion of Ihe world. This vari ety of sheep, according to some historians, was introduced into ungiana as early as tho loth century, where, bavin? been raised in tho rich, ever-verdant pastures and humid climate, thev are at this dav reora- sontod by the Southdown. In 1793. tbev were introduced into Sweden, where uncon gonial climate has affected tbo reverse, and they are changed into a small, and in all roBpccts indifferent animal. Tbey were in troduced into Ssxooy in 17C5, with widely different results, for from them sprang tbo famous Saxony Sheep, the wool of which was renowned for its fiao clothing pioportiei, aod tho sheep were regarded as superior to the imperial flocks of Spsin. But it was re served for an American to bear tho palm oi superior .. sbeop-breedlng in tbis variety, 1 . I I a I . . . 1. : 1 . nckuowieugo me supremacy bicb was ac corded to . European flocks by our own countrymen, and imporiously demanded, on the other side of tbe water. With ber tri dent she smoto tbo Green Mountains of Vermont, and tho American Merino, of su perior excellence, appeared in the flocks of Mr. George Campboll, of that Stato. : Wo learn from the Patent Office Report of 1863, that Mr. Campbell shipped a small flock of Merinos to Hamburg in that year, entered them at tbo great International t.v. : l .i j . . i . i i t . : Fair bold at trat place, in a class contain ing 360 entries, and in which the best flocks of Europe were fully represented, and that ho took two first and one second premium. That ono first premium was taken for length of staple and the other for weight of fleece. That doubts were expressed of tbo wisdom and impartiality of tbe judges, and to soltle tbe question a sweepstakes of 100 thalors was ott'erod for the heaviest place in I ol of 9 in this class, to be shorn on the ground; and roono dared to compete with tho Ameri can Merinos, which wero much admired by crowds of spectators, who had deserted tbo imperial pens. And that tho J 2 sboep en tered by Mr. Campbell were sold to Count Shoo Thors, ef fcilicia, for 5 000. Tbo snoop exhibited by Mr. Campbell wcro tred Irom tbo Humphreys aod Jarvis importa tions, principally fiom tho foimer. The Humphreys importation took placo in lS02,nd tho Jarvis importation in 1809 and '10;.thereforo, tbe lapse of llm'o proves that they wcro thoroughly acclimated, and that tboirxccllctico was tbo result of American culture. Tho business of brecdine stock A ' I. f ST 1- . . lor iue wcsioro larmers lias been prosccu ted extensively in some of tho Now En gland tto'l Middlo States, and is, no doubt, auuui.eu wim largo prouts. I see no rea son why Northern Ohio, and especially that I'uiuoii oi u wnien immsumtoly surrounds rs, is not as valuable, as any portion of Iho United Slates for brcceting tbe fino-wooled varieties. This land of hills and valleys and undulating tablo-lands, with crystal springs and merry brocki, skirted with pleasant woodlands and greon pastures, w'nh two sunny sides in tho summer, that Khi.M. Iho flocks from tbo rude blasts of winter, is me iana, oi all the lands, where Ibe Me rinos with duo caro and culture, will devel op their greatest txcollenco. So much has been written upon the merits and demerits of different breeds of sheep, tbt it would bo supctfluo'js to attempt a comparison. The judicious farmor always has an olject in view, and will always select the kind ol stock Bbcrp, and adopt tbat system of cul turo, which in his judgment are best calcu lated for his purpose The experionco of others is before bim, and be tbat runs may read. . Tho object of this Association is to com pare results. Stock-breeding Is a business wherein the largest profits are realised when conducted successfully. Tbe farmers of New England and New York havo realized largo incomes from stock sheep bred and sold to the farmers of Northern Ohio, It is now our turn, as the march of empire takes its way westward, to breed stock sheep, thereby improving our flocks, and supplying (be demands of the wool-growing fanners ol the West, which, if our effoMs preve successful, is destined to provo to bo tho highest source of profit to tbe keepers of sheep in Northern Ohio. ' Tbo future of the wool maiket is most en couraging. Cotton, its competitor, has been smuggled Into every fabric whero it could bo substituted with advantage for wool; and these deceptions have been complained of by the farmer for years, who has sold his wool, before the late War of tbe Robollion, at low prices, and frequently purchased clothing, thought to bo all wool, until the fading col ors betrayed the deceit practiced upon bim in tbo manufacture nbd solo of tbis inferior fabric. Cotton was crowned king, and re coived Iho homage of Church and Starn England, for yearB. bad strovo to counteract tbo controlling inDuerco which the cotton of the United States bold opon tbe com merce of the world, by encouraging tbe pro duction of cotton in ber Indian colonies. Senator Hammond, of South Carolina, de clared in 18G0,-that the cotton trsdo would bring European nations to the feet of tbe then contemplated Southern Confederacy. The cotton towns sustained tbo Kebeilion for four yoarc. But cotton proved a great ueccjiuon to me woua at last, it was pro duced in great obundance upon tbo new, rich lands of Ibe Sou'.b, through the most complete system of compulsory labor known lueuisiory oi man; afiel tbo farmer s wool was orougnt in competition with a fabric thus troduccd by men and women ho woiked for uothing and boarded and clothed themselves, and lurnisbed. resdv for tho spindles, at a lower prico then it could bavo been aliordcd if stolen from tbo inhabitants any othor portion of tho Earth. But cotton is no longer kinc. Millions acres of tbe virgin soil Lave been de floured by the waste of the prodigal plant ers. Tie sunny South 13 desolated bv the ravages of war. Her resources are exhausted, gins, fences, implements, hab itations; fixtures and means of transport ation are measurably destroyed. The people are just now emerging from the system of slave to free labor, and, in view of all these facts, we are warranted in the assumption that cotton cannot, for many years, if ever, be furnished at for mer prices. That tbe return of peace will affect the prices of wool is very certain; but that they will be affected in propor tion to the prices of other commodities, we have the strongest reasons to doubt. Tbe price of wool, at no time since tbe commencement of tbe war, has been af fected by tbe rise and fluctuations of gold, as the prices of other articles. In a table of the monthly reports of tbe U.S. Agricultural Department, contain ing the rates of gold, and tbe currency and coin prices, of each month of tbe year 1C64, it appears tbat, "in January, gold was 155, io December 2S3, a dif ference of 78cent8, being an increase of 0 per cent. Wool, in January, was 60 cents in currency, and in December 08 cents, a difference of 18 cents, being an tncresse ol only S!Sf per cent. In tbe coin price, there is an actual decrease ol cents during tbe year. In January, tbe difference between the currency and coin price was 5 per cent.; in December, tbat difference bad increased to 140 per cent., occasioned not only by tbe in creased currency price, but tbe decreased coin price." Ibe Commissioner further remarks tbat "the chief cause of this in justice to the American wool-grower is lound in tne ceavy importations of wool 1864. whilst the borne product was 90,000,000 to 95,000,000 pounds, the imported wool was 74,963,047 pounds." But tbis competition ia rapidly-decreasing under the tariff duties imposed by Con gress upon foreign, wools, and must event- ua.lly have an end. Tbis is teen in tbe imports of wool from Great Britain, which, in eleven months of 1863, amounted lo 14,202.132 pounds, and, in eleven months of lCC4,to but 4,822,147 pounds, The csrSafntj of Ibe abrogation of tbe Canada Jtcciprocily Treat nl ihe expira tion of twelve months, will hare a direct tendency to enhance tbe prices of wool in 1B06, and will eventually increase the prices of coarse wools; but, owing to the large emount of tbis class of wools being on band, which will not be needed for army supplies, and tbe incoming clip from Canada, it does not seem tbat this class of wools is likely to rule as high in the maikets of tbe present year, as other varieties. Allow me lo say in conclusion, tbat it is clearlr ihe duty ond interest of tbe ag riculturist to become master of bis art of arts; and, at the same time, lo become thoroughly acquainted with ibe condilioa " of tbe markets; for, in bo doing, be will protect bis interests against the opera tions of speculators, who aim to reap the profits of bis labor. Merchants and manufacturers usually act in concert why not farmers? Wool speculators drive manufacturers or Ibeir scents out of our market. Presuming upon tbe igno rance of farmers in reneral. tbev "wan der to and fro up Bnd down" the country, ana emptoy agents to duv at reduced and limited prices, who are free, au well as themselves, to furnish disparaging re ports of tbe markets. After these have thoroughly operated upon the minds of the farmers, they attempt to buy, and offer a belter price, which they call an advance jn the market. If they do not succeed in buying, they wait patiently, while some of tbe small clips fall in, in consequence of the urgent demands of some of Ihe holders, for money to pay taxes or debts. But, if in tbe meantime some straight forward, honorable-dealing manufacturer comes from the East, and employs an agent to fill an order for man-, ufacturing purposes at anything like lair price, the speculator and his agents rush for horses and buggies, advance their prices, and drive, Jebu like, through the country day and night. Competition "js at the highest point of fever beat. Wool is bought indiscrimi nately, without ony special regard to ita condition or quality, in the hot haste Of competitors, whose races, if recorded. would forever eclipse tbe fame of the cele brated John Gilpin. During nil this fu rious scramble, wool has not perhaps varied a penny a pound in its real market value; but Ihe excitement haa been nro- duced by speculators, who, in the long run, are, to say the least, of no benefit to the farmer. Gentlemen of the Association, permit me to congratulate you upon the future prospects of your enterprise. Though the genius of American institutions is, to- day, clad in the habiliments of woe, and weeps over tbe graves of 250,000 of her brave and patriotic sons.whose lives were sacrificed for their country, the decree has gone forth, and tbe ashes of those fallen heroes are a solemn pledge to ua and future generations, that we may toil no longer in competition with slaves. The sovereign American people have decreed that the laborer is worthy the fruits of bis toil; therefore, they should demand a policy of our Government that, at no far distant day, every pound of wool con sumed by our manufacturers be grown in America. Then cultivate tbe sheep and increase tbe flocks, for every one adds wealth to tbe nation. The animal ia a type of goodness, the first accepted offer to tne lung ot Kings; ler be who rears the tender lamer clothes the naked, and ia the benefactor of mankind. A Wonderful Bolt of Lightning. Tbe people of Jackson viJle.and vicinity, bave experienced one of tbe most won derful shocks of lightning ever known in Vermont, and one which will long be re membered. Ono evening during a heavy shower, the denizens of that locality were 6tarteu by a shock ot lightning that shook the earth for miles, like an earthquake. Glass was broken from windows at tbe distance of three miles; bouses trembled like an aspen leaf; glass jingled from win dows; crockery rattled; women screamed; in fact, every one seemed lo think for the moment that tbe very roof over their heads, if not themselves, were 10 be made its victims. About one-half mile front Jacksonville can be seen its effects, which are acknowledged to be marvellous work of wonder. A trench or gulf ia opened in the esrth upward of one hundred feet in length, Seventy feet of tbis trench is from five to seven feet wide at the surface, and from three, to four feet deep. Tbis was dry, solid earth, compact with stone and gravel, and interwoven with roots. Earth and stone were thrown to an enor mous height, covering tbe ground far and near for many rods; large rocks were ta ken from their bed and thrown a consid erable distance; large trees were nearly uprooted, and smaller ones completely removed, and (urf was lodged in the tall est trees. Several large stones were found bedded deep in the earth ten rods or more from their former station, one, in particular, weighing twenty pounds, be ing tnrown to cucn a iisigni m m re turning force bedded it to tbe depth of three or four feet.