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The Jeffersonian Democrat
JUXITJS 0. CONVERSE, Editor. 1'IIAflDOX, ODIO, FRIDAY, JULY M, 1365. UNION STATE TICKET. For Governor, J. D. COX.ol Trumbull County. I'or Lieuienant CJovernor, A.Q. McBUKNKY, of Warren County. For Supremo Judge, J; BRINKERHOFK, of Richland Couniy. For SiprMne Judge, (Short Term,) JMO. VVfclXH.of A thins County. For Treasurer' of Stale, S S. WARNER, of Lorain County. For Attornoy (Jenernl. 1! H WK.ST.ol Logan County. For School Commissioner. . C. NORR1S, of Harrison County, For Cleik of the Supreme Court. KODNKYFOOS, of Clinton County. For Board ol Public Worka, JAMfcSMOOKL, of Coshocton County. "States and State Rights." The last cumber of Harper's Weekly has ft leader with the alovo title, which ex presses our own views io much more clear ly and forcibly (ban we could express them in onr owo language, t hat we can do our readers no bolter serrico than to ro-producs it in this place. The question of Stato rights, says tbo writor, is Tory unimportant compared with the question of national security. The poople of the United States bare exactly tbe saroo right to dotermioo upon what conditions tbo robol States shall bo reor ganized that they hod to prevont Iho se cession of thoeo States from tho Union. Jt is siraplo folly to speak of any part of iho eouutry or any body of cilizons wbo fire lying under tbe disabilities consequent upon rebellion having any right wbaterer to any share In tbe government of the country except upen the conditions which in tbo opinion of tbe country, guarantee its safety. In tho dispassionate and patriotic, but, as It teems to us, illogloal roasoning of many or our friends upon reorganization, they sy that tbo duty of tbe Government un dor existing clrcum stances is, first to adopt uro measures to sccuro tbo obedience of nil citizons to tbo national Constitution nu, socond, to preserve inviolate tho rights guaranteed to tho Slates by tbo na- nooai uonsutution. Uut bow if the meas ures which the country dooms essential to tbe national security should require a vio lation of such rights? Is the nation to go constitutionally to destruction? Aro the national rights of existence, or tbe Stato rights of internal regulation, to yield? Or, with tho exporionco of tbo last four years, ore wo to assume that there can bo no real collision botween differing views of tbo limitations of Stato rights? Acooruing to tbe view we aro considering i no state may bare suob a CouTnTution as H chooses, subject only to the condition that it bo republican In form. If then, in tbo absolute senso clalmod, a State always exists, ibis Constitution is tbo fundamental law, and an election bold under it is valid. In that oaso Mr. Clark and not Judge Sharkey is tbo Governor of the State of Mississippi. By what constitutional an thonty, tbon, according to this roasoning, is Judge Sharkey sent to Mississippi as Gov ernor. Mr. Clark was elected by tbe vo tors under the Stato Constitution, which, by long sufferance, tbe United States had al lowed to be republican. Mr. Clark is not impeached; he is not convicted of crime; but bo is summarily set aside by tbe na tional authority. Grant that bo hi accused of bigb treason. Has a warrant been is sued? And if be bat been lawfully arrett ed to answer tbe charge, dooa not the gov ernmeut of the State devolve upon tbo Lieutenant Governor? If that officer be similarly charged and arrested tbe constitu tional provision must be made for the exi gency. But ail tbe late votort of tbe Stato are bold to be Inoompotent. By what au tbority? Tbe . United Statet. Tben tbe State baa gone into abeyanco or paralysis Wbo docldot tbat? Tbe pooplo of tbe State, tbe voters, tbe Constitution? No; it is decided in despite of them all by the Uni ted Statos. By what right? Solely tbat of superior foroo. On what ground? Tbe na tional i afoty. Now does any sober man seriously con food that the people of tbe Uoitod States, in their government, aro constitutionally required to relinquish tho exercise of tbat superior force except upon such conditions as soem to II necessary to sooure tbo publio safety? If they may require that the State Constitution aball be revised, may they not require tbat certain regulations tball be in serted in it? If they have authority to in- ... s a. a . toriore in any aegreo witn toe local gov ernment of a State upon tbe ground of tbe publio safety, bare tbey not authority to Interfere just so far as thoy think ossential to secure the object of tbe interference? Granting that a State always exists, and and that its political powers go into abey ance by rebellion an expression evidently invented to oonoeal a want of precise per ception can those powers come out of abeyance except opon terms satisfactory to tbe authority tbat bold tbem there? If they can, upon what authority do thoy come? And if there bo such an authority it it not palpably fnperlor to tbat wbiob holds the powert in abeyance? If it be dot perately urged that tbe Constitution of tbe Uolted States Is the anthority.tbat Is merely to say that the Constitution requires tbat tbe Slate political powers, which bave been ia abeyance because tbey endangered tbe nation, thell, when tbe nation it victoriout, come out of abeyanco, whether tbey endan ger the nation or not which it sboor non sense. In truth, freed from all these misty theo ries, which Mr. Lincoln so truly called "per nicious abstractions," one point is perfectly cloar. Tho poople of tbe United States, wbo bave won a victory at a countless cost of lives and mooey over the assumptions of Slate sovereignity, will not relinquish the fruits of that victory to any claim of State rights. Tho people of the Statos which have been in rebellion will not be allowed to tterciso political power as States until tbey make tboir Constitutions conform to tbe general conviction of tbe requirements of tbe public salety. If tbe Statoa are in abey anoe thoy will not be in oporarlon until tbe United States aro satisfied tbat their opera tion is safo. This is common sonso. This is tho nocessity of tho cao. This it the true doctrine of tbo Constitution a tbe pooplo of tbe United States bavo just in terpreted it by war. Reconstruction. Robert Dale Owen line written an ex ceedingly able letter upon Reconstruc tion, from which we take the following extract, showing tbe danger of commit ting tbe destinies of the Nation to tbe hands of the Southern whites alone : "Obsorvo tho working of this thing. By tho Constitution the representative popula tion is to consist of all free persons and three-filths of all other persons. If, by next Winter, slnvcry shall have disappeared, there will lie no "other persons" in Ihe South. Her actual population will then coincide with her representative population. She will have gained, as to Federal repre sentation, 1 fiOO UOO persons. Sho will be entitled, not as now to 84 members, but to 94; anri her votes for President will be in proportion; Congress, If it intends that the Constitutional rulo shall provail, will bavo to alter the apportionment to at to corres pond to '.ho new order of things. "Now, if the negro Is Admitted to vote, the Constitutional rule will operate justly. For thon each voter in tho South will have precisely the same political itjfluenco as a voter in the North. The unjust threo fiftb principle will havo disappeared forover. "Ou tho other hand, if color bo deemed cauao of xe!"?ifu. tbon all the political power which is withheld from the emamipat ed slave is gained by the Southern white, ' For though, by law, we may deny suf frage to tbo frocaroon, wo cannot provent nis ooing reckoned among those Irco per sons who constituto (be basis of reprosrnta lion. His presenco, whether disfranchised or not, adds, In spite of all wo can do, o tho political influence of the Stato,tor it increas es the number of its votes for Fresidont.and tho number of its representatives in Con gress. Now, somebody must gain by this The gain is shared equally by every actual voter in the Stato. If, in any Stato, tho nnmber of blacks and whites is equal, and if, In that State, blacks are cxo'.udod ftom voting, thon ovory white voter will go to the poiisarmeu witn twice Ihe political power eojoyeu by a wbito voter in any Northern Statu. Bur, again, this is o.i the supposition that every wbito adult io the Statu is loyal, ana tiioreroro entitled to vote. "Are the half of all Southern maio adults at this time, or will tbey be for years to come, moro than lip-loyal, if oven tbat? think you will not say that they are. It would surely bo an extravagant calculation. it more man hair tho whites in ex insurrec tionary Stales tball actually qualify thorn solves as voters, will you not find yourself compoiioa to administer the uovernmont, in the late secession portion of tbo Union, tnrough the agency of its enomics? One third would bo a full estimate, in my judg ment, for the truly loyal. "But lot us assume that too thirds of all tbo white male adults of tho South booomo voters, and they exolude from suffrage, by Jaw or by Constitutional provision, all per sons of color, what would be tbo political consequences under such a state of things? If, (as wo may roughly estimate,) by de struction through war and by depletion of population through emigration to Mexico, to buropo and elsewhere, tbo number of whites throughout tho late rebol States shall bavo boon reducod until blacks and whites exist there in nearly equal numbers, tben, io tbe caso above supposed, each voter in these Slates, when be approached tbe ballot-box during a Congressional or Presiden tial election, would do to wielding three TIMES as much political in fluence as a voter in a Northern State. This vast advantage onco gained by Southern whites, it it likely .1 . !ll . .... - mat iuey win over rounquisn itf nor, it we distranohiso tbe noero. is there any escape from such consummation. except by rooting out from tbe Constitution tbe principle that the whole number of free persons sbsll bo tbo basis of roorosentation. But tbat principle lies at the base of all free government, We abandon republicanism itself wben we discard it. "Thus it appears that tbe present experi ment in reconstruction, if suffered to run its oourso, and if interpreted as I think we nave just cause to roar that it will be. tends (inevitably, It may be said) to bring about iiu loaunsi 1 "First; To cause tho disfranchisement of tbe froodman. Whether we effect thia di. rectly, as by provision of law. or bv a dis qualifying clause in a proclamation, or wh.etb.or we do it by leaving tbe decision to ihb former masters and bis old noon-inn matters nothing except in form and in words; the result it brought about with equal certitude in either way. Passion, prejudice and self-interest concur to pro duce tblt result. 'Second: It establishes not tbo odious three-fifth clause, not even merely a Jive fifth clause but something much worse than either. It permits tbe investiture of the (southern, white with a preponderance of political power, tuch at no class of men. in a democratic itepubiio, ever enjoyed sinco Iks a &3r-The Post's special says It soomt to be certain that Jefforson Davis will bo tried by a Military Commission, in Washington, on a charge of complicity in tbe assassination plot. "IIoo. Henry Winter Davit delivered an address in Chicago on tbe 4th Inst., tak ing strong grounds in lavor or uegro suf frage and tbe Monroe doctrine, The Assassination Conspirators. Those who have been unable to read and anylyte all of tbe voluminous testimony in tbe recent ttiat of tbe Assassination Con tpiratort at Washington, will find tbo fol lowing summary of interest! DAVID E. HARROLD. Tbe against llarrold having assisted Booth in tbe assassination, and aldod him to escape, was clear. At early at February last he was fonod to have been in confidential rolatioos with tbe assassin, and was proved to bave been presoct on sevoral occasions at secret meetings with Booth, Atzorott and othert of tbo conspira tors. Once he was at Mrs. 8urratt's In com pany with them. He called wltb Surratt and Atzorott at the tavorn io Surratltville and loft tbe two carbines and ammunition which wero taken away from the tavern by him and Booth on the night of tbe assassin ation. During ihoir flight ho acknowledged to Willio Jett and other rebol soldiers tbat beand Booth wero tho assassins of Lincoln and ho was capturod in tbe barn with Booth. GEORGE A. ATZEROTT. It was shown without a doubt that Atzer ott was a co-conspirator io the assassination plot. Ho, like llarrold, made bis first ap pearaoco at Mrs. Surratt's bouse in tbe early part of February, inquiring for John II. Surralt, and was thereafter frequently found in socret communication with Booth and bis confederates. To him . was as signed tho murder of President Johnson at tho Kirk wood House; but, notwithstanding it appears (hat thoro was no obstacle in tho way of its performance, ho does not seem to bavo made any effort to get access to his intended victim on the evening of the 14'b of April. On tbe afternoon of the 14th be wus seeking to obtain a borse. tho bettor to secure bis own safety by fi ght after be should bave performed tho task which ho had voluntarily undertaken. Ho was traced to the Kiikwood House on horseback, about nino o clock in tho ovoning, but did not re main thore long, and was not seon near tbe bouse after that hour. Ho proved false to his confederates, no doubt, for want of pluck to do the murder, but is proved to have boen in active co-oporntion with them throughout the night, and to have abscond ed at duylight the next morning, first throwing away theknlfo with which ho was to bavo assassinated Mr. Johnson, and dis posing of a pistol th at helongod to llarrold. During the trial Atzsrott looked rathor un concernedly on, and at no time evincod a high sensibility of bit almost inevitable doom. LEWIS PAYNE. Tho prisoner is known to havo been a confodorato of Booth, and to bvvo been in- timato with John H Surratt. There has never been the slightest intimation on tho part of himself or bis counsel to dony his guilt. He went to Secretary Seward's bouso with tbe intent to kill him, represent ing to tho servant, as bo burriodly passed by him, that he had brought medicino from Dr. Verdi, the family physician. Before be left tho bouse ho not only stabbed Secreta ry Seward, but also nearly succeeded in killing Mr. Frederick Seward, aud inflicted sorious wounds upon Mr. Augustus A. Sow- ard, Mr. Frederick W llansull und Mr. Goorge F. Robinson, Secrotary Seward's nureo. Payne nat.ve of Florida,1 and served some time in tho rebel army, from which ho desorted. Ho made his appear aoco at Mrs. Surratt in tbo early part of Murcn, when bo stated that fits namo was Wood, and nfterward was a frequent visitor at too house, staying tbcre on one occasion two or three days and participating with John II Surratt, Atzorott and Booth in tho Secret consultations. He and Surratt were discoverod la tho bed-room of the latter, playing with bowie-knives. In this room wore also found two revolvers and four sets of spurs, of the same kind as tho spurs and rovoivors round in Atzorott a rooms in the Kiikwood Houso. Alter doing bis bloody wook, Payno mado bis oscapo from Wash ington, whither ho returned on the evening of the 17th, when ho prosentod himself at Mrs. Surratt's house, dressed an laboring man, and carrying: a pick axo on bis shoul der, saying that he had boon ongagod to dig guttor. Ho was then arrestud. MARY E. SURRATT. This woman appoars to have boen cogni zant of tbo iotendod crime almost from its inception, oven if sbe wore not its instiga tor. Her house had been a refuse tor blockade runners, and sho was an activo participant in overt acts. Her character appears to have been that of goneral man ager, boo reoeived ana entertained all tbo prisoners except Dr. Mudd, O'Laugblin and Arnold, witn Ur. Mudd she plannod the means'and assistance for the escape of Ihe assassins. Sbe visited Surrattville at C o'clock on Ihe day of tho assassination to see tbat the carbine, Sic, should be in read iness, and informed Lloyd, the tavern keep er, tbat they would be called for tbat night. Booth frequently called at bor house and held long and confidential talks wltb ber. He was in bor company a few minutes en the afternoon or the 14tb. When confront ed with Payne on tbe night of bis arrest, wben bo wont to ber bouse In disguiso, she protosted that tbe bad never Been him, and added, "I did not hiro him, I don't know him." It waa proved tbat sho know bim well, and tbat be bad lodged at bor bouse. MICHAEL O'LAUGHLIN. To this prisoner appears to have b06n at- aignod the murder of General Grant; but whether be failed to make tbe attempt from lack of courage, from disinclination or from miBsing tbe opportunity, does not a p. per. Gonoral Grant was announcod to vis it the theairo, but suddeoly and unexpeot- odly took tbe cart to Philadelphia. Atzo rott made the remark tbe next day, when it wat reported that General Grant had boon shot, tbat, "probably it la the fact, if be was followed by the man that was to do it." O'Laughlin was cloarly shown to bave boon in conspiracy with Booth. He was found lurking in tbe ball of Secretary Stanton's boose on the night of tbe I3tb of April, evi dently watching tbe movements of General Grant, wbo wat Secretary Stanton'a guest, tbat be might be able with certaiutv in identify bim. During the day and night be fore, be bad boen visiting Bootb, and oo the night and at tbe vory hour of the assaauna. tion wat in position at a convenient distance to aid and protect Booth in bis flight, as wen as io execute nis own pari or tbe con spiraoy by Inflicting deatb upon General Grant, wbo, happily, wat not at tbe theatm nor in the city, having left tbe elty tbat unj. vs uaugunu la au uruiuary lOOKing in- dividual, about five foot five incbet in bight, busby black bair, of luxuriant growth, pale face, blsck eyes, slight black whiskers, deli goattoe; cate, silky moustache and tbin weight about 130 pouods. EDWARD SPANGLER. Iho prisoner does not appear to have been in the coosniraev at an narlinr nnrlnrf than a few hours before tbe commission of ine crime. He waa recognized at being one of the three men io company with Booth in front of tbe theatre, aud wat heard that day to promiso Bootb assifanco. Hit par tICipatlOn aDDeara to haa Kaon In nn.in. tbe meant of escape by keeping tbe passage way clear on the stage, and by closing tbe door after Bootb had passed through, so as to retard tbo movements of pursuers. luluIUg m mouoor alter Booth had passed out, be exclaimed. Hush, don't say any thing about it." Ho Booth's drudge, sometimes taking caro of nuu luuumg ma norse. uurmg the proeross in tun trisi ma uearing wot somewhat stolid. He is of short, thick stature, full face, show ing indications of excessive drink, dull, gray eyes, uosymmetrical bead, and light bair. t T ... " SAMUEL ARNOLD. Arnold was proven to have been at one time in full communion with the conspira tors. Hit coonsel claimed that at this time the plot wat limply to abduct the Presi dent, and that Arnold and Booth quarreled, and the former withdrew from tbo conspir acy. Tho prisoner afterward went to For tress Monroe and took a situation in a sui tor's store, whore he remained till his arrest, two nays arter tne assassination. Arnold was at one time in tbe rebel service. Ho is about thirty years of age, five feet eight inches in height, daik hair and eyes, clear light complexion, and an intelligent and pre possessing appearance SAMUEL A. MUDD. i Dr. Mudd was shown to have been in the full confidence of Bootb as long ago as last November. He had a suspicious mooting with Surratt and Bootb at tho National Ho tel in January. He introduced Booth to Surratt. Booth vieiiod him at his room in tho Pennsylvania House. Bootb and llar rold fled to bis houso directly after commit ting the murder He dressed Booth's bro ken leg, and assisted the escape into Lower Maryland of tho latter, and llarrold. Tbreo days afterward, when called upon by tbo of ficers, ho denied that he knew either of the criminals. When arrested on the Friday following, ho prevaricatod, lied outright, and finally admitted that he knew Bootb. He said tbat be first hoard of tbe assassination on Sunday at church, aud it was shown by abundant proof that bo was at Bryantown on tho day preceding. (Saturday,) at an hour when tho populace wat all excitement, tbe town guarded by and full of soldiers and ovory man, woman and child in the placo bad not ouly heard of the murder, but know the name of iho assassin. 01 Dr. Mudd's being an accomplice in the assassination moro can no no snaaow ot doubt, la ap- poaranco Mudd Is described as being five foot ten inches in height, slender in form, hair red or sandy, and of tbin growth, pale, oval, intelligent face, blue eyes, high fore head, rathor prominent nose, thin lips, and rod tuft of bair upon bis chin. I General Cox's Letter the Nomination for Governor. COLUMBUS, OHIO. June 21, 1865. General,-. We have tho honor and pleos ure to inform you tbat you wore nominated by the Union Convontion, ossrmbled in this city to -day, as a candidate for Governor of the Stato ot Ohm, and that tho nomination was mado unanimously and by acclamation wo nnve tnr honor to oncloso a copy ol the resolutions passed by tbo Convention Wo aro, General, with great respect, Your ob't W. B. WOODS. W. E. DAVIS, Maj. Gen. JACOB D. Cox. RALEIGH, N. C., 28th June, 1865. Gkn W. B. Woods, Pres Ident Ohio State Union Convention: &'m. Tho note of yourself and Mr. Da vis, Secretary of tho Convontion, informing me of my nomination for Governor of Ohio has just beon received. ' I havo only time now to acknowledge, in tbe briefest rorm, my deep sense of tbe groat honor conferred upon me by the Conven tion, and to express, through you, my most cordial agreement with tbe resolutions passed by them. Be ploased io signify my acceptance of the nomination in such a manner as may soem proper to you, and my hope, at no lato day, to return home to co operate with tbe Union men of Ohio in the approaching political campaign. Very Respectfully, Your obedient servant, J. D. COX. Free Suffrage. The friends of Iree suffrage in Ohio, who hoped for an emphatio expression from the Union State Convention on the subject, should not be discouraged. Tbe question is to-day the leading topio before the public mind, and will bo thoroughly canvassed in every school district until the election takes place. .The Union par ty, as represented by its press and publio speeches has taken as decided crounda in its favor as the Democracy have against it. The failure of tbe Convention that met at Columbus last week to take any stand on the issue, by no meant banishes it from tbe present canvass. It will be brought up and discussed at the County uuuicuuuui nuu ui every political meet ing, yea. oox, our candidate for Gov ernor is at this moment an ardent advo cate of free suffrage. Let ut see tbat the men who will this coming fall be elected to represent ut in the Legislature of the Slate shall also be right upon the ques- About Mrs. Surratt. A Washington ipeoial savs tbat when about to rise from her chair for tbe purpose of being pinioned, Mrs. Surratt inquired of our a(jiriiuai nuviBers wnat sne should ssy on tbe toaffold, and upon being answered, "Ol nothing; what do you desire to tay" tne repnea, "i am Innocent." Mrs. Douglat, widow of the late Senator made two pertooal attomptt to obtain from tbe President a reprieve for Mrt. Surratt but in eaob case wai denied. ' Very bittor feeling in relttioo to Mrt Surratt t exeoution exists among tbe quon dam rebels, particularly among the Cat bo lict, of tbe city, who, it it rumored, intend to call a meeting for tbe purpose of doncunc ing the action of the Military Commissoo and President. The President and the Virginia Delegation eatlon. . WA8HINQT0S, July 9. President John son wat riaited on yesterdaj by Messr. James A. Jones, R. A. Lancaster, Wm. II. HsjaII and J. L. Aflerson, representa tives of tbe merchants and others of Vir ginia, who wished him to amend the am nesty proclamation by striking out the ISih exception the 820,000 clause. Tbey represented that this feature inter fered with the development of industry by binding capital, and thus oppressed the poor, and that when tbey endeavored to borrow money in the Norlhetn or Mid dle States, they were at once met by the objection that perhaps they had over 920, 000, and if they had, accomodation could not be extended. So they weie unable to give work to poor men who called up on tbem. Tbe President reminded them that the amnesty proclamation did not cause tbia distrust. It was (he commission of trea son and the violation of law that did it. Tbe amnesty proclamation left these men just where they were before. It did not add any disability to them. If they had committed treason they were amenable to the confiscation law which Congress had passed, and . which he as President could not alter nor amend. In the am nesty proclamation he had offered par don to some persons. Would tLey like to have the amnesty proclamation re moved altogether? Would they feel any easier in that case? One of Ihe defendants: No. but it would assist us much if you would extend the beneSis of procuring two persons worth over 820,000. The President replied that in making that exception he had acted on the natu ral supposition that the men had aided rebellion according to the extent of their pecuniary means. Did they not know ibis? One of the defendants: No, I did not know it. President Why yes, you do know perfectly well it was tbe wealthy men of tbe South who dragged the people into secession, i lived in the South and I know how the thing was done. Your Slate was overwhelmingly opposed lo se cession, but your rich men used the press, bullies and your lilt'e army, forced the Stato into secession. Take $20,01)0; suppose a man is wortn more iuan that now the wai is over, and the chances are ten to one that he made it out of rebellion by contracts, use. We might as well talk plainly about this mutter. I don't think you are so very QDxious about the poor. If you are to very eager to help the poor why don't you take surplus over 20,000 you. own, and give it to them. Io .lbttt way you will help them, and bring yourselves within the benefits of the proclamation. 1 am free to say to you that some of you ought to be taxed on all over $20,000 to help the poor.- When I was military Governor of Tenn. I assessed such a tax on those who hnd been wealthy leaders in the rebellien and it had a good effect. One of the deputation It bo happens that none of us were leaders; wo etnid out as long as we could and were last to go in. President Frequently, those who went in last were among the worst affr they got in. But be that as it may, under stand me, gentlemen, I do not say this personally, I am just speaking of the gen eral working of the matter. I know there has been an effort among some to per suade the people that the amnesty proc lamation was injuring them by shutting up capital and keeping work from the poor. It does nothing. If that is done at all it is done in consequence of the vio lation of the laws and the commission of treason. Tbe President concluded by saying that he would look at the papers they presented, but so far he had seen no rea son for removing the exception. SrThe country, shocked by the frs 8assination ol Mr. Lincoln, and more than suspicious of the theatrical surroundings of '-bat real tragedy, will read with satis faction of the order of the War Office again closing, what the crushed Mrs. Lin coln fitly styled, "tbat dreadful place." No one believes all of the guilty con nected with Ford's Theatre have beeo brought to justice. Booth had too com plete sway in tbat house where he could arrange the stage to suit free egress whers he could call in his partners in crime to rehearse his dreadful tragedy, and where no, a theatrical hand was raised to stay hi flight to allow the sup position that persons high in the confi dence of the proprit-tort if not the pro prietor! themselves were not partakers of Booth's crime. It was simply an outrage on the part of Ford to seek to open that theatre, and to make the doings of that horrible Fri day night a eard to draw a full bouse. Besides that. Ford selected the very time when that tragedy was refreshened by the execution of the assassins, to re-open tbat slaughter house, and having just failed in making a sale of the premises at bis exhorbitant demand, the whole pro ceeding is stamped with infamy. CORRKOT NAMB8 OF TUB CONSPIRATORS. As the names of the conspirators who have suffered for their crimes will be pre served in unenviable notoriety, it is but fair that no injustice should be done tbe poor wretches, even in so small a matter as the correct spelling of their namee. Two of them have been from the first mis-spelled. David 5. llarrold should be Herrold, and Atzerotb should be Atzer odt; usually pronounced Aierol' but more correctly Ataerot. Cin. Corner- Tomb of President Lincoln. The tomb in which the President's re mains, togethor with those of bis little son, are p.aced, is kept carpeted with fresh flowers, and about and upon tho eonlns at tbey lie in vlow are garlands and clusters of buds and blossoms, ever fresh and fra. grant, to that tho very breath of tbe sopul ohre it rendered redolent and pure. Looking into tho tomb, tbe visitor can discern nothing offensive no tokon of the 'damp vault's raylest gloom" but can doom himsolf gating into some floral cava whose tenants are the gracos and summer nymphs. Tbo tosto which It tbut dis played in rendering tbe vault attractive is most commendable, and will brighten ther recolloctioo of every pilgrim who bat bore gazed in opon the dead. Since tbe 14th of May latt, tomo two thousand names of visitors bave been tbut registered, repre sentatives of every State of tbe Union, and also tbe Canndna On. tinnV nnr.n Mm. ... WVU VII J day during tho week and two upon tbe Sab- l.ntk .... . . r . are Bep, runDing between tne city cemotorv for thn HPrnmmnr1atlnn t !a tarts-sa and all this ha hin a. ... mains of our lata Pm.Mom . rest in this burial-place, since Oak Ridge iuo uuji oi mis great man Ann1. In mubincr thia nniixa .iM elude by adding this is not' only to be tbe .ml in I . i . - uo.iug-piBi-o oi me i rcsiaom, out tnwt meie is io oe erected a pile to bis memory which shall stand through all ages to come. The rlsinir orrnunH immnrt; nol. ;n it,. n o .........ui. i u ..iq aunt ot tho tomb baa beon selected as tbo site of mo irosidents monument. Tbreo acres upon this beautiful spot was telocted by tho Monument Association on Saturday last, and here it has been decided to build tho shaft. The beautv and annronriatennsa of this site are such ns would rocoramend it to tho minds of all. and wa ara ntoanflit trt know SO aprnonhlA a anlantinn haa hnnn mado Springfield (Illinois) paper. General Cox's Anteceden's. The Cleveland Plain Dealer says (hat theZeraW'-has yet failed to affirm or de ny the correctness of the assertion of tt. New York Tribune that General Dn-r was "originally a Liberty party man, and an ardent advocate of negro suffrage." The Herald replies that its impression is, "General Cox was a Whig.tLen a Re publican," Tbe Herald is correct. Prior to the organization of tbe Republican par ty in 1054, General Cox was an active Whig, but wbo cordially co operated in the consolidation movemenf rhat united the Whig and Free Soil parties. Th Chronicle at that tim-f iled by Mr. ilowi:u, was the organ of the Liberty men, and tbe Transcript, edited by Mr. Dumnrs, was the exponent of the Whig faiih. Th j papers were consolidated aa the common organ of the new party, and, to avoid any jealousy of feeling with either party, both wings were represent ed in the editorial columns of the paper. General Cox, as co cditor,was recognzed as the Whig representative, and Mr. Howard as the Free Soil representative. Since then General Cox has become famil iar to the public as a talented and influ ential supporter of Republican principlea and the causa of the Union, as citizen, legislator and soldier. That in tbe fu ture, as in the past, he will be found equal to any emergency of the limes, and true to every obligation resting upon him, those who know him best have th mnat implicit confidence. Warren Chronicle Generals Grant and Sherman. Tho Urban. (Ohio) Gazelle relates tbe follow ing anecdote in rotation to the two greatest Genorals of our county, which occurred a few days ago at Cleveland: "Upon the balcony in full sight of thou sands, stood tbe two heroes of the age Genorals Grant and Sherman. Calls were made for a spoech from the latter. In res ponse, Gon. Sherman replied, tbat he could not bo induced to comply with the request; that he would always cheerfully back up and oboy bis beloved commandor-in Chief, and be was sure General Grant would not order him to- make a speech. Cries of "order him to make a speech, General," broke from all parts of Ihe building. , Gen. Grant quiotly, and with tbat self possession that so eminently marks bim, replied with a smile: "I never order a soldier to do anv thing wbicb I cannot do myself." The ef fect was electrical. The building trembled with the applause tbat this admirable pass age invoked." Slavert. -The only Stales in the coun try in which Slavery has now an ex istence are Kentucky and Delaware, and tbe institution is in a frightfully moribund condition in each of them. In Delaware it is an absurdity, in its character as well as in its magnitude. In Kentucky.nearly all the able-bodied blacks bave done serv ice in our army, and are therefore free; and the fact that these men have done military service makes all their wives and children free. So that what remains of slavery in Kentucky is the mere skeleton, disjointed, lifeless, hopeless, with no pres. ent value, and no prospect in the future. The action of the States on the Constitu tional Amendment will wipe out the in stitution clean. 4Louis Kossuth, in the course of a private letter of the 28th of May to the Editor of the Tribune, incidentally eays: "How happy you must feel in having been spared lo see the triumph of those grand principles for which you have been contending ail your life! The stain of Slavery is removed from the fair escut cheon of your noble land. The curse is dispelled which oloudod the bright pros pect of ber future. The manner in which the genius of your people carried through the democratic principle in its first appli cation to a vast community affords a sure guaranty that, to the benefit of all Hu manity, you will know how to consolidate by wisdom and moderation -what you have achieved by bravery and admira ble perseverance. L. KOSSUTH." "Ever till now. When men were foni Iamil'dand wondered how People were cured ol' that life destroying disease Catarrh, but upon inquiry at the Drugguta, 1 find that this happiness ia produced by the ua of Dr. P. H. Seelys't Liquid Catarrh Remedy. Try it.