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The Jeffersonian Democrat. [volume] (Chardon, Ohio) 1854-1865, July 14, 1865, Image 2

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The Jeffersonian Democrat
For Governor,
J. D. COX.ol Trumbull County.
I'or Lieuienant CJovernor,
A.Q. McBUKNKY, of Warren County.
For Supremo Judge,
J; BRINKERHOFK, of Richland Couniy.
For SiprMne Judge, (Short Term,)
JMO. VVfclXH.of A thins County.
For Treasurer' of Stale,
S S. WARNER, of Lorain County.
For Attornoy (Jenernl.
1! H WK.ST.ol Logan County.
For School Commissioner.
. C. NORR1S, of Harrison County,
For Cleik of the Supreme Court.
KODNKYFOOS, of Clinton County.
For Board ol Public Worka,
JAMfcSMOOKL, of Coshocton County.
"States and State Rights."
The last cumber of Harper's Weekly has
ft leader with the alovo title, which ex
presses our own views io much more clear
ly and forcibly (ban we could express them
in onr owo language, t hat we can do our
readers no bolter serrico than to ro-producs
it in this place.
The question of Stato rights, says tbo
writor, is Tory unimportant compared with
the question of national security. The
poople of the United States bare exactly
tbe saroo right to dotermioo upon what
conditions tbo robol States shall bo reor
ganized that they hod to prevont Iho se
cession of thoeo States from tho Union.
Jt is siraplo folly to speak of any part of
iho eouutry or any body of cilizons wbo
fire lying under tbe disabilities consequent
upon rebellion having any right wbaterer
to any share In tbe government of the
country except upen the conditions which
in tbo opinion of tbe country, guarantee its
In tho dispassionate and patriotic, but, as
It teems to us, illogloal roasoning of many
or our friends upon reorganization, they
sy that tbo duty of tbe Government un
dor existing clrcum stances is, first to adopt
uro measures to sccuro tbo obedience of
nil citizons to tbo national Constitution
nu, socond, to preserve inviolate tho
rights guaranteed to tho Slates by tbo na-
nooai uonsutution. Uut bow if the meas
ures which the country dooms essential to
tbe national security should require a vio
lation of such rights? Is the nation to go
constitutionally to destruction? Aro the
national rights of existence, or tbe Stato
rights of internal regulation, to yield?
Or, with tho exporionco of tbo last four
years, ore wo to assume that there can bo
no real collision botween differing views of
tbo limitations of Stato rights?
Acooruing to tbe view we aro considering
i no state may bare suob a CouTnTution as
H chooses, subject only to the condition
that it bo republican In form. If then, in
tbo absolute senso clalmod, a State always
exists, ibis Constitution is tbo fundamental
law, and an election bold under it is valid.
In that oaso Mr. Clark and not Judge
Sharkey is tbo Governor of the State of
Mississippi. By what constitutional an
thonty, tbon, according to this roasoning, is
Judge Sharkey sent to Mississippi as Gov
ernor. Mr. Clark was elected by tbe vo
tors under the Stato Constitution, which, by
long sufferance, tbe United States had al
lowed to be republican. Mr. Clark is not
impeached; he is not convicted of crime;
but bo is summarily set aside by tbe na
tional authority. Grant that bo hi accused
of bigb treason. Has a warrant been is
sued? And if be bat been lawfully arrett
ed to answer tbe charge, dooa not the gov
ernmeut of the State devolve upon tbo
Lieutenant Governor? If that officer be
similarly charged and arrested tbe constitu
tional provision must be made for the exi
gency. But ail tbe late votort of tbe Stato
are bold to be Inoompotent. By what au
tbority? Tbe . United Statet. Tben tbe
State baa gone into abeyanco or paralysis
Wbo docldot tbat? Tbe pooplo of tbe
State, tbe voters, tbe Constitution? No; it
is decided in despite of them all by the Uni
ted Statos. By what right? Solely tbat of
superior foroo. On what ground? Tbe na
tional i afoty.
Now does any sober man seriously con
food that the people of tbe Uoitod States,
in their government, aro constitutionally
required to relinquish tho exercise of tbat
superior force except upon such conditions
as soem to II necessary to sooure tbo publio
safety? If they may require that the State
Constitution aball be revised, may they not
require tbat certain regulations tball be in
serted in it? If they have authority to in-
... s a. a .
toriore in any aegreo witn toe local gov
ernment of a State upon tbe ground of tbe
publio safety, bare tbey not authority to
Interfere just so far as thoy think ossential
to secure the object of tbe interference?
Granting that a State always exists, and
and that its political powers go into abey
ance by rebellion an expression evidently
invented to oonoeal a want of precise per
ception can those powers come out of
abeyance except opon terms satisfactory to
tbe authority tbat bold tbem there? If
they can, upon what authority do thoy
come? And if there bo such an authority
it it not palpably fnperlor to tbat wbiob
holds the powert in abeyance? If it be dot
perately urged that tbe Constitution of tbe
Uolted States Is the anthority.tbat Is merely
to say that the Constitution requires tbat
tbe Slate political powers, which bave been
ia abeyance because tbey endangered tbe
nation, thell, when tbe nation it victoriout,
come out of abeyanco, whether tbey endan
ger the nation or not which it sboor non
sense. In truth, freed from all these misty theo
ries, which Mr. Lincoln so truly called "per
nicious abstractions," one point is perfectly
cloar. Tho poople of tbe United States,
wbo bave won a victory at a countless cost
of lives and mooey over the assumptions of
Slate sovereignity, will not relinquish the
fruits of that victory to any claim of State
rights. Tho people of the Statos which
have been in rebellion will not be allowed to
tterciso political power as States until tbey
make tboir Constitutions conform to tbe
general conviction of tbe requirements of
tbe public salety. If tbe Statoa are in abey
anoe thoy will not be in oporarlon until tbe
United States aro satisfied tbat their opera
tion is safo. This is common sonso. This
is tho nocessity of tho cao. This it the
true doctrine of tbo Constitution a tbe
pooplo of tbe United States bavo just in
terpreted it by war.
Robert Dale Owen line written an ex
ceedingly able letter upon Reconstruc
tion, from which we take the following
extract, showing tbe danger of commit
ting tbe destinies of the Nation to tbe
hands of the Southern whites alone :
"Obsorvo tho working of this thing. By
tho Constitution the representative popula
tion is to consist of all free persons and
three-filths of all other persons. If, by next
Winter, slnvcry shall have disappeared,
there will lie no "other persons" in Ihe
South. Her actual population will then
coincide with her representative population.
She will have gained, as to Federal repre
sentation, 1 fiOO UOO persons. Sho will be
entitled, not as now to 84 members, but to
94; anri her votes for President will be in
proportion; Congress, If it intends that the
Constitutional rulo shall provail, will bavo
to alter the apportionment to at to corres
pond to '.ho new order of things.
"Now, if the negro Is Admitted to vote,
the Constitutional rule will operate justly.
For thon each voter in tho South will have
precisely the same political itjfluenco as a
voter in the North. The unjust threo fiftb
principle will havo disappeared forover.
"Ou tho other hand, if color bo deemed
cauao of xe!"?ifu. tbon all the political
power which is withheld from the emamipat
ed slave is gained by the Southern white,
' For though, by law, we may deny suf
frage to tbo frocaroon, wo cannot provent
nis ooing reckoned among those Irco per
sons who constituto (be basis of reprosrnta
lion. His presenco, whether disfranchised
or not, adds, In spite of all wo can do, o tho
political influence of the Stato,tor it increas
es the number of its votes for Fresidont.and
tho number of its representatives in Con
gress. Now, somebody must gain by this
The gain is shared equally by every actual
voter in the Stato. If, in any Stato, tho
nnmber of blacks and whites is equal, and
if, In that State, blacks are cxo'.udod ftom
voting, thon ovory white voter will go to the
poiisarmeu witn twice Ihe political power
eojoyeu by a wbito voter in any Northern
Statu. Bur, again, this is o.i the supposition
that every wbito adult io the Statu is loyal,
ana tiioreroro entitled to vote.
"Are the half of all Southern maio adults
at this time, or will tbey be for years to
come, moro than lip-loyal, if oven tbat?
think you will not say that they are. It
would surely bo an extravagant calculation.
it more man hair tho whites in ex insurrec
tionary Stales tball actually qualify thorn
solves as voters, will you not find yourself
compoiioa to administer the uovernmont,
in the late secession portion of tbo Union,
tnrough the agency of its enomics? One
third would bo a full estimate, in my judg
ment, for the truly loyal.
"But lot us assume that too thirds of all
tbo white male adults of tho South booomo
voters, and they exolude from suffrage, by
Jaw or by Constitutional provision, all per
sons of color, what would be tbo political
consequences under such a state of things?
If, (as wo may roughly estimate,) by de
struction through war and by depletion of
population through emigration to Mexico,
to buropo and elsewhere, tbo number of
whites throughout tho late rebol States shall
bavo boon reducod until blacks and whites
exist there in nearly equal numbers, tben,
io tbe caso above supposed, each voter in
these Slates, when be approached tbe ballot-box
during a Congressional or Presiden
tial election, would do to wielding three
TIMES as much political in fluence as a voter
in a Northern State. This vast advantage
onco gained by Southern whites, it it likely
.1 . !ll . .... -
mat iuey win over rounquisn itf
nor, it we distranohiso tbe noero. is
there any escape from such consummation.
except by rooting out from tbe Constitution
tbe principle that the whole number of free
persons sbsll bo tbo basis of roorosentation.
But tbat principle lies at the base of all free
government, We abandon republicanism
itself wben we discard it.
"Thus it appears that tbe present experi
ment in reconstruction, if suffered to run
its oourso, and if interpreted as I think we
nave just cause to roar that it will be. tends
(inevitably, It may be said) to bring about
iiu loaunsi 1
"First; To cause tho disfranchisement of
tbe froodman. Whether we effect thia di.
rectly, as by provision of law. or bv a dis
qualifying clause in a proclamation, or
wh.etb.or we do it by leaving tbe decision to
ihb former masters and bis old noon-inn
matters nothing except in form and in
words; the result it brought about with
equal certitude in either way. Passion,
prejudice and self-interest concur to pro
duce tblt result.
'Second: It establishes not tbo odious
three-fifth clause, not even merely a Jive
fifth clause but something much worse
than either. It permits tbe investiture of
the (southern, white with a preponderance
of political power, tuch at no class of men.
in a democratic itepubiio, ever enjoyed sinco
&3r-The Post's special says It soomt to be
certain that Jefforson Davis will bo tried by
a Military Commission, in Washington, on a
charge of complicity in tbe assassination
"IIoo. Henry Winter Davit delivered
an address in Chicago on tbe 4th Inst., tak
ing strong grounds in lavor or uegro suf
frage and tbe Monroe doctrine,
The Assassination Conspirators.
Those who have been unable to read and
anylyte all of tbe voluminous testimony in
tbe recent ttiat of tbe Assassination Con
tpiratort at Washington, will find tbo fol
lowing summary of interest!
Tbe against llarrold having
assisted Booth in tbe assassination, and
aldod him to escape, was clear. At early
at February last he was fonod to have been
in confidential rolatioos with tbe assassin,
and was proved to bave been presoct on
sevoral occasions at secret meetings with
Booth, Atzorott and othert of tbo conspira
tors. Once he was at Mrs. 8urratt's In com
pany with them. He called wltb Surratt
and Atzorott at the tavorn io Surratltville
and loft tbe two carbines and ammunition
which wero taken away from the tavern by
him and Booth on the night of tbe assassin
ation. During ihoir flight ho acknowledged
to Willio Jett and other rebol soldiers tbat
beand Booth wero tho assassins of Lincoln
and ho was capturod in tbe barn with Booth.
It was shown without a doubt that Atzer
ott was a co-conspirator io the assassination
plot. Ho, like llarrold, made bis first ap
pearaoco at Mrs. Surratt's bouse in tbe
early part of February, inquiring for John
II. Surralt, and was thereafter frequently
found in socret communication with Booth
and bis confederates. To him . was as
signed tho murder of President Johnson at
tho Kirk wood House; but, notwithstanding
it appears (hat thoro was no obstacle in tho
way of its performance, ho does not seem
to bavo made any effort to get access to his
intended victim on the evening of the 14'b
of April. On tbe afternoon of the 14th be
wus seeking to obtain a borse. tho bettor to
secure bis own safety by fi ght after be
should bave performed tho task which ho
had voluntarily undertaken. Ho was traced
to the Kiikwood House on horseback, about
nino o clock in tho ovoning, but did not re
main thore long, and was not seon near tbe
bouse after that hour. Ho proved false to
his confederates, no doubt, for want of
pluck to do the murder, but is proved to
have boen in active co-oporntion with them
throughout the night, and to have abscond
ed at duylight the next morning, first
throwing away theknlfo with which ho was
to bavo assassinated Mr. Johnson, and dis
posing of a pistol th at helongod to llarrold.
During the trial Atzsrott looked rathor un
concernedly on, and at no time evincod a
high sensibility of bit almost inevitable
Tho prisoner is known to havo been a
confodorato of Booth, and to bvvo been in-
timato with John H Surratt. There has
never been the slightest intimation on tho
part of himself or bis counsel to dony his
guilt. He went to Secretary Seward's
bouso with tbe intent to kill him, represent
ing to tho servant, as bo burriodly passed
by him, that he had brought medicino from
Dr. Verdi, the family physician. Before be
left tho bouse ho not only stabbed Secreta
ry Seward, but also nearly succeeded in
killing Mr. Frederick Seward, aud inflicted
sorious wounds upon Mr. Augustus A. Sow-
ard, Mr. Frederick W llansull und Mr.
Goorge F. Robinson, Secrotary Seward's
nureo. Payne nat.ve of Florida,1 and
served some time in tho rebel army, from
which ho desorted. Ho made his appear
aoco at Mrs. Surratt in tbo early part of
Murcn, when bo stated that fits namo was
Wood, and nfterward was a frequent visitor
at too house, staying tbcre on one occasion
two or three days and participating with
John II Surratt, Atzorott and Booth in tho
Secret consultations. He and Surratt were
discoverod la tho bed-room of the latter,
playing with bowie-knives. In this room
wore also found two revolvers and four sets
of spurs, of the same kind as tho spurs and
rovoivors round in Atzorott a rooms in the
Kiikwood Houso. Alter doing bis bloody
wook, Payno mado bis oscapo from Wash
ington, whither ho returned on the evening
of the 17th, when ho prosentod himself at
Mrs. Surratt's house, dressed an laboring
man, and carrying: a pick axo on bis shoul
der, saying that he had boon ongagod to dig
guttor. Ho was then arrestud.
This woman appoars to have boen cogni
zant of tbo iotendod crime almost from its
inception, oven if sbe wore not its instiga
tor. Her house had been a refuse tor
blockade runners, and sho was an activo
participant in overt acts. Her character
appears to have been that of goneral man
ager, boo reoeived ana entertained all tbo
prisoners except Dr. Mudd, O'Laugblin and
Arnold, witn Ur. Mudd she plannod the
means'and assistance for the escape of Ihe
assassins. Sbe visited Surrattville at C
o'clock on Ihe day of tho assassination to
see tbat the carbine, Sic, should be in read
iness, and informed Lloyd, the tavern keep
er, tbat they would be called for tbat night.
Booth frequently called at bor house and
held long and confidential talks wltb ber.
He was in bor company a few minutes en
the afternoon or the 14tb. When confront
ed with Payne on tbe night of bis arrest,
wben bo wont to ber bouse In disguiso, she
protosted that tbe bad never Been him, and
added, "I did not hiro him, I don't know
him." It waa proved tbat sho know bim
well, and tbat be bad lodged at bor bouse.
To this prisoner appears to have b06n at-
aignod the murder of General Grant; but
whether be failed to make tbe attempt
from lack of courage, from disinclination or
from miBsing tbe opportunity, does not a p.
per. Gonoral Grant was announcod to vis
it the theairo, but suddeoly and unexpeot-
odly took tbe cart to Philadelphia. Atzo
rott made the remark tbe next day, when it
wat reported that General Grant had boon
shot, tbat, "probably it la the fact, if be was
followed by the man that was to do it."
O'Laughlin was cloarly shown to bave boon
in conspiracy with Booth. He was found
lurking in tbe ball of Secretary Stanton's
boose on the night of tbe I3tb of April, evi
dently watching tbe movements of General
Grant, wbo wat Secretary Stanton'a guest,
tbat be might be able with certaiutv in
identify bim. During the day and night be
fore, be bad boen visiting Bootb, and oo the
night and at tbe vory hour of the assaauna.
tion wat in position at a convenient distance
to aid and protect Booth in bis flight, as
wen as io execute nis own pari or tbe con
spiraoy by Inflicting deatb upon General
Grant, wbo, happily, wat not at tbe theatm
nor in the city, having left tbe elty tbat
unj. vs uaugunu la au uruiuary lOOKing in-
dividual, about five foot five incbet in bight,
busby black bair, of luxuriant growth, pale
face, blsck eyes, slight black whiskers, deli
cate, silky moustache and tbin
weight about 130 pouods.
Iho prisoner does not appear to have
been in the coosniraev at an narlinr nnrlnrf
than a few hours before tbe commission of
ine crime. He waa recognized at being
one of the three men io company with Booth
in front of tbe theatre, aud wat heard that
day to promiso Bootb assifanco. Hit par
tICipatlOn aDDeara to haa Kaon In nn.in.
tbe meant of escape by keeping tbe passage
way clear on the stage, and by closing tbe
door after Bootb had passed through, so as
to retard tbo movements of pursuers.
luluIUg m mouoor alter Booth had passed
out, be exclaimed. Hush, don't say any
thing about it." Ho
Booth's drudge, sometimes taking caro of
nuu luuumg ma norse. uurmg the proeross
in tun trisi ma uearing wot somewhat stolid.
He is of short, thick stature, full face, show
ing indications of excessive drink, dull, gray
eyes, uosymmetrical bead, and light bair.
t T ... "
Arnold was proven to have been at one
time in full communion with the conspira
tors. Hit coonsel claimed that at this time
the plot wat limply to abduct the Presi
dent, and that Arnold and Booth quarreled,
and the former withdrew from tbo conspir
acy. Tho prisoner afterward went to For
tress Monroe and took a situation in a sui
tor's store, whore he remained till his arrest,
two nays arter tne assassination. Arnold
was at one time in tbe rebel service. Ho is
about thirty years of age, five feet eight
inches in height, daik hair and eyes, clear
light complexion, and an intelligent and
pre possessing appearance
Dr. Mudd was shown to have been in the
full confidence of Bootb as long ago as last
November. He had a suspicious mooting
with Surratt and Bootb at tho National Ho
tel in January. He introduced Booth to
Surratt. Booth vieiiod him at his room in
tho Pennsylvania House. Bootb and llar
rold fled to bis houso directly after commit
ting the murder He dressed Booth's bro
ken leg, and assisted the escape into Lower
Maryland of tho latter, and llarrold. Tbreo
days afterward, when called upon by tbo of
ficers, ho denied that he knew either of the
criminals. When arrested on the Friday
following, ho prevaricatod, lied outright, and
finally admitted that he knew Bootb. He
said tbat be first hoard of tbe assassination
on Sunday at church, aud it was shown by
abundant proof that bo was at Bryantown
on tho day preceding. (Saturday,) at an
hour when tho populace wat all excitement,
tbe town guarded by and full of soldiers and
ovory man, woman and child in the placo
bad not ouly heard of the murder, but know
the name of iho assassin. 01 Dr. Mudd's
being an accomplice in the assassination
moro can no no snaaow ot doubt, la ap-
poaranco Mudd Is described as being five
foot ten inches in height, slender in form,
hair red or sandy, and of tbin growth, pale,
oval, intelligent face, blue eyes, high fore
head, rathor prominent nose, thin lips, and
rod tuft of bair upon bis chin.
General Cox's Letter the
Nomination for Governor.
COLUMBUS, OHIO. June 21, 1865.
General,-. We have tho honor and pleos
ure to inform you tbat you wore nominated
by the Union Convontion, ossrmbled in this
city to -day, as a candidate for Governor of
the Stato ot Ohm, and that tho nomination
was mado unanimously and by acclamation
wo nnve tnr honor to oncloso a copy ol
the resolutions passed by tbo Convention
Wo aro, General, with great respect,
Your ob't
Maj. Gen. JACOB D. Cox.
RALEIGH, N. C., 28th June, 1865.
Gkn W. B. Woods, Pres Ident Ohio State
Union Convention:
&'m. Tho note of yourself and Mr. Da
vis, Secretary of tho Convontion, informing
me of my nomination for Governor of Ohio
has just beon received. '
I havo only time now to acknowledge, in
tbe briefest rorm, my deep sense of tbe groat
honor conferred upon me by the Conven
tion, and to express, through you, my most
cordial agreement with tbe resolutions
passed by them. Be ploased io signify my
acceptance of the nomination in such a
manner as may soem proper to you, and my
hope, at no lato day, to return home to co
operate with tbe Union men of Ohio in the
approaching political campaign.
Very Respectfully,
Your obedient servant,
J. D. COX.
Free Suffrage.
The friends of Iree suffrage in Ohio,
who hoped for an emphatio expression
from the Union State Convention on the
subject, should not be discouraged. Tbe
question is to-day the leading topio before
the public mind, and will bo thoroughly
canvassed in every school district until
the election takes place. .The Union par
ty, as represented by its press and publio
speeches has taken as decided crounda
in its favor as the Democracy have against
it. The failure of tbe Convention that
met at Columbus last week to take any
stand on the issue, by no meant banishes
it from tbe present canvass. It will be
brought up and discussed at the County
uuuicuuuui nuu ui every political meet
ing, yea. oox, our candidate for Gov
ernor is at this moment an ardent advo
cate of free suffrage. Let ut see tbat the
men who will this coming fall be elected
to represent ut in the Legislature of the
Slate shall also be right upon the ques-
About Mrs. Surratt.
A Washington ipeoial savs tbat when
about to rise from her chair for tbe purpose
of being pinioned, Mrs. Surratt inquired of
our a(jiriiuai nuviBers wnat sne should ssy
on tbe toaffold, and upon being answered,
"Ol nothing; what do you desire to tay"
tne repnea, "i am Innocent."
Mrs. Douglat, widow of the late Senator
made two pertooal attomptt to obtain from
tbe President a reprieve for Mrt. Surratt
but in eaob case wai denied. '
Very bittor feeling in relttioo to Mrt
Surratt t exeoution exists among tbe quon
dam rebels, particularly among the Cat bo
lict, of tbe city, who, it it rumored, intend
to call a meeting for tbe purpose of doncunc
ing the action of the Military Commissoo
and President.
The President and the Virginia Delegation
eatlon. .
WA8HINQT0S, July 9. President John
son wat riaited on yesterdaj by Messr.
James A. Jones, R. A. Lancaster, Wm.
II. HsjaII and J. L. Aflerson, representa
tives of tbe merchants and others of Vir
ginia, who wished him to amend the am
nesty proclamation by striking out the
ISih exception the 820,000 clause.
Tbey represented that this feature inter
fered with the development of industry
by binding capital, and thus oppressed
the poor, and that when tbey endeavored
to borrow money in the Norlhetn or Mid
dle States, they were at once met by the
objection that perhaps they had over 920,
000, and if they had, accomodation could
not be extended. So they weie unable
to give work to poor men who called up
on tbem.
Tbe President reminded them that the
amnesty proclamation did not cause tbia
distrust. It was (he commission of trea
son and the violation of law that did it.
Tbe amnesty proclamation left these men
just where they were before. It did not
add any disability to them. If they had
committed treason they were amenable
to the confiscation law which Congress
had passed, and . which he as President
could not alter nor amend. In the am
nesty proclamation he had offered par
don to some persons. Would tLey like
to have the amnesty proclamation re
moved altogether? Would they feel any
easier in that case?
One of Ihe defendants: No. but it
would assist us much if you would extend
the beneSis of procuring two persons
worth over 820,000.
The President replied that in making
that exception he had acted on the natu
ral supposition that the men had aided
rebellion according to the extent of their
pecuniary means. Did they not know
One of the defendants: No, I did not
know it.
President Why yes, you do know
perfectly well it was tbe wealthy men of
tbe South who dragged the people into
secession, i lived in the South and I
know how the thing was done. Your
Slate was overwhelmingly opposed lo se
cession, but your rich men used the press,
bullies and your lilt'e army, forced the
Stato into secession. Take $20,01)0;
suppose a man is wortn more iuan that
now the wai is over, and the chances are
ten to one that he made it out of rebellion
by contracts, use. We might as well
talk plainly about this mutter. I don't
think you are so very QDxious about the
poor. If you are to very eager to help
the poor why don't you take surplus over
20,000 you. own, and give it to them.
Io .lbttt way you will help them, and
bring yourselves within the benefits of
the proclamation. 1 am free to say to
you that some of you ought to be taxed
on all over $20,000 to help the poor.-
When I was military Governor of Tenn.
I assessed such a tax on those who hnd
been wealthy leaders in the rebellien and
it had a good effect.
One of the deputation It bo happens
that none of us were leaders; wo etnid
out as long as we could and were last to
go in.
President Frequently, those who went
in last were among the worst affr they
got in. But be that as it may, under
stand me, gentlemen, I do not say this
personally, I am just speaking of the gen
eral working of the matter. I know there
has been an effort among some to per
suade the people that the amnesty proc
lamation was injuring them by shutting
up capital and keeping work from the
poor. It does nothing. If that is done
at all it is done in consequence of the vio
lation of the laws and the commission of
Tbe President concluded by saying
that he would look at the papers they
presented, but so far he had seen no rea
son for removing the exception.
SrThe country, shocked by the frs
8assination ol Mr. Lincoln, and more than
suspicious of the theatrical surroundings
of '-bat real tragedy, will read with satis
faction of the order of the War Office
again closing, what the crushed Mrs. Lin
coln fitly styled, "tbat dreadful place."
No one believes all of the guilty con
nected with Ford's Theatre have beeo
brought to justice. Booth had too com
plete sway in tbat house where he
could arrange the stage to suit free egress
whers he could call in his partners in
crime to rehearse his dreadful tragedy,
and where no, a theatrical hand was
raised to stay hi flight to allow the sup
position that persons high in the confi
dence of the proprit-tort if not the pro
prietor! themselves were not partakers
of Booth's crime.
It was simply an outrage on the part
of Ford to seek to open that theatre, and
to make the doings of that horrible Fri
day night a eard to draw a full bouse.
Besides that. Ford selected the very time
when that tragedy was refreshened by
the execution of the assassins, to re-open
tbat slaughter house, and having just
failed in making a sale of the premises at
bis exhorbitant demand, the whole pro
ceeding is stamped with infamy.
As the names of the conspirators who
have suffered for their crimes will be pre
served in unenviable notoriety, it is but
fair that no injustice should be done tbe
poor wretches, even in so small a matter
as the correct spelling of their namee.
Two of them have been from the first
mis-spelled. David 5. llarrold should be
Herrold, and Atzerotb should be Atzer
odt; usually pronounced Aierol' but
more correctly Ataerot. Cin. Corner-
Tomb of President Lincoln.
The tomb in which the President's re
mains, togethor with those of bis little son,
are p.aced, is kept carpeted with fresh
flowers, and about and upon tho eonlns at
tbey lie in vlow are garlands and clusters of
buds and blossoms, ever fresh and fra.
grant, to that tho very breath of tbe sopul
ohre it rendered redolent and pure.
Looking into tho tomb, tbe visitor can
discern nothing offensive no tokon of the
'damp vault's raylest gloom" but can
doom himsolf gating into some floral cava
whose tenants are the gracos and summer
nymphs. Tbo tosto which It tbut dis
played in rendering tbe vault attractive is
most commendable, and will brighten ther
recolloctioo of every pilgrim who bat bore
gazed in opon the dead. Since tbe 14th of
May latt, tomo two thousand names of
visitors bave been tbut registered, repre
sentatives of every State of tbe Union, and
also tbe Canndna On. tinnV nnr.n Mm.
day during tho week and two upon tbe Sab-
l.ntk .... . . r .
are Bep, runDing between tne city
cemotorv for thn HPrnmmnr1atlnn t !a tarts-sa
and all this ha hin a. ...
mains of our lata Pm.Mom .
rest in this burial-place, since Oak Ridge
iuo uuji oi mis great man
Ann1. In mubincr thia nniixa .iM
elude by adding this is not' only to be tbe
.ml in I . i . -
uo.iug-piBi-o oi me i rcsiaom, out tnwt
meie is io oe erected a pile to bis memory
which shall stand through all ages to come.
The rlsinir orrnunH immnrt; nol. ;n it,.
n o .........ui. i u ..iq aunt
ot tho tomb baa beon selected as tbo site of
mo irosidents monument. Tbreo acres
upon this beautiful spot was telocted by tho
Monument Association on Saturday last,
and here it has been decided to build tho
shaft. The beautv and annronriatennsa of
this site are such ns would rocoramend it to
tho minds of all. and wa ara ntoanflit trt
know SO aprnonhlA a anlantinn haa hnnn
mado Springfield (Illinois) paper.
General Cox's Anteceden's.
The Cleveland Plain Dealer says (hat
theZeraW'-has yet failed to affirm or de
ny the correctness of the assertion of tt.
New York Tribune that General Dn-r
was "originally a Liberty party man, and
an ardent advocate of negro suffrage."
The Herald replies that its impression
is, "General Cox was a Whig.tLen a Re
publican," Tbe Herald is correct. Prior
to the organization of tbe Republican par
ty in 1054, General Cox was an active
Whig, but wbo cordially co operated in
the consolidation movemenf rhat united
the Whig and Free Soil parties. Th
Chronicle at that tim-f iled by Mr.
ilowi:u, was the organ of the Liberty
men, and tbe Transcript, edited by Mr.
Dumnrs, was the exponent of the Whig
faiih. Th j papers were consolidated aa
the common organ of the new party, and,
to avoid any jealousy of feeling with
either party, both wings were represent
ed in the editorial columns of the paper.
General Cox, as co cditor,was recognzed
as the Whig representative, and Mr.
Howard as the Free Soil representative.
Since then General Cox has become famil
iar to the public as a talented and influ
ential supporter of Republican principlea
and the causa of the Union, as citizen,
legislator and soldier. That in tbe fu
ture, as in the past, he will be found
equal to any emergency of the limes, and
true to every obligation resting upon him,
those who know him best have th mnat
implicit confidence. Warren Chronicle
Generals Grant and Sherman. Tho
Urban. (Ohio) Gazelle relates tbe follow
ing anecdote in rotation to the two greatest
Genorals of our county, which occurred a
few days ago at Cleveland:
"Upon the balcony in full sight of thou
sands, stood tbe two heroes of the age
Genorals Grant and Sherman. Calls were
made for a spoech from the latter. In res
ponse, Gon. Sherman replied, tbat he could
not bo induced to comply with the request;
that he would always cheerfully back up
and oboy bis beloved commandor-in Chief,
and be was sure General Grant would not
order him to- make a speech. Cries of
"order him to make a speech, General,"
broke from all parts of Ihe building. , Gen.
Grant quiotly, and with tbat self possession
that so eminently marks bim, replied with
a smile: "I never order a soldier to do anv
thing wbicb I cannot do myself." The ef
fect was electrical. The building trembled
with the applause tbat this admirable pass
age invoked."
Slavert. -The only Stales in the
coun try in which Slavery has now an ex
istence are Kentucky and Delaware, and
tbe institution is in a frightfully moribund
condition in each of them. In Delaware
it is an absurdity, in its character as well
as in its magnitude. In Kentucky.nearly
all the able-bodied blacks bave done serv
ice in our army, and are therefore free;
and the fact that these men have done
military service makes all their wives and
children free. So that what remains of
slavery in Kentucky is the mere skeleton,
disjointed, lifeless, hopeless, with no pres.
ent value, and no prospect in the future.
The action of the States on the Constitu
tional Amendment will wipe out the in
stitution clean.
4Louis Kossuth, in the course of a
private letter of the 28th of May to the
Editor of the Tribune, incidentally eays:
"How happy you must feel in having
been spared lo see the triumph of those
grand principles for which you have been
contending ail your life! The stain of
Slavery is removed from the fair escut
cheon of your noble land. The curse is
dispelled which oloudod the bright pros
pect of ber future. The manner in which
the genius of your people carried through
the democratic principle in its first appli
cation to a vast community affords a sure
guaranty that, to the benefit of all Hu
manity, you will know how to consolidate
by wisdom and moderation -what you
have achieved by bravery and admira
ble perseverance.
"Ever till now.
When men were foni Iamil'dand wondered how
People were cured ol' that life destroying disease
Catarrh, but upon inquiry at the Drugguta, 1 find
that this happiness ia produced by the ua of Dr.
P. H. Seelys't Liquid Catarrh Remedy. Try it.

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