VOL. XVII, NO. 52.
CIIAHDON.OEAUGA COUMTY. OlffO, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 22. 1865:
WI10LE N0.832. i
The Jcffersonian Democrat
runUSUKD EVEKT FRIDAY MORRIKO AT
CHARDON, GEAUGA CO., OHIO.
J.O. CONVEItSE, Proprietor.
Office, corner of the Piiblio Square and Water
Street, opposite the Chardon House.
Terms, $9,00 per Ycnr.
I. N. HATHAWAY,
Attorney At I.nv, Chardon.Ohlo. W$ffice,
no door south of the Court House, up
t,. E. D0FEK, J. STEPHENSON.
DWRFEE Sc. STENIENSON,
Attorney at Law. $3rOnice,'l door south
fllia Court House, up elaira, Chardon,Ohio.
MURltAY & CANrlELDS,
Banker, Chardon, Ohio. Office socend door
north of Ay res' Store. Buy and sell N. Y, Ex.,
6-20 Coupons, Gold and Silver. 743 wtl
CAN FIELD Sc. SMITH,
Attorney nt Law, Chardon, Ohio,
union Block, up stairs.
LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY.
J. Nichols & T. C. Parson ft, Agents.
OSrOflice at J. Nichols' Drug Store. .
Fashionable Barber nnd Hair Dresser,
Chardon House, Chardon, Ohio.
fijrParlicular ntiention paid to Hnir Cutting
and Dressing lor Misses and Children &lbyl
J. R. CULBERTSON, M. D.,
Late Surgeon of the U. S. Army, having;
located at Chardon, respectfully tenders his pro
fessional services to the public.
Dr. Culliertaon has had 20 years' flifnpripnp. in
his profession, the Inst four in the Army, and he
av.o , viiuubii, uiu.i will gIVUBUWdlUVUUII 10 Oil
who may consult him.
WOlltce in Richardson's Dental Rooms, over
the'Slote of Canfiold & Murray. Chardon, Ohio.
r BS STICKNEY,
Saddle and Harness Maker, Burton, Genu
ga County, Ohio. 818Jy
DR. D. II. DORNSIFE,
FkyMcian and Surgeon, East Claridon.Ge
auga County, Ohio having returned Irom the
army where he has been Tor the oast voar nra.;.
Using in the U. 8. Hospitals, has re-opened his
voice a i casiotariuon, ana is now ready to re
epond to all calls in the line of his profession.
.-. y 813tf
Book Binder and Blank Book Manufacturer,
Herald Buildings, Clovcland, Ohio. rBlonk
Book Ruled and Bound to order. Old Books
icebound. . ..-. . .526
DR. A;McGRAW, .
Phyaioian and Surgeon, Newbury Center,
uoiuja uuunir, unui. yauyi
' BRAINERD & BURRIDGE,
QaWTaB Afllateiili, TT C. P- l--
uwnvrivia va m. niciug) UIIU J OUIIUB CL rOr-
ai-rn pMlnnl A aunt v. Ni fl Ittanlr fit i 'UuL.t..!
Ohio. We are prepared to iransact business of
AffilP; ituflKrinl V.l I n i 1 1 r Tnimn.; ..... 1 ...
ings, Caveats, Spocilicatious, Patents, Infringe
meats, and the Patent haws.
BRAINERD &. BUI? RIDGE,
I.enlguers V Lithographers. Engraving on
Wood, Book Illustrations, Buildings, Horses &
Alhnr Stlnftlr. flpnimAlllnl Prirftcra f..ift.,t-a VI. n-
ettes, Agricultural Commercial Cuts in Tints,
Seals, Stamps, &, Macliiuory in every variety of
PENSION & WAR-
T N. HATHAWAY, of the late firm of
jLt inrasner, Duriee & Uathaway, is author
ized and I iconsed by the Government to procure
Bounty Money, Back Pay, and Pensions for sold
iers or for their widows and heirs, and Invalid
Fensious for Disabled Soldiers, and all other
claims against the Government of the United
States, and of the State of Ohio. Business at
tended to promptly and honestly. Charges for
proi-tiring Pensions, Bounty or Back Pay, $5,00,
a iirovinea uy taw, aua no etiaxge until bounty
ui inrt, IB uuiailieu.
Dr. I. A. Hamilton has been annotated Exam
i.ig Surgeon ior Geauga County, by whom all
applicants ior invaua rensioas must be exam
ined. r Apply in person or by letter, enclos
ing stamp, to J.N. HATHAWAY,
WASHBURN & GURNEY.
reuse Nurseries, Cleveland, Os)
Fruit and Ornamental Trees,
GRAPES, PLANTS AND SHRUBS.
Are prepared to furnish anything in oor line, for
he Spring ol 1866 delivered at any point in Ge-
nuua uiiu adjoining counties.
We hope, by fair and honorable dealing, and
delivering our Stock in geod condition, to secure
ur snare 01 puoite patronage. Address
WASHBURN & GURNEY,
B20yl Chardon, Ohio.
THE undersigned, having permanently located
at Chardon, for the purpose of operating at
hit profession, would say to his friends and the
pu ilic that he ia uow prepared to attend to the
war.ia ot ail tn need ol anything in his line o
business. All Work WARRANTED.
Ottice, over Murray St. Canheids' Bank . Rtsl
ienoe oue door aouth of L.J. Randall's dwell.
,nu j t . L E D' RICHARDSON,
Will keep constantly on band
GROCERIES of all kinds. Flour &
HT TE2 3E3 HXD
frr Please call at the Brick Store on the cor
ner, opposite the Chardon Hotel,
Chardon, March 81th, mi. 793 tf
ONE YEAR AGO.
What stars have faded from tho sky I
What hopes unfolded but to die t
What dreams so fondly pondered o'er
Forever Jost the hues they wore !
How like a Jcath-kntll, tad and slow,
Tolls through the soul "one year ngo l'
Whero is the face we loved to greet,
The form that graced the fire pule scat,
The gentle amile, tho winning'way,
That blessed our life-path day by day ?
Where fled those accents soft and low,
That thrilled our hearts "one year ago ?"
Ah t vacant is tho fireside chair,
Thesmile that won no longer there ;
From door and hall, from porch and lawn,
The echo of the voice is gone ; '
And wo who linger. only know
now mucu was lost "one year ago !
Beside her rave the marble white
Keeps silent guard by day and night :
Serene she sleeps, nor heeds the tread
Of footsteps, o er her lowly bed ;
Her pulseless breast no more may know
The pangs of lile "one year ago 1"
But why repine ? A few more years, ;
A few more broken sighs and tears, .
And we, enlisted with the dead,
Shall follow where her steps have led ;
To that far world rejoicing go
10 wuicb sue passed "one year aco I '
Mr. Beecher on Work.
Henry Ward Beccher, delivered, in a
recent speech, the following just and spir
ited sentiments; -
If the people of the South do not work
they cannot eat. I do not think il is well
lor a man to have many at work for him.
If it is ever brought to pass that the vounc
mothers of this day shall be as those of
the days gone by, who did not consider it
inconsistent with a cultured lady's posi
tion to work her full share in the house
hold, working till after the noonday meal.
then changing her garments, and resort
ing to social enjoyment and recreation, it
ill be more creditable to us. Instead.
therefore, of sympathizing with those at
the South, who complain that their slaves
have forsaken them, and they are necess
itated 16 do their own work, I am very
glad of it. I am very glad of anything
that teaches persons that they are ablo to
work, if they are not inclined to it: 1
like to soe a roan carry his own bundles;
I like to see a man trundle his own wheel
barrow; I like to see a woman tend ber
garden; I like to see the economy of the
house carried on by mother and daugh
ter, as well as by father and son; and it is
a better, state of society in which there is
some work lor every man s leisure, and
some leisure for every man s work.
am rejoiced lo see, that after all the suf
fering that has boen undergone, there is
coming to be a healthier state of things;
a better condition iq society. Tho first
thing that Southern society wants is work
ana a respect Ior work. If you want to
make a man rospect work, oblige him to
work. And when- he has wrought, and
eaten the bread that never tastes so sweet
as when he wipes the sweat from his
brow, conscious that be is dependent on
nobody, he respects work and workmen.
Now, it is upon this wonderful power of
work for the black man and for the white
man in the South, that I build my hopes
ior me luture.
An Ancient Dinner.
The excavations at Pompeii are going
on witn an activity stimulated by the im
portant discoveries made at almost eve
ry step, and the Quantities of gold and
silver found, which more (ban suffico to
cover the cost ol the works.
Near the temple of Juno.of which an ae
count was recently given, a house bat te
cemiy been brought to light, belonging to
some millionaire 01 ;ue time, as me lurni
ture is of ivory, bronze and marble. The
couches of the triclinium, or dining-room,
are especially of extreme richness.'
The flooring consists of immense mo
saic well preserved in parts, and whose
center represents a (able laid out for a
grand dinner. In the middle, on a large
dish may be seen a splendid peacock with
its tail spread out, placed baok to back
with another bird of excellent plumage.
Around them are arranged lobsters, one
of which holds a blue egg in its ctaw; a
second an oyster, which appears to be
fricaseed, as it is open and covered with
herbs; a third a rat am, and the fourth
a small vase filled with fried grasshop
pers. Next comes a circle of dishes of
fish interspread with others of hares, par
tridges and squirrels which ail have thoir
htads placod between their fore feet.
Then comes a row of sausages of various
formi supported by one of the eggs, oys
ters and olives, which is surrounded in its
turn bya'double circle of peaches, cher
ries, melons and other fruits and vegeta
bles. The walls of the triclinium are also
covered with fresco paintings of flowers,
birds, fruit, game and fish of all kinds,
the whole interspersed with drawings that
lead a charm to it not easy to describe.
On a table of rare wood, carved and in
laid with gold, marbie, agate and lapis
lasuli, were found amphorae still contain
ing wine, and some goblets of onyx.
BKia your cross worthily, and it will turn
10 an ancnor.
The Secretary of the Treasury begins bis
ropnrt by exhibiting the evils which we are
eull'orlng, and the other evils with which we
aro threatened, by the Inflation of our cur
rency. Ho remarks that "the plethora of
paper money is not only undormiuing the
morals of nor pooplo, by encouraging waste
and cxtravnganco, but II is striking at tbo
root of ouf material prosperity, by diminish
ing labor." Tbo paper circulation on tbo
31t of October,, was over seven hundred
and thirty four millions of do'lart; and II
has daily increased sinoa then by reason ot
further Isbuo of national bank notes. ' If
disaster followed tbo expansions of 1837 and
1807, whst must bo tbo couscquoncos of the
present expansion, unlets speedily chocked
and reduced?" savs tho Secretary.
Ho strongly advocates contraction, docs
not beliovo that any measure which can bo
passed by Congress can causa embartass
mout, either to tho government or people,
or a crisis worse tbao Is inevitable ir we con
tinue as we aro. Tbo Socretary recom
mends, therefore: First, that Congress de
elare tho compound Intorest notes no long
er a legal tender, after thoir maturity.
Second, that tho secretary bo authorized to
soil six por cntit, bonds to rodoem compound
iutercst and United States notes.' lie docs
not think contraction by those means will
bo injuriously rapid, but holds that it will
not bo nocotssarj to rotiro more than one. or
at most two hundred millions, to reach tbo
The national debt will reach three thous
and millions ou July 1st, 18G0. "Nothing but
revenue." says the Secretary, "will sustain
the national credit, aud nothing less than
fixed policy (or tho roduotion of tbo public
debt, will bo likely to provont its increase."
He proposes an act of Congrosa that, begin
ning with tho next fiscal year, two hundred
millions per annum shall be applied to tbo
psym'ont of the principal and intorest of tho
pubtio dobt. He soggests also that Congress
shall doclaro the principal as woll as the
intorest of tbe five-twenty bonds payable io
coin, lie oppoBos tbo taxation of govern
ment bonds by States. As to intornal rev
nuo laws, he withholds his reeommendatlbn
until tbo Commissioner roportt. - '
Tbo Comptroller of the Currency seems
to profor national bank issues to govern
ment notes, and is willing to increase tho
national banks, as ono moans of withdraw
ing some part of tho logal tender notes.
Tbo Commissioner of Intornal Itovonue ro-
marks that tbe actual rocoipta of the gov
ornmont during tho last year, from intornal
revenue alono, equalod tho wbolo amount
of the roeoipis of the treasury from all
loorcos from tbo eroation of tbo government
to tbo year 1 812. He ostimatos tbo receipts
rrom intornal revenue for the current
fiscal yoar at nut less than 9272,000,000-
be states tbe cost of collecting the custom
rovenuos at throo-and-a-balf por cent, and
iho cost of collocting tho iotoral rovonuo, at
two and-threo quarters por coot, for tho
Northern States, and not over throo-and
one-half por cent for all tbe Statos. '
Tbo oerotary or War report) that our
military forco amountod on tho 1st of May
to ono million five hundred and slxteon men;
it is to be reduocd to fifty thousand mon,
and eight hundrod thousand have boon dta
chared and paid off in six months. Tho
military appropriations of tho last OongrosB
amountod to over fivo hundrod and sixteen
tnilion: bo asks of this Congress less tban
thirty four millions. Mr. Stanton remarks
that tho war has mado us a nation of voter
ana. and "tho spood of Iho railroad and tot
ograph now dotorminoa tho time rcquirod
to raise an army in tbo United States."
Tho rebel armies which surrondorcd at the
closo of the'robolllon numbered 174,223 men,
of whom Lee bad loft only 27,800 in bis final
surrender, and Dick Taylor bad over forty
two thousand, Ibe largest robot foroo sur
rendered by any ono Oenoral,
Llou tenant-General Grant furnishes 1
spendid report of military operations, writ
ten in terse and ldiomatlclanguago,ln which
he praises ' Sherman, Sboridan, Mosdo,
Thomas and othors, in forcible phrases, and
oonsuros Bullor. "Bald" Smith and others
for miscondjicl, or for (ailing to do tho parts
which had boon appointed for Ibem. Grant
closes with a paragraph in which he lauds
tbo equal bravery of tbe Eastern and West
ern troops, and makes botiorablo mention
also of tbo stubborn fighting of tbe South
em soldlors. .
Tbe Socrotory of tbo Navy reports that
in January lasi 47 vessels, carrying 3.401
gonr, ana nearly nitj mousanu mon, wore
engaged in the biookado sorrier; now tbore
remain bat 29 vessels, -wiib 210 guns, on
tno coast. Since March, 1861, 418 vessels
were purchased, of which S13 were steam
ers. I boy cost over eighteen millons: but
340 nave boon sold, which bare returned
over five and a balf millions. Tbe Score
tary urges Ibat our flag should be carried
now Into every soa and port where our com
meroe extends. -
The Socrotary of the Intorior reports that
- A 'II- . . .
over lire minions acres or public lands
woro disposed of during tbe fifteen months
ending wim boptombor last. Of these 1,160,.
032 acres were taken nndor the Homestead
aot. Tbe number of army pensioners is
84,130, and those received $7,783,772 last
year. Tbe navy pensioners number 1.856.
. t Annn mtmC
ana roooiveu ozdu.or-c. . .
Nbwstafbb Editoiis. Dr. Johnson savs:
"1 know of no classes of communttv from
wbom so much disinterested benevolence
and thankless labors are expeoled as from
editors of newspapers. Tbey are expected
to feel for every one but themselves to cor
rect public abuses, and privates ones, also,
itnout giving cnencc to sustain tbe dif
ficulties of others without regard lo 'their
own to comdemn improper measures of
every one aod no one at tbo same time.
Theo are expected to noto everything that
s important or extraordinary or men s opin
ions, their notioes must be calcuated to
please every one, and at tbe same time of
fend no one." I
Atouko lady was asked how she could
possibly afford to take musio lessons in
these awfully bard times. "Ob, I oonfino
myself to low notrt," wastboreply,
Report of the Post Master General
The Annual Resort of Postmaster. Gen-
I Dennison is a verv comDlete and sat
isfactory view of the business of thd Post
Ollice Department, during the fiscal year
ending June 30th, 10G5.
of the Department were 8 14.650, 159.70;
expenditures, 813,694,728.28, leaving a
surplus of 6801,430,42 an increase of
revenue 17 per cent., and expenditures
ot 8 per cent. The expenditures of the
current year are estimated at 810,678,
000 receipts, . 17,470,543 dols.; deficit
1,2(37,451. No special appropriation, says
Mr. Dennison, will be required, to meet
this dtficit, as previous appropriations
are still unexpended. An appropriation
of 500,000 dolls, is lecommended, how
ever, for'the payment of steamship mail
service. The Department hae issued 387,
416,455 postage stamps representing 12,
099,787.50; 25.040,425 stamped envel
opes, representing 724,125,09; 1,165,750
stamped wrappera.representing 23,315,00
dolls., making a total of 12,847,437.50
as., being an increase of 1,873,108 over
the previous year. The Bales amounted
to 12,399,727.82 ds., an increase of 1.
, As stamped envelopes are cancelled by
uso'.and therefore safer acrainst fraud than
those with stamps attached, it is submitted
wueiuer tne rosimaster Uen. should not
be authorized, in his discretion, to furnish
tbem as the separate stamps are now, with
out reference to the cost of manufacture.
The aggregate length of the mail route
June 30, 1866, of which there were 6,-
012 in number was 142,320 miles, cost
ing 6,246,884 dol. per annum. , The cost
per mile was by railroad 1 lie., steam
uoi iio., ceieriiy, eio.i tuo. une in
creased length of routes was 3,168 miles,
and of cost 428,415. Fines to the am't
OT 56,443,37 dl. have been collected from
The number of routes ordered Into op
eration in States lately in rebellion is 241;
it. 1 it A asxa i s
tueir jengtu io,74u miles; and compen
sation 721,949 dl.; a reduction, compared
with former cost of service in those States,
ot ttai.iuo ci. per annum. This, howev
er, results in part from reduced service. .
Tbe report states the general results 61
the foreign mail service as follows:
be aggregate postages, sea. inland
and foreign, upon the correspondence ex
changed witn foreign countries, amounted
to i.siy.uxu.SB dolls.: of which amount
81,449,530.76 accrued on the mails ex
changed with Great Britain, France, Prus
sia, Bremen, Hamburg and Belgium;
3Z7d,iu7,ub on the mails exchanged with
the British North American Provincos;
and 895,200.84 on the mails to and from
the West Indies, Central and South Amer
ica. Tho cost of the United States Transat
lantic service, performed by steamships,
receiving the sea postage only, was 8405,
The number of post offices established
on June 30, 1865, including suspended
offices in the Southern States, 28.882:
new oihees established during the year.
586; offices discontinued, 582; changes of
names and sues, 500. Total appointments
during tbe year, 5,447.
The number of dead letters received,
examined and disposed of, was 4,368,
087, an increase of 859,262 over tbe pre
"The number containing moncy.and re
mailed to owners, was 42,154, with en
closures amounting to 8244,373.97. 01
these 35,266, containing 8210,954.90
were delivered.leaving 6,886 undelivered
with enclosures of the value of 833,419,-
07. The number containing sums less
tban one dollar, was 16,709, amounting
to 84,647 23,of which 12,698, containing
3.577.62, were delivered to tbe writers.
The number of registered letters and
packages was 3996."
Tbo report expresses the opinion that
tbe time will come when the increasing
prosperity of tbe country, and tbe conse
quenl increased business of the Depart
ment, will justify a reduction in the rates
of postage, and recommence that this re
duction be carried out as fast as possible
without reducing tbe postal revenue be
low the postal expenses. -
The abolition of the franking privilege
is recommended as a means of making
the postal department self-sustaining.
The total expense of the five principal
routfs connecting at points on tbe West
ern plaice is 1,196,743 dolls; tola) of re
ceipts, 60,923.45 dolls; exoess of pay over
receipts, l, 135,810.55 dolls.
It Is asserted that ia Germany, since the
beginning of tbe railroad system, 20 or 80
years ago, not a life bas been lost in conio
quece of carelessness or mismsnsgemeat on
too part ot railroad agents. A row persons
bavo killed tbemsolves by incautiously ap
proaching or jumping off a train, but none
nave been killed by wbat are called acci
dents cr causalities.
Mamt persons have their best society In
their own boarts and souls tbe purest
memories of earth and tbe sweetest bopos
of beaveu their looelinesi cannot bo called
Patrick O'Claiikrtt said that his wife
was very nngratetul.for "whin I married ber,
sho badn't a rag to ber back, but now the is
covered with 'em."
The Source of the Nile—Speke and
Recent letters from Egypt go to show
that the lake discovered by Mr. Bsker
near the 'Mountains of the Moon,' is the
Luta Nzige of Captain Speke. The form
er traveler pronounces it Lutn-zigc, and
renders it 'Locust Grave,' a name need
in those parts to denote a large sheet of
water. The reason is, that owing to the
conformation of the hills aronnd or on one
side of such waters, they are traversed by
violent winds which overpower the night
of locasts.and so the destructive creatures
are drowned. In the case of the Lutn
cige, forming the second greatjake of the
Nilo, or more properly the westerly lake
of that river, very high mountains are
supposed to exist around its western and
southern shores; so hfgh that Baker saw
them across tbe breadth of the lake for
five days before be reached its eastern
margin. He was, however, traveling on
a ridge of an undulating platform at the
height of about 3,400 feet, and bis jour
neys were not more than from 10 to 12
miles per day. The elevated line of raad
described terminated at the point where
he wrote, and when he came npon the
lake he was still 1,470 above it. Even
from thrft point he could not see the base
of the mountains, between which and him
was the breadth of the lake, at that point
about sixty miles wide. . These moan
tains Mr. Baker supposes to be the Mon
te Lunat of the old geographers. The
lake is exceedingly deep, and abounds in
hippopotami and other beasts. The Nile
issues from its northern end, a sluggish
stream not more than a mile wide. There
is no continuation of the Nile from Speke's
Yicloria Nyaoza as supposed by him.
At the spot where he quilted the river in
his journey towards Gondokoro, the river
turns due west, and rnns into the Lutn-
cige, which it joins about 80 miles from
the northern point, from whence it issues
again to flow on bv Gondokoro; so that
had Speke followed up the stream instead
of leaving it to make, as he supposed, a
cut across a large bend of it. he would in
fallibly have oome npon the second lake.
and completed nis discovery of all the nn-
per waters oi me river.
If we do but take the pains to observe
wuai passes around us, every thing and
evtry circumstance of the world manifests
. . ...
the wisdom of divine economy. The whole
scheme of the earth, and every cireum-
aiance oi ua preservation, are inaicauve
of the wisdom and goodness of the Crea
tor. , To man, and to all other animals,
sleep, like a soothing and nursing mother.
periodically returns to repair the havoc
made in the spirits and in animal strength
by labor and exertion. Without sleep the
slrongth of animated beings would soon
be exhausted; and tbey would sink be
neath their exhaustion. But the havoc
made by the day is regularly and fully re
paired by tbe repose and forgetTulnesa of
the night. We feel, even the most sense
less and unreflecting among us. the value
of sleep, and the impossibility of existing
for any considerable period without it.
But few, perhaps, have reflected that na
ture requires repose.
Winter is nature's night; giving her re
pose from ber labor, and recruiting her
energies to fit her for new exertions.
What night docs for animated nature the
winter does for the earth. Without sleep
the most robust man would soon fall a
victim to harrassed spirits aod bodily fa
tigue. nature, luxuriant ana actively
teeming nature, requires repose. Though
the seed be apwn within ber bosom, and
the young plants have already begun to
shoot out their fibres, nature labors not
as during the other seasons. In every
thing how wise,bow beneficent, bow pow
erful and how thoughtful is our God 1
For all bis creatures be bas thought, for
all their wants be has abundant and nev
er-failing resources. - '
Tax Uexs or adversitt. These are
thus summed up by Punch: You wear
out your old clothes.
You are not troubled with visitors.
You are exonersted from making any
calls. Bores do not bore you,
Sponges do not haunt you.
Tax-gatherers hurry past your door.
Itinerant bands do not plsy opposite
Yon avoid the nuisance of serving on
No one thinks of presenting yon with
No tradesmen irritate you by asking,
'Is there any other little artiole that you
wish to-day, sir?'
Impostors know it is of no use to bleed
You practico temperance.
You swallow infinitely less poison than
Flatterers do not shoot their rubbish
into your ears.
You are saved many debts, many a de
ception, and many a headache.
And. lastly. if you have a true friend in
the world, you are sure in a very short
space of lime to know it.
"Honor Tmv Father and Mother."
Tbe Madison Courier say it bas beard young
ladies singing, "Who will care for Mother
now T while their old mothers were wear
ing themselves out in the kitchen of er the
In China penmanship and the art of eonu
position-are inseparable, and tbe man who
can pot his tboogbts In choice language aod
a perspicuous arrangement Is also able to
adorn iho same with elegant characters
Ia China tbe learned man nios a kind of
running band in making his draft, thai the
current of bia reflections may not be Imped
ed. After the draft has been read and re
vised be makes a fresh pencil, and writes II
ost io fair charaetors, that the ponmsnsbip,
learning, and skill in the arrangement of
words, may all combine to give value and
beauty to bis production. Tbe Japanese,
who imitate the Chinese In many things,
aod in psst timos drew all their literature
from thence, seta great value npon rapidity
and grace in tbe nse of tbe pencil. Their
characters have tbe nature of an alphabet,
bnl tbey were derived from the Chinese sym
bols, and so are susceptible of the same
kind of finished execution. Tbelr running
band is a perpetual flourish, and so difficult
to read, from tbo exoentrio playfulness with
whiob il is executed, that a native- bat fre
quently to pore ever it for a lime before be
can follow the sense. . All literary men In
Japan, as in China, can write good hand;
and even those who bavo acquired the first
principles of tbe art are adopts In tbe use
or tne pencil, il would redound to our
own credit and our comfort, If, while we are
laboring lo write Latin, Grook and English,
with idomatle grace and grammatical puri
ty, we were to give a little more care to the
improvement of onr penmanship.
How Mr. Seward First Learned of Mr.
Mr. Beward bad been kept in Ignorance 6t
tbe attack on tbe President, his physician
fearing that tba shock would be loo great
for nim o near, and an newspapers were
rigidly cxolnded from his room. On Ibe
Sunday 'following tbe assassination, Iho
Socretary had tbe bed wheeled aronnd, so
tbat ne could soe tba trees in tbe park op
posite, just putting on the spring foliag
wnon ma eye caogbl tbe stars and stripes
at half-mast on the War Department, on
wbicb he gazed awhile; then turning to bis
attendant, said, "Tbe President isdeidl"
The confused attendant stammered and
changed color as be tried to say nay, but
the sagacious old man said: "If be had boen
alive, he would bare been Iho first to call
npon me; but he has not been bere, not
has he sent lo know how I am, and there's
the flag at balf-muU" Tbe old statesman's
fcductive reason bad told the truth, and be
lay in silence, the great tears coursing down
his gashed ebeoks, asthe dreadful truth
sank into his mind. : . . . . i
Fkish Eaos iir WiirTxn. A writer In
the AVw England Farmer thus describes
his treatment of hens, which results in
bis obtaining from one dozen fowls en av
erage of two dozen eggs per week,
through lbs winter. He feeds them one
quart and a balf of shelled corn daily,
washed down with a dish of sour milky
with occasionally crumbs from the mas
ter's table. They bave been, moreover,
confined in a snug hen-house, well lighted
by one large window on tbe south side,
and provided with a box of air-slacked
lime for tbem to pick materials for their
egg-shells, another box of gravel, and an
other of wood ashes for them to wallow in
at plessure. .Now and then a bone baa
been thrown in for them to pick, and a
chunk of tefuae meat, besides all the
egg-shells from the kitchen." The time
spent in their service bas averaged fif
teen minutes daily. Besides the fresh
eggs, their other droppings bave already
amounted to two barrels of manure
equivalent lo gusno, with an ; unfailing
supply in prospect.
Distribution or van 8xxx9. The
number of males in the United States is
13,685,854, against 13,004,372 females,
showing 681,462 excess of males, accord
ing lo tbe census of 1860 ; so that there
is now more than a man to every woman,
in spite of the loss by the war. In Eu
rope, exclusive of Russia, Turkey, Prus
sia, Switzerland and Austria, there are
61,350,796 males and 52,346,918 fe
males, showing an excess of 996,122
females. This difference in Surope is
accounted . for by the fact that 942,068
more males tban females have emigrated
to America. That accounts for the ex
cess of males in this country. Had it
not been for this, we should bave nearly
300,000 more females than males. Had
the emigration of the sexes been equal,
there would be in Europe abont 100,000
more females tban males ; so lhat . this
country is far more favorable than Eu
rope to the Increase and preservation of
females. . . . .
Polite ess Undfji Difficulties. A gen
tleman, rosidont of a eitv not a thousand
milos from New York, bad tbe exuberant
fortune of five successive wives. He bad
buried tbem, one after another, as death
made Us demands uqon them, happening to
be in different plaoea, at quilo a distance
from each other. Two or three of tbem
were in different towns. To reconcile bis
sense ot sacredoesa with bis sense of order
and numerical unity, be atarlod one day on
a tour of collection, to bury Ibem all
in one place. He mounted tbe wogon him
self, and drove around till be bad got tbem
all tegetber in one load, and then, aa fate
wenlu bave it, was obliged to drive by tbe
bouse wbere tbe lady ot bis present address
es, to whom be bad offered himself, was sit
ting at tbe open window. Seeing be there,
bowed to ber, as any gentleman would, as
he drove by with bis precious toad ol nve
coffins witb their contents. It was too much
for tbe lady; tbe deolared she never would
have him, and bos to this day kept her
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