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Northern Ohio journal. [volume] (Painesville, Ohio) 1872-1896, June 15, 1872, Image 4

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Simple Jem.
' 'f so it isc-eiiutl to prove. At
i.-11 month Ma' rau aloue. and
. XJ' before slit w:i- two years om,
2-3 she jabbered like a magpie.
Jem' delight in her knew no bounds.
He wits her uumblet slave. He would
lie on the Hour foeUW lier, and let her
haul and maul hlin a she jleael. He
would drag her up and down the road
in her little baby earriage, or ride her ou
his back, on all-fours: and when she got
ausrv with him, he eonld mt eat nor
sleen till lie. " in:ule tip." He was never
so lianttv and so .-en-ible a with her.
Mr. Watson, waUliinsr them together
one ilav, said to hi wife, " Don't you
think our Jem 1 piecing up?
Mrs. Watson eauie where he stood by
the open window, nd looked out upon
the two children, who were out in the
ritn nluvSnv with the rravel.
"Wlia'is 'at 'ike?" May would ak,
oivinir him a sitone. 1 '
" "That is like the little egg iu a rob
in' nest."
" An' 'at?" ziving him another.
"That's a musel-hell, with hi.' eye
and moiitii shut up."
" n 'at?' - '! x
That' the man iu the moon. Cock
lotlle-ior. TIM chimney - a - fire's
.-.iniin. - And catc-hiuz Mar on hi
shoulder, he rau oil' down the road.
Mrs. Watson looked at tier husband
He shook his head sadly. " I never saw
such a wonderful ear as he has, though,
said he. " I can't hear those cars even
yet; can you?" v ? v !''
What comfort is that?" was an-
Bwerd bitterly. That does uo lift him
above the beasts there in the field. He
is of no more credit to you than your
prettv white heifer yonder. Indeed, he
is not ltalf o jiuch use in the world as
" Wife, you surely do not wish the
poor boy dead ?"
" No; but to think that he will never
know anything, nor do anything, nor be
imvthluor more than now." She burled
her face In her hands, crying passion
ately. " it is too cruel ! Kvery new day
makes it harder to bear." ...
, - 'Mr. WatsoR- went -out of the room
softly. It did -410 good to say anything
to hi wife when she got into these
Sowi all. of a sudden, great doings
sprung up in the village. Honorable
M r. So-and-So and lady " put up " at
lhe tavern over niirhl. and a dinner was
to be given thetn. with a final entertain
ment of fireworks at night. Mr. Wat
- noil, as eletniau, was of wurse expect
ed to do honor to the occasion, .airs,
U'jiumi was also to attend. -i . . . .
- Little Mar wa innch taken nrt with
the new trimmings her mother furbished
up her rtress with, and the tasty, brlght-
hued lioail-tlreas, wnti-li was aiso to grace
the occasion .Mie was In the best or nil-
mor. trnttinsr abont. holding hair-pins,
sticking her nose into hair-oil and co
logne bottles, fingering belt-rlbbona and
watch-chains, and tut tin 2 down witli
Iher little hand her mother' soft, sheeny
silk dress, saying " pitty, pitty," mean
inv " nrettv." von understand.
Jem stood at'a distance, admiring his
mother Mrs. Watson was called a very
handsome woman as she kissed May
gooil-bv. As she. swept past Jem. he
.:iii"hr her dress: his blue eves had a
! wistful Jook ot entreaty :i hi mouth
tvviited lind iwitlied,; but he did not say
anything. She turned away irom mm
she never forsrave herself for this af
terward saving to the maid, " Ellen,
see that he does not get. out and go down
to the village. -
At dusk, from the windows, they conld I
see the rocket that were tnrown up.
T f 1 .. 1 v... t. . I , . mifA'
fche cried.
"Jem." said Ellen, "ye'd better
take the child across the ' road, by tlie
stump; ye'H be afthcr seein' the whole
ot it, uiiii.;r !,,T.V'rj
" She said not to eo out. r answered
Jem. By the he meaut his mother. It was
seldom he remembered anything so long,
But May coaxed, and put up her arms
for him to take her; so he carried her
, off, smiling and happy, his grief gone
' and lorgotten. ' ' i i
" Over by the stump " was a favorite
nlarsToimd of Mav's. for the stump was
hollow, and made a tine place for a baby
L house, or to play " hide-and-seek.: You
could look lioiu here straight down into
tin village, and as" the nrewortiS were
touched off, you could see by .the glare
the crowd standluz near trrem
The little fiery wheels spun round;
the streams of fire ran np and down, in
wreaths, and bouquets, and mottos, and
in between, whiz flew the rockets, and
broke far up iu the sky, into beautiful
litriit and color, st vw.
" See cc 'ellow rain," cried May, point
ing up to the drops of lire, that, like
golden hail, fell down through the trea-
"I wonder if it'll turn 'em into gold,
said Jem. looking steadily
"Did it come down on you 'ead,
once ?V .asked May burying her hand
among Jem s curls, "and make at ail
gold?.- .
Jem did not answer:' he seemed to be
listening intently, and as Mar shouted
witli fresh delight at a crown of stars,
all shining pink, and blue, and green,
that floated down, he stooped and picked
up something from the ground. It was
n black, sharp-pointed suck.
"Come," said Jem, uneasily, "let's
go," making a movement toward the
; house. ;v:-- s -;-; v v-..'r
May screamed out with anger. "Xo!
no!!' she said, and Jem stood Irreso
J list at that, moment ..another .. rocket
flashed out above them. At first It was
little wriggling, squirming serpents,
' fighting with each other; .and then It
'changed slowly and gently into burning.
dripping globules, that came down to
ward them like a soft-dropping summer
snower. i.ike lightning, May ieit ner
self thrust into the hollow stump, away
iroin the pretty sight, for Jem, throw'
' ing himself above her, shut her out for
a second from even the stars In the sky;
and the air that breathed like a sigh
about her. i f j
And now, very strangely it seemed to
May, the light of the stars came back to
her, and the air rushed in, and Jem was
lying on the ground
.She scrambled out and went to him,
. but he did not ; stir nor speak. She
touched his face, and it felt wet and cold.
Top much frightened to scream, or make
a sound, she burst in upon Ellen, who
sat bv a shade lamp, sewing
The girl's eyes almost started out of
her head as May stepped forward Into
the light.
"It's blood, blood, she's covered
with!" 3hc cried. "What Is it? Where's
Jem? Who's done it?"
" 'Taint blood," said May, more and
more frightened. "It s ee cold rain 'at
came down all on Jemmy's 'ead
i'nor Jem : his wonderful hearing and
eyesight had been of some use in this
world after all. He had done some -
thing; some good, as his mother, with
tears and deep remorse, confessed, as she
knelt by his bed
Hearing the rush of the rocket, and
judging by his car where the stick from
it would fall, he had caught sight of It
in time to place May in safety, and by
sheltering her xposed himself. The
sharp-pointed stick had fallen full upon
his head, cutting a deep gash. From
this had welled the blood, that May in
her innocence had called golden ralu.
And so it was golden rain, iu one sense
a shining baptism, that made out of
sinipiejeui.a glorious martyr ror love's
For the first time in his life, the bean
tiful smile faded from Jem's face. His
mouth was firm clenched with pain:
he was fierce, and unruly, and noisy, for
he was delirious with the brain fever.
One day, though, he opened his eyes
"full upon "May, who sat perched by his
pillow, indeed, all through his sick
ness, she had been a most faithful little
" You're my sister?" asked Jem, with
none of his old hesitating way.
" Dear, dear brother Jem!" said May,
stoonirg down and kissing mm.
"And are vou my mother?" to Mrs
Watson, whodrew near at the first sound
of his voice. "I dreamed yon were. I
have had such a long dream. But I am
not simple Jem now. I am just waking
up." And even while his mother was
wondering what this meant, he had fal
len back, and lay like a beautiful picture
smiling and still
It was true enough. He was simple
Jem no longer. Auyel was stamped
noon Iii broad white forehead.
- Thinlc how well he was rewarded.
Fur the earthlv life he had given he had
received a heavenly one; for a life
spanned br a few short years he had
gained a life of time everlasting.
A ew iron nails plaed m a vase ol
llower, will keep the watar sweet and
the flowers fresh.
Thk following was one of the rules of
practice adopted by a good farmer of the
past generation: "Pay hand if he is a
poor fianu all ym promise uitn ; it ue is
a good nana par nnu a nine more it
will encourage him to do still better.
A grindstone should not be exposed
to the weather, as it not only injures the
wood-work, but the sun a rays harden
the stone so much as, in tune to render
it ti3eles. Neither should it stand in
the watr in which it runs, as the jiart
n-Midiiing iu water soften so much that
it wear uiiequallv, aim tins is a com
mon cause of grindstone Iwvomiti:' "out
of true."' . .
Thk h-'ftl'H aives the following reason
lor steaming potatoes instead of boiling:
Potatoes beiug a maw of floor particles,
became watery from being covered with
a weight of water, the particle not be
ing able to expand and burst In flour.
With steam they are not covered ; but it
steamed too long, the flour particles ab
sorb the steam, and become waterlogged
but, of course, they are not such a wa
tery mass a when they are oouea.
If people planting orchards would
give orders to mart tne nenn sine oi
trees w ith red chalk before they are ta
ken no. and when set out to nave the
trees put in the ground with their north
side to the north iu tlie.tr natural posit
ion, a larger proportion would live.
Iffiiorinir this law of nature ts tne cause
of so luanr transplanted trees dviug. If
the north sine is exposea to tne soutn,uie
heat or the sun is too ereat tor mat siue
of the tree to bear, and therefore it dries
up and decays.
Thk ' peach is supposed to be a native
of Persia, and its botanical name refers
to that origin. It Is known to have
flourished In both Persia and China at a
very early period, and was highly valued
in both countries. It has often baeu
found growing spontaneously in Asiatic
lurkev. it is menuonea or i-nny anu
several other classical wrlters,and many
anecdotes are related of the veneration
and even superstiton with which it is
regarded by the Asiatics. It Is not
mentioned in the Bible, but its congener
the almond is mentioned as early as the
days of Jacob.
Thk Food Journal says: "The pro
lific nature of the oransre. especially in
an abundant season, Is something really
surprising. Twenty thousand marketa
ble oranges frorntone tree seem almost
beyuud belief,,, but,., -a w have before
stated, such Is a fact; the branches have
freuueuc.lv to he propped up wltn wood
eu supports to prevent . their breaking.
Klsso mentions a tree growing at ice,
in 17S9, w hich was more than fifty feet
high, and the trunk of so large a girth
that It required two men with outstretch
ed arms to embraoe It. TUis tt'ea usual-?
ly bore from 5,000 to 6,000 oranges.
Orra-WoBKixn in Swtixo. The
Wtstttn Farmer says: "We. have had a
long winter hut warm weather will
come some time. During the present
month we may liave a succession of
brisht. warm days so warm as to be
uncomfortable. Many farmers will be a
little behindhand iu their work, anu
will wish to make good use of all the
tune. J bis is well, but a word or caution
may not be uncalled for, For neither
man nor beast is violent lalxr good after
a long season of comparative idleness,
The young horse, perhaps first put to
hard .work this spring, after standing
almost entirely Idly during the winter,
tea lime grain pet-naps, Wltn nis long,
thick winter coat still covering him.freU
Xn under the unwonted restraint, may
iaiw - t ;.,,- himootr
seriously - Injitre" himself bvone day's
work. And so the farmer's boy coming
home from the schoolroom may bring
sickness, or at ieat uiucu discoiniort, Dy
ttie overexertion or tne nrst nays hard
word on a warm spring day, '
the Art of Making Burryjt. In re
sponse tojiiumerous inquiries before the
Farmer's Club in regard to making
prime butter, Mr. Todd, at the last meet
ing, gave the following information
Mauv producers of butter makes grave
mistake, which deprives them of a large
amount of clean cash, by supposing that
tne products or tneir aairy win retnrn
them just as much profit when the butter
is made in such a perfunctory manner,
that it resembles a cross between mutton
tallow and lard, rather than gilt-edged
butter. Thousands of tubs of firkins of
butter, strong enough to perambulate the
city, are sold at ten to fifteen cents per
pound; whereas by exercising a little
care and neatness, and adding the proper
qualities of sait,every pound would have
brought thirty or fortv-five cents. , The
loss has been sustained by the producers,
Thousands of bard working females who
grind out their dimes by irksome drud:
ery, could save two or three dollars per
every hour's service when making but
ter, by simply spending a tew moments
more than they have hitherto done la
managing their milk, cream and butter
with extra care. It is the scrupulous
neatness In washing milk-pallsand pans,
in the management of the cream, in
churning and packing butter, that se
cure, an article that will pass for prime,
gitt-edged, which always commands a
remumerative price, whether It Is made
In Orange county or on the prairies of
Kansas. I wish to impress on those but
ter producers who always complain of
low prices, the eminent Importance of
observing only a few things- which will
enable them to make an article which
may be forwarded directly to any of our
fashionable hotels,- where every pound
will jwunmantfl frtiA titortiAcit-. ,tiro 1 Qaa
that every milk-pall, churn and bntter
bowl Is cleansed with boiling hot water
as often as they are used. 2. See that
the udders of the cows and hands of the
mllke are as clean as pure water will
maker them, before an atom of milk is
drawn. 3. Provide a neat and clean
place for the pans while the cream is
rising, where the pure breezes from the
green fields may blow Into our window
over the eream and out at an opposite
opening. Good butter can never be
be made In a- filthy apartment, where
there Is offensive effluvia arising from
anything, no matter what, 4. Cream
ought to be churned every day ; yet, if
one can provide a clean corner, in a cel
lar or in ilk-room clean -lid cool, and
kept the cream-pail on a clean piece of
flag stone, he can make superior butter
churning twioe per week, provided the
temperature ol the cream, is maintained
from day to day about sixty degrees,
Fahrenheit. 5. Always skim the milk
soon after the cream has risen. Thous
ands of barrels of cream are ruined for
making gold-edged butter, by not skim
ming tne mill, soon after all the cream
has risen. The sooner the cream is re
moved after it has risen, the better the
butter will be. Milk, which should be
skimmed at evening, Is frequently left
till the morning, when the cream will
be injured to such an extent that gilt-
edged butter cannot be made from ft at
I all, neither will it make as many pounds
1 as if it had been- skimmed at the proper
tune. B
i.e( tne cnurntug oe uoue py
a person whose hands and clothes are as
clean and sweet as a blossom of red
clover; and let the churning be con
tinued until the butter has come. It is
ruinous to butter to put cream In the
churn, as Is sometimes done, and churn
rapidly for a minute or two every hour
in the day, then, in the evening all take
hold In turn, and keep the cream dash
ing and splashing until midnight. If
the creain is properly managed, butter
will always come beautifully, iu less
than half an hour. 7. The butter should
be worked and thoroughly salted soon
after It is churned.. There is but little
danger of salting too much. One ounce
per pound is uot enough for butter that
is to be shipped any considerable dis
tance. It is ruinous to the grain of but
ter to throw It into a dish pan andkuead
it with the hands. The best instrument
for working out the butter-milk, is any
thing that will cut deep gashes lu the
butter into which the buttermilk will
flow. The next day after churning, the
butter should be worked again and
packed. Beware of working butter too
much. A great man v pei sons cont.i n ue
to work and knead their butter to Its
great Injury after the buttermilk is re
moved, thinking that all the "chrystal
tear-drops," which arc not buttermilk,
must lie worked out. 8. Thousands of
tubs and firkins are received in the New
York market containing what was once
prime,, gold-edged butter, but which
was spoiled by being packed before the
tubs had been properly prepared bv
soaking in brine. For the sake of saving
three cents worth of salt for preparing a
strong unne in wnicn to soaK a nrkin
two or three days, many a frugal house
wife has been obliged to accept half the
price ot prime muter simply because the
staves were not saturated with brine
before the butter was packed.
The present number of active preach
ers iu China is four hundred and the
membership seven thousand.
A i:osYntTKWuakeres is holding meet
ings in Philadelphia, and is said to have
made several converts. Her converts
are not worth much. A drunken man
was pointed out to Mr. Xettleton as one
of his converts. "Very likely j" said
the revivalist; "but if he had been one
ot the fiord's converts, he would not be
drunk." . -
Look L'pwako. A young man once
picked up a gold coin that was lying in
cite road. Always afterward, as he
walked aloug. he kept his eyes ou the
ground, hoping to find another. And in
tli coarse of a long life, he did pick up.
at different times, a goodly number of
coins, both gold aud silver, liut all
these years that lie was looking for them
be saw not that tne Heavens were orignt
above him. He never let bis eyes turn
awar from the filth and mud in which
he sought bis treasure; and when he
died a rich old man he only knew this
fair earth as a dirty road in which to
pick up money. , . - ?
AMKmciN S. S. Cniox. The forty
eighth anniversary meeting of the Amer
ican isuiraay ociiooi union, was insiu u
Philadelphia on lhursday evening last.
The Academy of Music is always packed
to Its utmost capacity to accommodate
these gatherings, and the Interest in
them seems not to wane. The addresses
were by Ker. Dr. P. S. Henson, John
Lerburu and John Cotton Smith. The
singing was by a choir of fire hundred
girl-;. The Society reports over a thou
sand new aunuay-scnoois organized, en
listing a membership of nearly 50,000,
and 3.071 existing schools aldsid within
the year. Many hopeful features show
ing tne power ana value of work among
children were adduced. In Michigan,
for instance, one missionary counts 14
churches sprung from 83 Sunday schools
piantea by mm in tnree aqq a wait
years t another reckons 83 churches and
400 conversions as fruits of bis labor In
fire years. In 18 counties of that State
52 chui-ches of eight denominational
names hare resulted from Union Sunday
senoou, mosuy wumn tnree years. ,
' Dkath of Pbof. Hopkins. The grad
uates of Williams College and many
others la this and foreign lands, will
mourn the death of Professor Albert
Hopkins, which event occurred on Fri
day last. He has been in feeble health
so long, that the lntHgeneeoannoC sur
prise, though It will "wply pain a wide
circle oi menus..
A native of Berkshire County, Mass,
be graduated at v iiiuuns . tn 1827, was
then tutor, and in 1&I9 was elected pro
fessor, ana has neiu nis place wltn dis
tinguished Honor to himseir and the col
lege, to his death, a term of 43 years,
Profoundly read In science, and nnln all
the advancing knowledge of the day, he
was enthusiastic In the pursuit of truth,
In many departments, and had the rare
faculty of Inspiring pupils with his own
enthusiasm. As the result of his visit to
Europe, the best facilities for the study
of Astronomy were Introduced, and the
observatory became his chamber of dis
course and observation, where groups of
students and fiiends for successive years,
nightly , gathered to see and hear and
learn. "' ,. , .. .-
. He was a Christian astronomer. Fa
miliar With the stars, he was more at
home beyond them-with God. A ehild
lu faith aud love ; simple, humble, difti
dent; living in near communion with
Christ, his life was a consistent and
beautiful reflection of the life in Him
For many years he sustained, without
help, the Gospel in a Mission church
amng the mountains,' the house being
built through his own exertions; while
in the village church, and in the College,
he has labored devotedly and unceasing
ly to promote bis Master's work. , ..
Father McXeirxet was consecrated
Bishop of Albany,-fn St, Patrick's Ca-
tnetirai, in ew Vork, on Sunday last,
amid all the pomp and ceremony used
on such occasions. After the usual pre
liminary services were, performed,, tne
Bishop-elect, kneeling belore the -Arch
bishop, took the following oath;- 1. si
elect of the. Church of Albany, shall
c . i t i i a , i .1
irom mi Knur, uumiuiurviai'u, nu uueui
ent to blessed peter, the Apostle, and to
the holy Roman Church, and to the most
blessed Father, Pope Pius 1XV and to
his successors caiionically - chosen.
shall assist them to retain and defend
against any- man whatever-the Roman
Pontificate - without : prejudice to , mv
rank, I shall take re to preserve, der
fend and promote the rights, honors.
privileges and authority of the holy Ro
man Church ef the Pope and of his suc
cessors aforesaid. -With my whole
strength I shall observe and cause to be
observed by others the rules of the Holy
Father, the decrees, ordinances, or dis
positions and mandates of the Apostolie
See. When called to a synod I shall
come unless I . ba prevented hyoanonloal
impediment, - shall personally visit the
Apostolic See once every-ten years, and
render an account to our most Blessed
Father (the Pope) and his successors as
as aforeside of ray whole pastoral office
and of everything Ip any way apperr
taintng to the state of my Church, to the
discipline ot tne ciergv ana people ana
the salvation of the souls committed to
my care. I shall humbly receive iu re
tnrn the apostolie mandates and most
diligently exeoute them,' But if j be
prevented by a lawful impediment
.Halt nA.fA.m all th. tltinm .nMuial,!
by a certain messenger specially author-.
izea for tnis purpose, a priest ot tne dio
cese, or by some other secular or regular
priest or tried virtue and piety, well in
structed on all the above subjects. .
shall not sell, nor give away, nor mort
gage, enfeoff anew nor In any way alien
ate the possessions belonging to jny table
without the leave ot the -Human foptlfj-,
And should I proceed to anv alienation
of them, J am willing to contract by the
very fact the penalties specified in the
cousmuiioii punijsueuon inis suDjept,
Th Famine in Persia. The follow
Ing extract from a letter lust received
from Rev. G. W. Coan of the Presbyte
rian Mission to Persia, shows that the
famine is still pressing sorely upon the
people, ana tnat they need continued aid
OB00W4H, Persia, Maroh 14, 1878.
The famine presses severe. The poor
people have eaten up their substance,
and nothing is left but herbs and roots
tor large multitudes till harvest, four
months hence. The distress is great in
the city and in the villages. ; Some of
our helpers with us, themselves go wth
only one meal a dav. in order that thev
may have a little to give to those who
throng their doors. While I write near
ly a hundred are about our doors stretch
ing out their hands for bread, scantily
clothed in the veriest tatters.
" About $5,000 have come to its from
Amei ioa, England and Germany, for our
distribution among the needy. We have
aided many hundreds. - Hundreds havi
come from the South, strangers, hungry
naked and houseless. . We have found
places of shelter for many, and given
bread. Multitudes are quartered upon
the poor villages about, and have pot
oreau ior tneir own children, Multi
tudes ask enough to get a passport and a
crust of bread in order to go to Russia.
We hear to-day that the death rate in
Tehean Is from 150 to 200 and more dally.
We have canvassed the village tn part
In order to ascertain the most needy
cases, that we may impartially divide the
funds committed to our trust.. The
large number of helpers and, teachers
under our care, enables us to get at facts
very nearly, and thus much imposition
Is avoided. But this is a severe tax upon
our time and strength, to say nothing of
the terrible strain upon our sympathies.
But we feel rewarded by the gratitude
of the poor creatures, and by the fact
that many are saved from death. We
extend aid in a way that shall help
those that are disposed to help them
selves.. When we can, we give a little
cotton. This furnishes employment to
spinners and weavers, who more than
double the small allowances made, and
thus get along. We know of many,
who, by a little aid this wav, have mail
aged to worry along and keep alive. Mrs.
Vonnorden, in the absence of her hus
band, has rendered very efficient aid in
the matter of disbursing for the poor. A
faithful man has aided her much, by his
knowledge of the people, in avoiding
imposition. Mrs, Cochaii has dope a
good work in preparing soup daily for
the sick and feeble.
The month now closing has been se
rere on the poor. The rains which bad
failed to fall.in the winter, came deep iu
March, and the cold has been severe.
Copious rains have recently drenched
the ground, aud the prospects for aeoni?
Ing harvest are good, G. W, Coak,
We learn that Messrs. William A,
Booth, David Olyphant, and Robert I..
Stuart of this city, have consented to re
ceive and forward funds for the relief of
the sufferers,
The tariout nripet tcilejk. trill kereafUr ht
gtcttt to am multn.. . tJkit lUpartnutt, are
preitHtrd mtif after Meg o been Unted an
lorn mliaM. Tke iuformatfa Um emaain
Kill, otlwyl be fovmt to be rahtaUe
atKf Kill vnrthtt of pmereation.
Wki'te Polish. Take rectified spirits
of w ine two gallons,gum sandarac 5 lb.,
gum mastic 1 lb., gumanime 4 oz.. put
them into a clean can or bottle to
dissolve in a warm place. Freouentlv
shake the vessel and contents. When
the gums are dissolved, strain it through
a lawn sieve, and it will be tit for
To Make Furniture Patte Scrape
four ounces of beeswax into a pot or
basin, add as much spirits of turpentine
as will moisteu it through; at the same
time, powder one quarter of an ounce of
resin, and add to it wheu it Is dissolved
to the consistence of -paste as much
Indian red as will bring it to a deep ma
hogany color ; stir it np and it is fit for
White Varuixh. Take one ounce of
pure Venice turpentine: mix wellwith
twoonncesof pure sririts of turpentine;
warm in a large Dottle, in another bot
tle put four ounces of best fir balsam . (it
must be pure,) with two ounces of 95
per cent, alcohol ; shake each bottle well
frequently for six hours or more, then
mix both preparations in the large bot
tle. The whole should stand several
days before uselng, iu a warm place.
Varnish for Violins.&c Take a gal
lon of rectified spirits of wine, twelve
ounces or mastic, and a pint of turpen-
Ltine varnish ; put them all together iii a
tin can, anu Keep it in a very warm
place, shaking it occasionally till it is
perfectly dissolved : then strain it and It
is fit for use. If you find it necessary,
you may dilute it with tur)entlne var
nish. . "ibis varnish U also for furniture
of plum-tree, mahogany, or rosewood.
Portable Glue Best glue, half a pound.
water sufficient; boil it in a double glue
pot and strain ; add a quarter of a tnound
or brown sugar ana noil pretty thick;
then pour into moulds. When cold cut
into small Dleces and dry them. This
glue Is very usefnl for draughtuien, ar
chitects, &c as it immediately dilutes
in warm water, and fastens the paper
without dampening it. ' It may he soft
ened for many purposes witli the tongue
A Fine Black lw Put six pounds
of chip logwood into a copper, aud as
many veneers as it will hold without
pressing too tight; then fill with water,
aud let it boll slowly for about three
hours, add half a pound of powdered
verllgrls, half a pound of copperas, ami
four ounces of bruised nut-galls, filling
the copper up with vinegar as the water
evaporates; let It boil gently two hours
ech day till you find the wood to be
dyed through. ......
, Tint Blue DuePut one pound of oil
of vitriol Into a clean glass bottle, then
pour four ounces of the hest indigo,
pounded, into the vitriol (takeoaretn
set the bottle In a basin of glazed earth
en pot, as It will ferment,) after it is dis
solved, provide an earthen or wooden
vessel, so constructed that it will con
veniently hold the veneers you mean to
dye; fill It rather more than one-third
with water, into which pour as much of
the vitriol and indigo (stirring it about)
till you find the whole to be a flno bl.ie
dyet put In your veneers, and let them
remain till the dye is perfect.
To Set and Sharpen Sates. Fhst.run
a file down along tiie edge of the teeth
till by looking along the edge you see
them range lu a direct line, yon may
then set your saw in the following man
ner : Lay the blade on a smooth piece
of lead, or on the end of your trying
plane, then with a square steel ; punch
give a gentle tap with a hammer : do the
same on every alternate tooth j then re
verse the saw and punch the tenth on
the other side, and look down your saw
and see that the teeth are all equally set.
then begin with your tile at the part of
tne saw nearest tne handle : ;to sharpen
or file the teeth to a good point you
must hold your file so that it shall make
an angle with the saw-blade of about
two thirds of a mitre angle, observing to
shift the fle for every alternate tooth
in an opposite inclination, and bringing
each tooth to a very sharp point, keep
ing the upper edge of your ; file very
nearly level and horizontal every tooth
will then represent a sharp chisel and
cut as it goes, without tearing, as is
often the case, from not paying attention
to these paticulars.
- Making Sandpaper, The American
Builder gives the following simple di
rections for making sand paper, which
will be both Interesting and useful for
the woodworker : Sandpaper forms one
of the most important items of expense
with tlie carpenter who 1ms any fine
work to dp, aud since, as a rule, he buys
instead of manufacturing this material,
a knowledge of the means by which he
can produce sandpaper of a superior
quality, at almost a nominal cost, must
prove of value, The device for making
it is simple and at hand to any one who
has occasion to use the paper. ' A quan
tity of ordinary window glass is taken
that having a green color is said to be
best and pounded fine, after which it
Is poured through one or more sieves of
different degrees of fineness, to secure
the glass for coarse or fine paper. Then
any tough paper is oovered evenly with
glue having about one-third more water
than is generally employed for wood
work. The glass is silted upon the paper,
allowed a day or two In which to become
fixed in the glue, when the refuse glass
is shaken off and the paper is fit for use.
This sandpaper costs little and is better
than that ordinarily bought, in which
sand is frequently mingled with the
glass. The suggestion here made is cer
tainly worthy of. note.
Comaoiitfan far mouldina. The fol
lowing is used by gilders: Mix 141b. of
glue, 7id. rosin, I-21b. pitch, 21-2 pints
linceed oil. 5 pints ot water(more or less
according to the quantity required.)
Boil the whole together ,.well stirring
until dissolved, adding as much whiting
as will render H of a bard consistency,
then press it Into a mould, which has
been previously oiled with sweet oil, No
more should be mixed than can be used
before it becomes sensibly hard, as it
will require steaming before it can be
used again. .Another recipe is this:
Make a very clear glue with three parts
of Flanders glue and one part of Isin
glass, by dissolving the two kinds sep
arately in a large quantity of water, and
mix them together, after they have been
strained through a piece of line linen to
separate the . filth and heterogeneous
parts,, which could not pe dissolved.
The quantity of water cannot be fixed
because all kinds of glue are not homo
geneous, so that some require more than
others. The proper strength may be
found by suffering the glue to become
perfectly cold; it must then barely form
a jellr. The glue is then to be gently
heated, then mixed with sawdust sifted
through a fine sieve, The moulds are
then to be oiled with nut oil, and the
glue pressed into the mould, covered
with weighted board, and then sot to
dry near a stove. When the casting is
dry it is to be trimmed.
To clean Brussels and Kidd'niiitrr
Carpets, Take the Brussels carpets up
and shake and beat them, so as to ren
der them perfectly free from dust. Have
the floor perfectly scoured and dry,
and nail the carpet firmly down to it.
If still soiled, take a pailful of clean
cold water and put into it about three
gills of ox-gall. Take another pail,with
cleau cold water only; now rub with a
soft scrubbing brush some of the ox
gall water ou the carpet, which will
raise a lather. When a convenient sized
portion Is done, wash the lather off with
a clean linen cloth dipped in the cleau
water. It this water be changed fre
quently. When all the lather has dis
appeared, rub the part w ith a clean dry
cloth. After all Is done open the w in
dow to allow the carpet to dry. A car
pet treated in this manner will be great
ly refreshed In color, particularly tlie
greens. Kidderminster carpets will
scarcely bear the above treatment with
out becoming so soft as speedily to be
come dirty again. This may lu some
measure be prevented by brushing them
over with a hot weak solution of size iu
water, to which a little alum has been
added. Curd soap, dissolved tn hot wa
ter, may be used instead of ox-gall, but
it is more likely to injure the eolors If
produced by false dyes. Where there
are spots of grease In the carpeting, they
may he oovered with curd soup.dlssolved
iu boiling water, and rubbed with a
brush until the stains arc removed, when
they must be cleaned with warm wa
ter as before. The addition of a little
gall to the soap renders It more efficacious,
Manufacturer awl Dealer in all kinU of
PIPES ef all pride, front the finest Meerrhaura
lo lite rneapesc day, asd a lull assort
ment of all good fount! in a
All articles sold at prices whi.-h
Defy Caaictlllra.
Hew Boarding Stable.
THE UN DF.RSIGNED wonid recpeetfuUv call
attention to the faet that lie has opened a
new Stable at the plare former! v occupied by R.
Brijrgs where he will be ready at all tunes to
By the Ray or Week, at the nost reasonable
terms. Having had nearly a life times' expe
rienoe in the care and management of horses, it
i needless to say that they will receive the best
attention. Farmers and others will here find a
arood place to bring tneir borses for a single feed.
Uood accommodations and easv of access.
aftagr" Beweuber toe place, "Stable N. 2, St.
Clair street.
41cu Z. H.CUETISS.
Millinery 6c Dress Making.
TRS- M- ? FLEMING having- secured new
.t-U. rooms in tne rarmiy Blocs, Mate street,
would be pleased to receive all frieuds who may
uebire war in inis line, ine
Kent constantly on hand and received direct.
The attention of ladies is especially called to the
Lores, jtaaing ueparunent. . taooi
Heeattae mt ! AkMlstt Safety,
Northern Paeiflo Railroad
There continues an tiacve demand for the ":30
Gold Bonds of the Northern PaciQc Bailroad
tympany, which we are still offering at par and
aeorued interest in currencv.
These securities are now being absorbed both
in this country and In Europe, and the cash is in
baud for the rapid and early completion of a
large part of the Boad.
The security for the Bonds is backed by a clean
grant of United States Lands, worth at least
300,000,000, and by the Bailroad and alt its earn
ings, - - -
The Bonds are thus a Real Estate Mortgage
sad Railroad Bond combined on property worth
treble the value of the whole issue.
New York, Philadelphia f Washington.
I. V. PAWTF.B, Banker, Clerelaa
General Agent far Ohio.
Far Sale la Paiaeevllle y
First National Bank.
H. Steele Banker
Aaron Wilcox, Banker.
furniture for tne Million.
-A- speciu attention to nis assortment or .
ot all kinds, consisting or
A large quantity of Elegant MATTR ASSES just
received. MCTUUE IB AMES tarnished of
nuy pattern.
t& Custom work of aU kinds will receive
truiuii attention.
C'or. Main & State Sis., Over French's Grocery,
1ST I.
Nos. 61 and M Main Stkxxt
Have constantly on hand a well-felected ai-Boi-lnient
VKN WIKK MATTIthssKN. luxurious
and durable, BOOK-CASES, Mlll
AC, AC., At,
e have added to our former Ware Rooms the
rooms No 51 Main street, which gives us in
creased facilities lor doing business. Give us a
call. No trouble to show goods.
Prospectus for 1872.
A Representative and Champion of American
An Illustrated Monthly Journal claimed to be
me nanusomest 'aier in the tvorld.
"Give my love to the artist workmen of THE
ALDINE who are striving to make their nro-
lession worthv of admiration for beauty, as it
has always been for usefulness." Heurg Ward
MeeeJker. ...
THE ALDINE. wbDe issued with .11 th. ir.
ularitv. has none of the temnorarv or timelv in
terest characteristic of ordinary periodieais. It
is an elegant miscellany of pure, light, and
graceful literature, and a collection of pictures,
the rarest specimens of artistic skill, in black
and white. While other publications m&v claim
superior cheapness as compared with rival? of a
similar ciassn. AXiDiA is a unique and orig
inal conception alone and unapproached ab
solutely without competition in price or charac
ter. New Features for 1872.
Art Department.
The enthusiastic snnnort soreadilr accorded
to their enterorise. wherever it hju been intro
duced, has convinced the publishers of THE
ALDINE of the soundness of their theory that
the American public would recognize and heart
ily support any sincere effort to elevate the tone
and standard of illustrated publications. As a
guarantee of the excellence of this department,
the publishers would beg to announce during
wewwuif year, specimens i row tne touowmg
eminent American artists:
W. T. Richakds
Wm. Hart,
Wm. Bzakd,
gtoboe smilct,
Wm. H. Wilcox,
James H. Bkikb,
Jauxs Skilkt,
FnANK Rusa '
Attt. v, ILL,,
Gbanvillk Perkins, Paul Dixon,
These Dictures are beinv reDradneMl withont
rca-aru 10 expense oy tne very Dest engravers In
the country, and will bear the severest critical
comparison with the best foreign work, it being
the determination of the publishers that THE
aiiuu snail oe a successiul vindication of
American tasie in competition with any exist
ing publication in the world.
Idterary Department.
Where so much attention is paid to illustra
tion and get up ef the work, too much denend.
ence on appearances may very naturally be
feared. To anticipate such misgivings, it is
mi l v necA&fcjt.rv ia viutu tht thi I . .v; u i man
agement of THE ALDINE has been intrusted to
received assurances of assistance from a host of
tne most popular writers ana poets of the coun
try. - ......
The Volume for 1872
will contain nearly aoo pages, and about SS0 fine
engravings. Commencing with the number for
January, every third number will eontain a
beautiful tinted picture on plate paper, inserted
a a frontispiece. .
The Christmas number for 187, will be a
splendid volume in itself, coutaininc flftv en
gravings, (four in Uut) and, although retailed at
one dollar, will lie sent without extra charge to
1 iwii nuuN-iiuvn.
A Caraata ta Everr Subscriber
was a very popular feature last Tear, and will
be repeated with the present volume.
The publishers have purchased and reproduced,
at great expense, the beautiful oil painting bv
seis, entitled 'Him N ah re's School." The
enromo is 11x13 inches, and is an exact fac-sint
ile, in sixe and appearance, of the original pic
ture. No American ehromo, which will at all
compare with it, has vet been offered at retail
for less than ihe price asked for TH ALDINE
and it together. It will be delivered free, with
the January number, to every subscriber who
Terms for 1872.
One Copy, one year, with Oil Cbromo, Five
FlveCopies, - - . Twenty
23 Liberty Street, New Yarlc
Special .Rates With the
By means of an arrangement with the pub,
Ushers of this Splenaia. Illastratea
laattalft we arc enabled to make the follow
ing unparalleled offer to all who may desire u
embrace the opportunity : -
For $6.00
we will send for one year
The Aldine, Price $5.00,
together with its magnificent
Premium Chromo, "Dame
Nature's School."
which is valued and retailed at Five Dalian;
Aud also the
Northern Ohio Journal,
Price $2.00,
together with tlie premium
That for Six Dallam we will send the A.
tor one year, the 1'br.u. luawa
Natare's ehnel. the jb-i t,
one year and a rail Oil Caraaaa; or ia
utuer woras.
For Six Dollars
we will send
Fourteen Dollars'
worth of Literary aud Artistic work. This
Unparalleled Offer !
we are only able to make by tjveinl arrange
menu Willi the iithlihei-s ol" the Alalne.
Brief,' C S1on e La ying,
CORNICES manufactured from Original
Designs and kept on hand for sale or put up lo
order. Also, Hair and Mortar. Old Plastering
wliiteued or timed. Impure uf
C. W. MoRftEix. Nebraska street, or
J. S. Morreix, cor. Jackson A Grant sts.
J . Ittnrretl Saa.
Union Meat Market.
HEATS for tale at the lowest prices. All
meats delivered free M charge.
Paiaesviile, March 13,1872. SUlut
American Button-Hole
, AND . .
: ,- . .. - -..
sswxxra machine-
1. X. WAkE, Area! far Lake caaat y
A this i one of the best K not the best ma
chine ia the market, I would limply say to all
intending ta purchase machine, to examine its
merit before closing a bargain anywhere else.
If you do not like it you need not buy, and by ex
amining it you may And it to your advantage
topurchaseof us. , 83ch3
New Wheeler & Wilson
Sewing Machine.
xy.Eni.Es, oil, &c, ;
Can be had at the above Office.
SGcnS CHASE BROS., Areata.
New York Cheap Store.
AS just opened for the Spring Trade the
hmmi ciegaui mock oi .
Foreign and Domestic, and all nov
elties of the seaitou. A slock ot
New and nnequaled in
elegance and cariety:
Of every description, from
Six to Twenty-five dollars.
Quilts and White Qoods
Till you can't rest.
Dolly Varden Parasols
And a complete line of all the Nov
elties ol the season.
Cassimeres 6c Cloakings,
At very low figures COATS' aud CLARK'S
Til KK All at lu eentf. per dozen. Beat quality
.Kept coulantly on band.
B. Elirlich,
7 1 Main Su Paiue;ville, O.
avertible Trragk.
We, the undersigned, arecouvinced. eiiner by
using or examining the InveriibleTrough.lately
patented by r. J, Uoldsinitb, that it is
a desirable acquisition to any farm where a
trough is used; aud take pleasure iu recom
mending it to all who wi.-,b to bo merciful to
their beasts or taring of tbeir time audmouey,
CHAS. G. JKNNING8, , L. K. till, ;
U. K HODGE, - R. MURRAY, 2l.
The only additional coot of this ever any other
trough, is about as bonn extra labor la making.
Any farmer can do it, and all ought to. 1
Agents wanted. State, Ceuntr, Town : aud
Farm Rights for Sale. ' "
Farm Rights for sale at 9100 Address
PaiOMvtile, Lake County, O., P. O. Box 645.
Boarding and Sale Stable.
At the Old Stand, in rear oSturk well House
HAVING recently leased and newly fitted up
the above Stable, would respectfully in-foi-ui
the public that he is now urcuaivd to re
ceive ami
by the meat, day or -week. Having had many
years experieuce, satUlactiuu wilF be g-uaran-teed
in both care and keeping'. Terms reasona
ble. Guests at the Stock well House will find
every convenience at these Stables. 4if
... j
- 1 ' : .i sut b i.ltt. j (
and SHEET MUSIC, at Wholesale Prices. I can
Pianos as low as - -'" - " $aa
New 4-octave Organs as low as - - , - IS
- - ' T. w Vm.bm.C iVCUIUCUUS hi, lJ
Richardson's full edition, for piano, price
Sheet Music 40 per cent- off.
T ....'11 !-. . 1 j . , ,
wm raiuw me uiuuey 10 any purcunser w uo
does not find tbe articlejust as it is recommended.
latz ! ' i i i .. - painesviUei ouio.
' f
Operative and Mechanical
Office over TnttleJs Hardware Store, Main
Street, PainescHle, Ohio.
i t
ALL operations performed iu the most skil
ful manner, and in accordance with tlie
latent scientiilu nriiii-iiiles nt the art. Artificial
teeth in-ei-tiHt nu the Rubber Itase. Chililren's
Teeth extracted withoutcliarge. Csiug nothing
but the very best quality of material in the uiau
ufacture of Plates and Teeth, aud having but one
t. , .-,: wummviil iii 1, lug pniiaiacuuii iu jiij
pairous in every pnritcuiar.
Call and examine specimens.
No. 90
AN'E of the oldest Shoe houses in Northern
J Ohio. The cheapest place in the State to
Iiuivimm: iUI 1UUSH .
' My stock is very extensive, consisting of
all the varieties of Mens', V omens' and
Children's Boots, Shoes, Gaiters and Slip
pers, and Leather Findings, all of which
will be sold at exceedingly small profits,
for ready pav. Call and see. Remember
the place. No. AO Main street, two doors
west of A. Wilcox's Bank. Avail your
selves of the rare chance -of investing
your mouey. We charge nothing lor
showing our goods. No. 90 Main street.
Eddys Cheap Beady Pay Shoe Store,
Bur Twenty Cents worth and receive a
Of an Alphabet for tbe Children, worth ISCents,
A.TX the Painesville Cornet Band, respectfully
auuuuuues in Hi ue is preparea ui give
Thorough and Efficient Instruction
to any Organization, Brass or Stringed, that re-
fuiic iik Bc-i oi a teacuei.
ntBBic Arranged la Order
for any number or kind of instruments in the
uesi possiuie style ami always to suit the abili
ties of the respective performers, of which infor
mation must be given in ordering.
Having a very extensive Kcjiertoire, he can
furnish itnml on short not ice. with anv stvle,
froui tbe Seusatioual to the Classical.
Qusdrille Bands rau get all the newest and
best Music of the day for tlieir busiuess Faucv
llauces, with Figures, dtc Jtc
After a long and active experience in his pro
fession, he docs uoi hesitate to warrant
or money refunded. The best of references given
if required. Private Lessuus giveu ou iud
and Mriuged ln-ti mm'ut--. Address
P. O. Box 8S7, Painesville, Ohio.
Hoots and Shoes.
ONE or the Largest and Best Selected Mock
ImknIs in this liue ever hrouirh! iuin this
market, is now open fur the
Spring: and Summer Trade
At the Store of
Healer in and manufacturer of all the latest
styles of Men', Women's ami Children's wear.
No. 86
Main Street, next door lo Lake Couuly Bank.
I'ltrticnlar attention will lie paid to
Prices as Cheap as the
cheapest. Call aud ce.
Auction Store. -
. a Specially at Jletail.
Itecriil.ir Sale at Auction Wnlinuilantnil Hal.
ui-tiays, afternntiu and evening.
n in itui-mi to saies in any part of the couiitv.
M. It. TH)0 LITTLE, Licensed Auctioneer.
lfitlul 166 State Street, Painesville, O.
C. H. Wheeler,
R OOTS a n il SHOES.
VARIETY of goods in tiiis line, just re
ceived for the Spring and Summer Trade of 1873.
-' jvo vail aim r AiUUlUC Ule SIOCX
before purchasing elsewhere.
Every kind of work made to order and in all
cases satisfaction guaranteed, both as to ma
terial and work. Repairing done at tbe shortest
notice. Sign of the Red Boot. Hart
In the World.
103, 105 6c 107 Water St..
Cleveland, 6.
: : . I
3fiai 1
Sweet Chestnut, &c.
THE most valuable Timber and Nut Producing
Trite on the contineut. 300.000 yet unsold.
A Hi page Circular free. Seud lor one. Chestnut
Seed p reset-vetl for planting, jer pouud 60cts.,by
mail iHsl -paiU A 4a pae Catalogue of
Beautiful Flowers and
Rare Plants
Free. Plants sent safely bv mail any distance.
Trv it. Nurseries established la vears. 9U0 acres;
ft green-houses. Address, STOltRS, HARRISON
& CO., Painesville, l-ake couuty, Ohio. S4cbS
iboo-k: bindeb
No. 94, Cr. Main dr St. Clair Sta.
Up Stairs, over Diugley'a Store.
in 1859, 1 am prepared to do
Binding af all Bask au4 Marazlnei
entrusted o my rare at prices to suit cus
tomers, Irom la.sc up lo 25 per volume.
Blank Boeki of all kinds furnished te order
at reasouable prices, and of the best paper aud
bound in plain and fancy bindings. 1 have
also on hand and far Sale the folio tug
Books and numbers of Magaiine:
I am permitted to use tbe name? of the follow-
iug gentlemen for
Hefereure :
J. H. Merrill, W. L. Perkins, S. Marshall, P.
P. Sanford, C O. t li.Id, Rev. A. Phelps, J. F.
Scotleld, S. A.Tisd-i, C. 1. Adams, C gutnn,
W. C. Chambers. P. Sanl'ord, Rev. a. B. Webster,
J E. Chambers.
A song for the sons who honor deserve,
A song for the sous of the Western Reserve.
Western Reserve
Located at
, Corner of Main aud St. I lair Streets,
PH ATT HHOS , Praarietara.
ln-ti union riven in all branches of a I omuicr--ial
hdm-atiou whk-h includes tbe
Filly good Hool keepers Penman, aud Telegraph
operntoi-s wanted immeiliatel to prepare
the iiteetves for llusiuess sitoatiuu i
siinio lie found, goodeuter- .
prising llusiuess men are
always wanted.
Hook-keeping K 0U
Penmanship, idaiu and ot-uaniental 9V Ou
Telegraphing & H
nisi i-ik-iii,ii mv moniii, .. . w
Full course In all departments time un
limited. T OU
A Thorough Course will be
given in Mathematics.
. ; - - n ton.
We intend to establish ia this beautiful riiv
which is iiustirrwssrM ior us vtiueatiouM aavau
tatres, a Commercial College that shall be a com
plete success in all iu lVpartineuts.
College !lom-Froin till 1 A. M.; from one
till , P.M.
Full Inuormatioa sent to those deslrinr to

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