OCR Interpretation

Northern Ohio journal. [volume] (Painesville, Ohio) 1872-1896, June 22, 1872, Image 4

Image and text provided by Ohio History Connection, Columbus, OH

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84028194/1872-06-22/ed-1/seq-4/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

A husv little wren and hi busy little wU,
While building their nest 'neath the eave,
Sung' and chatted merrily.
A, though work ir only play ;
Diming iu and out anioug the lragrant leaves.
Stud little Mother Wreo. a a feather soft she
From her bosom to weave in the new:
'Do you remember, dear,
Iu house-bunting last year.
How we chanced upon this cozy nook of re.tJ
Huband Wren looked and smiled on bis darling
little wife,
Who, not waiting his reply, talked on;
'Don't you know the tiuy girls
With Biii'ti u 1 1 n 1 1 v vea And ,"n l-l J .
1 hat were playing bide and seek on yon lawn
And while we were resting from a long, weary
)a the maple that shadows the spring;
They clapped their hand in give,
Crying, come sweet mothersee,
There's darling, pretty birds come to sing.
''With a merry laugh thay called, but softly, to
you know,
Two manly and rosy-cheek'd boys.
Brothers look, the wrens hare come,
.Like they.did in our old home.
Hush, don t lot us frighten them with noise.
"Father says they'll stay and build if we don't
outturn Hieni now, -Oh.
darling little birds, we're so glad;
Then husband, yon and I
This cozy place did spy.
And not one moment since we ve been sad.
Two precious, pretty broods we've reared in
tnis sweet mac,
As ever parent owned in one life,
And this spring they've mated well.
1Thii.ll IB A lilV ri tall
Then papa Wren for gladness kissed his wife.
So these thrifty, merry wrens work and sing the
live-long aay. .......
Sever doing or thinking any ill
Of neighbors or each other.
But dwell lovingly together.
Working out their mission with a blithe good
The Mouse in the . Mill.
T wm not the mouse in the song
who married the "frog that
lived in the well," but 3 brave
a mouse as ever was sung or
written of. It was a pleasant place to
live in ; that old mill with its wide-open
doors, and the merry wind blowing
through, and the golden meal floating
about in the -sunshine. And a right
merry life lived the little mouse, with
nothing to molest or make him afraid.
There were no fierce cat prowling about
with their terrible green eyes, and no
cruel traps with murderous intent ever
seen in the mill. There was plenty of
dainty meal to feast on, and the miller
was the kindest man the world. Once
he had spared the life of the little mouse
when he had had him fairly In his power,
cornered in a great meal bag, and the
little mouse trembled very much, but
did not try to escape, and sat looking in
the miller's lace in the most beseaching
attitude, and the miller laughed and
said, " O, you poor little mouse, I do
not wish to harm you if you do eat my
meal ; " and he left the bag open awhile,
that the little mouse might run away
and not be frightened. And very soon
he came out looking like a little yellow
mnuse. his silkv coat so covered with
meal; and before he scampered off,
turned to give, the miller a grateful iook
from his tinv. twiukline eyes, and a
queer little nod, as much as to say,
" Thank you, kind sir, for being so good
to a. rtoor little mouse."
And the miller said to his boy, "What
a comical little fellow that Is! 1 would
not have him harmed for anything."
And the little mouse ran in at his
door, behind a geat chest, and told his
family all about it, how frightened he
was. and what the eood miller said : and
they all listened with breathless atten
" I'll tell you what," spoke up expe
rienced old Uncle Rat, who had lost
many relatives by the trap, and divers
other wavs. " there never was the like
of this miller ! He must be a real friend
to our race, and we must not harm any
of his basrs with our sharp teeth, or run
through his choice meal, scattering it
about the floor to waste, out taxe our
dinners from the top of the barrel, and
never soil a particle.".
And they all promised to be very care
ful ; and you may be sure that they kept
their word, for they were good, grateful
little mice, and of high standing in so
ciety, being relatives of the " Three
Blind Mice,'' so renowned in history.
After the little mouse's adventure, he
and the miller became fast friends. He
used to come out of his hole and watch
tlie good man at his work, sitting very
quietly on a beam near by, and the mil
ler seemed to like it, and now and then
would stop and talk to blm. And the
little mouse would nod. and shake his
funny little head, and blink his bright
Jittleeyes, asn lie were trying w wane
the miller understand something; then
the miller would laugh as if it were very
funny; and the miller's boy, a great,
good-natured fellow', with a broad face
ana Dlunt nose, wouia try to Krai una
In fun, and then the little mouse would
scamper home again like a flash, and
have a good laugh over it with his broth
ers and sisters.
One windy autumn night, when ev
erything was still about the mill, save
the river sinzine outside, the little
mouse, unusually restless, save up try
ing to sleep and thought he would get np
arm tate an airing in mo iiiwiingnt,
and ncrhans visit his cousin, the wee
blind .nole who lived down in the mead
ow. But as soon as ever he peeped out
of his hole he smelt smoke, and looking
over his head, he saw something like
flame darting over a rafter. If ever any
little mouse was filled with dismay it
was this little mouse. It would be easy
enough to find a new home for himself
anrt his family, tuouen never nau as
pleasant a one; but the poor, good mil
ler! how terrible it would be to him to
have his mill, with all the corn, and the
bags, and everything all burned up!
The little mouse suspected it was all he
possessed in the world. He would have
no money to build another mill, and no
work to do, and his little children would
he hungry, j. But the mill might be
saved easily now, if he could only give
the alarm, and brine the people to dash
water on the flames. But what could a
poor little mouse do? He could not pull
the ereat bell, or crv out with his little,
snueakv voice: and a thimble full of
water would be heavy for him to carry,
Poor little fellow ! he was almost frantic,
But ail of a sudden a bright Idea
popped into his head, and he was out of
the door like a nasu, ana witu a (uounu
or two reached the miller's cottage, and
creeping in at a tiny hole, made by some
sly specimen of his race, found his way
to the miller's bedroom, where, after
his Ions day's work, the miller Mas
slceoinsr very soundly and tranquilly.
Scratch, scratch, scratch, went the little
mouse, just over the miller's bead. -But
he did not wake. Scratch, scratch,
scratch, again, and he turned uneasily
in his sleep. And the little mouse
scratched away, making all the noise he
could with his sturdy little paws.
"Confound the mice," growled the
miller, fairlv awake. " Can't a body
.sleep nights without being disturbed by
them? "
The little mouse scratched away with
renewed vigor, and the -miller sprang
out of bed in a rage, and striking a light
his astonished eyes fell upon the poor
little tremblinz mouse, who sat, never
fferir-ff to stir, upon the headboard.
'What!" cried he, "eanthisbemy
little tame mouse, who lives in the
mill?" And just then happening to
glance out or the window, lor tne curtain
was up to let in the moonlight, lie saw
the smoke rising from the mill, and un
derstood all.
I need not tell you that he was not
long iu reaching the .mill, nor how he
pulled the great Den, to awaken tne vu
lacrerR to come to his assistance. In i
few minutes there was a great crowd
about, and the water was playing with a
right good will over the flames. And in
less than a quarter of an hour there
were no flames at all, and only a great
holo was burned in the roof, which it
did not take long to repair. And the
old wheel plashed about in the water
just the game as ever, and the meal
floated about in the sunny air.
O, wasn't the little mouse glad? and
wasn't the miller glad ? An wasn't the
miller erateful to the little mouse for
saving his mill? And the little mouse.
with all his family, have lived in clover
ever since. And if you will visit the old
mill with me, you may see him" alive to
this day. Not as silky and sleek, and
nimble as he was when he danced at the
frosr's wedding so many year ago, but
old and gray, and wise, with 4iis great'
great grandchildren aoout mm.
Mathematical Query How do you
make the square of four and a quarter
inches lineal measurer am. cudic.
The Green Mountain cheese factory.
at J'erti Vt., worked up 496,230 pounds
.f milk in ii davs last year, making
57.141 pounds of green and u0,154 pounds
of cured cheee. This was at tlie rate
of 8,68 pounds of milk to one pound or
green cheei-e, and 8.! to on pound ot
Re-plastix Giioixps With Trices.
T. Barnes, in The Garden, an English
periodical, says:"I never knew a single
f . ..... .,n trWtt q now nlsintntion was
Ill9iaiivv . . . i. f
made on ground that bad been previous
ly occupied with trees that ever suc
ceeded, unless the whole of the ground
was trenched over as deeply as tne root?
of the trees removed had gone, and ev
ery root as thick as a person s nnger
got out an operation that costs as much
. . i . V- TV. a
as tne grounu is wwmiy wuim.
result is generally tins: tne young irro
for a time grow, but in two or three
years thv begin to look sickly, and die
off. On examining the roots, they are
found to be destroyed by a fungus,
wbich has done nature's work in assist
ing the decomposition of the dead roots,
and, for want of a further suply of food,
attacks the living ones, wnicn, in turn
succumb to Its encroachments."
Who knows the value ot a garden of
flowers? Like music, they possess magic
power. The one adds to our happiness
hv heautv and fragrance : the other by
melody and harmony, by which the
sentiments are refined, and the virtues
of the heart strengthened. All sur-
rnmulinir obiects exert an influence up
on the mind, and a correspondence al
ways exists between outward objects
and the Inner feelings of the heart.
Where flowers are cultivated, the .dis
positions become sweet and the affec
tions purifled. Homes are constituted
naradiaes when made so attractive that
both parents and children find them the
centres or earthly bliss.
The cost or making homes oeauuiui
is so very small, when compared with
its advantages, that it is really strange
that to little attention is given to- this
matter. Did the husband consider that
his own happiness, and that also of his
family, depended so much oil ft sraau
outlay in making his yards beautiful
he would not grudge the expense; ant
did the wife realize how much she can
do to constitute a virtuous household,
by making things around her attractive,
she would not be wanting in tnis mat
ter. Home is a sweet word. But to
make a sweet home, all must act in con
cert, to give it both an external and in
ternal beauty.
Young Farmer" inquires if seed of the
different kinds of grain a year or more
old, will grow as well as fresh seed.
Our answer would be. always sow seed
as tresh as it can be bad, ror aitnougn
some seed will germinate after it has
been kept years, yet these are exceptions,
We do not know of any distinct exper
iments on old and new grain, except it
be a single trial we have made in pots.
Fresh seed wheat was sown in pots in
autumn, oue inch deep, and kept prop
erly moist. Iu another pot, subjected
to the same temperature and the same
degree of moisture, was sown wheat
Kept over one vear. in otner pots, seeti
live years old was sown under similar
circumstances, The first or fresh seed
came np in eleven days, the weather
being rather cool; the second seed, one
vear old, came up in thirteen days.
The five-year seed in the other pots came
up irregularly, tne nrat in eignteen
davs, and afterwards nearly a month
The grains of all were counted when
placed in the earth, and the result was
that all the fresh seed grew; ail or
nearly all the one year: but not one-
half the five-year seed ever grew at all,
From these limited experiments, we may
Hirer that tresn seed is always tne oesi
if oulv a year old it may do well, al
though the plants will hardly have the
vigor ot the nrst; but seed several years
old should be employed only for pre
serving or seennng some aesirame va
ried'. We hone some of our readers
will repeat the experiment on oats, bar
ley, etc., by accurately counting, mess
uring depth, recording dates,&e.
rural embellishments. Few things
more plainly indicate a sound and pro
fitable progress in farm life, than those
which are done'purposely tor embellish
nient. Not for expensive fences and
grand buildings, but for those things
which make our homes ana neigh Dor
hoods more attractive.
Tasteful surroundings of our homes
have an important influence upon the
life. The heart is touched by them
Manners and speech are refined, and the
old homestead, where the loving rela
tions of life began, will always be re
membered witlj a gush of feeling next
to devotion itself.
A single true example of home and
embellishment, will tend to refine the
views of a whole neighborhood. It
will tend to form ideas of elegance
grace and symmetry In the young, and
cultivate ln'them ' a taste for beauty
and refinement in all things. Sur
rounded by such influences, few of the
young would grow up with unfeeling
hearts, or coarse or ciowmsn habits.
Most persons have the habit of'clear-
Ing up'7 and beautifying in the spring,
The women to dust ana scour and reg
ulate generally, in the house. The vil
lager to paint and paper, repair fences,
ana make tne most ot the bit ot land or
which he is the owner. The farmer is
also excited to " clear up" t to remove
the rubbish accumulated about the house
during the winter; to rake over the
dooryard, or the bit of lawn adjoining
make snug tne wooapiie, or place it
under cover, and generally to Improve
appearances by the exercise of a little
good taste anu laoor, 411 this is com
mendable, ueaithini, and in every way
good. ' But more may be done, so as tot
give a neignoornooa or town the aspec
or a weii-cuitivatea garden.
It is cheap and easy for the farmer to
embellish his home. If the bouse has
no paint, it may have a grapevine or
rose climbing over the porch or window
If some panes of glass are patched, the
defect may be screened by a blooming
heliotrope, fuschla or verbena, in an
earthen pot, set upon the window sill
before it.
If there is no gravel walk to the door,
there may be a rosebush or a flowering
shrub by the side of the carriage path to
tne iiouse, eu uiai. me uuKiy or muuuy
way may ne unnoticea in tne contem
plation of the beautiful flower or shrub,
indeed, it is not the possession of mon
ey, or much leisure that will render
farmer's home attractive, but that air,
of order and good taste which pervades
everything, ills lences near the build,
ings must be whole, and standing erect
his door-yards clean, where cows do not
cnew the cud or contentment; sink-
spouts, or other offensive objects screen
ed by groups of white pines, and here
and there a graceful elm, or a nourishin
rock maple standing like a good angel
with outstretched arms,- to protect the
house from summer heats or winter
Any person who has skill to manage
a farm, has the requisite skill to em
bellish the surroundings of the house,
Hundreds however, will say that thev
have not the time. Can this be so, with
farmer or a mechanic? We have rarely
known a farmer who did not find time
to attend an auction, where the cast-off
trumpery of several generations was
to be sold, or to bring borne a wagon
load or two of the rubbish to increase
that already about the doors, to torment
the women by aiding it to the stock de
posited in the garret.
The pleasure of making our homes
attractive should lie a gradual one. It
Is too valable to bo prodigal with, A
little should be done, and well done,
each year, and whatever is done, care
fully attended to afterwards. Suppose
such had been the practice for the last
fifty years in any one of our New
England towns, would not such a town
now be more attractive than any that can
be found in the country ?
The first to take, is, utterly to forget
the old axiom, that
" Money makes the mare go,"
and remember the higher and nobler
truth that
The beautiful makes the soul grow.
Home emellishments would soon lead
to the cultivation of a garden, where an
abundance of early and late vegetables
would be produced, and, with a variety
of fruits, would not only promote health
and happiness, but annually save a con
siderable outlay of money. This saving
might then be applied to new paper or
paint in the house; carpets, new lurni
ture, clothing, books or tuition bills for
the children.
Let the Inspiring weather of April and
May, and good taste and a love for the
beautiful, all prompt us to embellish
our homes.
Rev. -Tons B. New, of Indianapolis,
Indiana, a ilaptisfteuiniater, has just died
from a cold contracted during a recent
out-door baptism. He had to enter -a
river where the ice was broken for the
purpose, and,' all dripping wet, had to
walk nearly a inne to cnange nis cintues
The good people in South Carolina
are trying to found an Orphan Asylum
at t.oiumiua, ana itev. 1. it. caiiies nas
come to the North to get assistance. He
should have it. His statements may be
relied on, and the money given to him
will be well applied, south Carolina
ha thousands of orphans for whom pro-
ision ought to be made, and tins new
institution will do something toward
supplying the want.
The American Board of Foreign Mis
sions adjourned, last year, to meet in
Chicago next October. The fire desola
ted Chicago just after the meeting of the
Hoard. Kepresentations nave oeen re
ceived from friends of the Board at Chi
cago, which satisfy the Prudential Com
mittee that it is "nighty inexpedient
that the next annual meeting be held in
that citv; and assurances have also been
received that the Congregation 11 church
es in Aew naven win welcome tne
meeting. Hence the Committee, in ac
cordance with the authority vested in
them by the laws and regulations of the
Board have designated A ew Haven, Con
necticut, as the place tor tne next an-
nnol moAfincr ti riA flll1 em T.tiA first.
Tuesday of October, J878, and have di
rected that the requisite notice of such
change be given.
Thi Gladstone Cabinet has experien
ced another defeat in the House of Com
mons, and this time on the question of
the Bible In schools. Tlie session of the
6th was devoted mainly to debate on the
Scotch Dducation ma, a resolution in
troduced by Mr. Gordon, member for
Glasgow and Aberdeen Universities,
providing that the Scriptures shall form
part of the Instruction in the school, was
carried against the government by a
vote of 216 to 209. The people of Scot
land are in a much larger majority in
favor of retaining the Bible, and the
ministry have gained nothing by their
The influence of Romish teaching
upon those who are most completely
under its sway, was shown in the late
eruption of Vesuvius, When it was at
its height, says a recent letter, "the ter
ror of the people was intense. ' Women
were to be seen going about in proces
sion, praying St. Janarius to have
mercy on them." What bt. Jauarius
had to do with the eruption., or- bow he
could put a stop to it, does not appear;
but this was only following out the
teachings of a church that directs its
people to apply to dead saints instead of
the living God, who alone bears and an
swers prayer,
A large part of the cannon captured
by Germans in the late French war is to
be employed ror a purpose which could
scarcely have been divined at the time of
their casting at Bruges. The Emperor
nas presented gratuitously to several
parishes which have hitherto possessed
no cnurcn Delis, in compliance with the
prayer of their petitions, the requisite
quantity of metal for the long-desired
ornaments to trieir cnurcnes, out ot the
f renoli cannon in the Mtrasburg artil
lery depot, lit this way, not less than
twenty parishes, on the Khine alone
have , been provided with bell-metal.
The Cathedral of Cologne also obtained
ouo centners, and that ot r rankrort-on-
Main 380 centners. -
The Ultramontane journals have cir
culated erroneous reports in regard to
the ill-treatment of the priests at Rome,
011 which the London Daily Netes corres
pondent writes : "The clergy In Rome
have lost no opportunity of irritating
the population. . Many of them have
been so courageous as to aspire to mar
tyrdom, and have been so unlucky as
not to meet with one single person who
wouia satisfy tneir expectations, in the
Church of the lesu, when the Papal
partisans commenced hissing the Na
tional Guards, a priest threw himself be
fore a Uarbineer, exclaiming, 'Murder
me; lam ready to encounter martyr-
aonv Ana the carbineer smilingly
answered, 'uei np, sir; 1 only want to
be sure that nonoay win molest you. V,
Is it heathenism to abolish the Sab
bath? Take away the Christian "rest
and worship day," the one lay in a
week when the spiritual nature of a
man Js to be the chief object of regard,
ana tne grand distinction between a
heathen and a Christian country is de
stroyed. We set up no pretence that
any man shall be required by law to do
anything ou Sunday that lie does not
wish to do. But there is no one ex
ternal sign and agency more distinctive
of the Christian religion than the Sab
bath, and a public proclamation that
places of secular instruction and amuse
ment will be provided and opened on that
day, is a declaration that the religious
idea of the Sabbath has been obliterated,
that all days are alike, and "natural,"
not "reveaiea," religion nas prevailed
A missionabv of the American Sun
day bcbool Union in Wisconsin writes :
"Of one thing I am thoroughly satis
fied, that if the Evil One neglects any
portion of our land, it is not the
new settlement. The boys of the new
country, so ofton neglected by ' good
people, are carefully looked after by
him 'who goetb about as a roaring lion,
seeking whom he may devour.'" He
goes on to speak of one new settlement
111 paruuuiar, w 11 ere, as in ,1011 s time,
when good people came to settle, "Satan
came also among them" In a surprising
variety 01 iorms ana . wu-inuaeiity,
annihilationism, universalism, spiritual
ism, mormonism, etc. A good minister.
living in an adjoining town, said, "If
your society ever neips a place, it should
neip tnis," a Sunday school was
started amidst much opposition, ' with
ten teachers and fifty scholars. With
the missionary's help a library was se
cured. The superintendent writes that
they have "a line school," and that it Is
a "powe ror good" in the neighbor
hood. Friekps. The following Statistics of
iuc ou;ict,jf vi xnenus 111 ion are taken
from the friends Jteview : "Xew Ens-
land Tearly Meeting, established 1661
memoers in lszi, 4,403. .New York, es
tablished 1695 members in 1871, 2,858.
Canada, established 1867 members in
1871, 1,941. Philadelphia, established in
tost memoers in 1(571, 5,300, Baltt-
more, established in 1871 members n
1871,600. North Carolina, established
in 1708 members in 1871, 4,000. Ohio,
established 1812 members in 1871,
2,855. Indiana, established 1821 mem-
mers in 1871, 17,200, Western, estab-
nsneu io7 members in 1H71, 9.740,
lowa, estaoiisnea istiil members in
1871, 8,599. The total present member
ship is 57,40a, and shows a gain of 755
over the numbers comprised in the
Yearly Meetings existing twenty years
ago. During these years the member
ship of the meetings east of the Alle
ghanles has decreased 7,722, while those
west have increased 8,477. The ratio of
adults to children is In New York.
7.05; in New England, 4.98; in Phila
delphia, 5.15; in Ohio, 3.56; in Indiana,
o.ow; 111 esiern, o.vi , in lowa, o.Vo.
Methodist Ministeks' Short Lives.
A writer in the Methodist papers makes
out from statistics that ministers of this
denomination do not average as long a
life as those of other Protestant bodies,
lie says : "The average life of tlie min
isters of all denominations is said to be
sixty-five, and some say sixty.six years.
We are about twenty-three per cent,
below this. Now, in this country, we
form nearly one-fourth of the entire
clerical body. Therefore segregate the
Methodist ministers, and the average of
the past will be raised five or six per
cen t. above the si xty-fi ve y ears, bri n ging
it up to sixty -eight to our fifty. This Is
a marvellous disparity, It must com
mand attention. It does not appear
that the older and wealthier regions are
very much more favorable to long life
than others. The Newark Conference is
nine months below the average of all tlie
conferences." The Methodist adds:
"We have not verified these statistics,
but have no question of the accuracy of
the general conclusion to which they
point. Our preachers do die premature
ly not from doing too much, but from
attempting too much at one time. Tak
ing the whole year together, we do not
think that our pastors are overworked.
In the winter, however, they hold meet
ings, which last for thirty, sixty, or
even ninety consecutive evenings Sat.
urdays perhaps excepted. - Flesh and
blood can not endure such a strain. We
are confident that this is the chief cause
of the broken health and premature
death of many Methodist ministers,"
Tfi cw0w rrcipn whUk vill Jtereaftr he
gre io yr readers, ia Ihtu ftpgrunt, are
pres&mt-d only after they Affre been letted and
jtror.tt- retiahie. Ths iaformatio they contain
will, therefore, altcays be found to be valuable
find xi'ft wnrtttyi of prerrraon.
Blue Julc. Chinese blue 3 oz., oxalic
acid(pure)3-4 of an oz., gum arabic( pow
dered)! oz.. distilled water 6 pints. Mix
Darketuna Walnut. Egyptian asphalte
dissolved - in benzole and turpentine
makes a fine transparent stain for dark
ening walnut, and makes a good im
itation 01 that wood ir applied to poplar
or wood of similar grain.
Stronq Glue for Veneering. Inlayiaa,
&c. The best glue is readily known by
its transparency, and being of a light
brown, free from clouds and streaks.
Dissolve this in water, and to every pint
add half a gill of tlie best vinegar,' and
half an ounce of isinglass.
''' To Veneer Tortoise Shell. Have the
shell Of an equal thickness ; scrape and
clean the under side very smooth ; grind
some vermilion very fine, and mix it up
with spirits of turpentine and varnish ;
lay two coats of color on the under side
of the shell, till it becomes opaque ; when
dry, lay it down with good glue.
How to Swallow A Pill. The Chicago
Medical Time is responsible for the fol
lowing: "Put the Pills under the tongue
aud behind the teeth, and let the patient
immediately take a large swallow of
water, and he will neither feel the pill
nor taste it. In fact be cannot tell where
it has gone, and I have seen them look
about the door to see if they had 'not
dropped it,"
Imitation Marbles. -"Plaster of Paris,
quicklime, salt, ox blood, stones of dif
ferent colors, also pieces of glass, all
beat to powder, and mixed up to the
consistence or paste with vinegar, beer.
or sour milk, and then lay it into tables
pillars, or what you will; let it stand so
long till it is thoroughly dry ; then rub
it first with pnmice stone and polish it
with trlpoli. giving it the finishing
stroke by rubbing it over with leather
and oil,"
To Make a Varnish That Will Imi
tate ttrouna (riots. ihssolve so grains
ofsandarac and 20 grains ot mastic in
two ounces or washed methylated ether.
and add, in small quantities, a sufficien
cy ot benzine to make it dry, with a
suitable grain, too little making the var
nish, too transparent, and excess making
it crapy. . The quantity or benzine re
quired depends upon its quality from
half an ounce to an ounce and a half
and even more ; but the best results are
got with a medium quality. It is impor
tant to use washed ether, tree irom
spirit. .
Vleantna Marble. It is said that mar
ble may be cleaned by mixjng up a quan
tity of the strongest soap lye with quick
lime, to the consistence ot milk, and lay
ing it on the marble for twenty-four
hours. Clean it afterwards with soap
and water. Or else use the following
Take two parts of common soda, one
part of pumice-stone, and one part of
powdered chalk: sift through a very
fine sieve, and mix with water. Then
rub it well all over the marble, and the
stains will be removed. Then wash with
soap and water as before, and it will
be as clean as it was at first. ,
.drt of Dyeing Wood,&c. The wood
mostly used for black dye is pear tree,
holly, and beech, all of which take a
beautiful black. To dye blue' green,
red, or others color, take clear holly ;
put the veneers first in a box or trough
with clear water, and let them remain
four or five days,- changing the water
once or twice, as yon find occasion ; the
water acting as a purgative on the wood,
will bring forth abundance of sllme.&c,
letting them dry about twelve hours be
fore they are put into the dye : by this
process you will fiud the' color strike
quicker, and be a brighter hue. The
wood should be recently cut, and when
dyed, dried in the open air.
To Plate looking Glasses,. On tin-foil
evenly laid on a flat table, mercury is
to be poured, and gently to be rubbed
with a hare's foot ; it soon unites itself
with the tin, which then becomes very
splendid or as the workman say, is
quickened. : Tlie glass is then cautiously
slid upon the tin-leaf in such a manner
as to sweep off the redundant mercury,
which is not inccporated with the tin ;
leaden weights are then to be plaed on
the glass, and in a little time the quick
silvered tin-foil adheres so firmly to the
glass, that the weights may be removed
without any danger of its falling off.
The glass thus coated is a common
looking glass. About two ounces of
mercury are sufficient for covering three
square feet of glass. The success of
this operation depends much on the
clearness of the glass ; the least dirt or
dust on its surface will prevent the ad
hesion of the amalgam or alloy.
' Cnlorige of lime Comparatively few
people know the value of chloride of
lime. It is only , excelled by carpolic
acid in preventing decomposition of an
imal and vegetable matter and in remo
ving Impure odors. It is a good protec
tion against an malarious diseases, and
a small quantity should be kept In a room
in an open dish through the warm
weather, when such diseases are most
prevalent. Cellars where vegetables are
kept should always he supplied with it.
It also drives away vermin. Some cau
tion is needed in its use, as it rusts
steel and destroys gilt articles if placed
near them. It is an excellent bleach
ing agent, but clothes bleached
with it should be well and thoroughly
rinsed, or it will injure them
Ordinary glue can be rendered
iu soluble in water by adding to the wa
ter With which H is mixed, whon re
quired for use, a small quantity of
bichromate of DOtash, and exposing the
articles to which it is annlied to the
light. Chromic acid has the property of
renuering giue ano geiaune msoluole ;
and, as the operation of heating the glue
pot 1 usuanx conuuetea in tne ngnt, no
special exposure of the article to which
11 is attacnea neeti ne maue, tt is pro
bable that paper could be rendered Im
pervious to water by pasting the sheets
wiq mis prepared giue. xne bichro
mate is said to render rubber paticularlv
hard and unattackable by hot water.
The proportion of bichromate to be ta
ken must be ascertained by experiment;
for most purposes one-liftleth of the
amount of glue employed will be found
How to See Under Water. We lately
described a way of reflecting light to
the bottom of a shaded well. To exam
ine the bottom of amill-pond or other
open water, a mirroris not necessary.
The Indians of the West do this in the
winter by cuttng a hole in the ice and
then coveringtiiemselves with a blanket
in such a way as to shut off the glare of
me sun irom tneir eyes, rney can see
fish from a great depth. To examine
deep water in summer time, it will be
necessary to make a float out of pine
planking sufficiently large enough to
buoy yourself up. Through the center
of this float, cut a hole as through the
ice. Then, covering yourself- with a
blanket, you oan look down through the
still and shaded surface of the water ami
see tools or other lost objects at the bot
tom. By means of observatories In the
bottoms of ships, wit h glassed windows,
powerful artificial beams for illumin
ation, and submarine telescopes piercing
the hull, it is possible that the bottom of
the sea might be made visable at con
siderable depths.
Rendering Wood Incombustible. A
very excellent way to render wood in
combustible 13 to soak It in a strong so
lution of alum and the sulphate of cop
per. About one pound of alum and
one of sulphate of copper should be suffi
cient for 100 gallons ef water. These
substances are dissolved in a small quan
tity of hot water, then mixed with ; the
water In the vessel in which the wood is
to be steeped. The timber to be rendered
fireproof can be kept under the liquor
by stones or any other mode of sinking
it. All that Is required is a watertight
vessel of sufficient dimensions to hold
enough of tlie liquor to cover the tim
ber, which should be allowed to steep
for four or five days. After this It Is taken
out and suffered to dry thoroughly lie
fore being used. A plan of rendering
the wood partially fireproof would be to
whitewash it two or three times. You
will probably require a glue to hold
against Are, here is the recipe s -Mix a
handful of quicklime In four ounces of
llnceed oil, boil them to a good thickness
then, spread it on tin plates in the shade
and it will become exceedingly hard,
but may be easily dissolved over the Are
and nsed as ordinary glue.
oris IRKITAt,
Manufacturer aud Healer in all kinds of
FIFES of all grades, from the finest Meerrhanni
to tne rneapet (.lay, ana a luu assort
ment of all goods found in a
AH articles sold at prices which
Defy Caaaetitia
New Boarding Stable.
THE rXDEESIGXED would respectfully call
attention to the fact that be has ouened a
new Stable at the place formerly occupied by ft.
uriggs wnere ne win ne reaiiy at an times o
By the Day or Week, at the most reasonable
terras. Having had nearly a lUe times' expe
rience ra the care and manag-entent of horses "
is needless to say that they wiU receive the best
attention. Farmers and others will here And a
good place to brin( tneir horses for a single feed.
Good aocominort&uons and easy of access.
ImA Remember the nlace. Stable No. S. St.
Liair treet. .
c.hS 7.. II. CUBTISS.
Millinery && Dress Making.
MRS. M. S. FLEMING having secured new
rooms in the Farmly Klock, State street,
would be pleased to receive all friends who may
desire wort in tnis line. 1 ne
Kept constantly on hand and received direct.
The attention of ladies is especially called to the
jsress ataaing ueparcment. - - inn
Reran? mi its Abaalale Safety,
4 '
Northern Pacific Railroad
There continues an tiacve demand for the 1:30
Gold Bonds of the Northern Pacific Railroad
Company, which we are still offering at par and
accrued interest in currency.
These securities are now being absorbed both
in this country and in Europe, and the cash is in
hand for the rapid and early completion of a
large part of the Road.
The security for the Bonds is backed by a clean
grant of United States Lands, worth at least
300,000,000, and by the Railroad and all its earn
The Bonds are thus a Beat Estate Mortgage
and Railroad Bond combined on property worth
treble the value of the whole issue.
iT-A-Y COOKE &c CO.,
New York, Philadelphia & Washington.
JT. V. PAINTER, Hanktr, Cleveland
General Agent for Ohio.
Far Sale in Paiaearllla ay
First National Bank.
H. Steele Banker
Aaron Wiloox, Banker.
Furniture for the Million.
.a. special anenuou to nis assortment or .
of all kinds, consisting of
A large quanlity of Elegant M ATTR ASSES just
received. PICTURE FRAMES furnished of
any pattern.
Custom work of all kinds will receive
prompt attention.
Cor. Main A State Sts.. Over French's Grocery,
Nos. r,l and S3 Main street
Have constantly on hand a well-selected as
sortment of
and durable, BOOK-CASES, MIR
AC, AC., AC.
We have added to mir ftnin wr Onnme ,i&
rooms No fit Main street- ichirh ., in
creased facilities for doing business. Give us a
call. No trouble to show roods.
Prospectus for 1872.
4 Representatire and Champion of American
An Illustrated Monthly Journal claimed to be
tne handsomest fapcr in the m orid.
"Give my loye to the artist workmen of THE
AIA1IXE who are striving to make their pro
fession worthy of admiration for beautv, as it
has always been for usefulness." Btnry Ward
THE AUHXE. while issned with all the rer-
ularity, has none of the temporary or timely in-
u-roi cnaraccerasuc 01 orainary penoaicais. it
is an elerant miscellany of oure. liorht. and
graceful literature, and a collection of pictures.
and white. While other publications may claim
superior cheapness as compared with rivals of a
similar class. t lLfc; AL,Ul.iis a unique and orig
inal conception Jone and unapproached ab
solutely without competition in price or charac
New Features for 1872.
Art Department.
y ae
to their enterprise- wherever it has been intro
duced, has convinced the publishers of THE
ALiDINE of the soundness of their theory that
the American public would recogniae and heart
ily support any sincere effort to elevate the tone
and standard of illustrated publications. As e
guarantee of the excellence of this department,
the publishers would beg to announce during
the coming year, specimens from the following
Y-iuiucui Awrncwi artists
w. t. sichakd8,
Wm. Hart,
M m. Beard,
George Smiley,
Wm. H. Wiloox,
J asifs H. Beard,
Tames Smiley,
R. E. Piquet.
ai'u. n 11.1.,
Frane Beakd,
Granville Perkins, Pai-l Dixon,
r.U.l.UAKLEV, J. HO Art.
Victor Nehliu,
These pictures are being reproduced without
?R-ard to exnense bv the very best encr-avers in
the country, ami will bear tlie severest critical
comparison with the best foreign work, it being
the determination of tlie publishers that THE
a i, m; snail ne a successiul vindication or
American taste in competition with any exist
ing publication in the world.
Literary Department.
Where so much attention is naid tn illnstra.
tkm and get up of the work, too much depend
ence on appearances may very naturally be
feared. To anticipate such miseivinc-s. it is
only necessary to state, that, the editorial roan-
rement of THE ALDIN E has been intrusted to
received assurances of assistance from a host of
me most popular writers and poets or the coun
The Volume for 1872
will contain nearly S00 pages, and about 230 line
engravings, commencing with the number for 1
January, every third number will contain a
beautiful tinted picture on plate paper, inserted
as a frontispiece.
The Christmas number for 183, will be a
splendid volume in itself, containing fifty en
gravings, (four in tint) and. although retailed
one dollar, will be sent without extra charge to
an vcan suusvnuers.
A Chnai. Every Subscriber
was a very popular feature last year, and will
be repeated with the present volume.
The publishers have purchased and reproduced,
at great expense, the beautiful oil painting by
Seis, entitled "Dame Nature's School." The
chromo is 11x13 inches, and is an exact fac-sim-ile,
in size and appearance, of the original pic
ture. No American chromo, which will at all
compare with it, has yet been offered at retail
for less than ihe price asked for THE AI.DINE
and it together. It will be delivered free, with
the January number, to every subscriber who
pays for one vear ih advance.
Terms for 1872.
One Copy, one year, with Oil Chromo, Five
Five Copies, " u " Twenty
Dollars. '
23 Liberty Street, New Yarlt.
Special tRates With
By means of an arrangement with the pub
lishers of this Splealia Illustrate
-tbly we are enabled to make the follow
ing unparalleled offer to all who may desire to
embrace the opportunity:
For $6.00
we win send for one year
The Aldine, Price tS.OO,
together with its magnificent
Premium Chromo, "Dame
Nature's School,"
which is rained and retailed at fire Bellars;
And also the
Northern Ohio Journal,
Price $2.00,
together with the premium
which is
valued at
That for Six Dollars we will send tbr Al
dine for one year, Ihe Ckrta. UDaa
Natare'e SthMl," the Jsaraal for
one year and a Full Oil Caramel or ia
other words.
For Six Dollars
we will send
Fourteen Dollars9
worih of Literary and Artistic work. Ths
Unparalleled Offer !
we are only able to make by special arrange
ment with the publishers of the Alaiae.
Brick & Stone Laying,
. .CORNICES manufactured from Oraiins
order. Also, Hair and Mortar. Old IMiuMniajr
whitened or tinted. Inquire of
C. W. Morrf-ll. Nebraska street, or
J. S. Morreli, cor. Jackson & Groirtsta.
I. S. Karrall Jc lea.
Union Meat Market.
MEATS for sale at the lowest prices. All
meats delivered free f charge.
Painesville, March 83, 187. .
&c CO'S.
American Button-Hole
I. T. WABE, Arsnt far Lake reuBtr-
As this is one of the best if not the best ma
chine in the market, I would (imply say to all
Intending te pnrcbas machine, to examine (U
merits before closing a bargain anywhere else.
If you do not like tt vou seed not tray, and by ex
amining it you may find it to your advantage
repurchase of us. 33ch3
Ne w Wheeler & Wilson
Sewing Machine,
NEEDLES, Oil,, ic,
Can be had at the above Office.
CHASE BMSt, Areata.
New York Cheap Store,
I I AS just opened for -the Spring Trade the
.aA must etegMt stoca Oi
Foreign and Domestic, sad all nov
cities of the season. A stock of :
New sod une qualed in
elegance and variety:
Of every description, from
Sis to Twenty-five dollars.
Quilts and White Goods
TUl you can't rest
Dolly Varden Parasols
And a complete line of all the Nov
elties ot the season.
Cassimeres & Cloakings
At rery low figures.
THREAD at 70 cents
(Kept constantly on hand.
B. Eltrllelt.
1 1 Main St., Painesville. O.
avertible Traasja.
We. the undersirned, areconrinced. either by
using- or examining- the IavertibleTrough.lately
patented by F. f, GoMsraith, that it is
a desirable acquisition to any farm where a
trough is ased; sad take pleasure in recom
mending it to all who wish to be merciful to
their beasts or savins; of their time and money.
U.K. HODOK, ' R. MURRAY, 2d.
The only additional cost of this over any other
trouah, is about an hours extra labor in making.
Any fanner tcwi do It, and all oxteht to.
Agents wanted. State, County, Town sad
Farm Rights for Sale.
Farm Rights for sale at fttw Address
F" J. Goldsmith,
Fainesyille, Lake County, O., F. O. Box 45.
Boarding and Sale Stable.
At the Old Stand, in rearoStttrlifeV Ilovat
'. O. M-XTJEB3fJ..V
HAVING recently leased and newly fitted up
Ibe above Stable, would respectfully in
torm the public thai be is uow prepared to re
ceive aud
by the meal, day or week. Having hart many
years experience, satisfaction M ill be ptiaiau
teed ia both care ami keeping. Term, reaoua
hie. Guests at the .Stockwell House wiU find
every convenience at these Stables. 4U'k2
and SHEET MC8IC, at Wholesale Prices. I can
sen new i-octave --..-
Pianos as low as ------ $5
New 4-oclave Organs as low as - - - W
New 6-octave Melodeons at tij
iticnardson's full edition, for piano, price
S4.G0. at------- 2li0
bueet Music 41) per cent, off.
I will refund the monev to any nurcliaser who
m - v.ut umu mciu iiuurjuM Mb 1 1. 1.- recoiuuicuucu.
J. 3. PRATT.
Painesville, Ohio.
Operative aud Mechanical
OJHce ovrr Tnttles Hardware Store, Main
Street, Painesville, Ohio. 4
A L.1L on rations norfnrmtxl In tho mn?t skil
j. iul manner, ami in accordance with the
iatesc scientific principles 01 me art. Airmen
teeth inserted ou the Rubber Base. Children
Teeth extracted without charge. Using nothing
uut urn vve y uri uuniuv ui umivriai iu iiiu iiinii
ufacture of Plates and Teeth, and having; but one
pt iu iia m vvrrj jiarii;-uinr.
Call and examine specimens.
No. eo
"VfE of the oldest Shoe houses in Northern
11 Ohio. The cheapest place in the State to
purcnase an kinds ot
My stock is yery extensive, consisting of
all the varieties of Mens', Womens' aud
Children's Boot, Shoes. Gaiters and Slip
pers, and Leather Findina-s, all of which
will be sold at exceedingly small prolits,
for ready pay. Call and see. Remember
the place. No. 90 Main street, two doors
west of A. Wilcox's Bank. Avail your
selves of the rare chance of investing
your money. We charge nothing for
showing our goods. No. 90 Slain street.
Eddy's Cheap Readij Pay Shoe Slore,
Buy Twenty Cents worth and receive a
Of as Alphabet for the Children, worth IS Cents.
the Painesville Cornet Band, respectfully
announces uiac ue id preparea to give
Thorough and Efficient Instruction
to any Organization, Brass or Stringed, that ro-
Malic Arranged la Oraer
for any number or kind of instruments, iu the
best possible style and always to suit the abili
ties of the respective performers, of which infor
mation must oe given in oraermg.
Having a very extensive Repertoire, he ran
furnish Bands on short notice, with any style,
from the Sensational to the Classical.
Qnsdrille Bands can get all the newest and
best Music of the day for their business Fancy
Dances, with Figures, &c, Ac-
After a long and active experience in hi pro
fession, he does not hesitate to warrant
or money refunded.
if required. Private lessons given
and Stringed Instruments. Addreos
P. O. Box 887, i'aiuCM illc, Ohio.
Boots and Shoes.
ONE of the largest and Best Selected stock
Uoods in this line ever brought into this
market, is now open for the
Spring: and Summer Trade
At the Store of
Dealer in and manufacturer of all the latest
styles ot Men's, Women's and Children's wear.
No. 86
Uain Street, next door to Lake County Rauk.
Particular atteutiou will be paid to
otjstoim: work i
Prices as Cheap as the
-Cheapest, Call and see.
Auction Store.
o Speeialtu at Retail.
Roe-nlar Sale at Auction Wednesdays and Sat.
urdays, afternoon and evening.
, ui mwuu w ewes iu Has uarc ot tne county.
M. R. DOOL1TTLE, Licensed Auctioneer.
lfitlnl 156 State Street. Fainesyille. O.
C. H. Wheeler,
VARIETY of goods in this line, just re
ceived lor the bprnig and Summer Trade of 1872.
No. 03 Main st. (.all and examine the stock
before purchasing elsewhere.
Every kind of work made to order and in all
cases satisfaction guaranteed, both as to ma
terial anu woi-K. Repairing done at the shortest
notice. Sign of the Red Boot. I4arl
In the World.
103, 105 & 107 Water St..
Cleveland, O.
Sweet Chestnut, &c.
THE most valuable Timber and Nut Producing
Tree on tbe continent. 300,000 yet nnsold.
A 111 Dasre Circular free. Send for oue. Chestnut
Seed preserved for planting, per pound IiOcts by
man post-paiu. a i page t. ataiogue oi
Beautiful Flowers and
Rare Plants
Free. Plants sent safely by mail any distance.
Trv it. N urscries established 18 years. 900 acres;
g'reen-hnnses. Address, STORR.S, HARRISON
A CO.. PaiuesTillc. I dike county, Ohio. 34ch3
!M. 4,Cor. Main St. Clair Sts..
Up Stairs, over Dingley'i Store.
iu 1 HS9, 1 am prepared to do
Binding; all Baaki Mi Magazlnea
entrusted o my care at prices to suit cus
tomers, irom lii.c jup (o S5 per volume.
Blank Ho kit of all kinds furnished to order
at reasonable prices, and of the best paper and
bound in plain and fancy bindings. J have
also on hand and far Hale tlie following
Books and numbers of Magazines:
I am permitted to use the names of the follow
ing geutlemeu for
Reference !
J. H. Merrill, W. I- Perkins, S. Marshall, P.
P. Sanford, C O. Child, Key. A. Phelps, J. F.
Sconeld, S. A.Tisd-1, C. 1). Adams, C. Quiun,
W. C. Chambers, P. sanford, Rev. & B. Webstar,
1 E. Chambers.
A song for the sons who honor deserve,
A song for the sons of the Western Reserve.
Western Reserve
Located at
Corner of Vain and St. Clair Streets,
PRATT BROS., Praarietar.
Instruction given in all branches of a Commer
cial Education which includes tha
Fifty good Bookkeeper, Penman,and Telegraph
uiM-rators wanted immediately to prepare
tbcmelvcs for Business situations
surelto lie fbund, goodenter
pi 1-inir Business men are
alwavs wanted.
Book-keeping SO 00
Penmanship, plain and oruamental 3 tw
Telegraphing T 00
ln,ti-uctiou per month, 8 Ou
Full course in all departments, time un
limited I3l
A Thorough Course will be
eiven in Mathematics.
We intend to establish in this beautiful eitr,
which is unsurpassed lor its educational advan
tages, a Commercial College that shall be a oam
plcte sinwis iu all its llepartracuu.
(Allege Hours- From 9 till It A. M.; from one
till a, 1'. M.
aKnll incfirmation sent to those desiring to

xml | txt