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NORTHERN' OHIO JOURNAL.
JAMES E. CHAHBEBS. Editor. 'ATUUDAY, ACGU.ST24, l!72. EDITORIAL PARAGRAPH. Is the opinion of M. Thiers, France is in no great danger as tliere are only three sources from which trouble need be apprehended radicidigui, Bonaparte Ikiu, ana his own death. The first he does not think at all menacing the second he admits may jossibly require watching but as to the third he is very positive that there is nothing whatever in it. In other words it is apparently the President's opinion that at some fu ture, dav the star of the exile of Chisel- hurst may again be in the ascendent. " "mm ' Another instance has come to light which serves to show that even great pa ters have their weaknesses. An enthu siastic total abstluence believer, rejoic lug in the patronymic of W. M.Thayer and hailintr from the funny State of Massachusetts, is trying to inveigle Kev Henry Ward Beecher into a discussion of the momentous question whether the wine made by Christ at the marriage in Canaan was intoxicating or not. Iritis much as Mr. Beecher inclines to hold that it was, there was a singular lack ot appreciation exhibited in permitting Mr. 'fhaver's letter to appear In the Boston Traveler rather than in the CJiris tlnn Union from which latter paper, in- deed, it was pre-emptorily excluded. Somb nersons who recently ascended from Boston in a balloon, were struck witji amazement to And that they could readily we the bottom of streams over which they passed. The phenomenon is a curious one, and attention has often ieen called to it. It suggests the thought that wheu sailing in balloons and flying- machines ' shall have become common and practicable, a new method of ex- amining the sea bottom may be found one which shall save the necessity sending out such expeditious as that on which Professor Azaseiz and his party recently went. Long graplers will of course be needed for the purpose of ob Miniim specimens, but that is a matter the remedy lor which would be easily i on ml, pud scientilnc people would the go about in the air as oysteriuen go about in their oyster boats. confinement at home and school soon overtaxes a child's brain and the worst resnlts must follow.Might it notbe for the better if the uublic schools would make reduction in the hours devoted to reci tation and allow at least a jjortiou of the ay to be given to the study of the next ny's lessons?' Throughout, hot only this, but many of the foreign countries, there seems to exist a growing conviction that there is a necessity for more attention to be given to physical culture, and that unless this is is Jonc degeneracy, not only of body but of mind, must inevitably follow. The two are too intimately connected for a different result to lc possible. In some portions of the continent the govern ments themselves have taken the subject under their control, and now wc hear that the "movement inaugurated In Germany by Friedrich Jahn for devel oping manhood by physical training has taken srrouud in France. The city or Valence lias just founded a large public gymnasium, wnicn it is expected win prove a model to be followed by all oth er cities inrougnoui uie country, h was only opened last June, and already has 100 pupils paying each two francs per month, and 100 others who receive instruction gratuitously. The course of instruction comprises lessons in fencing, gymnastics, and snooting, wnicn are now regularly followed, and it Is in tended soon to add Instruction in swim' niing and in horsemanship. From time to time there will be public exhibitions, in which the pupils will contend for special prizes. Children ol both sexes, from the age of five to ten year3, form a separate division attached to the school It is said that the city of Rouen is about to follow the good example of Valence immediately." As vet. of course, no such general move has been inaugurated here, although some sort of reaction Is exhibited in the increased individual interest with regard to every kind of athletic out-door pastime. But never theless, it is a question worthy of con sideration, whether a similar advance, by which a regular gymnastic course might be secured in our schools would not be productive of much good. No town should be without some institution for physical development, and the use of whatever ad vantages may be possessed cannot but be followed by results most beneficial, both mentally and physically Oar Eichancrt. Xext mouth, we are informed, a con vention of steamboat men will be held at Cleveland, Ohio, for the purpose of cil'cctinga change in the laws regulating steamboats. The chief objection to the laws of which complaint is made is di rected against the claims which peremp torily require the use of certain patent inventions which are said to be both costly and inefficient. Numbers of the convention contend that as long as own ers aud builders of steamboats are com pelled to -use specified appliances, so long will competition be prevented, ex penses increased and the lives of pas sengers needlessly imperilled. They hold that inspectors should insist on the employment of proper safeguardsagainst accident, but that no oQicial preference should be given or indicated as to any particular patent. Thosk who have suffered from the im pertinences aud exactions of hackmeii .and. cabbies and who has not? can scarcely fail to appreciate an item of nows which comes to us from across the water. Not long since, as it seems, the hack drivers of Weisbaden inaugurated a strike by which they proposed to real ize all sorts of unearned concessions aud extravagant privileges, as is usually the way of those who take part in like pro ceedings. But unfortunately for them the more was not attended with that de gree of success that had been antici pated. A Mr. Solomon, of Berlin, tak ing advantage of the occasion immedi ately oftoj-ed to prepare two hundred ele gant hacks of the most modern aud ap proved construction, to be used by the Government in accordance with the new est regulations. The result is that Mr. Solomon has full control of the hack traffic of the city, backed by the law and a force of policemen, while the old-time Jehu's are left to find such consolation us they may in chewing the cud of re ilection. What a blessing might it not be if only there were some Solomons, native or acclimated, who might be the means of. thus wreaking merited pun islunent in this country. It has been, for a long tune, the cus tom of historians to call Herodotus the Father of Lies" a phrase first applied Ao him by Scaliger but in almost every instance where he had been supposed to lie further discovery had shown hiin to lie trustworthy. In regard to recent discoveries' by Livingstone, made while seeking the sources of the Nile, it has been pointed out by Mr. Eldred Wood land that Herodotus writes that one-ball of the water flows north into Egypt, and that there are. four sonrces of the river. Livingstone says that two of tliere run north into Egypt Lufira and Lomami. Herodotus says that two run south into inner Ethiopia; Livingstone ' asserts that two run south into inner Ethiopia t as the Liambal or Upper Zam besi and the Kafue. There are, of course three ways of explaining this agreement One is, that Livingstone aud Herodotu found the same thing ; Lhe next is, that Livingstone lias read Herodotus and oribbod from him ; the third is, that Mr Stanley supposing him not to have seen the great traveller lias read Herodotus KverylKHly will believe it ,to be impos sible that a Herald correspondent should understand Greek, or even be a close student of history, and therefore it is just conclusion that Stanley has reall een the adveuturour Livingstone. By the middle of next month most of the schools throughout the country will have reopened for another year of study and the present time seems therefor particularly apropos for calling attention to a serious defect in our system of edit ration. That the average child of to- 1ay possesses a strong aversion to school rooms.is a fact,tlie explanation of which removes any wonder that it exists. By the present method the school-room converted into a place for recitation rather than study and instead of occupy ing the day both for st udy and recitation the children are now forced to work at home, where all t houghts of study should tie expelled from their minds and thei whole time given to healthful sport. writer in the Philadelphia Inquirer strongly argues against the practice, as subverting the very foundation of school instruction, and the article is full useful suggestions. As it is, parents ar compelled to act as teachers, while those who are paid to teach do not teach at nil.. Tins -.school-rooms are employed merely for healing children recite what they learned at home the day or nigl before, and the children leave school in the sit'ternooii.not with the consciousness Unit their day's tasks are oyer, but witl lhe unsatisfactory feeling thatlbey must use both their own time and their pa rent's temper in preparing therecitation i'or the morrow. This constant round of 1 1IK WEATHER. Wheu people can talk of nothing else recourse is almost invariably had to that most prolific of all subjects, the weather. But the meteorological manifestations of the last fortnight have been so extraor inary asto change what is ordinarily nothing more than a dernier resort for embarrassed conversationalists Into a topic of real interest. Everybody complains and everybody declares that this is the most uncomforta ble season ever experienced. Whether this universal assertion is true or not we do not pretend to say, but at all events anyone who has watched and observed may well be led to Imagine that the globe we inhabit is undergoing some nknown or mysterious change or is un der the influence of some planitary rev olution , To be sure there is a dismal way of ac counting for the great heat under which we have labored but it Is a way so far the reverse of assuring as to plunge even the calmest mind into profound depths of anguish. Late examinations of the sun's photosphere made with the spectro scope by an Italian astromoner by the name of Tacchini, show magnesium to have received reinforcements, and to be burning away with frightful rapidity and violence. Captain Ericsson has computed the ordinary temperature of the sun itself to be about four and a half million degrees Fahrenheit, while at the boundary of its atmosphere it is over two million degrees. Late calculations as cribe a lower temperature to the great uminary ; but no matter, it has always been warm enough for practical purpo ses. It is now asserted tnat, what with magnesium let loose, and some thirty other metals dancing their minutest par tides in the flames, the sun is burning up, and, at this season, has a special blast at work. By how slight a tenure the earth holds its existance in its pres ent form niay be understood when one knows of the tremendous disruptive forces of the sun ; and if the great author of our system should take notion to "burn the . candle at both ends," as the saying is, we might be disseminated through space n short order. If she should quietly withdraw her candle and leave her chil dren to go to bed in t he dark, we should not be better off. It is true that the London Spectator consoles us with the reflection that"ter- restial causes are quite sufficient to ex plain the recent unusual, heats al though few seem to understand these causes but, unfortunately, it reminds us immediately afterwards that suns be fore now have been known to flicker for a while and then go out altogether, like farthing rushlights, or to have ''sudden ly blazed out for awhile with a lustre exceeding an hundred-fold that which they formerly possessed." However this may be, certain it is that there are thousands who, in default of any other mode of information, will attach consid erable faith to Tacchini's magnesium theory, and hope, under our present circumstances at least, that the sun will be able . to consume his pre sent supply of magnesium -without be coming "fltty-lohj uoner, as we are also informed he is sometimes capable of being. But if this theory can satisfy the mind as to where this intolerable heat may come from, how is it going to explain the accompanying phenomena of such thunder-storms and borealiu lights as have beeu witnessed in various parts of the country during the past fortnight? Cer tainly the man is not living who, at this periixl of the year, ever saw before such combinations of midsummer and mid win ter atmospheric convulsions as those that have visited various parts of the country East, West and South during the past two weeks. The grand aurora borealis which illumined the heavens two weeks ago, so far from bringing the refreshing coolness which usually accompanies such displays, was immediately follow ed by days of almost unendurable heat, In which the thercmometer ran high among the nineties. This unusual heat too, has been accompanied by ttorms which in vividness of lightning, intensi ty of thunder, and violence of rain have never been surpassed, perhaps, even among the hurricanes of the tropics. Day after day anil night after night these terri lie storms have burst upon the country, but bringing no relief from the intolerable heat have only made the heat more intolerable from the subse quent humidity. The truth is that all these explanations are simply theories advanced by some one who Is desirous of securing fmu)r? tality by having his jiame handed down in connection with the tales of the hot summer of '72 and are not deserving of the least credit. The American Fanner' Adcoa.it', de voted to the interests represented in the National Agricultural Congress, is one of the largest, and by far the cheapest agricultural paper in the country and should be in the hands of every - farmer. It should be remembered that the pub lishers offer it free with any $2.00 or higher priced paper in the country, and at only 50 cents advance with lower priced ones. Price single, $1.00 per year; in clubs of four or more, 50 cents each. Address Advocate Publish ma Company, Jackson Tennessee. Scribner't Monthly for "September keeps up its high character. The illus trated article"In and about Paris, '"gives a racydescription of the salient points of the gay French capital accompanied by fine little woodcuts. Another illustrated sketch, entitled "Scripture," is also val- sable both in a literary ami artistic point of view. E. Mulford" contributes a fine sketch of Frederick Denison Maurice, aud Charlotte L. Forton a visit to the birthplace of Whittier, the poet, "bing- ing-birds in Florence" is the title of an interesting little paper, giving glimpses into Florentine life in 1855, when the Brownings, the Trollops, Landor, - and Lever gave such a literary rest to society in that charming Italian city. In brilliancy and Interest Harper's Monthly for September is quite on a lev el with its best issues. The opening pa per, "The City of the Sea, "profusely and beautifully illustrated, gives a descrip tion of the beautiful city of Venice a subject that can never become thread bare. Porte Crayon too, inthe continu ation of his illustrated paper upon West ern Virginian life, called "The Moun tains," gives us a taste or tne ueiicious mental repasts or his Detter days, and Kound by Propeller,,' a very racy sketch of a pleasuie trip by water. An thony Trollop'6story" The Golden Line of Granpere," and Miss Thackeray's Old Kensington" are continued as well as the fourth number of Castelar's mag nificent paper. "The Republican Move ment in Europe," A sketch of the life Edgar A Poe, with excellent portrait is very interesting. The editorial is, as usual, exceedingly attractive. The Atlantic Monthly for September presents its readers with a rich and varied bill of fare, The opening article is headed "A Day in a Japanese Theatre' the very name of which Is suggestive of a difference of standpoint in the way amusements are regarded there from here. The article is a very interesting sketch, l.ret Harte gives a page poem, Half an Hour Before Supper," and John G. Whittier "the Tliree Bells" an ode to the British ship of that name which stood by a sinking American ves sel in mid-ocean and rescued her crew Mr. James Parton continues his pleasant "Life of Jetterson," sketching the great statesman in this number as a '-sore head." .The time was in 1781, when as Governor of Virginia he was charged erroneously with being the cause of the British devastation in that State, "The Poet at the Breakfast Table" is more than ordinarily good this month. Lit erature, music, science, and politics re ceive short notices. Our Young Folks, for September, comes to us with its usual variety of in teresting reading. "A Chance for Him self," is continued and the fortunes of "Jack" cannot fail to interest every youth who reads them. Elizabeth Stew art Phelns has a very pretty iioem, "Did You Speak?" and Aunt Frances con tributes a chatty account oi "A v lsit to the Yosemite Valley." bpace prevents us from giving all or the good things contained in the present number, but it is sufficient to say that it is luliy up to its usual standard. The October num ber will contain three chapters, of "A Chance for Himself," showing where Jack got his supper, and where he spent the night; "Dr. Spauxter," an amusing story by Rose Terry ; a sketch of "Hip popotamus and company," uy liarvey Wilder; "The Boy who was Himself," by Bebecca Harding Davis; an account of "Some Wonderful Ocean Passages," by a new contributor ; and a variety of other interesting matter, in prose anu verse. Godey's for September is a very good number, aud we doubt not will please all who' read it. One of the earliest of the magazines to reach us, it is also one of the best pf the numerous ladies' books now published. Bensell has another of his Etchings in the number before us, and there are other, engravings of pass able merit. The fashion plates are full and complete, and the various depart ments of literary matter are ail full and apparently replete with interesting and valuable articles. The extremely low Drlce at which this work is lurnished, and the equally favorable reductions made to clubs' have rendered Godey's one of the leading publications of its kind in the country, and when oncestablish,ed in a family its merits are certain to se cure the continuance of its subscriptions The Aldine for September is a meritor ious number, both as regards its artistic and literary attractions. "Moonlight on the Hudson," drawn by Paul Dixon, and engraved by Bogert, is a fine speci men of art. The scene apears to have been chosen just above the Highlands, nrobably between there and Poughkeep- sie; and the artists have performed their respective parts with harmony of feeling. The other lull-page cut, "Wood Ducks," by Gilbert Burling, is a most charininggllmpse of nature. Those who were delighted with the noble New foundland Dog, in - the March number, will be equally pleased with Mr. Thay er's terrier "Playing Sick," and the companion, in which the poor invalid is galvanized into life, asking "W ho said Hats?" ('Watering Cattle?' by Peter Moran; ".Little ttmily," nv John t Davis; "Lais Coriuthaiea," after Hol bein, with several smaller designs, go to make up an excellent issue of this periodical. The poetry and literature is as fresh and crisp as ever, Fop inter est and ornamenf jt wjU tiaye no rival, wheu, at- the close of the year, it is bound and laid upon the parlor or libra ry table it will indeed be a royal vol ume. Subscription (including Oil Cliromo), $5.00. James Sutton & Co., Publishers, 58 Maiden Lane, New York. settlements, while to cross the country from east to west, he will often travel for days together over barren mes-ts, williout-sight of a dwelling. Early in the morning we passed the Pueblo or San Domingo. The Indians, who are rather more industrious than the Mex icans, were in the field at work, plow iug with a sharpened beam drawn by oxen an implement that reminded me forcibly ot pictures I used to see m the family Bible ot plowing in l'alestme. We stopped for the night at the Mexican town of Algodouas. Hamilton was solxr enough to prepare some supper, and we spread our blaukets and slept under hi wagon in the public corral. Mai Uth. Finished tne iDiite to Al buquerque by 1 r. M. The road lay through the richest district in ew. Mex ico, and the fields everywhere showed evidence of great fertility. Every ten or twenty miles dowu the valley an eequia leads out from the river to the sand hills bordering the good laud, and from it eauals wind among the fields. I am informed that In the dry se.i-on tne water of the river is entirely exhausted by irrigation. Mexican towns are all of a kind; unsightly walls ot clav, un- painted, and unrelieved by shade-tree or flower. - A palacio of dried mud, a meal of corn and pimiento, and a slip of corn shnct sued with tobacco ana roiled into a cigarette, is the height of a greaser's ambition. Albuquerque only diners from most of them in having an adobe cathedral, whitewashed, and three or four half American houses. May 25fA. Spent the whole dav at Albuquerque, as owing to some diffi culty, Hamilton could not get his team across till to-morrow. I ran about town some, and then visited the padre, who is usually the most intelligent man in a Mexican town. All the acting padres are now French or Irish ; the native Mexican priests have been retired, whether on half pay or not I did not learn. -The padre gave nie many facts: that the oasis of Albuquerque was some eighty miles long, and averaged four miles wide, and that it was now two hundred and fifty years since the Span ish Duke of Albuquerque encamped on this spot, tnongn the city is not so old. His family title in fulkwasDon Alphon- so Herrera Ponto Delgado de Albuquer que. 1 asked the padre "what was his front name," but he did not seem to know, llis descendants now lielong to the tente Jiiia, that is to say, the lirst families before mentioned (F. F. N. JL), people who have the sangre; azul in their veins, we smile at the solumn humbug of these people, who are so exclusive on account of what somebody did two or three centuries ago; but it is really a matter or curious thought that there were considerable many cities and Span ish temples in New Mexico before any of our fore-dads had crossed the Alle- ghanies. But it is evident on mere in spection that this country is In its de generacy. The people are neither fish nornesti; neither ispanisn nor lndiau. Albuquerque has a population of nearly 2,000, and being the central city of the valley anil most accessible spot on the line of the A. & P. K. R., the few Amer ican residents think it will be a great place. B. In reply to a note from a number of colored citizens to Wendell Phillips, in viting him to address lliem on the politi- ! cal issues of the day, Phillips declines to speak, but gives his views in a lonir let ter, in which he favors Grant for Presi dent in preference to Greeley, although he agrees with Sumner in regard to the .San i om in go affair, ILLINOIS. The Texas cattle fever is reported to have broken out among some of the herds in Saginaw and Morgan counties, Illi nois, and has created quite a panic among the stock men, although as yet the disease doe not appear to have spread much. McVicker's new theativ erecfd on the site of the one destroyed in the great fire has been opened. The theatre, which is one of the largest ami most ele gant in the AVe.-t, is the fust place of amusement erected in the burnt district, and on the occasion of being opened was crowded to suti'ocatiou. Oim of the fea tures of the evening was the recital, by Mrs. McVieUcr, of an epilogue written for the occasion. . MISSOURI. Kansas City is making great prepara rations for her Industrial Exposition next month. Immense buildings have been erected for the exhibition "of ma chinery, agricultural products, etc., aud also a large number of stalls for stock. Twenty 'thousand dollars have been spent on improvements, aud fifteen thou sand will be given in premiums. Advices from south-east Missouri say Marion Weeks, postmaster at Rice Hill, Reynolds eouuty, was shot and killed by an unknown" party on Saturday last, while watering his horse in Black River, the assassin being concealed in the brush oil the river bank. It is another alleged Ku Klux case, it being asserted that Weeks was mnrde.red'boeause he had given information to L'nited States Commissioner Stewart at Ironton re garding certain persons implicated in whipping Rev. Mr. Calahan, some .weeks ago. No arrests were made. CALIFORNIA. A California engineer predicts that in ten years the whole country .will be rid-ironed with narow gauge rail- oads. The cost of these roads he esti mates at $8,000 per mile. Passengers can be transported on them at one cent a mile and freight at proportionately low rates. His plan is lor farmers to build them bv subscription, for the purpose of conveying their products to market. He also claims that they will pay, that wherever they have been eoustructed thev have made handsome dividends. which is not generady the case, at least with the majority of the broad-gauge oads. In Sweden and Norway these roads are coming into general use; the construction of them is causing a de mand for iron from England. Colora do has one of them lis miles long. Charters have been granted for tliem in several States, and a few lines have coin menced. SEW lOHK. NEWS OF THE WEEK. East, West, North & South, Late Foreign Advices &C, ScC? ScQ. OHIO. The examination of Sylvester Brown for the murder of his wife is closed, and he is committed for trial in November jCaii Schurz, O, M. Clay and Colonel Gossvenor have notified John G. Thoin pson, of the State Democratic Committee that they will take part in the Ohio campaign. The time of meeting will he announced hereafter. The preparations for the State I air at Mansfield are rapidly approaching com pletion. -The grounds will contain about sixty acres, and all agree they are the finest ever opened lor th lair ol the state, About five o clock Monday morning, a special train employed in the transport ation ot Dan Rice's .Fans Pavilion Cir cus, ran over a horse two miles south ot Pittsburg, throwing the train from the track, upsetting car and injuring prop erty to a great extent. His beautiful band-wagon was completely demolished All his valuable horses were in stock cars, which jumped the track but were not upset. Four men belonging to -the circus were badly hurt, and one brakes man fatally so. The track was torn up lor considerable instance. A very large meeting ol colored peo ple was held at Greenwood Hall in Cin cinnati, to express their sentiments on Senator Sumner's letter. AU seats and standing room in the Hall were occupied Speeches were made by Peter II. Clark aud several others. The following res olutions were adopted. Whereas, Hon, Charles Sumner, who for more than twenty years, has ably and eloquently advocated equal rights and contributed largely towards the liberation and enfranchisement of the colored race, has published a letter in which he advises the colored voters of the country to support at the coming presidential election Horace Ureelev, the standard bearer ot the Democratic party, therefore: Resolced, That the colored peopl of Cincinnati now in mass meeting as- sembled, that while iye unhesitatingly. acknowledge the valuable services, cannot accept his advice to assist i i pla cing in power tne party wnicn has ever been our enemy, which fought through tour long bloody years to tear assuude this Union for the purpose of establish mg an. uinependent pqntederaey with hu man slavery tor its cornerstone. liesolwd, That weqre enthusiastically in favor ot tint re.eiocuou ot president Grant, the standard bearer of the He publican party, the party which lias stand NOTES FROM AFAR, OUR OWN constsroxDEKTs. Across the Continent. LETTKR NUMBKR FIVE. J started front Santa Fe to Fort Win- gate, in company with Frank Hamilton, of the 8th IT. s. Cavalry, stationed at that post. Frank had been detailed to come to Santa Fe on military business, and had improved the occasion by getting gloriously drunk, in which condition he remained mOsf of the time he was at San ta Fe, and was barely sober enough to kuow the road when we started. The average regular soldier will takeiiis -tod as often as he can get the chance. We traveled m a south-west direction oyer a succession -of level 'tnemn, each breaking down to the next by a small hill, till we reached the' "Big Hill," where the roiid descends fifteen hundred feet in three quarters of a mile getting down from the Santa Fe mesa, or plateau, to the level of the Rio Grande Valley. At the bot tom of this hill, and at the head of a nar row valley opening out toward the Rio Grande, we find the Mexican hamlet of La Bainda, and stopped for the night. 1 was curious to know the meaning of this name, tor it was the first Mexican town I had seen which was not named after some saint. They have the saintliest names and the most unsaintlv looking towns ol any people 1 know. The words mean "lhe Descent," and are pro nounced altogether Larvahaddn. There I found a young American keeping a pretty good hotel, ami passed a pleasant night. May 23'?. Off at six, hoping to make our day's routo by 2 i !.. and descend a gentle slope to the main valley. One might almost say that the valley of the Kiograiide is New Mexico, just as that of the Nile is Egypt; for outside of it nine-tenths ot the country is either to tally barren or fit only for pasturage, All the Important towns nre cither in that valley or in some tributary thereto, and one may rule rrom .i Paso to Taos through a tolerably continuous line of ways stood and still continues to by the rights of the colored man. Jcesotvea;mat the surest way to main tain law and order throughout the Lite rebellion htijtes, and bring about a re-' conciliation between North and South is by continuing the Republican party in power, and for the acouiDlishmeiit of these cuds, we pledge ourselves to labor zealously for the election of Grant and w usou. llesoiced, That If we were to refuse to sustaiij the Republican party in this its nr$i, national contest since the. ballot has been put in our hands we would not only prove ourselves ungrateful aud un worthy ot the rights we now enjoy, but would offer insult to the memory of one thousand black soldiers who, with oth er white prtriots, died that this country might live. DISTRICT OF COI.CJJIHA. The Washington Evening J.t says: The Kentucky war claim, for which a special appropriation bill was enacted at the. last session of Congress, finally passed the Third Auditor's office, The amount allowed Is $525, 28$. The Secretary of the Mixed Commis sion says recent newspaper statements of the amount of claims by British sub jects against America was entirely er roneous, and of twenty cases disposed of, less than throe par mi, of t!,u amount claimed was awarded. A large number of cases are ready for the September ses siou of the Commissioners at Newport. There is information from Geneva which warrants the assertion that since the exclusion of clidmsfor indirect dam age the business before the Tribunal of Arbitrators has been favorable to this Government, and that several awards for direct damages have already been agreed upon, the indications being t hat on the conclusion of adjudication a gross sum will be awarded to the United States, thereby avoiding the reference of the subject fo a Bpard of Commissioners. Jt should not he expected that panienlars can now im officially given, us lhe pro ceedings of the Tribunal are conducted hi secret, and as information furnished to our Government is of Mm same char acter. .MASSACIUTSKTTS. The Merrimack River receded several Inches on Friday ami Saturday, but at lioqn of Sunday, it had risou I'u'ur inches linove us toi iiier height, making a rise during the week of four, aud a-holf feet. A Washington despatch savs claims nworegating $117,500,000 have, been filed before the mixed American anu JMignsu Commission, from British sources, for damages sustained by the seizure and confiscation ot blockade runners and their cargoes during the rebellion, by the American government. Attorney General Barlow states ' that the reports that the criminal and civil suits agaiust Tweed Sweeney aud others have been compromised and abandoned, are false. Friends of the defendants, in January last, offered to compromise by payment ot certain sums, but Air. .Bar low declined to entertain such a propo sition. Hearing on the demurrers will be had the latter part of September. The civil suitshev will probably be tried before the close o the year, and cri minal suits will oe Drought neiore tne courts as soon as tliere is a judge on the bench in whom the public has conh- denee. Dr. Howard, who has returned from Spanish imprisonment, attributes his release to the efforts of the American press, to which lie returns his warmest thanks. He thiuks Fish might have, perhaps, acted more promptly, and that the government, with all the proofs be fore it that he was an American citizen, might have abreviated, or at least alle l! ir i ...:n viaLeu ins ftunci ma. jiunimi i, mgiu Washington in a day or two, and pre sent his claim, for a pretty round sum, including loss of medical business at Cienfuegos and his property the latter valued at $30,000. He wili not return to Cuba. Howard so ys he was loaded with chains on the transport ship, lodged in the hold, and when he wanted water he had to go on deck.dragging his chains behind him. These exertions and bad food gave him a dysentery. The com inaiuimit of the prison at Catiz was a brute, and some of the prisoners there actually died lrom eating the tood. How ard had to procure food outside, for which the commandant charged double. No other prisoners were allowed to con verse with him aid no letters were al lowed to reach him, while the filth and vermin were terrible. He became again sick, but the Commandant refused to al low his removal to a hospitai., which however, was secured by the efforts of American Consul Duffy. In his let ter to the colored citizens of Boston, Wendell Phillips says Sumner is the dupe and endorser, and Greeley the tool, of the conspiracy between Northern copperheads and southern se cessionist. The South has often announ ced in the last instance by the lips of Jetterson Davis that the cause was not, lost, and must be won by getting poss ession ot the government and leaving us in the opposition. Such is the pj'-esout plot. That Mr. Gree.luy sees it would never prevent his aiding it; that Mr. Sumner does not see it, is, to me, a mat ter of profound astonishment. At such .a moment the regular Republican, party becomes again the accepted and ouly instrument of resistance, and Grant rep resents loyalty, as Lincoln did in 1861 if General Grant is set aside who is of fered in his place? Greeley, I need not tell you my friends wii.at Horace Greeley is. We sib.'niitionists tknow him only too well. In the weary years of our strug gle he had enough of clear moral vis ion to see the justice of our cause, but he never had courage enough to confess his faith. If events had ever given him the courage he never would have had piinclpls enough to risk anything for an idea. A trimmer by nature and pur pose, he has abused even an .American politician's privilege of trading priiu-.i-r pies for success. But. for lack of ability he would ijavo been the chief time-server iLhis age, 1 never knew, till now, any of lir-eulogists so heedless aud nidis- crimlnating as even to claim that he was a sincere man. DAKOTA. short distances to reach) our maximum of sixty feet per mile ascending west ward, and fifty per mile ascending east ward. The whole country is a gently undulating plain, affording ample drain age, interpersed with occasional lakes, some of whicn are brackish and the oth ers of fresh water- The rain-fall the present season, through all this region, has been abundant, aiid at all times su perabundant. The nuiitKiiis tcm; or, bad land, so called, of the great valley 'bf the Missou ri, are not met icith on the line, of this Hoad. About thirty miles east of the Missouri our line enters the wide and beautiful valley of Apple Creek, down which it passes by afgeutle grade, oyer excellent soil all the way to the river. The entire region, f rom the Red river. to the Missouri Knd beyond, at the time I passed over it was clothed with a nutritious grass, affording fine pasture, without exception, along the whole 200 miles. 1- or a large portion ot the dis tance the soil is very superior, equal to the best or any Jand. It is safe to say that at least uihe-tentns of the country that I saw is good arable land, constitu ting one of the most fertile and attractive prairie regions I have anywhere seen. ome ol our exploratory lines were traced through what is called the jiKiiir- aisteerc. These so-called "bad lauds" are not designated thus on account ot their soil, but more on account of their shape, being water-worn, or broken, so that thev are not adapted to cultivation, wlnle thev would also increase, mate rially, the cost of railroad construction through them. The "Cotteaux"(hillocks) through this portion ol Dakota are by no means forniable. 1 hey are rounded gently sloping and covered wtih good grass. W lthin a recent period this whole region has been a vast pasture-land for the buffalo and the antelope, which no longer roam here. Ol the productive qualities oi tne sou, I saw sufficient evidence in the superb appearance of a garden of several acres at the second Sheyenne crossing 03 miles west of Red river. 1 he iotatoes, corn. beans, radishes, peas, beans, fec, were among the finest I have anywhere seen, and it was no laulr ot the soil or the cli mate that, ten days later, that occasional scourge ol all new prairie regions, the grasshopper, had appropriated the grow ing crop to his private use. The valleys of the Sheveune and the James, which our line crosses are par ticularly lovely, having abundant water, trees enough to relieve the eye, and a rich soil. The Missouri is a noble river where the road strikes it wide and deep with a swift current, and heavily wooded along its shores and islands. It is navigable lor n thousand miles above to Fort Benton, ami quite -ii. number of large steamers, hcaviiy laden wltn mer chandize for Montana, had recently passed up. It is the opinion of an experi enced Missouri steamboat man, that on the completion of the Northern Pacific Road to the Missouri, the business will be done over this Road, not me.re to all points on the river above, but also to lxiints several hundred miles below. 1 spent a day, on horseback, west of the Missouri river, along Buck creek and Heart, river valleys, and found good grass everywhere. The valley of Heart river, -which our line follows some dis tance toward the Yellowstone, comes ful ly up to, and even exceeds the expecta tions I had formed from Division Engin eer Rosser's previous reports, maps and profiles, and his verbal explanations. It is a source ot much gratification to me to know that our assistant engineer have been very cautious in their statements respecting all the country west of Min nesota knowing, as 1 do, the desire of the Company to have all their published representations understate, rather than overstate the advantage of the region through which the Road is building. Fortunately, our final and critical sur veys are proving that the facts may be considerably understated, and yet make a perfectly satisfactory showing. Tho newspaper stories about Indians and danger from them to the raiiroad across Dakota, have no foundation in tact. The Indian situation, so far as the Northern Pacific Railroad is con cerned, is this: As far west as the Mis souri river, the question is settled, and no danger need be apprehended. Our men travel all over the country between the Red and Missouri rivers by day and by night, without escort and unarmed. The few troops at the James and Mis souri rivers will suffice to prevent thief- mg raids by straggling natives, until the last have finally disappeared before the army of white settlers. West of Fort Ellis, in Montana, all tne way to the Pa cini- coast, the Indian question is torever disposed or. All our engineering par ties, six in number, between Montana and the Pacific are operating without es cort's lhe only portion ot the line yet in abeyance, between the Indians and the whites is between the Missouri river and the westerly bend of the Yellow stone, east of Fort lillis ; there are par ties, now taking the field, have;trong escorts of United States troops, well pre pared fo light it necessary, lint no fighting is to be apprehended. If our escorts were weak, there might be some risk. Frontier speculators who -wish to see Government money freely spent in their vicinity and to their advantage, win aouutiess continue to lurnisu tne newspapers with propheciesof imminent "Indian wars " in the .Northwest. The construction of the Northern Pa cific Railroad will entirely settle the Indian trouble on a belt at. least one hundred miles wide and fifteen hundred miles long, embracing one hundred and lift3' thousand square miles, a large or tion ot which will.ero 'long contain an industrious population, giving profitable employment, notoiiiy to tne mam line, but to the numerous branch feeders which will surely be opened as the coun try becomes set Hod ami Its many resour ces developed. HOWER & IIIGBEE ARE NOW SELLING Striped Grenadines O.N'E SIULI.ltfO PER YAKI. 4-4 Cambrics AT ONI. SH1LLISU PER YARD. PHOSPECTUS FOR 4-4 Grass Cloth Suitings AT - . . ONE SHILLING PER YARD. 4-4 Seersucker AT ONE BHltLf Srt FEB YARD. 18T2-3. SECOND YEAR OF THE Northern Ohio Jon rial. A LITE PAPER FOR LIVE iPEOPLE, Published every Saturday at So. 114 Muu St., P&iuesville, Ohio, by 4-4 Jaconets ONE SHILLING PER YARD. A Few Pieces Poplin Suit incs TO CL09X, At' " ONE SHILLING PER YARD.' - A lot of YOSEMITE STRIPE9. STRIPED VICTORIA LA WHS, UK EH SCITINaS. TO TWO SHILLINGS PER YARD, 15 Lace Points, In very desirable patterns and good quantity, will be closed at TEX DOLLARS EACH. About 50 Striped Shawls, Reduced from three dollars will be closed at ONE DOLLAR AND FIFTY CENTS EACH W. C. rHAllBERS at SOX, iraprietsre. Terms $2.00 per- year. HOWER 6c HIGH EE, 238 & 240 SITPEBIOB'ST, CLEVELAND, O., 37i-h61-2 ... , , t THE Jmmruml, with the number for Jnly 13, enters upon its Second Volume with the hiarhest ynwpects for the future. Throughout the year jost past it has endeavored tof nffll, and hasfulfilied the premises oontained in its original prospectus, and ita aim to present an elegant miscellaajr of pure and pleasant literature has been so far carried out as was possible in view of the many obstacles necessarily incident to the first year of publication. As set forth en its title page it has been devo ted to Literature, Science, Agrioulture and General Home and Foreign news and in the fu ture the aim of its editor and proprietor will be to maintain its present high reputation in these several departments. No pains or expense have ever been spared to make the Jsaraal the beat paper published in this section of the State, and for the year just commencing no other or better promise could be asked than that furnished by its past record. New attractions are constantly being .prepared for its readers and none will dispute the asser tion that its enterprise and energy have already won for it a foremost place in the ranks of co- tempo ran eous publications. By its influence the newspapers of this section have been driven into exurtion never before made and while the pa pen here are now a pride to every citizen it ought not to be forgotten that their marked im provement has been made within the year last past or in other words since tbe establishment ef the Jewul. . HART & MALONE, Manufacturers OF Fine FTJRNITTJ Jt E. 103, 105 Sc 107 Water St., 30, 32 Sc 34 St. Clair St Cleveland, O. 36arC M rpiHE following Music Books arerecom ( mended as being the beet of their clubs. 3 . rr The Song Echo, for Schools iTi Kinkels' New Methol lor Reed ! Organs, will he ready Aug. 43.$ 1X1 Peters' Electic I'iano School,) ,J Over 300,000 copies in use, f i1 peters' Hurrowes' Primer (D Festival chimes, for Singing classes, lioUJ JC X1US Jlt3t3 JMKh. till 1 - pn ) lanmentsjt In Voice -i.-.ajM "I t0.75 Q : o Piano nrOnran AeeomDlanmeDtsii l.imaen's scuooi lor sue H Peters' Art ot" Singing........'....".. 3.00 f C Vfitchtl's Violin SchoolPeters' edt'n)3.00 S 3.W IT . .. 15 n 10 8.00 nj 2.110 Q (5 Ul Rummer's Flute School. tiJiWimmerstedt's Violin School.. LjlWimmcrstedt's Flute School... . PQ Peters Violin School .: ?-r , .. - i.' i .. . f..t.,u.i : , m.-1 ciuic ouiwi Peters' Parlor Companion. 1'or Flute, Violin and Piano, V Peters' Parlor companion. For f lute ana riano. Anv Music will be receipt ol the marked price. Kent, nost-pairi, on . Adrei. J.T.Peters. S99 Braaewari Hew Yerk. Q 5-55,3-S. j'V Q To tbe People of Lake Co. THE TVEEJD " 171 A -AryX V XI A T77i-DTfr1i Sewing Machine, With its new and valuable' improvements, is be yona a noiiDC tne . SIMPLEST, LIGHTEST RUNNING, EASIEST TO .OPERATE AND MOST DESIRABLE MACHINE IN THE MARKET. Chief-Engineer W. Milnor Roberts, who lias recently (Jul v 15th, lS72,)coin- pleteil a tour of inspection nlong the line of the Northern Pneilie R:iilro:il in Min- nesotii, ami :t far west as tho valley ot Heart river in W estern Dakota, writes as follows of the result of his protessioii- al observations. A heavy business is constantly passing over the completed section of llie lioad through Minnesota consisting of the local carrying-lraile ol the country trav ersed by the line, the business of the Hudson's Kay Coiiinnny and the British settlements in the lower Red River Val ley ; the transportation ol railroad iron, cross-ties, materials and supplies for the large ainount of traelv now being laid by the St. 1'aul and l'acifie Company ill Western Minnesota, and similar mate rial for the Dakota division of the North ern Pacific Road. 1 passed across Da kota, between the Red river and the Missouri, going and returning in a v air- on, traveling onlv by day and eain,iing at nigl)t, so that I had a full view of ev ery portion of lhe railroad line, ami of the country through which it is located. I carefully observed not only the grad ing and construction, hut also the character of the country and the soil. Tim distance across is 'about 200 miles, and we were seldom out of sight of our engineers' anil contractors' camps. Tliere has peen no difllculty whatever in obtaining at all points good water for men and stock, cither from natural springs or. from excavations of eight to leu ieef in deplh. '1'liis scltlcs one im portant ijuestjmi relidiug to the early settlement ii ill successful cultivation of this sect ion. This is entirely it prairie region, intersected by a few streams, such as the Hush, Maple, Sheyenne ami lamos rivers. The valleys of these eon tain what timber there is. After much careful exploratory work and preliminary location, the assistant eiyrineers have 'secured an admiralile line with generally very light grades and easv curvature, Even in passing ntu and out of the larger valleys the Sheyenne and lhe J nine- we were not compelled to exceed (aud ouly for very Legal Notice. .To H.N" KliVES, 111 I'll', f Eliza Keyes, doft.i Court of Common Pleas Lake Count v. O. T HE said Eliza Koves will take notice that on the S2d dav of June. A. !., the said .)im Keyes Hit I in the oflioe of the Clerk ol" ..ii I Court, hi petition ujrainl her for divorce. Hlieging willful absonre for more than three years oast, aim that hh1 petition will be for hearing- at the OctolKir term of said Court for the yearisiri, lit:Ri:ovs & Sweeney, 5S-ti-. Solicitors for plaintiff. Notice 1 M M A K. Uli rs Eli, of the city of Cleveland lj iu Hie county of Cuyahoga 'and State of Ohio, is noliftptl that Ira limner did on the 14th dav of AiiLMist, A. !.), 1V2, tile his petition in the oflice of the Clerk of tho Court of Common rieas, within ami lor the county at Lake ant 1 Slate of Ohio, charsriuic lhe said Emma E. Bru nei with adtilterv with one Lamar, ami asking;"! ilini I 1... t....... ii... ...M t l" j Hiuner, which petition will stand for hearing- at toeuer term oi saui i ouri . Dated this l.Mh day ot August, (A. 1.) IS? fjiS-ti1 Ika. BlU'NER. Sheriffs Sale. THE STATE OF OHIO,! s Jlake county, ) BY virtue of a writ of Fi Fa issued by the Court of Common Plea of said count y aud to me directed in the cause of J. B. Burrows nguinst Anna lialch, 1 will offer at public aiK-tiou at the door of the Court House in Gainesville, on the 14th J of September A -O. At one o'clock, P, M.. of said dav the followiiiar described premises to-wit: Situate in the Township ot ( onc-ord, County ot Lake aud State ot'Ohiotan'l is known as noing a part of Lot o. 5 in Tract No. Id, in said township, and is ' hounded as lb Hows, to-wit: Xortherlv by lamK owned bv Erastus rainier, Ealeriy by the J'ainesvllle and Youngstown Kail Koait. South- : erly bv the roat leading from the Ch anion road to Pay's Mills, and Yv eMerly by the Chardon Koad, : supposed to contain about seven acres of land; be the same more or less, appraised at $$50. J Given under my hand .this 9th dav of August. a. i. ler-i. a. wnH:, sheriff. ! No Part is Operated by a Spring. Every Motion is "Positive. The Attachments are the Simplest & Most Complete Maile, I.adiei, yon should crtainly try Uie WEED before purchasing, and you will not be sorry you did so'-' By addressing GEO. FOLWELL IU MAIN ST., PAI3TESVILLE, O., .Von can bare a aiadiine Brought to Year Hons I A ny where in Lake county inside of three days, when you catffcive it a thorough trial and see what the machine is yourself. Remember it will cost you . nothing, provided the machine don't suit you. BIGHT SPECIAL REASONS HARD WARE! The undersigned offer to Dealers and Custom era at lowest rates. BUILDERS HARDWARE, MAC HANICS TOOLS, TIXNEBS STOCK, ALSO, Carriage and Harness Makers Goods. Geo W. Worthlngton Sc Co. Nos. 90 4- 92 WATER STREET, 48fh3 Notice This! Warner & Masticlc. Which cannot fail to commend the Journal to every class of the reading public. FirM Because it is the lax great paper erer published in thia connty, and because it fur nished eaofi -eek nearly three roluuaua re reaaluar than all the ether pa era reaattiaea. Necur Because it has a Imrsrer Hat ef cesMrJhBtera. than any other paper in Northern Ohio. , . . Thlr. Because, 4t is in every sense of the word, "a live paper,'! "for live people. Fa-itrth. lleoause it is, in the broadest sense, fair anu independent upon all subjects, wheth er Social, Religious or Political : Fifth. Because ite articles are all to the point and its columns are not nlled with long and prosy essays devoid of all interest. Sixth. Because .it gathers the news lrom all quarters : of the world,- by telegraph and through its own special correspondents and re porters, and condenses it into such brief shape as to present a reliable mirror of all that is go ing on in this and other countries. Seventh. Becanse ite Market Beports of I Tile NftXrOW GaU6 StOr ducta, of home and foreign markets are always reliable.. - .-j . .v ... p .... win hmud I ANU TBE in.M3 UAVlUg mJIUKUllILK MM- CUe young folks; as well as the old folfcs; some thing for the humorous as well as the thought- tha'ladiet: in Ucjsoiue.hlu1 forUtastea? " Sid Track Auction Store, I Nos. 166 & 141 STATE STREET, PAIXESVILLE, O., Are now supplied with -rs- All Kinds of Merchandise. Dry Goods, Notions, Crockery. Teas! Withal a geueral stock of Goods, all Bought at Low Figures A.nd to be sold acordingly ! New Features. Eor the year just commencing the publishers! of the J.araal are preparing several new and j attractive specialties which will be brought out as fast as possible. Among the;e is the project of giving to every subscriber a Magnificent Premium In the shape of a beautifully illustrated Monthly Magazine which will be sent gratis for one years subscription. Of this Magazine the prospectus will be found lower down in this column, and specimen copies can be obtained at this ouJce. Remember This is not a premium offered in case yon secure one or more subscribers aside from your own but is a magniflceat present made to each and every person who shall subscribe to the Jsur. aal for one year. JNT put off subscribing to the Jaur al because it is not the season at which you may be accustomed to commence with papers bntr-TAKE IT SOW!. FIRST YEAR. THE- :o: SEE Wn.AT THE mm JL 9 the ERST and CI1K A PEST Independent i-iuuily KrwspHiier uuhlisheil. It contain loiiTy-KiuiiT columns of reading matter, is printed in the ncntest style, ou flue, white pa per, au.l published at the low price of 81 a year, uud 13 V 13 It V SI ISSCKinEK lteecires a liranilf ill t'tiromo, worth the nmuev invested, llius rccuiviug a riKBT-CLASt Weekly Nowspapcr FOR NOTHING! j?-Seuil tne Itollar lor a year's Sub-M-ri,uiou, aud Tell Cent, for postage on tha t liruiuo to tbe Star Publtahiata; C9mtm pajay, CindKna.tl, O. Indies of Painenville Say ABOUT THE WEED: VfTE the undersigned, haviugusedtheuF.VM V I1.Y FAVORITE" in our families from three to Ave years, constantly, would say that our iiiachiues have never been out of order al ways ready to do any kind ok woks ; never cost anything for repairs, and we think it tb ben anil most desirable machine iu the market. Kvery lady should try it before uurcbasinx. Mi:s. D. B. Clayton. Mrs. C. SuErHkRp, AV. C. Tmdei., L. W. ACKLKY, :o: Jmo.Martxn, St.C.NKttis. Don't forget the plaoe. JoCBKAt Office, MAIX STREET, PAINESVILLE, O. I'LAIX AXD FANCY MACHINE STITCHING DOXE TO ORDER. iiaria Northern Ohio Souvenir, A NEW ItSontnlsr Magazine ISSUED MONTHLY BY W. C.CHAXBEBSc SON. 11 Mta St., Paisteavllle, Ohla. Terms $1.00 per year. o THE Saave-itir is intended to be. in ever rf spert,a Srst-class illustrated monthly saaga tine. Its sice will be a quarto anil will be printed onthe finest of double calendered cream lain pa per. Its reading will be an elegant miscellany of pure, light aud graceful literature, while it pictures will form a raaa-nincent collection ot the finest steel and wood engravings. Kack number will contain twenty-four pages and tho entire volume when bound at the end of tho year, will form a beautiful work which could not be purchased in any other way for aattalo the naastcy. The Literary Department will he filled with the best of original and selected articles and the publishers feel confident iu promising, iu this, the most perfect satisfaction. The volume for 1878-3 will con Lain ab..nt Stto pages and about 100 Hue engravings fro pencil and brush of the best artistic tali nt in tbe country and rendered into striking "picture in black and white" by tbe best engravers that can be procured. Do Not Forget That this splendid magazine has been put at thr extremely low price of Sl.OO per year and that to those who do not feel able to pay this amount the proprietors are prepared to make tbe following Special Offer To every yearly 'subscriber to the Nerthrra Ohla Jaurnal the Sauveulrt will be seat for one year as a premium. Thus for 82.00 We use no common, cheap flattery such as of fering to our ctistoniers a spool of thread, or something of that kind, a litUo cheaper than our neighbors, but we sell anything in our stock l heap. Special Bargains in WHITE COODS, LIXEX GOODS, PRINTS, LINEX CHECKS, CROCKERY, SOAP, ROPE, EMBROIDERY, SHEETIXGS, COTTOXADES, LINEX DRILLS TEA, & TAR. You cau receive the largest aud .best weekly iu this section nf the state aud au illustrated monthly niagaiiue euual iu every respect to any similar publioatouin the country. 4ajF Specimen copies can be obtained at this office. Don't put off subscribing to the Sauvettlr or to the Jfastraual because it i not the season at whiub. you may be accustomed to commence 1 with papers bat Take it Sow. In connectiou with the "NARROW U Al liK " we occupy Store No. 141, Next to James H. Taylor's Grocerv, where, aside from our regular stork, we nave the Finest Lot of Chromos ! Ever offered in town. ALL XEW SUBJECTS - AXI WELL FRAMED. To those desirous of ornamenting their par lors and making home attractive, we v til say that these t hrown are of FIUSTIt QUALITY AXD WILL BE SOLD CHEAP. Our aim is to help customers tottaods at LOW KKit'RKS. Our buyer. D. WARNER, Jr., has hud uracilral experience 111 looking uu bar gains, and kuows now to secure them. "GOODS WELL BOUGHT ARE HALF SOUL WARNER & MA&TICKr 106 STATE STREET. iiarli