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HORTEffl OHIO JOUMAL:
SATURDAY, - DECEMBER 7, 1872. JAMES E. CHAMBERS, Editor. EDITORIAL PABAGBIPHS. Wi publish this week President Grant's annual message in fnll and in order to do so have not only been obliged to defer any notice or comment until our next Issue but also to leave over a number of news articles and communications that bad been pre pared for this number. The message U much longer than ever before and treats npon bo- many new subjects at length that with a majority of our readers its publication will more than compensate for the lack of our usual i iT-"t miscellaneous ar ticles, i , Among other items crowded ont has been an account of the funeral obse quies of Horace Greeley, who died on Friday evening last; a sketch of the life of this eminent journalist; our for eign letters, and several interesting home corresoondences all of which ' however wilt appear in our next issue. President's Message. " To the Senate and House of Representa tive : nut cojnrno3t o thb countrt. In transmitting to you my fourth an nual message it is witn tnanKiuinesa w the Giver of all good that as a nation we i have been blessed lor the past year wiui neace at home and abroad and a general - nrosneritv. vouchsafed to but few peo ple, with ttie exception of the recent de vastating are wnicil swept iroin me earth with a breath as it were millions of accumulated wealth in the city ot Boston. There have been two over shadowiuz calamities within the year to ' record. Ft is irratifvine to note here. like their fellow citizens of the city of ' Chicazo. under similar circumstances a year earlier, the citizens of Boston are rallying under tneir misiortunes, auu ' the Drosoeet is that their energy and perseverance will overcome all obstacles and show the same prosperity soon that they would have shown had no disaster befallen them. Otherwise, we have been free from pestilence, war and ca- . lam i ties which otten overcome nations, .and. as far as human judgement can penetrate the future, no cause seems to ; exist to threaten our preseut peace. THE ALABAMA CLAIMS ARBITRATION, When Consress adlotirncd in June . last a questiou had been raised by Great Britian, and was then pending, which : lor a time seriously imperilled the set tlement by friendly arbitration of the differences existing between this gov ernment and tbat of ller Br it tan ic Maj- esty by the Treaty of Washington, had been referred to tue rriDunai oi atoi tration which had met at Geneva, in Switzerland . The arbitrators, howerer, disposed of the question which had je opardized the whole of the treaty and threatened to involve the two nations in most unhauDV relations toward each other, in a manner entirely satislactory to this government and in accordance with the views and the policy which it - bad maintained. The tribunal, which had convened in Geneva in December, - concluded its' laborious session on the 14th dav of September last, on which - day, having availed itself of the.discre- - tionary power given to it oy tne treaty to award a sum in gross. It made its decision, whereby it awarded the sum of 15,500.(XKJ in gold as tne inaemity to De . paid by Great Britain to the United - States, for the ratification of all the . claims. , referred . in its consideration This decision happily disposed of a long Standing difference between the two , governments, and in connection with another award made by the German Emperor under a reference to him by " the same treaty, leaves these two gov ernments without a shadow upon the friendly relations which it is my sincere '" hope may forever remain equally un- cionaeu. The report of the agent of the United .''States' appointed to attend the Geneva tribunal accompanied by the protocols of the proceedings of the arbitrators, the arguments ot the counsel ol Doth gov ernments',' the award Of the tribunal and the opinions given by the several arbitrators, is transmitted herewith. I have caused to bo communicated to the heads of the three friendly powers who complied with the joint request made to them under the treaty, and thanks of i this government for the appointment of arbitrators made by them respectfully and also my thanks to the eminent per sons named by them, and iny apprecia- . tion of thedignity, patience.impartiality and great ability with which they dis charged their orders and mgn lunctions iter Majesty's government has communi ' cated to me its appreciation by Her Mai esty of the ability indefatigable industry displayed by Mr. Adams, the arbitrator named on the part of this government during the protracted Inquiries and dis cussions ol the tribunal. I cordially ' unite with Her Majesty in this appre- ' ciation. it is due to the agent ot the United States before the tribunal to re- ' cord my high appreciation of the marked ' ability. tin wearied patience and the pru dence and discretion with which he has conducted the very responsible and deli cate duties committed to him, as it is also due to the learned and eminent counsel who attended the tribunal on the part of this government, to express my sense of the talents and - wisdom which they brought to bear in the argument of re sult so happilly reached. It will be the providence of Congress to provide for the distribution among those who may be entitled to it of their respective shares of the money to be paid. Although the sum awarded is not pay able until a year from its award, it is deemed advisable that no time be lost in making a proper examination of the several cases in which indemnification may be due. I consequently recommend the creation of a board of commissioners for the purpose. By the 34th article of the treaty of Washington the respective claims of the United States and Great Britain in their construction of the treaty of the 15th of June, 1S46, defining theboundry line between their respec tive territories were submitted to the arbitration and award of His Majesty the Emperor of Germany to decide which of those claims is most in accord ance with the true interpretation of the treaty of 1846. His Majesty, the Ein- porer of Germany, having been pleased to undertake the arbitration, has the earnest thanks of this government and of the peopleof the United States for the labor, pains and care which he has de voted to the consideration of this long pending difference. I have caused an expression of my thanks to becommuni- . cated to His Majesty. Mr. Bancroft, the representative of this government at Berlin, conducted the case and pre pared the statement on the part of the United States, with the ability that his past services justified the public in ex pecting at his bands. As a member of the Cabinet at the date of the treaty which has given rise to the discussion between the two governments, as the Minister to Great Britain when the con construction now pronouueed un founded was first advanced, and as the agent and representative of the govern ment to present the case and to receive the award, he has been associated with the question in all of its phases, and in every stage has manifested a patriotic zeal and earnestness in the maintenance of the claim of the United States; he is entitled to much credit for the success which has attended the submission. After a patient-investigation of the case and of the statement of each party, His Majesty, the Emperor, on the 21st day of October last, signed his award in writing, decreeing that the claim of the government of the United States that the boundary line between the territories of her Britannic majesty and the United States should be drawn through the Haro channel, is most in accordance with the true interpretation of the true treaty concluded on the 15th of June, 1848, between the agents of her Britan nic Majesty and the United States, - : THK SAN JUAK QUESTION. . Copies of the case presented on behalf of each government, and of the state ment in reply, of each' and a translation of the award are transmitted herewith. This award confirms the United States in their claim to the important archipel ago of islands lying between the conti nentand Vancouver's Island, which for twenty-six years, ever since the ratifica tion of the treaty, Great Britain has contested, and leaves ns for the first time in the history or tne united states a nation without a question of disputed boundary between our territory ana tne possessions of Great Britain on this con tinent. It is my grateful duty to ac knowledge the prompt, spontaneous ac tion or ller .Majesty's government, w giving effect to the award. In anticipa tion of any request from this govern ment, and before tne reception in me United States of the award signed by the Emperor, Her Majesty had given in structions for the removal of her troop3 which had been stationed there, and for the cessation of all exercise or claim of jurisdiction, so as to leave the United States in exclusive possession oi tne lately disputed territory. I am grateful to be able to aunounce that the orders for the removal of the troops have been executed, aud the military joint occupa tion of San Juan has ceased. The islands are now in the exclusive possession of the United States, it how Decomes ne cessary to complete the survey and de termination' of that portion of the boun dary line through the iiaro channel, on which the commission wnicn aeterminea the remaining part of the line were un able to agree. I recommend the appoint ment of a commission to act joinuy wun oue which may be named by her Jtrajesty for that purpose. TBK ALASKA BOUNDARY. Experience of the difficulties attend ing the determination oi our admitted line of boundary alter the occupation or the territory and its settlement uy those owing allegiance to the restrictive governments points to the importance of establishing by natural objects or other monuments the actual line be tween the territory acquired by purchase from Kussia and the adjoining pos sions of her Brittauic majesty, lhe re gion is now so sparsely occupied that no conflicting: interests of individuals or of jurisdiction are likely to interfere to tne delay or embarrassment oi tne actual lo cation of the line. If deferred until pop ulation shall enter and occupy the ter territory, some trivial contest of neigh bors may again array tne two govern ments in antagonism. I therefore rec ommend the appointment of a commis sion to act Jointly with one that may be appointed on tiie part of Great Britain to determine the line between our territory of Alaska and the co-terminous ot pos sessions of Great Britain. In my last annual message I recommended the leg islation necessary on tne pan oi tue United States to bring into operation the articles of the treaty of Washington of May. 1871, relating to the fisheries and to other matters touching the relations of the United states toward tne uritisn North America possessions, to become operative so soon as the proper legisla tion should be had on the part ot ureat Britain, and its possessions bad not then been had, and during a session or Uoti gressa question was raised which for the time raised a doubt whether any action by Congress in the direction in dicated would become Important. This question has since been disposed of, and I have received notice that the Imperial Parliament and, the legislature of the provincial government have passed laws to carry the provisions of the treaty on the matters referred to into operation. I therefore recommend your early adop tion of the legislation in the same direc tion necessary on tue part oi tuis gov ernment. ... The joint commission for determining the boundary line between the United States and the British possessions, be. tweea the lake of the woods and the Rocky Mountains has organ inzed and entered upon its work. It is desirable that the force be increased,,)!! order that the completion of the survey and deter mining of the line may be the sooner attained. To this end I recommend that a sufficient appropriation be made. OUR RELATIONS WITH EUROPE. With France, our earliest ally; Rus sia, the constant and steady friend of the United States; Germany, with whose government and people we have so many causes of friendship and so many common sympathies, and the other pow ers . of Europe, our relations are main tained on the most friendly terms since my last annual message. The ex change has been made of the ratifica tions of a treaty with the Austrian and Hungarian empires, relating to natur alization : also ot a treaty with tne Ger man empire respecting' counsuls. aud trade-marks: also of. a treaty with Sweden and Norway relating to natur alization, all of which treaties have Deen duly proclaimed. - THE VIENNA EXPOSITION. Congress, at its last session, having made an appropriation to defray the ex pense of commissioners on the part of United States to the International Statis tical congress at St. Petersburg, the persons appointed in that character pro ceeded to tiieir destination, and atten ded the sessions of the congress. Their report shall in due season be laid out be fore you. This congress meets at inter vals of about three years, and has held its sessions in several of the countries of Europe. I submit to your consideration the propriety of extending an invitation to the Congress to hold its next meeting in the United States. The centennial celebration to be held in 1876 would af ford an appropriate occasion for such meeting. Preparations are making for the international exposition to be held during the next year in Vienna on : scale of very great magnitude. The ten dency of these expositions is in the direc tion or advanced civilization and ot the elevation of industry, of labor, and of ttie increase or human happiness a3 well of greater intercourse and good will be tween nations. As this exposition is to be the nrst which will have been held in eastern Europe, it is believed that Amer ican manufacturers and inventors will be ready to avail themselves of the op portunity for the presentation of their productions, if encouraged bv proper aid and protection. At the last session of Congress authority was given for the appointment of one or more agents to represent this government at the expo sition, rue authority thus grven has been exercised, but in the absence of any ap propriation, mere is danger that the im portant benefits which the occasion of fers will, in a large degree, be lost to the citizens of the United States;. I com mend the subject strongly to your con sideration, and recommend that an ade quate appropriation be made for tho pur pose. To further aid the American exhibi tors at the Vienna exposition, I would rcccommend. in addition to an apnro- priation of money, that the secretary of tne navy be authorized to fit up two naval vessels to transport between our At lantic cities and Triest, or the most con venient port, to Vienna and back their articles for exhibition. THE POLICY WITH MEXICO. Since your last session the President of the Mexican Republic, distinguished by his high character aud his services to his country, lias died, (lis temporary successor has now been elected - with great unanimity by the people, a proof of confidence on their part In his patri otism and wisdom winch, it is believed, will be confirmed by the results of his administration. . It is particularly desir able that nothing should be left undone by the government of either republic to strengthen their relations as neighbors anu menus, it is much to oe regretted that many lawless acts continue to dis turb the quiet of the settlements on the border between our territory and that of Mexico, and that complaints of wrong to American citizens in various parts of the country are made. The revolutionary condition in wnicn tne neigiiDoring re public has so long been involved, has in some degree contributed to this distur bance. It is to be hoped that with a more settled rule of order through the republic which may be expected from the present government, the acts of which just complaint is made, will cease. The proceedings of the commission under the convention with Mexico of the 4th of July, 1808, on the subject of claims, nave uniortunately been checked by an obstacle for the removal of which measures have been taken by tne two governments wnicn, it is believed, will prove successful. The commissioners appointed pursuant to the ioint resolu tions of Congress of the Oth of May last to inquire into tne depredations on the Texan frontier have diligently made in vestigations in that quarter. Their re port upon the subject will be communi cated to you. Their researches were necessarily incomplete, partly on ac count of the limited appropriation made by Congress. Mexico, on the part of that government, has appointed a simi lar commission to investigate these out rages. It is not announced officially. but the press of that country states that the fullest Investigation is desired, aud that the co-operation of all parties con cerned is invited to secure that end. I therefor ieemmeA tbat a special ap propriation be made at the earliest day practical to enauie tue wuiuiikuuucib uu the part of the United States to return to their labor witiiout delay. THE DISTRESS OF CUBA THE OBVIOUS cause. ' ;'. It is with, regret that I have again to announce a continuance of the disturbed condition of the island of Cuba. So ad vance toward the pacification of the dis contented part or the population has been made, while the insurrection has gained no advantages aud exhibits no more of the elements of power or of the prospect of ultimate success than were exhibited a year ago. Spain,on the other hand, has not succeeded in its suppres sion, and the parties stand apparently in the same relative attitude which they have occupied for a long time past. 'Ill is contest has lasted no for more than four years, vv ere it seen at a distance from our .neighborhood we might be indifferent to: its result,, al- tuougn numanity could not oe unmoveu by many of its incidents wherever they might oceur.' It is, however, at our door. - - --.,.-. ' . I cannot doubt that the continued maintenance - of slavery In Cuba is among the strongest inducements to th continuance of this - strife. A terrible wrong is tne natural cause of a terrible evil. . The abolition of slavery and the introduction of other reforms in the ad ministration of government in Cuba could not lau to advance tue restoration of peace and order. It is especially to be hoped tbat the present liberal gov ernment of Spain will voluntarily adopt this view. The law of emancipation, which was passed more than two years since, has remained unexecuted in the absence oT regulations for its enforce ment, it was but a feeble step toward emancipation but it was the recognition of right and was hailed as such and ex hibited in bpain in harmony with tue sentiments of humanity and or ltiace, and in sympathy with the other powers or tne christian anu civilized worm Within tho past few weeks the regula tions for carrying out the laws of emancipation nave been announced, giving evidence of the sincerity of the intention of the present government to carry into effect the law ot'1870. I have not tailed to urge the consideration or the wisdom, the policy and the justice of a more effective system for the abolition of the great evil which oppressed a race and continues a bloody and destructive contest close to our border, as well as expediency and justice of conceding re forms of. which the propriety is Hot questioned. Deeply impressed with the conviction that the continuance or sla very is one of the most active causes of or the continuance or tne un nappy con dition in Cuba. I regret to believe that citizens of the United States, or those claiming to be such, are large holders in Cuba ot what is there claimed as prop erty, but which is forbidden and de nounced by the laws of the United States. They are thus in defiance of the spirit of our own laws contributing to the continuance or this distressing and sickening contest. In my last annnal message, I referred to this subject, and I again recommend such legislation as f may be proper to denounce, and if not prevent, at least to discouage American, citizeus from holding or dealing in slaves. It is gratifying to announce that the ratification of the convention concluded, , under the auspices of this government between Spain on tho one part, and the allied Republics of the Pa cific on the other, providing fur an ar mistice, have been exchanged, a copy of the instrument is herewith submitted It is hoped that this may be followed by a permanent peace between the same parties. - ; ; ' DIPLOMATIC POLICY WITH . CHINA AND JAPAN." The difference which at one time threatened the maintenance of peace be tween Brazil and the Argentine Repub lic it is hoped are in the way of satisfac tory adjustment. With the states as with the republics of Central and South America, we continue to maintain the most lriendly relation, it is with re gret, however, I announce that the gov ernment or venzueia nas made noiur- ther payments on account of the awards under the convention . of the' 24th.' of April, 1866. That republic Is under stood to be now almost, ' if not quite tranquilizer. it Is hoped, therefore, that it will lose no time in providing for the unpaid balances of its debt to the United States, which having originated in injuries to its citizens by Venzuelan authorities and having been acknowl edged, pursuant to a treaty in the roost solemn form known among nations, it would seem to deserve a preference over debts of a different origin and contrac ted in a different manner. This subject is again recommended to th'e attention of Congress for such action as may be deemed proper. Our treaty relations with Japan' re-; main unchanged. An lmpossmg em bassy from that interesting and progres sive nation visited this country during the year that is passing, but being un provided with powers tor the signing of a convention in this country, no conclu sion in that direction- was reached. It is hoped, however, that the interchange of opinions which took place during their stay in this country has led to a mutual appreciation of the interests there, which may be promoted when the revision of the existing treaty shall be undertaken, in this connection renew my recommendation of one year ago, that to give importance and to add to the efficiency oi our diplomatic rela tions with Japan and China, and to fur ther aid in retaining the good opinion of these people, and to secure to the United States its share of the commerce des tined to flow between these nations and the balance of the commercial world, an appropriation ' be made to support at least four army youths in each of these countries to serve as a part of the official family of .our ministers. Our represen tatives would not even then be placed upon an equality with the representa tives of Great Biitian or some other powers. As now situated, onr represen tatives in Japan and China have to de pend for interpreters and translators upon natives of those countries who know our language imperfectly, or pro cure tor the occasion the services of em ployees in foreign business houses, or the interpreters to other foreign min isters. I renew the recommendations made on a previous occasion of the transfer to the department of the interior, to which they seem more appropriately to belong, oi an tne powers anu uunes in relation to the territories with which the depart ment of state is ciiarged by law or cus tom. RELIEF OF DISTRESSED CITIZENS ABROAD. Congress, from the beginning of the government, has wisely made provision lor the relief ot distressed seameu In for eign countries. No similar provision, however, has hitherto been made for the relief ot distressed citizens abroad other than seamen. It is understood to be customary with other governments to authorize consuls to extend such relief to their citizens or subjects in certain cases. A similar authority and an ap propriation to carry it into effect are commended, in case of citizens of the United States, destitute or sick under such circumstances. It is well known that such citizens resort to foreign coun tries in great numbers, though most of them are able to bear the expense met dent to locomotion. There are some who, through accident, or otherwise,be come penniless, and have no friends at home able to succor them. Persons in this situation must either perish or cast themselves upon the char ity of foreigners or be returned at the private charge of our own officers, who usually, even with the most benevolent dispositions have nothing to spare, were such the purposes. Should the author ity and appropriation be asked for, care will be taken to carry the benificence of Congress into effect that it shall be un necessary or unworthily bestowed. THE FINANCES RECEIPTS AND EXPENDI TURES. The money, received and carried into the Treasury during the fiscal year end ing June 3d, 1872, were, from customs, $2it.370,28t 77: from sales ot public lands $2,575,714,19 ; from internal reve uue, si3U,(ii2,i77 72; from tax on na tional bank circulation, etc., $6,623,303,- 39 ; from Pacific railroad companies, $749,861 87; from customs, fines, etc., $1,130,442 34; from fees, consular, pat ents, land, etc., $1,284,695 92; from mis cellaneous sources, $4,412,254 71. Total, ordinary receipts, $364,194,229 31; from premium on sales of coin, $9,412,037 65. Total net receipts, $574,106,837 50. Bal ance in Treasury June 30th, 1871, $109,- 935,705 59, including $18,228 35 received from unavailable sources.' Total availa ble cash, $484,042,579 15. The net ex penditures by warrants during the same period were : for civil expenses, $16, ' l&MaS H for foreign - interests, $18, 409,36914; Indians, $7,065,728 82 pen sions, $28,633,492 76; for military estab lishment, including fortifications, river and harbor improvements and arsenals, $35,372,157 20; for naval establishments, including vessels and machinery and improvements at navy yards, $20,249, 809 99; for miscellaneous, civil, includ ing public buildings, lighthouses and collecting the revenue, $42,958,329 18; interest on the public debt, $117,537,839,- 72 ; total, exclusive of principal and pre mium on public debt, $270,559,695 91 ; for premium on bonds purchased, $4,- 958,266 76 ; for redemption of the public debt, $99,960,253,54; total, $196,918,020, 30; total net disbursements, $377,478, 216 24; balance in Treasury June 30, 1872, $18,564,356 94; total, $484,042, 573 15. From the foregoing- statement at ap pears that the net reduction of the prin cipal of the debt, during the fiscal year ending June 30, 2872, was $99,960,253 54. The source of this reduction is as fol lows : Net ordinary receipts during the year,$3,469,229 94 ; net ordinary ex penses. including interest on tne puonc debt, $270,559,695 92; total, $94,134,534. Add amount or receipts from premium on sales of gold in excess ot the pre mium paid on bonds purchased. $2,- 454.470 89 : add the amount of the reduc tion or the cash balance at tne close or the year, accompanied with the same at the commencement or the year, Sd.dj l,- 348 65: total $99.960.253 54. This state ment treats solely or tne principal ot the public debt. By the monthly state ment of the public debt, which adds to gether the principal and interest due and unpaid and interest accrued to date, due, and deducts the cash in the treas ury, as according on tue day ot publica tion the reduction was $100,544,491 28. The source of this reduction is as fol lows: Reduction in principal account, $99,960,013 54; reduction in unpaid in terest account, $3,330,952 96 ; total, $103,- 290,9o6 5u; reduction in cash on hand, $2,740,465 22 ; total, $100,544,491 28. On the basis or the last table tne statements show a reduction of the public debt from the 1st of March, 1869, to the present time as follows : Erom March 1, 1860, to March 1, 1870, $87,134,780 84; from March 1, 1870, to March 1, 1871, $117, 639,630 25; from March 1, 1871, to March 1, 1872, S94.89o.34S 94 ; from March 1, 1S72, to JNoveuiber l, 1872 eight months, $b3.U47,237 84; . total: $363,606, 999 87. With the great reduction of taxation by the acts of Congress at its lost session, the expenditure of the government in collecting the revenue will be much re duced for the next fiscal year. It is very doubtful, however, whether any reduction of so vexatious a burden upon any people will be practicable for the present. . At all events, as a measure of Justice to the holders or the nation's cer tificates ot indebtedness, l would rec ommend that no more legislation be had on this subject, unless it be to correct errors of omission or commission in the preseut laws, until sufficient time has elapsed to prove that it can be done and still leave sumuient revenue to meet the current expenses of the government. Pay the interest ou the public debt and provide for the sinking fund established by law. The preservation of our na tional credit is of the .highest import ance. Next in importance to this comes a solemn duty to provide a national currency of a fixed, unvarying value as compared with gold and as soon as prac ticable, having due regard for the inter ests of the debtor class and the vicissi tudes of trade and commerce, and con vertible into gold par. , - WAR DEPARTMENT. The report of the Secretary of War shows the expenditures of the War De partment for the fiscal ' year ending June 30, 1S71, to oe ao,vyy,syi sa; and for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1872, to be $35,372,157 20, showing a reduction in the last fiscal year of $427,834 72. The estimates for military appropriation for the next fiscal year, ending June 30, 1873, are $3,380.,137,878. The estimates of the chief or engineers are submitted separately for fortifications, river and harbor Improvements and for public buildings and ground, and the Washing ton aqueduct. The affairs of the freed- mens bureau have all been transferred to the War Department, and the regula tions have been put into execution for the speedy payment of bounty, due col ored soldiers properly coming under that bureau. All war accounts for money and prop erty prior to 1871, have been examined and transmitted to the treasury for final settlement. During the fiscal year there have been paid ror transportation on railroads, $1,300,000, of which $S0,S57 was over the Pacific railroads. For transportation by water, $62,637,352, and by stage $48,975 84, and for the purchase of transportation animals, wagons, hire of teamsters, etc., $924,650 64, About $370,000 have been collected from south ern railroads during the year, leaviug' about $4,000,000 still due. The quarter master has examined and transmitted to the accounting officers for settlement $36,747,272 of claims by loyal citizens for quartermasters' stores taken during the war. The subsisting supplies to the amount ot $89,048 12 have been issued to the In dians. The annual average of mean strength of the army was 24,101 white, and 2,494 . colored soldiers. The total deaths for the year reported were 367 white and 54 colored. The distribution of the medical and surgical history of the war is yet to be ordered by jongres3. There exists an absolute necessity for a medical corps of the full number established by act of uougress of July 2th, 18WS, there being now nity-mne vacancies, and the num ber of successful candidates rarely ex ceeds eight or ten in any one year. The river and harbor improvements have been carried on with energy and economy. Though many are only par tially completed, tne results have saved to commerce many times the amount ex pended, i he increase ot commerce with greater depths of channels, greater se curity in navigation and the saving of time, adds millions to the wealth of the country and increases the resources of the government. The bridge across the Mississippi river at itock island has been completed, and the proper site has been determined up on lor the bridge at L.aurosse. The able and exhaustive report made uy the commission appointed to investi gate the Sutro tunnel, has been trans mitted to Congress. SIGNAL SERVICE DEPARTMENT. The observations and report of the signal officer have been continued. Sta tions have been maintained at each of the principal lake, seaport and river cit ies; ten additional stations have been established in the United States and ar rangements have been made for an ex change of reports with Canada, and a similar exchange ot observations is con templated with the West India Islands RECOMMENDATIONS TO CONGRESS. The favorable attention of Cougressis invited to the following recommenda tions of the Secretary of War ; A dis continuance ot the appointment ot extra lieutenants to serve as adjutants and quartermasters. . The adoption of a code providing specific penalty for well de nned offences so that tne inequality or sentences adjudged by court martial may be adjusted; the consolidation of accounts under which expenditures are made as a measure ot economy ; a reap propriation of the money for the con struction ot a depot at aan Antonio, the title to the site being now perfected ; a special act placing the cemetery at the City of Mexico on the same basis as other national cemeteries ; authority to pur chase sites lor military posts lu Texas. The appointment of commissary ser geants from non-com missioned officers. as a measure for securing the better care and protection of supplies. An appro priation oi tne catalogues to the ana tomical section of the army medical mu seum. A reappropriatiou of the amount ror tne manulucture ot breech loading arms should the selection be so delayed oy tne ooard :ot ouiccrs as to leave the former "appropriation unexpended at the close of the fiscal year. The sale of sucn arsenals east of the Mississippi as cau be spared and the proceeds applied to the establishment of one large arsenal of construction and repair upon the At lantic coast, aud the purchase of a suit able site for a proving and experimental ground for heavy ordnance; the abro gation of laws which deprive inventors in the United States service from deriv ing any beuellt from their invention : the repeal of the law prohibiting promo tions in the stall' corps, a continuance of the work upon the coast defences; the repeal of the seventh section of the act of Jnly 13, 1860, taking from engineers and soldiers the per diem granted to other troops; a limitation of time for presentation of subsistence or supplies under an act of July 4th, 1864, and a modification in the mode of the selection of cadets 'for the military- academy iu order to enhance the usefulness of the academv, which is impaired by reason of the large amount of time necessarily expended in giving new cadets a thor ough knowledge of the more elementary branches of learning which they should acquire before entering the aaodeiny, Also an appropriation for philosophical apparatus and an increase in the num qer and the pay of the iUlioiry Academy band. ' . The attention of Congress will be called during the present session to vari ous enterprises for the more certain and cheaper transportation ot the constant ly increasing surplus of the western and southern products to the Atlantic sea board.. The subject is one that will force itself upon the legislative branch of tire government sooner or later, and I sug gest, therefore, that immediate steps be taken to gain all available information to insure equitable and just legislation on a route to connect the Mississippi val-1 ley with the Atlantic at Charleston, South Carolina, and Savannah, Georgia, by water, by the wayof the OM" and Tennessee rivers and canals and slack- water navigation to the Savanah and Oomulgee rivers has been surveyed and a report made by an accomplished engi neer officer of the army. Second and third new routes will be proposed for the consideration of Congress, namely : by an extension of the Kanawha and James river canal to the Ohio, and by anextension of the Cheaspeake and Ohio canal. Iam not prepared .to recom mend government aid to these or other enterprises until it is clearly shown that they are not only of national interest, but that when completed they will oe oi a value commensurate with their cost. That production increases more rapidly than the means of transportation in our country, has been demonstrated by past experience, that unprecedented growth in population and products of the whole country will require additional facilities aud cheaper means for the more bulky articles ot commerce to reach tide water, and a market will be demanded in the near future, is equally demonstrable. I would thereiore suggest either a com mittee or commission to be authorized to consider this whole question and to re port to Congress at some future day for Its better guidance in legislating on the important subject. The railroads of the country have been rapidly extended during the last few years to meet the growing of pro ducers and reflect much credit upon the capitalists and managers engaged in this construction. In addition to these, a project to facilitate commerce by the building of a ship canal around Niagara Falls, ou the United States side, which lias been agitated for many years, will no doubt be called to your attention this session. Looking to the great future of the country, the increasing demands of commerce, it might be well while on this subject not only to have it exam ined, and report upon the various prac ticable routes for connecting the Missis sippi with the tide water on the Atlan tic, but the feasibility of an almost laud-locked navigation from Maine to Gulf of Mexice. Such a route along our coast would be ot great value at all times, and of inestimable value in case of a foreign war. Nature has provided the greater part of this route and the ob stacles to be overcome are easily within the skill of the engineeers, I have not alluded to this subject with the view of of having any further expenditures of public money at this time than may be necessary to procure and place all the necessary information before Congress in an authentic form, to enable it here after, if deemed practicable and worthy, to legislate ou the subject without .de- lav. The report of the Secretary of the Navy herewith accompanying, explains fully the condition of that branch of the public service, its wants and delicencies, expenses incurred during the past year and appropriations for the same. 1 also gives a complete history of the service; of tlieJXavy for the past year - in addi tion tc its regular services, it is evi dent that unless steps are taken to pre serve our Navy, that in a very few years tho United States will be the weakest na tion upon the ocean of all the great pow ers. . With an energetic, progressive, business people like ours, penetrating and forming business relations with ev ery part ot the known world, i a Navy strong enough tocoin.nand the respect of our flag abroad is uecessary for the full protection of their rights. I recom mend a careful consideration by Con gress of the recommendations made by the secretary ot tlie JS avy. POST OFFICE DEPARTMENT. The accompanying report of the Postmaster-General furnishes a full and sat isfactory exhibit of tlie operations of the fost.onice .Department, during the year. The ordinary revenue of the Depart ment lor the fiscal year, ending June 30, 1872 amounted to $21,915,426.37, and the expenditure :$26,65S,192.31. Com pared with the previous fiscal year the increase of revenue was $1,878,280.95, or 937 per cent., and the increase of ex penditures $2,268,088.23 or 920 per cent. Adding to the ordinary revenue the an nual appreciation of $700,000 for: free matter, and the amounts paid to the sub sidies on mail steamship lines from spec ial appropriations, the detlcency paid out ot the general Treasury was $3,317, 765.94, an excess of $3897,707.28 over the deficiency for the year 1871. Other in teresting statistical information relating to our rapidly extending postal service is furnished in this report, The total length ot railroad mail routes on the 30th of June, 1872, was 57,911 miles. 6,577 additional miles of such service having been put iuto operation during tne year. .ignt new lines ot railway post-orhces have been established, with an aggregate length of 2,909 ciles. The number of letters exchanged in the mails with foreign countries was $24, 362,500, an increase of 4,066,502, or twenty per cent, over the number in 1871, and the postage thereon amounts to $127,125,725. The total weight of the mails exchanged with European coun tries exceeded 820 tons, . The cost of the United States trar.s-Atlautlc mail steam ship service, including the amounts paid to the subsidized lines ol mail steamers, was $1,027,020.67. The following are the oiily steamships lines now receiving subsides for mail service under special acts of Congress: : The Pacific Mail Steamship Company receive $500,000 per anuum, lor carrying monthly mail be tween San Francisco, Japan and China. which will be increased to $1,000,000 per annum for a semi-monthly mail, on and after October 1, 1873. The United States and Brazil Mail Steamship Company re ceive $150,000 per annum for carrying a monthly man between ew iork and Kio de Jauerio, Brazil, and the ( 'alitor nia, Oregon and Mexico Steamship Com pany receive 75,000 per annum for carry ing a monthly mail between ban 1 ran cisco and Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands, inaKing tne total amount ot mail steam ship subsides at present $725,000 per an. num. Our postal communications with all parts of our civilized world have been placed upon a most advantageous footing by the Improved postal conven tions, and the arrangements recently concluded with the leading commercial countries of Europe and America. The gratilying statement is made that with the conclusion of a satisfactory conven tion witn d ranee, the details ot which have been definitely agreed to by the head of the French postal department. subject to the approval or the Minister of Fiuance,Uttle remains to be accomplished by the treaty for the time to come, in re spect to the reduction of rates for im proved facilities for postal intercourse. Your favorable consideration is respect- iuuy invited to the recommendations made by the Postmaster-General for an increase of service from monthly to semi-monthly trips ou the steamship route to .Brazil; lor a subsidy inside ol the establishment ot an Americau line of mail steamers between San Francisco, New Zealand and Australia; for the es tablishment of post olfiecs,savlngs hanks and for the increase of the salaries of heads of bureaus. I have heretofore recem mended the abolition of the franking privilege, and see no reason now for . changing my views on that subject. It not having been favorably regarded by Congress, however, I now suggest a modification that privilege to correct its glarlug and costly abuses. I would recommend also the appointment of it committee or com mission to take into consideration the best method, equitable to private cor porations who have invested their time and capital in the establishment of tele graph lines of acquiring the title to nil telegraph lines now in operation, and of connecting this service with the post al service ot the nation. It is not prob able that this subject could receive the proper consideration during the limits of a short session of Congress, but it may bu Initiated so that further action may be fair to tho government aud to private parties concerned. There are but three lines of ocean steamers, namely: the Pa cific mail steamship company, between 6an r ranciseo, China and japan, witn provision made for semi-nionthly ser vice after October 1st, 1873; the United States abd Brazil line, monthly, and the California, New Zealand and Australian line,- monthly, plying ' between the United States and foreign parts, and owned and operated under onr flag. I earnestly, recommend that such . liberal contracts for carrying the mail be au thorized with these lines as will insure their continuance. If the expediency of extending the aid of the government to lines of steamers which hitherto have not received it should be deemed worthy of the consideration .of Congress. Po litical aud commercial objects take it ad visable to bestow such aid on a line un der our .flag between, Panama and the Western South American ports. By this means much trade now diverted to vther countries might be brought to n, to the mutual advantage of this country and those lying on that quarter of the -continent 'of'-Amw lea.-r"The- .report - of the Secretary of the Treasury will show an alarming falling off in our carrying trade for the last ten or twelve years, and even tor the past year. 1 do not be lieve that public treasury can be better extended in the interest of the whole people than in trying to recover this trade. An expenditure of $5,000,000 per annum for the next five years, if it would restore to us our proportion of the carrying trade of the world would be profitably extended. The price of labor in Jt-urope nas so much enhanced within the last few years that that the cost of building and operating ocean steamers in the united states is not so much greater, that I believe the time has arrived for Congress to take this subject into serious consideration. The disbursements through the De partment of Justice will be furnished by the report of the Attorney General, and though these have been somewhat increased by the recent act of Congress to enforce the rights of citizens of the United States to vote . in the several States of the Union, and to enforce the provisions of the Fourteenth Amend ment to the Constitution of the united States and other amendments thereto, I cannot question the necessity aud salu tary enects ot these enactments. Reck less and lawless men, I regret to say, have associated themselves together in some localities to deprive other cities of the right guarranteed to them by the Constitution of the United States, and to that end have committed deeds of vio lence,, but the prosecution and punih mentor many of these persons have tended greatly to the repression of such disorders. I do not doubt that a great majority of the people in all parts of the country favor the full enjoyment by all classes of persons of these rights, to which they are entitled uader the Con stitution and the laws, and I envoke the aid and influence of all good citizens to prevent organizations whose objects are by unlawful means to interfere with those rights. I look with confidence to the time, not far distant, when the ob vious advantages of good order and peace will induce an abandonment of all combinations prohibited by the acts re ferred to, and when it will be unneces ary to carry on . prosecutions or inflict punishment' to protect citizens from the lawless doings of such combinations. Applications have been made to 'me to pardou persons convicted of aviolation of said acts upon the ground that clemency in such cases would tend to tranquilize the public mind, and to test the virtue of that policy, lam disposed, as far as my sense of justice will permit, to give to these applications a favorable considera tion ; but any action thereon is not to be construed as indicating any change in my deterinination'to enforce with vigor such acts, so long as the conspiracies and combinations therein named disturb the peace of the country. It is much to be regretted, aiid is' regretted by no one more than myself; that a necessity has ever existed to execute the enforcement act. .No one cau desire more than I tli.it the necessity , of applying it may never agaiu be demanded. DEPARTMENT OP THE INTERIOR. ! The Secretary of the Interior reports Satisfactory improvement and ' progres sion in each or the several bureaus un der the control of the Interior Depart ment:' They are' all in excellent condi tion.- The work, which in some of them for some years has been in arrears, has been brought down to a recent date, and in nu tne current Business has been promptly dispatched. . " , -' ' .. '',, -V THK INDIANS.'.' The policy which was adopted at the beginning of the administration with re gard to the management of the Indians has been as successful as. its most ar dent friends anticipated. Within so short a time it lias reduced the expense of their management, decreased their forages on the white settlements, tended to give the largest .opportunity to the extension of the great railways through the public domain, and the pushing of settlements into more remote districts or the country, and at the same time im prove the condition of the Indians, The policy will be maintained without any change, excepting such as further ex perience may show to be necessary to render it more efficient. The subject of converting tne so-caiied Indian Terri tory, south ot Kansas, into a home for the Indians, and erecting thereon a ter ritorial form of government, is one of great importance as a complement of the existing Indian policy. , The question of removal to tne territory has within the past year been presented to many of the trioes resident upon other and less desi rable portions of the public domain, and has generally been received . by them with favor. As a preliminary step to the organization of such a territory, it win ue uecessary to comine tne Indians now residents therein to farms of proper size, which should be secured to them in fee ; tne residue to be used for the set tlement of other friendly Indians. . Ef forts will be made in the immediate fu ture to induce the removal of as manv peaceably disposed Indians only to the Indian territory as can be settled proo- erly without disturbing the harmony of I nose aireauy tnere. There is no other location now available . where people who are endeavoring to acquire a knowledge of pastoral aud ag ricultural pursuits cau oe as wen accom modated as upon the unoccupied lauds in the Indian Territory. A territorial government should, how ever, protect the Indians from the in roads of whites lor a term of years, un til they become sufficiently advanced in the arts of civilization to guard their own rights, and from the disposal of lauus ncid uy them lor the same period. SALE OF PUBLIC LANDS. During the last fiscal year there were disposed of out ot the public lands 11, 801,975 acres, a quantity greater by 1,092,210 acres tbati was disposed of the previous year, ui mis amount 1,370, 320 acres were sold for cash. 389.460 acres located with military warrants, 4,671,332 acres taken for 'homesteads, uuj,oi3 acres located witu college scrip, 3,554,887 acres granted to railroads, 465,347 acres granted to wagon roads. 714,255 acres given to States as swamp lanu, anu o.iou acres located by Indian scrip. The cash receipts from all sources in the land office amounted to $3,218,100. During the same period 22,010,608 acres of the public lands were surveyed, which, added to the quantity before sur veyed, amounts to 083,364,780 acres, leaving 1,257,633,628 acres of the public laud yet unsurveyed. The reports from the subordinates ot the Land Office con tain interesting information In regard to their respective districts. They uni formly mention the fruitfulness of the soil during the past season, and the in creased yield of all kiuds of produce evince, in those States and territories, wuere milling is tue principal Dusiuess, tlin n vi-!iul l-Mt-n l nt-il in,, tn Ii.h.a v ecoded tho local demand, and liberal shipments have been made to distant points. PATENT. During the year ending September, 30th, 1872, there were issued from the patent ottlee 13,030' patents, 232 exten sions, and 554' certificates -and registers of trade marks. ' During the same time 19,587 applications for patents, includ- ceived, and 3,100 caveats filed. The fees received during the same period amounted to $70,095,985. and the total expenditures to $62,355,390, making the net receipts over the expenditures $7,750,050. Since 1830, two hundred thousand applications for patents have been filed, and about 134,000 patents issued, tho officers being conducted un der the same laws and general organiza tion us were adopted at their original in auguration, . when only from oue hundred to five hundred applications were made pur annum. The Commis sioner shows that the office has out grown the original plan, and that a new organization has become necessary. This subject was presented to Congress in a special communication in b ebruary last, which met my approval and the approval of the Secretary ot the interior, and the suggestions contained in said communication were embraced in a bill that was reported to the House by the Committee on. Patents at the last ses sion. 'The subject of the reorganization of the Patent office, as contemplated by the bill referred to, is one of such im portance to the industrial inter ests of the country that I commend it to the attentiou of Congress. The com missioner also treats the subject ot the separation of the Patent office from the Department of the Interior. This sub ject ss also embraced in the bill hereto fore referred to. The commissioner complains of the want of room for the model gallery and for the working force and necessary2 files of the office. It is impossible to transact the business of the office properly without more room in which to arrange files and drawings that must be consulted hourly in the transaction of business. The whole of Patent office building will soon be needed, if it is not already, lor tne ac commodation of the business of the Pat ent office. PENSIONS. The amount paid for pensions in the last fiscal year was $30,169,310, an amount larger by $3,708,434 than was paid during tne preceedlug year. Of this amount $2,313,409 was paid under the act of Congress of February 17, 1871, to survivors of the war of 1812. The annual increase of pensions by the legislation of Congress -has more than Kept even witn tne natural yearly losses from the rolls. The act of Congress of June 8, 1812, has added an estimated amount of $7a0,000 per annum to the rolls, without increasing the number of pensioners. We cannot, therefore, look for any substantial decrease in the ex penditures of this department for some time to come, or so long as Congress continues to so change the rates of pen sion. The whole number of soldiers en listed in the war of the rebellion was 268,523. The total number of claims for invalid pensions is 176,000, being but six per cent, of the whole number of en listed men. The total number of claims on . hand at the beginning of the vear was ai,o&a; tne number received during the year was 26,574; the number dis posed ot was 35,168, making a net gain of 1,264. The number of claims now on file is 79,085. On the 30 of June. 1872. there were on the rolls the names of 94,50 invalid military pensioners, 113,51 widows, orphans and dependent rela tives, making an aggregate of 209,023 army pensioners. At the same time there were on the rolls the names of 1,449 navy pensioners, and 1,730 wid ows, orphans and dependent relatives, making the whole number of naval pen sioners 3,179; There have been re ceived since the passage of the act to provide pensions tor the survivors of the war of 1812, 36,551 applications prior to J une 30, 1872. Of these there were al lowed during the last fiscal year 20,126 cimms: 4.S4o were rejected during the year, leaviug 11,580 claims pending at mat date. .Tne numDer ot pensions or all classes granted during the last fiscal year was 23,838; during that period there were dropped from the rolls for various causes 9,104 names, leaving a grand total of 232,229 pensioners on the rolls on the 30 of June, 1872. It is thought that the claims tor pensions on account of the war of 1812 will be dis posed of by the 1st of May 1873. It is estimated that 930,430,000 will be re quired lor the pension service during tne next nscai year. ,.:,.'' THE CENSUS. The ninth census is about completed. Its completion is a subject'of congratula tion, inasmuch as the use to be made of the statistics therein contained depends very greatly on tue promptitude or pub lication. The Secretary of the Interior recommends that a census be taken in 187o, which recommendation should re ceive the ready attention of Congress, The interval at present established be tween, federal census is so long that the information obtained at the decenial pe riods as to tue material condition. wants. and resources of the nation is of little practical value after the expiration of tne nrst nait or that period, it would probably obviate the constitutional pro vision regarding tne decennial census, li a sensus taken in laio should be in vested of all political character and no reapportionment of Congressional rep resentation oe maue miner it. such a census, coming as it would in the last year ot tne nrst century ot our national existence, would furnish a noble monu ment of the progress of the United states during that century. EDUCATION. . The rapidly increasing interest in ed ucation is a most encouraging feature in the current history of the country, and it is no oouot true tnat this is due in i great measure to the effects of the Bu reau of Education. That office is con tinually receiving evidences which abundantly prove Its efficiency, from the various institutions of learning and educators of all kinds throughout the country. The report of the commis sioner contains a vast amount or educa tional details of great interest. The bill now pending before Congress providing for the appropriation of part of the pro ceeds oi tne saies oi public lauds lor ed ucational purposes, to aid the states in the general education of their rising generatiau is a measure of such great importance to our real progress, aud is so unanimously aproved bv the leading friends of education, that I commend it tne favorable attention of Congress. TERRITORIAL AFFAIRS. Affairs in the territories are generally satisfactory. The energy and business capacity or the pioneers who are settling up the vast domains not yet incorporated iuto states, are keeping pace in internal improvements aud civil government with the older communities. In but one of them, Utah, is the condition of anairs unsatisfactory. .Except so far as tne quiet or tue citizen may be disturbed bp real or imaginary danger of Indian hostilities, it has seemed to be the policy of the Legislature of Utah to evade all responsibility to the government of the United States, and even to hold a posi tion in hostility to it. 1 recommend a careful revision of the preseut laws of tne Territory by congress, and the en actment ot such a law. as the one pro posed in Congress at its last session, for instance, or something similar to it, as will secure peace, the equality of all cit izens before the law, and the ultimate extinguishment of polygamy. Since the establishment of a territorial government for the district of Columbia. the Improvement of the city of Wash- ton and surroundings, and the increased nroSDeritv of the citizens, nre nhsArvo. tie to the most casual visitor. The na tion, being a large owner of property iu this city, should bear with the 'citizens of the district a just share of the expense of these improvements. I recommend, therefore, an appropriation to reimburse the citizens from the work done by them along and in front of public crouiuls during the past year, and liberal appro priations iu orcier tnat improvement and embellishment of the public buildings and grounds may keep pace with the improvements made by territorial au thor ities. . AGRICULTURE. The report of the Commisioner of Ag- jiculture gives a very full aud Interest ing account of the several divisions of that department the horticultural, ag ricultural, statistical, entomological and chemical and the benefits conferred by each upon the agricultural interests of the country. The whole report is a com plete history in detail of the workings of that department in all its branches, showing the manner in which the farm er, merchant and miner is informed, and the extent to which he Is aided in his pursuits. The commissioner makes one recommendation that measures be taken by Congress to protect and induce tho plan ting of lorests, and suggests that no part of the public lands should be disposed of without the condition that one-tenth of it be reserved In timber, where it exists, and where it does not exist, inducements should bo offered for planting It. CENTENNIAL CELEBRATION. In accordance with the terms of the act of Congress, approved March 3, 1872, providing for the celebration of the one hundredth anniversary of American in dependence, a commission has been or ganized .consisting ot two members from each of the States aud territories. The commission lias held two sessions and has made satisfactory progress in the or ganization and in the initiatory steps necessary lor carrying ont the provis ions of the act, and for executing the provisions also of the act of June 1, 1871, creating a Centennial Board of Finance. A prelimitnary report of pro gress has been received from the Presi dent of the commission, and is herewith transmitted, it will be the duty ot the commission at your coming session to transmit a report ot the progress made. and to lay beeore you the details relat ing to the exhibitions ot American and foreign arts, products and manufactures which by the terms of the act is to be held under tho auspices of the govern ment of the United States, in the city of Philadelphia, in the year 1876. This celebration will be looked forward to by American citizens with great interest as marking a century of great progress and prosperity than is recorded in the history ot any other nation, and proving a further good purpose in bringing to gether on our sou people of all the com mercial nations of the earth in a matter calculated to secure international good teeiing. CIVIL SERVICE REFORM. An earnest desire has been felt to cor rect the abuses which have grown up in the civil service of the country, through the defective method of making appoint ments to office, which has been regarded too much as the reward of political ser vices. Under authority ot Congress, rules have been established to regulate the terms of office and the mode of ap pointments. It cannot be expected that any system or rule can be entirely ef fective and prove a perfect remedy tor the existing evils until they have been thoroughly tested by actual practice, and amended according to the require ments of the service. During my term of office it shall be my best endeavor to so apply the rules as to secure the great est possible reform in the civil service of the government, but it will require the direct attention of Congress to render the enforcement of the system binding upon ray successors, and I hope that the experience of the past year, together with appropriate legislation by con gress, may reach a satisfactory solution of the question, and secure to the public service, for all time, a practical method of obtaining faithful and efficient officers and employees U. . tiKAJNT. executive Mansion, Dec. 2, 1872. SHERIFFS SALE THE STATE OF OHIO, 'Ra LAIB COUNTY. S BY virtue of an execution issued from the Court of Common Pleas, and to me di rected, in tne case oi Jerome a. Burrows against the Painesville Driving Park Association, I will offer at publio sale at the door of the Court Jiouse, in saiu vouuty, ou cue 28 Bay of December, A. X. 1879, at one o'clock, p. if. on said day the following described premises to wit: Situate in the Town ship of Painesville, County of Lake, and State of said townshio. and bounded as follows: Begin ning at a post situated on a steep bank; thence running north eighty-eightandone-ualf degrees easu SI& Vilnius w stake iu iiiits veubcr vi iiiv old Kidge Koad; thence south ulteen degrees east, along the center of said road thirty -tour chains: thence east five chains to a stake in the center 01 saia roaa ;tuence soutn one anu one-naii degrees east, four chains and twelve links to the corner; thence south eighty-eight anil one-half Wt3Sl, Ulli tJ"Ull WlBlUb HUU (WVVUWVU UUK9 1 thence northerly at right angle to the last men tioned course five chains and eighty-eight links; thence westerly parallel with the south line seventeen ehains and seventy-one links to the west line of said lot; thence northerly on the line of said lot to the place of beginning, being the 6ame land conveyed by deed bearing date March 30, 1864, from J. W. King and wife to Artemus Furnis, and recorded In Lake County records book L, page 69, containing thirty-five and one half acres f land, be the same more or less, excepting land conveyed by the Painesville Driving Park Association to Stephen Vilson,by deed dated July 8, 18BS, and recorded in Lake uvuaby nKuiun uuuk 1 1, page in, aiso exuvpoiuK land conveved bv said Painesville Driving Park Association to W . A. Davidson ; by deed dated dune iz, laoi, ana recoruea in iaKe county rec ords book Y. page219 and 2JU. Appraised uttlOO. Given under mv hand at mv office at the Court House. In Painesville, this 23d day of AovemDer, is it. li 73-77 S, WIRE, Sheriff. o NE of the latest and most important im proveineats iu sewing juaciunes is tue Self - Adj usting Needle, IN THE New Family Sewing Machine "VICTOR." This Needle gives the operative no trouble in ovuiuk as la uuivracwiuj iiiucuiuvs, ueiug self-adjusting a ehild can set it a's well , as an adult. Although this machine has been before the public but a comparative shorttime, ithas obtained a reputation unprecedented. It has the Best Constructed Shut tle in the World. Ithas the only straight Self-Adjusting Needle to be found in any Shuttle Ma chine by which the thickest material or finest fabric can be sewed, using either cotton, silk or linen thread, of any size or finish It sews easily, rapidly' and quietly, all motions Being positive wearing parts being made of the best of steel, and mak ing a lock stitch alike on both sides. It is so simple in constmcion and easily kept in running oraer tnat very nttie, or no instruc lion is neeaea to learn to . STITCH, HEM, BRAID, BIND, CORD, GATHER, QUILT, HEM-STITCII, EMBROIDER FRINGE, PUFF or SEW on RUFFLES. In fact it has no eaual In the market. Call and examine the" VICTOB" before purchasing elsewhere. Rooms, iu T. P. White' Boot and anoe store, Painesville, Ohio. If you want a machine that excels all the rest, Secure the Victor, forthat is the best: Though many machines in the market there are, With this for utility none can compare, It does all the work with such ease and so nice. Who er'e shall possess it will sure get a prize, ,b iius puuiu) ui merit iu no ocner we ve seen. Then purchase the best the Victor Machine. John S. Morrell, Agent. 14-QO-Q1-3 J. Mansfield & Co., 52 Pnblic Square, CLEVELAND, - OHIO, Keep a Full Stock of O LOTH 1 3NTG-! FOB MEN, YOUTH, A.ND BOYS, In Quality and Stylo we are not surpassed. Our Price are Lmo. We have Oue Price. We Pay Return Fare if the individual buys to the amount of (30. Fair Dealing It our Motto. 63-75-4 Education is the Chief Defense of Nations. Progress and Improvement. Onward ami Upward, are the mottoes of the World. Maple City BUSINESS COLLEGrE, Located at PAINESVILLE, OHIO, Corner of Alain and St. Clair Streets PRATT BROS., Prprletr. A Full and Comuleto course of Instruction given in all branches of n Commer cial Education which includes the SCIESCK OV ACCOUNTS, .'OMMEK- ClAL LAW. BOOK-KKEl". 1NU. rKNMANSHll ami TELEUKAPH1NU. Fifty good Bookkeepers, Penman,and Telegraph. upurituirH waiuett imuioiiinieiy u) prepare themselves for ltusiness,siiuntions sure to be found, tiood enter prising llusiness men are always wauled. Situations Guaranteed for TELEGRAPHING. BUSINKSS CORRESPONDENCE a specialty Ail r.ngitsu israuones tan gut on lcousonmiic Turin;.. Book-keeping 30 W reninansiup, piain ami ornamental Tolegraphiug 00 Instructiou ier month, & J Full course in all department, time un limiiMl TO Fifty lessons in Writting "U A Tnorousn Course will be given in Mathematics. w !.if.i.,l tit establish In 'this beautiful rilv u-hi.-h u tiniiiiiftsscd I'nr its educational advan tages, a Coinmeivinl College that shall be a com plete success 111 all lis in'lNmiirenw. jto3rSpe-iiiKns of Penmanship, aiid Full infor mation sent to those desiring to attend. Prof. O. G. PRATT. ia-Tt-Ul-9 PRINCIPAL. JAMES MORLEY. DEALER IN and raanufauturer of every va riety of BOOTS & SIIOZS For Ladies' Gentlemen's and Children's wear No. 99 MAIN STREET, PA1NESV1LI.E, ft A large stock kept constantly on hand, winch will be sold at prices as low as those of any other establishment. Special attention paid to CUSTOM WORK I And satisfaction guaranteed in all cases. Remember the place, 99 Main St. 45-97- II A Un WARE! T he undersigned offer to Dealers and Custom ers at lowest rales. BUILDERS HARDWARE, MACHANICS TOOLS, TINNERS STOCK, ALSO. Carriage and Harness Mahers Goods. Geo W. Worthington & Go JVos. 90 92 WATER STREET, CLEVELA1TD, O. 87-4841- No. 90 MAIN STREET, PAINESVILLE, O ONE of the oldest Shoe houses In Northern Ohio. The cheapest place in tbe State to purchase all kiuds of BOOTS AND SHOES My stock Is very extensive, consisting of all the varieties of Mens', Womens" and Children's Boots, Shoes, Gaiters and Slip pers, and Leather Findings, all of which will be .sold at exceedingly small profits, for ready pav. Call andsec. Remember the place. So. 90 Main street, two doors west of A. Wilcox's Bank. Avail your selves of the rare clmnce of Investing your money. We charge nothing for showing our goods. No. 90 Main street. Eddy's Cheap Heady Pay Shoe Stor Buy Twenty Cents worth and receive a Of an Alphabet for the Children, worth 15 Cent 40-93-4 Joseph Johnson's STANDARD HERBAL REMEDIES ! FOR SALE AT M'BRIDE 40-92 S Sa GO'S. Carpets ! Carpets ! AN IMMENSE STOCK FOR THE FALL TRADE. We have just imported a choice line of FINE CARPETINGS ! Which we offer at Hreatly Reduced Pri ces. Those who have houses to lu ruish ane w, will find the most uuique styles of the season at our store, ami we are coulident will save their expenses to Clevolaud. A ECXL ASSORTMENT OF CURTAISS AND I'PIIOLSTERY GOODS. Carpets at Wholcsalet Manufacturer's Prices. Beckwith, Sterling &: Co. 1ST &IS9 Superior St. Cleveland, O. 61-7S-5 CARPETS I WE TOOK 1st Premium on Carpets, 1st Premium on Oilcloths, 1st Premium on Best Dis play of Carpets at N. O. Fair, 1872. We have all the Choice Styles, selected with great care from the stocks of the principal im porting houses in New York, Bostou, and iMiila-delphia,-besido importations of our own, ami have a larger stock of Novelties thau any house in Northern Ohio. Prices lower than can be made by our com petitors. STOXE & COFFIN, 215 Superior Street, CLEVELAND, OHIO. S7-89-4 BONDS. Securities . "TTE continue to sail at par. adding accrued V inlerest. the First Mortgage Hold Uonds ol the Northern l'.teiilc Kailroad Company. Ou tne completion ot this season s contmcT, tnere willheFlVK Ill'MHtKD AND !SK KNTKKN MILES, ot the ivnin line ol the road in opera tion, uniting Lato Superior Willi the Missouri uiver, anu securing tne large iraiuc oi sue Northwest. This amount of road also entittlos the Companv to Ten Million Four Hundred Thousand Acres or Land, located in Central Minnesota, Eastern Dakota, ami in thcColiimhia Vallev ou the Pacidc Coast. Tho l!nds are se cured bv a Urst mortgage on the Ku.nl, its ' ral- uc ana r rancm-ics, ana on inccum-- received from the uovernment. The rateofm- binwt i. S,tr,n nu,l Tlllve-tCllthS. liold. CQUlVa- oent to about Kightnnd a y natter per con U in Currency. Hello iiig the security to be ample. aud lue rate ot nuere-it siitisiaeioiy, rvwm mend the.e Itonds as a dvisirahlc investment. Holders of the Ciiited StaU'S 6-SO and hitch priced certiorate securities may materially iu cituise both their iirincimil and their inrerest in come hy exchanging lor Northern Faciiirs. Jay Cooke & Co., Nw York, PniLAPELrui A and Washington- J. V- PAINTER, Banker, Cleveland, General Agents for Ohio. For sale by HANKS and HANKK.11S generally. lOH SALE IN PAINKSNILLE BT First Kntiounl ltnnk lamn Wilcox, UiSktH. II. Steele, " 69-Tt-K.