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THE MEDINA SENTINEL! FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 4, 1914.
THE l MEDINA SENTINEL Entered at the post office ' at Medina, Oct. 13, Office in the Sentinel Building, North Mrs. James. George M. Denton, Medina County's only Democratic Newspaper. Subscription rates. One year 6 months $1,001 .50! KEEP THE CHILDREN IN SCHOOL Now that school is about to open again we wish to call at tention of the patrons of our schools to a few important facts. First, the school is yours. It is supported by you, and your children should receive the benefit of it. Second, as members of society, it is not ouly your privilege, but your duty, to educate your sons and daughters, and those who pay the money to sup port schools have a right to demand of you that your children be sent regularly to school, that they may become intelligent members of society and good and worthy citizens. This they cannot be if kept out of school. It is not right that children be left out of school when they could be sent, neither is it right to permit them to. stay at home when they are not needed merely because they do not wish to go . to school. Experience and observation have taught us how im possible it is for pupils to receive full benefits by going to school two or three times in a week and remain away the balance of the time. This is bad enough when necessity compels parents to keep their children from school, but when they are permitted fo remain out for the purpose of attending some place of amuse-, ment, or merely because they feign sickness until after school is called and then immediately recover, is much worse. Time thus lost can never be regained and parents will all see the day that they will rue it. , Again, teachers feel greatly hurt by this disregard for their efforts and feelings. No true teacher wishes to receive pay, be , it ever so little, without giving more than an equivalent,, but, if after exerting themselves to the utmost to make the school a success they see the interest die out and the school end in fail ure through causes which they have no power to subvert, it is simply injustice; first to the children, because they do not know what is best for them, and second to the teachers, because the responsibility in ninety-nine cases in one hundred is saddled upon them. In view of the facts, in behalf of the teachers of our schools, we entreat the patrons of our schools to see to it. tha their chil dren are sent to school regularly,, and not only sent, But supplied with books and other appurtenances necessary to thejr success fully doing their, work while there. The teachers' would be glad to have you visit, them occasionally and see that they perform their duties and that your children improve their time as they should. . , . : . , "' The. new school code makes provis ion for all needed improvements in the rural schools of -the state and one of the provisions is the establishment of county normals. State superinten dent Miller says: - The law authorizes the state super intendent of public instruction to es tablish from one to three normal , training classes in each county in con nection with village and rural high schools of first grade. This is not a mandatory provision, as the initial education in such districts. "The state guarantees the cost of maintaining each of these county normal schools not to .exceed $1,000 per year. This is not an altogether new plan for tlje training , of , rural schools, for 13 other states have al ready adopted this system of main taining what might be called junior normal schools in which teachers de siring to teach in the village and rural schools may obtain one year of professional training without the ex pense of tuition or the expense inci dent to going very far from home. , "While the law would permit this department to establish three such fcchools in each county, it is not the in tention to do so, at least until the Jieed of that number of such Institu. tions ib proven Beyond question. It is my .'- purpose lo distnoute tnese schools with reference to the commun ities to be served, the facilities offer ed by the community itself, the trans portation facilities, and the distances from other schools where teachers may obtain professional training. I think that if the state of Ohio can; maintain 50 such schools, distributed equitably over the state, she would be doing a generous thing for the rural schools of the state. "There are on file in this depart ment 190 formal applications from as many different first-grade high schools in villages and rural commun ities. However, when the'formal ap plication b'ank required by law was sent to these boards of education it appears that quite a number of com: munities ' decided that' they did not care to meet the conditions imposed ly the department These conditions in brief are as fellows: That ' the school be a first-grade high school for at least a year before making ap plication; that at least ten students bo guaranteed as an average dcily at- tendance; that the school furnish a well-equipped school room of ordinary size to be devoted exclusively to. the use of the county normal school; that the board of education furnish ample equipment in the way of library, maps, charts, globes, and other teach - i-n 3 appliances; that the board of edu . crtionV as recmired bv law. enter into an agreement with one, ci nitre. 4l joining rural boards of education per mitting the- use . of - their; ,ohool oc .' caslonallyifjor . observation and prac tice purjpo$!jy !that communities de- , fifing to iwgtnue iuch s county nor. mal school to begin ' September or October of this year (not later than Ohio, a3 second class mail matter. 1888. ' Court Street, opposite The American. Long, Publisher Editor and Manager 8 months. .25 :o5. ;j Single copy October 5), shall pay all expenses of conducting same to January, 1915, after which state funds will be avail able. The number of pupils required for one normal teacher , or director cannot be less than ten nor more than twenty-five. Jf more than twenty-five students are in daily attendance, ad ditional teaching force jjhust be sup plied by the local board. The normal director cannot be paid less than $75 per month. This is fixed by law. In jjfj f-SSft The department has .already author' 1 ized the location of 37,r of these 1 schools, among which will be one at ; Medina for Medina County. ; ' oiuiLniuAaruuiarui nrumnnnn nnn I THE CHURCHES J ovum afinnnjvuhiinruvuinjiarip Methodist Episcopal Church Sunday, Sept. 6 10:30 a. m., preaching service, theme, "Labor and Life" a labor Sunday sermon; 11:30 a. m., Sunday Bchool, D. R. Pelton, superintendent; with the opening of the school year our Sunday school interest increases also; you are in vited to study with us; 3 p. m., spec ial peace prayer service under the auspices of the W. C. T. U.; Every- body is invited to attend this service; 7 p. m., xipwortn League service, miss Halcyon Yoder, leader; 7 p. m., Class meeting service; this is a service of religious conversation; , 8 p. m., Preaching service, theme, "The Inter- locking of Church, Home and Public School. First Baptist Church Sunday, Sept. 6 10:30 a. m., Morn ing worship, subject, ?Two Treas ures;"! 1:45 a. m., Bible school; 7 p. m., Young people's service; 8 p. m., People's service, subject, "A Thirsty World and Its Supply." S. F. Dim mock, minister. Congregational Church Sunday, Sept 6, Morning worship at 10:30; Sunday school at 11:45; Christian Endeavor at 7 p. m., even ing service at 8 p.m. The preaching services will be conducted by the pas ter, Rev. Samuel Fritch. . St Paul's Episcopal Church c Sunday, Sept. 6 Morning prayer em1 SAmnn of 1 ( -Qrt Ounrlan tliik1 I at close of morning service. Rev. Wm. V.' Edwards, rector. MOST PENSIONS IN OHIO Ohio has more government pen sioners than any state in the Union, and they receive more money out of the federal treasury than is paid in any other state. Pennsylvania comes second in this respect On June 30 there were 74,250 ' pensioners in Ohio receiving annually $16,312,133, as against 77,599 pensioners receiv- ing $16,479446 on the same date one year ago. Pennsylvania has -72,407 pensioners, who 'receive $15,907,263, ' and last year had, 75,618, who re ceived $16,058,520. West Vriginia has 10,710, who draw a total, of .2, 234,145 as against 10,618, who drew $2,199,038 last year. NOTED EDUCATORS SPEND WEEK AT LOCAL INSTITUTE . (Continued From Page 1) correlation. The correlation of stud ies saves time and makes the curric ulum more interesting. Each branch can be so taught as to strengthen some other branch or branches. "The amount of time that can be saved v by skillfully correlating lan guage, spelling, and arithmetic with nature study, domestic science and agriculture is an important factor in making use of the modern curriculum: Of course it is necessary to have a wide range of knowledge to handle the subject of correlation wisely and effectively. Here is where the teach er needs scholarship of a high grade. Much time has been worse than wasted in trying to teach the child subjects for which he is utterly unpre pared. Our instructions must not shoot .'over the heads of our pupils, but into their heads, so as to be wrought into the fabric of their lives and unfold their individualities. The wise teacher whose spirit is of the right sort will not use severe, cutting, sarcastic, remarks, nor ever humiliate a student. The teacher's work must be of the encouraging, inspiring and construc tive sort, He must be a kindly, sym pathetic guide to higher and better things. The teacher whose soul is made rich and generous by catching its inspiration from the thoughtful reading and study' of the Bible and from the abundant stores of select English literature,, will be a. blessing to the school and to the community. "Intellect is the edge of the ax, but moral power is the. back that gives weight to the blow Dr. Thompson was the first speak er Wednesday morning. His subject was health and sanitation.. The state has undertaken the change of water supplies, sewage, epidemics , floods; the State Board of Health is endowed with authority, but the cooperation of citizens is necessary or the Board will be able only to inflict penalties. The importance of their work is evidenced by the fact that there are annually 150,000 deaths from tuberculosis in the United States," while there are 30,000 cases of tuberculosis in Ohio alone. . ; Medical inspection ' in the schools is imparatiye, as of the twenty million Wte-iWiaVeW of thr United teen Trillion are defective and. 90 per cent:of them cpuld be cured. Ten million 1 of the: public school children have defective teeth. There does not need to be a toothless old age for anybody.. In this talk our attention and its relation , to interest, Dr. Graves, de clared that corporal punishment to gain'' attention 'showed .failure, in teaching; when interest is established there will be .attention. Two-thirds of the reviewing common in the schools would be unnecessary if at tention Were given at first ' t ;. , - The impression made Is determined by the depth of attention. The secretary of the state examin ing board opened the afternoon ses sion by an exposition of the school laws, after which the ; institute was continued by a! discussion of temper ance and physiology by Dr,, Thomp son. The temperance question is not merely a moral issue. Kaiser Wil liam became a total abstainer not for moral reasons, but because he saw in temperance was destroying the vital ity of the German people. The, great leaders of the English people are aroused over the temperance question. The consciousness has come to them that the English nation is decadent, English life is at stake. No topic of the week attracted more general interest than the one which closed the Wedne day after noon session. ...... The Montessori Method, Dr Graves said it was the Custom of certain crea tures to enter where the finest winged species feared to tred and so he would venture to give some adverse criti d m regarding the much exploited system. Madame Montessori, a hand some woman of striking personality, the best educated woman in Italy, had had remarkable success as a teacher of defective children. In the house of childhood established among the poor of Rome she had had normal children to deal with and remarkable results had been accomplished in the teach ing of writing. Children 2 years of age learned to write easily and with out conscious efforts in a few weeks. Her book isn't a national contribution . to education,, because what is good in the system ii borrowed from Froebel and Seguin and what is new is not good except the method of teaching 'writing, and that Is not adapted to our unplonetlc English language. ' Thursday, morning, under th sub- ject of agriculture, Dr, Thompson gave a brief review of the federal acta which have for their purpose the bet terment of U. S. farming .The State Agricultural colleges and. experiment stations are supported by money given by the federal jrovernment to the var- ious states., .Rural population has been decreasing -during tne last fifty years. The rural life problem is not. to keep boys and girls on the farm. There always will be some migration , cityward for economic -reasons. The! problem is to keep. life in the coun try what 'it ought to besocially, morally, educationally, religiously. We do not want a European peasantry, but American citizens, on American farms: "We don't want "country hay seeds" pr " city dads" but every-, where virile warm-blooded Americans. The Thursday morning session closed with a discussion of Will and its relation to Interest and Attention, by Dr. Graves. "As a mart thinketh, so is he," is the most profound truth in phychology. The idea that is kept in the mental focus will express it self in action. It's the teacher's bus iness to correct evil by putting a competing idea in the consciousness which shall be strong enough to over power the wrong ideas seeking place there. No subject has place j in a school curriculum if not itself of vital interest. The idea of the mental dis ciplinarian "it doesn't make any dif ference what you study so long as you don't like it," is fundamentally, phychologically wrong. Dr. Henry G. Williams failed to ap pear and Dr. Graves proved himself possessed of one of the essential characteristics of a true teachy by his ability to rise to , an emergency, ile gave a talk on character. Charac ter i3 not reputation. It is not what the world thinks a man is;' it is not what the man thinks of himself. It is the aggregate of his ideas, interests, actions, habits. Dr. Thompson then jspoke of the net results to be expected from a recita tion. It will not do for the teacher to trust to his official position for suc cess. The teacher must be a student, the subject matter must be well in hand; no teacher has any business to appear before a ; class " without intensive and extensive preparation for the recitation. It is a serious thing to disappoint the rational, ex pectations of our friends.. The three departmental meetings were in charge of Miss Ella Cana van, Miss Mary Wheatly and ' Miss Mary Phillips. Miss Canavan taught the primary teachers a few games and gave an excellent talk on sense training. . t The Latin department was fortun ate in having Miss Wheatly for a leader. Miss Wheatly is one of Lake wood's mostiuccessful., teachers. - A Latin teacher who does not feel the necessity of its, being taught, is in the wrong place.' ;Latin gives an increas ed knowledge of the origin of English words; it has both disciplinary and cultural value. ..'- The. case of the, school house and yard was the; topic of discussion in the High school ; auditorium, where Miss Phillips was in charge. ' This session- closed with depart mental meetings. Mr. W. C. Roh.de had an excellent exhibit of the science work of' Brunswick high school, and he told the teachers how to prepare kin-' exhibit . Such work 'is certainly worth while. ' Mr. N. P. Clark,spoke of the "What and What Not in Arithmetic", Such topics as compound proportion, ob solete .tablet, cube root, partial pay ments, should be omitted and empha. sis placed on problems the child will meet in life. Mr. T. N. Cash introduced a discus sion on how to interest the people in the schools. He emphasized the im portance of the teacher's personality. The teacher who is socable, kind, cour teous, will win the confidence of the patrons and this interest will follow. Miss Kline of Leroy, gave some ex cellent methods of interesting children in using correct English. Miss Zoe Prouty Boult had charge of the music at every session ' and rendered several pleasing solos. The institute closes today. v WANTS BOY FOR JUDGE Do you know a good horse? Or good cow or hog? That is what O. O. VanDeuseri, secretary of the Medina County Fair is asking every boy in the county. 'He is looking for the test judge of live stock in the county under 20 years of ago. The Boys' Livestock Judging Contest is being held by the fair board to stimulate the interest of the boys in farm an imals. They are planning to give lib eral prizes to the boys who make the best Bhowing. The contest will be conducted under the direction : of a representative of the College' of Ag riculture. "The indications point to a keen interest among the young stock men in tKi ceun'ty'.thisj ,-falL; One thing that will make the contest of great value is the fact that ; all the boys will, learn - something, whether they win a" prize or, not ., : Eupt A. H. Tjfoiell of tlw Valley City schools was a caller at ihV Sen tinel office Monday. ' t 4? RKJES i TO PRICES I DOWN - But we have the same old price on . , 1.x all our! teas and coffee. : ' - . A ! ' A "good time to lay in a supply for the winter, by adding soire to your next order. PEACHES , More of them and nicer ones. Call , 'j " "; ad see them, before buying. Foote and Hartman Telephone 2047 . , . ' t , West Side Square It Compels The j ' '''' The Choice of The Man Who Knows Please note the rolling caster wheel which takes the,. place of a laiidside .and which removes the friction thus making no more draft than a walking plow. One share on the No..' J 1 plows shares. ' ; ' It holds to the ground at all times, especially in dry weather. May be used with or without tongue. The turn ing and scouring qualities of the Oliver Plow bases are, unequaled. v ' Come in now and let us tell you all about this interest ing member, of the Oliver Plow Family. See our exhibit s of Oliver Plows, Cultivators, Corn Planters and Spreaders , at the Fair Sept. 15, 16 and 17. V : A. Munson & Soil VETERAN R. R. MAN HERE d yetetana.il the A. & G. W. EV B. held a reunion in Kent last week, and the Kent Courier in reporting it, had the following to say about an old rail roader, Mat V. Green, well known in Medina, where he and Mrs. Green are spending some time's i . Over in Medina, near to the scenes of his boyhood, Mat V. Green is liv ing over again his active days in rail-, road service. ' At timea he is delirious and in these moments he Is calling on old workers of other days. He orders engines, issues instructions to the men and goes through the activitie' of for mer years. Among the names he calls are heard those of Carskaddeh Logan, Fessenden, IredelU Nichols, 'Murphy, Cayanaugh, Walker, Gurley Dando, Murray, Pinckney,. Lovett, Dockseck er, Shade Haley and a host of others. Fifty years in the service of the com pany as an engineer and engine dis patcher endeared Mat. Green to the boys in the service. "He was the best friend the engineers ever had in the round house " said an' engineer Wednesday,' "and it was not at the exoense of the company, either He always saw to it that the helpers did their duty and ' had the' 'engines" in shape when they went out ;'He was square, honorable' land truthful to every .man." u Mr. Grejen is past lb and v has, retired. His experience in the, Pay Con flood; a .,1.' ; ast spring was most terrfyjng,J n ant! Ms nenraa" broke down undej the" strain. Two sons, Frank, of ' Cleveland and Charlie,' of Philadelphia, i were with him, this week. : ' '',.' & f Subscribe for the SENTINEL Admiration of All will out last ifour walking ; Flour Talk When yon want the best use . . '" "FAIRCHILD'S BREAD FLOUR- Our sales on this excellent brand of flour hare increased wonderff?lly and we, ask all to give us a sample order of 24 54 lbs. which we Will deliver and if not satisfactory will call and get the unused portion and refund the price. i.-A"':'t ' Remember FAIRCHILDS FLOUR Edwards' Grocery A TrtrnsTl ' A Of) A Iff m a tin , Sfceriif . Young was . summoned to Chippewa Lake again Monday night in an assault and battery case. The' complainant was ' Levi Rerhammer, who charged Harry E. Deex, substi tuting in the B; & O, office for a week or two, with having struck him on the head with an iron weight The alter cation, it is" said, grew out the refusal by I)?ex of permitting Derhammer to remove a shipment . tiiat. was at the station, when it ia alleged the latter then attempted . to take it by forced Deex was brought to Medina and in Justice VanDeusens court , was re leased on a bond of 100 to appear again Friday, ' ,