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1 : n IffmiYIT WW " A' Familv Newspaper, Devoted, to Home Interests, Politics, Agriculture, Science, Art, Poetry, Etc. VOLUME XIII. WELLINGTON, O., THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 5, 1880. NUMBER 20. PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY, ' '"wThoughton s . - . , Offloa, Watt Bid of PnUie Ifum TERMS OF StJBSCRIFnOX: One copy, one year. ..... f 1 jr euuy.au aaoatha. 75 Oiieoopy, three month 60 . not pwi unuun Um year, 20) BUSINESS DIEECTORY. ; Attoraaya, J. B. DICKSOIf. Album -at-Law. WsUtactoa. O. Omee la Buk BofMlas, ad Boor. W. F. BERRICK. Attorney and Counsellor at Lew. - .BrBsalcr Block, X foor. WeMngca, O. X. O. JOHNSOJt. L. McLKAJf. Jobaaee McLean,' Attorney aaa ConaselloTi at Lav; ByHa. O, Ome Bo. 1. Muht Block. XatairPaUia. J. ' IT. HOTJOHTOX. Kotery PchUa, Omee la IIoactitoa'aDracBtara. WeetaMeFabUe Sqaara. ARTHUR W. XICHOLS, Votary Fabae, Laea aad CoDetSoa Agent. BaalawaeanaamHaayarawin i-cerraaroupt attention. With Jobaaoa McLean, Masmy-s Block, X yrla, O. Payaiciaaa. SB. J.- BUST. rTaaMopatfctaL. DR. B. HATHA WAT. Homanjatkle rhyataaa aad Bargea. Office at rmHraaa, Wast eta Boat Mala facet. WtUnrtou. a. L - .... T. McCXARKS. X. D.. Fbystclaa aad Sanreo ' CaP from Tillage aad eoaauy wld recefrr prompt at- nation. Onto, la ad atory of O. M. atroBBe Bear ' rboUdtnc South aide of Liberty Street. Wellington. O Dentist. L. P. HOLBKOOK. SarteoB Dentist. OSca ta Benedict Block. Flaw, T&. te. H. B. nAMI.IX. Sealer la Hoar. reed. Grata. Berds. Bait. Etc Warehouse, West atda F-'lnnt4 . O. BIBBT BATIOXAL BANK. Wsntastoa. O. Doe a general n-g bailum Baja aad eella N. T. whang, eorerasteat Bunds, Etc. B. B. Warmer, l B. A. Hon; Cannier. Pbalaa.' apTaar. V. BAWTKLL, rnotoarapner. Gallery la Ar- WelllBgtoa, O. . Primtias your artatlag to tba Katernrlaa Oflto. All at artattag doaa aeailyaad promptly. Onto Ma Pantte Bouam, orer Houghtoa Drag aaa Baraeae Makar. Tba aad oaly taa aaet Mock r mj lapaulelua. Aorta Tf. B. ASHPOBD, Maaafaritaiar and dealer la Boata andBkmaaadan ktadi of Brat claaeaatoai want. AAmrk aad BMrterlaJe tony warranted. Baop Boath am at Uaanr Btnet. WaUractoa. a Baavn, Hair Cat, or 'IO.K, BaoTlBB Batooa. UOmrXf at BatrOOa. roaaaaaaaad Wa alaa keap Iha Boat brand at X. T. BOBIXSOX. PUaims KflL ' WXLLI31QTOS PLA51JIO MILL. aad doahna ta Baak. Door. BUada, Braekota, tlaca, Lamber. Bbmalea, Lata, Cneeee aad Bozaa. Scroti Bawlas. Mateblnc aad Plaalaa 3r0mr. D. L. Wadawortb, Prop. Ofloa, aa iaU- ' H. WADSWOBTH BOX, Ptaams Mm. Boron awtaa; . Marsalas; Pbutfas. etc. om to order. Dealer ta Uaba, Lata, Bbiaste. Boon. Baak. Tard 1 ' Hamtta'a Food Star, Welllastoa. U. JTo-aralarw ' ' J. WrSHT. Doatorla Ooeka, Watcaoa, Jewairy. BUrarwara. Qold Pea. Xta. Shop la HonshUa'a BCavekast Tailon. B. S. BOLLXXBACB, Mercaaat TaDor, la TJalaa A. B. POWERS Mercaaat Tailor. A Bl at of OotWt al Ciilaierea. vaieb win bo aaaa loorderlaaMlateMacyleaaailat reaaoaabla prleao. ICa. S. Paaotli.ra Block, a atalra. Moat Market. B. aV PTJIXKR. Dealer la Prah and Bait MaaM, Buliaia aad Pork Baaaca. Hlsbeat market anas paid tor Banna, Bbeea. Hosa, II Idea. Ata. Markat, Booth atde Liberty Street MIXER BOH, Dealer in all kinds af Cat Maata, traahaadiali, a a batter eomHty tbaa aaa baretorbr beta eoM ta WeUlactoa, W bar a aer pataat ecokrand aQ too appilaaoaa lor nomas BraVaiaaa koalatat. Oar prleea are no blatter tbaa aikmai bene tor Inferior meaca. ' Markat Kortb B. WXLLS, Saddler an 1 a aiTH B. K. dKMDWIB. TW maaraaea Aaaat. wtBaa roaad at Mi aaVa am Haatad Broa. Boo aad Bona Btora. vaara a. vtB aa awaaed to aaa Ua oli aa aaaan aaadlaB aarkraa ktkaiBao. ataadard oaaa lianilly adlaatad aad paid at ak aaaey. u yoa waat a BraVdaaa poo, oaffl at Bobtaaaa anaara, and warraat Onav toardar. Itrmry StaUaa. TV. CUSHIOX A BOX, Llrary aad Bala Btabnv Cbalattaraoata tarnlabod aad ebariea raaaoaablo. Boatk aMa Meebaale Street, one door aaet at Amarl caaBoaaa. n. footb. mt Tom POOTB WAXXKR. LI Tory aad Bam Stable. Plravomm taama and tara-oata at raaaoaablo rata. Oaea Boatk aide Liberty Street. mpnknmfcaamt") . J. P. ATDT. Baker aad Srooar. Praak Broad, Oak aad Pom naj day. Anaaohaloaaad nmnpleca a milaiml at giooarlta. Maaaaeiaiaa aad aalla, wknlaml aad retail. Caadlea and Coaraetloaary. Worn ama Berth Mam Street. CiajaM ajtd Teaaee. A. P. DraOCKMaaafaotarar. Whotaeale aad Bw taUdmlaraiClsara, Tohacieoa, oto. t Bat amial meat alwaya kapt la atock at loam caah prleea. Bill 1 11 II Hank aide at Liberty Street. B a. bai 1. a. a. btabb. XTKHCTT BTARB MaaataetBrtBC Cblera, aad Wkoamam aad Retail Sealeii la Dtbs. Meat caaaa aad a taB Baa at Xoomaaad Pranlal Saar Brlaa. BottA aide Lib arty Street. Txna is leap year, but look out before you leap. A QUI XT HOUSE. My bonae ia quiet now, ao atill ! AQ day I hear too ticking- clock. The brmra are numbered clear and ahrill. . Ontaide tb robins ains and trill. The annahina aleetia apon the aiil, Mjr booM is quiet now, ao aUll. ' Bnt ailrnce breaka my brt! I wit. AaawaituyoarBforcailarkaoek,r To bear the Breaking ol the gtm. Aad footstep coming aoun or lata To BTeet me aittinc deanlate. The ailenoe breaka my heart. I wait, Aa through tba kmely booae I go. From hail to ball, from room to room What aball I aeek to find or know? The brooding ahadowa aiaeaa and grow, . The afrtling aohoaa mock me ao. A through we looatj bona 1 go. Ah! bleated Hearen, if I eoold bear Sweet noiaea in the tranquil gloom. Bo ft broken aonga and laughter clear. The joyous tamult. glad and near. That vexed me many a happy year Ah! bleaaed aearen, if 1 could hear. Ah! bleaaed H earns, if onee. once mora My longing eyea might eee the atain Of little footprint, on the floor. And grouped like roaee at the door The eweet child-face, gone before. Ah! bleaaed but once, once more. My boose and home are Tory (till! 1 watoh tba aaa. I watch tba rain. Tba winter days cant white and chill. And years go on Perhaps death will lfn a brok. mmiiM fulfill My house, my borne. My beart are broken et31! Man asag jjtvtn, SIS A. Victor Blamenthal was sauntering through the public garden, thinking Looat tne picture no wsj painting, thinking how tha light among the trees snggested certain s trains of moaio to him, when bis eve leu upon a young Sri teedinrr the swans, and lingered ere. III could only carry that taoe home in my mind's eye, and reflect it upon my canvas! ' ne caougnt, "&ne la the Tory image 01 undine herseix.." Just then the child beside her reached across the brim of the basin to toss a crumb into the water and lost her bal ance. Quick as thought Victor sprang to the -rescue, brought the child up dripping, and confronted Undine, out of whose face all the rose had faded, all the sunshine had fled. ' O, how shall I thank you! what shall I do for you P" she cried. ' If you had not saved her how could I have lived P She is my lit tle neighbor, and I promised to be so careful of her. O, though you are a stranger, I feel as if you were my beat friendr " Then oblige me by meeting me here again, and telling me how our little friend bears her drenching," he re turned, as he put them into a carriage. Then he went to his sladio and tried to limn the face of Undine, and threw down his brush in despair. And the next day, happening into the public garden again, there she was before him, smiling and blushing, with the child beside ner. " I thought perhaps we should meet you here," she confessed. Jenny brings her mothers thanks, now cam we repay you but with our prayers V If you could sit to me " 'IP You mean Jenny P" ' I mean yourself. .If you could come to my studio and let me paint you " U. you are' laughing at me!" "I -was never more serious in my life." : ; . Let us go, then," she said. Tour picture is long in finishing." she remarked one day, after innumer able Bttangs; lor victor baa every night wiped out what he had laboriously painted In during the day, so difficult was it to imprison the shadow of his model within the canvas, to lend to Undine the soul that sat and smiled in Nina's eyes, to endow her with the spirit that informed the face, flushed ia the oval cheek, or trembled about the mobile mouth. Ton are tired of earning to me. I tax vou too long. ' ' no," ane replied; -a was oniy thinking that if I made my flowers so slowly. 1 should starve. Victor laughed soiuy. " name is bet ter than money." And life is better than lame." And then Victor threw down his brush. ' The sun is setting," he said; let us go out upon the bay for inspi ration." And Nina followed, nothing loath. How cool and sweet the hour was out there, with sails blowing out like wings of white gulls in the offing, and pleasure-boats loitering or speeding by! How gayly the sun smote the city's spires, and changed the windows of dingy warehouses on the wharves into precious stones like those of Aladdin's palace! How much pleas an ter all this was tnan sitting at nome, in a aarx alley, over her artificial flowers, trying to embody her fancies in satin and velvet! , Victor walked to the dark allev in the dusk with Nina, and thought of the white lilies that grew into perfect beau ty and sweetness, though - rooted in mould and slime. 80 the friendship grew between Vic tor and Nina Nina, the poor little nower-maxer. ua last 01 ner race, ana Victor BlumenthaL the artist and mill ionaireand the picture grew apace. Somehow he dared not finish it, lest Nina should feel her debt paid, and es cape him. "O, what is that beautiful thing?" she asked one day, as he trilled a fa miliar air while spreading his palette. "Did you make it up yourself r" her face au aglow. " It is an air from an opera," laughed Victor "from Trovatore. The honor of making it up belongs to one Verdi. Have you never heard an opera P" "Never." " Then you shall hear one to-night, Hold! Trovaiort is on the bill for this blessed night. What a coincidence!" And so, when the city lamps were try ing to outdo the stars, Victor drew Nina's trembling hand within his arm. and they became a part of the gay and fashionable world inside the thoater. And what a world it was, with all the glitter of lights and beautiful faces, the shimmer of silk and Jewels, the odor of musk and sandal wood, and the kind, handsome face of Victor Blamenthal shining upon her! How the tenor sang out, sweet as syllables of love! how the soprano soared! what depths the bass explored! what pathos, what sorrow, what delight swelled and ebbed with the chords! Did people really love and suffer and despair and triumph like this P Had she lived through it all her self, somewhere, somehow, that it seemed an echo of her own experience; or was it but a shadow of things to eomeP When the curtain fell, Victor discovered tears in her eyes. Other people were laughing around her; one tall gentleman almost stooped to look under her hat as he passed, bowed to her companion, and would have Joined them had Blamenthal been less frigid. "I have seen that gentleman before," said Nina; he came with a lady who was in a hurry for some flowers I had promised. He called her Stella." " It was his cousin, Stella Grande law." said Victor. One day Victor, who could ne longer find a pretext to continue the sittings. put his picture on exhibition. All the town was talking 01 it before night. "Such flesh tints! such expression! such beauty!" Yet it does not equal the original,' said Grandelaw. - "No," returned Victor; "pigment is a poor make-shift for fire and spirit." At about this time he received news that his only sister was seriously ill in London. He was obliged to drop his pencil ana ny to her without so much as bidding Nina good-bye; but he would write and explain, he promised him self. In the meantime Urandelaw found occasion to make friends with Nina. She had haDDened into a shoo to pur chase materials for her work; she had laid her pocket-book down for an in slant, and not till she had nearly reached the door did she discover that she had taken up, not her own, but an other's plethoric purse. At the same moment a strange hand detained her, and she was accused of theft. ' This lady is a friend of mine," said Grande- law, stepping forward to her rescue, having followed her into the shop " she is a friend of mine." and the ac cuser begged a thousand pardons, and obsequiously bowed himself out of sight. After this what could Nina do but accent him at his own valuation P How could she avoid meeting him in her walks, and allowing him to accompany herr how refuse admittance to one who had befriended herP And he knocked often, and watched her at her pretty toil, and the intimacy progressed. Sometimes she opened her door, and showed a beaming face, but the smile would fade soon. At other times he observed that she started when a foot step paused outside; s,he expected some one, answered absently; listened to his flatteries with a far-away look in her soft eyes. One day -Grandelaw deter mined to probe the wound. " Did you not sit to Victor Blumen thal for his UndineP"he asked. "It was a picture worth painting; he must have had a thousand sittings." --piot nearly so many, aignea uina. " I should have been jealous, if I had been Mrs. BlumenthaL" - "Jealous!" repeated Nina "Mrs. Blu men thai! His mother?" - " His wife Victor's wife." " His wife! Victor Blumenthal's wife!" O, then, perhaps you did not know he was married?" " He never spoke of it." "Because everybody knew it. Come, Miss Nina, don't look at me as if I was to blame. Victor Blumenthal was mar ried more than two years ago to his cousin Theodora. If you doubt it. I will find you the notice of his marriage among my file of papers. But of course you have no interest in it. What is it to you, or me?" ".Nothing, nothing," she answered. 1 do not doubt it." But she had grown very white, and her eyes shone Eke wandering stars, and the needle trembled in her hand. " Of course 1 e is married," she added, in a lighten tone, "only the idea never occurred to me before it took me unawares." What had Victor Blumenthal meant.' she asked herself. " by those words a thought too tender," by glances that made love plainer than speech P Why had he held her band till she blushed, and kissed the pink finger-tips P Why had he sought her out. onlv to break her heart? Did he not love his cousin Theodora? And then she hid her face in her pillow, remembering how her heart had gone out to a married man. Another woman's lover, and she had mistaken him for her own! Doubtless this was why she had neither seen nor heard from him for so long; he had di vined her heart, and conscience had made a eoward of him. But it should never be said of her that she wore her heart on her sleeve. And when Victor returned with the sister whom he had ust succeeded in snatching from the valley of shadows, having written to Nina, but in his anxiety mailed the let ter without an address, she -had been engaged to Mr. Grandelaw for a month already, ana baa gone to visit his moth er in a neighboring town till the wed ding should take place, without leaving any trace behind her. Grandelaw had, in 'fact, persecuted her into consent, A thousand things had conspired ir his favor. She had fallen ill and into debt, and work had failed, . and Grandelaw had sent his own physician to her, with fruits and flowers and wines, had taken her out in his carriage when air was prescribed, and 1 r i ended by proposing to take care of her all her life, by winning a reluctant con sent to endow her with all his world1 goods. Victor had deceived her, o: rather she had taken too much for granted, and had deceived herself, and what better could she do than reward the devotion of Grandelaw, who as sured her that he had love enough for them both? Everybody was very kind at Laurel Lodge; everything was fine enough to win a mercenary heart, if Nina had owned one. Nobody hinted that Grandelaw was making an unequal marriage. One day when Nina re turned from a gallop across the hills with Grandelaw, there was a tall. gracious woman waiting for them on the veranda, who allowed Grandelaw to kiss her hand, and made Nina a stately bow. Have the skies fallen, that we catch larks?" asked Nina's lover. ' I see that you have already caught one," laughed his cousin Stella. "bteiia has come to look at her rival," said Mrs. GrandeJaw, when ffina bade her good night, "We feared that my son would marry Stella some day. She thought so herself, but I dis approve of cousins marrying." - "Did she love himp" gasped Nina. I 'dare say she loved him well enough; but one survives these things." u, now sne must nate mei" cried Nina. But if Cousin Stella hated or loved. she knew.how to disguise her feelings; nobody could ba gayer or sunnier than she during those days. She sparkled with repartee and anecdote, and shook her listeners with gales of laughter. Perhaps she was showing Grandelaw what a mistake he had made to choose this sad, shadowy woman instead of herself. ' I have been sitting for my por trait," she said one evening. Nina's heart gave a little stir; had the not sat for her picture onoeP The moon was shining in through the long windows of the drawing-room; there was no other light in the room, except the fit ful blaze behind the fender. Grandelaw had been called out of town on business for a night or two. " Indeed," said Mrs. Grandelaw. " Is it not a tedious affair P" " It would be, perhaps, if any one but Victor Blumenthal were painting It," - Nina started and dropped her fan. Had she come to Laurel Lodge to hear of VictorP " And who is Victor BlumenthalP" asked Stella's aunt" another flame of voursP" - " I have seen no symptoms of that kind." lauehed Stella. "I wish I might. He would make an ideal lover." " But he is married," spoke Nina out of the shadow, and there was the sound of tears in her voice, if any one had had ears to hear. " lie is married, Stella." " Then Grandelaw has told you about himP Yes; it was so romantic and sad." " Didn'tthe marriage turn out well?" asked Mrs. Grandelaw, to whom ro mance meant nonsense. "That depends," returned Stella. " He married his cousin Theodora " "I have no patience with cousins marrying. "Hot i here was no great neea 01 patience in this case. Blumenthal s grandfather had left all the money to Theodora and her mother. Victor was as poor as became an artist to be. I ' suppose Theodora had alwaya loved him, but she insisted upon being mar ried to him on her death-bed, that he might inherit her portion of the fortune. She died an hour afterward." Nina sat like one stunned by an earth quake shock; all Grandelaw'a perfidy stood out like the handwriting on the wan. victor bad loved ner alter all! His kiss bad not been treachery. She would go to him. She would leave this prison for ever and ever, llow bad she over dreamed of loving Grandelaw some day 1 on have been very kind to me," Nina said, when she kissed Mrs. Gran delaw good night, ' I shall always bless you for it: but Stella would make Grandelaw a better wife, and you a wiser daughter." jut son and 1 tnrnx dinerentiy, re plied the mother; but she remembered afterward that Nina had lingered and hesitated " just as if she wished to ask pardon for something." Mrs. Gran delaw explained; and when Grandelaw himself returned to Laurel Lodge there was a little three-cornered note on his library table, in Nina's hand, which read: " If I should marry you. Mr. Anson Gran delaw, some day. In looking over your file of paper, I thould happen upon one containing the marriage of Victor Blamenthal to bla cousin Theodora, and the notice of ber death on the same day, and your deceit would kill wnatever lore 1 naa learned to near yon. oo gooa-oya, ana make Bteiia napoy. Sisi." Harper't Bazar. Pictures of Misery la Ireland. The first cabin into which I went was a place that an Englishman would think too bad for his pig. Its floor of earth ana stones, reeked with damp, and water even stood in the hollows; the only furniture was a few cups and saucers, a stool or two, and as many tubs and pots; in one corner a mass of dirty straw had evidently been used as bea, ana on the wretched hearth smoked rather than burnt an apology for a fire. The man of the house shoe less and costless, pale and haggard sat idle upon a bag of Indian meal, be yond which his food resources did not go, and through the gloom around the hearth there was no window to speak of could bo dimly made out one or two crouching female figures. I never saw anything in the way of a home in a civilized country and I have seen a good deal more appalling than this. Yet here was the case of a man renting three acres of land, and usually getting what he wouid be content to call a liv ing out of them. Now, alas! he and the thousands of others like him. have reached the end of their miserable last season's crop, and beyond them but a little way lies starvation. The half bag of Indian meal was all the family had, nothing more remaining upon which, by sale . or. mortgage, money could be raised, and to the question " What will you do when the meal gives outP" came the despairing answer, " The good Lord oniy knows." JNot far from this. I was shown by ray melancholy attendants into an equally wretched hovel, where a widow with seven young children was fighting the bitter battle of life, and rapidly getting worsted in the struggle. She herself had gone out gathering what she could of stuff to make a fire wherewith to cook the family dinner, consisting of a single cabbage! But the poor little children, half clothed, thin and hollow eyed, were there to plead with heart rending eloquence for aid. Once more I heard the old story. The land had yielded nothing; no turf could be ob tained for fuel short of a journey of eight miles, and the family had touched absolute destitution. . uver the way, in another apology for a dwelling-place, 1 found threo poor women trying to kin dle a fire with damp beanstalks, their only crop, in order to cook a dish of Indian meal, their only food. Jxmdon zettgrapn. Woman's Softening Influence. " It's astonishin'," remarked the old forty-niner this morning as he nodded over his glass, to our reporter, " It's astonishin what a coward a man is at home a reg'lar crawlin' sneak, bv Jove! I've traveled a good bit and held up my end in most of the camps on the coast sence '49. I've got three bullets inside o me. I've shot an' been shot at, an' never heard nobody say I hadn't as good grit as most fellers' that's goin'. But at home I'm a kyote. Afore I'd let the old woman know that her hot biscuit wasn't Al when it's like stiff amalgam, I'd fill myself as full as a re tort. I've done it lots o' times. Most o' my teeth is gone from tuggin' on beefsteaks that the old woman has fried. D'ye think 1 roar out and cuss when I go over a chair in the dark? No, sir. While I'm rubbin' my shins an' keepin' back the tears I'm likewise sweating for fear the old woman has been woke by the upset. It didn't use to be so," sighed the poor fellow, thoughtfully rubbing his shining scalp. " When we was first hitched I thought I was the superintendent, but after a year or two of argyin' the pint I settled down to shovin' the car at low wages. I can lick any man o' my age an size," cried the old gentleman, banging the saioon table witn nls wrinkled list. " I'll shoot, knife, stand up or rough and tumble for coin, but when I hang my hat on the peg in the hall an take off my muddy boots, an' hear the old woman ask if that's me, I tell vou the starch comes right out o' me.' Ftr ginia (Nev.) Chronicle. It has been discovered that potato bugs dried and crushed can be used for blisters. Truth. Bees can be used for blisters too, and you needn't take the trouble to crush and dry 'em, but as our death would leave a family unpro vided for, we don't recommend the remedy. Boston Post. Michigan's State debt is 890,000, and she has a atnking fund of 8904.000 to offset it, RELIGIOUS ASD EDUCATIOSiX. ' The income of Plymouth Church from its pews for the present year will DOT 4U,2cHJ. -'A hundred vears ago a Moravian missionary baptised the first negro con vert in Dutch Guiaaa, and now the mis sion numbers 22,301. The Bible used by Washington is offered for sale by the officers of Christ Church, Alexandria. Va. They are anxious to pay a church debt, In the New York Union Theolog ical Seminary there are now 144 stu dents, a greater number, we are told. than in any other seminary in the coun try- The British Weslevan Thanksgiv ing Fund, up to December 1st, had reached $1,112,000. Manchester and Bolton Districts give about $100,000 eacn. There are connected with Spur geonV Tabernacle, London, and con ducted by bis people, nineteen Sundav schools in which are 500 teachers and nearly 6,000 scholars. The Bev. Charles Scott gives the following statistics of ministers' in Great Britain: Protestant Episcopal. 25.163: Congregational. 5.266: Presbv- tenan, 4,951; Methodist, 3,969; total, 39,349. ' . V i" - . ' The celebration of the Robert Raikes centenary, in commemoration of the one hundredth year of the establish ment of Sunday schools, is to be held in the week June 28 to July 4, inclu sive, of 1880. A Sunday school fund is to be raised in connection with it. On the 16th of December, in a small city in Eastern Bohemia, thirty one persons were fined two dollars and fifty oenta each for attending a Bible service not connected with the State Church. The leader of the meeting was fined twelve dollars and fifty cents. On the 14th of December the attempt of the few believers in Stupitz, near Prague, to hold a Bible service in one of their homes was frustrated by the police. On the 1st of November the Austrian Cabinet decided that the Stupitzers might hold house Bible services with invited guests, but the needed document has not reached these persecuted people. All this in Austria, whose Constitution grants religious liberty to all citizens. Chritlian Union. Eight years ago there were twelve Bishops in the Methodist Episcopal Church. Three have died since Ed ward Ames, Edmund S. Janes, and Gilbert Haven. Of the nine left Levi Scott was seventy-seven years old Oct. 11, 1879; Matthew Simpson sixty-nine June 21, 1879; Jess. T. Peck sixty-eight April 4, 1879; Thomas Bondman sixty two, William T Harris sixty-two, Ran dolph Foster fifty-nine, Isaac W. Wiley fifty-fonr, Stephen M. Merrill fifty-four, and Edward G. Andrew fifty-four. At the meeting of the General Conference in May there will certainly be three or four Bishops elected. Dr. J. M. Wal den will in all probability be one of the number. In that case it is likely that a layman will be selected as one of the agents of the Western Book Concern. This is among the most important offi cers of the General Conference. Charles W. Rowland, a member of Wesley Chapel, who was a lay delegate to the General Conference at Baltimore four years ago, is named for that position. An Old Story Retold. In November, 1842, occurred one of the most noted mutinies in the history of the American Navy. While in mid ocean the officers of the United States brig-of-war Somers discovered that a conspiracy existed on board the vessel to murder themselves and turn the ves sel into a privateer for the purpose of piracy; but the ringleaders were dis covered and executed and the crime frustrated. The leader in the affair was Phillip Spencer, son of Hon. John C. Spencer, the distinguished states man from New York, then Secretary of War in the Cabinet of President Tyler. On account of the prominence thus given the event, the mutiny was everywhere a topic of discussion, and reviews of the case were written by a number of noted men, including J. Fennimore Cooper. The Cleveland Leader thus tells the story from the lips of one of the crew: Captain Wm. Buffington, well known along the lakes and who last season sailed the schooner Pelican, was one of the crew of the Somers. He was visited at his residence on the Detroit road, yesterday afternoon, by a Leader re porter, and related the story, though modestly preferring not to have any thing published as coming from him. At the time of the mutiny Captain Buf fington was eighteen or nineteen years of age, and many of the facts have es caped his memory. The Somers sailed from New York for Liberia, Africa, with dispatches but was obliged to put back on account of insufficiency of crew, and other seamen were obtained from the receiving ship North Carolina. Mr. Buffington being a member of the second crew. On the return from Liberia, before reaching St. Thomas, where it was the intention to stop and take on coal and provisions, word was brought to Captain Alexander Slidell Mackenzie, the commander of the Somers, that a conspiracy existed to capture the vessel and take her to the Isle of Pines, where she would be joined by a Mexican privateer, and the two would commence on a career of piracy. In those days comparatively few steamers sailed the ocean, and of course the security of the pirates was much better than it would be at present. Mr. Wales, the steward of the brig, first brought the affair to notice. On the night of Nov. 25 Mr. Wales was asked by Spencer, who was a midshioman, to go aloft in the rigging, where he want ed to converse with him confidentially. When alone the midshipman accosted Wales with the question, " Do you fear death; do you fear a dead man; are you afraid to kill a manP" Somewhat sur prised, though still cool and collected, the steward listened to what followed. taking the oath of secrecy imposed up on him by spencer. The latter tnen unfolded the plan for the mutiny, stat ing that it was written out on paper and then under his collar, back of his cravat, and he would show it in the morning when it was light so as to read it. Twenty of the crew, he claimed, were leagued with him, and the murder of the Captain and the officers of the vessel would be an easy matter. When fully apprised of what had taken place, Captain Mackenzie order ed a strict watch kept of the move ments of Spencer. In a day or two the Captain encountered Spencer on deck and asked him what he meant by such talk to Wales, but the young man ex plained that it was all a joke, and no harm was intended. The written plot was demanded, but Spencer denied its existence, and a careful search of his person failed to disoloae it. It was found, however, secreted in Spencer's razor-case, written in the Greek lan guage, but one -of the officers under stood the characters and translated them into English. The names of a number of the crew were written who would be given a chance to " walk the plan,' that is be dropped, overboard, and others were to be given their choice between cumpulsory service as pirates or a watery grave. F. Cromwell, the boatswain's mate, and Elisha Small, a seaman from Boston, weie also arrest ed, they being discovered frequently in conversation with Spencer. The three were double-ironed and taken below. They were speedily tried by court martial and found guilty, the sentence being that the prisoners be execu ted from the yardarm. They were brought up on the morning of November 30 for execution. Small was unmoved, and asked his mates to give mm a good jerit, so as to make .sure, but Spencer was Quite broken down. He was exhorted by Captain Mackenzie to set his companions a good example by dying bravely, the remark having the desired effect. Captain Mackenzie briefly addressed the condemned upon the enormity of their crime. Spencer read irom tne nibie ana prayer book, begged forgiveness of all, and then said he was ready to die. Black caps were made from black handkerchiefs. The colors were to be hoisted at the moment to give solemnity to the occasion, and then the gun was to be fired as a signal for the men at the ropes to pulL Spencer wanted to give the signal, but afterward he re quested Captain Mackenzie to do it for him. When all was ready, the con demned men sitting in their hammocks, awaiting the dreadful summons to an other world, the gun belched forth its thunder, the men at the three ropes drew in. and the three unfortunates shot aloft, the sudden contact with the blocks above breaking their necks, and hurrying them into the presence of the great White Throne. Two of the men were hung to one of the main yards, and the third to the other. The bodies were sewn up in sailcloth, the feet weighted with shot, and the earthly re mains of the reckless youths were slid on a plank through portholes, and dis appeared in the depths of the ocean. When New York was reached a Court of Inquiry, composed of Commodores Stuart, Jacob, Jones and Dallas exam ined the case, and approved the course of Captain Mackenzie. A court-martial was also held. Commodore Downee being its President, and the action of Captain Mackenzie was indorsed. Captain Buffington says that after reaching New York the ship physician shot himself, though it did not appear that he had been concerned in the mu tiny. Captain Buffington knew of no other survivors of the crew. A colored man employed at the Union Depot, who died last summer, was on board the Somers at the time. It is probable that there are some living, as the crew, which consisted of eighty persons, was composed of only eight able-bodied sea men, tne remainder being boys of the first and second class. The excitement over the affair in the United States was intense, and opinions were given for and against Captain Mackenzie's course. . OldHames the Best. In a recent meeting of the Detroit Lime Kiln Club Sir Isaac Walpole handed President Gardner an epistle from a colored mother in Detroit who wanted advice as to what name to give her daughter. - She had worried over the subject for six weeks, and now trust ed that the club would suggest some thing which her romantic mind could acceoL ' In de fust place," slowly began the old man, " dis club don't sot here at an expense of nineteen shiilins a week fur de purpose of namin chill'ens. - In de nex' place, 1 fur one, hev bia pained to observe a growin desire on de part o' cull'd folkses to knock deir chill' en down wid silver-plated front names. Up in my block ebery cabin hez a nor tense, or a Maud, or a Genevieve, who will grow up to go bar'fut in summer an bend ober de washtub in winter. I believe dat half what ails de niggers now-days am deir fancy names. I tell ye, dey am a powerful burden for a chile to carry. No young gal wid a big foot an a mouf like a sasser am gwine to look any purtier for bein' called Cleopatra Viva ClarabeU. No, sah. Ize a believer in de good ele-fashun names, sich as Polly, Dinah, Chloe, Sam, Tom an' Jim. Dar's sunthin squar an honest in 'em, an dey weigh sixteen ounces to de pound. Dis ketitry am tryin to get rid of em, an banks am bus tin', men stealin', towns burnin' up an' tornadoes sweepin' over de land. I tell ye, an honest, straightforward name is half to'rds keepin a chile hon est, and if I kept a grocery store I'd trust Moses all dav long an keep boaf eyes on Adolphus!" There being no further business, the Glee Club. sang " Pinafore" and the meeting adjourned. Fret Press. A Public Benefactor. " Down at Hornellsville." the tall. thin passenger remarked, " some of the boys were telling me about a young fellow who lost hia wife. They took her remains to some remote point, her old home, I believe, for interment. On their way back home, the bereaved husband, accompanied by the physi cian, stepped off the train at a dining station for a little refreshment. When they went in they saw a man at the lunch counter, his elbows squared, and his jaws working like an eiectno ma chine. When they went in, he was standing about midway between the ends of the counter. The physician and the mourner couldn't help noticing that everything on the counter below the man was gone; cleaned out, de voured; and everything above him was untouched. Steadily the man worked his devastating way toward the bounti ful end of the counter, and the other passengers stood back to see fair play and give the counter a chance. In time the man worked his way clear and clean up to the wall; he surrounded the last sawdust sandwich, he wrestled down the last piece of waterproof mince pie, he choked a little on the last plaster-paris cast of a doughnut, but he got it down. Then, with pro found sigh, gazing along the wreck strewn counter, he walked away with the air of a man who had just sacrificed himself for the good of his fellow-men, saying in tones of triumphant satisfac tion: " There, by gaul! The next fellow that comes along here win get some thing tmahVBurdeite. Within the last ten years thirty-four steamships have sailed which have foundered, or been abandoned, or are missing with all on board. This does not include the steamships lost by col lision or lire, or by wreck on the coast. The Republican Party. No political party of this or any other country ever sprung from nobler mo tives or was based on higher principles than the Republican party. To those who acted with it from its origin, the very name has an inspiring sound and is iun or grand memories, unaaits origin in a love of liberty, intensified by the insolence and aggressiveness of tne 01a slave power, tne corrupnoa ana incomnetence of the Democratic oartv. and the necessity of giving a higher life to the Nation. It was the embodi ment of the most advanced and pro gressive ideas of the time. What Re publican of middle age can forget the enthusiasm which pervaded its ranks in 1856, and what a gallant though un successful fight, it made that year? Still more memorable is the grand popular uprising of 1860, when the con science 01 tne country asserted itseii, and the oeoDle in their dowot declared the voice of God through the Repub lican party. From that time to the present its standard, full high ad vanced, has drawn around it the best elements of American citizenship the most intelligent,' patriotic, honest and honorable in the land. Its mission has been to expound and enforce Ameri can ideas, to make the declaration of independence a reality, to abolish slavery, to recognize personal man hood regardless or color of men's skins, to establish political equality, to pro claim universal suffrage, to preserve the Union, to save the Government, to elevate and strengthen its credit, to es tablish its finances, and to administer the laws with equal justice to alL When the Republican party came into power it found a war on its hands, the final bequest of the Democratic party, whose long career of political debauchery had prostituted the public conscience to an alarming degree, and brought the Gov ernment to the verge of destruction. As a last resort, and while its faithless of ficials, loaded with .public plunder, were flying in all directions to join the rebels, the Democratic party plunged the country into a civil war, and, hav ing set fire to the train, left the work of extinguishing it to tne incoming rve- publican party. No party ever came into power under such circumstances, ana none ever met great responsibili ties more grandly. As long as books are printed, or the English language read, posterity will study and admire the achievements of the Republioan party daring the war. How the irre sistible majesty of the people asserted itself through this great political organ ization! how it absorbed and utilized the patriotism of the Nation! how it battled with treason in front and rear, and with the machinations of its ene mies at home and abroad! and how. through all, it adhered firmly to the principles of liberty, right and justice from which it had sprung all this and much more is matter of history. The secret of the strength of the Republic an party was, that it was the party of the people; and it was so, because it represented the fundamental ideas of American institutions tne ideas 01 lib erty, equality and justice. As the par ty of progress and advanced ideas, it drew to itself the men of education and culture, the intelligent, thinking men of the country, old men of strong con victions, and young men of strong as pirations in short, all who believed in real republican government and in res cuing the country irom tne aeoasing thralldom to slavery and slave ideas established under Democratic rule. - In the light of such an origin, such a history, such a record, such achieve ments, principles and purposes, and in view of the character of the men who constitute its rank and file, we do not hesitate to assert that the Republican party is the greatest known to Ameri can history, and as worthy as ever it was of the fellowship and support of intelligent and patriotic men. The hope of the country rests with the Re- wblioan party to-day as much as ever, t represents the elements of society which alone can make and keep the Government what it ought to be, and constitute the only defense of the Gov ernment which it saved against those who tried to destroy it. Indianapolis Journal. Democratic Respect for Law. We may expect presently to see the Democratic newspapers break out with one accord in a glorification of their J 1 arty for its amazing self-control and ts wonderful respect for the forms of law as shown in the conduct of the Maine Fusionists. Whenever the party has the slightest temptation to disturb the public peace upon any sort of pre text, and refrains from doing it, the organs find in it an occasion for extol ling the wonderfully self-sacrificing spirit of patriotism in the party. After the Presidential question had been de cided against them, though there was a strong disposition among them to disregard the decision and inaugurate a new reoemou a uiapuoiuuu nuiuu, as events have since proved, was only hindered from actual mischief by the unwillingness, or, as they prefer to call it, the cowardice, of their leader they made great ado over the self-control they had exercised, and the deference they had shown for the forms of law. When they are not up to some sort 01 deviltry they are patting themselves on the back for keeping ont of it, and calling upon the public to take note how good they are. And the public, only too thankful to have the peace preserved, is seldom disposed to be otiary of its praise of those who claim to have resisted their own tendencies to natural depravity, whatever may have been the real reason for it- It's a charitable public, and if a pickpocket in handcuffs takes credit to himself for not plying his vocation in court, it lets him do it. It is well enough, however, in the present case to call attention to a fact that has been made most manifest dur ing the pendency of this Maine ques tion, and through all the discussion, to-wit: that there has been no opposi tion to the methods of the Maine Fu sionists in one single Democratic news paper of any prominence in the coun try that would not have been removed by a reasonable probability that those methods would succeed. From a pret ty careful observation of the tone of the Democratic press of the country since the controversy began and there is not one that has not taken a hand in it we feel justified that not one of them has protested against the contemplated outrage with earnestness or sincerity; that is without some distinct reserva tion in its utterances which held out that, even though it was a great wrong. Republicans had uo right to complain, and that, being based on legal techni calities and the forms of law, it could not be resisted. It has been treated by some of them as worthy of commenda tion; some have admired it as a "smart" political trick; some have mildly questioned the policy of it, and one or two have condemned it as a blunder. No one of them denounced it unreservedly, with the indignation of an honest man for a dishonest act, as an audacious crime. It has been very clear from the outset that nothing but the probability of a collapse or failure of the conspiracy made it a subject of Democratic criticism. The rascals engaged in the scheme knew well enough that the mild opposition of the few newspapers and leaders who have a lingering sense of decency and would be disarmed at once by their suc cess, and that the whole party would approve their conduct. As an instance in point, the Louis ville Courier-Journal was probably more outspoken against the plans of the Garoelon gang at the start than any other Democratic newspaper. Some of its leading articles seemed to be quite pronounced in their condemnation of the whole proceeding. But in the same issue with these, and sometimes in the course of the same article, were sneers and insinuations against those who were opposing the consummation of the crime, which showed that the sympa thies of the editor were, after all. with the Fusionists. When the. Fusionist Lamson put forth his claim to be Act ing Governor, and the bogus House claimed to have secured a quorum, the real sentiments of the Courier-Journal were more - fully : disclosed. The prospect that the plot would succeed excited not onlv its admiration for what - it called the "pluck" of the Fusionists, but aroused still more its ire against the men who continued with equal "pluck" to re sist them. It abused General Chamber lain without stint for doingwhat among all law-abiding and peace-loving peo ple he was most praised for called him " Parson Chamberlain," said he was nothing more than a " boss policeman," and that he was " afflicted with crooked ness and double-dealing," while its head-lines bristled with such points as these: Written in BloodP' Prompt Dismissal of the Upstart Chamber lain by the New Governor!" " Decision of the Absurdly Partisan Court!" etc, etc From one learn all. The two or three newspapers of the party that pre tended to disapprove the Pillsbury Garcelon crime did it only as a matter of policy and to keep up for themselves the appearance of decency. At heart they were not merely willing, but anx ious, that the villainous enterprise should succeed. It is well enough to bear these facts in mind when they begin boasting of the peaceable and law-abiding disposi tion of their party. It is no thanks to the Fusionist leaders of Maine that there has not been anarchy and blood shed; nor to the editors of Democratic newspapers who played the role of Horatio Seymour to the rioters in 1863, deprecating violence in such a way as to incite it, by telling the bloody-minded ruffians that though they had abundant justification for resistance to law, he hoped they wouldn't do it N. T. Tribune. The Discovery of Hoted Vines. The working of gold and silver ores was commenced on this continent by the Spaniards at the earliest time of their occupation and conquest. In 1545 the mines of Potosi, in Mexico, were discovered, and their yield for that age was so great that a powerful impulse was given to mining industry through out the New World. In 1540 Zacatecas began to produce its great treasures, Sombrerete followed in 1555, and Guan ajuato in 1558. - An important discovery, one that has added to the wealth of the world, was the discovery by a poor Mexican miner in the year 1557 of the process of amal gamation of ores with quicksilver. In the last years of the sixteenth century Potosi produced $7,500,000 per annum. In 1630 the mines of Cerro Pasco were discovered." : In the year 1726 and 1727 Zizcania and Jacal mines of Zacatecas yielded the then large sum of $4,500, 000. The great bonanza of Real del Monte was opened in 1762, yielded $15,000,000 in twenty-two years. These wonderful results from crude and im perfect methods for many years placed Mexico among the foremost of produc ing countries of the precious metals. - Wars and Indian depredations, as well as the interminable revolutions in States of Mexico, have, in a great meas ure, paralyzed industry of all descrip tions, and have been especially fatal to the development of mines, and one of the great treasure houses of the globe has been virtually closed for many years. In 1859 the great rush to Pike's Peak, or that portion of our country since named Colorado, began. . The year was also marked as the commence ment of systematic work upon the justly celebrated Comstock lode of Nevada,, although the discovery took place two years previous, and the lode was worked for gold to the depth of sixty feet. Gold and silver mines were discovered in Idaho in 1861, and the wonderful rich placers of Montana in 1862. The Dead wood discoveries occurred in 1877, and those of Leadville, Col.,-; year later, . but active operations - have sprung up mostly within the present year. San JTrancMco buck Jteport. The Hair V v. . . . - 1 This fashion of crimping and curling the hair of children is positively iniqui- '. tous. Wee creatures of three or four -years, and even younger, are arrayed ' in curl papers, by affectionate and ad- -miring mothers, who are bent upon making the children charming, and who do not stop to consider how far they may be defeating their own ends by the action, or how much pain they may be inflicting on the objects of their fond solicitude. An authority on that , subject say 8: " Up to the age of six or seven children retain what is called -their ' baby hair,' which is injured, not improved, by cutting. It is quite dif- ' ferent from the harsher hair which suc ceeds it. If the hair curls naturally it looks charming dressed in that fashion, but putting it in papers is sure to in jure it and pull it out by the roots. The ma nt nnrlinc iron ia Rtill mrtrn nhinn. tionable; anything which tangles and cuts the hair is bad in the extreme, and it is to be regretted that mothers draw so heavily upon .the capital of their children's hair, instead of using the yearly increasing interest of its beauty and value.' By keeping the scalp of the head clean, and the hair brushed into silky softness, its beauty can be preserved until late in life The Methodist Freed men' s Aid So ciety reports receipts of $75,000 the past year, with which six chartered in stitutions, three theological schools, one , medical college, and nine seminaries, academies, etc, were supported. . The total number of scholars in these was . 2,410. - Thx Astors own3,400dwlling-housea-in New York City.