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0' AX' - ; . f A Family Newspaper. Devoted, to Home Interests. Polities. Agriculture. Science. Art. .Poetry. Eto. ' J. ' ' . . " VOLUME XIII. j.J" : . ' NUMBER 50. . , , . i : i I 1 : 1 -n.-. . Cd !-. pubiwied i5r;thursday, j; a v o)t-- JfW. lIOUGIiTON: fOoa.-'Wwt Sid of PnUia i j 1 . -. TERMS OF8in3SCBIPnOS).ii One copy, one jr... ........ $1 DC Oiiecupy. six months. ' 75 0aecoOT,th-eemo-.tha.... ............. ...... -BO ft no paid within the yw.n .............. SOS businiS) urns eidRTr !- J. H. DICK SOW, Attamr-il Uv, WelMn1na. O. Dffic la Baa BnlldlnK. ad floor. W. r. HKRRICK, Attorney -CotraesllaratLaw, sVaBSOBars Block, Bd floor. Walmu-toa, O. - B. . JOHSSOS. j, , . j . . Mm McLean, Att-mys and OooueUon at iaw, Xrrrta, O. Omes Mo. a Mas .PmYUe. X W. nOTTtfilfO.. lCutsiy TxbU. Ofltoe la p.mght--r. Peng Stom. West mlfa Public Sqqaro. ARTHUR W. 1UCHOLS. Attorney sad CoanwWkw- t-Law. ml estaW, loaa and collecting aarwt, Ho. 4 doa-cy's Block. jBfyria. Ohio. " Thymtoliuaa. na. J. kttst. Bo . West eld I-abUe Soaaia. DB. B. BATBAWAT. Bomanrnthle rtrr-Joaa aad l-nweoa. Ofl.ee. at -wddeaee. Weatalda Boulii Mala Imt, W.'Untoa. O. T. MeCLARBN. M.D. FlirlclB ana Sorraoa Can front villas, aad coos try WIS receive promt at taaOoa. OSoa-la M oaocx at Ow H. IfltioaVa aw balKlBS. SoaUlda of Uborty auaat. WeUlaatoa. O 24; L F. HOLBBOOK. Blocav OMo ta B. BAktatB. Dcatar ta War. Ttt'Ontm. aU, Bta. Waraaoaaa, Waat atda F.llra.i O. V - 2 I WOKI XATttAL BASK. WaUlastoa. O. Baja aad atlw B. T. ISM., a a t B. B. 3UT. CaaMca.L1 f . i W. F. SAWIBXI FaoMcnpher. aaaraBlocK. Wamagtoa, O. fiallerr la. Ar Frimtiac. Btaw yoar ptaWto 0Wntfpr1attae4.An at artBaaatona aeatlaad praaspur. atda Pm&la StfBmra. rrcr-BoaxMoa's T BaiBeaiXakar. Thaaeat eavlOTad. aad oaly Um vest atock: eacd. a t B. ABHToRD. HaaafaetBTer aad dealer ta All work aad aawiHl tally warranted, aaoa oath aids of UbaMr ScrreW WaUlaataa. O. BarWr Sks KyeawaataaraVclaaiBaaTe, HalrCat. er Shaa. aoa.eanatBootBBoB'iaaaaaTlBsaalooa. unanr Afanaaiui slot BalrOUs rnia.nn aaa raatsekeaa the bast braad at .Bran hoeed or (roaad t .--i. : B. T. BOBIKaOB. FlMlaa: BlilL WaXLDrSTOB PLAITDia VTLL. aaddeahne hi flash. Doors, Bllada, Bracksts, Bs Laatber. Bhlastesi Uka, Chasaa fefall flaatfna. Msachlacand Plaoias doaa ta fwll. rrop.; wise, aew aui WADswoRTa so it. ruajBs um. Bcroo HrtKtmgl piaalaa. etc doaa to I Laativlaci aalaajea, .Itooni, Bufc. Bllada, Moaldlaaa wodTliaiaS Wasibsr at aa sons. Tard aaar Wirtl'l fast Store, jrsuuwtoa. tx t - - a J. H. WISBT. Bestsrai Oatcks. Watohes, Jswalry, SOisiaan.eoM 14 . Ifaraajuat TaXIora. A. a rOWXRS atarebaatTsflor. A i BHatsf QoUa kid CasalaMra. which will IsaraarhiihslatsststyleisadU naaoaahle sricaa. ho. a Be dlrt't SlockBa stairs. . . , ICaat Blarketa. aV v rUIXKB, DaafW ta raah aad Salt Meats. paaaaaa aaa m aaausw. nisaesi aiai saM atliiia, aaaaa. Boss, Hides, Bio. w. n. anna. a. : MDiEB BOX .Eeslera li'ilt kinds of Cat Masts, fraak aadaali,- at a batter aalHy thsa has seistuf on baea sold la WelllngVai We hare a aew asteat eooier aad aU the apptlaacea for dotac a flratcleat lmliins. Oar arlees are ao blsher thsa tihsanhsns tor Btferlor awats. Msrkst Berth aide Uborty Street. XA-nxj SiaUaw. Wat. CD8HI0B SOtT. Umy sad Sale Stable. Chatca lai snats tarnished eadV eharges wssneshla. Soath side. Mechanic Street, one dour OS of Amari- J. rlXWT. Baker sad Grocer. Treak Bread, Oaka Bad Pies tTSry day". Ala a choice sad eomplele as. SBrtwisnt of Qroeerles, Maaufsetarea aad aella, whaletsM sad ratao, Caadlat sad CcafecUoDcry, West dCBarth Mala Street, sO:ii.(a JoWoew-O XJ A. r. DIMOCK Wanafactarer, Wholessle sad Be hUl dealer hi Clfrs, Toaautiua.- eta,,-A flae as BMatt always kajji stack s towett , cash arlcas. aaaaareoai Bona side of uoerty street. t i t atrrrnt"- w aTauarrr stabb mi aad a tan has at Boeloesad, PraaXlats Seat- 0W aarVWoapF atreaa. rWrtarntnaT ta Per eaaa, llacaa and Things, wuh Blach baarUDeabras,Blble Studies, Omo-rt Ks eiUwa and Prayer Meeuns Outlines, latrrdoetlon by I U. Tlnram. IX D. Cauabvsoldtai ewr inwllr ww ja a n p. lea at too w.a-irtb a. CIKCIBKA'tl.OBIlO af firHTP" The Hevr-SM SMsA I I a I f - HI. DtoMM. . AWj Wal B craatnaa. Oaaiileai arplaa. m mm im aaaaaa Biweajl snd traatoiant. tablea at aaaav ete. all la plain lancaaaa; aarea manr Limit) as W. aCil BM dt CO., 1 Wtdhiafltea fc. CliHasa, ana. Bah? BastoratlTca. oerdar. a. a. mora. bbwt waawaa. VOOTB WABITKB. Limy aad. Bala Stable. Writ eleastesais'sad tara-oaia at leasoaable rales, Olse teeth suit I leaaty fleniet. ' - SELLERS' ; p COTTGE J STE.T3T! 50 Tears Before the Public. .Pronounced . by. U to be tha most Pleosant and efficacious remedy now In ne, for the core of coughs, colds, croup, hoarseness, tickling sensation of the throat, whooping cough, etc Over a million bottles sold within the last few years. It 'gives relief J wherever used and has the power to Impart benefit that cannot be had from the cough mixtures now In use. Sold by all Druggists at 25 cents per bottle. 8EIXItS UTEB P1TXS are also highly recommended for curing liver complaints, constipation, slck hcadaclicft,' fcycr and ague, and all di seases of the jstomach and liver. Sol.. by all Druggists at 25 cents "T er box. . B. E. Sellers St Co., Pittsburg, Fa. AND CHEESE FACTORY AND DAIRY, APPARATUS Cheaper tbaa anywhere else in Lorain Coaa J. W. WILBUR'S. ""? l. it.!. JL-L I also make a speclaltj of CREAM FREEZERS, ' Ualn ater Filters, ... v . . . Decidedly tka best In the market. -Tba-. . , . r - celebrated j ! EMiIR: 'WRINGER; WhJck turns much, easier than any other ' ' i- wrtager, HOT AIR-FURNACES. ETC., Call and see . , . 1 1 J. -vT, E0TJGST01T, DR1XO.GIST, offers a Parga TanVty of goide, -esefolad ersa- staBtai.uciaaiag-. COMB3, POCKET BOOKS, POROUS PLASTKKS, CONDITION POWDKR8, COUGH HALSAMS, PAIN KILLER, I': IJIIIHKNTSJ . i of aU kinds. . FAMILY DYE BTOFFH Patent Hedicines Boaps for the toilst, aad hoasekeepsr. LAMPS, LAMP CHIMNEYS, and SHADES. FOXTS'S FoUicy Colon) Bottlet. Fiat uoionBS. HAaajcercii i x- . tracts, and Tootli L : 70wdTf. ' . PRESCRIPTI01TS - ACCURATELY DISPENSED ... WE WARRANT Buperior; Wtitenf-Md"Tiiisv nes3, and absolutely purity -j in tur brand of strictly F URE WHITE LEAD and will Dav THIRTY . DOLLARS for every omce of .r aud alteration found m one : of our .packages. ' T T. H. NBVIN A CO., " ' Pittstwrgb, Pa. Baldwin. TJinadon Co,, Sole Agents, WellingtOB, Ohio. Ss-tX. A WEBB" mronrewa towa. and so capital rinkiai. Tea raa arte IM saaimai a btum wltboot expense, Tba beat apportunlty arer offered for Uee wllllag to wortIea aaonld ay aothlng else a QUI roe see tor iwraau what roa can do at the tmatneaa we offer. Mo room to expiatn bare. Tea caa delete all oianuTrour.oaretlmete the biiehim. aad nake sreatDar for arorv hour tnat ra work. Siuee Wiake aatuncb ad tnea. Saod torapadel Brlrata tarma and partlenlara. whletl w mall frea. Si autllts free. Jwat eomplalB of hard nmee wblleyoa haraaoca a sasnos, AdCrsai M. MAAdJtlT acoiJartisndTMslas Tinware Stoves i.inri .Xhh MUU l"aiif ttns . . ; THE PRAIRIE FARM. Pmokn curling up, such as wlarwaaa ne'e floated. Wrfe and fair little onrs there by the door. Barn fowls a-ciutter and pigeons white - throatrd Swarmine the eda-e of the. new threshing nooa, - Texigh teams sfleld. whore the wheat and the barloy ' Trenoh on the prrwss-ooeian'aTlnrin drmtaln. Flowina o'er oopihs noithnr ashen nor marly-Jet-black and rich with the soul of the grain I .---.-.. Pioneer voir at mtarraM esBtrur, . Az blows -that ring from the cotton wood belt Down by the creek, like a brown serpent crawling In among roots where the bearers have dwcl( . , : Homc-brmd Inspired by the frontiersman's mettle, Pardoning the wild aa for oo. anting the crude Far Into years that aolve, riton and settlo l'roblenis of labor, disbursement and food. IQgh noon of toll, and. the dlnner-hom sounding-Health for the spirit, and brawninr the arm! Day after day slowly, point by point. round In r Llfo, hope and Joy on the lone prairie farml - . : iNntmtm A Vnmr. h it. 1 Bun. SEYEKTT-FlTaS MILES A3! HOUE. i . I am a railroad enirineor. Awav along in '67', dunng the great panic, I was runninp: on the F. A C Railroad. The lrroad companies were going un acr ttt ail diroctions. Kverr day we hoard of new failures and quite often in a quarter whore we least expected it. Our road-was generally looked noon as ono ox we most substantial in the na tion; nobody seemed to have any fears that it would fall to survive the general mash-up; but yet I did not fully share in the general confidence. W aires were cut ciown. aCTearagos collected, and a irroat many other little matters seemed to indicate to me that the road had got into - rather deeper water than was agreeable -all around. Among other Uiings, the master mechanic had told mo in the BDrinir that the comrmriT had ordered four first quality eneines for the fall passenger business. The road was put in the very best' condition and other preparations were made to cut flown mo time and . put the trains through quicker than was ever known oeiore, when the - new engines should come. Well, there was but one of the engines came. ' i saw . mere was but one eninne came; but she was, in my opinion, al together the best ever turned out of the works; and that is saying as much as caa be said in t raise of anv enrine. Sho was put in my charge immediately, with the understanding, that shs was mine. ... It was Saturday when she came out of tho shop, and I was to take a special train up to x . xne tram was to carry up the President and several of the officers of the road to meet some of ficers of another road, which crossed ours there and arrange some important brtsiness' with them. - ; - I had no trouble at all in making: mYTorrr miles an now rroiUff out. ' me engine nanrued nersell most bcauuiul- ly. . ; We wore lust holdinr un at Y . when Aldrich, the .Treasurer, who had come out on the platform to put the brake on. slipped and f elL As we were still under rood headway he was much injured and was cayrtyj off to toe hotel insensible. . "According ta the President's di rection 1 switched off my train, turned my engine and stood ready to start back to tjr at a moment s notice. "Aldrich' s presence was of so much importance that the business could not bo transacted without him: so ail those I had brought out, exoept the President and Aldrich, went back to C on the three o clock express train. - This was the last regular train which was to pass over the road until next Monday. " iutny in the evening 1 lelt tho ma chine in charge of my fireman and went over to an eating house to see if 1 could not spend the time more pleasantly than on my engine. The hours drazecd themselves away slowly. - I was playing a game of dominoes witb the station agent when in came Roberts, the Presi dent, in a stato of great excitement, "Harry, said he to me, l want you to put me down Jo C at twelve o dock. . As it was nearly eloven o'clock then, and the distance was seventy-five miles. I thought he was joking at first; but when we got outside the door, he caught me by the arm, and hurried me along so last tnat I saw ne was in earn est. - "Harry, said he, 'if you don't set me down in u at twelve o clock am a ruined man, and this road is ruinod road. Aldrich Is dead; but he told me, before he died, that he had embezaled from time to time $500,000 of our -money, and his clerk is to start with it on the twelve o'clock boat from C for Canada. If we dont have that money on Monday morning, to ocake some payments with, the road goes into other hands; and if you put me down in C at the right time, so that i I save the money, you shall have o,uw. understand it,, uarry. mve thousand dollars!' - " V' course l understood 4t. I saw now the reason why the wages had been cut down; I understood it all, and my blood boiled. I folt that 1 would save the road if I lived, and told Rob erts so. . Seo that vou do it, Harry P he re plied, as he climbed up pn the steps of the coach, which was coupled to my engine.' ..''. " t sprang up into the footboard, got up the switch tender to- holp my fire-. man, opened the tnroiuo, and just as sho commenced moving looked at my watch it was just eleven o'clock, so that I had one hour to make my seven ty-Uve miles in. "From Y to C ; there were fow curves on the road; but there were several heavy grades. 1 was perfectly acquainted with every rod of it; so that 1 knew exactly what 1 nad to encount er, and when I saw how the engine moved I felt very little fear for the re sult. .' The road, for the nrst miles, was 4 aa air line, and so smooth that my engine flew along with scarcely a per ceptiblojar. I was so busy, posting myself up as to the amount of wood ami water aboard, etc, that we danced lv the first station almost before 1 was awaro of it, having been five minutes out, and having nve miles accom- pluthod.' "You are losing time! veiled voice from the coach. I looked around. and there stood Roberts with his watch in his band. "I knew very well that we would have to increase, our speed by some means if we carried out our plans of reselling u py midnight, and look ed anxiously around to see what oouia ao to accompiisn tnat purpose. She was blowing off steam fiercely at 110 pounds; so F turned down the valve to 200, for I knew we should need it all to .make some of the heavy grades which lay between us and C "It was three miles to the next sta tion. . With tho exception of a few curves tho track was as good as tho last. As we drifted around what -oom'- monly seemed to be a rather ' long ourve, at the station, but which was, at our high speed, short enough, I looked at my watch, and we had done It in two minutes and a half. Galninir.' I shouted back to Roberts, who was yet standing' eni .Ihel piaxiorm oi tne coach. . , f 1 l ) i " 'lxxr out lor the heavy grades,' he replied, and went inside the car. ''The next six miles rose, gradually from a level at the first, to ton aad abaff feet grade at the last, which lay-between us and the next station, t My fireman kcDt her full and now she be gan to get hot. The furnace door was red and the steam raised continually. so that she kept her speed and' passed the station like a streak of light in five minutes. "Now came nine miles like the last; over Which she kept pace with her time, and passed the fetation in seyon and a half minutes. - ' t- -'Here, for ten miles, we h a twenty-foot grade, to encounter; but the worst of it all was at this place we would be obliged to stop for wood. I was just going to speak to Koberts about it when I looked around an4 saw him filling the tender from the coach with wood which bad boon placed there before starting, while ho was gone after me. "1 believe we would have made thu ten miles with the same speed as be- foae, but through the Carelessness of the fireman the fountain valve on tht left-hand side of the engine got opened. and the water rose in the boiler so fat as to run the steam down to one Mil dred pounds before I discovered whom the diuiculty was. - "At first Roberts didn't appear U notice the decrease of speed, and kept at work at the wood as if for dear life. But presently he looked up, and. see ing that the speed had decreased, he shouted: 'Harry, we are stopping P and then, coming over to where I was, he said: Why,here we hare been ten min or! the last ten miles, and I believe we will come to a dead stand If something Is not done. Iho speed is continually Blacking. What is the mattorf' "l explained tne cause, lie was ap parently satisfied with' my explanation, and, after having tied down the safety valve, he climbed back over the tender, exhorting me to 'put her through, for God's sake, or we are all beggars to gether!" "Just then we passed the next sta tion having taken nine .minutes for eight miles. We were now more than half over the road, but we had lost nearly ten minutes' time, and had left only twenty-seven minutes to do thirty four miles in. ' 1 had shut tho water off from both my pumps a littlo distance back, when 1 discovered what was the matter, and she was now making steam finely down a slight grade From .loss . than one hundred with which we started over that ten-mile stretch, she had two hun dred pounds before we finished it; and. as the gauge indicated no higher than that, and the valve was - tied down. I could not tell how much over two hud dred pounds she carried, but she cer tainly carried none less tbe rest oi Uie Journey. And well . might she oarry such an enormeus bead of steam, lor, after passing over that ten miles in eight minutes, there lay ten mDe of five feet up grade and fourteen miles of twenty-feet-to-the-mile depression be tween us and U , and it was now thir teen minutes to twelvo o'clock. " Now the engine was hot in earnest. The furnace door, -smoke arch ' and chimney all were red; while she socmed to ny onward as n the very isvii une himself operated her machinery; six minutes carried us over mat ten miles; and wo darted by the last station that had lain between us and C . Mow we had fourteen miles to go, and my time showed fifty-three minutes past eleven o'clock. " II 1 live,' said 1 to myself, 1 will make it. ' t And we plunged down that twenty-foot grade with all steam on. Persons who saw tho train on that wild run said that it was so soon after they heard the first sound of her approach, when the strango object, which looked as if it was a flame of fire, darted by. and then the sound of its traveling died away in the distance, that they could hardly convinco themselves they had really seen anything. It seemed more like tho creature of a wild dream than a sober reality. " And now let me tell you that no engine ever beat tho time we made on those fourteen miles. Those great wheels, seven feet in dlameler, spun around so swift that you couldn't begin to count the revolutions. The engine barely seemed - tor touch the track as she flew along; and although the track was at true as it was posslblo for it to be she swayed fearfully, and -sometimes made such prodigious jolts that it required considerable skill for ono to keep his feet, No engine could bold together if crowded to a greater speed . " Well, Just as I came to a standstill in the depot at C the big clock boomed out twelve, and the steamboat was getting her steam on. Koberts got on board in timo and nothing to spare, lint ho saved the money. Ho found it hid away in some old boxes, as Aldrich had directed him. Jf. Y. Graphic "ErKsionT. Goon and Bad." is tho ti tle of a recent English work, in which the author advances tbe theory that many persons who have passed the middle age oi nie nave trouble witn their eyes in consequence of the partial disuse of them. He advocates a healthful and active use of the eyes, ia order to main tain them in a good condition not merely the general use which'every one who is awake makes of his 'sight, but tnt special employment which in cludes mental attention. It is in stanced that the mechanic oftcner re tains his eyesight unimpaired to old age tnan tne larraer, wno nas rarely occa sion to examino things closely, and often reads but little. Systematic use. not over-exerciso, this author regards as tne law which is adapted to eyes. - . r: r The arrangements for the Tresby to rian Council which meets in Philadel phia have been announced. The pre paratory reception will take place on, the 22d of September, and the regular sessions of the Council will begin ' on tbe following day. The opening ser mon is to be preached by the Rev. William Adams, D. I)., of New York. The subjects to be discussed during the sittings include Inspiration, Authen ticity and Interpretation of Scripture, future Retribution, Modern iheoiogv cal Thought, Creeds and Confessions, Presbyterianism and Liberty, and Bible noTiaiua. Brother Boole, pastor of the Meth odist Church of Asbury Park, N. J., makes every new applicant for mem bership in his church sign a total absti nence pledge, aii wnorciuso to no tuts are refused admittance. e Speech by the Malae Senator. V M MMB ;-. . ...... The folio wlnir ia a svnonaia of the remarks made by Senator Blaine at the opening of the campaign at Bath, Mo., on the 9th. After saying that he would spend littlo time in mere personal tenlogy:of General Garfield and none at tall ut anv attempt at detraction of Geaeral Hancock, Mr. Blaine said: Both grmtletncn are able, upright and honor able, and neihtnr party will gain anything by an egort at depreolaliou or vitur-ratioa of tbe oiDoslns- candidate. Tbe nolic-ies and meamirea of political organisations are to be Judged by their ran history and prf-aemtmem- itertuiip, not. rjy ue pervonai caantcterwuceoi tbe particular Individual that mav be selected a .tannam-oenrer. Too people or we neonlf United States are to-dav eniovintr a great do-1 oandandl gnc of prosperity; labor is in demand and wen paui; capital is active and well in vesica: farmers, manufacturers and mechanics are everywhere eneouraged by abundant employ ment and fair DroML. Aside from tho Inherent energy of tbe American people, what are the causes that brought about this condition of af faire? I do not. moan potty or Incidental cause, but grand and general caiu-es. Any Intelligent man will see that this condition of affairs came about as the oonsequenoe ot two great events ia our history. Uue Was the Pi ciiwh nation of the Union of the States, the other was the establishment of the National finances on an enduring foundation, by tho restoration of specie payment; and all that I ask tho voters of Maine to consider is whether them great aids were brought about by the supporter of General Garnold or bytheeup--mrw-ra of General Hancock. If to-nigbt you analyse the renpective political organizations, you wlH find that the men who did battle for the Union of the Htatre am in a large mass among those who are supporting General Uar flcM, and that, with very few cxi-r-ptiofis, those who rebelled airainst the Union and those who sympathized with, but did n H Join, tbe Ke bcilion, are supporting General Hancock. Tho former class prcvailorl In the contest, and if tbe Union was worth tho great struggle It re quired ta save It, I ask you if It be not wholly Illogical and unneocssiirlly perilous to band over Its Government to those who sought its destruetltm? Un the financial no cat ion the 'division Is even more marked than on that relating to bbe preservation of the Union., We ornne out of the war with a debt that was dlsconraging ly largo, and with a currency darurorirusly depreciated. To provide for the reduction of tho debt and the restoration of tbe currency to the specie standard was the great work of stateamanahip that devolvedVaipon the Kepub- ucan party. j every step in in in gigantic undertaking. Mm Domocralio party, the pres ent supporters of General Hancock, have presented themselves as an ohstruetton and a hindrance. The three great enactments that brought a sound currency to the people were Arst, the act to aUwngthcn tbe public credit In 180; second, the act to provide for tbe re funding of the public debt in I87U; and third, the act fortho redumption of specie payment passed in 1MT&. Against every one of those Deasurrs tne uomocrauo oarty onerea a lea u leslstance. 1 believe I am entirely ao- -niraie m saying mac in ncuocr orancn ok turn g i -jus aid any one ot those great ana enuai measures roocivo tne support, ot single Demooratio voto. Messrs. Thurmaa id Bayard, the leaders of the Democratio party In Ommiess, united in a -rigorous op position to these aaeasures. When the act of IbSO, declaring that the United Htatee, would pay its obi.-fionsm the money of the world, publio debt at the rate represented by Its coin value at the time the loans were negoti ated, dr-clartinr In the amendment they sud- Bnrtoa teat taut was toe just measure or ue obligation of the United Htatee; and when this amendment was rejected, Mr. Tburman offered and Mr. Bayard voted for an amend ment exoepting the e-Stf bonds, then more than Bait the dudiic acuc irom any obligation ot eolnpayment. Had the policy advocated by Mr. rfcurtnaa and Mr. Bayard and the whole lirmocratio party been sustained, the publio dot 4 would have boon paid off at from thirty- eigtrt to suty-nve cents on tne aouar: tne na tion would have been dishonored, and its pub lie credit forever blasted. The proposition maintained by the lemocrauo party at that EBauuia-uou. nj uw j-saivuraua vmnr oa ana. i time was more sweeping In its terms, and I than any of the modern Greenback heresies. ' -no second great measure to wnica i nave re for led was the Funding act of July 14. 1870. That statute, under whose benefloent ottera- tlon wuch relief has coma to the taxpayers of tb- r-nlted Mtatea. was onDosed at .v,u minim S- trie entire Democ-ratio party In Oonarti-a r. Tburman and Mr. Bayard, as usual, in the 1 lead. Tbe provtsloa exempting bonds from taaaUoa was absolutely essential to funding toeoeotax a low rate or interest, let Mr. Be yard offered and advocated aa amendment striking out this provision from the law, and all the iMmocrats in Congress voted with him. Mr. Bayard f urtheradrocated the substitution of the old State-Bank system for tho National Bank system a measure fraught with merer. less disaster to the whole financial and oom- roercial community. Happily, tho Kr-nubltcan party was ablo to defeat the destructive pronoanion. ana iae running aoc ot juiyiv. 1K7U, was placed on the statute-bonk. At the time of its paMiago seven-eighths of the publio debt was bearing six per cent, interest to-day coroely one-eighth of the debt bears that rate, ana next year, lr toe ncDuutican Doner peenrea, all the remainder or tne sixes be funded at four per cent. Warm the war closed the annual interest of the publio debt exceeded 160,000,000 ; to-day, under tba financial policy of the Republican party, the annual interest Is less than S0.00n.000 and the principal of tha debt has been reduced more than 480O,mO0O. The third and crowning ureof the Republican financial policy was the act of 1876 for the reaumptina of spe cie paymenta, passed by the Republican party opposition of the i mounts. over tae uniteu opposition oi ine iNsmocrats not a slnaie Democratic Kenator or Represent- locratlc Senator or ReTresont- ative voting for it, and a yoar and a half after its nasasge tne uemocrauo party in Mattonai Convention, by a unanimoua vote, demanded um repeal oi tne neeuraption aor, and ir there one promment jjemocrattn tne. united bo aot-a rated himself from his rjortv on that question his name has escaped my ob- servtion. I have not airtaied out Mr. Thurman and Mr. Bayard la any offensive sense, but simply as the leaders of the Democratio party, and the record shows that every step taken for the restoration of specie payment and the better adjustment of tae National debt has been op posed, hindered ana oostruutea oy ootn tnese eminent Senators and by all their followers: nor at It In the lis-ht of to-day any exa-nrcra- tton to say that it tne pnucy aavooatea oy them had been adopted, the finances of the country would still be in confusion, the Na tional oredit would nave) reoeivea a ratal Mow, ana an oaors aa aicoay progress ana oraeny development of the groat business and com mercial interests of the rx-untrv would have been vaia and fruitloa. if the measures I have Quoted aad the records I nave referred to correctly depict tbe course of the Demo cratio party in the past, what might you ex pect from it in the future And in the light ot this experience ana in mil view oi these facts, I sua all the voters of Maine and of the whole Union, so far as mv voice con reach hhiib, wnotnor tney uina tbe nnanctal policy A hoe - proved so brilliautlr aiirjceartful should now bo placed under the control of tbe men who were its bitter opponents, or whethor It had better be kept In the bands ot its friends? Among theee friendx, none atrong- abier. more scaious or more eonslHtent can be found than Jamot A. Garnold. Never by word or deed, so far as I know, has General Hancock evor made any expression on the subject. His letter of acceptance ia discreet ly, or, as i snoura say, inaiseroeiiy, silent in reward to this great subject, as. indeed. It is In reference to ail matters of administration that may oorae up for Judgment before a President of tae unitoa Btates. Tn addition to these arrest National reasons for tho people of Maine renewing their ex preaskm of confluence in the Republican party we have a State Issue of portentous magni tude. Prom the fotudarioo of the Govern ment of Maine, In PtB, down to the year lUTtt, we were bleat with good government and hnn estSadministralion. No matter which party was in power wneiner tae oia iromnorauo ttarty. or the "Id Whig party, or tbe Republi can pony mere was general coiinncnoeoa the part of the whole people In the integrity ana upi-i-raineso or ine Aaminuwrarmn. Elec tion frauds were unknown in the State, suf frage was pert octly free, and election returns were counter-, witn scrupulous care ana im partiality. In the entire sixty years. In the election of a Letrislature annually, there had been but fifteen oases in which tbe lrregular- Itv and defectiveness of returns were such as to deprive the Governor and Council of the power to give tne cervneate to ine man wno was properly elected, and in every one of these caw-, when referred to the Legislature, the riarhrful man was seated, but when Got- era or Goroclon and his Council came to count tbe returns of hvt year's election, they found the returns defective in ao many towns that wrrur-aeven members of the Lewi-aware, act' uauy elected. . were counted our- ana tnirty-eeven men tnat were actually ae- feated were counted in, and thns tho Legislature, strongly Republican - la both branches, was changed to a Democratio or Fusion majority in both Senate and House. These thirty-seven defective caeca all happened to be Republicans, and tha town officers - of Maine. who In : six ty years had made but fifteen mis takes, or one on an average every four years, were suddenly found by Governor Garcetoa and hie Council to have made thirty- seven blunders in a single year, ana au tnese mistakes, by a singular freak of fortune, hap pened in Republican towna. The Democratic returns were alleged to be correct tn every Instance, and It was only Republican returns that were dafeetlva. WeiL I need not beorse the scandalous story. It ia familiar to all of yon. It Involved every possible form of official misconduct lvlrur. swindling. forgery, fraud, and force, and every other offense necessary to achieve the result aimed at. It was simply setting aside the verdict of the people of Maine, without regard to law. fact, honor, decency, or truth, and these men. after this atrocious offense against popular rights and honest elections, are now appeal ing to tbe people to be vlndidated. They were But able to usurp legislative powers; they were not able to pass the son-tiny of an np- rujaa juaiciary, one, oi wnoao aoiem juagee has always been a oonsDicmouB member of the Ilemncratie party. I'p to this time it has nniv been Governor Otrrceion. hi Council, and their immediate aiders and abettors that have fallen under popular condemnation; but at tho aoproaohing Bent ember election every citizen of Maine Is called upon to voto his ap- pronation or disappronatton or tne wicked er ror! to poison . the source of popular power and to destroy tho principle or popular elec tion. A. vote lor uoncrai riaurcoa will every where be taken as an approval of the fraud: vote for Governor Davis will everywhere be taken as a condemns) ion of tbo fraud. Short ef Capital. Any one who takes tha trouble to recall the arrgressive canvass which the Democracy made four years ago i ... ... , ... 7" i aim ouiuparo it wituv tno aaaguiu sun non-committal character of the pro ceedings of the party at the present time will discover a striking- and sig nificant contrast. Several btate Con ventions have been held recently and there are more to come, . but thus far they seem to have been pervaded by a depressing consciousness of a lack of working capital. They commend the nominations of the National Con vention as a matter of. course, and they acoept and " reaffirm" its platform without troubling themselves with specifications. Beyond that it is ex tremely dimeuit ior them to nnd any thing to say. While not fully realiz ing that in their choice of a candidate they have gone back to 1868, they are depressed and embarrassed by the faot that it represents no living question and affords them no grounds on which to make a tight. In 1876 the National and State plat forms bristled with declarations about reform in administration. - .They made much of charges and scandals, real and' assumed, in regard to the conduct oi national an sura, .mere nan Deen, so they claimed, corruption and ex travagance in the public service,- and they ,. demanded honesty and - econ omy - in tho loudest of tones. The civfl-servico had become degrad ed, and' they called' for' a re turn to what they preposterously termed the Democratic test of fitness, capacity and intep-ritv in publio office. They charged that the officers of the Govern ment were employed to promote the interests of a political party, and de clared that civil-service reform was the imperative need of the hour. We were then in tho midst of financial depres sion, and they fairly reveled in the mis ery of the country, which , they attrib- ntj trnaiadminui-atinn. extiavac--tnf I' condition of the country was painted in the gloomiest colors and explained as a consequence of what the Republican party had done and failed to do. It is quite refreshing to go over these old platforms and note their vigorous de nunciations, their positive declarations. and their-glowing promises. ,. j.ney were, indeed, somewhat vague and va rious in their utterances regarding the currency, but there was a substantial aY-reement that the Republican party : " .. . . . bad produced disaster try abandoning the Specie basis and intensified it by endeavoring to get back. Resumption must be effected, but the Resumption act was an obstruction and must be re pealed. The Democracy then had a surptas of political capital. Abuses and corrup tions, real and alleged, were excellent stock to work upon. Industrial de pression was good for thousands of votes, and general dissatisfaction and discontent auorded a basis ior promis ing calculations, not without plausibil ity. Reform and retrenchment was the cry. and a return to ue statesman ship of the better daysof the Republic. The cry was borrowed from dissatisfied Republicans and avowed Independents, but it was none the . less effective. Then. too. the Democracy had candidate whose name meant something. in connection with reform and old-time statesmanship. There was the further advantage of no record or responsibil ity for the party in the immediate past. rhich was fresh in the public mind, and its promises were entertained - witn I hope, if not with confidence. Now all I v.: :a ok.nMI TliiinKuti this is changed. 1 The present Adminis tration has furnished no scandals for the Democrats to make capital of. ' If it has not been altogether vigorous, it has been on the whole clean and re spectable. The bold. ' predictions of the effects of the Resumption act have been belied, and the revival of pros perity under Republican , rule nas shown the absurdity of the charges against its financial management.. The capital afforded by the period of de pression is gone beyond recovery. Civil service reform has lost its interest for the Democratio mind, retrenchment and economy are no longer words to con jure with, and to prate of a restoration oi statesmanship witn . "urenerai xiaa- cock for a candidate would be ludi crous. -Worse than all, the party has been making a record. For two years it has had control of -Congress, and a very bad use it has made of its opportu nities, its promises no longer excite hone, to say nothing of confidence, and. moreover, the country does not feel the need of them. It is a sad plight for a great political party just entering upon a important National campaign. It has no po litical capital to work with; .no scandal to deplore, no abuses to de nounce, no popular discontent to work noon, no reform to promise, no reason to plead for . a change, and , no way oi . making people believe that it should be trusted witb the responsibility oi gov ernment, now can 11 uiaa-o mi a--f;iva-sive canvass? It has a Major-Oeneral to offer for which the country has no use in the highest civil position, where a statesman's peaceful work is to be done. It goes back to 1868 for a soli tary issue, which had more or less sig nificance in connection - with the recon struction of the rebel btates. But re construction was done with long ago. and this poor little issue, on the wrong side of which it stood in its brief life time, is now dead beyond the power of galvanism to give it a semblance oi vi . . i - rrn l l: : - . 1. !1 1 taubv. ioe su-juru-j-aii-ju ui mo mili tary to the civil power is not a question now. i The tiemocratic party comes into court without a case, and all that it can find to sav for itself consists of indis criminate abuse of tbe other side. Jx. Y. Times. Jtrlt is announced by the Demo crats that the Republicans have re solved on a sectional campaign. The honor of originating that kind of a cam Daum belongs to the Democrats. They declared their purpose to make it when they claimed the 198 electoral voces oi the Souto solid ior their ticket, and tne 75,000 bogus majority in Alabama is the hrst iruit oi tne pian. xne nepuDii- cans have merely accepted the chal-lenc-e to stand un once more against the infamous principles wnicn wane Hamp ton declares are the same as those for which the South fought for four years. It is the Democratic party wnicn nas raised the sectional flag, and it is that party which is destined to go down in defeat under it. N. Y. Tribune. The Bloody Shirt. It is a curious fact in political history that the names by which great parties have been permanently known have been most frequently the names applied to them in derision by their opponents, while the names they would nave chosen for themselves have remained unspoken and unknown. But the pres ent compaign in this country presents the exceptionally peculiar circumstance of a political ' party forced in spite of itself, and against every natural incli nation or prejudice, to adopt as its own chosen device or slogan an expression which' it disavowed and repudiated when applied by its opponents, and the liioody Shirt is to-oay tne symooi oi Kcptiblicanism and tbe standard which has rained a. strength sumoient to con vert imminent defeat into certain vic tory. The liioody Shirt simply means the dread of Southern domination, and that is the essential issue of this campaign. i-inanciai management, una tneones. plans for keeping the Chinese out and gctting the Irish in aU these are well enougn in tneir way, dus tney are sun on! in ate questions; they are questions about which Keptiblicanism is divided. questions on which a Democrat may chance to be orthodox. But ior the hour and the day, for the campaign which is now : waxing hot, for the elec tion which impends and ior ait tne re- suits involved therein, tbe one question. . .. . . .I man sopimonand the arbiter ol. each man's ballot, is the Blood y-bhirt ques i ft ques- tion, if one 'choose' to call it so; the Question whether, this country is pre pared to submit to the domination of the South. This is a question that needs no plat forms, no long-winded letters of explan ation, no arguments of verbose orators; it is so plain aad simple that plain men can understand it at once without ex planation, and plain men do so under stand it. '- In fact there is no possibility of - misunderstanding- - it. ' And' as the situation is looked at steadily it takes shape as a situation in which the two great political parties are clearly and fairly opposed to each other, in which the candidates emoody and represent the issue at staked .'U -General Han cock is elected President the -govern ment of this country will be wholly in the hands of the Democracy, and the Democracy is wholly controlled by the South; if Mr. Garfield is elected Presi- dent the country will , bot be governed The Bloody Shirt means opposition to Southern domination; it means instinct ive dislike and dread of southern ideas and opinions, of Southern methods of political government, and of Southern peculiarities in expounding the rights of man. the principles of liberty, and all practical and theoretical questions in volved in the work of government. The neoolo don't want the South in power. And when we speak oi tne soutn we oo not mean exclusively the long-haired. foul-mouthed, ranting and vaporing Southern editors, lashing themselves in to fury over points of opinion, and foam ing and raving professionally as a part of their contract; neither do we mean the professional bull-dozers and bullies who keew tha back counties unanimous. the gentlemen " who save the courts a great deal oi wont or relieving tne sheriffs and jailors of their functions. the avengers of justice on the Southern lan, whose scourgings and lynching isgraee the country with a worse than mediaeval barbarity. It in not mAnelv Uieiut vahooa of noli- tics who compel the flaunting of the Bloody shirt as a standard; tne country is afraid of the best that the South can furnish in statesmanship. It is afraid of the Lamars and Gordons, the Black- burns and Hamptons, as aliens tct all American feeling and to all American aspiration,-as men with whom freedom is not a passion but a concession; men . . . a 1 - , " 1 r. wno tolerate xree speecn dui a .suae it; who resent - criticism, who cannot un derstand honest differeace of opinion, who do not believe all men are equal. and who in many ways, are discordant with the spirit of the age. Every in stinct of patriotism, every instinct of unionism, every deep ana unoying memory ot the past, every priceless -ossession of the present and chance or the future is arrayed against South ern-am and southern control - oi tne Nation. - For some years now - many citizens have misliked the Republican party for its omissions, its errors, its divisions and its failures, and this feel ing had grown so strong that two months ago it seemed as if the party could not fail to lose the election with anv candidate on any platform. But now the people nave naa time ro minx , . . . i ... .i anu nave- Doen t-ourunit-u wiui un inevitable ' destiny of the situation. They have only one choice of two al ternatives.' A vote for Hancock moans a vote for Southern supremacy; there is no" other wav to resist it save by vot- ing for Garfield. There is no middle path; whosoever is not with ns now is against us, and to be against us means to invite Southern, rule.. Under this aspect the situation- changes: wo can elect any candidate we put up on any platform we may cnooee. x ne victory is assured; our ticket is Garfield and Arthur, our platform the Bloody Shirt; therein Democracy may read the doom of SouLhcrnism. SL Louis Qlabe-Dem- oeraL KxT Our Democratic contemporaries are much alarmed lest Mr. Sherman, in order to manufacture political capital, should sell so much gold and buy so many bonds that when they come into power they will have to face' a depleted Treasury. They need not be unreason ably distressed, for. in the nrst place. they will not come into power, and, in the next place, tney win not nave to face a depleted Treasury. When they went out of power, twenty years ago. they left a depleted Treasury, and record oi having oorroweo money, at rates ranging from, six to twelve per cent., to meet the ordinary expenses of the Government, in times of profound peace. Since they left there has. never been a dav that the Treasury was not ready to moot every call on it, and the , : i. r..l . . a -p . AumiuiLi aLiuu muii uui n lciiim auwa to dread has paid off so many hundreds of millions of dollars that it can afford to disregard the possible political cap ital which might be gained by depleting the Treasury. U lobe-Democrat. "When the Fusion Lerrislature of Maine "adjourned" last winter it was to meet on August A. The date has come and gone, but . the men . whom Garcelon and. his gang of burglars counted in have made no attempt to re assemble as a Legislature, li they are still proud of that exploit for a free count it is strange they should have al lowed so good an opportunity to slip nv unimoroved of bnnirina- their case freshly before the people on the open- nonelnded that the Ronnhlirvaiia can ba depended upon to keen it fresh enough. Kzohana. ,. PUS GOT POLITICS. -Hancock: is running agnnBt.proBJ . , penty and the spirit of the- time and he'll "get left." . ,:v ... -i .:,f afaaThn Democratio rtartv is much encouraged by the success of Dr. Tan ner s experiment. .--' .. : Visitors to General Hancock are ; obliged to send in their card and state their business. He calls the rabble that infests Governor's Island miser-. able devils." JfaTJadge Davis! tumble into the outstretched arms of the Democracy is regretted by no one. A man who nas roosted on the fence so long as he, has r must find a "change" refreshing,, and everybody is glad he has it. - - - BraT-There are loud Republican calls for Wade Hampton to take the stump in the North.- If he will contract to de liver his Staunton speech verbatim in ' every Northern State his expenses will , be paid and a liberal salary besides. . . JHaTWhy should the , Democrats jubi- i,t - m mnnh over the 'accession of Da- - sh riawia Tf h has .demonstrated anvthing daring his service in the Sen ate, it is that ho controls only one vote. There-is no doubt the Democrats need that one vote badly enough, but it does not look now as lr it would enaoio them to carry Illinois. .AT. T. Times, BrarA letter is -oublished from the Hon. W. H. English to "a prominent Democrat," in which the writer, re- MM,., ,a Ih. nnlihnal aifai.tiAn in In. .iVw-rri - - - . "v . tend, to hold the fort." .' Since his nomination Mr. English, has evidently been trying to scrape acquaintance with the Almighty. He is disposed to make new' acquaintances. Indianapolis Journal. i - rSing a song oi atot-f-uns, .- --. Pocket f ulTof knives; Four and twenty black men Running for their lives; When the polls are open, Shut tha nigger's mouth 1 Isn't that a bully way To make a Solid BOiitkT , northern sympathisers Making speeches chaffy 1 1 ' ' Major-General Hancock Bating rebel taffy; English la a quandary , : , . How to save his dollars I Along ., And eomes a Bolld South - .-. fits them all witb collar-. ... ! CMoovoe Tribune. A SoU Republican Phalaax. , . There has never- been more hearty and genuine confidence, among ttepub- Iicaa managers and leaders, than ap- '. J--MW IM-lieo -T ivu van;u vwvi mu fr.s.vwv, - with the cold calculation of associated chess-players. They, learn from Maine that the democrats and Fusionists can ' be certainly beaten. -' They learn from Indiana that the success of Landers and English is hardly a possibility. . Thev learn from Ohio that Republican victory is assured, and from West Vir- - gima that nepuoucan prospects are -bright. : They know that the signs are brighter lnJNew xonr, new jersey anu , Connecticut thah they have been at a corresponding date before any previous irresiaenuat -wscuvo, auu un-jr -aiu-w that , Republican victories in October will tntnaform into Republican States in .November - every- close .Northern Slate. - In a word, tney separate with .. the light Of victory on their faces. What have the Democrats counted upon? Day by day. and - week after week, they nave toid eacn oiner tnat General Grant and Secretary Sherman, Senators Blaine, Conkling. Cameron and Logan, and other Republican lead ers, would play, the sulks. These men. Democrats hoped . and said every day. were going to give the iteoei ienioc ra cy a victory, because their personal preferences had not been in all respects consulted. iThe conference . held last week has completely disposed of that lie. The Republican party has never been, more thoroughly and heartily united than.it is to-day... It galls the Democrats to admit the fact, but it is true. They have built such extrava gant hopes upon the possibility of Re- -publican dissensions that a proof of Re publican unity comes upon mem into v clap of thunder out of a clear sky. Herein is the difference of parties.' Some Republicans thought much would come out of the -quarrel between Kelly and Tilden. 1 Much may, perhaps. But cold-headed Republicans nave never es timated that ; possibility as worm a single . vote. ': On - the contrary, the Democrats have been continually claim ing States which they could not hope to carry unless by , Republican discords and wrangungs. ine oisooras vamsii when Republicans come face to face. But the Umoretro "party well knows that it would give more money than would enable Mr. Barnum to buy seven thousand " mules,' ,if it could be sure of -the Electoral vote of a single doubt ful October State. ' The fight opens in : favor of the Re publicans. i- Their nominations unite their votes; Domocralio nominations I send a great many Democratio voters I to the rear with the colic. Hack among I the voters there are two thoughts which hold i sway.' and ' will ride the storm. The people do, not- want a change, for they, are i prosperous now. They are not willing . to put the mastery of the country into the hands of the reaction ary and revolutionary Democrats, and have a lingering notion that those who : -saved the Union -had better rule it yet ; a little longer. The conference ends with bright prospects of Republican rictory in every Northern State. But behind it is a stalwart and stern Repub -lica'n feeling which would have marched over any. . Republican leaders who had wavered or hesitated. Connecticut is - called a - doubtful State. But the coldest and best politi- ' cal calculator in the State said, on Tues- - day night, "We- shall have a har fight, and need all the aid in speakers, documents, . and the like, which the Committee can. give. But we shall carry Connecticut?' Maine is a doubt ful State, but Mr. Blaine's estimate of the situation-ra Maine was given Thurs day.' New York, is a doubtful State, , but Governor Cornell, though unable to be ' here on . Thursday, . said with emphasis that day, in conversation at Saratoga, that the prospect for the Re- Subuoans rooked particularly bright lu Tew York, especially because substan tial business . and intelligent werking men. of both parties were making it known that tjhey did not want a change. The party, he said, was most thorough ly and heartily united, and had reason to expect a grand success, so it goes. . Simon Cameron said on Thursday that there was no reason to doubt the suc cess of Garfield in Pennsylvania by a large majority, and he believed Gar field would surely be elected. Repub licans of every shade and class claim that a victory in Indiana and Ohio is assured, -with' proper effort- It will not be won by i the confidence and en thusiasm of the hour. It will take close; I organization, attention to the minutest. I hardest Work. -' It is no boy's play, BO I affair of a holiday hurrah. But U wilt I M wonl-N. JT JfTWMajd, ;i 4