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- - r - -f . V v. - v 1 f-' Vf f X -1 i AX 01 IU 1T, J ' I I II " ' - : " a. Family Newspaper, Devoted to Home Interests, Politics. Agriculture, Science, Art. Poetry, Etc. . ' . ; v :.;;, V ; j - -'- ' . . VOLUME XIV. WELLINGTON, O., THURSDAY, JANUARY 13, 1881. 1 NUMBER 17. - i r-i 3 1 -i i mt nteiptise. PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY, Jw,. HOUGHTON. fflo.Wast Side of lbUo nuare. 1 TERMS OF. SUBSCRIPTION: , OtMeopy, ooe jr.'. tx v Jno euiry, six month.. ...... 75 Spe copy, three month. W if not pud within the y - SO) BUSINESS DIRECTORY. Attoraeya. JB. NCKMK, Attornev-at-Law. Welling- ton.U. mho in Dank Building. 1 floor. WP,HESHItK,AUonT and Cbonarl- lor at Law. Benedict s Block, 3d floor, W-Ulngto,0. MeLKAl. Attor- Oma.M.Mi umnssuon M i.w, jj-na, u. Notary Saalle. T W. HOl'GHTOS, Notary Public Office . w s m ttooghlon s Drag (More, west aide Public Bquara. ARXHUR W. NICHOLS, Attorney and Coonsellar at Law. real estate, loan and col agent, no. staaay . Block, Klyna, U. FhratelsaV D BtTST, Homoeopathist. Besidenee ana omce. west stae Pabue rjunare. .HATHlVlT.Riimmnlkiii Ph.. 1 and Km fi.ni I tn.ft .r ijui.Ijwa. vbmwbiusuwi, wemngion, u. 1 SeObAslKrf, m. IK, Physician and Sur- geoa. uaiu trom nuaaw ana eoanirr will ST. nramnt ubntm. ijffim iii imuiii ifas of O. H. Htroap's imr baikluue. south side of Uasttr Btreet, WeUiagton, U. DKS. H. J. HOLBBOOK, Burgeon Dentist, ttaecessor to lr. 1. P. Holbrook. Orhoe, . smss rsbuo BQoacis, eraT Poatofhcsw FlsHtr. Paeel, Etc HSU HiHIHi Dealer ia Floor. Feed. Oram. Heeds, halt, ltc Warehouse, west aw nanroan iwreet, Wellington, u. BasikL. If AnOnTAB, BlkK. W.llinn. foaa a general banking businesa. nay new lurK atcomap. Uovernment u 8. B. Warner. PiMidnit! K a. Hnr wiiiui , Bshvmnws, assist, vssqier. ILL. Phnfcnvnnhav w . m.w , w eiiingson, V. rrlatttsux. DaiiKe tour raiTrrnta to tub U EN ITCRPRISK OFflCE. All kinds of Print ing don. neatly ana promptly. Office, west side .rnjMia Bqaare, over tioagntmi s urog btora. E. S. Haddlar aad M.Vav Tb. bast workman emoloved. and onl. tlia ia ma. an worn- oone aaaer ny super- aoru aiae mvenarue otreet. U statel Bkieea. B. asHPOBD, Maaafactnrer and deal ar in Boots sad Hooe. and sil luods ot hrst enstpSB work. Ail woes ana materials f nlly Bhon. annth aida of Lihertv Htrwfc waiiingwai.m. 1r you waftt a nRST-riVAsa Boave, Hair Out or Shampoo, eatl at Bobin son's O. K. Uoaving Saloon. Liberty Street, A fall assist man t of Hair Oils. Pomades and Hair BusloinsiTas. We alao keep the best brand of Bsanrs aad warrant tbass. Basora boned or nauslmc mu. H W1MWOBTH 4k HOPt, Planing Hill. Beroll Sawina. Matching. Planing, etc dona So erdar. Dealers ia Lumber, Lth. Shingles. Dean. Hash. Blinda. Moaidinaa and lrria.i.1 Lembaref all sorts. lard, near Hamlin's JTeed Ptora. wiungson. u. Jeweler. T H WI6HT, Dealer in Clooks. Watches. U m JaweJry. Silverware, Gold Pens, ete. bhup. - as nongiisiai s Jjrag otora. MarcstnmS Taller. A-Nimi, Merchant Tailor. A fine aaaarsnsanS of Cloth, and fa imima whiMh will B mad. to order la tbe latest atyles aad a AO S tvmedirt s iMock, up JSesU Ilarkesa. Liberty titroet. UtraiT Msklts. V"Ba. ITIIHION At BON, Livery and Bala ft btabka. Choice turnouts furnished and I s lassuMBiiia. eonta aioe Slornanic Btreet, ssss door seat of Amenoaa Honaa. . ri . sTOOTat, Uvery sad 8al. Btable. First- I vs.ossas uamma ana turnout, as reaaonabla wsusa, aonsa auae uoartr Btreev. A. I Anna MHICK. sfanufaetarer. Ins Inr us tJiamra. Tohsam. ote. it always kant ia stack at asai fjaissioom, aorta sue laoerty ot. H.arrABCBKC.Cmonw7atU, . Maaafaasarinn Chemiata and ' - aad It stall dealers ia Drurs, atedieines and a rail nae or notions ana urnggists di iiorth sida Ubarty btrast. T W. HOTjeHTOIT. Dealer in cl - Books, Stationary, and a fall assortment of ggstSs'SaaOrMS. Wsat stOaotyabUocqnara. J. HeijeixToif, Dealer ia gTECTACLES, ETE GLASSES Reading Classes, OVZBA OIsASSXS, TXLXSCOPU, And a foil line of OPTICAL GOODS! Oold. Bavsr. SteeL Babber and rjaQaloid lramM of the linett Grade. ' Kept in stock. jyfru- aad Bepairing Old Framss done to Fimno oirricuLT bybs rat. rrsMfl sevAan j J. W. "WILBUR - Will not bo undersold. Call and see his large and fine assortment of EASTERN STOVES Tfte most perfect working Ranges in the world. The Silver Sheen, Pari Royal, and Paris Ranees. For hard coaly THE WESTMINISTER, the most beautiful stove in the market ; THE PARIS PARLOR. the most convenient and best working stove ever made. For Wood 1 have THE KEW "VESTA THE YALE, and the new and beautiul stove . just out, . Tho Royal Acorn, and many others too numerous to mention. I also have a large stock of Pomps, . Sinks. Wringers, Etc., Etc. Agent for the Wassail Sewer -Jrtpe Company. All in need of Furnaces for wannins their houses by the best and most ap proved plan, will do well to see me be fore baying. All work warranted. - Eaves Spouting a specialty. J.W.WipUR. 7tf WaXLIKGTOit, OBIO. A Compound Tlnoture of tne mart rant attriw remadlaa known to the mextloal proeaaalon. arapaiwa upon etrlotly Pism mnuauUual prlaolpl Am I., i . tmmm.t L.ft. wm liWtk. um .iMiMi .wTionw to sum saa su asnmauBS urn i. in. weno. Tb. .sly .,tiif. m. i hirsll Aghctlawa of the Kidaova. Ia Llfir Caasalauii. Dtmsals. aU Dssarderaar the Bcwela, sad sU A flee. Man ef the Threat aad Laaga, it is nsli woii, ss a rsnouj lor i my mists psoanar ; sv ass so equal. NOT A BEVERACE m si aM.rellaMa II. diaaau. orrana.Wiimil.tol as aserottoos, sad pro. Bsotina s rorolsr setioa of tb. bomta. ,n.hl. sioi, it suppuo, iob. to to. ionises, rourriceracss ro. arssa of th. body to perform its silottsrt work rsga. Its Bihsot iiio.isi.1 lilMni noil nmm as, nod a kMMl sod kmn a SMt Kbwfaors so populsr ss ia IuioaateT, Pa ,wars II ass bsos ia ass for awrs toss s quartor of s omtorr. IllaTBly eoraasaadea as a t.eneral Tnn IM sspniser. bold by roasists vrarrat THE MESSgMCC'S) Off HEALTH a Mrs sued pspsr dosoTiptiw of an Its sad curs, will b. wiili il frco ss any aodrats apoliratiow to HI MIBHkKR HERB BITTERS CO. Parker. Pteaanst Warss tfyran. yiuyygsr w imSUS ao anar.pn.sis is rsqaiawt At-re : Profitable Reading for Everybody . BtttintM sSMstft slbmI women, teschera, stvcckanicm J imnsrers, stusuueim, b-sOCIwStk, ana mil wsvo mi ureti (Mtt Irv tb MOAlut toil mnA mam of vtMir mark. dtm't drink intowicatinf; bitters, bttt ose Are you suderutg lrom ly,pepus, Khctuas-l bam, Krarslgia, or with Bowsl, Kidney, Lrrer at Jriusry complaints, you can be cured by using M It yo mrm wmsung away sriUi Coaumpuot J DvsaciUeCawx u ywlMsaptaLB1 Lfnl coutrh or had col!, yon I1, ytm win I find sure relief to If YOtt are cnieebled bv disease, old an or dm-2 pafjoct, and your system needs uvtsuinsr, oh Fif Tots kave nisBDles aad blotches, aad your bloocH aaeeas pantyin;, yon can Iwrv neneTid on KMadcinm Ginger. Btfchn, Maiidrake, Stilligia niKi many otnwr cm inc dch saeaicanes tsowt it ta tthe Beet Health smd ireagtb Reetorer Ever ed. aad m tar suDerior to Biuctsv Esseacea of KGincer and other Tooacs. as it never fatauicetesv Kim) combtries the best curatnre properties of all. It Hat tiAV4 He ad reds of 14 res) U May ; are f ears. Boy a eac bottle of your drucsist, aad to avoid counter! ctts be sure our siarnai ture is oa the out- tide wrapper. Htscox k Co., Chcsaists, N Y. n t 1 1 n . i -tiwoiiiTl rarners nair oaisam. ru, The Best A Bast Erssswlral Bslr Drssslsg Co. tain in. oulv iaercdiwits that sre bcneacial to th. hair snd scalp, th. Balsam will be found far asn ssuslactory tasa say other pnspsrslioa. It Isvar Falls te Rasters Orsy er Fsdsd Balr to th. arigiasl youthful color sad is warranted t. rrsmore daadrufl. prevent baldneis sad stop falling at las aaic mm f mngsm as a. aia . r i-iy i LECTURE TO YOUNG MO - ON THE IrOSS OP l(fflA(flOQlp)l ljeetarw oat taa Natare. Suael Ikaalleal tars of Heminal Waaknesa. or Dos, mator i hura, induoed by Self-Abase, Invol- antary emissions, tmpotency, narrona ieouity aad Impedimenta to Marriage generally; Oon- notion, I Incapac liepsy ana r its: Mental ana rnT"l r. etc Bv ROBKRr J. CULVtR . author of tha "Omen Book.' Ktc Tha worlcLnnowned author, in this admirable Lecture, clearly proves from his own experience that the awful eonseqnenees of Self-Abuse may be eneetoalty removed without aangerons sur aical onerationa. nonffiea. lnstramanta. rinss or cordials; pointing out a mode of cure at ones eertaut and eneetaal, by which every saReret, no matter what his condition may be, may cur. aimseii ooeaDiy. onvateiy ana raaioniiy. inis Lasoturs V sands and thousands. are will prove a boon to tbott nds. Sent, under araL in a nlain envalona. to aav address, on reoeipt of six cents, or two postage stamps. Aaureas ih j-aDusnera, TEZ CTLTXBWXLI. XXOICAX C0 Ana SU, Mew York, N. Y.t Postoffioe Box 4.B88. S600 .Reward X will aav the above reward tor is rus n OoaiDlslnt. spcpsla. Airk Headache, ladlrestloa riMiatlnatlo. or CoatlTeneas w. bmi ran. will West. Vereiabl. Liver Pllla wbea the directions nr. stnetiy compile, wnn. nee sre purely veaetaoia, ss aerer fall to alee sstlsfsctlon. Bussr Coated. Large boxes, eoataiafsg ai pills, as nests. For ssle by sll DniKglsta Beware or counterfeit, sad Units tloss. The resolne wisnafsetured oaly by JOHN C WEST A CO.. "Ths Pill Mskeis." ISI A IKS W. Madlsoa St.. Cbtesgo. Free trial asckaga seat by Stall, prepsiu. oa rwrvip, w wai "... Straus. Cobb A to. Waotessl. A rents. ClevalsBd Oblo. Woostcr Assms, agents, i Vtlilagtoa, Okie 7-iy S5 Owtst amt res. te thus, who wtsh to en rare hi th. moat plesasat sao prosisoic ousiBess mows RnmhtiMMW. :aoltsl sot rcwulrcd. WeZwII! I ruraiss yo. eiei lining. ,iv,aij ran. reins taeaellr made without stsvlBB? s.sr from bom. ' slsht. lio rink wbsuieer. Msn, sew worker. wasted at eare.xMsBy sre Risking fonanesal Ih utlarss. Ladle make s Bisch ss mea. aae oeisf ors ts girls msks grest pay. Hea wh. to ailllsf work falls M maks rnor mossy every day than est s wasds Is s sresk st any prs'nsrr nrrirrnrt. Th 1 11 woe. wti nass snert roas ia rsrtviiai , tfTatisn a Oe,. Panlssw. ilslas. -lr TEE DEAD MOON. The moon Is In a state of decrepitude, a dead world. Proctor's Leclarra. The moon is dead defunct played out go says a very learned doctor: She looketh well, beyond a doubt: remaps sao's la a trance, aear tractor. At any rate, she's most entrancing ." For one of such decrepit aire: And on her radiant beauties glancing. She charms the eyes ol youth ana sage. so the msn noon tier's perished! Ha lived In doleful isolation: Poor wretch 1 No wife his boom cherished. Mo children squalled his consolation. Tet doe's adored by all the gypsies. Whose lovers .urn benrntn her beams; She aids the steps of atajrirvrln- 1 1 pules. Awl Slivers oe r romantic nreaois. And once she caught Endymlon sleeping. And stooped to kiss him In a grove. l pun mm very siy ly creeping; ua was ner arm i t and early love. But that's a very anelent story. And was a youthful indiscretion. When she was in her primal irlory. cre wmoiuihcdouu naa oeiu a session. Dear, darling moon ! I dote upon her, 1 wateh her nightly in the sky; But oh I npon my word of honor. x a rawer sue were aeaa man i. AcrUiiur t urteaorae. THE HARD-BACK BUG. ' Lor. res. I her hetl an offer, and I suppose I miirht hey been married like other folks if it hadn't been for a hard-back bug. That's what I always called 'era, hard-back buss. That kind with a nhfell and winon and whiskers wd bottle-eyes and ever so many leirs. I Mw. - : 1:1. - l w - down. A scientific boarder we had one summer gave me another name for 'em. but that's mine, hard-back baza. Ever had one down Tour own back? Yes? Then vou know now it feels. 1 warn t one of those marrvinz kind of folks ever. I always said I'd her any one that was congenial and offered. but I'd jsrot to be thirty before there seemed any likelihood of such a thins: happening;, and then who should take a iiKinz to me dui major niuier. ne was a very fine man and owned a nice farm, ana be was Major ot militia, tie was just the stillest man you erer saw: swallowinjr the ramrod woulun t ex plain it, ana what he expectea when be talked was attention. If you didn't sit and listen to every mortal word he ut tered as you would to the minister of a Sunday, off he'd go in a. temper; but I didn't mind listening, and tbe Major was quite intilectable, and tbe stories he used to tell about himself and his company were real interestine; and I was sort o' tired o' keepin' house for Uncle Perkins.' So when he asked me if I had any objections to his calling ot Inursday evenings 1 said I should be pleased to see him. So every Thursday I had the best parlor, and he came at eight and went away at eleven, and folks began to tease me considerable. and I didn't mind much. And I went over to the Major's house on Ihe sly once he was a widower and got the black help to show me the furnitoor. There was lots of it proper good, too and blankets and counterpanes. The nrst Airs. Aimer naa been lorebanaea of 'em; and there was plenty of silver, too. And I shall be glad to hey a lady over the house.' said black Sail-?. ' Workinsr for a man isn't all it's crack ed up to be. They have lots of whims and notions, and don t know what is needed to ninxe auything. So long as I suited I'd be glad to stay, if master ever should marrr asrain.' . "bo you see even blacc Sally knew. Well, after I'd seen all the things and knowed howgood they were 1 made up my mind for Fartain. " And one Aug-ust evening, after I d righted the parlor and opened tho win- uows vo let in a iitue cooi air a goose I was to do it, too I said to myself, 'I reckon the Major will ask me' to hey him to-night, and I reckon 1 11 say yes if he does? , And just then I heard his knock at the door. In he walked, and down I sat, with the worst of luck, as you'll see, with my back to the open window; and down sat the Major on an other chair. And after we'd had a little talk about the weather, and the crops, and such polite subjects, he hitches his chair a little nearer, and says he: Aliss Samantby, I ve trot some thing very particular to say to you, and I hope you'll give me your most par- ticulareat attention. "And says I: 'Yes, Major. I'll do o,' and folded my hands in my lar and sat bolt upright and waited. Miss bamantby," began tbe Major, 'you know I've been corain' to see you putty reg'lar for nigh about three months. Now a man of my decision of character don't do that without some reason for doing it- I suppose you know I've made up my mind to " "Ohrsays I. short and sudden: I couldn't help it, At that blessed min ute something tickled my neck, and I heard a little 'err! cnT that 1 knowed wat the voice of a hard-back bug. There was one on my collar, and I could no more have helped screech ing than I could help breathing and live. " ' Well. Miss Samanthv ' says the Major, 'did I understand yon to make an exclamation?' Oh! no. Major, eavs I. 'nothing particular, riea.ee go on.' ' w here was 1 r says be. Ub! yes. I couldn't have come here so lons with out making up my mind that you was a steaay ana Keenui person, ana one that had sense enough to be able to listen wben ioiks ox groat experience was a talkin'. Most women can't sit still to listen to nothing. They want to talk, and if they don't talk they'll fidget, Now if I had a wife that fidgetted' Ohr says I, again. - " ' I could no more help it than I could' before. That hard-back . bug had gone down my back, and was ctr'-ing, crr'-ing under my shoulder- blade. What did I understand you to re mark. Miss Samanthy T says the Major, looking mortally offended. " 1 m sure I didn't remark nothing, Major.' aavs L . " I feel quite sure that you did. Not that I like to contradict a lady says the Major. " 'There's things on a body's mind, says 1, tbat others don't know ol.' "I hadn't coursce to say,' 'on body's back.' 'That little 'screech had at anything to do with your re marks. Major.' "I begged for your particular at tention. Miss Samanthy,' said the Ma jor. 'I never saw you so siner'lar in your manner before. If what I'm say ing is unpleasant to you ' Oh. no,' says I; do go on, please.' Then I sat quite still, while that hard back bug walked over me. A girl that hasn't had an offer before, and gets one at thirty, will bear a good deal for it. sat like a post and looked at the Major, and he went on. " A man should be the head of his house, I calkerlate. When a woman's rolce U heard coutinooal, I say disci pline ia sot observed in that family as It should be. rvi always thought a wife uui kuowsq ntT oaty ww ns.ru to una, bat since I've come a visiting here I've noticed that yoa seem to be one that has some judgment, and I've made up my mina to ask you ' 'Oh. mighty me! screeches I just then. You see that pesky hard-back bug had took hold. He'd fastened his claws in me. and was a-nipping away. x ou aiu rcmsrs someming sacra. Miss Samanthv,' says the Major, but by this time I couldn't say anything. No body that has never baa a bara-Dack Dug run down their back can ever under stand my feelings. I gave one awful shriek and jumped up and overset the glass shade over the wax flowers, and trod on the Major s toes, ana ran out of the room. " I rather euessed ho d never forgive me, but a hard-back bug down your back, beginning to bite, makes every, thing else seem insignificant. " I ran up to my room and assassin ated that bug, short meter; but when I came back, the Major was sitting hold ing his hat, and I saw that he would not go on with his proposition that evening. When I sat down, he riz up, and says he: " WelL Miss Samanthy, as I see you have something of importance on your mind, 1 won t detain you any longer. but take mv leave. " 'Oh. it is off now.' said L " 'It's a pitv,' says he. severely, that it didn't go before. It quite pre vented me from making the remarks I desired to make. However, doubtless it's for the best. So I'll take my leave. as 1 said before. "Then he went.marching off as if he was at the head of a regiment, and tbe next week he proposed to a widow in the village, and married her in less than a month. I've no doubt if I'd had him I should have been sorrr long ago. but sometimes when I think of that nice, old oak furniture, and them goose- chase counterpanes, ana all that silver. 1 get rued at the thought ot bard-back bugs. If it hadn't been for oneof them I should have been able to sit still until I was proposed to, and I should have been bertd ol my own nouse, ana Airs. Major Miller, instead of Miss Samanthy, going out a tailoring. "Of course.' there's no picking up spilt milk, but I always kill every hard back bug I see, regular." The Boycott Business. What is tho process known as " Boy cotting," and which is fast taking the place of the shillelah and the shotgun among the instruments of Irish protest ana resistance r it is a species oi social ostracism, enforced with pitiless severi ty in the minutest details, as well as in the large concerns of life. The pres ence of a Boycotted . person is not ac knowledged by a word, a look, a gest ure, riot only is there no intercourse, but no business is directly or indirectly transacted with him. Nobody will buy his grain, his fruit, his garden produce, his horses, cattle, fowls, or anything he has tosell; nobody will sell him a pound of meat, an ounce of. flour, a gill of whiskv, or an. hour's work. No one will give or lend him assistance in any way, and no money will tempt a man to approach his dwelling. Under such circumstances, a Boycotted person must stock his house as if be were going on an Arctic cruise, for other wise, no matter how large his bank ac count, he may starve in the midst oi plenty. Even when supplies have been procured from a distance he would lead the life of a castaway on some desert island, with the stinging consciousness that, in his case, solitude bore constant witness to the hate and loathing of every human being within reach ofeye or ear. In a word. Boycotting means much the same sort of compulsory isolation as that to which lepers were subjected in ancient and media-val times. In deed, the Irish process is, in some re spects, a harsher one, since, even among the Jews, the kinfolk of a leper were allowed to bring him food and clothing, provided they laid the articles on the ground at a certain distance. It is not at all impossible, on the other hand, that under the stern application of the Irish prescriptive measure some landlords may be made to feel the same pangs of hunger which their tenants have so frequently experienced. It is- certain that a threat of Boycotting is already regarded with peculiar dismay, and that this impalpable engine of co ercion has already proved more effect ive than overt acta of violence. N. Y. Sun. A Farmer's Blonder. Doubtless those who are known as " book farmers " have given occasion for the sneers of their more practical neighbors. But the laugh is not always with these sons ol tbe soil whose boast is that they have " no book larnin' " to farm by. As a matter of fact it is true that many of the triumphs of modern agriculture are due to tho experiments of those wbo farmed on scientific pnn ciples. Even their mistakes, and they have been costly ones, benebted their less enterprising brethren by teaching them wbat they should not do on the farm. An incident that occurred in Scotland, not long since, shows that ignorance is sometimes as costly as it is blundering: A Scotch farmer, living near tbe sea- coast, saw tbe shore on tho morning after a storm strewn with jelly fish. He knew, in a sort of general way, that hsh made good manure, and supposed that one sort of fish was just as good as an- inner. oo, uiessiutr - rroviucnve tur . n t I m dumping such a lot of fertilizer so handy to his farm, he used all his men ana horses that day in carting load alter load of Jelly hsh to his helds. Lire at were bis expectations oi large crops. But a neighbor, who baa a little "book larnin'," blighted his hopes. " You'va been watering your fields. instead of manuring them," said tho neighbor, who knew that the jelly fish is largely made up ot water. Ihe farmer rose, "a sadder and. a wiser man," from that chat. For he learned that a jelly fish of two pounds contains only thirty grains of solid mat ter, and that In spreading four tons of the fish upon his fields he had added but sixteen pounds of fertilizing matter thereto. The eccentric David Crockett, when asked for his autograph, used to write. " Be sure you're right, then go ahead. And there is another good saying. uttered by some "unknown": " VVben you don't know what to do, don't do you don t know what. ' If we all. farmers included, should act upon these mottoes "It wsd free monle a blunder free us, And foolish notion." YoitW$ Companion. By the liberality of the Rev. G. J. Tillotson, of .Wetherslield, Conn., and others, a substantial building for Til lot- son Collegiate and Normal Institute at Austin, Texas, has been put up, whore a onooi oi nigB orarr is aotjt to ot opened for oolored people; A Parade of Yirtne, In the course ;of the debate on the resolutions concerning the Electoral count, in the House, the other day. Representative Whitthorne, of Tennes see, declared that he believed Mr. Gar field lawfully chosen President of the United States aad that he (Whitthorne) for one would see to it that he was in augurated. This is certainly very hand some of Mr. Whitthorne, and we do not doubt that he was surprised and disap pointed that the official report of his speech was not dulv punctuated with " applause on the Republican side of the Chamber." Mr. Whitthorne's mag nauimous attitude, we are glad to say. is msifc ui uuuij uLiu-t pruimuen. iscmo crats. Senator Wade Hampton, it is well known, has boldly proclaimed his belief in Garfield's honest and legal election. This declaration, coming from a man who is usually disposed to try the effect of a rifle club before yield ing any political point, was greeted by the entire Democratic press with shouts of acclamation. Senator Hill, of Geor gia, also took occasion, after much cogitation, to express sentiments simi lar to those so magnanimously avowed by the two gentlemen just named. And the same concession has been gracious- i i , . , , iy mwiQ oy a grunt many icaaing Leuv ocrats in and out of Congress. Whatever may be true ol the rank and file of the Democratic party, the leaders and their newspaper organs are inviting applause for their magnanimity in conceding that Garheld is elected President of the United States. We are called on to admire and reverence the noble disinterestedness with which the Democracy admit an incontioverti- ble fact. "Look at us," they seem to say, " look at us and behold a party that will not steal anything out of its roach." we are expected to be ailed with admiration forthe Spartan virtue of a party that has never before had even a semblance of morality to parade Deiore the world, it is as ii a burglar, finding that bank locks defied his skill, should attitudinize as an honest fellow who would not break into a bank under any circumstances whatever. The re turns f rdtn the States to the President of the United States Senate will show that Garfield and Arthur have 214 Elec toral votes, and Hancock and English have 155 votes, which is a clear major ity of 59 in favor of the two Republican candidates. And contemplating this solemn fact, Mr. Whitthorne and his political associates admit that Garfield is elected; and then they demand that we shall show proper gratitude for their magnanimity, and respect for their he- rois virtue. This affectation of superior political morality is a survival from the late "fraud campaign." Having half-per suaded themselves that laden was cheated in the Electoral count of 1876, the Democrats have harped on that single string for four years. It seems impossible for them to give up the old. old cry of "fraud." and when all else I x M j .1 i 1 1 i ou iaiieu tney nave taiien Daca. upon this issue as if it were a real thing. Not only so, but Democrats who are free talkers have openly said that they would practice on the Republicans the same trick, wnicn, as they alleged, was piaycu ou me immocraia in lilden s time. So thoroughly imbued were they with a sense of the wrongs which they pretended had been perpetrated upon them that they argued in the Maine case that Gracelon and his gang were justinedin counting out a Republi can majority, "because the Republicans naa aone tne same thing in Louisiana." This is precisely the kind of morality which may be expected ol a political party that thinks to extort the admira tion ol the world tor its refusal to lay claim to the Presidency with a majority oi o) to overcome in the Liectoral College. Having repeatedly threatened to snatch tbe Presidency as soon there was the slightest chance to do it. the Democracy makes a virtue ot necessity, and looks around lor ap plause. . ihe insolent assumption of fairness with which Borne of the Democratic leaders appeal to the country for ap proval is more intolerable When we con sider the gross frauds which have secured Democrat io majorities in many of the States counted for Hancock. It is very handsome in Senators from the Southern States to plume themselves on their magnanimity in concediug the election of a man whose defeat thev endeavored to compass by every specie3 of crime against the ballot. Leaving out of the case the Democratic forgery by which Hewitt, Barnum, and their gang of perjurers succeeded in mislead ing the voters of two or three States which were otherwise sure for the Re publicans, the record of the Democratic party in the canvass of 1880 is infamous lor the irauds committed in the South ern States in the interest of the Demo cratic candidates. It was even pro posed, in tbe first pangs of their disap pointment, by leading Lie ni ocrats, that the vote of the great State of New York should be thrown out of the Electoral count, on some flimsy pretext of fraud or intimidation. This madness lasted for a day or two, and then, with pro digious clamor, the baffled consnirators paraded as paragons of virtue, claiming cneers irom ine people lor saying an unuisputeu imng in sucn a solemn way. Because they denied the legal election of a Republican President four years since, they seem to think that they really ought to fly in the face of indis putable facts for evermore. N. Y. Timet. P0L1TICAL BREVITIES. JThe day of ballot-box juggling is rapidly passing away. 5yPolilics are dull, but the country is nappy, it was ever thus. JhaSThis is a great country and it has Droduced a trood mmv rrs.t thino-n: but the product which comes nearest to being boundless is Democratic stupid ity. jrJaTThe mission of the Democratic Earty seems to be that of determining ow many times a party can stand de feat and still object to a funeral. Mad- xson l it u.) Democrat. Say The Democracy has the satisfac tion oi knowing that its prospects can not possibly look much blacker than they do at present. The party must strike bottom pretty Boon, unless it ia in the pit which a as no bottom. Sb9Ben Hill lets it be known that' if General Garfield is " real good" to the south ne will rally a large support in that section, if Ben and bis class ex pect to be fed on sugar-plums in order to persuade mem to do right, tney will find themselves mistaken, that is alL Sri?-'' The South is willing to give General Uarheld s Administration a fair trial," says a chorus of Southern editors. Dear brethren, this is kind of vou, but vou have somehow got the thing turned around. Genoral Gar field's Administration will give the South a fair trial that1! the way th . . - aa aaa, All . naive r 'lancis, it irvmn Senator Wallace's Discovery. - The Democratic nartr has a mission. We wouldn't have believed it if we were not so assured by Senator William A. Wallace, who has made this remarka ble discovery, and announces it through the columns of the Xorlti American He view at 20 a page. . what does a cruel world fancy the mission of the Democratic party to be? Perhaps a million guesses might be made without hitting it. We can easily imagine'how some might guess its mis sion to be to make the North solidly Republican, to keep the South in an uproar, to defeat the operation of the Constitutional amendments, to keep John Kelly at the head of Tammany, to pass resolutions extolling the virtues of Tilden, to elect Myers, of Indiana, to Congress, to give Carter Harrison something to talk about, to make the yellov fever seem a comparatively trivial inuiction, and so on ad mnnitum and ad nauseum: but no sane man would ever hit upon the truth, accord ing to Wallace, unless aided by spiritual agency. Ihe mission of Ihe Democratic party. as we are told by Mr. Wallace, is to save suffrage from being "debased and "corrupted," and to "restore ""il""M - . i the Government of the Republic to the mln of th rnaasns of th nnonln." rule of the masses of the people. lhat s what Wallace says, and. though we may shut one eye and wink at that distinguished gentleman, and. figuratively speaking, poke him in the ribs ana say, "Go away, you baa man, you're joking with us," Wallace main tains his serious aspect and looks for an tne wona as li be aian t know ne was absurd. Why. bless the Senatorial soul of William Wallace! there wouldn't be any Democratic party if suffrage were not "debased and was not "corrupted ' and tampered with! A dot on the po litical chart that might oiten be mis taken for a rlv snack would be the body, breeches, and brains of Democ racy if suffrage were as free and un trameled as William Wallace would make ii. Mr. Wallace occupies tho anomalous position of preaching Re publicanism and voting Democracy. He is a political exhorter, who cries. "Swear not at all," and then goes out and damns the whole continent. He is a veterinary surgeon who de scants upon the deadly nature of the glanders, and goes about inoculating the whole equine creation with tbe disease. Save those people from going over the rapids," screamed a noble-hearted philanthropist, " and particularly save the man with the red head. He owes me a dollar." " Save the glorious ship of state,' roars Wallace, "and especially the men in the stern of the boat, who are boring holes in the bottom and hurrah ing for me. ii, is an wrong in air. it aiiaco to write t . . . r eeTn . t . a humorous essay and attempt to palm it off as a kind of modern psalm. With tissue ballots and the "counting out process in the South, and Phi.p's Chi nese letter and Barnum's mules in the North all so fresh in our memories, Mr. w auace can nardiy expect us io accept his essay seriously. We know he must be giggling merrily in front, in spite of the solemnity of that portion of his anatomy exposed to us, and to which he so ungraciously calls public atten tion in his article. CJiicago Inter- Ocean. Ills Soul Is Marching On. The talent of the average Bourbon Democrat for blundering was never more conspicuously illustrated than it was in the open attack made in the Senate by Senator Vest, of Missouri, on the memory of " Uid John Brown,' the hero of Harper's Ferry. - Senator Vest is a Democrat of small stature, but large capacity for hating. He was molded in a small pattern, has revolved in a narrow sphere, and mistakes his malignity for genius. He served in the Confederate Congress for two or three years, and on that bloodless field alone won bis utie oi "ivoionei, as weii as his right to abuse Old John Brown. But perhaps we should admit that he draws his latter right from a higher source the indefeasible right of a Bour bon Democrat to make a iooi oi nimseii. The question before the Senate was that of appropriating a sum of money s. -n W. flaele of tho T'oTC-.teielrtl I kir- islature of .Kansas, in 1855, for compil ing the slave code enacted by a Demo cratic Legislature. The laws never be came the law of the State, and were publicly burned after the State was admitted to the Union. Senator Cock- rell urged the allowance of tbe claim. Senator Ingalls. of Kansas, opposed it and explained its true character. Sen ator Vest jumped into tbe discussion. and, .according to the Associated Press report, said: "He did not nronose to revive the Questions of that terrible period, olsvery was dead. and be had no wish to bring It to life. But be could not refrain, since the subject hsd been brought up, from saying thst violence begat .- 1 . ... .... .. .1 nwnlrul a.i.mm. Tha people seut out by Plymouth Church, and other pillars of Qod and morality, headed by thst old scoundrel. John llrown. who after wards justly expiated his crtmoi on the scaf fold at Harper's Ferry, were responsible for mucn oi tne violence oi mat unionuuate time. It is rather late in the day for Sena tor Vest, of Missouri, to be attacking the memory ol John Brown, ii the name of Senator Vest has ever been identified or connected with any Na tional, patriotic, humanitarian or phi lanthropic movement, we are not aware of the fact. Born and bred under slaverv influences, he has never been other than a defender of that institu tion and its logical sequences. It fol lows, of course, that he took part in tho rebellion against the Government. Relieved of his political disabilities, he has, by tbe grace of the Bourbon De mocracy of Missouri, found a seat in the United States Senate, where he makes use of his position to attack John Brown. Who was John Brown? A man whose shoe-latchets Senator Vest was never worthy to unloose; a man who grasped tbe problems of a century ana f ne in terests of posterity. In the quiet of private life he absorbed the doctrines of a statesman and the ideas of a phi lanthropist. A born patriot, he became a developed hero. State lines and State laws, fused in the crucible of his great soul, left nothing but human rights, and to this idea he devoted himself and sacrificed his life. Subjected to the blazing light of his ruggee, intellect. slavery was simply the sum of human villainies, tne aggregation oi numan wrongs, and as such he attacked it Attacking it he died, a victim of an accursed system of laws, a hero of all time. John Brown's soul is marching on. His work is done. His name has been echoed in a thousand battle-songs. and will be repeated with reverence when that of Senator Vest shall have been forgotten. In view of the facts. how puerile and contemptible appears the attack of the beetle-eyed little Sen ator from Missouri upon the memory of the hero of Harper Feriy.rtdeafs- The Geergia Crackers. Dr. W. B. Jones writes from Herndon to the Atlanta Constitution: In sev eral issues of your paper of late you have had occasion to use the word Cracker" "Georgia Cracker." It would be interesting to some of your readers to know the origin or deriva tion of this eoithet as applied to " in digenous" Georgian, ii certainly be- I iongs to thecountry, ta'contradistino- I lion to town ioiks, ana is ot anuicus origin, coming down from the first or earliest history of our State. It cer tainly began in the city of savannan, immediately after the war of 1776, and was used, if not in ridicule, for some distinguishing habit or feature of our ancestry who traded in that city. As it is now " the crackers nave come to town." The children even recognis and used the word when wishing to bandv an enithet of ridicule, or to call attention to their own importance over the country boy or girl xou area Cracker." Probably a little sting of this kind fwhen ouite a child) most in delibly impressed upon my mind led me to oiten inquire tne aenvauon oi the word. One would say it was be cause the country people, in coming to . - "... . "J town witn tneir wajrons anu vcauia, ua i long whips which they crack to the dis- . C .u. i ... ,k:- v..Jrrf.v. . . I was not the origin oi it, ana x nave i found no clew tithe word save in Rev. .IV no.-"., in j ; I And I think it is explamed in that work, though he does not refer to .it. or use the word. In dotcribingla extreme destitution of the few "Whigs" who held out in that strusnrle. how about three hundred and hity men in Burce ana r uses iounties were kept from their homes, scouting ... irii a.i about to avoid the Tories (for Savannan and Augusta were in the hands of To ries and British, and the whole State was overrun', the women and children remained in the secluded forest, at their little huts, and cultivated with much difficulty small patches of Indian corn. their only means of food. There were no mills to grind their corn, and they parched andcracked it as best they could, and ate it, . They ate parched corn, and were emphatically "corn crack ers." An old citizen of revolutionary fame here has been heard to relate the description his mother gave him of di viding a crop of corn among some sis ters who made it. she covering her pile with a cow-hide until she could get some .... . i ' i i place to store it, tne men not wing auw to build pens or barns. When the war closed and the singular looking people visited the "celestial city" of Savannah to trade, they must have presented a striking contrast to the more fortunate colonists, who were well fed and clothed with British gold, and it was a good, annroDriateemthet to call them "Crack- era." If this be the origin of the word. it noinU a neriod of self-sacrifice and Buffering, of heroic endurance and de votion to DrinciDle. evinced bv a peo ple and parents of whom Georgians need not be asnameo. Heating by Friction. A Boston gentleman has invented simple device . which, if its present promises are realized, ought to wore a revolution in methods of heating. It is nothing less than an invention to use friction as a practical means oi prou vi cing heat. At the time of the Ashta bula horror, when so many persons were burned to death by the wrecked cars catching hre from the stove, Air. Webster Wells, the Professor of Mathe matics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, began to consider the nroblem ol beating cars wimout ii re- lie has now solved it. . His invention consists of a strong iron cylinder, at one end of which, inside, is a fixed date of hardened iron, against which. firmlv attached to a revolving shaft. another plate presses, either closely or lightly, as required, ine cyiinaer is tilled with water, and this, heated by the friction of the two plates, circulates through pipes, warming tbe room through which they ran, just as steam pipes do. The water is kept in constant circulation in these pipes, returning to the cylinder to be heated over again. Tbe water in the cylinder, which is brought to a high degree of heat in a remarkably short time, keeps the plates lubricated, preventing their wearing awav at a rapid rate. When worn away, the cost of renewing them is trilling, and the machine has no com plicated work about it, so that it is easily kept in repair. The power re quired to run the machine is so slight that the waste, or surplus power of the engines in nseforrunning elevators ana other machinery in hundreds of build ings throughout a city is enough for all ordinary ournoses. The machine can be utilized in any place wnere power is : "I a . . . used. The ordinary-sized machine has thirty-six .square inches ol friction sur face in its plates, sufficient, it is said. to heat 10.000 cubic feet of space. This requires but half a horse power. A ma chine with 225 square inches of friction surface requires but four horse power, and would heat a room .60x100 feet, or containing 126,000 cubic feet. In railroad cars the machine is operated bv power taken direct from the wheels. doing away with all danger from tire ih case of a smash-up. When the cars are standing still the machine can be op erated by power from the locomotive, bv a contrivance somewhat like that which operates the Westinghouse brake. In mills it Is calculated that a great saving can be made, both in fuel and in the rates of insurance, especially in those run by water power. The agent of a mill where water power it used estimates that in twenty years, by the use of this device, a saving of at least f 185,000 in fuel alone could be effected. Prof. Wells is now in Europe, looking out for his patents there. The machine has now been in operation in Boston foi seven months. iKulon net out. An Essay en Wood. 1 There are various kinds of wood hard wood, soft wood, dry wood, wet wood, I would, you would, and lots ot others who would, too. if they got a chance. Beams of the eye are made out of I would. Ships are built of hard wood, which accounts in a measure for the great hardships sailors are called upon to encounter, Fve an ocean. A ship constructed of soft wood entirely would be a soft thing for somebody, but it wouldn't be the mariners who at tempted to navigate it. Wood is not an ore. though an oar is generally wood. ana can be usea o er ana o er. i once saw a sailor use one o'er his shipmate's i- . . . . head, and it took two policemen to make him give o'er. Maple wood is favorite variety with juveniles on ac count of the sugar it yields. It is a mistake, however, to suppose that ma ple sugar grows on tbe tree in cakes, already crimped around the edges. The cakes have to be carefully gathered first by means of a patent pker (Beyer hake the tree) and cr raped afterward. If any kind of wood would pltaw tat enuartn, jnapit woooj FACTS AND FIGURES. TVir. riwkum an rear has nMm m Ann. factured from Louisiana c tne in Drew. County, Ark. - . . , - - Out of a total of 130.000 railway employes in Great Britain and Ireland 4,000 are either killed or injured every year. W. Burnet Le Van read a paper be- forB the Franklin Institute, at Phila- del phis, in which. h, held that ninety miles an hour was a safely attainable " speed on straight and level railroads. ' In these nights of bitter cold it will not be amiss to remind the poor that two or three newspapers pasted to gether will afford as much warmth as an additional blanket. The paper should be placed between two thick nesses of other covering. Paper cover lets are now manufactured in England seven feet by five, and sold at thirty cents each. They have been in use in China and Japan for thousands of years. San Francisco has been in the habit of importing the codfish consumed on the Pacibc coast. It now appears mat in lieu of deriving her supply from the East she will soon be in a position to export the article. In 1865 seven ves- . . tnn c . . 1Q7r -owon aSbt itlftlil vessels caught 504,000. while during the a, r,f 1 KT ,it. nloaflrl oicht WeM- ; ' r, c . eI conveyed to San Francisco the large number of 1.206,000 fash. The chief source of the supply are the Choumagin Islands and the Okhotsk Sea. Prof. T. Sterrv Hunt, estimating . the production of pig iron in this coun try during tne past year at 4,.iuu,uuvj tons, expresses the belief that the full realization of the country's possibili ties in iron manufacture will not be at tained until iron shall be found side by side with the coal and limestone needed for its manufacture. From his expe rience in the valley of the Hocking, in ' Uhio, be is of the opinion that tbat sec- . tion will be the main place of supply of both pig iron and steel, the ore, coal a i t m i . i 1 nilu urns irciug iuuuu uiere is uiibo proximity. The projected ship canal across France, from the Atlantic to the Medi terranean, will have a uniform depth of 27 feet and a width of from 115 to 250 feet. The great majority of the French. iron-clads will, therefore, be able to ,. pass through the canal in sea-going trim, though a few of the heaviest ar mored ships will have to be lightened before making use of it. The total length of the canal from the neighbor- ' hood oi INarDonne, on tne oieuiter- ranean, to Bordeaux, will be zi nautical miles, and it is calculated that, including the time taken to pass , through the locks, a ship will be able to traverse the whole length of the canal in forty-eight hours. A paper-manufacturing firm pur pose converting 20,000 acres of timber land - in Somerset County, Pa., into . paper. A laige gang of workmen has . been sent to the tract to begin improve ments. There will be erected a shanty fifty feet in length, twelve feet in width and eight feet high. The shanty once completed work will be begun on a large store building, thirty dwelling- nouses ana an enormous aigesier, lor -the cooking and steaming of wood in the manufacture of pulp, and a huge. building to be used in the manufacture of paper sacks and wrapping-paper. All these preparations are preliminary to reducing 20.000 acres of forest to news, book and fine writing papers. RELIGIOUS AND EDUCATIONAL. Nine per cent, of the Yale College graduates during the past ten years have become clergymen. -There are 8,651 pupils enrolled in the Davenport (Iowa) public schools, and of these 2,216 study German. Dr. A. R. Courier has been ap pointed to the Presidency of the new Southern University for colored stu dents at New Orleans. One hundred and fifty of the mem bers of the present House of Commons are in favor of the disestablishment of the Church of England. Mr. David Morrice. of Montreal, has offered to erect at his sole expense the buildings needed for the oomplete equipment of the Presbyterian College in that city. The required buildings are a convocation hall, library build ings,va new dining-hall, and dormito ries. . - The Hebrew Union College is to be established permanently in Cincinnati, where a house bas been purcnasea lor its accommodation. . The institution is maintained by voluntary subscriptions. There are only three Hebrew colleges in this country one in New York, one in Philadelphia, and the thira is tnat in ' Cincinnati. Tbe Methodists are makin prepa rations for their .Ecumenical (.Council, , which is to meet in London next Sep-' tember " to devise means for prosecut ing home and foreign religious work with the greatest economy and efficien cy, to promote fraternity, to increase tbe moral and evangelical power of a common Methodism, and to secure the more speedy conversion of the world. WIT ASD WISDOM. If a singer awent down cellar and " sat on the hot furnace, would his voice . come out clearly in the upper register? When a man becomes so angry that his face colors up, we presume that is what you call hate-red. Yonkers - Uazette. Josh Billings savs some men love a chance so much that they prefer to win ' fifty cents at cards rather than two dol lars at ge nuine hard work. An Ohio girl was deserted by her " lover at the very foot of the altar. . Lucky girl! This is. the narrowest es cape on record. Boston Transcript. An Ohio man has taken the small- ' pox from a pet pig. When ence this disease gets into a family, it is pretty sure to go through it G ilveston Nml The Syracuse Standard asks : "'Why do the street railroads charge children, who often take up as much room as grown persons, 'half price?' If any distinction is to be drawn at all, it should be between the lean and the fat.' It is a question of space and not of age. Just after Mr. Vennor curls up snugly in bed and pulls the blankets up around his ears. Mrs. Vennor startles him with the customary "1 here! That front door isn't locked! I told you that you would forget it! And then, do yoa know, before that man comes back to bed. he makes a little note for a snow storm that will discount anything this , side of the eternal icebergs, with a biting northwest wind thrown in to drift it, and a "49 below" thermometer to keep it there until next spring. Vennor is a good-natured man himself aad doesn t want to be so hard on us Ira. his wife doe torment hint tot-a. BMrUnfton Ethektifti ... i i L - -I 1JS i - I"